Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, February 08, 1865, Image 2

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Raftsman's Jfrantnl..
Br S. J. BOW.
BatiScation of the Amendment.
Already a number of State Legislatures
have concurred in the amendment to the
Constitution of the United States, passed by
Congress, abolishing slavery in our national
domain. Maryland was the first State to
concur in the amendment. Illinois, .second ;
then followed Rhode Island, Michigan, West
Virginia, Xew-York, Pennsylvania, Maine,
and Massachusetts, etc
Including the seceded States, the assent
of twenty-seven States is required to ingraft
the Emancipation provision into the Con
stitution. Twenty-five, counting Arkansas;
Tennessee, Louisiana aud West Virginia,
are certain to ratify the action of Congress,
as their Legislatures are at present consti
tuted. The three Democratic States ofDel-
. aware, New Jersey and Kentucky are un
certain, but it is thought they will not with
hold their assent. Twenty-two State legis
latures are now in session. The Tennessee
legislature meets in April next, Connecticut
ia May, Hew-IIampsLirc iu June, Oregon
in September, Vermont in October, and Io
wa in January lSGo. Of the VA States now
composing the Union, twenty-eight, includ
ing Louisiana; Arkansas, and West-Virginia,
voted at the late election. If the latter
three States are included, then the consti--
tutional majority for the amendment may
be obtained at an early day, but should they
be excluded some delay will ensue.
Although the amendment could, uot have
passed the House but for the votes of some
half a dozen Democratic members, it does
not follow that the party has abandoned its
pro-slavery position. Ou the contrary;
these few votes are but exceptions, while
the party adheres to its former friendship
for slavery. The leaders would have de
feated the amendment in Congress could
they have controlled those few independent
men of their party. But the battle is not
yet ended. The enemy has not grounded
its arms it is still potent and determined,
and will fight to tba end. Having failed in
Congress, the leaders will do their utmost to
prevent the ratification of the amendment
by the State Legislatures. However, the
friends of the measure do not despair of ul
timate success. The Constitution of the
United Sates does not provide for any par
ticular date when the ratification shall take
place, and hence, it is presumable that soon
er or later the requisite three-fourths will
be obtained.
Fire in Savannah.
The steamer Sucoo Xada, from Savannah
and Hilton Head on the 20th, arrived at
New York. On the evening of the 27th. a
disastrous conflagration occurred at Savan
nah, destroying considerable property, but
without any loss of life. On the morning
of the 28th, another fire broke out, destroy
ing two sqnares in the third district Build
ings were torn down to prevent the spread
of the flames, as the v.ind was blowing strong
from the east. Some fiend had placed a"
keg of powder at the side of the arsenal,
comer of York and Walker streets, undoubt
edly to blow up the city, as the arsenal con
tained some thirty tons, of powder. The
keg was placed in the shadow of a tree to
avoid discovery, with the top taken off.
This hellish design is ail attributed to rebels,
who are in anything but an amiable mood,
in view of their present condition.
Eebel Generals Penitent.
The Paducah correspondent of the Demo
crat says the rebel General Chalmers, in a
speech at Corinth, in the early part of Jan
uary, accused Hood of selling them out, and
expressed the opinion that the Confederacy
had gone under, and told his men they could
do as they pleased, he should have nothing
more to do with them, but should quit and
try to save the remaiuder of his property.
It is also stated that the rebel Gentrral Mor
row sent a message to a personal friend in
the Union army, stating that he had lost all
faith in the rebel leaders, and wished to sur
render himself to the Federal commander,
and is now waiting near Corinth to ascertain
- what terms will be granted an officer of his
rank voluntarily returning to his allegiance.
The noted General Roddy is also sail to have
applied for pardon.
Lake Michigan Ship Canal.
The bill f or a shin canal from Lake Michi
gan to the Mississippi, after a protracted
struggle, lasting.nearly all day of 2d instant,
was finally pressed to a vote, and passed by
ten of a majority. This project was first
brought before Congress four years ago
by Mr. Arnold, but has always, lefore,
been unsuccessful. We are glad to hear of
the passage of the bill ; as a ship canal, li
nking the Mississippi with the Lake, will
be of immense value to the government in
trausfering our Iron-clad war fleet from the
Gulf to the Lakes ia the , event of a war
with England.
Peace Humors and Movements.
During the last week or two many rumors
have been current in regard to a speedy dec
laration of peace. The origin of these an
ticipations may be attributed to the fact,
that it was asserted that Jeff. Davis, and
some others of the rebel leaders, had ex
pressed a desire tr return to the Union on
terms that would be entirely satisfactory to
the 'resident and Congress of the Urited
States. On the strength of these declara
tions, Mr. Blair was permitted to visit ltich
mond to ascertain the true state of fetJing.
That he received some encouragement look
ing towards a peace is evidenced by the fact,
that in a day or two after his return to
Washington he started for the rebel capital
a second time. . What transpired between
Mr. Blair and the rebel chieftains, has not
been made public but this much is known,
that several days after Mr. Blair's second
visit to Richmond, Messrs. Stephens, Hun
ter and Canrpbell approached and were ad
mitted within Our lines, ostensibly on a peace
mission. They were then sent to Fortress
Monroe on a vessel, where they were met by
President Lincoln and Secretary Seward,
-and a conference ensued between the parties.
No detail arc given of the conversations
had then and there ; but the public are as
sured that the only basis upon which these
Southerners proposed to establish peace was
'(nJtpeu Jciee ana recognition' " and hence,
th conference ha.i resulted in no change of
the hostile attitude heretofore existing be
tween our government and the rebels. This
being the case the rebel leaders being un
willing to return to the Union our govern
ment has but one remedy : to prosecute the
war with the utmost vigor, until the rebel
armies are completely defeated and scatter
ed ; then may we. look for harbingers of
peace, and not until then.
A Thrilling Scene.
Upon the" passage of the CoiIsLitutional
Amendment the following animated and
thrilling scene ensued : There was a momen
tary lull, when, as by an electric shock, the
exultant shouts of the friends of freedom
rung through the Ila'i. It wa3 the subli
mest outbreak of popular enthusiasm ev
er witnessed. Men sprung to their feet,
throwing up their arms exultantly, and cry
ng out at the to of their voices. Fair wo
iman waved their "nankerchiefs and joined in
the loud huzzas. The floor of the House
resounded with the clapping of hands, the
stamping of feet, and the incessant shouting
of voices. . The galeries echoed back with
tenfold enthusiasm the overwhelming dem
onstrations on the floor of the House. Men
hugged one another in an extacy of delight.
They grappled hands aud shouted over this
triumph of freedom. Many a bright eye
glistened, and many a heart was too full for
utterance, over this memorable hour of our
national regeneration. When this tempest of
excitement, which lasted for several min
utes, aud seemed to find no adequate outlet,
had partially subsided, a motion was made
to adjourn, and the opposition insisted on the
ayes and noe3. The mechanical roll-call
acted as a brake, and slowly toned the
House down to something of its ordinary
decorum, while the assembled crowd surged
out in the midst of a patriotic enthusiasm
that will never be forgotten.
The Rebellion Dissolving by States.
The Sfat: (such as Georgia. Alabama
and North Carolina, )"may repeal their seces
sion ordinances, and conic back as States.
For this there i-? a motive which may not in
fiueiice the Richmond leaders, but will influ
ence the people. If they come back as
States they will preserve their individual
and munincipal property. . But if they per
sist till their military force is utterly de
stroyed, there may be a destruction they lit
tle dream of. The laws of war may be car
ried to their ultimate execution. The
lands, houses and cattle of the South maybe
confiscated. Military ftolonies will be estab
lished ; and in a word the whole society,
means and rights be destroyed, and the
country delivered over to a new population.
That is possible. By submission now their
political rights will be restored, their person
al property respected, they will have their
capital and industry to recommence their
career and renew their prosperity. But "if
they persist in war, total ruin awaits them.
Their call upon negroes and Europe is like the
call of GlexdoWer upon the spirits of the
vast deep. They will not come at their call.
The Crawford County Bank Eobbery.
Some ten days since the public was start
led by the announcement that the Crawford
County Bank had been robbed of Bonds,
etc., amounting to over $100,000. Several
days after it was announced that all but
$21), 000 had been recovered, and now we
have the assurance that the balance has also
been found, and the thief discovered and ar
rested. It appears that the thief, who con
fessed his guilt, was the book-keeper, Ckas.
II. Dyer, of Romeo, Michigan. When ar
rested he was about leaving Meadvillo in
th e cars, and on being searched, the sum of
about 27,000 was found sewed up in the
seat of his pantaloons. He is now in the
Crawford county jail, and awaits his trial.
State Banks converted into Nation
al Banks. In the House, at Harrisburg, on
Jan. 25th, the Speaker presented commu
nication from the State Treasurer, in answer
to the inquiry what State Banks had gone
into business under the National law, whore
plied that they were fifty eight in number,
having a capital of 20.502, 3SS 30. Their
change leaves a capital of only $6,030,005 50
invested in banks under the State law, and
takes from the Commonwealth a tax which
last year amounted to $433,471 41.
The Eebel Press on Peace.
Below we publish extracts from the sev
eral Richmond papers, of January 30th,
which will serve to give our readers some
idea of how the rebel leaders feel upon the
subject of peace negotiations :
The Sentinel says: "Let us keep clearly
in view our independence, to maintain
which, we drew the sword, and listen to no
suggestion for its compromise as the price
of peace. Such a peace would indeed be
but a hollow truce and an uneasy armistice.
There can be no permanent peace where
honor is compromised, or where vital and
important interests are placed iu peril. It
would le madness. It would be an unnat
ural cruelty after having fought this battle
nearly through to adjourn it over for our
children to begiu anew. In the tide of hu
man events this terrible struggle has fallen
to our lt. Thus far we have met it as men ;
thus far we need not fear the verdict of his
tory and the judgment of the world. The
past at least is secure. Shall we sacrifice all
our honors, through a ?udden weakness now ?
Shall we sell the measure of our creat fame
for any ease which may bo obtained short of
a fall success '! Shall we by any unmanly
shrinking from dangers, which we have
braved for four years, leave a heritage of
blood for our children, for which they shall
curse our memories ? Let us stand firmly
to our responsibilities." The article closes
with this explanation : We have extended
these remarks to their present length lest
the missions between this capital and Wash
ington should enfeeble us with injurious ex
pectations." The Examiner says : "It is not so much
to eojiclude peace that they sen 1 Commis
sioners and open their sham negotiations, as
to deceive and distract us from the meas
ures needful for our defense, while they
move forward toward the final investment
of Richmond. They prefer to enter the
city as conquerors rather than to obtain
peace y a treaty between Richmond and
Washington. It was wrong beyond meas
ure to permit this journeying to and iVo of
secret messengers without crofcntials, at
the imminent risk of undermining the mili
tary spirit of the country by turning men's
thoughts-to dreams and visions of peace, at
the very moment when their energy ou&ht
to be strung and braced for war."
The Whig says : "It is of vital impor
tance we should just now remember that we
arc dealing with an exceedingly artful and
thoroughly unscrupulous foe. It is not im
possible that this is an honest and sincere
endeavor to terminate the war, and that
such may be the result, but it is not Safe for
us to think so. We confess with regret that
we have but little evidence, and indulge but
the faintest hope that the enemy arc prepa
red to accord us such terms as we could
think of accepting. The visit of our Com
missioners may be permitted only for the
purpose of satisfying all parties that no
peace can be made with us, except on the
basis of separation. ' '
The )isiat h.as an article showing that
"the independence of the Confederacy is ne
cessary for the prosperity and happiness of
the middle and lower classes." It declares
that "if slavery is removed, the poor whites
are ruined."
- - .
The Constitutional Amendment.
There was great rejoicing in Washington
on the evening of January 31st, among the
loyal Missom ians over the adoption of the
Constitutional amendment. Senator Hen
derson, the father of the measure, Repre
sentative Blair, and other Union Congress
men from Missouri were serenaded, and ac
knowledged the compliment in very eloquent
speeches. The President Vas also serena
ded, and is reported as having said that he
supposed the passage, by Congress, of the
constitutional amendment abolishing slavery
was the occasion of this compliment. lie
thought that the occasion was one tliat
should inspire great gratitude by all through
out the whole country, and whole world, &c.
The task was still before them to go forward
and consummate, by the action of the States,
that which Congress commenced yesterdaj'.
He would inform them that Illinois had done
her part to-day, and that Maryland wt.s
about half through. He, however, fat
proud . that Illinois was a little ahead.
He certainly thought the measure a veiy
fitting, if not an indispcnsible, adjunct to
the winding up of this great difficulty. He
wished the reunion of all the States, but if
that rennion was permanently effected, it
was necessary that the original disturbing
cause should be removed. All would ac
knowledge that he had never shrunk from
doing what he could to eradicate slavery in
the way of emancipation proclamations, but
these fall short of what the constitutional
amend nent will do when finally consumma
ted. It might be said that the proclama
tion of emancipation was notin operation ex
cept upon a certain class, and it might be
attempted to prove it unconstitutional, but
this amendment Is the "King's cure for all
evils." lie sincerely congratulated those
present, himself, the country, and the whole
world upon the passage of the amendment. ;
Employment for Disabled Soldiers.
Petitions have been put in circulation in
nearly alt the cities, and are being signed by '
the leading citizens, irrespective of party,
asking Congress to take some action by
which honorably discharged soldiers may
obtain goverment employment in preference
to those who have for so many years been
subsisting on government "pap." There
are larsre numbers of patriotic young men
everywhere w ha have been honorably, dis
charged from the army on acconut of wounds,
sickness, imprisonment, kc, who are unable
to work at their trades or any hard labor,
have u means of subsistance except that
furnished by charit5T, and who are perfectly
competent to fill almost any civil appoint
ment or clerkship. Let the people furth
er this noble object it would be but a small
return for the gallant services rendered by
our soldiers. - -. j
Licutcnant-Commauder Win. A. Parker, i
who w;;s iu command of the Monitor Onon
daga and showed the white feather when '
the ret el rams came down the James river j
last week,, has been relieved and ordered be-
fore a court martial . ;
From New York Tribune, Feb. 1. 1S05.
The U. S. Senate having, on the Sth of
April last, initiated, by the decisive majori
ty of 3i to ), the following Amendment to
the Federal Constitution :
Ar.T. XIII Sec. 1. Neither Slavery nor in
voluntary servitude, except as a punishment for
crime, of which the party shall have been duly
convicted, shall exist within the United States orj
any piaoe Buoject to their jurisdiction.
S!e 2. (.'ousress shall have power to enforce
this article by appropriate legislation.
The House, after debate, proceeded (June
loth) to vote thereon, and it was lost Was
05. 2s ays 04 the Constitution requiring an
affirmative vote of two-thirds in either
House to launch a Constitutional. Amend
ment. Note. The real vote was 05 Yeas to 6:i Xays
one Yea having changed to a Nay on purpose to
enable him to move a reconsideration
Mr. Ashley of Ohio hereupon movedthat
the above vote be reconsidered; and the
issue thus raised, having been passed upon
by the People in the late Presidential elec
tion, has been debated at the present session
at much length by some twenty to thirty
members. Finally, after a successful resist
ance to motions to lay ou the table, &c, the
House yesterday-(Januarv 3Jst..) came to ,i
final vote on the above, having listened to
forcible speeches in it favor from Messrs.
McAllister and Cofiroth of Pennsylvania,
and Herrick of this city all Democrats who
had voted agair st it at the last session. .Mr.
Miller of Pennsylvania (who was run 'out
last fall) spoke agn in-1 it now. The vote
was finally taken, and the amendment af
firmed by Yeas 1 10 ; Nays .V, three move
than were necessary in the affirmative. So
the Amendment is fully sanctioned by Con
gress, and now go ;s to the Legislatures of
the states, three-fourths of which must rat
ify it by a majority vote to render it a part
of the Constitution. I ts ratification at an
early day by the Legislatures of the follow
ing States is nearly certain:
.Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts,
Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, New
York, lVnnsylv;j'ii:i, Maryland, West Vir
ginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
ieonsin. Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri,
Kansas, Calil'urnia, Oregon, Nevada. 22.
The Legislature of the following States
are morally certain to vote against it :
New Jersej', Delaware, Kentucky 3,
these being the States that voted for Mc
Ciellan and Pendleton, electing opposition
j.iie iu.u jjegisiaiures oi me toiiowing
States will almost certainly vote Yea:
Tennessee. Arkansas, Louisiana 3
and others will doubtless follow in due sea
son. We hope to be enabled to announce,
before the close of the current year, that
this amendment is a part of the fundamen
tal law of our country.
This is the time to indulge in exultation,
did not the momentous gravity of the sub
ject forbid. But we may bo permitted to
tender our thanks to those opposition mem
bers of Con gross whose Votes have so mate
rially strengthened our. hope- that we may
yet live and die in a free country one which
wc may quietly, inoffensively traverse in
every part without foolhardy" exposure to
the bludgeons of ruffians or 'the pistols and
dirks of assassins, for no other reason than
our wish that all our countrymen might be
free. We trust those members may never
have reason to regret this vote.
We further trust that this result will
prove to have contributed essentially to the
not distant and complete pacification of our
country. A majority of the American peo
ple have decided that slavery shall die, be
cause sore experienee has taught them that
its perpetuation is inconsistent with the in
tegrity and safety of the Republic. They
seek for a genuine, lusting peace ; hence
they have voted to eradicate that 'root of
bitterness' which has distracted and nearly
ruined her. We will not doubt that those
who voted adversely to our convictions sin
cerely believed theirs the true way to Peace:
we will not doubt t hat these will rejoice with
us to see their forebodings dispelled and our
hopes realised.
Long Live the Republic !
Kebel Project of Arming Elayes.
The late debate in the rebel Congress upon
the Bill authorizing Jeff. JMvis to take forty
thousand negroes and employ them to dig
and drudge for the army, revealed a few
facts in rcterence to the present state of feel
ing in the South.. One of these facts was,
that the bill being discovered to be a mere
sham, its true object being to procure negroes
for snlitivrs, the leading men from the ex
treme South opposed, on tho ground that the
negroes coll not be trusted to fight for their
masters. This disposes of the old story about
the affection of slaves for their masters, and
the reliance the South could place upon them
in the hour of extremity. The running
away of trusted, household servants when
ever our armies came in their neighborhood,
exposedlhe humbug of slaves being enam
ored of servitude.
Another fact, brought out by this debate,
was that the men conspicuously representing
the slave interest, (Miles of South Carolina,
for instance,) regarded the project of arming
the slaves as certain to work the utter itboli
tioa of slavery. Jeff. Davis didjiot escape
the imputation of abolition sentiments,
which may throw a little greater air of veri
ty upon the late report that he urged Mr.
Blair to hasten the passage of the constitu
tional amendment, abolishing slavery, so as
to remove the chief obstacle" to pence and
re-union. It begins to be clear that the
Southeru wliite military population being
exhausted, the rebels are compelled to look
to their negroes as a last reserve, and yet
are compelled to admit that they see no
ground for hope in thisx direction. Daniel
Webster, in onc-of his great legal arguments
in a murder eae, said : '"There is no rem
edy from confession but suicide, and suicide
is confession. " The leaders are ready to
illustrate this striking figure, if the masses
will yet follow them blindly to their doom.
Kxglish Ignorance. The ignorance of
F.nglish factory operative is evidenced by
the testimony of a boy in 31anchcster, aged
thirteen, a nailer, who last month deposed as
follows: "Heard about ; Jesus Cukist at the
church school, but its so longsinco that I've
forgot Him. Do not know whether He did
mircles or wonderfull things, or how he was
killed, and have not beared of Noah and the
flood. Jesus made the world in six days.
The Queen has a name ; it is Prince."
' 'No more cold feet' ' is the name of the
newest Parisan" gallop. Should this dance
become prevalent, there will be less galloping
consumption, it is natural to infer. -
-The End t Hand An English View.
The Loudon Daily News of the 3d, says :
But the facts we have been reviewing "not
only show us the end of the war, but they
open to us a happier prospect of what will be
after the war, The theory advanced by some
of our cotemporaries that the North could
never hold the South, even after the South
ern armies are beaten from the field, is
plainly untenable. The fiery spirits will be
gone, and those who were too iudifferent to
light will certainly not have enersy to resist
when the fight is over. It is to" be kept in
view that.thcre is, after all, no difference of
race, rr speech, orlaw, tomaintain af'eelingof
hostility. There is nothing to prevent North
ern settlers from amalgamating with South
ern residents. The negro question being
settled, there will be nothing to maintain a
distinction between the two sections. En
gaged in the same pursuits, resorting to the
same courts, electing members to the same
legislature, there will be nothing in this case
resembling those in which a nation is over
run and deprived of its rights by an alien
power. . Southerners will recover their riahts
by submission, tliey will stand on a footing
of perfect equality with the victors. We
all know how rapidly, when the Highlanders
of Scotland had been disarmed, they became
among the most loyal of their fellow subjects.
Yet their case was one iu which there were
fundamental distinctions between them and
their subjugators not to be found between
Federals and Confederates. No doubt there
M ill be an lntervenins period in which mili
tary law jyu-t prevail till perfect order 1
restored. Those who make the pretense of
acting as g -.tern lias after the regular war
is over an excuse f,-,v nmidetin? and pbm-
ueiiii, must r,e repressed ov tiie nrm m
which in every
country, and under every
1 "T'l 1
system of law
pnir.-n nuuvKiuai crime.
1 his will be nn inevitableconcomitant of the
lenod of transition from war to lesrnlirv
.. i. 1. ... ll - i' 1 1 f. 1 ! - J
u, iMien me ioui ureain oi ouiklimr un a
siave empire is over, there will be not! inc
leit to nght about : aud a people who have
nothing to maintain dissension about. Jand
who are in the enjoyment of common rights,
common liberties, common privileges, will
speedily unite to put down those whose dis
orders will be only a common bane.
Taxation in Grent Britain Official Seport
of the Eevemie of 18G4. .
The annual report of the revenue of Great
Britain for the year SH appears in the la
test London journals. 'J. he aggregate
amount raised by taxation was 70,12o,;iT4,
or, in round numbers, 350,LMjO,0Xi, divided
as lollows :
Customs. 22,533.000 I Postoffice, X4.0R0 000
txcue, - l'J.olit.OOO
j Crown land3. 207.500
Stamps, 8.4'jS.OOo
.Miscellaneous, 3,lol ,Si4
Taxes, 3.201,000
Property and
income tux, 7,900 000
1 he customs fell off SSG,U00 from the
preceding year, and the property tax de
creased 1,807,000 ; but the excise gained
l,5i'S,00O, the postoffice 200,000, and
stamps 21'j,T)00.
The aggregate descrcase in all branches
was .:.,. x for the year. The London
Observer says :
The taxes show an increase of .53,000 on
the year, which is to be attributed to the,
increase of houses subject to the inhabited
house duty. The property tax shows a de
crease of l,S()7,(KK on the year. It is to
be remembered that this tax was reduced
from 9d. to 7d, in the pound in fiSO J, and
from 7d. to 0d. in 180-h The next quarter's
returns will show a more complete estimate
of the difference caused by the latest reduc
tion, which is the proper criterion to go by.
It is probable, however, that the decrease
will fall a -little short of the estimated
amount, because thepropertyof the country
is constantly ou the increase. The postof
fice shows the now habitual incrca -e of100,
)0 on the quarter, and no less than a quar
ter of a million on the year, which is on a
scale of mote than ordinary increase in the
Tli3 total revenue is a marvelous result,
when we consider the reductions in the in
come tax and in the tea and sugar duties,
and some smaller remissions of taxation,. such
as the half of the insurance duties and other
little matters. There is even' encourage
ment to proceed in the same direction, with
only the difficulty that indirect taxation is
now confined to a very few articles, the
smallar ones 1 eing almost swept away, and
the smuggler being almost unheard of. A
succession of 3ears of success and prosperity
shows that we can almost securely rely upon
an income of over seventy millions sterling,
while a constantly reduced expenditure
proves that we are not likely to need so
Tab New. York TrUmm has information,
which it deems reliable, that a secret league
has been formed by the Catholic powers in
Europe France, Spain and Austria un
der the guidance and with the express con
currence of the pope, which is pledged to
recognize the llebel Confederacy on or im
mediately after the 4th of March next, un
der the pretext that the Union will thereaf
ter consist of those States only which par
ticipated "in the late Presidential Election
and in the choice of members of the ap
proaching Congress. 1 1 is added that the
league contemplates ether than moral sup
port to the slave holding rebels, but not at the
outset. We do not place any confidence in
this and similar reports. The Catholic
Powers of Europe, as well as Protestant En
gland, would like to see the Union broken
up, but they will hardly undertake to inter
fere in behalf of the Confederacy now that
its prospects of susees." arc so hopeless.
The commission houses appear to have
come to the conclusion that they must mod
erate, their views respecting prices, and are
offering their goods at lower figures. The
jobbers, however, cannot be tempted to buy
anything beyond small parcels, to provide
for the immediate demand. The manufac
turers 'of cotton fabrics are pursuing a strict
ly cautious policy. The difficulty of. procur
ing paying prices for goods discourages pro
duction, and' the consequence is that, al
though the receipts of cotton are increasing,
there is no eorrespondiug augmentation of
the supply of goods, aud cotton, being thus
kept down in price, is sent abroad, where
it will realize relatively higher prices than
The Boston iW remarks that i$ is now
plain that the French Emperor, from the
beginning intended to despoil Mexico; and
then begin the establishment of a series of
colonies of France, from which shecouldgain
material wealth; and that the protection of
French citizens in the collection of their civil
debts was merely a rank pretence and a sheer
imposture.' "' ' ' l
It is a fact which ten thousand mother
the land will not fail to note that tK
change of prisoners has been goin? on wdl
enough smce the President, on the SI
October last, placed the subject of ex. Kn
unJcr the direction of Lieut ?g
with full authority to take anv stcrw t
might deem proper. The ck W f J,!
been exchanged, weekly supplies arefn
nished to our prisoners and distributed U
officers of our army, and General Grart
states, offically, that he believes , 2
a full and complete exchange will be made
Philadelphia, Febuary 2. Ye-ten?,
the Evening lhdktin was sold at aiirti,
and bought by Mr Peacock, in the in
of himself with Fetherston. Louder L
allaee. The price was $.Ux0 Th
sale created a great excitement in jouma'i?
tic circles. j"umiu.
The government realizes about $70 Oon
month from the sale of the hides, tal I Z
hoofs, k, of the cattle slaughtered W .l '
use of the Army of the Jf
ber being alout one hundred head per dav.
-Heir Sdrcitiocmcnto.
A.i.,m . ...."7. ' " '
Kl) LA.M)S....1 Pur.ua"ceof ,n iAT",
A.-eeuibty pawed the 23tl. rfn J "r V VS " A f
titled an Act to amend n Act dirW in Ah, ? '
owning unseated lands for nixel
purposes ' lIff
will dispose of the following lard, at "hiv :
House, on Tudar the Ujlt'
Acres. Per. V arrantoe r, l
300 David Keplart, p"lf
1C0 . OeorseMuHc.' cb
-'A Henry rauncs, i;0!rs3
Jacob Mwsenaith Bumble.
ib . John Cuntur.ghrim, do
121 tieorgeRoss. ju'
209 refer Getz, do'
Bj or Jer of the Board.
WM. S. ERAPT.EY. Clerk.
f' IS r. Or LETTERS unclaimed and rem".
-i ing in the Post Office at Clearfield, on the 1st
day of February, A. J). 1S05.
Iri.bn. l3er. Tin ri.livtn PV., M
mersou, Miss Molly. (iibbony. Samuel.
r i .r . f-
vniuuii. jjiuica ij. iienry , i iu.
JIacenl"erger. Henry". Hanuian. JI. C.
Holly, Mrs. Matilda. Holly. Mrs. X. JI.
Keys. John Lithgow, Mrs. Ernmeli)
Mover. Henry. Marliu, J. K.
Miller,Mrs. Margaret, Milier, Henry P.
Miller George H. Proctor. Mrs. Lucy A.
Keese, Mist Joanah. Roth, Margaret.
Kobortson. Wm. 11. Heads, il. 11.
Speedy, Wm. W. Straw. Miss Martha J
Smith, I. F. Town. Miss Mary R.
Wilks, Amasa. M illiams. A. W.
One cpnt riiiA An pi1i Tror o.l i-mt;,i p..
sons calling for any of above letters, will siv tber
are advertised. M. A. FRANK, f". M.
J-fA field Ooilntv Rank fnr thm iniir.lli ....
on the 31st day of Jan., A. 1. lj05.
Bills discounted, ::::::: 8110.325 Si
Pennsylvania State stocks, r :
S.9'J3 il
rrierift- ....... ....
i . - - . . . .
Pue from other banks. : : : : i
5.557 35
11.904 (i
1.S73 Ot
16 419 H
2V7 00
4M) 00
: 000 M
V.7 V.
2otes of other banks. ::::::
V. S. Demand and Legal Tender notes.
Checks, drafts. Ac.
Over drafts, : : r : : : t : ;
I nited States Revenue stamna. : ;
Furniture. ::::::: j : i
Pue Commonwealth. eDecian ; : i
Loss and Kipenses, : ; : : i i
Total amount of assets. : : :
2u0.SGs ;
: 50,00D 0
4G,t-l7 M
: TS.83-UI
6.0S7 H
: 4.050 S.)
: -1.390 69
8.795 43
Capital stock, paid in, : : : :
rvotes in circulation, : .: : :
Due dpnAirra " ...
w, . . . . .
Iue certificates of deposit, : i
Due Banks, :::::::
Due Common wealth , , t
Interest and exchange, . : :
Total amount of liabilities, :': :
: : : $2'kCi 64
Clearfield. Pa.. Feb. S. ISSS.-M
Office of the CoMrTiioi.LER opthk CrriiEN"v,
ASHtNTi)t. Jatiruary .loth. IStJft. 1
T T presented to the undersi?ned. it has been
made to appeur that '-THE FIRST SATIONAI
BANK OF CLEARFIELD," in the Borouph of
Clearfield; in the county of CWrfiold. and iftati
of Pennsylvania, has b. enuly organized under
nnd according to the requirements of the Art of
Congress, entitled "An Act to provide a National
currency, secured by a pledge of L nited Mates
bonds and to provide for the circulation and re
demption thereof." approved June 3d, and
has complied with ail the provisions of said Act
required to be complied with before commencing
the business of Backing under said Aet ;
Now, therefore, I, Hugh McCuIloch, Comptrol
ler of the rurrener, do hereby certify that -THI.'
in the Borough of Clearfield; in the county of
Clearfield, aad State of Pennsylvania, ia author
ized to commence the business of Banking under
the Act aforesaid .
---"n. In testimony whereof, witness my
SEAL jhand and seal of office, this 30th day of
VrNJanuary, A. D. 1S65.
Feb. 8, 1S65. Comptroller of the Currency.
RELIEF .NOTICE. The Board of Relief
for the county of Clearfield, will meet at tin
Commissioners' office in Clearfield, on Wednes
day and Thursday, the 22d and 23d day of
February, 1865
The Board of Relief have directed that the wifo
of the soldier must appear before the board, and
produce her sworn statement, detailing name of
soldier, regiment and company, and when enli
ted ; the number of children, with age and sex of
each ; the U wotbip in which they resided at the
time ot enlistment, and their present residcoc.
and that sho is without the means of support lot
herself and children who are dependent upon her.
Two witnesses of credibility from the town'liip
in which she resides, must also Le produced. hpJ
certificate (sworn to before the Board of iiei;t!
must set forth that the applicant is the person b
represents herself to be, that the statement of the
number and agcof her family is true, that he is
in destitute circumstances and her family in ac
tual want, and that all the facts set forth in her
application are correct and true. ,
Forms containing these requisitions cm be -t;iined
at the Office of the Board of Relief, MB
application ia made and the witnesses appear.
N. B. Illness of the aplicant, properly prareu
will excuse personal attendance.
Jan. 4, ISifi. WM. S BRADLEcIerk
S7IOII SA EE at cost 1 g.jod cook stores , to
clohe out the stock, fat the cheap wh
LEATIIEK an assoitment for by,
December 14, 18o4. ClearfiejoV.
undersigned is prepared te furnish, to in -seeking
investments, Goversment and coui J
bonds. Also fire per cent GovernmeBi : notes-
Clearfield May 4. 1S34. tfyatjf,,
rilKKES ! TREES !!-The fubscribcr having
1 been appointed an agent of the $aI.
Xursery" in Lancaster county, would respec
ly inform the citizens of Clearfield j count, w
he is prepared at all times to fill orders r"
kind of Fruit Tre. and Shrubwry. at prorn
tors prices.. - NORMAN L. ROBINS, Agen
Clearfield, Fa., Dec. 1, lS$i-3m. -