Newspaper Page Text
BY S. J. ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA.. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25, 1863.
VOL MO. 30.
TERMS OF THE JOURNAL.
ne Raftsman's Jocrnal ia published on Wed
Jsr at S1.&0 Fer annum in advance AnvER
'Tiixi! inserted at SI. 00 per square, for three
es insertions. Twelve lines (or less) counting a
mure. For every additional insertion 25 eents.
A deduction will be mode to yearly advertisers.
TIME OF IlOLDINt COURT.
M Monday in January. I 3d Monday in Jane.
j,j in March, 1 4th " in Sept'm'r.
Of each year, and continue two week if necessary.
torXTT AND DISTRCT OFFICERS.
ri t Judge Hon.Samael Linn, Bellefonte.
Aa'te.Judges Hon. J. D.Thompson. Curwensville
lion. James iiloom, rorresi
Sheriff. . . . Edward Perks.
Prothonotary, I. F. ttiweiler, .
Rgg. A Rec. . Isaiah !. Barger .
iM'tuict Att'y, Israel Test, . . -.
Treasurer... . Joseph Shaw, . .
Co. Surveyor. II. B. Wright,
Cummins u'rs, s. C. Thompson,
Jacob Kuntz, . .
Thos. Dougherty, .
li. C Bowman, .
Chas Worrell, . .
11 Woodward, .
, J. W. Potter
to Suptrinl't Jesse Broomall,
LIST OF POST-OFFICES.
Townships. Names Iff P.O. Namr.iofP.M.
caria, - Olon Hope, - - Win. S. Wright.
... U tah villa. - - - Theodore Weld.
Hegarty'sX Roads ShwucI Hegarty
- Cush, - -
Of ten J,
- W M'Craeken.
. Thos. A. JVi'tihee,
- J. W Campbell.
II. L. Henderson.
- James Bloom.
Clearfield Bridge, - Jas
. Williams' Grove,
- Luthersburg, -
Jefferson Line, -
Jas. E. Watson.
- R. H. Moore.
- Charles sloppy.
. John Heberlin.
- James Gailaher.
- XV. C. Irvin.
- Jack Patch in. -
- G. Toier, jr.
. Wm McGarvey.
S A. Farber.
- M. A. Frank
- P. A. Gaulin.
- J. F.W. Schnarr
- - East Kidge,
- ilurd, - -
... McGarvey, -
... Westover, -Clearfield,
- Clearfield. -Covington,
" ... Karthaus. -Curwensville
X. W. Fleming.
beoatur, - Philipsburg, Centre county. Pa.
West Decatur, - Sophie Uadebach
- - Osceola Mills, . - T. F JRoalich.
Ferguson. - Marron, - Edui. Williams..
Fox, Hellen Post Office, Lik county, Pa.
Uirard, - - - Leconte'a Mills, - C. Mignot.
Bald Hills, illiam Larr
Goshen, - - Shawsville, - -Graham,
- - Grahamton.- -nehch
.... Maaera, -Huiton,
- Tyler, - - -...
Karthaus, - Salt Lick.
Ktioi. ... New Millport, -Lawrence.
- Breckenridge, -JlorrU,
-- Kylcrtown, - -...
Morrisdale. - -Penc,
Lnmber City.t -
- - - - (irampian Hills,
Pike, .... Curwensville.
Cnion. ... Koekton, -1'oodirard,
- A. H. t-haw.
- Thos. H. Forcee.
Chas. J. Pusey.
. David Tyler.
- H. Woo Iward
- Geo. Heckadorn
. M. O. Stirk,
- J. W.Thompson
- J. C Brenner.
H XV. Spencer.
A. C. Moore,
- T. XV. Fleming.
- Benj. F Dale.
. L. . Brubaker.
- James Lockett.
This Post Office will do for Chest township
Will answer for Fergi son township.
STATE r. STATES DIRECTORY.
OFFICERS OF PEXX5YLVAXIA.
Itorernor. - - - A.G. Curtin, - - Centre county
J'eeyofCoin. Elirilifer. .... Union county
Iep. Secretary, S. B. Thomas. . .
Auditor (ien. - Isaac Slenker. - - Union county
SurveyorOen. - Jas. P. Barr. - - - Pittsburg,
Attorney Gn. - W. M. Meredith, Philadelphia
Adjutant (ien. - A. L. Russell, -State
Treasurer, XV. li. M'Grath, -Sup.
Com. ScVb T. II. Burrows. - Lancaster co.
Deputy Sup t, - S. P. Bates, - - - Crawford co
itate Librarian, Rev. W. DeWitt, - Harrisburg.
Si prke CorRT Chief Justice. XV. H. Lowrie.
Asoiate. Geo. XV. Woodward, Jas Thompson.
b Strong. J. M. Reed. Sessions. Philadelphia
lt Monday of January. Harrisburg 4th Monday
of .April. Sunbury 1st Monday of October, and in
Pitt.ourg on the 3d Monday of October.
OFFICERS OF THE UNITED STATES.
President. - . - Abraham Lincoln. Of Illinois
ice President. Hannibal Hamlin, Of Maine.
ec. of State. - Wm. H. Sward, - New York.
fee of Treas'y S. P. Chase. -Sec.
ol War. - E. M. Stanton,
See. ot Navy. - Gideon Welles.
. of Interior Iaao P. Usher,
P M. Gen. - . Mont. Blair. -
Attorney Gen. - Edward Bates. - - Missouri.
Srjp.rmi! CrRT Chief Justice, Roger B. Ta
iy. of Maryland. Associate Justices Samuel
NLon of New York, Robert C. Grier of Pennsyl
vania. John M. Wayne of Georgia, John Catron of
Tennessee. Nathan Clifford ol Maine. Caleb B.
'with of Indiana. MeeU in Washington city on
tfc 1st Moudav of December.
Kates of Domestic Postage.
Litters, foreneh half ounce, prepaid. 3 cents;
icepting those passing from any State or Terri
tory east of the Rocky Mountains to any State or
Territory west of the Rocky Mountains, and
tooe passing from any State or Territory west of
the Rocky Mountains to any State or Territory
east of said mountains, which are 10 cents the
half ounce. All letters must be prepared by
tamps, or enclosed in stamp envelopes, or they
"ill not be forwarded.
Transient Newspapers, Periodicals, Circulars.
ek., to any part of the United States not weighing
over 3 ounces. 1 cent each, and 1 ct. for each addi
tional oi. piepayment required.
Maps. Engravings, Lithographs, or Photogra
phic prints, on rollers or in paper covers; books,
bound or unbound ; phonographic paper, and let
ter envelopes, not exceeding four pounds, 1 cent
n ounce under 1,500 miles, and Two eents an
ounce over 1,500 miles.
Cards, blank, or printed blanks, in packages
Weighing at least eight ounces, and seeds or cut
t'ngs. in packnges not exceeding eight ounces, 1
cent an ounce under 1.500 miles, and 2 cents an
ounce over 1.500 miles.'
Newspapers and Periodicals, not exceeding It
ounces in weight. when paid quarterly in advance
nd circulated in the State where pablished
"aily, per quarter, 22',c; six times a week, 19 jc;
tn-weekly. Jc; semi-weekly, 61c; weekly, 3i;
enji-monthly. lie; monthly, o. Newspapers
"d periodicals, when weighing over li ounees
od not exceeding 3 ox's, double the above rates
,0 "7 Part of the U, States.
fmall newspapers, published monthly, or oft
lit"' D( PBmP"'e's not containing more that
octavo pages, in packages of eight ounces or
r cent per ounce
i.,"tklJ ,PTsPPe,'8 within the eounty where
Published, FkkE.-. .
Quarterly. pa-nwnfc. (a advance, jmt t mad
rtW w!re pbHo4 or rect4.
' THE WIFE TO HER HUSBAND.
A year thy heart has been my home
One short, one blissful year
And need I tell thee now thou art
E'en'to my soul more dear ;
Than when, half trembling, half afraid
To thee I gave my hand.
And left my own to seek with thee
A home in stranger land !
I need not tell thee well thou knowest
All, all that I would say
That deeper, stronger's grown my love,
With every passing day, , ; ;
Till thou unto my wayward heart
Art as the sun of earth,
And linked with thee my every joy
And every hope has birth.
There's nought on earth like wedded bliss,
" Where hearts and hands are twined ;
Thank Heaven ! that thine and mine is thus
In holy faith combined.
And oh ! that I may worthy grow
Of love so true us thine.
And help to share thy every care,
As thou hast done of mine.
Then, husband mine, I'm wholly thine.
Through all earth's weal and woe;
Our cares, our hopes, our ways are one,
And -'where thou goest I go."
The following intorm.Uion about cutting tim
ber has been forwarded to the Scientific .1
merican by a correspondent, who states ho
found it among the manuscripts; of a deceased
friend. It appears to be practical, and deserv
ing of general attention :
"Tradition says that the 'old" of the moon
in February is the best time to cut timber ; but
Irons more than twenty years of observation
and actual experience, I am fully convinced
that it is about the worst time to cut most it
not all kinds of hard wood timber.. Birch,
ash, and most or all kinds of hard wood will
invariably powder post if cut any time in the
fail after the tree is frozen, or before it is thor
oughly leaved out in the spring of the year.
But if cut after the sap in the tree is used up
in the growth of the tree, until freezing weath
er again conies, it will in no instance produce
the powder-post worm. When the tree is fro
zen and cut in this condition, the worm first
commences its ravages on the inside film of
the bark, and then penetrates the wood until
it destroys the sap part thereof . -I have found
the months of August, September and October
to be the three best in the year to cut bard
wood timber. If cut in these months the tint
ber is harder, more elastic and durable than if
cut in the winter mouths. I have, by weigh
ing timber, found that of equal quality got out
for joiners' tools, is much heavier when cut
and got out in tbe above-named months than
in tbe winter and spring months, and it is not
S3 liable to crack. You may cut a tree in Sep
tember, and another in tbe 'old' of tbe moon
in February following, and let them remain,
and in one year from the cutting of the first
tree ji-u will find it sound and unhurt, while
the one last cut is scarcely fit for firewood,
from decay. This I know, by experience. I
know of several buildings the frames of which
were cut in the 'old' of tbe moon in February,
principally of beach timber, now literally eat
en np by the powder-post worm ; while other
timber, cut before the frost came remains per
fectly sound, without the least mark ot a worm.
CbeUnut timber for building will last longest,
provided the bark be taken oil. Hemlock and
pine ought to be cut before being hard frozen,
although they do not powder-post ; yet if they
are cut in the middle of the winter or in the
spring of the year, and the bark is not taken
oft, the grub will immediately commence its
ravages between the bark and the wood. I
have walnut timber on band which has been
cut from one to ten years, with tbe bark on,
which was designed for axe-helves and ox-bows,
and not a worm i. to be found therein ; it was
cut between tbe first of August and the first of
November. I have other pieces of the same
timber cut in the winter months, not two years
old, and they are entirely destroyed, being full
of powder-post and grab worms. Within the
last ten or twelve years I have stated the re
suit oi my observation on, and experience of,
cutting timber in different seasons of the year,
to many of my neighbors and others ; and all
who have made the trial are satisfied that the
above , statement is correct. Others more in
credulous follow traditions. It is a fact which
is beyond contradiction that when there is the
least sap in timber it is tbe most durable and
solid, and will, when seasoned, be the heav
iest. And I am fully persuaded that nine
cords of wood cut iu those months above
named, will go further than Ien cut in the win
ter months. It will burn clearer, tbe coals
will be more solid, and they will retain their
heat double the length of time. Who does not
know that wood cut in tbe winter and suffered
to remain in tbe log, or exposed to the weath
er, is of but little value 1 especially baach,
birch, maple, &c; being so far decayed it rath
er moldcrs away than burns, making no coals
and giving little heat. IIoop poles Ought to
be cut before frost comes, and they will last
three times as long as when cut in the win
ter, and will remain free from worms. The
late Mr. Leonard Kennedy ,oi Hartford, Conn.,
stated to me some twelve years since that he
bad lost more or less walnut timber yearly,
which he was in the habit of purchasing Tor
screws, printing presses, vices, &c, by its
powder-posting, although he bad been partic
ular to have it cut as far as possible in the
old' of the moon in February, and he inquir
ed of too it I could inform, him how to pre
vent it. I told him to order his timber cut in
August and September, instead of February.
He afterward told me that the advice was of
much value to him as he had lost none since,
if cut in those months; and that he thought
the screws were better.. Many others might
be named who have followed the same advice,
and none have failed of success. Most if not
all persons are more or less interested in the
above, either in building timber or mechani
cal business; and on a fair trial they will find
they have not been deceived by me."
CAN A CARPET-BAG EAT 1
It was but a day or two ago, while" traveling
npon the cars between this city and Colum
bus, that a train stopped at a small village
not a hundred miles off, the conductor crying
out "Fifteen minutes fordinner."
The passengers, of whom there happened
to be a large number, rushed into the dining
apartment and took their seats at the table,
one of them depositing his carpet-bg in the
chair next to him. At the usual time the
land-lord passed around to make his collec
tion, calling upon the aforesaid pashenger for
his payment for dinner.
How much V said the passenger
Eighty cents,' replied the land-lord.
Eighty cents for dinner ! why that is extor
No, sir; it is not extortionate. Aint that
your carpet-bag V
Yes sir; that is my carpet-bag.'
Well, that carpet-bag occupies a seat and
of course I must charge for it.'
'Oh ! is that the case ? Well, here is your
Turning to tbe carpet-bag the passenger re
marked ; Well; Mr. Carpet Bag, as you have
not had much to eat, suppose we take some
thing, at the same time opening its mouth
and turning therein half a bam, a roast chicken
a plate of crackers, and sundry other articles,
amid the roars ot laughter of the other pas
The prevailing opinion among the passen
gers was that the earpet-bag won. Cincinati
A SOLDIER'S LIFE:
A soldier's life is a hard one. It is full of
privtaions. It is hardly-one that would be
selected by the indolent or the luxurious. It
is oie of toil and care, and no little endu
rance. Yet it is remarkable how well a sol
dier's life agrees with even many of those
whom we have been accustomed to consider
effeminate. We have personally known sev
eral young men of feeble health and indiffer
erent physical stamina who, having "gone to
the war," have returned robust, hearty, vigor
ous, and substantial. Some of them whom we
certainly believed would soon be carried to
their graves by a camp-life have, on the con
trary, been regularly built up into stalwart
men by the hardships they endured, and owe
the promise of a long and healthy life entire
ly to the extraordinary change brought about
by military discipline and duties. We dare
say that there are cases in which sleeping on
the ground, tbe fatigue of heavy marches,
wet clothing, a poor diet, and so on, have ex
cised a diferent effect. Death has visited ma
ny, no doubt, simply because they were sub
jected to such trials; but no instance of that
kind has come under our observation, while
we have been an eye-witness to a number of
instances, in which sickly men have been
transformed by a soldier's life into speci
mens of rare manly vigor and physical excel
lence. A YEW QUEER THINGS.
We know lazy, shiftless, trifli ig devils, who
never paid a dollar of taxes in their lives, who
are howling twelve out of the twenty four
hours about the enormous taxes we are bur
We know men, whose ragged pantaloons dis
play tbe flag of distress at halt mast, who could
not buy the toe-nail of a nigger it able-bodied
slaves were selling at a dollar a dozen, who
fly into a passion if they hear of an "attack on
We know of men who never did a day's
work in their 'lives save when borrowing or
stealing was impossible who are bowling like
wolves against 'niggers coming to the North
to compete with the labor ol poor white men.'
We know of men who never had an entire
dollar in their lives, spend hours in expatiat
ing upon the d images of a paper currency.
There are queer people in the world, .and
much ol all the talk on the above topics is done
by the classes mentioned. Buckeye State.
A "High Pkivatk." A captain on a
Steamboat on tbe Mississippi river, who had
fought in the battle ol the Texas revolution,
offered a free passage in his boat to any sol
dier who bad participated in a certain engage
ment. One day a man claimed a free passage,
asserting that he was in the battle. He was
referred to tiie captain.
In what capacity did you serve"
High private,"was the reply.
Stranger,' said the captain, "give ma
your hand ; I have passed two thousand and
eighty-two who were in that fight j and you
are the first private I have seen."
Mr. . Bofitwell, Commissioner ot Internal
Revenue has resigned on account of his being
a member elect of the new Congress. Hon.
Joseph J. Lewis, of West Chester, has been.
appointed in his stead. : , . ' . i
Another Union Democrat on tbe Stand.
SPEECH OF BENJ. H. BREWSTER,
At the Great Philadelphia Demonstration at
' Musical Fund Hall, on Wednesday Eve.
.; ning, March llih, 1.863-
Mr. Chairman and Fellow-citizb ns of Phil
adelphia : NothiDg but a conviction that I had
a serious duty to perform could have brought
m'e here this night. From my experience of
political organizations, and my distrust of the
use to which public meetings are generally
applied, I would rather not be responsible for
tbe purposes of the on or the ends of the
other. The organization that convened this
large assembly, and the aim you have in view,
are not open to such reflections. ' T-f some
time past I have believed that jnst such an as
sociation was needed, and that just such a
gathering was indispensable to rouse the pub
lic to a consciousness of the danger into which
traitors and the abettors of treason were hur
rying tbe destinies of our beloved country.
Applause. Most gladly, then, I have come
here to meet you, and consult with you about
the means best suited to frustate these evil
'designs. Many such meetings must be held,
and the mind and heart of the public made to
feel the peril of its position. Applause.
Last fall, on ray return from Europe, I was
amazed and shocked to see how dariugly the
advocates and apologists for traitors and their
base deeds were snatching at the reins of au
thority, with the avowed purpose of surren
during the honor of their country, and the
rights of the human race, to traitors and the
enemii'8 of mankind. Oh, gentlemen, you
cannot well feel the sting of this rebellion un
til you have seen, as I have scon, and heard,
;is I have heard, the exultations of our livals
and natural foes who live across tbe water.
Here you may be excited by the outrages you
know of, by the sufferings of our army, by the
resistance to the law, by the avowed hatred of
Northern men and Northern institutions that
is constantly proclaimed by the rebels and
their leaders. But then you feel the greatest
wrong of all is, that from this rebellion our
free institutions have been ncoffed at as a fail
ure, and we are now derided as a race of vul
gar plebeians, rushing in a downward course
of ruin through anarchy to despotism.
How this unholy strife has palsied tbe heart
of trusting, hoping millions who have looked
with joy at the bright rays of our glory as it
came streaming across the ' stormy Atlantic,
guiding them as a star to happier homes ! Ap
plause. Oh ! what a fearful crime has this
been against the dignity of mankind! How
basely have these men testified in favor 61 des
potism and agaiust the holy cause of human
rights ! Applause. A few days since.when
reading the admirable letters of Mr. Dayton,
our Minister to France, I saw with a sense of
pain that was increased by the recollection
that be was describing all that I had suffered
when he allnded to the despondency expres
sed and felt by all loyal men, in Europe, who,
far away from home, heard of the disasters of
our arms, and felt and heard the sneers of all
Enrope banded against us and our cause, houn
ded on by the false reports and cowardly ex
ultations of fugitive traitors who had fled their
homes to find a refuge abroad from the doom
of the treason they encouraged and upheld.
No one who had ever felt the sharp sorrow
of such reproaches can help but resent the law
less combinations of Northern men fo stimu
late traitors in tbe field by hopes of divided
councils at the North.' For my part, I care
not with whom 1 act, or where I am fouhd, so
that I act with those who will sustain the law
and stand by those who were lawfully chosen
to administer it, and so-tbat I am found with
those who will, as Northern men, born on
Northern soil, bred and cherished by a Nor
thern community,?purn those who spurn them,
and spit on those who betray their birthright
and delame their fellows, whilst they live un
der the protection of a Government that guards
too well their worthless bodies and protects
their property that should be confiscated for
sympathy with treason. Long continued ap
At first, when the Republicans entered tbe
gates of office, with the exultant shouts of a
triumphing party, when some of its zealots,
in their wild excitement, proclaimed opinions
that were opposed to tbe constitutional com
promises, men attached to the . Democratic
party might reasonably hesitate to act with
them, and dread to give countenance to cove
nant breakers. Applause. Their old party
obligations might well restrain them from ac
knowledging the supremacy of new officers,
who were supposed to represent Cien with
whom and measures with which they had been
in open conflict for years. Applause. .
They might hesitate, and bravely hesitate,
to follow in the crowd of an excited and in
dignant Northern public, hoping that, by their
refusal to act, they could still maintain a party
allegiance and a party action, that would show
a good purpose, to deter rash action by their
old allies and associates in the South. . Ap
plause. But when . that day had gone by ;
when tbey bad followed southern men to tbe
edge of the law, for the sake of the law ; when
they saw that the wrath of tbe northern pub
lic waa not a partisan iage, but was the just
sentiment of outraged men ; then to hesitate I
was mean ; to oppose ana organize opposition .
to traduce fcfficials actiDg in good faith under
try iDg circumstances, and to preach of peace,
peace, when there was no peace, was treason
and unmanly surrender of the noblest princi
ples that even men bravely stood by, and in
which were centered the hopes of the human
race. Applanse. , -
I am a Northern man-bone of my bone
flesh of my flesh, I am from them and I would
be a dastard and a dog if I consorted with
those who defame and revile them. I come
of a race of men who proudly boast a pedigree
that has been honored by historical associa
tion with every struggle in - England for the
cause of popular liberty. Cries ot That's
so." Ancestors of mine were conspicuous
in the uprising of the Lollards, and followed
the immortal Wick lido in hia struggle for the
right of private judgment and the liberty of
conscience ; and when Charles expiated his
falsehood and treachery upon the block, my
kinsmen sat in the Parliament of England,
descendants of Franklin's, vindicating for ail
the freedom they bad inherited as a special
Years before that, driven by religions per
secution nd political tyranny across the dark
and stormy Atlantic, came that band of pil
grims from whose head and leader 1 proudly
trace my lineage. Cheers. " The first act of
that band of sages, heroes and saints was, by
solemn league and covenant to bind them and
theirs to obey , the law. True to my blood, I
have kept their covenant. When slavery was
the law, I stood by the law. Cheers. And
when treason absorbed that law, I stood up
and now stand up to-night for that higher law,
the law of self preservation, the law of obedi
ence to constituted authority, the law of loy
alty to the Constitution, and love for my land
and its people. Cheers.J
'Breathes there a man with soul so dead
That never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land V
I am a Yankee of Yankees, and I glory in it ;
and the man who reviles them reviles the best
blood and the best men that have made illus
trious the history of hiscountry and the cause
of " popular liberty. Deafening cheers. I
would have the country as it was if I could
have it so; but since rebellion bas reared its
horrid front, and struck down the law that
sheltered us all and sheltered it, I am for stri
king slavery dead, as ft is the pretext of this
great wrong. Loud and long continued ap
plause. There is not a principle of the Gov
ernment that I would not deliver over to in
stant death if it were the cause of such foni
treason as this principle rf involuntary servi
tude has been. Applause.- Who have these
rebels wronged I Their country ? Yes. hu
man rights ? Yes. Northern men ? Yes.
But, of all others, their wrong to Northern
Democrats was the meanest and foulest. With
a majority in both branches of Congress they
lelt; and their excuse was, they could not
trnst Northern Democrats.
If tney cannot trust us,1 why shall we trust
them, and why shall we encourage them, red
handed and in arms against the State itself ?
From the day that this Government was form
ed, they have, with but one exception, ruled
and controlled the official power of onr nation,
and that exception was the Administration of
the elder Adams. With that exception they
have directly controlled and guided tbe poli
cy of the Government. The very-changes
that have from time to time taken place have
been the resnlt of their own changes of opin
ion, legislated by their own majorities, and
executed by officials who represented their
wishes ; and yet with all this, when, for the
first time for full a half century, they lost the
patronage of the Government; and still had
full sway over the legislative branches with
which they could check, control, and hinder
the Executive, they abandoned their trust, and
basely struck a blow at the liberties of their
country, abandoned their political allies, and
made the principles of republican democracy
a scandal and reproach. Applause.
Are these the men we shall act with, or have
pity for, or excuse, or justify ? Cries of No,
never! never! Never! I would prosecute this
war to reduce rebellion and pnnish traitors,
and I never,never will consent to see our great
Republic and its vast territory divided to es
tablish a second rate and hostile power that,
by treaties with our enemies abroad,shall con
trol the navigation of the Gulf of Mexico,
close up the mouth of the Mississippi, and
shut us out from intercourse with our Pacific
front, where we sre now just about to compete
in triumphant rivalry with England for tbe
commerce of the Indies, the source of all ber
wealth and all her modern power, as it bas
been the treasury ot wealth to all nations that
have enjoyed its commerce. Applause. .
Peace ! Never! but with submission to the
laws. The day we make such a peace will be
a day of dark dishonor that will shadow every
man's door, and spread lamentation and shame
throughout tbe land. As we conquerd our
common territory from a common enemy as
we joined in a common covenant for our com
mon good we must never break, our faith with
the past or with, posterity by surrendering an
inch of that territory, or releasing one man
bound by the common covenant of our nobla
Constitution. . . , ...
. It is estimated that nearly two million of
barrels of crude oil have changed bands at
Pittsburg, Pa;; dnrltig the past year.
i .; . . , , ' ' ;"--?-i.t
r, Hon. David Wilmot of this Stata, has been
appointed Judge of the Court of Clslms; .
THE UNION DEMOCRACY OF KENTUCKY.
At a Convention of the Union Democracy
of Kenton county Ky., held at 'the Court
House in Independence, on Saturday, 21st of
February, l603, for the purpose of appointing
delegates to the State Convention to be held
at Louisville on the 18th of March next, Dr.
C. C. llryson was called to the chair, and Jas.
Ayars, Jr. appointed Secretary.
The Chair appointed Judge Lafayette Shaw,
Dr. J.M. Chambers, C. Beavv, Linus Hand,
John S.' Nixon, a Committee to draft resolu
tions and report the names of suitable persons
to act as delegates. ' ' ' '. , ' .'
The Committee retired,' and during their
absence. Col. M. M. Benton and J.R. Grant,
Esq. addressed the' meeting .
Col. Benton's speech was such a one as any
true Uuion man would delight, to hear. " The
way that he stirred up rebels and traitors of
the "Peace Sneak" order was a caution to
unbelievers. Would to God Kentucky had a
few such men as Ber.ton in Congress. , If she
had, the inquiry "How does Kentucky
stand ?" which has been heaid so often during
the past two years, would be effectually and
positively answered. ''
The committee' reported tho following res
olutions, which were adopted ;' . .
"Resolved, That, in View of this imperiled
condition of one of the best Governments up
On earth one that was won by the blood of
our fathers, atid has been our protection until
wo have grown to be one of the great nations
of the world, we held it to be the paramount
duty of every citizen to put forth his individ
ual energy, and each to contribute what is in
his power, in some form, to aid in brushing
the stupendous conspiracy to ruin our coun
try j and we declare that, at the price of all
that we have and are, that the government of
our fathers shall be transmitted to our chil
dren. ' - '- ' :
2. That a- good Government is abdvd alt
price, and that we have ho faith in a Govern
ment of the United States of America that
comprises any less nnmber of States than tho
thirty-four which now comprises it, and such
as may be admitted hereafter from", the Terri
tories now the property of the Union ; or, in
other words," we are for the Union first, that
we are for tho Union last, and for the Union
all the while, and if we cannot have the Union
with Slarery, then we will have the Union with
out it. . . ,
3. Tliat any effort of any person, anywhere
to sustain the Secession movement ' of tho
Southern States, of the equally criminal pro
position to separata the West or Northwest
from the North or East, fs a sin of the dark
est dye, and should meet With prompt and
condign punishment. ' '
4. That we have no confidence in or respect
lor, but are ' eqn.ilifledly opposed to the va
rious prdpositidns recently noticed In the
newspapers, as being mooted in various legis
lative assemblies, for peaco conferences cr
conventions, to be composed Of some few
States, or of any sectional convention or leg
islators or delegates, upon any such errand ;
as we believe all Such movements to proceed
from a desire to embarrass the Government
in its efforts to maintain our Constitution and
the integrity of the nation, and to put down
treason and punish traitors.
3. That we are irt favor of an early peace
a peace which will be permanent, and for
that very reason, we urge a most vigorous
prosecution of the war, that our. Government
may be preserved and protection offered to,
the loyal and peaccsble citizen that any oth
er peace tliau that which secures obedience
to our Constitution and laws, we most un
qualifiedly condemn. Dissolution of tbe. U
nion would be but the inauguration of sttife,
contention, and unending war, anarchy "and
ultimate ruin of both sections.
6. That the peace proposed by the rebels
and rebel sympathizers, which looks to the
recognition of the bo-called Southern Confed
eracy, we repudiate, and all those who favar
it And say that if the rebels really want peace
they can have it whenever they lay down their
arms, retire to their homes, and abide by the
laws. To advocate peace on any other terms
is to aid and abet treason. ' '
As Incident is thb Cars. In a car on
railroad which runs Into New Fork, a few.
mornings ago, a scene occurred which will hot
soon be forgotten by the witnesses Of it. A
person dressed as a gentleman, speaking to a
friend across the car, said r Weil, I hope the
war may last six months longer. If It does I
Shall have made enough to retire front bui-
ness. In the last six months I've made
hundred thousand dollars Six months more
and I shall have enough."" ' '
A lady Sat behind the speaker, and he'ees-'
sarily beard his remark"; hut when' he was!
done she tapped him on the bouldor,and Slid
to him: "Sir, i had two sons--one of them
was killed at the .battle of Fredericksburg j,
the other was killed at the battle ol Mar
freesboro." , , r . . ',' . r
. She was silent a moment," and so were all'
around who heard her. ' Then overcome by'
her indignation, she suddenly slapped' fh
speculator, first on one cheek, then bn the
other, and before the f.eJioffleDuid'aayVwordV
tbe passengers sitting 'near who had witnessed
the whole affair, seised hini$ and pushed blm
hurriedly bat of the ear, u one not fit to rtd
with decent peoptoi-t Vork Pit, ? ? ..