American patriot. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1814-1817, October 29, 1814, Image 1

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The American Patriot shall be published
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MMA DWIRAL ME * Sh canis sn mg
From the Washington City Gazette.
The President sent another very impor-
tant Message to Congress to-day. It coimn-
prises the instructions with which our com-
missioners for treating of pcace with GB.
‘were furnished from their first appointment,
under the offered Russian Mediation, until
their translation to Ghent. A part of this
. message being, as we understand, of a con-
| Jfidential nature, we, of course, know no-
+ thing of it. The mass of letters, and ex-
“tracts of letters, which this communication
. embraces, allowed to be made public, is
~ considerable. Taken in connection with
| the message of the 10th inst. they present
“a complete view of executive proceedin: s
$or the restoration of peace between the U.
"8. and G. B. from April, 1813, to the mid-
© dle of last August.
~ Our readers will not expect, in a summa-
* ry hastily thrown together, a very peccise
account of the contents of these documents.
+ That, indeed, would be impossible; fora
{ great portion of them is argumentative and,
therefore not susceptible of abicviation.—
The following outline, however, is substan-
tially correct.
The message of to day consists of a se-
Jrics of letters from Mr. Monroe, secretary
Tof state, to our commissioners, addressed to
“them at the time of their depariure, from
“this country, and at §t Petersburgh, Got-
feb, and Ghent. The dates are, {rom
the 15th of April, 1812, to the 1ithot Au-
‘gust, 1814, both inclusive.
~The first letter (that of April 15th, 1813)
dis the most interesting ; because it was
Swritten before the downfall of the rench
‘power in Europe, and shows the terms up-
“an which, when England was much embur-
rassed with weighty wars near home, the
United States were willing to conclude a
treaty of peace with her.
The chief points enumerated, are those
of blockades and impressment.
With respect to blockades, as the British
had declared their wmitention of always sta-
tioning a force before an invested place suf-
ficiently strong to render the blockade law-
ful ; and had, moreover, revoked their’ or-
ders ‘in council ; the United States were
willing to wave that topic; our commis-
sioners, at the same time, being instructed
to procure a more exact definition of block-
adetobe inserted in the treaty, if practica-
On the subject of impressment, the Uni-
ted States proposed to give vigorous effect
to the act of congress for prevesting foreign
scamen from being employed On board A-
merican vessels, public or private.
The president, in addition, was willing,
In order to give greater force to the con-
oressional actyto compel foreigners, desi-
rous of becoming naturalized, to report
themselves in court, once in eack of the ve
vears of required approbation, so as to hin-
der alien seamen (who would neccessarily
be absent a great part of the time) from be-
coming naturalized at all, except they re-
linquish the seafaring lite for five years, in
in which time, it is presumed, their habits
would be broken.
The President further offered :
1. Reciprocally to allow, by treaty, the
employment of the scamenof the one” party
by the other.
2. Reciprocally to prohibit, by treaty, the
employment of the seamen of the one party
by the other.
3. Or, to adopt any efficient precautions,
or provisions, which might be suggesied®by
Great Britain, aud were not repugnant to
the constitution of the U. States, for totally
excluding Briush seamen from our ships,
pubiic and private. And Mr. Monroe re-
marks, that it is a growing sentiment in the
United States, that we ought to rely upon
ourseives for the supply of scamen necessa-
ry to our navigation and commerce.
"In other respects, it appears from Mr.
Monroe’s letters, that the United States
claimed Indemnity for various classes of
spoilations of American property, seized &
condemned under different pretexts, ali con
trary to the law of nations.
By the letters of (his message, of a date
subsequent to the peace between France,
Great Britain and the continual powers of
Europe generally, it appears that, impress-
meat of our citizens having been relinquish
ed practice, the United States were willing
to wave discussion on that head, reserving
the rigit to resist it again if resorted to.
Extract of a letter from a gentleman to his
© Brien in Monreal, dated Barbadoes, July
2, 1814,
« The Spanish Main is at present in a
most deplorabie state,and ere long they will
witiess there the same horrid scenes which
occurred some years since in the Island of
Ste Domingo. 1 have accounts from Car
accas and Laguirato the 22d June The
accounts may be depended on. A young
Spantard bas just arrived from thence, who
has been residing there some time, and
gives me the following information, which
lutetligence is confirmed by some gentlemen
ived at st. Thomas,s from Laguira
Qa the ath he Republican army of
wio ali
» the
< Ue
‘Menezuela, as they term themselves, under
the command of the Generals in Chiefs, Si-
mon Bolivar and Santitgo Mai ceina, were
attacked near the town o1 Cura, by General
Robes, who commands the Royalists or
Spanish troops. At first the Revolutionists
gained some partial advantages ; their forc-
es consisted of three thousand infantry, and
one thousand cavalry, with ten pieces of
cannon. That the Royalists had the same
number of men, but more than half that
number were cavalry. Soon after the ac-
tion commenced, which was at 8 in the
morning, a large party of cavalry fiom Bars
celona (Main,) went over to the Royalists,
which caused a great reverse to the Revo-
lutionists. Viewry was soon declared in
favor of the Royalists. They followed it
up, putting every man to the sword they
could lay hold of. ihe Revolutionist ost
nearly the whole of their army, all their ars
tillery, baggage, &c. and about eight tious.
sand dollars iu specie. Every Ger & all teir
officers were kilied except bolvar, who
returned to Laguwa with only six men. His
Secretary was aiso taken by the name of
Tubac, a young Spaniard oi spicuded tals
ents.. He was murdered in the most siioc-
king manner. The Royalists, when my
informant left ity were within three Je: gues
of Caraccas, with animmense army. Care
accas, though a strong place, could not
have held out long : Ail the forces that Bo-
livar could muster to defend Caraccas, was
500 men, but be had not sufficient arms for
theni, Lot being able to collect more than
500 muskets. Toe reason given for the
late success attending the Royalists is the
trecing of the slaves. There is an army of
blacks near Caraccas amounting to 1500
nic, and commanded by a black. Bolivar
since his defeat has declared all his blacks
{ree ; the consequence will be, that after
the Royalists have taken Caraccas and La-
guira, the blacks will then turn upon the
whites and destroy them. Laguira is now
blockded by the Spaniards ; they have three
brigs, and four schooners off there. People
arc moving ofi from Caraccas and Laguira,
as last as they could. The Ad. on this station
has dispatched a frigate there for the pro-
tection of the trade, and to bring off what
money individuals might have. Carthage-
na, and for several hundred miles fro.n it,
the people are in a state of revolution ; the
Royalists mn that part of the Main caiiot
make any stand against the Revolution sts
or Insurgents as they are tcoincd.
« The Glouceter, 74, returned yesterday
from Quebec ; from the officers I find Liat
she did not attempt to goup tie river. She
brings bad news of the loss of 200 men on
Lake Ontario, &c. The Gisuceter
this to-morrow. She takes home all the
American prisoners, about 150 in number.’
Irom the Democratic Press, of October, 15.
Passengers in the steam boat report that
Gens Izard and Brown and their armies,
have formed a junction at Queenstown
heigtits. Sir Jumes Yeo’s flag skip was
not out of Kingston harbor at the last advi-