Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, June 11, 1862, Image 1
BY S. J. EOW. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 11, 1802. VOL. S.-AT0. 41. OLD FOLKS. Ah. don't be sorrowful, darling. And don't be sorrowful, pray; Taking the year together, my dear. There isn t, more night than da ! 'Ti rain weather, my darling, Time's waves they heavily ran, Eot taking the year together, roy dear, There isn't more clou 1 than un '. We are oi l folks now, my darling. Our heads they are growing gray, Cut taking the year all around my dear, You will always find the May '. We have had onr May. my darling, And our rose long ago. Afcd the time of year is eoming my dear. For the silent night and the snow! And Ood is God. my darling. Of night as well of day ; We feel ard know that we can go Wherever lie leads the way. Ah. Ood of the night, my darling Of the night of death so grim '. The gnte that leads out of life, good wife, Is the gate that leaJ to Hi in ! VALLASDIGHAM'S DEMOCRATIC ADDRESS. What a SoutheraTJnion. Paper thinks of it. From the Nashville Union, May 17. We have been in'ending for some days to notice a very remarkable movement of certain Democratic Congressmen, well known as allies nd sympathizers witli Breckinridge, Cobb, Floyd, and Humphrey Marshall. A meeting was held the other day by these oki party Lacks, whose reputations are as battered and oiled s an old harlot's, and addresses sent forth to the United States. This formidable pronnnciimfnto, after circulating five or six weeks, got just fourteen signatures. Unavoidable absence, we presume, on pub lic business, prevented the names ol Howell Uohb, Jeferson Davis, Jesse P. Bright, Hum phrey Marshall, GasJavus A. Henry, WigfaH, and Neile Brown, from adding their lustre to this newly-risen galaxy of patiiots. So much tor tle authorship ot this address. And now let us M-e wliat are its provisions. The first proposition is conceived in the very spirit of keUiwh intolerance as far removed lrom patri tim and genuine Democratic feeling as any thing that can be imagined. . The present administration was chosen by rtJi ar4 in all its civil acts and appoint ments has recognized, ani still does, its tealty aud obligations to that party. There must aud ill lc an opposition." allatidigham and his crowd want to con tinue in office, and get their old iriends back again, and for this purpose "there must be op position" to the present Administration. We thought that, as the nation was strug gling with a u.uty rebellion, it was the duty of ail citizens, ithout sect or party, to fly to the support of the officers w ho bad been put in command of the laboring ship ol Slate, in older to rescue Ler passengers aud save her precious ctrgo, "No," say the fourteen, "the last thing is to settle the question as to what kind of a flag the shii must carry. And next, we must have the offices. Nobody has confi dence in us. We were turned out of off.ee lor l ad conduct, L-ut the ship shall perish unless we are restored." But the address tells a monstrous falsehood when it says that in "all its civil acts and ap jH.iMinents, the administration has recognized Jis fealty and obligations to party." . It is an imptideut glaritig lie. Whom did President Lincoln cfler to appoint Secretary of War? Joseph licit, a Southern Democrat, w ho is in tleea worthy of the name of Democrat". Whom did h- ajjoifit Secretary of War ? Hon. E. M. Stanton, another life-long Detuocrat Whom did he nominate as Major General of the U. S. armies George B. McCleil an, an. other firm, unwavering Democrat. What are General Duniont, General Buell and General llalleck 1 Democtats nominated by President Lincoln and confirmed by aStnate overwhelm ingly Republican. The signers of the address to make out the fantest shadow of a pretext for the plot were compelled to insert a false rood. Had we space we could enumerate hundreds of other appointments Andrew Johnson, as Governor of Tennessee, lor ex ample who have ever been warm political enemies to the President. But let us forbear, The next proposition is a most significant one, showing clearly that this address of the fourteen is to tickle the ears ol Southern traitors. To begin the great work of restoration the ballot-box is to kill .ibolilion. The bitter wa ters of Secession Sowed first and are fed still from the unclean fountain of Abolitionism. That fountain must be dried up. "In this great work we cordially invite the co-operation of all men of every party who are opposed to the fell spirit of Abolition, and who, in sincerity, desire the Constitution as it is and the Union as it was. Let the dead past bury its dead. Kail.. , lovers of the Union, the Constitution, and of Liberty, to the stand ard of the Democratic party, already in the field aDd confided of victory. That party is the natural and presistent enemv of Aboli tion." Look at this attentively. What is the first Juty of the people I To put down the rebel lion, and restore the supremacy of the Feder- j I laws in the revolted States. That la what ! e had thought. - That is what the loyal men of Tennessee, and Kentucky, and Missouri, atid Virginia, and Maryland say Johnson, &d Campbell, and Prentice, and John M. Botts, and Gamble, and others. Ac one word this address say alout pulling down, and out the Southern conspiracy. It utters fcorehuke against the rebels. It deprecates either bridge burning, nor wire cutting, i or J'-Jtr.-ilu marauding, nor destroying railroad cfs, nor any Confederate outrages. It is as uno as the grave on the horrors now sweep !g over devoted East Tennessee, the home of martyr? and patriots. It condemns Dot the "rbariy of the rebel Government towards or gallant prisoners. It has no condemna tion cf the infamous conscription act nor Withering invective to pour out like molten . T en the heads of the rebels, who are burn ,rS cotton and sugar crops, and desolating the o-otith. Then it speaks no cheering word of tjgratulation for our gallant and heroic sol ars, who have left their farms, and shops, 4"d pleasant firesides, to save the Govern--ft, and keep stp to the sublime music of V;e Union under the flag of the Republic. It nt even hint what every intelligent man to be the fact, that the prime and mov cause, the fountain Lead and cource ol ' rebellion, is a determination on the part oi Southern officeholders and corrupt aristo crats to destroy free government and build up a monarchy or aristocracy on the ruins of Democratic institutions. The man who is ignorant of this in ignorant of the speeches, addresses, resolutions and newspapers ol the Cotton States for the last twenty years. He is ignorant of the celabra ted speech of Hon. L. W. Spratt, one of the leading men ol South Carolina, who declared that "Slavery cannot share a Government with the Democracy !" "Slavery having achieved one victory to escape Democracy at the North, must achieve another to cscap it at the South .'" He must Iks ignorant of the declaration of Vice President Stephens, as reported by tbo Sanannah Republican, that "Slavjrt" not Democracy mark you, or tbo right of man to rule himself but, "slavery is the chief corner stone of our Government. The ideas of the j 4'. . . r . i .it y. ... nameis oi uiB out r eaerai ionstituiion were funiamentally wrong." In these declarations of the leaders of the rebellion, which we are obliged to cut short for want of space for they could be extended indefinitely we find the true cause of this hellish rebellion. It was enmity to free Government. It was a de termination on the part of an aristocratic clique not to submit to the people, and be controlled by an "ignorant majority," as we heard John C. Breckinridge siy, at 'Hopkins- vine, Kentucky, in the summer of 1861. As a further proof of this, the Democratic part was hopelessly split at Baltimore a year before Lincoln came into power, and split by the very ruen who issue this address. It is also to be remarked that on the advent of Mr Lincoln to the Presidency, the House of Rep reseutatires, Senate and Supreme Court were hi tue hands or toe Democratic party. Why men, nia toe cotton wing fly offaDd set up new oontederacy f 1 be Northern Douglas Democracy would not be controlled by the insolent Buchanan Democracy, aodsoadis ruption tooK place, But this address ot the inglorious fourteen goes on to glorify the Bu chanan-Cotton Democracy in this grtndilo quent manner : "It is the only party capable of carrying on aar; his me otiiy party wuich has ever conducted a war to a successful issue, the on ly party which has done it without abuse of power, without molestation to the rights ol 8uy class of c itizens, and with due regard to econemy. All this has been done : all this, U need be, it is able to do again. If success, then, in a military point of view be required, tlie Democratic party alone can command it. It then proceeds to say that its restoration (that is, of themselves and company,) to pow er is demanded by the following consider ation : "Economy and honesty in the public ox penditures, now at the rate of four millions of dollars a day demand it." Such economy for iostance as that of Bu chanan's Secretary of War.Johh B. Floyd, that paragon of virtue, and such honesty as that or isham G. Harris. " 1 ne rapid accumulation or an enormous and permanent public debt demand it a pub lic ueoi already one thousand millions ol dol lars and equal at the present rate in three years, to England's debt of a century and half in growth." It is a dreadful ttiing to go m debt, isn't it, to save the nation 7 the war shouli be car ried on for little or nothing. In fact, it would have been better, as Buchanan thought, to have no war at all. Just 1st our Southern friends alone. The "thousand million. " story is a big,lie. "Reducing wages, low prices, depression of trade, decay ot business, scarcity ol work, and impending ruin on every side demand it." Every body knows that the "reduced wages" etc., are ail the fault of Linco.n. The loss of fat salaries by the Southern friends also "de mands it," but the (ourteen are quite too mod est to say so. We b3v our own opinion as to the rebel origin of this damnable attempt. The South ern rebel leaders are at the bottom of it. Noth ing is more certain than this to our minds. The chiefs of th'j rebellion see that their work is about to prove a disastrous failure, and so they send word to this effect to their Northern allies: "Give ns two or three free States to vote for our men, and we will bring back the Cotton States in solid phalanx, and hold the offices together as before." This is certainly the programme. Will the people see it per formed J Fellow.citizens, all yon wLo love your coun try, by whatever name, you have len kinwn in the past, let cs frowu down all such mbt-r-ably selfish plots of partisans as this which we have been reviewing, and, casting aside all old party ties, unite together on the broad platform of the Union. Away with partisan watchwords and names at an hour when the cation is struggling for life. Our dear mother country is in peril, let us fly to her rescue. Let us all be true Union men, true democrats, true republicans, not in i partizan, but in a national sense. We close this article with a quotation from the last letter written by the oold, patriotic, and lamented Douglas. Let it be traced in letters of gold over every door Iq the land : "I know of no mode in which a loyal citizen may so we'.l demonstrate his devotion to his country as by sustaining the tlig, the Consti tution, and the Union, under all circumstan ces, and under every Administration, regardless of party politics, against all assailants at home and abroad." Noble words ! Let them be the motto of every loyal mau in thesj turbulent a'nd stirring timcg. A Dumber ol flonr bands we;re recently re coived at Fortress Monroe, marked Tgg handle with care." They were addressed to private parties, but some army official opened them, when the eggs were found to be made ot glass with long necks, and their contents found to consist of the oil ot corn. Five hundred contrabands are employed by the Union army at Newbern, N. C, to dig en'renebments outside the city. Tbey re ceive rations and are paid regularly for their services. A can ol preserved green corn, pat np eigh teen years ago, was opened at Portlaud, Maine, the , other day, and found it to be as fresh and sweet, as it was kthe day it was seal ed np. " When a fellow is too lazy to work," saya Sam Slick, "he paints bia name over the door, ai d calls it a tavern or grocery, and makes the whole neighborhood aa lazy as himself." GREAT BATTLE BEFORE RICHMOND. Particulars of ths Enjajineat. FT , ' " iho aaysot the battle of Richmond have been fought, on both of which occasions our troops have been victorious, with a heavy loss on ooiu sides, l lie battle was opened by the enemy making jiision, wrucn was encamped beyond the ...Ca, on me turnpiKe leading over lioiiom Bridge, and within t-even miles of Richmond. The attack was made bv General JJlli S Division, comnosed of five rebel t.ri gades, the troops being in the most part, from irginia, South Carolina and Georgia. A- ooui i o clock the enemy fired three shells into our camp, one .alter the other, at inter ii auuiii Humiie, wnicn was prooaolv a signal to their forces that everything was in readiness, and which caused no'uncasiness in our camp from the freciuencv of its occurrence of late. Within a few minutes they cam up on our pickets unawares, and attacked them with great vigor and a large foice. The fight here was disastrous. Gen. Cas.-y's troops were foiced to retire before superior num bers, leaving all their equipage and two bat teries on the field. Colonel Bailv, iu endeav oring to save bis battery, was killed. Casey'sdivision lelf buck to the Seven Pines, where the division of Gen. Ooucb was drawn up behind rifle pits. The baule nged fiercely here lor a time, when Gen. Couch fell back, with considerable loss, a short distance, but finally succeeded in making a successful stand uu tue arrival of reiuforcements from Gen. Heintzletnan, whose troops were pouring in on the railroad as I left the field and, I leatn, sticceded jointly in checking the enemy, and retakingpart of the ground lostduring tbeday. The most desperate courage was displayed upon both sides, our regiments charging re peatedly to the enemy, driving tbem back for a while, when they would again in turn get the upper hand and drive us before them. The loss upon both sides at this point must have been fearful, as every inch of ground was disputed in the most desperate manner, and was only gained by overwhelming numbers and bypassing over the bodies of our dead ana wounded suldiers. Our batteries at this time were pouring into the rebel ranks a per ..Y. t .. . c.i a.ivner oi grape ana canister, mowing uj'mu uown in winrows. but stili thev steadi step by step advanced till our lines commenc . i n i .. . .1 . . . , cv way wuen icey cnarged upon our batteries and succeeded in capturing seven guua which we were unaoie to remove owing to me uorses uaving oeen Killed. The enemy were now in possession of our camp, and bad turned our guns upon our retreating columns wtnie the intantry continued to follow them np asclasely as possible. Our men, although compelled to fall back, did so without any symptoms oi a panic, but still quite hastily the enemy captured everything belonging to Casey's division expecting what they had on their backs, leaving them without a tent or blanket to cover tbem. The supply of com missary stores was very light in camp, and all the baggage warons and officers' batrffse naa oeen sent to tne rear two davs before So that our loss falls principally upon the men wijo nad leit all their effects in tliir tpnts ltie regiments comprising Casey's brigade are mosny comparative new troops and have been reduced very i uch from sickness since they have been on the Peninsula. The whole division could not have numbered more than 6,000 eflective men, while the force of the enemy was from thirty to fifty thousand. The otucers ail as far as I could learn behaved in is the most gallaut mauner, and their loss large. Uen. Uas-y was in the thickest of the fcght and was re sorted wounded, but I ft-r. wards learned that he escaped unhurt. Abou. four o'clock word was sent to General Sumner to bring up his corps, which was en camped beyond the Caickahominv. They crossed the oridge bui.t by his troops about three miles above Bottom't bridge, aud desiz hated by the name of the Graoevine bridge taking a position on Gen. Heintzleman's ritrht Here they encountered Generals Longstreet's hams' and Hughes s Divisions the flower of the tebel army. The fighting was desperate, every loot ot ground being hotly contested. but our soldiers were two much lor tbem. The enemy would stand manfully at a distance of sixty yards and be fired at, but they were afraid of the bayonet, and in every instance trjit our men charged they were victorious 1 he loss of the enemv must have been very heavy, as they received the concentrated fire of our batteries lor a considerable time, be sides the deadly volley poured into them by our infantry. A larsre number of our killed and wounded must have falien in their hands. The ol ject of the enemy, was to make a strong reconnoisance, in order to feel our position. and, if successful, to drive us back as far as possible. If such was the object ol the move ment, u was eminently succcsstui, as tar as the events of to-day are concerned. From a prisoner I luarn that the advance of the enemy consisted of Mississippi and North Carolina troops, under the command of Gen. Rhodes, and supported by 50,000 men. As the troops under Gens. Heintzleman and Sumner were seen coming up the railroad and turnpike at doble quick every one seemed to feel relieved and felt sure that now the aay was ours, and that the enemy, although temporarily successful, would soon be driven back beyond our former liies. As night ap proached the Held presented a dreadful ap pearauce. Long lines of ambulances could be seen conveying the dead and wounded from the field, while those that could not obtain conveyances were being carried by their com rades. Most of the w ounded officers w -re carried back to the House occupied by Gee. Heintzleman, where their wounds were dress ed, and every attention paid them to make then comfortable, while ail the outhouses and teuts were used as hospitals for those unable to get in the bouse. Our surgeons did their utmost to mitigate their sufferings. About dark a train consisting of six or seven cars was loaded with 'founded and started for the White House, where they arrived about 10 o'clock, and the wounded carried on board the steamers prepared for the purpose. The steamers were provided with every conveni ence and luxury for the wounded, with kind and faithful female nurses. One cause of the disaster to Gen. Casey's division was owing to the great number of officers sick and unfit lor duty. Some of the regiments went into action with only one field officer, and very few companies contained their full compliment ol officers. The division bas suffered more from sickness than any other on the peninsula, from the fact "of its being compoied of troops raised last, some of lie regiments in fact having been in the field but a few days, while the other divisions had an opportunity, while encamped around Washington, to get in a measure ac climated and accustomed to camp life. It must be allowed that the rebels fought with great bravery, and their loss must Lave been severe. They again succeeded in playing the old dode UPOn Our troovs. bv di7ilahinr a flag of truce till they got witUin good range, 'and itn pouring in upon them a deadly volley. They succeeded in this way at one time in completely silencing the fire" of our batteries. ACCOLST OF THE BATTLE OS SISIMT. Flushed with their seeming victory ol Sat urday, the rebels awoke with confidence on Sunday to follow U . their movements. nr uf uriviDg us this time to the Cbickabominy and oeyoDd. out they had made the unfortunate mistake of estimating the strength of our re serves by the weakness of our advance. Most bitterly did they pay for their mistake. Pies- sing eagerly forward with confidence of vic- toiy, they were met bv the trained troor.s of Heihtzlemau and Sunnier, whose urm'eldin? columns checked their fierce assault, turning the tide of battle every where azainst them. and forcing them at the noiut of the. Intom-t on toward Richmond. It was their turn now to break and run, and their losses of the Sab bath left them little cause for rejoicing over the trifling gain of Saturday. Terribly did the Rebels sutler on this, as well as the previous diy, from the well direct ed fire of our artillery, filling the groun'l with the slain, terrible also to them were the fre quent charges of our solid columns, pressing them back step bv steo to the last uoint of endurance, when thev broke and ran inclori- rusly leaving behind them many of their men and omcers as well as privates prisoners in our hands. The number of these it is not yet possible to ascertain, several davs necessarily elapsing after every engagement before a lull luventory can be taken. Gen. Saxton Relieved Ey Gen.. Sigel. Gen. Saxton is at Washington, having been relieved of his command at Harper's Ferry by Gen. Sigel. With 7.000 raw troons be kert the Rebel army which had driven Gen. Banks out of the valley at bay, and with his artillery planted on B.olivar and the Maryland Hights repulsed their attacks several times, and sav ed the railroad bridge and the depot of stores. It is believed that Jackson had not less than 20.000 there, while not more than 500 went to Martinsburg. Tbey were commanded by Gens. Jackson, Ewell, Taylor,Trimble, and Winder, and consisted of Louisiana, Mississippi, Geor gia, and Virginia troops, the best from each State in the Rebel army. Fifty pieces of ar tillery were counted passing through Charles town. When Jackson saw that he was foiled in his attempt to cross into Maryland he fairly cried-, according to the report of a deserter. Jackson's Force Our Retreat. Jackson's force, it is supposed, was not far from 30,000 strong, while Gen. Banks had but 3.500 in the field. The Second Massachusetts guarded tbe rear and fought during the march from Newton to Winchester, which lasted from dark on Saturday evening till 1 o'clock on Sunday .morning, and at dawn formed on the ridge near Winchester, and kept the ene my at bay three hours and a half, killing very many more than they lost, and driving the ar tillerymen from their guns. One Colonel ad mitted the loss of eight field and line officers in his regiment. ; Stroso Abgcmext ts. Strong Bitter. My son why is it, that when you drop your bread and butter it is always the butter side down f " "I don't know. It hadn't ortcr. had it ?" The strongest side ought to be np, and this is the strongest butter I have ever seen." 'Hush up; it's some of your aunt's churn ing." "Did she churn it ? the great lazy thing." "What, your aunt V "o, mis nere oettur. lo mace that Door oid woman churn it when it's stron? enough to cnurn itsell." . - -. Hush, Zeb, I've eat a great deal worse in the most aristocratic houses." - "Well, people of rank ought to eat it." "Why people of rank" "Cause it's rank butter." "iou varmint, you! what makes vou talk so smart J" "'Cause the outter has taken the skin of my tongue." "Zeb, don t lie! I can't throw away the butter." "I'll tell you, ma, what I would do with It jveep ii to arsvr ousters, iou ought to see the flies keel over as soon as tbey touch it "ca, aon i aggrevaie me : out Here is a quarter, go to the store and buy some fresh butter." Scddes Growth. A Yankee lad, whose father was a "down East" farmer, went into the barnyard to play, a short time aeo. and. being detained a prisoner by a thunder-storm. ne tell asleep on a b3g ot guano. The old gentleman, when the storm was over, went into the barnyard lo look after his son, and met a iant eight feet hi;ib coming out of the barn. "Hallo! who are you ?" he cried. "What are you doing here J" "Why, father," squeaked the Goliah, "it's me. Don't you know Tommy 7" "You V exclaimed the now astonished pa rent. "Why, Tommy, how' on earth did you get pulled out so long in so short a time V "Why, father," replied the boy. lookine down upon the gaiinz old man. "I sleDt on those bags of guano you put in the barn, and tbem and the lightning together has done the business." Old Squire B was elected Judee of the Inferior Coart in some county in Georgia. When he went home, his delighted wife ex claimed : "Now my dear, you are a Judge, what then ami?" He replied, "The same darn'd old fool you allers were I" The agriculturists of England and Ireland have sown great quantities of fiax the present spring. It is said that Ireland will have ona fourth of its surface covered with the plant this year. The citizens of Philadelphia hare subscrib ed four millions ol dollars to. the building of passenger railway on Pennsylvania avenue. Washington City. Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge. AFFAIRS IN NEW ORLEANS. SAT1SCS ASD DOINGS O? GfcSERAL BUTLER. Yankee many-sidedness is amply illustrated by the proceedings of General Bitler in New- Orleans. Tbe exjeriment going on in that city is a ciitical one, and much will depend; on tbe result. Here is an instarr-e in which i the commercial metropolis of the Confederacy . has been subjugated, and it now remains to be j seen how far conquest and armed occupation, i operating immediately npon the largest centre of population in Rebeldoin, may be converted ' into an instrumentality for the restoration of , the former state of things by the free will of. the eople. Our theories ot a suppressed Union sentiment longing for safe expression, j and of an overbearing military dyna?.ty coer ercing reluctant communities into Secession partisanship, are now to be put directly to the test in one locality at least, and tbat perhaps 1 ' the most important one. j So far as he has progressed, General Bit- f ler appears to have operated quite judicious- i ly and successfully. He has a marked iudi- viduality of character which crops out in all ! his words and actions. It is certainly a novel ; sight to see the Colonel of a Maine regiment; as Military Commandant ot New Orleans, and j the city ruled by authority derived from a ' Massachusetts Uwyer in regimentals, with his ! head-quarters established in St. Charles Hotel, j But, really, the change appears to have been ' an improvement. Oar last arrivals bring us J an ample budget of the Commanding Gen -mi's ; acts. He assumes the entire responsibility, ! and, as brokers say, "carriers" the entire city j on bis shoulders. Nobody is too high or too I low for bis attentions. He rips open the j vaults of foreign consuls fjr money stolen : from the Mint, and explores th- recesses of vilest gin shops ia order to drag forth Seces- i Mon Thugs. Tbe "ladies," who rely upon '. the immunity of their sex to insult our orb- j cers, he threatens with the calaboose ; and the wife ot Gen. Beauregard, who maintains a i quiet seclusion in her own bouse, he treats ! with the courtliest dignity. Now be discuss- j es intetnational law with the British Consul, i now debates finance with the representatives j of the banks ; one day be suppresses, a news paper, on the next he edits one ; alter compel ling taverns and gambling houses to take a li cense, he prohibits the churches from observ ing a last day "in obedience to some suppos ed proclamation of one Jefferson Davis;" he orders the storekeepers to open their stores, and feeds the poor with Confederate beef and flour; he declares that bank notes, according to the promise on their face, shall be redeem ed in coin, and at one sweep of a general or der, w ipes out of circulation the bogus curren cy of the Confederacy aud the dirty shii-pIas-ters of the shop-keepers. With the everlast ing contraband be deals in a utmost summary and practical way neither gasconading like Phelps, nor usurping like Hunter. To the former be writes, in tbe case ol "a boy" who had come w ithin his lines, "if you have any use for him, use him; if not, is he not like any other vagrant about the camp " and says his subsistence is not sufficient for unnecessa ry men. We cannot, however, follow the gen eral in all his multifarious acts as Commander 1 of the Gulf Department, and financier, almon er, and care-taker generally for the munici pality of New Orleans. He bas, withal, a very direct way of doing things. The Mayor of the city grows obstrep erous, writes a long.disrespectiul letter and re ceives ior answer, tne same day, ouiy an or der informing him that, as late Mayor, he is "relieved from all responsibility lor the peace " of the city, and is suspended from the exer " cise of acy official 1 unct ions. and committed " to Fort Jacksou until further orders." The City Council tenders, the, "freedom and hos pitalities of the city " to tbe officers of the French frigate Calinct, but they are straight way informed, by the Major General Com manding, that "the ofler ol the freedom of a "captured city by the captives, would merit " letters patent for us novelty, were there not i "doubts of its usefulness as an invention." He scampers about on horseback among tbe people, and when reminded of the dangers of assassination, tells tbem that if they did it, it would only place General Phelps io com maud, and if they were satisfied w ith that ar rangement he had nothing to say. Having provided for feeding tbe destitute, he looks after the health of all, establishes strict reg ulations at the quarantine grounds, and, find ing that neither buzzards uor contractors kept the streets sufficiently clean, he tells the May or and Councils that merely passing resolu tions will not do " it will not do to shift the " responsibilty from yourselves to tbe Street " Commissions, from thence to the contractor, "and thence to tbe sub-contractor, and through 44 all tbe grades of civic idleness and neglect of duty." Trade follows in his track. Cotton is ship ped; mails are started; commerce revives; express lines run ; recruiting offices are open ed ; Union candidates announce themselves j a lawyer from Washington begins to practice law, and, as he is the clerk ot the Provost Court, will probably succeed in collecting j Northern claims. Altogether this New Or- j leans movement is one of the most curious iu j the whole history of the war. Its legal, po- j liticai, and domestic enects will furnish mate rial for much pleasant study, and Dixie may, after all, sing with joy, as well as truth, that Picayune Butler bas indeed come to town. Extensive Transportation Train. Some one fond of "cariosities" has ascertained the following facts : "An army of 600,000 men carry on their shoulders 30,000,0u0 of pounds; and eat 1,200,000 pounds of pro isioos, and drink over 600,000 pounds ol water each day." A German woman at Winsted, Conn., thinks that "we in this country don't know anything j about war yet." During tbe existence of a war in Germany she was compelled to work in a blacksmith's shop lor three years, so scarce were men. The loyal citizens of Charlestown, Mass.. through their Town Council, Toted ten thou sand dollars lor the support of tbe wives and families of those who left town on Tuesday for the war. Taunton and New Bedford papers chronicle an immense catch of herrinzs this year 60,- 000 at one time and 20,000 at another. They are so plenty that the farmers use tbem for manure. Who first introduced salt provision into, the navy f Noah for be bad, Ham in the ark. THE JOUKXAL. AEJUY C0BRESP027DE5CE. Fredericksbcrc, Va., May L'Sjh, lb62. Dear Row : Monday morning nil was bus tle in this division, caused by orders to "i.ull o.RCO bk. m..c io p:4its unknown, j Everybody knows that none but te coiticUrs j have a premonition, in Uct, as to dc.nua- tion yet, of course, wfe i conjectured that ; we were to raca little further into Dixie, but, much to our disappointnici.r, weicp on the same side of the stream formerly oc : cupied the First Brigade, however, croJ I the river, and traveled out about two miies from town, whore they are at pieseut located. I The "Bucktails" and the jth are ia the First ; brigade, and as we cuiu t get across in iividu- i .'-" - command. ng tien- era!, and that onlv oa important besine-s w ' tuuiM-, ium a, i communication with them lor the present therefore, I am unable to tell you how the C!eartk-id boys are enj- r ing themselves in their new position. Thev were in fine spirits, and in good health, o far as I know, when they left camp. Previous to vacating their old camp, I learned that sever al of Captain livin's men were taken to the Hospital among the number, Joseph Shirk. G-n. Shields division, including the 61th, reached this place on the 221 of May. I call ed to see the boys of Captain Ogden's com pany aud found, those who were able to bear the fatigues of marching, in good Lsalth anl fine spirits. The regiment is wonderfully thinned out, and. I was informed, coalcl scarcely ruuter ovr 5 J men. I.i v have ev- lueuut s'eD ujucii rouga service, as their uronzea i ace, and in and in Iiijf.y CjScS. tattt rfd o nifortns abundantly testify. Yet I heard not a word of complaint from the brave sons of the piie woods. All were rcadv to add new laiirels to their already w i ic spread reputation for bravery, by rushing forward t. now deeds of daring. Well may Clearfiell le proud of this gallant little band, in which she i so well represented. Th- boys of companv K speak in high terms of the gentlemanly and soldierly bearing of Ctpt. Ogden. I hi hoped that the Division would have remained here until the boys were thorougiy recruited in strength; and received new uniiurms. I am not aware ; mat tins was the case in either inMa oze, lor they disappeared as suddenly as thev ca'me The movements of Jackson created a great excitement here and consequents there has ben quite a distribution of troops" in order to re inforce Banks. No doubt, the traitor Jackson hoped to catch our boys napping; but, when it is too late lor him, "he tu ay find Jhat be has fallen into the very 'snare which be intended for others. It is evident that the rebel mershcen is on its last run in Virginia and in the madness of desperation the traitors seern determined to do all the mischief they can no matter what the cost to themselves To attain this oVject, they rely more upon the barbarous system of guerrilla warfare than anything else. Our men have wore to fear from this clandestine mode of sh.ootin fhem down, than from any other; and they are fast growing itupat ieut at the leniency of the government, that forbids them to retali ate in the tuot summary manner. Nothing but the severest punishment will deter thes malicious scoundrels from their desperate acts, and cold-blooded assassination of our volunteers. Onr bovs do not r.-lish th of being struck down when least expected, by an uuseea loe, nui are wujuig to meet half dozen of them in t pen combat. any the weather here as a general thing, is verr warm and sultry; and vegetation is in quite au advanced state, and the forests have now on their fullest and most fascinating robes. I send you, w ith this, a copy of the-Chris-tian Banner, a l:ttl- paper published iu Fred ericksburg. The editor appears to be rather on able man ; but is, no doubt, now in rather straitened circumstances, in consequence of the relellion. I send the paper more as a cu riosity, than anything else. We 1 ave quite a railroad bridge hfre now buiit in just eleven days from the time of it comraenctueut-which, I judge, is quick work. Yours, W. RB. How the modern Democrats do love the Sold iers ! When, in Mexico, the Soldiers vot ed generally for Shunk, the Democratic can didate for Governor, no complaiut was made. But, in ISol, two thirds of them voted for the Republican Union Ticket and then, threw Democratic Judges Lowrey, Woodward, and Strong find out that such "out of the Dis trict" mode of voting is unconstitutional! Yet, they would have yon think "the Democ racy are always tbe same" -the Democracy are the only true fheLds of the Soldiers!" We hope tbe boys will be home to vote bv October next, generally and tbey will sav at the polls what they think of such partial De mocracy. An Unprecedented Res at Billiards. A great game of billurds was played at Owen's billiard saloon, Syracuse, last Wednesday. Tbe game was of 100 points between a Mr.Wav and Wru. Owens, the keeper of the billiard sa!oon. Owens played caroms and discount against his opponent's full game. 0ens mrsed ! the balls.got thein in the jam.an I retained them : there till be hid male the iirij-recJeGte J ran oi -jjvo points, mostly cpon a white a: d red ball. The last play made by Mr. OJens v a five shot and he then relinquished the cue from sheer exhaustion. The play began at ol and ended at 8 P. M. The Lafayette Indiana, Journal says a por tion of the track ol the Pittsburg, Fort Wayna and Chicago Railroad has sunk onr of sight three times. The space where this occurred is about two hundred feet Jcng. After lising ' two other tracks, the company" inserted piles. They are now driving down piles of over sixty leet in lengf h, an I have not yet found hard ground. This spot is supposed to have been once occcpled by a lake, over which vegeta tion has spread a thin crust. "Mr. Brvn, yon say tbe witness was honest snd intelligent. What makes yoa think so t are you acquainted with bini T" "No, sir ; I have never seen bim before." "Why, then, do you come to such a conclusion "Be cause ie takes five newspapers, and pays for every one of them in advance." Governor Sprague has betn elected to the Senate of the United States by the Le;is3a- tare of Rhode Island, lor six years from the 4tb of March next.