Pittsburgh morning post. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1843-1846, September 05, 1843, Image 2

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    Seem to make the regulations in question by the *ln
strumentality of the Legislature or agents daily author
. hod, and the question is whether the respondents were
10.
Specific powers have been given to the Canal Com
missioners by sundry enactments; but the general pow
, er which is thought to authorize the regulation in tines
found particularly in three of them. By the
ll= of the fifteenth of April, 1631, they were empow
eitalito put locomotive engines on the Commonwealth's
tuuhr such regulations as they should deem
necessary to be prescribed, and the citizens were au
tbserMedto attach cars to them: and by a joint ressolu
thin passed the twenty-first of February, in the same
year, these officers were required to permit cars to be I ,
put on the finished part of the Portage Railroad, "and
adopt rules and regulations for the use of the
. said rota." But their general and permanent authori
ty is Contained in the twelfth section of the act of the
sixteenth of April, 1833, which is in substance a repe
tition of the sixth section of the act of the eighth of
April, 1831, and which declares "that the Porard of
Canal Commissioners shall have power to make such
rules and regulations ant inconsieenl with thc Laws
or (kis Gol7l,l7lollwealth, as to the form and structure of
thelOeomutive engines and vehicles used en the State
rafirdads, for weighing and inspecting such engines and
other . vehicles and their lading; for collecting tolls; and
sit ALI t mallcrs connected with the USE and preser
of Use ruiiroaris: and impose such fines for
,breadh of such rules and regulations, as they mar
aeent reasonable." We perceive in this, no other
limitation of the power to make rules and regulations
connected with the use orthe railniads, than that thee
betnot inconsistent with the have of the Commonwealth
. Waidit could scarce be found to carry :I. grant of 111'-
4pr powers; and, indeed, as the couunissioners were not
tohave the Legislature perpetually at hand to provide
for emergencies, nothing less thin plecary powers
would have enabled them to execute their ofiice to the
greatest public advantage. Thogor•ition, them comes
to this In who'. respect arc thesz regulations, connect
ed as they are with th. , use of the railr ads, inconsistent
with the laws of the Commonwealth?
They give certain individuals a prekm.nte, sac the
relatori whic% is virmlally a illi.lop , dv; and all their
argument is comprised in that one word—an unexpec
ted one front them. But gra uti g 11;e fact of prefet eace
for t6esake of the argument, in what respect are moo
owlies hicansi.AenttV__Athe la v of renns : vi,
We have no generd statute AN 'dell prohibits them; but
certain monopolies. granmdhy die British crown, were
held lobe illegal and void at the common law; such,
for *stance. as an exclusive right to impart, buy, sell,
make, work, or use, any particular article or thing.-
- ; s .liVe are told that the abuses of such grants, in the reign
of Elizabeth, led to the more rffectual suppression of I
them . by the 21 Jac. 1, c. 3, which, however, has never
beet,in force in this State. That statute, which was
declarative of the more effectual restriction on the pow
„ erofthe crown to create monopolies, proprio vigore,
than had previously been provided, hat au attempt to
create them by the concurrent act idzi of the parliament
and the crown, would equally have been a violation of
-the constitution, and onervhieli would speedily have
been 'redressed by the nation. But we have no con
sthotional prohihithut on the. s 11) . 1 ‘et; and though the
common law primiiple aught lie op paced to ti,ese repz,n
latiopii, if they were 11,uud to conflict with i:,
,yet it is
not every pi eferenue or monopoly that is
the contrary, we have a countless antabi.r of them
width are entirely consistent with the , 711:1qitution and
the laws. An once is a monopoly. Grantstof land
to settlers cr soldiers, patents foil-discoveries cot inven
tions, charters of corporate powers and privilczes, are
all lawful monopolies. A turamil.e company monopo
lizes its tolls; a bank its profits; a coeuregation, the of
fieee of its church: and why might not the State monop
olize the business of its railways and canals, if it desi
red to do so, by trhi,rt it into its on.a or farm
ing it out on ter n.s to ma lie it the nn .re e. by
excluding com;Kititii ,a? I speak la qof the policy. hut
the legality of such a measure. Should it lib injudi
ciously attempted, there would be no remedy for it but
artapptnd to the discretion of th. - : Legislature.
But the respondents arm with great earnestness and
ranch apparent sincerity, that their purpose has been,
netto extinguish competition, but to promote it by put
ting all the carriers in the trade, as near as may be, on
&footing of equality. They have certainly created
nelther preference nor monopoly as regards the public
maks; for these are open. on 1110 same terms, to all the
citizens, the relators iucluded, who may desire to use
them; andif the relators think proper to use their own
tlioy-are free to do so, but they have no further cause
fareomplaint Lima that their own monopoly has suffer
ed encroachment from a competition nourished by the
public patronage. But it would be hard to convince
the world that the relators are wronged, or that the pub-
Bois prejudiced by it. It has brought down the price
of freight, and increased the amount of revenue. The
pretension of the relators to be put on a footing with
the State, and that her agents shall not be suffered to
underbid them for the public good, is a monstrous one.
Ast individuals, destitute of a tight to peculiar privile
ges, all they can demand, is to be put on a level with
their neighbors; and are they not so when they can use
the public truck on the general terms? They are not
bound to Lay aside their own for those of the State; but
that the State's officers arc not nt liberty to put the use
of her trucks to her customers on her own terms, is a
proposition, that cannot be maintained. She is the
Mistress of her property, and may use it or hire it out as
she ideases.
But the respondents deny that their regulations put
• thaw who use the public trucks on hot ter ground, than
those wh J use their own. They itdmit that they do'not
charge their customers for motive power; but they
as
sertthat this is necessary, not only to maintain the bud
: once of competition, but to break up the monopoly of
the trade formerly enjoyed by capitalists and compan
r,4l. They allege, that before the necessity of trans
shipment of the Portage was obviated, the owner of
beta few boats could not engage in the trade with a
'prospect of success, because the profits of a small bu
siness would Cot support the expense of the necessary
agencies and commissions at Hollidaysburgh and
Johnstown. The difficulty has been surmounted by the
introduction of the section boat, which enables a car
rier to engage in the business on equal terms and with
but a single craft; but the respondents say that they
were at first without authority to provide the trucks
necessary to transport tine boats of those who had them
net themselves, nod that the relators refused to hire
their trucks, or sailer th-nn to be used fur the transpor
tation of any other boats than their own; by reason of
which they were still able to keep up the price of
carriage despite the respondents' efforts to lower it by
reducing the tolls, which served no other purpose than
to put just so much in the relators' pockets. They
aver, too, that the exorbitance of the charges for trans
portation, had driven a great part of the business to '
antagonist routes in the adjoining states in prejudice
- oftbe revenue, and the trade of our principal eloper
huh; and all this that a few capitalists and companies
might suck the marrow out of the public works. I
pretend not to determine the truth of these assertions;
but that that such abuses existed, is made more than
crobablo by the conviction, in Pittsburgh, of certain
conspirators, bound by a written cnustitution, and by
crtth, to Adhere to the prices fixed by the association;
by the consequent decrease of the business on the lines;
- andby the enormous increase of it that htts taken place
spree the section-boats have come into general use. It
Lad lieerrperecived that the price of transportation
could notbobroug,ht down by lowering the tolls with
• Outdoing More; and that to put the principle of com
petition into effectual operation by introducing small
• ermitalists into the business, it would be necessary to '
tiro * 'vide tracks to pass tin sections of their beats across
. Id Portage free of expra,:e. The project was accord
-
1 submitted to tic i.eislatnre, by whom it was
• coldly received; arni all nest the commissioners were
motorized to lay out forty thousand dollars in porches
s, no appi:.ipriation was made to enable them
till& so,
but they were directed to fix rates and
.:Sages for their use, and apply the proceeds to the
sAt or procuring than. They were thus compelled
to lay ,th duty on them which, to effect the declared oh-
Ore af securing htir and free competition,” it was
herbs/an ro coo_ by a decrease of tolls or the
cline for metive . power, in order to enable the public
tricks to compete with those already on the road. The
• respondentsitsid, therefore, to choose between giving
un a part of the toil; or the charge for motive power;
tind they chose the litter In-which they say, the public
aear g es ou transportation Have been as nearly equalized
aniong tdl classes of the carriers a. they can be; and
they allege that the increase or business consequent on
the . success of their measurss, has exceeded their ex
pectation. Certain it is, that the publie works, since
the introduction of the state trucks, having given strong
bidicacitner of the profit which the Commonwealth is
ii iy W derive from the introduction of this new sys
, tem, and that the revenues, so far as past experience
affords any evidence, tails be greatly improved by it;
and that this has linen produced mainly by controlling
and decreasing the charges for transportation, is not to
be doubted; and this shows how necessary it is for the
officers of the State to have a controlling influence over
the prices of carriage, in order to bring our public lines
of transportation into successful competition with this
lines of our neighbor-‘. There was a time when the
produce of the western counties found its way to the
New York market, even partly through our own canals
to Luke Erie, despite of a reduction of tolls on produce
turning from places beyond Pittsburgh, merely because
a few cents were saved by it on the bushel or the bar
rel. Taus the produce, not only of these counties, but
of the valley of the Nlississippi, was drawn from our
main line; and by what? Evidently by the cupidity
and extortion of our carriers, the paucity of whose
members enabled them to make common cause. It is
evident that a power to control them is necessary; and
the section under consideration, therefore, ought not to
be too strictly interpreted. But the most strict inter
pretation, would leave power enough in the respondents
to warrant what they have dune. They had power to
take the entire business of the line into their own hands;
and they, who put their trucks on the road for their
Own accommodation, must at least allow the state to
hire her trucks to others on her own terms.
Tho principle which rules the preceding part of the
complaint. also rules the application to annul the con
tract of Wilson & Cameron to carry passengers over
the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad for reduced
fare, and at a reduced rate of tolls. The State did no
Inure by becoming a party to it, than form its right to
carry; and in framing the bargain, it had a right to
consult its exclusive interest—nor has it been asserted
that its interest Wa3 forgotten. But the respondents'
answer contains a denial of the relators, more material
allegation; in point of fact, that they had directed their
officers to attach all passenger cars, except those of
Wilson & Cameron, to the burthen trans; and as the
relators have not thought proper to take the matter
before a jury, we are to treat the allegation as a chan
cellor would treat it. at a learintr, on bill and answer.
By Act of ;he 15th of April, 1834, every citizen has a
right to attach a car to a public engine; but no one
pretends that the relators have not been allowed to
do so. What more do they want? They surely can
not expect that their interest is to be made a subject of
peculiar protection, to the prejudice of the State.
Even had the respondents, in fact attached the rela
tors' ears, as they are said to have done, they would
not have exceeded their power; and if they discrimi
nated, iu respect to the rate of tolls, between passen
gers agreed to be carried for a reduced rate of fare,
and those who were carried under no such arange
merit, they were competent to do so, for the whole
subject is left to their discretion, by the Act of the
3th of April, 1824; and they may have exercised it
very judiciously, in this instance, to attract custom to
the road, by encouraging the owners of cars to carry
their passengers on reasonable terms. But even for an
abuse of it, they would not be answerable to this
Court. What we have to do with, is the legality of
their acts; to judge of their propriety, is the province
of another tribunal.
We are of opinion that the answer is sufficient, and
that the motion for a peremptory mandamus he dis
missed.
FOR PRESIDENT,
JAS. BUCHANAN,
Subject to the decision of
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION
q:1)e Oath) Itiorning post.
PHILLIPS & SMITH, EDITORS Alsl.l PROPRIETOR,
PITTSBURGH, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5,
DEMOCRATIC TICKET.
cos cares,
WILLIAM 'WILKINS, Peebles.
ASSZ:MBLY I
ALEXANDER BRACKENRIDGE, Pitt
JAMES A. GIBSON, Pine,
WILLIAM STURGEON, Fayette,
JOHN ANDEREGG, Pitt.
SHERIFF,
ELIJAH TROVILLO, City.
PROTHONOTARY.
GEORGE R. RIDDLE, Allegheny.
COMMISSIONER,
JAMES CUNNINGHAM, Mifflin.
TREA:I7RER.
ROBERT GLASS, City.
CORONER,
DAVID HARTZ, Allegheny.
AUDITOR.
ROBERT DOIs;ALDSON,
CANAL COMMJSSIOS ERS.—The State Convention,
for the purpose of nominating candidates fur Canal
Commissioners, meets at Harrisburg this day. We
may expect to know the result of its deliberations in a
few day,, and we sincerely hope they may be such as
will give satisfaction to the party in every section of
the state. It is of the utmost importance to the welfare
of the state, that the Canal board should be formed of
experienced, liberal-minded men, who in the discharge
of their official duties will not be influenced by any fac
tional feeling, or make the public improvements subser
vient to the private or political schemes. of any set of
men. It is now reduced to a certainty that tho main
line can be made a source of immense revenue to the
state, and it is of the utmost importance that the Con
vention should place men in nomination, who will
carry out the system that has been so auspiciously be
gun.
It is known to every body that strong prejudices ex
ist on the question of our public works, and our oppo
nents expect that, through this unfortunate diversity of
opinion, they will be able to elect the board, or at least
a portion of it, from their own party. In this we hope
they will be disappointed, for whatever difference may
exist among democrats as to men ; we think there is
none as to the propriety of keeping the public \vorks in
the hands of the people, and defeating the federal pro
ject of converting them into an overshadowing corpo
ration, with which capitalists might control the wishes
and crush the liberties of the people of the state. We
therefore think that whoever the Convention may nom-
inate will be elected - , as we have the fullest confidence
they will be men in whom the democratic party, and the
people at large, may safely confide the important du
ties attached to the office of Canal Commissioners.
The Gazette appears to think that there is not the
slightest prospect of a union between the Whigs and
Antimasons, because the plot will meet with no favor
from the latter. The editor says, too, that we appear
to know more about the details of the scheme than
any one he has conversed with. Considering that he
is a dealer in newb he certainly is unfortunate in
not hearing any thing of matters that were the topic
at every corner. However, the editor would have
heard it, we have no doubt, if the business could have
been properly adjusted; tied he, with the rest of the
party, would have been required to sanction it. We
dont know that he had any more right to be ccnsulted
in the matter than the remainder of the 3 or 4000
federal voters, whose candidates were sought to be
changed without their advice and consent.
The plot, however, seems to have got its quietus—
, and now a question of dispute will arise EU to who
were foremost and most active in a seherne now repu
diated by both parties, but from which, great results
were hoped a few days ago.
The Fall River Fire not yet extinguished.—lt is
now eight weeks since the destructive conflagration at
Fall River took place, and yet, says the Fall River
Monitor, the fire in some-of the cellars is still burning
—particularly in the cellar of one large wholesale es
tablishment, where there were thousands of bushels of
corn and grain, and provisions and groceries in large
quantities, the fire has continued to burn, and is now
,ANOTHKR SUIT FOR A COON FEED.--We hatl42o ' t
that the coons of ottrown- city and county were the on
ly persona who reinied to pay for their jollication, after
the last Presidential election; but we find that they must
divide the honor with some politicians of the same
stripe in New Lisbon, Ohio. A verdict fur $149,00
was recently obtained in the Court of Common Fleas
of Columbiana county, by the gentleman who prepa
red a great Harrison Dinner, for the buckeye coons
of that part of the country, and which dinner the pa
triotic hard cider guzzlers had entirely forgotten to pay
for, until their memories were refreshed by a legal
prosecution.
Although we thinkit perfectly right that ersry matt
should pay his pecuniary liabilities, and that those who
are unwilling should be compelled to do so, yet we do
admit it is rather hard to force the poor whigs to pay
for their rejoicing over a victory that has proved so
barren ns the coon skin triumph of 1840. They feast
ed on all the good things the markets could afford; the
licit luxuries of the table shadowed forth the good fat
offices they wore all to obtain from "Tippecanoe and
Tyler too;" the sparkling wine that created such hilar
ity around the board, and added such zest to the wit of
the whig wags, gave them a foretaste of what would
be their sensations when elevated to high and honora
ble stations, with the motley multitude that followed
the bacchanalian scent of the hard cider carousals
through the campaign, looking up to them with wonder
and veneration; and the unrestrained indulgence of
those who fed at the table, was a miniature likeness of
the career of the whig party, could they but get the
Government in their hands. But alas! their fond anti
cipations
have been blighted; their hopes have proved
illusive, and the prospect of four years' power and pa
tronage has vanished. Their public dinners have lung
since been eaten, but the "loaves and fishes" that were
Ito fellow, as a dessert fur the elite of the party, have
1 not been forthcoming, and the official pap with which
they expected to gorge themselves, they have tin er
been permitted to taste. Is It any wonder, then, that
they should feel reluctant to pay for sttff t propitiating
efforts to obtain office? Although nothing of the kind
has ever happened in the democratic party—it being
always willing to pay all electioneering expenses—yet
we can readily imagine the chagrin and disappointment
of the poor coons, and our corn nisseration fur their sit
uation softens our abhorrence for the meanness of the
act. But we know of no help for them; the bills are
justly due, and it will be an everlastin_ di,: gra r e on t h e
universal whig party, if history shall hate to record
that all the talents, all the decency, and all the wealth
cf the country, refused to pay for the "roast beef" de
voured at their "magnificent triumph" in 1840.
ELECTIONS IN INDIANA-OFFICIAL
Chapmans', last State Sentinel contains the official
returns from every county in Indiana, from which
we are enabled to give the following statement:
For Gorernor—Whitcomb, (dem.) 60,714
Bigger, (-pm.) 58751
Dem. maj.,rity. 1963
Lf Gorertior.—Briglit, (dem.) 69905
Bradley, (co.m.) 569.5 i
Dorn. majority
Congress—l=t di.. Owen, (dem.) 6659
Paine, (coon.) 602
Owe a's majority, 577
" Henley, (dem.) 7020
" IVhite, (coon.) 607 0
Henley ' t; ma j olity. 950
3(1 " T. Smith, (dem.) 7 021
" Matson, (cum].) 6766
Smith's tuna. 2.55
4th " Test, (dem.) 3442
" C. B. Smith. (coon.) 4079
Smith's ma . j. 655
sth " Brown, (d. m.) 7394
" NVal lace, (coon.) C''l9
Brown's rnaj. IO3Z)
Gth " Davie, (dem.) 7106
" Bunn, (coon.) 6.11;7
Dariia rnaj. 919
7th " Wright, (Jena.) 541;3
" McGaughey. (coon.) 5 160
Wright's tnaj.
sal " Pettit, (dein. )
" Bryant, (coon.)
rt•Ltit's maj
9 t h 44 sr.rnplt•,(cnun.)
" Cha mborlidu, (dem.)
Semple's maj.
10th Kennedy. (d.•m.)
" Thompson. (coon.)
Kennedy's maj. 260
LEGISLATURE.
Senatc—Democrats. 26
Coons. 24
House—Democrats
Coons.
Majority on joint ballot.
RHODE ISLAND ELECTION.—TIIC PrOVideliCe Jour
nal of Wednesday, contains full returns of the votes
for members of congress in the eastern and partial re
turns Irma the western district. The result is as we
anticipated. The vote is much smaller than in April,
and in the eastern district, Cranston, the wing candi
date, is elected by a majority of 1521 over Mr. Wee
den, democrat. The following is the stateuf the vote,
compared with the result of the April election:
August, April.
2557 4217
4078 2286
In the western district thirteen towns give for Al
drich, democrat, 1321; Potter, Whig, 2025. In April
the same towns gave for Carpenter 2624; Fenner,
1939. There ere six towns to be heard from.
Democratic,
Whig,
A BATTLE BETWEEN THE TEXANS AND MEXI
CANS.-A letter recieved at New Orleans, dated a t
"Choctaw Agency, sth Aug., 1843," says: "Part of the
company who went out from Texas to intercept the San
ta Fe traders have returned. They had a fight with some
Mexicans, and report 20 killed of the latter, and many
prisoners. The United States Dritgoons captured the
TeXituts end set the Mexicans at liberty. Col. Mont
ague followed the wagons with 60 men to attack them
after the escort should return. The Texans who cam
in had their horses nearly all taken by the Comanches;
whom they followed and killed a number, which of
course will not strengthen the treaty of amity between
those powers.
TROUBLE 111 A "Csste."-15,000 Methodists are
holding a Camp Meeting at Bridgeport, Conn. Some
trouble was apprehended, as the Millerites, who had
engaged for this week the gronnd now occupied by the
Methodists, who had arrived, prepared to hold their
meeting, and had issued handbills to that effect. In the
mean time, the Methodists had agreed to continue their
Camp Meeting another week, and were holding posses
sion of the premises for that purpose. Which party
would have precedence was uncertain, but as the
ground is owned by one of the Methodist brethren, it
was supposed tbe odds were in their favor.
VETE ELKTON AFFRAY.—The Cecil Democrat gives
the following account of the melancholy occurrence no
ticed in our paper yesterday:
"A. T. Forwood, Esq., a young and respectable law
yer of this place, was shamefully and disgracefully at
tacked through the columns of the Cecil Whig, upon
the supposition that he was the author of a communi
cation which appeared in this paper, criticising a piece
of editorial in the Whig. Mr. Forwood felt indignant,
and culled upon P. C. Ricketts, editor of the Whig, at
the Post-office door. While talking, Mr. Forwood saw
Ricketts attempt to draw a pistol from his pocket, when
Mr. Forwood seized him by the arm—Ricketts jerked
his arm from Mr. Forwood's grasp, and stepped back
and fired, the ball entering his abdomen. Mr. For
wood then made towards Ricketts, when he again fired,
and continued until he had fired four times, three balls
entering Mr. Forwood's body, and ono of them passed
through him. Mr.. Forwood lived about nine hours,
suffering extreme pain, but he bore it all with great
fortitude, and conversed calmly, iotgiving P. C. Rick
etts the disgraceful and foul deed. Mr. R. was arm
ed with one of Colt's revolving pistols. Mr. Forwood
had a hickory stick in his hand, but dropped it after he
had received the second fire.
- _
ILicketts wa> armated imm:diately, and committed
after two examination..., to await his trial at next Octo
ber term."
. , .
eased This course, if pursued. leads directly to pre- J
'Three persons were sentenced to the Western ' ' '
cocity of intellect, or to a train of nervous diseases,
Penitentiary at the last term of the Court of Quarter • such as epilepsy, chorea, spinal distortion. &-.c. which
Sessions of Westmoreland county. Another to one often mar the brightest intellect, or brine on insanity.
year's imprisonment in that county jail, and another to ! Next to neglect of the proper trainil , of the locomo
tive system in producing physical inbesiiity and disease,
theH I
House of Refuge, Philadelphia. is a pernicious system of dietetics, pa-mitering - the ap.
petite with improper food, condiments, rid confec-
Mtx•E IV/am and his "subterranean band, - appear
inducing dyspepsy, the more Inveterate be
to have got into trouble in New York. The Plebeian c ti a c' t t i ' s e e rY l , lnduced before the natural tone and vigor bad
of the Ist has the following paragraph in reference to I beeng
iven to tha stomach, when its susceptibility is
him: greatest, and its power of endurance least. Then
ARREST OF MIKE Wst.sti.--This notorious charge-
i comes the restraints of chess, which prevent the healthy
ter was yesterday arrested on another complaint, and
and naturel development of vital organs, before growth
is completed, and impede the natural functions of or
was held to bail. NVe learn that James Kelly, the
ell formed, whose office is essential to life.
Whig Deputy Clerk of the Sessions, was his surety!— g at " w
All bandages upon the body are pernicious, even tight
Is it possible? We shall inquire into the standing of
this Kelly, and whether the magistrate was justified in shoes will often produce headache, and tight cravat r-
s
taking him. A pretty state of things indeed, when an
bring on appopl o exy. Bandage; on the chest are pa
ticularlyinjurious, as they impede respiration, one of
officer of our criminal court steps between justice and
otdianism. Several more complaints will be mule be-
the most important vital processes iu the hum an sys
fore the end of the week. Public eNcii,mcnt is intense tem.
The chemical principle, of which respiratio - n frees
against this violator of public order, and we learn that' .
the blood at every round of its circulation, is a poison
the people of the Ninth Ward intend calling a public
meetin to the brain, that destroys life in drowning, strangula
e to devise suitable measures fur the complete
_ , don, the inhalation of irrespirable gases, of wells and
extirpation of his gang.
i caves, and from the fumes of burning charcoal in close
What has Mike been doing? Will the Plebeian rooms Any impediment to the regular and constant
•
give us ••more light?" 1 inhalation of vital air impedes the expulsion of this
- - - . principle, and it eventually goes to the brain, dimin-
Win lo IMP UDEN CE.—That illustrious Whig, Nicho- fishing its energies, disturbing its functions, and tending
las Biddle, (says the Plebeian), has written to the ! directly to produce disease.
Penns Such are briefly the foundations of innumerable evils
ylv ania Inquirer a letter, in which he asks:
I laid in early life by ignorance or neglect of the natural
"Ought the state legislature to defraud its citizens laws of man. An inheritance accompanied with
with impunity, to retain the property of others, and to • "
, wealthand every thin; to pamper and satiate, often
laugh at their distresses?" !fails to afford the happiness and substantial - -
. . . a en3o3
ment
. _ .
Here is a man who has carried on a larger husines3
at swindling than am• other person living, talking about
thetat , of Pennsylvania defrauding it, citizens with i
impunity. Could impudence go further ?
YELLOW FEVER UN BOARD THE GOMEII.—We
learn from the Bee of 2?d inst., that the yellow fever
ha' ra t otd i.xtensively on board the French steam frigate
Goner at New Orleans. When the disease first broke
out it caused come consternation among the sailors.
but this it ai soon arrested by the ejThrt± of the surgeon.
There had hewn slaty rases on hoard up to the 18th
j o s,t ant ; of the,..•, bogie won. fatal. The disease pm
val al mut h more generally among the officers thatt the
crew.
GREAT Dtt IV IN , ;.—An oNtranr.livarr feat at (Irking
Wll4 witnes.td recently in the Sri at metropolis. The
fact i 3 tvcord , ql is a late number of the London
Timest—"At 10 o'clock ye.terday morning, Mr. Bul
ger, who is conocct.-11 with Mr. Harry's e.tabli , lunent,
left A-tley's mm It 11 fourteen Ls autiful horses, it)
h ;Ind richly capar:.oned, and uttaclied
to a cal daze built ^xpr , -.sly for such occasiot , . Mr.
Bulger . dtove the anima', tltrouzli the pri , tripal..treets
and crowded t It. Ir. vighf.tres, t nrainz the variou. corner;
with the =neatest preri-ior, and without mectiuz with
the nni,l,mt. and ent , •rerl St. James's Park,
pa. , sis: , 2 up Cott,tit , ) , don Ilia into Ilyde Park,and came
out of cki:a!”..3nit stt. into thford eet. and after
,vri tit tt .tieet returnal by Charing ('roes
mid Whitehall over IVesteniu:ter hri.l4e back to
Thaltro. Amhara:l ha: driven as many as eight
or ton i , ) ban., -, but ri, per..oa has ever before
attempted to dris.,,
I It Mt' ItIM:It ut SI.AVES. -- rilf , t ,
slave:{ of a :11r. C:1:1i1V1411, nn•ar Athens. Aim, de
coye 1 th , ir IWO :IP! W 0,114 ivid murdered her
on the llth ult. in tit ah,ettee in . their. !mister. When
he returned, they attempted to serve him in the rune
way, as. they Lad previously conspired to du. and sent
hint word that one of them svgs 'kis, (lowa in the
Geld, and n ant ~ 1 him to com. there. The negro tt as
roliing on the Lmonia, zrest pain, hat
ith in Itx.• concealed under him. Mr. Chapman
nled the pl , ,t by taking a friend with him. dieeorn
ing alarmed by th , .tran , e comhict of hi; slave:, Mr.
4 0u4lit for hi,: wif and found her d...ad !poly. The
slave:. were then :it - rested; the murderer escaping - , anal
whirling an axe milts init,ter lie ran, to t h e woods
aia the muster . ..: approach. The murderer wit 4 51
years old. from Virginia, and now states that he mur
dered late master and mistrei3 in that State. Horrible.
NEWS FRONI THE WESTERN BORDER
The "Stand ,1,1," pd.:idled at Texas,
s ome tavewy miles beyond the t 4 ti c'd Stan , boundary,
states that apart of the Texians who went ill pursuit of
the Santa Fe Traders have returned to their homes.
These men assert that they were within the territory of
Texas when Col. Suively surrendered toCapt. Cooke
of the Cnited States Dragoons, and attribute the capit
ulation to iwelliiency or t reachery on the part of Snively.
They report also that the Traders continued their journey
without any protection after separating from the 1.7. S.
troop t, but ‘vuppo,w, form the start they bad. that there
was little c tan. of tlw party twilit:. overtaken by the
remnant of Texians aho went in pursuit of them. So
that, ilot ithstanding, the report we have had tot he con
trary, it is yet possible, if not prabahle, that this com
pany of traders will reach Santa to in safety.
TIH►; GENTI,MI.IN EARNIER
It is wor !Ilan idle fi ,r any man to expect to better
his condition a pecuniary point of view by turning
gentleman fanner. If a person have a fortune alrea
dy, he may lay out pleasure grounds, fence in parks,
make experimmts in crops. try Cl l / 1 1 . ..3 in breeds of
cattle, set outitrem far shade scenery, and thus grati
fy his taste, and possibly make some discovery for oth
ers to profit by; but in his own case he will lose money
—probably he expects it. What would any one think
of a gentleman warrior or n gentleman poeti—that is,
of a man who should hire all his fighting done, or his
verses made. If success crowns individual personal
exertion in all other *atters, how is it that this On g
the primitive occupation of mankind, men expect it,
without putting their hand to the plough and girding
themselves fur the labor? It is a common remark
among husbandmen, that he who works with his
"hands;" gets double the amount of work out of them.
compared with him who only gives his orders, and
waits until they are accomplished. The general must
lead his troops to victory; he must endanger his own
life if he would infuse bravery into the hearts of his
soldiers; and this principle is not inapplicable to the
"boss" of the farm. •
c:uniots CIRCUMSTANCE
The St. Clair County Banner says, that a "Mr. M.
Geel, of Port Huron, in that county, commenced near
his house boring for water, and after having sunk a
shaft to the depth of 115 feet, he suddenly heard a hiss
ing noise, which he supposed tobe water rising where
he had bored. Ile immediately commenced taking
up his shaft., which as soon as be had done, was follow
ed by a noise to , lood and resembling that made by the
hugest steamboat letting off steam, and a rush of gas,
throwing stones, sand, &c., to the height of 100 feet,
and with such force as to throw stones weighing from
5 to 10 pounds, when placed in the orifice, to the height
of several feet. A large tube has been inserted over
the hole, and up to the present time it has continued,
although not as strong as at first, to emit a strong cur
rent of gas, of an inflamable nature supposed to be hy
drogen. We yesterday visited the spot and saw the
gas lighted. It burnt freely, producing a bright flame
and slightlyimpregnated with sulphuric smell, bat when
burning or otherwise, not the least offensive.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION—GIVE CHILDREN 'A BREAKDOWN.
,
SCOPE. The Covention of Abolitionists for the purpose of
Woodward, the able superintendent of the Worcee• forming a Liberty county ticket, met in the borough of
ter Lunatic Hospital, in his last report, urges with Washington, Pa.. Is v, ,e!:. They met in an unfinish
strong argument the itnportance of a proper physical ed building in :\ I lid , a street. About two hundred
education—a subject which is too much neNiected prsonshajgither.l insi,l,., when the main beam which
There is undoubtedly an intimate connection between supported the c way, sad all were precipita
education and insanity, especially between early ted into th beatn passed through the cen
training and that condition of the brain which is mani- tre of the building- leiu:tlea i3e and other timbers were
fested in precocious mental development. resting on it and on the walls. The clash was treines-
One of the great defects, both of nursery and school dons. 'nos:" were in the middle fell perpendicularly,
education, is the neglect of proper training of the or nearly so, and those on eithersido were pitchedhena.
bodily powers during childhood and youth. long into a 30a. of funnel shaped centre which was fcala-
Nature provides an excess of the principle of life, ed. Boards, scantling, men and timber, were all
that all young animals may not only grow, but be thrown together.
active and frolicksorne, so that the locomotive sys- Almost miraculously no lives were lost, though a
tem may be healthy, strong, and well developed. large number were injured more or less. One gentle- .
Noise is also as useful as it is natural to children, be- man, we understand, had his leg broken. It is alsmilt
cause the lungs, and other organs of respiration, can to conceive how such an accident could occur without
not be rendered strong and vigorous without exercise, killing some half down, and we are astonished that
any more than the muscles. An opposite system ofl such was not the case. We hope it will be a warning
management, now too prevalent, leaves the child's-f- to all againstgoing into newly finishedbuildings for any
ferninate and slender. But this is nut the worst of the purpose that requires the attendance of even a hundred
' evil. If the child is deprived of exercise and kept at persons. The Convention resumed its sittings out of
his studies too early or too lonz, the excess of the doors, and formed a Ticket.—Examincr.
vital principle, which is produced for the purpose of l 3
giving activity and energy to the digestive and loco
motive system, is expended upon the brain and nerv
ous system, and they become too susceptible, or dis-
which poverty secures with its daily toil, and the home
ly which stern necessity compels.
The evil, well understood, leads to the remedies
which education must apply to counteract it. Firm
and healthy bodies, brains, lungs, stomachs and mo
ving powers, must be first secured. Care must be ta
ken that none of them be overtaxed. The precocious
and feeble must be taken from their books and put to
active exercise; the robust and vigorous must be taken
from cruel exercise and sports. and put to study and
mere placid employments, lest with vigor they become
unfeelipg and pugnacious.
Sonic of the mental faCulties may need restraint, and
others enconragement; active passions and propensities
must be repressed. and all be kept under the guidance
of the intelligent and moral powers. Firmness and
cheerfulness under trial and suffering should be daily
cultivated, that the evils which cross our paths may be
bone when they cannot be avoided. In this way the
ill; of life may be endured without repining, the some,'
of many diseases dried up at the fountain, and the cau
ses of insanity be diminished both in number and sever-
'fliE OCE kN AND THE DESERT
In this world there are two mighty forms of perfi-et
solitude—the ocean and the desert; the wilderne ss
the barren sands, and the wilderness of the barren NV:I
LT,. Both are the parents of inevitable superstitions
—of terror, snlenut, ineradicable, eternal. Sailors and
children of the desert are alike overrun wilt spiritual
Imuntings, from acrid *nt, of peril essentially connect
ed with those modes of lire, and from the eternal spec
tacle of the infinite. Voices scent to blend with the
rat ing of the sea, which will forever impress the ft:
big of beings more than human: and every chamber of
O w great wilderness, which, with little interruption,
stretches front the Euphrates to We western shores of
fli:!a, pin-altar terrors, both as to sights
and suunds. In the wilderness of Zin, between Pales
tine and the 1.e.1 Sea, a s;Thin of the desert well knew a
iu the, days to out countrymen, bells are heard daily
p, :a ti o4 fo r ru tans ~r vespers. from some phantom rim
vent tiiat no search of Christian or :if Bedouin Aral: has
ever been able to discover. Tlicse bells have sounded
:dime the Crass es. Other sounds, trumpets. the t'a /a
of armies, &c., rues
. heard in other regions of the des
ert. Fornis, also, rim seen, of more people than have
any lg 111.• to be walking in human paths: sometimes
Berms of avowed t:Tronsometimes, which is a case :di
fir more danger, appmrances that mimic the shapes of
men, and even , 11 . 16011113 and comrades. This is a easel
nnich dwelt on by the old travellers, and which throws
a gloom over the spirits ot" all Bedouins, and of every
catila or caravan. IVe all ItrA what a sensation of
loneliness or "eeriness" (to use an expressive term of
the ballad poetry) arises to any small party assembling,
in a sin; lc 10,n/ uF “ taco de•t , lll , line the
timid among them fancy continually that Wev hear some
remote door opening, or trace the sound of suppressed
footsteps from some distant stair-case. Such is the
feeling of the desert,even in the midst of the caravan.
The mighty solitude is seen; the dead silence is antici
pated which will succeed to this brief transit of men,
camels and horses. Awe prevails even in the midst
of
society: but if the traveller should leiter behind from fa
tigue, or be so imprudent as to ramble aside—should
ho from any cause once lose sight of his party, it is hahl
that his chance is small of recovering their traces.—
And whyl Not chiefly front the want of mtmarks,
where the wind effaces all impressions i.; tishe an hi mr,
or of eye marks, where all is one bin-;!; -eon o f s a nd,
but much rrmre from the sounds or We visual appear
ances, which are sup Posed to beset and to seduce all
insulated wanderers.—Block wood.
VALUABLE REMEDIES
H E A DACHE.—Batiw the forelmad and temple 4 with
a mixim , of hartshorn and strong vinegar, equal parts,
and suta a little of it up the nose. Sick hcailarho
must be cured by an emetic as it proceeds only from a
foul stomach.
Sow.; MouTH.—Mix tegetherlioncy and white borax,
equal parts, and with a white rag tiesi to the end of a
skewer, ruh the mouth three or four times a day.
SORE Tit ROA T.—Take twenty drops of spirits of tur
pentine on loaf sugar every night, till cured. Black
currant jelly hastens the cure.
BILIouS COMPLAINTS: Take forty drops of Balsam
of Peru on loaf sugar, Of in a tumbler of water every
day at 11 o'clock.
INAtin.rry To Si . ..cm—Take a grain or two of cam
phor at bed time; this is a curer and safer remedy than
opium or laudanum.
NIGHT SWEATS.—Drinka gill or more of warm wa
ter, at night previous to retiring to bed.
port of Pittsbur9l).
Reported by Sheble and Mitchell, Gentral Steam
Boat Agents, Water street
TWENTY-FOUR INCHES WATER IN THE CHANNEL,
According to Coppei Mark, at the Wood street Sewer.
ARRIVED.
Warren, McDocted, Beaver.
'Bridgewater, 13(,ie.i. Cincinnati,
DEPARTED
Warren, McDonald. Beaver.
A RARE CHANCE.—A store in one of the best
..t1 business streets in the city, will be to let low to a
good tenant. AtTly at Fo.iter'3 Agency, St Clairst.
auz 30-2 w.
T OAF SUOMI-10 boxes loaf Einar, jwareceived
1-.4 and for sale by
11XiLMAN, JENNINGS & CO.,
aug 9 43, Wood street
GERMAN DEMOCRATIC CENTRAL COMMIT-
The standing Gorman Democratic Committee of
Ailrglieny Co,, have on the 2d inst., chosenthefollow
ing gentlemen as their Central Committee.
J. Ilerma::, 11. l'ickei,on, Ernest Heidelbergh, J.
G. Bacliolen, Martin llx-flinger, C. Kuhn, Otto Hoff
man. T HERMAN, Prest.
LAST CONCERT BY THE BLIND.
Covert of Sacred Music, Vocal and Thstrumeatat,
by the Pupils of the
PENNSYLVANIA INSTITUTION
For the Instruction of the Blind, at the 11 Presby
terian Chnrch, on Tins EVnNING, September 5.
Admi [tan co 25 cents. Children brit price. To be had
at the Hotels. Doors open at 7. o'clock.
PART FIRST
1. Overture, Caliph of Bagdad.
2. Anthem; Great is the Lord,
3. Eve's Lamentation, from the Oratorio of • •
tie Irderces,ier,—Mii-s Laird.
I. Anthem, Praise Ye the Lord.
5. Air,"Ruched in theCradie oldie Deep"—
Mr. Dyer. IC. igAt.
C. Prayer to Thee, 0 God our Saviour, Solo
and Chorus.
7. Solo on the Piano, Air, "The Blue Belles
of Scotland," Variation=,—Miss Dandy, Hunter.
Woodman Spare that Tree,— Russel.
9. Chorus, Praise His Awful Name, from
the Oratorio of the Last Judgement,
PART SECOND.
Reading by the Blind.
10. Overture, the Two Blind of Toledo, Mikal.
11. Reed tatioa. Total Erlipse,—Mr.Praven, Handel.
12. Anthem, the Voice of Anels. Clark. "ow'
13. Duet. Ave Sanetii,itno,—Miss Laird
and Mr. Par, en.
11. Sdo on the C.' larionet,—Mr. Pyle, Rossini•
15. The Old Arm Chair,- 7 Mr. Dyer. Russel.
16. Aothem,Praise the Lord in his Holiness, Borax.,
17. Sacred Melody, ••This Earth is nut our
Rest,"
18. Fatlter.:,-111i;s Brown
19. Quartette,Keep On.
sep 5-It.
To Farmers.
WANTED. a steady man with a small family, who
unikr:tandr Tanning, Currying and drew
inz leather, in all its grades and forms, togo Tennessee
to furnish a small stuck of leather, and take an interest
in a tan yard. Apply early to
M. ALLEN & SON.
Sept. s.—lt.
Guardian's Sale.
N pursuance of an order of the Orphans' Count"
I
Alletdieny Comity, the undersigned Guardian of
Thomas Willson, James E. Wilson, and WilliamWM
son, minor children ofJames Wilhion, late of the tow
ship t, f Upper St. Clair, county aforesaid, deceased,_
eyill ,xpor , .. , to sale by pulniir vendee or outcry, at the •
Court' house in tic' city of Pittsburgh, ON THE 4114
Mos Dal' OeTor,En. A. I).. 18.13, at the hour of IS
o'clock nn said day. all that - valuable FARM, situate
in die township and county aforesaid, adjoining lands
of Jame: 11. Robb, Samuel Morgan, John Boreland,
Samuel Willson and others, containing Eighty-sevea
a , 1.1 one half a -res, strict mu-Ist:re, be the same more
less. Also, the small piece adjoining the above, of
about one acre nTland, with the privileges as the same
was conveyed by Julio and wife unto Thomas
Willson, late of the Township aforesaid, deed, about
-10 acr, , ,, cleared and in a linalt state of cultivation, and
the balance of the land is well timbered. There is on
the premises a. tirs.t. rate Saw Mill in :o1)(1 repair. The
land ndionad: with Stone Coal and Lime Stone easy of
aceinss and is well watered.
The hrrni arc u:lo-third canh, and the balance in tir•
eLpml amoral payrnunt:. widi intero , t thereon from the
day of sale. WILLIAM. ESPY,
sept. 5, 1843—a 1w s, ‘N IS
Dissolution of Partnership.
911.1 E Partnership twrt,tofore existing under thefrem
of DICKEY and ALEXANDZIC, i 9 this day disaol-4/0 ,-,
vrl tnitual con: , ent. JAMES DICKEY, -
sept. 1, 1.8-13. WM. G. ALEXANDER.
JAMES DICKEY re , pectfully informs his friends
and tlui public, that he stile,ritinues in the Transpor
tation Bu.iiness, at his Warehouse, CORNER OrIABER
TY AND WATNE STREETS, Canal Basin, under the
name of the Ind, , pendent Por!able Boat LiSsei,"
W here he will receive and forward freitht to the East at
the lowest terms. sept. 4—tf.
A T the Refermed Methodist Church, yelterday
forenoon,a GOLD \V ATC 11 CH MN and SEAL.
The finder wiil be liberally rewarded by leaving it at
°thee of the ••Morulutf. Post." sep 4-3 t.
C. A. DicANIILTY,
FORWARDING COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Canal Basin, corner Wayne and Liberty streets, Pitts
burgh. Agent United States Portable Boat Line.
sept 4-3 m.
United States Portable Boat Line Depot.
MeANULTY very resiwetfully informs his
. friends and the public, that he has made arrange
ment: to continue the ruzmlcy of the boats forming the
U. S. Portable Boat Line•. at the lure new NV urehmse,
CORNER OF WAYNE AND LIBERTY STREETS, Canal
Basin, where goodA will be receiv,d and forwarded
with u4nal despatch, and on the mo.d favorable terma,
to Baltimore, Philadelphia, New Yolk or Boston.
bept. 4-3 m.
Solo Leather.
9 i t SIDES of Baltimore nod New 'frock
Sole Leather: also a general ewsortroe4
of Morocco, Lining and Binding:Skin% for aale by
WALTER BRYANT & - CO.,
No. 83 Liberty dtregt.
sep 2-411rn,5-‘‘2t
LIGHT HIDES, suitable for Upperl.,3oo Leather.
900 heavy Spanish Hides,
250 city slaughter do.,
700 . I .lladras Goat Skiai,
In store and for sale by
WALTER BRYANT 4. CO.
N. 83 Libem at.
sep
Lace Leather.
di )afk SIDES Lace I.,eather,a very superior article
0.(../1,) for sewing Mar:bine Bet:, for sale by
WALTER BRYANT & CO"
No, 83 Liberty st.
e p 2-d I m.Sr.w'L't
Fresh Dye Stuffs.
CHIP. LOGWOOD AND ICSTIC, MADDER,
Oil Vitriol, Alum. Ground Cain wood, Verdigris,
and a very general stock of materials for dyers, calm.
sonable term.:. ust recei veil at the Wholesale and Re
tuil Drag Warehouse of JONA. KIDD,
aug. 31. No 60, corner Wood & Fourth sts.
0. HOFFMAN, Seey
Ba rche.
Hermo2
Guardian
Hides.
~_.~.y.~:...:.._._ __o_.._.