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--WHIG STATE NOMINATIONS I
. . " .FOR GOTERXflR.' '" ' '
Hon. Jameg Pollock, oF Northumberland County.
TOE. CAXAL COJIMIS3IOSEE,. : v r .1
s: .Son.. George Darsie, of Allegheny County." '
- -3 3 -FOB SUPREME-JITX5E, C ; : :
; ,'Eoa. Daniel M. Smyser, of AdaniY County .
- 7 LE A RFIELD' p A
iWednesday, July 26, 18-E4.
X' WANTED IMMEDIATELY,
'A journeyman printer; Liberal wages will be
given. ? -"-' " - :' "'5
.- CF" Our columns are too much crowded, this
wepk to publish the address of the Whig State
.Central Committee, although it is neither as
long or as windy as that of our opponents. Wc
-will give it in. our next.. , . . .
I DThere will he ho paper issued from this
office next week, a3 our cases, type,'&c all
have to be moved, to make room for the plas
terers. Hereafter our subscribers shall be
served "as regular as clock work." So far
our irregularity has been entirely unavoida
ble, but it will cease after next week. Sub
scribers will of course, receive fifty two pa
pers, whether we lose time or not.
Judge Pollock a " Know Nothing."
Judge Pollock has joined the Know Nothings.
Dare the whigs deny the assertion. Deia.
'. Yes, we deny it,and demand the proof. Were
it even true that Judge Pollock had become
"a laemberof such an organization, would be
impossible, 1Unless the whole affair is greatly
.misrepresented; for the editor of the Union to
know it, unless he is a member of the order.
Wc do not believe, nay, we feel confident that
J udge Pollock, has never connected himself
with any such association, and no one ac
quainted with the man, and with his political
history, could suppose so for a moment. It
Is not necessary for him to link himself with
any faction or clique to obtain the votes of all
true hearted Americans. lie has never yet
b; any act of his life, political or otherwise,
proved recreant to the Stars and Stripes of his
'native soil, nor is it necessary at this late day
that he should take an oath, to convince his
fellow countrymen that he is truly an Ameri
cas Citizen. His principles are too well
known to need such corroboration. One of
his ablest speeches when in Congress was-in
favor of an extention of our present naturali
zation law, and he is now the candidate of the
only great American party of the country.
' The same party, that fought its battles, fram
ed its constitution, and directed it in the on
ward march to prosperity and greatness.
The Locofoco Address.
The address, No. 1, of the Locofoco State
Central Committee, on "the Whig party and
its allies," has come forth, and whatever else
may be said of the 'animal' it is at least long
enough. It occupies about four newspaper
columns, and if those that are to come after
it, are equally lengthy, the members of that
party may at once 'lay down the shovel and
the hoe, hang up the fiddle and the bow," and
"take to reading during the balance of the
Wc do not design noticing at length, this
windy production, but refer our readers to the
able article on the subject, in another eclumn,
from the Fhila. Register, which embodies our
sentiments, and answers what little is in it to
answer, in the fullest and.most comprehensive
We have, however, a few remarks to make,
in regard to the charge that the Whigs "and
their allies the 'Know Nothings' " have "es
poused the doctrine of proscription against
all citizens not native born, of whatever reli
gions faith." Now, not 'knowing' any thing
about the 'Know-Nothings,' we shall say 'noth
ing' as far as they are concerned, but for our
selves we desire to say that we 'proscribe' nei-
. ther naturalized or unnaturalized foreigners.
We do not for one moment deny that, under
. our . laws, Catholics and foreigners, are el
igible to office if Ihey can. get it, but we simply
say that all persons hfve the right to ex-
. crcisc their own discretion about voting for
theia, and that if we see proper to vote against
: them, for the reason that they are of a differ
ent religious creed, or fof any other cause
whatever, it is not "proscription," but the
simple exercise of our constitutional rights.
- If a man's right to. worship God according to
the dictates of his own conscience, depended
on bis right to hold office, then such a course
, might be interfering with the religious liberty
.of adopted citizens, and might be "proscrip
. lion" in its very worst form.
If any party is "proscriptive," it is the Lo
cofocos. They are worse than either Natives
or "Know-Nothings." They will vote for no
- man who does not entertain certain views. It
weuld seem to us, that Whigs, Natives and
- Abolitionists, are just as eligible to office as
- Catholics and foreigners, and yet, if the Lo
cofocos had their way, they would never be
permitted to hold office." nerc then, i&"pro-
" ecription," equally as bad as can be charged
on either the -Whigs -or "Know-Nothings:"
1 We think 'these Democrats, -had better first
"pluck the beam from their owneyeand then
Bonban, Bigler & Co., cau direct their-atten-fion.tothe
mte in their brother's pvp." .
' ' " .The Temperauce Qu'eatibn.' .
.We LaA e heretofore refrained from saying
anything upon the position of the Whig and
Democratic "candidates, on the Temperance
issue', having published both their letters, and
deemed them sufficiently plain to be -.understood
by all who' might peruse them.VBu't
since it has been attempted to distort and mis
represent thejentitnents of our candidate up
on this important question, we deem it our
duty to say a word in reply. It is alledged
that Col. Pollock "assumes the" constitution
ality of the law to be settled, and waives the
right to judge thereof himself." Now if any
such infereneecan be drawn from Mr Pol
lock's letter, we uiust confess our inability to
understand the English language. The -constitutionality
of a Prohibatory law, has been
"settled,' not only , by several yf our sister
Statesbut by the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted. States', and .with these decisions of the
highest authority of ;t he. land. Judge Pollock
says, he concurs. And further . that every
measure of moral or political reform, sanction
ed by the representatives of the people, within
the limits of the Constitution, should receive my
olficialsanction.'.' . And again, "the expedien
cy and propriety of such laws are for J he peo
ple, through their representatives; their will
'constitutionally declared should be respected by
the Executive.'? Does this look like "waiv
ing the right" to judge of the constitutionali
ty, of a law ? It must be plain, that if the
Legislature should pass an "unconstitutional"
law, fit would not be respected by the Execu
tive." He says further, that "if the people
demand, and their, representatives enact such
a law, their will should not be resisted by the
exercise of the veto power."
. Such is Judge Pollock's position. He re
serves the right, expressly, to veto any law,
whether a Prohibatory Liquor law or not, that
may be unconstitutional, holding the old and
well established Whig doctrine, that when the
people demand a law, and the Legislature, in
pursuance of their demand, enact it in a con
stitutional form, it should not be trampled un
der foot by the Executive.
On the other hand, it is impossible to tell
what, is the position of the candidate of the
Democratic party. Upon this question as up
on all others, that form the issues of this cam
paign, he is characteristically non-committal.
He says he is willing to sanction 'any proper
measure." We suppose that, as he now holds
the bill passed during last session to prevent the
license of Lager Beer , shops, in his pocket.
he does not consider it a "proper measure."
Can such a course meet the approbation, either
of the friends of a Prohibatory Law, or its
opponants ? Can the temperance men, who
have been so long battling to restrain the dark
tide of infamy rolling over our land, place the
fate of their glorious cause in the keeping of
such an Executive ? Will they not rather ral
ly around that candidate who, seeking to dodge
no responsibility, frankly and fearlessly meets
the issue, and enrolls himself on the side of
humanity and of virtue ?
Religion and Politics.
"The Democracy discard the tests of birth
and religion in choosing among American cit
izens to till civil stations. Thev are content
to take the Constitution as a guide ; and hon
esty and capacity in the citizen, as a rule."
The Locofoco papers throughout the coun
try, such as the one from which the above ex
tract is made, have suddenly become alarmed
at the mingling of Religion with Politics, and
are filled with long articles belaboring the
Whigs, Americans, and "Know Nothings,"
for connecting the sacred with the secular.
They would fain make us believe, notwith
standing all their former acts to the contrary.
that they "do not regard tests of birth and rcli-
ion" in the selection of men for office, but
that "honesty and capacity" is their only
"rule." But alas! "history stands in their
way." They forget that in 1844, the candi
dates of the Whig party were defeated, be
cause the Hon. Theodore Frkli.vgiiiysex,
was President of the American Bible Society.
That ior that reason, and no other, the whole
Raman Catholic vote was cast against the Whig
ticket, and that some of the Locofoco Catholic
papers actually made it an issue in' the" cam
paign. And yet thit consistent party do not
regard "tests of Religion iuchoosing among
American citizens to fill civil stations!"
From that day to the present, have the Dem
ocrats and Roman Catnolics (not the American
Catholics) been allied, forming a sort of politic-religious
oligarchy, which, if successful
in its designs would subvert the republican
institutions of our country, by connecting
church and State, and making us subservient
to aforeign religious power' Against this oli
garehy.under all its insideous forms, the Whig
party has been, and still is, doing battle, pro
scribing none on account of "birth or sect,"
but proclaiming the principles of religious
liberty ,the rights of conscience, and universal
freedom. We war against no religion, but we
are firmly and steadfastly opposed to any
church a a political institution. It was the
policy of our Whig fathers of the Revolution,
and it is our policy as their legitimate descend
ents, to allow no church, nnd no religion to
interfere with the institutions of our govern
ment. We do not intend, like, pur Locofoco
antagonists, to barter away, for the spoils of
office, our sacred rights as American citizens,
to foreigners,either as a church or as individ
uals. We are Americans, guarding the rich
inheritance purchased by the blood of. our
Whig ancesters, and so long as we can catch
one ray of light from the Star Spangled Ban
ner,which they planted over the bulwork of the
Constitution, so long will we fight against all
enemies who seek to subvert that Constitution,
and trample upon that Banner, whether they
be Foreigners,or Natives,Locofocos or Tories.
K?"Bigler ia reported to havo applied in
Philadelphia .recently, for admission to the
order of "Know Nothings," and that they . re
jected him on the ground that he knows less
now than most of the "Order," and that con
sequently, the addmission would be superflu
ous. IJrointxvi.ll? Ch'prr. .
, Catholic Native Americanism.
O.'A. Brownsox, the editor of the Catho
lic Review in Boston, known to nearly all our
readers by , reputation, has recently come out
boldly in defence of the doctrines sustained
by the Native "Americans, except their hostH
ity to the Catholic church. His positions are
also endorsed by the Boston Pilot, one of the
first Catholic Journals in the country. The
fact is disclosed that the real Catholic church
wishes to cut itself loose from all Irish, Ger
man, and Italian radicals. -
We allude to the subject, at present, merely
to give our readers ..some idea, of Brownsoii's
article, which is too lengthy.to publish entire
His views are summed up, by the Newark Mer
cury, as follows : .
.- 1. .Native Americanism 13 in itself but the
expressing of that spirit of nationality essen
tial to'every government.- - --'-
2-: The exclusion of all foreigners from the
right of uln age would be desirable, . .
3. Native Americanism, as it exists in a nar-
4 C -.. Al- . " ,.
l luiiii in mis country, is orrjecuoname, id
ealise it aims its opposition at only Catholic
foreigners.. ; :; , ,-. .;.;... .. ;
4. Foreigners in this country are too offi
cious, intermeddling, riotous, and factious.
They generally follow men and not principles.
' 5. This country is essentially Anglo-Saxon,
and foreigners must have notice of the fact
forthwith. ........ v
6. The Catholic Church and Catholic Press
is the true conservative element in this coun
try, and the opposition waared against it has
been in consequence of the disreputable con
duct 01 so many ol its foreigners.
. . It is one of the most able and well written
articles that has ever appeared in his widely
known Review, and teaches that foreigners
ought to assimilate themselves to us, and that
the predominant nationality of a country will
brook no serious opposition in its own home.
That the country is not bound either injustice
or charity, to yield up its nationality to them,
or to suffer the stream of its national life to be
directed from its original course, to accommo
date their manners, tastes, or prejudices. That
the nation will never be pleased to find them
forgetting that they arc its guests, by assum
ing the airs of natural born citizens, and ta
king the management of its affairs upon them
selves, or even by volunteering their advice.
That the nation has the natural right to pre
serve itself, and therefore to guard against any
influx of foreigners, which in its judgment is
incompatible with the maintenance of its iden
tity. lie concludes by defending the Catholic
church, as not included in the causes that have
produced the American feeling. Wc must not
forget that it is a Catholic article, written
doubtless in view of the fact, that the German
element, so antagonistic to their church, is
increasing in power every daj-, that soon
they must look for aid, and that the only
place they can obtain it is in the conservative
American element of the country. It is the
fear of anti-catholic foreigners that induces
them, so suddenly, to take this high ground
in favor of Americanism, yet it is a fact, that
cannot be disputed, that theprotesfant portion,
especially of the Irish emigration, is the most
enlightened, the best educated, and the least
bigoted, and consequently we have less to ap
prehend from them than from a certain class
of Catholic foreigners, by which our country
has been inundated. While we desire to per
secute no sect, and no people, either on ac
count of their religion or their place of birth,
wc yet most heartily endorse the sentiment,
that "Americans should rule America," pla
cing all foreigners, Catholics and Protestants
on the same footing. We believe that for our
American institutions we are "indebted to the
habits and customs of the American mind,"
and that by that mind alone, our nationality
can be preserved.
Our Eailroai, Aain.
If ever our citizens desire to see a railroad
constructed through our county, now is the
time for them to be up and doing. Let the
claims of this route be properly presented to
the capitalists of the East, and let our own
people , who possess the ability, demonstrate
their confidence in the enterprise by subscrib
ing largely to the stock, and wc may rest as
sured that ere long the project will be emi
nently successful... The recent 'blow up' of
the Sunbury and Erie road, which seems at
present, to be a hopeless enterprise, and the
consequent withdrawal by Philadelphia of the
two million subscription, if properly taken
advantage of, will secure the completion of
our road. Now is the time to demonstrate to
Philadelphia the fact, that the route by way
of Emigh's Gap, is not only practicable, but
the shortest, and easiest of construction. That
it will connect the metropolis of our State
with the trade of the great Lakes, by a road
some fifty or sixty miles shorter than even the
Sunbury and Eric road. That as a lateral
branch of the Pennsylvania Road, it will
throw a large portion of the Lake trade and
travel, on our public works, and on the Cen
tral Road, which is -almost wholly owned by
Philadelphians. That it passes through a re
gion of country unsurpassed for its vast min
eral resources, and through the only great
pine lumber region' of Pennsylvania, and that
consequently as a local road alone, the stock
must be a profitable investment.
It is useless to attempt to impress upon the
minds of our people, the advantages that must
result from the construction of this road, to
our own county. They are obvious to every
one who will give the" "subject a moment's reflection.-
Then why not act at once,' and take
advantage of the favorable circumstances, that
seem to place themselves within your very
grasp ? We should arouse, and go to work
manfully, determined that the enterprise shall
succeed ; and if we do so, we may rest assured,
that but a short time will elapse ere the steam
horse will be rushing through the valleys and
over the hills of Clearfield. -
DWe regret that we -are compelled to cut
short the excellent letter of our Philadelphia
correspondent this week. ; It arrived too late
for publication entire, and we have been com-,
polled in some measure to mutilate it. .
. '-'f THE HEWS.?: - -:-;Vv
On the 19th- .inst an affray occured between
Meagher, the Irish. Patriot, as he is icalled?'
and McMaster;' the-; editor; of . the Freeman's
Journal, the Catholic organj in New ''York
the affair arose; from Meagher seeking satisfac
tion for a series of rather rough articles , pub-
lished about him in the Journal. The facts
are as follows : While Mr. McMaster was in
his office examining his private correspon
dence, his clerk entered aud informed him
that two gentlemen were outside wishing to
see him. He sent word that he was engaged,
and could not be seen till 12 o'clock, noon.
Before this hour arrived he learned his visi
tors were. Mr. Meagher stated he could not call
at 12o'clock, but he would see him elsewhere.
Mr. McMaster anticipating an assault, pre.
ared himself with a heavily loaded walking
cane and a six shooter. In the afternoon,
about haif-past 4 o'clock while Mr. McMaster
was crossing the first avenue, in Sixth street,
he encountered Mr. Meagher, who as Mr. Mc
Master states, seized iim with one arm around
the waist, confining his arms, and with the
other hand Mr. Meagher struck Mr. McMaster
over the head several blows, with a small
riding whip, which he was carrying. Mr. Mc
Master says he was walking at the time of the
assault with his cane under his right arm, and
his left hand in his pocket, not expecting: any
molestation. As soon as he could release his
arm he raised his cane to strike his assailent,
when it was immediately wrenched from him
by cither Meager or some one of his party of
three or four friends, he cannot say which.
Mr. McMaster then pushed Meagher from him,
and ran a distance of about ten paces, drew his
revolver, and directed it at 'the breast of his
opponent. Notwithstanding this, Mr. Meagher
closed in with him the second time, and, as
soon as he was seized, he, McMaster, fired his
pistol, the ball passiug over Mr. Meagher's left
shoulder, and doing no injury to either party.
Mr. McMaster was then knocked down' when
the police came up, and both parties were car
ried off to the Essex Market Station house.
The facts of the case as above set forth,
were given before Justice Wood, but as Mr.
McMaster refused to make any complaints,
both the assailant and the assailed wer held to
bail to keep the peace in future. Thus the af
fair stands at present, both parties at liberty.
Our latest foreign news are that Napier's
fleet was lying before Constadt, no attack had
been made. The English frigate Desperate
fired a few shots which were returned by the
Romarsunt was a second time bombarded on
the 2Cth and 27th of June, ami the fortification
On the 21th June, eight Russian steamers
came out of Sebastopol, and attacked three of
the allied shi7s at the batteries. The allied
ships engaged were the Furious and Terrible.
There seenis to have been a running fight,
and considerable damage was done.
The main body of the allied fleet was at
Baldjik. Some English boats were taking
the soundings at noon.
On the Danube, on the 21st and 22d, an im
portant battle was fought. The Turks, under
Girolte Meker Pasha, fell on the Russian
rearguard of 25,0(M) men, near Silistria, on
the 21st. The battle lasted two days. The
Russians lost 2oOU killed, but made good their
TheRuRsianscontinue to concentrate towards
Sereth and pruth. They apparently mean to
return to Matschin, Itstchku, and Tultscka, on
the right of tho Danube.
The plans of the campaign movements of the
allied army are kept profoundly secret.
Horo Trouble for lijler.
A mass meeting of the Old Line Democrats
was held at the Court House in Wcllsborough,
Tioga County, on the Gth instant. David Wil
mot addressed the meeting at length, and it
was resolved, "that vigorous efforts should be
made to defeat at the ballot box, all candidates
for office, whether County, State or National,
who are known to favor the repeal of the Mis
The following was also adopted :
Jlfsolced. That the President and Secretaries
of this meeting be appointed a committee to
address such of the candidates on the demo
cratic State ticket as have not publicly expres
sed their views upon this subject, requesting
their opinions upon the question involved in
the Nebraska and Kansas bill fully and expli
citly, and that we will not support any candi
date whose answer is not in accordance with
the views here expressed, and who will not
pledge himself to use his utmost influence to
effect a re-enactment of the Missouri- Compro
mise. - '
:'Iae Norfolk Election.
The recent election in Norfolk, Virginia,
which resulted in the election of the "Know
Nothing" ticket,' -was entirely independent of
party politics, the "Know Nothings" being
bitterly opposed and denounced by the presses
of both tha old parties. Commenting on the
results the Herald says:
It is evident that this mysterious organiza
tion, so potent for good or evil, is totally un
connected with party politics; and that it is as
liable to be affected, by appeals Ut the party
prejudices of its members as the rock of Gib
raltar to be blown into the sea by a puff of
wind. The batteries of four journals, three
democratic and one independent, in this vicin
ity, were opened upon it, and poured in an in
cessant storm of denunciation, day after day,
for weeks; but it only added fuel to the flame'
which was sweeping all before it; or rather, it
only drew closer the bands of this mvsterious
uuion which mocked and defied their efforts
SiGN-iFiCEXT. The strong Democrrtic coun
ties are disposed to give Bigler the go-by. In
Berks, the Governor is in such bad odour that
to be known as . one of his peculiar friends, is
a position by uo means enviable. In West
moreland, William A Cook,. memlxT of the
last Legislature, who openly opposed the Gov
ernor's policy, has just been re-nominated,
and what seemes most significant is the fact
that at the primary election, he ran the highest
vote of any man offering for the "same station,
leading Ins two colleagues who were nomina
ted with him. TOO, votes 77. &$. Journal.-- -
wTost.iii d erBwd the 4iman with the white hat'."'
.Over harvest. An average crop nothing, to
bean of. : ! - "ZX ., , I'-.
JTp in thf fgnres the "j. erth6natrf''- on Wed
nesday. Only 102 deg. v
- Ahead, decidedly . We have a man iu town too
lazy to sicca t.
Left for the Spnn if the man so fond of "taking
Dangerous Institutions kicking Jacks, gun
powder, and pretty calico.
- New dodge In Providence the dealers soil li
quor in milk cans.
- Catholic Nunneries. There are three hundred
in the United States.
Scarce items, and journeymen printers. The
latter have all dwindled into devils
Looked Suspicions that wagon- load, of fisher
men that passed through town a day a two since.
OTThey are complaining of cold weather at
the White Mountains. Sorry the AHeghanies
havernt got what they can spare.
. Rich the quarrell between the Stage Line and
the Turnpike. Company. "A fair fight, and no
New idea. A -Native' of our acquaintance says
he dont wear suspenders because he wont carry a
cross on this back ! He's a round one.
Got a Bani- Curwensville, without getting a
charter. '-We'll bet our money on" Pattou
& M'Bride. (Dont over-issue Gen.)
Flourishing the '-Good Intent at Curwens
ville. We hope the proprietor will not neglect to
send n., weekly, a copy of that diary.
Improvements. We are glad to see our borough
officers giving some attention to the drains, gutters,
streets, &c. No one will dery that they need it.
Awful writing editorials, with the thermome
ter about 100, beside a locked up ice house. Oh
for sugar, lemons, and a pick-lock ! .
"Endorsing.''' A. gentleman is always satisfied
with an explanation ; it is to be regretted that
some editors cannot be placed in that same catego
T. Partizan Coi'rtesy. The Washington Union
spcaks4f the Connecticut Legislature as "a gang,"'
and of the '-Gipsy crew'' in the Legislature of New
L"j"?r"'A fire at Massilon, Ohio, destroyed theMa&,i
lon House, nnd a number of other buildings. Loss
about ?25.000, fully covered by insurance. A man
has been arrested on suspicion of incendiarism.
Ilioi in EuEalo on the 18th, in consequence of
an excitement raised by a street preacher. Five
Irishmen were arrested and fined S25 each, and
several more had their heads broken
Hot that lemonade with tho 'pepper-pot fly' in
it. Try it over friend , better luck next
time. -0, by my sowl but it burnt." And faith
lH"nt the tears come?
'OrfnV had some of our sidewalks. The Coun
cil should give them their immediate attention.
It is only a few days since a lady got a serious fall
by being tripped up with the loose end of a plank.
Com at last that freshet looked for so anxi
ously by some of our Curwensville friends. We're
about again all right ' have'nt drawn a bow."
Only had our "growscr"' down a short time, pre
paring to kill '-shad flics."'
Pleasant to go out whortlcbcrrying, and alt
cooped up in the 'wehicles,' protecting the 'vimin
folks' from a thunder storm. Sugar candy and
molasses ! but wculd'nt wc like to have been in
S frit el- hy lightning The house of Mr. Rider,
in Covington township. The lightning passed down
the chimney, stunning Mrs. Rider, but doing no
serious injury. Tho tin-ware, was . marked as
though ithad been hit with buck-shot.
tW Mr. Richardson of Illinois, is gloomy and
dispirited by the strong manifestations made
against him in his district. Illinois will probably
be represented in the rest Congress by a majority
of Whigs, for the first time in her history.
Another change our gallant and chivalric friend
tho "corporal." has resigned the "pride, pomp c.,
of war," for the quiet groves of the Sacred Nine.
He has turned poet ! In tho classic languago of
the ChFuklecamoose Hangers, corporal, 'hi 'er
IT"? Copper bolts, breastplates and so fourth are
used in New Orleans as preventative against chole
ra. A French physician asserts, from experience,
that dealers in copper, nnd indeed all who handle
and work in metalic substances,always escape ehol
era during the visitations of that disease.
The. great question. Have we any '-Know Noth
ings" among us? We are inclined to think, with
a friend, that there are a good many who "dont
know much, but as for the mysterious organiza
tion of that name, wc guess its still on the other
side of the mountain.
Crows ire! the Sheriff's Shanghai. So says a
young legal friend of our?, who has recently been
disturbed in hi-slumbers. There rcems to be a
dispute, though, whether the "bird" is a Shanghai,
a Poll Parrot, or a '-California Jaei.'l It ha a
.very queer -cro ?r," that's certain. . . ? ,
Complimentary. To stigmatize a portion of
American citizens as "a secret band of sworn con
spirators," holding principles "conceived in dark
ness, nursed in secrecy and odious in the sight of a
"liberal people." A band of l itijuteh; ire" Yet
such is the language of tho great Democratic anti
A discourse, on the death of Maj. Tuos. II.
FrxTox, was delivered by the Rev. Mr. CoorEn,
iu tho Presbyterian church of this place, on last
Sabbath, to one of the largest congregations we
overseen assembled in Clearfield. The sermon
was able, instructive, and appropriate, and was
listened to with the most marked attention by all
Our Railroad. learn that the commission
ers of this place, have iuado a sort of temporary
organization, by electing Hon. R. SnAW, Trcsidcnt.
A contract has been concluded with Mr. Jobs
Montgomery, a competent practical Engineer, to
make the preliminary surveys, who has already
organized his corps on the mountain and commen
ced operations. This looks like a determination
that the work shall be carried through. The books
aro now open to receive subscriptions.
Right. A petition signed by a large number of
our citiiens. has been presented to the borough
Council", asking to have the Swamp, at the foot of
the hill back of town, drained and cleaned out.
This is right and tho council should give it their
immediate attention. However safe we may con
j&idcr ourselves from epidemics, locked up. as wo
are, among the mountains, wo aro not safe from
sporailic 'cholera produced from tho deadly miasm
arising from just "such swamps. '' It has been con
demned by both our physician, and tho Council
?h.nM atTnd to it immedifttlr
' PHILADELPHIA COEKESPOITDEirCE.
-; PnitADELPniA, July 22, 1854.
Dear Journal .-Your paper is read by many
of out citizens, who inquire "who is Sheboy
gan ?? but the answer is "dont know."
-.. If ever we felt the force of the poet's ex
"6 for a lodge in somo vast wilderness,
Some boundless contiguity of shade.''1
it has been within the past week. The weath
er has been excrutiatingly hot; the thermome
ter having ranged from 98 to 102 deg. at Mc
Alisters, Chesnut Street. On Thursday and
Friday4 the heat was almost insupportable and
sleep was utterly impossible at night. Sever
al persons were affected by "coupes dc soliel,"
and in two or three cases, death ensued. Yet
notwithstanding, the general health of the ci
ty has been good. Thi3 week the number of
deaths was 453, being an increase over last
week 40 among these 24 were children and
infants, 12 from general debility and weak
ness. The cholera cases were 59. Much
of the sickness and mortality comes from ex
cessive eating and drinking, and it is wonder
ful, when we reflect what quantities of indi
gestable and almost poisonous stuff are cram
med into the human stomach, during the sum
mer months that more are not killed. Oar
Board of Health have taken unusual measures
to remove all causes of public nuisances which
are brought to their notice. The number of
cholera cases reported to them are few, and
in order that all cases shall be brought to their
ntice, they have directed suits to be brought
against such physicians who shall not comply
with the provisions of Act of Assembly of 1818,
called the Health Law. It is amusing, some
times, to notice the fear and ignorance that
pervades the lower classes, particularly our
"better citizens" on this subject. One in
stance, will suffice. A rough Irish woman
whose appearance and brogue indicated that
she had not long "come over," rushed up to
the office, and cried "whore's the docthor
the docthor, my girl is dying wid the chol
cror. Ooh! she has sich paius." Upon the
return of the medical attcudent, it was found
that a fine large Pathrick had made his debut
in the world, whose appearance would justify
the belief hat he might have caused"a fewfjf
the "panes." In truth, such cases of alarm arc
frequent, when in fact no symptoms of cholera
Mayor Coxead's salary was fixed at $G000
per annum, rather a large sum, considering
that the salary of the late Mayor was but $30tK
and under the new reg ime, he is but an Ex
ecutive officer, and his duties, instead of being
increased are not any more or greater than
formerly. The principal part of the criminal
business is transferred to the Police Magis
The ruins caused by the laie fire, mentioned
in my last, arc being rapidly removed, to give
room for more and greater iniprovemnts.
Kumor says that General Welch is about con
tracting for the building of a new Circus even
more commodious and magnificent than that
destroyed. What will be done with the ruins
of the Chinese Mnsonm, remains to be seen.
Mr. Parker the owner not having determined.
I see that our friend Uouebt Tvlek, Esq., is
out in a long letter to the "Evening Ararus.-' of
Monday last, on the subject of "Know Nothing-
ism ." He is a prettv fair writer, but evident
ly knows nothing about the subject under con
sideration. He has been one of the leaders of
the Irish wing of the "unterrified," and is ev
idently looking forward fo a position more
conspicuous than Prothonotary of the Supreme
Court. The unfortunate position of the "hand
some Colonel of the 1st I)istrict,on the Nebras
ka question, undoubtedly lays him on the
shelf; and Robert evidently aspires to bis
piaco. But the fates are against him, and
those who live till March, 1855. will see a del
egation from Philadelphia, in the next Con
gress, who arc pledged to the extension of ths
Naturalization Laws, and to the doctrine that
none but those "to the manor born" shall hold
any ollice of trust, honor or profit in the gift of
the American people. '-Old Hunkers and old
Fogies" mav rail and sneer as much as they
please, but Belshazzer-like, "they see the
handwriting 011 the wall,-' and stand, "with
fear and trembling," tho' like school boys in
the dark, they may whistle to Trightcn away .
Tho True Aa3wsr.
The true answer to the question, "why. is
the State debt not paid ?" may be found iu the
following simple statement. Wc will contract
the receipts and expenditures of the yearl85,'.
during Governor Johnstan's Administration',
with those of the year 1853, daring Governor
Bigler 's. . We copy from the reports of the
Auditor General for those years, who were of
course sworn officers' and both Democrats :
Total receipts from all sources
duriugthe year lboU, of Gov.
Expenditures during the same
Total receipts from all sources
during the year IHoO, 01 : .
Gov4 Bigler's administration $9,486,770 OS
Expenditures during the same . .
rear' $10,141,903 72
it will thus be seen that Governor Bigler,
during the last year received five millions,
FORTr EIGHT THOUSAXH, SIX BpSDHEBAXD THIRTY-EIGHT
lOI,LAR3AXD FIFTY-SEVEN CENTS, mort
than Governor Johnston, in 1850. This being
more than iouble the whole amount of re
ceipts during that year of Johnston's adminis
tration. And yet it appears that he (Bigler)
has expended this whole sum, and sevex hun
dred AND FIFTT-EIC.nT THOVSAKD DOLLARS addi
tional, over and above his receipts; or fivf
3ULLIOX9, FIVE HUNDRED AXD SEVENTY-FIT
THOUSAND, NINE HUNDRED AND NINE. POLL A
and SEVESTT-xixE CENTS more than Governor
Johnston!! Westmoreland Inielligencer. -
Fatal Railroad Accident. The lightning
train going wost on the Michigan Ccn.teral rail
road, when three miles from Wa3"ne, on Wed
nesday last, 'ran into a carage" contain ini" a
wealthy farmer, his wife and child, killing
thorn all instantly. The train was thrown ofi
the track, and the locomotive, and several cars
were broken. No one on the train was killed,
but the engineer, fireman," and ten or twelvo
passengers, were more or les injured. i - -