Newspaper Page Text
Hot, J Period .', ircr. 71 "a or
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ROW, EniToit avd PRorniETon.
2AEFIELD, PA., JANTJAXY 18. 1856.
i a w 71 cr a cat
Vnrt.said 'is tlic nrico of mcss ,n
...vcMPart'ncnt of human acti-' Nothing
fccomuliaTio.T xuitht- uo exercise of
& ! M . llJ
jvsicnl or monf a lowers, ivery a-
of art scs110 or literature arc tho
laboiv -constant, unremitting toil
m Qivernnient has ever been framed
-its of indolence no nation has ever
to any degree of eminence wliatcv
mg in the lap of apathy and no srreat
can oc consummated through inatten
nuis wjuoli arc thou-l.t to be cor.t-ln.
auove brief paragraph, we would hv-
iinucr of tho American Dartv nm,i.
""J "" luiujj WHICH
I impress imnn lmi i . i .
i vuvo 1 1 u otiiong to
more strougly than another, it is thaf
mt, harmonious action. There n.-vr
party successful that failed to n-
mis the great apostle of modern Do.
wen Knew, and it was his constant en
have the party move and work like
And should we not profit by the
and experience' of others? Should
j to avoid the errors which have in
hers in defeat, and practice those cs-
e certainly will. .
"In union there is strength." is a truthful
maxim, and to its faithful and incessant prac
tice by our revolutionary sires, are we at this
day indebted for that groat boon, which is gua
ranteed to very citizen of this country civil
and rejigions liberty. The perpetuity of these
blessings depend, beyond a doubt, npon a just
exercise of constitutional rights and privileges
and a proper administration of our laws. It is
- conceived by a very numerous class of the cit-
izens of the United States, that no one is so
well calculated to perform tho functions indi--
cated as the individual who has been reared
beneath - the - folds of our own "stars and
npes." The reflecting mind will have but
- little difliculty in arriving at such a conclusion.
! It is not to be expected that a person, imbued
with the sanguluary doctrinss of the lied Ec
1 publicans f France, the deidtical fallacies of
"',thc infidels of Germany, the agrarian views of
, the enthusiasts of Ireland, or the absurd and
Superstitions opinions of tlw bigotted Italic
devotee, would, at least until a. cal change
had hon ertected in his antecedents, be a pro
sper -expounder . of our constitution or in any
wa calculated to frame laws for either our in
dividual, state or national government. Of all
foreign influences, however, tiiat miaht ba
brought to bear upon the political institutions
of this country, it is presumed that none would
be more pernicious than that cf pajial ecclesi
astical lor its proclivities are, as well as its
practices have been, at variance with the fun
damental principles of Freedom. Nor does it
require any special or elaborate argument to
demonstrate this; for if we but glance over
tlvvfaco of tho earth, the truth is at once ap
parent that in those countries where Catholi
cism has the supremacy, there despotism is in
variably found to prevail. The restraining,
therefore, of any arid all influences that would
prove deleterious to the principles of liberty,
subversive of our republican institutions, or
productive of evil in any way to our Govern
ieot, should be carefully guarded against ;
an4His for the accomplishment of such a pur
pose, by securing the success of our party,
tiiat wfcrge our American friends to work
J-et a a""
discussed in a lucid and perspicuous manner,
the suggestions-therein contained arc prudent,
useful and practicable, and, taken as a whole,
it is an able and statesmanlike production. It
has elicited tho commendation of the press
generally, throughout the State, and it is only
here and there that a violent opjosition sheet
will venture to spea of it iu anything like
The financia' afairs of the Commonwealth
are rcpref'-nfc1 as being in a wholesome con
ditiwV anl it cannot be otherwise than grati
pfig to the taxpayers of the State to know,
that, notwithstanding laige sums have been ex
pended for unfinished improvements com
menced under former administrations, no re
sort to loaning has been made and that tho rev
enue of the year has exceeded the expendi
tures to tho amount of SG30.G01 ; that the in
terest on the State debt for the past year has
been paid, and that the balance in the Treasu
ry is amply sufficient to pay the interest for
the current year.
On the several questions of banks, agricul
ture, common schools, the State institutions,
&c, the Governor is explicit -and utters opin
ions strictly in accordance with his views here
tofore expressed on these subjects; the con
dition of the public works are set forth clear
ly ; several valuable suggestions and proposi
tions are made, after which, as a contemporary
remarks, "a few well-expressed sentiments, in
which every patriotic citizen will heartilv ioin.
conclude what we arc disposed to re" ml as
one of the best State papers that has ever been
issued from the Executive chair."
nate a candidate, whkv . llv
tion of Hon. -VVm. EigV.t UV
. .. '!,
ine vote stanainjr inus : t,. n
Buckalew 11, Jones 7, Kcu.. H
ballot, Bijrler had 18, K.Jn
Buckalew C, Porter 7, JonO lrj
scattering 3- We have no t ?.
tion regarding the election ouv
than that the JJveuin? rtrua .s..."v
paten stating mat Mr. Jiiglcr w., 4i 6
Latkst from Ki rope. The st
tic arrived at Xuw York on the 13
London dates to the 31st
f-. .. 1 . . . 1
j-.steruazy naa arnvctt at St. retersW
submitted the propositions to the Czar,v
latter having three weeks in which to
nothing was known as to his intentions.
is nothing startling from the seat of war
intelligence being limited to details res
ing tho capture of Kars. Breadstuff's hadlc
clincd considerably at Liverpool.
congrks3 lias tlono nothing specially iiu-r-
esting during the past week. In the Hase
they have several ballots each day for Spik-
er, and tho remainder of tho time is speniin
defining positions, or something i...,,u.
grave and important."
mcvenin f t
till 1U L- a 1
1 Ufi I
m taw I
U Tl ' It
-w the rest
W'iii K&ZZ .vceedincly valuable. . - .
rG linai portion y-defences oi
MTconsidcration of m.hury a
our racific temtorj . ; "1 ode. for tbo
road to tho r.cmc nB of throw
. , 4..e diidumatiti Crres-
tvft . country and Great Bri-
ponuun - j rendcr9 a dI
tam, o. " imvossible, bin
8X;;u;a o readers
., . -a. ...ill l.. hK OI11V lucauo -- ,
reason tnai 11. ....,.. in case Ol
nav ui, .fnrpshins. A. ra un
necessary numi;i , t be a sa-
io not Oniv n'J . ......
ion mat. i" trr.
ing rei.ci : wer ana o.
convoy 01 iu"
being lnadcquato v - 'railroad
communication is not only
ving enterprise but . in9t attacks
fortifying tno iidc... ' '..l in favor oi
from abroaa. " hv any party not,
' !:?.-. rml has been taken, by an J i .
iv-"-. ., KTirCUUUlou, "
"?r.i ; f:.vorof
No stronger grouu- .
Z ib Secretary Davis
.. Tl.e report of Secrcta
X aw DKPAaTMEXT.-Thc rcpoi cfl
ry Dobbin is an extreme j - f wheh
the 4lh inhtj
W'S.ocd the foil
will emieav-' uKt u. Mr.
stand tlio pre c -W to England,
Abbott l;av y w Xovemu-r tl.,
wrote u l7V'wbetl,..J, Uritisli uou'""
n occnt.v ,.Al,.i,Mii-.e N'icaraga
the Moscjuitjpoait, so called, or
i.l . .1 .. 1 lvr 'WhC-
r i .
Costa KIC trai Amurla,'' and a,s "W,-fh
anv nait... ... flov-M,.. . T: ;n unite w itn
zoti.s in trii-r. i.-;nT the nentrau-
ther tiiey; catca in Enar.Ifvins the ne
!he V'.7i eanal, railway, br other commum-
ry uoBUin is an . f cts Wlnen
. i,t it in srenrcsents in ine i-'1 .
u,c,,, . V 7 ,.. e.., it excessively
it furnishes soieij , .v. Tho most
in.sT.un. and slovenly ntUn. a
11 ' . . 1 Mmmull to
Isc open iv me WW aim
allny1"' wimracua, ..i f,ta Kica on a
1U of boundary, an-l Wtween the foituer
11 Jry and the Movp uo U nioia " . -
j-iI .. ll . ,!,. III Lllti J
ssemial part of f- Boftrd is
etinng Board. - ".,a,t,t-".1 value U
t particularly lorciu e '"''J
1 .. ....,oiirnt . '-,-''s'iD:',nieu " " .
t, -- -
Lt v.,-it:iin. and far bettor for
leak ' . ,,,.. n,.. . ....
,,35 awl !r.
satived Itv mo - . - j,.
1J 1 I li 111 1 UwllVV -
u.tM v oiliccr . and that a necessity c.
irr ',. h errors the BoarU naa
WixTtin, t-.-Here, in Clearfield, wo nr.,
m tho midst of winter. Durina the last two
weeks, snow full in lane ouantitin
this time it is perhaps three feet "in depth.
Lnt.l the close of the past week, the RI..i.,).in
was elegant. Within tho r,n.,w: 4. .
has it been used by everybody. The morn n, i
vanced in years, as well as tho gav and youth
ful, have been indulging in the pleasures whirl.
arc peculiar to the season. Snrin-in?- imv.r.ii.
ity and incipient manhood have been Dlarino-
the delectable to smiling misses, and LlusLinic
ma.uens i "sweet sixte..." TI10 farmer has
taken advantage of the good condition of the
roads to convey his products to market, and
the sturdy raftsman is busy gliding the slender
spar and weighty timttr to the river's brink.
In short to use a comnvn phrase all are en
deavoring to "make the rpst of it."
On last Thursday mor,;,, a ia,se p.lrty
left this place for Fhilipsbur where they par
took of an excellent dinner at,he house of one
Atherton, "who kcepeth an ly.tcd." ami
turned again in the afternoon- MT enjoyed
an agreeable a:ul .lnUul sleigVide.
i iio evening of the same Oy, an..ther
party went to Dr. Schryver's, whet tlu time
was pleasantly whiled away with "sic a;id
dancing, until tho "wee short hours ant the
1 VTl-MUSR '-'sin-ess." We have receiv-
'Vu ytCOm,U"'cation on the "Timber
, ..Buatncss.Hwhich, w ,. . .
TerT t , "Jicvc, contains some
, very sensibT-aud timely ... . .
J "'o writer observe ; i f'SUhns, but, as
rfrc-wvW bJforC:ipt; " "'f '
rinded0" nL SOat.f;
t7 " tmpossiva . occupied
- r-.'Vuc,Ung crresS7cV opporl
- ir -blunders-it no
twal' " coining on apace, admonished
desist and seek, their homes.
The cold has been very severe, thevYcr.
cury on Wednesday morning falling to 15'e.
grees below zero. The wind was very high'
several days and drifted the snow in some pit
ecs so much as to render the passage of the
roads somewhat difficult.
ABSTRACTS OF AIIIi'TJAL HEP32TS.
11r. H . n. .
UK. j;hfATHS.Vf. llll! !lrll:I v(rinn,.r
Hie H.-111V IS Vi.io'Z !lCl'f mn Tl,..
lorized force is 17.SG7. The recruitinir'
vice is progressing satisfactorily, and it isle
Iieved that in a few months the disparity till
uc o creoiiie. J.ulistnie-.ts to the uuinher of
10,5-lti were made during the vear ending S u
teniber 30, but tins was not the whole numler
who desired to win glory, fightinz under t.e
banner of Undo Sam for there wire upwa Is
of 20,m0 jiersons who offered to enlist, : id
wero refused in consequence of minority : id
general unfitness for service. Casual; js
amounted to .rvV0. It is lamented, as a grav
ing evil, that applications for tho d'iichurgjcf
minors are so frequent; the infants who arere
leased subject the Government to a serous
bill of expense. The Secretary recomni Jids
that the contract should b nmdo bindii.f i:i
every case where deception has been cnipfov
7j'if,IUOtUficalio" of tUc oisting lav "is
The fnojis riM-n .
four additional re ;C.?lt"7l'r:l1 ,distributi !
cl. The cavairv -JSJ'?.
against the Sionx l.avJL t"ch .w
ters at Fort Leavenworth! 'u'V " aU l-"
lantry checks the Indians on the OresronrowZT"
All intercourse with the Florida Seminoles
has been strictly prohibited, titbits are in
progress for their removal from the Florida
country. The troops have explorud the re
gion, have opened roads, and have arrived at
sources of accurate information respecting the
territory now in possession of the Indian's, so
that future operations will be creatlv f '"-
ted. The propriety of levyU.- , T"
forcomenta in tha I'-.T Rl':lrtmc,,.f' f,'r t,'c
purnos .tiSliiir the savages on tnat coast.
- qflestion wliich the Secretary declines to
leeide, preferring to have it to the milit irv
The Secretary cans . - cr
l,ll 'a rcfurm.'tiious .-.-, ...vy
hvll.ccn arrivc.i at or ce. -ndl.
biWkiti precisely tnc " scm-
tionVwas in before the retiring BHsh
UedA The only thing the Board a(1 put
f ;l ua, to put certain ofl-.ceis off dnf, j a
crlai' other officers m their lwcLiasoll to
fcarfm number of instances we lilissc,i.
Urliuve avo no befer than those bv Ca,lt.
The Home Squadron, commatoll;aCf the
I'ul.lin, consists of the ifSa7t!,t. steamer
sh-i.i e I'-.-.. -..- mid Saratoga, I t Thomas.
I''i;to!i. The Columbia was l-,fli'c missing
-No intelligence lias ucs" yive up ilslost
vi"!p All any, which
s of the frigate
The hra.U Sciuadron co" , (ierman-
v . . . . - .i... f - . ...
"iiiii vi, v.av'ain .win -ij, . tJlo secretary
"i i Crabb and.. ?
" and Ingra.
zcSlatriach afl 1
" n. 1'ricoiFiii
I osHons anl (!
Jai son. Sell-rs,
J erary Messrs.
th Lewis, BUfl
nil fljnl J:villS(in
5i ets ant lloo.
uials rand Inlanl ' i(;v?
C SSWell Hope, Sellers.
li r, Eas and Cres!vi
Mecti m Districts M.is.
1 feierSbuuiau and La
ja.s.Kulinger, Knox :
Blutfation Messrs. M
rcgg, lloge anfl 'iuni3
Agncndurc an-i vom,
, and Cresspcli.
loads and JW&Tf -V
Jordan. i-VTS.-ft an
tosvu. an.V the vx liainl
remarks, tlt the.su ve:-:.-
i...vi. l.een 'laaui-
i?;.. Janeiro and
.uivocal position u w occujv ; tc f
;'. t or(j I'almerston rq.Wd under i-
- ! l-th 18W, assuring Mr. Lawrence t.at
" WT Jo''oSy-coi:; countries
went to occui a ttcl0BB politi-
hVconnexni as exited the Crown
c:'. .co" ' -ull ffld the Shu Snd Territory of
?r nito or a 1eriod of abmt iAO centuries,'
Mostito lor a 1"-" , , dom.
Trl Lora l', replies in the aifirmaf.Tc, and
meut of the Unite.l states . aoj"o -itibrei
ces between Nicaragua and Costa Ri-Ut.,-ul
r the letters which initiated the
..,7.n MndKulwer Treaty, the ratifications ,f.oVRe r eii-S
...r..:..i. ...,.r,. xebansed 4th July, lb-J. tf p.-ujc I'nn;:
' . i tr.i oi.rrefcliolidclit of the N. 1 fc..v 1:L:nm
Timet referring to the unusual importance o y (,!:3ac
ri.e Xic-migu.n Treaty, sent to the Senate last Pnu- S
week for ratincation, aia, ..-i--- T!;f w;us;ng
nitii Nicaracna, i I-,u
diction of that repumi
claimed by I real iru
,.L r.r- ti.. fiueerts
sumed protecienuc. " ;:I,' ,,,." VwWri
Vice an. I lm
it ")0, recognised t he juris- I t SCSsion ; $
die over all the territory r i"iloJg? t To.u.r MT,,
itair, to belong to the Mos- YV'f$ Tlt" Dol-k. k J
o to be covered hy her as-HV? f ffw?Ai ct7" V" ,
r 1 1
m ha, i
i i i ji i '
i r ... ? u :
f yjaviirersv-l .V
I t,F-gsonl ;!i
rabb and ttn4. i V
. Pratt, rriL
A t iLiv
f !.,. . lias been no cfl'-'- 1 lint protection oi any un i.7i. '...r . I'liofc. aiilk-r, l.on"
T h " U -iran t," deAhc command j ; !;.rt"t one to the United States .ccause f; i.nrd.TU,,!
of C cS i1 ts of the sloops-of war bolflly repudiated any Sr Cb'
Jaini'stowii, Dale, -Louis, and brig 1 o ph.:,. or fi u in that quarter, it opened the oUntr Cloyor. .
The sloon Mari... recently attached to the Al:icrican enterprise and o lore. I .agnt . n - ltis, uJ;.ai,-
Vivie n S'.iuadr.-W.u lee condemned as un- t, rjtcd States well calcu-fol t .V- Jfper, I'c.u:,
Alin-an Mpu.. . J Sont!. vr the 1 . ...i.,,;:,tin9 ini uence in lb: na lit. ,V,lfi f bU. Lolt. ViH 2r .
t iv. iif.-1 ' gnu i " .. . c..lt V'hdT -?"-" . . fi
. - . ter. .Mr. l layiou, u:vn ', . ..... . i f7 a te. Fn- 'l .r";' , r
cmmamiea 0,nhl.ilCL.d that opportunity to neBotiaicwii. iMftI,rrK;.Ibury,...on
frigate Con- , r.ritish Minister, Bulwer, fit nghaV, !nd Ai;-V
I absolute retirement of Great Br.U.n fr : pT fu.L .o,.
accupation or dominion, of whatever s-l W U-J Z'LC
v part of Central Ameriea-holdmg M -lir.,,.-l:;;;,
the com- r..,tv iH-forc him. showing mat ui" j irw.;ii g.'.r, rDa
. .!. ..nntiirii nf I- f 3 I .. 1 1.
itwc were likeiy to .net ......-fc -, . j -vi-c-.-m .r,
. , . .1 ...t ..irti.-nl.ir nart of the Isthr. M I KiUnsm-
T-'o.v.tor has In n or' -0" I'd'
The Mc-lit ratieau Squadron
. . i . Ii SCZl1. COI. tt!t of th
.r'r-ss the st kBu'r iaraiic the sloop Const-1-iS,
and tho ,toresh Supply. Nothing
has been d '5 -'leurraiiem.
ti. v.. India Souaiiroi under
in-ind of captain Aiiuor, coiMsts oi me o-'j-
..an, lie steamer i ov.'uitten, me fw-r
lid tiie storeship J.l'. Kennedy.
The c:l v":'1' 1:1 ,,as :l:,"r e'i some vj"-
.i.U.ii n ,or our ve;isuls in tbe East. The
Sec'i !?" recoininends sending oo or two
--...jcVs (d light draft to navigate the Chinese
riV 1 - - . -C T ... J -. ' , -
fro i7 New Vork, if October, to relieve the
M ;f lonian, whose time abroad has expired.
T Jsiu -. ev of Behrins's Straits and tho Xorth
I'ih"c, under command ' Coininander llog-
if. has bee" " with satisfactory re-
' -.ic account of this expedition is the
ijost interestinir part of the Message.
Tlrj l'acilic Sfiuadron is composed of the
frigate Independence, the sloo;, St. Marv.
John Adams, and Decarur, and the steiiiiier
Jf.issachusetts, the slooj) Wanen, and the ship
i he 1 i
9:1.11m Of 1
Tue 2Cew Bask at Camden. Wo clip the
following from the last number of the West
Jerseynian: ;-The new Banking House is fast
approaching completion, ahd will prove quite
an ornament to the principal street of the city,
on which it stands. The Institution will go
into operation under the most favorable auspi
ces, having the good wishes of the entire com
munity, which lias felt that the growing busi
ness of this section of the State called for an
increase of bauking facilities for its accommo
dation. There is enough business for both the
old and new Bank, and tho judicious manage
ment of both these institutions cannot fail to
impart a healthy impetus to the trade of which
our city is the centre. The new institution
will commence banking operations on Wednes
day, the second, day of tho new year. The
Board of Directors is composed of the follow
ing gentlemen : A. W. Markley, Ab. Brown
ing, M. Browning, II. W. Howell, C. S. Gar
rett, Wm. P. Tatent, B. P. Sisty, N. N. Stokes,
Geo. Haywood, Ezra Evans, Wm. Buzby, C.
P. Browning, Benj. Shreve. The subordinate
officers " having been elected at the Directors
meeting on Saturday, the following comprises
VWwltaUieir'sl11' V..M . iv- v n
. . FaoM a Statcnteiit or ti u.iv ; p" Tens; i25k deceiving Teller, Jamw II. Stc-
Eioncra wc learn that the whefc al0.0mls: tYatchTianlP Wm' WriS Runcr and
and personal property in 1 cnnsyivanis
bio for State purpose-3 r tke year 1855,
yalued at 5501,731,301, and .tip asse&?ojent or
xo thereon $1,610,007 tho Ux?ablc inhabi
ionarpnbering 565,15.1.- Tfie N.al andper-
r naniedin ClcarGcM wun ll)r,lbc
Commander of the Department.
gallantry of the troops in the Indian campaigns
of the year is spoken of in terms of highj? ,
juaise; hut the unusual extent of operation
has caused large expenditures, which hav.
exceeded the appropriations.
In order to preserve the ctlieiencv of the At
my, several measures are suggested, viz :
1. It is essential that there be a revision
t.'ie laws regulating rank and command. Tl
right of command should follow rank bv o
certain mle; ofTieers holding general coniuii
sions siiouhl not be placed at once upon t
st aft, but have an opportunity to acquire pra
tical military knowledge; troops equipped if
the S'inii! serriro vIw.nT.l K.. .1:..: 1 ..l . J.
t-iioma loot ue sutxiiviiieil into nri ..i v n41
l'antry, or mounted men into' dragoons :i
V. ddicers no longer capable of performij
.VC dutv should l) relirf.l frnin' il... &'
VI!.,...... .. "
. T,"""- ie rates ot compensation should
isca' ana tno 'aws respecting allowai
V v revision.
.J:-. tu Provision of tho Act of
i . X" v irSj re as i i g pay of rank and file, sh
, ,ed to all enlisted men.
comn e o,reilSC of Medical Corps iJrc
n.'ll'i101"0 niiI!tT store-keepers fare
require to be ii cd' L scloS3 "'tory j.tes
The SccretCn, , (
and presses then ,,,. 1 . '
proportion of the" S,l-J ' A Cuns,lWill,,
of last year. U ils "commend, ions
The anticipations,,,, , . , . ' .
of the e8tabliShmoiiUetr,ta,!!:;1I!( ftt thc mlc
have not been fulfill "i0. M,1,Ury -vJ'"ra;
, ,..;,. .;..;., ..i. 11,0 average cist ot
much, andareductioils $u00
her nf to.-n ref-eivml .ICCCSSary.
cost, so far, 271,-107. V r yef S.',V" a" !
Washington will aecomiA cwiin near
branch ofthe Asylum ztlW? lo Uo
is discontinued, and simiUas,c,aSOuIaiss.,
mended to the branch at lllc1t,'m ,s rCcom'
The camels and dromodurVr.urs' '
dered from the East will amY "IV", w wrc or-
VL . J. Gray."
8Q TtucBAi H ' c'ufire.
lasi weifci nr
on it. . 7To octavo form and printo
most handsoiao 2f,usf-ihJarSest and
by able anexperienccd'cO. "'".ducted
twTOs-wuv lining the scss!?r, is issut(l
"Uu-ir tra .havc' 1
The onj uc'niucU deranged n
in their pa8sagtr0a0-Mf s00 toniis.
there have beo Bithiien obstructed
have received nolyu2F connst few day
eroj days.-'u Nearly eryVa p'aptjfs,. We
iias acoounxs oi uio (tiniwl 4 iev-
that seems liiavo fallen eerftt&r. O
-. ut.umpaBy r . "Wer." xr? V1"
Mhrt ,vltO prOClK . "Tl Jvr '
ac'" tvnnal estimates "or
J :,. : .f'.nl-rit iri onera-
. , , a paper f.- 1 ?rV-'t? -before xisnch evi-
--;-.-aiu?il would do wcU ,'l;?rm f, Een and recess expen-
It is too
Thcse animals have been fou
i r enruurv.-
f".-. j. ... . ..
Prim.. n,.,i i. wii...rt?,oui inmo
vice here. , lihUry ser-
A ujw Professorship of EthiA ,
other improvcs.:ints at West Poit1 sundr"
Proper attention to the coast .
very imoi-tant, particularly the ft"ces. 13
of Ship Island, as connected with thA,(;.at"n
of the approaches to Xew Orlcan nce
xommanil of the inner eliannnl r.f tlic
' " 1 1 . i v 1 ji vuilll
-tidn betweon the Mississippi river and rl,ca'
oaf bor. . 1 he entrance
should be fortified.
for tho erection of arse
Mexico and on the Xorth
models for all small arms
vXrltracinfr llio l.-it.
J he .Squadron is under tne com
.Michigan steamer has been usefull'."
employed in the upper lakes.
Like all his predecessors, the Secretary
earnestly recommends an increase of the .Na
vy, and particularly an addition ot steamships
of a light draft of wnter. A great Naval force,
the Secretary hints, cannot be improved by
tho tap of the drum, like a great army. He
considers our Navy too diminutive to contend
with that of any respectable power, and too
feeble to protect even our own harli rs. Tile
aggregate tonnage of the U. S. in 181:!, was 1,
lif7,0:7 tons. During the fiscal year it was ",
212,000 lD-'.l'i, and our sea coast, is now great
ly increased in extent, and the damage effect
ed by a respectable enemy in six months would
greatly exceed the cost of a Xavy sufficient to
project our commerce sullieiently. The ques
tio'if'of an increase ofthe Navy, the Secretary
regards as one of peace rather than war.
Tho Secretary enlarges at great length upon
the apprenticeship system. which he has adopt
ed as a means for furnishing a reliable body of
seamen for the Xavy, and gives the testimony
of ollieers in its favor. But we look in vain
for an original idea or suggestion in Mr. Dob
bin's report; it is entirely destitute of anything
ofthe sort, and exhibits no special knowledge
of the service beyond the iigurcs which are
furnished by the heads of bureaus. The old
aristocratic plan which has resulted in the
state of affairs which rendered the action ofthe
Navy Uetiring Board necessary, is to be con
tinued, and the Secretary adopts the old plan
of educating men to be comnjon sailors, with
out the hope or prospect of bettering their
condition by good behaviour.
The estimated expenses of the Department
for the ensuing year are $1.1.52105 G7, which
is less, by nearly ?G,00C,U00, than the esti
mate of the fiscal vcar.
t ...,i :,. fi.-it nartieular nart
where the canal was expected to be made, j
. s... with the latter governn.ei,
an arrangement by which neither should t j
1.C able to obtain anj - - -i
.. ti.r. otiior. 5ueh a treaty, it lived ui
was far the best for the U. States, because;,!
ier it tiie strile between me two nations o";
consist of commercial livalry only, in wl
because of our advantageous position, au'
superior energy and more rapid movenieu.'-1
United States were sure to win the victo-;--.
So Mr. Cl u ton made his treaty of IS.-i-i'i
t , 1R-..S. Ru t f
I . . facs. and k..
, l!lgil'"i - y-
A-i(role, in .!
( es- f i ? w 11
Is - aim - r
-V, S.aiih.n,:""5-J B.-u
.,,,.1 ......iini. tl. I .,.. r, St'Vi:"' - l;JKr
tain refuses to maintain if, , Aifdsl mi ?' .i rfHWl
than ever to her Mosquito Pitt?- ' llZi 'h4-Jl&r7 T
her "occnpati-ni" in Kuatan, ?? ' WueroOVbjwjT
bv the most ridiculous pretejf tl'Xp l-"05f'Vf lii
well be imagined. Under thesf J ' f ft f
our goveniineut has made a tJ' J 1 11 11 -P 6f ?rnf
ragua, w'ucii lormaiiy rejiuqj
the British Protectorate, nix
at once. It will be ratified, djr.M
L- t 1 .... ... III..! JL' k .
or not, us she chooses. IT 'e;;.
however, ventures tho preilFa "'I
take carlj" occasion to put
question bevond the rang'
The name authority SA,"-'itf
in tlic L mted States lsew-' in
favor of making the itsug "J'Js
whose erratic diploniaJLt'-t-
hausted AniTican luitie 'r.
is not likely to suecef
great Power in Eia.
trust at this time, o, "
trillion bf the Czarfr,,
n. - I-Co
''1.1. ""O ir.:. -
TllKASlKT DKr.VRTMEXT. The following is
an abstract of the report of tho U. S. Secreta
ry of the Treasury, for the fiscal year ending
June f0, 18V: The tables on foreign trade
show the increase of dutiable goods imported
during tho year ending June 30, 18-35, over
the year ending June 30, 1851, is $12C,1S5,
000 ; do. of free goods, SlS,052,y20 ; decrease
of specie and bullion, $411,43; showing a to
tal incrcasj of $11 l,02S,o'J5 in favor of 1S53.
The increase last year over 18-50 is given thus:
Dutiable goods, $05, 711. OSS ; of free, goods,
$18,316,904; decrease of specie and bullion,
$908,880 total increase, $S3.144,612.
. The foreign imports at nil the ports of the
L luted .Mates (including, of cyurse, Calif
nia and Oregon) for tno fiscal year enai
June ;;(, laoj, were S-dbl.oicj.Vb'J, again
$30 j,780,2oo for the preceding year, show
a ucciuie ot , h.o, u .uo. xue toiai cB9ir',.. .
from the United States to foreign ports fori? 't,rOj
; " for i
If'-i " i 'M.ntV S,1A- 2
tory to England ..s-fj
meiit in favor oi'J!,u
ing upon the f ullri.
toins. which is J'11
mined to maint'.
;,. i. t..i. ist,. ,
... illU .11 1 111 113 f o I
it ution opMsiifP- . :
on the sov
tO CUt US ilij';'
ous oce . o
sue w- . -'H..! .
. r-.' a. y. o- V .',
3j ' ac
the 1 ' !'! i, l'rl. c'i- ,7"tn?i
II S.l I C. Br
U . '1 I n.
- t.. Prer. 7""!r
of the Colnmbi'o nscai year ending June su, is-jo, wero -b ''iA(f ...r.V "iiiie 1 To o," t'fir.
Amironriation, 150,810, against $278,241,004 for the vr& Jwht foii. 00 T-5
t.als inTnv;,a ,T.,"3 ing year, sbWmc a decline of only Il't with nu-S'.T. . V :'atfo,.f2 i ef .,') 1 4i.r.!i'i':
Pacific con, rAM)8,218. It will bo seen from this that, I.Ut J'V'MTlVa tfm ? 5 L' ' fi f - fto.? T t' tun 7JUt
have be.-n d"ifor the year 1851 the imports cm.-tVjr"" .'n4o: '-L 1 Jm,- iVlwr,!.!? .-'
improvement . a .. ...t-oits $27,539,189, for.rrl, rr. lP:Xl''X,';;'or',.,.l, -W ?af Iran.' rf AiJ rA -1. te.- Ov :.. ;ti 5? f
-f barrand'rteUl-C -Khow
cnange into a ri,i,. iA .re ."""I "r cm in-' in the imi ft. with Jr,yri 7V.,.jr J?nflei,i- ftav . - ' UotJZ;J.--'
9 bU u " 5 e, oir oVn iuf Ml' country. -rY tealT:mU.f
th.fota export, oi specie .uj f ';vVGcie3 h?,??.
5357 ,4 is were ot aoiacstic lri i ae,oiuV T A, ' c. r0,,;c0af)i 7.i4 7ii
,,y2o,otroten .t 'u.yV, "ir!a: WWr:'.?
i there is an increase ot wyr toor4. .iC.TjR V '
sof foreign p. ouut.., f i'1'. ,.ri r'.? , -
tllesports ol specie.-- jr--'-- 'B f -7 I'ViS
Ic...rir favors tnc IUiW"lr iw.i" . 7 -, Of . - t,,.' W 4rif,t .
"o. Wto self
VS-f .'of thi -canal shows, it ts
-S,rpri5o that ttie Corampnwealtti
' eEcd with debt and taxa-
'cf-tbc- 8th of 3tay
"the mainline of
h,e notice' re
jto be expo-"ijxebange
''..'Avitli increased lp.na-fi
irT N IS li. . . "
ed an Ur,argn'"anianeons
If n r,.f7 EOok v i 1 J Jefttrio ft ia'A ,
nancb .C5.X.v -.rusvlvania." was." "J noticed. . V iW J
a;uaV,arcccss dr WM accepted by tn, roads h made s.tJ ll?,,
-vouege a oueu Becnvrj in Cent" 1 "cuieo. wuu ener- y-g
enftiw ""u,1cu,acres fi Tantbro, Hi " "'o cstern rivers ai;2
lhA tKk..i - -V
Vr&& ir -a lrl f Viewed thS
ty, with v lterau j , in, , rnn. .
have pieagM atu n tlKMI?,e,!
." " J donated. , This r valu.hU'x.' Th
show's that thc.faers of liV.fllWoMJ wool nsw .
appreciate the n-j .taia U.
a, route is oti
u'ar noiaruua in
oie value.. Tff.Tr.Vals. an-1
of a cotiSf?'iul. wr,iT0i3tr - -
c. ir,,:: 'U. ... i;mliril
tion, ana wm
steni fa om-,..:.
t'lS Tirn. . , -l-v.wmi,