Newspaper Page Text
BY S. J. KOW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 18G2.
VOL. S.-WO. 2-5.
WE WEBB BOYS TOGETHEB.
Ye were boys together,
And never can for- ,
The school house mid the heather,
In childhood where we met
The humble home, to memory dear ;
IU orrow nd its joys,
When woke the transient smile or tear
When you and I were boys.
We were youths together,
And castles built in air ;
Tour heart was like a feather.
And mine weigh'd down with care,
To you came wealth with manhood's primo,
To me it brought alloys
Foreshadow'd in the primrose time
When you and I were boys. .
We're old men together ;
The friends we loved of yore,
'With leaves of autumn weather,
Are gone for evermore,
llow blegs'd to age the impulse given
The hope time ne'er destroys '
Which led our tho'ts from earth to heaven,
When you and I were boys.
THE TRUE BASIS.
The following article is copied from tho
Continental Monthly ot February: "Never at
any stage ot American history was tliero such
a crisis ol ideas as at present, and never was
there such urgent necessity of setting prompt
ly, vigorously and clearly before the people
the great and new principles which this crisis
is bringing to life. So vast are the issues in
volved, so tremendous their inevitable conse
quences, that we acquit of exaggeration the
statesman who, in comparing, even tho grad
ual unfolding of the might'' past with this our
present, exclaimed, "Now is the first of the
The reader Is doubtless perfectly familiar
with the fact that in the battle between the
North and the South two opposite principles
are involved, the same which have been at
the bottom of all wars for freedom, from the
begining f time. The one party believes
that one portion of society must flourish at
the expense of another part, of a permanently
sunken class ; while the other holds that his
tory proves that the lot of all persons in a
commonwealth is capable of being gradually
ameliorated, and that iu any case it is our sa
cred duty to legislate for the poor, on this
basis, by allowing them equal rights, and mak
ing every exertion to extend the best blessings
ot education to them, and open to every mau,
without distinction, every avenue of employ
ment for which be is qualified.
The Northern party, or that of equal rights
and free labor, like their predecessors, hold
many ideas which coming years will see real
ized, for as has always been the case in these
contests science and learning are always on the
liberal side. By a strange accident, for the
first time almost in the history, tho Republi
can party is for once in its constituted rights,
on its own ground, while the feudal or conser
vative wing form the aggressors. As of old,
too, the Southern conservatives are enforcing
theories once the property of their foes, who
have now advanced to broader, nobler and
more gloriously liberal views.
For instance, the men of the South believe
that labor and capital are still antagonisms.
Now it is true enough that they once were,
ami that when the people in different ages first
began to rebel against their hereditary tyrants,
the workman was only a serf to his capitalist
employer. That was tho age when dema
gogues flourished by setting "the poor" a
gainst "the rich." A painful sickening series
of wars it was, ending too often by labor's
killing itself with its adversary. Then, a foul,
false "democracy" was evolved, which was
virtually a rank aristocracy, not of nobility,
but of those who could wheedle the poor into
supporting them. Such was the history ot
nearly all "radicalism" and "democracy" from
the days of Cleon and Alcibiades down to the
But the enormous developments of science
and of industry have of late years opened
newer and broader views to the world. As
capital had progressed in its action it is seen
that at every step labor is becoming slowly,
but surely, as Heaven's law identified with it
The harmony of interests is now no longer a
vague Fourieristic notion, tor nothing is
plainer than that the more the operative be
comes interested in the success of the enter
prise which employs him, the better is it for
him and it. And all toorfc in it the owner
aid the employee. But then, we are told
that "the owner gets the profits." Does be ?
Sum up the companies and capitalists who
have failed during tho past decade, compare
what they have lost with what they have paid
their workmen, and then see who have really
pocketed the money, and whether ou the
whole the capitalists have been more than
properly repaid for their risks, and wear and
tear ot brains. To be sure wo are yet far from
having realized a regularly arranged harmony
tr interests. But 1 see that here even in this
New England, there is nothing which the
great and most intelligent capitalists desire
moro than this harmony, or a syste m in which
every man's brains and labor shall bo proper
ly and abundantly remunerated since they
ec (as all must see who reflect) that the near
er we approach such practical adjustment of
forces, the less liable will they be to fail. And
heworld,as it has reflected that labor has flour
ished among barren rocks, covering 'them
ith smiling villages, under the fostering care
,f capital, when fertile Southern lands are a
wilderness for want of harmony between it
nd capital, has concluded that the old battle
between rich and poor was a folly. The ob
scure hamlets of New England, which have
within thirty years become beautiful towns,
ith lyceunis, libraries, and schools, are the
Kost striking examples on earth of the arrant
folly of this gabble of "capital as opposed to
to labor." In the South, however, the old
theory is held as firmly as in the days when
John Randolph prophesied Northern insurrec
tions of starving factory-slaves against munu
'acturiog lords, and as President Lincoln
Seemly intimated in his Message the effort
there being made to formally enslave labor
,0 capital. That is to say, the South not only
Jberes to the obsolete theory that labor is a
,0e to capital, but proposes to subdue it to
the latter. The progress of free labor in tho
orth is, however, a constantly increasing
Proof that labor is capital.
Let the reader carefully digest this state
ment, and regard it not as an abstraction of
political economy, but setting forth a vital
truth intimately allied to' our closest interests,
nl to a future involving the most serious e
n)enrencip Wp t & rrlaii which de
mands a new iuflux of political thought and. J
new principles. Our Revolution, with its
Constitution, was such an epoch; so too was
the old strife between Federalism and Democ
racy, in which both sides contended for what
were their rights. Since those days we have
gone further, and the present struggle, pre
cipitated by the mandness and folly of the
South, sees those who understand the great
and glorious question of free labor with its
affinities to capital, endeavoring to prepare the
way for a grand coming North American
Union, in which poor and lich hand in hand
shall press on, extending civilization, and
crushing to tho ground all obsolete dema
gogueism, corruption, and folly.
It is time that the word "radical" were ex
punged from our political dictionary. Under
the old system of warfare men were regarded
as being divided into the "poor," who were
Tut," of capital, and the rich who were "in."
The progress of good, honest, unflinching la
bor is causing men to look higher than these
old limitation. We want no "outs" or "ins"
in this country every man should bo "iD,"
givng heart and soul to honest industry. And
no man or womau who can work is without
capital, for ever)' such person is a capital in
self. When politics are devoted, as they
must be, to extending education and protect
ing industry, we shall hear no more of these
absurd quarrels between the "conservative,'
and "radical" elements.
When the government shall have triumphed
in this great struggle, when the South, with
its obsolete theories of the supremacy of capi
tal over labor, shall have yielded to the great
advancing truth of the age, when free labor,
rendered freer and nobler than ever, shall rule
all powerful from ocean to ocean, then we
shall see this great American republic restor
ed to its original strength and beauty, pro
gressing in the path laid down by our Revo
lutionary foretathers, anil stripped of the cruel
impediments which have clogged its course
for years, proving to the world the great as
sertion of all time, that man is capable of self
government. It is this which lies before us.
neither a gloomy "conservative" prospect
of old-fashioned unchangeability, and still less
the gorgeous but preposterous dreams of Fou
rierite or other socialist; but simply the
healthy future of a hard-working country, in
which every impediment shall be removed
from free labor and its every right respected.
And to bring this to pass there is but one first
step required. Push on the war, support the
Administration, triumph ot any risk or cost,
and then make of this America one great free
land. Freedom! In hoc signo vinces. t
Delaware for Freedom. A bill is to be
introduced into the Legislature of Delaware
to abolish slavery in that State. By this bill
it is provided that all slaves over thirty-five
years of age shall be lreed within ninety days
after it becomes law ; all under thirty-five
shall become free or reaching that age ; all
males borne after the bill becomes law are to
be slaves till they are twenty-one, and females
till they are eighteen ; and all slavery is to
cease after January 1st, 1872. These provis
ions are made conditional upon this, that
"Congress will, at its present session, engage
to pay to the State of Delaware, in bonds of
the United States, bearing interest at the rate
of sir per centum per annum, the sum of
5900,000, in ten annual instalments $90,000
to be payable on some day before the first day
of September, 1862, to establish a fund for
securing full and fair compensation to the
owners of slaves who shall have been divested
of their property by force of the act in ques
tion." Delaware has, according fo tho census of
1860, eighteen hundred and five slaves, and
the sum asked of Congress for their gradual
emancipation amounts to five hundred dollars
a head, which is a fair price. The Wilmington
Republican says that many of the largest slave
holders are in favor of this bill, and that
"many of the slaveholders would gladly ex
change their slaves for money, which they
could use in payment for their lands and con
If this measure comes up before Congress
for its response, we hope that body will mako
it a condition to tho national assistance that
the State of Delaware shall engage itself to
provide by sufficient laws for the rights of the
freed men, and also for their education.
A whirlpool some three hundred and sixty
feet in diameter, has been formed in the sea
near Terre del Greco, by the late eruption of
Vesuvius. The sounding gave twenty-three
fathoms of water, and the plummet brought
up sulphur. From a part of the circumfer
ence, a tail, so to call it, about sixty feet in
width, runs away in the direction of Sorrento,
and is of a beautiful light green color. All
the water here was tepid, had a strong sul
phureous smell, and many fish have been de
stroyed. The eruption of Vesuvius appears
to be increasing at latest dates instead ot sub
siding. There are eleven craters above Terre
del Greco, all emitting sulphureous vapors,
and the largest is from seventy to eighty feet
deep and one hundred feet wide. From this
point, after heavy rumblings and heaving of
the surface, the ground was split open and a
fiery fissure was made almost to the outskirts
of the city, through which the dread nnseen
power passed, opening the streets and laying
bare some parts of the former buried town,
and then running into the sea. Strangers are
coming from all parts of Europe to Naples, to
behold Vesuius in its glorious burning and
The Beaufort spoken of in connection with
the Burnside Expedition, is a smalltown of
about 2,000 inhabitants, in Cateret county, on
tho southern coast of North Carolina, eleven
miles northward of Cape Lookout, and one
hundred sixty-eight miles south-east of Ral
eigh. Like Beaufort in South Carolina,' it
has a safe and a spacious harbor, admitting
vessels requiring fourteen feet of water, and is
a place of considerable commerce. It has a
good railroad connection with Newbern, and
hence with Goldsboro' and the North Caroli
na system of railroads.
Words of Wisdom. The following extract
from a speech of Pericles, of ancient Grecian
renown, on the defection of Eucoba and Me
gars: contains much truth in a small compass.
It is peculiarly appropriate to the present time.
He says : "No State can be respected if frag
ment after fragment may I e detached from it
with impunity ; if traitors are permitted to
delude and discompose the contented and to
seduce the ignorant from their allegiance ; if
loyalty is a weakness, sedition a duty, con
spiracy wisdom, and rebellion heroism."
Awfcl Mismanagement. It is not extraord
inary that great mistakes should be made in
preparing for so gigantic a war at such short
notice. Our people were all new to this work,
and had to learn, as other nations have done,
in the dear school of experience. We are
sorry to say we are not learning very fast, but
it is to be hopped that the terrible leaks in
the Treasury will soon be stopped. A Wash
ington letter speaks of the extraordinary fact
that double the amount of cavalry was order
ed and mustered in, that the force is to be re
duced from 80,000 to 50,000! The recom
mendation for this step has already been
made by General Stoneman, chief of cavalry,
to Secretary Stanton. The 30,000 horses
thus dispensed with have cost -the Govern
ment $3,570,000, exclusive of their forage
since they were bought. If every one of these
animals had.to be shot through the head, and
all the saddles, bridles, shoes, holsters, sabres,
lances, revolvers and carbines, which their
purchase has made necessary, had to be piled
up for a bonfire, the disbanding of the whole
would be an act of economy. Such frightful
gaps as they are eating into the Treasury
were never before seen in that gaping institu
tion. BI u It i ply the sorrows of Mr. Sparrow
grass, after he had bought the horse from "the
man's brother," by 30,000, and th : national
perplexity may be understood. Perhaps the
tribe of jobbers will make more money in sell
ing oO the stock, than they did in buying it,
but the Government must be the gainer in ny
event. Can anything be conceived of, more
utterly profligate than this waste of public
money 1 If the Secretary of War had taken
the three and a half millions, and all that it
has sinco cost to feod and transport the drove,
and thrown the whole sum into the deepest
part of the Potomac, it would have been a
better disposition of the money, for in that
case no one would have been corrupted by
handling it. Casuists may find an equally
brilliant operation in the purchase of $40,000
worth of pig iron for ballast lor a portion of
the Burnside fleet, which loaded down the
respective vessels so that they could not get
over the "swash," and compelled the crews to
throw the iron overboard in the shallowest
parts of tho channel, thereby still farther ob
Vegitable Socp for Pigs. Many plans
have been adopted in England to promote the
economical feeding or grazing ot store-pigs.
The great barrier has been the expense. It
has been highly reccommended, and in many
cases tried extensively, to keep store-pigs on
a kind of vegitable soup throughout the sum
mer. The plan followed is to collect any re
fuse vegitation, including weeds ot all sorts ;
to boil them a short time to extract their vir
tues, and then mix into the liquid a very small
quantity ot meal or shorts, and give this, as
required, to the pigs in an open yard er pad
dock. They will thrive very well upon it,
but the collection and boiling for a large num
ber is tiresome and expensive. Another and
better plan is to reserve as much ot the mangel
wurzel crop as can be well spared, and give a
few every day in addition to the day's grazing.
Another is to provide a supply of the artificial
grasses, which are mown and carried to them
daily ; lucerne, broad clover, and sainfoin are
good food for them ; but tares and pasture
grasses are too succulent, and require a little
correction in the form of pea or bean-meal
porridge; indeed, this is always desirable
under vegitable diet of this character. An
other plan, recommended in Morton's "Cyclo
pedia of Agriculture," is to have plantations
of Jerusalem artichoke, chicory, comfrey,
rhubarb, as also large supplies of cabbage,
coleseed, mustard, lettuce, and the like.
These plants produce a large quantity of green
food, most of which are well relished by the
pig. Jerusalem artichokes and rough comfrey
grow very fast in early spring and yield much
weight of herbage. Chicory and rhubarb
yield surprisingly, so do also cole-seed, mus
tard, and lettuce. Cabbage requires more
attention and culture, but it becomes the more
stable food. These, if cultivated extensively,
and given in conjunction with meal-porridge,
will provide, it is said, acceptable and nutri
tious food for any number of pigs, and at a
season of the year when most needed.
Yocno Ladies. Did yon ever think what a
contrast tlrere is between the young lady of to
day and one of fifty, or even a score of years
ago? Then a lady was one who could take
care of herself could sing in plain, musical
English, wash, bake and cook all kinds of
food, milk a cow, if necessary, and make her
self useful generally. If she did not she was
called lazy that uas all there was about it.
But now we have no lazy women they are all
delicate. The modern young lady is a strange
compound of dress and nerves by which we
mean those "exquisite susceptibilities" which
cause her to shudder when she sees a wash
tub and scream at the sight of a cow. She is
a living image made to be waited upon. She
sings "divinely" and "exquisitly," but neith
er one of these affects you as the jabbering of
a North American Indian, for it is not halt so
intelligible. She lounges about in the morn
ing, crochets or embroiders a little, then
dresses herself up and promenades for the ben
efit of some "genteel exquisite." Thus pass
her days. Now you needn't tell me that old
bachelors are forever harping on women's
faults that we do not find any such ladies
that they are the same now they always were.
It is no such a thing. It is an uncommon
thing to find a lady now-a-days that half pays
for the food she eats. Sbo is nothing but a
bill of expense to her father, and a larger one
to her husband, for he not only has her to
support, but one or two hired girls to wait up
on her also. My advise to every yourfg man
is to beware of a fashionable young lady.
Never marry the girl who sits in the parlor
while her mother stands in the kitchen. It
Horse Disease in California. A fatal
disease has made its appearance among the
horses in California, Last year, David Spear,
ot Monterey, lost one hundred and fifty head.
It attacked the horses at the latter end of the
dry season, when grazing on bottom land. It
first shows itself in the animals throwing out
the head, with the body much drawn up, and
the hind legs drawn forward staggering about
for several days, refusing food till it falls
down, and writhes in pain till death occurs
after two or three days. Post mortem exami
nation fails to throw light on the cause.
A rebel captain lately arrested over the Po
tomac, said to one of our officers, "You are
whipping us as fast as you can by lying still."
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE TIMES.
Chronology of the Bebellion, &c
Acg. 30th Maj. Gen. Fremont issued a
proclamation declaring martial law through
out the State of Missouri, and also declaring
that the property of the rebels in the State
should be confiscated, their slaves set free,
and themselves, if found guilty by a court
September 1st, 1801 Fight at Boone Court
House, Va. ; rebels routed, heir loss 30 ; the
village burned A fight at Bennett's Mills
2d Kentucky Legislature met ; Senate, 27
Union, 11 Secession; House, 76 Union, 24
Secession The Secretary of the Treasury is
sued an appeal to the people of the Union for
a National Loan.
3d The passenger express tnin on the
Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was thrown
into the Platte river, the timbers of the bridge
across the stream were burned nearly through
by the rebels ; 17 killed, and 60 wounded
News received of the wreck of the privateer
Jeff Davis, on the coast of Florida.
5th The city of Columbus, Ky., was taken
possession of by rebel troops.
6th The city of Paducah, Ky., occupied by
a strong force of Union troops.
9th 146 Union prisoners taken by the rebels
at Bull Run were sent from Richmond to Cas
tle Piuckuey, in Charlestou harbor Two of
the Mississippi gun boats attacked and silenced
a rebel battery at Lucas Bend, and disabled 2
10th Battle of Carnifex Ferry, Va., Gen.
Rosencranz defeated the rebels under Floyd ;
Union loss 15 killed, 80 wounded; rebel loss
11th Skirmish at Lewinsville, Va., rebels
driven back with haavy loss ; Union loss 6
killed, 3 wounded The President wrote to
Gen. Fremont, requesting him to modify the
clause in relatron to slaves in his proclamation
so as to conform with the act of Congress con
fiscating rebel property.
12th Fight at Cheat Mountain, Va., rebel
Col. John A. Washington, proprietor of Mount
Vernon, killed ; rebel loss 40, Union loss 10
A party under Lieut. Shipley, from Fort
Pickens, succeeded in burning and totally de
stroying the United States floating dry-dock
at Pensacola Navy Yard, w hich was in posses
sion of the rebels.
13tb About 1,000 rebels attacked Boone
ville, Mo., which was defended by a small party
of Home Guards ; the rebels were repulsed
13 members of the Maryland Legislature, two
editors of secession papers, one member of
Cougress, and the Gubernatorial candidate of
the secession party, were arrested in Balti
14th Privateer Judith destroyed at Pensa
cola, by a boat expedition of 85 men from the
15th 450 rebels attacked the 28th Pennsyl
vania regiment, near Darnestown, Md., and
were tepulsed, with a loss ot 8 or 10 killed ;
Union loss 1 killed.
I6th Ship Island, lying near the coast of
Mississippi, in the Gulf of Mexico, was evacu
ated by the rebels, and occupied by Union
forces Camp Talbot, Missouri, was captured
by Union troops Rebels under Gen. Price,
commenced the bombardment of Lexington,
17th Bridge broke on the Ohio and Missis
sippi railroad, and 26 of the Illinois 19th were
killed, aud 112 wounded Skirmish at Blue
Mills Landing, Mo. Skirmish at Mariatown,
Mo., rebels lost 7 killed.
lSih Col. Frank P. Blair arrested by Gen.
Fremont Maryland Legislature closed by the
Provost Marshal; all the secession members
arrested and sent toFortMcHenry The banks
of New Orleans suspend specie payments.
19th Ex-Governor Moorhead and others in
Louisville, arrested for treason.
20th Surrender of Col. Mulligan, at Lex
ington, Mo., after four days' struggle with
2,500 men against 26,000 rebels under Gen.
Price. Union loss 39 killed, 120 wounded ;
rebel loss 1400 killed and wounded Gen.
Robert Anderson took command of the Union
force in Kentucky.
2lst John C.Breckinridge fled from Frank
fort, Ky., and openly joined the rebels Gen.
Lane's command surprised a superior force of
rebels at Papinsville, Mo., and after a severe
fight routed them.
22d Four rebels were killed during a skir
mish at Ellicot's Mills, Ky.
24tb Count de Paris and Due de Chartres
entered the service as aids to Gen. McClellan
Grand review of troops at Washington
Romney, Va., stormed by 1800 Union troops,
which caused the rebels, 700 strong, to retreat
to the mountains.
25th Frank Blair released from arrest ; he
demands a trial Gen. Prentis took command
at St. Joseph.
2Gth In accordance with the recommenda
tion of the President of the United States,
this day was observed as a National fast day.
27th Gen. Fremont with an expedition em
bracing 1500 men, left St. Louis in 15 steam
ers, bound up the Missouri river.
28th Mui.son's Hill, Upton's Hill, and
Falls Church, were again occupied by Union
29th Baker's California regiment and Bax
ter's Philadelphia Volunteers, in the fog, mis
took each other for rebels, near Falls Church,
and fired killing 15 and wounding 30.
October 1st 1861 Propeller Fanny taken
by the rebels at Cbicamacomico, N. C, sever
al prisoners taken Rebel camp broken up at
2d Fight at Chapmansville, Va., rebels lost
60 killed and 90 prisoners ; were attacked
again on their retreat and lost 40.
3d Battle of Greenbrier, Va., rebels de
feated with considerable loss ; Union loss
slight The rebels were forced to evacuate
4th Rebels under Col. Bartow, attack tho
20th Indiana near II at t eras ; narrow escape of
5th Steamer Monticello shelled the rebel
troops under Bartow, and drpve them to their
boats, the slaughter among them was terrific.
6th Skirmish at Flemington, Ky. Home
Gnard defeated the rebels.
7th Gen. Sherman assumed command of
the Union forces in Kentucky, relieving Gen.
9th Attack upon Wilson's Zonaves at San
ta Rosa Island by 1,500 rebels. The Zouaves,
with help from Fort Pickens, defeated the
rebels, killing and wounding a great number.
Union loss 13 killed and 21 wounded Ad
vance of the Union lines beyond tfce Potomac.
10thFurther advance of the Union out
posts near Washington.
11th Rebel steamer Nashville escaped from
Charleston Missouri State convention met
The steamer Union, went into Quantico creek
Va., under cover of nisht, and burned a rebel
schooner Marshal Kane sent to Fort La
fayette. 12th Rebels advance in force toward Pros
pect Hill, but retreat on finding Gen. McCall
ready for battle Interview between Secretary
Cameron and Gen. Fremont Attempt to burn
the blockading fleet at the mouth of the Missis
sippi ; tke rebel "ram" disabled.
13th Skirmishers at Beckwith and Tavern
Creek, Mo., many rebels taken.
14th Secretary Seward's circular to Gov
ernors of States issued, advising sea-coast and
15th Jeff Thompson captured 50 Union
troops at Potosi, Mo. Three steamers, sent
from New York in pursuit of the Nashville
Battle of Linn creek, Mo., ,the rebels were
16th Recapture of Lexington, Mo., by a
small Union force under Major White Col.
Geary routed the rebels at Bolivar, near Har
per's Ferry Skirmish at Ironton, Mo., rebels
defeated and lost 36; Union loss 11.
17th The rebel army retired to Fairfax
Court IIouse,Virginia, and also from Leesburg,
18th The Pacific telegraph line was com
pleted in its western course as far as to Salt
19th Col. Morgan, with 220 men and two
pieces of artillery, had a fight with 400 rebels,
at Big Hurricane creek, Carroll county, Mo.,
and routed them.
21st Battle of Edwards Ferry. A part of
Stone's division of 1,S00 men uuder Gen.
Baker, were attacked by 4,000 rebels during
a reconnoissance on the Potoiuac. After a
fierce contest, the Union men were driven back
and recrossed the river in confusion, a great
number being drowned. Senator Baker was
killed while leading the California brigade.
The Union loss was heavy, reaching in all sev
eral hundred. The rebels also lost heavily
Battle of Wild Cat, Ky., the rebels under Zol
licorfer defeated by Gen. Schoepf ; an impor
tant Union victory Battle of Fredericktohn,
Mo., rebels under Jeff Thompson
Lowe defeated, and Lowe killed
200 to 300, Union loss 30.
22d Rebel camp at Bufialo Mills, Mo., bro
ken up, 17 killed and 90 prisoners taken by
the Union troops.
23d The President suspended the writ of
habens corpus in the District of Columbia in
all military cases.
24tb The western section of the California
telegraph connected with the eastern section
at Salt Lake City, thus completing the line
between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
25th Rebels routed at Romney, Va., and
many prisoners taken by Gen. Kelly; the reb
els retreat to Winchester.
26th Gallant charge of Major Zagonyi.with
a portion of Fremont's bodyguard, 300 strong,
through a rebel force of 2,000 at Spr'ngfield,
Mo.; the rebels signally defeated, and many
of them killed, the Union loss was about 15
28th Gen. Lane captured a rebel transpor
tation train, near Butler, Mo.
29th Great naval expedition sailed from
Fortress Monroe, Com. Dupont in command ;
land force under Gen. Sherman ; about 80 ves
sels and 15,000 men.
30th The State prisoners sent from Fort
Lafayette, to Fort Warren, Boston.
31st About 300 rebels made an attack upon
the Union camp at Morgantown, Ky., but
November 1st 1861 Lieut.-Gen. W infield
Scott, Commander of the U. S. Army, at his
own request was placed, by the President, on
the retired list of army offi -ers Gen. McClel
lan appointed, by the President, to command
of the armies, In place of Gen. Scott The
rebels under Floyd, attempt to capture Rosen
crantz's army at Gauley Bridge, Va., but fail,
and Floyd only saved himself by a precipitate
2d Maj. Gen. Fremont removed from his
command. lie returns to St. Louis, where he
is enthusiastically received Rebel steamer
Bermuda runs the Savannah blockade Skir
mi.hes took place at Leavenworth, Kansas,
Platte city, Mo., and Prestonburg, Ky., in all
of which the rebels were routed.
3d Rising of Union men in East Tennessee
who burn or break down several important rail
4th 25 of the vessels of the great expedition
anchored off Port Royal harbor, S. C.
6th A Union force 3,500 under Gen.jGrant
left Cairo, in four steamers and two gun boats
for a reconnoissance down the Mississippi.
7th The Union fleet, under Com. Dupont,
capture Forts Walker and Beauregard at Port
Royal entrance, take the the town of Beaufort
and command Hilton Island and the harbor.
Union loss 8 killed, 6 wounded, rebel loss un
known, but Urge.
8th Battle of Belmont, Mo., where, a sharp
contest ol 6 hours ensued, the Union troops,
under Gen. Grant, succeeded in destroying
the camp, captured a rebel battery of 6 guns,
and took 130 prisoners. Fearing secession re
inforcements, tbey concluded to tetireto their
boats, but were met by a large rebel force from
Columbus, Ky., and the fighting was renewed
with great slaughter on both sides. The
Union forces succeeded in getting on board
their steamers, their retreat being covered by
the gun boats.
6th Gen. Ilallcck was ordered to take com
mand of the Department of the West Gen.
Buell was assigned to the command of the
Department of Kentucky.
10th Rebel foray upon Gnyandotte, with
the intention of slaughtering the Union men,
but the rebels were driven off and the village
burned Fight in Kanawha Valley, Va., the
rebels fled, and were pursued by the Union
forces 25 wiles.
11th Skirmish near Kansas City, rebels
12th Keconnoissance.in force from Alex
andria to Occoquan river, no rebels discovered
Gen. Fremout's staff dismissed.
13 The Unionists in East Tennessee burnt
the Cumberland river railroad bridge.
15th Frigate San Jacinto arrived at Fort
ress Monroe, bringing Mason and Slidell, reb
el commissioners to Europe, as prisoners,
Com. Wilkes having taken them from the
English mail steamer. Trent, in tho Bahama
16th 50 wagons and 500 head of cattle, un
protected, were captured by the rebels in Cass
county. Ho. A fcragisg jarty of 52 wero
surrounded and captured by the rebels near
17th A party of Union soldiers recaptured
nearly all tho wagons and cattle that were
seized by the rebels in Cass county, Mo.
18th Rebels in Accotuac and Northampton
counties, Va., disbanded and Union troops
take possession of the Peninsula. Rebel Con
gress met A convention of delegates repre
senting 45 counties in North Carolina, met at
Hatteras, and adopted an ordinance favorable
to the Union cause.
TO BE COSTTNTED.
A Good Joke all Around. There is a quaint
humor attached to somebody connected with
The Rochester Kxpress, that breaKs out in spots
occasionally in that sheet, as witness the fol
lowing : "A gentleman (whose name we sup
press for "obvious reasons,'") while returning
home with his family purchases on Saturday
evening, stepped into an oyster saloon on Main
Street, to refresh himself with a stew. While
thus engaged, a lriend who had followed him
in absti acted from his groceries a package
containing a pound of ground coffee, and hav
ing emptied it, refilled the paper with saw
dust, and restored it to its original place. The)
mistake was cot discovered until the following
morning, when the wife of the injured man
prepared his breakfast. Laboring under the
misapprehension that the grocer had swindled
him, the husband returned the saw-dust in thf
morning, and indignantly demanded,and finally
received, its equivalent in Old Java. The
unhappy grocer, who is notoriously subject 'to
fits of "absent miudedriess,-" declared most
solemnly that it was unintentional, and that
really, it whs a little the worst mistake he ever
committed ! What renders this transaction
still more perplexing is,' that "for the life of
him he can't remember where he cot the saw
dust." Not to be Outdone. Oiie of the zealous
chaplains of tl.e army of the Potomac called
on a colonel noted for his profanity, in order
to talk about the religious interests of bis men.
Ile'was politely received and beckoned to a
seat on a chest. Colonel,' said be, 'you have
one of the finest regiments in the array.' I
think so,' replied the Colonel. Doyou think
you pay sufficient attention to the religious
instructon of your men?' WeII, I don't
know,' replied the Colonel. A iively interest
has been awakened in the Regiment; the
Lord has blessed the labors of bis' servants,
and. ten men have already been baptized,' said
the chaplain. (Wiis was a rival regiment.)
'Is that so, pon honor?' asced the Colonel.
Yes, sir.' 'Sergeant.' said the Colonel to an
attending orderly, 'have fifteen men detailed
immediately to be baptized. I'll be d d if
I'll be outdone in any respect !' The chap
lain took a note of the interview and with
drew. A Stort on McClellan. The Washington
wags have got up a new "plan,' w hich they
dub "McClellans." It is somewhat as follows :
That McClellan is ivaitingfor the Chinese popu
lation of California to increase to such a vast
number that they will be able to cross the
Rocky Mountains and bring up his right wing,
by which- time the Russian Possessions and
Greenland will have a redundant population,
which can be drafted 'down to the support of
the grand left wing of the Union army and
that when these great events take place, tho
war will commence in earnest ! This is tho
hotel-joke jdst now, and even McClellan list
ened to it the other day with good-natured
Terrible Accident. On lastFriday evening,
as several men were engaged taking down a
rock which apparently was loose in the top of
the mines of the Short 'Mountain Coal Compa
ny, near Lykenstown, Dauphin county, a large
rock about fifteen yatds long suddenly fell,
instantly killing John McCaw and severely in
juring four or five others. One man, by the
name of Robinson, had his arm crushed to a
jelly; another, named Myers," had his boot
cut entirely off his foot. McCaw was on his
way home, and as he passed the fatal spot he
volunteered assistance, and had scarcely com
menced work when the rocK fell upon him.
A Fichting Ml'skrat. A gentleman named
Ulrich, while walking aloiig tiie Union canal,
in Swatara township, Dauphin county, relates
that he saw and attacked a muskrat, which,
upon being kicked, immediately made battle
like a savage dog, jumping at bis throat sev
eral times, and tearing his vest and coat.
After retreating some, distance, Mr. Ulrich
got bold of a stick and killed the gritty little
A 'dispatch from San Francisco gives what
purports to be a piece of news from Mexico to
the effect that, previous to January 26, a great
Tattle was fought at the National Bridge, near
Vera Cruz, and the Spanish were defeated,
after a fight of five hours. As we have had
later Mexican dates without hearing a word of
this, we can but consider that the whole tale
More Big GdNS. It is said that Fortress
Monroe is to be immediately strengthened by
the addition at the heaviest columbiads and
Dahlgrens, interspersed with superior heavy
rifled guns, to its already effective armament
so that if foreign powers should attempt to dic
tate terms for Hie settlement of onr present
troubles,tbey will meet a warm reception there.
Resolutions have been introduced in the
Maryland Legislature, calling npon Senators
Pearce and Kennedy1 tq resign, on the ground
that their sentiments are in direct opposition
to the settled views of the State.
A Dublin journal observes that a handbill
announcing a political meeting in that city,
states, with boundless liberality,' that "the
ladies, without distinction of sex, are invited
California bas officially telegraphed to the
United States Treasury Department that the
State government has assumed the payment
of the California apportionment of the National
What an amount of American History our
grandchildren will have to read and study. It
is quite a consolation to think we were before
the additional brain tax will be imposed.
"Mother, the end of the world is coming ?"
"What makes you thiDk so, child ?" "Cos
ttera trowsers what yoa said ud nvr wear
out fcas a tafia big fco'e in "Vara."