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After &moment the 'Marquise turned to her friend
and said, "These bracelets and necklace are the work
.4 no other person than Rend Cardillac!" Cardillac
*tithe most skilful goldsmith and jeweller, not only in
*trio, but of that time. He was intimately acquainted
with the nature of precious stones, and it was notorious
that even ordinary jewels, setby him, displayed a lustre
taleabserved before. He seas an enthusiast in his busi
ness; at first undertook all orders with alacrity, and
usually demanded a price so small as hardly to bear
proportion to his labor. This was remarkable, as it
was well known that he spared no pains. but wrought
daylight and lamp-light; and often, when his work
was nearly finished, would undo it all and begin anew,
to Make some trifling alteration. His taste was ex
quisite, and he suffered no work to go abroad that did
4tot please his fastidious taste; so that everything he ex
ecuted was a masterpiece, exciting the curiosity and
'admiration of all who saw it. With all this care for
his reputation 0 s an artist, he was extremely capri
•cious, and would often delay the fulfilment of orders
from week to week, and from month to month. In
*vain would his customer offer to double the price—not
iiltruis more would Cardillac take than what he had
-stipulated for; and if prevailed on by importunity to fin
ish.in haste, he showed every mark of displeasure and
vexation. It had also been noticed, that if he had on
Intel apiece of work on which it was necessary to be
tow much care, because of the gems or the delicacy of
the workmanship, he always showed an excessive de
' 'pee ofdisquietude And ill-temper, walking restlessly
about, execrating himself, his business, and all about
hirtt, as if supposing that all the professional character
.shad was now at stake. Orders of less importance
were readily undertaken, and with apparent good ho-
Mor, particularly when unlimited confidence was re
posed in his taste and judgment; bnt not unfrequcntly
- when the owner came to receive his ornament at the
**gated time, and to pay what he demanded, it
elainoed that he found. Cardillac moody and sullen, and
was disappointed by delay. Sometimes, after having
engaged to complete a piece of work, he would, with-
Mitassigning any reason, entreat to he released from
idepromise. The King and several persons of high
, r4k had in vain solicited him to work for them. Ex
cept in very few instances, he had refused, and of late
had declined all orders from the court, and even from
'Madame de Maintenon, unmoved by offers of large
sums in payment.
The eccentric character of this 11111:1 represented
'in his person. He was below the middle height. but
"biciad-shouldered and muscular in frame, retaining,
thoegh hewas past fifty, all the vigor and elasticity of
ytntth The strength of his physical constitution was
apparent in his marked features, and his thick, crisp
'I ME!. His personal appearance was anything but pre
-possessing;Lpasseasing-, his small, deep-set, restless eyes had an
expression of cunning and. suspicion that might have
produced an unfavorale impression, but that Cardil
lae wits universally known in Paris as an honorable
elan, open-hearted and disinterested, and always ready
too help those in want.
. - "T will venture anything," said the Marquise, "that
if I were to send for Cardillac to examine these jewels,
he would refuse to come, for fear of receiving an order.
Yet I am told, though for some time he pretended to
withdraw from business, that he now labors more dili
gently than ever, arid executes orders—with gruMbling,
however, as usual."
Scuderi, who wished nothing so much as to restore
the treasure to its rightful owner, suggested that it would
be as well to send word to Master Cardillac that the
Marquise only wanted his opinion upon certain gems.
This message was sent him, and in a short space of
time the jeweller was announced.
Cardillac seemed surprised at seeing Scude
ri; he bowed curteously to her, and then turned to the
Marquise. Mahone de Maintenon pointed to the
bracelets and necklace on the table, and asked if they
were not his work. Cardillac glanced at them, then
'hastily replacedthem in the box and closed the lid.—
With a smile, coloring deeply at the same time, he re
plied to the Marquise: "Indeed, your ladyship, Cardil
lac's workmanship must be little known ifany one could
suppose for an instant that those ornaments were
wrought by any other jeweller. They are, of course,
"Tell us, then," said the _Marquise, "I ar whom were
"For myself alone," answered Cardillac. "You
...think it strange"—observing the surprise exhibited by
both ladies—" but I assure you it is so. Such workman
ship I bestow only on my best stones, and these were
sot with unusual care. A short time ago I lost those
ornaments out of my workshop, nor have ever been able
to ftui who took those from mc."
"Heaven be praised!" exclaimed Scuderi, rising
from her seat. and approaching the jeweller. "Here,
master Rene, are your lost jewels—take them again."
And she told how they came into her possession. Car
-41,111ac heard her out in silence, now and then only pas
sing his hands across his forehead, and stroking his
chin. When the lady had ended, he seemed lost in
thought for some moments. At length he took up the
casket, and kneeling on ono knee, presented it to M'lle
de Scuderi. "Fate has appointed it to you, noble lady,"
said he. "I remember now, that while I was at work
at it, it was of you I thought. Despise not my oift—ac
eept it as a token of my reverend esteem." "Nay, mas
ter Retie," answered Scuderi, "such ornaments would
be very unsuitable for my age. And what have I done
for you, that you should make me so rich a present?
Go, master Rene—if I were as young and handsome as
the Marquise de Fontange, and rich, too, I might keep
the jewels. But me they would not become."
IlutCardillac insisted. Take them as a favor to me,
gracious holy." said lie. "You know not how deep is
my reverence for your distinguished virtues; do not mor
tify me by refusing the small tribute of my admiration.!'
Scuderi was still inclined to be inexorable; but Mainte
non took the casket from the jeweller's hand, and said,
"Now I pray you, Magdalene, say no more of your
Pears. What have you and I to do with time? Do not
refuse the good master Rend; but accept with thanks a
present that, I warrant me, money could never obtain
from him." l
Cardillae 'MSC, apparently much gratified,kissed the
hand of Mlle de Szoderi, nod - with an obeisance to the
Marquise, left the 'lip:mem:at. "In the name of the
saints, what ails the man?" cried Scuderi. Maintenon
boat into a musical laugh, and said. "Do you not see,
Magdalene, the man is desperately enamore d of yon.and
is layingsiege to your heart after the approved fashion?"
The poetess looked grave., but could not withstand the
gay 'humor of her friend, who rallied her mercilessly
won her now admirer. Madame de Maintenon con
eluded by offering her services as dressing-maid on oc
casion of the bridal, if such an event should take place,
and the benefit of her experience in all housewifely du-
Scuderi bore this good-humoredly, but looked sad as
ate rose to take leave of her friend. "I will take these
Jewels with me," said she , "but never wear them.—
'They have been in the hands of that terrible band of
robbers, and the blood of the murdered seems to cleave
to them. And the behavior of Carclillac, I must confess
seems not a little strange to me. I cannot divest
thyself of the apprehension that behind all lurks some
4reallfal mystery; and though I may do injustice by con
necting it w
ith the excellent master Rend, it is not
quite clear to me thathe has nothing to do with it. At
say rube, I could never bring myself to wear the orna
The Marquise laughed at her friend's fears, and said
the carried her scruples too far, but when Scuderi ask
sal her seriously what she would do inber circumstances,
slie was obliged to confess she would make the same
reialation, and rather throw the ornaments into the
Sein, than wear them.
(To BE CONTEMICD.)
raThe new schism in the Church is said to be call
edrusey-isin, the New York Aurora hints, bemuse i.
grows out ofa peculiar ar,derstanding of the Cat-echisint
able information, a)
confidence to sustain us. The respectable authority on
which we explained the secret movements of the city
lenders was a sufficient guarantee for us, and since its
publication, it has been corroboratod from a source that
cannot be questioned. lf any further proof were want
ing, the silence of the Advocate and the Gazette, the
organs of the respective factions, should satisfy the
minds of all doubters.
Whether the union will take place or not, we are un
able to say, nor do we care much, although we would
rather route the united forces of the coons, than to
crash them in detached squads. It is certain that some
of the candidates on the blue nose ticket, who have
more discretion—and we are free to admit, more mer-
it—than many of the leaders, have declared themsel
ves willing to abandon thoefield, if the Whigs will with-
draw a portion of their ticket, and pledge themselves
to support the balance of the antimasonic ticket. This
proposition from the blue noses is very liberal, and in
their present forlorn condition, is certainly the most
prudent course they can pursue. But it is doubtful
whether the Whigs will accede to it. To bring the an
timasons to a proposal of terms, is a great deal gained,
but then they remember that they were seduced into sim
ilar arrangements on former occasions, and as soon as
they had abandoned their organization, the "raw" was
again opened; the lash of the antirnasonic drivers was
again applied to their backs, and they had to endure all
the insult and contumely that their tyrannical allies
might choose to heap upon them. These things are
still remembered, and the cunning leaders of the Whig
faction, do not entertain the proposition with as much
favor as was expected.
A few weeks, or perhaps days, will devplope the re
suit of the negotiations, and if successful, secrecy will
be removed, and the "-common people" maybe permit
ted to know what arrangements their masters have
made for them.
Settle as they may, we shall be satisfied. As we said
before, we would like to beat diem united, as we cer
tainly can, and will therefore be well pleased with a
union. But we care not what the result may be, the
democracy of Allegheny will-elect their whole ticket,
as sure as the second Tuesday of October shall arrive.
A TREMENDOU:' , ENGINE FOR THE DESTRUcTioN OF ' once pledge about 8 months since, and for six months
II t;3l A N LlFE.—Capt. Stockton, a ma n who obtained' kept it faithfully, during which time he bad regained
notoriety for his ferocious advocacy of Ate Coon cause,
' his strewth and made his family compattitively corn
in 1840, and who recommended his party to ship at Portable. Some two months ago, he was employed by
nothing, even the shedding of blood, to carry the elec- a tavern keeper, at . whose house he boarded. His
tion, has been engaged, very appropriately, for some gal for temperance enraged his employer, and induced
time past, in perfecting a piece of ordnance that will him to form a plan to make the noble hearted reformed
possess greater powers of destruction than any now in ' inebriate break his pledge. To effect this, he mixed
use. It was tested last week, at Sandy Hook, and, we w hi s k ey with some ginger beer, which he poured out
understand, threw a ball of '242 pounds three miles.—' of a beerbottle, and it was unconsciously ',trunk by the
The target was constructed of wood and iron, and the unfortunate victim. Before he detected 0 - r, fraud, the
ball went through. The Spirit of the Times says that '
poor fellow had tasted the alcohol. His sluinhering appe
his target was stronger than the hull of any seventy-
1 tite was revived, and in twomy-four hours be was again
drunk. His poor wife and child are again beg,gared;
and none but those who know what a drunkard's fami
ly:llEn,, can cone '_ive the misery which this family
has endurelsiure the success of this fiendish plot to de-
SOMETHING STBANGE. — At one of the largest banks
in New York, a fey.. days since, when the directors
came together to deal out tle favors, they found that
there was not a single application for discount. This
is indeed a strange state of things, and gives a cheering
promise.ofimprovement in the times, as we infer from it
that the business community are able to get a long with
out the aid of banks. or that they are unwilling to be
come their vassals for accommodations which very fre
quently prove the rain of those who receive them.
TRADE, ENTERPRISE AND BUS INESS OF ST. LOUIS.
—The Philadelphia Sun says that a locomotive is abou t
to be shipped from that city. for the purpose of being
placed on the St. Louis Rail Road, in the State of Mis
souri. It will be the first one that has ever run on that
road, and it is exported for the express object of fur
nishing the city of St. Louis with coal for the ensuing
winter. It may not be generally known,but is no less a
fact that this excellent rail road is one of the most pro
fitable in the Union. It has heretofore been travelled
over by means of horse power only. therefore, by the
introduction of a locomotive it is calculated that there
will be coal to the amount of one million bushels pgr
annum carried to St. Louis, being one half of all the
produce which at present passes the Ferry at that city.
The rail road was formerly owned by the Hon. W. C.
Anderson, of St. Louis, hut is now in the hands of en_
We wonder why the people of St. Louis should send
to Philadelphia for a locomotive, when they could get
one 300 miles nearer home, which in every respect
would be equal to any built in the eastern workshops.
The skill of the engine builders of Pittsburgh cannot be
surpassed by any in the union, and wherever an article
of their manufacture is tried their reputation is estab
lished. In cheapness we suppose they can compote with
any otherplace, as they possess to a greater extent than
any other city, all the facilities for the construction of
engines. If the people of the west should" hereafter
want engines, we would advise them stop at the "Iron
MILLINERS, &C., IN LONDON. — A little pamphlet, I
entitled the "Wrongs of \Yemen," has just been pub
lished in New York. According to its statements,
there are at this time in London alone, 15,000 girls,
from the age of 14 upwards, employed in the milline
ry and drvss making establishments of 1500 employers,
who are reduced to the most deplorable condition of '
health, and living in the most ruinous way. But as
fashion has every whore its apes, so has it every where
its victims, and it is said that there is hardly an estab
lisluritnt in the realm that does not "kill a girl a year,"
I and if to the list of the killed there were superadded
all whaare mortally wounded, a fearful return would
appear. "During the two "seasons - in town, the girls
usually work from 6 A. M., till 2 or 3 next morning.
Many have fur three months successively worked 20
hours out of the 24. One witness, who was examined
before the Commission of Inquiry, had been compelled
to work from 4 A. M., on Thursday, to 10. on the
'next Sunday morning.
Tits FALL Myra FIIIE.—The Fall River Monitor
states that the loss on buildings, at the late fire in that
town, was $257,000; on other property, $256,300; to
tal, $513,300. There was insured on buildings $lOO,-
000; on other property, $66,000. The number of per
sons living in the burnt district, exclusive of those do
ing business in that district, and living in other parts of
the town, is stated at 1050.
PROFITABLE LITERARY La son.—M. Bstigs,, a
Professor at Mt. St. Mary's College, -Emmetsbuzer,
Md., has realized $3,000 from the publication of a Get.
man Grammar. We see the work'spqken of in the
highest terms, and recommended as the very best Ger
man Grammar in print.
MORE TREASURY NOTES MISSING.—Two thousand
one hundred dollars, in Treasury notes, mailed at Van
Buren, Ark., for the East, have never reached their des
ST 7, 1843
-s to think that
ted there were
and blue nose
10F' A difficulty which has existed for some time be
tween the boatmen and coal proprietors, on the Easton
Canal, has been settled to the satisfaction of all par
lat. no such ar-
is entirely mis
.ss based on re-
REStMPTION. OF' SPE.CIE PAYMENTS: We under-
stand that the Carlisle bank and the Chambersburg
Bank now pay specie for all their liabilities except their
relief issues. Our currency is gradually returning to
abetter state, and in a short time we may hope, if the
foolish legislation does not interfere, that the financial
matters of Pennsylvania will bo restored to their former
an refer to with
CHRISTINA.COCHRAN, OR GILHOUR. — The eastern
papers state that there is but little doubt that this un
happy woman will soon be delivered up to the British
Government by the authorities at Washington.
CCP The Small Pox is making fearful ravages in Co
lumbia. It is also rumored that there are several ca
ses in Lancaster. So says the Harrisburg Advertiser
Corms —Exported from the United States since Ist
September last, 1,931,166
Same time last year, 1,433,859
Same time year before, 1,273,600
/3011 GR kTION.—It will be Seen by the following list
of passengers which have arrived in New York from
foreign ports since the commencement of the present
year, that as compared with the arrivals during the
same period last year, the uumber has fallen off nearly
one half. We copy from the N. Y. Sun:
Passengers arrived in January,
TOW to the 28th July,
Arrivals in same time latt year,
The decrease in the number of immigrains to Can
ada is still
_greater, being a diminution of more than
one half. The whole number that reached our coun
try last year was 110,984—the largest number ever
reported in one year.
C nu EL DEeEPTIO.II.7The Rnehestet Democrat spy.
that a young num in that city, whose intemperate hail
its had reduced his family to want, signed the temper
troy their Peace
Will our neighbors of the Age tell us what they mean
by saying that thcir River reports "are not prepared to
suit the views Of interested persons." Whose are?
Imo' Tla. Louisville Journal says of Fisher Amos
"he was one of the tru-st patriots and worthiest men,"
&e. This is the same Fisher Ames who pronounce(
Democracy "an illuminated licit We do not objeC'
to whig papers eulogising old Feder,di , it, but we pro
test most i(ilemnly against them, at the same time
claiming, the title of Democrats.
MR. S. HuBLEY.—.I report havirg Sot currenc .
that this centliAnan has withdrawn irtim the field, he
requests us to contradict it in the most positive tenm .
He has no intention whatever of t leclining—and will
continue a candidate, should he get but a single vote.
In the New Bedford Bulletin of Monday evening, we
find the following. The name of the vessel is probably
the Lavinia, which sailed from Alexandia on theist of
J hound to Antigua and a market.
The sloop Fairhaven, of Providence, which left
hewne yesterday morning for New York, about 9 o'clock,
6 miles S. S. W. of the Hen and Chickens, 10 miles S.
E. of Cuttyhunk, fell in with a schooner, with all sail
set, and running pretty close to her discovered that
there was no one on board. They immediately board
ed her, found that she had one anchor down with a
short scope, and on trying her pumps, found three foot
water in her haul, and on farther search discovered that',
she was scuttled forward just above the copper. The
forecastle was torn to pieces—the bunks torn down—a
hole cut in the cabin floor with an axe lying beside it.
The cabin was in great disorder—all valuable articles
were taken away except the quadrant and compass,
which were found in the mate's locker—the captain's
trunk was found cut open, and was completely pillaged.
On examination, the vessel proved to be the schooner
1 Lannia, of Alexandria, Dearborn, master, with a cargo
of flour, kild dried meal, blackeyed peas, yellow corn,
red oak staves. The crew list found in the cap
tain's trunk was as follows.
Charles H. Dearborn, master.
Walter A. Nicoll, mate.
J ohn Johnston, cook.
David Babe, 7
William Webster, Seamen.
Nicoll is from Northumberland county, Va., John
ston has no residence opposite his name; Babe is from
Cape May, N. J.; and Webster and Mathews from
Baltimore. The captain and mate, with Babe and
Webster, could write—the others made their narks
in signing the articles, which fact may prove to be of
By an examination of the schooner's papers, it ap
peared that she sailed from Alexandria, July Ist, for
Antie - ua. and a market in the West Indies. She is
owned by Geo. J. Thomas and others, of Alexandria.
The last regular entry on the log-book, apparently in
the mate's hand writing, is on the 10th of July, latitude
29, course S.
The boat of the vessel, which from the taklo used in
hoisting was evidently a long boat, was gone. The
gangway rail was taken away‘o make room for the
boat, in hoisting her over the side.
The chests of the seamen were gone from the fore
castle. The captain's trunk was Stove open, as we
mentioned above, and completely ransacked of every
thing of the slightest value—his letters were all left.
We have no time to speculate upon this wry.serious
affair, but it is the prevailing opinion that a piracy has
been committed, and the captain and mate thrown o
verboe.ni. There isfoul play somewhere, and time will
develope the mystery.
The Fairhaven arrived here last evening with the
schooner in tow. She is now in she porn of Mr.
Gordon, the Ct. S. Marshall."
" in Febraary,
" in April,
MESSRS. EDITORS:—This morning a copy of the Au
was plated in my hands by a friend and my atten
tion called to an article in which I am accused of "hav
ing entered into an agreement with John Morrison, a
whig candidate fur Sheriff, by which my personal in
fluence should be given to him, and against the'Derno
cratio nominee fur that office."
I depart from my rule, which is not to notice the
malignant attacks of my enemies, to contradict this
atrocious calumny. •
I pronounce every word of the above charge false
and slanderous, and the authors and publishers of it
wilful and malicious liars.
Some days since I had an intimation from one of the
Aurora men, that I was to be noticed in their paper,
and if I had chosen to submit to the exaction of "black
mail" or "hush money," I suppose I could have sup
pressed this attack; as I have not chosen to support a
paper which from the course it pursues has evidently
been started for the purpose of distracting and dividing
the democratic party, I must be content to come in for
a share of its vituperation and abuse.
GEO. R. RIDDLE.
Allegheny City, August 5, 1843.
To the Democratic Citizens of Allegheny county:
Judge Shaler and Alexander Brackenridge, Esq.,
having been named as candidates for the Democratic
Congressional nomination, have both publicly defined
their position. As my name has also been announced,
and as I du not know of any candidate for the congres
sional nomination but the persons above named, I have
yielded to the advice of friends who think that the
party should receive a direct assurance from myself,
that if nominated I will accept the favor without reluc
In giving this assurance, it is proper to state, in re
gard to claims which others allege I have on the par
ty, that for myself 1 entirely disclaim them. If I have
struggled with the Democrats of Allegheny against the
torrent of Federal innovations, and the corrupting influ
ences of a National Bank, it was only in the fulfilment
of a duty which binds every citizen to aid in propor
tic;n to his abilities and opportunities, the cause of that
party and of those principles which he may honestly be
lieve best calculated to preserve the republican insti
tutions of our common country. In supporting Demo
cratic principles in this, heretofore, stronghold of our
opponents, I have not sought to secure for m yself the
, favor of the people, or to obtain office at their hands,
and the only reward I covet is to wimess the rwrina-
rent ascendancy of the Democratic cruise.
If, however, a majority of the party, overlooking the
objection of a want of official experience (which many
who hare held (dice will probably always urge against
those who have not). choose to nominate me for Con
gress, and their selection should be ratified by the peo
ple, I shall endeavor, to the extent of my humble abili
ties, to fulfil the duties of n representative.
Should either of my respected competitors be nom
inated, I will cordially support his election, and should
the nomination he conferred on myself, candour re
quires me to sac that I will accept it cheerfully, and
with the hope that if elected I may, by an honest de
votion to Democratic principles and strict attention to
the interests of the district, manifest the grateful sense
I entertain for unsolicited honors heretofore conferred
by my Democratic friends.
With respect, •
I remain vour fellow citizen,
P.DWARD D. GIZZ ANL
Messrs. Editor:—l observe in the Post, a communi
cation urging the pretensions of Col. Hawkins to the
office of Prothonotary. I have no objection to the Col
onel, nor shall I question the sufficiency of his claims;
but I do protest against the mean attempt made to stir
up sectional prejudices to carry• him into office. Of
the city cliques the writer talks about, I know nothing;
I care nothing—if they exist I have yet to find them.
But the most piteous complaint about the county being
deprived of the offices, is not only COP mptiblo, but it
is false as tegards the office of Prothonotary - . Of the
four last Prothonotmies, th re e were from the country.
Wfam elected, they moved to town, us the Colonel will
no doubt do, if he should be chosen.
There is nothings.) supremely ridiculous as this sr:-
tem of pressing claims on sectional grounds. It indu-
CPS the concht-ien that there is little else to be said in a
wan ', favor, w h en such a matter is urged. Suppose it
should be conceded that AVilkins township ought to
have the Prothonotary—and suppose that Wilkins had
sit man within her borders who wished the 011147P,-.... - or
no man who irul any real claims ou the party—or no
man who coul.l get the party vote—(such is nit the case
now, because she has ('ol. Hawkins:) but suppose she
was not favored with that gentleman, how could she
assert her claim? All will see that it would not do to
establish this principle of giving, certain offices to cer
tain sections of the county. It reminds me of that sys
tem which conferred the right of suffrage oil a man if
he owned n jackass, and its practical effect is the same.
If the jackass should die before election day, the man
would have no vote: and if the candidate should be
conc eded t o Wilkins township, and she should not be
able to get a man to serve, why she would be deprived
„e her right, even as the poor man who had lost his
It. is vain to seek to establish any other claim to party
favor than party service, and the conviction that a man
would rut well; arid make a good officer. It is utijit , t
and err o neous to suppose that a man's location can add
to his claims of his popularity. M.
Messrs. Editors:—Sixty seven years have passed by,
since Equality Wai declared as being the basis of the
political and social compact of the United States,—
Simpose 'twere asked, what positive law, National or
State, has been adopted during that time, the whole of
our existence as a nation, to fit or prepare the real peo
ple—the toiling mate the enjoyment of their nat
ural rizhts of political and social equality! The an
swer must he, none. The legislation of the United
States, individual and collective, has been for Capital or
its possessors. The interests of gambling speculators,
tie advocates of National Banks or State Banks, the
swindling stock-jobbers and black legs of large opera
tions, possessing charters with pririlegc by law to rob
the public without fear of the Penitentiary; for these
and such as these are laws made, to promote their inter
ests, at the expense of labor; and whenever any public
measure to curb the power of those remorseless plun
derers is proposed, the non-producing, the useless and
money-grub classes all unite in hostile array, until they
lie the advocates of such measure out of countenance;
all the time pretending, they seek only the interests of
the farmers, mechanics, &c.; and too often they succeed,
in making the useful classes their dupes.
The slavery of the industrious many has increased
since the 4th of July, '76, and is at this moment pro
gressively accelerating in its perils. Poverty and mis
ery is necessarily the accompaniment of the toil-worn
many—the drudges for money wages. Such to them
is the consequences as society is constructed, and envi
rotted about with the meshes of the net of Capital, the
slavery of poverty will continue to increase until they
continue to have their interests efficiently represented by
their law makers. The only exception to this truthful,
but nationally disgraceful acltnowledgement of neglect
or incapacity for self-government, is to be recognized in
the noble order given by President Van Buren, for the
adoption of the ten hours system of labor on the public
works of the nation; and what is very remarkable,
wherever that system of labor was adopted, Mr. Van
Buren received a large majority of the toiler's votes.
There they had time to rend, could do their own think
ing, and dared act at the ballot boxes to shew they ful
ly appreciated the merits of a faithful public servant.—
That measure of pure patriotism, wise, benign and just,
has immortalized its author. Be it our care to carry
it out on the public works of the state, by attending the
primary meetings, and instructing our delegates there-
OrCol. Wigginton, late of Texas, and formerly of
Louisville, was found dead in his bed at New Orleans,
on the 19th ult., in a state of decomposition !
RELIEr.—The Council of New Orleans have vetoed
an appropriation of $5OO to the sufferers by the Tolle
PrAntintt.—A London paper states that the amount
of tr"3 " 9ltre sALI, diamonds, &c., captured by Sir
Charles Napier, arl..o4 , bacl, falls little short of three
millions of money. The et"-- t h ß p anf ul hi mse lf
is estimated at not less than
FOR THE MORNING POST
FOR THE MORNING POST
Foit THE 111oRNING POST
FUR THE MORNING POST
f PROCEEDINGS IN' COMMON '
Council met. —Present, Messrs. Boreland, Hays,
Howard, Irwin, Kelly, Matthews, McCritchetm, Mixh
ell, O'Neal, Pratt, Small, Stoner and President.
Mr. Boreland presented a petition from John Mur
phy, which was read and laid upon the table.
Mr. Howard offered the following resolution, which
was read three times and passed, viz:
Resolved, That the sum of one hundred dollars be
added to appropriation N 0.7, for the use of the Alle
gheny Wharf, payable on the requisition of the Wharf
Master, when endorsed by a majority of the committee
on streets, grading and paving. Sent to the S. C. and
returned, the adoption not concurred in, and referred to'
the committee on Wharves and Landings. Adoption
receded from and reference concurred in.
The following resolution, which had been read three
times and passed by the S. C. on the 31st, was read
three times and concurred in, viz:
Resolved, That the Mayor be and he is hereby author
ized to issue Certificates of Loan, countersigned by the
Treasurer, at one and two years with interest at 6 per
cent for the following sums, viz:
To James Pratt one for $5O, and one for $26 40 at
To James Pratt one for $5O and one for $26 40 at
two years, to be dated Aupst Ist, 1343.
To Sta ckhouse & Nelscra one for $l6 68, and one for
$23 50 at one year.
To Stackhouse & Nelson one for $llOO, and one for
399 25, at one year and one for 399 25 at two years,
dated from August Ist, 1843.
To J. &C. A. Beck two for SSOQ 00; and onn for
$231 50 at one year.
To J. R.C. A. Bock two for $500,00, and one for
$231 50 at two years, dated from lot August, 1843.
The Clerk of the S. C. presented an ordinance enti
tled "an ordinance supplementary to the various ordi
nances respecting the assessment and collection of
Water Rents, and for other purposes, which was read
three times and passed.
Also, An Ordinance entitled, "An Ordinance relating
to Dogs," which was read three times and passed.
Also, An Ordinance entitled, "An Ordinance relating
to Hugs," which was read three times, and passed.
Also, A Report from the Committee on Streets, Gra
ding and Paving, accompanied by An Ordinance. Re
poruaccepted, and Ordinance read once and lost.
He also presented the non-concurrence of the S. C.
in the reference of the bill of A. A. Anderson, with a re
ference of same to the Committee on City Printing.—
Also, In the reference of the bill of W. C. Wall,with
a reference of same to ,the Committee on Engines and
hose. Concurred in.
Also, the concurrence of the S. C. in reference of the
P a etition of A. Weaver, and the remonstrance on same
subject, and Messrs. Kincaid and Galway appointed on
Also, the concurrence of the S. C. in the reference of
the Bill of L. Loomis to the Committee on Claim. and
Also, the petition of John Buihoup to the Committee
Also, of the Petition of certain citizens of the Fifth
Ward, to the Committee on Streets, Grading and Pa
Also, in the adoption of a resolution in favor of W.H.
, Also, in the adoption of a resolution authorizing the
Committee on Wharvesand Landings to alter the plan
of the Monongahela Wharf.
Also, in the passage of an Ordinance authorizing the
Mayor to purchase the lot of ground now occupied by
the Duquesne Engine and Hose House.
,„ Mr. Stoner presented a bill of W. C. Meredith a
mounting to $2,50, which was read and referred to the
committee on C:aims and Accounts which wasconcur.
red in by S. C.
EXTZNSIVE ROBERY.—The iron chest of Wm. P.
Webb, Register in Chancery at Eutaw, Alabama, was
broken open on the I.sdt by Lawrence Johnson, Clerk
to Mr W ebb,and $4,000 s tolen there from. Johnson broke
open with a hatchet a desk in whi , h was the key of the
safe, unlocked the safe, pocketed the money, hired a
horse at a livery stable and put off at 9 o'clock on Sat.
urday night. The robery was not detected till Monday
morning, when offwer,s were sent after the culprit in
every direction, and he was traced to Gainesville, hut
no farther. It is supposed he has steered for Texas.
Ho is a handsome, well-drossed youth, of light com
plexion, only 18 or 19 ;years of age. A reward of $7...00
is offered for his apprehension.
THRILLING SCENE ON THE RAILROAD
The niglt line from Harrisburg was somewhat delay
ed on Monday, aad a singular, as well as an exciting
si2ene at the Inclined Plane, principally occasioned that
When th.• cars arrived at the Inclined Plane, the
as usual, were deficient. The attendants could
scarcely see to attach the tope to the train, and in fact,
owing to the miserable and inexcusable deficiency,
were not enabled to secure the rope properly and well.
TI re consequence was, that the train had scarcely passed
off the level; and began its fearful descent, before
"Snap!"—"Crack!"-"Bang!"—went the rope, and
instantly the oaths, : exclamations and screams of the
passengers filled the air. Every man, woman, and
child anticipated instant destruction. The sudden and
awful pause which followed, was deemed to be the
pa u--e before inevitable destruction. Of course the win
dows of the cars were thrown open, and men, who had
presence of mind enough, threw themselves headlong
into the road Women shrieked in very agony; while
one, in her fright, absolutely attempted, mother-like to
throw her infant out, in order to save its.life at the ex- :
I ;raise of her own.. She was forcibly prevented.—
The greatest possible confusion and consternation reign
ed. The officers of the road were not less alarmed
than the passengers. At length quiet was restored.
and an investigation took place. It was discovered
that although the rope had slipped, the "break" had
held the cars, and'thus saved the lives which would
have been otherwise sacrificed—no thanks to the neg
ligence of those who should have furnished lights e
-1 nough to see the rope well fastened.— Times.
Port of Pittoburgi).
THE: Rivr.n.-4 friend calledon Saturday to inform
us, that the statements we have published for several
days as to the stage of water in our Rivers, were en
tirely incorrect; and that when we.published "fourteen
inches in the channel," there were actually twont y-t tee;
and that there has not been less than that at any time
this season. If we have been led into error in a mat
ter so important not only to our city but to persons a
broad, we certainly sincerely regret it. Our River list
is prepared by persons whose business keeps them con
stantly at the River, and who, therefore, have always
the opportunity of knowing its actual condition. Un
fortunatel•, there are no marks by which the precise
depth of water can be ascertained. It will be seen that
we have given the depth, as it appears by the marks at
the Wood street sewer. This is 25 inches, and Keel
boats drawing that amount of water can go out. As
' this Wood street mark was put down by order of the
Insurance offices, by which to regulate their policies,
and is regarded as correct by the Wharfmaster, we shall
hereafter, during low water, state the depth as there
indicated. In order to prevent confusion, and to show
why there is any discrepency in the river registers of
the different papers, we will state that there is another
mark, by which Steamboat Pilots have been generally
governed. This mark indicates 16 inches water to
day, but Steamboats, as we are informed by an expe
rienced Captain, have generally and do now load to
three or four inches below that msrk. From all that
we can learn, therefore, Keel Boats may safely be laden
to the depth of 24 or 25 inches, and Steamboats to 20
Reported by Shcble and Mitchell, General Steam
Boat Agents, Water street.
TWENIY-FIVE INCHES WATER IN THE CHANNEL,
According to the Marks at the Wood suee t Sewer
Warren, Ward, Beaver
Moxahala, Parkinson, Cincinnati
Rich'd. Clayton, Hough, Cin,
Alpine, Cockburn, Cincinnati
Warren, Ward, Beaver
James Bassi, Esq., of the city, is respectfully rev
commended to the Democratic Convection, as a cluw
diglate for Assembly, by MAO DestocsAts.
We are authorized to announce ALEXANDEII
PHILLIPS Jr., of RobirL,on, as a candidate fix Code*/
cornmi3sioner, .object to the decision of the deumnit.
is county conJentiort ang
Gentlemen: Please announce the name of THOMAS
M'CALL, of Allegheny city, as a suitable person to
be supported for the office of Coroner, at the amen
election, subject to the decision of the democratic coun
ty convention. Mr. M'Call is an old resident in this
county, and his genuine democracy has never been dis
puted. MAW! DMICICRATIt
aug 7-tc •
A number of the Democrats of Mifflin towastsi#
have concluded to present the name of SA.MUNIs
COCHRAN, Esq., of that township, for the consider*.
tion of the Convention which meets on the 30th ha.,
for a nomination for the Legislature. Mr C. is Is. wei
known and a well tried democrat, and his neighlmti
confidently present his claims. wag 7.4
Mews. Editors:—Please announce the name of
JOHN W. M'CLELLAND, of Franklin township, as
a suitable candidate for County Auditor at the combs'
election, subject td the decision of the County Conven
tion. Mr. M'Ciet..t.san is a Democrat of the warm
est and purest kind, and will be) warmly
by MANY DEMOCRIV
Aug. 7, '43—te
ALL persons indebted to the estate of James ICefne
dy, of Mifflin township, Allegheny county, iatellr
deceased, are hereby requested to make immediate
payment to the subscribers, and all persons it
claims against said estate will present them didy
thcnticated for settlement.
J. T. PATTERSON, I
DAVID KENNEDY, ecutml •
THE subscriber having, for particular reasons, re
simned ' . his situation in the Western University,
has united himself with Mr. ROBERT GREER/FON, and
intends opening anew Institution on Tuesday, Mend
of the present month, in the Sabbath School Room of
the First Presbyterian Church. The entrance is an
In this Institution all the branches of a collegiate
course are to be taught. The subscriber is Principal
and Professor of Mathematics, and Natural and Moral
Philosophy. Mr. Greer.sen is Professor of Ancient
Languages. An able tutoris also bespoke.
The subscriber can say with confidence that be has
never known a teacher better qualified to preserver ass at,
esteem of all his students, and to instruct them in the
difficulties of the Latin and Greek languages than Mr.
Greerson. Having been the Professor of Ancient lan
guages in the University for two years, when the sub
was Principal, he can, from personal observa
tion, state to the community with infallible certainty Mr.
Greerson's qualifications. He has no superior in the
languages in Western Pennsylvania; andlie can aid, if
needed. in any of the branches of mathematics.
Our object is, to encourage students as much as pos
sible to rapid, accurate, and enlightened progress, in
every department; and while the collegiate term Ori
be four years, yet each student will be advanced se !
cording to his merit: and at the time of the comm as:SS
ment, rewards of goad conduct and scholarship win, in
order to discriminate, _be bestowed according to the
opinion of neutral and qualified judges.
The year will be dividei into three terms of fifteen
teaching weeks; leaving seven weeks for vacation: it
Christmas, ono; in April, one, and five in August and
part of September.
The first Monday in November, March, and My
will be days of matriculation, and for the teeeivbtof
the fees of tuition. The fees willbe at the rite
per annum for those belonging to either of the eine' a, who
have not to pay board; and $25 for those ffem the cm&
try who have to pay their boarding.
The name of the Institution is, Duquesne College.
Pitt,bur , h, Au.'. 7, '43-3t. ROBT. BRUCE.
Authorizing, the Mayor to purchase on Perpetual
Lease, the lot now occupied by the Duquerne En
gine and Hose House.
SECTION 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the
the citizens of Pittsburzh in Select and Common Conn.
eil assembled. That i the Ma.yor be authorized -te—
purchase on perpetual ease for the use of the City, a
lot of ground of twenty feet in front on second St., and
extending sixty feet in depth to a twenty foot alley, ,
owned by the Trustees of the Western University, and
now occupied by the Duquesne Hose Company, gillef
therefor at the rate of $6O per annum ' with the pm"-
lege of purchasing the property in fee for one thousand
dollars, at any time it may be deemodexpedient by the
City authorities to do so.
Ordained and Enacted into a Law in Councils, ti ll
3d day of August, A. D. 1843.
WJI. EICIIBAUM, Preet.
E. J. ROBERTS, Clerk C C.
JOHN SHIPTON, Prea't. S C.".
A. Mit.t.sit, Clerk S. C.
nun 7—d3t. -
AN ORDINANCE Relating to Dogs,
Sr.c. 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the citirons
of Pittsburgh in Select and Common Colmeils userat.
bled, that an Ordinance entitled. "An Ordinanoe cow:
coming" Dogs," passed the 7th day of November, 1136,
be and the same is hereby repealed. -•'
SEC. '2. Be it ordained and enacted, &c., Theta
Ordinance entitled "An Ordinance to prevent Dog&
from running at large in the city of Pittsburgh," pew
ed on the 9th day of August, 1831, be and the -awn*
' is hereby revived and declared to be in full force.
SEC. 3. Be it ordained and enacted, &c. Deaths
reward for taking up and destroying Dogs nader said
act shall be reduced to fifty cents per head. A:Ado
penalty azainst obstructing the officers or other pwloor
appointed to carry said ordinance into effect bete
cluced to fifty dollars, instead of one hundred dollars es
heretofore. And that Dugs need not be kept mended
unless at the option of the owner, except from the 15th
day of July to the 15th September.
Ordained and enacted into a Law of the Council Ms.
I 3d August, A. D. 1843.
WM. EICHBAUNI, Pres't C. C.
E. J. ROI3ERTS, Clerk C. C.
JOHN SHIPTON, Pres't S,
A. MILLAR, Clerk S. C.
AN ORDINANCE Relating to Roes.
SEC. 1. Be it ordained and enacted, by the citizens
of Pittsburgh in Select and Common Councils esseisk•
bled, That an ordinance entitled "an ordinance to
vent Hogs from running at large within the limits of
the city," passed the 28th day of July, 1821, be and
the same is hereby repealed.
SEC. 2. Be it ordained and enacted, &c., That so
much of an ordinance entitled "an ordinance for sup
pression of nuisances, an introduction of wholesome
regulations in the city," passed the 7th day of Septemv
her 1316, as was repealed by the Ordinance aforesaid,
be and the same is hereby revived, and declared to he.
Ordained and enacted into alaw in Councils, thee
' 3d day of August, A. D. 1843.
AVM. EICHBAUM, Preette.C.r --- -
E. J. ROBERTS, Cl'k C. C.
JOHN SHIPTON, Pres't S.
A. MILLsn, Cl'k S. C. Aug. 7vv-3t..
Section referred to: -
ll'"That if any person or persons, sha/I
suffer his, her or their home or horses, mare, gelding,.
mule, ox, hog or hogs, to run at large in the saidcitis
he, she or they, shall for each offence, on conviction
thereof, forfeit and pay for each of the said aninsidiso
running at large, the sum of one dollar. ALA eiertat
'the before mentioned animals, so found running . at
large, shall be considered as a public and comas
nuisance, and it shall be the duty ofthe city =Petah*,
or either of them, to seize and take into his or theirtins.
tody, and impound every of the said animals so coda
running at large: And if after four days public Mice :
no person shall come forward, claim the same, and ray.
I the said fine, and all costs and charg es attentive the
P seizing and keeping die same, then id in such:CW/1
every such animal shall be sold at public sale 1 1 any or
the city constables, and after retaining thiantratta
reasonable costs and expenses such constable giall pal
the balance, if any, to the, Mayor for the use of the cp.