American patriot. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1814-1817, March 06, 1815, Image 1

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Ratified by
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‘To all and singular to whom these
presents shall come, Greeting :
WHEREAS a Treaty of Peace and Ami-
“ty between the United States of America,
“and nis Britanic Majesty was signed at
{3iienty'on the 24th day of December, one
“thousand cight hundred and tourteen, by
/ Picuipotentiaties respectively appointed
' for that purpose ; and the said treaty hav-
me neen, bv ond with the advice and con-
ant of the Serate of the United States, du-
“ly accepted, ratified, and confirmed, on the
_ seventdenth day of February, one thousand
eioht hindered and fifteen 3 and ratified co-
pics ‘hereol having been exchanged agree-
abi “0 (hotenor of the said treaty, which is
nT words following, to wit : A
"The United States of
wrt # ro
His Britannic ‘Majesty and the United
States of America, desirous ot terminating
the war which has unhappily subsisted be-
tween the two countries, and of restoring,
upon principles of perfect reciprocity,
peace, filendship, and good understanding
“ee between them, have, for that purpose, ap”
pointed their respective plenipotentiaries,
to say : His Britannic Majesty, on
appointed the Right Honora-
that 1s
his pat, has
hic James Lerd
Gambier late admiral of
red squadron of His Majesty’s fleet,
Goulburn Esquire, & member of the
ial Parliment and Under Sccretary
and William Adame, Esquire,
oi Civil Laws:—And the President
e United States, by and with the ad-
vice and.consert of the Senate thereof, has
appomied John Quincy Adams, James A.
Bavard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell and
who, after a reciprocal communica-
ert (Gallatin, citizens of the
tion of their respective full powers, have
agreed upon the following articles .
Article First.
There shill be a firm and universal Peace
cen His Britannic Majesty and the U.
States, und between their respective coun
tries, territories, cities, towns and people,
without exception of pla-
of every deerece,
ces or persons. All hostilities both by sea
end jand, shall cease as soon as this treaty
all Ties 1
all aye
been ratified by both parties, as
#5, bnd possessions whatever,
reinafter mentioned. y. pia-
taken from
the wat, op
rm —
tt tne. Sete
this Treaty, excepting only the Is'ands
hereinalter mentioned, shall be restored
witohu t delay, and without causing any des-
teuction or carrying away any of the aril
lery or other public property originally cap-
tured in the said forts or places, and which
shall remain therein upon the exchange of
the ratifications of this Treaty, or any slaves
or other private property. And all archi-
ves, records, deeds, and’ papers, either of
a public nature, or belonging to private
persons, which, in the course ofthe war,
may have fallen into the hands of the offi-
cers of either party, shall be, as far as may
be practicable, forthwith restored and de-
livered to the proper authorities and per-
sons to whom they respectively beloug.
Such of the Islands in the Bay of Passam=
aquoddy as are claimed by both partics,
shall remain in the possession ofthe party
in whose occupation they may be at the time
of the exchange of the ratifications of this
Treaty, until the decision respecting the
title to the said Islands shall have been
made in conformity with the fourth article
of this Treaty. No disposition made by
this ‘Treaty, as to such possession of the Is-
lands and territories claimed by both par-
ties, shall, in any manner whatever, be con-
strued to affect the right of either.
Article Second.
Immediately atter the ratifications of this
treaty by both parties, as hercinafter men-
tioned, orders shall be sent to the armies
squadrons, officers, subjects and citizens;
of tlic two powers to cease from all hestili-
tics : And to prevent all causes of com-
plaint which might arise on account ofthe
prizes which ‘may be taken at sea after the
said ratifications of this treaty, 1t is vecipro-
cally agreed, that all vessels and effects
which ‘may be taken after the space of
twelve days from the said ratifications, up-
on all parts of the coast of North America,
from the latitude of twenty-three degrees
north, to the of fifty degrees north,
and as far eastward in the Atlantia ocean, as
the thirty-sixth degree of west longitude
from the meridian of Greenwich, shall be:
restored on eaeh side . That the time shall
be thirty days in all other parts of the At-
lantic ocean, north of the equinoctial line,
or equator, and the same time’ for the Brit-
ish and Irish channels, for the Gulf of Mex-
ico and all parts of the West Indics : Forty
days for the North Seas, for the Baltic, and
for all parts of the Mediterranean: Six-
ty days for the Atlantic ocean south of the
equatoras faras the latitude of the Cape
of (Good Hope : Ninety days for every part
of the world south of the equator: And one
hundred and twenty days lor all other parts
of the world, without exception.
Article Third.
All prisoners of war taken on eithe~ side
as well by land as by sca, shall be restored
as soon as practicable after the ratifications
of this treaty as hereinafter mentioned, on
their paying the debts which they may
bave coutracted during their captivity.
‘The two contracting parties respectively
engage to discharge in specie, the advances
which may have been mude by the other
for the sustenance and maintenance of such
Article Fourth.
Whereas it was stipulated by the second
- Ww - .
Monday, March 6, 1815.
drticle in the treaty of Peace, of one thou
sand seven hundred and eighty-three, be-
tween his Britannic Majesty and the United
States of America, that the boundary of the
U. States should comprehend all Islands
within twenty leagues of any part of the
shores of the U. States, and lying between
lines to be drawn due east from the points
where the aforesaid boundaries, between
Nova Scotia, on the one part,and East Flor-
ida on the other, shali respectively touch
the Bay of Fundy, and the Atlantic ocean,
excepting such Islands as now are, or herc-
tofore have been within the limits of Nova
Scotia; and whereas the several islands in
the Bay of Passamaquoddy, which is part
of the island of Grand Menn in the said Bay
of Fundy are claimed by the U. States as
being comprehended within their aforesaid
boundaries, which said islands are claimed
as belonging to his Britannic Majesty, as
having been zat the time ofiand previous to,
the aforesaid treaty of one thousand seven
hundred and cighty three within the limits
of the province of Nova Scotia; In order
therefore, finally to decide upon these
claims, it is agreed that they shall be refer.
red to two Commissioners to be appointed
in the following manner, viz: one Commis-
sioner shall be oppointed by his Britannic
Majesty, and one by the President of the
United States, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate thereof; and the said
two Commissioners so appointed shall be
sworn impartially to examine
upon the said claims according to such cv-
idence as shall be laid before them an the
part of his Britanni¢ Majesty and of the U.
States respectively, The said Comimissia
oners shall meet at St. Andrews, inthe
Province of New- Brunswick, and shall
have power to adjourn to such other place
or places, as they shail think fit. The said
Commissioners shail, bv a declaration or
report under their hands and seals decide to
which of the two contracting parties the
several islands aforesaid do respectively be
long, in conformity with the true intent of
the said Treaty of Peace of one thousand
seven huhdred and eighty-three: And if
toe said commissioners shall agree ju their
decision, both parties shal consider such
It is fur-
theragreed’ that in the event of the two
decision as final 2nd conclusive.
Commissioners dificring upon all or any of
the matters so referred to them, or in the e-
vent of botli or either of the said Commis-
siopers refusing, or declining, or wilfully
omitting, to act as such, they shall make
jointly or separately, a report or reports, as
well to the government of his Britannic Ma-
jesty as to that of the United States, sta-
ting in detail the points on which they dif-
fer, and the grounds tipon which their res-
pective opinions have been formed, or the
grounds upon which they, or either of
them, have so refused, declined, or omitted
to act. . And his Britanic Majesty, and the
government of the United States hereby
agree to refer the report or reports of the
said Cominissioners, to some friendly sov-
erelgn or state, to be then named for that
purpose, and who shall be regnesied to de-
cide on the differences which may be stated
in the said report or reports, or upou the
report of one Commissioner, together with
he greunds upen which the other Commis«
sioner shall bave refused, declined, or o.
And if
} $n At
mitted to act, as the case may be,
the Commildioners so refusing. declining,
or ‘omitting to act, shall also wilfully omit
to state the grounds upon which he has so
done, in such manner that the said state-
ment may be referred to such friendly Sov
ereign or state, togather with the reporto
such other Commissioner, then such sover-
eign or state shall. decide ex parte upon the
said report alone. And his Britaunic Majes-
ty and the government of the U. States en”
gage to consider the decision of some
fricndly sovereign or state to be such and
conclusive on all the matters so referred.
Article Fifth. |
Whereas neither that point of the high
lands lying due north from the source of
theriver St. Croix, and designated in the
former treaty of peace between the two
powers as the northwest angle of Nova Sco-
tia, now the northwestern most head of
Connecticut river, has yet been ascertained
and whereas that part of the boundary line
between the dominions of the two powers
which extends from the sowsse of the river
St. Croix directly north to the abovementi«
oned northwest angie of Nova Scotia, thence
along the said highlands which divide those
rivers that empty themselves irto the river
St. Lawrence from those which fali into the
Atlantic ocean to the northwestertmos
head ol Connecticut river, thence down a=
Jorg the middle of that fiver to the fortys
fifth degree of north latitude ; thence by a
line duc west on said latitude until it strikes
the river Iroquois or Cataraguy, has not yet
been surveyed : It is agreed, that for these
several purposes two Commissioners shall
be appointed, sworn, and authorized, to act
exactly in the manner directed with respect
to those mentioned inthe preceding article
unless otherwise specified in the present
article. The said Commissioners shall
meet at St. Andrews, in the province of
New Brunswick, and shall have power to
adjournto such other place or piaces as
they shall think fit.. The Commissioners
shall have power to ascertain and d termine
the points above mentioned, in conformity
with the provisions of the said treaty of
peace of one thousand seven hundred and
eighty-three, and shall cause the boundary
aforesaid, from the source of the river St
Croix to the river Iroquois or Cataraguy,
to be surveyed and marked according Lo he
The said Commissioners
shall make a map of the said boundary, and
annex to it a declaration under their hands
and scals, certifying it to be a true map of
the said boundary, aud particularizing the
jatitude and jongitude of the northwest an.
glc of Nova Scotia, of the northwestern-
most head of Connecticut river, and of such
sald provisions.
other points of the said boundary as they
may deem proper. And both parties a-
grec to consider such map and declaration
as finally and conclvsively fixing the said
boundary. And in the event of the said
two Commissioners differing, or both, or
either of "them, refusing or declining, or
wiilfully omitting to act, such reports, dec-
larvations, or statements, shall be made by
them, or eithe rof thent, and such reference
toa friendly sovereign or state, shall be
made, in all respects as in the Jatter part
of the fourth article is contained, and in as
full 2 manner as if the same was hercin re-
peated. ‘
Article Sixth,
Whereas, by the former treaty of peage