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kbaards and moustaches, their conversation was partly
IFrench, partly German, and here and there a Stray Ital
%fa diminutive crept in—and to season the whole, like
carmine in aragout, threw us an odd curse in English.
Their dress, their free and easy manner, their inti
macy with each other, and above all the locale they had
chosen for their festivities, made me, I own, a little sus
picious about their spotless morality, and I began con
jecturing to what possible calling they might belong
now, guessing them to be smugglers—now, police of
won kind or other—now, highwaymen outright, but
aititheat being able to come to any conclusion that
*Yen approached satisfaction. The more I listened,
the more did my puzzle grow on me; that they were the
most;sifitinguished and exalted individuals, or the most
t?entaxtndecl storytellers, was certain. Here was a fat,
posy little fellow, with a beard like an Armenian,
Who was talking of a trip he made to Greece with the
Arks of Saxe Weimar; apparently they were on the
beat terms together, and had a most jolly time of it.—
There was a large, handsome man, with a short black
'moustache, describing a night attack by wolves, made
Jea a caravan he was in during a journey to Siberia. I
11. mord with intense interest to his narrative; the see
'nary, the danger, the preparation for defence, had all
thine little traits that bespoke truth, when, confound
be destroyed the whole in a moment, as he said,
. 4 1it that moment, the Archduke Nicholas said to me'-
-the Archduke Nicholas, indeed—very t,ock:l that—he's
just as great a liar as the other.
'Came,' thought I, 'there's a respectable looking old
Mow with a bald bead; let us hear him; there's no
boasting of the great people he ever met with, from that
one, rm sure.'
'We were now coming near to Vienna,' continued
he, 'the night was dark as pitch, when a vidette came
up to say that a party of brigands, well known therea
bouts, were seen hovering about the post station the
entire evening. We were well armed, but still by no
means numerous, and it become a grave question what
we were to do. I got down immediately, and exami
ned the loading and priming, of the carbines; they were
ail right, nothing had been stirred.'
'What's the matter?' said the duke.
'Oh,' says I, 'then there's a duke here also.'
'What's the matter,' said the duke of Wellington.
'Oh, by Jove, that beats all,' cried I, jumping up on
the sofa, and openingboth my hands with astonishment.
'rd have wagered a trifle on that little fellow, and hang
me if he isn't the worst of the whole set.'
'What's the matter?—what's happened?' said they
all, turning round in amazement at my sudden excla
mation; 'is the man mad?'
•It's hard to say,' replied I; 'but if I'm not, you must
be, tuiless I have the honor, which i ; perfectly possible,
to be in company with the Holy Alliance; for so help
ine,,Since I have sat here and listened to you, there is
not a crown head in Europe, not a queen, not an arch
duke. ambassador and general-in-chief, some of you
have not been intimate with; and the small man with
the red beard has just let slip something about the Shah
The torrent of laughter that slm;ok the table never
Leased for full a quarter of nn hour. Old and young,
smooth and grizly, they laughed till their faces were
seamed with rivulets, like a mountain in winter, and
whenthey would endeavor to address me, they'd burst
outas fresh as ever.
'Come over and join us, worthy friend, said he who
sat at the head of the board, 'you seem well to equal it
and Perhaps our character as men of truth may improve
'What in Heaven's name are you?' said It
Another burst of merriment was the only reply they
made me. I never found such difficulty in making my
way in certain classes of society where the tone was a
familiar one; where a bon-mot was a good currency,
and a joke passed well; there I was at borne and to as
sume features of the party a-as with me a kind of in
stinct which I could not avoid. It cost me neither ef
fort nor strain—l caught up the spirit as a child cr tch
es up an accent, and went the pace as pleasantly as
though I had been bred among them. I was therefore
but a short time at the table, when, by way of matric
ulation, I deemed it necessary to relate a story; and
certainly if they had astounded me by the circumstan
ces of either high and mighty acquaintances, I did not
spare them in my narrative, in which the emperor of
China figured as a very common place individual, and
the King of Candia came in just incidentally as a rath-
er dubious acquaintance might do.
For a time they listened like people who are well
acenstomed to give and take these kind of miracles;
but when I mentioned something abort a game of leap
frog on the walls of China with the celestial himself, a
perfect shout of incredulous laughter interrupted me.
'Well,' said I, 'don't b:slieve me if you don't like;
but here I have been the whole evening listening to you,
and if I have not bolted as much as that, my name's
not Con O'Kelley.'
But it is not necessary to tell you how, step by step,
they led me to credit all they were saying; but actually,
total! my own real story to them, which I did from be
ginning to end, down to the very moment I sat there,
with a large gloss of hot claret before me, as happy as
'And you really are so low in purse?' said one.
'And you have no prospect of any occupation, nor
any idea of a livelihood?' cried another.
'Just as much as I expect promotion from my friend
the Emperor of China,' said I.
'Yon speak French and German well enough,
'And a smattering of Italian,' said I.
'Come, you'll all do admirably., be one of us.'
'Might I make bold to ask what trade that is?'
'You don'tknew; you cun't guess. even.'
'Not even guess,' said I; except you report for the
papers, and come here to make up the news.'
'Somethingbetter than that, I hope,' said the man
at the head of the table. 'IN hat think you of a life
thatleads a man about the world, from Norway to
Jerusalem—that shews him every land the sun shines
en, and every nation on the Globe, traveling with every
Iturtuy that can make a journey easy, and a road pleas
ant enables him to visit whatever is remarkable in
emery city in the universe; to hear Pasta at St. Peters
burgh in the winter, and before the year ends to see
an Indian war-dance among the red-men of the Rocky
Mountains; to sit beneath the shadow of the Pyramids,
as it were to-day, and ere two months be over, to stand
in the spray of the Talhaton, and join a wolf-chase
through the pine forests of the North; and not only
this, but to have opportunities of seeing life on terms
the most intimate; that society should be unveiled to
an extent that few men of any station can pretend to;
to converse with the wisest and the greatest, the most
distinguished is rank, age, and better than all, the
most beautiful women of every land in Europe, who
depend on your word, rely on your information, and
permit a degree of intimacy, which in their own rank
is unattainable; to improve your mind by knowledge
of languages, and more still, by habits of intelligence
which habit bestows.'
'And tedo this,' said I, burning with impatience at
a picture that realized all that i wished for, 'to do this.'
'Be a courier,' said thirty voices in a cheer.
'Vivo la Grande Route,' and with the word each
man drained his glass to the bottom.
'Vire la Grande Route,' exclaimed I, louder than the
rest; 'and here I join you.'
From that hour I entered on a career, that each day
I fallow is become dearer to me. It is true, I sit in
the ramble of the carriage, while monseigneur, or my
lord, reclines within; hut would I exchange his ennui
anddepression for my own light heartedness and jollity?
would I give up the happiness and independence of all
the intrigue and plotting of the world I enjoy, for
his rank and station ? Does not Mont Blanc look as
grand in his hoary panoply to me as to him T If I
wander through the gallery of Dresden, have I not the
sweet smile of the great 'Raphael's Madonna bent on
me as blandly as on him 1 Is not mine bait, with less
of ceremony, far more-cordial to me than to him T Is
not mine a rank known and acknowledged, in every
town, in every village 1 Hrve I not a greeting wher
ever I pass 7 Should sickness overtake me, where
have I not a home ? Where am 1 among strangers ?
Then, what care I for the bill? mine is a royal route
where I never pay. And lastly, now is the soubrette
of the rumble as agreeable a companion as a pale and
care-worn lady within 7
Such is ray life. Many would scoff and call it men
iaL Let them if they will. I never felt it so; and once
more I say, 'Vise la Grand Route.'
It is scarcely credible how valuable is the poultry in
the United States. By thecensus of 1840 it was re
terned at $12.176,170. New York contributes $2,
373,029, which is more than the value of all its swine,
half the value ofits sheep, the entire value of its neat
cattle, and five times more than the value of all
the horses and mules of the State. These facts are
delayed from a publication of the Harpers called 'Amer-
Pesdtry Book,' and they are certainly enough to
itiske Chapman crow.
Subject to the decision of
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION
1)c Math) Morning post.
PHILLIPS & SMITH. EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS
PITTSBURC:II, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24,1843
MR. CLAY ASD THE TARIFP.--We are glad to have
it in our power to place on record the present opinion of
HENRY CLAY on the subject of the Tariff: Although
the sentiments of the following letter have been fre
quently put forth by Mr. Clay within a few months,
still the federal papers have endeavored to advance his
pretensions to the Presidency, by claiming for him
what he dcAS not claim forhimself—by making him and
his especial friends the exclusive supporters of the man
ufacturing interest, and by seeking to throw the dem
ocratic party into a position hostile to that interest.
The second paragraph of Mr. Clay's letter is a full
and explicit declaration in favor of the principle con
tended forby the democratic party, and held by allits
prominent men, viz: A TARIFF FOR REVENUE, WITH
INCIDENTAL PROTECTION TO OUR MANUFACTURING IN
TERESTS. Hebelieves duIt"WHATEVER REVENUE LS
NECESSARY TO AN ECONOMICAL AND HONEST ADMINIS
TRATION OF THE GENERAL GOVERNMENT, OUGHT TO
BE DERIVED FROM DUTIES IMPOSED ON FOREIGN IM
PORTS.", ADd that "IN ESTABLISHING A TARIFF OF
THOSE DUTIES, SUCH A DISCRIMINATION OUGHT TO
BE. MADE AS WILL INCIDENTALLY AFFORD A REA-
SONARLE PROTECTIWI TO Otiß NATIONAL. INTERESTS."
We repeat that we are pleased to put these senti
ments upon record. If Mr. Clay betaken as the Coon
candidate for Presidency, as of course he will be, his
partisans cannot humbug the friends of a tariff with the
notion that their only hope depends on his election. The
identity of his views with those of the gentlemen from
whom a democratic candidate for President will be
taken, will convince the people that governmental action
on that measure will be the same, let who will be elect
ed. The effect of this unanimity of feeling on the Tar
iff will of course be to place it entirely beyond and above
the chances of political warfare, and secure for our man
ufacturing, interest, a permanent and just scale of du
ties; and no other can be maintained. That the fluc
tuation and uncertainty of our Tariff enactments have
been the greatest difficulty our manufacturers have had
to contend with, will be, we presume, generally conce
ded. The lowest rate of duties over adopted, would
have been preferable, if it had been permanent, to the
ever-changing policy of government on this subject.
Mr. Clay expresses his opinion of the TariffoflB.2B,
in a very candid manner. Ile says that its adoption was
"highly dierreditable to American legialation."—
He also comrs out rather favorably to the present tar
iff, the provisions of which, he thinks, are "wise and
One good effect of this letter will be to block thdo non
committal game which the Whigs played so well in
1840, on the cubit et of the Tariff, at least. Mr. Clay,
it seems, will not be put under the surveillance ofa com
mittee, anti...appears disposed to give his opinions on the
great national issues with directness and candor. This
course must in a measure, at least, prevent his admirer s,
in different sections of the country, from assigning to
him opposite opinions on the same subject, as was the
case in Hat risou's successful campaign.
ASHLAND, 15th Sept., 1843.
DEAR Stn:-4 reeeiv your Emir, addressing, some
inquiries to me, in respect to the policy of protecting
American interests. On thUt so u , ,ct nave yen• fre
quently publicly expressed my sentiment:, within .he
last two years. In the Senate of the United States,
early laAt yoar, I fully rtpre4s-d my views, and what I
said pnblished. About the same tito:, I commu
nicated them in the ans,ver which I tran:rnitted to a
letter, addressed to m ‘, by a Committee of the Legisla
ture of New York, which was also published. I attain
expressed my opinion in reply to a letter which I
received from a fellow citizen of Philadelphia, request
ing me state the principlesof the Whig party. A state
ment of them, as understood by me, was accordingly
made, and it is now conspicuously published at the head
of many newspapers. The last expression of my opin
ion, is contained in a letter which I recently addressed
to ::;,.; I Jville and of which i now transmit you a copy.
[f you had soon t;i;ase various, expressions or the opin
ions which I hold on the stthjact of . your letter, I pre
sume you would not have cieernec! neces:iary to rut
The sum and substance of what I conceive to be the
true policy of the United States, in respect to a Tariff,
may be briefly stated. In conformity to the principle
announced in the compromise act, I think, whatever
revenue is necessary to an economical and honest
administration of the General Government, ought to
be derived fromduties, imposed on Foreign imports.
And I believe that, in establishing a Tariff of those
duties, such a discrimination ought to he made as
will incidentally afford reasonable protection to our
I think there is no danger of a high tariff being ever
established; that of 18:18 was eminently deserving that
denomination. I was not in Congress when it passed,
and did not vote for it, but, with its history, and with
the circumstances which gave birth to it, I am well
acquainted. They are highly discreditable to Amer
ican legislation, and I hope for its honor, will never
After my return to Corgress in 1831, my efforts were
directed to the modification and reduction of the rates
of duty contained in the act of 1828.
The act of 1832 greatly reduc'ed and modified them;
and the act of 1833 commonly called the compromise
act, still further reduced and modified them. The act
which passed at the Extra Session of 1841, which I
supported, was confined to the free articles. I had re
signed my seat in the Senate when the act of 1842 pas
sed. Generally, the duties which it imposes, are
lower than those in the act of 1832. And, without in
tending to express nny opinion upon every item of this
last tariff, I would say, that I. think the provisions, in
the main, are wise and proper. If there be any exces
ses or defects in it, (of which I have not the means hero
of judging) they ought to be corrected.
My opinion. that there is no danger hereafter of a
High Tariff, is founded on the gratifying fact, that our
manufactures have now taken deep root. In their in
fancy, they needed a greater measure of protection; but
as they grow and advance, they acquire strength and
stability, and, consequently, will require less protec—
tion. Even now, some branches of them areable to
maintain, in distant markets, successful comiTetition
with rival foreign manufactures.
Hoping that this letter may be satisfactory to you,
and affording all the information you desire, and ten
dering my grateful acknowledgements for the friendly
feelings and sentiments entertained by you towatd.s me,
I am. with great respect,
your obedient servant,
Dr. F. S. BRONSON
aThe AMERICAN has run up the name of HEN
RY CLAY as its favorite fur the Presidency. The Gaz
ette will, we suppose, in proper time, follow the ex
ample of the Advocate and American. We have of
late observed in its columns, m tay articles speaking of
Mr. Clay in the mdst eulogistic manner, which, we
presume, were intended to clear the way for its final
slide into the whig racks. The result of the late elec
tion was indeed a great victory of the whigs over the
antimasons—much greater than we expected—and, if
the anties are going to yield s a easily, to tell the truth,
much greater than we desired.
KA.NSA.9 INDlANS.—Delegates from the tribe arriv
ed at St. Louis on the Bth inst., from Missouri river.
They are on their way to Washington City, in order to
arrange some difficulties with regard to their lands.
ANOTHER MURDER IN LOUISTILLI.—The
villa Journal of the 19th sayea—Last evening, about 6
o'clock, Mr. Wm. G. Benham, brother-in law of the
seniCroditm.of this paper, was stabbed, at the White
Mansion house, corner of Marlcet and Third streets,
by Talbot Oldham, - son of Judge Oldham, of Jefferson
county. Some slight quarrel having taken place,
Oldman stabbed Benham twice with a bowie knife,
once in the arm near the shoulder, severing a large ar
tery, and once in the back. Benham died about mid
night. We do not wish at present to detail all the cir
ctunstances of the oocurrence, but, if they have been
truly detailed to us by an eye witness, the act was as
atrocious a murder as ever was ,perpetrated. Mr. B.
was entirely unarmed.
The assassin, who, even before this act, had an in
famcus notoriety here, immediately mounted a horse
and fled from the city. The sheriff subsequently went
in pursuit, but wo have not learned whether he suc
ceeded in catching him.
THE LATE LOUISVILLE AFPAI . R.—The Louisville
Journal of Wednesday says:—"The coroner's jury sat
yesterday morning upon the body of the late Wm. G.
Benham, and rendered against Talbot Oldham a ver
dict of wilful murder. Oldham has not been caught.
The officers of the law hunted for him yesterday after
noon in Jefferson county, but the fugitive was not to be
The Louisville Advertiser of the same day gives
another version of the affair and says:—"The eitcutn
stances of the case are simply these; Mr. Oldham and
Mr. Benham had been drinking together on the day of
the occurrence. At Redding's, Mr. Benham got into
a quarrel with the bar-keeper, from which Oldham ex
tricated him, and endeavored to prevail on him to go
home. They left the house together, and proceeded
to the White Mansion, a Coffee House, soma fifty yards
distant. Mr. Benham, we understand,got into a quar
rel with the proprietor of this establishment also, for
which Mr. Oldham censured or remonstrated with him.
This remonstrance produced the difficulty, which res
ulted in Mr. Benham's death. After some altercation
between the two, Oldham was heard to warn Benham
not to strike him. This warning was given more than
once. Benham, however, who was much excited, and
who was a very large powerful man, drew back his fist
and struck O:dham in the face. Oldham drew his
knife, (a common kitchen knife) and stabbed him.—
In the scuffle Benham was stabbed more than ease.—
Mr. Oldham offered to surrender himself, but no officer
appearing, and the excitement increasing, he mount
ed his horse and rode home. The coroner, with his
usual legal ingenuity, has contrived to find a regular
indictment for murder against him. The Grand Jury
now have the matter under consideration. He will,we
understand, return to town today or to-morrow, and
deliver himself up to the officers of the law. He de
sires that his case shall be fully investigated, and is
willing to abide the decision of a jury of his counrrymrm.
Ile at the same dose protests against the means used
by his enemies to forestall public opinion; to prejudice
the public mind against him and tans prevent the im
partial administration of justice.
We think it due to Mr. Oldham to state that every
unprejudiced man in this community considers his case
as one clearly ofself defence, and that it will be deci
ded to be such, we entertain not the shadow of a doubt
upon his final trial. There is nothing of the spirit of
murder in the whole occurrence. and to call it such is
to betray not only a desire to injure Mr. Oldham, but a
disgraceful ignorance of the meaning of the term itself.
Mr. Oldham is a small, weak, unhealthy young man,
with scarcely the physic II strength of a boy of ten years
of ace. Benham was a man who weighted near two
hundred pounds, and having been a sailor, we; power
fill in proportion to his weight. Oldham has some
enemies, but is well known to be a very amiable and
estimaide young gentleman. In common with the friends
of both parties, we regret exceedingly the deadly res
ult of this unfortunate affdr. It will be a oral ning to
us, that dr. sanctity of a man's person is mato be light
OFFICIAL RESULTS OF THE ELECTION FOR
ELECTION IInLD ON TrESD•T, OCTOBER 10, 1043.
m e 4 0
Ad„,,, , 1255 1251 1254 1700 1700 1697
Allegheny, 4327 4342 4525 5.337 3216 3317
Beaver, 1583 1587 1593 1860 1869 1 . ,;::2
Bedford, 1882 1892 1893 1971 1969 1973
Berk s, 4090 4109 4101 1622 1630 1658
Bradford, 1752 2873 2919 1036 1023 2185
Bucks, 3773 3812 3813 3386 3880 3883
Butler, 1522 1534 1559 1336 1353 1336
Cambria, 759 850 864 768 816 757
Carbon, 535 556 543 136 137 134
Centre, 1161 1458 1475 1354 1334 1338
Chester, 4113 4109 4118 4302 4498 4495
Clearfield, 750 755 756 535 534 534
Clinton, 727 725 724 663 660 662
Columbia, 2180 2142 2132 1041 1027 1031
Crawford, 1951 1934 1954 756 753 759
C'turiberland23l 9 2326 2324 2267 2266 2262
Clarion, 1123 1123 1121 625 626 624
Dauphin, 1550 1681 1652 1995 1936 2015
Delaware, 1253 1254 1234 1454 1455 1455
Erie, 1561 1569 1569 2730 2728 2727
Fayette, 2152 2197 2145 1851 1850 1849
Franklin, 2068 2067 2068 2368 2373 2368
Greene, 1494 1520 1509 816 807 807
Huntingdon 1412 1466 1439 2333 2315 2306
Indiana, 928 955 958 1289 1307 1213
Jefferson, 451 451 450 408 408 408
.Juniata, 804 835 830 713 708 698
Lancaster, 3869 3868 3870 5711 5712 5719
Lebanon, 1591 1578 1583 1997 1995 2012
Lehigh, 1515 1604 1604 1625 1623 1623
`Luzerne, 2312 2304 2079 1372 1363 1354
Lvcoming, 1842 1862 1835 1301 1278 1268
Mercer, 1841 1842 1852 1899 1924 1900 ' ,
Monroe, 875 865 873 95 100 91
Montgo'ry, 3338 3545 3543 2567 2559 2565
Mifflin, 1082 1088 1083 960 967 966
Northm'lnd,l3s7 1622 1534 1516 933 937
Northm'ton,22o6 2205 2206 1175 1175 1175
Philad. city,3965 3943 3941 6619 6620 6617
" c0.,10515 10521 10498 7348 7323 7312
Perry, 1331 1374 1369 665 659 672
Pike, 406 406 406 39 39 39
Potter, 389 389 389 154 154 154
Susquch'nn, 1168 1169 1174 660 660 660
Schuykilll, 2258 2249 2248 1619 1606 1624
Somerset, 629 631 631 1775 1774 1774
Tinge, 1419 1442 1439 368 364 367
Union, 1424 1441 1446 2074 2034 2012
Venango, 790 800 802 361 364 361
Warren, 764 765 764 610 609 609
Westmend,2443 2813 2815 1931 3021 1955
Wayne, 906 906 907 116 113 116
Washing - 63,3378 3373 3377 3426 3425 3427
Wyoming, 483 483 505 252 250 233
York, 2625 2633 2629 1841 1813 1821
106895 108917 110456 96,602 94,763 95,766
`ln Luzerne county, there were 225 votes for Wm.
B. Foster, without the word "junior," these should be
added to Mr. Foster's vote.
IRPIn Laucastercounty there were polled for Hugh
Mehaffy 293, Hugh D. King 292, J. Moorhead 292,
The counties yet to hear from will increase the
raPA man named James McGuire, a drover, walk
ed out of a door in the second story of a tavern in
Georgetown on Sunday week, whilst intoxicated, and
was killed instantly.
THE STATE Etscitons.---Solow winkle found the
result of the late Congressional elections% the states
of Pennaylvenia, New Jersey livid Ohio, compared with
. those for the last Congress, with the gain for the dem
ocratic potty. In making the Comparison, we con
cede to the Coons in the next Congress the member
from the York district, Pennsylranial
28th Congress. 276 Congress
Dem. Whig. Dem. Whig
Pennsylvania, 11 13 15 13
Ohio, 12 9 7 12
New Jersey, 4 1 0 6
27 23 22 31
Whig majority in the 27th Congress,
Democratic majority in the 28th Congress,
We annex from the Journal of Commerce a full state
ment of the political character of the new Congress,
as far as elected:
T WE NTY-FAC HT CONGRESS.
The Senate when full, comprises 52 members. N'• A t
present, there are five vacancies, viz: 2 in Tennessee,
lin Illinois, and 1 Missouri. The three first will be
filled with Whigs, and the two last with democrats.—
Of the Senators already eleczed,26 are Whigs, includ
ing Mr. Rives of Virginia, whose politics are of the im
practicable order. and9.l Democrats. Adding the va
cancies, the full Senate will stand,-29 Whigs and 23
Democrats. Whig majority in the Senate 6.
Under the new apportionment. the House will com
prise 223 members. Of these 201 are already elec
ted. Their political affinities will be seen by the fol
lowing schedule; which also shows the loss and gain
to each party, comparing this Congress with the last.
Of the 201 members elected, it appears that 63 are
Whigs, and 133 Democrats. In the last Congress,
from the States and parts of States. 125 Whigs and 96
Democrats. Whig majority then, in the said States
and parts of States, 29; Democratic majority now, 75.
New Congress. Old Congress
W. D. W. - D.
Missouri, 5 2
Georgia, ss 46 D
Arkansas., 1 1
New York, 10 24 19 21
Delaware, 1 1
Massachusetts, 4 2 6 1
South Carolina, 7 1 8
New Hampshire, 4 5
Connecticut, 4 6
Virginia, 3 12 7 14
Louisiana, 4 2 1
North Carolina, • 4 5 8 5
Tennessee, 5 6 8 5
Kentucky, 5 5 11 2
Indiana, 2 8 6 1
Illinois, 1 6 2 1
Alabama, 1 6 5
R. Island, 1 1 2
Vermont, . 2 1 5
Maine, 3 1 2
N. Jersey. 1 4 6
Pennsylvania, 13 11 13 15
Ohio, 9 12 12 7
64 139 15 96
Present dom. majority. 75 29 Whig
[maj. last Congress
YET TO DE ELECTED.
In Maryland, 6
Massachusetts, (vacancies) 4
Maine, (vacancies) 4
Elect 'A a 3 above
Total member 3 223
The 22 members yet to be elected, will not vary the
inajurity much either way,
The sum of the matter is, that there will be a deci
ded %Vhig majority in the Senate: while in the House
the Democrat■ will he to the Whigs in the proportion
of mire than two to une. The two Houses will thur
be a check upon each other; and strong party men
survs, on either side, will be sure to encounter opposi
tion and defeat. The intetests of the emmtry will be
quite as safe under these circumstances, ns if either par
ty were predominant in Loth !louses.
On the question of the Tariff, party lines will limbo
the gu'de exclusivelv,--, number of the Northern dem
ocrats being favorahle to protection, while several of
the Southern Whigs will go fur low duties.
ASoTHER RACK WON BY FAS/HON.—We learn
from the Baltimore Sun that this favorite northern mare
has won another race over the Kendall Course. There
was but one dash of four miles, which was won by Fash
ion in 7 minutes 35i seconds. Blue Dick was then
ithdrawn, and the mare galloped round the course,
taking the purse. The time is the best, we blieve, ever
!ride over the Kendall course. At starting, Blue Dick
too;the lead and kept it thioughout, until near the
judvi 6eteudmilc, when Fa‘ldon passed
him apparently with ease.
WATER AS FUEL.—Mr. G. M. Slime is lecturing
at Louisville On the use of liquid fuel. lie proposes to
use oil, bit wri.m, and similar substances for fuel, and
hopes to be ahle to Join water in such a manner that
it shall be d .composed and its ialain:n able elements
join in the prGdoetion of combu,iim.
IRG I'l TOBACCO.-. 1 letter in the Richmond Va.
Compiler says: "The product of Virginia, for the
years 1842 and '43, I hare ascertained that the gener
al impression among the dealers is, that not morn
than 46,000 hlls. were made last, or will he produced
ANTI-MORMON MEETING.—Another anti-Mormon
meeting was held at Green Plains Precinct, near War
saw, Illinois, on the 19th ult., and the proceedings of
the mass meeting held at Carthage on the Gth ult
being rend, were unanimously approved. The follow
ing resolutions were passer' at Green Plains Precinct:
"1. Resolved, That the chairman of this meeting,
together with the Precinct Corresponding Committee,
address the Central Committee at Carthage, request
ing them to draw up an address to the Governor of
this State, setting forth the wrongs we have received,
and the grievances we labor under, at the hands of the
Mormons, and requesting his aid to remedy the evil.
"2. Resolved, Thatin the opinion of this meeting, a
petition should forthwith be put in circulation for the
signatures of the citizens of this and the adjoining coun
ties, praying the Gtivernor of this State to withdraw
the State Arms from the hands of the Mormons—
deeming it necessary for the security and welfare of the
"3. Resolved, That this meeting bold it to be the
duty of anti• Mormon citizens of this Precinct to imme
diately form themselves into independent companies,
that they may be the better prepared to act in cases of
ABSOLUTE STARTATION.—The Macon (Geo.) Dem
ocrat relates the following horrible story. Can such
things be iii this country?
"Perhaps it may seem astonishing that such an event
could occur in a county where thirty-five hundred dol
lars are appropriated by a generous community to the
support of the sick and indigent poor, but such we are
nevertheless assured is the fact. The circumstance we
allude to, occurred in a poor family living at one of the
two acre lots near the branch on the Houston Road.—
All the family were confined to bed wish the prevalent
fever, two of whom have died from want of medical at
tendance and starvation. Their names we know not.
A charitable lady who visited these children of afflic
tion, a day or two since, and relieved their present ne
cessities, was informed by a verysick but still surviving
member of this family, that he had not eaten a mouth
ful in three or four days, we forget which. We peg
leave respectfully to direct the attention of the chants
bki to this and other instances of distress, among the
poorer classes of our community.
EIGHTEEN DAYS LATER
The brig Paul Jones, Gift. Palmier, from Cazein,
23d June, arrived last night.
Ke-ying, the Imperial dommissinner arrived at a s p.
ton en Stinther, the 4th June. and, on Tuesday, the
British fancdoituiries repaired to the city to visit His
Excellency, who was expected at Hong Kong on the
10th, to exchange the ratifications of the late treaty
with England, but in this expectation the good people
were disappointed, for His Excellency did not intend
to budge until about the Ist July. In the - Meantime a
splendid house has been prepared for his use, and a
spacious hall built for the exchange of the documents.
It was rumored that he wculd not condescend to go
down to Hong Kong, but must have H. B. M. Plenipo
tentiary meet him 'half way."
Much sickness prevailed on the shores around Hong
Kong, in the shipring and the garrison.
General Saltoun, British Ccmmander-in-Chief of the
forces in China, arrived in the W. S. Prosperine, on
the 13th June, and went up in the steamer to Canton,
on the 18th on a private visit.
A new Roman Catholic Church was opened for Wor
ship on the Ilth June, having been built with much
despatch, by the aid of funds, contributed by English.
Portuguoe and Spanish residents
For the eleven months ending 31st May, the export
of Teas to Eng,lacd, from China. amounted to 46,201,-
A British Court of justice, with Criminal and Ad
miralty Jurisdiction, fur the trial of offences committed
by H. B. M. subjects within the dominions of the Em
peror of China, and on the high seas within one hun
dred miles of the coast, has been established at Hong
Capt. Balfour has addressed a note to the creditors
of "the insolvent bongs, informing them that a new in
stalment has been paid on account of the Hong debts,
and that the following will be paid them.
On Hingtae's debts a dividend of 12, 42 per cent,
leaving a balance due to the creditors of 17 per cent;
On Kingqua's debts a dividend of 15 per cent, leav
ing due 25 per cent, with interest on the principal from
Ist May, 1839.
Mowqua's (old) debts, payable in 7 years, are to be
paid in full.
On 3 owqua's debts payable in ten years, a dividend
of 10 per cent is to bepaid, leaving due 30 per cent.
The death by Cholera, at Manilla were gradually di
minishing. The natives believed that the disease was
caused by the waters having been poisoned by the
whites, and two Englishmen had nearly fallen victims
of the superstitions belief, having been caught and se
verely beaten. One of the Indians engaged in the as
sault, was shot down by the police in pursuit.
The Kowloon robbers around Canton, have ceased
theirdepredations, in consequence of the severe meas
ures adopted by the British authorities.
LATER FROM CHINA. - By the Packet ship Morrison
which arrived at Now York on Wednesday night, in
135. days from Canton, the American has files of pa
pers to the sth ofJunc,containia; the following items:
The schooner Ariel had been detained for some days
at Amoy by Commodore Kearney, on account of some
irregularity in her papers. The account of this matter
is somewhat obscure, but it seems that the Ariel `than
god owners' on her arrival at Macao from Boston, and
became the property of G. W. Fraser. Commodore
Kearney. on examing the schooner's papers, wrote to
her captain. Shanniai, that the Ariel was not entitled to
ca-ry the U. S. flag, that she must return to Macao,
whither be would send her papers, sealed up; that all
the goods or treasures on freight must first be dischar
ged at Amoy; and that the packet containing the pa
pers must be opened only by Mr. Sturgis, the U. S.
vice consul at Macao
These orders were complied with, the schooner was
allowed to depart, and on the same day Commodore
Kearney issued the following notice:—
To American Merchants and others.
All persons having goods, merchandize or treasures
to ship from oneport to another on thiscoast, are here
by cautioned against intrusting the same on board any
vessel in the "opium trade" sailing under the flag ofthe
United States of North America.
Dated on board the U. S. Frigate Constellation, har
bor of Amoy, coast of China, this the 18th day May,
A. D. 1843. (Signed) L. Kearney.
On the arrival of the schooner at Macao, M. Fraser
wrote to Mr. Sturgis to know what was the informal
ity in her papers, to which Mr. Sturgis answered that
he could not tell, "they being of such tenor as those
generally held by vessels sold abroad." The Canton
Press says that Mr. Fraser willbring the matter before
a tribunal in the United States in a suit for damages a
gainst Commodore Kearney.
The Press acids that there are several vessels in the
China Sea•, trading under the American flag, with pa
pers like those of the Arid.
The Constellation had arrived at Hong Kong and
was daily expected at Macao.
We ]earn verbally that Ke-Ying, the Imperial com
mi.4.inner, hid arrived at Canton.
Sir Henry Pottingrr has issued some very stringe: t
proclamations against smuggling on the river, which
appears to hare been distasteful to some of the resi
dent foreign merchants.
Native robbers were excedlngly troublesome at
Hong Kong; so much that the local authorities had is
sued an edict forbidding and Chinaman to be out at
night without a lantern and a pass, and making other
provisions to suppress disorder. The Louse of the
Morrison Education Society had been broken into and
plundered by a gang of Chinese robbers, who destroy
ed or carried away all the furniture, severely wounded
Mr. Brown. nod forced him, his 'Wife and children to
their _•s. The thieves had full possession of
lieu-, for two hours. Mr. Brown lost about a
dein sand dol!m s worth of property, and Dr. Hobson,
~,-e tiri ed port of !IR , hmtso, abort as much, inc.] u
(Mr his inStrUrnOnb:.
Thr rplith ;,;' . ll a great fire at Tinglia , n, in the island
of Chn , an, which destroli: 2. a great number of horses
and caused much distres . samon7 the ii:" - mbitants'• tt
was said there that Commodore Keurney had ret.,7!vcd
a communication from the Emperor, informing him
that the United States would be allowed to trade at all
the ports opened to the English.
LATER FROM Rto JAMERIO.—The barque Oceola,
Captain Carty, arrived at this port on Wednesday,
from Rio, which place the left on the Ist ult.. one
day later than the barque Douglass, a' New York.
Captain Carty, when one day out of port, passed the
joint Brazilian and Napolitan squadron, escorting the
intended Empress (a Napolitan princess) to-Rio de
J nei no, where she will be united in in itrimony to the
young Emperor of Brazil, a youth mat yet over 90
years of a;e.
The independent members of the Canadian Assem
bly have resolved to advocate the following reductions
in the salaries of Government officers:—All salaries
over £l,OOO to be reduced one-third; 1,000 to 750, one
750 to 500, one-fifth; 500 to 400, one-sixth; 400
to 300, one-seventh. The anniversary of the Quebec
Auxiliary Wesleyan Missionary Society was appointed
to be held in the St. Ann street Chapel on Monday eve
ning, the 16th inst.—A. Keith, Esq., has been elected
Mayor of the city of Halifax.—On the 3d inst. a new
place of worship, lately erected on the Nashwaak, in
connection with the Church of Scotland, was opened
for divine service by the Rev. John M. Brooke, of
Fredericton, who preached upon the occasion to a nu
merous con ' ffregation.—Saint John's, Newfoundland,
is shortly to be lighted with gas.—An accident occur
red in Montreal, 11th inst., in consequence of the fall
ing in of a portion of the poblic sewer now being
structed, by which one of the contractors, named Hen
ry Kinloch, lost his life.
port of piftsburgl).
Reported by Sheble and Mitchell, General Steam
Boat Agents. Water street.
EIGHT FEET WATER IN THE CHANNEL
'Daily Beaver Packets.
R. Clayton, Baily, Louisville.
Belfast, Smith, Wheeling.
`Messenger, Perry, St. Louis.
"Daily Beaver Packets
Belfast, Smith, Wheeling.
Manhattan, King, Laid up.
Massachusetts, Bennet, St, Louis,
"North Bend, Duncan, , do.
Ohio Mail, 13aily, CM.
Up All beats marked their] are provided with
Evans' Safety Guard, to prevent the Explosion of
FOR SAINT LOUIS
•0111i.THE splendid, fast running steam
er OLIVE BRANCH, T. C.
May, Master, leaves for the above and
all intermediate ports on Tuesday morning, 24th inst.,
at 10 o'clock, A. M. positively. For freight or pass
age apply on board or to JAMES MAY.
The Olive Branch is provided with Evans' Safety
Guard. • • ot4
FOR LOUISVILLE AND ST. LOUIS.
IT HE splendid, fast running -steam
Nail r lettes for th e
E v VELiN, et Sow
above . 13 all in
termediate ports on Tuesday next, 24th inst., at-'lO 0t . .:
clock, A. At. For freight or passage apply on boarder
to BIRMINGHAM & CO, 4.;"
021 No. 60, Water street.
The Eveline has been thoroughly repaired in the
dock, asd can be safely recommended as a safe pas
seng-er and freight boat.
St. Peter's Church at Rome.
ALARGE PAINTING cf this splendid Temple
will be exhibited for a short time at !awls's.
LONG ROOM, corner of Fourth and Market streets. Of
this Picture, Bishop England gave the highest euhr
gium in the Catholic Miscellany, 30th January, 1836.
It is on its way to New Orleans, together with 50 other
paintings, which are now open to the public.
Admittance 25 cents; tickets for the season 50 cents;
children halfprice. G. COOKE.
N.• B. The Rev. Clerp . , of all denominations are
respectfully invited, free of charge. 023.
Teas, Leather and Mustard.
RECEIVED on consignment, and for sale by JOHN
D. DAVIS, at the Commercial Auction Rooms,
roma' of Wood and Fifth street
-100 Cimsts, Half Chests, and Boxes of Young Hyson
Teas, fresh importations;
3000 lbs. Sole Leather,
50 Kegs best Philadelphia Mustard. Also,
100 Reams Crown Wrapping Paper,
MI of which will be sold low for Cash, or City accep
tances. oct 23.
FIAT. AND CAP BIANUFACTORT,
No. 13, Fifth street, between Market and
Wood, and corner of Sizth and Grant as.
I& H. WALKER feel grateful to the
. public for the liberal patronage bestow.
ed upon them, and beg leave to state that they are now
manufacturing and have constantly on hand .a very su
perior article in Beaver, Russia, Neutria, and every
other description of Hats. Also, a variety of cloth,
sealett and fur caps; all of which will be sold at the vf3.•
ry lowest prices. As no part of their manufacture is
done by machinery, but by the best workmen by hand,
they can recommend with confidence their Hats, as be
ing superior and more durable than those generally of
feted to the public. Merchants and storekeepers can
be supplied upon equally as low terms as in the tag
ern Markets I. & H. WALKER.
!' A/TAPS AND CENSUS OF THE U. STATES.--
_ Just received, a few copies of Mitchell's ale
gant and cheap (price $1,50) Maps of the U. States,
together with Maps of 32 of the principal Chief and
towns in the Union handsomely colored. Also, a few
copies of Mitchell's Accurate Synopsis of the Sixth
Census of the United States, at 25 cents.
ISAAC HARRIS, Agent
021 and Commission Merchant, No. 9, sth at.
Arb SL .n D es O s B ra S v, o 3, N s
ai re re t a u d r y ns thiavnekds
respectfully informs her customers, and the Ladies of
Pittsburgh and vicinity, in Faecal, that she has just
received an extensive and choice rypply of FALL AND
WINTER MILLINERY and fancy articles. She is
prepared to furnish all who "any call upon her with
every article in her line, of the most fashionable des
cription, and at short notice.
Straw and Tuscan Bonnets altered and cleaned.
ii__Store on St. Clair street, four doors below Penn
AS Teacher of French, Spanish, Greek, and the La
The undersigned wishes to acquire a perfect 'knowl
edge of the Englis i i, so that the recompense looked for
will be very moderate, if he could get lessons in En
glish from those whom he mayinstroet. He was late
ly a Professor of the above languages in the Colleges
of Baton Rouge and St. Charles.
For a character for competency and morality, be can
exhil it letters of the most respectable gentleman in
New Orleans and Cincinnati.
►VPHeference in this city can be made to Rev. H.
J. J. Dean, of St. Paul's Church, and Captain James
May. PAUL EMILE THEVEAU,
019 Washington Himse, Water st.
No. 9, MARKET STREET,
VST F:RS and other refresliments,will be served up
in good order. Namely: Oysters raw,fried,stewed,
and on chafing dishes. Also, TN THP.SHF.LT. at the stand,.
or roasted ; a, s.•on as the season is sufficieotly advan—
ced for tl.eir sale transportation.
THE P ROP T:TOR is determined that his establish
ment (much is the old oyster depot) shall maintain
its reputation for the good quality of his ALE, LI
QUORS, CIGARS, and such refreshments as travel
ers or citizens may require. oct 18-6 m.
SEVERAL improved farms lA-anted, (within 20
miles of the Pittsburgh market). Persons die.
posed to sell will please call at my office, in Smithfield.
street, near 4th, soon
JAMES WARDROP & CO.,
(AFTER for sale a larre, assortment of Fraitab
V/ Trees, Evergreens, Shade Trees, Shrubso=
Winter Blooming Plants, &c. consisting in pan of Ap--
le, Peach, Nectarine, Almond, Apricots, Grape Vines ;
English Gooseberries, Currants, Raspberries, itc. &c.-
EXTRA LARGE SHADE TREES, very suitable for plant- -
ing on the streets, which will afford good shade the
first season. Also, choice imported Dutch Hyacinthon
and Tulips; part of them are selected for flowering in
pots or glasses during the winter. CUT FLOWEIOV,--
viz: Japonicas, Rose Buds, Heliotropes, &c. furniabe&
during the winter at the shortest notice.
N.B. Purchasers may be furnished with careful
men to plant the Trees, at a reasonable charge.
Cht.aper and better than can be had at any other-
place west of the mountains.
Call for Bargains
AT THE THREE BIG DOORS,
N 0.151, Liberty St., near the Jackson Foundry.
91HE subscriber would respectfully inform his
friends and the public, that his fall stock of
Goods comprises a larger and more varied assortment
than has ever been opened at any house in this city, and
from the favorable terms at which his purchases were
made, he is enabled to sell clothing cheaper than it can
be had in any other establishment in this city. He
would request the public to call and examine his splen
did assortment of all the articles of dress, and from
the excellence of the material, the style of workman
ship and the very low price at which all his articles are
sold, he feels confident that every one will find it to
their advantage to purchase at the "Three Big Doors."
As none but the best cutters and workmen are em
ployed, orders to make clothing will be attended to in a
manner not surpassed by any other establishment in
He would again return his thanks to his friends and
the public for the unprecedented patronage bestowed
upon his establishment, and believing that they have
found it to their advantage to deal with him, be would
repeat his invitation to all those who wish to purchase
Clothing of every description at the lowest pi ice, to call
at No. 151, Liberty st. JOHN M'CLOSKEY.
[_Observe metal plate in the pavement.
J. K. HENDERSON