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CLEAR FIE LI), i WEDNESDAY,, DECEMBER: C. 11854
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. r .RAFTSMAN'S JOURNAL.
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od anew engagement. . .
: I;' WAR. .. - .
Thoa blood-eclipse of nations, darkHng o'er
1 Hopes that were lit by Heaven! Why comest thou j
. When we are winning to the wan earth's brow
The primal lmtre which its Eden wore?
'Tit not, that, wolf-like, thou wilt lap in blood;
For man is Death's: but, from thy gory hand.
' Leashed Crime and Madness, 'gainst a shrieking
Are loosod unto their revel. Not for good, laud,
For virtue, nor for honor, does thy cry track
. Ring through the shuddering valleys, where thy
" Will leave heart, hearth-stone silent, cold and
'. ". : black.
Why should earth's last, fond, fairest hope thus die?
Net for what now we are, but what may be, .
Leave us to peace and hope, God and our destiny !
EVENING AT SEA.
The a hath raged the livelong day, .
With pain and fury's throes;
Now to their couch the wave3 retiro,
. And slumber in repose. .
And o'er them the evening's trembling winds
So gently, gently sweep,
It is the holy breath of God
That hovers o'er tho deep.
'Tis thus the Lord greets with a kids
' - The sleeping Ocean mild,
And with a murmured blessing spe
''Sleep tranquilly, sweet child."
(Original Jtlornl 5nlr.
WRITTEN FOR TUB JOURNAL.)
On the ' orth side of an irregular square, at
the base of the Capatoline Hill, stood an old
massive building, of vast dimensions. There
was aoraethinjr, however, rather gloomy in its
appearance, though evincing surprising archi
tectural taste, considering the barbarous age
in which it was designed. ;
Its form was obloug ; and its walls were of
jjreat thickness, and composed of large, square
Mocks f stone, cemented together by a mix
ture of clay and bitumen. Its walls, more
over, were perforated tr s juare holes fur the
admission of light ; whilo the single door or
entrance opened directly on the great square.
Along its entire front, as well as sides, extend
ed a magnificent portico, supported by' lofty
arches, adding much to the external grandeur J
ax tho edence, but bearing evidence ot being
a supplement from an age more modern and
refined in its ti'.st;:.
The whole exterior aepect of the building
tvas grand, but inspired the mind with feelings
aS awo rather than admiration, and conducted
tb thoughts back to a very remote antiquity.
Its interior, which waB large and capacious,
4?as encenipaBscd with rows ot seats, commen
cing some distance from tho walls, and rising
iback, one above another, sufficient to accom
modate several thousand persons.
Several tows, moreover, of fluted marble
columns supported the roof or awning with
which it wa covered, giving to it the appear
ance of strength and security, as well as inter
In its ceutre, stood a sort of throne or ros
trum. This consisted of several oblong plat
forms of marble, each three or four feet short
er in length as well as breadth, forming as
jnaay steps till the top-most, on which stood
a curiously wrought chair, of the fiinest and
purest marble though very antiquated in ap
pearance. This was the Roman Forum, or court of jus
tice, built by Romulus, though indebted for
most of its external grandeur to Tarquinius
Priacus. ,. .
For several days past, however, it has been
converted into a sort of mock eclesiastical
jcourt; and it was here that the poor, persecu
ted Christians were driven, like sheep to the
slaughter; and it was upon the fires kept con
tinually burning in the great square outside,
,that they were piled as so much ready made
' The buildings adjacent, and lacing the re
naining aides of the square, at this period,
-.were remarkable for nothing except their Ir
jregularity, and low, dingy, gloomy aspect.
Some of them were used as prisonb or dun
geons, while most of them were occupied by
soldiers of the lowest grade.
But we have refercd to the building in ques
tion, to introduce the reader to his majesty
tbe Emperor ; and especially to sketch a scene
going on within its massive walls.
It is an hour or more after dark. The heav
ens are again overcast with black, frowning
.clouds. There is an occasional flash of vivid,
iheeted lightening, illuminating the whole
hemisphere, followed by low, rumbling thun
der ,in the distance. -
The streets, however, are little more quiet
than usual. The sbonts and ravings of the
Emperor's soldiers and elavei are, perhap,s j
neither so loud nor frequent only because
they have become more sly and cunning, and
more expert in ferreting out . the homes and
hiding places of their prey. ' '
But they had been busy during the day; and
to-night, thus far, they had been quite suc
cessful ; and several of tho adjoining prisons
were crowded with the "cursed sect," men,
women, and even : little, children, awaiting
their turn to stand before the mock-tribunal.'
The Emperor, himself, moreover, has. been
equally busy in presiding at their trials, in
which he took a special delight ; and which, if
history does him no wrong, he continued to do
even whole-days and nights together. At
length, however, he had grown somewhat wea
ry and exhausted, and has retired to his Pal
ace to obtain some refreshment. But his ro
turn is every moment expected.
. In the mean time, the lighted hall has been
rapidly filling up with anxious and excited
spectators, while thousands arc assembling
outside, filling up the great square wiih a
dense mass of furious, boisterous citzens, of
all ages, sexes, and classes. Some, impatient
of delay, are calling for victims, while others
are busy piling the crackling fires with fresh,
dry fuel, or stirring up the glowing embers
with the points of their long spears.
It requires, however, but a glance at the fa
ces of the crowds filling up the seats in the in
terior, to see that various emotions are agita
ting their breasts that all, at least, had not
been drawn to witness a spectacle of revolting,
barbarous injustice, through curiosity, or for
the purpose of satiating the feelings of de
praved aud revengeful hearts. Ah ! no.
While the masses are talking," jeering, and in
dulging in fits of boisterous laughter, as though
assembled to witness some mirthful show or
obscene drama; others are sitting, silent and
pensive, white the evidences of a deep, anx
ious sorrow are plainly visible in their pale,
haggard features. Yes there are, here and
there in the crowd, yearning, anxious, bleed
ing hearts. Fathers and mothers, perhaps,
in disguise, are there, to catch, if possible,
tho last look of a fondly loved child; or chil
dren, the pitying eye of their parents, rudely
torne away from their embrace.
But immediately in front of the pyrmid:il
throne, is the most pitiable sight of all. There,"
seated in rows, upon blocks of m-irplj, is a
score or more poor Christians, men and wo
men, under a guard of soldiers. Some, with
pale and haggard features, are gazing intently
at the marble floor, thinking, it may be, of
children and friends ; while others, with eyes
closed, and calm, brightening faces up-turned
to heaven, are thinking of a home afar in ;
the azura depths and whither thrt spirits
are expecting soon to wing their Cight.
Then, directly before them, or. tho first step
of the platform, are placed tha images of sev
eral heathen. Deities, as if to mock and
tantalize these poor sufferers for the sake of
Hush! hush f The Emperor! lLo Emperor!
In a momcct,' every eye ia turned towards the
door or entrance. All is silent save the
involuntary sighs, or half suppressed ejacula
tions proceeding from the group ia front of
the throne. '
There he is I the Emperor sure enough,
surrounded by his life-guard, fierce, savage
He is advancing - slowly along the great
broad aisle, paved with inlays of marble, and
lined on either side by rows of gigantic, tow
ering columns. Four of tho guard are a few
paces in advance, tho same number support
his right and left, while the remainder follow
close behind, with slow, measured step.
He has now seated himself in tho elevated
marble chair, his numerous guard occupying
the successive steps, facing on all sides of the
vast interior. Their right hands are grasping
firmly tho hilt of their swords, while their
long, glittering spears are resting on the in
side of their left shoulders.
Now, if you please, take a look at the Em
peror himself. There he is directly before
you and you may read the man at your leia.
No exception can be taken to his dress. It
is certainly princely. His robe is long, ample,
and flowing, glittering with the rarest gems,
and reflecting from its folds every variety of
the richest oriental hues.
Nor can any fault be found with the crown
that sits snugly and gracefully on the head.
It is the same which had graced the brow of
the C a-ears through a long and illustrious suc
cession. Perhaps, however, some exception might be
taken totbe Emperor's person and visage,
which, to say the least, impress the mind with
no very exalted ideas of either intellectual or
His person is slender and lean, his limbs
crooked and meanly formed,even to his finger
ends, the joints of which aro enlarged, while
the nails are crimped and yellow.
His head, in a general way, is illy shaped, as
if to correspond, as far as possible, with the
rest of him. The forehead is low, falling ab
ruptly away an inch or two only above the
brows, which are covered with long, shaggy
hair, hanging down over a pair of small, grey,
Meery eyes, Burrounded by red, scalded-looking
lashos. - In fact, the whole face, such as it
is, deems to have pushed the contents of the
cranium into a huge projection behind, and
which is covered only with a few long, scatter
ed, grey hairs, in common with the rest of the
head. ' ' : ' '
Tho ears, moreover, aro alarmingly long and
broad, and stick out from the bare, lumpy,
bony sides of the head as if designed, in his
case, for a pair of wings ; and looking at the
long, slender, shrivelled neck, there is a feel
ing of uneasinosSjlcst the head- should actual
ly fly off from the body. - v :
' And then, when he speaks, which is always
in a low, soft, fr menine voice,, there Is a curl
of the lips and fiendish sort of grin in the fea
tures, discovering, at tho same time, a sett of
long, yellow teeth.
This, reader, is not altogether a carricature.
however much the finer feelings of delicacy
may revolt at the picture. . Iviugsand Emper
ors are not always great in proportions, as they
are great in name and lineage; nor dignified
in appearance and rrauly in bearing, accord
ing to their rank and elevation in; tho world.
The mere circumstances of birth and royalty
have, in all ages, 'filled most of the thrones of
nations; and it has been their misfortune to
fill them, too often, with persons as deficient
in body as they have been in capacity. This
was mournfully the fact about this period in
Rome. The immediate successors of Augus
tus were mere carricatures living only for
their appetites.jand reliuquishing their thrones
for a premature death, brought on by their
own or the vices of their ancestors.
Nor is this all of our Emperor. Ho must
also be viewed in liia private, domestic rela
tions. And here, instead of finding the grateful
son, the affectionate father, and the fond, lov
ing husband, spreading joy and happiness
around him, his character is blackened with
every odious, unnatural crime. Childish pet
ulance, and a low, mean jealosy, have, as al
ready intimated, put his wife and mother to
death ; las fits of furious anger has driven his
children from him ; while his nearest relatives
and most confidential friends approach Lim
Then, this private dsrolopemcnt of charac
ter has taken a wider sweep, and philosophers
and statesmen h'tve alike fallen IiJTore it. , A
.Seneca has been put to death,, and Hcores of
Senators, as. well as many of the Roman no
bility ! ave shared a like fate.
This is tho bloody Nero this poor, diminu
tive creature wh;se inglorious reign so pre
cipita'cd tho declining glories of tho Empire;
and of whom it has been Justly chronicled,
that "every act of his life was an outrageous,
horrid crime;" and who. n.q all history con
cedes, burnt two-thirds of Rome, and .then
blamed it upon the Christians, only that he
might have an opportunity of witnessing fresh
deeds of cruelty, torture, and death;
But who ar j Ihe-se ChiitHins ? this little
group of joyous mourners, n-cw seated'in the
presence of this Moody tyrant, as stated ?
who have unfortunately fallen under his dis
pleasure ; yea whom kings and Emperors, in
later times, have combined to crush.
They were the disciples and followers of one
Jesus of Nazareth. ' f And who is this? , Such
a question, volumes would scarce cuffice to an
swer. It must do, however, to say, that he
was born in Judea, lived a poor man, and died
a martyr's dath.
Ae was a great teacher, however ; and, among
many other marvelous things which he said
and done, he taught a strange and wonderous
He told of another life and world, beyond
the gloomy vale of death, where there ware
no aching heads nor bleeding hearts ; where
there was no sickness, nor sorrow whose
fields were perpetually green, whose flowers
never faded, and whose sun never set iu dark
ness, and where decrepit age was renewed in
to all the unchanging loveliness of youth.
Then, he told of what must be done here, in
order to get there how men must repent and
believe, do good, love mercy, and walk hum
bly with God ; and, if needs be, rejoice ia trib
ulation, suffer the loss of all things, and bravo
death in any, or all of its horrors! :
These things, great multitudes in Rome had
rejoiced to know and believoj and had set them
selves earnestly about the doing of those things
which were required, in order that, at death,
they might go to this strange, happy world.
And they called them Christians, or by way
of reproach Nazarenes.
To be continued.
An Incident. A lady entered a dry goods
store in street, and expressed a desire to
see some wool De Laincs. Tho polite clerk,
with elegant address showed hot a variety of
pieces of fine texture and choice coloring.
After tossing and examining to her "heart's
content,' Bhe observed, y the goods are part
cotton, sir." "My dear madam," returned the
shopman, "these goods are as free from cotton
as your breast is " (the lady 6tarcs) "free
from guile," he added. ' .
C?"A young lady says: "When I go to a
theatre I am very careless of my dress, as the
audianco are too attentive to the play to ob
serve my wardrobe. But when I go to church
I am very particular in my outward appear
ance, as most people go there to see how their
neigbors dress and deport themselves!" A
pretty home-thrust wonder how many that
From the Albany Register.
A "Sight-Eandar" Badly Invested. "' ,; -Thank
you, I don't care if I do," said a fast
young man, with a large pressed brick in his
hat, as he surged up to the Indian thatstands
in front of Van Cott's tobacco store, in Broad
way, with a bunch of cast-iron cigars, in his
hand. 'Til take one, I smoke sometimes,' and
he reached out to take the proffered weed, but
tho Indian wouldn't give it up; he hung on to
the cigars like grim Death. - 'Look here, old
copperhead,' said the fast young man, 'none
of that; no tricks on travelers, or else there'll
be a muss, you and I'll fall out; somebody'll
get a punch in tho head.' Tho Indian said ne
ver a word, but held on to the cast-iron cigars.
He was calm, dignified, unmoved, as an Indian
should be, looking his assailant straight in the
face, and no musclo moving a single hair. Yes!
yes! look at me, old feathcrhead ! I'm one of
'eui;rniaround,I'm full veight,potato measure,
heaped,' and he placed himself in a position,
threw back his coat, and squared for a fight.
All the time tho Indian said never a word,
looked without the least alarm, unwinkingly
straight into the face of' the fast yonng man,
still holding out the cigars in a might friendly
sort of a way. The young man was plucky,
and just in a condition to resent any sort of in
sult or no sort of insult at all. He was ready
to 'go in,' but the calmness and imperturabili
ty of tho Indian rather cowed him, and he was
disposed to reason the matter. 'I'll take one,'
said he, 'certainly. I said so before. , I freeze
to a good cigar; I'm one of the smokers. "My
father was one of the smokers, Ac was ; one of
the old sort, and I'm edition number two, re
vised and corrected with notes, author's hand
writing otrthetitle-page,and copyright secured.
Yes, I'll take one. All right, old redskin.I '11
take one.' But the Indian said not a word, all
the time looking straight in the face of the fast
young man, -and holding on to the cigars.
'Look here," old gimlet-eye, I'm getting riled,
my back's coming up, and you and I'll have a
turn; smell of that, old copperhead ;' and he
thrust hid fist under tho nose of the cast-iron
Indian, who said not a word, moved not amus
cU?, but kept right on looking straight into the
face of the fast young man, as if not caring a
fig for his threats or taking in at all the oder
of his fiat. . 'Very well,' said the fast young
man, 'I'm agreeablc I'm around; look to your
ugly mug, old pumpkin head;' aud he let go a
right-hander square ' against the nose' of the
cast-iron Indian, who never moved an inch nor
stirred a muscle locking with calm unchang
ed dignity, as before, in the face of his enemy.
'Hallo,' cried the fast young man, in utter
bewilderment, as he reeled back half-way
across the sidewalk, with the blood dripping
from his skinned knuckles; 'Hallo! here's a
go here's an eye-opener here's a thjng to
hunt for round a corner. ..I'm satisfied old
irou-face, am. Enough said between gen
tleman.' Just then he caught a sight of the
tomahawk and scalping knife in the belt of
the savage, and his hair began to rise. The
Indian seemed to be making up his mind to
use them. 'Hold on!' cried the fast young
man, as he dodged round tho awning-post;
'Hold on none of that I apologize I squat
I knock under. Hold on, I say,' he contin
ued, as the Indian seemed to scowl with pe
culiar fierceness, 'Hold on! "Very well; I'm
off I've business down the street people are
hum waiting for me can't stay !' and he bol
ted like a quarter horse down Broadway, and
his cry of 'Hold on !' died away as he vanish
ed beyond the lamp-lights up Columbia street.
The Childhood of a Distinguished Han.
Captain Hollins, was celebrated in the fam
ily circle for his pugnacious propensities,when
still quite a youngster. Cups, saucers and plates
disappeared before him like mists before a mor
ning sun, or any other simile you please.
His greatest pleasure was to build a town of
cards, or little blocks, and then throwing up a
cup or bowl with the true parabolic curve, let
it fall smash into the place of attack and
shiver it into ruins. On such occasions he
would cry out: 'That's the way to shell 'cm!'
thus evincing, as did the great Napoleon at the
same age, his predilection for warlike deeds.
When at school, his greatest pleasure was in
placing a chip on his hat and asking any boy
to "Knock it off if you dare !"
If the boy dared, he would instantly demand
an indemnity in the shape of a tart or apple,
failing which, he would immediately proceed
to "give him Greytown," if we may be allow
ed the expression. We need not say that his
career since has justified the early anticipations
of his friends, founded upon such demonstra
tion of the warriors talent A. Y. Picayune.
Knowledge. It was this that raised Frank
lin from the bumble station of a printer's boy
to the first honors of his country: that took
Sherman from the shoe-maker's bench, gave
him a seat in Cougress, and there" made his
voice to be heared among the first of mathe
maticians, and Herschel, from being a poor
fifer's boy, in the army, to a station among
the first astronomers. It is the jtrue Philoso
pher's stone the true alchemy that turns ev
ery thing it touches into gold. It is the scep
tre that gives dominion over nature: the key
that unlocks the store-house of creation, and
open? the treasures of the Universe.
Bleak winter has.aga.in stretched abroad his
snowy mantle, and pinned it with an Icicle.
The trees upon which the Autumn Queen so
lately st her gorgeous seal, are now' sere and
leafless, bowing "their rifted heads before the
cold bleak blasts that whistle fitfully through
their naked branches, moaning a requiem for
their departed granduer. The snow king, from
his lofty throne in the cloudy canopy, scatters
"abroad his fleecy messengers," to be bcrne on
the swift pinions of the gale until the tr jcs and
shrubs, the hills and the meadows shall be cov
ered with an ice-gemued robe of silvery white
ness. But there ia still life in Nature, though
the coLi dark storms and snowy shroud of win
ter 1 have . made her . desolateand apparently
dead. The gentle Spring will revive her ver
dure and deck her with the beauty of buds and
flowers, while the breath of heaven will blow
with paternal softness over the infant year, and
the heart of man will be blessed and strength
ened in the joy fulness of awakened nature.
But the season of clouds and storms, though
all things seem cold and desolate", is not with
out its enjoyments. It is then that tho social
feelings receive a new impulse,' for the very
cold that makes one shiver, gives a kindly thaw
to the finer feelings and susceptibilities of the
heart. There is no other season of the year
when the family circle is so closely united and
so happy. Well might Cowper exclaim '
"I crown the king of intimate delights. . ...
Fire-side enjoyments,- homo-born happireis, ,
. r And all the copjforU that tho lowly roof
Of undistirbed retirement, and the hours
Of long uninterrupted evening, Ihjow."
But to many it is also a season of sorrow,
sadness and distress. 'Tis then that the poverty
stricken children of t&il,experience the want of
many of the comforts and necessaries of life.
If,at this seasonfwe visit the haunts of poverty,
we may behold with the gifted Miss Laxdox,
the scanty moal
With small pe faces round ;
'' No fire upon the coli damp earth '
When snow is on the ground." i
It is the duty of those, who have been gifted
with a "goodly share of this world's goods,''
to alleviate the wants of the poor sons of mis
fortune, and to distribute liberally of their
store to the stricken children of poverty shiv
ering for want of clothes to cover their na
kedness, in cold, .bleak winds of winter.
It is one of the peculiar blessings of. this sea
son of the year, that it affords such excellent
opportunities to those blessed with wealth and
prosperity, to relieve the wants of the suffering
poor. Remember that 'charity ever finds in tha
act its reward,' and let it be said of yours, that
. "For Lis bounty, "
There was uo winter In't ; an autumn 'twas
That grew tho more by reaping." .
Ladies. Faehion. Consumption.
It is a melancholy fact that nearly one-fifth
of the deaths annually reported in our bills of
mortality, are ascribed to diseases of the lungs,
and these we arc told are owing to the vicissi
tudes of our climate, and are beyond remedy.
Now, instead of ascribing these deaths to the
unjustly censured climate of America, we have
no hesitation iu asserting that two thirds cf them
are attributable to "tht 'fashion " Do not start
reader, but stop to examine the subject and you
will undoubtedly come to the same conclusion.
As long as young ladies will walk abroad in
mid wintei, their feet clad only in thin-soled
slippers, and their delicate throats exposed to
the cold inclement atmosphere, so long will
they continue exposed to the horrors of 'vio
lent colds' 'short coughs' bronchitis con
sumption and death! Females are too deli
cately reared. They aro treated like tender
exotics, housed up in summer from the beams
of the sun lest it should temporarily mar their
complexions, and in winter from the cold fresh
air, lest their cheeks should bloom with the
vulgar rose of health! But, it may be asked,
why do so many young men also die from dis
eases of the lungs? We answer, simply be
cause they inherit a predisposition to con
sumptive complaints from the feeble constitu
tion of their mothers! A constrained pos
ture, garments unsuited to the season, and
tight lacing, together with numerous other
eqeally injudicious practices, have ruined the
constitutions of their mothers,, and as a neces
sary consequence, the penalty, or at least a por
tion of it, must be visited upon their children.
' Winter is again here, and we hope that our
fair readers will show by their conduct that
they prefer health to fashion and disease, and
wear shoes that will effectually protect the
feet from the damp and cold.
"Lady wrap thy cloak around,
Palo consumtion's in the sky." , " '
KF"Here is a very beautiful thought of that
strange compouud of Scotch shrewdness strong
common sense, and German mysticism, or un
common sense Thomas Carlyie. "When I
gaze in the stars, they look down upon me
with pity from their serene and silent space,
like eyes glistning with tears over the little
lot of man. Thousands of generations, all as
noisy as our own have beeen swallowed up by
time, and there remains no record of them any
more, yet Arcturus and Orion, Sirius, and the
Pleides are still shining in their courseB, clear
and young, as when the shepherd first noted
them from the plain of Shinar! "What shad
ows we are, and what shadows we pursue !"
- lX7"The Liberty Society is now in full blast.
Onpstion for discussion: If a man buildaacorn
crib, does that give him a right to crib-corn?
' '. ?An Infernal Heiort. "
"nlTsnVal! t6wn TrTotieorthe i lOurvtte of O
hiq, a stranger rode'np to the dooTOf a tavern,
and having dismounted, ordered a stall and
"Oats for'his his horse.' A" crowd or loaiers--that
class of independent citizens who are nevr
er equal to the decent men except on. election
day swarmed about tho bar-room door and
steps, waiting to be invited to the counter.
Among this "crowd the stranger's business
was at once a subject of impertinent specula
tion.' One fellow, more impudent than the
rest, made free to enquire of the traveller
what Occupation he followed; to which the lat
ter replied . that his business was a secret for
the present,, but that he would probably make
it known before leaving the town. -'
. Having spent a day or two looking round,
visiting the places where whisky was sold, and
making various enquiries as to the amount re
tailed, the number of , habitual drunkards in
the place; the number of dogs kept by men,
whose children never went to school or had
enough to eat after, in short, making a com
pdcte moral inventory- of the town, he conclu
dod to leave, and having mounted his horaa
was about to be off, when, his inquisitive friend
urged on by his associates, stepped up and
said : "See here. Captain, you" promised to
tell us your business befor you left, and we'd
like to hear from you on that point." '
'Well,' said the stranger, 'I'm &n Agent for
the Devil-I'm hunting a location for h-ll,and am.
glald I've fohnd a place where it will not tfe
necessary to remove the present inhabitants?
Vermont -A Model State.- - :
Firstly, there is not a public, legalized tip
pling house in the State. Instead of licens
ing men to sell poison to. their fellOwmen, the
saje of rum is made by law what it always is
in fact a crime. .
Secondly, there are neither cities nor sold
iers, nor a fort, in the State, though the citi
zens when called upon, are the. best soldiers
iu the world. Who has not heard of Molly
Stark's men of the Revolution; or the Green
mountain boys 6 later date.
There is not a theatre, circus, epera house,
public museum or any other great show shop
in the State, and whoever heard of a Vermont
mob 1 Without fighting-rum, how could they
have mobs ? There is no record of a Vermont
murder these ten years; and her penetentiary
is a small one. - . .. -
There are no slaves in the State, nor any,
except a few dough-faces who fellowsihp slave
owners. There ! are ' railroads, but no Wall
streets, and no great railroad defaulters.
There are no seaports, no arrivals of emigrant
except the few scattering from Canada, and
hence no monstrous corruptions at the ballot
box. There are no banks that do not pay what
they promise, and no millions spent at the State
Treasury to support an army of idle loafers.
There is in Vermont a nation pf hardy moun
taineers; athletic men and handsome women;
a great community of honest Industrious farm
ers cultivating a fruitful soil, and enjoi ing the
rewards of a peaceful industry. Tribune.
Where do Plauta Come From. -.
Two hundred pounds of earth yere dried in
an oven, . and afterwards put into a large car
then : vessel; the vessel was then moistened
with soft water, and a willow tree, weighing
five pounds, was placed therin. . Duriug the
space of five years, the earth was carefully
watered with rain-water ' or pure water. Tho
willow grew and flourished; and to prevent the
earth being mixed with fresh earth, or. dust
blown intothe pot.twas covered with a metal
plate, perforated with a great number of holes
suitable for free admission of pure air only.
After growing in the earth for five years, tb
willow tree was removed, and found to weigh
one hundred and sixty-nine pounds and about
three ounces. The leaves, which fell from the
tree every autumn were not included in this
weight. The earth was then removed from
the vessel, again dried in the oven, and after
ward weighed. It was discovered to have
lost only two ounces of its original weight.
Thus one hundred and sixty-four pounds of
ligin or woody fibre, bark, etc., were certainly
produced from the air. .
The Body of Madame Eontag.
A little while ago, the Countess Rossi stood'
before the world for their admiration and ap
pjause. and now her decomposed body lies in a
neglected coffin, with none so poor to do it re
verance. After her death, it was resolved it
should be carried to Europe; but poor ila
dame's husb&nd came away and left it to be
sent by any chance conveyance; the woman
was no longer of any use to him. A letter
froin Vera Cruz states that the body was lately
brought to that city from Mexico, by one of
the common carriers of the country, being val
ued on bis iuvtice $200, like any common
package. At Vera Cruz it was at first placed
in the church of St. Augustine; but it was soon
found offensive, and was then taken to a deser
ted church outside the town, to await thero
till some ship captain could be found who would
consent to take it into his vessel for passage
across. But as yet no such roan has been found.
And so the remains oi one so followed and
flattered, still lie ia the old deserted phurch.
If any of her childrea had.' been with her in
this country, such a itoryas this ould not be-toldto-day.
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