Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, August 07, 1861, Image 1

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VOL. 7.-NO. 49.
My cottage hrstne is filled with light,
, The long, long jammer day ;
But, ah I dearer Jove the night,
. And hail the singing my ;
'For Ve restores me one whose smile
t)oth more than morning's match
And life afresh seems dawning while
His hand is on the latch !
When auturu fields are thick with sheaves,
And shadows early fall,
And grapes grow purple 'neath the eaves
Along our trellia'd wall
I dreaming sit the sleepy bird
- Faint twittering in the thatch
To wake to joy when soft is heard
His hand upon the latch !
In the short winter afternoon,
I threw my work aside,
And through the lattice, while the moon
Chines mistily and wide,
'On the dim upland paths I peer
In vain his form to catch
I startle with delight, and hear
Ilis hand upon the latch.
Mr. Thornton came home at bin usual mid
day hour, and as ho went by the parlor door
lie saw his daughter, a young lady ot nineteen,
lonnging on the sofa with a book in her bands.
The whirl of bis wife's sewing machine struck
on bis ear at the same moment. Without
pausing at the parlor, he kept 'on to the room
from whence came the sound of industry.
Mrs. Thornton did not observe the entrance
of her husband. Sho was bending closedown
over her work, and the noise of the machine
was louder than bis footsteps on the floor.
Mr. Thornton stood looking at hef some mo
ments without speaking.
"Oh, dear!" exclaimed the tirod woman,
letting her foot rest on the treadle and straight
ening herself, "this pain In my side is almost
beyond endurance." -
"Then why do you sit, killing yourself?"
.said Mr. Thornton.
Mr. Thornton's aspect was unusually sober.
"What's the matter ! Why do you look so
serious ?" asked bis wife.
Because I feel serious," be answered.
"lias anything gone wrong ?" Mrs. Thorn
ton's countenance grew slightly troubled.
Things had gone wrong in her husband's busi
ness more than once, and she bad learned to
dread the occurrence of disaster.
"Things are wrong all the time," was repli
ed, with some impatience of manner.
"In your business 7" Mrs. Thornton spoke
a little faintly.
f-So, nothing especially out of the way
there, but it's all wrong at homo."
"I don't understand you, Harvey. What is
wrong at borne, pray J"
"Wrong tor you to sit in pain and exhaus
tion over that sewing machine, whilst an idle
daughter lounges over a novel in the parlor.
That's what I wished to say."
"It isn't Elbe's fault. She often asks to help
me; but I can't see the child put down to
household drudgery. Her time will come
boon enough. Let her have a little ease and
comfort while she may."
"If we said that of our sons," repliod Mr.
Thornton, "and acted on the word, what effi
cient men they would make for the world's
work! How admirably furnished they would
be for life's trials and duties ! It is a poor
compliment to Effie'a moral sense to buppose
that alio can be content to sit with idle bands,
or to employ them in light f'rivolties, while her
Mother is worn down with toil beyond her
strength. Hester, it must not be I"
"And it shall not be," said a quick and firm
Mr. Thornton and bis wife started, and
turned to the sjeaker, who had entered the
loom unobserved, and been a listener to all the
conversation we havo recorded.
"It shall not be, father !" And Effic came
ami stood by Mr. Thornton. Her lace was
crimson ; her eyes flooded with tears, through
which light was flashing; her form drawn up
erectly; hermanner resolute. "It isn't all
my fault," she said, and she laid her band on
her father s arm.
"I've asked mother a great many times to
let me help her, but she always puts me off,
and says it is easier to do a thing herself than
to show another. May be I am a little dull,
tut every one has to learn, j-ou know. Mother
did not get her band in fairly with thatsewing
machine for two or three weeks, and I'm cer
tain it would'nt take me any longer. If she'd
only teach me how to use it, I could help her
agreatdeal. And, indeed, father I'm willing !"
"Spoken in the right spirit, my daughter,"
s lid Mr. Thornton, approvingly. "Gir Is should
be usefully employed as well as boys, and in
the very things most likely to be required of
them when they become women in the most
responsible position of wires and mothers.
Depend upon it, Eflio, an idle girlhood is not
the way to a cheerful womanhood. Learn and
do now the very things that will be required of
you in after years, and then you will have ac
quired facility. Habit and skill make easy
what might come hard, and be felt as very
"And would yon have ber abandon all self
improvement" said Mrs. Thornton, "give up
music, reading, society ?"
"There are," replied Mr. Thornton, as bis
Ue paused for another word, "some fifteen or
ixteen hours of each day In which mind or
hands should bo rightly employed. Now let
us see how Effie is spending these long and
ever recurring periods of time. Come, my
daughter, sit down. We have this subject
lirly before us. It Is one of life-long impor
tance to you, and should be well considered.
How is it in regard to the employment of your
time? Take yesterday, for instance. The
records ol a day will help ns to get towards
the result after which we are now searching."
. Effie sat down and Mr. Thornton drew a chair
lront of his wife and daughter.
"Take yesterday, for instance," said the
lather. "How was it spent 7 You rose at
even in the morning."
"Yea, sir ; I came down just as the breakfast
Wl was rung," said Effie.
"And your mother waa up at half-past five,
know, and feeling so weak that she could
wrdly dress herself. But tor all this she was
at work until breakfast time. Now, if you had
risen at six, and .shared your mother's work
until seven yon would have taken an hour from
Ller day's burthens, and certainly lost nothing
. m your music, self-improvement or social
JMercourse. How was it after breakfast? Ho
w the morning spent ?"
Jt jj practised on the piano an hour after break-
"So for to good. What then?"
"I read 'The Cavalier' until eleven o'clock."
Mr. Thornton shook bis head, and asked,
"after eleven, how was the time spent ?"
"I dressed myself and, wont out."
"And what time did you go out 1"
"A little after twelve o'clock."
'An hour was spent in dressing ?"
"Yes, sir."
"Where did you go ?"
"I called for Ellen Boyd, and we took a walk
down Broadway."
"And came home just in time for dinner ?
I think I met you at the door ?"
"Ves, sir."
"How was it after dinner ?"
"1 slept from three until five, and then took
a bath and dressed myself. From six until tea
time, I sat at the parlor window."
"And after tea 7"
"Head 'Cavalier' until I went to bed."
"At what hour ?"
"flleven o'clock."
"Now we can make up the account," said
Mr. Thornton.
"You arose at seven and retired at eleven.
Sixteen hours. And from your account of the
day, but a single hour was spent in anything
useful that was the hour at your piano. Now,
your mother was up at half-past five, and went
to bed from sheer inability to sit at her work
any longer, at half-past nine. Sixteen hours
for her, also. Ilow much reading did you do
in that time ?"
And Mr. Thornton looked at his wife.
"Reading ! Don't talk to me of reading !
I've no time to read," Mrs. Thornton answer
ed a little impatiently. The contrast of her
daughter's idle hours with her own life of ex
hausting toil did not effect her very pleasantly.
"And yet," said Mr. Thornton, "you were
always very fond of reading, and I can remem
ber when no day went by without an hour or
two passed with your books. Did you lie
down after dinner?"
"Of course not !"
"Nor take a pleasant walk on Broadway?
Nor sit at the parlor window with Eflie ? Ilow
about that ?" "Now, the case is a very plain
one," continued Mr. Thornton. "In fact
nothing could be plainer. You spend from
fourteen to sixteen hours every day in hard
work.whilo Effic, taking yesterday as a sample,
spends about the same time in what is a little
better than idleness. Suppose a new adjust
ment were to take place, and Eflie were to be
employed in helping yo.u for eight hours every
day, she would still have eight hours left for
self-improvement and recreation, and you, re
lieved from your present overtasked condition,
might get back a portion of the health and
spirits, of which these too heavy household
duties have robbed you."
"Father !"said Effie, speaking through tears
that were falling over her face, "I never saw
things in this light. Why haven't vou talked
to me before ? I've often felt as if I'd like to
help mother. But she never gives me anything
to do, and if I offer to help her she says You
can't do it,'orI had rather do it myself.'
Indeed, it isn't all my fault."
"It may not have been in the past, Effie,"
replied Mr. Thornton ; "but it will certainly
be In the f uture, unless there is a new arrange
ment of things. It is a false social sentiment
that lets daughters become idlers, while moth
ers, fathers and sons take up the daily burden
of work, and bear it through all the busy
Mrs. Thornton did not come gracefully into
the new order of things proposed by her hus
band and accep'ed by Eflie. False pride in
her daughter, that future lady ideal, and an
inclination to do all herself, rather than to take
trouble to teach another, were all so many im
pediments. But Effie and her father were both
in earnest, and it was not long before the
mother's face began to lose its look of weari
ness, ar.d her languid frame to come up to an
erect bearing. She could find time lor the
old pleasure in books now and then, for a
healthy walk in the street, and a call on some
valued friend.
And was Eflie the worse for this change 7
Did the burden she was sharing with her moth
er depress her shoulders and take the lightness
from her step ? JN ot so. The languidness en
gendered by idleness, which had begun to
show itself, disappeared in a few weeks; the
color came warmer into ber cheeks, her eyes
gained in brightness. She was growing, in
fact, more beautiful, for a mind cheerf ully
conscious of duty was moulding. every linea
ment of her countenance into a new expres
sion. Did self-improvement stop ? Oh, no. From
one to two hours were given to close practice
every day. Her mind becoming more vigor
ous in tone, instead of enervated by idleness,
chose a better, order of reading than had been
indulged before, and she was growing towards
a thoughtful, cultivated, intelligent woman
hood. She also found time, amid her home
duties, for an hour twice a week with a Ger
man teacher, and she began, also, to cultivate
a taste for drawing. Now that she was em
ploying the time she found at her disposal,
how cheerful and companionable she grew !
She did not seem like the Effie Thornton of a
month before. In fact, the sphere of the whole
household was changed. As an idler, Effie
Thornton bad been to the rest, and the weight
of that burden had been sufficient to depress,
through weariness, the spirits of all. But now
that she was standing up, self-abstained, but a
sharer in the burden of each, all hearts came
back to a lighter measure, beating rythroe
tically and in conscious enjoyment.
Decision and Destiny. Pizarro, the con
qneror of Teru, in one of bis reverses, was
cast on the Island of Gallo, with a few of his
followers. When in a starving condition, two
vessels arrived from Panama for his relief,
and to indnce him to abandon his object.
Now came the test of his decision of charac
ter, and the determination of bis earthly des
tiny. Drawing bis sword, be traced a lino
with it on the sand from east to west. Then
turning towards the south, "Friends and coni
rads," be said, "on that side are toil, hunger,
nakedness, the drenching storm, desolation
and death ; on this side ease and pleasure.
There lies Peru with its riches here Panama
with its poverty. Choose, each man what be
comes a brave Castilian. , Eor my part, 1 go
to the south." So saying be stepped across
the line. He was followed by eleven others,
and Peru was conquered !
The blood of man should never be shed but
to redeem the blood ot man. It is well shed
for our family, for our friends, for our God,
for our country, and for our kind. The rest
is vanity ; the rest is crime.
In the Senate of the United States, on Saturday,
July zi, ibi,on the joint resolution approv
ing the acts of the President coming up.
Mr. Johnson (Tenn.) said he was unwilling
to let the Senate adjourn without saying some
thing of the present state of affairs. On our"
return hero we find ourselves in the midst of
a civil war, which seems to be progressive,
with not much hope of a speedy termination.
It seemed to him that the Government had
reached one of three periods which all Gov
ernments must pass through. First. They
have to pass the ordeal to establish their inde
pendence. This Government passed that in
the war of the revolution ; next, after having
obtained their independence and taken a po
sitiou among Nations, then they must main-
taiu themselves against foreign powers and
foes. This Government passed that orieal in
1812. There is another ordeal, when the
Government has to contend against internal
foes. We are now in the midst of this third
ordeal. The struggle now is whether the
Government is capable of maintaining its ex
istence against traitors to the Constitution of
the country. This is the problem now before
our people. lie trusted, and had a perfect
confidence that the Government would sue
cessfullv pass this ordeal ; but the time has ar
rived when the energies of the people must
be put forth, and there must be union and
concert of action. It bad been argued that if
we proceed we will be m great danger of a
Dictatorship, acd that the character and geni
us of our Government will be wholly changed.
It is argued that this is an attempt to change
the nature and institutions of the Government.
He referred to Mr. Breckinridge's speech.
We agree in an effort to change the Govern
ment, but differ as to the parties trying to
make the change. It is a struggle now wheth
er the people shall rule and have a Govern
ment based on intelligence, integrity and pu
rity of the people. There is an effort being
made, and it is the result of a long contem
plated plan, to overthrow the institutions of
this Government.
He referred again to Mr. Breckinridge's
speech, when he said that Washington carried
the country through the Revolution without
a suspension of the habeas corpus; but Presi
dent Lincoln could not carry on the Govern
ment three months without it. He cited a
case during the war of the Revolution, when
forty citizens were taken and imprisoned
eight months, and the soldiers refused to de
liver them up on a writ of habeas corpus, and
the Legislature of Pennsylvania commended
the officers for the suspension of the writ. lie
referred to the case of GeneralJackson at New
Orleans, as a precedent for establishing mar
tial law in case of an emergency. Had Gen.
Jackson refused to put the city under martial
law and thus lost the Government, he ought
to have lost his head. The President was
obliged to act as he did to save the Govern
ment, and this is a very unpropitious timo to
assail the Government, when armed bands of
traitors are actually in the field, trying to
overthrow it. The increase of the array and
navy was justified by the'great plea of neces
sity. But how does the case stand now, when
we are called on to support the Government?
Who will find fault with the President for do
ing just what Congress ought to do 7 Why
not come forward and support the Govern
ment ? No! The fact is too apparent that
we had enemies to the Government here last
winter, and in my opinion we have got ene
mies of the Government here now that we
have got those here who make long pathetic
speeches in favorof compromise. But the Sen
ator from California, Mr. Latham, showed con
clusively that the thing the traitors most feared
last year was compromise, and a great effort
was made to get out of Congress before the
compromise could bo made. '
The argument has been made that the Free
States would get the power and then amend
the Constitution so as to destroy the institu
tion of slavery ; hence the South must not
wait till tho fatal day came. Then eight
States withdrew, and we reached a point when
the Free States had a majority, and the pow
er to amend tho Constitution so as to over
throw the institutions of slavery. Now, what
was done then ? Why, we passed an amend
ment to the Constitution that no amendment
should be made to the Constitution that would
give any power to legislate on the subject of
slavery. Talk about compromise ! How can
we get any guaranty inoro binding than that?
This was done when the Free States had the
power, and it places slavery completely be
yond tho control of Congress. What more
can bo asked ? Why don't the States who
talk of compromise come forward and accept
this offer? But no! instead of it they pass
ordinances to violate the Constitution and take
the State out. What else did Congress do
when the Freo States had the power 7 They
came forward and passed three territorial bills,
and none of them had any slavery prohibi
tion, and declared that no law shall be passed
by Territorial Legislatures impairing the
rights of private properly. Can there be any
thing more conclusive 7 Now, take this a
mendment to the Constitution and the Terri
torial bills, and what else is left ot the slavery
question 7 Yet the Union must be broken up !
Some are sincere in the compromise, but oth
ers como here simply to make it a pretext, in
the hope that it will be refused; and then, on
the refusal, these States will bo declared out
of the Union. A Senator from Georgia once
said, "When traitors become numerous o
nough, treason would be respectable." Per
haps it is so now ; but, God being willing, let
them be as many as they please, be commen
ded a war against traitors and treason against
the Government framed by our fathers, and
we intend to continue it to the end. Ap
plause in tbo galleries. Now we are in the
midst of civil war; blood has been spilled and
life sacrificed. Who commenced it 7 Yet
now we aro told that we roust come forward
and seperate the Union, and make peace with
traitors and rebels. Let them ground arms,
obey the laws and acknowledge the Constitu
tion. Then, perhaps, we will talk about com
promise. The best compromise is the Con
stitution of the United States.
lie referred to Mr. Breckinridge's speech,
that it is desired to change the Government,
and quoted from Alabama papers that a mon
archy was desirable; and from Mr. Russell's
letter to the London Timet. lie also quoted
the Richmond papers, that said, rather than
submit to the United States they would go un
der the rule of the amiable queen of Great
Britain. He quoted from Memphis paper,
which said, if it be necessary, let Ilarris be
the King, and the Mayor of Memphis dicta
tor, i hat state of things, under the law ot
terror, now reigns. Isham G. Harris, King !
King over the State of Tennessee, where lie
the bones of the immortal Jackson ! Isham
G. Harris King ! J know the component parts
oi mat form Isham G. Harris ; and he to be
my King my master! Sir, he shall be my
slave first. fApplause in the ealleries.1
The Chair stated that on any repetition of
in is indecorum, the galleries should be in
stantly cleared.
Mr. Johnson continued, referring to tho po
litical rights of the South. In South Carolina
a man must have five hundred acres and ten
negroes to be eligiblo to be sent to the lower
nouse ol the State Legislature. That would
be a poor place for him to get his rights. lie
was free to say, if there, he would not be cli
gible, and be doubted even it the Senator
from Kentucky would be eligible. He quoted
from various Southern documents, and con
tended that it was plain that the design was to
change tho character and nature of the Gov
ernment, and erect a great slave empire. The
issue is now fairly made up, and all those who
favor a free government must stand by the
" The Senator from Kentucky is exceedingly
sensitive on the violation of the Constitution,
till it seems that the violation of the Consti
tution for the preservation of the Government
ts more horrible than the violation for its de
struction. In all his argument against viola
tions of the Constitution, but one word has
been said against those who trampled the Con
stitution and law under foot. The Senator
enumerates various violations of the Consti
tution, and asks, why all this? The answer
must be apparent to all. South Carolina Se
ceded, and attacked our forts, and fired on
Fort Sumter. This was a practical act of war,
and it is the Constitutional duty of the Presi
dent to resist it yet the Senator from Mis
souri (Mr. Polk), contends that tho President
made the war.
Who struck the first blow ? After Fort
Sumter had been surrendered, a serenade was
given to Jeff. Davis at Montgomery, and his
Secretary of State said that no one could tell
when the war, this day commenced, wonld end.
Then the so called President of the Southern
Confederacy issued a proclamation for one
hundred thousand men. And yet great com
plaints are made here about the President of
the United States issuing a proclamation for
seventy-five thousand men, and also a great
talk about a violation of law. Then this same
Jefferson Davis issued letters of marque in vi
olation even of the pseudo Government over
which oe presided gave permission to free
booters everywhere. Then was the President
of the United States perfectly justified in issu
ing his proclamation of blockado to protect
the citizens of the United States. And this
same Davis, who owed his education and eve
rything to the Government of the United
States who won all the honor be ever had un
der the Government now, with unsheathed
sword, is in arms against it.
If he should seize the Capitol, he thought
that he (Johnson) would not sleep quiet.
hat few nights he had yet remaining would
be better protected if he were located in some
distant position. But he believed there were
others who feel very comfortable. In the last
Presidential contest he had supported one of
the distinguished sons of Kentucky (Mr.
Breckinridge), because he thought that he
was a Union man. Where is his eloquent
voice now for Union 7 Would to God he was
as good a Union man to-day as he (Johnson)
thought he was when bo supported him for the
He referred to the outrages committed on
the Union men in East Tennessee, when the
State was delivered over to Secession, in de-
nance of the people. The State Constitution
and law was violated at every step Secession
took. He demanded that the Government
should protect the loyal men in Tennessee,
and give them arms. Tho rebels had even
stopped the passes in the mountains, that he
(Johnson) should not go back to carry arms
to the people of the State.
He wanted to carry deliverance to this bravo
people who were down-trodden and oppressed.
It may be too late ; we niaj' bo overcome ; they
may trample us under loot and change our
mountains to sepulchres; but they shall nev
er drive us from the Union; no, never! The
people of the villages and towns love the Gov
ernment, but they have no arms. All they
ask is that the Government will give them the
means; then they will defend themselves.
And if finally conquered, we intend to take
the flag cf freedom and place it on the summit
of the loftiest and most majestic mountain to
mark a spot where the Goddess of Liberty lin
gered and wept for the last time before she
took leave of a people onco prosperous, free
and happy.
But tho cause of freedom must triumph.
Can the American people give up tho graves
of Washington and Jackson, and let the flag
of disunion float over the graves of those pa
triots 7 No ! The people , will riso in their
might and grandeur and prosecute the war ;
not for subjugation, nor against any of the in
stitutions of tho South, but to maintain tho
supremacy of tho Government and the Con
stitution. This Government cannot, must
not, fail. What though the flag was sullied
the other , day ? If necessary, purify it. It
will be bathed in a--nation's blood. The na
tion must bo redeemed, and the cause must
triumph on which rests the hope of freedom
and a civilized. world.
Sir. Johnson closed with an appeal to the
Government to save them from the ruin of the
most coirupt and direful conspiracy ever seen
in the world.
CoLtopiox. An exchango advocates its use
as follows : Dissolve gun-cotton in ether, and
it forms one of the most useful articles for
wounds in trees. .With a brush, cover the
end of a cutting, or the stump from which it
was taken, and in less than a minute its forms
an impenetrable skin, hermotioally sealing up
the pores of the wound. Laid over wounds,
or scalds of the body, it will stop pain, and
rapidly aid a euro. It is known to medical
men by the name of collodian. Whenever tho
skin is removed, it is highly useful, as it forms
an artificial skin, and excludes the air.
There is no better definition of an enemy to
his country than is found in the lollowing
words of Daniel Webster : "Any man who
hesitates in granting and securing to every
part of the country its just ana constitutional
rights is an enemy to tbo whole country." ,
The following motherly letter was written
by the wife of a mechanic in New York to
her son, who is a worthy member of Col. Ells
worth's .Fire Brigade." The many misrep
resentations to which that regiment has been
subjected touched the mother's heart and
called forth the advice which the letter con
tains :
My Dear Son : I am in receipt of your
welcome letter. To be in the irajoyment of
good health, along with bard beds and still
harder fare, is much better than to be laid up
on a sick bed. Dear son, I will give you a
little advice; will you bear, as it were my
voice whispering to you, as it did when yon
were a little child at my kBee, lisping your
childish wants, or rubbing your little cheeks
to mine, as if to steal the roses that I could a
bundantly spare then ? Now listen. You
have engaged in a struggle that may bo des
perate on both sides. 1 know you are right
in the path your treading, you are young,
healihy and wilting to run every risk for your
cause. You have proven yourself a gook fire
man ; now, my dear son, prove yourself a
true Cristian soldier. Never look at the
quality of your victuals, nor complain of hard
beds. The life ot a soldier is made up of
privations. Remember the hard bed of your
blessed Saviour on the Cross, suffering for
your sins, and (redeeming you with his pre
cious blood. lie that could command the u
niverse, craving a drink of water, when in an
swer they gave him vinegar and gall. Yon,
my dear son, must season your food with
these thoughts. Your country requires your
aid ; and as my blessed Mother gave up her
son for us, so I give you to sustain the good
cause. You have sworn to defend the flag of
our Union, and I trust yon will do so with
honor, to the shedding of your last drop of
blood. Do nothing that will bring a blush to
my cheek or to your own, if it should be tho
will of God to spare you to return. Obey
your superiors with a willingness that may
show a good effect upon your comrades.
Good or bad examples have each their own
effect on a large body of men, and I know
you would like to hear your companions
praised for their good conduct. Let every
thing you do be to the honor and glory of
God, to the aid of your country in her need,
and for the salvation of your own soul. My
dear son, if you could see the tears I shed at
this moment as I write this letter, which may
be the last I shall ever write or you receive,
you would be everything a fond mother could
wish to welcome home, should it be the will
of God to send you back when the war is over.
For want of time, I will conclude by giving
you the consolation to know that I pray for
you day and night ; your friend9 and neigh
bors also pray tor you and the cause you are
defending. May you and your comrades suc
ceed, is the constant prayer of your fond
The SrtTAN Dead. On the 23th of June
died Abdul Medjid Khan, the Sultan of Tur
key, after waisting away for some years in an
increasing debility caused by sensual life.
He was a son of Sultan Mahamond Khan, to
whom ho succeded July 2d, 1839. He was
born April 23d, 1823, so thaf he was only
thirty eight years old, though he had the looks
ot a man of fifty. He leaves fifteen living
children by his various wives, but he is suc
ceeded on the throne by his brother Abdul
Aziz Khan, who was born February 9th, 1830,
and is the thirty-second sovereign of the line
of Osman, and the twenty eight since the cap
ture of Constantinople. The late Sultan was
an amiable but weak man. In his life and
character he was a type of his nation so well
described, in its present condition, by the late
Czar Nicholas, as "a sick man." lie has main
tained faithf ully the superstitions and tradi
tions of his dynasty but so far as political and
military administration went, he has been a
mero instrument in the hands of the great
Christian powers of Europe. Turkey, under
Abdul Medjid, lias sunk many degrees in the
scale of nationalities. England, 1 ranee and
Russia have controlled her ; she has become
over-bnrdened with a debt for which there
seems to be no prospect of liquidation, and is
frequently in the money markets of Western
Europe seeking loans at a ruinous discount.
The new Sultan, of whom little or nothing is
known out of Constantinople, succeeds to a
sovereignty that is not at all to be envied.
Poking Fun at Him. A few of the Wilson
Zouaves, tired of waiting orders, made their
escape from the camp on Sunday. They
went in different directions, and hid them
elves in all manner of wavs. A search was im
mediately instituted. One bad crawled into
the remains of a haystack, and having arrang
ed the hay with which he was covered so as
not to excite suspicion, he lay entirely and ef-
tually concealed, awaiting his chances. But
he had been seen to do his work by some boys,
who reported his whereabouts to his pursuers,
and one of them went sothe haystack to dis
cover him. He stamped on the looso hay,
calling loudly, but failed to get an answer or
to find any trace of the fugitive. Thinking
the boys were mistaken, the pursuing soldier
left; but taking a second thought he returned,
and, after dueTvarning drovo his bayonet into
the hay in every direction. After diligent
work a noise was beard, and the Zouave crawl
ed out. Though the bayouet had grazed him
three or four times, piercing his clothing, yet
he was uninjured. Ilis coat, directly under
bis arm, had a bayonet stab, and there were
two through his loose pantaloons. At Facto-
ryville, whither he was taken, ho was exceed
ingly jolly. "If I bad thought," said he "tho
fellow wouldn't have punched at me more
than thirty or forty times more, I would havo
stood it ; but I thought be would never stop."
What disposition was made or him was not as
certained. - . -
Some years ago, Mr. Kidwell was preaching
to a large audience in a wild part of Illinois,
and announced for his text "In my father's
house there are many mansions.' He bad scarce
ly read the words when an old coon stood up
and .itii 'I teJt fou folks that is a lie ! I
know. Ills, fatuef well: he lives fifteen .miles
from.. Lexingtoa, in old Kentuck, in an old
lott-eabm. an tne it. ain't but one room in tho
house." .- ,
f4nrfman that everybody likes is generally a
tooL -Tbe man who nobody likes if generally
A knave. The man who has friends who would
die for him, and foes who would love to see
him boiled alivey iir Usually a tnaaof soma
worthipiqrcg'. '
T FT K ,1 O XT 1? X A T,.
The full Pennsylvania delegation In Con
gress met yesterday afternoon, in accordance
with the President's suggestion, and recom
mended the following named gentlemen for
the post of brigadier generals from your
Slate : Col. Ileintzleman of Lancaster, f rom
tho regular army ; Col. Andrew Porter, ot
Lancaster, from the regular army; Colonel
William B. Franklin, of York from the rcgu
Isr army ; Colonel W. N. Montgomery, of
Bucks; Colonel K. II. Rush, of Philadelphia,
formerly of the regular army; Col. J. T.
Reynolds, of Lancaster from the regular army ;
Major Sturges, of Luzerne, and Colonel Mc
Lean, of Erie. Every one of the gentlemen
above named has had a regular military edu
cation, and will reflect not only credit upon
the gentlemen recommending them, but also
on the Keystone State. This recommendation
is not however conclusive evidence of appoiut
ment. Justice has not been done in the reports
sent hence, to the services of some of our
Pennsylvanians in the big battle. Colonel
Ileintzleman, Colonel Andrew Forter, and
Colonel William B. Franklin, all behaved
splendidlj. After Hunter was wounded, Col
onel Porter took command of bis division, and
did as much as any other man in the whole ar
my to save our credit. Colonel Franklin dis
tinguished himself also. Other Peisnsy Ivania
officers, who acted most gallantly, have been
passed over in the reports of the various cor
respondents of the eastern papers. The of
ficial reports will doubtless do them justice.
The reports of prisoners escaped from tho
rebel camp at Manassas represent great activ
ity there, and evidently some movement is
contemplated ; but General McClellan will be
prepared for it. The alarm last week is over
entirely. The army officers represent tho
troops now here as far better fitted for a fight
than those engaged at Bull Run last week.
General Tyler is particularly sanguine abut
his division.
The Douglas democrats havo repeatedly
mehtioned the fact that although their party
has largely contributed volunteers for the war
they have been neglected in the appointment
of Generals. This complaint is likely to bo
soon obviated in part bf the selection of Col
onel M'Clerand, of Illinois, a member of the
House, as Brigadier General.
Gov. Stevens has been appointed Colonel
of the Seventy-ninth (Highland) Regiment of
New York, which Col. Cameron commanded.
Gov. S. was a distinguished officer in the Mex
ican war, and stands high as an efficient and
thoroughly-trained soldier. His designation
to this post is an important acquisition to tho
personnel ol our army.
Every Pennsylvanian will be glad to learn
that General George A. McCall, of Chester
county, and General George Cadwallader, ot
Pi il'a.will be made major generals for the war.
There are today 71 prisoners in the Capi
tal jail, the largest portion of whom were ta
ken at the battle of Bull Run.
One of our riflemen had his piece carried
away by a ball, which struck it out ot his
bands, just as bis company was in the act of
advancing to storm one of the smaller Rebel
batteries. . Unarmed, he sprang forward and
threw himself down on his face, under the en
emy's guns. A Zouave lay there, wounded
and bleeding, out of the way of the murder
ous fire. "Lay close lay close, old boy,"
said the latter to the new comer. The boys'll
take this ole fvrnace'nn minnit, and then
we'll git up, an' give the Rebels fits again.
Three minutes afterwards, the battery was
carried, and the two soldiers were in the thick
est of the fight again.
A Rebel one of the Gcoigia regiment lay
with a fearful shot-wound in bis side, which
tore out several of his ribs. The life-blood of
the poor fellow was fast oozing out, when ono
ol our troops dashed forward from out of tho
melee, and fell, sharply wounded, close beside
him. The Georgian recognized his uniform,
though he was fatally hurt, and feebly put out
his hand. "We came into this battle," be
said, "enemies. Let us die friends. Fare
well !" Ho spoke no more ; but his compan
ion in disaster took the extended baud, and
escaped to relate this touching fact.
Father O'Reilly, chaplain of the Sixfy-ninth
regiment, states that at the battle of Bull Run,
while in the act of administering the last con
solations ol religion to a dying rebel soldier,
and while clothed in his official robes, be was
fired upon several times by the Secessionists
One bullet went through his bat, two olhera
struck his coat. A party of the Black Horse
Cavalry then rode at him, to slay him just as
be finished his sacred mission, and it was with
the greatest difficulty that he escaped. .Nei
ther ho nor Father Mooucy ever carried
An unlucky private in one of the New York
regimonts was wounded in this fight, and bis
father arrived at the hospital just as the sur
geon was removing tho ball from the back of
bis shoulder. Tho boy lay with his face
downward on the pallet. "Ah ! my poor son,"
said the father, mournfully, "I'm very sorry
for you. But it it's a bad place to be bit in
thus in the back." The sufferer turned over,
bared his breast and pointed to tho opening
above tho arm-pit, exclaiming, "Father, here's
where tho ball went i "
An artillery man lay on the ground, nearly
exhausted from loss of blood, and too weak to
get out of the way of the tramping troops and
horses that flitted about him. A mounted
horseman came toward him when he raised tho
bleeding stumps of both bis arms, and cried
out "don't tread on me, Capt'n ! See ! both
hands aro gone." Tho trooper leaped over,
him, a shell broke near by, and the crashing
fragments put tho . sufferer quickly out ot bis
When Col. Slocnm, of the Second Rhode
Island, was wounded, bis men, not supposing
it to be moital, crowded around him for fur
ther orders, but he died in a minute or two af
ter being shot, bis last words being, "Don't
wait for me ; avenge my death." And be wa3
avenged. From that instant the Rhode Islan
ders made charge after charge, each timo
bringing a host of rebels to the ground.
One of tho Zouaves was struck by a cannon
shot, which tore through his thigh close to his
body, nearly severing the limb from the trunk .
As be fell, ho drew bis photograph from hii
breast, and said to his nearest comrade, "Take
this to my wife. Tell ber I died like a sol
dier, faithful to my country's cause, and the
good old flag. Good bve !" and bodied where
he tell."
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