Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, March 12, 1856, Image 3
laffsntau'js lonntal. 'Mi j,5i m S. B. ROW, Editor and Proprietor. CLEARFIELD, PA., MARCH 12, 1556. Soraisces of the Philadelphia Convention. FOR TKESIDEST, MILLARD FILLMORE. . ICE rBESIDEXT, ANDREW JACKSON DONNELSON. MXH CHANGE, PBIKCIPLES ITEVER. No better exemplification of this, remarks the Pbitadelnhia Sun. can be shown than the following resolves, written by Prest. Pierce, with his own hand, reported to the Legislature cf New Hampshire by the representative of hit o'xa town, and unanimously passed by the Democratic Legislature cf kis o-xn State, in 1817, as follows : "Resolved, by the Senate and House of Re presentatives in General Assembly convened, That we regard the institntion cf .Slavery as a moral, social, and political evil, and, as such, we deeply regret its existence, and are willing to concur in all reasonable and constitutional measures that may tend to its rerroval. "Resolved, That all territory which may hereafter be added or acquired by the United States, where slavery does not exist at the time of such addition or acquirement, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for the punishment of crime, whereof the party has been duly convicted, ought ever to exist, but the same should ever be free ; and ive are opposed to the extension of slavery over any such territory, and that wo also approve of the Tote of our Senators and Representatives in Congress in favor of the Wilmot Proviso.' ---,. "Resolved, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives be re quested, by all expedient and constitutional means and measures, to sustain the principles herein set forth." Attested by Moses Norris, Speaker of the House, II. Hibbaed, President of tho Senate, Jared W. "Williams, Governor." And yet Franklin Pierce as President of the United . States, and Moses Norris and Jared Williams as United States Senators from New Hampshire, since that time have changed ev ery principle contained in the above resolu tions, and repudiate the very doctrines now which nine years since they so strcnnonsly ad- PotiTiCAi Parsons. In the communica tion signed "C. J." which onr neighbor up street gave place to last week, unless we are preatly mistaken, we recognize an old acquain tance the Rev. Cyrus Jeffries who might be cither a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable poli tician, but in trying to be both, he spoils both most awfully, and if he don't look out they will spoil him. He indicts President Pierce for all manner of transgression Z'TrA?nn ia la --" .uum.a. ! uy mere evrvjLcur ten neither more nor less -we can't imagine, unless he was thinkini of the ten commandments, tho ninth one of which he violated in every count. We defy this Rec rrtnd politician to make good not all, but.a single one of his charges. This he cannot do, becauso they are without foundation. Ministers of the Gospel, above all other men, chould stick to the truth." We copy the above from the Clearfield Re publican of last Wednesday. The logic which it contains is certainly singular. We cannot see the force of the remark that the writer of the communication in the Journal might be either a tolerable preacher, or a tolerable pol itician,but in trying to be both, he spoils both most awfully," unless it is to convey the idea that clergymen are to be deprived of the priv ilege ot expressing their opinions in regard to the official conduct of ourMagistratcs,in which they are certainty as deeply interested as any other class of citizens. If that is the mean ing intended to bo conveyed, we would beg leave to dissent from it as being at variance with justice- and constitutional right. We be lieve that ft is not only a privilege, bnt a duty of ministers of the gospel to point out whatev er evil tendencies may appear in the official conduct of those in anthority; and if the wri ter believed, as he undoubtedly did, that the President was guilty "as he stands indicted" in the "bill," we see no reason why he should not give publicity to his opinions. There can be no plausible justification for endeavoring to prevent preachers from expressing their views on matters pertaining to the political condi tioa of the country. It was their practice in the primitive days of the Republic in the days of Washington, Hamilton and Jay!- freedom of speech was one of the great princi pics for which they contended, and in estab lishing it many a brave heart beat its last throb, and many a dauntless patriot left his bones to whiten the field of battle. And are we now, in these enlightened latter days, to see one of the most respectable, intelligent and useful r-lass of citizens deprived of that freedom of fpeechr Are they to be sneeringly stvled "reverend politicians," and their veracity im pugned, merely because they exercise itf We trow not. What we bare safd above, has been done as an act of justice, not to an individual only, but to a class of persons whom we highly re spects As to the position f'C.J." takes in his communication, we have nothing 0 say--that he can attend to himsolf. ' " IVbtbe's the Little Joker ? The Wash ington Union contains, the Delphic assertion "that ft is no part of the creed of a Demo crat, as such, either to advocate or to oppose the extension of slavery. He may do the one or tht other, in the exercise of his rights as a citizen, and not offend against his Democratic fealty," If anybody can invent a platform which has more of the see-saw about it than this, let him bring along his tools and go to work, DEMOCEATIC STATE CONTENTION. This body met Harrisburg on the 4th March, and organized permanently by selecting Hen- drick II. Wright as President,' assisted by 27 Vice Presidents, and 13 Secretaries. The following is the Committee on Resolu tions: John L. Dawson, Howard L. Miller, R. Riddle Roberts, David Tidball, Wm. Montgo mery, Emanuel Street, Franklin Vansant, Jno. F. Means, James L. Reynolds, Mifflin Han nuni, Wilson Reilly, and J. C. Montgomery. A committee, consisting of one from each Congressional District, was selected to report delegates to the National Convention, and Electors. The contest for delegates to Cin cinnati was exceedingly spirited. Gov. Big ler was here importuning members to send him there, urging that it was expected at Washing ton that he would go; but the Convention concluded to send men who had not been con taminated by a Washington atmosphere. The delegation is understood to have but eve choice for President, and according to the instructions of tho Convention, must vote for Buchanan, dead or alive. Several speeches were then delivered in glo rification of Buchanan and Democracy, when the Convention adjourned until Wednesday. Wednesday, Mar. 5. A committee of five was selected to inform Mr. Buchanan that he bad been nominated for the Presidency. The platform was then repotted and adopted, when the Convention proceeded to nominate a can didate for Canal Commissioner, which result ed in the choice of Geo. Scott, of Columbia. On the 5th ballot Jacob Fry, Jr., of Montgo mery, was selected as the candidate for Audi tor General, and on the 4th ballot, Timothy Ives, of Potter, was declared the nominee for Surveyor General. The 4th ballot stood as fol lows : Ives 63, Alexander 40, scattering 22. Some interesting incidents occurred during the progress of the nominations. Mr. Eeily, of Schuylkill, was before the Convention as a candidate for Canal Commissioner, basing his claims upon the ground that he was born in Ireland. Of course the Convention would not nominate him, but in lieu of that he was given the fullest measure of Democratic applause. Like many other aspiring patriots, Mr. Reilly had a letter read to the Convention declining the nomination, when it was evident that he could not get it, and his letter was received with tho liveliest enthusiasm. Sam Black was fitly chosen as the Irish champion, and he dwelt eloquently on tho fact that Mr. Reilly, though an Irishman, breathed sentiments of loyalty to this country that would do credit to a native citizen ! This remarkable condescen sion on the part of Mr. Reilly a man born on a foreign soil, and yet consenting to obey tho laws and sustain the Constitution of this coun try,affected the speaker well nigh to tears,and the Convention maniiested its appreciation of him. He rose to the dignity of ten votes. The Convention adjourned after having made nom inations until the afternoon, when the dele gates met to hear and be heard by each other. A number of speeches were made, ranging from very good to very indifferent from Judge Wilkin to Sam Black, after wnafl the Convention adjourned sine die. The following are the resolutions adopted, constituting the last Democratic platform : Resolved, That in the present distracted condition of parties, iu which sectional and partial issues have been a lowed to attain a dangerous, supremacy, we recognize in tho policy of the Democratic party, that which rests upon the Constitution as its basis ; and that it is the party which above all others has, in the language of the illustrious Madison, ev er contiuued "to hold the union of the States as the basis of their peace and happiness ; to support the Constitution, which is the cement 01 tue union, as well in its limitations as its authorities; to respect the rights and authori ties reserved to the States and to the people, as equally incorporated with and essential to the success of the general system; and to avoid the slightest interference with the rights of conscience or the lanctions of religion, so wisely exempted noni civil jurisdiction." Resolved, That by the general consent of the wiso and virtuous of all nations, tho fra- mers 01 tne republic or the United States, ex mu.ieu m uieir muiviuuai cnaracters and in the result of their public deliberations, a de gree of virtue and a practical statesmanship, to which the history of the world affords no parallel ; that in no part of the Federal Com paci is me wisuora 01 our latncrs more con- usptcuos, than in leaving the whole question of slavery to the states 10 their separate capaci ties; aim 1 11a 1 111 me provision lor t lie re-delivery of fugitives escaped from labour or ser : .1 j . . j m, iucj ui-uiuumraieu a sense 01 justice an appreciation of tho value of the Union an at tachment to its preservation an avoidance ot one-sided philanthrophy, and impracticable theories of government which present a pro per example ior ire guidance ana imitation of us, their descendants. Resolved, That we look only to the Consti tution, and the exposition thereof which has been afforded by ihe practice of Democratic administrations, for the chart of our policy. ihat theso constitute, till the fundamental law is changed by methods which itself provides, tne iiigiiest law or our obedience as citizens ; ana mat we utterly discard that partial and ex uggeraieu sympainy, me attempt to carrv which into practice, is at the peril ot our dear est interests as a nation, and threatens the in- niction or evils of tenfold magnitude to those which it proposes to heal. Resolved, That the equality of the States is the vital element of the Constitution itself, and mat an interierenco with the rights of the States by those who seek to disregard the sa cred guarantees of the past, and by all others, should be rebuked with the same snirit that would denounce and repudiate all attempts to erect odious distinctions between those who are entitied to share the blessings and benefits of our free institutions. - Resolved, That the effort to direct the now- er of tho Government by anti-slavery atita- fion, under the various names and phases of ree somsm, Anti-Webraskaism. r usloniam. and Republicanism ; and by interfering with the rights of conscience in establishing a r- ligious test as a qualification for office, by the secrect oath-bound society of the Know-No things, is opposed both to the letter and the spirit of the Constitution, and to the earnest teachings and practice of its earliest and most honored administrators. Resolved, That we are now as ever unalter ably opposed to the doctrines and designs of all organizations which contemplate tho ever throw of the civil and religious rights of the citizen; that the equality of the citizen, like the equality of the States, is a sacred and in- 1 aJierjsblt right, nevtr to b intrfertd with by , factious parties and reckless legislation, with out a subversion of the primary objects of our political system, and a repudiation of the guar antees of the past and the hopes of tho future. Resolved, That in the repeal of the act known. as the Missouri Compromise act, and the passage of the act organizing the Territo ries of Kansas and Nebraska, free from uncon stitutional restrictions, the last Congress per formed a work of patriotic sacrifice in meeting the demands of sectional excitement by un shaken adherence to the fundamental law. Resolved, That this legislation cannot be deemed unnecessary, but that it was expedi ent to meet the questions of which it dispos ed, and which could never admit of a more ea sy settlement than at present. That we recog nize in it the application to the Territories of the United States, f the rule of "equal and exact justice to allwicn" of all sections of the confederacy, which was designed by the fra mers of our government, and which was de fined as one of its essential principles by the immortal Jefferson. Resolved, That the Democracy of Pennsyl vania, following the counsel of some of the wi sest statesmen of the north and south, were ready on more than one occasion in the past, to extend the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific, so as to make it the basis ot a final set tlement of the question of slavery in the Ter ritories; but when the proposition was reject ed in 1848, on the ground that it involved an undue concession to the south, by the very men who now clamor for a restoration of the Missouri line, there seemed to be but one wise alternative left, and that was to refer the whole question of slavery in the Territories to the people thereof, to "be regulated as they might deem proper, and we therefore cheerfully ex tend our hearty support to the policy of the government as recognized in the Compromise measures of 18C0,and embodied in the laws orga nizing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. Resolved, That unerring indications point to the Hon. James Biciiasan-distinguished alike by bis high personal character, his tried Democracy, his great abilities, experience and eminent statesmanship as the nation's choice for the office of President of the United States, for the term commencing on the 4th of March, 18-37 ; and that we do hereby instruct our dele gates to the National Conventionn to assemble in Cincinnati in June next, to use their efforts to secure him the nomination to that olGce. Resolved, That at a period when sectional ism, in its worst aspects, attempts to under mine the foundations of the federal constitu tion, and when an abolition majority aspires to supremacy in the popular branch of the na tional legislature, and with the prospect of dif ficulties with foreign nations, who for their purjoses may seek to intercept and stay the progress of free institutions on this continent, in order that they may more effectually arrest the advancing footsteps of our republican ex ample, the statesmanlike qualities of James Buchanan his long and well tried services in defence of the Constitution his intimate knowledge of all our relations with foreign countries and his large and enlightened ex perience point to him as preeminently the man to lead the victorious columns of the Democracy in November next. Resolved, That we fully endorse the admin istration of President Pierce as national, faith ful and efficient fully equal to all the impor tant emergencies which the country has had to encounter, and that he has worthily maintained her interests and honor at home and abroad. Hons base j upon a sifigTe principle 1 nlmfoai to our government and Constitution, and in the stirring and warlike condition of the times, we behold dangers to our peace and prosperitj, if not to our perpetuity, which should cause ev ery good citizen to' ponder well the steps of of his political action; and that we earnestly invite the lover of his country, of whatever name or creed, to join us in upholding the Constitution in its purity, and transmitting it unimpaired to our successors. Resolved, That whatever cases of dissatis faction with the working of onr laws and insti tutions may "exist in different sections of the country, the proper remedy is to be sought in the temperate exercise of the richt of discus sion, and the ballot-box ; that all other evils are insignificant in comparison with that of danger to the union ; that all others can wait the sure amelioration of time, if the Union be maintained ; but that disunion would at once prove the destruction of our present interests and happiness as a people, and tho death- knell of our hopes. Resolved, That it was upon the soil of Penn sylvania that Independence was declared, and the Federal constitution constructed, and that it therefore becomes in a special sense the du ty or 1 ennsylvanians to watch over its safot-, as secured by the great charter of the Union : to resist the first approaches of danger to its perpetuity, ana iorever to cherish and main tain it inviolate, as the palladium of our hap. piness, political, social and civil. Resolved, That all vacancies that may take place in the delegation to Cinci nnati. now s. lected, shall be Oiled by a majority of the whole nnmbcr there present, and that the said delega tion shall have full power and authority among themselves to regulate by whom and how their votes shall be given in the Convention. Resolved, That the Democratic State Central committee shall require a pledge from each elector, to vote for the candidates for Presi dent and Vice President of the United Stato who may be nominated by tho Cincinnati Con vention, and in case of the neglect or refusal of any elector so to do within a reasonable time, the State Central Committee be aud iney are here by empowered to substitute. Crusade against Free-Masons. The Ken sington, Jamaica, Morning Journal, of Janua ry 10, says: "Not long ago, we noticed in our paper an order from the Pope to the late Vicar Apostolic of the Roman Catholic Church of mis island, through tho Right Rev. Dr. Nieu- windt, Bishop of Cy Irum, to excommunicate all persons professing Free Masonry in Jamaica. This order or rescript, Father Benito Fernan dez refused to obey. We now learn that his Holiness has sent a similar instrument direct to tho present Vicar Apostolic, Father Dupey ron, ordering him to discountenance Free Ma sons, and persons connected with other secret societies who are connected with his commu nion, becauso their tenets, being unknown, may be dangerous to the State f what sa His Holiness also prohibits the reading of such works as those of Eucene Sue. which moral poison, under an attractive exterior. The rescript, or whatever tho 'instrument may bo termed, was read by Father Dnncvmn ; open congregation, in the Chapel of tho Holy irinity, on bunday last. We learn. good authority, that a stone cutter of this city nas oeen employed by the Jesuit Priests w in effacing the Masonic emblems on tombs in the Roman Catholic burial ground." The Chicago Democrat savs that som m.. of a religious week dav mpetincr in u may be obtained from the fact that on a recent occasion of unusoal interest, the assemble conslsttd of sixtytfght womeD, one man and a toy. LATER PRC II EUROPE. 1 New Ycrk, Mar. 4. The steamer Baltic j arrived to-day with Liverpool dates to the 20th, All the envoys to the peace conference have arrived at Paris, and the sessions were to open on the 23d. The confidence in tho establish ment of peace continues undiminished. The excitement in the public mind relative to the American difficulty is subsiding. The concentration of a large British force in Cana da has been ordered. . . . . From the fact that the above dispatch, pre pared in Liverpool, makes no mention of the Pacific, it is feared that no tidings of her have been received there. The Baltic reached her dock at eleven o'clock. She brings dates to the 20th, but the papers contain no striking news. The London Times announces that eighteen regiments and battalions of rifles arc to bo dis patched to Canada and that several other regi ments will follow. It is also rumored that almost every regiment attached to the home "Service has received an intimation that their services may be required in Canada. Money continues extremely tight, the de mand being in excess of the supply. The new loan of JC-300,000,000 announced, provides for the pending of Exchequer Bills to the extent of 3,000,000. As these amounts have tobe paid in five instalments in th course of fwo months, the demand will doubtless con tinue to be active ar:d the market coutinue stringent. Consols had improved on the an nouncement of the loan to'JlJ ; but afterwards declined to OO JaOOJ. Rothschilds, it is said, propose taking the wholo of the loan. Much gossip continues in relation to the peace conference. Baron Brunow is reported to have said that Russia sincertly desires peace but if it is not declared within three or four weeks at the furthest, from the opening of the conference, serious difficulties might interfere with the final settlement ol the question. Lord Clarendon had a private interview with Napoleon immediately upon his arrival at Par Is. Englaxd. The Duke of Norfolk is doad A mulatto girl was found secreted on board the ship Asterian, which arrived at Liverpool from New Orleans. Fkaxce. An article in the Assembled Na tionalc, touching tho defensive works being constructed at Portsmouth, England, has eli cited some remarks, and is looked upon as an exhibition of French jealousy. Avstria. Some additional particulars of the forth coming Austrian amnesty has trans pired ; it will, with a fuw exceptions, be un conditional, and be made known individually to those immediately concerned. Those who choose can reassuine their citizenship at once,, and be put in possession of their property; ''lose who do not choose to return immedi ite !' tnay sen tncir estates ; tnose wno do neith er, will be considered as demanding that their property shall bo handed over to their kvgal heirs. Asia. On the 5th of January, six battalions of Russians surprised a battalion of Turks near Zudgdide, when the latter retreated, lea ving their guns and baggage. The Russians subsequently burned the Pacha's palace and several villages. Russia. The Emperor's brother, the Grand Duke Nicholas, has been married to the Prin cess of Oldenburgh, Alexandria Patronna. Among the passengers by the Baltic are B. C. Towsend, bearer of dispatches, and D. E Hughes, inventor of tho new Printing Tele graphic instrument. FearfcIi Riot in Socm Carolina College The Wilmington, N.C., Commercial, Feb. 18, has the following correspondence: "A tre mendous excitement now prevails in Colum bia. Last night, about 0 o'clock, some of the students of the South Carolina Colleire were walking around the city with murderous object in view, it is supposed. As three of them were walking down Richardson street, imme diately in front of the market house, one of them yelled out the name of the Chief of Po lice, whom they intended murdering that eve ning. This gentleman, hearing considerable noise in the street, proceeded to the spot to arrest the parties disturbing the peace. One of them pretended to be almost beastly drunk The officer commanded the peace, and laid his hand in the meantimo on the shoulder of tho intoxicated person, and as he did this, one of the students punched him in the abdomen with his club; the policeman thinking he had been stabbed, immediately struck the student with his bludgeon, splitting his skull dreadfully.- This being done, he commanded his follow po licemen to assist in conveying him to the guard Louse. As soon as he was lodged there the cry of "College" was raised by the sfu dents, and in less than ten minutes, 160 stu dents wcro present, all armed with pistols, bowie knives, swords, hatchets and clubs, and rushed to the guard house, cryimr "out1 out'" After cutting all the doors and window- into fragments, they rushed in unon iht. f"!hi..f each student giving him a wound with knife, bludgeon, or sword, and then threw him out of the second story window on the brick pave ment. - The alarm bell was then rune to call the citizens together, but too late to be of any service to the police. This morning, about IV o dock, the alarm bell was runs airain. On arriving at the guard house, I found the stu dents and several of the citizens "going in lemons" with pistols, swords and bowie knives. Several of the students were carried to their various homes dreadfully cut and bruised The students bad sworn to kill the policeman, and they broke into the Kuard house, wrier he had been put for safety, and pulled him out in iront ot it, where they were each civinir him a blow with their clubs, and some cutting mm witn Dowie knives. The few citizens that were present rushed among them and they had a dreadful muss. The alarm bell was runs? to summon the military compnnies, and in a short time five companies were present. Feb. 19 One of tht students died this af ternoon, and others are ejrped to di to- ! night. . The chief of police died to-night. Three policemen were killed. On the 20th, the students procured ammu nition'from Charleston. They also procured rifles from a neighboring town, under faUe pretences. The Mayor having secured the key of their armory, they sent a messenger to him stating that if he did not give up the key they would break open the armory, which they did accordingly. On the 21st, the Governor went to the campus and demanded the arms from tbe students, telling them if they did not surrender be would fire upon them. This be ing done, they gave up their arms. California as a Fbee State. Gov. John Bigler, in his Message of the 8th of January, 1850, has the following among other remarks upon the progress of California in agriculture : "That astonishing progress has been made in agriculture is demonstrated by the fact that a few vears aco we were, almost, if ot entire ly dependent upon the Atlantic State. Chili, Oregon and the Islands for all the necessaries and luxuries of life. Now, however, by the energy of our people and the unequalled fer tility of our soil, we have a superabundance for home consumption, and even for export. In the market reports of the Atlantic cities are regularly quoted the prices paid for Cali fornia wheat and flour; of which exports ex ceeding $1,000,000 in the aggregate have been made during the past year. This is truly a wonderful change to be effected in so brief a period, and has no parallel in the history of any of our most progressive and rapidly de veloped sister States. "Among the many and varied products l" our most prolific soil, wheat, barley and oats may be mentioned among the more inipoi taut. These arc produced in California in greater quantities to the acre than iu any of the At lantic States, and of a quality unsurpassed if not unequalled. Rye and cot n, although not so prolific in growth as in some of the older Western States, nevertheless yield remunera tive returns." Again he says : "In estimating the comparative wealth and productiveness of California, as an evidence of her wonderful progress and prosperity, wo may well and proudly institute a comparison with other States of the confederacy. "Among the many interesting facts to be ; gleaned l'roai official reports and other reliable sources we learn that the number "of the hor ses and mules in California, is only exceeded in 15 States, including the great States of New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ohio. Iu the number of cattle, but 7 States exceed Cal ifornia. In wheat, but 0 States produced more during the year 1855 while New York alone exceeds California in the number of bushels of barley raised. Cf potatoes, sixteen of the States produce a less quantity than our own. Of all the States of the Union, not one produ ces so many gallons of wine and in the ag gregate value of live stock, but 11 of the 31 exceed California." Truly this is a cheering exhibition of the progress of the first free State on the Pacific, and it is also an impressive lesson to the busi ness men of our country. Suppose California had ?i(vfn dMtttf1 fls.!i.!:ivi'.iit2'.,,ov''';' ferent would have been her present condition ! To understand this, compare Virginia with Ohio, Missouri with Illinois, or Arkansas with Wisconsin. Have not the citizens of all the old States a deep interest in preserving Kansas from the curse of that institution which smoth ers enterprise and public spirit wherever It ex tends ? Kansas, peopled by freemen, would in a few years rival even California or Iowa in its progress, and would furnish a vast market lor the products of our manufactories. So that even as a matter of dollars and cents, we have a deep iuterest in preserving Kansas from the curse of slaverv. T - r- ... 1 JI k. liAKG OF llORSS IHIEVES IS WESTERN Pekx a. axdNkw iork. The Pittsburg Dis- I patch of March 1st, has the following notice of the arrest of another of the gang of horse thieves, whose existence has recently been discovered in the western part of this State: On Wednesday evening, Mayor Bingham, hav ing ascertained that John R. Harper, who was mentioned as an active member of the horse thieving gang by Kutter, in his confession, was in Buffalo, N. Y., telegraphed to the officers of that city and had him arrested. 11c was about starting High Constable King after him, when two officers from Indiana Co., who were on the hunt of him, arrived ia that city and called up on tho Mayor, having learned that he had al ready caused Harper's arrest. The Mayor han ded over the correspondence to them, and they left last night for Harrisburg, to procure a re quisition to remove Harper to this State. While in prison, awaiting trial in Indiana county, some four years ago, Harper, aided by Rutter, Brown, and a man named Greer, broke jail, and since that time has been living by de predations' on tho public. An indictment has been pending against him at Ebenaburg, and Rutter says he was with him engaged in steal ing horses in Westmoreland and other western counties. He is the same man who, according to Rutter's account, was at one time employ ed in one of the railroad depots at Bufialo,and stole goods which he sent to Brown to be dis posed of. Thus far Rutter's statements have proved literally correct, aud have already led to the discovery of a large number of stolen horsesby their owners, and will doubtless result in breaking up one of the most extensive and thoroughly organized band of rascals which has ever existed in this part of the country. Earthquakes ix Switzerland. On tho oth, 8th and 2lth of January last, shocks of earth quake wcro experienced in various cantons. A Swiss naturalist, who has for some timo closely observed these phenomena, states that in July last the frightlul effects of earthquakes were visible on the tops of the highest moun tains. On the 25th immense masses of ice seperated from the glacier Monte Rosa, came crashing into the valley beneath, and a solid wall of ice was detached from the peak of the Wctterhorn. On Mount St. Bernard the shock was as severe- as in the valley of the Rhone. On the 28th a shock was felt in a circlo em bracing Herman, Geneva, Basle, Zurich and Lurgano, which filled the animal world with terror; migratory birds left the vicinity, and have not since returned. When does a man look like a cannon ball When he looks round. Compensation is the Excessive Sxow. Th excessive snows with which tbe United States have been visited this year, much as they have delayed travel and transportation on ral 1 roads,have not been without compensating ad vantages. All through this State, as well at in the West, they have enabled the farmers, by the use of sleds, to carry their grain to the market towns, at a season of the year when tbs roads are usually impassable, either wholly or exceedingly rough. Most cf the principal country towns, we understand, are overflowing with rye, wheat and corn. The West has mt ly been so full of money. Theso facts are gratifying in two-respects. They show thtt. tho agricultrial interest is In a very nourish ing condition; but they show also that tho farmers have been holding back their grain, and that consequently the stock in the country at large is greater than has been supposed. It Is plain that flour must come down. To the inhabitants of cities,, to manufacturers and op eratives, and generally to consumers of food, as distinguished from producers, this will b gratifying news ; for it is they who have felt most keenly the late enormous prices of pro visions and who need most tho relief of a de cline. But the heavy snows have not only brought enormouse quantities of grain to market; they have also rendered it nearly certain that th coming crop will be one of almost unprece dented magnitude. An agricultural jouraal estimates that the ammonia added to the soil by this "winter's snows will be at good as a tho rough manuring. "The protracted cold, More over, forbids the idea of a changeable spring. If former experience is tobe relied on there will be little or no retrocession when the mild weather once sets In ; but the processes of veg etation will go on without those sudden re turns to cold which so often destroy grain and blossoms. There have been statements madu in many of the papers, that the fruit trees have been universally destroyed. But we learn, from numerous sources, that this is not true- We incline to think that the instances in which fruit trees have been split, or otherwise Injur ed, are exceptions. It is not certain, indeed, that even trees which have been split, are ren dered permanently useless. On the whol, the excessive snows of this winter Lave brought with them many compensations, and it is not improbable that, In a cycle of years, it may b discovered they were absolutely necessary. Pure Nativeisx. It is a singular fact, that the people of the United States the people of all the world most entitled to hold their na tionality as a proud privilege, and boasting tho strongest and most heart-rooted attachment to the institutions of their fathers, as huit i down from siics to sons, are the most reeklitJ and careless of foreign iufiuence, and do tot sec to regant.lt as tbr duty to preeerv their Americanism pure and unadulterated. No other nation on the face of the earth has so little regard for its nationality, but on th PilVit Tin' tllt fitl Olnln.rni- . . . .1 . tain it. Th following is the opinion W en, whom wo enlightened people of the United States would call an untutored savage. Thi man seems to have imbibed from nature ami good common sense the pure principles of those who framed the glorious Union of tbe States, and were willing to receive foreignr here as the "asylum of oppressed humanity," but not to control the destinies or subvert tbs institutions of ourcountry. Demagogues here f may learn a lesson from the "Pure Nativeism" J of the new King f the Hawaiian Islands, as contained in the following announcement Hawaiian Is I and t, January 13A, 1866. The funeral of the late King took place oa 10th. The procession was by far the most Im posing ever witnessed in the islands. On the 11th the new King made his first appearanca, and attended a council. The King addressed his native subjects, and also the foreigners. From the speech to the latter we extract th following : "I therefore say to the foreigner that he is Welcome to our shores welcome so long as ho comes with the laudable motive of promoting his own interests, and at the same time lespecting those of his neighbor. But If he comes here with no more exalted moti than that. of building up bis own interest, at the expense of the natives; to seek our confi dence only to betray it ; with no higher ambi tion than that of overthrowing our govern ment, and introducing anarchy, confusion and bloodshed, then he is most unwelcome." . Worthy, of Being Pondered. The Grand Jury of the-City of New York made a pre sentment to the Court on Friday, the 22nd ult. Wc call attention to one or two facts. Tho Grand Jury say, "during the past year tho number of commitments were thirty-six thou sand, two hundied and sixty-four. Of these, thirtij-tu o thousand seven hundred and three wer persons of intemperate habits. Eight thou sand, nine hundred and six were American born, while the remaining twenty-seven thou sand, three hundred and thirty-eight were of foreign birth. In view of this fact, the Grand Jury arc forced to tho conclusion that there exists an organized system of deportation and emigration to this country oi criminals iron abroad, and they urge that every means which the law allows be put in force to check thia criminal immigration." Here, we say, are two things worthy of being pondered. First, the intimate connexion be tween intemperance and crime, and second, the grievous burden imposed upon us by pour ing upon this country a tide of w orthless vag abond people, w ho eat up our substance, fill our alms-houses, and crowd our prisons. Frexcu Love of Scandal. A French pro vincial paper contains the following : "A trial took placo at our-Assizes. It promised rich food for scandal. All tho ladles of tho towa bedecked themselves in their smartest toilets, and crowded to the court-house. On seeing -this, the presiding judge rose and said : "Per sons here assembled as spectators are sot a ware of the nature of the cause. I thorefore. invite all decent women to withdraw." A pause took place without a single female mov ing from her seat. Seeing this, the president again rose and exclaimed :. "Officers of the Court, now that all decent women hare retired, tura out tbe remainder."