Newspaper Page Text
by s. j. now.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 1862.
VOL 8.-AT0. 31.
i It) UJ J-W I .1
We are face to face, acd between us hero
Is the love we. thought woulU neer die ,
Why has it oiilv liveU y:,r
ho has tuurdereJ it-) " l
No matter who-the was done,
l',y one or both. lt 1)03
Ihe smile from ti-.e I:p M forever gono,
Ati.i darken iJ ov?r the beautitul ejes,
Our Iovb is &!&, aud cur hope is wrecked ;
j-o what doa it profit to tit Ik and rare,
VhefhT it perished by my uegleet,
Vr through you it t"oui;ci a grave.
A SECESHrrJARTSH-Iu OUTWITTED,
or now jack niiLLirs ktcovehed a mclc.
II the stories of" incidents and adventures
current in any of the tiiinie rous camps, in the
neighborhood of Seceslidom could be collected
in book form, the' wmld make a very read
able work. I may send you a string of such
as are afloat in our lei.jn, at some future
time; at the present, 1 will relate one which
came to my knowledge a few djys since.
Squire U.iiley had the biggest, and best, and
most docile mule in .Martin's Bottom, un.t
Martin's Bottom is about the biggest and best
neighborhood 0:1 Greenbrier river. Squire
Bailey was inclined to be a Union man and
did not entirely conceal his sentiments, not
withstanding the presence of Floyd's army in
the vicinity. About tiienme of Floyd's tu
multuous flight" from that region, lie was very
much in need of transportation, and accord
ing to established usages among secesi he
proceeded fo levy on the teams of the neigh
boring farmers. 01 course, a Union man like
Squire Bailey was not to escape ; but Squire
Bailey, taking time by the forelock, very qui
etly, one nig.'it, removed to a safe locality all
bis live tock except his favorite mule, which
he kept for hauling wood and going to mill.
This mu'e being apparently the only support
of a large and increasing family, Squire Bailey i
fondly believed thut Secesh would not be'
heartless enough to rob him of it.
But Squire Bailey did not understand Se
eesh. Urie fine morning along came tjuaiter
master Blirie, accompanied by h.iIfadoZ'ti
mined men, from FbMl s amiy. Squire Bai
ley was Manding at his gate when Quarter
master lUitio approaciit'd him and commenced
a conversation with him.
Good-morniiig, Jit. a Mr. '
Bailey," suggtted the Squire.
Yes, Bailey ; good-mot n ing, Mr. kaiiey.
Morning," 'd the Squire.
"I uiidmUiid, Mr. B.nley, that yn-.i have a
number of horses and mules which you wi;i
to dispose of t our glorious Confederacy."
".Mistake, sir,"' said Bailey; "I havo none
to sell to anybody."
'But, Mr. Bailey, seme gentlemen informed
nie yesterday that you had quite a number ol
Lorses and D.ules."
'II you'll believe your eyes instead of 'some
pei.tleman,' Mr. Quurter-rnasfer, yon cm see
f ir yourself that 1 hao nothin' but thut mule
in the dog pen there, and that 1 can't possi
bly keep house without him."
"Ah I I see the mule." said Blifie looking
through the cracks. You'd be asking fifty
dollars for that mule, 1 s'posc. Well it's a
big j rice, but if you won't tako lesi I'll have
to give it. Corporal, just write a note lor fifty
'!t!;jr, pyal.f" in Florida tvimp landa at
twenty-live dollars an acre, two years alter
our glorious Confederacy achieves :w. disputed
"but, Mr. Blifie," rcmonpf rafed the S inire,
':! ou take try mule, v. y family wilt freeze
to death ; and starve to death afore ypriiii.
And if I had twenty mules i could not sell you
nM" sicli as that for les nor threo hundred in
gold, but this one I can"', spire ut no pric."
'We mnt all make, f aci i'iees. Mr. Bailey,
t-n- our glvriou: C'nfelei wry . If yen only
xceA- the sjciifioesl have siw.P, Mr- B i;.ly.
Vtie starvi-.ig Mi;d freezing of vonr wi;t and
thildren are nothing co'upari"
to tlK'-.n ; "i-i:
oi:r glorious Confederacy caiien. arid my pat
riotism responded to the call, j't.ture gener
i'iionjt will remember nn 1 liters t:s, Mr. B.vi-li-y,
and we will receive the everlasting grati
1 u 1 1 o f.f nur glorious Conli'ilt-rary. Think id
tint. Mr. Bdtley think of that."
Mr. Bi fie before Lis appointment, had been
i:'.terly penniless avl ten times as mean as he
was poor. These qualifications got him the
:q pointntetit of quartei master ; out of thi-i
!!:':; he was steal tig a fortune.
".Mr. Blifie," said the Squire, with much
reeling, "for the Lord's sake don't take my
last arthly Mippoit. Don't you see my chil
dren are alia cry in' and a carry in" on, because
thut they'll all be in their graves afore spring
if von rob me of "
"'Bob!" exclaimed Mr. Blifie fiercely.
'Don't say 'rob' again, or I'll massacre jour
wji.!e nest of traitors. It's laxanse you're an
enemy to our glorious Confederacy th.it you're
unwilling to sell the mule at a fair price. I
oughtn't to pay r.;ch as you a cent, but I'm a
a generous man, and yon ought to be tlnnk
Jnl to me. Corporal, fill up the note us I di
"Hold n minit," said the Squire. If that
p."per is what y on are goin' to give me, don't
s; ile it by writin' on it. The blank piper
Might be of a little use to me, but the writnr
on it never coul 1."
" You're .1 cursed traitor to our glorious
Confederacy," said Biifie, and he started to
Jak the uiiilo cut of the pen. Ii was hitched
with a halter, and had a broad cirsingle around
it. He liDfist'-ncd it and without deigning
another w ird to the "enemy of his gloiious
Confederacy," he was off with it to seek an
uhor farmer's stabls.
Squire Bailey looked sad a he turned to go
in the house and in the bitterness of his leel
ing 3, j fa,- forgot himself as to "d n thu glo
Snugly c( ncealed in Squire Bailey's c l-i.se t
was Jack Phillips, the up-to-everything Ohio
scout. As the Squire entered the room he
called out, "Come out Jack ; they've gone,
the infernal scoundrels have stolen my
'I told yon they would," sa'd Ja !; making
his praiance. "and if I hadn't b, formed you
lit night they'd a got all the rust of 'em that
5 f sent off."
Tint's so Jick ; but IM give a hundred
dollars to have that mule hick."
Jack looked steadily at the flra for five
"What did you say, Squire."
"I said I'd give a hundred dnlUrs to get
'bat niultj back, butl'spose three hundred
wouldn't get him.''
"I don't know." siid Jack abstractedly and
looked in the fire foi five miuutes more.
.nddiuly Jack brightened up, and said, i
"Give me the hundred dollars, Squire, and I'll
bring you your mute to-morrow night, or your
money shall be returned."
The Squire looked amazed at Jack for a
moment, but seaing that he was in earnest.,
but live double eagles in his hand. In a few
minutes Jack left the house dressed in linsuy
pants, a red warn us, and a coonskin cap.
.N'exf day, as Jack was walking leasurely up
the road, by a coincident, probaldy brought
about by himself, be met tue quarter-master
and his men returning with the proceeds of the
expedition. Jack smiled a happy smile when
he saw Bliflfj behind the rest, leading the
Squire's mule, lie walked quietly along un
til he ennui almost opposite the quartermaster,
when be darted suddenly on the side of the
road, looking ut the mule es if frightened.
'Blasted scoundrel !" exclaimed Jack.
Who ! who is a blasted scoundrel ?" asked
"Ain't that the mule old Bailey had ?"
asked Jack, moving still further out of Lis
"Yes ; but who dd you say was a blasted
scoundrel" inquired the qu irter-master very
naturally tuking all such compliments to
Why, old Bailey and the mule, too, for
that :nalt-r," said Jack.
What's the matter with the mule ?" asked
Blifie, whoso former occupation had not made
him much of a judge of live stock.
"Th.! m..tter ! Why he'll kill you afore
you get him home. You didn't pay the old
suit. L-r anything for him, did you " inquired
'Ceitainiy ; I paid two hundred and fllty
dollars for him." Tiiis is what the sacrificing
patriot intended to return him at to his glori
ous Confederacy. .
"L( rd a nieicy !" exclaimed Jack.
"But what's tho matter with him asked
Blitie, looking at the animal half frightened.
"That eie mule," replied Jack, "has kick
ed down in his time, every panel of fence on
old Bailey's place ! You found him in a pen
of bi logs didn't you "
"Yes. why ?' inquired Blifie.
"And tl.em ere logs are fastened by big iron
bolts. It's the only thing that would ever
hold him. He h is "kiile 1 all the rest of oj i
Btiley's stock, and the old rascal has k -pt
him on purpose to swindle some fellow with."
'I heard," said Blitie, th.it he used to have
'Unit's what become of it,:' said Jack.
"Didn't the children cry and didn't old Bailey
whine and carry on about losing his three hun
dred dollar mule "
"Yts, they did at a zreat rate."
"1 k;io 'd it," said Jack. "The oi l woman
spanked them children and sent them out at
the ni'ck cf time to help the old mscul in his
swindle. And to cheat our glorious Co. fed
eracy in tint mauler .' lie ought to be hung!"
and Jack winked his orl'eje.
"BuJ if he's so vicious," said BlihV, hope
fully, "how did lis get the halter and cirsingle
on him i '
Chloroform, sir, chloroform. I've actual
ly seen that mule kick his collar otj."
"And did they give him chlorolorm to get
the collar on him " asked Bliile.
"2s o !" replied Jack. "Thy put some oats
in the bottom of : oarrel, and laid the collar
across the top ; the mule run his head through
the collar to get at the oats."
"Th-j Devil !:' ejicul ited the quarter-mister.
"Yes," continued Jack, "and I sed him
kick that collar off. liver since that he kicks
every barrel to staves he eets eyes on.''
'Bui he'has seemed iiui.'t ciiouch since I've
1 leading him," interposed Bhlie.
a little in
liquor about you ?"" asked
r.iy pocket ; why do you
"Thai's what he follows yon for. and 'tis a
wonder lie h isn't eat you up body and breech
es aton; this, to get the liquor. I know'd that
mule to kick the lock oil ol old Bailey 's cellar
door mid go down thar and get as drunk as a
beast. Fact sir. That mule can kick your
hat oil", and you on hi.s buck."
" That can't bo so," said the quarter-master
"Try him," siid Jack. "I've jist got a cool
hundred dollars to give you if you'll ride him
a rod. '
By this time the qu rter-m isttir's attendants
had got out of sight, and his avaricious soul
prompted fiim to nuke an effort to get Jack's
gold, thinking ho couldn't bJ more than
throw 11 otl anyhow.
The night before this meeting Jack had
quietly stolen into the mule's stable and care
fully pdaced a leather dog collar, driven full
of pointed sparrow-lulls under tho mules cir
single, putting piece of light leather between
The points of the nails and thu mules back, so
that a moderate pressure would force them
through into the animal's hide.
Ignorant of this the greedy quarter master
moved the mule to the bank and sprang on
him just where the dog-collar was placed. J list
as he lit on the mule, his head iit on a botiluer
and he lay sprawling in the mud.
The mule siiil frantic with the pain of the
nails still sticking in his back, sprang off the
aid" of the road, knocked down a dozen pan
els of fence, and run furiously across the field
rearing, kicking, lying down and rolling over,
jumping up, and plunging about at a terrible
"I told yon so," said Jack cooly, as the
quarter-master scrambled up, rubbing his
bruised head, and brushing ut the mud on his
"lie's worsu than seven devils, aint he V
said the disenmfited qu irter-master.
"In course he is," replied Jack.
"What"!) yon give me for a chance of him,"
asked the quarter-master ns he saw another
string cf fence go down befoio the maddened
"Don't know," siid Jack "the halter might
be worth a dollar or so, if I could get close
enough to shoot him before lie tears it all to
"But whete's my horse ?" asked the quarter-master
looking around in astonishment.
"Don't" know," replied Jack; "the mule
gave him a hysto with his heels jist as ho start
ed and havn't seed tho boss since."
"I wish the devil had old "
Hello quarter-master !" shunted a man in
secesh uniform, who was coining up the road
at the top of his speed 5 "hello Mr. Quarter
master, the enemy Is corning right down on
our cimp, and the general wants you imme
diately. Our Urmy is running like all pos
s"st, and general wants you to help save tho
plunder. Ilurry back as bird as vou can run
or the enemy will be betwixt you and our
Blifie waited to hear no more, but broke for
his camp like a quarter-horse. When he ar
rived, and found that tho story was all false,
terrible was the vengeance he vowed ; but bo
fore he had time to execute his threat, Floyd's
army was in a remote part of the State.
It is hardly necessary to add, that the mes
senger w ho sent the quarter-master off so pre
cipitately was an associate of Jack's, and that
Jack had turned the ouarter-master's horse
with his head up the road, and by a sharp cut j
with a whip sent him out of sight before Blifie i
recovered from his confusion.
Squire Bailey got his mule again, little the
worse for Jack's tricks, and he isas quiet and
useful an animal as there is in all the country.
The .double eagles Jack returned with the
mule, taking the quarter-master's horse as
compensation for his services.
Jack Phillips says he would like to have an
opportunity of inquiring of the self-sacrificing
patriot of tho gloi ions Confederacy wheth
er it hurt much when the mule kicked his
INTERESTING HISTORICAL FACT.
Joshua Ii. Giddings communicates to . tba
New York Independent a very interesting his
torical fact, showing how and when the discus
sion of the property in man arose. And those
of our readers who have been wont to look
upon the venerable Blish i Whittlesey as b?y
ish in his principles involving tho anti-slavery
issues, will be surprised to learn that he, in
Congress, in IK'JS, was tho leader of those
who denied that slaves are property. Mr.
Whittlesey held tho same views upon that
question us hae been advocated by Mr. Ew
iug. Those extreme anti-slavery "men who
have fancied the idea that a person cannot be
property is an original idea with them, can
see how easy it is to be mistaken :
Mr. Giddings, in his article, says that in
1SH8 a discussion upon that question was
brought ori in the House ; and but once before
had it been presented, when, with great unan
imity, tiie principle tnat slaves are propertv
was rejected. I he case in "US arose thus: In
the war in 1811 a horse, cart and slave of Mar
tigny D'Aulerive were impressed t Xew Or
leans, the crt destroyed, the horse killed, and
the slave wounded . A claim was presented
to Congress; the committee reported in favor
of paying for the horse and cart, but as to the
slave said "the Government has not regarded
si ives as property, nor paid for them when
lost in tho public, service." Wnen the bill
came up an amendment was oilered granting
compensation for the slave.
Mr. Whittlesey, of Ohio, n member r..t!.o
committee on claims, had reported the. 1 ill,
and he was now expected to defend it and vin
dicate the action of the committee. lie wis a
lawyer of reputation, a man of facts and fig
ures, r-itl.er than a rhetorician. His indomi
table industry gave hi in no small influence
particular- in the. department of private claims.
Possessing great Integrity of character, be was
at all times unassuming, and had never aspir
ed to the position of "speaking member."
But with tvm duty was imperative, and he- did
not hesitate to meet the distinguished gentle
man w ho moved the amendment. He spoke like
a lawyer w ho had prep, .r.-d his case for the bear
ing. Avoiding all reference to fundamental
principles, h applied himself to the law of
the c ise. He g ive a succinct history of
every claim for the loss of slaves that hid
come before the committee of claims since
the adoption of the Constitution. He cite 1
e 'ery report th.it had been made either in
print or in manuscript, and showed that one
tmdevi.ititig rule had governed them all, and
that was a c jii;t.iit reject i n of every simila
claim. H'j went fuiiher back, and diowcii
tii.it during tiie Kevoliitiou, although many
slaves were lost in tiie public service, none had
been paid for. The question had only once
been presented to thy House of Bepresenta
tives. In 181'J when passing a bill to idem
tiity persons lor property lost in the public
service, a gentleman from South Carolina
moved an amendment authorizing payment
for slaves, but the proposition was rejected by
an overwhelming majority.
It was now clearly seen that serious work
was belo.-e tho House. But .Mr. Whittlesey
was sustained by Mr. McCoy, a slaveholder of
Virginia, also a member of the committee, the
only man who spoke against the amendment at
tempted in 1810. Jt was also known that Mr.
Willi mis, of North Carolina, a man of great
experience, and chairman of the committee,
concurred in the report. These circumstan
ces added much weight to the argument of
Tiie slaveholders, with above exceptions ar
gued that slaves were property, and the debate
continued with great wjimih for two weeks.
The ublest men of the nation engaged in it.
The most breathless attention was bestowed
011 every speaker. A profound interest and
even deep solemnity rested on every counte
nance, w hen suddenly John Baadolph of Vir
ginia sprang to the floor. ills effeminate
voice, now raised to its utmost volume, rang
shrilly through the hall, and pointing his long
linger toward the speaker he exclaimed, "Lex
ila acriptti est, the point of law is settled, aud
you may cant on to the end of the chapter.
Wo do not depend on your views ol humanity
orieligion; and when you deny that slaves
are our property, we shall not be found hi this
h i II, we shall be found at home, with arm in
cur hands." He proceeded to lecture South
ern members for consenting to argue thu
question, and declared it to be their true poli
cy to hold no controversy on tho subject.
This policy was supported by other niemburs,
who proclaimed the solemn determination of
the entire South not lo permit this question
to be discussed. Perhaps no incident better
illustrates the "madness of the hour" than tho
solemn assuranc-' by Mr. Drayton of South
Carolina, that when this question should be
agitated, the slave Sta'es would "consider the
voine of the Union." The vote was on the a- j
niendinent and it carried by threo votes, and 1
the bill wont to its engrossment, coming up
the next day lor final passage. Tho debate
was renewed, and a Northern member moved
the recommitment of tho bill to tho commit
tee, in order lo strike out tho amendment.
That motion carried, and the claim for that
slave was no more heard.
The United States will soon have forty-nine
Iron vessels of war, if se contracted for and
proposed are built. The Monitor is tho only
one rjow in .service.
TIIE VAE INCIDENTS AD NEWS.
BATTLE AT WINCHESTER. VA
On Saturday, the 22d, at 2 o'clock in the af
ternoon, the enemy showed themselves a milo
and half fr 0111 Winchester. The enemv con
sisted of 5lK) of Ashley's cavalry, and two guns.
They drove in the pickets, and then skirmish
ed with the Michigan cavalry, and a portion
of the .Maryland first. Gen. 'Shields brought
up his forces, and fired rounds of shell. He
drove them back, and took several prisoners.
Gen. Shields was wounded in the left arm
at the first fire, when thu enemy appeared.
Jackson had been informed by the inhabitants
that the town was deserted, and he advanced
to retake it. Shields' force slept on their
arms on Saturday night.
On Sunday morning, the 2C1, at sunrise,
Jackson being re-inforced attacked Shields
near Kearnestown, about three miles distant.
The enemy's force consisted of l.oOO of Ash
by '3 cavalry, twelve regiments of infantry and
nine pieces of artillery, with a reserve of eigh
teen pieces of artilery. The fight was kept up
till noon, when a charge was made by the Ohio
infantry. The lt Michigan and 1st Virginia
cavalry on their right drove them back half a
mile, when the enemy got their gnus in posi
tion in dense woods, Hanked by infantry,
and drove us back. An artillery en
gagement ensued, when Gen. Shields, through
Colonel Kimball, order Colonel Tyler to turn
their left flank, which was executed by our
troops but with terrible loss, the enemy being
protected by the stone ledge. The 81th Penn-
slvania and loth-Indiana then charged their
centre and the fight became general. There
was terrible slaughter on both sides. Colonel
Mui raj-, of the bith Pa., .was killed. Thoene
emy retired slowly, bunging their guns to bear
on everyopportuuitv. Our men ru-she 1 on w ith
yells, when the panic ensued. Our troops fol
lowed and drove them till dark, capturing
three guns, three caissons, muskets equip
ments, &c, inuuierable. The dead and
wounded were sent to Winchester, at noon on
the 21th. Gen. Williams, of the 1st brigade,
Colonel Donnelly, of the 20th New York,
commanding, reinforced Shields's forces.
Gen. Banks, who was on the way to Washing
ton on Sund.ij', returned and assumed com
mand. In tho meantime, Shields' division,
commanded by Col. Kimball, pursued the ene
my beyond Newton, shelling them the whole
way. Jackson's men are perfectly demoraliz
ed, and beyond control. They t: row over
board their wounded to lighten the wagons.
It is noticeable that nearly all the confederates
were woundedm the head and breast, proving
the superioi ities of our marksmen.
The details of the fight on Sundae, record
more- deeds of personal lira very and daring
than any battle fought since the commence
ment of the rebellion. Captain Shriver, Aid
aim inspector 01 lien, ci leias division, Willie
riding to the crest of the bill to the left of the
stone ledge, in company with two orderlies,
was confronted by five rebel cavalry, who
emptied their revolvers, killing the two order
lies; Capt. Shriver charged on them, running
one through to the hilt ol the sword, and re
ceiving a b. ill thrjiigh Ids cap, but he escaped
unhurt. Capt. Perkins, tho chief of General
Banks' staff, was mainly instrument il in plan
ning the attack, and performed deeds of skill
and valor. The twelve rebel regiments engag
ed were all Virginians, and one provisional
and one Irish regiment. They had the assis
tance of Ashley's cavalry, and twoeicht gun
batteries, one six gun battery, making twenty
six guns, among which were some of the cap
tured Bull K1111 pieces.' The four cobu bear
ers of theolh Oliio were successively killed,
when Capti Whitcoml) seized the colors, and
prepared, sword in hand, to defend them. He
fell with a shot through the head.
A youthful rebel fell, receiving two wounds
in the breast. When ho was approached bv
oue 01 our oiucers lie inquired it the otlicer
knew Gen. B inks. He received an ullii in itive
reply. le.Il him 1 want to fake the oath of
allegiance, said the boy, for I have three
brothers in tho Federal service and I want
them to know that I die true to the Union.
Geti. Shields' arm was badly shattered, and
owing to the imperfect setting it first received
he must undergo the painful operation of hav
ing it reset.
This morning minr of the bodies of both
the rebel and Union soldiers remained on the
field, but they have since been interned. Many
of the wounded have died since they have been
brought to this city. The ladies ar busy fur
nishing the wounded with comforts. Tho la
dies connected with the theatre, which is now
occupied as a hospital, are also assiduous in
their attendance to the sub'erers. Jt is report
ed that two sons of the late John A. Washing
ton were in Sunday's fight, and both were
wounded, while one was taken a prisoner. It
was evidently known that Jackson was ap
proaching, from the holiday attire and buoy
ancy of spirits among the mtn and women of
Secession families. Shields' command being
screened from observation on each side of the
town, lead our informants to believe that all
our -troops were evacuating, and that Jackson
would be unmolested. This evidence is from
Incident or the Wail A St Louis corre
spondent relates tho following incident which
occurred in the prion hospital at St. Louis :
A little drummer-boy wasevidentlv dvinrr. A
I lady spoke to him, asking it ho wanted any
j thing. "No," Was tho feeble answer, but
j with a wishful look at the kind face over him,
j he said his mother had sent him from Missis
1 sippi to fight and defend her home. He did
not regret it, but wanted to see bis mother.
1 He gave his name and his mother's address,
I still looking wishfully, as if there was some,
j thing on his mind. At length he said : "My
! mother is a good woman, too. She wtiuid treat
i a poor sick prisoner kindly, and if alio were
with your son, she would kiss him." "I will
; kiss you, my dear boy, for your mother," she
i said. She kissed him, anil in a few minutes
i bodied. God bless the women for tho good
! work they are doing. It makes oue think
better of our human nature to hear of tlio
work they are doing throughout tho East, in
furnishing supplies, and in tire West by their
presence and aid.
Kansas City, March 21. A skirmish oc
curred between a detachment of the 5th Kan
sas regiment and Quantrell's band, near In
dependence, on the 22d. The latter were
routed with a loss of seven killed. The Fed
eral loss is one killed. They captured eleven
j prisoners and twenty horses. The rebels had
j killed two men, and burned tho bridge across
the Little Blue on the same day. Passengers
by the Santa Fe .,tag fin nish the following:
Cot. Slough, of Colorado, had arrived at Fort
Union v ah OVJ men, marching 1G0 miles in
lour days. They intend forming a junction
with Col. Canby. Col. Canby was still at Fort
Craig 011 tlie 7th.
Nf.w Yoi?k. March 2a. The brig Yankee
Blade has arrived Pom Fort Pickens, with
dates to the 11th. The impression was that
Gen. Bragg bad left Pensacola, and parties
view ii.g the rebel batteries with glasses ss
tint the guns are turned inland , probably in
expectation of a visit from General Butier.
Four contrabands, who escaped from there,
say that there are but 8,000 troops at Pensa
cola, and t'aej" are poorly armed.
Democratic Principles. We hear a great
deal said at the present time about Democrat
ic principles- but we have as yet seen no state
ment of what those principles are supposed to
embody, and what application is proposed to
be made of them in the existing crisis. Dem
ocratic principles are praised and be-praised
by the opposition, but wo have -et seen no
line of policy marked out by those wh me so
much in love with those principles. It is true
thut they generally are engaged in a factious
opposition to the Government, but still they
claim to be loyal, and only ask for a return to
Democratic principles. We know of a Jeffer
sonitn Democracy winch was patriotic, and
embodied fuinciples 01 great value, and we
know of a Democracy which was sustained and
upheld by Buchanan, Floyd. Brecktnridge, Jefl.
Davis, Mason, and others of that class, whoso
practices and principles have culminated in
the present rebellion, but which sot id princi
ples these individmils claim who are harping
s long and loudly about Democracy, we do
I noc rcnow, iiui judging irom l lie 10:10 oj tlie'.r
j editoiials and the character of their speeches,
we should imagine that the latter would suit
I them best. We take it that at the pr-sent
time ad truly loyal men are primarily inter
ested in putting down the rebellion and pre
setving the Union. But these strenuous ad
vocates of "Democratic principles" seem to
take but little interest in these matters with
them the purumcunt consideration is to bung
us under tiie feign of Democracj" aain, for
they seaieely ever mention the rebellion. The
course of such men may he eminently conser
vative and patriotic, but we think the jjeople
will wait till a full exposition is given of what
these principles are claimed to embody before
they give their adhesion to them, as thej' will
be desirous of knowing whether the" were of
the class advocated by old hicKory Jackson
and tha sterling patriots of his school, or those
promulgated and sstuained by Davis and Floyd.
A large P Air. ok Boot.s- A country mm
recently arrived atone of our th'rdratu hotels,
late in the evnning, and inquired for a boot
jick. Boots soon appe ird with one of the cast
iron pattern. "How the duce do you suppose
I'm going to get oil my boots with that thing?"
ejacnleted the countryman.
"Boots" eyed the countrym in"s pedal ex
tremities for a few moments. and then scratch
ing Ids head said; "Datum a f re 1 he, he.yah !
j ah !" he shouted.
"What the mischief are you laughing at, you
thunder cbuid ?" demanded the country man.
"Nulliii N tiffin only I ad wise you to go to
do -crotch ob de street , an 1 dar you can pull
off "dem boots !" Yah ! yah f yah! whew!"
and the d irkev vanished.
BnoTiirR ag a inst B hot 11 nn. Paymos'er Mc
Kean Buchanan, who wis on board the United
States frigate Congress at the time of the dis
aster in Hampton Koads, in making a report
to the uepirtment says: '-Just before the
sanguinary engagement, I volunteered my
services to Lieutenant Commanding Joseph
U. Smith, for dutj- on either of the upper
decks, although the rebel steamer Merrimac
was commanded by my own brother, (Frank
lin Buchanan, late of the Washington Navj
Yard,) when I received an order to take charge
of the berth-decii division, which order I
promptly obeyed, and, thank God, I did some
service to hit beloved country."
Brown was speaking of Joe II to a frion-1
one day. and said to him : "Joe is a first-rate
fellow, but it must be confessed he has hi.s
failings. I am sorry it is so, but 1 cannot tell
a lie for any man. I love Joe, but I love the
truth more." "Mj- dear Brown," said Joe,
who overheard the remark, "I never thought
j-ou would prefer a perfect stranger to an old
The body of a middle-sized mm, s ays scien
tific authority, contains a pound of phospho
rus, which, if in a free state, and inll lined,
would bum him up and everything around
him. "Can't bo !" says a hai d shell, "for we
know lots of old bachelors and antiquated
maidens who haven't even phosphorus enough
in 'em to make a match."
The Ketiels call our iron-clad Monitor a
"Yankee cheese bok" on a raft. A. corres
pondent wonders if tiiey did not Qnd that
same cheese box" a little more mite-j- than
thejr anticipated 1
Mrs. Partington sys, "It is triumvirate and
confederate shame for the Cabinet people at
Washington to permit our men-of-war on the
I'etermic to ling that Mary Land Shore so
Undo Sam's affection for his degenerate
children of tho South is unbounded. He even
now stands ready, with open arms, to receive
them back, without money and without Price.
Why is Jeff. Davis' Message like the en
trance to Charleston harbor Because it a
bounds in shallcw passages.
Beauty can never compensate for the want
of amiability, but utniau.iity can compensate
for the want of beauty.
The village of ioonton. Morris Co., N. J.,
has sent 200 men to the war one sixth of its
Soft soap, in some slmpn pleases all ; and
generally speaking, the more lie you put into
it tho better.
A good many men are in the best health
when they aro out of spirits.
Wanted a life-boat that wiil float on the
isea cf troubles."
Wie Getting sick before a battle.
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE "J0USNAL."
Pmursnnia, Pa., March 25, 1SC2.
Dear Jocrnal: Since my last letter to yon
the 'Ides of March have ci'mo and gone, the
seasou of Spring is upon us, the logging tio
is past, the flood has come and the 'drive' is
moving, the rebellion is not et ended but the
skies are brightening, and I hope that befor
the harvest is past' the L'nion will be sived.
This period of the year biiugs to n.y memo
ry some of the sayings and doirgH that trans
pired about a j'ear ago. Then, the present re
bellion was but a small n'Ia:r in comparison to
what it is to-iay. A year since, there t roko
out a malady, disease, or disorder, ur.u :.g a
certain class here, who have always been con
sidered the flower of our town, in health, val
or, aud all the requisites that co to make t:p a.
first class A No. 1' American. Bat allot a
suc.den these voui'g men were seized
! tht ills that the huuiuii fatiiilj is heir to,' such
j as pains in the head, breast, back and limbs;
j but the most prevalent, and which most of them
I were "taken down" with, was anintncsi at the
j heart, which lasted all summer.' The M. D's
i could not arrest the progress ol the malady for
the 'books' gave them 1.0 information in rela
tion to it, therefore, was a !it ntr for some U
niversity to crack. The 'fita'i'y' raged cr.ul
the holidays, when it abated, and most 'cases
were able to go to balls and dances and hold
'high carnival' generally. As victory alter
victory was gained by the Union forces, they
got better, so muc'i so, that some of tin rn aro
on the "drive," "rifling jr.," or doirg s-.ma
of the alliiis ot the season, which M ail rigM.
as it has a tendency to mjk ii.etn lo.usi r.d
restore them to health. Tl:ey will saoti bo
themselves again, ur.Ios a caii is ma le for
more troops thut may er?;tc a rtdi; sc.
There is some cliri'ei enee of opinion herea
bouts m reference, to the Const iti.ti.-n t,f tlio
United States. Ser..e of the Solans bold that
it is merely an crtir,'.- if agree 'rant conse
quently null and vui I beciifse the Govern
ment is trying to suppress the rebellion or
what they fondly term "States rights." Some
of these expounders, no doubt, in their own
estimation, t ir exceed the great Webster. It
seems to me, that a mir.-t tnat harbored such
opinions was capable of association with that
Assembly in session near Ilarrisburg known
as an Asylum for a certain ci.i-s of person.
The late Union victories set very hard on
the friends of Jeff. Davis Co. in this neich
borhood. They are terribly chop-fallen. Tho
fight now progressing at Islam! No. Id, gires
them some relief, as they evidently hope- tho
rebels will win yet, they are doubtful of the
result, and seem to fear that Com. Foote will
make his point. Their lj.te.-t consolation i,
the hope that an Amnesty will be granted, and
that Jeff. Davis will be the first United Stt'
Senator from Mississippi. Such opinion. Ia l
mo to think, that there will soon lf a tud il
egation to the asvlum !om this eommontr.
and that tho Solon Iro n Kgyp! wil
A W0CO TO THE PJINT.
"Occasional," the coi resjx :;-lout of thu
Philadelphia Prcis, in .t recent letter, in
speaking td" thu "especial idolatry" of tlo?
"Breckinridge faction"' tor Gefi. M'C'ietun
says: "They cover G. n. McCleil.in w pht.ilso
commendation, i;sd va nit Ins high desrvmgs,
oeciusc tiiej- beiieve a i.ew opjmi t ouit 7 is hero
presented to dicidz the people and to cri'):lrrs
the President and his Cabinet. . . . "B..t
he should keep in mind tha". no man, who has
done tns part in this mighty struggle f..r free
dom, c.un ever gain by listening to, or bein
affected by, the pirtis-tui whose 'intiral lies in
i diisraccj'ul ccmpromis-: c-r a humi,'ia:ii. j.c.i ::
iri:k traiiois. There are too many bravo and
suif-sactilic;ng men engaged in that strugg'e,
( who see thai the way to the grai i'j j.;tioii id
11. .Lie ambition is by another julh), lo lender
this erlort o! the Bivckcnridg" leaders success
ful. Gen. McClellun.muat fortunate heretofore,
is still more fortunate i:i the ei-portunit v of
achieving a g rent victory over tfvj traitors now
presented to him. 11 he grasps it, lie will bo
worthy ol the gratitude of fi-i c juh? ryrnen.
But no man. not evep Washington himself,
could succeed if he permitted .himself to yield
to partisans whose otject is to tin n this war to
the base purpose ol defeating a just Adminis
tration, or of bringing b -cii into power t!.
pro-slavery authors of the present wi.r. We
car,not too sedulouslj- keep, in view that the so
partisans look to the recovery of Federal pow
er for one or for tiie other of tin-so purposes.
Their programme is already laid down. It 1
written in all their resolutions, speeches, and
editorials. Concealed tut re:l simnuthy for t'-.t
traitors, attacks upon Mr. Liw'a ait hi
friends, hostility to tki war tax, exaggeration
of the w. r de! I, and viisrercicnijtton'i cf jti tht
legislation cf the present Congress, coasii'.'t'c
their programme. No successful bolJur of
this great contest lor human freedom and for
constitutional supremacj-, will ever hearken
to the counsels or the praise of such discon
tents without doing injustice to his country
and in3icting eternal di.-gracu upon himself.
Tlie brave men in our army and ravy, lead
ers and followers, cannot be Oiveited from the
issue involved in the war by tho assaults of tho
sympathizers with Secession upon "Black Re
publicans" and "Abolitionists." Say what
you pleaso against ibo I nter, ail their instinct,
and interests ore indissolublv identified witij
the triumph of our arrjs. la a! they did noi
precijotale the conflict, is established by ten
thousand evidences, the most au' horitativf
being that of the traitors themselves, wb'
thirsted for strife, and rejected comproruis-s
beciue th y beliovi d war would result in ti.eir
own independence. Tho Republican (for
there are comparatively few Abolitionists a
inang the Ilepublicans ) tnnj' sometimes go t
extremes, equally 111 their remedies for t';.
rebellion as m their ciitscisms upon our mili
tary leaders. But those who denounce them,
and labor to invoke Democratic j-rejnJ ict-B
aginst them, because the liepublicaus 1nn.inil
unforgiving rigor against the traitors, nnd also
because they insist that our military leader
shall not treat these traitors as if they f..I
simply offended against some civil stntute or
social law, should keep in mind the tact thit,
wild and vicious as tho Republicans may bavw
been or are, thug hice not io'ight th? life of this
Government, asimsiivitei i't ablest dfewler
and invoked agams.' it the hihoii and nameless
auxilaries of sacagi warfare. As pirtisan.
the Republicans may bo criticised; but be who
attempts to defeat them by concerting with
the sympathizers with Secession, and by look
ing forward to a shameless conce'sbm t tb
destruj-er of thousands of valustdb tlr, will
be wotuUy mistaken.