Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, February 05, 1862, Image 1

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    BY S. J. KOW.
VOL. S.-1T0. 23.
Correspondence t"Iiaftsman'8 Journal."
rmLADELruA, Pa., Jan. 28, 1862.
Eira Jovbsal: In the bill of war ru
'jnora, which has been experienced fo some
weeks, with the exception of the stirring
event in Kentucky, the people of this goodly
. city iave got up quite an excitement on what
is known as "The Pickled Slush Question."
It seems the street railway companies are in
the habit of using salt to remove the snow from
the tracks, which produces, as a matter of
course, an intolerable slash. This, it is con
tended by the anti-salt party, is productive ef
diphtheria, colds, wet feet and other miseries
of a like nature that the mixture of salt with
snow freezes horses' feet, and is thus, not only
expensive to owners, but destructive of large
numbers of horses. The railway men have
brought into the controversy a number ot
,yhysicfans,and the papers are filled with learned
Idiaquisitiwis on the salubrity of set water,
.ocean air, sea-bathing, and all that sort ot
ttbing. Without attempting to decide which
ds right or which is wrong, it is worthy of re
mark hat in New York and Boston, the use
of unit to clear railway (racks of snow, has
Jteen prohibited upon the testimony of a com
mission composed ol medical men. whilst I
am writing this, the sdow is falling rapidly,
and bids 'sir to revive the controversy on the
exciting topic.
An incident which transpired hereon Friday
a week, shows that ,the world moves" rapid
ly now-a-days. A company of itinerant sing
ers, clever enough in their way, calling
themselves "Old Polks," have been giving
concerts at the Musical Fund Hall. They are
actors as well as singers, and dress fantastically
to personate people of a couple generations
back. Two young members of the company
a Mr. Henry E. Ilolloway and a Miss llattie A.
Aunable being moved by the tender passion,
concluded to unite their hearts and hands, as
well as their voices. They further determin
ed to have the marriage ceremony performed
on the stago, "in character," and accordingly
the announcement to that e fleet was made ic
the various newspapers of the city. When it
become known that Kev. Dr. Wadsworth was
to be the officiating clergyman, there was such
a rush to witness this extraordinary enactment
a mixture of the most serious and touching
business of life, with the shams and whimsi
calities of broad farce that hundreds were
unable to gain admittance. The bridegroom
was dressed in a very Jong brown coat, reddish
waistcoat, Hessian boots, bellcrowncd bat and
long hair of the period of 1790 ; and the bride
an old woman of the samo time, in a short
waisted, fawn-colored silk, with a very high,
broad cap. At a certain point in the act, the
briJe and groom were placed in the centre of
the stage, by the chief of the troupe; at the
tin tie Instant Dr. Wadsworth emerged from a
side door, stating that the two young persons
btfere him "were about to perform the most
solemn act of their livos, and one which would
influence their being, both in this world and
the next, long after old costumes and new cos
tumes would bo crumbled in the dnst. A
short prayer fallowed, and the marriage took
place with great solemnity." .... On peru
sing this, your readvs will doubtless, with me
exclaim ! "Selab ! what are we coming to ?"
The Pennsylvania Kail Koad Company, I
understand, finally, to-day, take hold of the
Sunbury & Erio Koad, and that important work
will now bo pushed to a speedy completion.
This will be good news to the people along the
route, especially to your neighbors of Elk
There has, within the last three or four days,
been a steady improvement in the stock and
money markets, and business is consequently
looking up. Exchange fluctuates considera
bly, and the premium on gold rises and falls
correspondingly. Breadstulls are rather dull.
Ja Groceries little is doing. There is a steady
demand for cloverseed. Yours, Otto.
Whipped to Death. The Albany Strifes
men published a letter from Hooker's Divis
ion, stating that Samuel Cox of Port Tobacco,
Mil., a returned rebel, whipped, a negro to
leath for informing the Federal commander
tlut he (Cox) had arms for rebel use in his
house. The slave had escaped, but was de
livered up to Cox. The correspondent says :
"Cox tied the man to his horse and rode at
a rapid rate, the poor slave running to keep
up behind him. When he left the regiment
lie had on a pair of good shoes, but when he
rsached his master's house his shoes were
pone, and his bleeding feet were found to be
bursting open from coming in contact with
pebbles and stones. He had been dragged
eleven miles behind his master's horse ! They
arrived at home in the evening about 11 o'
clock on Friday. He tied him to a tree and
called his overseer, Franklin Koby, and a
man by the name of John Kobison. They
commenced whipping him about twelve o'
clock and whipped him until three o'clock,
three hours, taking turns with the whip, when
one was tired and breathless another would
al l'!y the lash.
'The only words he uttered up to 2 o'clock
wire, I shall not live after this." "Oh, no,
yon rascal, I intend to kill yon !" said Cox.
"Mr. Cox," said Rebison, "he is dying."
"No he is not. He is stont-hearted and able
bodied. He can stand as much more. IIow
tvr, give mo tho whip, let his blood bo upon
'nv head," replied Cox. The lash was then
applied until about two hours before day.
About 3 o'clock he was cut down and sank to
lie earth insensible. He had on a new. cot
ton shirt when they began to whip him, and
when they were done there was nothing left
?' it but the collar-band and wristbands,
lhen commenced the rubbing down to bring
lack sensibility, but all of no avail. Their
nrfortunate victim broathed his last before
sundown on Saturday evening. Thus perish
ed a loyal negro at the hands ot a traitor."
Tag Oluest Methodist Preachers Alive.
"-Thc venerable Henry Smith, in a letter to
16 Western Christian Advocate, says : "I have
"'ought it a little remarkable that the two
"liest preachers on the itinerant list in Ameri
ci perhaps in tho worid, should bo found in
fie bounds of tho Baltimore Conference, and
'iVlnS not ten miles apart: Brother Joshua
ells is ninety-seven, and I am within a few
tlireeh f ninct"throe and m? wifo e'6ntJ-
Stnriirl r,nnnU t -1 u.li 4.11.
'iieir month will An. h.ii
aeIosit, but not of issue.
Upon the hill he turned
To take a last fond look
Of the valley and the village church,
And the cottage by the brook ;
He listened to the sounds
So familiar to his ear
And the soldier leaned upon his sword
.And brushed away a tear.
Beside the cottage porch
A girl was on her knees,
She held aloft a snowy scarf,
Which fluttered in the breeze;
She breathed a prayer for him
A prayer he could not hear
But he paused to bless her as she knelt,
And wipe away a tear.
He turned and left the spot ;
0, do not deem him weak,
For dauntless was the soldier's heart,
Though tears were on his cheek.
Go, watch the foremost rank,
In danger's dark career
Be sure the hand most daring there
Has wiped away a tear.
From the Somerset Herald and Whig.
On January ICth the select committee of
the House, chosen to try the case of Cessna
vs. Householder, reported adversely to the
latter, and accordingly Mr. Cessna was sworn
as a member and admitted to a seat.
if we rightly apprehend the argument of Mr.
Cessna his claim was based on the position,
that Bedford county Jiaving been entitled to a
single representation under tne Constitution
of 1790, she never can thereafter be deprived
of it, or in his own language, "that this right
of separate representation should remain
" with the county, without anj' regard to any
change that might be made in the extent of
" its territory, or the number of its inhabit
" tants." Further, Mr. Cessna argues that
not only tho twenty-ono counties, existing
at the time of the adoption of the Constitu
tion of 1790 were ever thereafter entitled to a
separate represention, without regard to the
extent of their territory or number of their in
habitants, but that "every new county Micro
" after erected, on attaining the then existing
" ratio ot population, and thus acquiring tho
right of separate representation, can never
" thereafter be deprived of it' notwithstanding
sue may reirogaue ever alter, in the same pro
portion as tne votes entitling her to separate
representation may be increasing. And again
he contended that the right of representation
v&s"attached to the corporation or franchise, and
"not to me citizen." In reporting that Mr
Cessna was entitled to the seat, the committee
directly arlrmed his positions, and decided
them to be the law of this Commonwealth,
thereby declaring that the "old rotten borough
system" of Great Britain is a Constitutional
institution of this State that equality of rep
resentation is unknown to our Constitution
that one hundred or a less number of citizens
of Bedford or any of the original twenty-one
counties, are equal (in point of renresenta
tion) to five thousand or more citizens of this
or any other county and that it is the county
corporation or franchise and not the people,
inai is invesieu wun me rignt ot representa
tion. Is not this monstrous ? Will it be be
lieved that tho framers of our Constitution.
either the first or last, ever contemplated, or
intended, to introduce into our State, that
most oppressive and unjust relic of a corrupt
aristocracy; that conderuncd.dended and flout
ed, by democrats all the world over, "rotten
borough system" of England ? Will it be be
lieved that they were false to our much vaun
ted system of "equality of taxation and rep
resentation ?" Will it be believed that they
intended to invest a mere figment of legisla
tive creation, instead of "Me sovereign people,"
with tne right or representation And final
ly, will it be believed that they, in determin
ing that the House should be composed of not
more than one hundred members, and arrang
ing for the ratio of representation, contempla
ted (following Mr. Cessna's argument, and
the decision of this committee to its legimate
end) that when one hundred counties had
once legitimately attained the right of sepa
rate representation, and cannot thereafter be
deprived of it. that tho residue of the State
must go unrepresented ? ' And yet such is the
solemn decision of our law makers at Harris
burg. A word as to the contestants. Mr. Cessna
came before the oters of Bedford and Somer
set as a democrt par excellent, breathing
nothing but devotion to his country, and an anx
ious desire to see all ber laws and institutions
sustained unimpaired. The people preferredMr.
Householder and so decided through the ballot
box, although many Republicans crediting Mr.
Cessna's professions, cast their suffrages for
him. Defeated by the people, Mr. Cessna
set at naught the very first principle of de
mocracy, that a majority shall rule. He for
gets his devotion to the fixed institutions of
his country, and falsifies all his professions by
perverting, the Constitution of his native
State, and Jiaviug solicited the suffrages of
the people of both counties, and been denied
by a majority of them, he, by a quibble, now
holds a seat which they had declared another
more worthy to fill. It may be a matter of
honor. or merely of taste, but we would rather
grub for a livelihood, than thus hold an office
in defiance of the will of a majority of the
people, whose rotes we had solicited. There
in consists the difference between Mr. Cess
na's democracy and that of ourself.
We would rather bo George W. Household
er in his retirement, with the proud concious
ness that he was honorably and fairly elected,
beating bis opponent on a full poll, than Hon.
John Cessna occupying a seat with the unen
viable feeling, that it is held against the ex
pressed will of a majority of the people to
whom his pretensions, were submitted. The
one is shielded with the pure panoply of truth
and justice, the other has a stain oi his polit
ical scutcheon that will forever corrode its
Cool Impudkkcb or a Female Rebel. The
St. Louis Democrat fctates that a Mrs. Letch
worth, of Lexington, has presented an account
to the United States Commissioners of Claims,
in that city, for a wagon and a pair of mule
which she presented last summer to Gen. Ster
ling Price,and which were afterwards captured
by Gen. Lane's forpes.
"Henrietta," said a landlord to his new girl,
"when there's bad news from Washington, or
any badjnews, particularly private afflictions,
always let the boarders know it before dinner.
It may seem strange, Henrietta, but such little
things mane a great difference in eating in the
course of a year." I
The Potter investigating Committee made
their report to the House, Jan. 29th. The
Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Post
speasing of the report, savs :
Charges against more than five hundred per
sons have been investigated ; in many cases
ine evidence was so unsatisfactory that it was
only sent to the proper authorities to warn
them against possible danger, and it has been
suppressed in the report. The testimony
against the clerks is of a uniform character
They are charged with utterinff the most dis
loyal sentiments, speaking against the war
expressing sympathy for the rebels and their
cause. .Numerous cases are brought up and
considered in the report, and it is unnecessary
to quote them.
The most important case in the report is
that of Lieutenant Colonel William Mayna
dier, which with two or three minor cases, I
send in full. This officer holds the responsi
bib post ot assistant to the Chief or Ordnance
The principal charges affecting bis loyalty are
hrst, that he was a party to the effort, in
December, 1860, of John B. Floyd, then Sec
retary of ar, to transfer cannon to the South
under the pretence of arming fortifications at
Galveston and Ship Island, which, m fact
had no existence ; but, in reahtv, to furnish
the munitions of war for the intended rebel
lion ; and, second, that he was privy to the
sale, by Floyd, of 100,000 or more muskets to
A. A. Belknap, and 20,000 to other parties, in
violation of law, and to the great detriment of
the public service, the object being to disarm
the Government and to arm its rebel enemies,
Lieut. Col. Maynadier, in executing or at
tempting to execute the order of Floyd, for
the transmission of one hundred and forty one
ot the largest cannon from Pittsburgh, to the
Gulf of Mexico, did it with the full know!
edge that one of the forts was unfinished and
the other not even begun. It is scarcely less
clear that Maynadier mnst have known or be
lieved that the object of Floyd in giving the
order was to disarm the government, and to
arm its rebel enemies, lie is conceded to be
one of the most intelligent men in the army,
and has been in tho Ordnance Department, as
an assistant, for nearlv twenty, years. He
speaks with evident pride of the confidence
reposed in him by Jetlerson Davis and Floyd,
of their frequent consultation with him, in pref
erence to his superior, Col. Craig, and it is
therefore not to be believed that be would
have withheld an opinion from the Secretary
of War in regard to the impropriety of send
ing cannon to the Gulf coast to arm fortihea
tions which had no existence, from motives
of mere modesty. Ho says that "his duty
was obedience, not questioning." On the
17th of September following, Col. Craig was re
lieved from duty as head of the Ordnance Bu
reau, and on the 23d Maynadier was substitu
ted in his place. The day preceding the ap
pointment a proposition was made to Floyd
by A. A. Jielknap "to purchase of the depart
ment from one to two hundred and fifty thou
sand of United States flint locks and altered
percussion muskets, and to have the same de
livered to me or my agents in New York City."
Ibis fact is taken from Belknap's evidence be
fore the Military Committee of the last House
of Representatives, report No. 85, which your
committee have felt at liberty to use in this
"As originally written,'' says Belknap, "the
proposal .was for two dollars per gun, but the
words "and fifteen cents" were interlined be
fore the paper was presented to the War De
partment." On the back of said letter is the
following endorsement : "The within propo
sition is accepted to the extent of one hundred
thousand muskets, and as many more up to the
maxium number as the service will spare."
Signed, J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War.
Subsequently Floyd, by ajstrange freak, pro
fessed to discover that the 'price for which the
arms were sold was less than he supposed when
he accepted the bid, and said that they should
not be delivered for less than $2,50 per mus
ket. Belknap leaves us to infer that the new
terms were accepted, and says that "Secretary
Holt refuses to give me the guns."
Lieut. Col. Maynadier speaks ol this transac
tion as a mere bid on the part of Belknap, and
declares that "Not a single musket has been
sold to Belknap at any price." According to
tho testimony of Col. Craig tjefore the Military
Committee, 100,000 muskets were sold to G. B.
Lamar on the'24th of November, 18G0 5,000
to the State of Mississippi on the 4th of De
cember, and 5,000 to the State of Louisiana on
the 15th of the same month after the removal of
Col. Craig and the appointment of Lieut. Col.
Maynadier, and immediately subsequent to the
appearance of Col. Craig's report, in which he
protests against the sale of more small arms.
Col. Craig states that only 50,000 of the 141,
000 arms sold during Floyd's administration of
the War Department were advertised, as requir
ed by the law of 1825, and that he protested a
gainst furthersales. The consequence was his
removal, and the substitution of Lieut. Cel.
Manaydier, under whom these immense sales
were made to aid the cause of treason by a cor
rupt violation of law The 20,000 last mention
ed were sold to parties and to States in open or
threatened rebellion against the Government,
and the fact was as well known then that they
were to be used against the Government of
the United States as it is now.
In the evidence of Belknap, he mentions
George Sautiders,a well known traitor.asone of
his advisers in the purchase of the 100,000 mus
kets. The whole conduct of Floyd leaves not a
doubt that he believed he was making a sale to
parties in the interest of rebellion, and it were
affectation to suppose that in annulling the
original agreement at the rate of $2,15, be was
actuated by honorable or patriotic motives.
The only rational explanation of his conduct in
cancelling the contracV herefore.is to befonnd
in the supposition that be discovered that a
mistake had been made, and that bis fellow-
conspirators could not obtain possession of
the arms.
Here,then,we have Incontrovertible evidence
that within a month after Lieut. Col. Maynadier
was placed at the head of the Ordnance De
partment, twenty thousand stand of arms were
sold to tho "rebel enemies of the country ; and
that one bundred to two hundred and fifty
thousand were bargained for, evidently with
the expectation that they were to go into the
same bands. Yet, Liout. Col. Maynadier
made no protest not entered complaint in any
manner; and indeed, has not attempted to
show that be was not fully conscious of the
treasonable object of tho sales to which be
was privy.
Fact many a true word is spoken in jest.
Chronology of the Rebellion, &c.
22d The one hundred and twenty-ninth an
iversary of the birthday of Geu. George Wash
ington was celebrated with great pomp and
show in nearly all parts of the country Pres
ident Lincoln's night journey from Harrisburg
io asnington, in order to prevent an antici
paiea outrage In .Baltimore.
3d Abraham Lincoln, President elect ar
rived at Washington The Secession ordi
nance of Texas was voted on by the people.and
adopted by 24,000 majority ; a very small vote
was polled.
zolh .News received of the surrender and
treason of Maj-Gen. Twigcs in Texas.
I 26th Capt. Hill refused to surrender Fort
.Brown, Texas, under Twiees' order.
27th Peace Congress submitted to the Sen
ate their Plan of Pacification.
oth vote on Corwin'a report from the
Committee of 33 : the resolutions adopted by
a voio oi ido to oa Election in North Caroli
na for delegates to a State convention, andal
so to decide the question of holding a conven
tion ; the vote on the proposition was, against
convention, 40,bOd ; for con vention, 4G.409.
Marcw, 1st Gen. Twiggs expelled from
the army.
2d Revenue cutter Dodge surrendered to
the Kebels at Galveston.
4th Inauguration of President Lincoln
Texas State convention declared that State out
of the Union.
6th Gen. Beauregard ordered to take com
mand of the rebels at Charleston The Senate
of the Unitod States, in extra executive ses
sion, confirmed the appointments to the Cabi
net of President Lincoln.
6th Fort Brown surrendered by special
agreement The Congress of the Southern
Confederacy confirm Jeff Davis' Cabinet.
7th The Georgia State convention reassem
bled in Savannah.
loth The State of Alabama ratified the
constitution of t'je Southern Confederacy, be
ing the first State to do so.
Jbth I ho Provisional Congress of the
Southern Confederacy adjourned to meet in
Montgomery, Ala., on the second Monday in
18th Supplys cut off from Fort Pickens.
19th Two New York vessels which were
seized and advertised to be sold at Savannah,
were released The Philadelphia Banks. re
sumed specie payment.
20th The Arkansas State convention ad
journed after passing a resolution to refer the
question of secession to tho people.
21st I he Alabama State convention ad
journed sine die.
22d Dr. J ox, of the Navy, visited Major
Andersen, as special messenger of the Gov
25 Col. Lamon, Government messenger,
had an interview with Gov. Sickens and Gen.
2Gth The State convention of Texas passed
an ordinance, and the Legisiatnre approved
the act, deposing Sam. Houston from the Ex
ective Chair, in consequence of his refusal to
take tho the new oath of allegiance to the
southern Confederacy.
2oth 1 he extra session of the United States
Senate adjourned.
30th Mississippi convention ratified the
Confederals constitution.
April 1st The new tariff act of the United
States went into operation.
d Long Cabinet meeting on Fort Sumter
business Ureat activity in the Navy Depart
ment Rebel battery on Morris Island fired in
to a schooner, nobody hurt South Carolina
convention ratified the Confederate Constitu
tion, 114 to 16.
4th The Legislature of Kentucky ratified
the amendments to the Constitution of the
United States passed by Congress Virginia
convention rejected tho ordinance of Seces
sion, tSJ to 4o.
5th The vote was takeu by fha South Car
olina convention on the ratification of the per
manent constitution of tho Confederacy.
th Gen. Beauregard notified Mai. Ander
son that intercurse between Fort Sumter and
the city would no longer be permitted Steam
transport Atlantic sailed from New York with
troops aiid supplies.
oth Official notification given that supplies
wou'd be sent to Major Anderson, by force, if
necessary State Department declined to re
cognize the Confederate States commissioners.
9th Steamers Illinois and Baltic sailed
from New York with sealed orders.
10th Floating battery of the rebels at
Charleston finished and mounted Large num
bers of troops sent to the various fortifications.
11th Fears of theseizuieof Washington.
Troops posted in the Capitol oath of fidelity
administered to the men Confederate Com
missioners left Washington, satisfied that no
recognition of their government would take
place under President Lincoln Beauregard
demands of Major Anderson the surrender of
tort Sumter. The Major declined Number
of men in Sumtor, officers 9, band 15. artiller
ists 65, laborers 30, total 109 Bids for Treas
ury Notes opened j whole amount taken at a
12th Actual Commencement ofsWar Bom
bardment of Fort Sumter, began at 4 30 a. m.,
and cootinncd all day ; partially suspended at
nightfall. The rebels bad in action 17 mor
tars, and 30 large guns, mostly columbiads.
The rebels fired at intervals all night ; Sumter
was silent Pennsylvania Legislature voted
$500,000 to arm the State Fort Pickens re
inforced. 13th Fort Sumter opened fire about 7 A.
M. At 8 o'clock the officers' quarters were
fired by a shell. At 10 o'clock a chance shot
struck down the nag. At noon most of the
woodwork of the fort was on fire ; men rolled
out 90 barrels of powder to prevent explosion.
Sumter's flro almost silenced ; the flames forced
the destruction of nearly all the powder ; cart
ridges wefe gone, and none conld be made.
About 1 P. M. the flagstaff ws shot uway.when
the flag was nailed to the piece, and displayed
from the ramparts. Senator Wigfall now
came with a flag ot truce, arrangements were
made for evacuating the fort, and at 2 55 P.
M. the short-riven flag was banled down, the
garrison departed upon honorable terms.taking
their flag, arms, and private property No
man was hurt in the fort during action, and
the rebels say that none were killed on their
14th Major Anderson and his men left Fort
Sumter, and sailed for New York.
15th The President's proclamation issued,
calling for 75,000 YoJuuteers, and command
ing the rebels to return to peace within 20 days.
Extra Session of Congress called New York
Legislature voted 30,000 men and $3,000,000
lor putting down the rebellion Several South
ern vessels at New York were seized and flued
for Irregular clearances.
ISth Governor Magoffin refuses to furnish
troops from Kentucky under the President's
proclamation Gov. Letcher makes a similai
response from Virginia Gov. Harris.of Tettn.,
refuses soon after ; also Gov. Jackson, of Mis
souriThe Ringgold Flying Artillery, of
Reading, Pa., 180 men, with four field pieces,
were the first troops to respond to the call of
the President.
16th. 17th, etc General uprising in the
North Proclamations, military orders, voting
men and money, the order of the day In the
principal cities, mobs visited newspapers and
firms suspected of disloyalty, and compelled
them to raise tho Stars and Stripes Legisla
tures not in session were called together ;
banks offered loans to the Government ; great
public meetings were held ; Union badges
worn b everybody.
17th Governor Letcher recognized the
Southern Confederacy by proclamation, and
refused to call out the militia of that State,
in response to the President's proclamation
The State Convention of Virginia, in secret
session, passed an ordinance, dissolving its
connection with the United States Govern
ment, by a vote of 88 to 55 Massachusetts
Sixth Regiment started for Washington.
loth Pennsylvania volunteers reached
Washington The Virginians obstruct the
channel at Norfolk to prevent the sailing of
war vessels from that point Major Anderson
reached New York Fourth Massachusetts ar
rived at Washington Lieut. Jones burned
Harper's Ferry Arsenal to keep it from the
rebels. Two ef his men were killed by rebel
shots The Secretary of the Treasury ordered
that no clearances should be granted to vessels
bound to ports of the United States south of
Maryland Gonernor Harris, of Tennessee, re-
iused to furnish troops for the Government.
19th Reb. sis, under Col. Van Dorn, seized
the steamship Star of the West, off lndianola
Attack on the sixth Massachusetts in Balti
more ; two killed and seven wounded ; eleven
rioters killed and many wounded Baltimore
in the hands of the mob The Mayor and Gov
ernor informed tho President that no more
troops could pass through Baltimore without
fighting their way New York Seventh left
for Washington The President of the United
States issued a proclamation declaring a block
ade of the ports of the Seceded States.
20th Great mass meeting in New York ;
all parties for the Union ; John A. Dix pre
sided Maj. Anderson was present Several
bridges on the Northern Pennsylvania Rail
road (in Maryland) burned Arsenal at Liber
ty, Mo., seized John C. Breckinridge spoke
against the Government at Louisville, Kv.
JOport.avy lard destroyed to keep it from
the rebels The Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ca-
lumbus, Merrimac, Rantan, Columbia, Ger
mantown, Plymouth, Dolphin, and United
States, vessels of war, scuttled and set on fire
The Cumberland was towed out.
2lst Government took possession of the
Philadelphia and Baltimore railroad Over
4,000 men left New York for the seat of war-
War sermons preached in most of the North
ern churches Senator Andrew Johnson, of
Tennessee, (U.nion) mobbed at Lynchburg,
Virginia U. S. Branch Mint at Charlotte, N.
C. seized Excitement at Baltimore in conse
quence of rumors that Pennsylvania troops
had leached Oockeysville, Md., and that the
garrison at Fort McUenry was prepared to
shell the city.
22d Arsenals at Favetteville, N. C, and
Napoleon, Arkansas, seized by the rebels
New York city appropriated $1,000,000 to
equip volunteers, and $o0U,000 lor their fami
lies Western Virginia begins to take sides
for the Union Union meeting at Lexington,
Ky., at which Senator Crittenden spoke New
York seventh arrived at Ann3polis Vermont
Legislature met in extra session U. S. mili
tary supplies seized at Napoleon, Ark.
26d John Bell came out for the rebels
First South Carolina regiment started for the
Potomac Martial law was proclaimed in Bal
timore. 21th Rebels under Solon Borland seized
Fort Smith, Arkansas Gov. Mogoifin called
an extra session ol the Kentucky Legislature
A portion of the railroad track, between
Annapolis, Md., and Washington, was torn up
by secession mobs.
25th Major Sibley surrendered 450 U. S.
troops to the rebel Col. Van Dorn at Saluria,
Texas Legislature of Vermont voted $1,000,-
000 to equip volunteers 600 U. S. troops ar
rived at New York from Texas Gen. Harney
arrested by Virginia authority at Harper's
Ferry Illinois troops removed arms from the
U. S. arsenal at St. Louis Steamship Cahaw-
ba seized at New Orleans, but released soon
after Gov. Letcher proclaims Virginia a
member of the Southern Confederacy Sena
tor Douglas spoke for the Union before the
Illinois Legisiatnre The railroad bridges
over Bush river and Gunpowder river were de
stroyed by a Maryland mob.
26tb Gov. Brown of Georgia prohibited the
payment of debts due to northern men, divert
ing the amount to the State treasury Govern
or of N. Carolina called an extrasession of the
legislature More bridges burnt on the Phila
delphia road near Baltimore Gov. Burton of
Del. called lor Union troops.
zth Numerous resignations of Southern
ers atWashingtoo who retnsed to take the oath
A steamer loaded with powder for the rebels
seized at Cairo The blockade extended to N.
Carolina and Virginia ports.
28th Ihe frigate Cbostitutioirariived a N.
York, having barely escaped the rebels.
29th Indiana leeislature voted $500,000 to
arm the State Bonds and money in the collec
tors office at Nashville, Tenn., seized by Gov.
Harris Steamships Tennessee, Hennas and
Texas seized at N. Orleans Maryland House
of Delagates voted against'secesssion 53 to 13;
the Senate unanimously repudiated Secession
The Rebel Congress met in extra session at
Montgomery, Alabama.
30th Gen. Harney released bv the rebels
New Jersey legislature met ; the Governor re
commended $2,000,000 for war purposes.
May 1st State Convention bill passed N.
Carolina legislature Rhode Island legislature
met Gen. Harney published a Union letter.
2d Judge Campbell of Ala., of the U.S. Su
preme Court, resigned Ellsworth's Fire Zou
aves reached Washington Missouri legislature
met National Flag raised at Washington.
3d Connecticut Legislature voted $2,000,-
000 for public defense President Licolq cal
led for 42,000 3-ycirs' volunteers, 22,000 reg
ulars, 12,000 seamen Gov. Letcher called out
the militia to defend Virginia against invasion
by the Northerners.
4th Gov's Curtin of Pa., Dennison of Ohio,
Randall of Wisconsin.'Blairot M ichigan, Mor
ton of Indiana, and Ex-Gov. Kearney of Illi
nois, met at Cleveland, Ohio, to devise plans
lor the defense of the Western States Union
meeting at Preston, Va Union delegates to a
Border State convention elected in Louisville,
Ky. ,by 7,000 maj. Committee of Maryland
legislature visited President Lincoln Formal
declaration of war against tho U. States was
passed by the Confederate States Congress.
6th Gen. Butler, with a Union force, occu
pied the Relay House, near Baltimore.
6th Capt. Lyon of U. S. Army, took posses
sion of the arsenal at St. Louis Virginia ad
mitted into the Southern confederacy Ten
nesse legislature passed a Secession Ordinance
Arkansas Convention voted, 69 to 1, to se
cede The rebel Congress made public tho
War and Privateering Act Baltimore City
mijitia disbanded Kentucky Legisiatnre met.
7th Michigan Legislature mot Major An
derson accepted command of the Kentucky
volunteers Riot at Knoxvillc on hoisting a
Union flag Gov. Harris announced a military
league between Tennessee and the Southern
Oth Rebel congress authorizes the Presi
dent to accept all the volunteers that offer !
First landing of troops by steamers at Balti
more 420 U. S. Keeulars. a comnanv t,r ir
S. Artillery, with Sherman's Battery, and the
Philadelphia Artilleiy Regiment, Col. Patter
son Seventeenth of the litie marched throngh
Baltimore; the first troops since the attack 6n
the Massachusetts Regiment A detachment
of the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts, quar
tered at the Relay House, captured the Win
ans steam gun.
10th Mob attack npon Volunteer Home
Guards in St. Louis, the guard fired, 7 of the
mob killed A brigade of secession militia
near St. Louis, under Gen. Fiost surrendered
to Gen. Lyon Gen. Lee put In command of
the rebel forces in Virginia The President '
by proclamation directed officers on the Flori
da coast, to permit no interference with the au
thority of the United States, and authorized
them to suspend the writ ol habeas corpus, if
11th Great Union demonstration fn San
Francisco Another street fight in 'St. Louis
Blockade of Charleston established.
12 Gen. Harney issues a proclamation to
the people of Missouri.
13th Union troops under Geri.Bntler took
posession of Federal Hill, Baltimore Separa
tion convention met at Wheeling, Va. ; 35
counties represented Queen Victoria issued
a proclamation of neutrality.
14'h A schooner loaded with arms for the
rebels seized at Baltimore ; arms seized in
other parts of the city ; Ross Winans arrested
Gunboat Quaker City captured ship Argo
with $150,000 worth of Tobacco St. Louis
and Memphis mail contract annulled and mails
15th Gov. Hicks of Md., called for volun
teers under the President's proclamation
Massachusetts Legislature offered to loan the
Government $7,000,000 The Wheeling, Va.,
Convention, after passing resolutions strongly
in favor of the Union, and recommending a
division of the State, adjourned.
16th Bridges on the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad destroyed by secessionists General
Scott ordered the fortification' of Arlington
heights Secessionists dispersed at Liberty,
17th Secession spies arrested at Washing
ton Express packages go no further South
thau the Capital Collectors appointed for the
Southern ports-; Yacht Wanderer captured by
the Crusader off Key West Rebels fortify
Harper's Ferry Rebels dispersed at Potosi,
Mo. Search for secreted arms in St. Louis
Confederate Congress authorize the issue of
fifty million Treasury Notes.
18th Arkansas admitted to the Southern
Confederacy Light ship in tho Potomac
which was stolen by the rebels, was retaken
by United States troops.
"That's What ails them!" -Col. JpnniMn
Kansas 1st Cavalry, is a small man delicate
constitution ; a physican originally from
Livingston county, N. Y. When the Missouri
Border Ruffian herde went into Kansas to
elect the first Territorial Legislature. thv
passed Jennison's house. His wife and only
child, attracted by the cavalcade, went to; the
doer, and while standine there, were hoih rfmt
dead by the ruffians. "That's what ailsJen-
nison tho Jayhawker."
Jack Montgomery of the Kansas Cavalry, is
a Kentuckian a mild, e-entlemanlv. hiirhlv
educated man a clergyman and a graduate
r l I . ? . .. ... - .
oi uuerun. v nen the Missouri Border Ruf
fians, in Ono Of their r.liiiq rpacliM) Mimlirnm.
ery's home they took biin pi isoner, tied him
A A . . .a. . . .
io a iree, and brought out his who an edu
cated, accomplished lady and violated her
person in the presence of her husband j "and
inai a nuai ans Montgomery. '
As east Cire. We shall soon have no
more occasion for army Surgeons or hospitals.
A soldier belonging to an Indiana regiment
informs the New Albany Ledger that the order
to march, received by the forces at Padncah
the other day, proved the best medical pre
scription the regiment has ever received. It
was the magic balm for all real and imaginary
ills. At the words "packing up" and "for
ward," chills and measels and rheumatism and
the heart-ache ennui of protracted camp life
vanished as suddenly as if by miricle, and the
gallant regiment moved off' towards, the rebel
strongholds with such cheering as no other
body of men know bow to perform, numbering
nearly one thousand strong. If action is the
great panacea, our troops may soon throw hos
pital "physic to the dogs," and put themselves
under the practice of Generals Grant, Critten
den, Buell, Thomas, &c.
A locomotive on the Rochester and Syracuse
railroad has been adorned with the title, "I
still livo." This is more than many of the
passengers can say at the end of their journey.
A doctor went to bleed a -dandy, who lan
guidly exclaimed, "Ob, doctor, you're a good
butcher !" To which the doctor rejoined,
"Oh, yes I am used to sticking calves."
A Corkonian, on being asked at breakfast
how be came by "that black eye," said he
" slept on his fist."