Newspaper Page Text
1 It- .;-.
BY S. J. ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1861.
VOL. 7.-NO. 52,
THE LITTLE OWE.
MATT. XIX 13, 15.
And is true what I am told,
That there are Jamba within the fold
Of Ood'a beloved fon.
That Jesus Christ with tender care,
4ViII in his anna most gently bear
The helpless "little one?" '
4) yea? I've heard my mother say,
JJe never sent a child away,
That scarce could walk or run ;
For when the parent's love besought,
Jht he would touch the child she brought,
il blessod tho 4 little one."
And I, a little straying lamb,
May come to Jesus as I am,
Though goodness I-have none,
May now bo folded to his breast,
As birds within the parent's nest. ;
And be his "little one."
And he can do all this for me,
Because in sorrow on the tree
lie once for sinners hung ;
And having washed their sins away
.lie now rejoices, day by day, ...... :
To cleanse the "little one."
Others there are who love mo too ;
But who with all thoir love can do
What Jesu3 Christ has done ?
Then if he teaches me to pray,
I'll surely goto him ana say.
Lord Mesa thy "little one."
-Thus by this gracious Shepherd fed,
And by his mercy gently led, .
' Where living waters run,
My greatest pleasure will be this,
That I am a little Jamb of His,
Who loves the "little ono."
THE TRAITOB'S CHILD.
The energies of the American troops sta
tioned at Fort Washington after their evacua
tion of New York, were fully taxed to repel
the many sorties made by tha enemy against
them. It required a constant and careful
watch upon the part of thu Commander-in-Chief
to prevent a surprise, and the more
surely to effect this, a system of observations
was maintained along the road, so that inl'or
niatioa passed from point to point, was sure
to reach the camp before the British could
.carry out their designs. The majority of per
sons living on the line from the city to Kings
bridge, gladly aided in this plan ot police,
and thus rendered essential service to the
cause. Une ut this number, however, a Mr.
Jennings, at last took umbrage from some or
der of Washington or his subordinate, and
with a repreheusible cunning, he determined
to abandon the Americans, and serve the in
terests of the foe. So secretly were these
plans concocted and carried out, that no one
outside of his own family suspected bis disaf
fection. The British General accepted the offered
services, and pledged himself to pay largely
lor them. It was proposed that a number of
.his troops should nixrch as far as his neigh
bors, who would-, of course, communicate their
.movements to Jenning, who in his turn, in
stead of passing the warning, was to eonceal
the forces until reinforcements could arrive,
.and a formidable demonstration could be made
against the fort.
'And lor this service, in any event you
.thall have a thousand pounds' said the Brit
ish General to the traitor. ''Should il even
tuate in the entire overthrow of th rebels,
the sum shall be trebled, while other rewards
shall be Iruely bestowtd. You are certain
tint you have confided the matter to no oAe 1"
"Not a soul,are those of my own family
know it," Jenniug replied.
"Of whom does your family consist ?"
"My wife who is an invalid, and an only
"How arc they affected by your change ?"
"I know not, nor do I care. But of course
f hey will follow my wishes, which have ever
been law to them. My daughter is the only
one who would think of a difference of opin
ion and even she would never dare to give it
"1 have heard that the majority of your A
rnerican females have imbibed a sort of ro-
jnaatic attachment to George Washington,
which might lead them to sympathize with
iiini, but ot course you are sure of your child,
.and can answer for her."
"Suppose you allow me to invite her here.
It would be a safe thing, and at the same time
remove her from the suspicion of collusion,
should you be discovered."
"I cannot part with her sir ! She has aided
me heretofore and can do so again. She is
very obedient, so we need not fear her."
"Enough ! Manage the matter yourself, 1
am content. Now lor our plans. To-morrow
at dusk a company of Capt. Trevor's com
mand will be got in motion, and arrive about
midnight at your bouse. . Yon will conceal
them and await the others. When they are all
fathered together you will guide them to the
attack. The rebels being off their guard will
fall an easy prey !"
So far as the intentions of the British officer
was concerned, the meditated plans wore car
ried oat. A number of picked men were con
cealed at the bouse of Jennings and at a prop
er time marched towards their destination.
Under cover of the nirht they proceeded to
the next station on the road when their ad
Vance was suddenly checked.
A sharp rattle of musket balls which seem
to have been designedly fired above their
jheads, brought them to an immediate halt.
A second discharge gave them to understand
,that their further progress would be danger
ous. Captain Trevor who was in command
immediately gave orders for a countermarch,
and in (ess than ten minutes the whole body
ere in a retrograde position.
We can hardly venture to describe the feel
ings of chagrin entertained by the original
P'otter ot the expedition, when informed by
Trevor of the unsatisfactory result. As that
officer banded him the gold which had been
promised, he threw it to the ground with a
violent gesture and with an oath swore that
he would murder the Informer whoever it
might be, that thug defeated bis hopes. In
vin the king's officer strove to calm him;
the darker passions of bis nature were aroused
and would not .be exercised. While ho was
(bus storming and invoking malediction npon
the head of the culprit, a fair girl entered the
apartment, There was a look or intelligent
firmness npon ber pale conntenance, as her
evea met those of. ber father and quailed not.
"Come hither, Hester!" he cried. "Do
yon know ought of this matter ? Can you tell
me who sent word to Washington, respecting
"Is expedition 7"
Htster cast an appealing look upon the offi
cer, who, however, did not interfere betweon
"Did yon bear my question 7" roared Jen
nings. "Tell me, do you know ought of this ?"
"I do !" replied the girl in a low tone.
"I thought so ! Now tell me the person's
"It was I !"
"You! Serpent! You betray me !"
"Father, hear me. I did send word to our
General that the enemy were to make an at
tack on the fort, but your name was not men
tioned as being a party to tho expedition.
No barm can come to you. I know how long
and bow arduously our countremen bad strug
gled against oppression; how nobly they con
tended against superior forces ; how truo was
their devotion to the cause in which they
wero engaged, and I could not look quietly
on and see their destruction attempted. X
sent word of this, but in saving them I did not
betray you "
"Enough that yon have coma between me
and my-evengo ! This be your reward !"
He drew from his pocket a pistol and delib
erately aimed it at his child. She moved not,
did not even tremble, but Trevor, shocked be
yond measure at the horror of the meditated
deed, sprang toward the wretch and raised his
arm. The ball grazed her head and was bur
ied deep in the wainscoat.
"Shame on you, man !" cried the officer
with indignation. "W ouldyou have her blood
on your bands ? of what are you composed 1
Is she your child "
"No !" cried Hester with a startling em
phasis. "I am not, or at least shall not be for
the future. I will not own a parent who to
the crime of treason, can add that of murder
I did expose your villainy and would do it a-
gain. Nay, you may frown, I fear you not !
This last act has frozen tho natural current of
Then in a calmer and more feeling tone she
"Father 'tis tho last time I shall call you
so I bid you farewell forever, lour male
dictions may be hurled against me, but never
will you again look upon my face. 'Ere a-
nother day has passed Washington shall know
of your treachery, lour only safety is m
flight. In England you may enjoy the fruit
of your baseness, but here you cannot remain
She passed from the room, as the tears
which she could no longer control, coursed
rapidly down ber cheeks. She repaired at
once to the oedside of ber mother, in whose
soul the last fltckerings of life were fast fail
ing. She knelt beside ber and even as she
prayed ber worn spirit was released from bond
"Alono ! an orphan ! God help me !" she ex
claimed as she pressed her trembling Ifps to
those that had so often met hers in love.
Jenning lingered not long. Soon after he
was on his way to England, where he lived,
as traitors should, in splendid disgrace. Hes
ter became the wife of a Revolutionary officer
and lived long enough to give to ber descend
ants the valuable example of the christain and
the patriot mother.
All that is excellent in goverement all
that is glorious in the history of the past all
that promises stability and prosperity in the
futuro cluster around the federal govern
ment, and excite the true patriot to Us main
tenance. In its life and perpetuity, the hopes
of civil and religious freedom throughout the
world are centered. W hen it is overthrown
by the machinations or the arms of traitors,
these hopes will expire in the blackness of un
ending night. Hence the cause of the Union
will survive defeat repeated over and over again.
The prize for which theTJnion party contends in
this struggle, is nothing less than the life of
the only free republican government in the
world ; while patriots would rejoice to have
the forces of such a government always victori
ous, yet such uninterrupted success can hard
ly be expected, when the foes they have to
conquer were but a short time since their
peers, and are now indebted to the fostering
care and ennobling influence of the very gov
ernment they would overthrow, lor all they
possess of manliness and skill in war.
TOUCHING INCIDENT OF THE BATTLE FlELD.
A staff officer from Charleston, engaged in the
battle of the 21st of July, says: "I rode out
the day after the battle to view the ground,
and passed piles of dead in various positions.
Under a large tree I 6aw a body lyiog, well
dressed, with a fancy sword, and a hankerchief
over the face. It attracted my curiosity. I
stopped, removed the handkerchief, and saw
one of the handsomest faces I ever met with,
of a boy not more than 12 or 14 years of age.
His appearance and dress indicated high social
position ; probably he was a temporary aid to
a general officer. To ascertain who be was I
examined his pocket, and found a testament,
in which was written, 'James Simmons, New
York. From his loving mother. My son,
remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth.'
I wished very much to take the body away, but
I was 6 miles from quarters, on horseback, and
it was impossible."
As old Law. A law against obtaining hus-
oanas unner iaise pretences, passed ny mo
English Parliament in 1770, enacts That all
women, of what everage, rank, profession, or
degree whether virgins, maids, or widows
who shall after this act, impose upon, seduce
and betray into matrimony any of bis Majesty's
male subjects, by virtue of scents, paints, cos
metic washes, artificial teeth, false hair, Span
ish wool, iron, iron stays, bolstered hips, or
high heeled shoes, shall incur the penalty of
the law now in force against wicthcraft and
like misdemeanors; and the marriage, under
snch circumstances, upon conviction of the
offending party, shall be null and void.
A cooper, finding considerable difficulty in
keeping ono of the heads ot a cask he was fin
ishing in its place, put bis son inside to hold
the head up. After completing the work
much to his satisfaction, he was astonished to
find his boy inside the cask, and without a
possibility of getting out, except through tho
don't miss my church so much as you may
suppose," said a lady to ner minister, wno
called on her during her illness ; "for I make
Betsy sit at the window as soon as the bells
begin to chime, and she tells me who are going
to church, and whether they have got on any
You cannot rrcscrve happy domestic pairs
in family jars. ; J
THE LAST SPEECH OF SENATOR DOUGLAS
Delivered in the great Wigwam at Chicago,
May 1st, 1861, to 10,000 people.
Mr. Chairman : I thank you for the kind
terms in which you have been pleased to wel
come me. . I thank the Committee and citizens
of Chicago for this grand and imposing recep
tion. I beg you to believe that I will not do
you nor myself the injustice to believe this
magmncent ovation is personal homage to my
self. I-rejoice to know that it expresses your
devotion to the Constitution, the Union, ana
the nag of our country. Cheers.
I will not conceal gratification at the uncon
trovertible test this vast audience presents
that what political differences or party questions
may have divided us, yet you all had a con
viction that when the country should be in
iidrer, my loyalty could be relied on. That
mS& present danger is imminent, no man can
cpoceal. . If war must come if the bayonet
,t)fj. be used to maintain the Constitution I
cwi say oeiore uoa my conscience is ciean.
have struggled long for apeaceful solution of
the difficulty. I have not only tendered those
States what was theirs of right, but I have
gone to the very extreme of magnanimity.
The return wo receive is War, armies march
ed upon our Capital, obstructions and dangers
to our navigation, letters of marque to invite
pirates to prey upon our commerce, a concer
ted movement to blot out the United States of
America from the map of the globe. The
question is, are we to maintain the country of
our fathers, or allow it to bo stricken down by
those who, when they can no longer govern,
threaten to destroy.
What cause, what excuse do Disunionists
give us for breaking up the best Government
on which the sun of heaven ever shed its rays ?
They are dissatisfied with the result of a Pres
idential election. Did they never get beaten
before ? Are we to resort to the sword when
we get defeated at the ballot-box. I under
stand it that the voice of the people expressed
in the mode appointed by the Constitution
must command the obedience of every citizen.
They assume on the election of a particular
candidate that their rights are not safe in the
Union. What evidence do they present of
this. I defy any man to show any act on which
it is based. What act has been omitted to be
done 1 I appeal to these assembled thousands
that so far as the constitutional rights of the
Southern States, I will say the constitutional
rights of slaveholders are concerned, nothing
has been done, and nothing omitted of which
they can complain.
There has never been a time from the day
that Washington was inaugurated first Pres
ident of these United States, when the rights
of the Southern States stood firmer under the
laws of the land,' than they do now ; there
never was a time when they had not as good a
cause for Disunion as they have to-day. What
good cause have they now that has not existed
under every Administration ? ,
Il they say the Territorial question now,
for the nrst time, there is no act of Congress
prohibiting Slavery anrRhere. If it be the
non-enforcement of the laws, the only com
plaluts that 1 have beard have been of the too
vigorous and faithful fulfillment of the Fugi
tive Slave Law. 1 ben what reason have they 7
The Slavery question is a mere excuse. The
election of Lincoln is a mere pretext. The
present Secession movement is the result of
an enormous conspiracy formed more than a
year since, formed by leaders in the Southern
Confederacy more than twelve months ago.
They use the Slavery question as a means to
aid the accomplishment of their ends. They
desired the election of a Northern candidate,
by a sectional vote, in order to show that the
two sections can not live together. When the
historv of the two years from the Lecompton
charter down to the Presidential election shall
be written, it will be shown that the scheme
was deliberately madeXo break up this Union.
They desired a Northern Republican to be
elected by a purely Northern vote, and then
assign this fact as a reason why the sections
may not longer Iivo together. If the Disunion
candidate in the late Presidential contest had
carried the United South, their scheme was,
the Northern candidate successful, to seize
the Capitol last Spring, and by a United
South and divided North bold it. Tbatscbeme
was defeated in the defeat of the Disunion
candidate in several of the Southern States.
But this is no time for a detail of causes.
The conspiracy is now known. Armies have
been raised, war is levied to accomplish it.
There are only two sides to the question. Every
man must be for the United States or against
it. There can be no neutrals in this war;
only patriots or traitors.
Thank God Illinois is not divided on this
question. Cheers. I know they, expected
to present a united Sonth against a divided
North. They hoped in the Northern States,
party questions would bring civil war between
Democrats and Republicans, when the South
would step in with her cohorts, aid one party
to conquer the other, and then make easy prey
of the victors. Their scheme was carnago
and civil war in the North.
There is but one way to defeat this. In
Illinois it is being so defeate'd by closing up
the ranks. War will thus be prevented on our
own soil. . While there was a hope of peace I
was ready for any reasonable sacrifice or com
promise to maintain it. But when the question
comes of war in the eotton-fields of the South
or the corn-fields of Illinois, I say the farther
off the better. 1 '
We cannot close our eyes to the sad and
solemn fact that war does exist. The Gov
ernment must be. maintained, its enemies
overthrown, and the more stupendous our
preparations the less the bloodshed, and tne
shorter the struggle. But we must remember
certain restraints on our action even in time
of war. We are a Christian people, and the
war must be prosecuted in a manner recogni
zed by Christian nations.
We must not invade Constitutional rights.
Tho innocent must not sutler, nor women and
children be the victims. Savages must not bo
let loose. But while I sanction no war on tne
rights of others, I will implore my country
men not to lay down their arms until our own
rights are recognized. Cheers.
The Constitution and its guarantees are onr
birthright, and I am ready to enforce -that
inalienable right to the last extent. We can
not recognize Secession. Recognize it once,
and you have not only dissolved government,
but you have destroyed social order, upturned
the foundations of society. You have inau
gurated anarchy in its worst form, and will
shortly ' experience all the horrors of - the
Thai? wo have a solemn duty to maintain
the Government. The greater our unanimity
the speedier the day of peace. We have preju
dices to overcome from the few short months
sinc3 of a fierce party contest. Yet these
must be allayed. Let us lay aside all crimi
nations and recriminations as to the origin of
these difficulties. When we shall have again
a country with the United States flag floating
over it, and respected on every inch of Ameri
can soil, it will then be time enough to ask
who and what brought all this upon us.
I have said more than I intended to say.
Cries of "Go on." It is a sad task to dis
cuss questions so fearful as civil war, but sad
as it is, bloody and disastrous as I expect it
will be, I express it as my conviction before
God, that it is the duty of every American
citizen to rally round the flag of his country.
I thank you again for this magnificent de
monstration. By it you show you have laid
aside party strife. Illinois has a proud posi
tion. United, firm, determined never to per
mit the Government to be destroyed. Pro
Cheering from Louisiana. The Buffalo
Advertiser says: "Wo are gratified to be able
to present to our readers cheering news from
the southwest. We are informed by a weal
thy and influential citizen of that section,
whose name we suppress for obvious reasons,
that Louisiana is still loyal. Altbongh our
informant is somewhat enthusiastic in his loy
alty, yet we feel confident that his statements
may be relied upon. lie says that almost all
the old Whigs of Louisiana are now Union
men, not only anxious for the suppression of
the rebellion, but ready, when the time ar
rives, to co-operate with the federal forces to
that end by armed assistance. These loyal
men are a majority in the state, and are in
daily communication with each other upon
this subject. Their ardent desire is that the
government shall send an army to relieve them
from the odious tyranny of secession under
which they are now living. Texas is also,
they say, in a similar condition, and our loy
al brothers in the southwest are anxiously ex
pecting succor from the North. Among the
leading Union men the idea is universal that
if our government w ould take one important
Southern port upon the Atlantic, and force
the free navigation of the Mississippi by the
occupation of New Orleans, then the rebellion
would be substantially quelled they desire
only the presence of Fremont, with a small
army, to rally the Union men of Louisiana
around him. These things are constantly can
vassed by our Union friends among them
selves. Unaided, they are powerless, but
they call to us for support and .they should
have it." '
The following is an extract from a letter re
ceived in Boston, from a Virginia lady, now
residing In Washington : "Senator Johnson's
friend, , of Tennessee, is now stopping with
us, bis brother with Mary. They are both
so earnest in the Union cause, risking their
lives, property and everything earthly, that
we feel much interested m them. On bis way
from Tennesse, traveled part of the way with
a Georgian who had been at the battle of Bull
Run, and, mistaking him for a Secessionist,
talked freely with him. He says Southerners
are astonished at the Northern troops; they
fight like tigers ; so steady, so cool. A Lou
isiana regiment, the "Chain-Gang" Regiment,
to my knowledge, brought off but twelve men ;
an Alabama and Georgia regiment were near
ly annihilated. In fact, he says: "Sir, it was
a victory on the part of our troops, but a dear
bought one. You know they will not allow
any paper or individual to publish over 3,000
killed and wounded; but I know positively
that it was fully 8,000; and a few more such
victories would break us up."
The Campaign in Missouri. The anxiety
of the rebels to get possession of St. Louis
and Jefferson City, in order to draw Missouri
into their confederacy, is evidently just now
very great. Moreover, in that State are the
lead mines, upon the working of which the
Southerners depend for their supplies of shot,
and that metal we know to be very scarce in
the dominions of Jeff. Davis. They attach
great importance, and very justly so, to the
campaign in both Southwestern and South
eastern Missouri, and will fight hard for the
mastery in that section. Gen. Fiemont, how
ever, is just as determined, and, we can easi
ly perceive, intends, without delay, to make
a grand demonstration in Western Missouri,
and about the same time a similar movement
in Eastern Missouri, by which the rebel forces
will be divided, and, iu all probability, crush
ed out irretrievably in the one campaign. A
decisive victory of this kind will have con
siderable influence in bringing' the war to a
A Sly Device Equal to "Nobodt Hurt."
It is suggested that the usual emblems of
external mourning be dispensed with by those
who have lost relatives who were bravely sus
taining their country's right, and in this met
with a glorious death. The reasons for the
suggestiou are that it would give our streets
and churches a distressing and gloomy as
pect, that many families cannot afford it, and
the loss of father, husband or brother is not,
under tho circumstances, cause for that bitter
ness of mourning which attends the ordinary
dispensations of Providence, because the
gloom is brightened by the glory of triumph
in the discbarge of the holiest obligations of
duty. Richmond Whig.
James, my son, take this letter to the post
office and pay the postage on it. The boy re
turned highly .elated and said : "Father, I
seed a lot of men putting letters in a little
place, and when no one was looking, I slipped
yours in for nothing and bought a gingercake
with the money."
To cure dyspepsia t Take a new axe, pat a
white hickory handle in it, bore a hole in the
top of the handle, fill the hole with gum cam
phor, and seal it up. Then take the axe and
cat cord wood, at fifty cents a cord, until the
beat of the handle dissolves the camphor. , :
A down east . editor thus logically nudges
is delinanent subscribers: 'We don't want
money desperately bad, but our creditors do ;
and no doubt they owe yon. If you pay us,
we'll pay them, and they'll pay you.'
Tea is selling at Fredericksburg, Virginia,
at two dollars per pound, and sugar at fifty
and sixty cents. It must cost something
to steady the nervfes of the- 'mother of
VOICE FB0M THE ADMINISTRATION.
SPEECH OF nOS. CALEB B. SMITH.
At a meeting held in Providence, Rhode Is
land, on Friday evening, the 16th August, the
Hon. Caleb B. Smith, Secretary ot the Interi
or, made an address, from which we make the
It is idle. my friends, to indulge in the hope
that, if we cannot sustain this Union we can
sustain republican institutions. For, let me
assure you to-night, that if we cannot pre
serve our presont Government in its present
form, we cannot sustain a free government in
any form; There is great truth there is great
force in the sentiment so eloquently pronounc
ed by the immortal statesman of Massachu
setts, "Liberty and Union, now and forever,
one and inseparable." Why is it, my friends,
that this discord prevails among us 1 Why is
it that a portion of our own citizens are now
thundering at the very door of the Capitol
with hostile artillery 1 I know there is one
element of discord in our system ; and I in
tend to speak plainly in all that I have to say.
It is the qnestion of domestic servitude that
has rent asunder the temple of liberty. What
is there in this question of slavery that should
divide this people 7 Why, ray friends, when
this Government was formed, when we march
ed from the battle-fields of the Revolution,
every State of the Union with a single excep
tion acknowledged the institution of slavery.
It has been abolished in New England, in New
York, and Pennsylvania: and our States of
the West have grown to their present stature
of population and magnificence as free States.
But for the last ten years an angry controver
sy has existed upon this question of slavery.
The minds of the people of the South have
been deceived by the artful representations of
demagogues, who have assured them that the
people of the North were determined to bring
the power of this Government to bear upon
them for the purpose of crushing out this in
stitution of slavery. I ask you, is there any
truth in this charge 1 Has the Government of
the United Stales, in any single instance, by any
one solitary act, interfered with the institutions
of the South ? No, not one.
The theory of this Government is, that the
States are sovereign within theirproper sphere.
7'Ae Government of the United States has no
more right to interfere with the institution of
slavery in South Carolina than it has to inter
fere with the peculiar institution of Rhode Is
land, whose benefits I have enjoyed to-day. But,
my friends, during the last summer, when the
great political contest was raging throughout
the land, then it was that designing and dis
honest men, for the purpose of accomplishing
their own selfish schemes, appealed to the
prejudices of tho Southern people, denoun
cing those who supported Mr. Lincoln as Ab
olitionistsas men who would disregard the
constitutional rights ot the South, .and trans
cend the powers of the Government. Exci
ted by these iniquitous appeals, they were
ready to take arms to prevent the inaugura
tion of that President whom a majority of the
people had declared to be the man of their
My friends, I have known the President
long and well. It has been my fortune to be
selected as one of his constitutional advisers.
I have bad the honor of being connected with
this Administration since its commencement,'
and I tell you to-night that you cannot find in
South Carolina a man more anxious, reli
giously and scrupulously to observe all the
features of the Constitution relating to sla
very, than Abraham Lincoln. Had the peo
ple of the South been willing to wait and see
whether he would regard that oalh which, In
the presence of the assembled nation, he had
taken, they would have found that no Admin
istration ever organized in this country would
have more conscientiously regarded and pro
tected the rights of the South than this Ad
ministration would have done. I know that I
speak the sentiments of the President and his
advisers of those who have controlled his
Administration. . . .
My friends, we make no war upon Southern
institutions. We recognize the right of South
Carolina and Georgia to hold slaves if they de
sire them. But, my friends, we appeal to you
to uphold the great banner of our glorious
country, and to leave the people of that coun
try to settle these domestic matters according
to their own choice and the exigencies which
the times may present. . . . .
I do not invoke you to engage in this war
as a war against slavery. We are warring for
a different principle. But there is an old ad
age brought down to us from the ancients :
"That whom the gods would destroy they
must first madden." They are afflicted by
that madness which for their wickedness God's
providence has brought upon them. And that
will do more to crush out the institniion of
slavery than would have been done by the
peaceful administration of the Government
in ten centuries. If that should be the conse
quence, I have no tears to shed. To the fu
ture and to Providence I leave the issues of
this great question.
It is not the province of the Government of
the United States to enter into a crusade a
gainst the institution of slavery. I would pro
claim to the people of all the States of this
Union the right to manage their institutions
in their own way.
I know that my fellow-citizens will recog
nize that as one fundamental principle upon
which we commenced this contest. Let us
not give onr opponents any reason to com
plain of in this respect. Let us not bring to
bear npon them the power of despotism, out
the power of the people of a republican gov
ernment where the people rule. Let us bring
it to bear upon them so that toe traitors stiau
receive such condign punishment as all the
world may see the fate which a free people
visits upon traitors. No spectacle would af
ford us so much satisfaction as to see dang-
linff from the gallows the bodies of Jefferson
Davis and John B. Floyd, Heniy A.Wise,
and all those men who have involved this
country in the greatest affliction which can
overtake any people.
Let a man be a plain, quiet worker, not pro
claiming himself melodiously in any wise,
but familiar with ns, unpretending, letting all
bis littleness and feebleness be seen unhin
dered, and wearing an ill-cut coat withal, and
though ho be such a man as is only sent on
earth once in five hundred years, for some
special human teaching, we shall not be like
ly to call him inspired.
Many a man is blackballs'! by those who
are hardly fit to perform that operation npon
SUMMARY OF WAR NEWS.
Independence, Mo., August 20. The San
ta Fe mail and Canon City express arrived
here last evening, three days ahead of time,
bringing dates from Santa Fe to the 5th inst.
A report reached Santa Fe two days before
tho mail left, that major Lynd of the 7th In
fantry, U. S. A., in command of about 500
Federals, surrendered to the Sexaa troops, 3,
000 in number, without firing a shot. Major
Lynd abandoned Fort Fillmore on the 2Glh ult.,
and marched toward Fort Staunton, eighteen
miles from Fort Fillmore. He surrendered
his whole command to the Texas troops. It
was believed in Stante Fe that the Tcxans
have also taken the stock and coaches belong
ing to the Sante Fe and El Paso Mail Com
pany, as their coaches failed to arrive in Santa
Fe. On the 2d inst. an engagement took
place at Mesilla between a body of Fed
eral troops and 700 Confederates under Capt.
Baylor. Capt. Mc.Miely and Lieut. Brooks ot
the Federal army were wounded in the en
gagement. Twelve of the Confederates wero
killed. Night put an end to the engagement.
The Texans were remaining in Mesilla and the
Federal forces going to Fort Fillmore, about
100 miles distant. Considerable fears were
entertained for the safety of Fort Union, and
the commanding officer of that point was hav
ing it fortified and entrenched. Col. Loring,
formerly of the U. S. A., is said to be in com
mand of a body of Texas Rangers. The
weather on the plains was very warm, and
Buffalo were in abundance in many places.
The mail party found it difllcult'to get through
the large herds, which covered tho woods
August 21. That our readers may see what
a precious set of scoundrels the secessionists
are we copy the following boasting account of
tho burning of Hampton from the correspon
dent of the Petersburg (Va.,) Express
most bitter secession paper. The letter is
dated August 9th, from "Camp Bartlett : "Oq
Wednesday evening it was decided by Gen.
Magruder to be expedient and proper to burn
Hampton. In furtherance of this subject, just
after dark, the troops were retnved from in
sight ot Hampton to another road which ap
proaches nearer to Newport News, and not
far from the town. The Old Dominion cavalry,
under command of Capt. Phillips, and tho
Mechlenburg cavalry, under command of Cap t.
T. F. Goode, and a command of infantry, under
Col. Hodges, were detailed for the hazardous
purpose of firing the town. The cavalry compa
nies marched in front, and tho infantry behind.
Just here 1 will state that an efficient fortifica
tion had been thrown across the main street
by the Yankees, but the guns had all been re
moved. We marched to the fortifications,
carried our horses oil from tho street, and then
dismounted. Infantry were detailed to hold
our horses while we were to execute the work.
We marched down the street, and while a con
sultation was being held, a brisk fire opened
from the bridge upon us. They were supposed
to be from forty to one hundred strong. An
order was then issued for the reinforcement
of the infantry, which was no sooner given
than Col. Hodges' joined with them in double
quick time and rushed to tho spot. The ras
cals only fired once after the infantry made an
attack upon them. They ran off as fast as
their cowardly legs could carry tbeui. No
one on our 6ide was injured. We were now
ordered to proceed with the burning, and harder
work a set of fellows veccr did. We continued
to set fire to house after house, until all were in
Jlamts within and below the fortification. A
portion of the cavalry companies were then
detailed to complete the burning above the
fortification, which they did, and then covered
the retreat of the infantry to camp, about threo
miles distant. The town was most effectually
burned, and I feel sure that no person was
burnt, though it was about midnight."
On the other hand, the following false state
ment is from Richmond (Va.) Dirpatch, of Au
gust 9tb, and considering the fact that the ras
cals knew and now admit that this "crowning
act of barbarity" was done by order of their
own general, Magruder, it is icy cool ! Lying
and perjury must be learned as a profession or
business, in Secessia ! "The news of the last
crowning act of barbarity seems to bo con
firmed. The quiet, unoffending old village,
which even the British spared in the late war,
has been converted into a heap of ashes by the
Black Republican invaders. A more wanton,
unprovoked and infernal piece of pure diabol
ism was never committed."
This has been an interesting day among tho
military in the neighborhood of the capital.
A distinguished party, consisting of the Pres
ident of the United States, Secretaries Cam
eron, Seward and Chase, together with Major
Gen. McClelland and staff, have been visiting
the various camps on both sides of the Poto
mac. The weather was clear and remarkably
pleasant after the recent heavy rains. Tho
appearance and movements of the several bri
gades were in a high degree creditable. The
young General was everywhere greeted with
oft repeated cheers and with an enthusiasm
unbounded. The customary salutes were fired
both for him and the President.
It is understood that the government has
fully determined to cause the arrest and con
finement of every person in. the north, whom
it can bejsatisfactoiily proved isjin league with
the confederals, or in any way aiding and en
couraging their movements. This will ex
plain the arrests that have taken place within
the past few days and the indications aro
that many more will follow,
The President carries the great burden of
this war without bending. His health is per
fect. His conrage is perfect. To the dis
charge of his onerous duties as Chief Magis
trate, be adds the labors of supervising the
national military movement. From Kansas,
to the Potomac, the armies are under his eye.
His care and vigilance comprehend the whole.
The Potomac fleet now consists of eleven
well-armed steamers and eleven launches, each
carrying fifteen men and a dahlgren 12 pound
er. It is evidently abundantly able to pre
vent the rebels from crossing or making a
feint to cross sufficiently formidable to call off
troops from Washington.
A dispatch states that the steamer Hanni
bal City with Federal troops from St. Louis,
bound southward, was fired jnto by th Con
federates at Commerce, Mo., and sunk. 300
Federals were taken prisoners.
Johnston and Beauregard have been rein
forced by some 15,000 or 20,000 since the Bull
Run battle, and it is reported to-day that
Yorktown, Norfolk and Richmond have beec
almost cjeautfedof troops. . .
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