The Pittsburgh post. (Pittsburgh [Pa.]) 1859-1864, October 03, 1859, Image 2

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OCT. 3
RICHARDSON L. WRIGHT, of Philadelphia
JOHN ROWE, of Franklin County
CORRESPONDENCE.—The Democratic county
Committee 0D Correspondence will meet at the ST.
CHARLES Hotel, on SATURDAY NEXT. October eth;
at il. o'clock,A. M. By order of
D. D BRUCE, Chairman.
J. H. PIM.LIPS, Secretary.
Extract from Judge Douglas' Speech Deliv—
ered at Pittsburgh.
Were the Democracy f Pennsylvania nom
going to throw away the prestige of the old
Keystone State, to forget their glorious history
do the past, and to wheel into the ranks of Abo
litionism or 771011Crn Reriblicanism? If they
did, it would be their own act, and not the act
of their opponents. The Republicans had no
chance of success, except in the dissensions of
the Democracy, and while he would always stand
up for principle, and never yield it for the sake
of harmony, yet., in order to prescrre the prin
ciples of the party, he would surrender any
personal prejudices and hostilities he might
hare. [Good and cheers.] The part of wis
dom and patriotism was Only to remember past
quarrels in order to profit by them. W herever
there had been past issues that had died, all the
asperity which they over created should be
buried with them, and we should only look
ahead in the future, holding forth the banner of
Democracy, with our principles emblazoned on
it in clear and unequivocal language, and
The Democratic State and County tickets
for the approaching election are now print
ed and ready for delivery. The County
Committee have prepared a list of Districts
which is left at the office of the Moasiac
POST, where the tickets will lie furnished for
each district. The Democracy will attend
to sending for their tickets and seeing that
they are properly distributed, so that on
election day no one may be without a ticket.
Frequent inquiries are made of - us regard
ing the taking of the next census. As yet.,
no law has been enacted by Congress for
taking the next general census. There
provision in the old law, that, unle-zs Con
gress, previous to the first of January, I
shall provide the manner of taking the cen-
sus,that it shall be taken in the same manner
as heretofore. it appears to be the general
opinion that the old way of taking the cen
sus is defective, and it, has been found al
most impossible by the sloiv process it pro
vides to obtain accurate information and a
correct return of the population. It will lie
the duty of the next Congress to make pro
vision of the manner of taking the census
of 1860, and the agencies by which it shall
be taken. Heretofore, it has required, in
almost every locality in the country, about
eixmonths to perfect this work, and an in
definitely long period ensues thereafter, bi-
-fore the results are laid before the public in
such a shape as to be useful. It is almost
impossible to arrive at correct results by the
slow process used in a population which ad
vances and changes as fast as ours. In
England the census is taken in a day,
enough men being employed to do the work
thoroughly in the time allotted. Improve-
Meiit and quick time is the order of the
day in. almost all kinds of business, and
why should not the progressive spirit of the
age be applied to census-taking ?
To make the census valuable as abasis for
legislation, the time occupied in taking it
should be as brief as possible. If it could
be done in a single day, it would be the
best, and we see no reason why there could
riqt be enough of subdivisions of territory
and agents employed to accomplish the re
sult. In this way accuracy would be ap
proximated by having public attention/ di
rected to the matter, with the advantge of
having the results quickly spread before the
country. Under the last census law, the
marshals of the different districts had this
duty entrusted to them, and they had the.
privilege of appointing a limited number of
deputies in each county under theirjurisdie
ton. We doubt whether the same sys
tem will be again followed, as its inetli
ciency was glaringly manifested in the
results of the last census. We are not
prepared now to suggest the change that is
necessary, but we understand that the at
tention of a distinguished Democratic mem
ber-of Congress has been turned to the sub
ject,and that,whon Congress convenes in De
cember, he will be prepared to submit a
Aye tima which will be more thorough
and efficient than the one heretofore em
An immense mass of inforinatron was
gathered under the last census, but it was
of Little use as the statistics were crude, im
perfect, uncertain and their publication too
long delayed. There is a necessity that a
thorough change should be made in the mode
of colecting and collating the interesting and
valuable statistics of our population, its
character and the extent of the industrial
Pursuits and wealth of the nation. It is not
to early now to direct public :attention to
the matter, and the public press may do
some good by throwing out suggestions
In case no change is made by Congress in
the method of taking the census, an appro
priatien for the purpose of defraying the cost
will be necessary, after which the marshals
of the several districts will proceed to select
their deputies and the work will be com
menced about June next. If no other
change is made, it is certainly desirable that
the number of deputy marshals to take the
census should be doubled or trebled, and
the time fixed for the returns to be made,
proportionately shortened.- This would
enable the people to obtain the statistics
before they were so old as to be unreliable
forany useful purpose.
THE Legislature of Massachusetts have voted
for the enrollment of colored persons in the
militia, bat they refuse to let their German
feUow-cltizena vote. This is Republicanism.
ix is said that a lady on putting - on her cor
sets, is like a man who drinks to drown his
grief, because in so-lacing herself she is getting
In noticing a new journal of this title,
which is about to be started in NeW York
City, the Washington States announces that
i mm ediately - a,fter its appearance, it is ex
pectedAbat Mr. .Seward will return from
Europelo assume the leadership of the Re
.publican party. .The editer of the States
indicates the opinion drawn from the prea
ent position of affairs in the Republican
party,;that the American, or Know Nothing,
element of Republicanism will be merged
in Sewardism, and that Mr. Seward will lead
the party, of whose principles he is the
complete exponent, on to' victory or defeat.
The present indications are that Mr. Cam
eron, as the representative of the Know
Nothing element, will be his lieutenant, and
that,-with forces thus joined, an effort will
be made to carry Pennsylvania and New
Jersey, without which,it is a conceded point,
that the Opposition must be defeated. The
result of recent political movements in
New York show that it is idle for the Op
position to entertain any idea of a third par
ty, led by Cameron, or any other Amrrican
party man. The States, from these premises,
reasons as follows as to the only true policy
for the Democratic party to pursue:
The single issue in which is involved the re
sult of the " irrepressible conflict," is unavoid
able. If tiewardism and Protection call be
made to hanionize effectively in Pennsylvania,
then can miracles alone render our cause tri
umphant. In the presence of such an amalga
mation and Identity, the stoutest hearted Dem
ocrat would likely entertain apprehensions
that his cause was in imminent danger. We as
suredly shall have no votes to spare, howler
well the extremes of the Democracy may blend,
and however cordially and efficiently they may
cu-operate after' the Charleston nomination.
In &tau rdism and Protection—with the names
of their two representatives inscribed upon the
same ticket—the slaveholding States would
behold distinctly a double-headed monster in
hostile array to their constitutional rights. Is
there one of those States that is disposed to ex
haust its strength upon abstractions of remote
contingency, when a reality of paramount
amplitude stares it, with demon. like anger.
steadily in the face '!
It must be confessed that the Democracy has
never been a unit, either upon foreign or do
mestic questions. Until now it has studiee.,-
ly avoided agitation upon important disputed
points of national policy. It agreed, it Its'",
without reference to sectional or other minor
questions, that Federalism, which had secured
a temporary foothold in the house election of
John Quincy Adams, should he prostrated
through the election of Creneral Jackson. It
agreed, in 1e , 32, that the Bank of the United
States should be overpowered through the elec
tion of that extraordinary personage, without
reference to a " judicious tariff." It agreed. in
1844, that the annexation of Texas should be
perfected through the election of J aloes K .
Polk, without reference to any opinions he
might entertain upon the subject of inciden
tal or other protection It agreed again, in
1854, that the Kansas-Nebraska act should lee
sustained through the election of James Bu
chanan, without reference to any 'pinion he
might entertain with respest to .o/ rah,.: c, du
ties. Ever on the side of the Constitution, and
devoted to the welfare of the States and the
Union in the great issues Which have been from
Lime to time made, it would be unworthy of
its history if it suffered itself mho divided and
distracted upon meaningless transcendental.
isms, when a question of life or death to the
republic should exclusively engage its atten
tion. This must not occur.
The extremists of our party may be indulged
in entertaining their peculiar opinions or the
ories—which will not probably for years be
practically act"! upon—as long as they tire oh
servant of the paramount issue iiivolsetl in a
Presidential contest. But be who hesitates to
assist in stiffing Sewardisin —as contained in
the Rochester platiorm—is, to all intent , and
purposes, in antagonism to the Conititutbm
and its comproinise;, and, therefore, is not en
titled to fellowship with the Democracy,
Practically, such u eiti4en centribetes to the.
irrepressible conflict " quite as much as the
most rabid Black Republican. To rebel against
the Charleston nominee. whoe,er ho may be,
will be to rebel against Delllurfatle mid
Democratic principles. Those who may hat,
the temerity to attempt it, will be regarded
thereafter as traitors to our cause, destitute of
a redeeming virtue.
Let us ooriflne ourselves to the single
and if we are victorious we shall have an
abundance of time subsequently bi adjust har
moniously all interloping questions. Let us
direct our strength toward the overpowering of
infuriated lions before' we go iu search of
harmless stocking-horses.
TIER, Esq.
We announce With feeling, of unfeigned
sorrow, the death of Mr. Utubstaetter,
which occurred on Saturday morning at Ike
o'clock. For sonic months past, Mr. IL' tnle
staetter's health lies been failing, but ht.
was not confined to his bed until a couple of
days before his death. Ile waa,e man of
genial happy temperament, generOus, kind
and hospitable. Possessed of a splendid
-education, a fine taste, antl great etiliVel-F.:l
tional powers he was an ornament to the
social circle. l'teler every eircutle.tanee of
life he was a calm fuel courteous gentleman.
Ho removed to this city from New I.kbom
Ohio, and ut like took a prominent position
as a member of our Bar. For several years
past he has been a member of a law firm
of 4 Shitler & Cu. He was of (;erman blood
—born near Zweibrucken, in the Palatinate
of Bavaria—and removed to this country
about twenty-five years ago, locating himself
at New Lisbon, Columbiana county, Gino,
where he studied law and commenced a
successful career as a practitioner. In char
acter, intellectual power and temperament
he most happily commingled the best
qualities of thcb German and American.
He has left a widow, a most estimahlt
lady—the daughter of Dr. George 11fVook,
of this city, and three sons, to mourn his
death. A host of friends most deeply and
sincerely sympathize with them in their b e ..
Beautiful Allegory
Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, who was at
one time engaged in defending a man who had
been indicted for a capital offense. After the
elegant and powerful defense, be closed his
effort by the following striking and beautiful
allegory :
"When God in his eternal counsel conceiv
ed the thought of man's creation, he called to
him the three ministers who wait constantly
upon the throne—Justice, Truth and Mercy,
and thus addressed them :—" Shall we make
many Then said Justice, 0, God make him
not, fors he will trample upon thy laws."—
Truth made answer also, "G, God make him
not, for h e will ollute thy sanctuaries." But
Mercy dropping p upon her knees, and looking
up through her tears, exclaimed, "0, God,
make him-1 will watch over him with my
care, through all the dark paths which he may
have to tread." Then God made man, and
said to him, " Oh, man, thou art the child of
Mercy ; go and deal with thy brother."
The jury, when he finished, were drowned
in tears, and against evidence, and what must
have been their own convictions, brought in a
verdict of not guilty.
LITTLE people often expres; themselves
queerly. A friend of ours has a beautiful do
mestic circle of four little ones. They fre
quently go to meetin', and after returning
home, are accustomed to rehearse the exer
cises of the morning. The other day they ar
ranged the chairs in the parlor as little folks
aro accustomed to do, and held a meetin'.—
After the eldest had read a chapter and the
quartette had sung a hymn, the former, acting
as leader, when about to kneel, said, solemnly,
Let us pray ;" but, before he had fairly opened
his bps, his little bright-eyed sister interrupted
him seriously, "Stop, buaser, let me p'ay,
ranp'oy the funniest.' The merry laughter
of mother in the adjoining apartment disturb
ed the services for that session.
child a bat and it'll ball
~ t:. ,
~y~ ~ `+'3
[Philadelphia Correspondence of the Pittsburgh Poet.]
, ST. LAWRENCE HOTEL, Philadelphia,
September 30th, 10 o'clock P,i3l.
DEAR POST: This has been another beauti
ful day, and, indeed, wo think the managers of
the State Fair are much indebted to the clerk
of the weather for the quality of that article
furnished during the exhibition, for it has
been uniformly pleasant, neither too hot nor
too cold.
The fair at Powelton closed to-day. It has I
been, pecuniarily, a success, (the receipts on
Thursday amounting to six thoOsand dollari;)
hut in every other respect it was surpassed by
the State Fair held at Pittsburgh last year.
The attendance to-day was about equal to that
of Wednesday, when about fifteen thousand
persons wero present. Consequently the pas
senger railways were not so overburdened with
passengers as on the day preceding.
The .programme to-day was interesting. At
nine o'clock there was a procession of Flanders
horses, heavy animals for draft work. The
time until noon was occupied in announcing
premiums on stock
At half past ono there was a trotting match
between two pairs of fine blooded horses in
harness, which attracted all spectators to the
ring. The contest was a close one, and created
ouch excitement.
At two and a half o'clock the annual address
the society was delivered by Hon. Freder
ick Watts, of Carlisle, which was attentively
listened to. It was an able effort, and I regret
that limited time forbids making an abstract.
The address was followed by the announce
ment of premiums from the President's stand,
which occupied sonie time.
The remaining three of the steam tire engines I
competing for the premiums, tested their pow
ers during the afternoon—the Washington,
Hibernia and Mechanic vieing with each other
for superiority. The Hibernia eclipsed both
her competitors, throwing both higher and
further than either. The premiums have not
y e t been awarded, but is probable they will be
to morrow. The award of premiums, an
made on Saturday, will be found under our
telegraphic head.—Em]
tier whilom guests, the !lope Hose Company.
did not enter into competition, as the prize
offered to third clam, engines would not war
rant tli,•m. They would undoubtedly have
carried it utf if they had entered.
our Fireman's Association visited the fair
this afternoon in a body. They are well pleased
with the operation of steam engines here, and
it would not be surprising if their visit result
ed in the purehu.4e of 0110 or more for our city
Girard College, which I visited this after
noon, has been literally overrun with visitors
during the week, more than have ever been
registered during any previous week since its
opening There is nothing new to be
seen here, though the grounds present a fine
appearance just now, and the view is just as
hide as ever. I Far: an amusing incident—a
German being eveluded from the grounds. He
had gone up without a permit, and, although
not the custom, the janitor was about to admit
hint. when the visitor stupidly informed him
that he was a mis,ionnry. This was particu•
larly unfortunate, to such are strictly forbid• '
den to ,•nter the grounds. When he wan re,
fu,,l a -e. - nnd Gino, the visitor said he was not
inisuonary, but a parson. This did not help
matters, anti the janitor informed him that he
co uld not enter, to the will of the founder
must be respected, and do our Teutonic friend
wa s obliged to content himself with looking
through the external gate.
'I'lo• political pool is now moving, as the
eloction approaches.. Lust evening a large
IlleeWit: of the American or Peopioln party
W. 3 held at Jaynes Hall, on Chestnut street,
to ratify their late nominations. The clubs of
the variouh wards turned out with banners and
transparencies, and marched in procondon
the place of meeting. Hero the assemblage
war addressed Itv Philip S. White, Win. li.
Mann, linsi l Paul Brown, Henry 11. MOUTO,
411,1 ,tarn. Re , olutions approving of the
ronninntions were adopted, and the meeting
adjourned at elevelLoleluck.
Visitors to Nov York speak of the Mechan
ic,' Institute Feir in that city es a great sue
cc_, The number of hl,..ctators is fabulously
and it that during the first three
dace the dirofir wtu it, great its at this ' -
of the Cryidnl Palace. The match 1
tho A I i • England Eleven cricketers and
two American: , will be played nit Holxik
Monday. (In the succeeding Monday a
rTSBUKUU, September 99, 1859
A Gridiron Palace.
lar match is t o couau off at the St. George
i'ricket Grounds, near Comac's Woods, about
Lour nith, from this city.
A. , 1 write, all the firemen in the city are
moving through the streets in procession. Thu
was gotten up in honor of the Empire
Fire A -.-ociation, of Lynn, M ass , who, !moult
panied by the Mart Of that city, the editor of
the and reporters from the
Boston .1.•,,m1 lira! Herold, arrived here
about eight o'ebwk this evening. Forty-eight
companies, with their apparatus, are in the
procession, the members bearing torches and
tram.parencies, and their engines decorated
w lth beautiful designs. Thu engine houses
hre illuminated, brilliant archways, with let
ters of light, have been erected at various
points, the ,cruets are thronged with spectators,
a largo proportion of whom aro strangers, and
everything betokens a gala night in Philadel
phia. The proce4sion occupies an hour in
passing a given point, and it will paobabiy be
midnight 'before the entire route is traversed.
The engine of the visiting company is drawn
' by ono member from each city company,
while the delegation, numbering eighty-six, is.;
assigned a place of honor, under an escort.
Our Firemen's Association had an invitation
to participate, taking a place in the rear of the
Lynn delegation, but declined, as they were
rooch fatigued from the hospitable kindness
with which they were treated. Our delega
tion, with one or two exceptions, will return
home to-morrow night. The Lynn firemen
will remain some days seeing the city sights.
On Sunday they visit Rev. Mr. Willett's
church; on Monday they will be formally re
ed by Mayor Henry, at Independence
Hall, and partake of a banquet at National
Guards' Hall in the evening.
Many of the Pittsburghers, who were here
during the week, have gone to Now York ;
some start for home to-night, others to-morrow,
and by Saturday night but few will remain.
Yours, H. H. S.
[Fur the Pittsburgh Punt]
F.1)1T011 POST : The following correction has
been !Wilt to the editors of the Gazette, but its
iuldication was refused :
Ciirzette As you have misrepre
sented in your yesterday's article, headed
" The Tactics of the Enemy,' the proceedings
about the Sunday law, you would oblige the
undersigned to publish the following :
You say a couple of German editors start
ed the movement about the running of passen
ger railroad cars and selling liquors on Sunday,
(why did you not mention malt liquors?) but
it is almost unworthy to take notice of it."
If you think it unworthy to take notice, how
does it come that you are sa4ng any thing at
all about it ? You further state that a disap
'mated candidate for nomination on the As
sembly ticket rushed with another disap
pointed friend into the publication of a new
You may be assured that said German paper
(Pittsburgh Volkablalt) bus been published
through the wishes of a greatpart of the Ger
man population of Pittsburgh and vicinity
before this Sunday law question was publicly
agitated, because they thought it a necessity to
have such a paper ; the best proof of the above
fact, is that said paper has already the largest
circulation among the numerous German (lanes
of this city"
It is well known that you have been mislead
by one of our German newspaper publishers,
who seems not to bo very particular whether
he speaks the truth or not.
Very respectfully.
Philip 11., of Spain, having won a battle on
the 10th of August, the festival of St. Law
rence, vowed to consecrate a palace, a church,
and a monastery to his honor. He erected the
Escurial, which is the largest palace in Europe.
As the saint for whom it was named suffered
martyrdom by being broiled on a gridiron, at
Rome, under Valerian, Philip caused the im
mense palace to consist of several courts and
quadrangles, all disposed in the shape of a
gridiron. The bars form several courts, and
the royal family occupy the handle. It is said
that gridirons are to be met with in every part
of the building, either iron painted or sculp
tured in marble. They are over the doors, in
the yards., the windows and galleries.
The Chinese War.
The fullest accounts of .the late attack on
the Chinese by the Allies, which come
to us by letters,. shows that act to be a
wanton peace of aggression on the part of
the English, for which they have dearly
paid. The English Commissionor, a conse
quential and blustering person, choose to
believe that the Chinese were deceiving him,
when they represented that the Commis
sioners from the Emperor were ready to re
ceive him in another branch of the river.
than that which the English force block
aded. having made their way once with
ease against the Chinese forts, the British
Commissioner could not brook any impedi
ments in his course, and hence the attack
which was so disastrously defeated. There
is one fact in this intelligence which reflects
disgrace upon the American Commissioner
and the American Commodore. Mr. Ward
has been treated with every mark of cour
tesy and friendliness by the Chinese, yet.,
notwithstaneing these marks of respect and
confidence, he had the bad taste to doubt
the intentions of the Chinese authorities
and to disbelieve their representations.
lie even so far forgot his character as the
representative of a neutral powers to assist
the allies in their wanton assault upon the
the forts at Peiho. Without his consent
Comodore Tatnall would not have dared to
tow up the British gun-boats, as he did, an
act which is a clear violation of the friend
ly treaty which our government has just con
cluded with the Chinese governmeht. Af
ter such an act as this, we do not see how
this Commissioner can expect to be allowed
to visit Pekin. The Emperor of China
would certainly be justified in refusing to
have any intercourse with him. It is quite
likely that this mendlesomeness on the part
of Mr. Ward will frostrate all the good which
Mr. Reed has done, and sever the friendly
6 relations which it has always been an object
with our Government to maintain with
China. Mr. Ward, evidently is not the
man to treated with so delcate a mission as
that to China. II is blundering and officious
ness in what did not concern him, have
placed his Government in the position of
acting treacherously with the Chinese gov
ernment, and, while prolesimg, the most
friendly and peaceful intentions as aiding
and encouraging its enemies in acts of hos
tilities against the country.
• Elitenett e Telegraph Arrangements.
The U. S. Consular Agent, Mr. Collins, at
the Amoor ricer sailed for Europe in the Per
sia to urge the construction of a line of tele
graph from Moscow, through Russia, acres<
Behring's Straits, through Russia to British
America, and thence to the United States.
This project of Mr. Collins' has been well
matured. He has been reuniting obstacles
and preparing the way fur it for a long time.
fie has gut a chartered company organized in
Canada, called the Trausmundane Telegraph
Company to construct that portion of the line
running through British America. He has
received assurances of support from Russia, and
he hopes for likesupport frc4u China and Japan.
He has taken the preliminary steps for the
construction of a line from San Francisco
along the coast, to connect with the line in
British America. He has even planned branch
lines to Pekin and to Japan. He has estimat
ed the distance from Moscow to St.. Louis at
14,000 miles, and the cost of constructing the
telegraph at $::,•700,000, which is certainly a
Small sum for so great an object. lie eqi
matsss that the cost of maintenance and work
ing would be about $675,100 yearly, and the
annual receipts (minimum) $1,r5m.1.04.)0, leav
ing a clear annual profit of $)3'2.7,000. If the
business of the line is not calculated at too high
a figure, he is of opinion that it would main
.ain is cost of ten millions of dollars, and pay
ight per cent upon that amount of capita
General Jackson and the French Indent
Rev. William Henry Milburn, in his " Ten
Years of Preacher's Life," tells the following
story of Gam Jackson. It refers to the in
demnity which was exacted at the threat of
war from Louis Phihippo, and, if true, throws
additional light on the science of diplomacy.
Our merchants were alarmed at the prospect
of war with Franco and some of them be
sought the services of a friend of the old
Hero, a Judge of the Supreme Court, to lay
the matter before him, and entreat his forbear-
Heat of Difierent Woode
Reaching 'Washington, just before the con ,
mencement of the session, when the war me:
sage, was to be sent to Congress, the Judge
- . lied to pay his respects to the President,
e.,, N
'am , fore long the topic of the day was intro•
duced. " Well, J edge," said the old chieftain,
" what do ey think of my war policy in the
great cities ?" The Judge, who had really been
very much impressed by what he had heard,
stated in concise but strong terms, the remon
strance with which he had been charged. The
President, laughing long and heartily, said,
" What tools they are!" Opening his desk,
ho produced a map of France and a couple of
letters. The map showed at li glance the de
partments which produced wine and silk, and
on its margin was a tabular statement, show
ing the number of the deputies in the cham
ber, sent from these, as compared with the I
other departments of the kingdom, by which
it appeared that they had a strong major
ity in the legislative branch of the govern
One of the letters was from Mr. Livingston,
the President's minister at Paris, announcing
that ho• had the honor to forward with the
acompanying map, an annexed information,
prepared by himself and the French Minister
of Foreign Affairs, an autograph letter from
Louis Phillippo. La this the King of the French
stated explicitly that ho felt the justice of the
American President's claim for indemnity,
and was desirous to satisfy it, but that ho was
prevented from doing so by the impracticable
temper of his chamber of deputies; that, as
the President would see from the map, its
majority was composed of members from
those departments whose industry would be
ruined by a war with the United States, yet
that these were the very men who refused to
vote the supplies to pay the debt. His Majes
ty, therefore, urged the President to threaten
immediate war unless the debt was paid, with
the assurance that this measure would have
the desired effect, of alarming the intrieable
deputies into moro equitable dispositions.
The Judge, therefore, joined the President's
hearty laugh, and felt how groundless were the
fears, and how undeserved the bitter denuncia
tions poured out upon the head of tho noble
Tennosseean. _ .
The following is set down as the relative
heating values of different kinds of American
wood :
Shelbark hickory being taken as the highest
standard, 100; pig-nut hickory. 95; white oak
84; white ash, 77; dog wood, 76 ; scrub oak,
73, white hazel, 72; apple tree, 70; red oak,
69; white beech, 95; black walnut, 66; black
birch. 62; yellow oak, 60; hard maple, 59;
white elm, 60; red cedar, 50; wild cherry, 55;
yellow pine, 44; chestnut, 62; yellow poplar,
62: butternut, 62; white birch, 49; white
pine, 42.
Some woods are softer and lighter than oth
ers; the hard and heavier having their fibres
more densely packed together. But the same
species of wood may vary in density, accord
ing to the conditions of its growth. These
woods which grow in forests or in rich wet
grounds, are • less consolidated than such as
stand in open fields, or grow slowly upon dry,
berren soils. There are two stages in the burn
ing of the wood; in the first the beat: comes
chiefly from flame, in the second from red
hot coals. Soft woods are much more active
in the first stage than the hard, and hard
woods more active in the second • stage than
soft. The soft woods burn with a volumnious
flame, and leave but little coal, while, the hard
woods produce less flame and a larger mass
of coaL—Ohio Valley Farmer.
Important Railroad Decision.
At this time, .When stifid`-of our railroad
companies are in trouble;_and much perplexity
is felt as to the disposition, of the surplus funds
which may accumulate in the bands of the re
ceivers, we think it opportune to publish the
following important decision of Judge McLean,
in the case of the Ohio Central Railroad, hav
ing a direct hearing on the subject, which we
extract from the American Railroad journal:
States Court sitting at Cincinnati, has granted
an application to place the Ohio Central rail
road in the hands of a receiver. The Court
appointed H. S. Jewett, the President of the
road, receiver, and fixed the bond at $20,000,
which was given.
The applicant in this instance is George S.
Coe, of New York, who, in his petition repre
sents that the Ohio Central Company had made
mortgages to him, as the trustee of other par
ties to the amount of over $2,000,000. On a
large part of this sum interest is in arrears since
the fall of 1857. His bill sets forth the exis-
tence of other mortgages, in all amounting to
$2,850,000; and also, that the company islarge
ly indebted to other parties, is greatly embar
rassed and utterly insolvent. He therefore
asks that the road may be sold and the proceeds
applied to the payment of the debts against it.
The Court, in appointing Mr. Jewett re
ceiver, directed him to operate and protect the
property of the road,. as he shall deem
proper, and requiring hint to deposit the
surplus earnings of the roads in some Bank
in Ranesville, or other place along the line.
and to file monthly stateinents of the re
ceipts, disembursements and liabilities. lie
is to have control over the officers and
employees of the road, except the Directors,
Treasarer and Secretary, and is required to
give bonds in $20,000 for the faithful discharge
of his trust. Tho surplus earnings nre to be
applied as follows:
Ist. To the payment of all debts due for
labor, materials and supplies furnished the
company, within the si.x months prior to the
date of the decree, and to balances due for con
2d. To the payment of all sums borrowed to
pay interest upon the mortgaged debt, or for
labor or materials, for the payment of which any
former or present officer of the company, or any
person at the instance of such officer may be
To the payment of any loans made in
good faith by ally past or present director, for
such purpose.
4th. To pay attorneys' tees, &c., for servi
ces to complainants in suits pending or termina
ting at the filing of the hills, and for similar
set . vim, for the company. To the payment of the taxes upon the
• • -
Gth. To balances due for the right of way.
7th. To discharge liabilities of any person
who may have become surety at the solicitation
of the complanant of the company in the
prosecution or defence of suits, designed to
protect the company against third parties.
nth. To refund to George Bartlett the
money advanced by him, at the instance of
John IL Sullivan, then President of said com
pany, immediately before said road was put in
operation ; and all securities held by parties lia
ble for claims covered by the 2d, id and 6th arti
cles to indemnify them against loss:, or held by
any claimant as security for the payment of
his claim, are to be transferred to tne Receiver
to be applied by him to the same uses to
which the money would otherwise be applica
'tat t 5 My Trunk."
In the days of coaching over the Providence
turnpike, before railroad cars, were in essc, and
baggage-crates existed and when travelers had
to keep a sharp lookout for their luggage, some
forty or fifty passengers had just stepped on
board the old •• Ben Franklin, - and got under
way on Narragansett Bay. A gentleman who
had 0CC.65i011 to get some of Lis wardrobe, had
just hauled out front an immense pile of bag
gage stowed amidships, a now black leather
trunk of portly dimensions, studded with brass
nails, when a littlo withered Frenchman, of a
mottled complexion, and fashionably dressed,
darted from the crowd, and interposing be
tween our friend and his property, exclaiming,
courteously but positively:
•• I beg your pardon, sare—mni:: pardonez
moi--you have got ze wrong mebon by ze
ur,111,---zat i, my trunk !-
•• Not so, monsieur-1 hope I know my own
—llesteztranquil hold on—dan:un instant
I will prove my prole.—aha! you see dis key,
eh 7 . • Applying it to' the lock he threw up
the lid, and then struck a triumphant atti
tude. •• My key unlock your trunk—eh: tell
me zat "
"StSlid out of tho way, it i 3 my trunk, I tell
•' Hold on von lootle minute' zoo your
•hire:, ch 7"
-To be sure they are!"
" Zose your drowzaies, eh
Certainly !''
" Vait a moment—l will prove my props,
sare," and the little Frenchman rummaging
beneath a pile of shirts and socks, produced a
a bottle, and said deliberately, with a hideous
grin :
"tat—your—botteel of lbun-frees Ish (Itch)
ointment, sare—eh'! Ave you got von leetle
"Lis your romerio for co lepros (lepro
sy,) eli Ab !pe dam! I know it was my
trunk !"
It is needless to say that our friend immedi
ately "opened a wide gap" between himself
and the interesting victim of two of the most
unpopular disorders known to suffering hu
New Mode of Using •• Bank Facilities."
Thu New York Evening Post in referrin.
to the case of young Lane, arrested for embez
zling the funds of the Hank in which he we
employed, tells the following anecdote
Piles in Both .Forms Cured.
No. 112 Market St.,
Apropos of speculations of persons iu banks,
a curious story is told of •mother bank, in
which the discount clerk had resigned his situ
ation; his resignation had been accepted: his
accounts been pronounced correct, and a com
plimentary vote Dossed by the board for his At
tention to his duties, &c. Ho then stated to
the board that he had a communication to
make, as a caution to induce them to watch his
successor. He stated that, notwithstanding
his accounts were all correct at the time of res
ignation, he had, in fact, been using the bills
receivable of the bank for years as collateral
for loans, and employing the funds in the pur
chase of paper at usurious rates. By this
course he had accumulated sufficient property
to meet his moderate desires, and, having no
further use fur the facilities he had enjoyed, he
lied resigned. Whether the vote of thanks is
I I reconsidered isnot known.
A Conwsn marriage is thus noticed by one
of our cotemporaries : Married, last week,
John Cobb to Miss Date Webb." Their
house will, undoubtedly, be full of cobwebs.
On Sunday morning, October %I, at 7 o'clock, at the
residence of Ina parents, No. 110 Penn st., R M. DAVIS,
in his 31st year.
The funeral will take place at to o'clock, on Tuesday
morning, October 4th.
—Gti Sunday morning, at 4 o'clock, PETER LISTER,
aged 54 years.
His flineral will take place to-day. at it o'clock, from
his late residence on Grant street, between Second and
Third. His friends are invited to attend without further
"I can only account for my present sound
health from the constant, though moderate use of Buis
suvres liou./m Balms—having from my youth suffered
at intervals with the Piles, in both forms, sometimes so
severely as to completely prostrate me. I hare for sev
eral months past, though subject to loss of sleep, and
unusual physical effort, been entirely free from any
symptom of this distressing disease, while my general
has been very much
Persons doubting the authenticity of this certificate,
are requested to call upon or communicate with the pro-
prietors. They will take pleasure not only in refemng
them to its author, but to many others who have used
the Holland Bitters for the same affection, with equal
success. .
• -
Read Carsfutly.—The Genuine highly Concentrated
Beerhave'sHolland Bitters is put op in half
pint bottles
only, and retailed at one dollar per bottle. The great
demand for this truly celebrated Medicine has induced
many imitations, which the public should guard against
purchasing. Beware of imposition I See that our name
is on the label of every bottle you buy.
BENJAMIN PAGE, Ja. A CO., Sole Proprietors, No.
77 Wood, between First and Second sts., Pitteburgh.
patronage of his custotner3 for the past twenty-five
years, the proprietor would invite the attention of the
public to his large stock of
Mats, Rugs, Window Shades, Plano and Table Corers,
au., all orwhich will be aold very. low to cash purchasers.
T_T A NING. this daystssaociated with him in
Lewis 11 3 Intosh,
The business conducted under the name and:
style of
September Ist. 1959. oet3Avr
No. 122 and 121 North Wharves,
( Above Arch Street, )
119_South Front Street,
ozeßirtieular attention paid to tilling Western orders
for Rio Coffee. oet3ay
Wonderful Medical Cures by the applica
To the inhobi tante of Pittsburgh and Vicinity pro
pose to cure, almost ins tantaneously,individnals afflicted
with Deafness, Headache, Neuralgia, Chill Fever, Ague,
Rheumatism, and all sores and pains.
I propose to check and effectually dissipate more ache
and pain, and to eccomphah nearer and more perfect
equilibrium of all the circulating fluids in the human
system, than can be effected by any other or all other
method, of medical aid in the same space of time, the themselves being judges.
I do not propose to cure every disease, but all such as
are curable by any combination of medical appliances.
My Electric operates on chemical and electric prin
ciples, and is, therefore, applicable to the cure or natu
ral restoration of any organic derangement arising from
an improper circulation of Nervo-vital
I want the masses to join iu this matier—the well as
the sick, because if these things are so, all are alike in
N. I3.—Please inform me of any case of failure to cure,
in from a half hour to three week. as I wish to cure or
charge nothing. Depot, Philadelphia. For sale by all
Druggists and Dealers. Ga3-1m
- -
To the People of Pittsburgh
-INI PERSON must know' that remedies branded
out for general use should have their efficiency estab
lished by well-te,ted experience in the hands of a regu
larly educated Physician, whose preparatory study its
him fur all the ditties tie must fulfill; yet the coun
try is flooded with poor Nostrums and Cure-all, pur
porting to be the best in the world, which are net only
useles ,, , but frequently injurious.
Dr.J.S.Rose's Expectorant or Cough Syrup.
For LA , fvumPtiaa , aids, tbughs, Asthma, Spitting of
Blood, Bronchitis, and Diseases of the Ininys.
This Syrup, haying stood the test of many years ex
perience as a remedy for irritation or inflammation of
the Lungs. Throat or Bronchia, is acknowleged by all to
be a remedy eminently superior to other known com
pounds used for the relict and radical cure of Coughs
and Consumption.
In compounding a Cough Syrup for general use, the
physiciau—for none but a physician should attempt a
prescription—is compelled. from his knowledge of the
constitution and constituted pails of maxi, to avoid en
tirely the addition of drugs that can in any way tend to
do injury. His ob j ect is not only to cause a symptom,
such as cough, to stop, but it is also expected that a
regularly educated doctor, that he should cure his pa
rent radically—while the pretender may allay a cough
by opium and squills, molasses and laudanum, anti
mony, morphia, and wild-cherry bark, and not be ac
countable for the after health of his patient. Many of
the nostrums of the day [have power to stop a cough,
and the deluded victim is lulled into an incurable form
of disease, or perhaps death.
Although a cough may arise from a variety of canoes
which stsit continue to operate such as Tubercles, Ab
scess. Chronic Indarnmauon elf the Lungs, Liver, Bron
chia, Ac, Sc, still the lungs are the organs compelled
to Jo the coughing, and consequently produce Con
Thin Cough Syrup will not only cure Cough, but in all
cases prevent that LION of Diseases, CONSUMPTION ,
.Q 1 Price rio Cents and $l.
Isit..l. S. ROSE'S PAIN CURER.—That popular and
never-failing remedy has alone stood the test of thirty
tire years. Price 12,23 and 50 cents.
The Pain Curer cures Rhematism.
The Pain Oiler cures pains in the limbs, joints, back,
and spine.
The Pion Curer cures elsolic, pains in the stomach or
The Pain Curer cures scalds, burns, sprains and
The Pain Curer cures any pain internally or external
ly, and should be kept in every family.
We shall only say to the afflicted, try the Pain Curer;
if it rises you relief, recommend it to others; if it fails.
eossdenin it. Remember it has come from a regular
sure cure for Dyspepsia and Liver Complaint. Price 50
Dyspepsia may le known by costiveness, belching up
of ans.!. sour - ausinsch, and sometimes disrrhwa or
too-sine, of the bowels, headache, nervous feelings,
,-oht feet, wakefulness and variable appetite. If these
symptom , are allowed to go on long. wohout this medi
cine, ityllich will always cure,) then follow debility of
the lungs. and a predisposition to Consumption.
air The written signature must be over the cork.
Purifier, for the cure of Scrofula, Old Eruptions,Chronic
Ulcers, sures, Swelled Neck, and all diseases
arising from an impure state of the blood. Price $.l.
1.13... J. S. ROSE'S BUCHII COMPOUND, for all dis
eases of the Kidneys and Bladder. Price 50 cents. The
great demand for this article has induced others to hot=
tie, up Nom et tang they call Bischu. Ask for Rose's, and
Like no other. Written signature must be over the
of each bottle; take none without it. octlily
Stationery, &e.
Median. Demi and Cap Blank Books, of every descri p
don and style of Binding on hand, or made to order.
Owen 3 Hulburt's, Southworth's, Greanleaf's and Tay
lor's superier Cap, Letter, Legal and Note Papers.
Local, Leiter and Note Envelopes, of all styles and
Arnold's, Maynard A. Noyes' and DovelPs Superior
Black, Copying, Marking, Red and Carmine Inks.
Vellum & Mann's Patent Parchment Paper, Copying
Screw and Lever Copying Presses.
Check Books, Dray Books, Order Books, Receipt
Books, Notes and Drafts constantly on hand, or printed
to orller.
Couuting•House, Office and Legal Stationery of all
Manilla. Tea, Envelope, Rag and Straw Papers, of all
sizes and qualities.
KAY & CO., 55 Wood street
BRoTYP. —These beautiful and
durable Pictures on glass; in all their perfection
and loveliness, singly or in groups, may be obtained at
oet:Ulw Jones' Building, Fourth street.
for sale by
oct3 Allegheny City.
for sale by BECKHAM .4 'KELLY,
°eta Allegheny City.
st.ile by BECKHAM & KELLY,
uel3 Allegheny City.
oct3 Alleaheay City.
'kJ sale. by BE,CKKAINI & KELLY.
ocl3 Allegheny City.
MINT, fer sale by BECKHAM & KELLY,
oetll Allegheny. Qty.
ENV STYLES Dress and Mantilla Trim
mings, opened at
oct3 • New Trimming Store, No. 17 Fifth st.
French Ernbrohieriee, at
3 No. IT Firth street.
BosToN RIBBED lIOSIERY.-500 doz.
direct from tho manufacturers al t colors, at whole-
sale, at - EATON, CREE A MACRUM'S.,
oct3 No. 17 Fifth street.
ROM 37i CENTS to $4,00, for the best
Steel Spring Sktits, East or West. The Most cele.
rated makes always on hand, at wholesale andretail.
odd N 0.17 Fifth street.
PRE GREEK CAP, and all kinds of Fan
cy Mad Dres , .ea, fresh from the East.
oct3 No. 17 Fifth etreeL
CHEESE. --5U boxes prime Western Re
serve, to arrive this day, and for sale by
oct3 Corner Market and First streets.
A Y.-20 tons Baled Timothy Hay, to
arrive, and for sale by
JAB. A. 1 , .E.1.ZER,
oet3 corner Market and First streets
z , just received and for sale by
FOR ANYTHING in the Dry Goods line;
pleas° call at the store of
oct3 C. HANSOM LOVE, 74 Market street-
WOULD respectfully announce to the
Ladies and Gentlemen of Pittsburgh, that he is
prepared to give lessons on the Violin, Guitar, Flute
and Cornet. .For terms. Ac., address
5e2,.2m • JOHN KELE, Pittsburgh Theatre.
Iron Furnaces, Foundries, Blacksmiths
Copper and Tinsmiths,
mode of purifying Coal ttn d Ores, and one destined
effect a imat rsvolution in the Iron business, has been
of:llseOSied-by Mr. JESSE BURROUGHS', of this State.
Mr. Burroughs claims that Coal de-snlpherized by his
process will give more heat than four times the amount
of Coke, sad leave no cinders. That the Ore smelted
with this Coal will yield its full complement of Iron,which
will be completed free from all foreign matter, and be
softer and tougher than Iron made by any other process.
The cost of applying the process is very trifling, and
the smelting can be done in any style or furnace now
in use.
in Blacksmiths' forges it will make hard or beide iron
soft, malleable and tough.
In Copper and Tinsmithing, it will hold the solder to
the irons better, and give more heal than any othercoal.
It is also much cheaper than Charcoal.
Mr. Burroughs and his Agent, Mr. Storer, are stopping
for a few days at the ST. CLAIR HOTEL, and are pre
pared to sell State, Comity, City or Furasce s gta to
this discovery.
TIMOTHY SEED.-5 barrels fresh, just
received and for sale by
TALLOW. -2,000 pounds to arrive,and Tor
J. sale by Lear] =an' IL °OWNS,
TION.—The regular quarterly meeting_of th•
`Association will be held on TUESDAY
October 4th, at seven o'clock P. K. In addition to the
regular busineas, an election for Treastirer will be held,
and other business will be transacted.
By order of the President.
J. D. McFADEN, Secretary.
W. E. SCHMERTZ & C 0.%
Zfo. '3l Fifth !tree-
arrival of Fall and Winter BOOTS AND SHOE , at
No. 95 Market street. The subscriber would beg leave
to inform his customers and the , public generally, that
he has just arrived from the East, with alarge and well
selected stock of Boots and shoes, of, evetry style and
variety, which he is determined to sell at the very low
est figures... Give him a call and examine feryourselves,
at the well known Cheap Cash Store of - •
octl No. 95 Market street, 2d door from. Fifth.
CAPS, of all styles, at FLEMING'S.
Elegant stock of CLOTHING at FLEMING'S.
Prices are unsurpassed at FLEMING'S.
Corner Wood and Sixth sts
stantly on band a complete assortment of Li
quors, either bottled or otherwise, consisting of
Port Wine, Maderia Wine,
Sherry Wine, Catawba Wine,
Holland Gin, Jamaica Him,
Bwrhave's, Hostetter's and Hootliands's Gerinan Hitters.
oca corner of Diamond and Market street.
An entire new assortment of
Including the
Besides many of the FAVORITE STYLES. Our Col
lars this season will surpass any heretofore manufactur
ed, and will be found superior to any other make.
No. 83 Wood street.
00 .
; ,
111147 subscriber has now - on hand, a most
1. splendid stock of Pianos. consisting of 6% and 7
Octaves, in Plain and Carved Cases of the most elegant
description, from the celebrated Factory of Chic3rering
Sons. The instruments are all provided with their
latest improvements, as REPELTM-ACTION, Dotssa-Dui
eras, and are of their. •
By which a much larger sound-board is obtained, con
sequently the tone is rendered very powerful, yet retain
ing its sweet Lind musical , quality. By the perfection of
the Action, the performer' is enabled to produce all
grades of tone from pianissimo to fortisthno, with the
greatest ease.
Cmcsrarso & Soxs' PLCIiO3 are thus spoken of by the
best artistes anti critics in our country:—
TIIALBERG says:—"They are beyond cornparison
bad I have ever seen in the [hilted States, and vnll earn.
pare favorably with any 1 have ever known."
Factory Prices and Warranted.
s. GRAY & SON.,
No. 19 Fifth Street,
GUSTAVE SATTER say:—"The .opinion which I ex
pressed three yeare ago, has been more than confirmed
to me, by the continued use of them, viz: That for vol
ume and pure quality of tone, with nicety of articulation,
they are unequalled."
[From the National Intelligencer, Waahingtmal,
"They can safely bear comparison with inatruments
from any part of the world, in point of tone, _strength
and elasticity of touch."
From the New Orleans Picayune.]
For excellence of material, elegance of finish, and
faithfulness of workmanship, and /Move all for volume
and variety, mellow sweetness, brilliancy and perma
nence of tone, they are unequalled."
[From the Family Journal.]
"The peculiar musical qualitiesbelonging to the Chick.
ering instruments, are a full, musical, rich and pow
erful. tone, free from any wooden, noisy, loudness of
sound, so disagreeable to the sensitive musical ear.
They have also an easy, even and pleasant touch, and
will keep in tune better than any Pianos known.
The public are invited to call and examine these
splendid instruments, which are sold at
Water street, and 156 First street, Pittsburgh, Pa., three
doors below Monongahela House, Manufacturers of
Pittsburgh City Window Glass, Druggists' Glass Ware,
andAmencan Convex. Glass,for puiorwindows,churches
and public buildings.
O S. BRYAN, Late of Lancaster....Loout h Gascio ) Pitygh.
GEO. 8.• • BRYAN Sr. - CO.'
PIG IRON, -111,00518,
No. 62 Wood et:, Pittsburgh.
SZIIMINCT.S.—Lyon,Shorb Co.:Pittsburgh, Livings
ton, Copeland 1.C0., Pittsburgh; Thos. E. Franklin, Esq.,
Lancaster; Hon. Simon Cameron, Haniaburl.p. Bryan.
Gardner .% Co., Hollidaysburg, Pa. 02240 m
by Fire on Buildings, Mercluindire, Furniture, ke.,
at reasonable rates OrpreMitlM. • -
Diatcroas —F.Ratch - ford Starr; Willi= MS-eet er
S Co; Nalbro Frazier; 7n0.3t. Atwood, of - Atwood,
White & Co;-Benj. T. Tredtek - , of Tredick, Stoked, & Co;
. .Henry Wharton; Mordecai L. Dawson; Geo. - H. Stewart,
of Stewart & Bro.: John H. Brown, of , John H. Eirmy.t
Co; B. A. Fahnestock,of B. A. Fahneatook & Co; Andrew
D. Cash; J. L. Erringer, of Wood '& Erringer.... • -
cilAß.Les W. OUXB, pecrenia,.
Pritsaintan REnnizscra li
.—Wm. Co
& Co., Thomas M. Howe, E.sq., Jas: Marshall,Kao Allay Kramer, Esq., Wilson. M'Elroy . & Co., Wilson, Pape
co., Battey, : Brown Co., Livuiston,CoPe.lend,& Co,
James 8.1.y0n ACO S. Lately A Co. ',
iSEO. S. BRYAN-it , Agen‘s,
fd Wood street.
30112 ii. I.ools IDW4D GIZOG
_ . Imposters of- •
A It ID W . .8 . :•R E,
No: 52 Wood Street, .•
Four Doors above St Owlet, Hotel,
• - -
• -
In the most durable manner, and in the latest style* at
the CENTRE HAT STORE, 75 Wood street..
JAMS B. 5ak1.331. --Jona
Agents Pennsylvanialtailroild,
68 Commercial St, awl 34 Leues,
10 -Prompt personal attention given to Collsetingand
Adjusting Freights, - . .seltiemia
7011 7117 sue 07
Floor; Grain, 13iiint, Lard, Butter , 's ee d
Dried Profit:and Produce
Rem to—Francis G. Bailey,' William Dilworth,
Sr.. s. cumbert. & Son. Pittsburgh, Rag Boyd & Ott, Heiskall
& Swearingen, Brady, Cash. & Li st
kiallgif et Co, George W. Anderson, on„
Paxton Co.eefiott•
601114 ; i5e101...2.8. WSW:LW