Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, December 03, 1862, Image 1

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BYS. X EOW.
CLEARFIELD, PA.. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1862.
VOL. 9.-NO. 14.
m fr.4'TED.All -finds of grain willbe taen
f in pavment of debts doe me. for which the
i.yhestniaret prices will be given.
Ito-11. JAMKS B GRAHAM.
D K.LITCH'S MEDIC I NES. A fresh sup
ply of tbese invaluable Family Medicines
rt for sale by M. A. Frank. Clearfield, consisting
f 7Vr Curer ; Rrstorative, a great cure for colds
and cough; and Auti'Bitioiu Physic. They have
been thoroughly tested in this community, and
re highly approved. : Trv them. , ...
TO THE PUBLIC. The undersigned hav
ing purchased the entire stock of the late firm
of .tioore it EUweiler, and having made large ad
ditions thereto, is now prepared to wait upon cus
tomers. Thankful for the very liberal patronage
heretofore extended to the firm, he hopes by
i:rict personal attention to business to merit a
eontinuence of the same.
March 26, '62 -tf. D. F. ETZWEILEK.
PROVISION AND GROCERY STORE.
The undersigned keeps constantl on hand
at his store room in Philipsburg, Ceutreycounty, a
fall stock of Flour, Hams. Shoulders. Sides, Cof
fee, Tea, Sugar. Kice, Molasses. Ac. Alto, Li
quors of all kinds, Tobacco. Segar's, Snuff, 4c; all
of which he offers to purchasers on the most ad
vantageous terms Give hiiu a call, and try his
articles. Itnar211 UOBEKT LLOYD.
lODEY'S LADY'S BOOK FOR 1863.
Great Litebart asd Pictorial Year '.
The publisher of Oodcy's Lady's Book, thank
ful to that public wbiuh has enabled Lim to pub
lish a maguzine fur tbo last 33 years of a larger
circulation than any "n America, has made an ar
rangement with the most popular anthorefs in tbia
country Mario Uarlamd. authoress of Alouo.'
Hidden Path." '-Moss Side,"' '-Nemesis," and
Miriam." who will furnish a story forevery num
ber of the Lady's Book for 1S(53. This alone will
place the Lady's Book in a literary point of view
far ahead of any o trier magazine. . Marion Ilar
land writes for no ether publication. Our other
favorite writers will all continue to furcUh arti
cles throughout the year.
Sixty-Sixth ami Sixty-rvruth volumes of Go
dey's Lady's Book for 13fl3, will contain nearly
13u0 pages of Reading matter, 24 pages of Music.
12 Double Extension Colored Fashion Plates, equal
to 24 of other magazines, over 1200 wood engrav
ings. 14 steel engravings of beautiful subjects. 7H0
articles by trie best authors in America. And all
these will be given in 1A3, at prices fur which
tea our extremely low club rates.
The oldest, the best, and tbo cheapest magazine
in America is the Godey's Lady's Book. The im
merse increase in the circulation of Uodey (hav
ing trebled itself in the last 4 years; is a convinc
ing proof of the superiority of the work, if the
vork itself was not sufficient evidence. And when
it is considered that not a bribe in the shape of a
premium has ever been offered, it shows that Go
dey'i Lady's Book stands first in the hearts of A
merican ladies, who sul-scribe for the sake of the
took and not the premium.
The Literature of the Lady's Book is by the first
writers in America, and has always been remark
able for its high literary and moral character.
Clergymen recommend the Book, and it can he
read aloud in the family circle. The matter is far
superior to that of any other magazine, having a
kaikby and instructive tone.
Eight specialities that no other magazine ha,
and only found in Goiley, to wit: Original .Ma
lic," "Model Cottages, with diagrams." -Drawing
Lessons," -Original Health Department," -'Children's
Department," ' Chemistry for the Young,"'
Horticultural Department." and '-Double Kxten
ton Fashion-plates" Godey's great speciality,
arparallcled and unapproached. Competition
lira! in this department. Our imitators have a
kandoned the attempt.
Of Steel engraving, the press have unanimous
ly pronounced Godey's the best ever published by
any magazine of the world. You may look iu
Tsin for 14 such steel engravings as were publish
ed during the year lSb2. and those for 1S53 will
surpau tLem. Other magazines do not go to the
xpense of original designs for their steel engrav
ing!. The Double Fashion-plate has from Z to 7
full length fashions on each plate. Other maga
zine give but two. Godey is the only work in the
world thr.t gives these immense plates, which cost
$10.C0 more than the old style. These fashions
icsy be relied on as correct. They are always
the latest styles, and hence ladies arc not subject
to ridicule for weaving old fashions, wheu they
v sit the liirc cities
Godey Wood engraving Xovelties. Of these
w give double the nuiuher of any other inaga
iiue. to matter what its price may be.
Colored embroidery patterns and lingerie. Ev
ery number contains patterns of somo article for
lady to work ottoman, backs of chairs, slip
pers, etc
Among the articles to be continued, and which
bsts been appreciated, will be Gardening for the
Ladies. Mr. H. A. Brcer. the celebrated Horti
culturist of thiscity, will assist in this department
fJur Musical Department. Three dollars' worth
of Music is given every vear; and if it were only
for the music alone, the Lady's Book would bo
ebeap at the price we ass for it.
In the various numbers for 1863. will be found
JisgracisforChildren'sand Ladies' dresses ; chil
artu' amples for learning ; the newest designs
ur iQdow curtains, broderie anglaise. slippers
canned, caps, cloaks, evening-dresses fan-y arti
eies, headdresses, Lair-dressing, robes de cham
bie. carriage dresses, brides' dresses, wreaths,
mantillas, walking-dresses, morning-dresses, ri
sing habits, collars, chemisettes, understeeves.
patchwork, embroidery patterns, and crochet and
aottiug work. Our designs are received semi
monthly from our agents in France. England, and
Otrmary. and every new pattern of any portion
f a ldy-3 dress appears first in the Lady's Book, j
frawing "mall its variety, useful to the beginner
and the proficient. Fashions from the establish
ment of the celebrated -'Brodie" will be in every
umher. AUo gives Model cottages. !
Uodey' invaluable receipts upon every subject,
ladispiable to every family, worth more than
the whole cost of the Book, and a grat saving of
ipene to all those who take the book. Godey's
Lady s Book is also used as a premium at nearly
ery Agricultural exhibition in the United States
another testimony of its worth.
tend ui your orders soon. The best plan of
absenting is to send your money direct to the
publisher We recognize no subscription that is
ot sent direct to ourselves. If you pay your
;oiOEty to any association, you must look to it for
joar books. We will not supply s copy of the
Lady's book unless the money is sent direct to us.
1T' no aSenta ff whose acts we are respon
tibie. r
Terms Cash ixAdvaxce. One copy one year,
3 Two copies one year. SS Three copies one
Tar. $6 Four copies one year. $7. Five copies
one year, and en extra copy to the person sending
the club, making six copies. SlU Eight copies
?k an etra copy to the person sending
toe club, making nine copies, SI a. Eleven cop
ies one year, and an extra copy to the person send
ng the club, making twelve copies. $20. Any
Prn having sect a club will have the privilege
adding one or more copies at the same club
fates, ihe above Terms cannot be deviated from,
o matter how many are ordered -
How to Remit. Procure a draft if possible ; if
ot. send Treasury r Ban notes; but let it be a
natter known only to yourself ; the fewer you let
wto the secret the more certainty there is of
jourmoney coiuicg to hand. If you send gold,
reUetroii:iJ iutbe letter; otherwise it is apt
ZfZll" cf th" nveloie. Be careful and pay
m,J?Br 'tter- Address '
I . DEY, Stt CkwftBBtStfMt, PWP4,
TCOM ATS HEART.
'Tis a sad truth, yet 'tis a truth
That does not need the proving.
We give our hearts away unasked. ';
. And are not loved for loviug.
Striving towinalittlo back .
For all we feel, we hide it.
And lips that tremble with their love,
In trembling have denied it.
We. foolish, deem the kiss and smile,
But life and loves beginning ;
While he who- wius our hearts away, .
Is satisfied with winning.
On thinking that we have not fouud
The right one for our mating,
We go on till our hair is white.
And eyes are blind with waiting.
The best of us. until we die, '
Is less a saint than woman ; -
And while wo pray for love divine,
Our hearts yearn for the human.
MAtvY THORIiE'S GOTJSIIT.
"Miry, I am astonished !" Of course, the
grave elder sister w.is astonished. In truth,
and in fact, she lived in a chronic state of
amazement ; for Mary Thome was always do
ing something to astonish Iter irietids and rel
atives. Miss Kutli could hardly credit the ev
iJence of her own senses, in the hazy glow of
the August morning, when she came out of
the cleamatis shadows ot the little south
porch, and discovered that yonder moving ob
ject, half way upamong the unhrageotis branch
es of the huge old pear tree, was not a spray
ol leaves, nor yet a russet plumed robin, nor
a cluster ol sun-checked pe.irs swinging in the
blue empj ream, but Miss M'.iry Throne, com
fortably perched in the crooks of the gnarled
tree, her curia all flecked with the silted rain
of sunshine that came down through the shift
ing canopy of leaves, and a book in her l.ip.
! dou't care!" - said tho little damsel,
luigliitig saucy defiance. "It's the nicest
pla.ee in the world up here; feel just like a
bird, with the leaves fluttering against my face
and the wind blowing so softly and I intend
to stay here ? Wouldn't you like to come tip
here, Kutliy? it's easily done; just put your
foot on th:it knot, and "
Ruth, who Was thirty, and weighed a him
dred and sixty pounds,bris'.Ied up with amaze
ment. Mary Throne, are yon crrzy Comedown
this instant !"
1 shan't," said naughty Mary, tossing the
silky shower of curls away from ber forehead,
and glancing down with eyes that shone and
sparkled like two blue jewels.
"But we are going "
"Yea, I understand. You aro all going in
triumphal procession to the depot, to lender
an ovation to the great Professor La Place,
the wisest, sagestand gra idest of mankind, to
whom the Throne family have the nnotterable
honor ol being second cousins, and to escoit
him solem til j to a mouth's sj nrn at Throne
Hill. O, dear !" ejaculated Mary, "I wish I
could run away somewhere and hide. I hate
this paragon of prim precision ! I shan't mar
ry him if asks, and I mean to behave so
badly that he won't dieam of it! No, I am
not going with you. I hate ho close barouche,
and it's too warm to ride on horseback. J
shall sta at home !"
And Miss Mary settled herself so snugly
with one tiny slippered foot swinging down,
and her pretty head close to a nest of blue
speckled bird's eggs, that Kutli gave it up
with a sigh ol despair.
"Well, then, have it your own wny, you in
corrigible romp! I wish you weren't too big
to be shut up in a dark closet, or have your
ears well boxed!"
"It is a pity, isn't it," said Mary, demurely.
"Of course it : is, Mary; if Cousin. Tom
Eradley comes tins morning, be sure and ex
plain to him why we are absent, und behave
like a young, lady mind "
"All right," said Mary, d inntlessly. I al
ways liked Tom ! we used to have grand romps
together when w were children."
She sat there in th old pear tree, prettier
than any Uomadryad that ever might have
haunted the mossy old veteran of the garden,
her cheek touched with sunshine and carmine,
her dimpled lips apart, now reading a line or
two from the boob in her lap, now looking
up, rapt in girlish reverie, into the blue sky
as it sparkled through ever moving leaves,
and now breaking into a soft little warble of
song that made the very robins themselves
put their heads to one side t listen. The
carriage had driven away long since she had
watched it beyond the curve of the winding
road ; the dark mantle of shadow was slowly
following the creeping sun-glow across the
velvet lawn below, and the old church spire
among the far-off woods had chimed out elev
en. And still Mary Thi one sat there in tba
forked branches of the giant pear tree !
; Snddenly there floated up into the leafy
sanctuary, a pungent, aromatic ordor, which
made her lean curiously forward, shading her
eyes with oue hand, the better to penetrate
the greets foliage below. Not the late month
ly roses, Dot the amethyst borders of helio
trope, nor the spicy geraniums, none of these
blossoms distilled that peculiar smell ! ' '
"My . patience !" said little ; Mary ,' "it's a
cigar." '
A cigar it was, and the owner thereof she
could just see a white linen cat and a tall
head covered with : black, wavy carls stood
on the porch steps, quietly smoking, and iu-dalgiogin-a
lengthened view of the garden
slopes: ': " - ; ." " ' ", ".. . -
. "That's Tom Bradley," said Miry to her
self. . , , . .
. "Now, if he thinks I'm coming down out of
this delicious cool place to sit up straight in
thi hot parlors, he's mistaken!
; Tom !" she called out in a silver accent of
Imperative summons, and then burst into rnr
ry Wnghter at the evident amazement with
which the stranger gazed rotin 1 him. vainly
trying to conjecture whence the call had pro
ceeded. - -rou dear, stupid Cousin Tom,' she ejac-
tilited, "don't stare off towards the cabbage
bed ! Look straight up here I you m iy come
up if you please. There's plenty of room for
both. You are Cousin Tom, aren't you she
continued, as a sudden misgiving crossed her
mini.
-Of course, I am ; and you are Mary, I
suppose 7"
Mary herself! Up with you, Tom catch
hold of this branch there. - Now shake hands
you saccy fellow, I didn't say you might
kiss me !"
Well, I couldn't help it and, besides,
aren't we cousins ?" said Mr Tom, swinging
himself comfortably into a branch just above
Mary.
"Why, Tom, how yoa have changed!" e
j tculated the young ' lady," pushing back the
curls with one hand, that sh might the better
view her playmate of childhood's days. "Tour
hair never curled so before; and what a nice
moustache you've got. I shouldn't have
known you, Tom !" '
'No," said Tom roguishly.
"And you've grown so tall ! I declare, Tom
you're splendid."
The gentleman laughed. "I could return
the compliment if I dared ! But where are all
the rest of my relations 7 The house below is
as empty as a haunted hall." '
"All gone to welcome that horrid, poky old
Prof. La Place, who has graciously indicated
his willingness ta p-ss a few weeks with us.
Tom, I do hate that man !"' .
"Hate him, what for?"
'-O, I don't know;. I'm sure he is a snuff
dried, conceited old wretch, and I'll wager a
box of gloves lie wears spectacles!" "
"Notis-.-nse, Mary ! why, he's only twenty
six!" "1 don't care I know he's rheumatic and
wears spectacles for all that. And Tom, now
if you'll never bteathe a word of this "
, "I wont, upon my honor," said Tom.
"Well, then, papa has actually got the idea
into his dear oi l head that I should make a
nice wile for tho professor, and and "
Mary turned away with crimson indignation
flashing n her cheeks. :
It is too bad of you to laugh, Tom. I
never, never will marry the man!" .
"I wouldn't if I were you," consoled Tom.
"But, cousin Mary, wait and see the man be
fore yon decide. He may be quite a decent
fellow." '
"No!" said Mary, shaking her head and
biting hr cherry lips firmly; I h-ite him be
forehand !"
"What a spiteful little pussy you are," said
her companion laughing.
No, indeed, Tom, I'm not!" and the blue
eyes became misty. "I love papa and Until
dearly and I love almost everybody ! I like
you Tom, but I hate Prof. L Place! And I
want you to promise. Tom, that you'll stand
my friend, and not all w him to tease me into
walks or rides, or tete-a-tetes of any kind!
Will you "
Would he ? If she bad asked him to prectp-.
itute himself out of the pear tree Uwn th
stone steps lielow, with those Mue eyes fixed
on his, he'd have done it ! Any man of taste
woul 1.
I promiso !'.' he said ; and they shook hands
on :.'
What a cosy place for a chat that gnarled
old tree. ws! And (when they had talked
over everything they, could Ihink of, it was
the mot natural thing in the world that Tom
should recover the book which hud slipped
do n into a uet-wurk of thiti7 boughs, and read
poetry to h'a pretty cousin in the deep rLiisi
cal voice that maidens love to listen to ! And
Mary sat there, watching the jetty curls blow
ing to and fro ou his broad white brow, and
the long, black lashes almost touching his ol
ive cheek. And she thought how very, very
handsome Cousin Tm was, and how much he
had changed in the ten years that had elapsed
since she had seen him; and she wondered
whether Tom was engaged to any pretty girl
somehow she hoped not ! Now, why could' tit
Tom have been rich like that Prof. La Place,
iustead ol a poor young medical student
and".
And when the large black eyes were sud
denly lilted to hers, Mary felt as though he
had read every thought ol ber miud, and blush
ed scarlet; . . .. .-..:
"Come Tom," she enattcred, to hide her
confusion, "we've been up here long enough,
ilelp me down, and I'll show you the old sun
dial that we used to heap up with buttercups
when we were children." v '
What a tiny, insignificant, little Mary she
felt, leaning on the 'arm of that tall cousin.
And how nice it was to have the stately head
bent down so courteously to catch her soft ac
centsfor somehow Mary- had .forgotten ber
iQcinest, nd grown wonderoasly sby !
A rumble of wheels it was the returning
carriage, and Mary clung to Tom's arm. -
"The awful professor!" she whispered.
"Now, Cousin Tom, be sure you stand by me
through everything." t
. ''To my life's end !" was the whispered an
swer; and Mary lelt herself crimsoning much
as she strove to repress the tell-tale blood.
But there was no one in the . barouche, save
Mr. Thorne and Ruth, as it drew up on the
grand sweep, beside the two cousins.
"Where is the Professor 7' questioned Miss
Mary.
"ITe was not at the depot," said MissKuth
"and" ' .' '
But Mr. Thorne had sprang from the car
riage, and clasped both the strangers hands in
iiis. '
"La Place ! is it possible 7 Why, we have
just been looking for you at Mill Stat on?"
"lam sory to have inconvenienced yon,
sir," was the reply ; .but I came by the way
of Wharton, and walked over this morning."
'Never mind, now, so you are safely here,"
exclaimed the old gentleman. "Kuih, my
dear Mary let me introduce you to your
cousin, Prot. La Place !"
Mary bad dropped his arm and stood dis
mayed. :
"You told me you were cousin Tom !"
"So I am cousin Tom ! that is my name and
relationship. Now, Mary," and the black
eyes sparkled brimful of deprecating archness,
"don't be angry because I don't snuff, nor
wear spectacles! I beg the other Cousin
Tom's pardon,, whoever he is ; but I am rery
glad he isn't here. Mary be just and don't
hate Cousin Tom, because his other name hap
pens to be La Place !"
'He need not have been so apprehensive,
for, in their twilight walk beside the sun dial
that very evening she confessed that she did
not find Prof. L i Place such a terrible ogre,
after all; quite the conttary, iu fact. And he
succeeded in convincing her that h liked his
impulsive little cousin Mary all the better for
those pear tree confidences !
,iui no uouoi, ii was a very perplexing thing
to have two Cousin Toms : and so, about six
months subsequently, Miss Mary contrived to
obviate that inconvenience by allowing oue of
them to assume a nearer relationship, and in
spite of all her asseverations to the contrary,
slio is Mrs. Prof. La Place.
"For it's a solemn fact in this world, that,
whenever a girl says she "never, never," will
do a thing, she is pretty sure to go and do it
the first chance she gets, and Mary is no ex
ceptiou to the general rule ! . ... .
The Walled Lake in Iowa.
The wonderful Walled Lake is situated in
tho central part of Wright county, Iowa. The
shape of the lake is oval. It is about two
miles In lengrtfand one wide, in the widest
part, comprising an area .of some 2)00 acres.
The wall inclosing this area is over six miles
in length, and is built or compos -d of stone
varying iu size liom boulders of two tons
weight down to small pebbles, and is inter
mixed with earth. The top ofthe wall is uni
form in heijjbt above the water in all parrs,
which makes its height to vary on the land
side according to the tinevenness if tho coun
try, from two to twelve feet in height. In the
highest part the wall measures from ten to
twelve feet thick at the base, and from fur to
six at the top, inclining each way, outward
tid inward. , There is no outlet, but tho lake
frequently rises and flws over the top ofthe
wall. The like at the deepest part Is about
ten feet in depth, and abounds with large and
fine fish, such as pike, pickerel, bass, perch,
&c. The water is clar as crystal, and there
is no bubbling or agitation to indicate any
large spring or feeders.' Wild towl of all kinds
are plenty upon its bosom." At the north end
are two small groves of about ten ucres each,
no timber being near.' It has the appearance
of having been waited np by human hands,
and looks like a huge fortiess, yet there aie
no rocks in that vicinity for ' miles around.
There are no visible signs of the' lake being
the result of volcanic action ; the bed being
perfectly smooth and the border of regular
form. The lake is seventeen miles from
Boon river on the west,' eight miles from Iowa
on the east, and about one hundred miles from
Cedar Itupids. It is one of the greatest won
ders ol the West, and has already been visited
by hundreds of curiosity seekers.
An Old Soldier. Thomas Stewart,' aged
ninety-two 'years, '"of East Newton, Ohio, was
a private in the 101st Ohio Regiment, and
took part .in the battle of Perryville, where ho
was complimented for his bravery and soldier
ly bearing. ' lie has four sons, two grandsons,
and three sons-in-law at present in the army.
Ha was born" in 1770, at Lichfield," Conn.,
where his' father now resides, aged one hun
dred and twenty two years. - ''
, Bill came running into the bouse the other
day, and asked eagerly, "where does charity
begin 7" "At home", we replied, in the words
of the proverb. . Not by a good deal," re
joined Bill; "it b-?gins at sea.' (C.) .,
A Cleveland paper says that the people of
that town are osing mouse-traps, old jack
knives and shirt buttons for small change. -
.. Why are girls after a certain age called wo
men 7 Becaoa thay begin to tooo the men. :
EMAJfCIPATIOir-ABOLITIOJT. '
These words are sometimes used Inter
"cnangeably, but they are by no means synony
mous. We are considering them now, of
course, as they apply to slaves and slavery.
The first applies to a person, or to persons the
other to si ivery as a system.' . ,
The Presidnnt in his proclamation does not
propose to abolish slavery , but only to eman
cipate certain slaves. . Ills authority, under
the war power reaches persons, but does hot
touch laws'. They remain as they were. . lis
hs power under the laws t war, and also by
express statute, to confiscate the property of a
rebel, a horse, for example ; but how, absurd
would it be to say that his doing so interfered
with tho abstract right of all men to own horses!
A rebel may lose his horso t;day by confisca
tion ; hut ho has a perfect right to buy another
to morrow, if he choses, or is able, to .do so.
Just so it is in the case before us. If every
slave in Virginia or South Carolina should be
set free on the first day of Januaty next, the
people of those States may immediately pur
chase another set, if they can find them ; for the
laws authorizing them to do so remain as they
were. They cannot, however, re-enslave the
persons emancipated, because the procla
mation expressly declares that, they shall be
"forever free" '
While, therefore, the abstract right to hold
slaves reinins intact, practically that proclama
tion will work an abolition of Slavery. But
if has nothing to do with laws ; it Impinges
upon no reserved rights of States ; but simply
lays its hand npon a certain kind of property
which it finds existing, and which gives
strength, aid and comfort to the enemies of
the country, to persons who have by their own
act renounced their allegiance to the govern
ment, cut themselves off from all claim to its
protection, and placed themselves in the atti
tude of active enemies. The freedom which
it gives to another set of persons is but an un
avoidable incident in the procedure. :
However right, and just, and proper, aboli
tionism may be in itself, or however wrong,
unjust and mischievous it matters not which
view we may take of it it has nothing to do
with the question before us. A man might,
therefore, with consistency argue that Slavery
is right in itself, and that It is in perfect ac
cordance with the divine law, and yet argue
that' . inasmuch as it constitutes the main
strength of this great rebellion, it is the duty
of the government to strike it down as a means
of national salvation.
We must in all honesty admit, that, how
ever desirable it may lie to abolish Slavery, this
Proclamation of which we are speaking does
not do it. It only emancipates certain persons
found in a specified condition ; yet it gees as
far as the President has a right to go ; still its
practical effect will be the abolition of the
system. He has not interfered with the slave
codes even of insurgents States- They stand
as they did ; and all the talk we have had
among the opposition about violating the Con
stitution, and invading the reserved rights of
the States, is mere bosh. The President has
laid his hand upon what certain persons once
claimed as rights, personal rights, but which
are rights no longer ; and this he did, not as a
policy in peace, but as a necssity in war.
"Results of the Corinth Battle.
Gen. Resencranz has handed in a long and
graphic account of the battle of Corinth. The
results of the battle briefly stated are : "We
fought the combined rebel force of Mississip
pi, commanded by Van Dorn, Price, Loveil,
Villipigne and Rust in person numbering, ac
cording to their own authority, 38,000 men.
We signally defeated them, with little more
than half their numbers, and they fled, leav
ing their dead and wounded on the field. The
enemy's loss in killed was 1,423 officers and !
tueti ; uieirioss in wounuea, taxing iue gen
eral average, amounts to 5,652. We took 2,218
prisoners, anion.; whom are 137 field officers,
captains and subalterns, representing 53 regi
ments of infantry, "6 regiments of cavalry, 13 i
batteries of artillery, and 7 battalions mak
ing 39 regiments, 9 battalions, and 13 batter
ies, besides seperate companies. We took also
fourteen stands of colors, two pieces of attil-
lery, 3,500 stand of arms, 1,500 round of am- j
munition, and a large lot of accoutrements.;
The enemy blew np several wagons between
Corinth and Cbewalla, and beyond Chewalta '
many ammunition wagons and carriages were ;
destroyed, aud the ground was strewn with
tents,' officers mess chests, and small arms. .
We parstied tnem forty miles in force and six- j
ty miles with cavalry. Our loss was 315 kil-
led, 1.812 wounded, 232 prisoners and mis
sing, it. is sua .the enemy was demoralized
and alarmed at our advance. Tbey set fire to
tho stores at Tupellb, but finding that we were
not so close upon them, extinguished the fire
and removed the public stores, excepting two
car-loads of bacon, which they destroyed.
It is said when the . mother of Washington
was asked how she had formed the character
of her son, - she replied that she had early en
deavored to teach him three things.obedierice,
dilligence, and truth. No better advice can
be given by any parent. " :; '
"A doctor and military officer became enam
ored of the same lady.' A friend asked which
of the two suitors she intended to favor. She
replied "that it was difficult to determine,
they were both snob killing creatarM." '
A WAENIKO FK0M PAES03 B30WUX0W.
In a letter to the Philadelphia Prut, Mr.
Brownlow remarks ;
There exists a deep-laid scheme to defeat
thisiovernment at the North, and tiie pro
gramme of treason is widening and deepening
daily, whilst the leaders at the South are kept
posted in all these movements of Northern
traitors. - These allies of Jeff. Davis are be
coming more bold every day, and more fierce
and out spoken in their advocacy of treason.
They have their newspapers in Iowai Mince,
sota, Wisconsin," Illinois, Michigan, Indiana,
Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware,
New York, Connecticut, and other States, pen
etratingall the various ramifications of socie
ty, and talk out treason, rank and infamous.
They have grown insolent since the fall elec
tions, and now wage war against the Govern
men in a defiant tone. And what is strange,
the Government tamely submits to their hos
tility. That many of these papers are in the
Southern Confederacy, I have no doubt, and
hence the game of treai-on is a deep one, well
played out. The Louisville papers speak of
the arrest of a man in that city, by Gen. Boyle,
who had in bis possession $156,000, which
he alleged was the money of loyal persons In
Augusta, Georgia, who had employed him to
bring it North and deposit it in bank' for
them ! Will -any sane man believe one word
of this story J That amount of money would
sustain half a dozen of these tory papers at
the North for another year. ' - :"
I repeat, a deep game is being played ont
by the South and ber Northern allies, and I
warn all true men, of all parties, against their
machinations. Backed up with that infamous
organization, the Knights of the Golden Cir
cle,' these traitors have now got a net-work;
spread over the entire nation, so minute in
details, and so inexplicable in its natnre. that
even the devil, with all his arts and subtlety,
could not elude th -ir grasp. Northern Dem
ocrats are falling into it by thousands. Thou
sands of them are honest, and deceived, hav
ing do idea of the extent and purpose of the
conspiracy they are goting into. Thousands
of these voters are acting in good faith towards
the Federal Government, and if they had tho
most disl ant idta that they are going gradually,
but certainly, into the victorious camps of
Jeff. Davis, tbey would indignantly cease to
be co-workers with such traitors as are bow
leading them astray.
Mr. Editor, warn the honest masses aganst
falling into tbo webtheee vile leaders have wo
ven for them, and exort them, while they
may, to extricate themselves from the abyss
of ruin into which they are unconsciously plun
ging themselves and their conntry 1 " 1
"War Fbazes." Josh Billings takes a lo-
gikal vu of war frizes :
"Ou to Richmond," that is tu sa, if the k ca
sed rebels will allow it. .
"Paralel lines," are them kind of lines that
cever kum tugether. . j
"Militara necesita" 10 ofisers, and agaloa
of whiska, to every 8 privates. '
"Onlnce the dogs of war; but muzzle the
darn kritters, if yea don't somebody will get
hurt." j ;
"War of exterminashun" (bisfraze belongs
holey tu the komisara department. ':
"Advanse Gard" this is a gard tha hav fa
hav in our arma to keep our fellers from pitch
in intu the enema Iruntwards. : ...
"Rere Gard" this is a gard tha hav tu hav
tu keep our fellers, when tba are surrounded,
from pitchin iutu tho enema backwards.
"Au I quiet on the Putterniuck' this show
wbat'parfek subjeckahun our fellers ar under.
.Militara straterga" trying - tu reduce a'
swamp by ketchin the bilyous fever out of it.
"Pickets" these are chaps that ar cent ont
tu borry turbacker ot the enama, and to see If
the kussed rebels has. got a pass.
Wheee the Ivoby comes raoM. About 80,
years ago, some oue made the discovery that
the ice-fields ef Siberia contained an immense
number of fossils of elephants and mastedons.,
Where they came from, or how they got there,,
is a problem which perhaps may never.be)
solved ; their existence, however, was no chi
mera, and as ivory is one of the most valuable
commodities ol trade in all nations, some util itarian
Englishmen conceived the idea of turn
ing these vestiges of a former epoch to profit-'
able account. Accordingly, about the year
1835, Thompson, Bonner & Co., a rich London
firm, fitted out an expedition to seek for Ivory
in Siberian ice. Novel and increditable as it
seemed, the expedition was crowned with sue-,
cess. The ship returned to England richly;
laden with the choicest ivory ; and even at tb t
present time, although the world knows little'
about it, the ivory market is mainly supplied,
from the ice fields of Siberia. - j
Scbstitcb.es roR CoTToa. The Govern
ment now uses for twine, for postal purposes,'
flax instead of cotton. The material is stron
ger and safer than cotton twine, and a hun
dred yards more to the pound is produced.
The railroads are also using thin iron roofs for
their passenger cars instead of cotton, and
bass wood shavings instead of cotton for their'
packing. Gradually, If the war goes on'. King'
Cotton may have to take) his place behind the
throne instead of npon U, as monarch of all
be surreys..- Wool and: fiat at fast gstnlaf
In tha rae tar mattery. -.
nr