The Pittsburgh post. (Pittsburgh [Pa.]) 1859-1864, October 29, 1859, Image 2

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oetl Popular Sovereignty lu the Territories.
SATURDAY MORNING
SENATOR DOUGLAS' REPLY
TilE WEEKLY Posr of nest week will con
tain Judge Douglas' reply to Attorney Gen
eral Black's observations upon his essay on
Popular Sovereignty, published in Harper's
Magazine, complete. It is one of the most
able political papers we have ever read.
Persons at a distance, who may wish for cop
ies will please send in their orders by mail at
once. We will furnish them at the rate of
$3. per, hundred. It is a document which
should be widely circulated among the peo
ple.
THE RESPONSIBILITY.
In view of the evidence which is present
ed on every hand, it is perfectly useles;,(6r
the Republican party to disavow; as,the Ga
zette has done, the responsibility ,fff such out
breaks as that which has o ! coarred at Har-
Per's Ferry. The logicaresult of the doc
trines avowed by Se rd, and other leaders
Of the Republic party, has been carried
outrin this a mpt at a servile insurrection.
It is idle ow for the Republican editors to
repudiate the e*pressed sentiments of the
very men who formed the party. They can
not repudiate their great champions. Such
Men as Giddings and Lovejoy were leading
members of the Convention, which 'met in
this city on February 2d, 1856, to organize
the Republican paky. They were then ad
mitted' into full fellowship, and their party
must now be 'responsible for their doctrines
and theresultstowhich they lead. If Repub
licaniStn and Abolitionism are so co-min
gled that neither the men nor the doctrines
can be - separated, all who belong to either
party must be responsible for the joint prop
erty. Republicanism seems to be the seed
and Abolitionism the fruit. The Republi
cans pro Tess that their designs are only to
prevent the spread of slavery in territory
now free; while the genuine, true-blue Abo
litionists seek to abolish it in the States.—
The short career of the Republican party
has already demonstrated the impossibility
of confining anti-slavery doctrines within
certain prescribed limits. t mesystem of po
liticarethica-for the States and another for
the:territories, will not work. The barrier
is but an imaginary one, which fanaticism
o'erleaps in spite of any effort to prescribe
its sphere of action. In practice, the anti
slaveryism of the Republican party cannot
be confined to the territories. Men will
purstie an idea to its natural and legitimate
results. Curtis, the well known Republican
lecturer, has said : " The Republicans
are only another wing of the anti-slavery ar
my, differing from Abolitionists, not in
principle but only in method." The prac
tidal results of these doctrines—the irre
presSibleconflict doctrines of Mr. Seward—
are obvious. Is the country ready to adopt
and sustain such doctrines ? Has the time
come -when the irrepressible conflict is to
commence' If it does commence now or
hereafter, the Republican party and it alone
must answer to the world for the direful
consequences.
THE NEWS.
The details of the work of thu next census
Nyi 11 not be commenced before June, 18C,O. It
i-arinouneed that the appointment of As.sistant
Marshals to take the eenf,us, will not. : be made
before next spring.
Twenty-four of the forty-two organized
counties of Kansas give a majority for the Con
atittition of 3,753 rotes. The total vote of the
Territory will not exceed 10,000.
A stirring letter from Mazzini to the King
of Sardinia has been circulating through Italy,
w,hersi it has created a great sensation. A
translation of its most important passages has
hem furnished us by our Italian correspond
eht;.. After alluding to the fact that his coun
try had sacrificed 50,000 men in the, late war,
and that ten times that number would be forth
coining if necessary, Afezzini alleges that the
intriguers who surrounded the King never do
sired the unity or Italy. He claims that the
Franeo'.Sardinian alliance was unnecessary,
reproaches the King with having accepted the
peace of Villa Franca, and invites him to dare
to ally himself with the people, and give them
full scope in their ed. - iris to attain liberty and
independence.
The Pennsylvania railroad is now doing a
very. heavy freight htudnesi, and for thu last
few weeks has been greater than ever hereto
eiperieneed. Several extra trains have been
put_ in requisition, and there are still many
ears along the line, waiting for their turn to be
hauled to their destination.
Daniel Lock, a plasterer of London, who
earned, 30s. a week, before the strike, recently
committed suicide by taking laudanum. In
ltisfleaseSsion was found a piece of paper, upon
which was written: "What Cato did and Addi
sion approved of must be right. The strike—
the ruinous strike. God protect my unfortu
nate family."
The New Orleans Della says its faith is
pinned to the Popular Sovereignty doctrine,
&AA ean . sec neither peace for the country nor
properity'for.the territories, by a resort to any
other mode of determining in favor of, or in
opposition to, the establishment of slavery in
the teriitories.
A cor,respondent who .'was on hoard the
Great Pastern during her late trial trip, writes
that.be has . 'been officially informed that the
directsrs,have .determined to sail "for Portland
on the 'first of November, providing the'Board
of Trade 'do not insist upon such repairs or
Modifications of the engines as to render it itri-
Possil4e-..
Glifirge May, a brother of the gallant Capt.
lit.ay;:whosras married,recently,to Miss Lizzie
paime,r;_iitNor .Yorl: city, and went to Paris
to,littsajle.tioneymoon, died recently in that
city tiro:riga-riga-I:"
The:Cihio Stale. journal states that John
Brown, of Ossawattamie, is the father of twen
ty-two children.
The. New York Times gives an account of
the}reiarations now making for Prof:Lowe's
balloon ascension. The balloon, it is'said, will
require 800,000 feet of gas to and, that
the fluid may be, accurately measured, a large
metre has been stationed within the enclosure:
ItSs 3,feet2 inches in diameter, 7 feet 6 inches
longweighs four or five tons, and is capable
of .registering 100;600 feet an hour. This is
time a metro has been employed to
inflate a balloon. It is - expected that the as
cension will be made -in about two weeks.
I'll 6 plide selected is Reservoir Square, the site
of the late Crystal Palace.
A Mbdakp.
The Jackson Mississippian „I,sm7a<ting of
the Western elections, sayg'r
" Now, what is the result ? The Ri+pub
beans have carried every one of them-by
largely increased majorities."
Not by a good deal, Mr. Mississippian !
The Republicans have Ohio by 13,000 major
; itY.,:tvheri they had 20,000. in 1858. They
haie Fora, probably by about 1,000, w h en
they ;had. - 3,000 in 1858. Their strength is
rapidly, diminishing in the West, instead of
increasing.
JUDGE DOUGLAS
OCT. 29
REPLY To JUDGE BLACK
38 SLA.T.ERY A "FRDERAL OR LOCAL LEITITT/
Since the Attorney G,
denial filet the territorie
selves upon the subject 18 no
alternative left to him that
Congress possesses sow that
question - in the territ 7 the
Republicans in thei I,and
by Mr. Buchan n hislettito Mr. Sanford.
Surely the p rto legislate upon that and all
other rightrdl subjects of legislation exists some
where..../Ftvery, "right ; of property, private
releafin, condition or status, lawfully exist
"• in this country, -must of necessity be u
rightful subject of legislation by some legisla
tive body. Where does this sovereign power
of legislation . for the territories reside? It
must be in one of two places—either in Con
gress or in the territories. It can be nowhere
else, and must exist somewhere. The Aboli
tionists insist that Congress possesses sovereign
power over the territories for their govern
ment, and, therefore r the North having the ma
jority, should prohibit slavery. The Democrats
contend that Congress has no rightful authority
to legislate upon this or any other subject affect
ing the internal polity of the people, and that
• the legiSlative power of the terrritories extends
to all rightful subjects of legislation, consistent
with the Constitution." All powers which
are federal ,in their nature are delegated to
Congress. Those which are municipal and
demestic in their character are "reserved to
the States respectively, or to the people,"—"to
the States," in respect to all of their inhabi
tants, and "to the . people " of the territories
prior to their admission as States. To which
class of powers does the question of slaverry
belong? Is it a federal or municipal institu
tion If federal,it appertains to the federal gov
ernment, and must be subject to the legislation
of Congress. If municipal, it belongs to the
several States and territories, and must be sub
ject to their local legislation. The Constitu
tion of the United States has settled this ques
tion.. A. slave is defined in that instrument
to be " a person held to service or labor in one
State, tinder the lams thereof ;" not under the
laws of the United States ; not " by virtue of
the Constitution of the United States ;" not by
force of any - federal authority but "in one
Slate, under the laws thereof." So the fugi
tive slave law of 1793, which was unxlilled
and continued in force by Congress in 1860 as
one of the compromise measures of that year.
recognizes slavery as existing in the territories
wider the laws thereof, as follows
^ That when a person held to labor iu any of the I 'to
ted States, or m eithcr of the Territories on the North.
West, or South of Ho. es", Oldo, mars Tar Lawn rammer,
shah escape Into any other of stud Staten or Territories.
The Supreme Court of the United States
have decided that "the state of slavery is
deemed to be a mere municipal regulation,
founded upon, and limited to the range of the
territorial laws." (is; Peters, Cll.) Being
"a mere municipal regulation," the right to
legislate in regard toil would seem to belong to
that legislative body which is authorized to
legislate upon all rightful subjects of munici
pal legislation. Can Congress take cognszance
of a •• mere municipal regulation " in a terri
tory, which; in the language of the Supreme
Court, 4. is founded upon and, limited to the
range of territorial laws The Republicans,
their Bhiladelphia platform, say yes! The
Democrats, in their Cincinnati platform. say
no! What says Judge Black' Where, Mr.
Attorney General, does this sovereign power to
legislate upon the " municipal regulation of
slavery reside ? Is it in Congress or in the
'territories? If in Congress. has it not been
derogated to the territory in the organic act
under the general grant of "legislative pow
er over "all rightful subjects of legislation
consistent with the Constitution " If in the
territory, has it not been recognized by Con
gress in the same act' Whichever be the
source of the power, the conclusion is irresist
able that the territories possmis the full power,
subject, of course, to the Constitution, as in all
other cases. It, however, slavery exists in the
territories, by virtue of the Constitution of
the United States, as is contended, it is the
imperitive duty of Congress to provide for it
adequate probisction. I can respect the posi.
tion of those who. so belies ing. demand feder
al legislation for the protection of a constitu
tional right; but what are we to think of
those who, while conceding the right,refuse to
comply with a constitutional obligation from
motives of political expoliene3 There can
be no exception to the rule that a right guar
anteed by the Constitution must be protected
by law whenever legislation may be essential
to its enjoyment.
THAN FEDERAL TERRITORIES .!
Not content with having stripped the Terri
tories of all power to enact lave for the pro
tection of lite, liberty, and property, and for
the regulation a their internal polity, all of
which appertain to sovereignty, the Attorney
General dwarfs the territorial governments
below the size of ordinary city corporations.
Ho says Indeed, there is, probably, no
city in the United States, whose p ower , are
not larger than those of a federal Territory
What are the powers of an ordinary city cor
poration ? To levy taxes for municipal pur•
loses—to provide for the collection or the
sevenue—to sell private property for the 1 , 01: -
payment of taxes—to execute the title, and
transfer the possession to the purchaser, in
case of forced sales—to impose tines rind penal
ties, and inflict punishments for the violation
of corporation ordinances. These are some of
the powers usually exercised by city erwpora
tiom. Are not these powers all attributes .if
sovereignty " Surely he will not deny that
' they are, since the whole burden of his argu
ment is, that nothing short of sovereign pow
er can deprive a men of his property. How
do these sovereign powers become vested in the
city corporations? Probably his answer would
be that the several States, within whose juris
diction these cities are situated, as political
sovereignties have the undoubted right to dele
gate a portion of their sovereign power to these
municipal corporations. The answer Is satis
factory thus far; but it must be remembered
that some of these cities are situated in the
Territories, beyond the jurisdiction of any sov
ereign State, arid that their municipal govern
ments exist solely by virtue of territorial au
thority. Where do the city corporations in
the. Territories get. the sovereign power to lay
out and open streets through private property
—to condemn the land and divest - the owner
or his title without his consent and against his
protest Where do they got the power to im
pose taxes upon. the adjoining - lands to pay the
cost of grading and -paving the streets, and to
sell the lands, and transfer the title and-pea
session to the purchaser for the non-payment
of taxes These things are being done con
stantly -in Leavenworth, Omaha, Santa Fe,
and indeed, in all the territorial cities. Where
do they - pt the power .! for surely it pertains
to sovereignty. From the. Territorial. gov
ernments I We are told that they " have no
attributes of sovereignty about them." It is
not satisfactory to-tell us that these City gov
ernmenta have " larger powers than those of
the. Federal 'Territories," by whose authority
they were created and hold their existence, un
less -we are informed from what source they
derive Ow ;"larger 'powers." Does. the
creature possess larger powers than the creator
Does the, stream - rise higher that Its. source?
Here, &gala, the-Attorney General is - driven
into a position wherohe is compelled to aban
don his ground, that the I.;erritories ". have no
attribute of sovereignty' abOtit 14e94. 7 ftll4- ac
knowledge that they have Jegielati.ve:powens
at least to the extent of creatittreity corpora'
Mons, and delegating to them eayareigp
power of taxation for municipal-purposes, and
diveiting the title to private property - for non
p'iyment of taxes, or pronounce the whole sys
templatform, and assert
of territorial legislation unconstitutional
and- void, and deny their power to make-laws
sovereign power over
upon any subject whatever, and finally to fall
t b h a a c t h
.c • o o n ag th rei e s •n i Lolitio a
egn
the Territories fortheir government in all eases
whatsoever.
Do THE CITIZENS or. 7gE 8 1'41ms .FORFEIT
THEIR INHERENT RION? OF BELF-GovEsii-
MEET BY RESIOYINCI,,T2iTO THE TERRITORIES
OF TELE UNITED STATES
Who are the people of the,Terrltorjos that
they "have no attributes of sovereignty About
them ?" They are emigrants, inostlr'frots - the
several States of the Union. _lt is COnceded
that the people of each State possessthe
rent right of self-government in re.spect to all
of their internal affairs. The questiOn then
arises, if citizens of Virginia possess-this in
herent• right while 'they remain in that State,
whether they"forfeit it by removing to a terri
tory of the United 'States ? They certainly
do not forfeii it, unless there is something in. the
- Corstitutlon of the United States-whicb;,diveits
them of it. Is there anything in the Consti-
tution which deprives the ens of the sev
eral States of their haler right self-gov
ernment the momen ey remo to a Terri
tory ? The onl provision rlvhich has
any bearing u " this snlject'is thalOth
"amendment, ich providet that alEpowiors
not gran to Congress noniProlflbiW to the
States e "reserved to the Stateixespectivelii)
er..16 the people." Inasmuch ati - Ahe.ijett, to
govern the people of the Territoriesi"-In rela
thin to their internal polity; tanot delegated
to Congress, it is necessarily follows that it is
" reserved to the people " until they become a
State, and from that period to the new State,
in the same manner as to the - pther-.4"States re
spectively." This right -of Lself-overnuient,
being a political right, cannot be exercised by
the people until they are formed and ors
ganized into' a' politic' community. By
the .Constitution it is the right and duty of
Congress to organize the people of the Ter
ritories into political communities, and conse
quently, the people of the Territories:can not ex
ercise the; right of self government until Con
, gross shall have determined that they have
people enough to constitute a political commu
nity—that they., are capable of self-govern
ment—and may, safely be intrusted with legis
lative power over all rightful subjects of legis
lation consistent with the constitution. When
Congress Shall have determined all these ques
tions in the at3lrmative, by organizing the
people of a territory into a political commit
nity, with a legislature .of their own election,
the inherent right of self-government attaches
to the people of the Territory in pursuance of
the organic act, and " extends to all rightful
subjects of legislation consistent with the Con
stitution." If this conclusion be not cor
rect, it necessarily follows that people of the
States forfeit all their inherent power of self
government the moment they cross the State
line and enter a Territory of the United
States. By what authority are these inherent
rights divested ? There can be no other
power or paramount authority than the Con
stitution of the United States. Does that
instrument forfeit or divest the right of the
people to exercise the inherent power of self
government anywhere, except in the District
of Columbia and such other places as areexpress
ly provided for in the Constitution .! On the
contrary, it expressly recognizes and reserves
the right not only " to the States respectively
but to the people." Where then, is the author
ity ler saying that the people of the several
States forfeit and become divested of all- their
political rights and inherent powers of self
government the moment they cross aState line
and enter a Territory of the United States"
It certainly cannot be found in the Constitui
tion.
TIIE ,lEFVF.ILSONIAN III.AN:OF fIOVERNMENT FOR
THE TErtlerroiti
Despairing, however, of being able to make
.he Attorney General comprehend the distine
;en between independent sovereign States,
which have the power to make their own con
stitutions and establish their own governments
and dependent colonies or territories, which
have the right to govern themselves in respect
to their internal polity, inconformity - to the
organic law by which they were established,
I will proceed to notice his contradiction of
my positive statement that the Jeffersonian
plan of government fur the Territories was
adopted by the Congress of the Confederation
on the :23t.1 day of April, 1784. He has truly
a summary mode of disposing of Important
historical facts when they stand in the way of
of his line of argument, which is peculiar to
himself. Are the people of the United States
prepared to believe that their learned Attorney
General would be so rechless as to deny a well
known historical fact which appears of ret'srd,
without even referring to the journal for the
day on which I had stated the event to have
taken place' However this may be, the truth
remain: as stated in Harper, that the Jeffers
sonian plan was adopted by Congress on the'l
'23d day of April; 1784, the assertion of Judge
Black to the contrary notwithstanding. By
reference to the fourth volume of the printed
journals of the Congre.ss of the Confederation,
on page three hundred and seventy-eight, will
bo found the following entry :
- Fen t ress : . emnied the c.otooderAtiol, the ',port
,II aOM (CI a temporal.y gr. ertiment I
of the Western Tertitot)
motion was made by Mr. Gerry, -eNdwoal t/
j D 4
Willisni•co. to amend the report IT In•erting after tte
word. • fait not of voting, the 101101 Villa
-That measure,' not metal:mend with the principle"
of the confederation. and netoersary far the preservation
of peace and Food order among the aettlem in any of
the sold new States until they shall itemme atbrnporarr
government a- aforesaid, mays morn nme w blue, ho
taLen by the United Slate- li, Conerels
The precise language of this amendment
should be carefully nnted. It confers, and at
the same time defines and limits, Me witty sower
which it was deemed wise and safe at that day
to permit Congress to exercise over the Territo.
rice or New States" as they were then called
to wit: Ist, that they should only exercise such
powers as were "necessary for the i;re,er,
tion of peace and good order among the sets
tiers ' and '2d, that even those powers should
only be exercised by Congress over the settlers
until they shall assume a temporary govern.
ment as aforesaid."
So it appears that from the day that the Ter
ritory was organized under a temporary got -
ernment; with a legislature elected by the resi
dent inhabitants, the powes• pf rongress, even
-for the preservation of peace and good order
among the settlers," ceased ; and, the people
thereof were left perfectly free to form and
regulate their domestic institutions in their
own way, subject only to "the principles of the
confederation." which conferred on Congress
no power the domestic concerns and
internal polity
of the pe-op'e2, neither in the
, States nor in the Territories
Now let us see whether it be true, as assort
ed by Judge Black, that this Jeffersonian plan
"wets rejected Ito and never arterwards
referred to by fir. Jefferson himself."
On the next page, three hundred and seventy
nine, of the saute volume of the journal, wti
be found the following entry:
time amendment of Mr. Gerry
repott f.mentled wm agreed to to. fall o w„
ioornal eoulataa the entire Jettersoman plan, it,
subdonee of Khkh aaa enitua s mil fu iniwarttete Gt If.
pro Oh the next pegs; aser; at the' eaaitt the Serf,.
nem plan. will be found the following "fir)
"Oh the quash:oh to agree to the foregoing, the yea
and nays being requtre4 by Dir. Bereaforit
N. Hampshire—Mr. F05ter.........
Blanchard
Niwotehtthett."-.)/r. terry
Partridge
Rhode Island—Mr.
Howell
Pennsylvania—Mr. Mifflin.
Montgomery
Hand_ ...
Vaginia—Mr..Jefferson
Mercer
Monroe
Connecticut—Mr. Sherman....
Wodswortli
Neiv York—Mr. lie Witt
Pain.
New Jersey—Hi. 11e34.ty..
Diek
Her) land—Mr. MOUE,
Chase
North Carolina—Mr . ‘Vzlllamson
MIMMI
Beresforti
"Su it wtui resels etl in the altirtnative
Thus it appears by the journal that the Jef
fersonien plan of government for the Territo
ries, instead of having been " rejected by Con
gress," was actually adopted by a vote of top
State' out of the eleven, and by the voice of
twenty-two members out of the twenty-four
pseept•
The importance of 4estroying the authority
of this measure, and of the ilmost, unanimous
vote of the States and of the members of Cone
gross by which it was adopted, is apparent
when we consider that even the Attorney Gens
eral of the United States• would feel some deli.
cacy in 'charging Thomas Jefferson and his
illustrious associates with devising a scheme of
"legislative robbery''—a project to lice ;so
a band of marauders to despoil the emigrants
crossing their territory,'—a measure for "the
confiscation otprivate property" and siezing
it "for purposes of lucre or malice !" It will
he observed that this error in respect to the
pppetion,
,jeffersonian. plan is not cor.
tected by 'Judge Black in his eppepliix_
cormscanoir•or PRIVATE raortarr —PO:A
altS OF 4. poNeTt•rmoNst CONTENTION
A nnrirtcery:
To respect to' the
. painful apprehensions
which afflict the Attorney General, that if we
concede to the Territories all the rights of self
goVernment In respect tb theitinternarpolity,
they may confiscate all the private 'property
withiln'their llmittt,-ittdsi•may order the miners
to give pp aye u ouncp.of gold that has.•been
dug at 'Pike's , realt,',r/Liapp:only to say that
the Supreme Court or - Oa - United States ip t t lie
Dred Scott efiseitifivrideeidad , that tinder the
CoustittitiOn et 4tilto4 Mocks "it man cans
not tie deprived. of life, 'liberty or property in
a Territory without due process of law ; nor
can private property betaken for public uses
In 'l'erritory without just compensation; and
;Etat I approve of the decision. .
In regard to his declaration "Thist. 'no such
power is vested in a territorial legislature,and
that those who
.desire to confiscate private
property or any - kind must la atruntil they gat a
constitutional convention, or the machinery of
a stau t goyarpment in their.hands," I have to
say. #.st r .rati not a:ware that the people of a
Arrltopi7, - **Tr_assew4led lir*Leir reprge
,
!deenstittit!miiit CenViptiq;ulitirofts
Me consent of Congreas, for the piirPescrOf sub
vorting the territorial government established
by Congress,(as was the ci44 with the Top k eka
and Lecompton coeventiotsi,) hits any hierher
or
. greaterßowerthan when assembled in-their
legligatti rain priiimance of . the constitution end
the act of :Congress. -=Judge Black frequently
refers to What be calls "a. constitutional con
verition" iof a Tfirritory,(Wbich dnothing more
nor lesethanithody of.men assembled under
the auttesrity of a territorial legislatuie, with
out the consent of Congress, to form a constitu
tion to take the place of an organic act passed by
Con . gress,)as having full and complete sovereign
power over the question of slavery and every
other subject `pertaining to their internal Poli
ty' when he denies the same power to the peo
ple and legislature of the Territory by whose
authority alone the convention has any legal
existence or power.: What authority can any
such- "constitutional convention" have except
that which. it derives from. the Legislature
which 'called it into existence, or from the
people of the Territory by whom the delegates
were elected? . If neither the people nor the
territorial legislature • possess any sovereign
power, how can they impart sovreignty to a
constitutional convention of their own crea •
lion? Suppose, then, the people of a Territory
shall "wait until they get a constitutional con
vention or the machinery of a State government
Into their hands," without the consent of Con
gress, as they did at Topeka, and again at Le
compton, in Kansas, what power will they
have to "confiscate private property," or to
decide tie slavery question, or to perform any
other act of sovereignty, when we aro told that
the Territories "have no attribute of sover
eignty about them?" I can understand how
the territo:ial legislatures can exercise legisla
tive power over all rightful subjects of legis
lation in pursuance of the net of Congress and
the Constitution; but I confess my inability to
comprehend how they can call "a constitution
al convention" without the consent of Con
gress, and subvert the organic law established
by. Congress, and exercise all the sovreign pow
ers pertaining to a sovereign State, before the
Territories become States, and when "they
have no attribute of sovereignty about them''"
I)OES SLAVERY EXIST IN TITE TERRITORTEs BT
RTIEYE OF THF,IONSITTUTION?
Judge Black says that "The
,Constitution
certainly does not establish slavery in the Ter
ritories, nor anywhere else." It must be ad
mitted that my article in Harper's Magazine
has had the happy effect of drawing from the
Attorney General a declaration as unexpected
as it is gratifying to the great body of the de
mocracy, which, if approved and concurred in
by "nineteen-twentieths" of the party, as he
asserts, will tend in a great measure to restore
harmony to its counsels and unity to its action.
It is to be presumed that he has not used this
language in any equivocal or technical sense,
I amounting to a mere quibble or play upon
words; but, that he wishes to be understood as
declaring that slavery does not derive its legal
existence or validity from the Constitution of
the united States, but that the owners of slaves
possess the same rights, and no more, under
the Constitution, in the several Territories as
in each of the States of the Union; and that
those rights are not affected by rirtae of any
thing in the Constitution, except the provision
for the rendition of fugitive slaves, which is
the same in the :States and Territories.
With this understanding I do not feel dis
posed to quarrel with .ledge Black for his gra
tuitous asacrtion that "nobody ever said or
thought: . that the Constitution established sla
very "in the Territories, or anywhere else," nor
with Mr. Buchanan for his statement in his
I. , N.!ompton message to Congress that—
It tuts betul xotemuly adiu.1,2,1 by Ihr li,ghe.t Judi
trihnnal Luuwn to out lAA - . that Hlartry vii , :tm in
i - irtu, of thin (:,,nstitution rnit,,lStato9
Fianna i., flii , rProte C t the moment rullet, a shave
-taco se (i..orgut of S.outn f!arolJuu...
1 ant also willing to accept in the Ran:spirit
of barMony the authoritative cx p1ait.A . . , :„,4 which
the Attorney General has farnish2:4' , ri . his !IP
: pendis, that the Presid , nt only merit to sac
that slavery only exbds in the Territories by
rirtee of the Constitution in the same Ecru.,
that ° Christianity," Mormonism. Moham
, medanisn, Paganism, or any other religion,
exists in the Territories by torn, of the (10n
stitution ; and that thetaiore Kansas is a slave
State in the came sense that Georgia arol South
Carolina are Ch;tstain States or Mromon
States, or Moliatnmedan States, or Pagan .
States: that ° the C'oustitution doe.; not estab
lish Christianity, - nor Mormonkm, nor Mo
hammeiinism, nor Pagan in the Territories;
but that o Christianity, - and of course Mor
monism, and Mobammedarikui, and Pagan
inns, exists there by virtue of the Comtito
tlom" becaiise when a iftiZistialb 40:1 4 mn,
or Mohammedan, or Pugan • moves into a
Territory, he cannot be prevented from taking
his religion along with him, nor can he after-
wards be legally untested for making its prin
ciples the rule of his faith and practice."
After this iumlimio is;:p-siticr. of the dis
tinction between being ,qabli.shei by and er
ucting Dy rirtur of the Constituion, 1 shall, of
county, have no more to say areill the subject
exeert to remark that it is beyond my compre
hension.
Tnr - AxiomATie PIIINCIPI e 1)1 , Pl'lll.l,
Having repudiates' the heresy that the Con
stitution establishes slavery in the territories
or anywhere else ; and demonstrated that the
President did not mean anything when he ar
gued In his special message to emigre,' that
Kansas was as much a slave State as Georgia
or South Carolina by virtue of the Constitu
tion of the United States, the Attorney Gener
al kindly proceeils to expound, ter my benefit,
tee axiomatic principles of public law as he
understands tnbm.
He says :
'"lt is au azioniatie of puhli.• law that a tidiit
of property, spl trate relation, condition .rf itc , law.
Inity ezistit , in one State or ,aintry, ma toee d by
the mere removal of the parties to smother i , ouritre. nn
1.4 the law of that eountly be in direct cording with it.
Fur ingteltien. ' a marnage leaVy soleintmeil I , raiiim
is binding in America:chil dren bursa m Germany
legitimate hen , it thev are leg - ttirnate there and a nier
chant wits buys goods in hew York according hi the
laws of that State, may carry them to Illinois and hold
them there under his contract. It is I.reci,l3 with
the stator ors negro carried from 0210 part of the United
States to Another; the smeatiou of his freedom or !.err,.
tude depends op the law of the place where tie came
from, and depend , vu that alum), a there he no confliet•
mg law at the place to which lie gore or Is talien
IS IT 4.PPI.II'4.IiLE TO THE ESTION' OT
Aye. t
......lye.
ey e
Aye. ,
..
Aye. ^).
Aye
......Aye.
Aye. Aye
Aye.
Aye.
.....Aye. 0 Aye
Aye. , ,
Aye. ^ 3. ' .
--Aye.
.. .
.Ay. j Aye.
....Aye. i Av
2 A y e. e
Ye.
j '
Aye•
Reserving, for the present, the question how
far this "axiomatic principle" is accurately
stated, and what limitations hare been adjudged
to be applicable to it by the Supreme Court of
the United States, I will first inquire whether
"IT 58 PRECISELY SO with the status of a negro
carried front One part of the I:nited Stoles to
another."
Instead of interposing my individual opinion
in opposition to that so boldly expressed by the
learned Attorney General, j will quote the lan
guage of an eminent American jurist, whose
authority is everywhere acknowledged. Upon
this precise point Judge story, In his Conflict
of Laws, p. 169, says :
"hot Ice know Malmo such general effect hal in proctwe ev
er teen attributed to the ,tate of tlrery. There is a unifor
mity of opinion among foreigujunsts and foreign tritium
ids m giving-no effect to the state of slavery of a party,
whatever it may have been in the country of his birth or
in which ho had been previously domiciled, unless it
1. dies Ytcotpthett to the hors of the country Ef:M.; cieNot
into and here lie is found, and it is sought to bO en
forced."
.Aye Aye .
u. No
. No )
After citing various articles, Judge Story
proceeds: "In Scotland the like doctrine has
been solemnly adjudged. The tribunals of
France have adopted the same rule, even in re,
lation to slaves coming from and belonging to
their own colonies. This is also the undispu.
ted law of England." It is unnecessary to
burden these , pages with the long list of au.
thorities cited by Judge Story to prove his
4.9.9artiop that "there is a uniformity among
foreign jurists and foreign tribunals" that the
law is prelsely the reverse of what Judge
Black states it to be in respect to slavery. But
if he attempts to escape the force of this uni.
forin current of foreign authorities I will test
his respectfor the Supreme Court of the Uni.
oil States by eitingthe case of Prigg vs. The
Commonwealth of IPennsylvania, [l6 Peters,
p. 611,] in which the court says :
•
13y the laws of nations, no nation is bound to recog
maa the state of slavery, an to foreign slaves found with
in its territorial dominions, when it is in opposition to
its policy and institutions, in favor of the subjects of
other nations where slaveryls recognized. If it doe..,it
len matter of comity, and not a matter of international
right. Pesti& of 81amy iR deemed to hen mere rnunienp.
at regzdation. , founaed :Ton and Umited to the range of ter
ritorta/ lame
The same doctrine has been held not only by
the . highest judicial tribunals in most of all the
Northern States, but by . the Supreme Court of
Zoueitinal Ifisslssippi„ 4entucky, "Alissouri,
North Carolina,'and, indeed, nearly, if not all
of the Southern. States. But I am willing to
rest the whole' ciao upon the . authorlty of the
Sitpreme Court of the United States, and to ex
hortlthe Attorney General, in his own classical
language, only substituting his name for mine,
to cease'" fighting the jddicißry," and treat - the
eOnrtsf with ~ decent respect. " " We are called
neon to make•a contest, `at once unnecessary
and hopeless, with the judicial authority of the
nation. We object to it. 'We will not obey
JUdge Black when he commands us to assault
the Stipreme Court' of the United States. We
belier the court'to be right, and Judge'Black
wrote." •
• If, howeier, the learned 'Attorney General
MIME
shall not be turned from4ha,error of his ways
by theseArorda,ift-wisdifilrom his own pen, I
will make another effoitlo save him, by com-
Mending,..to hilt:especial attention the following
paragraph froth his :
In f , rmer tunes a question of constitutional law once
decided by the Supreme Court was regarded as settled
by all, e,xcept that little band or ribald infidels who meet
periodically at Boston 'to biamTherne the religion, and
plot rebellion against the laws, of the countryl
CAN THE LAWS OF ONE-COUNTRY OPERATE IN
ANOTHER WITHOUT ITS CONSENT?
Having shown that Judge Black's "axio
manic-principle of public law" in - respect to the
operation, of. the laws of ono State or country
within the jurisdiction of another,- as defined
and expounded by the highest judicial tribu
nals in this country and Europe, has no appli
cation to, and does nottinclude, slavery; -but
that, on the contrary, state of slavery is
deemed to be a mere tnunieipa/ regulation,
founded 'upon and limited to'the, rant of the
territorial laws and 'in the language of the
Constitution itself, exists '"iiinne State UNDER
THE LAWS THEREOF," and not by virtue ; of the
Constitution of the United States, nor of any
federal 'authority, 'hoe of any:foreign 'law, nor
any international law, I will proceed to exam=
inc how far Judge Black has accurately stated
the "axiomatic principle of public law," or the
law of the comity of nations, by which ."a
right of.property, a private relation, condition,
or status, lawfully existing in one State or
country, is not changed by the mere removal
of the parties to another country, unless the
law of that other country be in direct conflict
with it."
I shall Pursue this inquiry out of respect for
the great learning displayed by the Attorney
General in his philanthropic purpose Of, en
lightening me upon the subject, and not la 3
cause it has any hearing on the question at.
issue, if the decision of the Supremo Court of
the United States is to bo taken as conclusive
evidence, in opposition to the opinion of Judge
Black, US to the law of the case. Of course,
express no opinion of my own, since I make it
a rule to acquiesce in the decisions of the courts
upon all legal questions. In order to have
stated the general principle fairly and accu
rately, Judge Black should have added that
whenever the foreign law, or the law of one
State is to be enforced in another, it derives its
validity from the consent of the State or country
where it is to be enforced, and not from the
sovereignty of the State or country front which
it came.
The brief space allotted to this reply, already
too long. tvill not permit me to cite. much less
quote, the long list of authorities, .Americant
English and Continental, upon this point. It
may be safely assumed as an incontrovertable
principle, that the laws of one country can have
no force in any other country without its con
scot, expressed or implied, and that such con
sent will be implied, and the tacit adoption of
the foreign laws, by the government of the
country where they are to be enforced, will be
presumed by the courts in all cases where there
is no local law to the contrary, and the foreign
law does not contravene its own policy. The
whole doctrine of the law of comity of na
tions, as applicable to the question how far
the local law of one State of this Union could
operate and be enforced beyond the territorial
limits of such State, was fully discussed sad
deliberately , Iptericiinetil ii the aueof the Bank
of Augusta vs. Earle, 13 Peters, p. 519, in
which Chief Justice Taney, delivering the
opinion of the court, said
" It i 4 need),..4 to euuMerate here the instances iu
whirl,. by the general practice of eifilie.eot countris, the
laws of the one will, by the comity of nations, be recog
nized and executed in another, where the rights of ire
thriduats are ecumenist The laws of contracts made in
foreign countries are familiar examples; cud the courts
of:Justice hare ahrdi s expounded and executed them SC
-00/Ming, to the lsws of the place in whleh they were made;
pore„ I that lure was not repugnant to the lawn Or p‘ol
- of their ono tetintry The roomy ettni.:!ol to
o' b., • 11, 0.1 fr et. the
.rotuot the 'tali,. who.% tI it pit, ot, and inad
reissable when contrary to it policy or pre - Ind/0W to its
micrests But it contributes so largely to iiroinOte
.14*-
(000 bettceen Iradiriduals. azhi to prodnito d nieudlY
lere,iume between the . /overeinfirtt to wllmh they be
long, that wore of justice lixre t . ontiunally acted ripen
it :is skirt of the 1,./Ipat,oy faa e.t It is truly said
.it St./ry . . 4 ( 3..141101 of /..3'.r/i, 37, lieu . 11/ the , e).tee of any
posit it e rule altirrning.or denying, or restraining the Op
en/Lon of foreign laws, court, ef yushee prt..unle the tacit
, 114.:',“n of that, 1, I) unless they are
rerngnant to its policy of prejudicial to its interests. . "
.-/N MONDAY.)
r. raid Morphy i, 6bCktil to leave New
yo n i, city f or New Orloarl4. He will stop a
day ur more in each of the cities of Philadel
phia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond and
Charloston, to meet the chess players of those
cities. He i 3 to commence the practice of law
in New Orlcari
.1 letter from Pari dated Oct. I:th, says
S, - ?nator Soward would leave England in two
threw or more days for home.
parpgrapli, from a Loudon
journal. Iyill be a iiderc , st, to naturalized
eitiien of the I , liited State: , :
" It may he remembered that FOnle time
aga a young titan Ilat Ernst, who had
been a naturalized citizen of the United
states, to which he want some years ago
with his ' , meats, was, on his paying a visit
to Hanover. arrested, and orderstl to per
form the military service in the army to
which he had been called, hilt he claimed
exemption as an American citizen: and the
United States t;overnment having support
ed his pretensions, the Hanoverian Cabinet
has just set him at liberty."
I Believe It Saved my Life.”
.lA.coe WOOSTER, of Huh Creek, New Se
aickley toArm•hip. Pay.
For two yoars I .tittered the l - enigo, IVEcnren
attendinie I_l:2pepnia. tiOlMltirlles nererely
,nrapantatu me for any gdot t—ut others. to inmfine
toe tc my Inni. My bow
m ein were ofleu no constipated ag
nin to use the moot powertlll purgy.tives to re.
itcre myself. Indeed. lat last found it fl e e unary tu use
noniet i ol tue k i nd constantly. tali I commenc
ed using fIi3:ItHAVE. 3 HOLLAND BITTEILi,and found
it lust what my ..ane required. I cannot recommend It
100 highly, for I beta e.l ii red my life I
Rend 'Owe - fult y.-- The Genuine highly Concentrated
Eirerhaven litilland Bitters in put up in half pint bottles
only, and retailed nt one dollar per bottle. The great
demand for this truly celebrated Medicine has irtduced
many imitalion..,a loch the public shoulduard against
purchasing. Beware of imposition Seethat our game
is on the label of every With , }}flu thy.
BENJAMIN PAGE, da de Old., Sole Proprietors, No.
Übsal, between First, and Second sta., Pittsburgh.
Xew aduertisements.
OFFICE WESTERN. INSURANCE CO.,
Pittsburgh, Oct. 27th, 1249. )
0. AN ELECTION FOR THIRTEEN DIRECTORS
of tins Company rill ho held at the odic°, No. 92
Water street, on T UESDAY. the Bth day of Noyember.
bet, een the hours of 11 A..M. and 2 P. 3f.
oct29:td F. 31. GORDON. Secretary.
[We DOLLAR SAVINGS DANK,
No. 65 Fourth
Deposits znade with thy , Bank before the tir4 clay of
November. Will drew interest trout that date.
ock29:3t. CHAS. A COLTON, 'Treasurer.
---
,ISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.-
__J The &mot MT:NIGHT, V ERNF.R d Co, engaged
in the bti,iness of running the Omnibus Lines, known
as the EXCELSIOR COMPANY, haying disposed of
their omnibus stock, is dissolved by limitation and the
death of the late Thomas R. Holmes, one of the partners.
All persons having claims against the said Company will
present them immediately to James Verner, for settle.
meat. 0ct29,1w-c1,75
PURCHASE YOUR
BOOTS AND SHOES
.1l the well•Lnown Cheep Celh St.re or
JOS. H. IdORLAND, 98 Market street
Second door from Fifth
CONTINUED ANNUAL SALEofI3(=.S
AND STATIO4ERV.—_EV_PIii EVENING THIS
W E Bic.—COnint &let ug .5.1.0ND.A.Y . October 31st, et seven
o'clock, will be continued at the Auetimf.Rooms, No. 64
Fifth street, the Annual sale of Valuable Books and Sta
tionery, direct from the Eastern Trade Sales and Pub
lishers: BeSides all.the'Standird :Works of latest - and
best editions, are thousands of volumes of the elegant
Pophlar Literature of the day, all of which are warranted
new and perfect. The collection embraces many such
works Washington Irving, complete, 21 volumes; Fen
flintier° Cooper, 20 volumes ; Charles Dickens, 13 voLs.;
Scott's Waverley Novels, 12 vols.; Encyclopedia Ameri
cana, /4 vols.; Lord Bacon, 3 vols.; Stnekland'a Queens
of England. 7 vols.; Wilson's Noctee Ambrosiana, 6 vele;
Beniamin Frsanilin, 10 vole.; Preaboat'sC4i)tolies; Bay
ard Taylor's Travels, 8 vols. ; Modern British Essayists,
vols.; Chmnbers'lifis.cellany, 10 vols.•, Edgar Allen Poe,
4 vols.; Clark's Commentary, 4 vols.; Webster's_ Quarto
Dictionary ; Blue and Gold Editione ot. Poets; Tull sets
c,f the .Writangs of Dean Swift, sterne...Hazitts. Leigh.
Hunt, Charles - Lamb, it.c. The finest and most ball edi.
lions of the eminent English Poets and Drarnatlsta.
Splendid Family and Pocket Bibles, Prayer Books, and
Portfolios. . Several hundred reams of Cap, Letter, Com
mercial, Note, Bill wad ladles' Bath Paper, ae, &e. Sale
positive and without reserve. Ladies and Gentlemen
are invited to call during the day and examine the stock,
which will be sold by private sale at very to
oct?.9 S. G. DAvIS, Auctioneer.
IF YOU WANT CLOTHING,
Ain GO-TO PLEIMING'S,
IF YOU WANT HATS AND CAPS,jtiggo to
• FLEMING'S,
Garner Wood and Sixth streets.
POWDERED SOAPSTONE, for Fowl..
dne,-3.5 bbls received this
oedi9 HENHY' H. COLLINS.
COCHINEAL. -306 pounds Fine. nondu
.
ras, tor sale by .
B. A. FAENESTOCKk CO,
corner Ftrst and Wood eta.
PSOM SALTS.-100 bbls. for sale by
B. A. FAHNESTOME4 CO = 4
oct~cor. Funt sad Wood sta4l
Sew glikr • ,
RARE 0 s
-
V 0 It
I N - vi' 4.liiitixi.
THE MOST COMPLETE
SHINGLE MACHINE,
EXTANT.
DURABLE; PERFECT AND t'HEAP
STATE, TERRITORY.
COUNTY RIGHTS FOR SALE-
THE pow CITY SHINGLE 34CONE,
P .
.. . .. ..
ATENTED .13Y- Mil. 5....,C.,C0FF1N i
inventor, of Pittsburgh, In., Jtinelth,lBL9, is now
introduced to the public, and commends'ltselt tor. the
[Wowing adrantsges:—ltsnitopticity, dust bllitioltddy,
cheap:tea and excellence of work. Its superiority to
other idaehines.consists,-- .... . - . ,
• - F/1:92, That it is presided with an apparatus by which
theedging of the Shingle is performed by the aaw which
cuts it, and which is a SiVINO OF FRO3I.
FORTY TO FIFTY PER CENT.' IN COST.
. - •
Secean, IV the Means of two treadles; the thick wheti
placed on the Machine is adjusted in any positiori the
operator may desire; by alhieh there is a SAVING of
Twenty Per Cent. of Timber
THIRD,-IT WILL SAW AND EDGE
SIXTY SHINGLES
lILIN - 0 - TEI
•
The Machine will also cut Veneering, Looking Glass
Backs, Barrel Heads., Cigar Boxes, etc.
The Iron City Machine
Can be furnished complete for $l5O, by the manufac
turer in this city, Mr. S. S. FOWLER, and can be seen
in operation at the Planing Mill of Mr. W. Dilworth, cor
ner of Seventh and Grant streets.
RIGHTS FOR SALE.
The inventor and patentee will dispose of County, State
and Territory Rights tor the sale and use of the 'Machine,
on very moderate terms. Persons desirous of investing,
cannot find a better opportunity than the present.
Ala. Call and examine the afachine.: obt2B:daw
S37S PER 111INDRF,D-- . -CAS7i, for
clean 'mixed Cabin Rage. Wrappingya
nar at • 25, 37.5 and 50 cants. mai:toning Crucible Clay.
of a suporior quality. Fire Bricks t manufactured from
the same quality of clay; for sal! by
'CHADWICK & SON,
N 0.161 Wood sit.Tlttsharith.
ALUM. -110 bfl.e sale
T b
eitk CO.,
()cal car. First and Wood sts.
WOODEN AND-WILLOW WARE.
SAMUEL RIDDLE,
111annfarturer and Wholesale Dealer in
CHURNS, TUBS, BUCKETS, BASKETS,
BROOMS, &C.,
No, '?1 Diamond, Pittsburgh.
HAVING NOW IN STORE A LARGE
eitherar selected stock of everything in this
line, manufactured by himself or :purchased di
rect from manufacturers, FOR CASH, is prepared to
supply customers and the country trade with goods in
his line,
CHEAPER THAN EVER OFFERED IN THIS MARKET.
Tho folloWing comprise the leading items in his stock
cf Wooden and Willow Ware
OEICILNS—pine StatT. a sizes; Oak Staff, 4 al - mai - Cedar
~
Staff, 3 size Oval Crank, Cedar. Oak or Pine. 3 aim%
Cedar Barrel. 4 sizesq Spane's Patent, 3 s izes; Thermom
eter. 3 sizes—a large stock.
BUCEI.EM—• c' ommon red, blue and green, fanoy and
varnished, half, quartexandtay Faulk cedar brass and
iron bound,2 and 3 hoop.Piggins, cedar, brass andiron
bound. 2 boom dicase Buskers. heavy ironbale:Kitchen
Buckets, iron bale; Oak Well Buckets, well Ironed;
Flour Buckets, nested.
TUBS—Painted, 2 and 3 hoorr, white pine and cedar,
hand made, all sizes, nested or by the dozen.
KEEL , ERS—Priinted and varnished, 3 sizes, dozen or
nest; cedar Heelers, brass or iron bound_
MEASURES—AII sizes, from. bushel to quarter peck;
pine or cedar, sealed or unsealed.
CLOTHES PlNS—Plain and head, in five gross boxes;
Smith's Patent, in gross lazes, and Brass Spring, in
g, ross boxes.
Sy - kr:REGAßDS—Waterloo raised centre, Marietta Zinc,
Double Wood. and all other- kinds.
BROOMS. WHISKS, BRUSHES, ac.., in great variety.
MEAL TUBS—Hinglisim Butter and Butter and Meal
Tube, 2 or 3 in nest, or singly.
DOOR AND BUGGY MATS—Allicante, COCOAtind Grass; I
Grass Table Mats.
‘VfljfE NEST BOXES—Spice and Sugar Boxes, five in
nest, plain and varniatteid
OAK STANDS—Assorted sizes, for apple-butter, kraut,
pickles, meat or milk.
UMBRELLA STANDS—For Stores or Diellings.
I CLOTHES HORSES—Assorted sizes and styles made to
order. .. „
WOODEN WARE—Comprising Rolling Ns, . fptitto
Mashers, Butter Prints and Ladies, Lemon squeezers,
Spoons and Seaters, Muddlers, Soap Caps. Shaving
Fluxes, Spignta .13u.ng Starts, Axe, Pick and Hatchet
Handles, Steak Mania Am
RAT AND MOUSE TRAPS, of all varieties.
TAR CANS, MOP HANDLES, Iron and wood heads,
Clothes Pounders.
SLtRKET BASKETS, ingreat variety of size and sq - le,
by the nest or dozen, of our own manufacture, at Eas
tern prices.
CLOTHES BASKETS—Round and oval, four in nest.
NURSERY H
C AMPERS of — Square Sat and .
trunk Iids.HAIRS, every style.
COACHES AND CRADLES, of every style.
TRAVELING BASKETS—Assorted sines and styles.
. Berlin. Japanned.
o French,. assorted.
IiADIES'CAP - . f'
RETlCULE3—lmported and American.
SCHOuI, BASKETS, in great , variety.
SPLIT. HAMPERS, for Potatoes, Peaches, .4c.
ORCHARD 13 ASIMTS_Willow and Split.
AllirCity and country dealers are invited to call and ex.
amine our stock and prices beforepnrcha.sing elsewhere,
as we CANNOT BE UNDERSOLD IN THIS - MARKET,
octSaydasr;saswe
SAMUEL RIDDLE).
. 21 Diamond Pittannrgh
srmoN JOHNSTON,
(succEssoi TO L. WILCOX,)
RETAIL - DRITGVIST
Car. Sulltb.S . el4 aud V ourtAi, St,
lieeetis constantly on hand a choice aseortment of ev
erythitiA in the Drug lino of business.
113.. Partieular attention given to Compounding Pre
scriptions.
oet2B
WE SHALL OPEN,
IN OUR
TAILORING DEPARTMENT,
A NEW ASSORTMENT OF
BEAVER, ESQITIMAUX,
Elbocoff and Pilot
ov 3 E3 00 44, ‘ll .S,
Fancy Neltons and Coatings,
PLUSH AND CASSIMRRE VESTINGS,
Fancy Cassimeres,
air The above we will make to alder at moderate
rates.
HIRSEEPELD.& SON,
oet2B i,;O. 83 WOOD STREET.
ORE NEW CARPETS,
011 Cloths, Drnggets , Matting,
D OOR RUGS, and a general as-
HOUSE - FURNISHING GOODS,
AT Tax
Old Carpet Warerooma of
•
W. Itt,CLINTOrtr.
. •
No. 113 market street, Pittsburgh, Pa.
.Cit - GREAT INDUCEMENTS TO CASH PUR
CHASERS.
oet2S
CHILDREN'S - PATENT LEATHER
Kid Top Button Boots,
-AT
W. E. SCEMEETZ &CO.'s,
Nir 2 44 ,1 35RU , L-1,P ) .,' .announce
• the arrive' of New 3 4 74 Pipeis./.4 to., et
ST NVOC.Q.
CORK AND DOUBLE,SOLD
BOOTS AND GAITERS,
MARKEI . ;STREET PROPERT FOR'
j_t i C
front on bIAL
Mark j, bfarket and blrst street 40 ?tit
th two large brick buildings; will be
sold on easy terms by. °ERT A sotr, , - 61.2(arket st,reet
.IND Wr FOR $7OO, situate
on.Rebeena .street, Allegheny. . A Brick Rotate.
anti Lot. on Allegheny avenue, for $9OO. For bargain,
in ItesLEstate, mit 6l , Market street. - -
oct 2B _ _ S......CILITELBEB.T A Sativlleal 'Write Agta.
- 1.11 lITTBR.,-44 kegs choice pricked. Butter,
lj ju.st,:reee - Wed and forlisle
- - JAECS A. - PETZER,
- '
";corner Marketind First stnsetp.
A P.PLES.-84 barrels choice Green Apples
la. jest receiredand for sale by.= -
oct^s., ;nft te l t
-e s n .1 -FUT
izrEAvx ROCKY; MOUNTAIN Shawls,
roi Gents.. ATsfi, ftne Broehe, Ctienite and Wo olenShawfs f lo Snit Ladles and Misses. • -
e,netzM: ; HANSON ;L0VE..74 Market street.
ICKOItY IsTUTS.--100 bushels receivcd
AA. and for sale by•
I I MR.--1,50.bb15. fresh, for sale by
J eatZ • lINNRY oobLiNs.
MARK: BOOK,. SC - 11001, BOOVLS;
Latter and Cap paper; Botmet..Boarrte, &c,f4w sate
to merchants as low as can be bought in the city..
. 83 limn j stroet. rfitiar7crarth:
LMANACS' FOR 1860---Just
by . (o¢t?8l ',- J. P.
• .
"ARIES TOR18(70--40.differenivarie
tiei; for sale by dozen or singly. - -
oet2B ' J. R. WELDIN.
COMMISSION MERCHANT,
OctX.llm
BLEXINGHAM
COMMERCIAL COLLEGE,
WRITING ACADgIifY,
College HaDi Diamond Birmingham.'
TERMS, CASH ON ENTRANCE:
•
For Ornaments! Writing • $l5
Plain
Writing and Writing.... —.... 10}. Time =limited.
Book-K — eping-
No extra charge for those taking scholarships, for
Grammar, etc.
In consequence .of numerous applications the follow ,
ingcharges will be made;
Writing, (aloneo three months, .$5,00
six
. •
ClAssei in Arittrineiie, (Mental and Practical, and also
in Orthography and Grammar.) are regularly conducted
by the Principal. And a new feature in this College,
also a very requisite and important one, wilt-be,9a thor.'
ough Commercial Mercantile Correspondence,"—thus
enabling the student to commence business in a correct
and systematic manner,
on his leaving College. This
tu
desideram cannot. be too.. highly estimated. Anew
publication on this subject will shortly be published by
Leithead & Shaffer.
Good boarding at.V.,50 per week: Birthingharn Ferry
free for students. Entrance at any time.' For specimens
of Writing, enclose two postage stamps, and address, ..
G. H. LEITHEAD, Principal,
Pittsbufch. Pa
oeMI vd&lr
- .
150 GOOD EXPERIENCED COAL MI
NERS wanted, by-the Northern Gas,. Coal
and Iron Company, of Lasalle, Illinois. The vein is sir.
feet thick. Ale pay 60 cents per ton for mining. The
mine is ye: fectly dryrmd clear from water. Lasalle is
situated 100 miles, south of Chicago, on the Rock Island
and Illinois Central Railroad. Fare from Chicago $2,50.
0ct2.5,1m. EDGAR LOOMS, SuPetiritendant
GIFT ENTERPRISE
•
TO. EFFECT. A CHANGE OFHIISINESS,
the proprietors have determined 16 dose oat their
entire stock of BOORS, STATIONERY, AO. To scowl !
plish it more rapidly, we will give a present (In Books;
Stationery and jewelry) from 23
to
to $5O, WITH
EVERY .1300 K PURCRASED,,er to parties not wishing
Gills, we will make a reduction 0(25 cents on each dor
ies's worth purchased. • •
Every Book is numbered and registered with the Gift
o PPosite, $5O worth of Gifts beinggiven_vrtth every $lO6
worth of BOCIES. Our stock will be found the most com
plete and extensive in the city, and all purchased ex ,
pressly for this market.
Persons ordering from a distance will send the post.
age, (to forward the Book additional,) which is--
. ,
For $l,OO and $1,25 Books, ^1 cents each.
1,50
" :4 00
When a number of Bnc•l'sare ordered together, they
can be forwarded by express cheaper than by mail, and
lo that case the additional price need not be sent.
Every book is cold at the PUBLISHER'S LOWEST
RETAIL PRICE, and a VALUABLE PRESENT given
to each purchaser.
STATIONERY AT COST.
ITO EFFECT A CHANGE OF BUSINE&S,
we have determined to close out our very large
and well assorted stock of Stationery, at No. 00 - Fifth
AT COST, comprising—
Blue and Wiute Congress, Legal and Bill Cap Papers.
Blue and White Commercial Letter, Letter, Commer.
cial Note, Ladies' Bath, Ladies' Letter and Note Papers.
Superior White, Buff and °Neve Envelopes. •
• Arnuld's and David's Writing Fluid.
Arnold's and Wagner's Cumine ; David's and Clark'a
Brauctlng
Muoilauue, Sealing Wax and Wafers.
Blank Books, at 13,15,2) and 25 cents per quire. .
Pass Books--all kinds.
, DIARIES FOR 1860. -
Deeds, Bonds, Afortgaires, Declarations, Promisso
Notes, Drafts. ry
Ink Sts4l3, Writing Desks, CHES.% Checker-kten,
• CHESS BOARDS, BACKGAMMON BOARDS, &C.; AC.
soon, and examine the stock before dm as
sortment is broken.
BROOKS & COOPER,
Stack Velour Reps, Black Gross Grain Silks.
lifousline d'Lairies, " Venitiennes,
"
Cashmeres, " Gross d'Eeosse. - '
" kterinoes, " Patent boiled - elks
Satin de Chines, " Irish Poplins, -
j,, Bombazines,. " English CrapeS,
" Alpine Clotksl' . " crape collars, -
" Mohair.Lustres,. " - - Sleeves, - '
" Pamir:WS. " - " Ve ils, .. .
" Thibet longskselsl i -
" Gloves. - '
MOURNING - SHAWLS AND DRESSDODDS:
nissOLIJTION 'OR PA.ETNERSHIP;-;-;
Thb Likw Partnership haretofore existing lietweiMi
JOHN H. HAMPTON and EDWIN El-STOWE has been,
dissolved by mutual consent -
JOHN Et. HAMPTON has taken °Maps iti Kuhrt's Lair
Bnitding, on Diamond : street, beloviGramt.
E -H. STOWE will reinvinfif the Mike, No-16aPtitfitli
THE - SUBSCRIBER HAS
4. JUST RECEIVED from
THE THIRD ADDITION TO. :HL3, FALL. STOCK
UNRIVALLED PIANOS,
. .
To which he asks the attention of. purchasers, and the
RUBBER' 'irmaltria: -
TA-ATEW , YORKIR. I :TBBER 94 14 ;PANY
nainuataUtUsti &smut'. 1114tava BultiGiii)Y,lotew
proce* of superior utretikth tootusy -heretolbrisintibi,
and Weis_ ilia:what:fa isOcsit oil then.. ThisCottipsziy
ars also the ..esclusive manufacturem ...under Ow
patint,7 of. EMBER TOYS, DOLLS, Taus,
17% Osage and sroVc.,•&c.' Poi . sale at all the
Toyand Xaney. Stores in Union: , Catalogues and
?nee Lists (by the case only) forwarded, on application
l ig later to. be Now Your, RIM= COMP4.II' Zsberty
. . .
BRALIIIPS:.ROVTE BOOK:
rpHE UNDERSIGNED takes.thitrmethod
of informing the , public;tharbe has now in
a work entitled the *Pittsburgh and Chicago game
Book." BM my intention to Jame ten thousand
which pill be circulathd all, along the Pitteburgh, Fort
wilynei.oxido lb/Broad, and will be sold in even
tokmandosoriorpttaino It wilLbe resented to We
pplalc;stbotkt, the -TENTH 9f NOV ::
anangvertisenuatericktrisood to 7:C: BR.UY Care of
Pitti oc t i nh Morning ft el; setnre pientl4 Attention.
No. 31 Fifth street
SPIV advertisements.
FOR LADIES. MISSES & CHILDREN,
Received et
. 5 • • -
W E. SCiI.NERTZ CO.'S,
.110..31 Fifth street.
HENRY
HERSE-150 boxes received
'_oet29 HENRY H. COLLINS.
EDWD. S. RIJTLER,
48 Public Landing,
CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Coal Inners Wanted.
DAVIS It CO.'S,
No. 60 Fifth Street
DAVIS & CO.,
N 0,60 FIFTH SE
DAVIS„ & CO,'
60 tuth amt.
MOURNING GOODS.
75 . Market Street,
HAVE JUST RECEIVED
CHICKERING &,SON;
OF THEIR
.
JAHN U. ,IIIE.L.I I OH,
ea womhsTREEL
, üblish ed