Raftsman's journal. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, February 27, 1856, Image 4
ii- t 9 5t it Haftsmatt'5 Imtnial. 9u VW- S.' B. ROW, Editor ixd Proprietor. CLEARFIELD, PA., FEBRUARY 27, 13" THE EAFIIJfO " A correspondent of the Philadelphia Daily ivu-, writing fiora Williamsport under date of t ecruary loth, sava : . "An additional boom has very recently been completed on the river opposite this place, at u c.&.:u.fe oi several inousana aollars. I am fearful that the raftsmen, whose property nay fee destined for the lower Markets, will berauch annoyed the coming season. There is another boom about completed at Northumberland. It is said that a bill is now before the Legisla ture authorizing another boom at Jersey Shore. Should all the contemplated booms be con .. j . i - . . ... enutieu, ue ownersoi lands ot timber in the counties above us mast suffer a great inconve nience to tTPt fllt'ir llimhpr r.r timlior tr r.i-T-L-a the fact is the navigation of our beautiful river win ue enureiv oDstructea." The erection of these booms is a matter in which the citizens of this county an directly interested, and should engage their immediate attention. Some action should be taken with out delay to prevent any hindrance to the free and safe navigalion of the river by our rafts- iaen and the most direct way would be to lav the matter before the Legislature in such a form as will fully enlighten all the members of that body, a portion of whom, residing in sec tions where the timber business is not follow od, are not espeeted to be fully aware of the great injury that may be inflicted upon the business interests of a large and hardworking class of community, by legislation authorizing the construction of these booms. More Evidence. The Warren Mail, of the lGth inst., after copying a paragraph of curs following an articlo from the Pittsburgh Ga- lette, regarding the position of lion. D. Bar clay, the member to Congress from this Dis trict, says : "We are not disposed to censure Mr. Barclay very severely till we see more of his official conduct, or misconduct, than the troublesome contest for Speaker exhibited. It is, however, fair to add, that hi3 position ia this county daring the canvass of 1851, was the same as in Clearfield as given above. We do not recall his precisa language as to the resferaUoa. of the Missouri Compromise, nor i3 it material. But wo never heard an Anti-Nc braaka fcpecch lucre strongly Antt-Nubraska than Mr. Barclay's. Ail that pledges could do to securo . the Anti-Nebraska rote oi Warren County he did, and with success. Wc heard him say nothing on the subject of American ism, tat, as we slated after the election, he satisfied others that be was one of that order, and we know that he was tupported as an A mcrican and Anti-Nebraska man generally How far those pladges and assurances will ba honorably redeemed, we may perhaps tell by and by, if not now." Fcelig Schools of I'EVNsri.vAsiA. We are indebted to Hon. A. G. Curtin for a copy of the Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools. From it we learn that during the past year the whole number of districts was 1,632; of schools 10,409; number ot schools yet required, ; average number of months taught, 5 ; number of raalo teachers, 8,003; of ft: male teachers, 4,140 ; average salaries of male teachers per month, $22,29, and of fe male $14,89; whole number of male scholars, 2D5.8S3; whole number of female scholars, 203,120; cumber cf scholars learning German, 10,015; average cost of teaching for one schol ar per month, iiS cc-its ; whole amount of tax levied for school purposes, 1,212,223 70; amount of tax levied for buildiug purposes, 5153.07G 45; total amount of tax levied for the system, $1,354,937.04; amount received from the Stato appropriation $159,554.17 j a. monnt received from co;iectors,$l, 137,102. CI; cost of construction, $1,041,571.10; cost cf fuel and contingencies, $110,383. 19; cost of school houses, purchasing, building, renting, repairing, &c., $2GG,19S.7G. These total do not iccludo the Philadelphia public schools, which are organized under an independent sys tem, and make no report to the Superintendent. Dests vcTiri: Fresh kt. Cincinnati, Feb. 21. A freshet commenced yesterday in the Lick ing river, and the ico breaking up, unusual quantities of it were thrown into the Ohio riv er, breaking up tlg ice oppoosite the city, and causing grcst destruction among the steam boats along the levee. Seven steamboats were sunk. They were all stern wheel boats, and will probably be totally lost. There is, in ad dition, a number of other boats injured, and a considerable number of flat boats and bargea sunk. The total loss so far is estimated at $200,000. The Ohio river lias risen S feet in the last 12 Lours, and as the waters are still in creasing" further damage is anticipated. Tuk License Bill of Mr. Brown, the sul stance of which we gave in an article last week, passed the Senate finally, by a vote of 20 to 11, on last Thursday. The Harrisburgh Teli-graph is of opinion that iu its present shape it can hardly pass the House, but that fcorne such bill seems likely to pass before the closo cf the session. National Rfpcbmcax Ooxve.ntiojc. This noJy asjer.ib'.ed at Pittsburgh, on the 22d inst." a f.0 Uot' " -ct 'earn"1 the result or its tn fr ratlons- Measures were being adopted nA . Ct,a con,P,et organization of the pany, j I'ccsm nomination a candidate for Pre- THE EEIESES CF POPEBY. Wo recently published an article, giving the action of the House of Representatives of this State on a bill to protect Protestant citizens of the United States in the right of worship and of conscience while in Catholic countries, and to secure them the right of Christian burial. The bill, in fact, was nothing more than a mere resolution of request and instruction to our Senators and Representatives In Congress to use- their efforts and vote for any measure that would accomplish the object contemplated. The Democratic Solons of the lower nonso, however, saw in it a taint of .mericanism, and so voted it down. But more recently they have made a better display of their attachment to the Pope's interests, by passing a bill for the incorporation of a Catholic Monastery of the Franciscan Brothers of Cambria County. On its final passage in the House, the bill re ceived the vote of every Locofoco member present, excepting Sir. Fry, of Lehigh, who voted against it because he thought the power to incorporate was vested in the Courts, Here is an instance of the servility of the Democra cy to Catholicism too palpable to be allowed to pass by without directing attention to it, and to the institution which tiiey are authori zing to be reared among the towering bills of our own State. The members of this order, if we mistake not, are bound by secret oaths to implicit obedienco to their superior at Rome, who in all things governs and directs them. Their sole olject is the spread and perpetuity of the Papal power, and for this end, schools are opened ta which Protestant youths aro ad mitted, and the most persevering and insidious wiles made iiso of to pervert their minds and induce them to embrace Catholicism. It was against institutions of this character that the Reformer J of the sixteenth century rose and contended, until the light of Truth broke iu upon the moral gloom which enshrouded the people of Ennpe, and exposed to the world the licentiousness, degradation and crime which pervaded these establishments. And now, when the sovereigns of tho old world, awakened to the evil tendencies of monaster ies, are arraying themselves against them, the effort is made by Democratic legislators to rear them in tho very h'-art of Pennsylvania. Ma. Eeitoe : It ii now evident, to every re flecting American citizen, that there sre but two piinciples that govern the present Admin istration of this great Republic. The advance ment of political Romanism, and the exten sion of human Slavery, either of which, when in the hands of the majority, will greatly en danger, if not entirely overthrow our illustri ous Union. But when wc find their influence. i, and their capital, united against tho best interests of our government, may we not fear, and tremble, for the welfare of our country, especially when all the powers of these two withering despotisms aro combined, and led by the President of the United States, against the chief interest of the American peo ple. Asa citizen of our common couutrv.and having the right, with others, to express my opinion upon matters ot puoiic, as wcH as pri vate interest, I therefore charge the People's servant, the President of our Republic, with gross and dangerous perversions, and neglect, in the administration of tho government. 1st. I charge birn with violating the public failh, by breaking up a solemn contract, be tween the two great sections of our country, lr!.i.-lt will frrpiMl' nnfTltiPr if Tint. fn t r. i1 v- dissolvc our Union. 2d. I charge him with perverting the govern ment, by using bis official authority to extend human slavery over territory now free. 2d. I charge him with official hUhontst-j, in removing competent a;:i honorable men, and promoting armed rufiians, favorable to slavery to ofHce. 4th. I charge him with r.c gleet of official du ty, in not aiding the lawful citizens of Kansas n the protection of their persons and their property, against tao attacus or lawless mons, from a neighboring State. 5th. I charge him with crueltu, in aiding and abetting, by his recent messages to Con gress, and otherwise, the riots, robberies, and murders committed by the border ruflians of Missouri against the citizens of Kansas. Gth. I chargo him with despotism, in usin his oflicial influence to extend the system of Slavery, to the great injury of all tho poor whites cf the South, as well as to all classes of the North. 7tb. I charge hiia with tyranny, in taking up and appointing to one among the highest ofH ces in the government, a man whom the peo- le had repudiated by their votes. 8th. I charge him with anti-repullicanism, by appointing or having appointed Roman Catholics to ollises of profit and trust, over ail thcrs thereby aiding the Pontiff to establish political Romanism in this country. Sth. I charge him with being untrue to his country, in appointing all kinds of foreigners to offices, over competent and honest native born American citizens. 10th. I charge him with contempt for the American people, in suffering without rebuke, foreign nations to flood our shores with their paupers and felons, until our country is over run with numbers sufficient not tnly to fill our prisons and penitentiaries, and to corrupt the morals of our people, but to rule the ballot-box. If then these charges are true and no can d citizen dare deny them, for they aro a matter of history then is it not highly ne cessary, that the people begin to understand and prepare themselves for the approaching ontest, at tho ballot-box, that they may be fully able to overthrow, and burl from power this double headed despotism, of Political hu man Slavery, and Foreign Political Iioman- sm. But the problem that now presents itself for solution is, how shall this triumph be ac complished? The answer is easy. Let all tho parties opposed to tho present National Ad-; ministration, unit their forces, and come up n one unbroken column, and thev will make ' as clear a sweep as Washington made ot the S erogjicrj at Trenton. C. J. Clearfield County, Feb. 13. 1K-5S. AMERICAN 2TATI0UAL COTTITCIL. - The American National Council met at Phi ladelphia on the 18th inst. Delegates appear ed from every State but Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, South Carolina, Georgia, Maine, Ver mont. For two days reporters were refused seats, but on the 20th they were admitted. The Platform adopted in Juno last, was re scinded, and the following substituted : 1st. An bumble acknowledgment to the Su preme Being for His protecting care vouch safed to our fathers in their successful Revo lutionary struggle, and hitherto manifested to us, their descendants, in the preservation of the liberties, the independence and the union of thesa States. 2 J. The perpetuation of the Federal Union and Constitution, as the palladium of our civ il and religious liberties, and the only sure bulwark of American Independence. 3d. Americans must rule America, and to this end, native born citizens should bo selec ted fcT all State, Federal and Municipal otlices or government employmaut, ia preference to all others. 4th. Persons born of American parents resi ding temporarily abroad, should bo entitled to all the rights of native born citizens. 5th. 2o person should be selected for poli tical station (whether cf native or foreign birth) who recognises any allegiance or obli gation, of any description, to any foreign prince, potentate or power, who refuses to recognise tho Federal and State Constitutions (each within its sphere) as paramount to all other laws as rules of political action. Gth. Tho unqualified recognition and main tenance of the reserving rights of the several States, ard the cultivation cf harmony aud fraternal good-will between tbs citizens of the several States, and to this end, non-interference bj- Congress with questions appertaining solely to the individual States, and non-intervention by each State with the affairs of iitiy ether State. 7th. The recognition of tho right of the na tive born and the raturalizcd citizens of the United States, permanently residing in any Territor' thereof, to frame their Constitution and laws, and to rcgulutu their domestic ami social affairs in their own mode, sulject only to the provisions of the Federal Constitution, with the privilege of admission into the Union whenever they have the requisite population for one Representative in Congress ; Provided always, That none but those Mho are citizens of the United States, under the Constitution and laws thereof, and who have a fixed resi deuce in any such Territory, oughf to partici pate in the formation of the Constitution, or in the enactment of laws lor sail lerntorv cr State. tith. An enforcement cf tho principle that no State or Territory ought to admit others thau citizens of the United States to the right cf suffrage, or of holding political office. &tii. A change ia the laws of naturalization, making a coutinued residouco of twonty-on years, of all not heietofore provided for, an in dispensable requisite for citizenship hero af ter, and excluding ail paupers, and persons convicted ol crime, trom landing upon our shores; but no interference with the vested rights of foreigners. 10th. Opposition to any union between Church and State; no interference with religious faith or worship, and no test-oaths for oliice. 11 tli- Frea and thorough investigation into any and all alledged abuses of public func tionaries, and a strict economy in publie ex penditures. 12th. The maintenanca and enforcement of a'l laws constitutionally enacted, until said laws shall be repealed or shall be declared null and void by competent judicial authority. 13th. Opposition to the reckless and unwise policy of the present Administration in iho general management of our national affairs, and more especially as shown in removing 'Americana" (by designation) and conserva tives in principle, from office, and placing for eigners and ultraists iu their places; as shown in a truckling subserviency to the stronger, and an insolent and cowardly bravado towards the weaker powers ; as shown in re-opening sectional agitation, by tho repeal of the Mis souri Compromise; as shown in granting to unnaturalized foreigners the right of suffrage in Kansas and Nebraska ; as shown in its va cillating course on the Kansas and Nebraska question; us shown in tho corruptions which pervade some of tho departments of the gov ernment; as shown ia disgracing meritorious naval officers through prejudice or caprice ; and as shown ia the blundering mismanage ment of our foreign relations. 14th. Therefore, to remedy existing evils, and prevent tho disastrous consequences oth erwise resulting thorefrom, we would build up the "American party" upon tho principles hereinbefore stated. loth. That each State Council shall have authority to amend their several Constitu tions, so as to abolish tho several degrees, and instituto a pledge of honor, instead of other obligations for fellowship and admission into the party. 10th. A free and open discussion of all po litical principles embraced iu our platform. President Pierce has done all in Lis power to win the South to his standard, but tho Co lumbia, S. C, Times, a Democratic paper which desires bis nomination, thinks that the Southern politicians will sacrifice him to some candidate who will be more available at the North. In proof of this it cites the guarded expression of opinion put forth by the Georgia Democratic State Convention, and an editorial extract from the Augusta,Ga.,CW'iufumai4f-. The Germans cf Cincinnati held a meeting on the 21st inst, at which strong resolutions condemnatory of the Kansas Nebraska act were passed. Upwards of one thousand por- 8933 were Present, and the greatest harmony PriJvl - The boot and shoe trade of Cincinnati is said to be over $1,000,000 annually. .THE AKEBICAlf NATIONAL CONVENTION This Convention met on Saturday last, at Sansorn Street Hall. The body was called to order by the President? at 101 o'clock. Kcv. Air. Campbell offered an apppropriato prayer. The Chair stated that this was a nominating Convention, and that it had not met t o discuss the distracting questions of the day. The time for such discussions bad gone by. Applause. It was rnnounced that Mr. Ilazelhurst of Pa., had retired, and that bis alternate, Mr. Martin, would take bis place. Mr. E. Small, of Penn announced that he had a paper which he would offer as a compromise on the slavery question. After some discussion, the resolutions of Mr. Small were read they were as follows: Resolved, That we repudiate all platforms adopted by tho National Councils. Resolved, That this Convention put forth as a simple platform cf the American Party The BlIiLE AND THE CONSTITUTION and upon that rear the following live points of fellowship : 1. American Institutions should be controll ed only by America's men. 2. American labor should be protected from foreign competition. 3. American resources should be adopted by every legal means. 4. American compromises, made in good fuith, should be observed in spirit at least as a guaranty of American integrity and loyalty. 5. American citizens abroad should be pro tected in their rights of conscience, of religi ous worship and honorable burial. The chair said he had already stated that tuc object of the meeting y;as to make a noni- ir.atiou, and not to discuss distracting ques tions. Various motions were made, some of which were entertained by the President, and he became so befogged aud bewildered that it was Impossible to understand the position of affairs so inextricably were they confused. Gov. Call, of Florida, finally had the floor, accorded him for the pr.rpcsa of speaking up on the resolutions. He spoke of the lowering aspect of affairs. He proclaimed himself a Union man. A dozen or mora delegates took advantage of a pause, to claim the floor. Gov. Call said he had not ended. Laughter. Mr. Small obtained permission and said that he would accord with the views of Gov. Call, for the sake of harmony, and would, if the lat ter would abide by it, strike out all in his res olutions after the words '-Bible and the Con tention." Applause. Gov. Call did not seem to relish this ar rangement, and again stated bis deterraina tion to retire. lie Lad come to battle against the innovations of the foreign party in the U. States, and the influence of theJPope of Rome Gov. Call now said "Farewell." Voices "New York is with vou!" "Pennsylvania is with you I" Applause and hisses. The wildest kind of an excitement here fol lowed. Twent delegates endeavored to obtain the floor, which was accorded to Mr. Bartlett, of Ky., who made an earnest appeal to Gov Call, and others, not to leave and desert their friends in the Convention. He would say to Massachusetts and Pennsylvania that we havo had enough of platform making. He implored Mr. Small to withdraw bis resolution. Mr. Bart- lett feelingly appealed to the delegates cot te destroy the hopes of the American party. The rpcaker was earnest and eloquent in his appsal for harmony, and tsars coursed down his cheeks while speaking. In conclusion, Mr. Bartlett moved that this Conrention do now adjourn to tho 3d of July next. Cries of "No" " Yes'-' "Second the mo tion" "Vote it down." Mr. Bartlett accepted an amendment fixing Louisville, Ky., as the place of meeting. The President decided that the motion was not in order under the peculiar circumstances. The decision was apealed from. A motion was made to lay the appeal upon the table. The amendment fixing the place of meeting was withdrawn. The business before the Con vention was on motion laid on tho table. The motion to .' djourn until ttie 3d of July was then renewed. Great excitement followed cries for 'Walk er,' call "the ayes and nays" and all sorts of confusion. A motion was made to lay the motion to adjourn on the table. The question was taken on the motion to lay on the table, and the motion was voted down. A delegate "All Philadelphia is voting out there." The ayes and nays were demanded and ta ken on the motion to lay upon the table. Sev eral delegates gavo their views when their names were called. There was so much con fusion that the President pretested that hi would be compelled to stop the proceedings, if better order was not preserved. The Convention re-assembled on Monday. Much excitement prevailed, and after consid erable talk, the motion to lay Mr. Small's res olutions on the table was negatived by a vote of 111 to GO. The previous question was then ordered, after which a resolution, declaring that the Convention forthwith proceed to nom inate candidates for President and Vice Pres ident, was carried by a vote of 151 to 51. The Convention then proceeded to nominate. Mr. Stewart nominated Millard Fillmors for Pres ident, and Mr. Sly, W. R. Smith, of Alabama, for Vice President. At this juncture, the Connecticut delegation withdrew. It is sup posed that New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Io wa, and in part Pennsylvania', Ohio, Massachu setts and Illinois will bolt The West Chester, (Fa.) Examiner says 4 Wu published, a few days ago, an article rel ative to a young woman, about 19 years of age, in Warwick township, Chester county, who had fifteen needles extracted from her foot. Marvelous as the circumstance was regarded at the time, the truth has not all been told. Since the first needles were removed, twenty five more have been extracted from the same foot, and one surgeon who operated informs us that ho thinks there aro some ten or fifteen more yet imbedded in the foot. Dr. Heckel nforms us that the needles lie in and about the nstcp, and that the points bavinz worked to tho surface, they are easily extracted by for ceps. Jn some instances an incision was made. and tho needles removed. The limb does not Appear very sensible to pain. The ronntr wo man alleges that some ten years ajro she lump ed or tteppsd on a Deedle cushion, and that be needles entered her foot, and have since rmainH there, cansinj no pain until recently. r Foueigx News bt tiik Canada. The town of Karz has been occupied by two Russian bat- tallions, while a third occupies Gen. Mouravi efi's former camp. The captured guns and stores have been removed td Alexandropol. Letters from Erzeroum predict an approaching scarcity of breadstuff's. It is reported that Turkey is about to mediate between Persia and England. Queen Victoria opened the British Parliament on the 31st of January. In the House cf Lords, Earl Gosford moved an address in response to the Queen's speech. The Earl of Derby characterized tho speech as very bare, cold and meagre thought it ought to have referred to the affairs with America, In dia and the Colonies, as well as in relation to the fall of Kars. He asserted that the Govern ment had violated the laws of the United Sta tes, in enlisting men, and owed our govern ment an apology. Lord Clarendon replied, and in the course of his speech, stated he bad offered to refer the difficulty with the United Sfatej, in reference to the Clay ton-BuIwer trea ty, to the arbitration of a third party, but the proposition had been declined. He bad re newed it, however, and it was now under con sideration. He stated that the government sustained the conduct of Mr. Crampton, but thought the whole difficulty susceptible of an easy solution. In the House of Commons, immediately upon taking bis seat, Admiral Napier moved a call for the papers in relation to ths expedition to the Baltic, under his com mand. In France, peace is anticipated as cer tain. Tho Monileitr publishes a decree fixing the import duty on raw cotton brought from the entrepots by French vessels, at 25 francs per 100 killogrammes, beiug a reduction of five francs on the rates fixed by the tariff of j 1843. The Emperor of Austria, as a mark of respect for his illustrious ally, and ia respect to Queen Victoria, has pardoned Col. Turr. Bombay dates to January 21, state that the Saiital insurrection had been suppressed, and that quiet rtigned In India. Great Biitain is about to extinguish the native government of Oudc. Late intelligence from Canton states that Messrs. Aspinwall, McKenzie & Co. had suspended payments, with liabilities amount ing to $750,000. Threats bad been made to stop the trade in tea and silks, from the 7th of December. A private despatch has been re ceived from Halifax to the effect that the stea mer Pacific was safe, and that having been dis abled, she Lad put back into the river Shan non. This news rests upon the authority of a letter from a young man named James Camp bell, who went to England in the steamer Can ada, on her last trip, and writes from Liver pool to Messrs. Murdock & Co., at Halifax that ia consequence of severe weather, the Pacific was obliged to put into the Shannon river on her way out of the Channel. The Kansas Qttestiox is Congress. Tho Washington correspondent of the Harrisburgh Telegraph, writing under date of the 19th inst., says: "The Kansas question was upon the ta pis to-day in both ends of the capitol. In the Senate Mr. Wilson Bpoke upon the President's Kansas message, and in spite of the feeling entertained towards him by the Southern and tho Northern Nebraska Senators, they could not refrain from listening to him while he de picted the lawless and ruffianly state of things in Kansas. IIo spoke of the visit of Gor Reeder to this city just after tho elections bad been held there for members of the Legisla ture, and the representations he bad made to tho President. Ila rclerred to the speech made by Gov. R. at Eastou, in which he de clared that Kansas bad been conquered. But notwithstanding these representations and pub lie declarations, no tep3 were then taken, not a finger moved by the President to protect the citizens against tho lawless and brutal violence of the "border ruffians." And why was this not done ? For tho very reason that the Mis souri Compromise was repealed that a large territory consecrated to freedom should be spread over with Slavery. In the House Mr. Hickman, of Pa., submitted a resolution cal ling for information iu regard to the election of delegates and authorizing the committee n elections to send for persona and papers. This at onco ronsod the Nebraska men, and it was opposed by Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, Mr. Stephens, of Ga., and advocated by Mr. Hick man and Mr. Washburn, of Maine. Mr. Hickman tn this occasion took the House by surprise, evincing a clearness ot mind, an acumen, a force of logic, and a skill in debate which were quite unlocked for, and which baffled the sharp and practical debater Stephens. Mr. II. exhibited so much skill, ability, presence of mind and thorough know ledge of tho subject, as to win the confidence of the House, and enable him hereafter at all times to command its attention. Mr. Stephens, of Ga., moved to recommit the resolution to the Committee on Elections, with instructions to report the grounds upon which they ask the power to send for persons and papers, which motion failed by the casting vote of the Speaker being given to make a tie. The rote, a very small one G8 to 67 was nearly a division, Mr. Dunn, of Indiana, being the only anti-Nebraska member who voted with the Nebraska members on this occasion. Before the vote npon tho resolution was taken, the House adjourned. Should the resolution pass, the Sergeant-at-Arms will hare a large and very profitable undertaking. A DEM053TRATIOS OF TDE LeAP-YeaH. A rather singular and amusing occurrence took place near Cochranville, Chester county, Pa., a few weeks since. A Mr. Bachtell, from M dina, Ohio.was introduced to a Miss Duquet, of Chatham, Chester county, about four o'clock in the afternoon of the lGth nit., and married her within three hours afterwards. Both are said to be worthy and respectable persons, but very lively. They were jesting upon the sub ject of matrimony, when she, jestingly, "pop. ped tho question," to which he acceeded. One reply brought on another until they went to the parson's snd had the ceremony perform- ed , LATEST FP.02I ETB0PE. The steamship Atlantic, with Liverpool dates to Feb. 6tb, and the Asia, with dates iv Feb. 9th, arrived at New York on Sunday. Tb Atlantic was detainsd three days ia large fields of ice. Neither steamer brings any won! of the missing steamer Pacific. The Asia brings presents from the British government, consiting of plate, medals, &c.,for the officer and crew of the Arctic expedition, under Dr. Kane. The two subjects of especial interest in our foreign files are the Peac Negotia tions; and a fresh alarm in England about war with the United States. Peaok Negotiations. -Vienna, Feb. 1. The French and Eritish Ministers yesterday re ceived instructions to sign tho so-often men tioned protocol. Immediately after the re ceipt of their despatches, Sir II. Seymour and M. da Bourqucncy communicated their con tents to the Austrian Minister for Foreign Af fairs and to the Turkish Embassy. In the course of the evening it was settled that the representatives of England, France, Turkey and Russia, should meet at the Foreign -office at 12 to-day, and then and there sign the im portant document in quetion. At the ap pointed hour the four foreign diplomatists had assembled, and they and Count Buel attacbod their signatures to the subjoined protocol "In consequence of the acceptance by their respective Courts of the five propositions con tained in the document hereunto annexed, un der the titlo of 'Draft of Preliminaries, the uudersigued, after having paragraphed it, con formably to the antborization received to that effect, have agreed that their GavernmenU shall each nominate Plenipotentiaries, who, furnished with the full powers necessary for proceeding to the signature of formal prelimi naries of peace, shall conclude an armistice and a definitive treaty of peace. The sail Plenipotentiaries will Lave to assemble at Paris within the term of three weeks, dating from this day, or sooner if it can be done." "Done at Vienna, tliis 1st day of February, 1S5G-" (The Five Signatures.) En-glasi. In the beginning of the week there was considerable excitement la Eng land, owing to a rumor that the dispnte with tho Urited States bad reached a crisis, and that Mr. Buchanan Lad demanded bis pass ports. The latest reports, however, do not confirm this. On the contrary, it Is stated by the Londod Advertiser that Sir Henry Bulwer the negotiator of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty, has offered to serve as a sort of mediator be tween the two governments, and that, ia con cert with a member of Parliament of great diplomatic experience, he is endeavoring tc' arrive at a solution of the difficulty which may be more acceptable to both parties than the plan of arbitration. This movement is said to be at Lord Palmersoa's instigation. The Advertiser is the only paper that refers to it. The following story appears ia the Paris "Conslitutionnel :" The lie da Roi, a part oi the domain of Neuilly, was yesterday the the' atrc of a mysterious event. At about 10 o' clock in the morning, a boatman, in a state of great excitement, presented himself to tha Commissary of Police and made the following deposition : "About an hour ago, as I was standing on tha bank of the river near my boat, a carriage drove op from whlck ther alighted 6 gentlemen, remarkably well dressed, of whom three wore the decoration of the Le gion of Honor. They p.ppearod very gy 'My friend,' said one of them to me, 'will yoir row us over to the island?' 'Certainly,' sail I, and ten minutes after they all landed H ere. They then began to look more serious. I wanted to retire, but they desired me to stay, and, while two of them remained behind to watch me, the others walked on to a group of trees, on the other side of which they stopped. I then fouud they had come to fight a duel. I saw the swords, and heard the clink of th?m one against the other while tbe fight littei which was but a very short time. I'reer.i:7 the deid body of one of tha persons was brr't down to my boat. He had received a sword thrust right through his breast, and was cov ered with blood. According to the little I could gather from tho conversation I beard. the duel arose out of a quarrel which occurred at the last masquerade bs!I a: the Opera, The seconds had tho appearance of military mea executing their orders. I took them back a cross the Seine. They placed the corpse in their carriage and drove off to Farls." The Commissary of Police immediately instituted an inquiry, but hitherto his investigations havs been without success. That is the way things are done up in France. v The Cottos Mancfatcbes of the U. S. The Report of the Secretary of the Treasury contains some useful memoranda in relation to the Cotton manufactures of the LT. States, as furnished by the Hon. Philip Allea. Mr. A. estimates the amount of cotton consumed in the U. States, during the year ending August 31, '55, at 673,584 bales, of which 30,000 bales were consumed In Virginia and the States south of it. It is estimated that. 704,155,761 pounds of yarn were spun from cotton In Eng land during the year ending January, 1S55, of which 410,16S,431 were exported, and tho bal ance retained for home consumption. Tfc quantity of yarn produced in the U. States "Is stated at 230,730,000 lbs. The average Talu of a pound of cotton manufactured is 23 cents, making a total for last year's manufacture of $04,406,030. The value of cotton manufac tures exported was $4,857,181. The imports of cotton manufactures retained for consump. tion were valued at 18,3S5,S27. The total supply of cotton goods for domestic consump. ion was $77,184,226. E. n. Janseu, late State Treasurer of Wis consin, is reported to be a defaulter in th sum of $33,000. Some one in tha Cleveland Herald says, "it s so cold that the cows have to be driven into the house to thaw their bags before milking." The mercury must get considerably bler frttto 'out Weit.' A K large and fi'lcnf,d. 1afsort; -j f.ln. l-. Nathan Cleaver, T I? Pflnflf. '.do I'hk - A- X" cash store.- - - - - 1 , - Cash. SHore- . r h,s and SauiJerst . r - j i.