Newspaper Page Text
1 i "T
I H ,5V -
BY S. B. ROAV.
CLEAEFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2G, 1859.
VOL. 6.--jT0. 9.
i : m m r 1 mm t i , m m i ie a w i - i
i m n c ic i t , v v .3' . I a 4 r I b i
TEACHING AND PEACTICING.
In the course of all my wanderings
O'er land and over sea;
In the conr38 of all my pondoringe
On how thing3 ought to bo,
I've always found 'twas easier dono
To tell how things should be,
Than it waa to ba a single one
To make niy acts agree.
"One writer will tell you how to live,
Without a singlo sin
Yet he. sometimes, such oaths will give,
As ne"er before had been.
His precepts all aro very good,
And many truths contain ,
But oft--n his example would
Put all his rules to shat:.
One man will tell you that your tine
Should always bo improved,
To ppend no breath in useless rhyine?,
That ne'er will be approved.
Cut while he tells you thus to shun
All hours spent in vain
The days are gliding one by one.
Through which he has idly lain.
Another 'II toll you how to cleanse
The cares from off j-our brain.
But his. alas ! like other wen's,
Is racked with equal pain.
And though he may teach those around.
To lire thus free from care.
You'll often find his brain abound
With many a tempting anare.
Tim thro" the world you'll Snd that thcstJ
Who try to teach the re?t,
May sonutiuir be exempt frotn wees,
Av.tl sometimes face the best.
Tr.t if each one would try to make
Their rnle and acts agree,
We should then more comfort take.
And Ie.s should disagree.
CLE All FI E LI) COUNTY:
OH. REMINISCENCES OF THE PAST.
Jndge Huston presided over our courts un
til 1SJ3. when, accepting the appointment of
- n';sne j.idge, he became a member of the Su
pieme Court. I'rior to his appointment to
;Le Bench he resided in CeEtre county, where
:.ul also in the adjoining counties he had an
xtensire practice, standing side by side with
;iero.bers of a bar v, hich Lad as J still main
tains the name ct being inferior to none in
J t!:e Commonwealth. He had the reputation of
being an industrious, able and correct lawyer.
Ills success on the Common Pleas bench, and
his many sound legal opinions delivered whilst
connected with the Supreme Court, are evi-d-.'ice
that his ability was not overrated.
Whilst practicing, the trial of ejectments
.-eemeti n: nst congenial to his taste, an-i his ti
.rrier.ee in such suit3 placed him among the
t jremoit of th Heal Estate lawyeis in Penn
sylvania. Being interested in a cause involv
'.g title to some valuable property, and which
v. as to be tiled in Philadelphia, he was closet
. I wi:h his client and assistant counsel for the
et.-U prior to cocrt, preparing the cause. On
;he day o.rs which it was supposed it would be
-..ached, Huatou was not ready lor trial. A
.!. rt time after the" opening of Court, he rode
ir.to the neighborhood of the court house and
proceeded at once, bespattered with mud and
wearing his baize leggings, into the court
room. The cause was called, and he then
claimed the- indulgence of the Court until the
next day, alleging his unfitness to appear in
court and his inability to proceed with th tri
al. Appearing a3 he did, many comments
vre made, and surprise expressed that such a
!..i.n should be brought from Centre county to
Uie city to try a cause. The next day Huston
appeared in Court, biingiig with him several
I.:rge bundles of papers. lie sat alongside of
his uss'stant counsel, who, during the exami
i r.ti n "of witnesses, acted as his mouth-piece.
The ski. 1 displayed in trying the cause, and
th? familiarity which Mi. Huston had with
I.ind tit!i!S and the decisions affecting them,
l-mrht those who sneered at the country prac
titioner, not to judge by r.ppearanecs. When
rt siding here, :i cause was tried in which the
Ju !es brothers-in-law, Potter and Burnside,
v.re opposing counsel. Mr. Potter desired
thit a gentlemaji, whose name had been call-
1, shouii withdraw, on the ground of rela
tionship. It turned cut that he and one of tho
patties had married cousins. Burnside slig
hted that it was not sufficient reason. "Tut!
it ! -Mr. Potter," exclaimed tho Judge, "you
.-t.:!emen and I have each married sisters, and
;-d !'ows there is neitlier love or affinity be--.-u
cither of us let the juror be sworn 1"
Frkr to his decease, Judge Huston engaged
'.i the preparation of a work on the laud titles
i Pennsylvania1. It was a Work of years and
boi Unfortunately a fire destroyed the
:..-mLsript. Prom the Judge's known capaci-
3?:d his fitness for the task, this work would
..- Lea a val-a-able aid in the Investigation
' f that branch of legal knowledge. Later in
: :'e he again essayed the task and produced a
'Jii!.avrau Huston's Laud Titles. But it
v s prepared after his mind had lost its pris
sy vigr and instead of adding, detracts
in his well merited fame.
Oi" those gsr.tieinen who composed the early
t -ir in the county, we have little to say? They
v-.-re men oi aknowledged ability, who have
rquirrd honorable reputations which live af
'r them. Several are still reaping additional
' "aors at the bar, and the judicial ermine has
"t been tarnished by being worn by White or
B rnsiue. Among them James M. Petriken
-cupicd an honorable position. He was the
: :"e of the bar. ASable, sociable, and pos
5:jed of a vein of dry humor and caricature,
7''i were attracted towards bim and loved him
- i spite yourself. With hi ready pen he could
t once portray on paper the drollest pictures
"hi'?h his fancy conceived, and oft a burst of
a-ghter was, to the auuoyanc of tho jdge
snd the surprize of bystanders, heardat the
counsel table. So ready was he with the pen
that at one time an imitation of a bank note,
made by him, was taken at the bank from
which it purported to have been issued, as
good. Whilst trying a cause here before the
elder Judge Burnside, his Honor rnledagainst
him. Petriken insisted that he was right and
produced an authority which sustained his po
sition. The judge again declared that he was
wrong, whereupon Petriken tore the leaf from
the book and cast it on the floor. The Judge,
astonished, demanded tho reason. "If it is
not the law," replied Petrikep, "then it has
no right to bo in the book."
ThtTv! was another, now tnouldered into
dust, but whose name and farce, when those of.
his compeers shall have been forgotten, will
be lamiliar and cherished by the children
and children's children of those who esteem
ed him in life. It is tniq :
"The drying of a single tear has more c
Of LoBcst fame, than shedding seas of gore."
Upon acts which Letra3" his humanity, more
than aught else, is the enduring reputation of
Thomas Burnside bottomed. His appearance,
bearing, deportment and language were mark
ed, peculiar and characteristic. He was -a
study which might have employed a Hogarth's
pencil or a Plutarch's pen a strange com
mingling of light and shadow, of softened
down asperities. You thought not of the lack
of beauty in his features when you observed
their kind and benignant expression. You
might have thought his manners rude and his
society undesirable, but his genial flow of hu
mor and good sense, his desire to please, for
bid any such conclusion. His roughest speech
olt had the ring of the pure metal and evinced
a sensibility which would do credit to the oth
er sex. A headstrong disposition was aroused
when he met with opposition, and then re
marks would escape him which caused him
more pain than his adversary. If he was thus
hasty, he was nlso prompt, when calm, to make
the most humble and ample ape'rigy to those
whom he had injured by word or by deed. He
could not forget a benefit nor ever fully repay
the benefactor. He could not disguiso the
contempt he entertained for those Who as
sumed privileges or prided themselves upon
adventitious circumstances ; but he valued
and sought the society of men who had mertt
to recommend them, whether they followed
the plough, toiled at the anvil, or occupied
more favored positions. lie was what Burns
styles "the noblest work of God an honest
man." He bound his lriends to him, and even
those who contended against, loved and es
(TO BE CONTtNt EIJ.)
MAKING LOVE ON AN APPLE TSEE.
Everybody said that Nettie Gray was a beau
ty ; not one ol your polished city belles, but
a gay, romping, s nicy piece of nature's own
handiwork, yet gentle and affectionate withal,
possessing a depth of feeling and sentiment
which few were able to fathom.
Xow "sweet Nettie Gray," as she was call
ed, had long been beloved by one Charley
Grafton the handsomest young merchant who
kept the only store the village could boast of ;
where he had, for some four or five years,
dealt out tea, sugar, cotfee, tobacco, calicoes,
silks, pins, needles, hardware, and a variety
of merchandise, to the villagers and surround
ing farmers, and had realized quite a little for
tune ; a part of which he invested in tho pur
chase of widow Norton's beautiful cottage
and grounds, which, at the death of her hus
band, she had been obliged to dispose of and
take a cheaper place, where she could live
less expensively ; while from the surplus of
the price received for the cottage, she realiz
ed a snug little income. Charley had also ta
ken tho widow's son into the store, as his in
creased business made it necessary to procure
assistance. The salary paid to little Johnny
was a material help to his mother, for which
she was very grateful to tho young merchant,
and she never failed to speak a word in , his
praise whenever an opportunity presented.
Thia, with the numberless acts of generosity
which Charley was never tired of performing,
made him the hero of that little village," arid
caused him to be beloved and respected, ly
both young and old, for many miles around.
To say that Nettie Gray was indifferent to his
many visits, or for the ardent love he enter
tained for her, would be doing injustice to her
warm, appreciative heart. But tho spirit of
mischief seemed to possess her, and, though
she was uniformly kind and gentle in her dis
position towards her lover,and would converse
freely and nnreservedly with him upon any
topic, yet, when he approached the subject
that lay nearest his heart, she was off like a
frightened bird. Not that she was afraid of
him, or that tho subject was distasteful to her,
(for her own heart was equally interested) but
she was delighted to tease bim, and heartily
enjoyed his discomfiture on such occasions.
She "knew he loved her with all the strength
of soul, and she had no fear of alienating his
affections from herself an event which would
have given her the deepest pain.
Charley had begun to think seriously of
marriage ; and why not 1 There stood the
cottage embowered in trees, many of which
were bending under their heavy load of rare
fruit, unoccupied. It needed only the gentle
presence of his bright eyed Nettio to make it
a paradise. His income was more than suffi
cient to satisfy their most extravagant wants,
8nd why should he not marry 1 MaBy times
he bad visited Nettie for the express purpose
of making known his wishes, but had as often
been prevented from saying what he wished to
say, by the little mischiefs running away at
the first word he nttered on the subject. To
think of supplying her place from the many
fair damsels in it who would gladly have ac
cepted his hand, was out of tho question. It
was Nettie he loved, and Nettie only, and he
felt sore she returned his affections, but how
could be ever get married li lie was noi per
ouiu n ever gci mm - i
aitted to propose. "I must resort to strata
em," ho thought, azd he partially formed
many plans to bring the little beauty to terms,
and as often abandoned them.
His mind was busy with such thoughts as
one bright morning in September he walked
towards Parmer Gray's mansion. He leisure
ly ascended the hill, at tho top of which upon
a level table lat.d stood the great old house,
when he was startled by a familiar voice call
ing out :
"Bring the ladder, Dick ! I want to get
down." . And Iooiung up, he beheld Nettie
seated in the wide spreading branches of a
large apple tree that stood in the field near the
road. Dick, perched upon the top-most round
of a ladder that leaned against a pear tree, was
quietly filling a basket with the rich fruit.
"Wait a minute, sis," replied Dick, without
looking .6fci;f'J havij got my basket almost
till: I"lleomm:i(.'bnriute.,f .
'Coni7Jfotrjick lulcfe!' quick !" again
.allej.tbe impatient voiced of hia sister., . ,
't Dicfe. -.evidently began 'td lhink ttliere' was
something wrong, for, as" bo turned. around,
tus cO' instantly" c'aughf, sight of our hero
coming pp the load, but tCfaw rods from where
they were. . . He instantly lescendud, from the
treeybut instead of carrying' ladder to as
sist his sister to desccf74yiie.avea loud shoUt,
threw'vhts cajo into the air, cleared the wall
with" oneljoundVand -ran rapldly.down the hill,
shout nig "at 'XbWtOp1 1 of his voice, "O, Mr.
Grafton, I've "treed a coon!". 'Then, placing
his hands upon the ground before him, he
turned some five or six somcr'sault3.picked up
his cap,und ran with all his might to the houses
The litt!e rouge evidently loved mischief as
well as did his pretty sister.
Charley's first thought was to goto the as
sistance of Nettie, and he leaped the wall and
approached the tree. Taking the ladder from
the pear tree, he was about placing it for her
to descend, when a sudden thought presented
itself. "She cannot run away from me now,"
and not stopping to consider the nngallant act,
he grasped a lower branch, and with some gay
remark, swung himself lightly up, and took a
seat by her side.
Nettie, who was an amiable girl and could
take a joke as good naturedly as she could
give one, only buighed heartily at the trick
her brother played upon her, complimented
Charley upon his agility, and invited him to
help himself to tho blushing fruit that hung
in such tempting profusion around them. At
tcr chatting on a variety of themes, he de
termined to approach the subject, and, if pos
sible, get an intelligent answer. For some
time he sat in silence, then said :
"Nettie, I have something to say to you."
"Ah ! have : you ?" she replied. "Well
Charley, please help me down, and you can
say it as we walk to the house." "
Charley saw tho mischief in her eyes, and
resolved to go on without heeding her request,
yet he changed somewhat in his mode of at
tack. "Nettie, I am going to be married."
"Married ! Charley, married !"
Without heeding the prayerful glance that
was raised to his face, he went on :
"Yes, Nettie, my business is now very
prosperous ; I have a pretty home, which
needs t nly tho additional charm of a pair of
bright eyes. I have found a sweet gentle girl,
whom 1 love with all my heart," and who is
willing to become my wife, and I have resolv
ed to marry. I have tried a long time to tell
you, but you would not hear it."
Nettie had listened lo this speech in utter
amazement. She had long believed that she
was tho beloved of Charley Grafton's heart,
and zho meant, after she had teased him to
her hearts content to listen to his love, and
become his dutiful and loving wile- But her
hopes were uow suddenly dashed to atoms.
It was too much. A giddy laintness came
over her, and, but for the support of Charley's
arm, she would have fallen to the ground.
Charley noticed her emotion, and feared he
had gone too far. It was but for a moment,
howev-.r. She soon regained her sell-possession,
and sat uprightly by his side. Iler face
was very pale, but her eyes dashed proudly as
she replied, and there was a spice oi bitterness
in her tone :
"May I ask the name of her who ha3 been
honored with the offer of the hand aud heart of
my r.oble friend ?"
"First let me describe her. She is a beau
tiful girl, and possesses a warm and loving
heart. She lias but one fault it fault it may
lie" called. She delights to tease those who
love her best, and olten has she given me a
severe heart ping. Yet, Nettie, I love her
deeply and fervently, and it shall be the ob
ject of my life to guard her from harm, to pro
tect her, as far as I am able, from the slightest
breath of sorrow, and I shall be abundantly
rewarded by her love.- Nettie, I have never
offered her niy hand, though she has long
possessed my heart. I do it now Nettie.
"Dearest, can you ask her name V
' Nettie gave one long, inquiring look as
though she but half comprehended his words.
"Will you be my wile, Nettio " -
"What!" she replied, half bewilderingly,
'Are you not going to bo married V
"Y'es, if you will consent to be mine."
She realized what it would be to loose him ;
her head sank upon his bosom, and bursting
into tears she murmured :
"Charley, I will."
Soon Master Dick came bounding into the
orchard, bno hand filled with a huge slice of
bread and butter, while with the other he
tossed his cap into the air, showing that he
fully comprehended the state. of affairs, shout
ing at tho top of his voice :
"Hello, Mr. Grafton ain't you glad I treed
her for yon V
Both greeted this sally with a burst of
laughter, and soon all three XvcrO engaged in a
wild ronipupon tho green turf.
We hardly need add that the same autumn
witnessed a right merry wedding at the old
mansion of farmer Gray.
The St. Paul Minnesvtian says that a physi
cian in that place asserts that 3,000 babies
were born there last Winter.and that the crop
the coming Winter will be still heavier. The
Minnesotian says : "Wo think his figures rath
er steep, but this is certainly a fast country,
and a profitable climate. In a few years we
shall be indifferent whether we have immigra
tion or not." .
Dnring last week a family of five brothers
congregated at Saratoga, whoso united ages
when there were 71 years 'and 6 months.
Tbey'-were tho sons of James Webster of
Litchfield, Conn., who liveclto the age of 32.
Tho weather prophets predict a cold winter
because some squirrels tire traveling south.
INSUEBECTIOH' ITS VIRGINIA. I
The daily papers last week were filled with
telegraphic dispatches of an insurrection at
Harper's Ferry, Virginia. It is somewhat dif
ficult to get a full and clear nnderstandiug of
the affair. The gist of it seems, however, to
be this: -Capt. John Brown, of Kansas noto
riety, who was last heard of on his way from
Missouri to Canada with a band of runaway
slaves, now turns up as the leader of tho in
surrection of a few infatuated whites and de
luded negroes at Harper's Ferry, where he
seems to have been for some months dotting
and preparing for a general stampede of slaves.
There is an opinion current that this out
break was the premature explosion of a wide
spread plot for exterminating, slavery in Mary
land and Western Virginia ; that there was to
be a general rising of negroes iu that region,
on the 24th of this month, and that the seizure
of the government arms and stores at Harper's
Ferry was to be the first step, though preced
ing the general movement only by a few hours.
The whole affair seems the work of a madman,
which, was madly designed and madly manag
ed.' Still it ttiraed out a sanguinary affair, for
of the twenty-two insurgents, fifteen were kil
led and two mortally wounded. The following
details are taken from the Baltimore American :
"Tho principal originator of the short but
bloody existence of this insurrection was, un
doubtedly, Capt. John Brown, whose connec
tion with the scenes of violence in the border
warfare of Kansas, then made his name fami
liarly notorious to the whole country. Brown
made his first appearance in the vicinity of
Harper's Ferry more than a year ago, accom
panied by his two sons, the whole party assu
ming the name of Smith. He inquired about
land in the vicinity, and rdade investagations
about the probability of finding ores, and for
some time boarded at Sandy Point, a mile east
of the Ferry. After an absence of some months
he re-appeared in the vicinity, and the elder
Brown rented or leased a farm on the Mary
land side, about lour miles from the Ferry.
They bought a large number of picks and
spades, and this confirmed the belief that they
intended to mine for ores. They wore seen
frequently in and about Harper's Ferry, but
no suspicion seems to have existed that "Bill
Smith" was Capt. Brown, or that he intended
embarking in any movement so desperate or
extraordinary. Yet the development of the
plot leaves no doubt that his visits to the Fer
ry, and his lease of the farm, were all parts of
his preparations for the insurrection, which he
supposed would be successful in exterminat
ing slavery in Maryland and Western Virginia.
Brown's chief aid was John E.Cook, a com
paratively young man, who has resided in and
near the Ferry for some years. He was first
employed in tending a lock on the Canal, af
terwards taught school on the Maryland side
of the river, and after a brief residence in Kan
sas, where it is supposed ho became acquaint
ed with Browa, returned so the Ferry and
married there. He was regarded as a man of
some intelligence, known to be anti-slavery,
but not so violent in the expression of his o
pinions as to excite any suspicions. These
two men, with Brown's two sons, were the on
ly white men connected with tho insurrection
that had been seen previously about tho Ferry.
All were brought by Brown from a distance,
and nearly all had been with him in Kansas.
The first active movement in the insurrec
tion was made about half past 10 o'clock on
Sunday night.- William Williamson, the watch
man on the Harper's Ferry Bridge, whilst walk
ing across towards the Maryland side,was seiz
ed by a number of men who said that ho was
their prisoner and must come with them. lie
recognized Brown and Cook among the men,
and knowing them he treated the matter us a
joke, but enjoining silence, they conducted
him to tile armory, which he found already in
their possesston. He was retained until fter
daylight and then discharged. Tho watchman
who was to relieve Williamson at midnight,
found the bridge lights all out and was imme
diately seized. Supposing it an attempt at
robbery he broke away and his pursuers stuui
bliug over, he escaped.
The next appearance of the insurrectionists
was at the house of Col. Lewis Washington, a
large farmer and slave-ow ner, living about four
miles from t'uo Farry. A party, headevl by
Cook, proceeded there, aroused Col. W. aud
told him he was their prisoner. They also
seized all the slaves near tho house, and took
the carriage and horse, and a large wagon with
two horses. When Col. Washington saw Cook
ho immediately recognized him as a man who
had called upon him some months previous,
to whom iie.had exhibited some valuable arms
in his possession, including an antique sword
presented by Frederick the Great to General
George Washington, and a pair of pistols pre
sented by Gen. Lafayette to Washington, both
being heirlooms in tho family. Before leav
ing, Cook-challenged Col. Washington to a
triaLjof skill at shooting, and exhibited consid
erable certainty as a marksman. When he
made his visit on Sunday night he alluded to
his previous visit and tho courtesy with which
he had been treated, and regretted the neces
sity which made it his duty to arrest Col. W.
He, however, took advantage of the knowledge
he obtained by his former visit, to carry off all
the valuable collection of arms, which Col.W.
did not re-obtain till after the final defeat of
tho insurrection. From Col. Washington's the
party proceeded with him, as a prisoner, in
his own carriage, and twelve of his negroes in
the wagon, to the house of Mr. Allstadt, ano
ther large farmer, on the same road. Mr. All
stadt and his son, a lad of 10 years of age,
were taken prisoners, and all the negroes with
in reach being forced to join the movement,
they returned to the armory at the Ferry. All
these movements seem to have been made
without exciting tho slightest alarm in the
town, nor did tho detention of Capt. Phelps'
train at the upper end of the town attract at
tention. It was not until tho town thorough
ly waked up and found tho bridge guarded by
armed tnerij and a guard stationed at all tho
avenues, that tbe people found they were pri
soners. A panic appears to havo immediate
ly ensued, and tho number of the insurrec
tionists at once increased from fifty (which
was probably their greatest force, including
the slaves who were forced to join them), to
from five hundred to six hundred. -
In the meanwhile a number, of workmen,
knowing nothing of what had occurred, enter
ed the Armory and were successively taken
prisoners, until they had at one time not less
than sixty men confined, in the Armory. A
mong those thus entrapped were Armistead
can, L-hler Draughtsman of the Armory ; uen
amin Mills, Master of the Armory and J. . :
Dancerfield. Pay Master's Clerk. These
three geptleraen were -imprisoned in tb6 ea-
gine house (which afterwards became the chief
fortress of tho insurgents) and were not re-
leaspd until alter mp nnai assail r. i n worn-
men were imprisoned in a large building far
ther down the yard, and were rescued by a
brilliant Zouave dash, made by the Railroad
Company's men, who came down from Mar
tinsburg. This was the condition of affairs at
daylight, about which time Captain Cook,with
two white men, and accompanied by thirty ne
groes, and taking with them Colonel Wash
ington's largo wagon, went over tho bridge
and struck up the mountaiu on the road to
ward Pennsylvania. - -.
It was then believed that the large wagon
was used to convey away the Paymaster's safe,
containing $17,000 Government funds, and
also, that it was filled with Minnie rifles, taken
out to supply other bands in the mountains,
who were to come down upon Harper's Ferry
in overwhelming force. These suppositions
both proved untrue, as neither money nor arms
were disturbed. The news spread aronnd,md
as the people came into the Ferry, the first de
monstrations of resistance were made to the
insurrectionists. A general warfare commen
ced, chiefly led by a man named Chambers,
whose house commanded the armory yard.
The colored man, Hay ward, a railroad por
ter, was shot early in ibe morning, for refus
ing to join tho movement. The next man shot
was Joseph E-urley. a citizen of the Ferry. He
was shot standing in his own door. About this
time Samuel P. Young, Esq., was killed while
coming into town on horseback. The insur
rectionists, by this time, finding a general dis
position to resist them, had nearly all with
drawn within the Armory grounds, leaving
only a guard on the bridge. About noon, the
Charleston troops, under command of Colonel
Robert W. Baylor, having crossed the river
some distance up, and marched dowi on the
Maryland side to the mouth of the bridge, fir
ing a volley, they made a gallant dash jicross
tho bridge, clearing it of the insurrectionists,
who retreated rapidly down towards the Armo
ry. In this movement one of the insurrec
tionists, Wm. Thompson, was taken prisoner.
The Shepardstown troops next arrived and
marched down tho Shenandoah side and join
ed the Charlestown forces nt the bridge. A
desultory exchange of shots followed, one of
which struck Mr. Fountain Beckman, Mayor
of the town and agent of the Railroad Comps
ny, in the breast, passing entirely through his
body. The ball was a large elongated slug,
making a dreadful wound. He died almost
immediately. Beckman was without arms, and
was exposed only for a moment whilst ap
proaching the water station. II is assailant,
ync of Brown's sons, was shot almost immedi
ately, but managed to get back into the t-Dgine
house, where his dead body was found to-day.
The murder of Mr. Beckman excited the pop
ulace, ar.d a cry was immediately made to
bring out the prisoner Thompson. He was
brought out on the bridge and shot down from
the bridge. He fell into the water, and some
appearance of life still remaining, Le was a
gain riddled with balls.
Sharp fighting ensued, and at this time a
general charge was made down the street from
tho bridge towards the Armory gate, by the
Charlestown and Shepardstown troops and the
Ferry people from behind the Armory wall.
A fusilado was kept and returned by the in
surrectionists from the Armory buildings.
Whilst this was going on the Martinsburg le
vies arrived at the upper end of the town, and
entering the armory grounds by the rear,raade
an attack from that side. This force was large
ly composed of railroad employees, gathered
from the tonnage trains at Martinsburg, and
their attack was spoken of" as showing the
greatest amount oftighting pluck exhibited
during the day. Dashing on, firing and cheer
ing, and ffallantlv led bv Catt. Alburtis. tLev
carried the building in which the armory men
were imprisoned and released the whole of
them. They were however, but poorly armed,
some with pistols aud others with shot guns,
and when they came within range of the en
gine house, where the elite of the insurrec
tionists were gathered, and became exposed to
to the rapid and dexterous use of Sharpe's ri
fles, they were forced to fall back, suffering
pretty severely. Conductor Evan Dorsey, of
Baltimore, was killed instantly, and Conduc
ter Goorge Richardson received a wound from
which he died during the day. Several oth
ers were wottnned, among them a son of Dr.
Hammond, of Martinsburg.
A guerilla warfare was maintained during
the rest of the day, resulting in killing two
insurrectionists, and the wounding of a third.
One crawled out through the culvert leading
into tho Potomac, and attempted to cross to
the Maryland side, whether to escape or to
convey information to Cook, is not known.
He was shot whilo crossing the river, and fell
dead on the rocks. An adventurous lad w aded
out and Secured his Sharpe's rifle, and his
body was afterwards stripped of a portion of
its clothing. In one of his pockets was found
a Captain's commission drawn up in full form,
and declaring that the bearer, Capt. Lehman,
held that command under Major Gen. Brown.
A light mulatto was shot just ontside the
armory gate. The ball went through bia
throat, tearing away all the great arteries, and
killing him instantly. His name is not known,
but he was one of the free negroes who came
with Brown. His body was left exposed In
the street, up to noon yesterday, to every in
dignity that could be heaped upon it by the
excited populace. At this time a tall, power
ful man, named Evan Stephens, came out of
the armory, conducting some prisoners, it was
Said, and was shot tw ice in the side and breast.
He was captured and taken to a tavern, and
after the insurrection was quelled, was turned
over to the United States authorities, iu a dy
Dnring the afternoon, a sharp little affair
took place on the Shenandoah side of the
town. The insurrectionists had also seized
Hall's Rifle works, and a party of their as
sailants found their way .in through the mill
race and dislodged them. In this encounter,
it was said, three of the insurrectionists were
killed, but we found but one dead body that
of a negro on that side of the town.
Night, by this'time.had set in, and tho ope
rations ceased. Guards were placed around
the Armory, and every precaution taken to
preveut escaped. - .
The night passed without serious alarms, but
not without excitement. The Marines rriarch
ed over immediately after the arrival of Col.
Lee 'and were stationed within thn Armnrr
grounds, so as to Completely surround the en
gine honse. Occasionally shots were flred I t
the country volunteers for what purpose was
not iindbrsbio'!. hnt thro ... .i- ....
firs from the insurgents.
A dead stillness surrounded the buildings,
and except that now and then a man might bo
seen peeping from tho nearly closed centre
door, and a dog's nose slightly protruding, no
sign of life, much less of hostility was given.
Various opinions were given as to the num
ber of persors within, and the amount of re
sistance they would bo able to offer. Cahnon
cou!d not be used without endangering tho
safety of Col. Washington, Air. Dangert&ld,
Mr. Ball, and other citizens, whom they still
held as prisoners. The doors and walls of tho
Armory had been pierced for rifles, but it was
evident that from, these holes no range could
be had; and that without opening the door they
would bo shooting in the dark.
Shortly alter 7 o'clock, Lieut. J. E.B.Stuart,
of the First Cavalry, who was acting as Aid
for Col. Lee, advanced to parley with the bo
seiged; Samuel Strider, Esq., an old and re
spectable citizens, bearing a flag of truce.
They were received at the dor by Capt.Cook.
Lieut. Stuart demanded an unconditional sur
render, only promising them protection rrom
immediate violence "and trial by law. Capi
Brown refused all terms but those previously
demanded, which were substantially ,that they
should be permitted to march out with their
men anl arms, taking their prisoners with
them ; that they should proceed unpursued to
the second toll-gate, when they would freo
their prisoners. The soldiers would then bo
permitted to pursue them, and they would
Jght if they could not escape.
Of course this was refused, and Lieut. Stu
art pressed upon Brown his desperate position
and urged a surrender. The expostulation,
though beyond car-shot, was evidently very
earnest, and the coolness of the Lieutenant,
and the courage of his aged flag-bearer, wou
warm praise. At this moment, the interest of
the scene was most intense. Tho volunteers
were arranged all around the buildings, cut
ting off escape in every direction. The ma
rines, divided in two squads, were ready for a
dash at the door. Finally Lient. Stuart hav
ing exhausted all argument with the deter
mined Captain Brown, walked slowly from tho
door. Immediately the signal for attack waj
given and the marines, headed by Col. Harris
and Lieut. Green, advanced ia two lines on
each side of the door. Two powerful fellows
sprung between the lines, and with heavy
sledge hammers attempted to batter down tho
door. The door swung and swayed, but ap
peared to be secured with a rope, the spriD"
of which deadened the effect of the blows.
Failing to obtain a breach, the marines were
ordered to f all back, and twenty of them took,
hold of a ladder, some forty feet long, and ad - -vauciug
at a run, brought it with tremendous
eflect against the door. At the second blow,
one leaf falling inward in slanting position'
the marines immediately advanced to the -breach,
Major Russell and Lieut. Green lead
ing. A marine in the front fell, and tho firin
from the interior was rapid and sharp. Thev
fired with deliberate aim, and for a moment
the resistance was serious and desperate e
nough to excite the spectators to something
like a pitch of frenzy. The next moment the
marines poured in, the firing ceased, and tho
work w as done, whilst cheers rang from every
side, the general feeling being that the ma
rines had done their part admirably.
When the insurgents were brought cuf, soma
dead and others wounded, they were greeted
with execrations, and only the precautions
that had been taken saved them from immedi
ate execution. Tho crowd, nearly every man
of which carried a gun. swayed with tumultu
ous excitement, and cries of "shoot them ! -shoot
them!" rang from every side. The ap
pearance of the liberated p'nsoners, all of
whom, through the steadiness or the Marines,
escaped injury, changed the current of feeling
and prolonged cheers took the place of howls
and execrations. In the pssault Private liuf
fert, of the Marines, received a ball in tho
stomach, and was believed to be fatally wonnd- "
ed. Another received a slight flesh wound.
The scene in front of the engine house, af
ter the assault, presented a dreadful sight.
Lying iu it wen two bodies of men killed tho
previous day and found insido of tho house,
and three wounded men, ono just at tho last
gasp of life and the two others groaning in
agony.' One of the dead was Brown's son, Ot
way the wounded man, his son Watson;
whilst the father himself laid upon the grass a
gory spectacle, his face and hair clotted with
l 1 1 t -
"wwu, uim a Buveie uavuaei wound ill ills Slue.
A short timo after he was brought out be re
vived, and talked earnestly to those around
him, and defended- his cause and acts. He
was asked, "Were any other persons, but
those with you now, connected with the move
ment " "No," he replied. "Did you ex
pect aid from the North." "No,-' he again
replied, "there was no ono connected wit'a the
movement but those who came with me."
Several important papers, and $800 ia gold,
were found in his possession. The following
fragment of a letter was also found in Brown's
pocket. It occupies a - page of fine note pa
per, straw tinted, and is written in pencil, ev
idently by a person of education. It is with
out date. The "freight' alluded to was doubt
less of that sort usually carried on the "un
derground railroad :"
"Capt. Brown Dear Sir : I have been dis
appointed at not seeing you hero ere thin, to.
take charge of your freight. They have bee?r
here now for two weeks, and as I have bad to
superintend the providing for them, it has im
posed on me no small tasit besides and if not
soon taken on, som of them will go back, to
Missouri. I wish to know definitely what you
propose doing. They cannot be keptshen
much longer without risk, to themselves, and
if any of them conclude : to go back, totha
State, it wilt be a bad termination to yoar en-J
terprisei". (No signature.) , .
t he number of persons killed is : 5 citizens
and lo insurgents; wounded, 3 insurgents-
prisoners, 5 insurgents. . , .'.
In a school houso were found" tenN, Wank !
ets, clothes and 1500 pikes, also the constitu
tion and by-laws of the organization, a lettef "
from 1 red. Douglas containing $10 sent by a
lady, and another from Gerrit Smith with a
check or draft for S100. .- ,
An anonymous letter, dated CincinnatCApffi 1
20th was received by Gov. Floyd, SecretafV '
of War, apprtiing him of the - cCutoropUted '
movement. The writer. 8et(med to ba La thS
secret ot tbe insurgent. , J
Archbishop Iltighes, who is 4 soon tt maX
Washington to consecrate church, ban b6nJ '
ll wl?7 -F'wWent to make fa tome la
the White House ko IorS as ho may remain at '
tho capital. - .. : : ,
Lit govtrss can, aa3 reason tix lr.
I i : -
? !".. "