Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, March 12, 1856, Image 3

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    laffsntau'js lonntal.
'Mi j,5i m
S. B. ROW, Editor and Proprietor.
Soraisces of the Philadelphia Convention.
No better exemplification of this, remarks
the Pbitadelnhia Sun. can be shown than the
following resolves, written by Prest. Pierce,
with his own hand, reported to the Legislature
cf New Hampshire by the representative of
hit o'xa town, and unanimously passed by the
Democratic Legislature cf kis o-xn State, in
1817, as follows :
"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives in General Assembly convened,
That we regard the institntion cf .Slavery as a
moral, social, and political evil, and, as such,
we deeply regret its existence, and are willing
to concur in all reasonable and constitutional
measures that may tend to its rerroval.
"Resolved, That all territory which may
hereafter be added or acquired by the United
States, where slavery does not exist at the
time of such addition or acquirement, neither
slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for
the punishment of crime, whereof the party
has been duly convicted, ought ever to exist,
but the same should ever be free ; and ive are
opposed to the extension of slavery over any
such territory, and that wo also approve of the
Tote of our Senators and Representatives in
Congress in favor of the Wilmot Proviso.' ---,.
"Resolved, That our Senators in Congress
be instructed, and our Representatives be re
quested, by all expedient and constitutional
means and measures, to sustain the principles
herein set forth." Attested by
Moses Norris, Speaker of the House, II.
Hibbaed, President of tho Senate, Jared W.
"Williams, Governor."
And yet Franklin Pierce as President of the
United . States, and Moses Norris and Jared
Williams as United States Senators from New
Hampshire, since that time have changed ev
ery principle contained in the above resolu
tions, and repudiate the very doctrines now
which nine years since they so strcnnonsly ad-
PotiTiCAi Parsons. In the communica
tion signed "C. J." which onr neighbor up
street gave place to last week, unless we are
preatly mistaken, we recognize an old acquain
tance the Rev. Cyrus Jeffries who might be
cither a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable poli
tician, but in trying to be both, he spoils both
most awfully, and if he don't look out they
will spoil him. He indicts President Pierce
for all manner of transgression Z'TrA?nn
ia la --" .uum.a. ! uy mere
evrvjLcur ten neither more nor less
-we can't imagine, unless he was thinkini of
the ten commandments, tho ninth one of which
he violated in every count. We defy this Rec
rrtnd politician to make good not all, but.a
single one of his charges. This he cannot
do, becauso they are without foundation.
Ministers of the Gospel, above all other men,
chould stick to the truth."
We copy the above from the Clearfield Re
publican of last Wednesday. The logic which
it contains is certainly singular. We cannot
see the force of the remark that the writer of
the communication in the Journal might be
either a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable pol
itician,but in trying to be both, he spoils both
most awfully," unless it is to convey the idea
that clergymen are to be deprived of the priv
ilege ot expressing their opinions in regard to
the official conduct of ourMagistratcs,in which
they are certainty as deeply interested as any
other class of citizens. If that is the mean
ing intended to bo conveyed, we would beg
leave to dissent from it as being at variance
with justice- and constitutional right. We be
lieve that ft is not only a privilege, bnt a duty
of ministers of the gospel to point out whatev
er evil tendencies may appear in the official
conduct of those in anthority; and if the wri
ter believed, as he undoubtedly did, that the
President was guilty "as he stands indicted"
in the "bill," we see no reason why he should
not give publicity to his opinions. There can
be no plausible justification for endeavoring to
prevent preachers from expressing their views
on matters pertaining to the political condi
tioa of the country. It was their practice in
the primitive days of the Republic in the
days of Washington, Hamilton and Jay!-
freedom of speech was one of the great princi
pics for which they contended, and in estab
lishing it many a brave heart beat its last throb,
and many a dauntless patriot left his bones to
whiten the field of battle. And are we now,
in these enlightened latter days, to see one of
the most respectable, intelligent and useful
r-lass of citizens deprived of that freedom of
fpeechr Are they to be sneeringly stvled
"reverend politicians," and their veracity im
pugned, merely because they exercise itf
We trow not.
What we bare safd above, has been done as
an act of justice, not to an individual only,
but to a class of persons whom we highly re
spects As to the position f'C.J." takes in his
communication, we have nothing 0 say--that
he can attend to himsolf. ' "
IVbtbe's the Little Joker ? The Wash
ington Union contains, the Delphic assertion
"that ft is no part of the creed of a Demo
crat, as such, either to advocate or to oppose
the extension of slavery. He may do the one
or tht other, in the exercise of his rights as a
citizen, and not offend against his Democratic
fealty," If anybody can invent a platform
which has more of the see-saw about it than
this, let him bring along his tools and go to
This body met Harrisburg on the 4th March,
and organized permanently by selecting Hen-
drick II. Wright as President,' assisted by 27
Vice Presidents, and 13 Secretaries.
The following is the Committee on Resolu
tions: John L. Dawson, Howard L. Miller, R.
Riddle Roberts, David Tidball, Wm. Montgo
mery, Emanuel Street, Franklin Vansant, Jno.
F. Means, James L. Reynolds, Mifflin Han
nuni, Wilson Reilly, and J. C. Montgomery.
A committee, consisting of one from each
Congressional District, was selected to report
delegates to the National Convention, and
Electors. The contest for delegates to Cin
cinnati was exceedingly spirited. Gov. Big
ler was here importuning members to send him
there, urging that it was expected at Washing
ton that he would go; but the Convention
concluded to send men who had not been con
taminated by a Washington atmosphere.
The delegation is understood to have but
eve choice for President, and according to the
instructions of tho Convention, must vote for
Buchanan, dead or alive.
Several speeches were then delivered in glo
rification of Buchanan and Democracy, when
the Convention adjourned until Wednesday.
Wednesday, Mar. 5. A committee of five
was selected to inform Mr. Buchanan that he
bad been nominated for the Presidency. The
platform was then repotted and adopted, when
the Convention proceeded to nominate a can
didate for Canal Commissioner, which result
ed in the choice of Geo. Scott, of Columbia.
On the 5th ballot Jacob Fry, Jr., of Montgo
mery, was selected as the candidate for Audi
tor General, and on the 4th ballot, Timothy
Ives, of Potter, was declared the nominee for
Surveyor General. The 4th ballot stood as fol
lows : Ives 63, Alexander 40, scattering 22.
Some interesting incidents occurred during
the progress of the nominations. Mr. Eeily,
of Schuylkill, was before the Convention as a
candidate for Canal Commissioner, basing his
claims upon the ground that he was born in
Ireland. Of course the Convention would not
nominate him, but in lieu of that he was given
the fullest measure of Democratic applause.
Like many other aspiring patriots, Mr. Reilly
had a letter read to the Convention declining
the nomination, when it was evident that he
could not get it, and his letter was received
with tho liveliest enthusiasm. Sam Black was
fitly chosen as the Irish champion, and he
dwelt eloquently on tho fact that Mr. Reilly,
though an Irishman, breathed sentiments of
loyalty to this country that would do credit to
a native citizen ! This remarkable condescen
sion on the part of Mr. Reilly a man born on
a foreign soil, and yet consenting to obey tho
laws and sustain the Constitution of this coun
try,affected the speaker well nigh to tears,and
the Convention maniiested its appreciation of
him. He rose to the dignity of ten votes. The
Convention adjourned after having made nom
inations until the afternoon, when the dele
gates met to hear and be heard by each other.
A number of speeches were made, ranging
from very good to very indifferent from
Judge Wilkin
to Sam Black, after
wnafl the Convention adjourned sine die.
The following are the resolutions adopted,
constituting the last Democratic platform :
Resolved, That in the present distracted
condition of parties, iu which sectional and
partial issues have been a lowed to attain a
dangerous, supremacy, we recognize in tho
policy of the Democratic party, that which
rests upon the Constitution as its basis ; and
that it is the party which above all others has,
in the language of the illustrious Madison, ev
er contiuued "to hold the union of the States
as the basis of their peace and happiness ; to
support the Constitution, which is the cement
01 tue union, as well in its limitations as its
authorities; to respect the rights and authori
ties reserved to the States and to the people,
as equally incorporated with and essential to
the success of the general system; and to avoid
the slightest interference with the rights of
conscience or the lanctions of religion, so
wisely exempted noni civil jurisdiction."
Resolved, That by the general consent of
the wiso and virtuous of all nations, tho fra-
mers 01 tne republic or the United States, ex
mu.ieu m uieir muiviuuai cnaracters and in
the result of their public deliberations, a de
gree of virtue and a practical statesmanship,
to which the history of the world affords no
parallel ; that in no part of the Federal Com
paci is me wisuora 01 our latncrs more con-
usptcuos, than in leaving the whole question of
slavery to the states 10 their separate capaci
ties; aim 1 11a 1 111 me provision lor t lie re-delivery
of fugitives escaped from labour or ser
: .1 j . . j
m, iucj ui-uiuumraieu a sense 01 justice an
appreciation of tho value of the Union an at
tachment to its preservation an avoidance ot
one-sided philanthrophy, and impracticable
theories of government which present a pro
per example ior ire guidance ana imitation of
us, their descendants.
Resolved, That we look only to the Consti
tution, and the exposition thereof which has
been afforded by ihe practice of Democratic
administrations, for the chart of our policy.
ihat theso constitute, till the fundamental law
is changed by methods which itself provides,
tne iiigiiest law or our obedience as citizens ;
ana mat we utterly discard that partial and ex
uggeraieu sympainy, me attempt to carrv
which into practice, is at the peril ot our dear
est interests as a nation, and threatens the in-
niction or evils of tenfold magnitude to those
which it proposes to heal.
Resolved, That the equality of the States is
the vital element of the Constitution itself, and
mat an interierenco with the rights of the
States by those who seek to disregard the sa
cred guarantees of the past, and by all others,
should be rebuked with the same snirit that
would denounce and repudiate all attempts to
erect odious distinctions between those who
are entitied to share the blessings and benefits
of our free institutions. -
Resolved, That the effort to direct the now-
er of tho Government by anti-slavery atita-
fion, under the various names and phases of
ree somsm, Anti-Webraskaism. r usloniam.
and Republicanism ; and by interfering with
the rights of conscience in establishing a r-
ligious test as a qualification for office, by the
secrect oath-bound society of the Know-No
things, is opposed both to the letter and the
spirit of the Constitution, and to the earnest
teachings and practice of its earliest and most
honored administrators.
Resolved, That we are now as ever unalter
ably opposed to the doctrines and designs of
all organizations which contemplate tho ever
throw of the civil and religious rights of the
citizen; that the equality of the citizen, like
the equality of the States, is a sacred and in-
1 aJierjsblt right, nevtr to b intrfertd with by ,
factious parties and reckless legislation, with
out a subversion of the primary objects of our
political system, and a repudiation of the guar
antees of the past and the hopes of tho future.
Resolved, That in the repeal of the act
known. as the Missouri Compromise act, and
the passage of the act organizing the Territo
ries of Kansas and Nebraska, free from uncon
stitutional restrictions, the last Congress per
formed a work of patriotic sacrifice in meeting
the demands of sectional excitement by un
shaken adherence to the fundamental law.
Resolved, That this legislation cannot be
deemed unnecessary, but that it was expedi
ent to meet the questions of which it dispos
ed, and which could never admit of a more ea
sy settlement than at present. That we recog
nize in it the application to the Territories of
the United States, f the rule of "equal and
exact justice to allwicn" of all sections of the
confederacy, which was designed by the fra
mers of our government, and which was de
fined as one of its essential principles by the
immortal Jefferson.
Resolved, That the Democracy of Pennsyl
vania, following the counsel of some of the wi
sest statesmen of the north and south, were
ready on more than one occasion in the past,
to extend the Missouri Compromise line to the
Pacific, so as to make it the basis ot a final set
tlement of the question of slavery in the Ter
ritories; but when the proposition was reject
ed in 1848, on the ground that it involved an
undue concession to the south, by the very
men who now clamor for a restoration of the
Missouri line, there seemed to be but one wise
alternative left, and that was to refer the whole
question of slavery in the Territories to the
people thereof, to "be regulated as they might
deem proper, and we therefore cheerfully ex
tend our hearty support to the policy of the
government as recognized in the Compromise
measures of 18C0,and embodied in the laws orga
nizing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska.
Resolved, That unerring indications point
to the Hon. James Biciiasan-distinguished
alike by bis high personal character, his tried
Democracy, his great abilities, experience and
eminent statesmanship as the nation's choice
for the office of President of the United States,
for the term commencing on the 4th of March,
18-37 ; and that we do hereby instruct our dele
gates to the National Conventionn to assemble
in Cincinnati in June next, to use their efforts
to secure him the nomination to that olGce.
Resolved, That at a period when sectional
ism, in its worst aspects, attempts to under
mine the foundations of the federal constitu
tion, and when an abolition majority aspires
to supremacy in the popular branch of the na
tional legislature, and with the prospect of dif
ficulties with foreign nations, who for their
purjoses may seek to intercept and stay the
progress of free institutions on this continent,
in order that they may more effectually arrest
the advancing footsteps of our republican ex
ample, the statesmanlike qualities of James
Buchanan his long and well tried services in
defence of the Constitution his intimate
knowledge of all our relations with foreign
countries and his large and enlightened ex
perience point to him as preeminently the
man to lead the victorious columns of the
Democracy in November next.
Resolved, That we fully endorse the admin
istration of President Pierce as national, faith
ful and efficient fully equal to all the impor
tant emergencies which the country has had to
encounter, and that he has worthily maintained
her interests and honor at home and abroad.
Hons base j upon a sifigTe principle 1 nlmfoai to
our government and Constitution, and in the
stirring and warlike condition of the times, we
behold dangers to our peace and prosperitj, if
not to our perpetuity, which should cause ev
ery good citizen to' ponder well the steps of
of his political action; and that we earnestly
invite the lover of his country, of whatever
name or creed, to join us in upholding the
Constitution in its purity, and transmitting it
unimpaired to our successors.
Resolved, That whatever cases of dissatis
faction with the working of onr laws and insti
tutions may "exist in different sections of the
country, the proper remedy is to be sought in
the temperate exercise of the richt of discus
sion, and the ballot-box ; that all other evils
are insignificant in comparison with that of
danger to the union ; that all others can wait
the sure amelioration of time, if the Union be
maintained ; but that disunion would at once
prove the destruction of our present interests
and happiness as a people, and tho death-
knell of our hopes.
Resolved, That it was upon the soil of Penn
sylvania that Independence was declared, and
the Federal constitution constructed, and that
it therefore becomes in a special sense the du
ty or 1 ennsylvanians to watch over its safot-,
as secured by the great charter of the Union :
to resist the first approaches of danger to its
perpetuity, ana iorever to cherish and main
tain it inviolate, as the palladium of our hap.
piness, political, social and civil.
Resolved, That all vacancies that may take
place in the delegation to Cinci nnati. now s.
lected, shall be Oiled by a majority of the whole
nnmbcr there present, and that the said delega
tion shall have full power and authority among
themselves to regulate by whom and how their
votes shall be given in the Convention.
Resolved, That the Democratic State Central
committee shall require a pledge from each
elector, to vote for the candidates for Presi
dent and Vice President of the United Stato
who may be nominated by tho Cincinnati Con
vention, and in case of the neglect or refusal
of any elector so to do within a reasonable
time, the State Central Committee be aud
iney are here by empowered to substitute.
Crusade against Free-Masons. The Ken
sington, Jamaica, Morning Journal, of Janua
ry 10, says: "Not long ago, we noticed in our
paper an order from the Pope to the late Vicar
Apostolic of the Roman Catholic Church of
mis island, through tho Right Rev. Dr. Nieu-
windt, Bishop of Cy Irum, to excommunicate all
persons professing Free Masonry in Jamaica.
This order or rescript, Father Benito Fernan
dez refused to obey. We now learn that his
Holiness has sent a similar instrument direct
to tho present Vicar Apostolic, Father Dupey
ron, ordering him to discountenance Free Ma
sons, and persons connected with other secret
societies who are connected with his commu
nion, becauso their tenets, being unknown,
may be dangerous to the State f what sa
His Holiness also prohibits the reading of such
works as those of Eucene Sue. which
moral poison, under an attractive exterior.
The rescript, or whatever tho 'instrument may
bo termed, was read by Father Dnncvmn ;
open congregation, in the Chapel of tho Holy
irinity, on bunday last. We learn.
good authority, that a stone cutter of this city
nas oeen employed by the Jesuit Priests w
in effacing the Masonic emblems on tombs in
the Roman Catholic burial ground."
The Chicago Democrat savs that som m..
of a religious week dav mpetincr in u
may be obtained from the fact that on a recent
occasion of unusoal interest, the assemble
conslsttd of sixtytfght womeD, one man and
a toy.
New Ycrk, Mar. 4. The steamer Baltic j
arrived to-day with Liverpool dates to the 20th,
All the envoys to the peace conference have
arrived at Paris, and the sessions were to open
on the 23d. The confidence in tho establish
ment of peace continues undiminished.
The excitement in the public mind relative
to the American difficulty is subsiding. The
concentration of a large British force in Cana
da has been ordered. . . . .
From the fact that the above dispatch, pre
pared in Liverpool, makes no mention of the
Pacific, it is feared that no tidings of her have
been received there.
The Baltic reached her dock at eleven
o'clock. She brings dates to the 20th, but
the papers contain no striking news.
The London Times announces that eighteen
regiments and battalions of rifles arc to bo dis
patched to Canada and that several other regi
ments will follow. It is also rumored that
almost every regiment attached to the home
"Service has received an intimation that their
services may be required in Canada.
Money continues extremely tight, the de
mand being in excess of the supply.
The new loan of JC-300,000,000 announced,
provides for the pending of Exchequer Bills
to the extent of 3,000,000. As these amounts
have tobe paid in five instalments in th course
of fwo months, the demand will doubtless con
tinue to be active ar:d the market coutinue
stringent. Consols had improved on the an
nouncement of the loan to'JlJ ; but afterwards
declined to OO JaOOJ. Rothschilds, it is said,
propose taking the wholo of the loan.
Much gossip continues in relation to the
peace conference. Baron Brunow is reported
to have said that Russia sincertly desires peace
but if it is not declared within three or four
weeks at the furthest, from the opening of the
conference, serious difficulties might interfere
with the final settlement ol the question.
Lord Clarendon had a private interview with
Napoleon immediately upon his arrival at Par
Is. Englaxd. The Duke of Norfolk is doad
A mulatto girl was found secreted on board
the ship Asterian, which arrived at Liverpool
from New Orleans.
Fkaxce. An article in the Assembled Na
tionalc, touching tho defensive works being
constructed at Portsmouth, England, has eli
cited some remarks, and is looked upon as an
exhibition of French jealousy.
Avstria. Some additional particulars of
the forth coming Austrian amnesty has trans
pired ; it will, with a fuw exceptions, be un
conditional, and be made known individually
to those immediately concerned. Those who
choose can reassuine their citizenship at once,,
and be put in possession of their property;
''lose who do not choose to return immedi ite
!' tnay sen tncir estates ; tnose wno do neith
er, will be considered as demanding that their
property shall bo handed over to their kvgal
Asia. On the 5th of January, six battalions
of Russians surprised a battalion of Turks
near Zudgdide, when the latter retreated, lea
ving their guns and baggage. The Russians
subsequently burned the Pacha's palace and
several villages.
Russia. The Emperor's brother, the Grand
Duke Nicholas, has been married to the Prin
cess of Oldenburgh, Alexandria Patronna.
Among the passengers by the Baltic are B.
C. Towsend, bearer of dispatches, and D. E
Hughes, inventor of tho new Printing Tele
graphic instrument.
FearfcIi Riot in Socm Carolina College
The Wilmington, N.C., Commercial, Feb. 18,
has the following correspondence: "A tre
mendous excitement now prevails in Colum
bia. Last night, about 0 o'clock, some of the
students of the South Carolina Colleire were
walking around the city with murderous object
in view, it is supposed. As three of them
were walking down Richardson street, imme
diately in front of the market house, one of
them yelled out the name of the Chief of Po
lice, whom they intended murdering that eve
ning. This gentleman, hearing considerable
noise in the street, proceeded to the spot to
arrest the parties disturbing the peace. One
of them pretended to be almost beastly drunk
The officer commanded the peace, and laid his
hand in the meantimo on the shoulder of tho
intoxicated person, and as he did this, one of
the students punched him in the abdomen with
his club; the policeman thinking he had been
stabbed, immediately struck the student with
his bludgeon, splitting his skull dreadfully.-
This being done, he commanded his follow po
licemen to assist in conveying him to the
guard Louse. As soon as he was lodged there
the cry of "College" was raised by the sfu
dents, and in less than ten minutes, 160 stu
dents wcro present, all armed with pistols,
bowie knives, swords, hatchets and clubs, and
rushed to the guard house, cryimr "out1 out'"
After cutting all the doors and window- into
fragments, they rushed in unon iht. f"!hi..f
each student giving him a wound with knife,
bludgeon, or sword, and then threw him out of
the second story window on the brick pave
ment. - The alarm bell was then rune to call
the citizens together, but too late to be of any
service to the police. This morning, about
IV o dock, the alarm bell was runs airain. On
arriving at the guard house, I found the stu
dents and several of the citizens "going in
lemons" with pistols, swords and bowie knives.
Several of the students were carried to their
various homes dreadfully cut and bruised
The students bad sworn to kill the policeman,
and they broke into the Kuard house, wrier
he had been put for safety, and pulled him out
in iront ot it, where they were each civinir
him a blow with their clubs, and some cutting
mm witn Dowie knives. The few citizens that
were present rushed among them and they had
a dreadful muss. The alarm bell was runs? to
summon the military compnnies, and in a short
time five companies were present.
Feb. 19 One of tht students died this af
ternoon, and others are ejrped to di to- !
night. . The chief of police died to-night.
Three policemen were killed.
On the 20th, the students procured ammu
nition'from Charleston. They also procured
rifles from a neighboring town, under faUe
pretences. The Mayor having secured the
key of their armory, they sent a messenger to
him stating that if he did not give up the key
they would break open the armory, which they
did accordingly. On the 21st, the Governor
went to the campus and demanded the arms
from tbe students, telling them if they did not
surrender be would fire upon them. This be
ing done, they gave up their arms.
California as a Fbee State. Gov. John
Bigler, in his Message of the 8th of January,
1850, has the following among other remarks
upon the progress of California in agriculture :
"That astonishing progress has been made
in agriculture is demonstrated by the fact that
a few vears aco we were, almost, if ot entire
ly dependent upon the Atlantic State. Chili,
Oregon and the Islands for all the necessaries
and luxuries of life. Now, however, by the
energy of our people and the unequalled fer
tility of our soil, we have a superabundance
for home consumption, and even for export.
In the market reports of the Atlantic cities
are regularly quoted the prices paid for Cali
fornia wheat and flour; of which exports ex
ceeding $1,000,000 in the aggregate have been
made during the past year. This is truly a
wonderful change to be effected in so brief a
period, and has no parallel in the history of
any of our most progressive and rapidly de
veloped sister States.
"Among the many and varied products l"
our most prolific soil, wheat, barley and oats
may be mentioned among the more inipoi taut.
These arc produced in California in greater
quantities to the acre than iu any of the At
lantic States, and of a quality unsurpassed if
not unequalled. Rye and cot n, although not
so prolific in growth as in some of the older
Western States, nevertheless yield remunera
tive returns."
Again he says :
"In estimating the comparative wealth and
productiveness of California, as an evidence of
her wonderful progress and prosperity, wo may
well and proudly institute a comparison with
other States of the confederacy.
"Among the many interesting facts to be ;
gleaned l'roai official reports and other reliable
sources we learn that the number "of the hor
ses and mules in California, is only exceeded
in 15 States, including the great States of New
York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ohio. Iu
the number of cattle, but 7 States exceed Cal
ifornia. In wheat, but 0 States produced more
during the year 1855 while New York alone
exceeds California in the number of bushels of
barley raised. Cf potatoes, sixteen of the
States produce a less quantity than our own.
Of all the States of the Union, not one produ
ces so many gallons of wine and in the ag
gregate value of live stock, but 11 of the 31
exceed California."
Truly this is a cheering exhibition of the
progress of the first free State on the Pacific,
and it is also an impressive lesson to the busi
ness men of our country. Suppose California
had ?i(vfn dMtttf1 fls.!i.!:ivi'.iit2'.,,ov''';'
ferent would have been her present condition !
To understand this, compare Virginia with
Ohio, Missouri with Illinois, or Arkansas with
Wisconsin. Have not the citizens of all the
old States a deep interest in preserving Kansas
from the curse of that institution which smoth
ers enterprise and public spirit wherever It ex
tends ? Kansas, peopled by freemen, would
in a few years rival even California or Iowa in
its progress, and would furnish a vast market
lor the products of our manufactories. So
that even as a matter of dollars and cents, we
have a deep iuterest in preserving Kansas from
the curse of slaverv.
T - r- ...
Pekx a. axdNkw iork. The Pittsburg Dis- I
patch of March 1st, has the following notice of
the arrest of another of the gang of horse
thieves, whose existence has recently been
discovered in the western part of this State:
On Wednesday evening, Mayor Bingham, hav
ing ascertained that John R. Harper, who was
mentioned as an active member of the horse
thieving gang by Kutter, in his confession, was
in Buffalo, N. Y., telegraphed to the officers of
that city and had him arrested. 11c was about
starting High Constable King after him, when
two officers from Indiana Co., who were on the
hunt of him, arrived ia that city and called up
on tho Mayor, having learned that he had al
ready caused Harper's arrest. The Mayor han
ded over the correspondence to them, and they
left last night for Harrisburg, to procure a re
quisition to remove Harper to this State.
While in prison, awaiting trial in Indiana
county, some four years ago, Harper, aided by
Rutter, Brown, and a man named Greer, broke
jail, and since that time has been living by de
predations' on tho public. An indictment has
been pending against him at Ebenaburg, and
Rutter says he was with him engaged in steal
ing horses in Westmoreland and other western
counties. He is the same man who, according
to Rutter's account, was at one time employ
ed in one of the railroad depots at Bufialo,and
stole goods which he sent to Brown to be dis
posed of. Thus far Rutter's statements have
proved literally correct, aud have already led
to the discovery of a large number of stolen
horsesby their owners, and will doubtless result
in breaking up one of the most extensive and
thoroughly organized band of rascals which
has ever existed in this part of the country.
Earthquakes ix Switzerland. On tho oth,
8th and 2lth of January last, shocks of earth
quake wcro experienced in various cantons.
A Swiss naturalist, who has for some timo
closely observed these phenomena, states that
in July last the frightlul effects of earthquakes
were visible on the tops of the highest moun
tains. On the 25th immense masses of ice
seperated from the glacier Monte Rosa, came
crashing into the valley beneath, and a solid
wall of ice was detached from the peak of the
Wctterhorn. On Mount St. Bernard the shock
was as severe- as in the valley of the Rhone.
On the 28th a shock was felt in a circlo em
bracing Herman, Geneva, Basle, Zurich and
Lurgano, which filled the animal world with
terror; migratory birds left the vicinity, and
have not since returned.
When does a man look like a cannon ball
When he looks round.
Compensation is the Excessive Sxow. Th
excessive snows with which tbe United States
have been visited this year, much as they
have delayed travel and transportation on ral 1
roads,have not been without compensating ad
vantages. All through this State, as well at
in the West, they have enabled the farmers,
by the use of sleds, to carry their grain to the
market towns, at a season of the year when tbs
roads are usually impassable, either wholly or
exceedingly rough. Most cf the principal
country towns, we understand, are overflowing
with rye, wheat and corn. The West has mt
ly been so full of money. Theso facts are
gratifying in two-respects. They show thtt.
tho agricultrial interest is In a very nourish
ing condition; but they show also that tho
farmers have been holding back their grain,
and that consequently the stock in the country
at large is greater than has been supposed. It
Is plain that flour must come down. To the
inhabitants of cities,, to manufacturers and op
eratives, and generally to consumers of food,
as distinguished from producers, this will b
gratifying news ; for it is they who have felt
most keenly the late enormous prices of pro
visions and who need most tho relief of a de
cline. But the heavy snows have not only brought
enormouse quantities of grain to market; they
have also rendered it nearly certain that th
coming crop will be one of almost unprece
dented magnitude. An agricultural jouraal
estimates that the ammonia added to the soil
by this "winter's snows will be at good as a tho
rough manuring. "The protracted cold, More
over, forbids the idea of a changeable spring.
If former experience is tobe relied on there
will be little or no retrocession when the mild
weather once sets In ; but the processes of veg
etation will go on without those sudden re
turns to cold which so often destroy grain and
blossoms. There have been statements madu
in many of the papers, that the fruit trees have
been universally destroyed. But we learn,
from numerous sources, that this is not true-
We incline to think that the instances in which
fruit trees have been split, or otherwise Injur
ed, are exceptions. It is not certain, indeed,
that even trees which have been split, are ren
dered permanently useless. On the whol,
the excessive snows of this winter Lave brought
with them many compensations, and it is not
improbable that, In a cycle of years, it may b
discovered they were absolutely necessary.
Pure Nativeisx. It is a singular fact, that
the people of the United States the people
of all the world most entitled to hold their na
tionality as a proud privilege, and boasting tho
strongest and most heart-rooted attachment
to the institutions of their fathers, as huit i
down from siics to sons, are the most reeklitJ
and careless of foreign iufiuence, and do tot
sec to regant.lt as tbr duty to preeerv
their Americanism pure and unadulterated.
No other nation on the face of the earth has
so little regard for its nationality, but on th
PilVit Tin' tllt fitl Olnln.rni- . . . .1 .
tain it. Th following is the opinion W en,
whom wo enlightened people of the United
States would call an untutored savage. Thi
man seems to have imbibed from nature ami
good common sense the pure principles of
those who framed the glorious Union of tbe
States, and were willing to receive foreignr
here as the "asylum of oppressed humanity,"
but not to control the destinies or subvert tbs
institutions of ourcountry. Demagogues here
f may learn a lesson from the "Pure Nativeism"
J of the new King f the Hawaiian Islands, as
contained in the following announcement
Hawaiian Is I and t, January 13A, 1866.
The funeral of the late King took place oa
10th. The procession was by far the most Im
posing ever witnessed in the islands. On the
11th the new King made his first appearanca,
and attended a council. The King addressed
his native subjects, and also the foreigners.
From the speech to the latter we extract th
following : "I therefore say to the foreigner
that he is Welcome to our shores welcome so
long as ho comes with the laudable motive of
promoting his own interests, and at the same
time lespecting those of his neighbor. But If
he comes here with no more exalted moti
than that. of building up bis own interest, at
the expense of the natives; to seek our confi
dence only to betray it ; with no higher ambi
tion than that of overthrowing our govern
ment, and introducing anarchy, confusion and
bloodshed, then he is most unwelcome." .
Worthy, of Being Pondered. The Grand
Jury of the-City of New York made a pre
sentment to the Court on Friday, the 22nd ult.
Wc call attention to one or two facts. Tho
Grand Jury say, "during the past year tho
number of commitments were thirty-six thou
sand, two hundied and sixty-four. Of these,
thirtij-tu o thousand seven hundred and three wer
persons of intemperate habits. Eight thou
sand, nine hundred and six were American
born, while the remaining twenty-seven thou
sand, three hundred and thirty-eight were of
foreign birth. In view of this fact, the Grand
Jury arc forced to tho conclusion that there
exists an organized system of deportation and
emigration to this country oi criminals iron
abroad, and they urge that every means which
the law allows be put in force to check thia
criminal immigration."
Here, we say, are two things worthy of being
pondered. First, the intimate connexion be
tween intemperance and crime, and second,
the grievous burden imposed upon us by pour
ing upon this country a tide of w orthless vag
abond people, w ho eat up our substance, fill
our alms-houses, and crowd our prisons.
Frexcu Love of Scandal. A French pro
vincial paper contains the following : "A trial
took placo at our-Assizes. It promised rich
food for scandal. All tho ladles of tho towa
bedecked themselves in their smartest toilets,
and crowded to the court-house. On seeing -this,
the presiding judge rose and said : "Per
sons here assembled as spectators are sot a
ware of the nature of the cause. I thorefore.
invite all decent women to withdraw." A
pause took place without a single female mov
ing from her seat. Seeing this, the president
again rose and exclaimed :. "Officers of the
Court, now that all decent women hare retired,
tura out tbe remainder."