The Pittsburgh daily gazette. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1847-1851, February 23, 1850, Image 2

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    V.- : ; ~ s~.y -'
are earnestly reqaeeted to hand la
•oxfaren before Sr.*-, aad as early lathedaras
paeueaM*., Adrcrtaeaeata not inserted for a tpeci*
XM.tfae will Invariably be charted antll ordered oai
isij - C. W. James, No. • iismson street,
, p ear agent Cot tbs- eity. Uoveniseaents
iptions handed to him w-fl. receive prompt
Philadelphia io&th abbbioah.
Advertisements aad sabscnpuons tcMheJforth A®**
aa aad Doited States Oaae tte, Philadelphia, reeeited
nd forwarded from this office.
Tho-titiclo of out correspondent, “Troth," i»
. icoetTod, btit la onavAdably laid'orer until oar
v . ill, Bomn’ Anuiw.-Oar reader* win not
regretthe space occupied this morning by this
‘ excoHeat;prodaetiofl. It a one of those prwtica
appeal* which cooes lome to the latere* ta, the
, pride, and the civic ai aehmenta, of every reti
. - tod, especially, of every native and lover
', of Pittsburgh. We have, hitherto, as a people, j
• too litUo pains in beautifying, improving,
nd tendering attractive, the city of oar hom* t
, where all oar interests ate concentrated—where
i -We expect to live, to die, and be buried. We
Ur. Roberts* Address will have its desired
and legitimate effect, in promoting a greater
aaiotmt of chrio patriotism.
- ' Woundentand that Hoa. Dwx* has
-given the Pennsylvania Railroad Company a free
: right of way through hit. Springfield fannj about a
mfis or lets fronr iam very liberal
* action, on the pari.pfil&fitrutieinia, as tbe prop
- aty is Yery valuahleiJbai we do sot doubt that he
' willfiniliy receive, in th» Jncreased -valoe given
—-Jto all the property in the city and neighborhood,
' ; l»yctir eastern and ’western rail roads, feU rema
■nention ior the sacrifice.
Oar'Western Rail Roed-The Conneetle:
vrttb Erie.
r Below,, we give an extract of a letter Grom a
‘'gentleman of Erie, largely engaged in the Pitta
. ' . bush and Erie Rail Road, to a gentieman'of this
dty, wUehbrags ns the gratifying 1 intelligence
v'-’VtKat ihs rail road Irom Erie to Enon Talley, .Rea*
Tsr'Cennty, will 6* computed bp the time our
■ ■muUrnroad u fiuukeifrom thi* dtp to that potnt,
'' This news is so unexpected and gratifying, that
we should be alow to believe it, did we no: know
' the high authority from which it comes, which
gives to it a semiofficial character. Oar readers
will thus see tfr«t by the time onr road is completed
from this city to the western border of Coinmbi*
urn ooonly, Ohio, that we shall have two nil
road connections with Lake. Erie—at Erie and. at
Cleveland—and when it is extended to Massillon,
i which it will be about the same time, we shall
. * bar—», in addition, as a feeder, tbe Ohio Canal, in
’ ha whole extent of three hundred miles. Less
(ho bs* years will accomplish all these vast re*
nits ' vaatj not ao much in the magnitude of their
•otmtnietioD, as in their e fie eta upon the interests
of this tfity. Who can estimate tbevaloe of these
. Improvements to Pittsburgh, in promoting all Us
Interests, and developing its incomparable advan\
tagea. These cheering prospects should have the
'' efifect of atlmalating onr citizens to make every
necessary exertion and sacrifice to press onr rotd
on to its final completion as hut as the nature of
the work wiQ permit. Tbe following is the ex
"Dux Six—l am gratified to have it in my
.power to inform you there is no! a doubt remain*
1 log thit our company will be able to b uild the rail
, road (ram. this place .to connect with the Ohio
and Pennsylvania Rail Road at Enon Valley, to
• be completed as soon as that: portion' of the Ohio
. and Pennsylvania road is in; operation from the
Talley to Pittsburgh. This connection I consider
one of great impohaace, both to Pittsburgh and*
to make tbe connection perfect, we pro*
• pose making the same width of track you use, so
that paasage and burthen cars may meet with no
detention or delay from transhipping. M; im
• ’ wesson is, thsl tbe constmctioo of the Ohio and
Pennsylvania Rail Road, with tbe connection of
ours to Ere, will render the 'continuation of the
road to Welisville wholly unnecessary, as there
can bo little or no business on the eouth end of
the Cleveland road to the river.”
Hasaxx Boxumtxci Rouznjan accomplished
. singer and musician, recently from Paris, has ar
rived in onr city, and intends to make a perma
jneol location here, providing she receives a pro
per share of patronage. Madame Ronth brings
• the very testimonials, as to her abiliiies t
■ we cordially recommend her to the patronage
6f the community. We understand that it is Mad
' ■me iL’e intention to give: a public Concert, in
tike course of the coming week. She is stopping
4t the Exchange Hotel.
''; PimatnMß Mtnxux.—We are much pleased
.lokam tnat Dr. B. W.Morris, ono of oar eater*
■. ffUlng citixens, u about to establish a Museum la
oar city. Saeh a source of amusement is much
oeoded, caunot fall—if at all deserving of sap*
: : port—to prove highly successful. Oar city lacks,
- • exceedingly, more i healthful end proper
'sources of amusement, which reader other cities
po attractive, saeh as galleries ol Pictures, Uttso
..uas, Public Institutes, and Libraries, 3cc., nod a
; . tad well selected Museum,one that will io«
. struct the mind as well as gratify and amuse the
'■ eye, will prove a great desideratum.
I This We nnderetaad the proprietor inteods it to
be, and from his well known energy and taste, we
' are ledtoespect that he will givo us something
- * command the entire satisfaction of tbs
< • kpoiloHsliis to bathe present Localtef the Mu*
stma, which will probably bo open to the publli
in the course of a fortnight.
’ -1 ftaXABXSMU. Stoci Maxxrr.—Tbe< Philadel
phia Ledger, of Tuesday last, says;—“Since this
' t ' t jjmj week, there has been a ■ btendy rise in the
•lock market, and, with a very larger business,
■evert! stacks have advanced almost beyond pro*
ebdent.' The more aubstantial eecariiiee bare not
. moved much,bat the “ fancies,” andthose stocks
1 {feat, from their very low price, offer a large mar-
I * -ghi for • rise, r are very buoyant. Money is com
'! pkratlvelf easy, and we have rarely witnessed a
weekofmoreexcitementoatbo stock exchange.
Every body seems to be rushing in, as though
they thought if phrekasss arp not mads today,
bhfore to morrow the bargains will be all brought
out of the market. -
i Oorreipondenee ofthe Pittsburgh Gazette.
i HaaaxsßUKoW, Feb. 19th, 1850.
’ This being private blit day; nothing of general
Interest was,done in either House. There was an
«ffhrt made in the House rof Representatives
. get up the new county of Redstone,but at the tug
' >... geWlon of Mr. Walker, it was laid over far the
'present. - j
Several private hills were passed ia the House;
, but none of them, I believe, particularly interest*
lag to your section.
. in the Senate, Mr. Lawrence, of Washington
: concluded his remarks, commenced yesterdiy, in
of the new county of j Monougahelt. : He
-jrms aery severe upon the editor of the Wishing*
" MbOSsussmt, whom he represented as having
- pandered; abused, and vfllified every honest man
i is the county, and as a sort of drab; who was os
•notorious for his sling and obtmo as tbefishwo*
i , . ’men ofßilbogegate tbemselvea. He certainly
! made this worthy gentlemen, whoever he may bo,
i. . gtink ia the nostril* of the Senate for some min-
I utee* prom his description of him, though a Lo-
'colbco, l should consider him rather/feijr.
. ! -He wu very ably replied to, by «Mr. Dirale,
wbosUtod that the great mass of the people of
■U'the counties interested, were opposed lo the
proposed dismemberment of their territories.
opos the question of transcribing the billibr a
u ' ?: 'tkirdicsdiDj» it revolted is the negative—yeas 5,
»the bill vu lost.
' n ; There is a bill oflike character, ntOl pending in
House, bot Ido not think It will pus. These
co'unliesj arc generally looked
; yrith diriaror, ualeaa the applicant can de«
""aMOitnie thither creation will add strength to
tfaLocofoeo party, the his no chance whatever
t - v of even VfslE consideration at the bands of the
. <pt*eat pense of Bcpresentatives.
I noticed the AUegaeny members, generally, in
the doringthe pendency of this -qaeatioo,
TTn .ia-tf»y ■ dwp iniereat in opposition to (he bill}
~~ |hey expmsed great gitlidcaUon .at;tho tig
* V rifcMfcijbibpwithwhlA thahUl was roteddown.
‘ Tomccr?w, the unportak.divorco case .of Mid*
' Middleton, has been made the spo
alsl order in the Senate} and ftom the duflingaish*
ci social position of the parties, and the character
of the testimony, a portion of which hu been al
ntfy published, wiTdo doubt attract a consider-
- u
ablethra&gofpenonatobearibeducttsaioß ®P°°
the subject. ;
' Mr. Middleton is a Lieut. in the V.B. Wfi :
tad Us member of «iiritogßiibedfunilyto 1 .
Carolina, whert tbenamehasa hiitorical ;
britjrv Tholady is an Italian, a Neapolitan, I be- j
.item, who iwdib. V** **“ toiupre tho m |
of Neptnna with Ho <' r7 ° r P ccoJl " “ te ' ,
ud elimolo white on • min in tho wiiero of the
Medilemnoon, ud Ihnn obttined tin bond nnd
tool. Ir Menu, howorcr, that hi* nbKence,
white colled ewmy by Wo conntty to the pool of do.
tf,w *0 distressing that] she consoled henelf
with stolen interriewa and caresses, of rather ta
Indiscriminate tad forbidden character. It is In
proof, I understand, that the was la the habit o!
roeeirinf wisits from gentlemen as late as 2
o’clock ra the morning; bat she persisted, hewev*
er, that it was only from the prompt Inga of a cous
inly and brotherly attachment All thia may bare
been owing to the peculiar influence of a Neapo*
Ban iky, and not to any iaate. turpitude of char*
actor after all ( I am inclined to think with.By*
ron, that, I
“Tieall the fault of that .mysterious nD i
That will keep boding, broiling, melting on!"
Bat as the grave Senators of the State baro
the matter under consideration, I will notnttempt
to anticipate their decision, of prejudge the case,
by any remarks or reflections oUnine, arising
from (acts whioh may not be embraced within the
record, notwithstanding they hare found their way
to the public journals. COBDEN.
Correspondence of the Pittsburgh Gaxette.
New Yoax,Feb. 19.
Our democrat fellow citizens have, within a
few days, been very seriously exercised, and are
not now upon the beat of terms with each other.
The point of difference, jut now, ia upon what
they call the proper coarse to preserve the Union-
The Old Hankers thought the safest way would be
to call a meeting at Tammany Hall, and, alter a
mountain ofprofeastons, pass resolutions that would
leave the question of slavery’to beaettied by the
South. The Barnburners, or Free Soilerr, were
net to be duped in this way, and, accordingly, ral
lied at the old Wigwam, before the hour of meet*
ibg, took possession of tho hall and committee
rooms, and. at a Isle hour in the evening, rather
roughly handled the Honkers, who were obliged
to slink off without the privilege of degrading
themselves, and 4be State, by cringing to the
slave power, before the proper time, which has
not yet come. The beautiful mess known ea
| New York Democracy is now well stirred up,
, but one thing is certain no expression can be elic-
I ited from the party to encourage the slaveholder*
A new patent is soon to be taken out, in Europe
and the Uoited States, for India Bobber goods. A
Arm here, after a costly aeries of experiments, has
succeeded in producing an article from rubber, in
the shape of canes, snuff boxes, and all sorts of
fancy articles, as bard as ebony, and as brilliantly
polished. Ebony can be cut with a pocket knife
but this cannot, while it ia so plsslic that it will
supercede gotta percha. The same parties have
also succeeded in bleaching robber white, and we
.shall soon see goods in. all the varied grades of
oolor, an excellence not before aitained, owing to.
the want of a while baiis.
The committee for the relief" o( the Hague.
Street sufferers hare collected nearly eighteen
thousand dollar*, and have not closed their la*
bora. The wants of the unfortunate friends of
; those who were ao suddenly hurried out ot the
world have been relieved', promptly, and it is very
gratifying to know that no physical want remains
A very- interesting religious meeting was held
last night, at the Tabernacle, in behalf of the
Western Missionary operations ol the American
Snnday School Union. Addresses were deliver*
ed by Rev. Dr.'Babeock, and the Rev. Messrs.
Chidlaw and Magoon. Reports were presented
from the Missionaries of the Western.. Slatea»
showing, that they have visited 1,313 Snnday
Schools, embracing 3310 teachers, and 09,431
scholars. The reports spetk eneoarsgingly of
the stale of the schools at the West. It was stated
that during tho year 1349, the Sunday Schools of
Hew York contributed $7OOO towards their sup*
port, and, at the close of the meeting, $2OOO more
were contributed for the same object.
The Mtsaagt Birdt a very able serai monthly
paper, states that the bargain between-
Jenny Lind and Mr. Barman, is not yet positively
concluded-—lime having been granted the agent
ofMr. Barnum—ip confer with bis principal,, in
consequence of the unexpected amount of money!
(300,000) which Jenny required to be deposited ip
the hands cf Baring dc Brothers, as security for the
imactitude of the engagement. The Message Bird
aays that Mr. Barnum is in a quaudqry, not know*
ing whether to goon or recede. So It is not cer*
tain that we ahsll hear. tno Nightingale.;warble, aft*
ter aU. However,-we depend on Mr.Baruum’s
liberality—and $300,000 is, alter all. a mere trifle;
Prosper M. Weimore has concluded that he
will not harard a criminal prosecution, and his
expressed his determination to pay what he owes
the government. *
He already paid a liule over $92,000, and
proposes to send in all his accounts and Touchers
to the department for final audit, giving security
that the balance shall be forthcoming when the
account is presented. OT course this cannot bo
otherwise than satisfactory. This ts rather throw
ing himseli upon the generosity of the Govern
ment, hoping that his claims will be admitted to
some extent.
It now appears that Mr. Wetmore has placed
the public ’funds to the steam ship speculation
with Croswell Ltw, and the test of Focos
who had the Chagres mail contract thrown to
them, by way of a sop, by the retiring administra
tion ol Mr. Polk. "
/The “Native Americans” are to have a grand
parade on Washington's Birthday. This party !■
now known as the “Order of United Americans,”
oor can any enter its mysteries, unless born on
the soil. 1q the strong political excitement of the
part it acted as a political body, but at .present it
is simply a beneficial association.
An attempt ia to be made to. ge’. Mr. Clay -to
New York, and a meeting is to be held without
respect to party, to sustain his resolutions of com
Other friends of Mr. Clay propose to honor his
name with a Grand Ball, to be given at Niblos, *(
an early dsy. Even where the plan of compro
mise urged by Mr. Ciay ia not wholly approved,
his motives, and hit eflorta to. bring about an hon*
orable conciliation, receive the highest praiso from
all good citizens.
Fralessor Anderson, of Watervllle College, Me.,
will assume the editorship of tho New York fie■
carder, on tha Ist of May. lit present editor, the
Rev. S. S. Catling, wilt then devote himself en
tirely to the editorship of toe Christian Review.
Mr. Cutting has now been the Editor of the Re
corder some three years, and baa made that pa
per one of the first religious journals ia the coun
try. His retirement will bo a source of regret 1,0
its numerous readers.
Ashes-Sales of Pearls at $6 00 a 6 08, and
Pots at $6 G2ft.
Flour ia very firm, with sales of 1300 bbls. at
$1 75 for Canadian, with Michigan et $5 12 0 5
3lj pare Genesee $5 50 0 5 62*. and extra Gen-J*
see at $5 73 0612 ft. Southern Flour, $5 IB 05
31, for Brandywine, Baltimore and Georgetown'.
Rye Flour is $306 0 3 i2ft. Corn Meal is inac
tive, with sales of Jersey at $3 87 0 3.
. Grain—Wheat 2,400 bu. Michigan ot 103 c. Oats
ere doll at 43 OIS for River and Canal. Barley
is not plenty and held at 70c for prime.
Pork—New Mess is nominal at $lO 50 010 50:
with Prime at $7. Beef Unsteady, at $lO for City
Mess, and $G 50 for Prime do. Beef Hams are
held at $l4; Cat Meats are quite nominal, at s}o,
for Hams, and 31 c. for Shoulders. Lard is in mo
derate request, at 7-012 c. for Ohio, and 10 olSc.
forStalo. Cheese is saleable at 6 08c.
Tl»ar.v.Risao.—The Rev. Mr. Strath an, who'
used to rise every morning at five, aaid that he
could not, by practice, convert the habit into a
pleasant, one. Tho honest divine would find few
: dissenters on this bead. Eels may get used'to
being skinned; but. unless a man has a natural
gift for the exercise, ho can never take delight
In kicking off tho bed-clothes of a cold, morning,
taro hotirub&?re daylight.
Ann Mlwonrl pipet IconUtai. pootlo dei-;
crlplioo of • lOTio knife S«ht, thfe Utol, took
place In that" interesting neigborhood. The third
suua ran u follows
“The wretch then drew aihlnlng
Jastlike the miniao man. tT'\
-And in tc plunged it to the hill, i,
When out the gravy ran.”
Missouri will bo M some” on poetry yet |
Tha Deattey of Pittsburgh, and tbs Dm- 1
I * ty of her Toahf Hess. I
An Address delivered before '-The Yeung Merit j
. Mercantile Library and Mechanics' Institute <f\
. Solomon TV. Roberts, Civil En
t gineer, February l&A, iB6O.
Rooks of THiMxacAimLE Libsaxt asdMe*
Cruces’ Lutmin,
Firmuxon, Feb. 20th, 1850.
Solomon W. Rosexts, Esq.
f Dear Sir —We take great pleasure in comply* I
ing with the duty enjoined upon us in the following ]
resolution, adopted by the large and respectable I
audience, assembled on the evening of the lBth|
inst. r to hear your address.
“Resolved—That the thanks of the Mercantile
library and Mechanics* Institute, be tendered to
Solomon W. Roberts, Esq., for his able and in* I
teretting Address, and that he be requested to fur* 1
□tab a copy for publication.”
Wo trust that you will grant the request, and
fumtsh at your earliest convenience a copy-fcr
restored to usefalacß*, by the determined exer
tions of a few energetic spirits, who would not I
cease their efforts whilst there was reason to hope. 1
f>“ We most not only strike while the iron is hoi,
at we must strike until we make jit hot." It is
this perseverance that is the secret id success. If
our hearts are in the work, we wifl| not only find
opportunities, but we will make opportunities.
That which it easily obtained is sm to be lightly
valued, but that which has cost us bug continued
striving Is not easily given up, and is never forgot*
ten. _ \
Iln your Institution you have combined the two
objects of a Mercantile Library and a Mechanics*
Institute. In such a city as Pittsburgh this com*
Yours, very respectfully,
ALEX. GORDON, > Committee.
Messrs. R. E. Sellers, i
Aiei. Gordon, > Cbmmittee.
Gentleman— compliance with your request, 11
wUlingly place the manuscript of my Address In I
your hands. It may bo that some persons in this I
city will no*, like the plain speakiag ot a part of it,
br t the pointing out of deficiencies is the first step
towards removing them. Tue more wo improve |
the natural advantages of out position, the strong*:
er our local allachmontn will become, and by this
this the whole community will be benefited.
I£l have done anything to draw public alien*
lion to your excellent institution I 11870*00; spok*
ea In vain.
Very respectfully
Gentlemen of (he Mercantile
Library and Mechanise' Institute ;
The subject of the Address, which I am about I
.at your request, to deliver, is—The Destiny of
In the beginning of what lam about to say
to yon, permit me to remark, that the invita*
Hion with which I have been honered by “The
Young Men’s Mercantile Library and Mechanics’
Institute of Pittsburgh," to deliver an Address be* |
(ore them, was unexpected by me, and that since
l reoeived it, iny lime has been much occupied by
professional duties,' and in travelling to promote
the construction of those railroad.*, tho speedy
completion of which is so important to this city.
In throwing mysetf upon your indulgence, let
me beg you to remember that it is not to be expec* I
ted thatone, the basiness of whose life has been I
practical science, and who has been trained up I
from boyhood as a Civil Engineer,can compete in I
a literary production with members of wtiat are j
called, by way of distinction, the learned profes* I
aloos. I know that Pittsburgh has produced many |
meu.deservedly eminent in those higher walks of!
human effort, but it is not to them that I address I
myself. . 1
It is to you to young men engaged In vart« J
00s commercial, mechanical, and manofActuring I
pursuits that 1 wish to speak; and 1 ask you to re* I
oeive this Address as coming from one of your* 1
•elves, from one who is himself a learner, and I
who reeks no higher distinction than to be useful I
to that Keystone Commonwealth, of whfch he is 1
proud to be a native, and of which we ail are j
citixens. I
You live in a largo manufacturing city, and you I
have firmed a literary and scientific society for I
mutual improvement. In this you have done well.
One qf the greatest advantages rf city life is the fa
cility that tt gives for ouch associations.
. The imagination, which delights 10 revel in a
world unlike the real one, paints areadian pictures
of rural excellence and rural happiness, hot stern
reality seeks in vain for their realisation. The
poets tell us that “God made tho country, and I
man mado the town;® but certain it is, that where I
15 e town now is the country onee was, and an I
untold amount of mental and physical labor hail
been exended to effect the transformation.
Agriculture may be admitted to be the first ne
cessity ofthe human race; but agriculture depends
tor its success upon tho mechanic arts. Without
the blacksmith, where would be the ploughshare;
and without the killwright where would be the
bread we eat? . j
When we survey that vast pdtflee of civilisa* 1
tioa jrhlch is the glory of humanity, we do not
see its lotuest monuments rising amidst a purely
agricultural people. They are to be looked for
where coal and iron abound ; and where the frri
dal union tffin and tester baa brought forth the ]
suaaengtne, and. peopled the earth with a pro* l
gency ot mechanical servants to man, stronger
than Hercules, swifter (than Alalauta,aad ever 1
ready to do the bidding of the muter that made
Puuburgh is pre-erameaiiy ■ city of co»l and
iros. Standing on a hlll t ihe base of which!*
washed by three most noble river*. Us place is
marked by-a-clond by day and a pillarof fire by
aishu The coal smoke, which is the sign of its
industry, b undoubtedly s source of discomfort to
its inhabitants; bot I have seen mote coal smoke
in London and Manchester ib&b that which troo-:
: hies ns here. It is a raist-ke to suppose that the
highest social refinementcsnnot fioarish in such
an atmosphere, or that excellent health cannot be
enjoyed in it; bat it is certainly an evil, (as every i
thing is that diminishes beauty,), and an evil lhai|
can be and ooght to be'lessened by smoke coaau*
tning contrivance*. j
The painting of the houses of a light stone eol*!
our woo'd give the city a mnch lighter and more,
cheerful appearance. . i
Thorough gas lighting in a city is one or the
most effectual means of preventing accidents and |
crimes. Pittsburgh has great facilities for it, and
is already well lighted. Pore, sofr, and whole
some water abounds in what may be said to b*un-i
limited quantities; and. It dirt is ijmndant, its an
tidote is equally so. Permit me to say that it i
ought to be more extensively used in cleansing
the city—and especially the side walks, which
very much needil. The groundptotofPi'Uhorgb
is well adapted logooddrotnageTbut that has not
yet been accomplished, as it rosy be by a proper
pyalem of sewers. i . . ,
Many of the aide walks require to be repaired,
and the owoers or properly ought not only to re
pair them, but also to make them conform to th
refiliation level. Laws and ordmanceswhieb are
not enforced are worse than useless. Osen cel
lars, not now fenced in,should be safely'enclosed,
and whoever leaves a cellar door dangerously
open at night, ought to be fined. The crossings fit
the street comers are made of round stuns*, and
a few hundred dollars expended in laying good,
hard flag stone* at the principal crossings would
be aelgual public benefit. 1 have do donbt that
the ladies would feci grateful to any member ftf
tho City Council* who would bring It about.
Pittsburgh and the surrounding town-, inclu
ding the City of Allegheny, now contain nearly one
hundred thousand inhabitant*, being about the
tame populaiioo as that of Philadelphia JO years
ego It is unfortunately troethu Pittsburgh has
not the reputation hurog stranger* of being an a
greeable place of residence; and ibis tan natter
whleh ooght to be remembered, for it is of more
importance than many people suppose, nod has
been one cause of ibe superior growth of Cincin
naJi. It ia the part of true wiedom to look at facts
as they arc, and, where improvements sreneed
ed to take the preliminary step* to obtain thorn.
Philadelphia has grown in forty years from • city
of 60 000 to one of 400,000 inhabitants, and that
notwithstanding Us foreign trade has Mien off.
Good and cheap fuel, good asdebeap walsr, good
and cheap gas, good paving, and good ..ramsge
■ have contributed powerfully to produce this re
sult. Clean streeta, good walking, and hondsome
shoos will taako any city aUraotive both to citizens
and stranger*. .
Without the labor oftho mechanic no etty could
exisL Every great city iso monument to the
glorv of tin mechanic arti. When standing in
Lndon, :u>d«.-ihe<ictn; of 31. P.ulV mr bntt
thrlled as I rend in letters of gold the noble to*
scription to the memory ol the architect who res
btiilt London afeer the groat lire. •‘Underneath
lies the bodv of Sir Christopher Wren, the nbutl
dereftku eJtureh and city, who lived nine y yesis
not lor himself, but for otbert: —Header, if you seek
hi* tnonumen', look around yon P
j turned from the marble rtnines cf the heroes
oftho sword, to thiak of him whom mission was
not to destroy but to rebuild. Such example*
strengthen «■» for the struggle with difficulty which
all must encounter. Wa sco that we have some,
thing more to labor far, than tho wages of the day.
We take op our hardens cheerfully, and press
forward firmly ned earnestly in our appointed
places in the rank* of the grand army ol ctvili-
in the eastern regloas of the rising sun,
it has marched westward for age*. _ Crossing the
stormy Atlantic with tho high sailed Columbus, It
commenced iu conquests on our Western conti
nent. When the young Washington crossed the
barrier of tha Alleghenies and stood where we
now stand, he saw stretched out before him the
valley pf the beautiful Ohio. Ibe highway provided
bv nature for the entrance of fatare millions of
firemen into the fertile rr.gioos of the West.
Piusbargh has her own romance of history.
Let any one read Washington’s letter to biiimoth
er written after the battle of Brsddock’a field, and
bow defeat, instead of conquering, served lo
develope the greatness of his soul
It isone ofthe greatest blessings that Heaven
can vouchsafe to any man, to give him an uncon
querable will to strive lo do well; a will “not to
be wearied, not to bo deterred, sot to be over
come.” The weakness of humanity is aueh, that
men feller, and foil, and .fall for short, of what
they-would wish to do, and to obtain and tube*
come. Tfaegoldea vision fodes into the dark re
ality, and we feel ready to lose all faith in the fti.
tore. Then comes the timethatlrie* the temper of
the soul; whether we shall lie prostrate and strive
no more to rise; or whether, like Animat, we
shtll spring from the ground, strcaitbeoed by the
contact with our mother earth. Happy is he that
(a able resolutely to turn bis back upon the past,
“leUing the dead past bury its dead,” and bearing
with him no more of its burden, than (hose
lessons of experience which may be useful is tho
W ; :M.
j In the mtMp;ofinof literary «o
-| cieties many discouragements arte. They are
. -often concealed from the public, and many sn in
ttmxtfos, apparently flourishing, andjwhichaee&s,
when seen from a distance, to.lmye had an at
030*1 uninterrupted career of soeeeas, hu been
again. and again saved from shipwreck by the res*
I elute efforts of a lev ofits members*
[ Of tbe early history of your asreeutionl know
I but little. lam informed UUs labored on*
I der great discouragements, and is now beginning
I to rise into prosperity. In s cue like the present,
prosperity and usefolneu may bs considered as
convertible terms, for, they are alternately the
I cause and the consequence of eae& other.
I I would fain say a few words of encouragement
Ito tie active member* of this institution. I have
I seen other and older aodetiea of a similar Chirac*
I ter, to which I have the honor to bflftag, oppresa
j sed with debt, parahxed by the apathy of a ms*
| jority of their members, and apparently on the
I I verge of dissolution. I have seen them saved and
bination is wise. Yoar commerce’depends upon
your manufactures, and yonr manufactures de*
pend upon your commerce; hand in' hand they go
together and one ' sustains and ophblda the other,
i In yonr great interest of steamboat building, thfo.
I motoal connection is finely exemplified. ‘
The number ofsteamboats constructed here hu
been, on&n avenge, about on* iateck ttmi for
a series of years; and the floating palaces, owned
tn Pittsburgh, which ply between this city and
Cincinnati, are the admiration ofevery one. May
I no illegal, artificial, impediment ever obstruct their
I psasge down the river.
I Commerce is one of the grandest Instruments
lof civilization. It diffbsea knowledge, and
spread* for and wide the means of com tat and
bappineu. It makes men better acquainted
I with each other; -it dissipates their prejudices;
I and teaches them how to respeet those that differ
I from themselves.
But if it* agents be ignorant, how shall they en
lighten others'; and if they do not respeet them*
selves, how shall they expect others to reaped
them 1 It may be said by many that they have
but little time for mental improvement ,but, illbey
have bot little, it is the greater reason why that
liule should be well improved, tt is a well
known trotk that men that have the most leisure
generally make the poorest ose ol it Prodigals
of time, they spend lavishly that of which they
think they nave plenty, sad are bankrupts In the
■ end.
U hu been well said, by Man* Edgeworth,!* wo
moo whose workfare fall of the lessons of prac
tical wisdom) that** the |en«ral cultivation of the
understanding and the acquirement of general
knowledge are essential to the attainment efex*
<xlienee in any profesaion.” That “knowledge is
power " ir a maxim to trite, _ that it has almost
lost its foree by frequent repetitions; but, from the
nature of things, it must ever be true.
Books ere the tiloat schoolmaster* of the adult
mind. They enable us to clear a why in secret
that ignorance which we would be ashamed to
confess openly. They admit us into the intimate
companionship of those lofty spirits, who have
instructed. Illuminated, and ponded the world.
Great men have ihnstuvhtplurf tkeir monumnu,
1 and have placed them before the eyes of all who
are able to read. They teach os to walk in spirit
with those who have gone before us, and show
: us bow they wen a new and noble nature by un
-1 wearied striving. We than become the heirs at
those of the departed, who have left us a nobler
inheritance than coin.
, For a gre«t city to be without a large publict li.
| brary la highly discreditable to its inhabitants. In-
I dividuatly our means are small, we cannot gener
ally afford to own many books. Besides which
books of reference, expensive in their character,
coat too much for moat men. In France the towns
are taxed to support the pubUo libraries, but we
have to accomplish the. same object by voluntary
aasocislionfc - .
to Philadelphia we are well supplied with such
Institutions: thinks to the efforts and to the earn*
pie of that Illustrious' mechanic, tt*tejuasn, phifo>
gopher, and philanthropist, Benjamin Franklin.
Be strove by every means in his power to benefit
the city which be loved, and his name witt shme
with lustre while the lightning flashes in tin sky.
It baabeen said of him that “ho tore the lightning
from heaven, and the sceptre from tyrant*. Bat
be did mare. He was eminently the philosopher
of common sente; and bo taught unceasingly the
great truth, that liberty without law.and power
without knowledge, are but the madness of folly.
Hie sayings of teatentious wisdom may well fee
treasured by every young nun who wishes to be
useful: and who would fed with Franklin, that
“be that hath a trade bath an estate, and he that
hath a r-t»"g hih an efiea of profit and honor.”
Great libraries spring from small beginning*, and
I trust that that which r» have begun, will con
tinue to grow In siae and in usefumere for gener
stions to come. Every etiisen of Pittsburgh, who
iTable to do so, ought to feel himself bound to
contribute to increase U- . tl ,
As a Mechanics Institute you should endeavor
to collect all those books ou practical science and
the mechanic arts, which the member* of a great
manufacturing community may need for reference
or instruction. ...
The mathematical and mechanical sciences
are the most perfect branches of human knowledge.
They train the mind to accuracy, and teach ui i to
follow truth, step by step, until we arrive at de
monstration. ~ . ,
The clear conception of a few great truth* «
reooetry, and of (he laws of motion, fe
protection againstnanvdehuieh*. HaVhojtndof- ;
stands that great law of cause and effect, which la
called the law of virtual velocities, will not be de
luded by the chimera of a mechanical perpetual
motion, or expect to produce impotaihlo retails by
mechanical contrivances. As in literature, the
cultivation of* pore taste make* men revolt from
penurious publications; ao In apienee, the acquire
mentor sound principles enable# them to detect
the pretender, and to guide the igrar*Bti
■About twenty five year* ago “The Franklin In
stitute of the State of Pennsylvania for the promo
tion of the Mechanic Arts” was established in
Philadelphia, by a few wnest lovers of useful,
knowledge. That institution hsstong stood at the .
head of similar societies in oar country. U,
numbers about two thousand members, <U all
classes, bol principally practical mechanic*. The •
valnecfits Library, fb« exccHenee of it* leetovea
on practical aeience, and the impartiality and.
soundness at the opinions olll* committees on set
■ entific questions, and ou the value of new inven
tions submitted for examination, have given it a
high reputation, not only throughout the Onion,
but also In Europe. Its reading loom is well at
tended during the week, and its monthly meetings,
st which new inventions are diseased, are highly
mterestiog. By means of it* published joornaUho
resaUaof its labor* are preserved in a permanent
form. For a series of yeaia an annual address
has been delivered before it, as one method of at
tracting the public attention; and I strongly recom
mend to this iostltntion to adopt a similar plan—
The Franklin Institute commenced in our country
the practice or holding periodio exhibitions of
' American Manufactures; which always excite
great interest, and are visited by many thousands
of both sexe* and of all age*. This practice of
patting the work of different home manufacturers,
side by side, in the same collection, baa a wonder
ful effect in sharpening their exertions after excel
lence. The remarkable beauty of the lamps and
gas fixtures mado in Philadelphia, is partly to be
attributed tv this cause. ’
I may remark, in pasting, as something worthy
to be remembered in Pittsburgh, that the spirited I
young citv of Chicago, which his grown upon a!
prairie in less than twenty years, has already held ;
several successful exhibitions cl American Manu- ;
fectnre*. . . .
The Franklin Institute has bad many courses of
lectures ou Mechanics, on Chemistry, and on the :
application ol Science to the Arts. It has served 1
as a school lor young lecturers, and from its wills
have come forth some who are now among our
most distinguished teachers ol science. Opportu
nities of friendly intercourse, for the mlemhaage of j
information, havebeea afforded to person* of all |
classes, from the coljegnte professor to the moohao-.
iei* apprentice, and they have been productive of j
the happiest resulit. All in their respective spheres, I
have taken pleasure iff adding to the common !
stock of knowledge, and hippy hu been he who
fat* been able to sbowrihe causes of things.
As a boy, f aucndWtfie lectures ol the Franklin
Institute, asa mao I have bean glad to assist in Its
maasgemeat. The time that 1 have devoted to
its service, I have bee* more than compensated
for in innumerable ways, and in oono more so
than in u.y opportunities of intimate association
with men tar my wparfors; to wbem I am Indebt
ed for most valuable eooasel affd advice; and
whose kindness and friendship I cannot recall
without the deepest sense of gratitude.
The tadilolP of which I speak In Philadelphia is
inmost respects a proper modelfortbeimitation
of vourlosututs in Pittsburgh. But we must not
c’esplse the day ofsmall things, nor expeetto do too
ranch it once. A certain degree of-slowness
seems to be an essential element ofsound and per
manent growth. We are an impatient people,
and are eager to eat the fruit almost before we
have planted the seed.; Ho man need hope to
work hard enough, or to go lest enough to satisfy
popular opinion in this country. Ills well if be can
satisfy his own sense of dofy. It is the habit of,
Ignorance to expect ItnpotsiuUties; it is for the
honest inquirer to leant whit la practicable, and
to Umay bo accomplished.
You have a good reading room, supplied, l ! un
derstand, with about 'thirty newspapers, and
twenty periodicals, and hare begun a good Übmy
and cabinet, which are ; increasing and becoming
more valuable. The members should seek every
opportunity of adding to;tbeae collections. Impor
tant donations are often made to our institutions in
Fhlladelphia,aaditi*tobe-hoped that something
of the spirit may be awakened here.
It is my opinion that if you eoold get on areally
good eottrm of lectures on Mechanics and Natural
Philosophy, illustrated by ptoper apparatus and by
interesting experiments,; and made accemlWe to
all elsseaat a moderate: rate, you m’gtt fiiia
large ledore room ut this city, give a heaftby
stimulus to the public mind, and bring .your fasti
tutiotx prominently lotol notice. A. eow*tuttvt
course'of adentlfio and popular lecture# on
chan lea, well illustrated, would, I think. bosure
to interest this community, and would be gtsdnr
hailed by many aa a means of instruction ofvuen
thev feel themselves in wash
Youihoold look fcrwiii la tbo fottM, lolto
establishment of a find forth*erection ofnbufld.,
in,** * permanent location fat tie society, to
eostda a lecture room, reading room, oonrem*
lion room, cabinet, and also a schoolroom for
: ifofctnf mechanical drawing. The art of draw*
in* i* a highly useful accomplishment, which
mins both the bald and eye to accuracy, and its
nenoistion is Boat shamefully neglected in our
country. A mechanic whir ia n<*a draughtsman
is indeed but poorly educated.
Year strength and usefulness will increase with
Ihe number of your members, and one of the most
ways of increasing them Is to keep the
character ana elaims of your institution, in some
yK»pn or way, constantly before the public. The
lnstitute does this by a constant system
of advertising, and the Young Men's Mercantile
Library Company in New York has pursued a simi
lar course with great success. Many men neglect
to join such asadeUtions because-they forget their
existence, or are unacquainted with their mana
gers, or do not know how to go to work to become
members. Every facility should' be afforded u>
respeetible perrons to become members, aod those
thst are already ao ought to endeavor to induce
olhf— to join thorn. As a general rule, the more
a rr" works fol an iaatttmion df this kind, the
more that labor becomes a pleasure.
The powerful im of thepress should be invoked
in your behalf, sift it does more than any other
one thing in our ctrhniry to mould public opinion.
In Philadelphia, we have the Philadelphia Li*
brary, of about 50,000 volumes, the Mercantile
Library, and the four libraries of the Philosophical
Society, the Academy of Nstnril Sciences, the
Athenosum, and the Franklin Institute. Each oz
these six instiiutioos owns a large library, con
tained in a commodious budding | erected for tbe
purpose, and owned by tbe institution itself The
building recently erected by the A|lbeDaeom, front*
ing onTWashington rquare, is one of the finest
specimens of street architect ore in Philadelphia.
By tbe constitntion of tho Philadelphia library,
founded by Frank!in, any person whatever ie per*
mined to read tho books within the building, bnt
nono except members esn take them ont of it.
In-addition to those just mentioned, the Appren
tices library contains a large number of volumes,
forthoaseofboys and girts*, andihereare many
other libraries belonging to religions and other
societies, with the particulars of which I am un
acquainted. An apprentices library is much need*
ed in this city.
Bot I am aware that it may be said that mnoh
liii amounts to nothing, as it is not applicable
’ittsburgh, because the cases are not parallel
is very true that the cases are not slik»; bot
re should make a comparison between tbe
tries thst existed in Philadelphia when that
was the sise that Pittsburgh now is, and tbe
tries now existing here, we should-find the
ill far from flattering to Pittsburgh.
. city requires some thing besides a
of Inhabitants. Every great city could advsn
iotniy dispense with asny ofita people. One
a of good abilities end education, of honesty of
pose, intelligence, and energy is worth a ban*
d of a contrary character. Although, it may
be creditable to ourselves, it U .undoubtedly
> that the villages and cities in New England
much better provided with the means of in*
eetual culture than most of the towns in Penn*
jook at Lowell, for instance. It is a monulac*
iag city, with a population about oue third as
to as that of Pittsburgh. U was begun about
snty five years ago, and its reputation tor Intel
teal culture is almost as widely spread aa tbe
ie of its cotton fabrics. With neither cheap
il, nor cheap Iron, cor proximity to the places
m which tho raw materials are supplied, see
wit has flourished. We'aee tbe results of su*
rior intelligence, and they ought to stimulate ua
exertion, that we may not continue to he oul
ne. Lnctll has a library if hhs thousand 1
umss, to which <ny on* may have aeass by pay
e/fty ant* a year. j
Tbe city of New York is shoal to have a mag*
leant library, for which a fond of 9400000 baa |
en left by the late John Jacob Astor. Tbo Pre> 1
lent of the Board of Trustees is Washington i
ring, and tbe Astor Library will probably per* 1
taste the name of its founder. |
Tbe proprietors of large manufacturing eatab- 1
hmeats ought toepromote the growth among i
em of institutions such as yours. The manes 1
the ignorant are tbe harvest fields of the dems* i
igne. When a man bis to deal with intelligent!
tople he knows thst be can gain nothing from ,
em by degrading himself. To reach his mark 1
iis compelled to elevate hit aim. When level* ,
g down becomes unprofitable, men will go to
ork to level up. But there it an evident necessity
nongos for the one of all good influences, to coon*
rad the evil tendencies of the efforts of those who
>ecnla!e upon the ignorance of many of the
eople. False theories are impressed upon the
atmc mind, they pervade oar legislation, and j
ins prevent Pennsylvania from obtaining that
rosperity to which the State is entitled from her
eographleal position and her mineral wealth.
In our country we have no privileged dimes,
nd no law of primogeniture. Property is eon*
lanily ohsnging h awrt *r Tbe children of the rieh
re the parent* of the poor, the children of the
oor are the parents of the tieb, and the wheel of
irtnne it continually turning.
Of all the States in tbe Union, Massachusetts Is
tost distinguished for the completeness of her
oil road system, and for the intellectual culture
f her people. There is more connection between
bese two fads, than many may at first suppose.
The cheap end rapid transmission of intelligence
if newspapers, of books, of letters, and of the
wople themselves, spreads civilisation with
maxing celerity over the land. - The eivi! engi
neer is the pioneer of light and knowledge, who
sot only brings in his train the best means of en*
igbtenmg the people, bat also enables tbe people
ogo forth with every facility to eeek lor know*
edge for themselves. The eye, after all, is the.
»st instructor. That which we hear is ofieu for*
pjtten, while that which we see la almost always
Ia the langqste of tbe law, hear qty is no evi«
ience/.bnt an eye witness U tbe beet of witnesses,
fie who quickens and cheapens tbe means of
travelling confers unnumbered benefits upon his
felfow dtixent The magnetio telegraph fa a
wonderful invention for the Instantaneous truss*
mission of a few words to a great distance. Its
wires may be called the nerves of feeling of wide
spread communities, but rail roads are their
series of motion.
ffiil roads convert travelling from a toil into a
plea*ore, they enable all clones of the people to
travel at all seasons of tbo year; they teach im*
portent lessons of punctuality which are sore to
be remembered; and they enable men to confer to*
jether, and to understand each other, not as
through a glass darkly, but feco to face, and In
each other, presence. By saving time we length*
en life, and aid inopcoing'the doors of the temple
ofkeowledgo to the entrance of the multitude.
He who looks only at the commercial advantages
of internal improvements, and forgets their moral
influences, has a very narrow and imperfect view
ofthe mission they fulfil.
Let us look for s moment at tbe unparalleled
position of this city. -
Prmsussu u th* inn gat* opened bit « ature,
as the Eastern entrance to the kaypy valley cf the
Of that valley i which is the most glorious amphv
theatre on ike face of the earth, for the future in—
uatfherf dtnlisation, this ie the portal.
Through this passage we are qboiit to lay a first
class iron railway, to serve for ages as tbe great
central highway of the nation. Everyone of yon,
who aids this enterprise, does more than serve
himself>-*he serves his ezly; he serves tbe state of
which he is acitlxen; and be serves the Onion to
which that State belongs.
The fatare destiny of Pittsburgh depends in
greet messureupon tho completion of this andor*
taking. Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and Pcnnsylvt*
ala are one in iqterest, and are, or ought to be, one
in feeling. United they stand, divided they fell.
Threatened with competition on the north and on
the south, and already deprived of mueh trade,
by tbe railroads in Ohio leading to Lake Erie; we
are both “ driven by the fear of evil and attracted
by the prospect of good." Our tine is the shortest
route from the great free states ofthe west to New
York and Philadelphia. It does not bridge tbe Ohio
river, nor in any way obstruct its navigation. Not
s foot of any part of it will be subject to siavehold*
ing legislation. All cf our Bta’e rights will be
free State rights, from the tide waters of tbe Atlan
tic to the Mississippi river, a dlstance'ot s thou
sand miles from east to west Six railroads will
compose the chain, of which yonr own “Ohio and
Pennsylvania" road, 180 mile* in length, will be
the second link.
Pittsburgh Is already a great city, and its destiny
is to become a much greater one. When to its
natural advantages are added those artificial ones ;
which are now in lmmense increase of |
Us copulation must take place. Throned on a moun*
tain of e3*l, and robed in a c|oud of smoke, here
we are destined to baye a grant manufacturing me
tropolis. Wnat shall be the character of its peon
plef This is a most important question , and its
solution will depend very much upon the young
men'ociw begining to take an active part upon tbe
stage of life. Those fathers of the city, who still
htve reoDspicucros share in its affairs, mart soon
cease t> hive It. They matt quickly be gather
ed from works u&la rewards. It is tho coarse of
nature, and a law from which nothing can exempt
* Tiieg rolls its ceaselmeourse. Tbsraee of yore
Wbo danced oar iafkaey open tbdr knee,
Asd told oar marvelling! childhood legends store,
Of their strange venture*, happed by land or tea;
How few,all weak and wearied of their force,
How are they blotted from the thing* that be 1
Wait, on the verge of dork eternity,
Like stranded wrecks, the tide returning hoarse,
Ito sweep them from oar sight- Time rolls its ceaseless
coarse V'
Who then shall fill their vacant places ? Which
of you is preparing himself to fill an eminent place
(a the service of the city of which you are titb
tea* f—for the greatest among you is ho who shall
most serve the others.'
Now this U not to be done by befog a noisy pol.
itician, nor by thrusting onesscif forward into pit*
ees which he is sot fitted to fill. Opportunities
eomo to those who are prepared to take advantage
Of them. Those who are unprepared they serve
to ridiculous. Ao ignorant man, placed m a
post of high honor and responsibility, is apt to ap>
pur like a criminal in the billory. He is not only
apt to appear like one, but he is apt to be pelted like
one, and not to be able to defend himself
I^rdßacon eays,* 1 that amsh whole young in
yetrs may be old in honors, if he hu lost no time. 0
The truth or this saying is exemplified in the his*
tory of that.eminent statesman, alter whom your
eity is named, and whose arms are graven on your
city seal. William Pitt, “ tbo pilot that weathered
Ihe storm” became minister of Eoglacd when a
very young mas, and oonducted her affairs with
consummate ability in the midst of the greatest
difficulties. Standing high m his integrity and
seeking not to enrich himself, he resisted the blan
dishments of • court and the allurements ol plus,
ore, and devoted bis days and nights to the servioe
of hia country. Far be It from me to extenuate his
errors, and lam bo iqpofagfetfer war; boil be-
lim urn, to it. ta»&* ta «•» “
imnuoesi ( fa*wteM*s«lT« ®*f '“£*** •“*
dtuAitfiSm 4 *
thorad jMntbes“»' t "**V ™
cf blood. Wbaorerdifiswott**
bits to Fin's cbtraeter, csitsi* it b ihst jroor
Svbmtto A»oT»Bft
SiS? aousptes of jwtifel con in ®odetn
magnitude beforethe edmina* eye» or the Amer-
of high p«fHWB«P «*
adherence to doty, in nw» f n«u]*-~
try. than all her mine* of the pykp.FffgiL-
His name haa become w»
thtooghont the
htsfcSow countrymen, blot
Unwell ad Tied } 'tad
limb, by any power, the living body of
oos Union whichhe left uitNevei wtU peo*
pie of the Keystone Commonweshh consent to
[be fen of that noble areh, which BUkM £*mcft»
ixensof the VmtU N«J eT “w
sent to tear that atar-epesfled banner, which
floats from erery mast, and is
emblem or our nationality, ta the ends of the
“S&moT thy father and thy mother.*ijUj*
commandment with pwmlac. Ve aro bcmcd
honor our native state j-would that w» aUtored
and honored her moio—batwhile
waters flow into the Golf of Mexico, «d her ewt
ern waters into the Atlsntio ocean, let “ never
consent to the disruption of the wide spread tent*,
lonr which lies spread ont between them*
It may perhaps appear to some that I h»”»'°this
addressed toomaeh in pcai» of improve
ment, and too little respecting tbebenefils derived
from polite literature. But I have ttidwhal appeared
to be proper for me to say and for youto hew. Of
its many imperfections lam very sensible. It has
been written in fragments, at intervals of time
snatched from other pursuits, and subject to many
Two points I havo been anxious to impress up*
on yon, the importance of seq Hiring aeemnU know
ledge sad of cohivating a taste for reading. Sci*
entUic and literary societies are established for
these pnrposes. Science is accorata and classified
knowledge, as contradistinguished from the crude
theories, half knowledge, and taking for granted,
which we to often meet with, and which but “iced
to bewilder end daxile to blind.” love ol truth is
the first requisite! of a scientific man, and accura*
cv of observation is the seared. The dark sgbs
have passed away. Men of seienee no longer
make a mystery of knowledge, bat strive to make
it elear to all who wish to taara. It Is but (be
amatterer and the pretender who do otherwise.
As to polite literature, we need not fear that aay
one who has once acquired a taste for good books
will aver be'disposed toDeglset it “Age cannot
wither it, nor custom stale Us infinite variety.'* It 1
famishes an unfailing theme of conversation of the
most delightful sort, and enables ns to bring to
gether the brilliant materials of the put, for the
' purpose of shedding iastro upon the present; as
the son, whtdh has already sunk below the hori
> son, covers the cloads with more gorgeous dyes
> than be did In his meridian splendor. lx> what we
t wlO, the poetry of earth is never dead within us,
• and the cultivation of a high, pure, and ennobling
i taste In literature is to be coveted as; long as life
mav last _
Yotjih may hire its peculiar pleaiarea> bat "our
day* are like a flying abide,” and thejebadowa of
evening aooa loogthen around a*. Oar mental ac»
qoisxtiona are oat of Lbs reach ol the neeld#nta of
?ortnne, tad may be enjoyed u long as ibe Divine
Goodoea grants ns the blessing of aso and mind
in s sonnet tody. The hetlibyUborersleepssweet
ly on hit hard bed, while the loxorion* votary of
i pleasure tosses noeasfly on his conch of downwind
finds no rest. There is no greater fallacy than the
▼nlger notion that the possession of wealtlTean
confer happiness. “ Give me neither coverty nor
riobesj? was Ibe prayer ef a sen who knew what
was best Cat him to pray for. Hen : may devote
their days and nighta to money making, and toil
till they are bent with age, to eeeamnlate Ebrtanea
for their 'children to squander, and they hod it
<1 last to be bat vanity and vexation of spirit.
We ahonld team to measure the (worth of onr
labors by their usefnlnras, bat we abonld nee the
word oaefalsess in its largest signification. While
life lasts' we can never be stationary in a moral and
iniellectoal point of view. We matt go either for*
ward or backward, and it is the sense of progress
which should give as aatlfaction. Bat“ to scorn
delights end Uve laborioas days,* requires self-de*
nisi; sad so, ahhoogb we acknowledge oar doty,
and sooth onraelvea with the intention of doing it'
we procrastinate it* performance; and strive, bat
strive in vain, toeonteat bqrsclres with pttUing off
until to morrow wbsl ought fo be done to day.
«*Uahappy be, who doth his work edJoarn,
And ’lilt to morrow will his task delay >
That laiy marrow ahsU be Uke to day.;'
Batisenedayef ease tee msehto borrow!
Yes,rare; for yesterday wasoneeto marrow.
That yesterday Is'gone tad no thing gained,
And all thy fkalUesi days wiUthas be drained.
For thss bastomre towmnears etll) to ask,
And wilt ready be ever te begin thy task.
Who like the hindmost chariot wheels art ca»4
Still la be near, bat sever reach the Im.®
Thus it is tha!,.throagh the habit of propiaatle
nation, men, “like the hindmost chariot wheels,”
lag behind other*, bear the heaview share of the
burden, and have the least to do with directing the
coarse of events. i
When the golden opportunity is gone It is In vain
that we regret that we have tost it; and when,
through the want of some timely precaution, it
finds ua unprepared, we have no ode bat ear*
•elves to blame far the remits of our negied. J
Carefiil preparation and constant \r*tcttulness
■re the conditions of stjccas sand safety. The
want of a small boll may sink a great ship,
or dash a railroad train to pieces. (When we read
the-biograi&ics of thoea who have • acquired peal
knowledge, or who have achieved eminence in any
profaaton, wa tee that it was by long eon tinned
effort that the bright reward was reached; had
that while the end crowned the work, It was by
patient wot king that the end had been attained.
Bat Pittsburgh should be'something more to yog
thaa.yoQt workshop ; you shoolg learn to love 4,
io adorn it,andbeaq!i(yit |« yonr tome. Eeum
pc rate in all things, and strive to be content with
your local habitation. We need no worthier field
of labor than Pennsylvania, She la worthy of far
worthier sons than we are. Onr Stale isonibc eve
of a great commercial wvoluliqo, analogous to
that which. New York experienced on the com*
pillion of the Erie canal. The ' opening of obr
central line of rail roada will effect this. In another
I ear the new tide of prosperity will begin to flow.
Twe are derelict of oar doty,or unworthy of onr
vocation, other men will reap tho harvest where we
have sown the seed.
The prosperity of Pennsylvania I rests upon an
iron foundation, but if needj (he labor of intelb
gent freemen far (is development ; Cos] and Iran
•re the pillars of onr industrial edifice, and
i bey are both frond in abundance 40 both sections
of the State. In leas than thirty y» ary tho poal trade
of Eastern Pennsylvania kaagrowq from nothing
to"morc~lhaothrep?ioilliftna of toes per annam,
worthmoMlhiatwelvemflUontofidtilare. Ibe*
Uevo that the coal trade of Western Pennsylvania
is capable of a corresponding exteatioo.
Pittsborgh la not only the fiatnral metropolis of
Western Fenmylvanis, bat also of a large part of
tba State of Ohio; the richest wheat region of
; America, through which onr Western Railroad
will shortly penetrate.
Surely we may well be proqdof (Pennsylvania.
Rond of her early history; prond [of her contin
ued progrrea; and prond of her Gttore hopes.—
There is a lime coming wheo (hoi' history of the
world shall be re-written j when the page ol blood
ahrilbo no more called the page! of glory; and
when theolive branch, shall suae far brighter than
the sword.- Then onr early history Will beam frith,
like a dear star iq a dgrk «ci lemjjeatuoM night;
far it is worthy to be written, with ;an iron pen on
a rack forever, that 1* Frnmsn.VAXXA watrotnroxn
arnxxDiorPxACX.” ’
. B*w Btyl* Ctrp«U,
JUST received, sene hiadsoae otter atyle Velvet
Pile end Tepeetry Cerpot*. direct i from Bartend,
■ad wiU be eoid es low *» tie seme qaelity cen be
perdieied in the Alientfo Oiuee>__
78 Foartk at, Pitubargh
OIL CLOTH S—Ttio larteit assortment of Oil
Cloths, in sheet*, to eat to toy sits repaired, isto™ w aicuwAoS,
febaa i n Feanh >t
Blue DRILLS—# bales best heavy Baffalk and
Stark Bias Drills, opened sod forsUa by .
TTFXVETT CORDS—6O pieces, of various styles and
’ feba U °* ,J * 11 HhACKLKTT A WHITE y
COTTON YARN—IOOO lbs on hand and for sale by
W EAPH N 0 PAPER-*. .M-.LAJ.i „
and foi ttlo b]
MOLASSES—M 7 obit new cropPitnUliou, lust
<«r M..IU W^fon,
pOTA9B-l» «jf. j% fLoYD
£ A h. 1 ff ATUft - M “**' * J * ai ’ '"IrpIoyo
T AR-T. tH. N C^< ru^msofi cq
, N«J.! 4® dpi
L EAD * 9UOT -’SS &°JS3« b,
Rirc* 7i ua Carol!ox, in tun and ftr aald by
DRIED PHUIT-40 bnprimo Peaches;
0 bn- do Applet; far nip by
feb93 J D WILLtAftsTIIO Woodrt •
T OMA a T°‘ g -» 80-i,., ft. »j.
BUCKWHEAT FLOUR—A pue article for nle by
YKNISON— HO prime Cued Uamt, for uls by
UOLL BUTTER—BbbUfretb, in elotbt, Jutree'd
and for ule by BREYFOOLE A CLARKE,
faliQ . l 108 Soeond 1 _
LARU— dbbUNol, for tala by ! __
DUCKETTS—B# do* Beater,’fa more *?d forttloby
CORN BROOMS—UD do* for tale by
171 RE BRICK A CLAY-We can wpply all
? Mh. Brtek -s Miyss «■
-XrBW BRIGHTON SASH-40 bdl» urt. for ttk br
LASSES—W bhU Tliaftiaiß
*0 “ Bli*aesBH;JattTee I d'«nd
*» : • 173 »nd 174 Liberty «t>.
HAUTE SATUKSE WINE— IO gr eut»)m ree’d
and for sale IT MILLEB A EICKFTdON,
feba - ITS mi 174 Liberty t\
ins, JAMES BAILIE would rWpeetfuliy inform
JLVI the friend# and customers of her late husband,
that the continue# the WINE and LIQUOR basinet#,
at the eld more. 85, Chestnst atreet, Philadelphia—
•here eaa be found, a great variety of Wijiea and
Ltqaora, of various rndei and vintages, consisting In
Mn a Sherry. Port, Madeira, Claret Hock, Ac.
Brandy. Gin, Monongahela, arc Irith Whi*key, St
Croix Bam. Jamalea Bri*'* l *, Brawn Stoat and
Scotch Ale.
Alio, a aery “superior” lot of Ckmnpaxoe, from
various vinyaras, pat un by special order, all Of which
will b« widV biptiSt M. J. BAILIE,
BACherautauPhila.. <
ftMMln Next door to Congreas Hall Hotel.
A LOT OFJfROUND, SO feet front on Bank Uoe|
ranninr back to Rebeeea at, SSO feet; a Cottage
Bovae and Carriage Uoaee in rood repair. Thie pro
perty is beaxtifallyritaated on the Bank of the Alle
gheny river, and it ecnrilered one of the mostderi ra
tio and pleasant aitnatiena in the City of Allegheny.
For price and uma apply to 8. BCHOTER..
üb33 No UO Second tt
mHREE ACRES OF LAND, tltnate about miles'
, from the City, sear the reridence of Roe. Richard
Lee. on the Greeqsbnrgh Turnpike, suitable for Coun
try Residence*.
Alto—lW Acreaof Land, situated la Franklin town*
-*hip, about 16 miles from Pwsburjh, near the Frank*
Un Boad,
Alto—A Let of Ground, near the new Baris, i a the
Seventh Wardv being 100 feet square, on which It a
two atory I rick Dwelling Bonae. For particulars
sad teona of sale, enquire of
DAVID D BRUCE, Altorner at Law,
febS3-ln FtfthaLbet’o Woodandteitbfietd.
SITUATE In Moon townthip, Beaver Coanty. eon
-1 tailing aboot ISO ACRES, TSofwhlch are elear*
ed. and the reridne well Umbered. There la a tlarge
Orchard of Apple. Peach, and Cherry Treet, of good
oualliv on lu alto, a comfortable Dwelling Hobs© and
Barn. Th« land win good order, well watered, and
but 29 miles below Puuburgb; l* mile* frew PbUlips
burgb, on tte Ohio river, and only S miles fromi the
dtMl, .i Roche*ter, of the Pennsylvania tnd Ohto
RaU Boad. Tie title it Indisputable, and the land will
be told on reasonable temt. Potteuiongivcn.lfne*
ecttary, on the lit of April next. .
Tbit tract ot land, /remits to market,
and situation in a part of the coo airy where real ea*
ute it rapidly riling,in value, makes it deuxabje for
ihe inveaunent of capital; and. for gardening and sgri"
fabC Attorele* at Law. Ith at. Pittsburgh- •
BY the ftnt of next April, a TEACHER to ftjl the
efiee of Principal ofthe REST WARD PULUC
SCHOOL, Wheeling, Va. The auccesaful «PP“Cant
meat tatltfy the Truaieee of hit ability to waclijoe
leading brasehea of a Collegiate education, ana to om*
nage aueeetetolly the affairs of a large school A P«£
■oais desired wbo intend* to make teaching h‘» “““T
ness, and who wishes a permanent tiluauon- Abbarw.
salary willbejriTen Application# accompanied bf
testimonials; addressed to the nndertigned, Wheeling,
will be received until the&rstof Slareh. Lom*
Wheeling Feb {feba i_-
UalU4 Btot«* PaUßt Office,)
Fkusut 10,1550. S
ON t he petition of Juui Criswell, of Pittsbnrgb,
Pennsylvania, praying for the extension ot a pa
tent fronted to said CnswcU for an improvement in
prepannx oleafinona seeds for pressing, for seven
YfVrr from the expiration of said patent, which takes
plaeaonthefitstdayoi Jnly.lMl: }
It is ordered that the said petition be heard at the
Patent Ofiee on the first Monday in May next, at W
o’clock hLt and all persona are notified to appear and
shew eanse, U any they have, why said petition ought
not lobe granted. . 1 •
Ordered, also, that this- notiee bo published in the
BepnbUe, Intelligeneer, and Union ■ Washington;
North American and Gazette, Philadelphia; Tribune,
New York;-Journal, Providence, R. I; and. Gazette,
Fittibargh, Pa; once a week fbr three, ineeewire
of Patents.
Fifty Dollars Bewsurd*
STOLEN, on Sunday, 10th February, IMA * RED
SORREL HORBE 9 or 7 7«n old, about Mi
buds kith, star la his forehead, ruki under tbAßad
die, trots in hornets, n switch toil, eteu Umbt, no
blemishes ca them that I recollect oft had on a saddle,
doable rained bridle, ■srt'ny** and hand
Taken by a low. heavy aet German, talks pretty {Odd
ftnr»«h. abost five and a half feet high, dark complex*
ion, heavy black whisker*, blaekitair, blaek far hat,
black or Mae blaek eloth dress eeal and puts. Any
oerson aeeuriag the mu and bone will be entitled to
ibe above reward—or TWENTY FIVE DOLLARS
for the Horae, Saddle, and Bridle,aeoared tome inthe
sasjjr^T^^^sasssss? 7
Wheeling, Fdb. U—[fcbP - -
BhwtiPi lalii
ON Toeaday turning. 9Kh’ inst, u 10 o’clock, at
the General Taylor House, Water street,;above,
«iil be sold by order of Carter Cams, Eiq,
Sheriff, the entire stock of famitate, bar fixtures, Ac ;
of that noise, consisting of superb masical clock, wnh
mahogany .case, which plays <3 overtures, ehonuses,
giees, Ac, representing a fall band, fiaepian© Cane,
roaewood ease, 4 mahoguy card cherry dm*
ing do: It do dot-14 huh post bedsteads; 1 low post
bedstead; It feather beds and bedding*,-!* arm chairs;
fi common chairs; mahogany bsnut large French
plats minor; 8 French engraving*, gilt frametr da
mask eartalnst'a ply Ingrain earpets; transparent and ,
venitian blinds; large cooking stove ud fixtures;
8 Franklin stoves; akiteken ranges; iamughtboilerr;
a large refrigermtore; qneeaiware; kitchen utensils;
liquors; deoanterr, bar fixtures; marine time {ueee;
laxgeqeaa&ty of expensive g»s fixtatet; Urge retort,
gasometer and other apparatni for making xas, Ac.
At the stand in 4th street, in the rear of 8. Jones A
CO*! flanging aftff the fcbOTe, IOUf
mawgany eentre table* with marble tops; a do tables
withaeparbinlaid Barblete?si~l do easd table; spring
msi mahogany Mfc 9 mahoguy divans, with spring
hair aeats: 94 fine bastlo chairs: superb French plate
nunor.gilt frame; 4 splendid Napoleon pictures, do;
8 100 French engravings, do; Urge w slant wardrobe;
fine mahoguy book ease; choice books; snperior in*
grain earpets; dsmsik e art aim; cooking stove and
fixtures; 9 Franklin stoves; glus jars and confection
ertr; 'shelving; eonniers; gas fixtures, Ac. Twmi,,
fiHiPtr*™*, [feb33] JOHN DDjAVIW. A net .
IB HEREBY GIVEN that t*s feUowing named per*
hu have (led, in tee Reft'*W» Office or Alleghe
ny eoapty, aeeoant*. of their cation u Administrator*,
Exeeetort, end Guardians, tutd that said account*
will be presented to the Orphans’ Court of s<U Coun
ty, for confirmation nod luleyrtae*, oa Monday, the
rah of March negtt 1
Andrew Gillelaad, Ads'! nn testaments annexo,
«TUwEMto of IlB«b Crawford, dM'd;
George E Peebles, Adm*r of iho Estate of William
Pasbies, dee’d; i I " ,
Adas Wilton, A daft of the Eiuto of Patrick
Qtdirn, d*cM; 1
William B. Foster, Adm’r of the Estate of Arthur
Reeve a, dee’di
llie&tae Davison and Joseph Pesnoek, Adnft o f the
Estate of Abram Horbaeh, dee’di
Joseph MeCorkle, Adm’r of the Relate cfMaiy Me-
Corkie, dee*dj
Dr. J. Diramett, Ada's <?f the Estate of Nathaniel
Wheeler, dec’di
■ MwaretMcConhey, Adm’xofEstntsofJanoWnl
! laee, dee’di
Joan Jloeitoa'asd John CaDnißghm, Ada’rs of
vt-Ho* Graham, dee*d;
H. D. Gamble and John PoUoek, Adm’ra eum-tasta
meota annexe of iho Estate of Bobu J. Writes, dec’d;
David DuSi Ex’s of the Estate of John Moer.dee'd;.
Alexander Hnalia and James Gray, Ex’zs.of John
Gray, dec*di '
Uxxiah Btewart, Ex*r of the Estate of Jos. Phraser,
dee’di f ■
Margaret Park, Ex’x of the Estate of ElUa Ann,
Zaebena Patterson, Adm’r of the Estate of Thomas
White, dee’di
George Deidrkh and Elizabeth Detdrieh, Adm’ra of
Estate of Martin Dledrleh, dee*d; -•
Be ary Chalfhnt, El'r of the Estate of Jos. Husuay,'
doeM; ' '
' Joeeph Winders, Eift ol -Samsel Smith, docM;. eipj
elementary and final account; • •
* George Cooper and Samuel Johnston, Ex*n of John,’
Gatsady, dat'd; final acefe • .'Vi.
David R. Mark* Adm’r or the Estate of { Isaac. ,
Marks, deo*d;'finai aee*t{ _ i :r,
William and Charles Carotin rs, Ex’rs de boals non
V^y^SsXcting Ex’rof iho Estate of Wm.
O’Neil, dee’di * - ' !
Isaae Whittier, Adm’r of Maria E. Dennison, dee'll;
Thpmt* McKee and John Brickie, Adm’rs jf David
Zilhart, dec’d; a > ~
/Emanuel Btotler, Ex’r of the Estate of Barbara
• Bright, dee’di 1 '
Bamael McKelsoy, Adm’r of Estate of George Bailey,
Ac draw Bedell and 0. Canninjham, Adm’ra of
Tiomaa G. Brant, decMi j
Jtnci Porter, Ada* of Eatate i( Nanejr Portor r
JaoMi m
Akanadar Ounahan, .Adm’r of Estate of llanry
Berg eater, dee'd:;
C. 0. Seeljr,' Ada*r of Estate of John Henna. deeM;
Joaeph E. MeCabe, Ada’r of-Eeuto of Jacobilren
AloxaederV. Venter, Ei’r of ike Eiteio ©fJimek'
Center, dee’d:
Q. C. Csrotten end C. W. Benny, Aim*n of HsUie
it TkumH w. Cmrthf tt, dec***;
-ioknll Geimd, Acting Ex’r ofEiuie of Wm. Gti
Jtmre A. GQieon, Guardian of minor heir of Dr.
Wo. Cailuie.dee’d}:
David B. Marks, Adm*r of Uo Estate of liaie
Harks, dee’d; . ! . - —:
0. Sairely, Adm’r of Estate of Doulel Myihtws,
Baauel Stewart and John Borland,Ei*r» of Afathew
Borland, deeMs . ' ' *
George T. Gilliam, Rt'T of foe EaUle ef Jane* Da
'‘^AceevSieiWta.]tfagiU and Henry BrMajiUjEa'r*
of the Estate ofßobertMagill,dee’d.
JOHN SCOTT, Register.
JUfUttt’l Office, Pittsburgh, Feb. XU, ISJO.
"Xo tkt tin Jttdga if tie Court if'Gate*
rat Quart# Sationt of <Ae Protein end for the
ri^^tiSon^^UCSTivUT.of foe bonraib of
1 foe county aforesaid, humbly »hew
cih, that you petitioner, hath provided himsclf with
materials Cor the accommodation of traveler* 1 and
others, at hi* dwellinghouse, in the thorough- afore
said, and pray* that your honor* will be pleased to
naat *>»"» a license Jo keep a Public Hows of En
tertainment. And your petitioner, as in duty bound,.
tYc, the subscribers, cuireni of the borough
aforesaid, do certify, that the above petitioner is of;
rood repute for honesty and temperance, and is well
provided with house room and conveniences for the
accommodation and lodging of strangers and travel-
era. till thel *«M tarern i* neeeiaaryv
B«fflael Boumr, John Naore, Daniel Bcry. D, N&-
Elite. RcbU Nlion.'nio*. W. Jone*,-Wm. Ltvioguon,
Formhe. Cltylon F. Child*, Henry Keanedy.-
- - - , D. Edward*. » feW^w3t»9
B;fL Jonc*,
BROOMS— £3 dei Com, la itore tad for sale by
(' 'IHKK3B—OO bx» Cretan '•- ,• •
. 75 « EngUthptlry; tortile’by 1
fobJH IP WILLIAMS, lIP Wood «t
{SUNDHIES—I anek Peathera; CO doTTow VamT"
O so dm Woolen Boek«r •
Xc«u do Yarn; !
l piece White Flannel;
19 a Zinc Washboard*: (or n!e by
fthfX ; *JDwILLIAiIS ,
S" NKATIIS—W do* Patent scythe Swath*; ferial
?**•»* soda Aon.
cno CASKS will ihonly anta, direeti from tbs
040 aaaafactnren, via New Orleans, per chip*
Alain, Boorflrit, Jcaaica, and AnatrU, which will bo
eoli, on arrival' at the lowest market prlea, by
feb>o 100 Liberty at
will alio receive lam eeppUee doting the
epnng ▼UFadhUelpMa and Baltimore,
VV fannetly known as the EMPIRES, rerpect
faily anas once to the cuisens of Pittsburgh, ihenhev
propose giving a'series of their popular CONCERTS,
commencing on Mosnav Evxscw, Fssacan Bfch. and
continuing every evening daring the w«ek, at \YIL
. KINS HaLL, lowis moon, on.which occasion they
will introduce their own Original Music, together with
all the popular Ethiopian Melodies of the cay.
Musical Director-——----Mr J. F. TAUNT.
Mr. G. B.JJROWN, the champion Hone Flayer of
the world, is attached to this Trocpr, and will appear
each evening in Solos, Dueus, Ae., in air of which he
studs unrivalled.
i Mr. G.G. SNIDER, alias Jonoxxaa, the Du'.ch Daiky,
.will appear nightly in one of his obligate**.
' tET Doors open at Cl o'clock; tn commence pi "l
precisely. .Tickets.SScenu; to be had at the pnnei
pal Hotels, andal the door. . >e!i22s3
RUSS£D*B original-Panorama of “A VOYAGE
ROUND TUEAVORLD,«wiU be open at Apollo
llalljTßU (Fridsy) xvExiXP, February Ist, for a short
time only.' This unrivalled Panorama, the joint pro
daeliDnof-Burringu>a and Riuecl. after two yean of
smidloos application, is one which has been exhibited
to many .thousands in our Ear tern, and several of our
Cities, and furcuhe: one of the most exciting
.and novel cxhiiiuiona ever brought before the pabtic.
jo"Admiuioa,9s cents. Doorsopenaldi o'clock,
euriain rises at?l o'clock-prccisely. foM
Tox'Fivs Emutas act Two Arrrxnooss.
SIGNOR DLITZ has the honor to announce that be
will giTe entertainments in WILKINS HALL, on
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, aud
_ .Saturday Keenir.g«, Febtuary lSllt, 13th, SOth,
dtst, and 2Jd.—and Afternoon Perform
ances'on Wednesday uni Saturday,
February '-*Wh .* Utd.nt 3o’clock.
CTThc Lenrned Canary Utrtls will goihroa-h their
truly n«ioni>bing anil highly plelrinj; p-rformence*. '•
T&e Ventriloquism will be of the most amusiug de
scription. '
The Magical ninricns will be ti the most tuionish
mg charocter. ' ■ ' J
Admi»ion 85 cents Children hV.i price.
Door* open atto ccrmiatncc nt 7$ o’clock, feblfi
AmericanlloteTfor Beni*
fFO LKT—Tte American Hotel, on' Penn street, op
. potite the Canal Basin, Irom the in of April next.
Apply at this office. . fablC
• MPKRIiI. THREE PLY CARPtra— Ju«l rec’d'
. . tram the maanfaetotrra, at v:ry low prices, at
fetol . W McCLINTOUO, Fourm st
IMC & SUGAR—aoo bbl* l.ouuivflloLime;.
■ J.. •9bbd(iNGBtJs*r; : forMleby
..of this celebrated brand, jtiAircoMnnd for sale by
~~~fcb22 ; SELLERSA NICoLS _
DBIED APPLES—(O bo in store and for tain i>T
febtli • ' 1 •• • . i : J& R FLOYD
DRIED PEACUES-50 bo inkiere and forsaie by
feb*d . i ’ /j & it FLOYD
SHAD & UERRINfiS-ForYaleby
fcbtM It D.Vt.ZELi, a CQ, Liberty st
tiRGE CHEESE—2O fcx» sopfnar, on band ond
for mis by BDALSSELL'ACO,
fcfrtt ; liberty street —
i SjREEN- APPLES—CO bbli in spire and forsnle by
T\RiHD (ibis In store and tor sale by
GLNNYBAG9— 60 in store and for sale by
TOBACCO— 10 hhds Ky. Leaf, ju»t rce’d. far sale by
f r U2S : US liberty street
Htjilt* American l>iw Hotted and Mantua, al
ways on hand and for sale by '
OANCY CABSIMKRKS—3 cases new rpring styles
JJ or Greens, Green Mix, Brown, and Drown and
Green Mixed, and ether yarietius, }n« ree’d by
fttiSl SnACKLETTA WHITE. 99 Wocd «l
SLATE LINENS—I ease 4-4 colored Linen*, jas*
rec’dby. tiLtillACKLhriT & WHITE,
febaa ... 80 \Vooii n
• "JRODUCE— ISkeg* Butler; SWbx* Cheese; Bacon,
. Beeswax and Timothy Seed, on consignment and
for sale by . MILLER A RtCKETSON, '
_ fcbfrt . . . 171 and 174 Libetiy s\
■ ICE—S 3 tierces instore and for sale by -
SUGAR— 32 lihdi New Orleans;
30 bbts Nos 4 and 7 Loaf;
\ 40 u LoTering’a Crushed,-
11 «, do lC] Pulverised;
In store and tor sale by
j OUQ bbis Plantation Mo*
asses: for sale by ’
BERGER & McKEE, hartnc a**oeiaied with them
Jiini S.'Nsolm, in the bouueys of mnnufaetßr-
Int Shore!*, Spade*, rork*,ffcc., tbs firm of iiergerfc
McKee wu therefore diuolrt-d on tho 20th IntL, .and
;» new firm formed under the name of w lfer*er, McKee
andNeg'e?.* The btuiocM of the tale firm will be
•etded by.Wtn. McKee. wMia mithorixed to doao,' at
the warehouse of lierger, hleKee & Negley. •
THE nndetsJgucd haw this day fanned a Co-Pen*
hership amler the name of ‘•Ecigcr,. McKee nod
Negloy," lor ihe manufacture and kale of Shoreia,
Spade*, Forks, Ac., and respectfully solieil the patron
age of their friends and the pabUo. ,
Warehouse No. 14. cower of riont and Wooi gtJ.
Wit McKKK.- •
fehgaSt JAMES tf. EOftiLEY.
rpOE poxinership heretofore eiistinghetwcen Jsmes
X Tassey and John Best, ia the .Grocery, Produce
and Commission business, was dissolved by mutual
consent, on the«i.. Mr. John Best having pur
chosed live entire iiterest of James Tassey, in tho
firm, the basin*** will be settled by him, at their old
stand, No. 35 Wood'at. JAMES TASSEY,
■ fch3» . JOHN BEST.
THE ondenigned offers far sole ihe entire slock of
Groceries at the late firm of-TASSKY A BEST,
with the store fixtures and every thing sellable to ac
commodate the transaction of a tenvy l>u*inr*»,whki»
has fat on built up byfcve years closd attention, and a
Urge castom obtained, the goo-t tvUl cf which will be
tranaferfed to the purchaser, and piMsevMonof U»o
warehouse given on the first «’ay of April next, or
ioonerif required. -The sleek will he reduced if re
quited* And payment* made easy for gcoJ paper. Bo
sood aa opportuniiy of an estsMishca baeiue>s is set*
on -offered. And but far other engagements requiring
ay attention, would not becivtn op.
ttattai*elorr ii-fonnaiioj cm be obtained oatbe pr«'
raise a, No. 35 Woail «uwt.
A Wall Lost or 2tU!ald)
DBA\VN by Alderman Bnekuattlrr, to which bis subscribing witness. Any
Lezstnt finding the tome, and leaving tt at tlie office of
k JJ» JOHN'S, Exchange Building, St. Clair ax, witl be
suitably rewarded. '.fcb&t-St
Sellers’ Vermifuge,
P' HAS NEVER, in a single instance, failed to ex
•• ! CUiXt Cotrt Hocsc, July 22.1847.
Ur.R E. Setters:. Yea wilt recollect that when wo
wereiufiusbargh, fa November la«t, you prevailed
da as to irr to year Verraifoga, to teat iu virtues. We
did so, and through snl't what we pur*
chased, wklek-gavo it a fair reputation. In May tact
ty« purchased more, which; tyai d»»pov:d of immedi
ately, Wo then'ordc/id marc, which retched us on
tho l3lk of the present month, and on yesterdiy wo
scjd tho last of two dozen bottles. V/r. 'find it so val*
noble a medicine, that'every person of a family with*
es to have it io their possession.
Tfcsse urho have putehavd irwbuld be perfectly
willtos to give Certificates of In rxcellency. Out of
UteiiuauUiy we hove has never, tn a single
instance, f tiled to expel worms.
X©M friend; i . Wat C. A Co.
%v3?cpared and said by It E. SELLERS, S 7 WooJst,
ifia hpfd by Druggists generally m ibe two cities.
•*■'. ~ ~
ulL—tf bbls No 1, rccVl and forvaJe hy
'QUGAR—€O Jib'd* Jdsl ree'd ami for *oJ«i by
FLOUR— 10 bbls Extra, rte'd and for rain bv .
fcbft - JdMKS DALZffM,
I~INBEEDQIL— 3 l>bU]u«i irh’d »n J for esfr. by :
. .-ROBISON, LI A C 6,
.•< *feb3f/’ _ U>f liberty n
TIBAOHES—H3 lio rrima OLio, ffnlv», iu*trcc\i
i- • tltdfor Mtio Jiy A C ULHB SI'IVON,
: H 5 Liberty «t
INDIA* SENNA-lbaio for sale */
fcbSt. J 01ir< D MOItOAN
‘TMhß^«Wlb».«M’d l for**joby 2
Jci tthiv. •■•-• '> JQIIND MORGAN
O PONGfe bale* fine and coarse, for rale by
O' feb&w - _IQMN D MOHOAN
TUNIPF*R'UFRR!ES—I bole in sale by
bbdt new e mp, juit rcc’d and lor aalo
by RHKV.MA'miKW'SfcCO,
feba - . - ■ ■ ■ - g and Water It .
XtTti aso now receiaioff rnr-plir.* of Do-
W- mMli« #n<l T\»«riyU'.DSY GOODS, JyriiP-h we
ue prepared to tello: the 10K>«l,!ielimtca to'
cash buyer* and prompt bctineri'jnon.'
We would as* the attention ef-City and Western
Merchants to ear ft-ek, bcUering'Wc c*n offer many
indaeemeat* to purchase from c«,
febat ••• Dry iGot>da JciiS»cfa, vo WwJ n .
hocus suw .coons'.
or\ pvepEZ beautiful uji-s 'i a Vro icb prints;
UVs leases Monads Loins, good ... .- _
tteodri'LtM-ni, French Wrought
Cape*, Collars and sili:3, Ma:uiii«*, AleX
anam’EdGloTeit, Rne French and Scotch Gl&s-
Uam*. all of whiehlutvu been v»lr cinder ith great care,
am! will be found at tow prices Ht
A-A MASON 2z CO’S, .
t)0 Market at
\X7 ':B» MGRPHV* bo* receded a farther simply
,TT' *:ef Suited BedTwtiled OI forenruta*,
ailtwett price, at the. North liott of Foortb
tndMarkctsts. - - fabsi-'
MJL'AlDscca*. for Mficrrun*. lo be fwmd at the Dry
Gocds House ci • W IISiURPiIV,
frb2i . : , - corncr'FooMh and Market its
Situation IVaatedi
• A • SITUATION ]* wanted to iuiU in a Whrfcrale
2%, -or Retail Store, by ayoongreinof good sMiitje?*
W&o.can jilto rood references.' Employment
objicl than salary-. Address-—I,” I*cu Office,
Pimbargh. «cbsl4gj
Scene of REV. JOHN WESLEY, pubh*«J & / f
eabieripUon.'engmTcd by War. Ovcrana
London, fromtho orieinaf palcting bf MaxsMk'j***
'ton, has lost beta received, and it now forwue”
.. febZl • Apollo BoHi»n«*.Fo | »* t » **•-
Book* Jnst Received, f
THE Complete Work# of John »uc7So;ATpJ*i 8 * 0 »
in I voU il’otirstu-i; mutiin rut and pU/dyt*.
Mitchell’* Uialicai and SabbaUt School Gcogr®? 1 "
a new work; 1 yol, I‘Ar.ct.
Town’s Analysis and Prefer. . ' '.-..-.r
. 'Life of John Q. Adams; by Wra.ll- Secrardj l *■
ijrno; uraiUn „ .
poem* by Mrs. Hemansr 1 vrd, 12a*
Sottih’s'^ennoiw—Scrmom prrscljeJ o?on **' C T*.
•cculm* by Hubert Scats.-U. Hi » newcduioa.4
Yolt; inclodicg Pouhomou* Diy'.:urirtt’
tJ*me-i »o&.ia i; sheep.extra;
I f■ r T