Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, March 07, 1860, Image 1
BY S. B. EOW. CLEARFIELD,- PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1860. VOL. 6.-NO, 28. MAKCH. The stormy March is come ut last With wind?and cloud and changing skies, I hear the rushing of the blast, That through the snowy valley flies. Ah ? passing few they are who speak, Wild, stormy month, in praise of thee ; . Yet. though thy winds are loud and bleak, Thou art s welcome month to me. For thou to northern lands again, The glad and glorious sun dost bring. And thou hast joined the gentle train, And wear'st the gentle name of Spring. And, in thy reign of blast and storm, Smiles many a long bright sunny day, When the changed winds are soft and warm, And heaven puts on the blue of May. Then sings aloud the gushing rills And the full springs, from frost set free, That brightly leaping down the hills, Are just set out to meet the sea. The year's depnrting beauty hides Of wintry storms the sullen threat : 13 ut, in tby earnest frown abides A look of kindly promise yet. Thou bring'st the hope of those calm skies, And that soft time of sunny showers. When the wide bloom, on earth that lies, Seems of a brighter world than ours. VICISSITUDES OF A MILLION. At the time of our story, there was an auc- tion store near the Course. Tho Viscount Robert N. de P was twenfy flve years of age, had an Income of 25,000 li tres, good looks, an illustrious name, and could Lave made a very brilliant marriage. lie ought to have been the happiest man in the world. He only had one regret. He had nothing to do. lie was unhappy at his hap. piness. The constant tranquility of life fati gued him. He needed a little bitter in his cup of perpetual sweets. But Heaven refused to grant it to him. He resolved to fly to oth er lands, there to seek the fatigues, the saffcr ings, the novelties he lacked. , So, five years ago, he entered by chance an auction room, just as they were putting up a capital portable writing desk. Ho was about to travel, and it was just what he wanted ; so he bought it for threo hundred francs. It probably cost more than ten times that sum. In the interior there were compartments for everything, and a plate bore the name of Lord N , one of the richest peers ol England. He was enchanted with his purchase, and car ried it home in triumph. Some days after he set out for Spain ; as he went from Madrid to Cadiz he was stopped by thieves, who com pletely despoiled him. The only thing he missed was his desk. He prayed them to re turn It. They refused ; but their chief, Don Jose Maria, promised to send it to Cadiz after him, on receipt of a ransom. Robert promi " sed 200 reals, and gave the address of the ho tel where be meant to stop at Cadiz. He sent the money and got his desk. In America, in the wilds of Mexico, his desk was carried off by Mexicans. He thought it lost. Four months afterwards he found it in a shop in Vera Cruz, and paid 500 francs for it. In 1852, having returned to France, he tho't of going to Baden. He passed the summer there, and went to Paris, visiting Cologne and Aix-la-Chapelle on the way. Arrived at the frontier which separates France from Belgium, he fell into the bands of the custom-house officers. Some days be fore some skillful fellows had defrauded the customs to a considerable amount, consequent ly the officers were on their guard. The search was long, and the Viscount be came furious. "What do you fear ?" he asked angrily. "Oh, sir, objects of great value can be con. cealed in a small space." . 'Have I the air of a smuggler ?" "No, but there aro ambassadors who smug gle without scruple." The search continued, and the Viscout was astonished to sec the officers open drawers in his desk, of the existence of which he was ig norant. At last, full ol impatience, be wish ed to reclaim it. "Jow, that you have seen all," said he, 41 let ns not prolong this unpleasant investiga tion." "What do you say, sir ?" "I say that you have seen all, and know that .1 have nothing contraband." 'Your coolness, sir, makes me pity you. "Have you nothing to bring forth ? If you do so, you will be freed by paying the dues ; if not and I find anything, there will bo a conns ,cation and a fine." "But you have seen all." Perhaps." "What do yon mean by perhaps ?' "It is well made. Any one but myself might inave been deceived." "But I swear to you that yon have seen all." "Why deceive me ? I am going to prove to ithc coatrary. "If you find anything else, I'll swear 1 knew nothing oi it." "A poor excuse. I warn you that I do not believe you. "Let up finish this bad joke." "We will, and so uiueh the worse for you." And with a nail tho officer pressed against what was apparently a little ornament, which flew back, disclosing a drawer, in which was a paper parcel. The officer took it oat, looked at it, and put it back. "That is not contraband," said he, with a bow, "and with so much money I was wrong to accuse you." But the Viscount was stupefied. "Bank notes," cried he, "but I did not put Jtnem there." - "You are very fortunate, sir, if you can for get a millicn so easily," In fact there was there a million of pounds sterling. The Viscount took the notes, counted them, replaced them, and determined to find the ow ner. Arrived at London he sought ont Lord J , whose name wag graven inside. The no bleman affirmed that the money was not his. lie had given this desk to a former valet of his whose address be gave the Viscount. This valet was now a wealthy shopkeeper in Pall Mall, ne told the Viscount that he knew nought of the money, but while in Italy, had sold the desk to Count Luigi Settimanni, who was immensely rich, and in whose service he then-was. , The Viscount set out for Italy, and went to Jtavenna, where Count Settimanni lived. He recognized the desk, but avowed that he bad never placed any money in it. He sent the t iscount, however, to the Signora Laura a former prima donna at the San Carlo, at whose house, irt his gay days, he had forgot ten his desk. The Signora Laura recognized the desk and related that she had given it to the Russian: prince, Alexis B , in exchange for a pearl couar. The Viscount set out for St. Petersburg. He was very happy. He now bad something to do to hnd the owner ot the hidden treasure ne placed it at interest, in order that it might not run tne risK ot Demg lost. Prince B , knew the desk, but declared that he bad never concealed a bank note in it He told the Viscount that in leaving Italy he had gone to Paris, and had given the desk to a danseuse of the opera, Louisa P , who was not in the habit of concealing money. Robert returned to Paris. There he learned that, after a life of gallan try and luxury, Louisa P had died in mis ery, and that her furniture was sold by her creditors. It was at this sale that he bad bought the desk. What to do now? ne could only think that the maker of the desk had placed the money there, or that it was there deposited by the Spanish robbers who stole it. Tho maker at London wrote that he knew nothing of it, and the Viscount learned that the Spanish robbers had all been hung, long since. Ah I perhaps it was deposited in the desk by tho Mexicans. He went to Mexico, whence he returned two montns ago. He there discovered that one of those into whose hands it had fallen was a trapper, who carried on a considerable trade in skins with the Americans. This was sufficient. He must have been the man who concealed the bank notes. The Viscount continued the search, and at last found, one day, at Vera Cruz, a verv pret ty young girl of seventeen, the daughter of the Mexican by a French, woman, who had come to Vera Cruz as a milliner. In answer to his questions, she told him that she knew nothing of her father, but that he had been killed by a Texan Ranger. She was excessively pretty, and. like a sen sible fellow, he married her, and havipg at last something to do, returned to Paris with her to enjoy the fortune of which a singular chance naa put mm in possession. The Des Moines (Iowa) Register of a few days ago remarks that they have hardly had what may be called a rain storm in Central Iowa, for tho past six months. There was a shower or two after harvest, last summer, and hardly a sprinkle since. But for the snow that has fallen freely at intervals, this winter, the roads would be dry and dusty as in mid summer, .Three-fourths of the wells and cis terns have been dry for weeks, and great in convenience is experienced in obtaining a sup piy oi water, ine people nave enjoyed a great deal of clear, beautiful weather this win ter; more sunshine than is usualy enjoyed in a half dozen winters in the Middle and East ern States. During the past month the weath er has been quite warm most of the time, car rying oil the snow, and preventing the enjoy ment ot the accustomed sleighrides. There is a dispute in the London press in re lation to the discovery of the North-West Passage. The friends of Sir John Franklin claim the credit is due to him for it and that the widow is, in consequence, entitled to the $20,000 offered by the British Government for that discovery. The British Government has already awarded the prize to Sir R. McClure, the officer who commanded the expedition, which, sailing from Behriug's Straits, reached the furthest point eastward attained by any vessel. From this point he abandoned his ship, alter being two years shut up in the ice, and still proceeding eastward, joined the expe dition from Baffin's Bay, thereby completing the voyage and journey across the North A merican continent from the Pacific to the At lantic. Wholesale Counterfeiting. It has been ascertained that from the 20th to the 25th of November last, between 5200,000 and $300, 000 in counterfeit notes of $50 and $100, on the Bank of Philadelphia, were successfully put into circulation in the State of Illinois, Ohio,Indiana,Tenncssee,Mississippi,Alabama, Louisiana and Missouri, being exchanged for genuine money, mostly Missouri fcurrency. This is the largest and most successful villainy of the kind on record, and it must have been concocted and consummated by quite a num ber of persons. Only one of thcm,named Ba corde, has yet been detected, and he is on tri al at St. Louis, where efforts are making for the detection of others of the gang. Bacorde was taken in Canada after a laborious search. Some persons are cheerful workers. In the family, in the church, and in society they are ready for every good word and work. Their time is spent in loosing; and so in finding their lives. They are never disturbed by a fresh appeal for help. If they can respond, they do so cheerfully. If they cannot they as cheer fully refrain. These are the pillars of our churches, and the moving power of every good enterprise. Their example stimulates the slothful, and urges forward the lagging. They do not worry, do not look sour, do not chafe at the sight ot a burden. They bless and are blessed. Let their number be multiplied. A couple of Kentuckians lately visited Bos ton, and sat down to dinner at the Revere House. Codfish balls were seryed at the ta ble, and one of the Kentuckians taking them for "corn; dodgers," proceeded to break one in two. Getting the scent of it he turned to his partner, and remarked in the most solemn manner, "Something dead in that, Tom 1" Water Chicken. A tourist stopping at a hotel saw the phrase "Fried Water Chicken" on the bill of -fare. Desiring to know what this meant, he sent for a dish of water chick en. He tried it, and finding it excellent, rec ommended it to the rest of his party, ladies and all. . All liked the dish wonderfully, and so became frog eaters without knowing it. Mr. Joseph W. Fawkes, the inventor of the steam plow, has received, through President Buchanan, the Gold Medal of Honor awarded to him by the United States Agricultural So ciety, at their last exhibition, at Chicago. Tho medal is of pure gold, three inches in diame ter, and nearly a quarter of an inch thick, and its value is estimated at $300. The enlistment of "Germans by the Papal Government has been protested against by the Sardinian Government, A TOUCH OF HUMAN NATURE. BY C. M. KENDALL. . Raymond Welliord was considered, though a young man. one of the most flourishing mer chants. He was a welcome guest in our so called highest circle of fashion, while many a calculating mamma considered him a very de sirable son-in-law in perspective. Suddenly he was overwhelmed with pucuniary losses and embarrassments; while the news spread as gossip tongues could report it. Strange to say, aitnougn bis elegant mansion had to be sacrificed, there were not a debt that remained unpaid, while some money was yet left him. "vvnat mink you or human nature, my iriena t" said he to me. "It is a philosophical enigma," I replied." "So it was with me till I solved it," said he "I found it a strange companion ; the larger portion ol which was selfishness. For instance when the gilding of wealth covered my name I was sought after by tbe very men who now turn their backs on me. I was flattered by women, who, if my name was now mentioned in their presence, would effect a forgetfulness ot ever having heard of it. After dinner we will make some calls during which you will perceive some ample illustrations of what have said." Accordingly after dinner we set out. We first entered the counting-room of mercnant, to wnom ne introduced me as a friend. I soon learned that my friend was not held in the highest estimation, from the cold formality with which he was received. We did not even have the courtesy of chairs ottered us. With a meaning smile, Raymond bid the merchant good af ternoon,and we found ourselves again in tbe street. "This is illustration No, 1," said he with a smile. "Is it possible that you could have been in timately acquainted with this man," I asked. "That man has been reduced to the extremi ty of begging his dinners. Time after time, have I thus accommodated him. I even loan ed him money to commence business,and now you see how graciously he has received me and my friend." We next passed to the door of an elegant mansion,whcrein Raymond had been a freqent and honored guest. It was the residence of a professional gentleman of largo fortune, who still did Raymond the justice to regard him as such. His lady had even professed a friend ship for him greater than her husband's if not for own at least her daughter's sake to whom rumor once reported he was engaged. Since Raymond's misfortune was whispered to her, she no longer spoke of him as a near friend, but endeavored to persuade ber hus band to rid the house of him, which provoked the calm reply : "He is a gentleman, and as such it "is my will that you should entertain him whenever be may honor your house with his presence." On this account, I suppose, we were tolerat ed in the present instance, for the gentleman was not at home. The lady treated us rather coolly, which I was prepared to see. After we were seated Raymond inquired for Miss Richards, her daughter, to which tbe lady re plied with an apparent shrug of the shoulders, that she was well, but at present en?a?ed. "No mamma, I am not," said the beautiful girl, as she lightly entered the room. "I am happy to meet an old friend, who, I am sure, is none the less welcome lor having been un fortunate." The lovers for they were had not met since Raymond's misfortune, and their meet ing was now so heartfelt, that I could not for a moment doubt the affection of either. I saw also the cloud that rested upon the brow of Mrs. Richards, nor was I surprised to hear her say : "My daughter is so pleasantly engaged.gen tlemen, that I trust my presence is no longer required ; and without ceremony, she left the room. "Clara," said Ravmond, taking her white hand, "are all my fondest hopes to be realized ? Can the daughter of a wealthy man condescend to acknowledge her affection for a poor bank rupt merchant ?" The lair girl blushed and looked doubtfully at me. "Do not fear to speak in his presence," said be, "lor next to you he is probably my best friend." Then listen," she said, smiling sweetly. "A few weeks since, with the consent of my parents, I solemnly plighted my love to one who has long possessed my heart's best affec tion. I did not ask the weight of bis money bags, nor the weight of bis coffers, for such matters, did not form one item of considera tion with me. I found him a gentleman, and as such I gave him my hand. Until I am con vinced to the contrary, why should I desire to retract my words ?" "Clara, you are an angel," said Raymond, as he covered her hands with kisses, "and this treasure I prize more than my existance, for in adversity as well as in prosperity, it is still true to me." "Miss Richards," said I, "you have perplex ed me. When I entered this house I thought had solved the problem of human nature, and was about to write the sum total selfish ness ; but I must recant. Human nature is not so bad after all." After a happy consnltation on the part of the lovers, who in their earnestness quite for got my presence, we left the house. "Now," said Ravmond, "one more visit, one more illustration and then for home." "No, my friend, we will make no more vis ts this afternoen. The last terminated too pleasantly to be marred by a fresh picture of selfishness." Raymond did not urge the matter, and we returned to his house. When Mr.Ricb.ards came home that evening, his wife and daughter found him in excellent humor. Something had occurred which pleas ed him. Occasionally be indulged in a silent fit of laughter, which for him was unusual; and once an unconscious exclamation of "Cap ital!" escaped his lips. "I am glad, Mr. Richards, to find yon so happy," said Mrs. Richards, "for I was never in a worse humor. That Wetlford has called here again and Clara has honored him with a long private conference. "I have received a note from him, in which he desires me to sanction bis marriage with our daughter." - .." "How presuming ! I declare I quite detest him." "And I admire him," cooly replied her hus band. "Several days since 1 offered him the means with which to commence business, which he declined. To day I learned the rea son, Ml also learned bis fortune was not im paired. His mansion house has not been sold but be allowed a friend to retain tbe same as the apparent owner. The fact was that 'he was envious of bis wealth, and played the bankrupt simply to test the friendship of his acquaintances, who have generally acted ac cording to the world. - Those who slighted mm must suffer a just mortification oi which, my lady, you must bear your part." "I have never disliked him as a man," said Mrs. Richards, coloring with shame. "My aaugnter's welfare has only governed my con duct. She has only experienced affluence, and would make an ill companion to poverty. l acted as a prudent mother." iteaaer, an comedies end in marriage ; so does the majority of tales. And in this in- stance I shall not be out of fashion. I have lived to see many cloudless years of happiness pass over the union. Raymond is very cau tious in the selection of his friends although their number is legion, while be and myself still retain the same opinion that human nature is not so bad after all. r un at HOME. A. writer who gives some excellent advice to parents says they should not be afraid of a little fun at home. Don't shut np your house lest tbe sun should fade your carpets ; and your hearts, lest a hearty langh should shake down some of the musty old cobwebs there ! If you want to ruin your sons, let them think that mirth and social en joyment must be left on the threshold without, when they come home at night. When once home is regarded as only the place to eat, and drink and sleep, the work is begun that ends in gambling houses and reckless degradation. Young people must have fun and relaxation somewhere ; if they do not find it at their own hearthstones, it Will be sought in other, and perhaps less pro3table places. Therefore let the fire burn brightly at night, and make tbe home-nest delightful with those arts that pa-. rents so perfectly understand. Don't repress the buoyant spirits of your children ; half an hour of merriment round the lamp and fire. light of a home blots out the remembrance of many a care and annoyance during the day, and the best safeguard they can take with them into the world is the unseen influence of a bright little domestic sanctum. Can't Afford It. Those who are counting the costs of dissolving the union, may close their calculation somewhat after the fashion of the old woman in the subjoined anecdote "A person having occasion to visit an old couple in Durham, of extremely penurious hab its, found them holding counsel together upon a matter which apparently weighed heavily on the minds of both, and thinking it was respect ing the probable dissolution of the wife, who was lying dangerously ill, proceeded to offer them all the consolation in bis power: but was cut short by being informed that this was not exactly the subject they were discussing, but one which affected them still more deeply, viz : tne cost ot tne luneral ; and to bis aston ment, they continued their ghastly calcula tions until every item in the catalogue, from coffin to night-cap had been gone through, with much grumbling at tbe rapacity of the undertakers, when a bright thought suddenly struck the husband, and he exclaimed Well, Janet, lass, you may not die after all, ye ken. Deed, and I hope not, Robert,' replied his helpmate, in a low, feeble voice, for I am quite sure we cannot afford it. A new light of intense brilliancy has been exhibited lately in the London Crystal Palace. It is obtained by projecting a jet of oxygen and hydrogen, or oxygen and carburetted hydrogen gases combined upon a surface of lime, which is protected lrom crumbling. It is called the Lime Light. The power of illumination is said to be immense, a single jet of medium size being equivalent to the light of four hun dred wax candles of four to the pound. A set of rowdies in v irginia, burned 'the Hon. Henry Winter Davis in effigy last week, lor nis vote in tavor or Mr. rennmgton, Mr. H. Winter Davis is a bandsore man and, if the efhgy was enough like him to enable a spectator to discover the resemblance, it was no doubt a good deal the handsomest figure in tbe crowd. If Winter Davis himself bad been in the place of his fmage.the Virginia ruffians would have had a warm Winter. A miserly old lady in Northampton, who li ved in great apparent destitution for many years, mainly supported by charity, died re cently, and in her trunk was found a long stocking full of five and ten dollar gold pieces. and a roll of bills of tbe first issue of the North ampton Bank. It was also found that she had sums of money at interest in different banks. The Dutch Government has swept awav the last vestige of slavery from its East India pos sessions, un tne zutn ot September last, the institution ceased to exist. The Government offered an assessed compensation in money to tbe owners, many of whom, however, refused to take it, while others took it and made it o ver to the emancipated slaves themselves. A Pennsylvania paper undertakes to com pare Mr. Corwin and Mr. Toombs with each other. But there is nothing in tbe two admit ting of comparison. The one is witty, good- humored, genial and eloquent, whilst the oth er is as gloomy, repulsive and revolting as one of his ghastly namesakes in tbe graveyard. Indian Rhetoric. One of the Penobscot Indians recently appealed to tbe Maine Legis lature to build his tribe a schoolhouse, and thus described the old one : "The building has become bald with age, and weeps now, within and without, in every rain ; is as ragged and tattered as a dead poplar la the woods.". "Zip!" The : other day a locomotive and tender passed over tbe northern railroad, of New Jersey, from Piermont to Jersey City, a distance of twenty-four and a half miles, in twenty minutes. . We have not learned how many stout Jerseymen were employed to hold the engineer's hair fast to bis head Millions of wild pigions passed over Cincin nati on Sunday. A great fuss is made in this State when a single bill passes over the head i of tbe Governor, and we wonder what Cincin nati must have thought when so many bills passed over ber head in a single day. Tbe New York Sun says : "It is stated that the agent who made np the list of New York merchants for Southern buyers to trade with, pocketed between $3,000 and $4,000 black mail during tbe operation." The Philadelpha agent has hardly made a? much. ' SCIENCE AND THE BIBLE. The quibbling and twaddle that some would be scientists are wont to exhibit on this sub ject, is well met by these thoughts thrown out nastily, In an address before the London Bible Society, by the justly celebrated Doctor Gum ming. Read and reflect upon what he said : In speaking of this book, there is one ques tion, which, though it does not occupy so largo a space asformerly,nevertbeless excites a great and growing interest, and it is this : 'Is it true that science in its freest development, in the least degree contradicts any written word of God V Once it was said it did, but what are the results 7 That the progressive scienco of the nineteenth centnry and the statements of the blessed book show that true science and religion have a common origin the bosom of God. Now, mark, your Bible was not written to teach science, but it is tbe only book that will stand the test of science. The Veda, the Shaster and the Koran cannot stand the test, but the Bible can ; and even when it seems to us beset with difficulty and mystery, those passages by modern investigation shine with a brilliant light. Let me mention to you one or two proofs of this. . And first of all, the Bible never bints a system of science. If it had been written by mere human writers, they might have indica ted here and there, something like a system of science. It speaks of flowers and trees, from the hyssop on the walls to the cedars of Leba non, but there Is no hint of a system of astro nomy. So that no investigator or professor of science can ascertain that he is in the least degree assisted or impeded in his system of science by the Bible ; so that it seems to me the silence of the Bible is as impressive as its eloquence, just as on the dial the shadow and tbe sunshine are alike instructive as to the hour of the day. Then, take the woid 'firma ment, to be found in Genesis. In the Greek it is translated by a word signifying a concave with a vast -solid mass. Tbe Greeks and mo- dren translators have conveyed this term ac cording to their knowledge, but when you go back to the original Hebrew word you find that it means space without limit. Thus you will see that Moses was far in advance of those who translated for him ;:for the actual truth is dis closed by modern science. In another in stance : Job speaks of himself, as standing on the circle of the earth ; and Isaiah speaks of the circle of the sea. Take one thought more Who can sway the influence of the Pleiades? Many have wondered what was the influence of tho Pleiades. Science, however, tells us that the stars, the sun, the moon, and the earth and their sattelites, constitute one group which revolves around a central sun, and that cen tral sun is one of the Pleiades. Here, then. we see that while the Bible does not profess to teach science, when it does refer to science it is invariably correct. ' A German Fairt Tale. A curious class of fairies follow the humble occupation of shoe makers. Once upon a time, a cobler had be come so poor, and that without any fault of his own, that there only remained to him as much leather as would make one pair of shoes. He bad them cut into shape at night, so as to sew them np on the following morning, and then slipped quietly to bed. When he arose early to begin his work, the two shoes stood finished upon the table. He did not know ve ry well tihat to think of this, but having taken them up in his hand to look at them more closely, he found that the workmanship was a perfect master-piece. This pair of shoes was sold so well that the cobler was enabled to buy as much leather as would serve to make two pair. Having shaped them at night, be again rose early on the following morning, to begin his work with fresh spirit ; but he did not need to do this, for the shoes were already made. And this went on day after day, until he was no longer poor, but made a capital thing of it. One evening not long before Christmas, the cobbler said to his wife, "What think you to waiting up to-night, to see who it is that lends us this helping hand?" So they hid them selves in a corner of the room, behind some clothes, and kept a sharp look-out. At mid night two neat, naked little fellows sat down at the table, and began to sew and hammer with such speed, that tbe cobbler, in his ad miration, could not keep his eyes off them. When all was finished they ran away. Next morning the good wife said, "The little men have made us rich ; let us show ourselves thankful for this. They run about naked, and must be very cold. I will make shirts, coats and breeches for them." At night, instead of the regular working materials, they laid the clothes on the table. Tbe little men came as usual, and weregroatly surprised that there was no leather lor tnem, and looked at tne clothes with delight. They put them on with the greatest liveliness, and danced and hop ped about, almost out of their little senses with joy. At last tney danced themselves out ot the bouse. But they never came back again. All things, however, went well with tbe cob bler during the rest of his life. Agassiz has a human jaw and portions of a foot taken from conglomerate rock in Florida, which, he thinks, is at least 10,000 years old ; be might add 100,000 as well. Dr. Dickenson has a portion of a human pelvis (a true fossil), obtained near Natchez, Mississippi in tertia ry deposits, supposed to be 120,000 years old. The world renowned Guadaloupe fossil, to which no antiquity has been assigned with any degree of probability, is certainly as old ; in fact, no definite time or age can be ascribed to any fossil ; we can only approximate to it, and that not very closely; we may say of fossils, that they are 10,000, 100,000, or 500,000 years old, and yet that will seem short in geological computations. It would be impossible to set any limit to tbe period when man did not ex ist on oar globe, nor can we approximate that age until we can, by geology or some other means, determine how long a time has elapsed since tbe continents were covered witn tne waters of the drift ; and then determine how long anterior to that the stone hatchets and o- ther implements wnich were found, passed under the hand of their fabricators. : He Remembered the Poor. One John Rose, a rich old bachelor of New York, died the othei day. leaving $300,000 to educate poor children in the science of agriculture. This disposition of bis fortune is made contin gent upon tbe raising of a like sum by the ci ty of New for the purchase of a farm to be de voted to the object named. Many persons have a particular ambition to seem exactly what they are not. We know a rich man who bought a splendid library, and signed the contrail wun ms marsu . Scarlet Fever. We find in one of our ex changes the following paragraph in reference) to scarlet fever, a disease which is now alarm ingly prevalent in many sections of the State. Parents should be .very careful about their children when this devouring plague seizes them, and every good mother should bo pre pared for it with tbe following good remedies t 1st. When a child is taken with tbe fever give it a dose of castor-oil ; if the body shows a flush color, have a pot of saffron tea made and give it to tho child to drink. This will drive tbe eruption out. 2d. Have warm baths for their feet, keep it warm, and the room under a proper temperature. 3d. When the eruption is out grease the whole body with bacon fat, and keep the body open. Then call for a doctor if the throat should get sore. To this a coteniporary adds : "Better begin with the doctor first." Not bad advice but then doctors cannot always be summoned in time, and mothers can do a great deal them selves, if they have a good stock of common sense. To keep the body well oiled, how ever, is a treatment which ought not to be neglected in any case. We have never known it to fail, where the application was made in time and adhered to. , Uncle Sam's Farm. The amount of land the United States Government has for sale is almost incalculable. All the people of four, teen States and Five Territories derive their title to their lands from the Federal Govern ment, and the records and files evidencing tho inception of their rights, are preserved in tho general land office at Washington. The pub lic domain now covers a surface, exclusive of water, 1,450,000,000 of acres. The Govern ment has sold but about 120,000,000 of acres of land during the last quarter of a century, less than $150,000,000. It will thus be seen that Uncle Sam's farm is still large enough for practical purposes, and though he should sell off lands for centuries to come ho would have an abundance left, even if he does not enlarge bis borders by the annexion of Cuba, Mexico, and half of tho rest of the world. New Dodge. We saw a letter recentlv, says the Wheeling Intelligencer, directed to one of our wholesale grocery houses, the wiiter of which warned the proprietors that certain mil lers est were making flour out of white corn and wheat mixed, and selling it for the genu ine article. The correspondent stated that a barrel of this stuff had been inspected in Cin cinnati, recently, and when placed in water it would sink straight to the bottom. When baked it is brittle and has no tenacity what ever. We are not advised as to the extent of the imposition, but it has been thought a pro per subject for a letter of warning, and is en titled to consideration. . Small Pox. A medical gentleman writes to a- New York paper that from all the infor mation he can obtain from medical men now having cases of Small Pox under treatment, that there is no house where gas is burned, ot the ordinary consumption, in which the dis ease has yet found lodgment. The gas is a powerful disinfectant, and hence there is no contagion within the circle of its influence. He says that a person burning gas may con tract the disease abroad and take it home with him, but it will not be communicated to any other member of the family. It has been observed by Camden that onr forefathers made their conveyances, even if it were a whole manor, in about twenty lines. Contracts of all kinds were made in a few words. Tully, Atticus, Plutarch, Lysander, and Aristotle approved of this brevity. Thero is, says Tertulion, more certainty in fewer words, if they be the proper ones, that in many parchment skins or foolscap sheets, filled with tautological repetitions of particulars, and in some of which lawyers will find a flaw or doubt. The Eight K's. The Hon. Henry Clay was denominated the eight K's by a coterie of wags in Washington, during his last session in Congress. He acquired the title thus: A gen tleman sitting in the gallery of the Senate Chamber, during an interesting debate, wished to point out Mr. Clay to his friend, a foreign er, who sat beside him, without disturbing the house, and wrote upon a card for him, "Tho gentleman to the left ol the Speaker, in tho klarct kolored koat with krimson kollar, is Mr. Klay, member of Kongress from Ky." A story of good luck is being circulated In Danbury, Ct. A man near Fairfield, named Stevans, it is said, lately bid off at an auction sale, for a trifling sum, a package of old papers belonging to his father's estate, among which was found a deed for a soldiers land warrant. Rumor says that the location is where the vil lage of Batesville, in Arkansas, is now built, and he sold his claim to a gentleman of that State for $40,000. An English correspondent writes that at Cal cutta, at the Governor General's ball, a beauty appeared who was not "put out" though appa rently on fire. In countless diminutive bags of gauze she bad imprisoned fire flies, and these tacked on to her dress, far outshone the diamonds of the Oriental ladies. As she walk ed in the more dimly lighted alleys of tho garden , and grounds, she was indeed a most brilliant belle ! A Hcndred Fold'. Samuel Iliggins, of Kinderhook, N. Y., says that be raised ono hundred and seven Prince Albert potatoes from one, all but threo of marketable size and weighing forty -five pounds. Now, if this can be done once, we want to know why it can't be done twice, with the same sort of cultiva tion ; and we want to know if such cultivation would not be more profitable than tbe present mode ? An Acto da Fr. The oligarchs in Mont gomery, Alabama, are engaged in the laudable businesss of burning every copy of fcpurgeon s sermons they can lay their hands on. Aney have decreed the burning of all copies that may be found in the bookstores and in private bouses, and advertised the anair to come on in the Jail yard in about a week. The next book in order will be tbe Bible. ' Gen. William Walker is still a firm believer in the necessity of a slave government outside of this Union Nicaragua, -for instance and reeards the Hon. S. A. Douglas as one of tho most devoted friends of that mode of. Slavery extension. He is a firm believer, too, in tbe success of Douglass before tbe Charleston Convention. So says the Montgomery Mail. He that cannot forgive others breaks tbe bridge over which be himself must past. .