Newspaper Page Text
1 mil ft a
TIIK UNION-K.AUM im. 1 " 1 l-Wi : 1 x No., 2,370.
O. X. WUHDKX AND J. R. COI.XEi.Il'S.
41 1.50 per Year, aluajs in itUuitro.
LEWISDURG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1859.
-- - -
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Communications If-it 1 mi t'-n.. it i-nt-rHi i ut .-rit
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S- tv- ill hIvkikv Ci.-' I'litm-I. M.tiU.
CiMif t'"! wtl. ft art 'iit'lt initcrlnl!" fr iint
kin N .t J )B FKIKTIKfJ, In It I .-v. H..I witli
Cr:tlii--i nitl if-( ii' Ii " rt-itstiiialt'i lri:i.
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All i:. ii i-; r .t-: miii x.
" OFKI'.'K. ii M.ir-.-l '.irr..t-th-i..-.-fmi,! t..r. y
'tflr niii! Cljroniflf.
tlttltV. .11 l-V 25, lsr,;.
7e f . )'',',, iriiKj itrma if Si tes
W n- iiiM rli .l in 11 I'Ali r ONLY I'' "Ur LAST
VKK's t-'ii'ttt, ami tirr rf-f'itf'fift'''.
AnnislicL'tt.lIiini' of lVacc!
Nkw Yoiiu, July '21 I". M.
The sfaniliiii liica li ft I.iviTp'Jii! 'Jth
itist , anivuj a( llii firt tlii morning.
Tliuro lias becu ua fur:iior flouting in
ItIy. The la!i!St uows is tLat an arinis
tica bas been cllVc' cii between ilm Aulii
niis and the Allies until tbu lTvli Auj2Ut.
There are strong hopes that this will lead
to a permanent peat-
IKIMVi::t ! Al..,n I ..clock yester
day afternoon, (.miii'.!. If. son of Kr.ioi-i A.
ai.d Anna IIoticIiowmt of I.vwM.nrii.uas v:h
an oiilr brother l.athiti? i it liie ll.ver on Ihe
eat bank, atol nioM unfortuiiaitiy iliownd.
His brother risked Ins own life in aitrmptins
to save him ; the alarm was iven, :tie body
was socio recovered, am! continufi! etlor' nia.le
I h, 3 III.
le I ut in vain. His ace uas 8
l nneral at 1 this (.fri.iay) I'M-
Miss MAtiiiit H.mm man, a daughter of
Mr. A. Hartmau, residing at the mouth
of Clearli .U creek, lv miles east of this
town, undurto. k, during the receut frc-h
et, to cross the W est Hunch, same dis
tance above her father's residence, on a
temporary raft, such as i u-unliy called a
"d s raft," for the rurp -so of vi-iticg Mr.
Joseph Jordan's, on the opposite side r " 'ays clear; no u .ou anects tneir pun
the river, bavin;; a voun-.-r Mter about J. "r protracted drought the quantity of
nine or ten yiais old with h.r. W'l
the bad reached i-.'u rut the mid lie of the
stream, the frail craft upon which she
stood parted iu the centre, pneipitating
-. r i . . .i . A.
its freight into the twoiicn current. As
Miss ... tel., she caught with one arm her
little sister, aud with the other one of the
floating timbers of her wrecked rafr. lu
lliis perilous situation, she was swept a
considerable distance down the stream,
still clinging with equal tenacity, to her
only support aud her helpless charge, de
termined to reliuquish the latter ouly
with her life; until, at last, she found
Ler feet touched a rock, so far beneath
the surface, that she could get Lead and
arms above water. Here she determined,
i . i i
as ner last nope, nciore s.UKing, ovcrpow-
eredwith Ler exertions iu the dark wa-
tersthat surrounded ber and her little
charge, to make a stand against the
strong current that was sweeping her on
to a watery grave. Her cries brought a
young Mr. Jordan ta her assistance, and
both were happily rescued, just as cxaus-
ted nature was about to give up thc strug -
le. We learn that Miss II. Las fully re-
covered from the effects of her fatigue and
alarm.- ( ttarM ItyMirun.
",-r , n . r c ".,
"LODk Out for Squalls."
This is the heading which a New York
paper gives to the usual weekly notice of
tho imports. The correspondent of the
Thiladelphia Lrdjcr writes :
-The value of our foreign importation, for
the we-k ending yesterday, runs up to nearly
ux rnitLnn f dillart. T us, tou, it shou d be
. , . i uu
borne in mind, at a lime when we are ship-
pin; next to nothing to Kun.pe in return. "J'tie
following are some of the ucms which qo io
make up this big bill. They carry with then,
si well their own suggestions, that comment
i unnecessary :-
$'':),7I0 dears Ss5t.l25
lfi.uiu Kaney (Joods ?:t IU9
4:I.G33 lVrluuieir U61 i
-Ve.irly a quarter of a million for luxuries
"i .In t..r a single week to say noitiing of
i-j.53G for champagne. SI77.I77 tor branily,
l3o:l f,,r Cin, ami Silil7,r.l7 for wines in
R-ncral. The sugar item is jsj,165 ; corfce
A weekly import of six millions, in mid-:
tunimer, is frightful. It is plain that lo
warnings, not even the cad experience of
I'a7, so frtfch in mcmorv, will' restrain
, , '
"ur people from excessive importations so .
l ' , . .
,00S " a low tariff leaves the way opcu to 1
. ? , , , ,.
uco folly. '1 here is no sure deliverance;
i .. . . , - i
tut in a better tariff. i
Nahaut wna nnrpltu&ril 4fifl vpar.
h Lynn farmer, for a suit of clothes,
instead of being a fashionable water- i
in- . . . , , . , , , !
DE p.ace, it abounded it wolves and deer. ;
ow, the wolves there annear to he in
,!i"p' clothing and the deer in crinoline '
nj Kiks. :
TIp re is l.arJIy a luuncl uiiu- r io Pal-
ifurijia, who cnuM uut teach many i f u
a iesiiti of value upun linrizntital well-, in
place of those sunk perpendicular into
the earth. You nuy call this kind of
well a tunnel if yuu please. Kvery such
miuer, almost, has had it too truthful ex-
perience of the fact, that whether his tun
nel is driven iuto earth or rock, fine of
his greatest annojauecs, ere he reaches fif
ty feet iuto the hill or mountain before
him, is the i resence of water. From ev-
crv tioro of the earth aud even Insure of
the ruck, the dripping water accumulates,
and m many instances in sufficient uan-
tity lo furiiiah by being detaiucd in res-
crvuirs the water for washing his aurif-
erom earth; and wluu not in sufficient
quantity for this purpose, would fuu sup-
, , , , , ,
ply hundreds and cieu thou-and, ui ga:-
ions ot waicr every iwenty-iuur louis.
In many situations, along our narrow
valleys, the farm house aud buildings are
located at uo great distauce from the foot
of the hills aud ridges that bound them on
cither side; and sometimes, doubtless,
with the very view of rendering available
the water from some pure spring, issuing
from their siJts It is in such localities,
or in the immediate vicinity of abrupt
hills, rising high in the back ground, and
u h. ro no springs are found, that the hor-
izontal well orluotid ii peculiarly prae-
The advantages of such a tunnel over
the common well, are these : they can be
constructed generally at a lcs cost than '
attends the construction of the ordinary 1
u ti i . i. i
well. They cau bo ruu in at puch an el
cvatinn that the water conveyed in a pipe,
can be carried to any part of the farm
buildiugs; or such a pressure can be se
cured as will enable the possessor to or-
tiaiucut his grounds bya fid mv, or foun-
tain ; or he can water, iu the evening, by
au artificial shower, the little lawn devo
ted to perpetual green. There is a great-
cr certainty that water will be found at all
seasons purer than much that is collected
iu wells, mo common well usually ex
cavated in the immediate vicinity of the
farm house, necessarily c ntaius water
that, to some extent dining the rainy sea
son, has filtered through tha immediately
adjoining mi , and takeu along with it
more or less of its impurities ; heme the
uccessity of cleaning out wells at intervals.
Nut so with tunni 1 wells; their water
water they furnUh ; and it is far more
"fctiy io ue wuai usuany .ermeusoi.
wu"'r ,uan wLcn obtained from wells
M1"k iu a or cartu composed, to a
urcat extent, tf tho debris of alkaliue or
fc"-1"""1!"1"1" -' '
'ion. The luouth of the
,uu,u'-" secured at u.I t.mcs by a door un-
ucl -tu.- me au-
ui.ss.on of all foreign substances, detn-
mental to the quality of the water, than
is the ordinary well, thereby securing to
the ousumcr an article as pure as from
the natural spring.
Many suppose without making inqui-
T ,bat thc cost of T'Ve "r ,Iie convey-
ancc of water from such situations to the
Iarm fi'"i"'g, w" Be too great to war-
rniit fri rYrn'niliturp Tr !ifi wr sav
tlat Lalf-tucli pipe (we mean by this,
Pe that is half an inch in diameter on.
tLo inslJt0 ls atnP'j fuflicicnt for all the
. PurPoscs ,uat water ,s uscJ for arouo' a j
slD6lc f"ru' houte aD1 b'U"'g', exept .
f,jr ,bo r"Pse of irngation ; and if res-;
crv0,rs for 1,5 ccuu'ation are provided, j
," 18 ast0Ulsb,DK to ,ue ut""""cd
raucu "a,cr fl )w ,brouSl' "en a half ,
luch PTe. ,f P1 constantly running. j
j The convenience of having fresh water ,
I (i IT . 3 &T, ' I
susceptible of being conveyed to any j
. height about the buildmgs-below the j
fountain Lead-by its own power, instead j
of being compelled to draw it from wells, ,
is so great that even if the first cost con-
sidcrably exceeded that of the construe-
tion of an ordinary well, the advantages
J ' c 1
. , r , i ii .i,i .
inseparable lrotu tue tunnel well, would
be mure than equal to the difference in
"St. Lal I ullunsT.
, , ... ...
nav niarncd pair m V orthmg-
ton, .iass., were screnaaeu witu tin pans,
horn, and every other imaginable instru-
..... . . -
:mcnt 01 discord and contusion, lor two;ioad(.d witU black cmjgriiu,s for Hayti,
nights in succession. J beir patience giv-; wag baulil)g out of ,oc. dock at New Or
ing oat thc second night, tho Lushand j U-.n.il, .i.si hcinf whisnered.
threatened the disturbers with prosccu- j
tion, but tbey still not leaving, bo fired :
charge of shut among them. Seventeen
of tho shot took effect in the legs of tbe
tcrcnaders, and without doing any perma- 1
.- i i ii. j . i :
netit injury has probably worried tneni
enough lo teach them a salutary lessen.
rT. "i TV. 7. I. .
Bf?w Washington letter writers assert
, , i t , r
that nearly 1,000 wero paid for the fu-
, . , , . . , n
ucral expenses of the late Postmaster Gcn-
, ,, , , t c
eral Brown, upon the order of a Secretary,
, ., i , ,, m
aod without the color of law. The matter
will La inve.lirrnt..1 Clnv Thrown was
rich, and this imposition on the Treasury I
is a matter of much mortification to bis
, , . , , ..... .
real friends. A poor c.erk aied recently
and was buried through a subscription i
among his associates That's the differ-
iu"c - bttween mco wbi'.fc obtain litre. .
A ceilaiu editor epeaking of the rcsulu-
tions passeJ upon the tutject of Slavery
by a certain Church existing only in the
fiec plates, fays : '-There is but one way
that they can reach .the evil that is, by
the way of the mercy scat; and though
fiat way srrmt amnrhut ronml;ib;ut when
you aim at the dominion of slavery, Jet
the Lord of the whule earth will keep it
Is it true, that an anti-slavery Church
in the free States can reach the evil of
slavery ouly in one way, aud that by way
of the mercy seat? May they not do
something by their 'valiant words," ut-
: tercd by their presses aud in their pulpits,
to create iu the free States such a thoro',
' universal and intense anli slavery seiiti -
meut as shall give an effectual blow to the
ci v . ii t
domimou of islavery . Not a blow by
, y uUv..,s .....u
tne peculiar institution every .ortHtrn
prop. On these it has been, and still is,
to a considerable degree, leaning. Knock
them away, aud it will soou fall of its own
weight. 1 ro-slavery men, parties, and
churches, in tho free States, are fearfully
responsible. They have strengthened the
hiuds and applied relicving-plusters to the
cou.-cicncesof Southern oppressors. They
au" l" uev" ra cu p""" " miscra-
ll work- Tbcy a'' uccJ tJ be converted
'ah trror uf ,lli:ir wajs-Northern
pro-slavery men, parties and churches,and
tiou,ucru oppressors aud tho devil too,
A&'D : U " ,rue ,hat l WSJ of ,Le
I mercy seal is a "rouuu-aooui way to
reacb. the evil slavery ? It may indeed
seem so, but in fact it is not. It is, of all :
others, the most direct and the most eff.c-
tual. It has availed more- than once in :
the history of our world. It will avail
. ' , ,:, i
C..in. .... nn r... 11..-- I
i uu.u uiaiia pu.ii u ticc. ucdtcu uiu
ton the day ! I'itltbur-j Christian Advo- and over the stump of the withered tree
cat': twines the graceful vine. A thousand
Sicki.es on the StrketT The New ' arts she P"ctices, to animate tho sense
York correspendent of the iJaltimore J'a-1 nd please the mind. Follow her cxauj
trint, writes the following : j pie, and do for yourself what she is al-
' .Mr. Sickles is shunned by Lis old , wayi laboring to do for you. Beauty is
political associates. He walks Broadway, 1 one of (Jod's chosen forms of power. We
and fastens upon every leading man to never see creative energy without some
walk wi:h him. They can not shake him thing beyond mere existence, and heuce
If Sickles joined a leading statesman , the whole uuivcrse is a teacher aud inspi
in Broadway, near Grace Church, one fine rer of beauty.
ruornini; lust weik, and walked by his 7, ...
, , fa , ' , , . 1 Miximi ti the B.Aijits. The A eav-
8 da tor about two blocks, when the cen- ... ,,, . . , , , . ,
erville (Cal.i Jjurnal coutaius tue fol
tleman apologtzju to Sickles for leaving .
b in to buy a book in a store. Sickles ; .... ' , .
"oomo time ago, there was a dancing
sa.u uii woniu wan. aue geuuemau wen.
iato the New York Hotel. Sickles waited
ualil b(J clm9 out jt v!19 0f n0 Qse.
Tba gcntieman gtorped at Stewart's to
buy a if of ,oveS( and gtaiJ purp03ely
. ir i i. -.u
half an hour. It was with no success.:
. walkeJ dowB wUh tLe
otb(.r , Wa!, 6,reQt jjis politicaI powcr
ba, COnc, and his sole aim is to be rccoc-
uizeJ JS uf 0,j It WUQ.t do IIja olJ
Ukada do DOt wisll , be scen witb bim
or ,d endurse bim any waJ 5Ir sickle8
wil cevcr be Lcard of iIo win '
attempt to claim bis seat next December,
but even tbat will fail bim. He was not
fair! eected Bnd jtr- Williamson, his
opponent,will claim and will get the seat."
Pivisios of the Demochatic Takty
oiieoo.n.Ad Oregon correspondent
of ,he Mlfsouri .,mo(., says :
How soon the Kepuhlicans may triumph
can Dot b(j ,oJ . Ut bctwccn th( ,wo di.
visions of the Democracy there is a gulf
wid(J and dccp and bridgelcss. Tlie Krce
gutc portion of ,he partJ Lav(J no hf,
cQ(,e ;Q tfae arpointment8. 1)eadlJ) rean,
the strongest pro-slavery man in thc State,
bas beeQ appointcd District Jadge Tbaj.
wb( tricd a tjs liulc abi,jty pcrB) ;u
make Q , g.ave g hi fe.
ceived the District Attorneyship, and soon
cyery of lg
ewcpt Qut of (ho Llnd offi,e. aod tbe gu.
perin(cndcDt of IndiaD Afrairs is t0 be re.
m0Tcd bimsclf Judfl WilUanls wisbes
. . ... s , b . L.nfl , . ,
;j v jte wrolc thal Uasted !
,,,-,, ,,!.,,,;.,., ;
A'tolition ktler m favor of mafctnj (Jrcjon
.. J . . J
u free State." Let the light go on.
rrOni.i a while, amid all the selfish
. . , r .i - t"'C class ui WBU imYtj luc rigu iu eusiats
ness and hcartlessncss of this nican little ' ,, , . , . t .. .
i another, as an audacious denial of ine doc
world, there is done a grand, God-like ! lriM ja questio0i , t0d ttxlt up0D
deed of humanity tbat makes one proud . the only just foundation of government,
of his species. A few dayssince a schooner and dangerous to the liberties of the peo
th(, baodkercuief4 waved-when a poor j
fjl,ow straining over the vessel's side for
a last farewell, lost his balance and fell
iuto the river. Instantly, like an arrow
f . Hewlitt, a fellow emi-
graut, leaped after him, seized bim by tbe
hair, and dragged him to tbe levee iu
safety. Tbe noble fellow was left penni
less on Ebore bis friends being all on
board tbe impatient schooner.
The Washington Star denies the report
that sixty or seventy cargoes of African
neroes have been landed in tbe United
S'ates since the successful voyage of the
Wer It -J"
parties in the South, interested in me re-
of tb(j lradCi afe doing tbejr begt t0
,i,,,roc, ii, the Government
ethers charged with the duty of guarding
j A Good Hit.
j Gc. Morgan, on the occasion f f tisre-
I ception on Thursday last, lauded I'ufLIo
to the tkics, praising its people, its euter
prise, its commerce, &c , &c, to uo cud.
Of courso, this made the lSuffilus feel tip
t..p, aud the gaping crowd stretched their
mouths and griuued horribly, lu the
evening, at a less formal, though mote
spirited gathering, in the large dining lia.l
of the Mansion House, the Governor rt-
: sponded to a conipliuieutary tuat. The
HoUalos, reiuembering the uice thiugs
; sid earlier in the day, prepared to puck-
. er, when His Kxcelleucy tuddenly dropped
, 'he followiug wet blanket over their jaws,
; causing them to immediately subside,
i Wo quota from the Commercial :
i '-It has been my pleasure, on anithcr
occasion to-day, to enumerate how greatly
j your city excels in us comuurec how
J fn Mports uJ M
other Llk() clle3 . but , (jmie,i t0 say
; tuat I fouj on a visjt tn Auburn the
other day, fit u a.x 'J"'l',y r.nl in
rrpirsrnlntitm in a rrrlniu .Sintr. In-
1 ''""'''''. '' "'"i" namdeu. (Lju1
; and tony clinrs )
j Ot:R Homes Should tie Dkaitu i t..
' Not only should we cultivate such tc:u-
pcrs as serve to render the intercourse of
j home amiable and affectionate, but we
should strive to auorn it wun those cnarms
. which good sense and refinement so easily
impart to it. We say easily, for there are
; persons who think that a home can not be
' benefitted without a considerable outlay of
money. Puch people are in error. It
j costg li,tIe ,u bilve a neat fl""cr 8r,.
ana to surround your dwelling itn tuose
Bimplo beauties which delight the eye far
more than expensive objects. If you will
let the sunshine aud dew adorn your yard,
tbey will do more for you than any artist,
Nature delights in beauty. She loves to
.11. cl. t : . i
uuic. cud uaug ivy arouua iuv ruio,
rartJ giveu ,up uorth .. most of ,Le u
Uies present bad little babies, whose noi
py perversity required too much attention
to permit the mothers to enjoy the dance.
A number of gallant young men volun-
teered to watch the young oucs while the
. . , . ' , h , , ...
ch of bo mlscuii;vou3 detiI ,ban
they stripped the infants, changed their
clothes, giving to one the appaiel of an
other. The dance over, it was time to go
borne, and the mothers hurriedly took
each a baby, in the dress of her own, and
started, sutue to their homes, ten cr fif
teen miles oil, and were far on their way
before daylight. But the following day
there a Fdigious row in that settle-
ment; mothers discovered that a fii'gle
day bad changed tho sex of their babies ;
observation disclosed startling physologi
cal phenomena, and then commenced
some of tho tallest female pedestrianism ;
living miles apart, it required two dais to
unmix the babies, and as many months to
restore tbe women to their naturally sweet
dispositions. To this day it is uusafo for
any of the baby mixers to venture withiu
"Popular Sovereignty" in Maine.
The Republican Convention in Maiuo
adopted, in its platform, tbe following ex
pressive and comprehensive resolution :
"Resolved, That wo bold unequivocally
to the doctrine of genuino popular sov
reignty, and the rights of the people in
every State and Territory to establish their
own institutions iu their own way, subject
only to the constitutional powers of Con
gress, and tho restraints of a just morality;
but we tlcny the right of any community
to oppress the weaker, to enaot laws
. V .., , . ,
that do not operate with ciual aod exact
that do not operate with equal aod exact
justice upon every man who is subject to
them : and we denounce the heresy that
Col. II. P. Scuolte, an influential and
intellifent Hollander, of Marion enuntv.
Ohio, who Las heretofore acted with tho
Democratic party, and who was elected a
delegate to the Democratic State Conven
tion at Des Moines, Iowa, somewhat as
tonished the Democracy assembled at the
Capitol, by bis renunciation of all sym
pathy or connection with them, and by
boldly walking into tbe Republican State
Convention, aud acting as a delgate there.
Apology fob a Holiday. A recent
traveler, who made the tonr of the United
States, mentions a very singular custom,
which, be (ays prevails in Philadelphia.
We give his own words :
"Kvery time an engine in Philadelphia
gets a new bub or a fresh coat nf paint,
five hundred men feel it incumbent on
them to fare a day's work aod get up a
I Milan, the capital uf I.ombardy, bas a
! population of about ltiO,000 persons, not
including the Austrian garrison and the
: strangers temporarily resideut there. It t
is situated in a wide open plain, between
tue Olona and Saveso rivers, tributaries ,
of the river l'o. It has bceu the scene of !
many a conflict of arms betweeu rival oa- (
tions, and has at different times been un- j
der the dominion of Spain, Austria and ,
Trance. It was twice ciptured by the
i I'reuch, and in 1S05 the first N'jp.leou
made it the capital of the Kingdom of It- '
aly. By the. treaty of Hlo, it was re
stored to Austria, with the adjoining tei-
Milan is a very ancient city, being foun-'
! ded 400 years before tbe Christian era
; It was inhabited aud embellished by ma
ny of the Roman Emperors; and thus
been the birth place of many eminent
men, including a number of l'opes. This
city, though besieged forty limes, aud for
' ty times taken, and four times destroyed,
still contains a number of churches, colle
ges, nunneries and schools, and many
stately buildiugs, both public aud private
The Cathedral, begun iu 1S30, is one of
the finest iu the world. It also contains
the Church of St. Atubrcgio, where the
Kmpcrors of Germany wero crowned.
The city is nearly of a circular shape, en
closed on three sides by a wall, surroun l
ed by ramparts, nearly tight miles iu cir
cumference, and entered by ten gates. It
is distant tiotn Vienna about 4U0 miles.
The 1'aiu y that "Nf.vkr Changes."
I) you hold that the people of a Tei ri
tory have the power to legally exclude ,
S'avery 'i Cincinnati t ''jmtnen-ial. I
We hold that thc people of a Territory, '
like those of a State, shall decide for
themselves, whether Slavery shall orshall
' not exist within their limits. Cincinnati
The editor of tbe Enquirer, in the above
paragraph, has made tils own platform,
and we assure bim, with all frauktess,
that on it can not be carried a single comi
ty in any Southern State. His position is
, in direct conflict with tbe Dred Scott De
cision and the Cincinnati platform, and
we do not see bow auy one holding it can
pretend to nationality of sentiment. Lou
isville (Lecomptouite) Courier.
To the above paragraphs we call thc
' earnest attention of our readers, and espe
cially of those who have been co operating
, with the nv.dern Democratic party. The
' reply to Ihe Knnirtr, quoted above, is
in the exact language of James Buchanan
accepting the Democrutio nomination fur
President in 185t.
The Mini't.E Aoes. A "Hstory of.
Progress in Great Britain," just published,
gives soma curious statistics. The early
: inhabitants of the isles made but two
meals a day ; a slight breakfast in tbe
forenoon, and a supper which atoned for
their matutinal abstinence. Wood, earth- ,
enware, or osier supplied the dishes, and
horns or shells the drinking vessels at tLe
primitive repasts of wood-stained or tkin
cld diners. Agriculture has flourished 1
and faded much iu the same way from
Cjieen Boadicea to Queen Victoria. Iu
one respect tbe middle ages people showed t
themselves more dainty than their desccn- ;
dants. In 1300 tho King was petitioned
to stop tho smoke by prohibiting tbe bur
ning uf coal. Burning sea coal was at
one ti.no a capi'al offence, aod in the
reign of Edward I, a man was executed
Imtroveh Friction Matches. Thc
common friction matches aro not water
proof, and are often so affected by even
thc moisture in thc atmosphere that no
light can be obtaiued from them. It is
: not thc sulphur which is thus sensitive to
humidity, but thc phosphoric enmposi
i tion. By a recent invention they arc
I made water proof without increasing the
I cost. Instead of dipping them first in .
sulphur and then in the phosphoric com- '
: position, they are dipped in tho composi-
tion first and then in the sulphur, by 1
which method the phosphorus has a water
proof covering, which breaks off at the
first attrition, leaving the phosphorus bare :
I to bo ignited.
An important decision, affecting the
rights of the colored people iu Ohi , wa9
delivered last week in the Court of Com
mon Pleas at Cleveland, by JuJgc Footo.
The case in point was tbat of a colored
tailor, named Freeman H. Morris, whose
vote was refused at a nceot election.
JuJge Fonte rendered a decision in favor
of the plaiutiff, declaring the "Black
Law" of tbe State unconstitutional, on
the ground tnat under tbe old Constitution
of the State, all persons having more than
half white blood were declared to be le
gally white. Tbe new Constitution mere
ly mentions "white persons," without par
ticular definition. Tbe plaintiff, Morris,
bas but one-fourth negro blood io bis veins.
niRg Du Combat. This expression
is now and will be in constant use while
the war lasts. We therefore propose to
book our readers on its moaning. It in
cludes all who, being either killed, woun
ded or missing, are yet put out of the bat
tle used up, put under, doue for, knock
ed down, disarmed, or otherwise incapaci
tated for further lighting If you d"n't
!:kt 'Kt tiit'.Tj, j.i us a letter r
t .'uni llin .iurTIIHII K- f rui .1 II s- , I
Tha Contented Farmer.
Once upon a tiin Fn-.l.-i i. ';. Kur' ;
ofIYii.-si;i.Miitia.iiivl-'lI 1 1'i ii. t 'Is
a rido si ti I e.-jii(!.l un oi l i u' o' i'
pliii.'liiir lair 1KT.' liV tin- w.iy sijlc,
chei'iily simriii'.f hi "i1 1 ly. -"i
must be well i.if, oil in ui," -Mil if'
Kini,'. "Dtiesj lliii acn; lo.-l.itu' t.i
y.iti, on which yn'l so iiolu-ti ioo-lv
ial'orV" ' No .ii'.v rf'l'li'"'! ii''-' Tn no r.
ttlm km w not t i i n t. it wns lie' li:i'.
"I am not .'o i tch a3 Unit. 1 N n 'i
fit-wau'i-.'' ''How mticli 'lo V'ti u
a day?'' nskcl tho Kititr. i'-o-t'i'-f.
"Kiglit irro-.InMi."' (ai..t,f. f.v.iin
cents',) sai'l liu: i'linti.'r. " Tliat is not .
much," rcp'i'.-.l tin: Kitijr. "'tti jou
get ulonir with tliis'.''' " tict iiloti'jr?
ami have soineiliiiii; !cfi."' " II ia is
tiiat ?'' The laniior smi.V"l an I .-;ii.l :
"Well if I IllU.-t tell : two L'l.i-rii- ll
arc for iiiyself and wif.; : wiili two I
ptiv my old ileljts., two I I -1 1 -1 away
airl two I ''ivo away lor tli't I. o.l's
s'ako." "Tliis is a mystery uhio'i 1
cannot sol I''icplie 1 liie ls.in'. " 1 ii 'ti
I will solve it for yuu, " s.i'nl the l'u
mer. ' I have two ! 1 pii'ii's at
liotno, who k.'pt me when I uas in'ili
and in.'i-'le.l li' lp, and im.v tii:it llo y
are weak and need help 1 U'm-ji llo tu.
This is my debt toward whi.-'.i I ;uy
two L'fo-elieu a day. Thirl t't..' of
grosirlieti which 1 Ieti-1 :i.ay 1 .-:!: I
for my children lli.it tlcy t.i i .' .':t: .i
riomi.-tiutiLT 'ruo 1 :m I re. -civ.; t "lt,- -: i;in
instruction. This will coin Ii m If
to mo and my wif.; v. lien we .jot oft.
With the Ia.-t lo L'lo.-. h.- t I i.i.i.:i
tain two sisters, whom 1 woiihl not
lie cotnp. llcd to l.eep tins ! g.v,- lur
l!ie Lord's sake. '
The Kitiir. well please 1 uit'i Lis
answer, said : 'l!raelv sj.ok. n. nil
man. Now I will also gi.e on -:n.-thiti
to guess. Il.ive yoa cut st:i
me before '.''' "Never," sai l the fir
mer. "In less than live minutes yuj
shall see me fifty times, tin. I carry in
your pocket fifty of my rike!u's--s."
"'This is a riddle which I cm not un
ravel," said the firmer. "Th-n I will
do it for you.'' replied t!i; Kimr.
Tlirn.stin'-r iiis hand into his pocket
and counting him lifly Bran ne.v l'o! 1
pieces into his hand, .-tamped his
roval l.keiics-. lie said to the aston
ished fanner, who knew not what was
coming. "The coin is trenaiii.'. for it
also comes from our Lord tio l. and
his paymaster. 1 '"id you adieu. '
We find the f.lloiving ''tit bit'- in the
Democratic M'.iti h'tian of U.-t we.k. N e
think that after Mr. Buchanan has sq ua
dered over one hundrc 1 thou-atiJ dollars
of thc people's money, it is about tiu.e lo
commence a reform. But m do not think
turning poor clerks out of uili-O is the way
"Wholesale Decapitation. Ninety
five Clerks Were discharged fri.ai the New
York Custom H..u.-e on the ' ;h u!r.
Their united salaries make over !'.' On )
a year. This is iu puisuinee ..I tlu work
of retrenchment which is n.ov goinj on in
all the D. pirtmeuts uf the iji-iaei-i u )V
The Harrtsbtirs S nlii'!, .v. I'a. l; r's
organ, which ouut to he g . d I' iin.i iut::
authority, appears to thiuk ahaut as we io
on this sui ject.
AcruiF.XTAl. PoIsonino 'I c ntly
Mrs. Jacob Dewees and a Mr. Dvi.l.-.m
and lady, of Centre coun'y, vi-n. rs it tLe
former, were suddenly tak. u i.l. uiier hav
ing eaten of a cake. The sMiii t ai en
thuse of violent poisin. Dr. K 1'. ('raw
ford, was called in, an 1 fr nu the cucn.
stauces and syiuptouis, conclude 1 tht tii j
cake contained arsenic, and that it lu 1
beeu u-ed iuetcaj of cream tart .r. 'I i.j
autidote fur arsenic was a.kniuisteii.l and
they aro now convalescing. The cike b is
since been aualyzod and fouaJ to cantaiu
a large quantity uf arscenie.
Ijoj,A sailor calling upon a giM.-mith
in New York recently, asked hat might
be Ihe value of au iug it of g Id as li.' as
your arm. The shop keeper beckoned
bim into a back room and primed him
with grog. He then asked to see ihe in
got. "Oh," said Jack, "I havn't got it
yet, but I'm going to Pike's Peak and
would like to know tha value of such a
lump before I start." The j :e!.r imme
diately ordered the salt wat.r geu'.lcuio
to "Get out."
Scotch j -urnals are trying to nial; out
tbat Garibaldi is a Caledonian. His full
er, tbey 6ay, was a alio, tinker at the
Auld Brig o'Stirling, aud Lis name was
Garrcw. His sou's Christian luui.; was
Baldie a counuou Christian name iu
some districts of ScotlauJ. In i"i.s- .
quence of soma freak cr other, tho son
went to Italy; aud the uaiiv.s of that
sunny clime, being unable to proueuni-e
tbe names of Baldie Garrow, translated
them into the more uu-lifluous tiuihalii. :
PtTtll CAOiitR, the great Albiny po
litical wire puller, is uoders'.ocd lo base
said that, to make a Democratic party, it
required Iwo sorts of material a few
sharp fellows to lead, and plenty of fools
to follow. Peter knows, f -r, like the
man io the farce, "Peter's no tool." j
A beautiful thought is suggested in the
Koran : "Angels in the grave will not
question thee as to tbe amount id money
Itiou tust left behiud thee, but what good
deeds thou bast done while in the w -'. l
f euU'ii 'l i "iri' -. i - ,: ' r- '
fir. Etsveus' Spsech.
For tit- !n-t wo k or two, lion.
A u.vivi'D II m:lt-i' .tkvks-.' a :-dn-ss
at a rieat pu'.iie Larliacue in
( ;.-.n 'i i. h i.- l.e-M v; rioit-ly cotnii' i.t-
i iiooa atol
p-il L.iiis "1
LrioHtid I." t
that f if the
n;: lerstoo.l l.y liilleic'ii
the p-.il.Iie press. Tiio
ki-s is e-?ciitia!Iy this
i-t sixteen v-nrs slavery
lias U'. n rtiinin-r eroun.i. u not i.e
vi. a 1 tii ('o'lstinilion. at least under
an I thio'iu'i if. That it is tlio be-:
.in i mo-t tia'tiral .t:it? "1" t!iin;.'-',ani!,
i'i.'i . fore, to in- pi-.-siTvcd ari l extend
ed as a L'oo.l, an 1 that there are now
no limits to its extension, except tie
want of a neirm population, liecare
fuliy al.staiu.s from putting t!i tw.
last" ideas together atid drawing tho
itif. t-etiee. that then fore it is thedatv
and interest of t la-- S iut'i lo re-opeu
the -lave trade. Oa the contrary, h !
avis tint to le filled tip by lii-i
hi-u er -.' pre-siy saying that iiewishe-j
them to form their uwn opinion iipott
ir. Vi t lie openly avers his convic
tion that the fratii'TS of the Constitu
tion n ' ir.h d slavery as an evil, hut
tii.it tin-y did not understand lUi.i
,p..-t!o:i and we do.
So:. of the Savannah papers re
mark truly cpoti this speech, that is
seem-i."t Lke the production of.,
ii-iiional .-t.tt--:!!--n nho has lieen six
t cti v.-::;s ! f,,r: the eouutrr. hut Iiko
o ie i
i. hannr evi t v:!i:ie to nitit..
'.. t,t. S-..t'll...l t. M". -
' r '
to lh.; u'lraism of hi t
l.v I.'i'l ; e-1 I
ii:-liicr. Tiie ihotiht which is th ;
k'-v to ihe- whole is. l!i it tie; fa liter-!
id' lit. repiiliiie. even in the South, ati I
tie.- Irani rs of 1 7 1 . r Constitution, di I
not u:i irr-tatid the i'ie--tion of sla-vi-iy.
as the South at the present day
do. This is lie- mo.-t' preu'tiatit "!"
coin-i- iotis that Mr. Stevens in lii-i
.-1 .-ii Ii h is ahundoned all the srrcaS
lights of liistory, aoaadoued all Con-,-t::tith)tial
If tie; So itii h :s ai Iiteve I any vie-tori.-s
within the last -sixteen ears, ii
has at least l.eea l.y making ('oiinres-i
and the world li.-lieve that they wcre
all IN" the ('oitstituiion. But to con
cede that tii; fraini rs of liie Constitu
tion meant mio tiling, and that h-;
means s-ouii-ti.il!-.' j ;-t liie opf.ositi-, j-j
unwoiihy ef a stalestnan of Mr. Slo
vens' po-iuo:;. Mr. Stevens him.-.-lf
dors :i.r, with his accustomed clear
ness, come out i.i a .-Iraihtl'irwanl
mantn r an-1 advoe-ite '.lie .-lave trade.
But lie -ii-.'vr-stsati'l ma in tai us a cuursu
of r.'.iso il.i,'. of whlc'i tiiat only coul 1
Le tie.' h-iiimati-. as it is the intended
eo.:-.';a-io:i. Oar o.i.'y e insulation is
tii at NAiMN :. t.oliaeiuns. both Norlh
and Sotitii. w .ii lie i.i u- datiu'er el"
l einir led iato sttch vie.vs hyany feei-iu-4
of r.'rrar 1 either for the Constitu
tion or i;s fr ttaeis.
We kno.v that the slave trade will
he an i iJ th; must immensely Iin-ra-
a nd ex.-ci'aole tl'a!:io oa tue'r!obe.
ma-t no. u i
tlie prices of cot
an 1 of
s' .-laves lie what they now-
So i;h. For f.l'iy years any
uiaa ciitud look withj.iidj
A .hui.ie sc i coast, froni Vir-
i:p iti tho
urt i.s vi
i, ahout twelve dc--.
and say t!ie cou
i:h .i in vr a i.on::,
the most lucrative?
h. Atid tthilu Cui.a.
v. and hiie ue had
line of coast as to
ie lo 1. liu kadi- it out.
r. the conscience of
i u i.;i
on lh.' ear
slaw s fi o a A fr
.-a and sac a ;
make i: itnt-iis I
w itli slrps i f w
l.ailed it out ia the fato
ail their physical interest.
Is a'! this to h - swept away vti:!i
the .-ir.r'.e l emat I: that our fathers did
n it tin I; r-tan I t'.iis 1 1 -test ion. hut wo
do! One thine; is eerlain. ihtr Nor
thern States, and the Middle, conservative-
as lli. y are, never will or can
alter upon this question. Aswchavo
said, ail national men at the South
see and feel this eliaiiire to Le puis:
vital and un.-o:isitution:il. When
th; .Middle States saw the extreme
Nortii iKs'.-e I to take advantage of
iiiim'.iei-s. and l.y legislation do that,
work which the Constitution had en
trusted to time, and left entirely wilii
the conscience uf the South namely,
r.'ulatinir Shivery iu the States)
where it exi-ted they cheerfully and
ci mscr v a lively -rave their voice again.- C
siic'i extreme measures. But. if it
ever cmes to an i-.-ue like this, of
d.'.-pi.-lt.ir the wisdom of the framers
ol'tlie 'otistitut ion for that of tho
nun who think they wider-tainl
things Ik Iter. th. re is not a Nf.rthern
Stale t;or a Middle Slate, ami not
very many evi-u of the Soiiil.eru
States, l.nt what would rather .-ce tho
Union dissolved openly than under
mined thus fatally. l'!;u..u. LLt-oiat.
A Gallant Party. The Sham D-.-inocracy
haviog admitted its want of coui
age to defeat the lights nf ntturalized cit
izens when assailed iy F.uropean despot
bins of first rate pretensious, we may louk
out for rej risals at the expense of some i f
the petty P.. publics of Ceutral or Suuin
America. Wheih.r ihe President, aad
Geo. Cass, with Lis Irokcn sword, will
uudertake anything so f. rmtJ-iblo as a
Greitonn war, itmainslrt te seen; bu.
ihil some petty cl.i. f, itflated with but
own ioipoitanee in Ins bjinboo pala.T, wi I
have to sutler, ve r.iu not d-ubt. D m -eratic
"st itcsmeii" ar- like the t.i!o
ho, b u.g s "ia 11 7 drubbed al the !
tier, su.ii,; h 1 w,.i l nft? stiv wr.'c-.-a,
tnd th:- i-tu i t-E - .nl ; l-