Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, December 04, 1861, Image 2

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-aftsman's Immtal.
CLEARFIELD, PA., DEC. 4. 1861.
.The axcli-traitor Jeff." Davis, on the 12th
November, laid his message before the Rebel
Congress at Richmond. To ay that it a
bounds la falsehoods, Is to "peak charitably of
lu Jtle talks of the rebellion, as a purely da
Ttnaive War, when it is notorious that the re
Terse is the fact. lie boasts ofabundant har
Tests 'and, increased ability. to prosecute the
war, yet intimates clearly that the rebels must
expect to. forego many of the luxuries and
comforts of' life. He asserts that Kentucky
W as ' 4nade'd,, by Federal troops, when the
fact is that no Union soldier set bis foot on
btr soil until invited there by her fairly cbo.
sen ' authorities. No paragraph, heirerer, in
the message contains more misrepresentation
-barefaced lying, self-assuranee and impu
dence; than the following :
"' "Jt we husband our means, and make a ju
dicious use of our resources, it would be diffi
cult to fix. a limit, the period during which we
could conduct a war against the adversary
whom we now encounter. The very efforts
which he makes to desolate and invade us
must exhaust his means, while they serve to'
complete the circle and diversify the produc
tions .'of 'our industrial system. The recon
struction which he seeks to eSect by arms be
comes dally more and more impossible. Not
only do the causes which induced us to sepa
rate still last in full force, but tbey have been
strengthened, and whatever doubt may have
lingered in the minds of any must have been
completely dispelled by subsequent events.
If, instead of being a dissolution of a league,
It were indeed a rebellion in which we are en
gaged, we might feel ample vindication for.
the course we have adopted in the scenes
which are now being enacted in the United
States. Our people now look with contemptuous
astonishment on these with whom they have been
40 recently associated. They shrink with aver
ton from the bare idea of renewing such a con
nection. ' When they see a President making
war without the consent of Congress ; when
they behold judges threatened because they
maintain the writ ot habeas corpus, so sacred
to freeman; when they see justice and law
trampled under the armed heel of military
authority, and upright men and innocent wo
men dragged to distant dungeons upon the
mere ' edict of a despot ; when they find all
this tolerated and applauded by a people who
bad been in the full enjoyment "of freedom but
a few . months ago, they believe that there
must be some incompatibility between such a
people and themselves. With such a people,
we may . bo content to live at peace, but our
separation is final, and for the independence we
have asmerled we will accept no alternative.
The nature of the hostilities which they have
waged against us must be characterized as
tarbarous whenever it is understood. They
have bombarded undefended villages, without
giving notice to women and children, to ena
ble tbem to escape, and in one instance select
ad the night as the period when they might
tirpriso ' them most eftetually, while asleep
and unsuspicious of danger. Arson and ra
pine, tho destruction of private bouses and
.property, and injuries of the most wanton
character, even upon non-combatants, have
marked their forays along their borders and
upon our territory. Although we ought to
have been admonished by these things , that
'they were disposed to make war upon us in
the most cruel and relentless spirit, yet we
were not prepared to see them fit out a large
naval expedition with the confessed purpose,
not only to pillsge, but to incite a servile war
In our midst. J f they convert their soldiers into
tnctndiaries and robbers, and involve us in a spe
. cies of .war which claims non-combatants, women
. and children as its victims, they must expect to
be treated as outlaws and enemies of mankind
, There are "certain rights of humanity which
are entitled to respect even in war, and he
'who refuses to regard them forfeits his claim,
. It captured, to be considered a prisoner of war,
and must -expect to be dealt with as an often
der aggtnst all law, human and divine.". .
. Outrageous as this language is, it neverthe
less shows that the leaders ot the rebellion are
determined to repel every suggestion of set
Moment by compromise that they ."will ac
ceptno alternative" and the concluding sen
tetenee of the above paragraph clearly indi
cates that they are ready to raise the black
flag "cross bones and scull," and murder
every Union man they take prisoner. :
, A Noti wortht Fact. The Semi-Traitorous
x Press ia the . loyal states, that clung to the
- fortunes and attitudes of John C. Breckinridge
. until they were foflced from their friendship
. by the fear of a halter, are now - toning their
. lungs in the denunciation of the President for
. having appointed Hinton Rowan Helper Con-
. sal to Bnenas Ayres. Mr. Helper's sin, in the
. estimation of these donghfaces, is the fact of
his having compiled a book from official
1 sources,: to show that slavery .was a burden
. and a disgrace to the country figures from
, the same source to prove that slavery was an
- expense ana an exhaustion to those who per
, els ted in its maintainanee. Because he done
these . things the ultra Breckinridge : press of
. the north, forgetting that Helper was born in
- slave State, forgetting that he lived where a
v true knowledge of the attrocities ; of slavery
- could be attained, now denounce his appoint
i went. . Th fact is that the same press which
i denounce the. President for appointing men of
. the ability of Helper to positions of honor
.t.and trust, only wait for the propitious moment
... wbicb they so fondly anticipate, of denouncing
. tie President for . attempting to suppress re
1 .befe&B god refusing to recognise the southern
rebel confederacy.
"' The editors of the Tribune have been shown
a ahinplaster found at Port Royal, made by
the great Bank of the State of South Carolina
for" twenty cents. It Is three inches square,
and 'such la the scarcity of the paper in the
- South, that It is printed upon the back of a
portion of a blank draft. .
Benjamin Stark has been appointed from
f Oregon to fill the vacancy in trie Senate occa
"adoBed by the death of Col. Baker. Stark is
a "Peace" democrat, wbjeb means jo plain
pBgllib a dmnionitt,
On the 20th of November, Col. Forney gave
a supper in honor of Mr. Prenticewho was on
a visit to Washington. After supper quite a
number of those present expressed their opin
ions in referetce to the aspect of National
affairs. Sec'yCameron, itisr-;or7e,expre8sed
the opinion that, as a last resort, to put down
rebellion, we ought to arm every man who de
sires to strike for human liberty." Sec'y
Smith said, "the Administration contemplated
no such policy." And as Sec'y Cameron did
not question the truth of Sec'y Smith's protes
tation, it is fair to presume, that Cameron
stands merely as his own representative, and
that the Administration is not responsible for
a private opinion, expressed at a private sup.
per party. In reference to Mr. Cameron's
"speech," Mr. Prentice in writing to bis paper,
the Louisville Journal, holds the following
language : k .
"We need not ray that, in this difference
between Mr. Cameron and the Administration,
we agree heartily with the Administration,
asset forth by Secretary SmitL, is both right
and expedient; the policy recommended by
Mr. Cameron is both wrong and inexpedient.
It is . wrong and inexpedient in a measure
utterly fatal. Moreover, it is in other respects
unworthy ot a virtuous and enlightened na
tion. It is wrong, because it proposes a
step not merely unconstitutional, but radically
and permanently inconsistent with the ends
of the Constitution. It proposes to annihilate
one of the great institutions of the country as a
means of preserving the country. In short, it
proposes to preserve the whole by destroying
a part. . The policy is thus illegitimate aud
absurd. . If our antagonist were a foreign
enemy the case might be different, for in
that event the end of the conflict would be
simply to master the enemy, but in the present
conflict the end is not only to master the ene
my, but to so master him as to preserve the
country in its full constitutional integrity.
The chief and real end of the war is the preser
vation of the country ; the mastering of the
enemy is but a means to this end. What in a
foreign conflict would be the end is in the pre
sent conflict but a mode ot seeuring the end.
This is a distinction which from the nature of
things, must characterize civil war in all free
governments. It is a vital distinction. It,
however, is a distinction of which Mr. Camer
on appears to be either ignorant or oblivious.
Of course the waging of the war in nucha way
as to destroy a constituent part of the country
for whose total preservation the war is carried
on would be so far forth to sacrifice the end to
the means. The policy, as we have said, is
illegitimate and absurd. Nor does it derive
the smallest comfort from the fallacy that as
slaves are property they should be set free
with as little reluctance as cattle in a paddock.
b laves are property, but to set the slaves of
the South free would be not merely to confis
cate so much property, but to extinguish at a
blow the institution f slave property in this
country. It would not only dissolve the cast
ings but shatter the mould. . It would br.ak
the die as well as melt down the coin. It
would not alone pluck the fruit of the tree, but
cut up bv the roots the tree itself. In other
words, it would, as we have contended above,
destroy a costituent part of the country for
whose preservation entire the war is prosecu
ted, lue policy, therefore, is wrong, being
illegitimate aud absurd." .
The Philadelphia Ledger of November 26th,
a neutral paper,contains the following editorial
notice of Mr. Prentice's article :
Not Vert Decent. Mr. Prentice, of the
Louisville Journal, bad a private party given
to 'him in Washington a few days ago. Mr.
Secretary Cameron, at the party, is reported
to nave said that "as a last resort to put down
rebellion, wo ought to arm every man who de
sires to strike tor human liberty." This is
not'what Mr. Camerou said. He was speaking
or tne power and resources ot the Government
to overcome the rebellion, declaring that it
would be put down beyond all preadventure
that the great white race of the North would
re-establish this Government in every State of
the Union, and in the effort were bound to
avail themselves of every means in their power,
The end was not yet, and when the last card
iu this game was played, it might be shown
that the Soutb's boasted source of strength
was its great element of weakness. He was
not for massacre, and a war upon woman and
children ; but the slaves would be duly organ
ized and armed, and, governed by the rules of
modern warfare, allowed to aid in the spread
of Human liberty, and in crushing out this
most unholy rebellion. Mr. Cameron's pur
pose seemed more to show the South's utter
inability to stand against' the North, than to
present any policy of the Government, or in
deed of any fixed purpose of his own. His
allusion to any slave participation in the war,
as we are informed by one who was present,
was only as a remote contingency, unlikely to
happen, and which happening, removed all
hope of ultimate success by the rebels. Mr.
Smith, another member of the cabinet, dis
sented from this sentiment. Xhe Louisville
Journal, Prentice's paper, of Friday last, came
out in a very fierce philippic against the Sec
retary of War, and denounced him as being
intellectually and morally disqualified for bis
position, and said the "time has unquestiona
bly' arrived when Mr. Cameron should be
compelled to retire from the cabinet. His re
maining in it longer will be a disgrace to the
administration and a sore evil to the country."
This is certainly very low abuse, considering
that Mr. Prentice received the remarks of Mr.
Cameron, praises and all, without a murmur
of dissatisfaction. If he was offended at the
sentiment, no time was so . appropriate to ob
ject to it as at this social and private assemblage,
where the sentiments uttered were of a freer
and less guarded character than they would
be in a public set speech, and where the author
of them would be at liberty to give the qualifi
cations which his words undoubtedly admitted.
To make these convivial utterances at a private
party the subject for public comment and
abuse in the newspaper, and to vulgarly assail
the official character ot the Secretary of War
therefor, seems a most nn warrantable abuse of
hospitality and ot social good breeding."
Singular. Bistort. There seems to be a
fatality about the office of Vice President of
the United States. Aaron Burr, the third
Vice President, was a rank traitor and conspi
rator; John C. Calhonn, the sixth Vice Presi.
dent, was another virulent conspirator against
our national life ; John Tyler, the ninth Yice
President, and by an accident President, is
now a zealous rebel; and John C.Breckinridge,
thirteenth Yice President, dares not to show
himself in Washington, for fear of the halter
be so richly ' deserves as the most sneaking
traitor of tbem alt. Will not some ingenious
speculator devote a little consideration to the
cause of this singular circumstance, and ex
plain why so many Presidents of the United
States Senate should be found in the black
list of conspirators against the nation which
baa honored and trusted them 7
Mill. Acmt Mckdebxo Wto. Smith, an
assistant of J. A. Sladeroad, Agent on the
overland mail route was murdered and robbed
cf bis mules sod clothing by the SnakeJedUns.
From East Tennessee From the Potomac From
; Port Royal and Tybee Island Fort Monroe.
We have very late and perfectly trustworthy
information direct from East Tenuessee, and
Indirectly from other portions cf the South.
We shall not particularize the claims through
which this information is received, but give
our word that we know tbem to be wotthy of
the niokt absolute confidence. The Union
men ot East Tennessee were never more loyal
and hopeful than now. They stand dauntless
and incorruptible, and if there is any change
they are becoming more ardent and confident
in the good and great cause of national unity
and free government which they regard as one
and inseparable, now and forever. The seces
sionists whisper that their attempted revolu
tion must end in- a failure. It is true, as ru
mored for a few days, that there are camps of
Union men in Tennessee, twelve hundred in
one, and seven hundred in another, each man
with his rifle and a pound of powder, and a
corresponding quantity of balls, and regard
ing his powder, as far more precious than
gold. In the lat? bridge burning three impor
tant bridges in Teneessee and two ic Georgia
were entirely destroyed, and two others greatly
damaged. The roads were in bad order before
the bridges were burned, and the rolling stock
is in bad condition. It will be impossible for
the road to be so far repaired as to permit the
passage of trains in less than a month. The
loyal East Tennesseeans were hourly expecting
a federal army : to force its way , through
Cumberland Gap, and if a vigorous advance
had been made there, the capture of ZollieofT
er's army would have been absolutely certain.
Not a man could have escaped. Zollicoffer's
effective force in Kentucky has not at any
time exceeded seven thousand men, and he
cannot now muster six thousand. The number
of rebel troops guarding the East Tennessee
Railroad when the bridges were burned was
teas than eight hundred. If, after the battle
of Wildcat, our troops, had pushed vigorously
forward, the loyal East Tenneeseans would
have taken possession of the railroad and held
it for their own use instead of destroying it;
and they would have taken a largo amount of
provisions and military stores collected at
Knoxville and other points for the use of the
rebel army. The falling back of the Cumber
land Gap expedition will have a roost distress
ing effect. The sturdy loyalty of the East
Tennesseeans appears in the returns of the
recent Confederate election for President and
Vice President and members of Congress.
In Roane county, where a thousand votes are
usually given, less than three hundred and
fifty were polled, John Baxter, a submission
Union man, (that is, one who is in favor of
the Union, but looks upon tho rebellion ars an
accomplished fact,) run for the Conlederate
Congress in Maynard's district, thinking the
Unionists would support and elect him, rather
than permit the election of an ultra secessionist.
The Union men had about eight thousand
majority in the district, but refused to vote,
and the secessionists had a very small, but
nearly unanimous vote. In Knox county,
where the Union men had three thousand two
hundred votes, Baxter, the subtnissionist,
received but eighty votes. The Union men
would have nothing to do with the election,
but treated it with contempt. In many places
the polls were not opened, and in some whole
counties not a vote was cast. The lines be
tween the Union men and the secessionists
are very sharply drawn. Every man knows
whom he may trust and whom he must dis
trust. The devotion of the Union people to
the government is unalterable, and many
touching proofs of it are given. We are told
of men more than seventy years of age, acting
as guides on the mountains in the night for
those whom they knew to be the friends of the
government. The women will not take the
money for any assistence they may render
the Union men. Cases are mentioned in
which poor women whose husbands are exiles,
have with tears in their eyes refused to touch
gold offered and urged upon them for provis
ionayurnistied those who were laboring in the
cause or tne union.
On Sunday night Gen. Elsey's Orderly, a
young man named West, who bad enlisted in
Winchester, alter the countersign bad been
given out, mounted tbe General's horse, and
rode out of camp towards Fairfax. Giving
the Rebel pickets the password noth'rg wrong
was suspected. He rode directly along the
Little River turnpike through Fairfax until he
came to Anandale. Here he found our pickets
and was brought in to bead quarters, when,
after telling his story, he was released and
went home to his father, who lives here. He
thinks that tbe rebel strength does not exceed
sixty thousand at Manassas and that they have
but about one half their army on the Potomac.
They lie west of Centreville towards Brents
villeand Leesburg and over the Bull Run battle
field. They have fifteen batteries of artillery,
but no heavy seige guns and four or five
cavalry regiments. They have no entrench
ments except trifling dirt works, all of which
are in tbe rear of and at Centreville, and are
really nothing but breastworks for riflemen
Beauregard is not there, but went South, as
was previously reported. Gen. Johnston is in
command. A large proportion of the troops
are Virginians, and are armed with all kinds
of guns, and hundreds are without any uniforms
But few of the cavalry have uniforms or full
equipments. Most of the men are well clothed
in common homespun, which is very thin and
weak, but they have not suffered yet from tbe
cold. Their tents are so thin that they will
not turn the rain, and so when it rains heavily
it rains through. They have plenty of corn
meal, flour and meat, but no coffee, sugar or
salt. He says that many of the Virginia and
Maryland troops would generally desert if they
thought we would receive them, and that a
proclamation from President Lincoln that all
would be received who left, would thin out
their ranks. He says there was some dissatis
faction in the South Carolina and Georgia
troops after the taking of Beaufort,who wanted
to go home, but now they are willing to stay,
being assured that it is of no account and that
the federals will soon be driven off. He says
they oner our men when taken prisoners, the
choice of enlisting with them or going to
Kicnmond, and two of the .New York men
taken a few days ago enlisted.
The U. S. steamer Flag arrived at Port
Royal au the 24th Nov., and reported that
xyoee island, alter being slightly shelled by
tbe U. . gunboats Pocahontas, Seneca, Au
gusta and the Flag,to which there was no re
aponse, was taken possession of by the hoist
ing of the American flag by a force of marines.
Tbe Tybee Island is at tbe mouth of the Sa
vannah river, and within mortar distance of
Fort rulaski. On the Island is a strong mor
tello tower with a battery at Its Dase. The
rebel works were evacuated. - This intelligence
is gratifying to every, lover of his country,
as it cuts off all approaches to Savannah, and
the flag of the Union once more floats over
the territory of Georgia. ; .
Edward Cuthbert, a planter who was taken
prisoner on Ladies Island, near' Beaufort, has
been landed at Fort Lafayette. . Contrabands
continue to arrive at Port Royal.' Gen. Sher
man has built entrenchments across tbe whole
island. Large quantities of cotton, uninsured,
were still found in the storehouses and barns.
Sore throat diseases prevail among our troops.
Beaufort is still unoccupied by our troops,
but two gunboats are anchored off tbe town.
The Prince of Wales has gone to Turkey.
Cajip Pixrfoint, Va., Nov. 23, 1861.
Dear Row : While the telegraph and print
ing presses are heralding all over the land,
with lightning speed, tbe news of tbe day, per
mit your bumble correspondent, through this
appointed medium, to transmit to you sotae of
tbe few crude ideas, which soldiers are apt to
form while performing their respective parts
In the great drama, which at the present time
is of such absorbing interest to tbe people of
the American Union.
Almost in every direction the cheering
news comes to us of tbe repeated engagements
of our troops with the enemy, and our trium
phant success. It is trna that, tbe enemy,
since this unbolly and wicked rebellion has
assumed its present gigantic proportions, have
obtained some temporal advantages in the way
of victories, at a huge sacrifice, over our arms,
which have been more the results of numeri
cal strength than either their superior military
prowess or tbe righteousness ot their cause.
But while - those who have tbe direction of
affairs, pertaining exclusively to this war, have
suffered our troops to bed rived back at differ
ent times, they have not been unmindful of
the interests iovolved.or the strength of those
with whom it has to deal. But while we have
suffered some heavy losses thus far, the gov
ernment has turned them to valuable account.
It has in the meantime increased its efforts,
and we are' now enabled to see the stupendous
results of its labors in the accumulation and
organization of the largest army that ever
trod npon American soil.
When we take into consideration tbe short
ness of the time that has intervened since the
booming of cannon over Sumter's walls, which
awakened a loyal people from their lethergy,
with the startling cry to arms ! and warned
them that there was a fearful reality in the
threats that bad often been repeated.to destroy
the beautiful fabric of our Union the diffi
culties to bo surmounted, and tbe present
high discipline of our troops we might well
challenge the whole world to produce any
thing of the kind that would at all compare
with it.
And now, since the organization of the army
is complete, let us turn our attention to the
work to be accomplished. Hitherto the lead
ers of tbe rebel forces seem to have been elat
ed with the success of their arms, and conse
quently theyhave become bold and inlatuated,
in what they term the righteousness ot tneir
cause, and surely, if we may judge anything
from the Ianguago of tbe message of the m-
grate and apostate Davis, in which be declares
to his people through the "Provisional Con
gress" tne "invincibility oi tneir arms, ana
the justness ot their cause," we might well
despair and "hang our harps on tho willows."
But whether their cause is right or wrong,
Davis intimates that solar as Providence re
fuses to recognize their right to rebellion,
they must depend on their own resources, thus
making a virtual confession of the utter help
lessness of the success of their unhallowed
schemes, adding as a clincher that '-liberty is
won where there exists the unconquorable will
to be free," but forgetting altogether to en
lighten them in regard to the triumphant suc
cess of the great expedition, aud merely al
ludes to it as the first great step to the incite
ment of servile war, and acknowledges that
Yankeedom with its mudsills has stolen a
march upon him.
The result of the expedition has sent a thrill
of exultant joy through the hearts ot our
troops that are encamped here, and I doubt
not, that the news is equally gratifying to loy
al men everywhere. The mere fact of taking
two or tbree forts is not much in itself, but is
of double significance, because the blow has
fallen like a thunderbolt upon that insignifi
cant State of South Carolina, which took the
lead in trampling our glorious ensign ia the
dust. They may yet learn by dear experience,
that her offences are not to be passed lightly
by ; and she may find when it is too late that
she has a learlul account to answer.
Following close upon the report of this sig
nal victory, comes the gratifying intelligence
from the Eastern Shore of the "Old Domin
ion" of the success of our arms and the sur
render of about two thousand of those who
are engaged.in this unhallowed warfare against
the best government which tbe wisdom and
ingenuity of man ever devised. .
Now that we have a Icthold upon the
"sacred soil" ot South Carolina, it is self-evi-dent
that the number ot troops now there are
insufficient to maintain, for anyjlcngthof time,
the positions they now occupy, llence, u wa
would follow up with alacrity the fortunes ot
our arms in that quarter, and commence of
fensive operations in the very heart of the en
emy's strength, reinforcements are absolute
ly necessary ; and speculation is now rite hei e,
where these reinforcements shall come from 1
The opinions are as various as they are fro
quent. Not a few snpposing that the "Re
serve" of Pennsylvania will be the fortunate
body. I say fortunate, because if suchsboujd
be the cae, it will perhaps, give it an oppor
tunity of accomplishing something which will
be a credit and glory to the Keystone State.
It has to day the enviable reputation of being
tbe most efficient corps in tbe army of tbe Po
tomac. 11 we should be ordered south, 1 be
lieve it would have a fine effect upon our troops
who are beginning to grow tired of remaining
inactive lor so long a time.
The weather here is beginning to put on
rather wintry airs, and last night we had such
a plain demonstration ot tbe fact, as to leave
tbe ground covered with snow this morning.
Many of the troops are complaining of the
cold tbe statements ot the newspapers in
regard to the comfort of the men to tho con
trary notwithstanding.
Last Wednesday was a day that will long be
remembered by those who participated in the
exercises of the Grand Review of the troops
at Bailey's Cross Poads. Long before daylight
the Reserve was on the move towards the
place of review. , About daylight our Battery
got started, and after baiting a short distance
from camp to let some regiments of infantry
and cavalry pass by, we struck tbe road to
Lewinsville. This place is about one mile and
a half from our position on Johnson's Hill,
and it will be remembered that ' this was tbe
scene of a sharp skirmish some two months
ago. It contains a church, store house and
tavern-stand,' with some half dozen dwelling
bouses in close proximity ; and bears, withalt
at tbe present time a verry dilapidated appear
ance. Hero we wheeled abruptly to the left
and were on the road which intersects with
a road running parallel with what, I believe,
is called the Alexandria and Vienna railroad ;
this road in turn leads to the Alexandria and
Leesburg turnpike, which it intersects about
one mile from Falls Church. This is a village
pleasantly situated, and from the scenes which
have been enacted there, is destined to fill a
place in tbe history of this war. There is no
business of any kind going on at present, the
shops and stores being closed, and their own
era no doubt occupying positions in the rebel
army. Tbe church in its construction bears
evidence of refinement and taste, bot alas ! the
marks of the despoiler is npon it, in the shape
of broken windows and disrupted seats, which
1 observed were being used by a squad of sol
soldiers to keep them warm as well as to sit
' About a mile from the village is Munson's
Hill, on wbicb tbe glorious old Stars and
Stripes were floating majestically to the breeze
indicating the authority that now holds
sway there. The fortifications of tbe rebels
are still etsnliDg, and contrast strangely with
the stupendous earth works which have since
been erected and armed by the federal autuor
itv. Tbev - show the nerfiditv of the reb
els, situated as tbey were in dense woods, so
as to form a; complete masked battery, with
which they, no doubt, intended to play saa
havoc among onr brave men. The woods are
row cut down, and the mam fort stands out in
bold relief. As we passed by, I could not but
reflect upon the scenes that have enacted
there of the Patriot blood that bas been pour
ed out in defence of tbe constitution and laws,
and which will forever consecrate the soil to
liberty. As we neared the opposite brow of
tbe hill we had a splendid view of the immense
army of men, who had been assembled to take
part in the exercises. We took a position on
the left, and soon tbe column moved forward
and passed In , review before Gen. M'CWUan
and staff, who were accompanied by the Pres
ident and Secretary of War. Our division
was the first that pa'ssed, and we immediately
struck the road for onr camp,whcre we arrived
at 4 p. m., distant about 8 miles. Yesterday
a protion of McCalls sconts made a reconnoi
sance as far as Drainsville, and returned in the
evening without seeing nare a Sesh. W. R. B.
Five of the North Carolina regiments, who
were enrolled for the war, have been disband
ed and surrendered their arms to tbe State.
The . Confederate, government gave them
neither pay, food, nor clothes, the Raleigh
Standard fears that the "other regiments will
do likewise? unless their demands are promptly
Ailvtrtixtmetitxset tntargetype, cuts, or out of utual
styltvrill be cliarged double price for tyctttoceiljiicd.
To insure attention, the CASH must accompa
ny notices, as follows: All Cautions with SI;
Strays, $1; Auditors' notices, $1,50; Adminis
trators' and Executors' notices, (1,50, each ; and
all other transient Notices at the same rates.
of Administration on th estate of Caasar
Potter, late of Bradford township, Clearfield coun
ty, Pa., deceased, haring been granted to the un
dersigned, all persons indebted to said estate are
requested to mase immediate payment, and per
sons having claims against tbe same will present
them properly authenticated for settlement at the
residence of the subscriber in Bradford tn.
December 4. lS61-6t. Administrator.
Furniture ! Furniture !!
Desires to inform his old friends and customers
that, having eularged his shop and increased his
facilities for manufacturing, he is now prepared
to make to order such furniture as may be desir
ed, in good style and at cheap rates for cash. He
mostly has on hand at his "Fuipiture Rooms,"
a varied assortment of furniture, among which is,
Wardrobes and Book-cases; Centre, Sofa, Parlor,
Breakfast and Dining extension Tables.
Common, French-posts, Cottage.'Jen
. ny-Jjind and other Bedsteads.
Rocking and ArmChairs,
Spring-seat, Cain-hottom. and Parlor Chairs ;
And common and other Chairs.
Of every description on hand, and new glasses for
old frames, .which will be put in oa very
reasonable terms, on short notioe.
He also keeps on hand, or famishes to order, Hair,
Corn-husk, Hair and Cotton top Mattresses.
Made to order, and funerals attended with a
Hearse, whenever desirable.
Alio, nouse painting done to order.
The above, and many other articles are furnished
to customers cheap for cash or exchanged fer ap
proved country produce. Cherry, Maple. Poplar,
Lin-wood and other Lumber suitable for the busi
ness, taken in exchange for furniture.
Remember the shop ia on Marset street, Clear
field, and nearly opposite the "Old Jew Store."
December 4, 1861 JOHN QUEHCH.
richard' mossop,
Always on hand a large stock of La
dies goods such as Coburg Cloth,
Alpacas, De Laines, Gingbam9,
Print?, Chintz, Kerchiefs, Nn
bies. Bonnets, O loves, etc.
C Aeapt
ft i '
Always on hand Black, Bine. Brown
and urey Ulotbs, Fancy and Black
Casimeres. battinets. Cagginets,
; Tweeds. Plain and Fancy Vest
ings. Shirting. ete.etc. etc.
Snch as Coats. Pants, Vests, Under-,
shirts, and other Flannel shirts,
Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Neck- 1
ties. Gum Boots and Sboci. and
a variety of other articles. -
Snch as Unbleached and Bleached
Muslins, Colored Muslins, Linen
and cotton tablecloths. Oil cloth,
Linen and hemp towls. car
pets, curtains, fringe, etc
n ZfJ
rt. -I
If you want Nails or spikes. Manure
or other forks. Saw-mill or other
saws, Smoothing irons. Locks,
, Hinges, etc.. go to Mosop'a
where you can buy cheap.
Knives and forks. Batcher Knives,
Shoe and Stove blacking. Manilla
ana nemp ropes, lnK, rapcr or :
Pens, Powder, Shot or Lead, ,
etc., buy them at Mo?sopg.
Shoe Last or Pegs, Palm or Fancy
Soap, Starch, V all Taper or Win
dow Shades, Lamps, Lamp tubes
or Wicks, coal oil, etc , go to
Mossop's cheap cash store.
Good extra family Flour, White or
brown sugar, hams, shoulders or
sides, coffee; Imporial, Young
Hyson or blacs: tea, buy them
; atMossop's eheap for cash.
Tallow candles, fine or coar?e salt,
byrup or molasses, cheese, dried
apples or peaches, water or so
cio craocers, eall at Mossop's ,
where you oan buy oheap. -
Port wino for Medieal or Sacramen
tal uses, Sweet wine, old Monon
gahela or rye whistcy, Cherry
and Cognac brandy, . buy at
Mossop s cheap cash store.
Raisens, Figs, Prunes or dried Cur
rants; filberts, cream, peoan or
ground nuts, candies, Liquorice
or Liquorice root, buy them .
' at Mossop's oheap and good.
To bay any other article oheap, be
sure to go to Mossop, for ha sells
cheaper for cash than any other
person tn Clearfield county. -Norma
hr 27. 1861. - a2fS9.
STATEMENT of the Clearfield Count, E.H
for the month' ending Nov. 30th, IStJl
asskts. '
Bills discounted, :' : : : $31.01160
Pennsylvania State loans, 23.48S 67
Specie, :::::::: 4.7W 87
Due from other banks, : : 1.&43 01
Kotesof other banks, : : : 3,145 00
Checks, drafts, to. : : : 1.S43 96
Over drafts, : : 171 41
Furniture. ::::::: 299 il
Expense of plate engraving.ac. 764 7S
Loss and Expense : : : : 1,157 30
3,541 :
Capital stock, pakl in, r : $28,050 00
Notes in circulation, , : 21.825 Q0
Due depositors, : : : : 16,409 93
Dne individuals. : : : : 3.987 12
Interest and exchange, : 3.270 92
T3.Jtl ST
Clearfield, Pa., Nov. 30, 1861.
No Matter How Stcbokx, How Loko h?A?s t ,
n ) Will Cosqcer it,
Froptlai.1. j WlLL CrR; iT
What it has done, It trill do again.
Doctors read, Doctors examine, 1o.tur tkt ;t
The best testimony. Best Mtdiral Authority
Doctors luow it, Patients If iteve it, TiirJb Jnit
(Fur Okyici.4l Hospital K scout j j
Mat 19, f60. Ellen S., set. Zs. sin-L. ttvtr
was very ,trong. Two years ago she baj an at
tack of acute rheumatism, from which sbe con
fined Iu her bed for two weeks, and ubjrr,neu!r
from a relapse for four more. . She has bttn
sii.ee then till last Saturday; while enraej in
house cleaning, she took cold, had fain in br Lvfc
felt old, but had no decided chiil. To davj
la'er her ankle began totweii which wm follow
ed by swelling of the knee joints and ri tht tuJi
be baa dull pain In her shoulders, unj h r Vuirk
les are very tender, red and painful ; t.ik bej
are affected, but tbe ribi is the moi'. j. Tbu.
then, is a ca.'e of acute rheumatism, or, asit hao
fashionably called, rheumatic ferer. It is atl'.
marked typical care. We will carefully watch i'
case, and from time to time call your attention W
tbe various sj'mptoms which present tbciusclvet
My chief object iu bringing her before you new i
to call yo-jr attention to a remedy which has re
cently been rocon: mended in the treatment f ratu
matifm. I mean propylamine. Ir. Awenarios at
St. Petersburg, recommend 4 it in the hij;h-M terr-i
having derived great benefit from its ne In i.4
crues which came under his care. Various ::
iendatory testimonial!) respecting it b:re aj j e-.--ed
in our journal;, and I propose giving it a..ut,-r
trial. I must confess 1 am always incred'w 11 a
to the worth cf new remedies, which are vaur.-ej
as specifics ; but this comes to us recommends.! pu
highly, that we are bound to give it a trial.
Mat 23, IS60. I will now exhibit to you .h p
tient for whom I preshtibed Propylamine. ai,J
who was then laboring under an attac k T rcd.t
rheumatism. She has jtoadily taken it i. '. fi
of three grains, every two hour. (iBtennIttic it
at night). The day after you saw her, 1 f. uud &tr
much more comfortable, better than she evneruj
to be for a week or more, judging from 1 r c.inr
attack. (The patient now walked into il a ro.-ui )
The improvement has rteadily f ro.-rrc ded. r.i
you cannot fail to notice a marked change i: tic
appearance of her joints, which are now nt ...of
their uatural size. Thus far our exprii..eut wocld
hare seemed very succeMlul: but gentlemen
must wait a little while before we can give a it
oided opinion as to what is to be tbe result.
Mat 26,1860. This is the case of acute rbertna
tism treated with propylamine, tbe first of th..e
which I called your attention at our last eliwc
She is still very comfortable, and is bow takijj
three gratns thrice daily.
In this case it bas seemed to be followed by verr
satisfactory results. The second eat to wb.eii
your attention was called at our last lecture, bet
also continued to do well. I will now brirg be
fore yon a very characteristic case of acute rheu
matism, and if the result b esntisfactory.
as good jury vie n. we shall justly render our itniir.
in 'aval of propylamine.
lie is a seam an, set. 26, who was admitted afew
days ago. Has had occasional rheumatic p;i
but not so as to keep his bed, until eight days
The pains began in his right knee, sulsqucn
affected the left knee, and later the joints of u.t
tipper extremities. These joints are all swollen,
tense and tender. His tongue is furred ; Lisikm
at present, dry, though there has bean :nuok sweat
iu. His pulse is full and strong, ar.l abvotvu.
He has now used propylamine tweuty-four bears.
This gentlemen is what may be called a strict;?
typical case ot acute rheumatism. There was ex
posure to cold and wet, and this exposure is fol
lowed by a feeling of coldness, severe articular
pain, beginning, as it usually does, in the lower
joints There is fever and the profuse sweating,
so generally attendant on acute rheumatism.
I did not bring this patient before you with tie
intention of giving you a lecture on ill the points
connected with rheumatism, but to again giv
trial to the new remedy we are testing, and to ex
hibit to you this typical case, as I have cslleii it.
than which there could not be a fairer opportunity
for testing the medicine in question. We ars.
therefore, avoiding the use of all other medicines,
even anodynes, that there may be no niigirin;'
as to which was the efficient remedy. You shJ
see the case in a future clinic.
. Jcsk S, 1S60. The next of our canvalescents i
the case ofacute rheumatism before you at our eiia
io of May 26th, which I then called atypical ca.
and which it was remarked wasa fair opportune?
for testing the worth of our new remedy. Itss
therefore steadily given in three grain dfs every
two hours for four days. The patient bas got alcrg
very nicely, and is now able to walk about as y
see. I do not hesitate to say that 1 have nrvtstr
as severe a ease of acute rheumatism so soon mur
ed to health as this man has been, and uuttout
ingr prepared to decide positively as to the ralui at
the remedy ire have used, I fctl bound to stair ta!
in the eases in iriich ire have tried the ehlorutt'
Propylamine, the patients have gained their htr.A
muck earlier than under ths treatment ordinary
pursued. I wish, gentlemen, you would yoer
selves try it, and report tbe results.
. For a full report of which the above is a ees
densed extract, see the Philadelphia :1W"'"
Surgical Reporter. It is a report after a fur trii
by the best medical authority In this country soa
makes it unnecessary toive numerous certifies"
from astonished doctors and rejoicing patients.
A Speeot Ccre. Ax ErtEcrrAL Cvas, Tss
Same Resclt ih evert Case, ffaiutis Taif
Wherever Tried. What it bas po.
It Will Do Aoai.v.
BuIIoca" & Crenshaw a trm well nor "Y
medical xcen, by whom the Elixir J :o;jl" j-'
has been introduced, hare soT 1 to ns the
right to manufacture it according to tbe
recipe, and we hav made arrangements of "
magnitude as to enable s to scatter it broaaw
amongst suHeriLg humanity.
Tf mrm ir. ncu aatnarAmedV IB D
. . 1. - Pi'tiie LET
form, we invite your attention v iu -" .
vite your attention to the PlKBib'
jVLAMa,PL'HE Prop t lam i -w
i, of which we urs the sole me---
talizer 1'ROI
Pure Proptlamis
urers. v :t..'
f3-We cUlm no other virtue for the - ,
Propylamine than is contained in I are tr.
iced Chloride of Propylamine.
The Elixir is more comvesiest. ad ai
" "" .' SOLD 'AT 75 CTSA BOTTLE.
Orders mav be addressed ta"?";'"'.,
vfeictnrin Co., Offlce, R 00m N o. 4, is .
Fourth and Chestnut Sis., ?A,d",P.b'; Aettt-:
Or to either of the t"
Bullock & Crenshaw ; Jrencl, Richard A
John M. Maris A Co., Geo. D. "Tj Jor
Peter T.Wright A Co.. Zaifl lmUf
rls Perot A Co., PbiU lelph.a. ("