Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, April 01, 1863, Image 1

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    BY S. .T. 710 r.
VOL. 9.-AT0. 31.
ji IUftsmak's Journal is published on Wed
nsiy at ?' '5" Per nnum in advance Adver
TissneTS inerted at $1.00 per square, for three
or less insertions Twelve lines (or less) counting a
iquare. For every additional insertion J15 cents.
A deduction will be made to yearly advertisers.
2d Monday iu January, I 3d Monday in June.
3j iu March, 1th' " in Sept'm'r.
Of each year, and continue two week if necessary.
Pres'tJudgo Hon. Samuel Linn, Eellefonte.
.As'te.Juilges--lIoh.'J. D. Thompson, Curwensvillo
Hon. Jame Bloom, Forrest "
Sheriff. . . . Edward Perks, Clearfield ; ;
Prothonotary. D. F. r.txweiler, . . ' . , J
Heg. A Rec. . Isaiah 9. Barger .'' '. :-' " ' ' :
JJirtrict Att'y, Israel Test, .' V.. " ''"
Treasurer.. . Joseph Shaw, . . . t " .....
Co. Surveyor, H. B. Wright, ; . '. Olen Hope. ;
touimisi'n'rs. S. C. Thompson, . Morrisdale.
Jacob Kunti. : . . Luthersburg.
: Thos. Dougherty,. Or. Hills.
Auditors. . . B. C Bowman. . . . Clearfield.
Chas Worrell, . . N.W'ajh'gton
11 Woodward, j FennSeld.
Coroner. . . . J. W, Potter . . LeeonteB Mill
Co.Supsrind't Jesse Broomall, . . Curwensville
Townships. Name of P.O. Namrsof P.M
Olon Hope, - - Win. S. Wrixht.
. I'tahville. - - - Theodore Weld.
- IIegartyraX Roads Samuel Hegarty.
Bower, - W M'Craeken.
Ghent, - - Thos.A. M'Ghee,
Cuh, - - - - J. W Campbell.
- Ostend, - H. L. Henderson.
Forrest. - ... James IUooui. :
- Clearfield Bridge. - Jas. Forrest.
-"Williams' (?rove,'- Jas. E. Watson.
- Luthersburg, -' R. II. Moore.
- Troutrille, . - Charles Sloppy.
Jefferson Line, - . - John Hebcrlin.
- New Washingtoni - James Gallaher.
Bell, -
Bloom, - -Hujrsjs,
- -Bradford,
fcrady, - -
- W. C. Irvin.
- Jack Patchin.
- Jacob Boice.
- O. Tozer, Jr.'
- Wm MeOarvey.
- S A. Farber.
- M. A. Frank J: !
V V. A. (laulin.
J. F.W. Schnarr
" - - - Patcbinville,
i. East Ridge,
Chest,- - - - Hard, - -
. McGarvey,.
-. .. Westover,
Clearfield, - Clearfield, -
Covington, - Frenchville, .'
.4 ...... . Karthaus,' -
Curwensville Carwensville,
T. W. Fleming.
lecatur, Fbilipsbunr, Centre county. Pa.
' - --West Decatur, - Pophie Radebach
Osceola Mills, - - T.'F Boaliuh.
Ferguson, - Marron, - - - - Edm. Williams.
Fox. - - JielieD. Post Office, Elk-county, Pa.
Girard, - - - Leconte's Mills, - C. Mignot.
' - - - Bald Hills. -! - - WQUam Carr.
(!ohen. : Snawsville,:-- -Graham.
- - Grahamton.- -Qaeiioh,
Smith' .Mills, '.-
- - - . Maaera, - -Huston,
- - Tyler, - -
- - - Pennfield, -Jordan,
- Ansonville, - .
Karthaus. - Salt Lick.
Knox. ... New Millport, -Lawrence,
Breckenridge, -.Morris,
- - - Kylertown, - -
- - - Morrisdale. - -Penn.
' - - - Lumber City .t -
.... Grampian Hills.
Pike, - - - - Curwensville, .
' .... Bloomingville, -I'r.ion,
- - - UcK-kton, - -Woodward.
Jeffries. - i ' i i
- A.!B. haw.
- Thos. H. Forcee.
A. (1. Fox. , ,
- Chas. J. Pusey.
- David Tyler.
H. Woodward
- Eliza Chaso.
- Geo. Heckadorn
- M. O. Stirk,
- J. W.Thompson
Jas. Thompson.
- J. C Brenner.
- H W. Spencer.
- A. C. Moore,
- T- W. Fleming.
- Benj.'F Dale.
- D. E. Brubuker.
James Lockett.
This Post Office w'U do for Chest township
Will answer for Fergi son township.
'ovemor, - - - A.G. Curtin. - - - Centre connty
f-ec'y of Com. Eli Slifer. .... Union county
1'ep. ecretary. S. B. Thomas, - -Auditur
tien. - Isaac SI enker, - - Union county
Surveyor Oen. - Jas. P. Barr, - - - Pittsburg, -Attorney
in. - W M. Meredith, Philadelphia
Adjutant Uen. - A. L. Russell. . - .
State Treasurer, . li. M'Grath. -Sup
Com. Sell's T. H. Burrows.'- - Lancaster co.
Deputy Sup't. - S. P. Bates. - - - Crawford co.
Hate Librarian, Rev. W. DeWitt, - Harrisburg.
Schikhk Corp.T Chief Justice. W. II. Lowrie.
A-ocites. (ieo. W. Yodward. Jas. Thompson.
Wm. Strong. J. M. P.eed. Sessions. Philadelphia
Ut : VIcrday of January, Harrisburg 4th Monday
April. Sunbury 1st Monday of October, and in
Tituburg on the d Monday of October.
IVeidcnt. - - - Abraham Lineoln, Of Illinois.
ice I'reiident. llannibul Hamlin, Of Maine,
frc. of State. - Wm. H. Seward, - New York. '
of Treas'y R. P. Chase. - - - hio. ;
1ec.nl Vr. - E. M.Stanton, - - Pennsylvania
sfc. ot Xavy. - (Jideon Welles. - - Connecticut.
of Interior f?aae P. Uther. - - Indiana. .
P M ien. - - Montg. Blair; - - - Maryland.-
Attorney (itn. - Edward Bates, - - Missouri,
Sukemk CernT Chief Justice, Roger B. Ta
"y. of Maryland. Associate Justices Samuel
N-In of New York, Robert C. Grier of Pennsyl-
John M. Wayne of Georgia, John Catron of
lfnii.ee, .Nathan Clifford of M aims, Caleb B.
iiith of Indiana. Meets in Washington city on
U" In Monday of December. - .
Rates of Domestic Postage. ;. ;
Lettkks. for each half ounce, prepaid, 3 cents ;
eiceptin those passing from any State or Terri
irj astof the Rocky Mountains to any State or
Territory west of the Rocky Mountains, and
tjioso passing from any State or Territory west of
tne Rocky Mountains to any State' or Territory
evtofsaid mountains, which are 10 cents the
ba!f ounce. All letters must be prepared by
stamps or enclosed iu stamp envelopes, or they
"ill not be forwardod.
frai.eitut Newspapers, Periodicals, Circulars,
etc., to any part 6f the United States hot weighing
i'r 3 ouuees, 1 cent each, and I ct. for each addi
tional oi. prepayment required.
"aps. Engravings, Lithographs, or Thotogra
paie r.rints, on rollers or in paper covers; books,
Joutd or unbound ; phonographic paper, and let
ter envelopes, not exceeding four pounds, I cent
a ouuee under 1,500 miles, and two cents an
ounce over 1,500 miles. '
. lord, blank, or printed blanks, in nackaires
Weighing at least eight ounces, and seeds or eut-"Z--
in packages not exceeding eight ounces, I
fent an ounce under 1.500 miles, and 2 cents an
unce over 1.500 miles. ' " ; '
Xewpapcrs and Periodicals, not exceeding 1 J
ounces in weight.when paid quarterly in advance
"n? circulated in the State where published
"any, per quarter, 22Jc ; six times a week, 19ic;
n-weckly. !);C; semi-weekly, 6Jc; weekly. Sio;
mi-monthly, lie; monthly, lo. Newspapers
aiJ periodicals, when woighing over li ounces
nd not exceeding 3 oi's, double the above rates
10 ny part of the U. States.
f-mall newspapers, published monthly, or oft
and pampnlcts not containing more that
0t V0 Pf?es' ln package of eight ounces or
T 1 cent per ounce
r,vy, ncW8Ppers, within the county where
pibUshed. free.. -
28 STt'r'y payments, in advance, may be made
nnr where published or received.
O we're not tired of fighting yet! ...
We're not the boys to frighten yet !
Whiledrumsaredrumming we'll be coming.
With the ball and bayonet !: .
For we can hit while tiiey canpound,
l!And so let's have another round ! "
,-Secesh is bound to liok the. ground. , .1
' t' And we'll be in their pantry yet ! ) ....
O we're not tired of tramping yet, . , ,
' Ot soldier life or camping yet ;
And rough or level.' man or devil, - '
We are game for stamping yet. .
'We'll live through weather wet and dry.
Through hail and fire without a cry,
. We wouldn't freeze and couldn't fry, ,
And ha v'n't got through our ramping yet ! .-
We hav'n't broke up the party yet.
We're rouh,and tough and hearty yet; .
Who talks of going pays what's owing,
And there's a bill will smart ye yet ! . . , . : -Fd
bang the doors, and lock 'em tight!
Secesh. you've got -to make it right! ! ;
We'U have a little danoe to-night;
You can't begin to travel yet !
O we're not tired of fighting, yet, ;
Nor ripe for disuniting yet!
Before they do it, or get through it, 1 '
lucre II he gome .savage bttjngyet!
Then rip hurrah for Uncle Sam !
And down with all Seeesh .and sham !
, From Davis to VALLASufciHA.
They all shall rue their treason yet ! .
1 '"The id(?a of officers and men, sent to the
bntrie-flelii to Hght against an enemy in armj,
turning their back.t.ipuri their enemy, and
tDeir lee8 upun the men who feed them,
clothe them, and who have given them all the
liberties they ever had, and who, instead of
mem, mean to maintain those liberties!
cheers.) They cannot frighten any man who
is nt 10 ot a ireeman.- ,-r
thus, Vallandigham scoffed at the Union
soldiers, in bis speech delivered recently fn
Xsw York City. The patriotic appeals and
remonstrances, which have come np from the
camps, are answered with this venom. We
have learned to expect almost anything in the
way of malignity Irom this accomplice of trea
son, Dut we were hardly prepared for this. It
is the very quintessence of insolence. "Of
ficers and men sent!" that is to say they are
hirelings.'' "Turning their backs upon their
enmy ."'that ' is to ? say they are cowards
"Their faces upon the men who feed them !"
that is to say they are ingrates. "Instead
ot them, it; mean tornaitifafn those libertiesr'
that is to say they are renegades and traitors.
Such is the- meaning of the language, if it
means anything, addressed by the Copper
head chief to the patriots who rallied to the
old flag when traitors were smiting it to the
dust who, in devotion to that same "stand
ard-sheet,"; for well-nigh two long years, have
been encountering privation, disease, and the
rage of battle, till the graves of their com
rades are crowding hillside and plain. Their
offence Is that they have rebuked sympathy
with the enemy, and have besought their fath
ers and brothers, whom they left behind, to
stand firm. I or this alone are they thus re
viled. '
The Copperhead leaders bave done their
best to alienate the soldiers from the National
cause. They have sent to them seditious
speeches and papers, without price and with
out stint ; they have sought to fasten upon
them officers of their own sort ; they have
been quick to seize every opportunity to make
it appear that the Government was treating
them with neglect or injustice ; they have
magnified difficulties, and darkened every pros
pect ; they have tried to discourage, by hold
ing out that there was no chance of future re
inforcement,' that enlistments were at an end
and conscription impossible ; they have sought
to play upon every private feeling touching
Slavery and the black man, and to stir tip ev
ery old political prejudice; they have, so far
as they were able, presented ; every tempta
tion, and afforded every facility to deseition.
Never was there a more systematic or persis
tent; effort to demoralize an army than his
been made upon the .' National forces for the
last six months. It has all beon fntile. 'The
army, as a whole, has, in the sublimest man
ner, kept true to the cause. 1 Nay, it has more
than kept true. It has acquired a depth' of
earnestness, an intensity of determination, of
far more real - force and worth than their first
buoyant enthusiasm. Hard experience has
sobered it, but only to make it all the sterner.
The blood it has poured out for the old flag
has only made that flag all the more' sacred.
What was before a public sentiment has now
acquired something of the force of a personal
passion. Private spirit is combined with pub
lic spirit. Infinitely less than, ever will our
soldiers willingly submit to see that flag, After
the sacrifices they have made for It, lowered
to the feet of traitors. '-This feeling pervades
the entire army. It is its dominant emotion,
its master impulse. All political influences
are as nothing against this ; and so, in fact, is
eVery extraneous consideration. Come what
may, that flag shall float to triumph, is now, aS
never before, the universal inspiration.1 The
appeals and remonstrances which have been
coming from so.many regiments, . have been
no less remarkable for. their unanimity than
their emphasis.. . .
' Baffled an J. .foiled, the Copperheads vent
upon the faithful army their most rancorous
spite ' They have very bitterly denounced
loyal men of all classes ;' but we can recall no
snch .ntterly - malignant and ; contemptuous
contumely as this. It Cannot be considered
merely as the wild escapade of a single indi
vidual. ' The fact that it. was loudly cheered,
and that it continued to receive applause as it
was repeated in various forms, evinced that it
was in complete harmony -with the feelings of
the whole Copperhead gatherings. ; The spe
cies everywhere has become infected with this
hatred of the soldiers.' At the West their
virulence, is even less decent than berel "Ko
SECftAxs has written himself down an ass,"
was the jociilation of the Chicago Times
which is the leading Copperhead organ of the
Northwest upon the letter which thrilled ev
ery , patriotic pulse in the land. - It is with
these rebel sympathizers as with the rebels
themselves treason to the flag develops spe
cial rage against its special defenders.
Were any new proof needed of the infatua
tion which has snized these peace factionists,
we should have' it to the full, in this unmeas
ured 'heaping of iusult and abuse upon our
heroic soldiers. It not only intensifies the
righteous 'wrath of the army, but it kindles a
fierce animosity against them in every one of
the hundreds of thousands ot Northern bouse
bolds to which those gallant men are bound
It is, in fact, just the indiguity of all others
most calculated to inflame the . popular heart
at large. . They might better flout at and de
file the glorious old flag itself, than thns vil
ify the men who are standing by it and for it
in the deadly breach. Those recreants are as
insensate as they are base, and are leaving
nothing undone to make their swift destruc
tion sure. ' ; ". '-
The New Orleans Era, of the 13th instant,
publishes a uarrative of rebel barbarity in the
parish of bt. Tammany, Louisiana, which
iore than confirms all previous statements of
the suffering among the people of the south
ana the tyranny of the confederate rule. The
Era derives its information . from i refugee,
who, with his wife and two children, one of
whom he carried in his arms, by long and
weary marches, succeeded in reaching Pearl
river.and bence escaped by a canoe to the sea-
coast,and so reached New Orleans. We quote :
' "The people of St. Tammany have been liv
ing from hand to mouth for about a year.
The Conscription law has driven all the males
to seek refuge in the woods, while their poor
women and children are left at home, on the
very verge of starvation. RebeTofficerp scour
the country continually with bloodhounds,
enter houses without ceremony, search every
nook and corner, and If the torrifled women
protest against their rudeness tbey are kicked
out of their own houses and coarsely assailed
and enrsed by these brutal minions of Jeff.
Davis. .. . j . .
"The people subsist entirely on cracked
corn, which is parched and ' eaten dry for
bread, and soaked in hot water for coffee. Oc
casionally they get hold of a little fresh meat ;
but as there is not a particle of salt to be had
short of a dollar a spoonful, this meat cannot
be kept, and is very unplatablo without salt.
"In this stronghold of the Confederacy the
notes issued by that so-called Government are
not current, except as a medium for the rich
men to pay their debts to the poor. The lat
ter cannot use this money for anything. , Ono
dealer in all sorts of little notions refused to
give five cents' worth of tobacco for a ten dol
Iar bill, saying the whole bill was not worth
five cents. The whole country is bare of salt,
sugar, molasses, flonr, butter, vegetables in
fact everything except cracked corn.
The families of volunteers and conscripts
are represented as being entirely destitute
They go wandering about from one plantation
to another, begging from tho'lordly exempts
a little corn meal to keep soul and body to
gether. They are frequently , rudely, driven
away without assistance, being told that it is
wrong to encourage ; begging. For a few
months a sort of bounty was paid these unfor
tunate people, but that has been discontinued,
and now they are left entirely destitute.
"The women and children are almost with
out clothes. Cotton cards cannot be had at
any price. Y hilo thj women had. these they
made cotton yarn, which they spun into coarse
cloth, which answered very well. 'That source
of 8tipply,: like almost : everything else, has
been cut off". These poor, hungry, half-cloth
ed women and children, having been deprived
of their natural protectors by the inexorable
conscription law, now wander about from place
to place, subject to all the jeers and insults of
the iich, who are known to entertain great
contempt fr poor white trash."
The tot al receipts of coffee in the U, States I
for the year ending December 31, 18G2, were
98,5-38.680 pounds ; and the total consumption
was 83,989,911, against a consumption in I8G1
of 187,043,786 pounds, being a decrease, of
98,005,873 pounds, or over 52 per cent. . .
: ' .,
The New Bedford (Mass.) Cordage Company
have made a manilla-bemp hawser, 14 inches
in girth, 60 feet in length and weighing S,60
pounds, to be used for hauling off the stearae:
Caledonia which ia ashore on Cape Cod. . .. j
In 1862 no less than 55,720,160 bushels of
grain were exported from Chicago, against
49,363.381 the previous year. . , " ;
One thousand years ago the Chinese built
suspension bridges of more than four hundral
feet span. ., t, v i
Chicago, and 600,000 in Cincinnati, in 1862,
It was well said by Edmund Burke, in a!
time of raging faction : When bad men com
bine, the good must associate, else tbey will
fall, one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a con
temptible struggle."
Tl... 1 r. r . . .. . . . . .
.ic uuitj launoi tne great loyal majority
of our people has been that they have neglec-
ted organization, j They have left this tre
mendous instrumentality almost entirely in
the hands of their adversaries. The true ex
planation of the alarming growth ol the Cop
perhead policy throughout., the Northwest
lies in the secret operations of the Knights 0f
the Golden , Circle and : affiliated societies
By their clandestine nd thoroughly concer
ted management, they were able to get the
Control of the Democratic organization, and
fill up the legislature with men willing to lend
themselves to any schemes, however disloyal.
1 hey completely circumvented and over
sloughed the real sentiment of the people
x.ji-ac outienes nave ineir Kinarea associa
tion in the East somewhat inferior, perhaps,
in completeness of system and secrecy of op
eration, but still laboring steadily toward the
same traitorous ends. The. Jacobinical club
of New Fork City,' which styles itself the
"Democratic Union Association" does one
part of their work", and the conclaves for rais
ing the wind to scatter peace speeches and
papera do another part. Their associated ef
forts are daily becoming more extended and
effective. They have already wrought pro
digious mischief ; yet, considering what they
aim at, their work has just begun. They are
fast going on from audacity to audacity, and
even now they do not shrink from the word
Loyal men have too long given a clear
field to these miscreants. They have taken
it lor granted that their cause was too sacred
tobeseriously injured by faction. They have
1 I. I " ; , ' :
luuneu passively on ana maae no sign, or
have indulged in croakings and grumblings
directly calculated to strengthen the hands of
the factionlsta, though not so designed
Considering the untiring activity of the ene
tnies of the Government on the one hand,
and the ' general remissness of loyal men on
the other, the wonder is, not that the popular
heart is so greatly relaxed, but that it has not
become completly demoralized It is not in
human nature to be constantly subject to the
free play of such adverse Influence without a
bad effect. No cause has strength or sanctity
enough to secure steady fidelity without some
organized effort. Even the Christian religion
itself has to organize to provide for a constant
stirring np of its adheronts by way of remem
brance and successful makeway ag linst its
One advantage, perhaps, has resulted from
the inaction of loyal men. The rebel sympa
thizers have been enboldened to reveal their
spirit and purposes with a fullness they other
wise would have avoided, The w.ayfaring
man, though a fool, needs no longer have a
glimmerlngdoubt as to their essential disloy
alty. ThB delay has relieved true Unionism
of no small amount of trouble in smoking
out its adversaries from their old coverts. Of
ineir own accora tney have come out into
broad daylight, and with defiant front. We
know now just where to find them, and how
to meet them. No blows need bo wasted.
It can very soon be settled which side is to go
tothewall. ;
But no more time must be. lost. Union
men must at once organize. ' The Union
Leagues which have been started must be
multiplied, until they reach every city, vil
lage and hamlet between Maine and Califor
nia. Latent loyalty must be fired with new
devotion. Public snirit must aennire an earn
estness at once profounder aud more vehe-
ment. The vital principles, and the mfluite
interests at stake, which have been overshad- I
owed and thrust into the background by mere
paity questions, must again be recognized, I
and set forth, In all their imperative authori- I
ty. The terrible character of the emergency
must be brought closer homo to all. It should
be understood, as never before that the Re
public expects every one of her sons to do his
whole duty in this her day of peril. The
same esprit de corps the same generous ardor,
the same intolerance of comolicitv with' the
rebels, which prevade and rule the army,
ought also ' to ; dominate outside of the ar
my. Loyal men must put themselves fn a
position to act in concert, wherever and how
ever the' occasion may demand yea. to
march shoulder to
field, if need be".
shoulder "to the bloody
"Vallandigham "in 'his
speech at Newark before the adjournment of
congress declared that the Conscription bill,
if Passed should be resisted, and ' the c'roa-:
tures at bis baek cheered the menace. It has
passed.' These wretches talk revolution just
when it pleases them. It is high time they
should understand there is no ' terror in : their
threats that if they lift a finger in opposition
to the constituted authorities of this Repub
lic, swiftest retribution shall overtake them.
We say again, organize Union Leagues.
Bad men have combined, and thereby added
a thousand fold to their power. Good men
must also combine,, or be worsted. Party
lines are now nothing. The onlyi difference
recognized Should be the difference between
loyal and-disloyal men between those Who
are for carrying the war on to the submission
of the rebels, and those who are for dropping
the war and yielding to the rebels; That is
the supreme issue ; and it determines ' the
position of every man, Whatever his estimate
of Administration measures or policies. Let
tne men on the side of war and an undivided
In ... -
ttepuunc lay aside all minor differences and
work together with a will for the one great
onject. Let them labor to stdy up and
strengthen the hands ot the Government, to
cheer and stimulate our brave soldiers in the
field, to compact public opinion and arm rt
morai rorce mar. taction will never
dare either to confront or affront. If this work
be seasonably and faithfully done, the war will
end in a magnificent triumph.
Th Copperheads and Foreign Intervention.
The New York Times I of March 6th savs:
"The Copperheads,1 small in number, in both
branches of Congress, refused to vote for the
resolutions against foreign' interference." They
all went either plumply against them or dodg
ed. - This thing should be noted. It is anoth
er illustration of the lack of national feeling,
which marks all this creeping, cold-blooded
Nobody pretends that the resolutions con
tained either sentiment or language calcula
ted needlessly to offend foreign sensibilities
Though earnest and decided, tbey were atill
temperate and courteous. Thev ascribed the
offers to mediate to a misunderstanding, im
puguing no motives; they set forth the inhe
rent impossibility of submitting the national
authority to arbitration ; they expressed an
unqualified determination to maintain that au
thority inviolate; they declared that the only
practical effect , of any - foreign proposition,
however designed, was to encourage and stay
up the rebellion ; and they publicly announced
. i . .. . , , t ,. , ... ....
mat jougresa win oe onngea to iook upon
any further attempts in the same direction as
an unfriendly act." Certainly the dignity
and the interests of the Republic required
nothing less than this plain statement. It is
precisely because the Copperheads care noth
ing foi the dignity or the interests of the Re
public that they refused io sustain it.
Mr. Powell and Mr. Saulsbury, the leaders
of this faction in the Senate, both freely
avowed that they would hail with joy any for
eign mediation calculated to produce peace
They would not only permit foreign poten
tates to step in and regulate our domestic af
fairs, but would thank them for it. :It is al
most incredible that the same Chamber which,
in other times, rang with such indignation if
a European power did but presume to put its
foot on one square yard of sand or bog be
tween Cape Horn and the Great Lakes, should
now give out these piteous whining that some
good nation would be kind enough to come
over and make disposition ol our very altars
and firesides. It would absolutely stasrsrer
belief, were it not that the factious spirit,
whence this emanates, had already showed it
self capable of any extent ol vilene8s. lie
who has once mado up his mind to accept this
rebellion as his master, is prepared to crouch
before anything. There is not a power on the
earth, nor in the regions under the earth, be
fore which it does not feel like crawling
Union Sexti.xest in Missouri. "A recent
letter from Palmyra, Mo., to the Boston Jwu
nal says that the prospects of that State are
most promising : The rebel sympathisers
are fast selling out and leaving their places to
be filled by good and loyal inen. The Union
sentiment in Missouri 'is intensely loyal; it
recognizes but two parties, the one for the U
nion, the other against it. So we think and
act. We are cettinjr more lovil cvcrvHar.
We noderstand the awful responsibility rest
w - J J
ing on the President and we will stand by
bira through this fiery ordeal, and with him
conquer and perish. Such are the sentiments
expressed in the current thought, and in the
public meetings which gather to consider the
posture of affairs and the present crisis. We
fear nothing for Missouri."
If a man during fifty years chews very day
two Inches of solid plug tobacco (and millions
do it) it will amount at the end of that time
to nine tnousand three hundred and aixty-six
feet, or a mile and a quarter of tobacco, half
an Inch thick and two inches broad, and will
cwsl ''ow- ' : mif h .- : . .
About sixty women in Madison,' Wisconsin j
have taken the preliminary steDS to form a U-
nion League, to encourage : loyalty and bring
thd weight of their influence against treason.
The Ancient Greeks buried their dead in
jars. Hence the origin of the expression,
"lie'! gone to pot."
"Welcome little stranger!" as the roan said
when he found a three-cent piece among a lot i
of 'shinplasters.
A widow, whose lands supply r:ch grazing
for a thousand cattle,' is an attractive grass
widow. :"'- :- '
The herb doctors think that to be healthy
and vigorous, a man, like a tree, must take
root." ' - .
Why is a dull and plausible man like an un
rifled gun 1- Because be-is a smooth bore,.
.Life is a lottery ; but be who draws many
corks won't be likely to draw much else. : ' J
"Daily Z veiing : Mail" a (over ca llini on
bis sweetheart. - - :
' A correspondent of the New 'York" Time
gives the following account of Negroes flock
ing to the Army, 'and of their horrible suffer
ings in the swamps in' their efforts to 'gain
their freedom : ''""':' : ' '
"Every few minutes we met little gronpi of
negroes who had 'escdped from their masters
on the ether side of ' -Bayou Macon:' "We
stopped to talk to many of these groups. They
usually comprised one 'or two families men,
women and children who had escaped togeth
er; Many of them told ns of frightful hard
ships that they had endured In their endeav
ors to escape. Two families told ns that they
had waded across the swamp, six 'miles -1in
width, which lies on this side of "Bayou1 Ma:
con," and during the two days and one Vigbt
wnicb they had passed In the swamp, tbey
had the greater portion 'of the time been np
to their waists in mud and water, and during
that time had nothing to eat. They were car
rying their children mounted on their shoul
ders, and in this position had carried them
through the whole of those fearful two daya
and night. The black faces of the little crea
tures looked ashy and haggard from long fast
ing and sleeplessness, and moro than one of
them looked as though death had set his seal
upon its pinched little features. Yet, under
all this suffering, the adnlts were cheerful.
They were clad in rags, were half starved, had
been half drowned in mnd and water, were suf
fering from the fatigue of carrying their chil
dren on their shoulders, and yet their faces
looked radient with joy. They had volunta
rily braved the dangers of being detected and
shot, willingly encountered the horrors of rhe
swamp for tho one great boon of freedom.
Tbey had gained It, and were happy. It
seemed to me that no man who bad the least
spark of human kindness in his composition,
or whatever his prejudices might have been,
could have looked npon their patient, trustful
and joyous countenances without compassion
Group after group we met, wending their way
to the army at Lake Providence, until in our
ride of five miles I estimated that we had met
over two hundred.: We asked some of the
men if tbey were willing to fight for the gov
ernment if they were armed, and to die if
need be, fn the cause. To Mich a question
the most bf them answered in that quiet but
determined manner which, though - but fer
words were spoken, seems but the cover. to
astern and deadly resolution. One answer
ed : "Does you tink, massa, dat we would be.
afraid to fight after darin to go into dat
swamp V We thought not. We wore told ot
one negro whom the soldiers call "Union
Jim," who, on a recent scouting expedition,
came across three rebels in the swamp. ..Ilo
called upon them to surrender. They answer
ed by firing upon him, but fortunately with
out hurting him. He relumed the fire killing
one of them. He then called upon them a
second time to surrender, which they consid
ered it discreet to do. They laid down their
guns of which Jim. took possession, and
marched their owners into Camp as Lis prison''
"The negroes tell us that the rebel Inhab
itants of Lake Providence and vicinity, whd
have moved back to the other side of "Ba
you Macon," have built themselves log hous
es, and made quite a settlement. On this
side of" Bayou Macon" a cypress swamp, six
miles in width, extends for fifty : miles up
and down the Bayou. Behind this swamp,
impassable to any one but the negroes incited
by their desire for freedom, the rebels, feel
safe, for the present at least. The negroes
say, also, that there are 500 rebel troops there.
and three or four times that many negroes.
The utmost vigilence on the part of the rebel
troops is necessary to keep the negroes from
rising in insurrection, or from running away;
If two negroes are seen talking to each Other,
they are immediately ordered to separate; If
one is detected In a second offense of the kind,
he is immediately shot without mercy. They
are as strictly guarded as felons in the bulks,
and are really more cause of anxiety to the
rebel garrison of 500 than our whole army at
Lake Providence. When the idea of arming
and organizing them ai soldiers was first sug
gested, I doubted if they possessed sufficient
intelligence and pride to make goodTfcldierf,
and doubted if they had the moral courage to
fihtv 1 nave now been with the various ar
m,es OI lne aouinwest nearly a year. I have
had. 6ood opportunities for observation, and
have endeavored to form an opinion of. tho
average intelligence of the slave population,
unprejudiced by the color of their akin.' an'd
I think that no man, whose perception Is. not
obscured by prejudice, could.fail trrive at
the conclusion that at least two thirds of. tho
men slaves would make brave and effective
The Copperheads of Berka County are se
cretly organizing nnder the lead of prominent
Snakes of that party, for the purpose of resist
ing the ,ro Hilary Taws "passed by the last Con
gress. It is said that these organizations pro
vail In many other counties In this State. . Wt
shall soon see of what metal they are compos
ed, as the military law will be enforced in pito
I of every copperhead traitor in the North.
I " - : "'i
A report ia current 1n the fashionable cir
cles of London that the Priocess Alexandrra'a '
arrival ia to . bo the icaal for a t weWW
d action of tbo ladies' skirts i 1 ,If '