Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, May 07, 1862, Image 1

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    BY S. J. ROW.
VOL. 8.AT0. 36.
B. WOODS, Attorney at Law, Indiana, Pa
profe-wiunal business prompt! attendee to.
y. CKOrCII, PnrsrriAM, Curwenrville, Clear
. ficll county, l'onn'a. May 14.
I- j. CKAXS. Attorney at Law and Ileal Estate
J. .agent, Clearfield, Pa. OfBee adjoining his
Tsidenee, on Second str6et. May 1G.
tir M. MCL'LLOUGH, Attorney at Lnw, Clear
ly, field, I'a. Cffloc, with L. J. Crans, Esq.,
'on Second Street. July 3, 1861.
WILLIAM A. WALLACE, Attorney at Law.
Clearfield, Pa. Office, adjoining his rcsi
'denco on Second street. Sept. 1.
ROBEl'.T J . WALLACE. Attorney at La wTciar
field, Pa Office in Shaw's new row, Market
afreet, opposite Naugle's jewelry store. May 20..
HF.NAUGLE, Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dealer in Watches, Jewelry, lo. Koom in
Ornham's row, Market street. Nov. 10.
HBUCHER SWOOPE. Attorney at Law. Clear
. field. Pa. ;fF.ct In Graham's Row, fourdoo s
west of Orahani A I'oyn'.on's store. Nov. 10.
TP. KKAT7.ER Merchant, and dealer in
. Boards and Shingles, Urnin and Produce
front St, above tho Academy, Clearfield, Pa. jl2
4 J. PATTERSON', Attorne at Law. Cnrwens-
X vine, l'a.. will attend to ail business en-
irnsiea to nis care.
Methodist Church.
Jan. 1
tho New
i, 18G2.
ylLLIAM F.IUWIN.Marketstreet.ClearCeld,
TT Pa., Dealer in Foreign and Pornestto Mer
chandise, Hardware, Queenswarc, Groceries, and
.family articles generally. .Nov. 10.
DR. WM. CAMPP.ELL, offers his professional
services to the citizens of Morris and adjoin
ing townships. Residence with J. 1. Denning in
KyUrtown. Clearfield county. May 1 1, IS'j'J.
f) . Pa.
M'ENALLV, Attorney at Law. Clearfield,
Practices in Clearfield and adjoining
counties. Oihcc in new brick addition, adjoining
.the rfidancu of James B. (Irabnui. Nov. 10.
TOHN tit'F.LICH. Manufacturer of all kinds of
I Cabinet-ware. Market street, Clearfield, Ta
He also makes to order Collins, on short notice, and
.attends funerals with a hearso. Aprl0,'59.
"II ICIIARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do-
W tneatic lrv Ooods, Oroeries, Flour, Bacon,
Liquors, Ao. Room, on Market street, a few doors
west of JottrvilOJice, Clearfield, Pa. AprJ7.
f ARHIMKK TEST, Attorneys at Law, Clear
A J field, Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
and other business entrusted to their care in Clear
field and adjoining counties. August 6, 1835.
I R. M. WOODS, tenderr his professional servi
J cs to the citizens of Clearfield and vicinity.
Residence on Second street, opposite the office of
l. J. v. rans, hsq. Ufhoe, the eauie that was recent
ly occupied by Hon. (1 11 Barrett, where he can
be found unless absenton ptofessional business.
f MHOMAS J. M'CULLOLUH, Attorney at Law,
I. Clearfield, Pa. Office, over the '-Clearfield
co Bank. Deeds and other legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
n . w;jh. :::::::: T.J.u'ccM.oraii
CoiLrcTio.N I'rri' K. Clkafififip. Pf.vi'a.
VALT! SALT!! SALT!!! A prime arti
J clo of ground alum salt, put up in patent
tacKs. at 53.25 per sacK, at the cheap cash store of
NWmber 27. It. M'l.SSUP.
iWK.vrv.Fivi-: !ir.Nimi;i) aches
tu th'i niouth of tlm Moshannon. An
property; ou reasonable terms. Iti'iniro of
I'cl3-tf. Attorney at Law: Clearfield, P
IJKOPOSAKS, Proposals for the building of
aPrirey at the new Court House in tho bor
cu;b of Cb'srCcld , will bo received at the com
missioners' office, until the 27th day of May next,
l'lsni and specifications can be seen at the com
missioners' ofliue. Bv order of tho board of Com
Jiiis'ioners. W M S. BRADLEY, Clerk.
pHIIHJ K STOCK FO It S A L K.--T he Com-
J missioners of Clearfield county, will offer at
Public St'f. at the court house, ou Tuesday tho
2"th dny of May next, at 2 o'clock, p. rn., one hun
dred and thirty ( I .'50) shares of stock in the bridge
a'riiss the Susouehanna at Clearfield. Dy order
"i1 ""l. SKADLEY, Clctk.
DR. lJTCli 'S M k7)ICIiN KS. A frtnh sup
ply of these inraluablo Family Medicines
r fur sale by M. A. Frank, Clearfield, consisting
'f Vain Cuter ; lifstnrativf,B great euro for colds
and cough ; and Anti-Uihoiit Phytic. They have
ben thoroughly tested in this community, and
f highly approved. TnrTHEM.
VO TICK Daniel Faust of Curwensville has
li charge of mv bulucss In my absence. He is
ulborited to receive and receipt for money duo
and U thu otily putsou authorlxod to do so,
'(rsotis baring business with m will plcnua call
Curwensville, j 2. 1862.
MOKKIiSHAJji: HOl'NK.Tbe undersign
fd having tBi... the Morrlslalo House, sit
uate In the t'jin of Morrisdalo, Clearfield county,
respectfully solicits a share of the publlo patron
No pains or expense will be sparod to ren
der gusts comfortable. Charges moderate
I JI.ASTKKIMJ. The subscriber having lo
' catf-d himself in the Jlorougli of Clearliold,
ul I Inform th pnblicthat he la prepared to do
w"fk In the above line, from plain to ornamental
f any description, In a workmanlike style. Also
fthtfewAshing and repairing done in a neat man
nr. and on reasonable Uruia.
Jtr 7. 1H5H. KUVl2L C0()j2:R-
y The undersigned keeps ounstanll on hand
Jl til stofj room in Phillpsburg, Centreyooiinly, a
fill! stock or Flour, llama, Hhouldcrs, Fides, Cof
, Tea, Hugar, Jllce, Molasses, Ac. Also, LI
lion of all kinds. Tobacco. Hegars, Snuff, Ac; all
."which he oflers to purchaser on the most ad
n'aL'eou8 terms (live him a call, and try his
"IjelM. Imar211 RORKRT LLOYD.
ubetitut for gold n inserting teeth. Many jer
fD who have tr rd all kinds of raetalio bases pre
r this, and in those eases whore it is applicable,
" ill in a great measure become a substitute for
silver or platina. Its chief advantages are,
oaapness, lightness and perfect adoption to the
J?0o; it bavin? soft fieshy feel to the parts of
"'mouth with whioh it comes in contact.
A-M. Hills is prepared to put up teeth on the
"Ignite Rase, with Ooodyear's Patent dura,
hich is the oniy reliable preperation, andean
B7 bat through their regular agents.
Tr- Hill will always be found in his offioe on
niay and Saturday, unless notice appears to the
" rary.inthe town papers, the previous week.
I long for one congenial heart,
My thoughts to always cheer ;
A faithful breast to lean upon,
When overcome with care.
A heart that I can call my own
Amid earth's busy throng ;
One that will never fear to chide
Me when I'm in tho wrong
O. with a fond and faithful heart,
One full of sympathy,
A paradise below 1 ween.
This earth to mo would be.
And when I tire of worldly joys,
And seek a purer rest,
I'd love to lay my weary head
Upon that faithful breast.
O. is there mt a heart to speak
Tome in love's own tone ;
Or am I doomed to tread thirf life
' Cheerless, unloved, alono ?"
Just at the close of the Revolutionary war,
there was seen somewhere in one of the small
towns of central Massachusetts, a ragged and
forlorn looking soldier corning up thy dusty
street. He looked about on the corn -fields
tasseling for the harvest, on the rich, bright
patches of wheat lor the sickle, and on the
green potatoe field, with curious eyes, so at
least thought Mr. Towne, who was walking
leisurely behind him, going home from tho
reaping to his supper. The hitter was a stout
fanner, d;. fsed in home-made brown linrien
Jrowsors, without suspenders, ve&t or coat.
The lugged soldier stopped under the shade of
a great sugar maple, and Mr. Towne oveitak
him, stopped also.
"Home from the wars ?" he asked.
"Just out of the British clutches " replied
the man. "I have been a prisoner for years."
He rejoined suddenly , ;Can you tell mo who
lives in the next house ? Is it yours "
"No," replied Towne, "Tompkins lives
there. That house and farm used to belong
to a comrade of yours, I suppose ; his name
was Jones, but he was shot at Bunker IIill,and
ma widow mirrieu agiiu. '
The soldisr leaned against the tree. "What
kind of a man is he I mean what kind of
people are they there ? Would they bejikely
to iJi a poor soiaie r Lave something to eat '"
"If Tompkins is out, you'd be treated first
rate there. Mrs. Tompkins is a nice woman
but he is tho snarliest cur that e7er gnawed i
bone. lie is a tenible surley neighbor, and
tie leuus tier a uog s life, bhe missed it mar
ryiug the fellow, but you see she had a hard
time of it with the iarm. Jones went of!" sol
diering, and when my son came back and said
he was dead he saw him bleading to death on
the battle-field the broke right down, and
this Tompkins came along and got into woi k
for her, and he laid himself out to do first-rate
lie somehow got on the blind side of all of us,
and when he oflered himself to her, I advised
her to have him, and I am sorry I did it. You
hud better come home with me. 1 always have
a bite for any poor fellow that's fought for
ins country. "
"Thank you," kindly returned the soldier,
"but Mi s. lompkins is a distant a sort of old
acipuamtance. ihe fact is, I used to know
her first husband, and I guess I will call there."
Mr. Jowii'i watched him as lie went up to the
uoor ami knocked, aim saw that he was admit
cd ly Mrs. Tompkins.
"Some old swectheai t of hers, may be,'
said Mr. Towne, nodding to himself, "lie
comes too late ; poor woman, she has a hard
row to hoe now." 1 hen Mr. Towno went
home lo supper and we go in with tho
"Could you give a poor soldier a mouthful
to eat " lit; asked of the pale, nervous woman
who opened tho door.
My husband does not allow tne to give any
thing to travelers," she snid, "but I always
feel for tho soldiers coming back, and I'll give
you some supper If you won't bo Ing eating
it, "and she wiped her eyes with her white and
blue checked apron, and set with alacrity
about providing refreshments for the poor
man, who had thrown himself in tho nearest
chair, and with his head leaning on his breast,
seemed too tired even to remove bis hat from
his face.
"I am glad to hare you eat, and I would not
hurry you up for anything," she said in a
frightened way, "but you will eat quick,
won't you f fori expect every moment he will
be in "
The tit u ii drew hfs chair to tho table, keep
ing his hat ou his head as though he belonged
to the society of Friends, but that could not
be, for tho "Friends" do not go to the wars.
He at heartily of the bread and butter and
cold incut, aid how long ho was about it 1
Mrs. Tompkins fidgeted. "Dear me," she
said to hetself, "if ho only knew, he wouldn't
lie so erne! ns to I'd Tompkins come in and
catch him here." Sho went and looked from
the window uneasily j but tho soldier gave no
token of bis meal coming to an end. ".Now
lie is pouring vinegar on the cold cabbage and
potatoes. I can't ask him to take those away
in his hand. Oh dear, how slow he is! hasn't
the man any teeth." At last she said mildly,
"I am very sorry to hurry you, sir, but could
you not let mo spread some bread and butler,
and cut you snmo slices of meat to take away
with you. My husband will use abusive lan
guage to you If he finds you hero."
Before the soldier could reply, footsteps
were heard on the door-stouo at the back door
and a man entered. He slopped short, and
looked at the soldier as a savage dog might
look. Then ho broke out in a tone between a
growl and a roar.
"Hey-day, Molly, a pretty ploco of business I
What havo Hlold you tiiuo and again, madam 7
You'll find yon bad better mind your master.
And you, you lazy, thieving vagabond , let mo
see you clear out of my house and otl'of my
land a goo 1 deal quicker than you came on
the, pi eu.ises I"
"Four linns ! and your land I" exclaimed
the soldier, starting suddenly up, erect and
tall, and dashing oH his hat with a quick, fiery
gestnre. His eyes flashed like lightening,and
his lips quivered with indignation aa ho con
fronted the astonished Tompkins. The litter
was afraid of him, and bis wife had fclveu a
sudden, nervous shriek wheu the soldier first
started to his feet and flung efl bis bat, and
had sunk trembling and half-fainting in a chair
for she recognized him. ,
"You hain't any business to interfere be
tween me and niy.wife," said Tompkins, sulk
ily, cowed by the attitude of the soldier.
" Your wile !" e xclaimed the soldier, with
ho very concentration of contempt expressed
n his voice, and pointing at him with an in
dignant finger.
"Who are you. " asked Tompkins, with an
air of effrontery.
"I am Harry Jones, since you ask," replied
the soldier, "the owner of this house, and this
land, which you will leave this very hour !
As for Molly," softening his tone as he turned
to the woman, now sobbing hysterically, "she
shall choose between us."
"O Harry !" sobbed she, while Tompkins
stood dumb with astonishment, "take me,
save me I"
With one step he was at her side, holding
her in his arms. "What did you mean, by
treating this poor child so ? Did you think
because she 'had uo earthly protector that there
was not a God in heaven against you ?"
-'o man wno is cruel to a woman is ever
truly brave; and Tompkins slunk away like a
beaten spaniel. y
The next day had not passed away before
everybody in the town knew that Harry Jones
had come home alive and well to rescue his
much-enduring, patient wife from a worse con
straint than that of a British prison ; but
what they all said, and what Ilany said, and
what Molly felt, I must leave you to imagine,
lor here the legend ends.
Mionoxltte as a Tree. Buy a pot of ordi
nary mignonette. This pot will probably con
tain a tuft composed of many plants, produ
c d fioin seeds. Full up all but one; and,
as the mignonette is one of the most rustic of
plants, which may be treated without delica
cy, the single plant that is kd't in the middle
or the pot may be rigorously trimmed, leaving
only one shoot. This shoot you must at tach
to a slender stick of white osier. The extrem
ity of this shoot will put forth a bunch of flow
er buds, which must bo cut otf entirely, leav
ing not a single bud. The stalk, in conse
quence of this treatment, will put on a multi
tude of young shoots, that must be allowed to
devllop freely until they are about three inches
and a half long. Then select out of these,
four, six, or eight, according to the strength
of the plant, with equal spaces bet ween them.
Now, with a slender rod of white osier, or
betfer.with a piece of'wlialebono, make a hoop,
and attach your shoot to it, supported at the
proper height. When they have grown two
or three inches longer, and are going to bloom,
support them by it second hoop like the first.
Let them bloom; but take of!' the seed pods be
fore they have time to form, or the plant may
perish. It will not be long before new shoots
will appear just below the places where the
flowers were. From among these new shoots,
choose tho one on each branch which is in the
best situation to replace what you have nipped
off. Little by little, the principal stalk, and
also the branches will become woody, and your
mignonette will no longer be an herbaceous
plant, except at its upper extremities, which
will bloom all the year without interruption.
It will be truly a tree mignonette, living for
an indefinite period; for, with proper treat
merit a tree mignonette will live from twelve
to fifteen years. I have seen them in Hollad
double this age. Parlor Gardener.
Detth or Planting Corn. A communica
tion which we find in the Germantown Tele
graph gives the following suggestions and
facts respecting tho proper depth for planting
corn ; "Cover the corn carefully, and never
more than from one and a hall to two inches
deep. If planted deeper than this, it will be
longer coming up, and uf'ter it comes up it will
grow very well until it is three or four inches
high, when it will remain stationary for 10
days or two weeks. By examining wo will
find the first joint is below the surface of the
soil, also that the roots are decaying, while
new ones are being thrown out from the joint 5
these new roots require some ten or fifteen
days lor their complete formation, and during
this time the plant is stationary as far as
growth is concerned. As soon as tho new
roots are fully formed the old ones will entire
ly disappear, and the growth will proceed as
usual. From the actual experiments with
grains taken from the same ear and same itart
0 tne ear, I have arrived at the following re
sult ; Corn planted one inch deep came up in
eight days ; that planted one ami a half inches
deep required nine and a half days ; that two
inches deep, ten days 5 two and a half inches
deep, eleven and a quarter days j three inches
deep, twelve days 5 three and a half inches
deep, thirteen days; five and a half inches
deep, eighteen daysj six inches deep, twenty-
one days. T he last lot came up and grew up
until about three inches high, when it remain
ed stationary for a long time and finally died."
How Sub Likco It. A very worthy and pi
ous old dame, who could not road, bad sever
al books loaned to her, which she got a little
girl to read to her. The deacon of her church
loaned her "Pilgrim's Frogress," and a neph
ew a copy of "Jtobison Crusoe". Hearing
them read alternatively, the damn got tho text
little mixed up; and when the deacon called
upon her and asked her how she liked the al
legory, Pilgrim's Progress," he was some
what surprised when'she replied: "It's a mar
velous book, Iftilyi why, what big troubles
him Htid bis man Friday undergoed.
Now lot mo tell you a secret worth bearing.
This looking always forward for enjoyment
don't pay. For what I know of it I would as
soon chase huttvrflics for a living, or bottle up
moonshine for cloudy nights. Tim only true
bippiness is to take the drops of happpss as
God gives thorn every day of their lives ; tho
boy must learn to bo happy when he is plod
ding over his lessons the apprentice when ho
is learning bis trade j the merchant when he
is making his fortune. If be fails to learn this
art be will bo suro to miss bis enjoyment when
be gnius what be sighs for.
Life. The longer v,o live, the nearer New
Year days appear together. When we were
boys, tho period between ono New Year's
day and another appeared to bo a century. At
the present time they appear to be separated
not by years, but months. The fewer years
we have to livethe shorter tiiose years ap
pear to bo. When wo recollect the quantity
of rheumatism and slight tbat old people have
to put up with, the apparent shortness of the
years to them seems like a special provi
dence. A wounded Irishman wrote home from the
hospital, and finished np by saying, "I'm for
this couutry, I've bled for it, and 1 shall soon
be able to say I've died for it."
Many persons entertain the opinion that if
any considerable number of the Southern
slaves obtain their freedom they will necessa
rily emigrate to the Northern States, and that
thus a large proportion of our white laborers
will bo thrown out of employment, and heavy
taxes or other expenditures caused by the ne
cessity of providing for indolent refugees. It
requires, however but a slight examination of
the subject to see that this conjecture is not
well founded. There has been, in all our
past history, but very little voluntary emigra
tion northward of colored men. The Africans,
like all other races, prefer congenial climes,
and they will pot ve'ntuie from tbem unless
they are compelled t.i do so by very powerful
motives, it has been a rare occurrence for
any of the large body of free negroes who re
side in the States south of Mason and Dixon's
line tojourney northward. As a general rule,
only flying fugitive slaves, or those whose
freedom was imperilled by the system of bos
tile State legislation that has of late years been
commencea in the bouth, havo ventured on
mis experiment. A striking proof of this
fact is furnished by the census of 18G0. Gf
the 53,000 free blacks of Pennsylvania only
15,000 were not born on our soil. Of tho 54,
333 free blacks of Virginia ouly 533 were im-
misrants; ot the in Maryland only
i,du ; ot the l,u3 in Delaware only 1,111
t 1. .1 i 1 1 ..... " 1 .
i is inns cieariy suown in n iney are not a
migratory race, and that there was verv Utile
disposition to emigrate even to Pennsylvania,
notwithstanding her contiguity to the homes
of a large body of free blacks. The causes Tor
this are numerous. The Southern States
comprise one of the largest agricultural dis
tricts in the world, and nearly all the labor
that tiaa heretofore been performed thec has
been done by the Africans. Their labor will
be as niuch needed hereafter as heretofore,
ana no cnango that may be made in the con
onions upon which it is to bo performed will
dispense with the power and present necessity
01 us employment. Practically, in the South
...... .. .1.. .. .
em oiiiiKs uie negroes nnu a climate atrieca
ble and healthy, and a demand for their labor,
in me mortiiern States an uncongenial cli
mate, and little, if any, demand for their ser
vices. JNo largo body ol men have ever emi
grated for thu sake of emigration and par
ticularity when they could derive no absolute
benefit from the change, and when they had
110 strong love for novelty nor spirit ot enter
prise to impel them.
There are otherconsiderations, also connect
,1 .t.:.. 1 - .. . ... .
cu Minimis suujeci. wnicn lean lot Do same
general conclusion. Even if it were ar:emon
strated fact that the negroes could not, in con
sequence ol any political changes that have
been or may bo made, remain in or near their
old places of residence, and that an absolute
necessity for their emigration to sonvj point
existed, there are fields open to them much
more inviting than the present free States
V arious colonization projects aro agitated
Liiberia has been a reluge for a portion of
their race tor many years; Hay t i now cordial
ly invites them. Central America is also pro
posed as a suitable spot for African coloniza
tion. An unceasing demand exists for the
tropical productions, which negro labor alone
has successfully produced, and there is an a
bundancy of tropical land now unproductive
ana useless. AH the great requisites for ue
gro prosperity exist capacity to labor in trou
ical climes; land capable of yielding tobacco,
cotton, sugar, and rice ; and a willingness to
pay liberal prices for those great staples. If
but a small modicum of tho intelligence, en
ergy, and industry that characterize the An
glo-saxons were infused into the Africans,
they would soon become one of tho most
wealthy and prosperous races on the elobe,
Those who charge upon the administration a
aisire to Africanize the free States grossly
misrepresent 11. 1 he policy it pursues neith
er proposes nor tends to produce that result.
me rresmeni anuded, In his late message lo
Congress in relation to the abolition of slavery
111 me uisinci 01 uoiuinma, to his strong de
sire 10 secure itie adoption of an appropriate
system of colonization. Hon. Win. D. Kelley,
in a speech ne delivered in the House of Kep
loft-mawves some weens ago, answered some
of the prevalent misrepresentations in the fol
lowing eloquent language :
sir, tiriet time is lelt me, and I hasten to
the point of the Africanization of American
society and American labor. I have said that
the membeis of the dominant party on this
floor are not advocates of the reopening of the
siare iraae; that we do not advocate the ex
tension of tbe colored institution through the
wholo free Territories of the country : and that
wo are tn favor of opening means bv which color
ed men can leave our country and find a happier
nome. sir, mature works by invariable laws.
It is by no freak of hers that tho light of day
paints the likeness of our loved ones. It is
by no such freak that tho wire bears the
message of joy or woe ovr land and under
water. Ho who traverses our continent finds
on the Pacific slope of (lie Rocky Mountains
tho grandest arboriferous vegetation of the
world. On tho eastern slcpe, divided thence
by a narrow strip, which produces its ellects
on the clouds, you lose all arboriferous ven-e-
t it ion . You find onlv the red siiroi von find
nothing larger growing there. Tho same
skies are over ; the same God watches 1 but
He works through wise and inflexible laws,
and thus teaches men to look to Ilirn through
Nature for guidance. On tho Puciflo slope
tho earth is refreshed by ninety inches of rain
each year, while 011 tho eastern slope but five
fall. 1 he negro is the creature of the tronics.
Submit him to tho guidance of his own in
stincts and volition, and ho will find his wav
to the tropics, or lands lying near them. Na
ture's unerring law will lead him there. Tho
crudest monument of 'man's inbumauitv to
to man' that I can point to to-day is that "col
ony of fifty thousand American negroes living
111 1110 cold wiidsoi uanmla. As well might
you expect tbe tree of the Pacific slope to
thrive in the region of the sage, or the sago
to thrive under its broad shadow, and with
ninety Inches of rain falling in th year. The
negroes will wilt and dwindle and nrematurolv
die there.
"We all know that the President and his
real friends on this floor are in favor of the re
cognition of the republic oj Liberia, of txtendinq
to Hayti commercial relations, of procuring with'
in the American tropic lands where tht negro,
made free by the crimes of his master, may
go and dwell as Nature intended him to. This
the President recommends, and all this the
majority on this'.floor intend to consumate.
"We sre for retaininc for tbe Saxon, the Colt
the Caucasian family tbat portion of this
continent which was intended for them. They
wno misrepresent us are infusing black blood into
me veins of ine country."
tr , .-.
a iii.ru in TiiK tight. Among the manv
good things told of Secretary Stanton's off
band way of doing business, is tbe following
interesting incident:
Judge Kelly came in with a youthful look
ing oflicer, whose empty coat sleeve bung from
his left shoulder. He was introduced to the
Secretary as Brevet Lieut. Harry Kockafellow,
of Philadelphia. "My friend" continued tbe
Judge, "left a situation worth $S00 pf-r year,
three days after the Piesident's proclamation
r.. . . .i... . ..
i"i iiuups, 10 c;rry a mussel at n dollars a
month, with his regiment, the New York 71st
"After the term of enlistment bad exuired.
ne marched with his regimeut to Bull Run
fcarly in the day he received that ugly rifle
ball in his mouth (pointing to a Minnie ball
that was hung on his watch guard,) and for
two hours and a half he carried it in his jaw
bone, fighting like a true hero, until a cannon
ball took off his arm und rendered him power
less. He was captured and lor three months
lay in a mangled condition in a tobacco ware
house in Richmond, without proper surgical
"He was breveted a Lieutenant by his Col
onel for his bravery and is filling a small clerk
ship. I beg of you to appoint him in the reg
ular service."
"But where could I put him if I did V
said Mr. Stanton.
The Judge was about to reply, w hen he said
with an imploring look :
"See, I have a right arm still, and General
Kearney has only his left; send ine into the
line where there is fighting to be done I"
"I have letters from," he tried to draw a
bundle of letters from his pocket. Mr. Stan
ton stopped him
"Put up your letters, sir, you have spoken for
yourself! your wish shall be granted! the
country caunot afford to neglect sucn men as
you !"
Fie the soldier could thank him for the
kindness, his case was noted. He turned to
leave, and remarked to the Judge :
"I shall be proud of my commission, Tor I
feel that I have earned it ! This day is the
proudest of my life."
Amusing Incihent. An amusing dialogue
lately occurcd in one of the American camps
between a private, who was acting as sentinel
near, a hospital and a General. On the ap
proach of the latter, the former neglected to
give the accustomed salute. The General
then sharply ed :
"Who stands guard here ?"
"A chap about my size," answered the pri
vate. ,.;"u.
General "What are your diitiotjre ?"
"To alloiv the sick to come out and to keep
the well in."
Call your Corporal."
"You won't catch me doing that. I dont
intend to stand here two hours longer than
usual to please you." rThe sentinel alluded
to a rule which gives corporals the power when
they are unnecessarily called by sentinels, to
punisii them two hours extra duty.)
1110 Ueneral, indignant at these renlios
hunted up the lieutenant of the uard. and
lacing ine sentinel, said :
. II' I . 2 . i
nui instructions ao von give vour men
in saluting your superior otficeis ?"
I he lieutenant said to the sentinel :
"Have I not told you to salute your superior
officers do you not know that this is your
uenerai 1
The sentinel with a look of amazement, re
pli-s !
"If the Almighty is not better acquainted
with him as a General than I am. be is a lost
man, sure."
Anderson the wizard, and a verv poor wiz
ard he was. met a lankee who stole a inarch
on him. after tho following fashi on ; Fnfer
"1 say ! you, Professor Anderson ?"
"Yes, sir, at your.servico."
"Wa'al you're a tarnation smart man. and
l 111 somethln' at a trick, teu, kinder cute leu
you know."
"Ah, indeed, and what tricks are yon up to.
feir," usked the Professor, amused at the sim
ple fellow.
"Wa'al, I can take a red cent and change it
into a ten-dollar gold-piece."
"Oh, that is a mere slight-of-band trick. I
can no that too."
"No you can't. I'd like to see you trv."
"Well, bold out your hand with a cent in.it."
lankee stretched out bis paw with a red lv
ing upon it.
"Ibis is your cent, is it, sure ?"
"It's nothin' else."
"Hold on to it tight Presto! change. Now-
open your band."
lankee opened bis fist: and there was a
gold eagle shining ou his palm.
" n a al, you did it. 1 declare : much obleeir-
ed tew yeou," and Jonathan turned to go out.
"Stay, you may leave me my ten dollars."
aid the Professor.
" Yourn 1 wasn't it mu cent ; and didn't you
turn it into this ere yaller thing, eh ? Good
bye 1" And as he left the room be was heard
to say, "I guess thero ain't anrthiuir ereen
about this child."
A Mooel Certificate." Sir : I were af
flicted with a wery wiolentpane in my lower
stummick by Reeson of induring too mutch
Llcker in my sistem. It remained with me
for some time until my precious inside was
materially lessened in its parts. Driven orl-
most to madness, by one of the company's
omnibuses, I alited at your Repository, in
dredful agonl, and found your man just help
ing himself to sum Bitters, for to give him a
appetite for his Pills after dinner, lie advissd
me to taik sum which I did, and found Re
lief before I'd finished takin it. It warmed
my intestines, and other things, and corsed
the preperislium to exclude from my skin,
and tho Kyenne Pepper to rise in my stumaclc
so that I hollered right out no more for the
Present, from yours trooly."
"Count the Cost." It coats something to
be u true Christian. Let tbat never be forgot
ten. To be a mere nominal Christian, and go
to church, is cheap and easv work. Hut 10
hear Christ's voice, and follow Christ, and be
lieve in Christ, and confess Christ, requires
much self-denial. It will cost us our sins, and
our self righteousness, and our ease, and onr
worldlmess. All all must be given up. Wo
must fight sn eneniv. who comes asainst us
with twenty thousand followers.
We find the following paragraph in an ex
change paper ;
"A contract has been made ly gore mmeTit
with certain parties in Boston, to build an troa
gunboat of between 600 and 700 tons, to b
lurnished with Woodbury's submarine buttery.
Tbe vessel will be 136 feet long and SO feet
beam, and will be built throughout of iron lo
the most substantial manner. See will carry
one gun on dock and a large gun for subma
rine firing at the low. She is to be built at
the Atlantic Works, Ea.t Boston, and is to be
ready for service in Horn four to five months."
Tiio period staled tor the completion of this
vessel would put hor in commission in Sep
tember next. The tern ti:bmanne battery
conveys no adequate idea of this extraordina
ry invention, and hence e copy from the
Boston Transcript tho subjoined account ot tb
design, and ol a successful experiment mad
with it in Boston harbor a few dsya since .
The idea of the inventor is to build an iron
clad bomb-proof vessel of sufficient tonnage to
carry a gun at the bow, one at the stern, and
as many as desirable amidship. The vessel in
action will lie alongside of her adversary, and
discbarge her guns at as near range as possi
ble to obtain.
The cannon are to be of the usual shape,
but longer than common, and can be cast to
discharge anv ureiectile now in use. The eun.
when ready lof action, has a tin cylindrical
case htted closely at the muzzle, rendering
the chamber air-tight, and prevent the en
trance of water. When the piece is fired, tbe
charge attains its full velocity before reaching
the tin canister previously mentioned, and ati
effective shot mav be made at a distance of
two or three hundred feet.
The ciunon is fitted into a stuffing-1hx.
similar to that of the piston ofa steam engine,
and an automatic. porthole opens and shuts as
the piece is rnu out or withdrawn. The re
coil on the gun is so strong, and the action of
the port so sudden, that it is expected very
little water will be shipped as the cannon is
awn in.
"A twelve-pounder was fired under water at
target made of spruce plank, crossed at right
angles, and heavily bolted and braced, and
placed at a distance of ten or twelve feet.
Ihe target was pierced in such a manner as to
show that the invention is oue ol the most im
portant which has been made in naval war
Tbe inventor is Mr. Joseph P. Woodbunr.
We have not yet heard of any English claim
ant to this device, but doubtless some such
will turn up as soon as the vessel shall go into
successful operation. It was so with Captain
Ericsson's battery, and with nearly everything
elseAmtrican of great utility. Our readers
need not bo told that if this invention should
do what it promises it will be one of tbe most
formidable engines of naval waifare ever con
structed. It is peculiarly adapted to lighting'
against armor-clad vessels, which, while they
are amazingly strong above the water, have no
armor below, and arc there perfectly vulner
able. HoIJins' submerged ram was designed
to combat such vessels, as well as the ordinary
war vessels, and it appears from the partial de
scription of the Menimao which has just been
published by the rebel authorities at Rich
mond, that she has both ends submerged,
though we bad not ascertained the fact, be
sides the visible ram, therefore, she mnst have
formidable battering power under water.
If this new battery of Mr. Woodbury can
Are a twenty-inch gun under water, a single
shot from it at point blank range would sint
any vessel in existence. Nay, a fifteen-inch
gun, or even an eleven-inch, would do such
awful damage to an antagonist as can only be '
conceived by referring to the slaughter on th
Cumberland and Congress. Captain Coles
may build as many of his vessels at he chooses
on Ericssons' plans ; and their being sunk to
the water level, while it would piot-ct them
against any other antagonist, would be f no
avail against this Woodbury battery. Above
the surface every shot fired is seen, and the
open port affords an aperture into which the
enemy pour their destructive mi&iles. Bat'
under water, where this new engine of death '
is worked, the terrible messenger wings its
way unseen, the port-hole presents no mark to
fire at, and the" devoted vessel is powerless to
The President in signing the bill for the
Abolition of Slavery in the District of Colum
bia, sets forth his reasons therefor in the fol
lowing brief Message to both Houses of Con
gress :
ielloic citizens of the Senate and House or
Representatives Tho act entitled an act for tho '
release of certain persons held to service or
labor in the District of Columbi 1, has this day
been approved-and signed. I have never
doubted the constitutional authority of Con
gress to abolish slavery in this District, and I
have ever desired to see the National Capital
freed from the institution in some satisfactory
way ; hence thero has never been in my mind
any question upon the subject, except the one
of expediency, arising in view of all the cir
cumstances. If there be matters within and
about this act which might have taken a course '
or shape more satisfactory to my judgement,
I do not attempt to specif) them. I am grat
ified that the two principles of compensation '
and colonization are both recoguized and prac
tically applied in the act. In the matter of
compensation it is provided that claims may
be presented within ninety days from the pas
sage of the act, but not thereafter, and thera
is no saving for minors, femmes covert, in--
sane, or absent persons, I presume that this is
an omission by mere oversight, and I recom
mend that it bo supplied by nn amendatory er
supplemental act. Abraham Lincoln.
Rebels Outwitted bt Yankees. When
our troops captured Cockpit ana snipping
Point, on the Potomac Kiver, some Massa
chusetts soldiers uotlced that the place of
burial there was unusually nice, and that a
large number of graves were labled in a very
pathetic manner, cautioning the traveler to
tread lightly over the ashea.and not to violate
the !P.nctity of tbe tomb, &c. These verv
cautions raised a suspicion in !ho minis of tho
Yankees." spades and shovels were accord
ingly brought into requisition, and speedily
wore exhumed not the bodies of departed
Confederates, but numbers of nice, new tents,
packages of clothii g, mess chests furnishtd
with all the appliances or modern
trunks of various articles, tooN, he.
grave-diggers were complimented for tbe suc
cess of their first sacrilegious experiment and
recomoieDded to try again.