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THE RAFTSMAN'S JQHRSAL.
Wednesday, January 17, 1353.
Thanks. Our friend Alex. Caldweix,
member of the Ilouse of Kep., will except our
thanks for pub. doc.
C0XGUE3S. There is nothing doing in Con
gress that would be of interest to our readers.
POLLOCK'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS-
We lay before our readers, this week, the
Inaugural Address of Gov. Pollock. It is
short, ably written, and American to the core,
such as all true Americans will admire. Read
it and judge ior yourself.
Li ort art. The following officers were cho
sen to serve for the coming year, at the late
election of the Clearfield Library Association:
President, Hon. Geo. 11. Barrett. Secreta
ry, Rout." J. Wallace. Treasurer, Clark
Wilson. Librarian, Tiios. J. McCiLLOrOH,
Oar enterprising friends, J I i:he9 Irvin,
proprietors of the Tyrone City Hotel, have
purchased the line of stages between-this
place and Tyrone. They have made arrange
ments to have the mail here at an e.irly hour
in the morning, so as to procure a start that
will enable them to reach Tyrone in time for
tho arrival and departure of the evening trains.
They arc both clever and enterprising fellows.
We wish them success.
THE RAILROAD MEETING. .
The Railroad meeting at Tyrone on Thurs
day was a large and spirited affair, attended
by gentlemen from all portions of the State,
who manifested an ardent interest in the suc
cess of the enterprise. The books were open
ed, stock subscribed, and measures taken to
insure a sufficient amount to construct the
The proceedings will be found at length in
another column, by which it will be seen that
a lively feeling was exhibited, that must tell
favorably, and that those who have taken the
matter in hand are abundantly able to accom
plish all they desire. Ere long, wc may look
for the iron horse in full carreer through our
pine forests and inexhaustible conl fields.
Free 3T echoes and Mi lattoes. The Dela
ware State Journal states that several petitions
have been presented to the General Assembly,
asking that body to make some amendments
to the Revised Code. The changes desired
by the petitioners are, to so alter the law as
to allow orderly, industrious and well-behaved
free negroc3 and mulattoes from other States,
to coma into that State for lawfull purposes,
on the permit of any Judge, or the Chancel
lor of the State, and to extend the period of
absence, whereby free negroes going beyond
the limits of the State are deprived of their
HOW TO BE ECONOMICAL.
In times like tho present, when the exer
cise of household economy is indispensable,
a knowledge of the best method of attaining
it, in the purchase of articles of food, is very
requisite. In proportion to other articles, the
various preparations and compounds made
from corn are but little used, and yet they are
exceedingly varied, cheap and nutritious.
Corn bread, for instance, which is a staple ar
ticle of food at the West, and which can be
made very quickly, could, to a great extent,
take the place on our tables of the miniature
wheat loaves which the bakers now dispense,
while meal cakes and puddings are so seldom
prepared in most families, that they would be
esteemed as luxuries. Rice also possesses
many of the same recommendations as
corn. Almost every family, with the present
prico3 of marketing, could diminish the price
cf livcing 23 per cent., by a judicious selec
tion of their provisions.
CASUALTIES Or THE PAST YEAR.
We find in our e xchanges tabular statements
of the crimes and casualties in the United
States, during the year which has just closed.
The total amount of property destroyed by
fire is estimated, in round numbers, attwenty-
flve millions of dollars. The number of per
sons whose lives have been sacrificed by burn
ing buildings, is put down at one hundred and
seventy one. There have been one hundred
and ninety-three railroad accidents, killing
one hundred and eighty-six persons, and woun
ding five hundred and eighty nine. There
have also been forty-eig ht steamboat accidents,
killing five hundred and eighiy-seven persons,
and wounding two hundred and twenty five.
During the year six. hundred and eighty-two
murders were committed, and eighty four per
sons were executed. In the State of New
York alone there were seventy-four murders
and seven executions, and in California sixty-
four murders and fifteen executions.
ennfjf spa Tiff
The Spanish Chambers arc discussing the
propriety ofthc sale of Cuba. Mr. Soule was
uresent during the discussion. The Spanish
Government' declines raising an army to send
to the Crimea, to assist the Allies. Spain re
fuses the proposition made by 'Mr. Soule to
join a treaty with America and Russia, in re
cognizing the principal '-that the flag protects
... .. , THE WAS.
The Prussian mission to England did not re
sult in any thing of importance. Tho bill for
the enlistment of foreigners had passed the
English Parliment. Immediately after, Par
liament adjourned. The event of the week is
Napoleon's speech to the Legislature. It is
warlike in tone, but makes no mention of any
prospect of peace. It was immediately follow
ed by a loan of 500,0003CCO francs being imme
diately voted. An important meeting of the
Representatives of the Five Powers had been
held at Vienna, the result of which had not
transpired. Affairs before Sebastopol had not
changed. Sorties by the Russians are contin
ued from the city, and one has been made
from the harbor. The allies have received 13,
COO reinforcements., and the weather is more
favorable for warlike preparations. The atti
tudes of Austria and Prussia are unchanged.
I Two Russian vessels of war attacked a French
steamer before Sebastopol. Two English frig
ates immediately went to her relief. The Rus
sians retreated. The Russian bulletins gener
ally claim important advantages over the be
siegers. The Turkish troop at Kara were l ard
pressed by the Russians. The Allies at Se
bastopol were fully prepared for battle. The
third parallel of the French had mounted their
guns. Thirty thousand Turks, with a division
of French and English artillery, were abaut to
seize Pcrekop and fortify the lines there. It
is rumored that the Knssi.ins made a sortie on
the 12th, end were repulsed with a loss of seven
hundred killed and cloven hundred prisoners.
A well directed lire from the Russian fortifica
tions intermits tho enemy's works. Rein
forcements for the Allies were rapidly arri
ving. Up to the 18th twenty thousand had ar
rived. It is reported that the storming of Se
bastopol would commence immediately on the
arrival of the Turkish reinforcements. The
French will storm, while the British and Turks
will attack Prince 3Ienschikofl". The Russian
naval artillery has been taken out of the Baltic
fleet and brought to Sebastopol. Xotcs were
exchanged at the conference at .Vienna be
tween the Representatives of the three Allies,
defining the sense in which their cabinets un
derstand the four points heretofore proposed.
Prince Gortsehskoti'asked tiiriet to obtain in
structions from his government. Private ad
vices from London say that the course of poli
tics favor the probability of a speedy termi
nation of the war. Austria, it is believed,
will assume the offensive, and ii-fluence all
Germany to her side. The people in the Ger
man States, it is confidently stated, will force
their governments to accept the propositions
of the Allies. Xi'.poleon in his speech at the
opening of the French chamber?, eulogized
the victories of the French arms, in the Black
and Baltic Seas and the Crimea. He thanked
the British Parliment for their co-operation,
and asked a levy of one hundred thoujaml ad
ditional men. lie believes that the resources
of a loan twenty millions sterling, will be suf
ficient to meet all the demands cf the w-t.
Still hard the times.
Scarce snow acd good sleighing.
UnplczsDit the weather and duns.
Plenty pretty girls ami jour taiior3.
Good mixiiii live within your means.
Tre. A close mouth shows a wiso head
Num-eron individuals with "hair lips.''
Marriage two nods and a five dollar Prayer.
The xcay to male money--advertise in tho Journal.
Incre-niiing rowdyism and our subscription list.
IVorthreaJitigDozsticks' letter on our4ihpago.
Jews there are more than 120,000 ia the U. S.
Etthnsiastie tho F.ailroad meeting at Tyrone.
High the Susquehanna- and sonic cf tbcb'hoys.
Ida rdfdl that of Duchy. 11-11 . hovrso'ck ! Ugh !
Went off the inauguration of Gov. Pollock, on
Go'ns rlofu the content; of our coal be.?, -and
the the devils" pile of -rock.-'
Mo. I emtio n. tho silken string running through
tho pearl chain of all the virtees.
Sun ft the wigr.s cf a Moscpucto. "When flying,
they vibrat 3.00 J times in a minute.
H itler rick that New Year's present. A 'hup
stick of candy. 'Who cares for expenses.'
Amusing that snowballing party on Friday.
Duchy got rather the worst ofthc battle.
TiiV; that fight on Monday night, between the
b'Loyi tint were '-in a weaving way."
Jlncird of a hard working man n-ow-n-d.iys, i a
broken constitution, and broken bank notes.
Dead Thomas YV. Dorr, the leader cf Dorr's re
bellion, lie died on the 27th of December, 1354.
Left tovf tho DraJy township poet.
Of all the poets cast cr west,
'Xhe I'racly poet ia the best.
To male heu-s lay ycrpsli-ali hit thorn with a
big club. Other modes have been recommended,
but this is the only one we have found effectual.
Appropriate. Gentlemen of the medical profes
sion in London, arc now familiarly called -snipes,'
from the unconscionable length of their It fx.
Queer. The Bomsn who had a --fellow feeling
in her bosom," has sued him for an assault. The
fellow will feci again as soon as she recovers.
JZiul'd the season for deer hunting Against the
law now. to hunt anything but two-legged dears.
It's alway3 in order to hunt them, the dt-ir critters.
Lv?-.y. We have the pleasuae of announncing
to the public generally, the additional aid of a
bran new D'vU. Hope ho will do well. All cre
ation cant beat us now.
Ton lie under a mistake, when you come to the
conclusion that a man is always happy when ho is
mailing, or that ho is a house builder, beenuseyou
always find him with a ' brick in his hat."
Good remedy. If you don't want a woman to o
stray, the sooner you provide her with a baby the
better. A blue-eyed boy will do more towards
keeping Mrs. Gadders' morals sweet than all the
sermons that was ever prea-.-hed.
Mean practice rushing out of church, best fel
low foremost, when the congregation is dismissed,
as wns practiced by some of the "young gentry,"
on Sabbath evening last. If they have no more
manners, we would advise them to stay away.
I'oor rule that trout v-orZ- both vat. Some of
the Mormon women believing in the addage that
"what is sauce for the goose, is sauce for the gand
er.y demand a plurality of husbands. The
male saints object-
Turned out of the Order a Know Nothing for
drinking Irish whiskey punch, with a German sil
ver spoon in it. Served him right, unless the
whiskey was twenty-one years old. If it was,
Washington himself would have drank it.
GT What harm Is therein playing with the girls,
we would like to know? Tho old folks need not
look so grum and dismal when they see a feller
courting of their darter, because they set the ex
ample in their younger days, and now that they
are old, they think it an awful thing if one of the
boys play with their girls. Always make tho most
0f jtyouns folks arc young folks, and will give
vent to tbeir feelings, despite tho frownins of old
er headu-therefore we'd liko to kuw what harm
in there in playing with h girls ' Who can tell ?
TYRONE RAILROAD MEETING.
In pursuance of the published call, a large
number of the friends of the Tyrone, Clear
field, and Erie Railroad, assembled at Tyrone
City on the 11th inst., and organized by call
ing Gen. JAMES IRYIN of Centre county to
the chair. .-James ST. Coxbad and John M.
Hale of Hiila., Hon. K. Sitaw of Clearfield,
and David Duxcax of Centre, were elected
Yice Presidents; James E. Montgomery,
Clark "Wilson and II. Buchcr Swoope, Secre
G. R. Barrett, Esq., being called upon
stated the object of the meeting to be tho
adojdion of preliminary measures to procure
the necessary stock, and otherwise promote
the success of the enterprise of the construc
tion of the Tyrone, Clearfield, and Erie Rail
road. A committee of fifteen, consisting of
G. R. Barrett, Dr. C. Foster, Jonth. Boynton,
A. K. Wright, L. J. Crans, S. A. Martin, J.
n. Burley, F. M. Bell, James'Crowther, Ben
jamin Hartshorn, David J. Primer, Jas. B.
Graham, John T. Mathias, G. II. Steiner, and
Dr. Tiios. "W. Taylor, were appointed to draft
a Preamble and Resolutions, to report at tho
evening session, lion. J. T. Hale was re
quested to address the meeting, who respond
ed by setting forth the advantages to be de
rived from the construction of the road, the
practicability of the ror.u-, and the means by
which the project can be rendered successful.
He was followed by Col. A. G. Ci nrix, who
called for the reading of a letter from Hon.
G. J. Ball, as folio ws:
House of Representative5!, i
1Iar!:i!;it.g, Jan. 9, 18")"). J
D.' ar. Sin : "Will you bo so kind as to sen 1
mo, by mail, several copies of your report of
Survey of the Tyrone, Clearfield and Erie
Railroad. I wish to circulate them in Erie
"Would your Board of Managers object to
an extension of the Corporate powers of your
Company, together with tho line of the road,
to the Harbor at Erie ? Please advise me.
- . Yerv Ecspcetfullv,
(1. J. BALL.
J. E. .Mox-rco.-iFnr, Esq.. Civil E;ig., Phibi.
Mr. Mostgomeuv, the Engineer, stated that
be had answered the above letfsr that it was
the design of those interested to extend the
ro.nl to the Harbor of trie
On motion the
answer of t"1'!.; hniner was n;vrov'jd. If.
Bi'cher Swoopk, Esq., was called upon, and
addressed the meeting, alter which he road
the Report of the Engineer. The meeting
was then addressed by Mr. Jahks.E. Mont-com-ky,
and Col. D.vvin Duxcax. The Boohs
were directed to be opened for subscriptions
of t.lf.ck. G. R. Bahi:ett, Joax C Mont
gomery, Jamks M. Coxrai', A. K. V"juci:t,
and David Frcxlj:, were appointed a com
mittee to confer with the President and Di
rectors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Compa
ny. On motion, adjourned until 7 o'clock,
-At the hour appointed the meeting again
assembled, v,h?n the committee appointed for
that purpose, reported the following Preamble
aiid Resolutions which were unanimously
Whereas, It is of tho utmost importance
to tho State of Pennsylvania, that a Rail Road
be constructed from Tyrone City, on the Penn
sylvania Rail Road, to the Harbor of Lake
Erie. Tiie route is the most direct ascertain
ed to be practicable, and passes through the
heart of the most interesting, and valuable
portions of Pennsylvania. The lozA freight
upon it, which would bo derived from a de
vdopuvnent of the mineral wealth and Lumber
of the country, would mike the road a profit
able oiij to the stockholders, while Philadel
phia would reach the trade of th-j Lakes, by
the shortest and most direct route. Will
Pennsylvania allow New York to hive two
lines of Rail Road and one Canal, terminating
at the Lakes, and not make an effort to grap
ple with her for r.ny portion of that great
western treasure. Such a State of apathy can
no longer exist. Therefore,
lli-iolved. That the Tyrone, Clearfield and
T.vhi Rail Road mu-ii and shall be constructed,
and that without d. lay.
Jl:solved, That the meeting assembled hero
pledge themselves, individu-iliy, to nso every
exertion in their power to further the object,
v view, i hey will first suusenbe stock to the
cxtont of their ability, and secondly they will
use all honorable means to induce others to
do the same.
Ilssoh&l, That it is the intention of the
Company to make tho Road to tho Harbor of
Like Erie, and nothing short of that point,
and its advantages, will sitisfy their determi-natio-a
to sustain Pennsylvania prido and
P c 1 1 n sy 1 v an i a i n t e r c s ts .
Jlcsolrr-l, T hit the members of the Senate
and Ilouse cf Representatives of Pennsylva
nia be f amished with a copy of the Engineers
report cf tho Survey of the road and also a
copy of the proceedings of this meeting.
The meeting was respectively addressed by
the Rev. Mr. Jeffries, of Tyrone, James E.
Montgomery, of Phila., Mr. Palmer, of Ty
rone, Gen. Irvin, of Centre, L. J. Crans, Esq.,
of Clearfield, Jacob Burley, of Tyrone, and
Dr. C. Foster of Centre. The following com
mittees were appointed to secure subscriptions
Ti'roxe. Jacob Burley, Lewis Palmer, J.
D. Stewart, J. Jeffries and J. P. Hughes.
pKiur-snuno. Dr. C. Poster, B. C. Bow
man, and Edward Perks.
CcuwENsviLLE. William Irvin, Beni. Harts-
born, Isaac Bloom, "Win. McBride, and John
PETKnsBrnc. John Cresswell and Jhon R.
Bsllefoxte David J. Pruncr, Esq., James
T. Hale, Esq., Sheriff Lingle.
Cltcaufield. Jonth. Boynton, J. T. Leon
ard, Richard Shaw, Jas. B. Graham, Wm.
Powell, G. L. Reed, R. V. "Wilson and L. J.
Philadelphia. James Montgomery John
M. Hale, Herman Haupt and Richard Shaw.
Fexxhv alley. David Duncan, George Boal,
Esq., James P. Curbum.
The committees were instructed to report
monthly to tho Hon. R. Shaw, at Clearfield.
Jonathan Boynton, II. Bucher Swoope, and
A. K. Wright, were appointed a general Com
mittee of Correspondence. The meeting was
then addressed byG. R. Barrett, Esq., Mr.
Agnew, John D. Stewart, 11. B. Swoope, Gen.
Irvin, and others. . On motion adjourned to
meet at Clearfield on the Tuesday evening of
tlio February Court, (the 20th of Feb. 1S-35-)
JAMES IRVIN, Pres.
Clark Wilsox, )
Jas. E. Mojjtoomkf.y, Secre's-
j II. BicuLit Swoope.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS. '
' Fellow CitizexS: Custom panctioiiS, and d(
mands a brief declaration of the principles and
policy, to be adopted and pursued by au Execu
tive about to assume the functions of that ofiicc.
The character of car institutions demonstrates the
propriety of such declaration. AW the just powers
of the Government emanate from the people, and to
them should bo communicated the maimer in which
it is proposed to execute the powers conferred.
The people arc sovereign ; and in the exercise of
their sovereignty, thev have '-ordained and estab
lished'1 a constitution for the government of the
htate. That constitution, I have this day, in the
presence of my follow citizens, and of liiai who is
the searcher of hearts acd with Lumblc reiiar.ee
en liis wisdom to direct sworn to support. The
high powers therein delegated to the respective co
oniinato branches of the Government arc clearly
expressed and defined. Side by tide with the grant
cf powers, stands the declaration of the rights of
the people, recognizing the general, great and es
sential principles of liberty and free government.
To guard against the transgression of the powers
delegated ; and to preserve forever inviolato the
rights, liberties, and privileges of the citizen, thus
declared, will be both a duty and a pleasure, in
fall harmony with every sentiment cf my heart,
every impulse of my nature.
llepublican Institutions arc the pride, and justly
tho glory of our country. To enjoy thom isoar
privilege, to maintain them ourduty. Civil and
religious liberty freedom cf speech, and of tho
press, the rights of conscience, and freedom of wor
ship arc the birthright and the boagtof the Amor
i'cat crtizen. No royal edict, no pontifical decree,
can restrain cr destroy them. In the crjoyment
of these blessings, the rich and the poor, the hi;h
and the low. meet together the constitution, in its
full scope and ample development, shields and
protects them all. When these rights arc a. -s;i'.e-l,
thc-3 privileges endangered, cither by ma 1 am
bition, or to influences foreign by the t-rno inter
ests of the Nation, at war with lovo cf country
that noble. impulse of the Amcrien.n heart, which
prompt it to revere home and native land as sa
cred objects cf its afFec'ions it is then the bullet
bu.x in it3 om:;ir o'pnce, spr-akir.-j in thurder tor.es
the will of the people, rebukes the wrong, and vin
dicates the freedom of the man. the h:di?p'r.d-?.-;e
of the chizvju. To the American pf-x have
these bh-j sings been committed a-- v sr. :r-'-:l frr-' ;
they are, and must ever be, their T:aHan nnd
defender The ..mc-rb'an citizen, iu-h-pendent
and free, uninfluenced by partisan ft:': -i. merit?,
un.iwcd by ecc'osia.itical cui'i-jrity or rrho.;!y in
to!ore;:ce in tho strength of fearless ma: !.o 1. and
in the bold assertion of his rights ?!wdl oxhil.it
to the world a livint illustration of lha 'superior
ben&Sti of Americ ia Itepublia.uiisui : p
a true .-.lid iug'j allegiance to bis cour
r.o o.h r ro-.vcr tut --the God that !r.:;d.
servers us iis aX.ition."'
Yir'.ue; ir.!;-liigenee and truth are the iV
of our republic. l'y thc?3 onr i:i-ti'v.t;.
privileges c:in. av.d will be preserve 1. Ic
i r ot the riother .f paU iottsia. or t" hi
lt ii tho crif :i;v and destroyer of l..ib. K-:
; :!,-;: !:!!,
h.'.t !.!'' I :-
in its eidi':hte-.;ii
elevating r.n 1 nitVi-ij,
c;:cts. in fail po-.v
f its bci.Lvi
should be ta-jour:gcd by the Stat-'. "
intellectual culture that loavc s the it:
waste, unfit to understand the duties
or citizen, but that higher education, f-jn
on, airCL-tcd. :ua controiea oy sou-:.', ant v.i.; i
moral principle that recognizes tho liibie es the
foundation of true knowledge, as the tcxt-b.jolt
al'kc t-f the child and the Aiacri.-r .i Sta;--:i,a!:.
and as the great charter and bulwark of c-nil ar.d
religious freedom. Tho ki.owlc-d ro th:s a?;-,:iivd
i tl:-i power cerervaiivc of Rates I n lions;
m ,-,-rc potout iu lis cwrgy to KphoM the in.-fifti-:.io!.3
of treedoia and the rights of m-tr.. tl.au arm
ies' and liP.vhs ia thtir prr-udi-st strength.
Tho fra tiers of oar Consiitntion i.iiiler-to i l thl.
at.d wisely . provided for tho est: !i.:!.:.:jr.t :!'
schools an ! -the piviao; ion of tho ::is r: .1 jr.
ces. in oi. or more s'nunirics of l-'-r;.:: tht.t
the advant-i ? of education migh'- be vj ' vd by
To h.-provo tho t.Tt.der.oy of tl.ls -y ts!, rot
only by perfecting our common schools, but by
ej.our.t trhi sr and aid big -ol.0 or mora" h'-'t -r !;:-
ci'Lry ius-itui;is. in v i
stttl qr.a!i;';c"l : str.-i 5.
it-.-1 10 d a-.--.iior.al j.
will at all tisat'i rowiv
Moccv liberally, vt-t v i
re v!.je.-U which
:-r. del in the r ur-
suit r.ntt promotion ol kr.o.vjed.xo is true c-joromy,
Ths integrity of thl- system .in-1 its fund must be
preserved. Xo division of this fund for political
or sectarian pn. ;:sv should over b made or at
tempted. To divide is to destroy. Party and s-'i-tarian
jealousies won hi be ojigcr.'Vred t the uiiity
and harmony of the system '.estroycd, and its
noble objects l'i as' rate 1 and defeated. Uigitry
miiit rejoice, patiioti.-ra .vo'.d-'. weep ovcrsuL-h a
In the pciToriiiar.ee of tho dutiss now devolved
upon me, it will bo my desire to r.i 1, by con
stitutional and legal "mca- i, the development of
the resources of the State ; an I to encourage and
promote her agricultural, mining, inanafaetHring
and commercial ln'or-. sts. A km i Providence nas j
bestowed upon us. with a liberal hard, all the
elements of wealth m. l --rc;fi;-p. Our vaik-vs !
Eir.t piaiaj oiicr tbei
r -fvtiiC soil to me piou-ti
snare of the nusmMium;'
rich productions List hj
ad r ri wittitueir
ir-lle t'.il. 0;u- iiicx-
hausiible coal Isolds ; our
h iroa dcpcsU.s; lime
stone every wiuru. uud jut where i-vxt leqtiircd ;
the iutcruisaablc l-i-esr, and cur rusiiir.g "ir-'auij ;
all envito the enc-gy ::;d vntrp:rlsc of our ci'i
z ens V) the dcvclopnio!.t ef their trcasur.. ar.d
pruuiso a ri. h reward to their labor.; '1 he smoko
ef our furr.rees, the cre.-h of the r-i'.Sin j-mi'.l ;
tho f uu; ol the so-iii. lie; ar.d the din cf the work-
UtCot tlio CiK-rry -r.d maur.f-ifiin-ir.g shit! e-f
our people; an-1 v.-1. ..:'. the p!o'.i'h, tho loom, snd
the anvil, ui.ito ia ' !ie production of we ilrli. com
merce, by her thou.;a-i I avonues. is bcaiiag tiieir
.-aliiable and a bund ant products to our i-j-irts of
trade. Amidst all t'i-.s2 great iiitrc?-:::. :v:d their
rapi I and almost rotv.antie development, it is a
matter of congratulation that agriculture, ia i-s
vaiious doptii-.i'.ier.ts. hr.s awakened public, att-cn-tioa
to its importance, and claimed and received
from science tho tribute of its aid. Pennsylvania,
. j deeply iiiterestcd in the tucecss of he r .tgrieni
tural in.luslry, carrot be indifferent to the lauda
ble effurte now making to perfect and r.dvatiec this
first, and noblest, pursuit cf man. Thid, and all
oilier branches of industry, should receive the fos
tering care and cTieouragcrasct of the Govcrmusnt. !
J lie interests ol our great commercial empori
um should receive the considerate attention of ths
Legislature. Her manufactures, trade nml com
merce, arc cf great and increasing importance,
and Philadelphia, as consolidated, in population,
wealth, enterprise and intelligence rai-ks tnd ri
vals the first cities of the Union. To make her
the first among the cities of our country, should
be the pride of every Peinisylvaiuan. ller inter
ests arc so ider.tiiied with the interests of the
rotate, that they cannot be separated without in
jury to both. A prudent and liberal system of
legislation, appropriate to her real wants, would
promote her owu and the interests of tho Com
monwealth. A sound currency is essential to tho prospsrity
of a co-iiimereial people. All classes of society,
nud every branch of industry, ia their varied in
terests and economical relations, aro interested in
securing and nrairitainirig a safe circulating medi
um. To accomplish this result, wise and prudent
legislation is necessary, 'iho creation cf a well
regulated, and carefully guarded system of batik-ir.-z.
is not only sound policy, but beneficial to the
legitimate trade and commerce of the couutry ;
and aids in developing her great natural and in
dustrial resources. Our 'resent system of bank
ing, wtih the limitations, restrictions snd liabili
ties, individual and otherwise, imposed by law on
theso institutions, has become the settled policy of
the .State. The chocks and guards throw n amund
them should not bo lessened or removed. Their
own safty, and the security of the public, require
Notico of numerous intended applications to tho
Legislature for new banks, an increase of banking
capital and savings institution?!, has been given as
required by the constitution. Without desiring to
assume a hostile attitude towards all banks, tho
propriety of incorporating all that may be called
tor under the notico given. CRnnot bo justified or
defended. The extravagant, improper or unreas
onable increase of banks and bankiugcapital.is not
demanded by the wants of the community, and
will not. and can not be sanctioned by tho Execu
tive. The present commercial and financial em
barmssmevit of tho country; the depressed state of
trade; all past experience, and the more recent ex
perience of some of our sister Skates, as seen in
their ruined banks and depreciated currency,
demonstrate tho nece?:dty of legislating cautious
ly ami prudently ou this subject.
Th uumbcr of batik, and eonsopicnUy he
amount vi uuniiis.j .capiiaj spoma we umiia to'
and reguifvted by. The propcr-.demrirOs of active
and bvtvUfty trade, and the actual business wants
arid necessities of tho community, 'ibis .policy,
honestly insisted upoand pursued, would protect
the country from the disasterous consequences af
improvident hankie?:. An extraordinary and nn
jr.ccessary increase ot banks and banking facilities,
ia seasons of great general prosperity, leads t. ti
,traviigo.nt and rulatnis spcculaiion. Sfuch increase
in times of commerci&l distress, aggrar.atcs.vnd pro"-'
longs the e-rils it was designed to icmody. Knter
tairicg theso views I will not hesitate to sanction
the re-char'critig of old and solvent banks, which
by prudent aud careful management, and an hon
est a Iherenco to the legitimate purposes of their
creation, have merited and received the cocflder.ee
of the public. Nor will I refuse to sanction the in
corpcratiou of new banks.when indispensably neces
sary and clearly demanded by the actual business
wants and interests of tho community in which they
may be located. To r.o other, and under no other
circumstance?, can 1 yield the Executive consent.
To promote the welfare and prosperity cf the
Commonwealth, by regulating and increasing her
finance, ecor.omizina; ber resources, maintaining
her credit, reducing her debt, and relieving her
people from oppressive taxation, will be tho ob
jects of my anxious desire t and to tho accomplish
ment of which every energy of my administration
will hs directed, 'the public debt, now exceeding
5 10,Ci,'0,000, and the aanr.al taxation necessary to
meet the payment of its interest, seriously affect
the great industrial interests of the t'tate; drive la
bor and capital from the commonwealth t prevent
thi extension and completion of her noblo system
of education, and the prosecution of thosa lauda
ble ."hemes of benevolence, which at once bent-fit,
diznii'y and adorn a free Pivl enlightened people.
Every consideration of r-tate pride, cvt-ry motive
of interest, lequirc its rcduelhin and speedy liqui
dation, by every p.va.lable and praetirbl! means.
To tocure this object, rigid ccc.-iomy in every de
pai irr-.Lf.t of the government; rctrej-hmcnt iu the
publi-j expenditures: strict accouutabi'i'y in all
rhe receiving and disbursing ofaeers of the Com
mortwcalih ; ar.-l an honest aud fatd-.fnl disihargc
of duty by all her agents, would a tribute much,
and :.'so sivc millions iu the Treasury
Croa-'.-a by the .State, in tlic-proscciuion and maa-j'ruic-i.t
of her system of internal improvemcnts-a
tystcm cbrraaterized by -prodigality .oxtravaganco
a:id corrupt political f-.voritism" lhc sale of .hese
improvements, or atlea-t of the -maiii iir.e." as a
Kv::!r.3 of reducing this debt. l.-..--s.".iiiig ta.tativn,
aii-1 svirg our fUiSi.dal c:-,di". has for many
ye. irs occupied the attcnt'on of tho people. r.! ii
thtir rt-prc-reiitutivc.. bill.! for the s?ie f.f the
main line have been p:'.sed by throe J:fin-j.t l.c
gislatr.ies. t-.vo t which w. ro r.pp-r v- i by the
iovoriiiis then iu i.ific3. The jie-jph.'; on th'- ium
tion boicg submitted to th ;m i: ! - ! t. do.ided by
a lare majority, in favor of t!e sale; and yet
tho--c works, from th.o detective ch iraeter of ths
laws yuthorizing the sale, the restrictions contain
ed i.-: them.aul from other e:uisss, remain unsold.
Public sf l.timent, founded cn economical, moral
nn-I poii'ienl cor.sideratio:. still dtinr.nls: sn-1
the publia wclfre sti'l re'juire--. ti'eir sale.
Tho voV'siderafion to t e paid, the mo '.c. tortus
au l conditions of the sale, c.v'hi to be c -an f;;! : v
co-Md- rcd. Just ar.d lib-ra! inducctnenii ::h-u!d
be offcre I to purchasers ; wbib-t at tho wtuc time
tJic ie p!e should be protected agiiii.st v. rung aid
imposition. 1-y avoiding the errors of In m-.-r !o
gislaii.in. a s.i'e on terms fnvorablo to tho r'tate.
Kr.-l bcncSicial to the iiUT.-b:i.-er. may -c setmrod.
it is iu v.si;: to hope f-.jr a r--dueti ;a of .'hi :le -.
sa.d relief from taxatioii.- without a file of the
whole, or part of our puVii-; improvemer s In
cunibercd with debt, m.l t.; . -1. i : saj po. t a s;,s
tcm. the management of whi-:-: hx been markel
by extravagance, expeudittri-. fraolulrr.t specula
tion, and a reckless disrcgi'i :i of XMibii-3 interests,
tho p'cop:o ihmaiid reliti' at.d release from these
lurde-ns. The pre and the ballot box have de
clared the populr.r will on this sub j set, and that
wi:I stioul-l bo ob-yed. J.u-y. .-.r.d ;. eouvietiott of
i's -ro-ii -tv. wi-1 pr-tupt 'trro !' give a cordial
Support, to the acccmj-iihr.:cut of t:;is object.
i:i this connection. :ml wheil-cr a s.do of ai! or
nr. y ef t.'ie pu'dij imrrcv.'inen.'? -c cttwCtci or
the abolition or rt-org--r..-.li'.n o." the i'e-tr 1 of '
i:al Co-iU.ti.-sij5 'rs. and ti.e st.brtitutivn ef sterna
other eft'ic-.nt ami ri-speuslbl-: y.-ie-m of m.ir ;:e
tnvnt. are subj-'eis worthy of e'-v.fid. rati'ia. livery
measure of ribr:u in this re 'aid. c.i!evla!c l to in
crease the efficiency
! i-ibiH'v of
it the intcrPfts of the l-te;
and correct lue reat or aiietlet'i abuses oi
sent svstem. will receive n.v approval
The people having in the recent election de.i lei
against the pac?a, : of a law prohibiting the maa-i-facinre
and sale of spirituous liqa.TS, it will be
come tho duty of the Legislature ar.d ll.vecu'ive io
consid.r what other Iog''ation may be necessary
to- control and correct tl-c t-viis of intemperar.ee.
Cur present licei.se f-s'.cns. : 1 hou.erh highly pepal.
atid corrective of mav.y :. bases, is sti'l defective.
The facility with which licences ere obtained for
the sale of malt and other liquors, is ar. evil that
ilomauds reform. The number of l-Iiees ia
which these arc sold, should be limited by law ;
and r.o license granted unless by the Courts, and
in the manner now required in the case of public
inns and taverrs; and M.bject to the name regula
tions, restrictions and pona'iies.
The desecration of the r-'abbath by a tr.'.Clc so
fruitful of evil, and so demoralizing in its results,
is in direct opposition to she law of God, and the
moral sentiment of iho people; and is a repviach
to the age in which we live. A stringent and
comprehensive law, remedial in its provisions, and
vindicating the great law cf the Sabbath, in its
physical an 1 moral relations to man. is required,
not only by the moral sense of community. but would
be -"astfilei by every sentiment of humanity, every
eonsidt-ra! ion of philanthropy, every impulse of
puic ami genuine patriotism. The history of in
to rape it. nee is written in tears ind blood. Pau
perism, tusation and crime follow in its train.
A remedy should b applied ; and public senti
ment, with the full force of its moral sanction,
will approve all prudent and constitutional !cc;is
tion on this subject.
Tho Tmrdoning rower the ha rmon buss b!en 'I htg
of merry and justice in our Co'iiti'ittton wnlbe
exercised with a just regard to both these impor
tant principles. With every desire to extend mer
cy to' the unfortunate and repentant transgressor,
justice, in her stern demands, will not be over
looked by the pardon of the vicious ar.d hardened
criminal. This power has been coferrcd on the
Fxocutivc. not to overthrow tno administration ot
justice, but to aid and promote it. It should be
exercised with great caution1 and only upon the
most satisfactory assurance that it is due to the
condemned, and that the rights end security ofthc
public w ill not be prejudiced by the act. To pre
vent the abuse of this power, and to protect the
Executive from imposition, notice of the intended
application should be published in the city or
county where the trial and conviction toe.k place.
Experience has demonstrated the impolicy of
subscriptions bv municipal corporations, to the
siock Ol raiiroau companies, iius 10 vs-pcton'
true in relation to county subscriptions. Ihe
practice should be avoided, or at least not encour
aged by future legislation.
Legislation, so far as practicable, should be gen
eral and uniform. Local and special legislation ought
to bo discouraged, when the objtx't can Lo obtained
by general laws. It3 tendency is pernicious; and
general principles, and public good. arc often sacri
ficed to secure personal and private benefits. -Omni-buslegislatiou.;beiag
improper in itself, and demor
alizing in its influence, can not receive my sanction.
The views anil practice of my immediate prede
cessor on tills subject, meet my cordial approval.
Pennsylvania, occupying as she does an impor
tant and" proud position in the si.-ter-hood of State?,
cannot be indifferent to tho policy and aets of tho
National Government. Her voice, potential tor
good in other days, ouht not to bo disregarded
now. Devoted tothe Constitution ami tho I '!ioa7
as she was the first to sanction, she will be the last
to cn.biner the one. or violate the other. Iteganl-tr,.-
-tsV.' on iKn rio-his! of her sister Mates.
she will be ever ready to defend her own. The blood
cf hsr sons poured out on the many ba.tle-iields 01
the Revolution, attests her devotion to the great
principles of American freedom the centrc-trudx
of American republicanism. To the- Constitution ui
all its integrity; to the Union in itsstrcngth and har
mony; tothe iuaintaiuan.ee in its purity, of the tuitti
andhonorofourconntry. Pennsylvania now is. and
always has been pled-ed a pledge never violated,
and not to be violated, until patriotism ocascs to bo a
virtue, and liberty to be known only as a name.
KDtcrtainTnir. these sentiments, and actuated by
an exclusive desire to promote tho peace, harmony
and welfare of our beloved country, the recent ac
tion of the National Congress and Executive, in
renea'.ing a solemn compromise, only less sacred
in'public estimation than the Constitution itself
thus attempting extend the institution of .
triBstie S'.ivry in th" erri'ori-il domain of (he
Nation, violating the plighted fiith and honor of
tho iouutry, arousing sectional jealousies aaj
reuewing tho agitation of vexed and distracting
questions has received from the people of our
own and other States of tho Union, their stern
aud merited rebuke.
With no desire to restrain the full an-l entire
constitutional rights of the State, nor to interfere
directtly or indirectly with their domestic institu
U 'ns. the people of Pennsylvania, in view of the
repeal of the Missouri Compromiso, the principle
involved init. au-i thoconsequencesrcsultingfroiu
it. as marked already by fraud, violence, and
strife ; have re-afSnned their opposition to the ex
tension of slavery into territory now free, scd re
newed their jdedgo ' to the doctrins of the act of
17i0, which relieved us by constitutional means
from a grievous roeial cvii ; to the great ordinance
cf lZrfT, in its full scope and all beneficent
principles ; to the protection of the personal rights
of every human being under tho Constitution of
Pennsylvania, aud the Constitution of the United
States, by maintaining inviolate the trial by jury,
and the writ of habeas corpus ; to tho assertion of
the due rights of tho orth, as well as of tho
South, and to the integii'y of tho Union1
The declaration of these doctrines, is but the
recognition of the fundamental principles of free
dom and human rights. They are neither new nor
startling. They were taught by patriotic fathers
at the watch-fires of our country's defenders; and
learned amid the bloody saows of Valley Kor.je,
au 1 the mighty throes of war and revolution.
Tkcy were stamped with indclli'ole impress upon
the ijgeat charter of our rights, and embodied ia
the ied-d;t.tio!i of the beet and purest days cf the
Kepuldie; huvcfiilod the hearts, and feil burning
from the lips of orators and irtulesmen, whosvt
memories are immortal as the principles they
eh?i i-he l. They have been the watch-word an 1
t!:e b.-p! of millions, who have g-mo before us. ar.
the w it -Invord and the hope of millions now, and
will be of loil'i-iTis yet unborn. v
Ir::::::y fjuestioii? of National and truly Amer
ica: policy the due protection of American labor
and industry, against the depressing influenea of
foeigt; lul'or ar.d CHpitwI; tho improvement of our
harbors and rivers: the National defence.-:; tho
equitable distribution of the proceeds of the pub
lic h:ids anmng the States, in aid of education a::d
to relieve from debt and taxation: a ja-'i -ions
heii.ei-:i i bill;"' refi-rm in the n:itur.iiii-i'"i.:i
lav. a. id the protectio-i of onr Country a.
the immigration tttvl importation of f-jreijju p su
pers aad convicts in all these, we, as a .State anj
.'-ii:.if. are deeply interested; and to their a-ion-ti.m
aid promotioti every cn.'juragcraeut shout !
'io the people, of my r.itive Si.itc. wh. have e-l-!
I me to preside over her des'inics. I return t b j
t;i tv of in v warmest grr:;ude for the Iior. r eoa
IVnch and my ph-d re to them this day i. ili.it -l
will try" to realize tneir expectation--, f.iil uo-: be
tray their coi.iideiioe. In assuming the respond
bi'.iiies of this high ofiiee, I w ould be false to my
self and to the feelings that now oppress .vie.
thoiiid f hc-itata to affirm my unaffoct A distrust
in lay ability io discharge-its appropriate iu;ies
in a manner commensurate wuh their i aroit. ne.
If I can r.ft secure. I will labor lo deserve theeon
fi iei-e a:id approbation of my fellow ciiiieus. I
do ;;:t cr.-pect, I d ire rot hope, to eseape censure.
Deserve-1 ceusure I will strive to avoid, all other
t i disii -ard. Cmscio'us of the re -'ita bj of my in
teiititms; v.ith r.o ambitions desires to gratify; ro
rese.'ln.ei.ts to cherish; no wi.-h, but for tho pub
lic" ire.!-! ; ii will be lciv endeavor to perform every
will abide the judgement f a en -r-'us pe-
et as-iired that if they ondemn the act. they
ill a, least award to me" ihe meed of good ititea-
V. i-h the constitution for my guide: -equal i-n 1
csnet justice ta!l" my desire; the greatest '
of tiic"gre.!te-t namher my object invoking ih
aid and Mes-ing -f the God of our fathers, awl
dcshiivr io lule in His fe:ir my duty, aud high
est ambition, will be t promote the troe inter.-.--of
; he State. maLitain our civil and re'iijio'.is priv
ileges, u.-feo 1 the honor, and advance the pr-Ji-
mess ct our v.oan.rv.
"an. 1C. 1 :'-5--.
A Lrrtor Lw
.,. p -
. .1 in the Uo;
v C.d. Oina:.ii:gs .i i'h;!-
adflphbi, which wiil so.treeiy jtivu s:iti.-.fcb-:
to the frioads o! rr:S::bition. Tiio iitii m ti.-ii
ropealj all o-xisihio: lioenso h-vs. The s'.cn"i
section prohibits the: selling .?' li'iuor vrA al
so the hooping a place l. dih.U it in. T'wt
third section contains a rovit-toti to prevent
a collision between, persons acting inconcrrt,
so that one may .id! r,nd the other rrvidc a
place to a'riifk.' The for.rth section i oirts n-t
the duties ' f the ofiie.-r.s in nv.riittg the law ef
fective. A corrosp..iidci.i f the Thih-dclphia
'Tb-3 bill entirely av.dls tho oljectuna
made to the invasion of private duinieils anl
the interference with pirsor.a! riebts. No pos
sible ol iecti&n can be mr.de to it on the score
of violation of the constitution ofthc State or
the United States. It deals with the subject
o.ilj in its public relations, declaring a prac
tice illegal which Legislative t j.actments have
heretofore been required to sustain. It docs
not touch the question of the via nttfn dure or
the wsr of alcohol in any legitimate way, tl.vs
avoiding the objections so trciuioitsly urged
uaaii-.stV.':! the measures heretofore advocated
on this subject. It is simply a measure inten
ded to Mtppress the grogshops, which have
been the prolific source of pui.perisin, crb.-e
and wretchedness. I am informed by Col.
Cunmiings that this measure is the suggesth.u
of one of the most distinguished jurists efthis
State, whose name will be a f i.ilicient guaran
tee for the accuracy of its legal provisions.
This bill meets with much favor, so far as I
can learn, from the members of the Legislature-.
It is true thev have not had time toes
r.mine it with caret but the present prospect is
that it will receive a strong support."
StMtMT ll.vrrict in Oi-mrts Times. The fol
lowiv.g is an extract from the ''Chronicles of
Florence of Worcester," a new booli recently
mblished in England. It allbfds another proof
that '"there is nothing now under the sun :"
A. D. 1273. An evil spirit caused grout
alarm at village called Trouville, in the dis
trict of Kouen, audibly rapping with hammers
on the wall and doors, lie spoke with a hu
man voice, although he was never visible, art
his name he said was William Ardent. He
frequented the house of a certain worthy man,
to whom he did much mischief, as well as to
his wife and familv; and the sign oi uio .;-
and the sprinkling of holy water failed to drive
him awav. Moreover wnen me in" o,,.,.4
rM him." in the name of the Lord, to quit tho
place, he answered: "I shall not depart; iny,
more if 1 please, I shall kill you all. xhe
t i v ..nmifirh. and as for vour holy
water,, 1 have no fear ol that." '1 his spirit
,1 liiinsion of the icrsoi:?
iust mentioned, from the feast of All haitit3
(1st isovemoer; iu:m ".y.-
C7d Februarv.) uttering many lacivior.s ar.u
lofting speech e?. At last he went aw:y
.it Septuagesima. saying he should return
.".train at Easter, which he never did.
li.-1-t'nrsTlVK tPIIM W" TI I VOTOV- The CoUl-
J . , . 1 . - - - . . . w.-. .... - - .
. ,v : -. -1" War-Q mid Miri in tbo TloUSC. WlU
endeavor to call up, at the first opportunity,th'j
otii reporie'i o lueiii iii mo last
gultate the duties on imports. This bill coti-
tinues an advalorem duty of 100 per cent. c:i
lu,vro X.- nnA ot-.lpfivtlioa -A sr.-llti offiVC.tell,
fifteen and twentv per cent, advalorem, respec-
tivelv, witti a lree list ot a iev uuiiui'"-"-ticls.
. The bill receommenled by the Secre
tary of the Treasurvvalsocontintiesthe dutyM
10MJ per cent, advalorum cn hquors, ice., but
establishes a single rate of duty of -j per cent,
advalorum on all other articlecs except those
enumerated in an extensive free fcst.
The Democratic Senators have held a pre
liminary meeting, and will shortly makeadeai
onstration defining the position ol the Democ
racy upon subject of societies lor political pur-
poses, cvanaior .vuaina, -"ri-' .
K- the onlv Democratic Senator who is disin
clin i f o g1"-'1""1 aga' these sit