Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, January 04, 1865, Image 1

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Select i'oftvu.
Go-1 bless the little cnn-iron.
We meet them everywhere;
We hear their voices rounJ oar hearth
Their footsteps ua the stair ;
Their kindly heart are swelling o er
W'i it mirthfuloess and glee;
. God bless the littie children,
Wherever they may be.
We meet them 'neath the gipsy tent,
With viige swarth and dun.
And eves that sparkle as they glance
With roguery and fun:
Wc find them fishing in the brook
For minnows, with a pin,
Or creeping through the hazel-buMi
The linnet's nest to win.
We meet them in the lordly hall.
Their stately father's pride;
We meet them in the poor man's cot
He hath no wealth besides;
Along the city's crowded steet
They burl the fcmp or ball ;
We fiud them 'neath the pauper's roof
The saddest sight of all-
For there they win no father's love,
No mother's tendercare.
Their only friend the iol above,
Who hears the orphau's pr3"er;
J!ut dressed in silks, or draped in rajs.
In chiidit-h grief or glee.
God bless the little children,
Wherever they may be
A Story for Children.
Little John Cole's lather was about to
die, and, as he had no property to leave his
wife and children, he felt very anxious and
unhappy. Johnny had been told that his
f:ither would die, but lie did not know
what death meant ; and therefore, with all
the innocence of a good little boy. lie aked
his lather what he could do to help him.
"Vou cannot help me Johnny," .-aid the
sick father; "but when 1 am gone, you can
help your mother.7'
"Where are you going to?" said Johnny.
"Can't you let me go with you?"'
''So, nobodv ctu go with me ; I must go
"Well when will you come back?' said
the little fellow; "you know we depend up
on you fbr money to buy bread."
"I shall never cjme back, my dear boy.
When people di;, they never con.e bach"
"Well, then you intend to send for us,
father, for we can't live without you."
"You will break my heart', Johnny, if you
talk so. I shall not .end for you, but God
will, and then we shall meet again. Now,
my dear boy, you must stay with your moth
er and try to make her happy."
"So 1 will," taid Johnny, "but I don't
know how. I can't work you know. Tes,
I can make deal boats, ami sell theiu."
"Vou can do better than that," said his
lather : "you can be a good boy, and behave
well, and love mother, and this will help her
more than any work vou can do."
"Well, I'd do all that," said Johnny;
"but people won't love mother becau-e I
lve her, and then where is the bread to
come from ?"
"God will send it, if you fire good," said
the poor man, who could hardly .peak, he
wa-i m choked by the innocent talk of his
little child.
It is not necessary to say how the father
died, and how the poor witlow had to go in
to a single room, and work out almost every
day to support Johnny and his little sister.
Johnny did all he could to help his mother;
and he" did a great deal, for when his moth
er was absent, he toik care of little Sis, and
when she was asleep one day, he took the
jack knife that belonged to his lather, and
made what he called a boat, out of a lump
it wood, and then stood at the door and
a-ked every one that came along to buy it. -
"Do you want to buy a boat ? ' said he to
a bitr boy that was passing.
"Vou get out!" said the boy, as he
knocked the boat int. Johnny's face, and
liroke the mast. The poor boy's heart was
almost broken, too, but he made another
mast, axtd stood at the door again. Two
littie girls came along, and Johnny asked
them if they wished to buy a boat.
"What do you call it ? a boat!'' said one
of the girls. "It is a funny-looking boat."
"We dont iil boats," said the other girl.
"Well, you don't know what limit is,"
5a'ul the little boat-builder.
"We have no wish to know," said they as
they wvnt off, laughing at poor Johnny.
Presently an oflicer of the frigate that was
lying in the harbor parsed.
"?le:ise buy my ship," said Johuny, very
biploringly. " " 1
"I.Hd you make it?" said the officer. j
"Yes, I did all myself," said Johnny. j
J'What put it iuto your head to make a ;
-hip?" said the good-natured man. j
."Why you see," said the little fellow, '
is hasn't any bread to eat, and I thought
I d work and earn some money and buy .
' Who is Sis?" said the captain.
"Why don't you know Sis".' saiJJohn
nJ "Just look in her."
So the oilieer entered, and saw Sis asleep
the bed.
"Whom do you belong to?" said the
"To mother now," said Johnny, "for
lather is dead and gone away."
Just then little 8is opened her eyes, and,
H-eing the uniform of the oflicer, she began
10 wueh.
"h hat do you ak for your ship?" eaid
tbe captain.
"One penny, if you can't give any more."
The captain gave him a pat on the cheek,
&rid said. "Wait a few minutes, and I'll
me back and buy your ship."
. went and bought two large loaves o
and carried them back and gave them"
,0 Johnny.
."!AreyouGod?" said the little fellow,
'"h eyes as large as saucers.
o," id the officer,4! am only one
of his servants." He then patted John
ny's head, and told him to be a good boy,
and he would come and see his mother.
He did call again, and after learning all a
bout the family, he promised to take care of
them; and when Johnny jyas a great boy
he took him on board his ship, and, in time,
made an ofiicer ol him, and adopted him ;
and after a battle when he was dying of a
wound he had received, he asked Johnny,
who was now Lieutenant Ccle, to hand him
that casket on the desk. "Open it," said
the captain, giving him a key. "What do
you tii id there?" said the captain.
".Nothing but my deal boat," said Johnny-
"When you made that boat, you made
your fortune," said the captain. "Under
that boat is my will, and all the proierty I
have is yours. " John became -a rich man,
and he deserved it.
Now what is the object of this story!
Merely to teach you that, if you are good,
and want to do all you can to help those a
bout you, (lod will show you some way to do
so. The deal boat was a small affair to the
unfeeling boy who broke it, and to the
thotifihless girls who laughed at it, but to
the officer and to tiod it was ariove all price.
Go, then, my young friends, and do likewise.
Not long "since attention was called to the
fact that Russia was at this time moving an
army southward, in a manner menacing to
Turkey. The inquiry is at once sprung
do the" Muscovites mean to carry out their
traditional design of driving the Turks from
Europe, and thereby grilling a naval outlet
from the l!ack Sea f It is, to use a phrase
once in vogue, the "manifest destiny" of e
vents. Kussia will hold on to the will of
her great Czar l'eter. She will tread the
road marked by a sign-bemrd just out of the
gates ol St. Petersburg. "The lloute to 'on
staTuinople." She will wrest from the ef
feminate Ottomans. who are nierelye;ci7
ed in Europe, the mastery of waters without
which she cau never have a navy. There is
no idea, not even the faith in the Greek
Church, which is so tenaciously held by the
leading classes of Russia, as the idea of seiz
ing "Constantinople, and making their nation
a great maratime power. This idea will
never be relinquished, nor can England and
France defeat its accomplishment. The har
dy millions of Russia will yet sweep away
trie Cresent in spite of the zeal of certain
Christi'in Kingdoms togive.it perpetuity
with its slave markets, seraglios, etc. In
favor of this result, it may be claimed that
Russia will assimilate gradually with Euro
pean thought and customs, and will develop
the commercial resources of the fairest part
of the world. Our own relations with this
Autocracy are of the friendliest character,
and our trade will be greatly enlarged by the
dispersion of the Moslems and the planting
of a vigorous and persevering race at the
Golden Hoin. I'ltuburg Chronicle.
A Little Lesson for Well Disposed Wives.
"Why is it," aked a lady, "that so many
men are so anxious to get rid of 'their
wives?" "Because," was the reply, "eO
few women exert themselves alter marriage
to make their presence indispensable to the
happiness of their husbands !" A hen hus
band and wife become thoroughly accustom
ed to each other when all the little battery
of charms which both played off so skillfully
before the weddinsr-dav has been exhausted
too many seem to think that nothing rc
mnins but the clanking of the legal chains
which bind them to each other. The wife
seeks to develop iu her affections no new at
traction i'or her husband; and the latter,
perceiving the lijums, begins to brood over
an uncongeniality which does not exist,
and to magnily the ills that do exist into
insu-passable obstacles in the way of his
parthly felicity. This is the true secret.
The woman who charmed before her mar
riage can charm afterward, if she will, though
not of course by the same means. There
are a thousand ways, if she will only study
them out, in which she can make home so
attractive that her husband wiil dislike to
absent himself from it, and so she can read
ily make herself the particular deity of the
domestic paradise. I his done, -she may
quietly laugh at all attempts to alienate her
husband s inclination ; and with those incli
nations will alwa3s go, in such cases, his ac
tive judgment.
Eemarkable China Ware. .
An oil millionaire, out of gratitude to the
source whence his wealth was derived, and
with a desire to keep it before his mind, has
had a complete set of table equipage made
in Philadelphia, of china and glass. The
embellishments of the plates, dishes and tu
reen are fuc similes of the apperatus used
in producing petroleum. The dishes bear
on the center beautiful vignette views, rep
resenting wells in process of boring, with
the derrick over the orifice. The tureens
are similarly adorned, while each separate
piece is blazoned with vignetts descriptive
and illustrative of the process of harvesting
peroleum. The entire set is of the most
costly character. The china is the finest
and the 1-est imported, and the decorations
are in the highest style of the decorator's
art. The manufacturers were instructed to
spare no pains iu executing them, and they
acted accordingly. The decanters, wine f ob
lets and tumblers are alike engraved with
the insignia of petroleum. The completed
ware is a curiosity. Nothing like it was ever
seen "in those parts.
The Farmington Chronicle speaks of a
sermon, the subject of which embraced "the
personality, history and character ol the in
visible letder of the hosts of darkness.
This may well -be said to be "whipping the
devil around the stump."
The United States has more coal and asks
more for it, than any other country on the
flobe. ' ;
On one occasion a hatter named Walter
Dibble called to buy some furs of us. For
certain reasons I was anxious to play a joke
upon him. I sold him several kinds of furs
including 'beaver and cony." He wanted
some "Russia." I told him we had none,
but Mrs. Wheeler, where I boarded, had
several hundred pounds.
"What on earth is a woman doing with
Russia?" he said-.
I could not answer, but assured him that
there were one hundred and fifty pounds of
young !llusha in Mrs. Wheeler's house, and
under her charge, but whether it was for
sale 1 could not say.
Off he started with the view to make the
purchase. He knocked at the door, Mrs.
Wheeler asked him to walk iu ; she, the ei
der, made her appearance.
"IwaLt to get your Russia," said the
Mrs. Wheeler asked him to walk in and
be seated. She, of course, supposed he had
come after her daughter 'Rusha.
"Y hat do you want of 'Rusha ? asked the
old lady.
"To make hats,', was the reply. t
"To trim hats. I suppose, you mean?
responded Mrs, Wheeler.
"No; for the outside of hats," replied
the hatter.
"Well, I don't know much about hats, I
will call my daughter," said the old lady.
Passing into the other room, where 'Ru
sha the younger was at work, she informed
her that a man wanted her to make hats.
"Oh, he means sister Mary, probably. I
suppose he wants some ladies' hats," was
'Rusha's reply, as she passed into the parlor.
"I suppose you want to see my sister Ma
ry; she is our miliiner," said the younger
' Rmdia.
"I wish to see whoever owns the proerty.'
Sister Mary was sent for, and soon made
her appearance. As soon as she was intro
duced, the hatter informed her that he wish
ed to buy Russia.
"Buy 'Rusha !" exclaimed Mary, iu sur
rriso. "I don't understand you."
"Your name is Miss Wheeler, I believe?'
said the hatter, who was annoyed at the dif
ficulty he met with in being understood.
"It is, sir."
"Ah. very well. Is there old and young
Russia in the house?"
"1 believe tin re is," said Mary, surpris
ed at the familiar manner in which he spoke
of her mother and sister, both of whom
were present.
" hat is the price of old Russia per
pound?" '
"I believe, sir, that old 'Rusha is not for
sale," replied Mary indignantly.
"Well, what do you ask for your young
Russia?" pursued the hatter.
"Sir !" said 'Rusha the younger, spring
ing to her feet, "do you come here to insult
defenceless females ? If you do, we will soon
cail our brother, who is in the garden, and
he will punish you as vou deserve."
"Ladies !" exclaimed the hatter in aston
ishment, "what on earth have I done to of
fend you ? I came here to buy tome Russia.
1 was told you had old and young Russia in
the house. Indeed, this young lady just
stated such to be the fact, but she says the
old Russia is not for sale. Now if I can
buy the young Russia, I want to do so ; but
if it can't be done, please say so, and I will
trouble you no further,"
"Mother open the door, and let the gen
tleman pass out, ior he is undoubtedly cra
zy," said Miss Mary.
"By thunder ! J. Ixdieve I shall be, if a re
main here long," exclaimed the hatter, con
siderably excited. "I wonder if folks never
do business in these parts, that you think a
man crazy if he attempts such a thing?"
"Business, poor man !" said Mary sooth
ingly, approaching the door.
"I am not a poor man, madam." replied
the hatter; "My name is Walter Dibble. I
carry on hatting extensively in Danberry. I
came to Grassy Plains to buy fur, and I
have purchased some 'beaver' and 'coney
and now it seems I am to be called 'crazy'
and a 'poor man,' because I want to buy a
little 'Russia' to make up an assortment."
The ladies began to open their eyes a lit
tle. They saw tin t Mr. Dibble was quite in
earnest, and his explanation threw consider
able light on the subject.
"Who sent you here?" asked sister Mary.
"The clerk at the store opposite."
"He is a wicked young fellow for making
this trouble," said the old lady. "He has
been doing this for a jeke." she contiuued.
"A joke !" exclaimed Dibble in surprise;
"Have you got any Russia, then?"
"Mj- name is Jerusha, and so is my daugh
ter's," said Mrs. Wheeler, "and that, I sup
pose, is what he meant by telling you about
old and young 'Rusha."
Mr. Dibble bolted through the door with
out a word of explanation, and made direct
ly for our store.
"You young scamp !" said he, as he en
tered, "what do you mean by sending me
over there to buy Russia?"
4P,"Idid not send you over there to buy
Russia. I supposed you were either a bach
elor or a widower, and wanted to marry Jau
I repeated, with a serious counte-
"You lie, vou dor, and you know it," re
ilied he ; "but never mind, I'll pay you off
for this, some day.
And taking his furs, he departed.
A Four-legged Hex.-At the last meet
ing of Polytechnic Association, Dr. Rowell
placed upon the President's table a large
living hen with four legs. The hinder pair
were fully formed, but are not used m walk
ing; being curled up and carried. Dr.
Rowell remarked that they seemed to be a
part of a second animal in a rudimentary
condition attached to the rump of the hen.
He supposed that the fowl was hatched
from a double yolked egg, which the dam
had failed to push out of the nest an un
usual oversight.
Franklin has somewhere said, that
owed a considerable share of his success in
life to the impression made upon him, while
yet a boy at home, by a passage in the Book
of Kings, that those who will be "diligeut
in buisuess" should stand in the presence of
princes. It is well known that -few men'
were more industrious, more energetic. It
is equally well known that while he began
his career as a poor boy and labored assidu
ously as a "jour" printer, he lived to be an
able and honest ambassador at the court of
the proudest monarch in Christendom He
was an example, therefore a proud one of
the fulfillment of the text.
But he was not the only man who realized
its truth. We doubt indeed if any man
ever succeeded in life, who was not diligent
in business who was negligent and fond
of pleasure. The supposed instances to the
contrary, so often popularly quoted, invaria
bly prove fallacious when carefully investi
gated. Curran, the great Irish orator, was
said to have eloquence native born. But
on the contrary, he has left it on record
that betook the greatest pains to perfect his
elocution. Iiis gesture, and his knowledge of
law. Burke, distinguished for his eloquence
and learni ng, built up the edifice-of his fame
by slow persevering, laborious effort, it is
a well known fact that the Philadelphia
millionaire, Girard.amassed his collossal for
tune by assiduous attention to business.
Clay, Webster, Calhoun, and Benton, all
worked hard the latter incessantly. And
Napoleon the First, who was a boru genius,
if ever man was. achieved most of w hat he
did .by unceasing labor, often dictating to
sevrral secretaries at once, and always tiring
out everybody about him.
If these great men achieved distinction
only by their diligence in buisness, or even
if this, as none can deny, was the principal
cause of their success, buwean those of far
inferior abilities expect to prosper unless
they follow the same examples? He who
neglects his business will sxm find his
business leaving him. Ability without in
dustry will not do, and rarely accomplishes
ary thing worthy to mention. Men who
think to succeed by doing half day's work,
niu.it sooner or later go to the wall. There
is but one way to rise ; it is diligent, always
diligent Without energy and uidrustry no
man ever conquered difficulties or "achieved
greatness." The merchant, who leaves his
store to take a "social drink ;" the mechan
ic, who stops work to have a "blue Monday;'
the professional man, who goes off on par
ties of pleasure, and misses the chance of
clients or patients calling all these either
fail utterly in life at last, as is the case; in
nine example out of ten, or fall short of
that complete success which they might
otherwise have obtained. The old fable of
the tortoise, who beat the hare to the goal,
because the latter stopped so often, is real
ized ever- day and hour in life. The eld ad
age, frequently ridiculed, "slow but sure,"
is verified continually by experience. Even
genius itself has been said by no less a think
er than Sir Jas. McInto.-h,to be only another
name for industry. Go and ask of the
scores of beggard old men who, once pros
perous, now oat the bread of dependence,
what it was that ruined them and they will
answer, if honest, "because we were not dil
igent." By "diligence in business" thousands of
poor lads have risen to opulence, and come
at last to have all the leisure they desired.
But tens of. thousands, who could not
wait to enjoy life till they had won the right
to it by "diligence in business," have gone
helplessly and despairingly down in the full
meridian of existence, like .the crew of a
leaky ship, sinking in sight of harbor, be
cause they ate and drank and made merry
when thev should have been working at the
pumps. Young men. middle-aged men, aye,
and even indigent old men, follow the exam
ple of the successful and illustrious, by being
"diligent in business."
Occupation of Children.
The" habits of children prove' that oc
cupation is a necessity with most of them.
They love, to be busy, even about nothing,
still more to be usefully employed. With
some children it is a strongly developed ne
cessity, and if not turned to good account,
will be produ.'tive of jositive evil, thus ver
ifying the old adage, that "Idleuess is the
siother pf mischief." Children should be
encouraged, or if inherently disinclined to
it, be disciplined into performing for them
selves every little office relative to the toilet
which they are capable of performing.
They should also keep their own clothes and
other possessions in neat order, and fetch
for themselves whatever they want ; in
short, they should learn to be as independ
ent of others as possible, fitting them alike
to make a good use of prosperity, and to
meet with fortitude any reverse of fortune
that may befall them. I know of no rank,
however exalted, in which such a system
would not prove beneficial.
Mr. William W. Murphy, Consul Gener
al at Frank fort-on-the-Main, sent to the
New York Sanitary Fair a gold coin, believ
ed to be the smallest in the world- Its val
ue is one-sixteenth of a ducat, its weight two
grains, and it is about an eighth of inch in
diameter. It is still in perfect preservation,
although it was issued by the city of Nu
remberg about the year 1814, when it was
a free city of the Germanic empire. H is
now in possession of a member of the Nu
mismatic Society of New York.
One of our best clergymen last Sunday
preached a sermon on autumn, wherein he
alluded to the "pomp of. the regal forests."
One of his hearers objected to the sermon
on the ground that it was an abolition dis
course. An explanation was asked.
"Why said he, didn t ne say pomp
'didn't he
the forest,' and isn't that
woodsrd like to know?"
'nigger in the
The Presbyterian not long ago contained
the following in the shape of editorial mat
ter :
The late Dr. Miller, of Princeton, as all
his students, will remember, abounded in an
ecdotes, which he had related to his classes
from year to year, to illustrate the points
made in his lectures. One of them occurs
to us just now. as being specially applicable
to the new converts that 1 ave recently
come iuto the churches within the bounds ot
our circulation. A celebrated Judge in
Virginia, was iu early years, skeptiele as to
the xruth ot the Bible, and especially as to
the reality of experimental religion. He
had a favorite slave, who accompanied him
in his travels around his circuit. As they
pa.ssed from court house to court house,
they frequently conversed on the subject of
religion, the servant, Harry, venturing, at
times, to remonstrate with his master airaiu.-t
his infidelity. As the Judge had sufficient
confidence in Harries honesty and sincerity,
he asked him how he felt, and what he
thought on various points. Among other
things,. Harry told his master that he was
very often sorely tempted and tried by the
devil. The Judge asked Harry to explain
to him how it happened that the devil at
tacked him (Harry) who was so pious a
man, so sorely, while he allowed him -elf,
who was an infidel and sinner, to pass un
noticed and untcmpted.
Harry asked, "Are you right sure master,
that he dees let vou pass without troubling
"Certainly I am," replied the Judge;
"I have no dealings with him at all. i do
not even so much as know that there i- any
such being in cxistanee as the devil. If
there is auv such a being he never trouble
me." "Well," said Harry, "I know that, there
is a devil, and that he tries me sorely at
A day or two afterwards, when the Ju Jire
had gotten through his docket, he concluded
to go on a hunt for wild ducks on one of the
streams which lay across his road home
ward. Harry accompanied him. As they
approached the river they espied a flock f
ducks quietly floating on its surlace. The
Judge stealthily crept up to the bank and
fired upon them, killing two or three, and
wounding as many others. He at ou c i hrcw
down his gun and made strenuous efforts,
with the aid of clubs and stones, to secure
the wounded ducks, while he permitted the
dead ones to float ou. for the time unnoticed
by him. Harry, as he sat on the seat of
the carriage, watched his master's move
ments with deep interest, when he retun.ed,
said to him :
"Massa, while you was asplashin' in the
watrr arter dein wounded ducks, andletttu'
de dead ones float on. it jist came to my
mind why it is dat de debil troubles me so
much while he lets you alone, l'ou are
like de dead ducks; he's sure he's got you
safe. I'm like de wounded ones, trying to
get away from him. and he's afraid I'll do
it, so he makes ail de fuss arter me and
jist lets you fioat on down de stream. He
knows he can git you any time ; but he
knows its now or neber wid me. It you
were to begin to flutter a little and show
signs like you were goiu" to get away from
him, he would make just as big a spla.sh.iu'
alter vou as he does arter me."
Narrow Escape.
It wiil be remembered that on Frida.y
the 10th we noticed the detention of the
Northern Central train from. the north by
running off thetiack near this cily. The
following particulars are obtained from a
statement of Special Agent Roh He says
that when the train was some nine miles
north of this city, the switch at the engine
houso was turned the wrong way when the
mail train came dashing along, ad although
the engine was reversed, the train could not
be stopped until it ran into the locomotives in
the engine house, 'fixe express car crush
ed t. rough and into the mail room, in which
Mr. Row happened to be at the time. He
wa.s so completely inioaled with broken
timbers, boards and iron, that only after the
partition, boxes, and table had been torn a
way (to do which the use of an ax was ne
cessary, ) was he released from his horrible
position. The hot stove set the mail
apartment on fire, and threatened the de
struction of the car. The mails were all
saved. Mr. J. W. Hoffman, route agent,
jumped out of the door, and got off safely,
with the exception of the wrenching of an
ankle. Harrisburg Tellegraph.
Winter Davis' Resolution Passed.
.Winter Davis forced his resolution to
another vote on Tuesday Dec. 2Uth, when
the effect of the former debate, and of his
powerful speech, were given in the passage
by a vote of 118 to 8, of the part of it
which had before been considered most ob
jectionable, while the closing clause, were
carried by a majority of 11. The only
change made in the resolution was sub-slit u
ing the words "Executive Department" for
"President," and this was only made be
cause a change of some sort was necessary
iu order to get the order up, it having once
before failed by the House. The resolution
amounted to a rebuke of Secretary Seward
for his assertion to the French Govern
ment that neither the House nor Congress
had anything to do with such questions as
the establishment of a French Empire in
Mrs. Sarah Thompson, the lady who caus
ed the rebel guerrilla John Morgan to be cut
off in the flower of his brigandage, is now
in Cincinnati with her two fatherless chil
dren. She is houseless and pennyless.
Accounts on file in the department at
Washington show the singular fact that
since the rebellion began, forty thousand
more Southern whites than macks have re
ceived assistance from the government.
The steamer California arrived at Fortress
Monroe, Deceinlier lioth, in lil'ty-eight hours
from Fort Pulaski, bringing important dis
patches from General Sherman and glorious
confirmatory intelligence, of the capture of
Savannah on the 2 1st Dec. Sherman hav
ing nearly completed the investment of the
city and captured Fort Lee and several nii-
nor outworks in the immediate vicinity of
the principal entrenchments surrounding
the town, and placing hisseiire guns in such
close proximity to the lines of the rebels as
to command effectually every jxsitiou held
by the forces under command of Hardee, sent
a summons by a flag of truce to the effect
that if the place is not surrendered iu a cer
tain time, a bombardment and assault will
at once commence. To tins summons the
wily rebel General sent back a rep! that as
his communications were yet open and hi
men lully supplied with subsistence and
stores ot every kind, he was enabled to sfa-id
a long siege, and was dv;iermined to hold
the city to the last moment, and defend the
citizens and property which had been placed
under his protection, until his forces were
overpowered and compelled to surrender.
Every preperaiion had been made by Sher
man to as.-ault the rebel position the next
day ; but when the morning of the 21st 1 ec.
arrived, it w is ascertained that the enemy
had evacuated their entrenchments. Sev
eral regiments of infantry were immediately
advanced, who took possession of them,
and shortly afterwards Sherman entered the
city at the head of his lody-gu:trd, and re
ceived from the hands of a deputation tf
citizens the surrender of tmi place.
It appears that General Hardee, on the
niht of the LMth, seoimr the impossibility
of holding the city, and fearing that the on
ly niean-s of escape left open across the Sa
vannah was likely to bo cut tiff at any mo
ment, determined to avail himself of this
roue for his retreat. His troops immedi
ately sot to work to partially destroy the
Navy Yard and Government property, and
at twilight, under the protection of two iron
clad rams, succeeded in crossing the Savan
nah river, over the causeway, to the north
side, intending to push forward to Charles
ton. Thirty-two thousand bales of cotton
were stored in the city, which the rebels in
their haste neglected to destroy. The two
ircn-clad rams were sunk, and all the gov
ernment property and stores which they
could not carry off with them they burned
or threw iuto the river. Four small steam
ers one a gunboat were captured ; which,
together with the cotton'and a large amount
of rebel munitions of war, form a part of
the spoil-i of Sherman's victorious army.
Hood Still on the Retreat.
Dispatches from Gen. Thomas represent
him still in pursuit of I loo I broken and
disorganized force: Headquarters, Pulaski,
Teniie.-.-ee To Major Gen 1 Ha l.r.KOK, Chief
of cta'd : I have received the following dis
patch from Gen. 1LS: "Headquarters
Cavalry Corps, beyond Pulaski, December
'2. There seems to be. little doubt that the
rebels have gone to Baiubridge, eight miles
above Florence, fearing a flank movement
from Stevenson, Ala. Two corps, Stuart's
and Lkl's retired to Lexington ; Cheat
ham went towards L.iwrencoLurg, striking
t lie old military road, eight miles below
Jjuwrenceburg. The peoj.de say the rebels
are suffering hnmen ely. Bt'FOKD's wound
is said to be quite severe.
A Mr. Cotes says the Colonel command
ing the pontoon transportation, toid him he
was going to Brainbridge, and left bore on
Tuesday morning. Cheatham's ammuni
tion of fifteen or twenty wagons, was aban
doned here. The mules were put in to help
the pontoons along.
General Lee was severely wounded in the
foot in the fiht at Nashville. His corps is
now commanded by Stevenson. The rebels
have lost eighteen generals killed, wounded
and captured since they started .North. They
acknowledge sixty-eight pieces of artilery
lost. J. II. Wilson, Brevet Maj. Gen.
A dispatch dated G P. M. the 25th inst.,
states that, in pressing the enemy, Hanson's
brigade came upon the enem3''s infantry,
strongly posted in rail breastworks, and so
closely did he push up that, on being com
pelled to fall back., the loss of one gun was
involved. The position was,however,taken
ten miniute afterwards, but the enemy had
run the gnu off. The rebel force was eight
brigades of five or six hundred men each.
General Wood commanding the 4th Corps,
is in support of General Wilson, and both
will continue the pursuit zealously. I have
heard from Steaumax to-day. lie disem
barked his troops from the car? at Limestone
Creek, seven miles from Decatur, and waa
marching on that place at sevon A. M. to
day. Geo. H. Thomas. Maj. Gen. Com'dg.
Stoneman and Eoibridge's Raid.
Cincinnati, December 20. A dispatch
dated Louisa Ky., the 20th. says: The raid
of Generals Stout-man and Burbridge was a
perfect success. Bi eck i nridge, Vaug ban and
Duke were whipped, their artilery captured
and army scattered. Saltville was burnt
and the works destro3'ed. The railroad from
Bristol, Tennessee, to twenty miles beyond
Wytheville, Va., was destroyed, with all the
rolling stock. Bristol and Wytheville are in
ruins. The lead mines and furnaces have
gone up, and twenty millions of property
destroyed. .. .
Captain Grant.of the 19th Wisconsin. who
escaped from Columbia, S. C, arrived here
via East Tennesse, and reports West North
Carolina full of Unionists, living in the
woods and caves and, leading a very wild
life. He organized and brought out a com
pany of one hundred men. ------'
It is not the happy death, but the happy
life that makes men hppy.