Newspaper Page Text
113 e Seine. who knows that it is not filled with poi
son, intended to kill her ladyship when she open*, as
did the letter written in an unknown hand, 'ties Mar
nuis de Toomey?" After long •deliberation, the two
faithful . domestics -resolved in the 'Morning to inforni
their mistress of all that had iir.S;e'd, and to express to
'her their s uspicions in regard to the mysterious casket,
- so that wonk! net open it without warning.
• Their suspieimis were not without sufficient grounds.
s lusiliseetifor some time the scenes of unparal
1114.eststiCies, the progress of which had been arrest
thly by the most severe proceedings of the authori
(hesler, a German chemist, had been much celebru
led for his success in die pursuit of natural science and
ssas-thought by ;he people-to excel in the myswries of
Vellerniy. He was assisted by an Italian named Exili,
,i4tfi displayed great desire' to acquire a thorough
jtalipvledge of his art. But the assistant was not so
tiligePiashis researches after the philosopher's stone, or
the universal chair, as in the ma nufacture of subtle
issisons. He succeeded in. distilling several, and at
last, cautiously as his labors were carried on, became
en object of suspicion, and was sent to the Bastille. In
the same apartment was confined the Captain Godin de
Saint Croix. This man, of violent passions, without
,piinciple, vindictive, a mbitious and reckless, was a
l i ter/ of the Italian chemist; and to him he disclosed
the secnets which were to give him power over the lives
of his enemies. - Released ere long from the Bastille,
be began to put his terrible art into -practice.
The Mtuquise de Brinvillier, with whom Saint Croix
he l d t been connected in a. disgraceful intrigue. become
his pupil in these fearful mysteries, and in 'dating wick
edness soon went CNC-1/ before him. Several members
own familsewere the first victims of poison, and
it seemed as if the thirst:for bleed increased with its
gtstiftetstion. The sudden death of many poor persons
id the Hotel Dieu a w likened at length the suspicion that
the food sent them weekly by the Marquise was pois
s and some guests of bets died after having ban
.". cptetedat her bon Saint Croix remained unstispect
seel for some time, 1140. Heaven had prepared a just retri
lett. ion for him. The poison lie distilled was so subtle
'eat the smallest quantity of the tine powder (po u dere
.dc. succession it was called) i n haisd iu the nostr il s was
'Sufficient to cuuse instant death. Ile wore, for his own
*entity, a glass mask while at his work. One day as
the was pouring the powder just prepared in a phial,
mho mask fell and was shivered into fragments. At
same moment Saint Croix sunk lifeless to the
' .. ground, the victim of his own diabolical art. As he left
nei heirs, government took possession of his effects, and
Placed them all - under seal. In his laboratory were
',found all the implements and materials used in prepa
-ring Poisons, and also letters from the Marquise de
" - titinvillier, which left no doubt of her guilt. She fled
- totiege, and sought shelter in a cloister. Desgmis,
litt caw of the conn'tablie, was sent after her. Dis •
,gttisedas a priest, he entered the cloister, and succeeded
in persuading the wicked woman, with whom he pre.
iteutled to be in - love, to erant him a private interview
- "fit a garden without the confines of the sacred walls.—
There his men seized upon her; she was placed in a ear
th* and borne to Paris. Soon after, she was be
aded, with one of her acomplices; her body was te
e:feed to apes, and the ashes scattered to the four
'Paris hush not a long breathing space, cm it seeme d
~trOdent that the sceptre was abroad again, and more
AeStrtietive than ever. Many were the victims;
scarce a dwelling was thought safe from the secret de
.settOyer. The public alarm rose.to a pitch of frenzy.—
)4 the murderers baffled all the efforts of the police to
AlscOver and punish them. To put an end to this
( tightful state of things, the King instituted a new court
~.4juistice, and invested it with powers for the exclusive
)I.4igkX_ of enquiring into, detecting. and punishing
fbesie secret crimes. This court was called the Chum
,kre, Ardente. La Reptile was its president, and the
fltthsgs were held not far from the Bastille.
3Vitl3 such it president, and with the cunning Des
sliffals for an officer, the most vigorous measures [idols.
V,for the detection of criminals were shortly success
. ' In the Faubourg St. Germain lived an old woman
,named La Voisine, a fortune-teller and conjurer by pro.
Who had,with the assistance of her companions,
lie ' time and Le Vigoureux, obtained a sway over the
"mit'ids of the superstitious populace. She was found
to be Exili's pupil, and to have been in the habit of pre
- paring poisons, which she sold at high prices to those
who came to purchase. Desgrais discovered her prac
stiees; she made a fiee confession, and was condemned
• ':hy the Chambre Ardent to be burned at the stake. In
der house was found a list of the persons who had avail
-.-ed themselves of her assistance; and in consequence of
al, it not only happened that execution after execution
• 'till . olf. place, but suspicion rested on persons of high dig
siiq. Cardinal Boozy was thought, through means of
i e js Vo isioe, to have shortened the lives of several per
-sons to whom, as Archbishop of Narbonne, he was obli
ged to pay pensions. The Countess of Soissons, the
. Duchess de Bouillon, and even Henri de Montmorenci,
-Whose names were found on this list, were also accused;
-but the fault of the latter consisted only in his havin
lied to the old woman to write his horoscope.
r '.... P te7min it is, that the blind zeal of President La Reg.
-rife led to the commission of many cruelties. The tri
jnetal took the character of the Inquisition; the slightest
suspicion was sufficient to warrant severe imprison
wimsr, and in many cases, after execution, accident
ltfottalit to light the innocence of the sufferers. The
. person and demeanor of La Regnie were forbidding in
the extreme - and these, with his character for severity,
soon procured? him the dislike even of the people whose
avenger and protector he declared himself. Tho
Duchess de Bouillon, when asked by him on trial if
she had ever seen the devil, answered, "methinks I
have him now before my eyes!"
• While the searuld streamed with the blood of legal
sirictimS* the crime of poisoniag or poison-vending be
lime less frequent. But there arose another dark and
%.2stesetdestroyer,which threatened to become as loath-
Asti& A band of robbers appeared to lave been or
' pulsed, with the object of obtaining possession of all
valuable jewels. Precious stones disappeared, though
• carefully locked up, in the most inscrutable manner.—
:'Many .persons who wore jewels about their persons
,wereassaulted at night in the streets, struck down and
- roblfed—in some cases murdered. Several, whose
:Ilya were spared, deposed that they had been knocked
down with a sudden blow on the head, and on recover
- inesease found themselves in another place than that
where they had fallen. The murdered victims had all
tbe.same wound, a dagger-thrust through the heart,
which probably had produced instant death. These
murders became terribly frequent. About the luxuri
otaaLcuurt of Louis XIV., what young cavalier was there
Ariathad not a:fair one to propitiate, or a mistress to
sbrit, to whom he wished to carry some acceptable or
wamenti Sometimes the treasure was rifled from him
on his way to the person for whom it was intendedmnce
the corpse of the lover was found at the door of his
In vain Argenson, the minister of the police, did his
utmost—in vain La Regnie was enraged, and sought
to compel confessions from prisoners in his powea—in
vaMnew guards and patrols were appointed—no trace
efthe robbers was discovered. It was also not a little
zremarkable that nothing could be found of the jewels
- taws, though strict search was instituted in all places
where they were likely to be offered for sale or barter.
--As if still more to baffle suspicion, it was observed that
: the-quarter of the city where crime had been most fre
- iquent, and where Desgrais was stationed, was exempt
(Mtn disturhance while in that where all had been itn
• Molested hitherto, the robbers found their richest spoils.
Desgrais resorted to the expedient of choosing officers
- ' Co occupy his place, as like him in personal appearance
as possible, and called by his much-dreaded name,and
- - -anading them to the principal streets, while he himself,
at the risk of his life, lurked in corners and by-ways a
lone and followed at a distance any 'passer-by who hap
'Toned to be well dressed or to wear jewels. Bnt even
`-this stratagem was unsuccessful.
Chic morning Desgrais came to La Regnie pale and
agitated. "You have news!" cried the President ea
terlys--"you have found trace of them?" "Last night,"
-answered the breathless official, "not far from the Lou
vre, the Marquis de In Fare was struck down in my
presence." The President started up with joy—"We
• hare them!" exclaimed he. "Hear me out first," said
- Desgrais with a bitter smile. "I was walking near
- the Louvre; a figure passed without seeing me, walking
with unsteady steps,and glancing round every moment.
"ay the-light of the lump I recognised the Marquis de
In Flare, and guessed in what direction he was going.
Lifle was about a dozen paces in advance of me, when a
Arire sprang us it were out of the earth and fell upon
-UAL In my first surprise, eavr only to secure the as
-rielikint, I cried out and rushed coley hold upon him.—
Illy feet Were entangled in my mantle, and I fell down.
'Springing to my feet the next instant, I saw the rubber
flying as on the wings of the wind. I pursued—l blew
my honk—l was answered by the whistle of the guard
—and presently the meet was alive with men and hor-
ses. "This way, this way,ihr Desgrais!" I shouted,
and ran on, never losing slight of the pursued, though
he dodged and made several turns to escape me; I fol
lowed him into the street Nicaise; his strength appear
ed to fail him—l redoubled mK exertions—he had not
more than fifteen paces the start of me—"
(To BE CONTINUED.)
sub i ec,teu the decision of •
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL. CONVENTION.
"I)c Oath) Morning ipost.
PHILLIPS S. SMITH, EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS
ITTSBURGH, SATURDAY, AUGUST 5, 1843
\ V AXING UP.—As the period for nominating our tick
et approaches, the people of town and country are be
ginning to turn their attention to the matter, and to can
vass the claims of the several aspirants. Communi
cations setting forth the claims of some, and attempting
to - "trip up" others, pour in upon us from all quarters,
and we have considerable difficulty in selecting such for
publication, as will give aU.a "fair shake." and do inju
ry to none. As the organ of the democratic party, we
believe it to be our duty to suppress all publications that
would have a tendency to create angry feelings among
members of the party, and from which no possible good
could arise. All the candidates spoken of, we consid
er worthy the confidence of the democracy, and in ev
ery way qualified to discharge the duties of the offices
to which they aspire, to the satisfaction of all parties.
Such being the character of the aspirants, it would be
doing injustice to the party, to admit objections that
may have been written more to gratify personal feeling
than to serve the interests of the county.
We will give full permission to any member of the
party to spread forth the merits of his favorite through
our columns, provided he confines his communications
to a moderate length; but we will not permit any one to
use our paper for the purpose of assailing persons who
may, perhaps, be nominated by the Convention, and on
whom the party must rally at the October election.
We have no doubt but some of our pugnacious polit
ical brethren will object to this course, inasmuch as it
will deprive them of the gratification of assailing their
personal enemies through our columns, but as we deem
it the correct and only course to preserve harmony in the
party, we shall pursue it.
We are gratified to find that on this subject we con
cur with our correspondent, "Pluto DEMOCILAT;" a
gentleman for whose sagacity and discretion, in all
such matters, we have the highest respect, and whose
opinions are much valued by every prudent democrat
in the county.
CANAL.—We would direct public attention to the
statement of Genl. Potts, published in our commercial
column, giving the Canal and Rail Road receipts at
the Johnstown office, for the month of July. It will be
observed that the excess over the corresponding month
of 1342, is $8,504 30, and that the total increase at
that office since the opening of navigation amounts to
$40,574 97. So ranch for individual enterprise!—
With such evidence before hiss, can any honest man ob
ject to a system that produces such results to the state!
Every additional dollar realized from the public works
is so much saved to the tax-payers, and we cannot be
lieve that any portion of the people would be willing to
abandon a system that is evidently so advantageous to
the interests of the whole community.
NEW PAPER.—A new paper has made its appear
ance in Harrisburgh, called "THE Comma:WEALTH,"
conducted by Mr. W. Lewis. It supports Mr. Van
Buren for the Presidency, and promises to treat the
National and State Administrations with impartiality.
It inclines, however, very decidedly to the latter.
We are by no means displeased to see a Van Buren
paper at the seat of Government. But we are not cor•
rain that the kind of advocac.y" Th e Com11107liceolih " is
disposed to give him, can much advance his claims to
the Presidential nomination. We have regretted to
notice, in many portions of our State, a disposition to
treat Mr. Van Buren in an unfair or unfriendly man
ner, but we cannot see how the "Commonwealth" can
change that unkindly feeling by illiberality towards
Mr. Buchanan—dwelling on and rejoicing over the
federal assertion, that he was once a "federalist."
The "Commonwealth" says that "The Lancaster
Intelligencer, the organ of Mr. Buchanan, declared
some time since, that in no event could Mr. Van Buren
get the second vote of the delegates from this state, in
the National Convention." This assertion of the In
telligencer has never met our eye; but if made, there
is no evidence that it was sanctioned by Mr. Buchanan,
and it is wrong to hold him accountable for it in any
way. The friends of Mr. 13., have, as yet, no reason
to cast about fur a second candidate—the prospects of
that gentleman are not so hopeless that his supporters
should begin to think of a man for whom to throw their
strength. And if they should come to such an alter
native, the Lancaster Intelligencer, we presume, has
too much good sense to suppose that the votes of the
delegates, in the National Convention, could'be direct
ed at its pleasure. It is premature and almost idle to
discuss the question of a second choice; but we know
no reason why Mr. Van Buren should not stand second
in the estimation of the Democrats of Pennsylvania.
We look upon the gratuitous assumption, by a lead
ing Democratic print, that Mr. Van Buren can not, in
any event, get the state, as uncalled for, and useless,
and we think that to censure Mr. Buchanan for the ut
terance of such sentiments by one of his friends, equally
injurious and unfair. Discussions of this kind, con
ducted in such a spirit, cannot promote that peace and
harmony, which can alone ensure the success of the par-
Tax G ttlAT Fottcmt.—Oliver M. Lowndes and Ben.
Hays, left New York on Monday afternoon, for Boston,
to take passage in the steamer of the 2d inst. for Eng
land. They go out with instructions and funds from
Jacob Little, Esq. of Wall street, in order to bring back
the man called Clinton, lately arrested in London, at
the instance of our Consul. Mr. Aspinwall, who is sup
posed to be the clever rogue that committed the $20,-
000 forgery on Jacob Little, some time since, and sev
eral forgeries out West.
DEPARTURE OF Mn. CUSHING. — After lou.pleten
tion in our harbor, says the Nat. Intelligencer of the Ist
inst., caused mainly by experiments of proposed alter
ations in her machinery, the Steam-Frigate Missoont,
Capt. Newton, departed from this city ycsterday,bound
for the Mediterranean, on whose shores she is to land
the Hon. Caleb Cushing, Special Envoy to China, on
his way to that country,
Mr. Cushing went on board yesterday, and was re
ceived with the salute due to his official rank; and the
Frigate proceeded down the river a little after one
lows.—At a Territorial Convenden,hdd at Bur_
lington, lowa, on the fl6th of June, Gen. A. C. Dodge,
was unanimously nominated as the Democratic Candi- !
date fur Delegate to the next Congress.
I cannot be mistaken in public sentiment when we my
ROIMED.—The store of Rogers & Brothers in Cirri- that the nomination of Col. Miller eronkl be hailed with
cinnati, on Saturday night last. The amount stolen I pleasure by the Democrats of the Westera • aid South
Western counties of our plundered and debt-ridden,
was two hundred dollars. yet glorious Commonwealth. FAYETTE.
THE BRAVER ARGIJS.—We are pleased to notice
the enlargement of this sheet, and tL9 . NW improve
went in its whole appearance. It comes out in an entire
new dress. In every thing but his politics, we can wish
the editor prosperity, and rejoice in his success. And
we are pleased to observe, from his signs of the times
in his county, that the long career of triumph is likely
soon to terminate. Beaver has been one' of the most
uniform federal counties in the State. It gave ma
jorities against Jackson. But the cloud seems to be
breaking, and we may soon hope to see a bright Demo
cratic sun enlighten that region of political gloom.
DREADP : tri ACCIDENT ON THE READING AND POTTS
VILLE RAIL ROAD.—The Reading Democratic Press,
received last evening, says the Phila. Pennsylvanian,
records the occurrence of a painful accident which hap
pened yesterday morning about 3 o'clock on the rail
road about two miles above Reading. One train of
cars laden with coal, and the other empty, says the
Presi Came in collision, breaking and mashing into
fragments, one and injuring another, killing two men
and wounding five or six others who were on the train.
The hands of the train coming down the road escaped
uninjured by leaping, but the train from Reading, being
much lighter, was completely destroyed. We repair
ed to the dreadful scene at daybreak, and such a mass
of ruins were never looked upon before. The hands
were just taking out the mangled body of Mr. George
Heckman, who was instantly killed, and shortly after
wards, the dead body of Daniel Fornwalt was drawn
from the wreck. 'Gottfried Formvalt, his father, had
one of his legs broken, and injured otherwise, so that
he is not likely to recover; Samuel Shultze had seve
ral ribs broken, and Conrad Fegar, jr., was also badly
wounded. Damage must be immense.
ATr RN 6t:r. The hod carriers of Cincinnati have
twice struck for an advance of wages—on Saturday
they demanded 87ic. per day, which was granted them,
and on Monday morning they refused to work for less
The following Banking Institutions in New Hamp
shire are about winding up their concerns, most of their
charters having expired:
The New Hampshire—New Hampshire Union—
The charters of some of these Banks do not expire
until 1845, but even these are curtailing their business,
dividing their stock, and preparing to cease operations,
Igr We thankihe Spirit of the Times for the follow
ing—we will remember him in our prayers:
"THE' PITTSISTREaI DAILY POST COMB to us in
new type, &c. The Post is a bold,' independent,
"Spirit44lo Times" sort of a Democratic newspaper.
Its editor a are able, fearless and pungent, and support,
as Pennsylvanians should, Buchanan for President.
Glad to see it successful."
SUCCESS. — We fire glad to learn that the Newark
Morning Post goes ahead finely. It has been publish.
ed but three weeks. and has onethousand !Subscriber:
alreadv.—B. S. Democrat
There must be something in a name—the Posts all
succeed. By the by we have heard a good deal about
that Neu-ark Post and should like to see it.
A Scgsr. IN REAL Ltre.—The OwensbUrgh (Ky.)
Bulletin gives an account of an affray that occurred
recently a few miles back of that town. A Mr. Ed
wards, wishing to run away with a Miss Lamb against
the consent of her family, employed two of his friends,
Wall and Wright, to take her from her father's house.
They were discovered and ordered off. They refused
to go, and an affray took place 'between them and the
father and brother of the young lady. The Her Lamb
gave Wall a severe stab in the forehead, and the young
er Lamb received from Wright a dangerous stab ender
the heart. Wright tied. The young lady denies that
she ever consented to run away.
LAST or ALL:-At Birdbroke was buricti, in May,
1681, Martha Blewitt, who was successively the wife of
nine husbands.. The text to her f,tneral sermon was
"Last of uU the woman died also."
SIR GE.—Oliver Cromwell was born on the 3d of
September, and on that day be fought his three great
battles of Mar-ton Moor, Worcester and Dunbar, and
on that day he died.
The editor of an exchange paper, after having hal f
filled his paper with gratuitous advertisements, now
declares that they are a bore. Quite likely.
Rennr.u—Jacob Frey, a young merchant of Rich-
Dul county, Ohio, of .2,300, which were cut from his
saddle-bags while riding in the Baltimore cars.
Cut- W. L. MILLER.—The following well-merited
notice of our fellow citizen, Col. Miller, of Versailles
township, in this county, appeared in the Uniontown
Genius of Liberty. We overlooked or mislaid the pa
per containing it, which will account fur its not appear
in, in the Post until now. We meet with it in the
y ol k Gazette, and give it a place with pleasure:
From the Genius of Liberty.
The appointment of these officers, so important to
the Commonwealth, devolving, by an act ()flit() last Le
gislature upon the people, in their primary capacity,
they should lose no time in casting about suitaldo
candidates, previous to any final action by the Demo
cratk party.f The management of the State improve
ments, especially during the administration of affairs by
Rimer and Porter, has not been free from strong ob
jections. Thaddeus Stevens, with his colleagues in the
Canal Bonsai, it is pretty gonerally conceded, used the
public worl‘s for the double purpose of sustaining the
It itner dynasts and of enriching themselves and friends,
the public interest having been very remotely, if at all,
taken into account. Their successors in ogee, under
the present administration, it is believed bymany, have
followed too nearly in their footsteps. With them
Self-aggnuidisement and a desire to pander to the tastes
and whims of the power that bestowed office upon
them, has been pretty manifest, atleast occasionally.—
However corrupt may have been the anti-masonic
Board, and however well or ill-founded may be the un.
favorable impressions which prevail in the public mind
against the present Commissioners, we hope the day
has gone by when this high trust can be longer abused.
The people now have the choice of these officers in
their own hands, and it is their fault if good ones arc not
selected. With care and attention, they can find men
who are both honest and capable, and who will dis
charge their duties with honor to themselves and ad
vantage to the public. To effect this desirable end, a
free interchange of opinion is necessary. With these
preliminary observations, permit us, sir, to offer to the
consideration of the Commonwealth the name of a
gentleman whom we regard as eminently qualified fur
a scat in the'Canal Board—that man is Col. WM. L.
MILLER, of Allegheny county. CoL M. was long a
citizen of this county, and here, where he is well known,
we need not say he has always been distinguished fur
his unwavering democracy, for an honesty and fixedness
of purpose, and an energy of character never surpass
ed. Hellas not only a clear head to direct him what
is right, but he has the nerve to dare, at all hazards, to
do what is right. He is besides a practical man, of
great experience and enterprise, well acquainted with
the construction and repair of improvements, as well
as with the true condition of his nadve State. Free,
bold and independent in spirit, Col. Miller had never
had any connection with factions of any kind, nor is it
in his nature to hold communion with them. As there
are three Commissioners to elect, it is proper that one
of them should be chosen from the West and we
[From tke Timeg,Extra.)
- Tuesday Evetsing, Attglist t.
ABOLITION RIOT—GREAT EXCITEMENT
A few days since a Mr. Scanlan, a citizen of Ken
tucky, on a visit to some connexions in this city, had a
negro girl, a child's nurse, about nine or ten years of
age, kidnapped by the abolitionists of this city, or their
agents. On the next day an advertisement appeared
in the Gaiette, Republican, and perhaps one or two
other papers, complaining of the outrage, and stating
that, the girl's mother had, with great reluctance, and
after strong pledges from himself, that she should be
permitted to accompany him, and that nothing would
persuade her if the girl was not brought back, that he
had not sold her—he spoke feelingly on the subject as
to the family relations and affections existing between
the girl and her relatives, and threatened, if she was not
returned, to sell or send the rest of the family into the
interior of Kentucky, out of the reach of the emissaries
of the Kidnappers; and afterwards verbally pledged him
self, we understand, that if the girl was brought into
I court, to prove his ownership, and permit her to choose
freely whom she would go with, and if she should de
cide to stay, and refused to go back, he would legally
manumit her, instanter. Yesterday a crier was sent
over the city, and called an anti-abolition meeting at
the upper market. At the appointed time, a consider
ble number were on the ground. Mr. Scanlan, Dr.
John Allen, Judge Walker, C. H. Brough, and perhaps
some others, addressed the meeting, deprecating vio
lent measures, &c. A temperance lecturer then drew
the crowd into the market space near Main street,
and harangued them until near night, after which the
crowd went back to the market house. Soon after night
the mob increased to several thousand persons; the
most violent congregated in front of Mr. Buniitt's house,
on Fifth street, near Vine, a noted abolitionist and busy
body, and in a few minutes broke in all the front win
dows with brick-bats and stones. The Mayor and po
lice were on the ground, and we believe made some ar
rests of the rioters about nine o'clock. No doubt the
mob would have attempted to enter the house and de
molish the store fixtures and moveable property, but it
was known that a strong body of men were inside, arm
ed and determined on resistance if the attempt was
made. All the brickbats thrown into the house were
thrown out again by the inmates, some bruising persons
in the streets considerably.
By the quiet, energetic action ofhis Honor, the May
or, seconded by the police and night watch, seven of
the most forward of the rioters were arrested and lodg
ed in the watch-house, notwithstanding violent demon
trations and some efforts were made to rescue the pris
oners. The Mayor speaks in high terms of his assist
ants and of their promptitude in obeying his orders.—
His right arm was severely bruised with club.
There seemed to be a general disposition amongst
our citizens, against the whole movement, and the mob
seemed to be aware of it.
IVhile.tvery good citizen is opposed to the course of
the_Abolitionists—they deprecate mob violence as a
• edy. Stealing negroos away from theirmastersis a
bad piece of business, but if we are not mistaken, the
South set the example.
It is well known that a captain of a vessel, or steam
boat, or passenger, cannot take a colored servant to N.
Orleans, without having him arrested and thrown into
jail, and suhjocted to expense and the risk of his free
These retaliatory measures nre bad enough lxwtµ•ecu
States alien to each other, but when adopted amongst
ourselves, can lead to nothing but present and future
The Message of theld, contains the following addi
"Since our account in this moning's paper, the An
ti-Abolition excitement has continued throughout the
city, and various attacks made on Burnett's, with rot
ten eggs, &c., before whose house a crowd of one or
two thousand has remained during the day. Several
of the rioters were arrested, and some of the police
roughly handled. The military have been ordered by
the Mayor to appear under arms during the night."
WEDNESDAY, 4 o'clock, A. M.
"Owing to the judicious arrangoments of the Mayor
to secure the peace of the city, last night passed off in
profound quietness, without the least attempt at vio
lence. A strong detachmentof police was planted al
ong Fifth street early in the evening, where a greater
crowd had assembled than on any previous occasion,
who by their presence checked the ardor of the riotous
ly inclined, and by eleven o'clock the street was com
ATTEHPT TO ASS. , OSINATE THE POST MASTER
GENERAL.-WC learn from the Baltimore American,
that on Tuesday laq, a strange and most painful oc
currence took place on the steamboat Georgia, of rho
Baltimore and Norfolk line. It appears that the boat
on her passage to Baltimore, took on board at old Point
Comfort several passengers, among them the Hon. Mr.
Wicw.LIFFE, Post Master General, his two daughters,
and several Other persons, and a young man named J.
NlcLE.tiv GAnns an, son of Gob. C. K. Gardner, of
Washington city, formerly First Auditor of the Post
During his stay at Old Point the conduct of Mr. Gard
ner was remarked by the visitors as of a very singular
character, and the belief was generally entertained that
ho was laboring under mental derangement—a belief
which was strongly concurred in by Mr. Wickliffe him
self, with whom he had several times been in conver
About half past one o'clock on Tuesday, when the
passengers were summoned to dinner, Mr. Wickliffe,
who was standing on the deck, offered his tum to the
ladies who were with him, and while in the act Of so
doing,Gardner, without any previous intimation,sprung
at Mr. Wickliffe, and aimed a powerful blow with it
clasp knife at his breast. The blade of the knife struck
the right breast bone with much force, and traversed
the bone without, it is believed, injuring the lungs, or
making a deep incision. Lieut. Bradford, of the U.
S. Navy, standing close by, instantly seised Gardner in
the act of making a second blow at Mr. Wickliffe, and
prevented his design. The knife was immediately to
rzen possession of by Lieut. B. and Gardner was placed
In cuhfliio.ment. Remedies were immediately applied
to Mr. Wiclditie's Wound, and on his arrival at Balti
more, he was attended by Professor Smith, who, we
are happy to learn, entertains the opinion that the
wound-is not dangoroas.
Immediately on the arrival of the boat, Gardner was
-committed to jail—Gazette.
LATER.—The Baltimore Sun of the 3d says that Mr.
Wicklitre was out of danger. Mrs IVickilffe had ar
rived in Baltimore.' An investigationof the case was to
have been held on the 3d. Gardner is supposed by
some to be insane, but the following letter, written a
few hours after the commission of the deed, does not
sustain this opihion:
Sir:—l spoke with you at Old Point Comfort frank
ly, and told you where I wished to go. On enquiry
you will find that no human being instigated me by the
remotest hint, to commit what I have done to your per
son; therefore, you being a man higa in office, cannot
be so ungenerous, as to show any vindidictiveneess to
wards my family or connexions, whom I have always
had too little regard for in pursuing Their advice. You
may examine into this and voe will find it hs I have
written. It is some gratification to me to learn that
your wound is slight and not mortal. With great res
pect I am, sir, Your obedient servant,
J. McLEAN GARDNER.
To the lion. C. A. Wickliffe, Post l‘laster Genernl
The mother and a brother of the prisoner have ar
rived in Baltimore, and are ready to furnish the most
incontestibleproofof his insanity.
FORGERY.—The New York *correspondent of the
Philadelphia Mercury says that in that city "forgery is
the present epidemic, the fasionable frailty of the day.
For three months past, the increase of this sin is in
credible. It all proceeds, I imagine, from the new im
pulse given to the money-making excitement. People
are again entertaining the fascinating - idea of getting
rich in a hurry and forgetting their former rubs and
bruises; they are endeavoring to try the same or simi
lar games they attempted before with such ill success.
Forging is a kind of speculation; it involves risque of
utter ruin and chance for rapid profit. This is the
principle of all speculation; and the man who begins
with one sort of it, may proceed by easy gradations to
other sorts, until he is "brought up" by the penitentin:
ry. The banks of our city are beginning to use extraor
dinary precautions to detect forgers. This may drive
the villains into a new channel."
FOR TRH ICIORICISO POST
Messrs Editors—l was very much pleased with soma
remarks I found in your columns this morning, over the
signature of "a Democrat." They undoubtedly pre
sent the true issue to the public, and I regret that you
had not thought them worthy the passing, notice of an
editorial paragraph. We are now placed in a singular
position; the division in the ranks of our political oppo
nents, renders it reasonably probable that ire shall elect
our whole ticket, but this depends measurably on our
prudence in the selection of candidates. NVe may ru
in ourselves by our partialities and resentments—we
may abuse one another, and render ourselves a jest and
bye-word to our political enemies. It is easy to point
out the defects and inconsistencies of any man who has
been long engaged in political life; but how far a man
who has a sense of what is due to his party, can recon
cile it to his ideas of decency and propriety, to war a
gainst members of his own political faith, brethren of
his own household? is a question that I suppose, might
be easily answered. It is certain that we ought to
keep two objects in view—the one, the great exigen
cies of the country, which seem to me very adequate
ly set forth in the communication of a Democrat; the
other, the popularity of a candidate of adequate ability;
for itis useless to conceal, that in proportion as a can
didate for Congress lacks talent and information, in the
same proportion must all hopes of success become more
desperate. There are many things that would recom
mend a candidate to public favor at some periods, that,
at others, would have little weight with the public mind.
Thus, an anxiety to serve the public, great perseve
rance in running for office in desperate struggles, a
passion fur speechifying, and frequent contests with ri
val politicians often crowned with victory, a confidence
in one's self, shown reiterateclly by magnifying one's
own struggles in party contests, one's own sufferings in
the cause of party, and one's own triumphs in contro
versies, may, at times, be of the last moment in forward
ing the Niews of a candidate, but sometimes the party
have a better chance of success by taking a somewhat
wider scope, and by bringing forward men who have
not been the most active, but who are possessed of
qualifications that render them more useful than others,
whose names are oftener before the public. These are
matters that will, no doubt, be attentively considered
in the selections about to be made, and prudence will
be exercised, sufficient, I trust, to secure a successful
issue to the contest. One thing ought to be kept dis
tinctly in view, never to sacrifice the substance to the
shadow; to take no man up under the idea that his hav
ing been often before the public and failed, gives him a
right to be nominated when there is a chance of suc
cess. Each candidate must stand upon the basis of
competency to the task; of abilities suited to the exi
gency; of reasonable probability of success; not of mere
meritorious services of any description, for if the great
er matters are wanting, the tithe of rant, and annise and
cummine represented by services, will have little
weight in a serious contest. I approve, therefore, of
"A Democrat" having drawn the attention of the par
ty to the true issue, and hope his comments will be read
with candor. PHILO DEMOCRAT.
rf If the individual to be selected to fill this very
important office should possess talents and qualifica
tions of a superior order, and a character for honesty
and integrity beyond reproach, we have no hesitation in
saying that in JOHN FLEMING, of Allegheny city,
the above characteristics maybe found. He is a prac
tical business man of unsullied reputation and an ex
perienced book keeper, a firm and consistent democratic
voter for over twenty years; and shoeld he receive the
nomination at the coming convention, we know of no
person whose election would give more general satisfac
tion. MANY DEMOCRATS.
Loos 0 cr.—An immense number of imitation gold
watches have recently been imported from Europe and
are now for sale in our principal cities.
TO lIILMIRMSTS, ENGINE-BUILDERS
AND OWNERS OF MACHINERY.
ABBMS ANTI-ATTRITION METAL—This
I) excellent invention for the reduction of friction m
machinery has at length-been intmluced in our city.—
It consists of a lined box, Suitable for all revolving and
sliding motions in the various kinds of machinernwhery
great weight or speed are applied; these boxes reduce
friction in a rentarkable degree, requiting but little oil,
and are warranted entirely free from the objections
found with those now in use.
These lined boxes have been introduced in many of
the Eastern Rail Roads, and in various manufacturing
establishments in that section of country, to which the
limits °fan advertisement will not allow us to refer,and
nearly thirty well known superintendents,crigineers,ma
chinists and engine builders in the east certify that, "in
the use of these boxes, friction is reduced in a remark
able degree; oil is required only in small quantities, and
the wear is hardly perceptible, during a period in which
a hard metal box of the: same thickness would be worn
tint; journals running in these boxes attain a smoother
surface than they have seen on those which have been
run in any other box." They also certify "that thepa
tentee of this improvement has received the highest a
ward of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic's Asso
ciation, for specimens of these boxes, (some of which
had been run on the crank of alocomotive engine more
than thirty thousand miles,) at the fair of the Institu
tion, held in Boston in September and October, 1841."
The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, also awarded
Mr. Babbitt the premium for the improvement in box
es, under the Scott Legacy, which confines such awards
to new and useful improvements.
The Committee on naval affairs reported strongly in
it, favor, in consequence of which the rielit to use it was
pe-e!,:t ^d by the Government for VO,OOO. Mu corn
mi t rof-r to, and malty a part of their rep at let
teri S. V. Merrick, J. Errieson, George C. Read, C.
W. Copeland, Corn. L. Warrington, Hon. A. P. Up
shur, and Charles Howard, recommending the im-en
Mr. S. V. Merrick states that the metal having been
long enough in use to test its merits fully, he has no
hesitation in saying that it is one of the most valuable
improvements that has come to his notice. The effects
produced are: a great diminution in friction; a saving
in oil—one half or more; an economy in the original
construction, the brasses being much lighter; a saving
in repair, the lasting longer and being replaced at'
a less cost; and a saving in fuel, consequent upon di
The metal has alsO been introduced with great ad
vantage, in lining carriage and wagon boxes, for which
it is well adapted.
Tt is also, amongst many others, strongly recommen
tl,2d by Mr. Charles Howard, President of the Balti
more and Susquehanna Railroad Company, who pur
chased the right for the road,a distance of seventy miles,
for $1,050. Mr. Howard gives the article the follow
"The price was considered a high one, for the com
paratively limited extent to which the Company would
have an opportunity of making use of the patent right;
but we were satisfied that it was for our interest to a
vail ourselves of the invitation. I can now say, that,
having better tested its value by a more extensive ap
plication of it, I think that the company would be very
unwise to relinquish their right to use it for amuch high
er consideration than that which was given for it; and I
have no doubt, that if such a proposition were to be
made to the Company, it would, without hesitation, be
The great merits of the invention are, that it prevents
the heating, and consequent cutting and destruction
of the bearings, which are so numerous on the swam
engine; and on the perfection of which depends the val
ue of the engine; while,
at the same time, there is a
very great saving of oil, the expenditure forms a mate
rial item in the cost of working a large engine. In the'
locomotives of the company. Ifind the saving to be ful
one half of the quantity which was required before
Mr. Babbitt's invention was applied to them. Some
of these locomotives having run several thousand miles
I can also say that this invention makes the machinery
much more durable, so that while the effective power
of the machine is increased, the cost of repairs is di
M' The composition alluded to having been used
in this vicinity, the proprietor is enabled to refer to the
following gentlemen as to its merits, viz:
Lyon, of the firm of Lyon, Shorb & Co.
EDWARD MORGAN, Engineer of the steam boat
JOSEPH HesturoN, Engineers of the steamer
JOSEPH TAYLOR, Brunette.
I The boies and composition can be purchased
& inspected at the Bell and Brass Foundryii/f ANDW.
FULTOSI, Garner Of 4 2nd street and Chancery ane.
aug 4-2 w.
4 Commercial AI (Attu .
BALTIMORE MA RKET.
T u e,fday rrr /zing, August I.—Cattier-411o= 160
head of Beef Cattle were offered at the scales
day, 120 of which were sold at 2 as 3 per 100 Z I T
the hoof, equal to 4 a $575 net. Lire are won't
350 a $4 per 100
Flour.—We quote nosrard street tiottra 4 ifs
$4 75 for fresh ground good standard tare Id*
sales. Receipt price unsettled. Sales offreshgromd
City Mills at $5. We quote Susquehanna at $41171,
and Rye flour at $3 06i.
Grain.—A good supply of Wheat, with sales to a
considerable extent. Wequote Maryland prOorathe
wheat for family flour at 1 a $1 05, and red, for good
to prime, at 98 cents to $1 02. Sales of Mfm•Add
white Corn at 52 a 53 cents, and of yellow at 53 a 54
cents. Sales of new Maryland Rye at 52 cenwasd
of new Oats at 23 cents; old Oats at 24 a 25 ca 11...
There was a sale on Saturday of N. Carolina Wbs
part very prime, at 87 cents EL $ 1 02, ands cargo of
nearly the same description sold yesterday at -99 NOP
at $1 01; a sale of 700 bushels Pennsylvaniared i SL
was made this morning, fair quality, at 97 cents and
sale of 300 bushels Pennsylvania Corn today at 5S
Whiskey.—We quoth hluls. at 24 cents, and scarce;
bbls. firm at 26.
COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, JOILESTOWI
August 2, 1843.
Messrs. Phillips 4 Smith. •
GENTLEMEN: The following shows the collections et
this office, for July, 1843, compared with these of Jely,
Rail IN ay,
Difference in favor of July, 1843,
Add increase per last report,
Total increase since opening of navigation, 340,574-8 T
JAMES POTTS, Colkdor.
HARVEST.—The farmers of this county have finish: .
ed their Wheat harvest, and wo have been infoterd
by many of them that it is fully equal to that of hit
year. The corn and potatoes will fall short.
WESTMORELAND.—The Greensburg,h Argus says
that the farmers in that county "have had a delightful
time for cutting and putting away their grain; and the
crops are such as should call forth deep gratitude N o%
the Giver of every good and perfect gift. We had quite
a refreshing shower of rain on the Sabbath, which, to
some extent at least, dissiQated the fears of many per
son. 3 in relation to the corn and other crops."
CURRENCY AND EXCRANGE.—Tbe Cincinnati Times
says:—"A few weeks since Eastern Exchange was ael.
ling at 1 per cent. prem., and some, we are informal.
was dispoß - 41 of for per cent. Now it is worth 1# per
cent. premium. The causes of this sudden fall and
are., that in the transaction of regular business,
the demandand supply was equal--but the State len
week came into the market. and sold $1520,000 of the
late New York loan of $700,000, for currency, to*
out for work done on the Canals, and at the same time
some produce dealers came into the market with FAA
change; one from Cleveland had $40,000, but only iota
$12.000, thus draining the circulation, and glutting the
market with Exchange. Money was in wrist - 4pm**
scarce, as business men can testify, and Exchange fell
and the supply ceased. At this time no extraneous sup
ply is in market, and therefore Exchange has risen to
17.F . The official exhibit of the Exchange Bank of
Vi rzinia, on the 30th June, shows a circulation of s4#,, gt
'223; deposites $5132,720; due other Banks $78,3871
from other Banks and Bank notes, $316,339; specie,
$^•'20.280; Bills of Exchange, $43,346; loans, $1,987',•
496 83. Surplus, $154,169. Out of the above sur
plus, a dividend and bonus was declared on the 4th inst.,
amountinz to $56,106 12, and the tax on 'individual
stockholders of $630 68, leaving a balance of $97,430
35, equal to $5 64 per cent. on the capital.
SPECIE GOING OLIT.—The packet ship lowa mall
from New York on Monday for Havre, with $76,226
in Mexican silver and five franc pieces. The Burma
dy took out $133,667 on the Bth, and $400,000 hiain
been shipped to different West India ports, making
total of $610,492.
port of Pittsburg!).
Reported by Sheble and Mitchell, General S$
Boat Agents, Water street.
NINETEEN INCHES WATER IN THE CHAIqPIEL.
Ricled. Clayton, Hough, Cin.
"Bridgewater, Boies, Cin-
Keel boat Tiger Tail.
All Boats marked thus (*) in the above list, are It o .
vidud with Evans's Safety Guard.
Steamer RICHARD CLAYTON Hough, from Cincisk
nati-113 bb Is flour, 6 sacks wool, 11 boxes ama 4
hhds tobacco. 2 bbls oil, 62 ps. Bacon, 3 boxer midis
—Wm. Bingham, D. Leech and co., J. & C.. Paiirrir,
.1. P. Stewart, Clark & Thaw.
18 cabin Pas..,:engcn , , 104 way do.; 51 on deck.
The River yesterday rose several inches, which astr.
sed rather more bnstle on our Levee than has beettwii
nessed for some days. The extent of the rise is not
known, but from the coolness of the air, we judge them
have been heavy rains above, which may cause a °on
side rabic swell in our Rivers, and set all our boats =nit
more afloat. However it may be, no suspension or
navigation will take place this summer, as there wtil
always be running a Sufficient number of boats, olio
the business usual for the season There is now 19
inches water, according to the marks, bet boats*
go out drawing two feet.
DROWNED.—A man named Renklake, while sailing
up the river at St. Louis, was struck overboard by the
falling of the mast of the boat, andultimately drome 4 .
a p The editor of the New Haven Daily Herald ac
knowledges the receipt of a lot of pears, taken fitella
tree full two hundred years old.
A LARGE FAMILY. - A gentleman named Scarbor
ough in Attala county, Ohio, has twenty children, and
all by the same wife.
SWORD FISH• - A sword fish, weighing 200 potnedla,
was caught off Seguin on Friday, by a coaster, and
brought into Portland market. The fish sold at 4 Cepa'
DEMOCRAT is TRAITORS.—The fate of one circuitous,
deceitful politician, says Ohio Statesman, is , id* ate
of all—the time of one may be longer than aixabot,, bet
their end is always the same.
A Town HALL.—Tiae decorations alone of about
eight rooms of the town Hall of the town of Parisomst
the city $100,000,000. The window curtains fietbe
ball-room, 13 in number, woven expressly at Lyons, r
cost $5OO each.
GO'Documents just discovered prove that the father
of Shakspeare could tit even write hie name 1 ;
laPTwenty years ago, O'Connell and Sir Robert
Peel fought a duel in England. "
15iP The negroeshad severalPic-Nice on the first
inst. Their convention at Buffalo is said whale been
great. All was quiet in this city, as is usual on such
- $18,833 07