American patriot. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1814-1817, November 02, 1816, Image 1

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| cowected with that of Catharine seemed
© to portzke with her the throne on which
| *3n all the ‘vigoun-of age.
ysence of Oilow Glled the intervals between
self thus master of the field of battle, which
+ charmed Catharine.
ee to
ppc a——— Tri
\ Fo el
FROM THE NATIONAL x : 2 Son ype gp a 8 Pe HT HANS !
i nde TA Deveson as BEY glory. These two jrreat
Tet » pRaracterd sermed to have been created for
FOREIGN BIOGRAPHY PAaractert emadito have been crbated. jor
: one another : they loved and ga
¥send you some sketches of the fa Rach othar when they ceased to be amor:
vontites of Catharine the 2d, vanslatediyy,: ond politcs and ambition chained them
fon a French work intitled “Memoir. geether when love ceased to operate,
Senrets sar La Russie,” They will MOLL; created, or destroyed, or embroiled
doit, be interosting'to the reader, as ¢V-devery thing; but he vivified all. When
; ery thing must be so, connected with thal ahsent, they spoke not but of him ; when
cxiraordinary woman, who wielded with sO hresent it was him alone whem the saw.
muh skill the destinics of so vast anf The oreat who hated him, and who énjoy-
empire, 2d some ' character while he was
1. SERGEUS SOLTYRKOW, with the army, seemed at his appearance
Was the frst lover of Catharine. Iii sink imo the carth, and to be anninil
#5 said alsothat he had her first ‘Tavoursifated before him. The princede Ligine,
hile Grand Dachess because Peter the 3d who wrote him seme flatieries, said, that
Jibriived under a physical’ inability. Hef! Te Wore SOME gizantic,. some romantic,
wus considered in Russsia 23 the true fach- ‘nd some barbarous bois in his charac.
wy of Paul. Soltykow became indiscree!, ter: andat was true. His death created
mind was banished the court by Biigabeth Al immense void in the empire yand this
Fo Fed in exile. : oath yas as i pd as i life.
ho dd 3 Sa J 2 11e had passed almost a year in retcrs-
3 STANISLAUS PONIATOWSKY, ug tenrocing RAE tp to all sorts
Bon caused he first to be forgotten Job pleasure and debautheties, forgetting
IRE meaudtulgailant, and spuited Hudhis. ilo and displays A his siches a
' his credit with an insulting fastidhousness,
tH: received the grandees of the empire
as his valset, and scarcely deigted to per-
clive tbe drele Poul, and passed sometimes
n:o the appartments of Cathatine with
naked legs, dishevelled hair, and in a Yobe
de chamber. The oid Repun proffited
by his absence from the army, to beat
he Turks and compe! them to sue for
peace ; and perform move in two months
than Potemkin had done in three years.
He who wished still to drag on the war,
awoke at this news, and departed: but he car
ried death in bis blood. He arrived at Jas-
sy, which bad been a long time his head
quarters, or rather his capital and his court;
he is gloomy, melancholy, devoured by in-
vietude, and impatient of his malady.
i endavoured to contend with it; and to
nade him happy. Petre seldom troubled
them, tho” he was a Little jealous, and he
prefered his pipe, his bottle, his soldiers,
and his mistress to his amiable wife, Cath-
-arine, wien she became Empress, male
him king of Poland. Hi disastrous reign
(Proved ihal when love gives a Crown itis
_&s blind as fayour in distributing credit anc
employments, Stanislaus was the most
amiable of men, and most indifferent of
+ Rings. ite had ay Jeast when the tron-
pics commenced in Poland, abdicajcda
throne which be .dishonoured, he would
have oxcited some interest ; bug he pro-
rQuced only contempt. Of all the favorites
of Cathasine, Stanislaus was the only one
she seemed desivous to hummliate, after
Faisteg She was indulgent io love, but
implacable in politics; because pride was conquer it by temperament of iron. He
her ruling passion=~and love was always laughed at his physicians, & norished him-
gaastered by the empress sclf with salt meat and raw turnips: His
5 GREGORY GRLOW, jisaascs triugphing, he wished to be
pl Be Ty d — il transtorted “10. Dischakow, hig dear con-
_ Vigoss favour Was SQ long anc 80 BIIi-}quest ; but scarcely had he proceeded many
lian®and whose history is so essentially versts, when the air of his carriage seemed
to suffocate him. They spread his mantle
“ie bad placed her. He united all the posw-
‘ersand ull the honotirs which were alter-
wards seen to decorate Poremkin 2nd sur-
‘ehares Zoubow. Although he was young
and robust his brother Alexis, of an Her-
veulenn sirenpth and the form of Gohah,
associated with high in his “peculiar fone-
tions, near the insatiable Calbarine, then
She had by
Gregory an ayowed son whose name was
Dasicle Gregorewitach Bobrinsky, whom
she catised to be elevated to the corps
of sddets, and of whom admiral Ribas
and expired in the arms of his niece,
Brauitska, who accompanied hima. Catha-
rine, upon the news of his death fainted
three times; she could not be bled, and they
supposed her dying; she displayed nearly
the same grict upon the death of Lanskoi.
But it was not merely a lover she lost; it
was a friend whose genius was indentified
in hers ; whom she regarded as the pillar
of her throne and the executor of her vast
designs. Catharine seated upun a usurped
throne, hated by her son, was a woman,
and timed; she was accustomed to sec
dp Ne
a ii ....:
yg ON, ! in Bellefonte, Penusylvama.
igs many yeatsy Io vain, the permissionto
Appear at Petersburg; but Catharine wenld
not grant it. Paul, however, alerwards
caljed him to court.
A species of Rustin perit-maitre, elevated
from the holy guard of the palace, (where
he pertarmed the fu of a sergant, and
where Catharine observed him) to the bed
of his sovereign. He was ungrateful and
faithless. Catharine surprised him herself,
on her own bed, holding in his arms the
beautiful countess Brute, her maid of hon:
otry and her confidant.
tired, and would not again. see either her
lovet or her friend.==She took on him no
other vengeance. : ro
An officer of the chevalier guards, had
already became rem@kable. He was ve-
ry soon the most favoured lover, and ape
parud the most wor thy of being so. He
was beapsiful, distinguished for swesines
end grace, plover of the arts, a fiend to
talents, humane and be neficient. every bo-
dy seemed to partake, in his favour, the
predilecation of the sovereign. He hod per-
haps acquired, by the qualities of his mind,
as much credit, as those of his heait pros
cured Lim partisans. Poterakin feared
him, and, it is <aid, poisoned him. He
died in a violent fit of the cholic. Catharine
Amazed she res]
8 wigan
SN x
favour in money jewelsy plate,
presents and pension,
Prince Potemkin, in the two first :
years, 9,000,008
He had besides several large estates
in Poland and Russia. .
One of his book cases ‘was full of
gold diamonds, and bills of
exchange estimated at
Zoritch, in one year, besides se-
veral badges ot distinction,
Korgakof, in 16 months, in mo-
ney, jewels, &c.
Yermaloff, in 16 months,
Mombonoff, in 26 months,
Zubot, besides the title of
Prince, and several otlier hon. :
orary rewards, 2,700,000
The expenditure of gach favorite which
Catharite defrayed was estimated ot 1,250
00 rubles per apmun. 4 WAR)
Er —"
* A ruble is valued at 4s. sterling.
From the National Intelligencer, Oct. 17,
We have published to-day an accoumt
of the public meeting at New Oileans, ves
pecting the late attack on the Firebrand by
lavished on him in vain, her most tender a Spanish squadron.
iduttes her lin 3 $3 ; oe ! ERR 4 a ;
assiduity; Le: ps received. his Fast SIE It would be uncandid, if not unjust, ines,
She shut herself up many doys; which she! : : :
psscd in dispeir. She accused the jus-{%0 omit stating, at the same time: we pub
vice of heaven: wished to die; ceased to lish these proce dings, that we have pri.
Lo a swore to love no Roe, Bhe vate information from New Orleans, that
ove oansko! truly: her grief exc ; i au]
y 5 ACUEd) yore were circumstances attending this
on the edge of the road, on which he laid,
Ber indignation against the physician, who!
was wnable to save him; he was obliged
to throw hims:If at the feet of his sovereign
of his art.
she bore the logs of her lover; and a new
Artemisa, she-grected forhum a ‘superb
ausolcutimoad Teaskue Telo She suf-
fered more than a year to pass before she
Ephesus, she gave him an unworthy suc-
cessor; and this was.
“The least amiable and the least clcgant
of all those whoin she had chosen; who
consoled her at last for the beautiful, the
tender Lanskoi He however, displease
Potemkin, before he ceased to please
Catharine ; and the haughty favourite de-
mand and obtained the dismissal of the
lover, who had not been two years In the
performance of the duties.
Who had disputed her favor with him,
then principal of the corps was the gover-
for Two beautiful maids of honour Pro-|
fasow, the first raised as
her nieces, passed for the children of Cath-
arinc and Orlow. It was for this cele-
brated favourite that she caused to be
rected the gloomy palace of marble.
where she had the smprudence to have en-
gravad this inscription, «By greatfial
friendship.” The Chateau of Gatschina
is still a monmment of prince Orlow. 12
years of enjoyment, and the pride of this
Jover finaly fixed his sovereign firmly
on the tb and aiter a long opposition
Potemkin succeeded. The teiumph of his
rival and the ‘inconstancy -of catharine,
whom he hanghtily called ingrate, had
\ / such an effect on him that he finally lost
1 this h ‘aad reason. The proud,
in Potemkin a protector, whose for-
une and glory were closely linked to her’s:
she seemed to think herself a stranger;
she began to fear her son; and it was then
she rested on her little grandson, Alexan-
der, who was just out of his infancy, and be:
gan to oppose his father.
That “which distinguishes Potemkin
froma all his coleagues is, that in lossing the
heart of the empress he never lost her oon-
fidence; when ambition had occupied the
place of love he still preserved his credit;
and it was he who gave new lovers to his
mistress. All the favorites who succeed-
cd him where subordinates.
tas the 7th lover on whom the incon-
stant Catharine cast her eye. He was the
only stranger whom she had dared to create
her favorice during her reign. He was
a Serviar, and had escaped trom the bagne
of constentinople, where he had been a
prisoner. He appeared for the first time
iy the habbit of a busser at court ; his bean-
{iy was extraordinary: the old women stil}
speak of him as an Adonis. He bad not,
however, a mind sufficiently cultivated to
captivate that @i Catharine: she sent him
off at the end ofa year, covered with fiches
\ Ts
¢ “the powerful, the brilliapt Orlow, died in
la state of homible madness, besmearing
| bis visage ith excrements, which he
\ orished as ansther Ezekiel.
§ 5 . .
i Whom Panion produced durimg
the: ab.
cree rivals, He yas but an mgtru-
nleasures of Catharine,
i tho two fi
ent oi til
succeeded. Momonow was amiable and had
a perfect face, but was badly proportioned.
He became enamoured of the young prio
cess Scherbatowy and had the courage
to avow’ it, ahd requested permission to
espouse her, Catharine was sufficiently
generous and ‘haughty to grant him
his request, without reproaching him
She married him at her court with her
maid of honour, and sent them tO Moscow
loaded with riches.
Was not yet 25 years old, Catharine
fore than 60. She finished by treating
him-as much like her son as her lover;
‘Ishe occupied herself with his education;
and she attached herself more and morc
to her work, which became her idol.
‘However her loose desires were not yet
extinguished; and all at once she renewed
the orgies which she had celebrated with
the brothers, Orloff, Valerio, one of the
brothers of Zoubow, more young and
more robust than him, 2nd the vigo-
rous Peter Soltikow, their friend, were
associated ' together in order to relieve
cach other ina career SO dificult to be
sccomplished.® Tt “fas with thesc threc
young libertines that Catharine, the old
Catharine, passed ber days—while her
He obtained the city of Schklow, which
was erected for him into a species of
sovereignty—a solitary example in Russia.
He lived there as a prince holding a court
and receiving strangers. I he was enrich-
ed by the spoils of the state, he generous
ly rendered it back a part. He founded
it Selhklow a corps of cadets, where he
caused to be educated, at his own expense,
200 young officers: In spite of his “occu-
nations, the amusements spectacles and
pleasures which he enjoyed, he wes Qis-
‘He came one day boldly to seize for hime
se¥f the apartment of his predecessor; aud
attested his victory by render hime
| ad been so long disputed, His passion
| his bardihood and his colossal form, had
He was the only one
+ of her favorites who dared to become
. lover, aad to spare her thos: advances
which The was always oblidged to make
Heappeared even truly and romantically
amine: Ec addered at fist thay Sov
larmics beat the Turks. cut the throats
lof the Swedes, and devastated the aunfor-
{tunete Polanders; and while her peopic cn
led out with misery and famine, and were
| devoured by rue} exactors pitiless tyrants.
This was the last of Catharine’s favour-
lites She died suddenlyin a short time
The following i3 an estimate of the
cresents received by her favourites;
: Rubles*
Fregory Orloff,
and ask her forgiviness for the impotence
A widow decent and afllicted,
replaced him; but like another. matron of
which serve to palliate Hsap-
‘parent atirosity The information we have
received we should not pretend fo oppose
116 official information 4 butt has the sancy
tion of a nape, and appears to us to require:
's suspension of opinion until more. full Jae
formation is received. The particular
‘facts stated tous by our correspondent we
should lay before our readers, if we could
do so with propricty before we receive cop
'firmation of them.
Abstractedly viewed, the attack on thg
Fircbrand, if she was known to be an Hi»
‘States vessel, wasa most wanton ouirage,
‘such as the Spanish government would not
\in common prudence avow or authorize,
‘since it is in the power of the U. States at
a word to strike to the vitals of Spain in her
colonies. Itis therefore prebable the at-
tack, base and dastardly as it is represent:
ed to have been, will be instantly disavowe
ed by the Spanish governmant, and its ap
thors punished, or delivered up to usfor
punishment——an atonement, the demand
of which will prevent war. In the much,
more attrocious case of the Chesapeake,
aggravated by every cincumstance of cold
blended malice, this course pointed out by
the laws of nations, and by the rule of reas
son, was pursued, a
But if there are circumstances not gen-
erally understood in this ease; for instance,
if the Firebrand was many leagues wests
ward of New Oileans, on the Spanish
coast; if she was in company with a vege
sel loaded with munitions of war from
New Orleans, destined for a Mcxican reve
olutionary province; if one of the most em
inent bamisters of Neworleans was on
board the vessci (the General Jackson)
thus in company with tie Firebrand as
a Supercargo; if the character of cur ar-
med schooner was in that sitmatien tobe
mistéken, notwithstanding her colours, for
a Carthagenian or other republican arm-
vessel; if there be any foundation for
these & other circumstances, of which we’
are by leiter assured, the case 13 certainly
tered, and is involved in some perpiex ity,
which it requires time and evidence to dis
entangle. i
The £vert is ap unfortunate Loe, Ju any