Newspaper Page Text
- "It has been c.oraputed by some political arithmeti
44gasis, that ifevery man and woman would work four
.4mm each day on something' useful, that lobut would,
kaaninee sufficient to procure all the necessaries and
vonsfitirts of life, want and misery would be banished
of the world, and-the rest of the twenty-four hours
might he leisr!re MA pleasure.
"Mat occatitms then so much want and misery?—
ltment of men and women in works that
„sirtataieither the necessaries nor conveniences of l ire;
;aim, thoSe who do nothing - , consume necessaries
iatisiditt the laborious. To explain this:
"The ftglit elements of wealth are obtained by labor
from thieWrth and waters. T have land, and raise
C-Inbir,....Wi,th this I feed a family that does nothing, my
eornorfilbet consumed, and at the end of the year, I
ahnialdiStilicher-dvan I was at the beginning. gut,
if, while I feed them, I employ them some in spinning,
othfriOrt making bricks, &c. for building, the value
trig - t orn- will be arrested and remain with me, and
.at titer end of the year we may all be better clothed and
hetteeladged. And if, instead of employing a man I
feel in making bricks, I employ him in fiddling for
me, the . t"ort he eats is gone, and no part of the man
-I,...7's.ufacture remains to augment the wealth and conveni
i?„. ,tndesic the family; I shall, therefore, be the pourer of
lids fiddling man, unless the rest of my family work
I- 7 ! : more, or eat less, to make up the deficiency he occa
"Look round the world, and see the millions employ
ed in doing, nothing, or in something that ananints to
k 'bathing, when the necessaries and conveniences of life
,-ttie in question. What is the bulk of commerce, for
F, which 'We 'fight and destroy each other, but the toil
t r, of millions for superfluities, to the great hazard and
rir r less of many lives, by the constant dangers of the sea.
How much labor is spent in building and fitting great
ships, to go to China and Arabia for tea and coffee, to
I” the West Indies for sus-or, to America for tobacco?—
! These things cannot he called the necessaries of life,
for ouritricestors lived very comfortably without them.
"A question may be asked—could all these people
r ,„ .ow employed in rising, making, or carrying superflu
ri be subSisted by rising necessaries? I think they
might The world is large, and a great part of it is
L'.:7; still talc: Hvated. Many hundred :billions •of acres in
f!" Africa and America, are still in a forest; and a
1• greatdeal even in Europe. On a hundred acres of this
forest, a man mightbecome a substantial farmer; and a
laindrad thousand men employed in clearing each, his
hundrediseres would harcllyb:ighten a spot large enough
to be visible from the moon, unless with Herschel's
Telescope; so vast are the regions still in wood.
"It is. however, some comfort to reflect that upon
the whole, the quantity of industry and prudence a
mong wanking exceeds the quantity of idleness and
folly.. Hence the increaseof good buildings, farms cul
tivated, and populous cities filled with wealth, all over
, Europe, which a few ages since were only to be found
on the coast of the Mediterranean; and this notwith—
standing the mad wars continually raging, by which are
often destroyed in one year, the works of many years
peace. So that we may hope fie luxury of a few
merchants on the coast will not he the ruin of America.
"One reflection more, and I will end this rambling
letter. Almost all the parts of our body require sotfl...
- expense. The feet demands shoes; the rest of the body
clothing; and the belly a great deal of victuals. Our
eyes, though exceedingly useful, ask when retuipnable,
only the cheap addition of spectacles, which could not
much impair our finances. But the eves of other peo
ple ate the eyeh that ruin us. If all but myself were
uk.a, I should neither want fine clothes, tine, houses,
nor fine furniture." •
Suh.icet to the decision or
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION
14tCbe 11laming post.
PHILIAPS lc AND PROPRIETORS
PITTSBURGH, TIIURSDAN, AU6CST 31,1843
This body assembled yes....erday, pursuant to notice,m
tile Hall of th 3 Court of Common Pleas.
On [notion, Dr. Joan POLLOCK, of Findlay, wee call
ed tnt.he Chair, and ROTIEET lIARE, WM. KERR, JNo.
84iEDER and Mten.t.r.t. SNEE, Esqs., were chosen
IN* Pee: i dents, and Jain Haworth. T. B. Patter
10*, R. Donaidso n and Chas. Barnat, Secretaries.
After the offteers had taken their seats, the list of
districts was calledover, and delegates appeared from
all and presented their credentials. The following
tiv. 62 names of the delegate,::
Ist Ward.—Henry Cassidy, Thomas Kerr
John Irwin, Charles Barnett.
3d " Thomas O'Neil, J. D. Kelly.
4th a Robert Gilway, Slar.nlSaee.
sth" James Orm:tun, William Wilson
lst Ward.—J. Haworth, G. Spangler.
2d " Charles Wallace, Co'es Townsend.
3d " John M'Chesney, William Dalzell.
4th " Richard Dewhurst, George A. Kurtz.
Birmingham.—Jams Salisbury, Edward Enroll.
Robinson.—W. Gribben, W. M'Cormick.
Pr:U.—John Greene, Wm. Brown.
Peebles.--John B. Guthrie, George Ferree.
Plumb.—Uzziah Stewart,' Jae McGinley
Witking.—Edward Thompson, Robert Donabl-mn
Reserve.—S. Felker, .1. \Voods.
Bbarpsburgh.—B. L. Wood, Jas. Bryson.
Sarber, J. O'Brien.
Lower St. Clair.—John D. Miller, A.Frew.
. - Upper St. Clair.—W. Kerr, M. Beltzhoover.
Rm.—Robert Hare, James McAleer.
Elisabeth.—Dr, James Powers, James Scott,
Versailles—Wm. L. Miller, Chrisman.
,Fayette. -Wm. Sturgeon, W. S. Mathews.
illoon..7—Geo. Morrison, Geo. Sampson,
John Follock, Johnston
Miitin.—T. B. Patt •rson, J.Ralston.
Jeer3on.—\l. Snee, Wm. Stewart.
Franklin—John D. Fowler, Wm. Neely.
Okio.—James Taylor, Andw. Pinkerton.
Pine. —Jacob Whitesell, J. G. Arbuthnot.
.last Dcer.—Thos. Neal, James M'Aleer.
West Deer.—John Lavely, Grubb.
Indiana.—H. M'Claren, John Burton.
'On motion, the Convention proceeded to select a
candidate for Congress.
The following gentlemen were named: E. D. Gaz
es= William Wilkins, Alex. Brackenridge, Chas. Sha
ter, H. G. Rogers.
On the first ballot,
Edward D. Gazzam had
At this stage of the proceedings, a letter was pre
sented and read from Judge Shaler, contradicting a
reportthat he would not be a candidate.
Another letter was received and read from Judge
Wilkins, in relation to the nomination oflast year, vvaiv
;aft alibis claims to said nomination, and offering him.
self to the Convent ion as a candidate for nomination
'Both-leuers will arpear in the regular proceedings
On the s.lnd ballot,
Edward D. Gazzum had
- Wm. 'Wilkins was declared duly nominated
The Convention then preceded to nominate a candi
Arm Tor Sheriff.
the first ballot.
.Rody . Patterson had
On the 2nd ballot,
Rody Patterson had
CITY OF PITTSBURGH
The chair announced that Elijah Trevino wets duly
Connentiom on 'notion, proceeded to vote for
On the lirzt
Wm. G. Hawkins hid
Geo. R. Riddle
J. C. M'Cully,
John B. Guthrie' •
On the 2nd ballot,
Wm. G. Hawkins had
Geo. R. Riddle
J. C. MCull)i :
J. B. Guthrie?
On the 3rd ballot,
Wm. G. Hawkins had
Goo. R. Riddle
J. C. M'Cully
OA the 4th ballot,
Wm. G. Hawkins had
Geo. R. Riddle
J. C. M'Cully
On the sth ballot,
Wm. G. Hawkins had
Geo. R. Riddle
J. C. M'Cully
On the sth ballot,
Geo. It. Riddle had .
J. C. Nl:Gully
On motion, the Convention adjourned until to-mor
row morning at 8 o'clock.
THE NOMINATIONS ; -A. 5 we confidently predicted,
the Convention accomplished its duties with sincorum,
fairness and order. The nomi,uttions are such as will
give general satisfaction to the party. Of the election
of the entiro ticket no shadow of doubt can be enter
The nomination fur Congress was justly awarded to
Judie WILKINS, a token of confidence and respect
for his long tried devotion to the Democratic cause.—
As we have frequently asserted, his talents and ac
quirements will adorn the station to which be will be
called, and his constituents may point to him with pride
and pleasure. The contest was an exciting one, for
thecampetitors of Judge Wilkins were all pre-eminent
for their talents, and all justly entitled to party favor.—
Thu-qualifications,. experience, and party setv:us of
Judge Wilkins, however, could not be withstood; and
were sustained by a letter from himself in which he
magnanimously waived all claim to a nomination on
account of the proceedings of last year, and appealed to
his - fellow-citizens to say if he had forfeited any claim to
their favor, which he possessed when that nomination
was made. We know thatdefeat, under any circum
stances, is a very unpleasant affair; but the defeated
candidates for the Congressional nomination, cannot
but submit with a good grace to the result of the nom-
The nomination of COl. TWITILIAI: fur the
Sheriffalty, will be received by the party with universal
satisfaction. Those who supported others cannot de
ny him the possession of those sterling political and
personal qualities which make a popular candidate and
a good officer. lie was the candidate of the parry
three years ago, when success was hopeless, and his
vote under the discouraging circumstances of that con
test, is an indication of the overwhelming victory which
awaits him this falL In saying this for him, however.
we have no wish to depreciate the claims of his coin
petitons. for nomination—the warm support they recei
ved from their friends is the best proof of their high de
We announce the nomination or GEORGE R. RIDDLE
with peculiar satisfaction. He has been assailed in
the basest and most unscrupulous manner by a purcha
sed press,—and although the selection of any of his
competitors would have been heartily received by the
party, it would have been a source of deep regret if a
man like George R. Riddle, could have been sacrificed
by the rascally means that were brought tu bear a
gainst him. His election, by a majority over the ag
gregate vote of both the whig and the antimasonic can
didates, is a matter perfectly certain. •
It will he seen by our report, that the Convention
adjourned until to-morrow, at 9 o'clock, whim the
nominations will be finished.
THE ConN CROP OF KENTUcKY. — The Louisville
Journal says along the route from Maysville to Lexing
ton, and from Lexington to Louisville, we find that
the corn crop is remarkably promising. General Shel
by affirms that he has a hundred acre field which wil
average one hundred bushels to the acre. It is plant
ed four feet each way with four stalks to the hill. So
late and cold was the spring that many believed the end
was approaching, and that the inhabitants of the earth
were to be frozen instead of burnt to death. Bat in
obedience to the ancient promise, "seed time" came at
last, and we are now on the eve of a most extraordina
ry harvest. How futile are the speculations of man,
and.what stability and mercy in the ordinations of
ALTERATION' OF MICHIGAN STATE WARRANTS. -
We learn from the Detroit Free Press that there have
been detected at the Auditor General and State
Treasurer's office some warrants altered from 6,7, 8,
and $9, to 60, 70, 80, and $9O. Some four of them
were paid in at the land office at Marshall, and two
or three others have been paid or presented at the state
treasury, on account of lands and other assests. A
few others have been found in the hands of individuals.
They can be detected by a close examination of the
sum where it is written in words or in figures on the
faint lines on the bottom. The forgeries, it is sup
posed, cannot be very extensive. '
AorerritEn VICTIX.—The New Orleans Diamond of
the 20th, brings an account of thedestruction of anotli
er individual at the shrine of honor! Mr. Hueston, ed
itor of the Baton Rogue Gazette, and the Hon Alcee
Labranche, of New Orleans, fought a duel on the even
ing of the 1.0:11, which resulted fatally to the former.—
The parties were armed with double baralled guns,
loaded with hall—distance forty yards. Four rounds
were fired, and on the fourth, Mr. H. received a ball
in the left side which passed through him, occasioning
his death in about six hours after he received it.
Business is reviving at Buffalo—indeed, the pros..
pect all over the country is encouraging
FEES OF COUNSEL.—Counsellor Mazurenu has pre
sented a bill for professional services to the council of
the First Municipality of New Orleans, amounting to
the moderate sum of twenty-three thousand dollars.—
The ma"natcs look dry at him, and don't pay.
A GALLANT .Acr.—The Elkton, Md. Whig of Sat
urday says:—"Mr. James Wolf, conductor of the train
of cars, running between here and the camp meeting,
performed a daring and noble feat, on Saturday last,
by which he sated the life of a fellow being, at the
imminent risk of his own. The cars were going at a
tolerably rapid gate, the engine behind. He was in
the forward car, and looking out, saw a man in the
middle of the track a few feet ahead, walking card ;sz
ly along. Quick as thought he sprang out, caught him
in his arms and threw him off the track, and while in
the act was struck by the platform of the car but for
tunately knocked outside the railing beyond the reach
of the wheels. The man was dear
Wsottb tidied on Monday, an account of a highway plication was: motie to h Don Domingoßipoll si GovernA i t Nevi Orleans. The Bee Of the 18th says:
or of Solsona ,
sons, to lend ls morepowerful
The Governor caused the Mendes of Santa Colons de
Yeskeraii* morning, at 11 o'clock, Mr. Converse Querol and of Mantagut to assemble in the market
came to his senses, and made the following statement, place of Santa Colonna us the morning of the sth ult.
which whhave been allowed to trans.:dire:—
allthe mile inhabitants within -their districts. Tnis
He says he- wgilt as to ;lc pla , iii appoioti iil i:I the
done, the Governor surrounded the assemblage, prin
note which he receiv.iil in tit i moriiiit. That after
cipally peasants, with a body of cavalry, and, stating
quitting the road, and about thirty yards from it, ho ob
that he had aequiredintormation that they knew whey®
' served three men lying in the grass, whom' his coming
the cave was in which the missing individuals wereim
opposite to them Tusher' upon him, one seizing him on
prisoned, declared that, if it were not immediately
each side, and the other holdinsr ' the horse. That be- pointed out, every man present should be shot, corn- 1
fere they had time to approach, and when he became
mencing with the Alcade do Ponties. In vain did the I
convinced that their intentions were hostile, he drew : trihappv people declare that they knew nothing of the i
his penknife and cut one of the men that seized . him on cave, or the missing individuals; in vain did they solicit
the face. They then dragged him from the Itorse,and , mercy; the Governor appeared inexorable. At length
in this scuffle he lost his hat, coat, and had his pauta- :
, he selected every tenth individual from the multitude
loons torn. They then bound a handkerchief tightly
!trod imprisoned this tithe of the assembly with one of
round his eyes, an d l e d hi m h e k nows not whither.— the principal men of the district, declaring that if the
They conducted him about the woods for nearly ' lll I residue did nut discover the cave within 24 hours, the
hour. whim at last they came to a plank, whicli ne , prisoners should be shot. The villagers scoured the
judged to have bees placed across sonic stream; they
I country round but could make tin discovery. At the
here stopped, one on each side holding him steady. I appointed hour, they met the Governor again, and in
while the third placed a pistol to his mouth to lot him I formed Min ot their want of Success, imploring hint to
know what it was. Taking it away, he then present- I spare the unhappy people whom he had confined, as
ed him a vial, telling him if he did not drink its contents they were as ignorant as themselves of the retreat of
he would shoot him, that he pretiirred drinking from
I the brigands. The Governor hereupon shut them all
the vial, and as soon as he had emptied it, they led ' up in a church, which he surrounded with troops. Hero
him ofTto some distance, secured his hands by a cord, ~. i ., ~,
ue tom went
,that he knew they were acquainted with
and tied him on his break to a root. After leaving him,
the cave, and were all accomplices of the - brigands.—
he heard them say something about sorring him right
He said he would not shoot the persons whc were con
-it was an old, g rudge—owed it to Bryan for a long
fined on the preceding day, but would make them in 1
time—six - Icon years. He does not remember what the church drast..lots- for ten of their number, who
passed after this. Can neither account for the man- should immediately be put to death. The lots were
ner of extricating, himself from the root, nor how he
drawn and ten individuals were led forth, one by one,
got home. He spoke coolly and sensibly fur about half by a file of soldiers, the affrighted inmates of the church I
an hour; but from exhaustion he soon fell asleep again.
being each time terrified by the sound of a volley
The Doctor speaks confidently of his speedy recovery. of musketry. Unmoved by the sight, or the
The amount of which Mr. Converse was robbed,
mortal torture his proceedings inflicted, Don Domingo
was, we understand, some sixty dollars, in specie. Ripoll continued his process till the tenth man was
The officers of the Third Municipality, yesterday ar- conducted out and the tenth report was heard. Again I
rested three persons supposed to have been concerned the Governor entered the sacred building, and intetro-
hi robbing Mr. Converse. gated its remaining prisoners afresh. They all re
their former protestations. Upon this Don
Domingo gave way, and, m - Ai ig a signal, the ten men
believed to be shut were all brought in alive, though I,
dreadfully affected by what they had under=oae. They
had, in fact, been takes successively into ihe burying
ground, where having their eyes bandaged, they were
ordered to kneel in front of a party ofsoldiers,who fired 1
blank cartridges over their heads. Being at last con- i
vinced that the peasants of neither village had any
connection with the brigands, the Governor released
them all front their cruel durance, except six whom
he kept as pledges, avowing that an exemplary punish
ment should be inflicted upon them if the brigands'
cave should not be discovered within eight days. No
zeal was wanting on the part of thos 3 set at liberty, but
the limited period elapsed with Mit any discovery.—
Thus assured that all hiss wars ordea's were and
would remain etitictual, the red aubt. able Governor of
1 Solsona gave up the six hostages.
1,) N Ite3
A NEW ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF Mu.. CLAY.—Mr.
Clay has recently bought a Plough, and his friends are
making themselves very officious in circulating the in
telligence, as though there was something highly com
mendatory to his character, in such a purchase. For
the life of us we cannot perceive it. In the cultivation
of hi: plantation, no doubt ploughs are necessary.—
Other me❑ find them necessary in the cultivation of
their farms, and purchase them. But while the former
is toasted, the latter, although they may have done the
same thing time out of mind, nothing was thought of
it. What extraordinary merit is there, then, in Mr.
Clay's purchase? We venture to say ho is not, and nev
er will be, the man to put his own hands to this plough
to turn a furrow upon his plantation., His poor slaves
must do this. But he has purchase 4 it, and that is
enough. He should straightway be made President.
Farmers and Mechanics must vote for him—surely
they must. Such republican. farmer-like simplicity,
should not go unrewarded. Verily, whigget7 has the
rare faculty of discovering merit where none exists.—
But they can hardly make it clear to the disccvery of
the people. The day has passel when they can long
er be imposed upon by such humblegery.—Nortra!k
The President of Mexico is not without some traits
of generosity in his character. It appears, by accounts
which we find in the New Orleans papers, that he has
lately bestowed a free pardon to Asa Hill, one of the
Texans made prisoners at the battle of Mier. It was
a son of this Mr. Hill who distin7uished him:cif so sig.-
:tally in that desperate fit:ht. He Waa a lad of but 13
at the time, but he dealt out death to the Mexicans like
a veteran, killitoz twelve of them himself; and it was
With difficulty thor he could be ialuce.l to desist from
tiring, upon receiving orders to that porpose learn the
commandim; officer. His gallantry caught the atten
tion of a Mexican Colonel, and was reported to Gen].
Ampudia, by whom the lad was at once set at liberty.
Under the protection of Ampudia he was to ten to Mex
ico, while the father and another ion were c o wl. v ed
thither as prisoners of war. The lad W.LS pros. :Ited to
Santa Amin, with a statement of his exploits, and the
Pre.sident is now educating him at his own expense,
and assures the father that he will look well to his fu
ture interests. The pardon which has been granted to
Mr. Hill alleges in the holly of it, that it is in conside
ration of the advanced ire 1 nl the numitroas family of
the prisoner that it WI 4 cua^e•led. B ut , 00
ta i ra iion of they ma!: sou had I. to us tfla 'll to di with
it. Mr. Hill, it. is said, seem; very well satisfied to
leave his boy utukr th^ pcitectioa of the Prosid tat,
and confirms tl opinion very tte.ierally entertained
t h at a ll t he Texan: now confined lib
erated in September next.
THE NEW BRITISH OH C ISADII3 CORN LA W.-
EY-I MCC from the Corri,vondeur,2 of the Buffalo Com
The Canadians are at a loss what to do about wheat
operations—the Canada Bill passed in September,
184 . 2, imposing a duty of three shillings sterling per
quarter on foreign wheat. requires the duty to be
levied "from and after the sth day of July nest"—the
Canadian legislature presuming it would receive the
royal sanction in time to operate at that date in Cana
da. It did not, however, receive the royal assent
until July 15, and proclamation of the same was made
by the Governor General of Canada on the 10th of
August. As the bill was not matured or operative
until it received the rival assent, ninny of the Canadi
ans have contended that "the sth day of July next"
named in the bill should be construed to be July 5,
151-1, and are seeking the opinion of the Attorney
General of Canada, and others learned in the law,
hoping he will pia a similar construction on it. In
the mean time the custom house officers will exact
1 the ditties in the Irillther preSC ribOd by law. Some
of the Canadians have also a fancy that American
wheat which has paid duty on going into Canada, can
be imported to ElOand on payment of
duty that is levied on Canada, wbest, and they think
they have th sir authority for it in the following portion
of the preamble embraced in the Canadian Bill:
And whereas a certain despatch addressed to the
G ; , e , r n o r „e this province, by her Majesty's Secretary
of State, for the Colonies, dated the second day of
March last, a copy whereof has been laid by His
Excellency's command before the legislature of this
Province, affords the strongest ground for the confi
dent belief and expectation that upon the imposition
of a duty upon foreign wheat imported into this Pro
vince lier Majesty will be graciously p.'eased to re
commend to Parliament t.tc removal or reduction
of the d•Pi , s cc fr'teat and flour exported into the
said United Kinadom front Canada—Be it there
fore enacted, &c. &c."
The Imperial bill passed in England to meet the
Canadian Bill -just recited, is entitled, "An act rot
reducing the duty on wheat and wheat flour, the
I produce of the Prorinee of Canada, exported
thence into the United Kingdom," the enactment
providing that there shall be levied and paid upon
all wheat and wheat flour, the produce of said Pro
vince of Canada, which shall be imported thence
into the United Kingdom after, &c. &c.
As no mention is made in the imperial bill of any
other wheat titan such as is the produce of the Pro•
vince of Canada," it appears self evident that all
laws relative to foreign wheat in existence prior to
that bill continue in force, as that statute does not
recite their repeal or modification in any shape.—
Your readers have in the preceding extracts from the
two bills all that has any bearing on the subject, and
can *ui e for thamselves.
Pic Nic parties are quite the rage down East.—
They are exceedingly pleasant if the company is in
telligent and agreeable, for although all empty the con
tents of their baskets on the green sward and like a
community of interests partake of the common stock
always consisting of substantial good things, yet con
versation varied and spirited is the life of the social
party—the keen encounter of wits—the jocund laugh
—the gay Barcarole and now and then the soft non
sense of sentimental lovers under the tall arch or the
overshadowing hullihocks. We in this dull, dingy,
overheated and overpopulated city are strangeres to
the aiet •of the pie nits.
SPANISH Jusricr.—The Gazette des Tribunaux
ccntains an account of an occuirmce in Spain, which,
the Times properly observes, is unparalleled in any
country fur illegality and inhumanity. The relation is
given on the authority of a letter of the 18th ult., from
Catalonia. Four inhabitants of Santa Colonna do
Querol had disappeared, and were supposed to have
been carried off by brigands and confined in a cave,
with the object of obtaining large sums of money for
their ransom. An the endeavors of the magistrates of
the district having failed in discovering the retreat, ap-
C LI - .VELAND. I 7th And. 1343
ENCOUNTER WITH A PinATE.—Speaking of a for
midable pirate, said to have been lately seen in the
%Vest Indies, the Richmond Star takes OCMSIOII to
give the following particulars of an encounter with
free-booters, several years ago, in the same latitude,
which have never before appeared in print, but which
nevertheless are true:
The general facts of the case are these. Captain
Robinson—now a wealthy and much respected citizen
of New Vork7--while in command of a ship many
years ago, at 'a time when several of the European
powers were at war, discovered one day . just as night,
was setting in, a auspicious looking sail under his
lee, but fl 4 the stranger made no movement toward
him, he concluded that she was probably one of the
many privateers which then swarmed the ocean. The
next morning he discovered the stranger sail still near
er to him, and very soon became satisfied that she
was not only hostile, but a pirate. : Ile had one gun,
and an abundance of small arms and ammunition on
board, and fortunately a gond number.ef passengers,
mostly men. When satisfied that he had no ;tlterna
live but to fight or surrender, ho assembled his p a ,
servers h the cabin and told them that they-mast d
cide whether they would surreuder arid be themselves
murdered, and give their wives and daughters tb the
brutality of the fiends them pursuing thern,or stand'
upon their defence like tram. If they chose the !atte s t , '
alternative. he gave them a fair warning, that it mast
be a desperate Lonflict, and that hoarding the pirate
was probably their uniy chance of saxes
Most of the passengers responded promptly that
they would tight to the last, if fight they must. Al
though to the windward, it was lotted that the su
perior sailing of the pirate W. 14 orm, than a m itch
in a long chase for this advautage, and 11 rhiasoa
resolved at once to meet the crisis and docile the
[natter while his positi ./t1 gave him the choice of com
mencing the engagement.—lle steered at once to
meet the foe. rims giving him to understand that he
was prepared for him. As he neared him, the pirate
gave him a bricelside from the guns, three in number,
that ci ippled him badly, killed two of his best seamen
and one passenger. Still he kept on, receiving anoth
er broadside, that injured him some, but not as bad
ly as the first. In a few moments. he was near the
pirate, and by a skilful manoeuvre, got a raking po
sition, and taking good aim, he for the first time dis
charged his gun, loaded heavily with cannister and
grape. 'The effect was tremendous, the vessel being
much cut up and the slaughter among the pirate
crew prodigious. This created confusion among them.
and enabled Robinson to plant his bow against the
pirate, just where be preferred.
In an instant, the bowsprit was crowded with the
devils, looking like very tiendi, who dashed upon
the forward deck in a large force. A bloody strug
gle then ensued, hand to - hand, in which the ship's
defenders were driven back by the overwhelming
force, and the prospect for an instant was that they
would be annihilated, beyond the chance of hope.
At this moment, some of the passengers shouted in
English to their friends to "clear the way—stand
back for the gun!" The Spaniards raised a yell of
triumph as they saw their foes, who had met them so
sturdily, rush hack, and were in the act of springing
forward, as the murderous charge of the gun met
them with sweeping carnage—leaving but a few a
live, and covering the deck with the mangled re s t
mains of more than a score of the wretches. But a ;
fresh force supplied their place, and for several times
the good gun cleared the deck of the blood-thirsty I
villains. As they went leaping back the fourth time, 1
Rubinson shcattad to his men to "board," and in a
moment, the strife was upon the pirate's own deck.
The force of the pirate had been terribly cut down
in the previous contest, and after a short but desper
struggle—in which Captain Robinson received a
shocking wound from a cutlass, passing from his
forehead, between his eyes across the cheek and
down to the back of the neck—yet he killed the man
who wounded him and two others after receiving the
slash—the pirates were driven below and there se
cured.—The cabin was then cleared of every thing
valuable, the vessel scuttled, and in a short time she
sunk, carrying with her every soul left on board,
with the wounded, dying and dead.—Captain Robin
son was wounded in many places, besides the last
shocking wound across hts face, the scar of which he
vet bears, and many of his force had fallen or were
desperately wounded; but he carried his slip safe
through her voyage, and was able to tell of one of
the most gallant and desperate actions, of which we
ever heard, or which history can show.
Everybody in this latitude knows what a luxury ice
1 3 . \Ve use it plentifully the whole year round—in win•
ter as well as in summer. High up on Red River,
they appreciate the value of ib even mere highly than
wedo here, for we never get out of the commodity—
there they sometimes do.
When a butt happens to get up as high as Natchi
toches or Shrievepoi t, with a few pounds o - f
all the grozgery-keepers make a rush for it, and the
'lucky one soon hangs out a shingle at the door of his
shop, witlithe cooling announcement that he has ice for
his customers. As long as this lasts, ho has the "run
of the town."
A shrewd Yankee, who keeps a bar is one of the pla
ces named above, lately resorted to a 'trick' which none
but °Yankee could have conceived, to draw a crowd.
His more lucky rival had got all the ice from a boat re
cently arrived; and the Down-Easter waited for a few
days till the ice was used up and the sign taken down.
Immediately a piece of the head of a flour barrel was
sticking' out from the side of his door, with the word
'ter' chalked upon it, and then there was a 'break' for
the Yankee4a bar. A crowd of four or five entered, and
"Well, Mr. Barkeeper, you've got ice, have you?"
"Yes, I've got a little left, but its getting considera
ble scarce, I calculate. Here's out small piece, just
_ - -
enough to cool all your glasses. W. : II yott4ake, gee-_ f tus tem rl p wli t
te l as to vi: j as o
li d k o e ue wis b t„
by woman of vere, will soot
The glasses were prepared, the toddies and cock tails.' If the above plan be carried out judiciously tlwre is
mixed, when the shrewd her'keeTer took from a pail a very little doubt the: in a shirt time—perhaps soon
glass decanter neck, and sticking it into the, glass err than the pe ns
find convenient __
one after another in great haste, stirred it about with a complaints will mad that th saucer above 81.
„ m add h it a i,) n n d
t t o ra
spo and made every man believe his liquor was cool-
t h h ed a ai t
eac to h av i i :i l di i , 7 d l a h o el:wl
r the ii c rc a :•a in us
ed by 613 operati an. They all agreed that •a . . little touch
of ice took off the natural warmth of the water.' prejudice. It not unfroquently happens that persona
In this way the Yankee kept his ceetome rs, until he are met with ; this
cmatry—persons too who Myer
received a lot of sure enough ice.—N. 0. Pic dreamed of star ,at i an—that actually prefer corn bread
to wheat; but they aro doubtless persons of strong
GOV ERNEUR MORRIS.
prejudice; and subdi a state of things could hardly be
This distinguished statesman was remarkable„
re- and systematic proceedings are necessarily instituted
for expected to arise in England whore such cautious
his im .M
pudence. r. Doer, io has -re minisceuce,
late; the following anecdote of him:— in order to effect the introduction of the commodity.
proposed experiment. The use a
I. had often seen him at my father's, and never liked i We are decided in favor of the successful accom
him. I thought he deserved the rebuff he received plishmkit of the
from Mr. Pitt, who met one of his home thtusts by re- such a nutriciotts article of food would doubtless be a
commending his return to France, and merited as well blessing to the poor in England, while the commercial
as the character given of him by Charles Fox, as the ' advantages derived by this country from the trade in
mast ion-pleat of mankind. I corn would be very great.
The first incident occurred when Mr. Morris was
pressing rather hard a commercial treaty upon the
hau 4litv minister. The other happened at the table of
Mr. John B. Church, then a member of parliament,and
a Calle wet- ao I credi!..)r of Mr. Fox. It Was while Mr.
Fox was a minister, during the pendency of his famous
East India bill. "Mr. Fox,” said Mr. :Morris, "that's l
a d-1 bad bill of yours." Mr. Fox looked aston
ished, but prom2tly commenced—"l can't agree with
you Mr. Morris; I think it ad- d good bill." Then
he whispered to his friend from Tipperary, who sat
next him, "I shall never talk of Irish impudence again,
Tierney; this American beats you all hollow!"
ILL such society I should have been dull indeed not
to have improved; and whatever of ease or reline meat
of in Inners, or knowledge of secret history I can boast,
mast be ascribed to my early opportunity of observing
the cm duct and listening to the conversations of such
eminent men, notwithstanding Mr. Morris was one of
their number. One good lesson I owe even to him. I
heard him once asked, "whether gentlemen in France
smo'te?" "Gentlemen smoke nowhere!" was his re
ply, and I gave up smoking from that day.
A more char ncteristic anecd ate is related of him, as
occurring at a later period. It was during the admin
istration of Mr. Adams, and while Mr. Morris was a
tnem'Ker of the Senate. He dined at the President's
with a large party of both sexes, shortly after the ap
ue trance of G3'.l Hamilton's pant phlet recommending
to the Federalists the support of Gen. Pinckney as the
next President in preference to Mr. Adams. After
the removal of the cloth. Mr. Morris, as was the cus
tom in these drys, was called on by Mrs. Adams for a
toast. "I'll e-ive you. mada:n, said he," "the health of
Gm. Hamilton." The lady looked thunderbolts. and
exclaimed, "Sir, that's a toast never drank at this ta
ble." "Then, madam," replied the imperturable se
nator, "we'll drink it here fur the first time." "Mr.
Morris," rejoined the indignant female, "if you persist
I must ask the ladi 33 to leave the room." "I suspect,
madam," said this most impident of mankind, ''it is
full time fur the ladies to Withdraw." They rose from
the tab!c together—he to open the dining room door,
ai.d she to lead the wayout of it.
CHOICE OF FRIENDS.
False friends are numerous. Every virtuous, open
hearted youth is in danger of encountering them—of
being led away and duped by their ailes. They infest
all society, and feast upon the holy ptinciples which
characterize the good. It is theirchief delight to pros
trate the fund hopes of parents, and bring misery upon
the thoughtless victim of their vices. Young men, you
will be in great danger of meeting many such in your
pathway through life; they will smile pleasantly, talk
smoothly, and fairly insinuate themselves into your
good grapes before you are aware of it. But you are ,
anxious to know whom you should select as your friends
1. Wo would advise ::on not to choose those whose
habits of life tend to dissipation. There are many in
dividuals of this description who lounge about grog
shops an 1 c euf mtionary establishments. Every copper
they receive is expended to gratify an inordinate thirst,
or a depraved appetite. Toeir ute habits, if nothing
else, were enough to convince one of the impropriety
of associating with them. Never be enticed by such
characters. Spurn their conduct.
Avoil these wire are profane and obscene in t'trir
language. By long assoeixtirig• with such, you will by
degreeA habituate yourself to the use of their tangos; •.
and thus be shunned by the virtuous. When you hear
the nom e of Deity irreverently spoken by a companion.
mark hint as an unsafe friend; and unless he break from
this habit, it future have but little to do with him.
3. Avoid scoffers of religi el. When the Bible is
ma le the butt orridicule, and that religion which the
Saviour came to promil•mte is lightly esteemed by a
com7anion, he careful that you are nut often found by
[his side. It c scoot be safe to follow him in any al
vice. You will certainly be contaminated by his influ
ence. lie will destroy in your breast those hopes which
spring ta encourage you in the path of peace and vir
4. Shun the Sabbath breaker. That day which God
hie blc t, shoMd be honored by every intelligent crea
ture. When it is violated by unnecessary work, or re
creation of any kind, it is in direct disob?dience to the
command of its Author. Be strict observers of this
day—and never countenance its violation by associating
with those who are in the habit of breaking its sacred
5. The gambler. Com' near tohim, and you may I
be ruined. lie will aim at your ruin. He will break
.our good iuw.itiona, and prostrate your bolt energies
by his wily proceedings.
In fiNe, m tics fricnila of none in whom you h•tvo not
implicit confidence: whom VOll cannot trust in all places,
and at all seasons. The best friendship you can make
is that which is based on those feelings which spring
from the observance of secred truth Confide in those
who take the Bible for their standard in every transac-
tion ofiife; whose hearts are warm with love to man
-7 Song—"Eriii is my hum.," Mr. Dyer. Moscheles.
kind; and who would rather suffer themselves than
8 CoMic Quartette. Song: "Johnny can
cause the injury of another. Such companions would
you count twenty-five,"
be an ornament to your youth would well secure you ,
against the pernicious examples, and the sharp temp-
READING BY THE BLIND CHINESE GIRL.
rations of lire. Your name would be associated with
9 Overture: "Caliph of Bagdad," Boildien.
virtuous and the good. Such companions would be
10 Glee: "I see them on their winding way,'
the best recommendation you could possibly obtain,
11 Solo on the Clarionet Mr. Pyle. * Rossini.
were you to iatroluce yourself to strangers. As a
1 4 The Old Arm Chair, Mr. Dyer. . Rtutsel,
great deal depends upon the choice of friends, we urge
1:3 Ditett and Chorus—"A rosy crown we
you to be very particular in this respect. Penetrate
twine for thee,"
their characters; and never suffer yourselves to be led
14 Grand March on the Piano, Miss Dandy.
away by the designing knave. Then your future
Composed by the blind Crew") Prince of
course will be pleasant., your usefulness great, and
your end peace.—Portland Tribune.
15 Ballad—" Come dwell with me."
16 Glee—" Land of our Fathers."
Front the Baltimore American. 17 Comic Duett. The singing Master and Pa-
INDIAN NIZAL.—The popular prejudice which it pil. Miss Laird and Mr Parvin. Born.
is said always prevails in England against the intro- Tickets of admission, 50 cents; children half price.
auction of any new article of food, has induced a To be had at the Hotels and at the door.
number of benevolent persons there to devise ways Doors open at 7i o'clock; Concert to commences at
and means for overcoming such prejudices so far as 7 i , p . m .
to induce the poorer classes to look with some favor - Essential Oils.
upon Indian corn meal. The New York Albion
receivedLS Lemon, Cloves, Bereamott, Sassafras, just
expresses the opinion that the difficulties in the way . .
as-, at the Wholesale and Retail Drug Ware
are by no means formidable. We are inclined to
house of JONATHAN KIDD,
coincide with this opinion—the greatest difficulty be-
ail ,. Si. No. 60, corner Wood and 4th sts.
ing probably the inaoility of the people to procure the
article in sufficient quantities for consumption. The
I poorer classes in England, as well as in Ireland and
Scotland, think it no hardship to pay their respects
I to mush made of oatmeal, and we should think that 1
this fact alone reduces the difficulty very cousidembl; . ,
IThe plan, however, suggested by the Albion, is a
I most capital one, and if the game be played with
i skill, and the hit made at the proper moment of time
—that is when hunger approximates closely to starva-
Hon—there is littl doubt that some success will
crown their efforts —But we must state here the
I I modes operandi:
"We have said on a former occasion, that there is
only one mode in which the maize can at present be
made useful; and that is by distributing it at the soup
houses iu the winter :season, when the necessaries of
the pour compel them to resort thither to appease
the pangs of hunger. The ensuing winter we fear,
will offer but too good an opportunity for trying the
effects of the plate; not that the crops at home are
likely to be deficient, but that the scarcity of money
among the poor, the low rate of wages and general
depression, will put ;wheaten bread beyond the reach
of many a laboring man. If a swarm of hungry chil- i
dram be offered a saucer full of well boiled mush,
sweetened with molasses, or as they say in England,
treacle, it is absurd to say that they will not eat it;
and if they eat it ane day, they will certainly come
back on the morrow for another supply. Hunger
will send them a third time, and if so, the taste will
then in all probability be acquired. As soon as it is
relished by children it will be eaten by their mothers,
A passenger ' himself Wm. Turner arrived nt
Norwich, Ct., a few days since, in a steamboat from
New York, with his arm splintered secundem artom;
who, having told a dolorous tale of shipwreck, &e.,
had laid consider ible contribations upon thelpassengers,
and upon landing
at Norwich was proceeding quite
prosperously in his operations upon the benevolent l°
citizens of that town. Happening, however, to en
counter Dr. Burgess, that gentleman was desirous of
examining the fractured limb, which Mr. Turner would
by no means agree to. His objections, however, were
overruled by main force,and the arm unbandaged, when
instead of finding any fracture, one hundred and twenty
dollars in good Am hican eagles, together with some
bank bills on specie paying institutions, were snugly
wrapped around the arm: whereupon a little legal
charity was promptly administered in the shape of a
mittimus, from a justice. of the peace, to the house of
correction thirty day, with the further remedy of "hard
labor at proper intervals." He was, says the Norwich
Courier, "doing well at the last accounts." The New
York Courierthinks that the Norwich faculty deserves
credit for its "mole of treatmeot."—Thiton Post.
A Loco BLAST —The following paragraph is from
the J0:1.2553r°' (Tenn.) Whig, a paper edited by a
crack-brained Coon, who goes by the name of the
•'Fighting Clergyman." If the people in Tennessee
have many such "shepherds," we say Lord help the
"Ten Hundred Thousand Cheers for the Noble
IVhig State of Tennessee!—Attenthsh the World!
till the news of the Tennessee election is riven. 0, ye
inhabitants of this wide earth, stretch wide your eyes
and look at Tennessee, while she stops der onward
march of that Loco Fozo ball! Heads erectN Right
foo: s wen feet in rear of the left, to act as a bnace!—
Hands raised as high as they can reach, with Angers
spread wide apart! Mouths spread wide open to Catch
the accents! Faces turned towards Old Kentuat, —
backs upon South Carolina! Eyes "a feet" apart,
squinting towards Louisiana and Maine! Keeping
time with the feet, after the fashion of the "Rogue s
March," while the leaders of Misrule in Tennessee
worktheir way up Salt River!!!"
NEW CllOr or Locus TS.—The eggs of the Sews..
ten Year Locusts are now hatching. An observing
friend who is giving some attention to the history of
the remarkable insect, has brought to us this morning
a ',ranch from one of the treei.„ taken off yesterday, in
which the eggs have quickened, and the microscope
shews them to ba ferfectly formed locusts. They re-
sernb:e the insect when it first emerges from its
Thonol the branch is not two inches long, it contained
some fi ticen or twenty insects when we received. it.—
They aro white, and do not appear to the naked eye kr
-4..r than the egg, say a third of the size of a grain of
rice. This is, we believe, the first discovery of the
time of the goic.kening of the eegs, and as very Hide'
is known of the history of the insect, will suggest to
obseryi r the expediency of pursuing their inquiries.—
Con:idecable excitement is prevailing in New York,
c 0 , 3, pience of die health officers of the porthaving
p?rmitted the schJoner Vanda, 'which had the yellow
fever on board, to proceed from the Quarantine ground
to Kingston, to diicharge her cargo. The pilot, who
rook the Wanda to Kingston, sickened on return, and
died ,d . .the fl , ver at the Quarantine Hospital nn Thurs•
diy; aid a letter ft m King,,ton hi the New York Her
art, wlitteu ~ t at, 2 .; that a molignant diseas , ,
ry , ornhlinz yellow lover, In; seized several persons- in
the neighborhood of whore the schooner discharged
Port of Pittoburgl).
le.cporlel ! , y
.. S.'4eble and 3filehell, General Steam
Boat Ag,o6, IT'ater street
TWENTY-THREE INCHI:3 RATER IN THE CHANNEL.
According to Copper Mark, at the Wood street Sewer.
Warren, McDonald, Daily Beaver Packet
Muscle, Martin, Florenco,
Keel Boat :New World, for Cincinnati
Third Concert by the Blind, •
AT CONCERT HALL, THURSDAY, AUG. 31.
1 Ov^rture—La Biyadere, Auber.
Bill 1:, (I—" Through the Wood," Miss Laird, Hudson
3 Clee—'•The Swiss Hunter,"
4 Solo oa the Piano. Air—" The Blue Bells
of Scotland." with variations, Miss Dandy Hun*.
5 Cavatina, "As I view," Mr. Parvin.
6 Waltz—Era Diavelo, arranged, Ra.sche
Fresh Mercurial & Drags.
CALOMEL, Quicksilver, Cantharides, Tart Acid, .
Lunar Ca 1132. and Prepared Chalk, just recei
at the Wholesale and Retail Drug Warehouse of
No. 60, corner Wood and 4th sta.
HE subscribers inform their customers, and Duval. T
ere generally, that they are as usual well supplied
with Rectified 1 . Via is KE.'Y ,of superior quality, which they
will sell at the lowest market price. Also, an assort,
ment of WINES, LIQUORS, CORDIALS and. Gams fuss.
W. & NIITCHELTREE,
fLOg 31--(lst. wit. No. 160, Liberty street
rt :OIL to the plantation of the subscriber, in Wil-
V kills Township, 10 miles from Pittsburgh, on the
Northern Turnpike Road, some time in the beginning
of August, a DARK BRINDLE Cow; has a small bell
on; no eark mark perceivable; supposed to be 7 years
old. The owner is requested to come forward, Firm
property, pny charzes, and take her away.
31—St. JAMES JOHNSTON,
Fresh Dye SUM.
LOGWOOD AND FUSTIC, MADDER,N it -
V Oil Vitriol, Alum, Ground Camwood,
and a very generil stock of materials for aril, OR les,
sonable terms. Just received at the Wholesale sad Re
tail Drag Warehouse of JONA. KIDD,
aug. 31. Nr• Wood & Farr**.