Newspaper Page Text
mi mil mi i "wfn rririi' t-
TJ T "rOT" TN
THE UNI0N-EsTAi:usnEi.lSl4-V'i!oLE No., .01.
BY 0. N. WOEDEX AND J. K. C0KNEL1US.
LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA, FRIDAY, MAY 27, 1859.
CIIKONI(JLl-E-!TAiii.i.:iii:t?, IS !:.-Uu: No., 79.
At SI.50 irr Tear, stlvt.tys in Aril unco.
i n;,.,,r,,HXt,rt i iJ.nr.ri lironi. 1,.
, , i . , . .VT fviiT m riTK
LsttrJ ) iiJ,iu.at L' triybari.l nt'Jii Co. I a.
Trfftfn-rrr"T run , .F.Trr-n.i
itt!iVnirf.T.ni.u.:.r.Tfi...rt-rp.Ti.-i. - -
ctn Mill piv I r t tr in. . - : t -i nv inn-, i '.
f ,r itfht m .ti.!... i i.i r !i t'ii iii..tiii., u..i.i..r
sr. A., fiii-ri-- V. "-. i ct- l';ijri.'tit. tv
i-wivM in jrnM. i.-tac-- i:itv,-, or i . ink n-'t-
aluf M--t km i- Pi-'-lni'- r-iviTn! nt tl. :tn.
t.Wli.-n Un tiiiv ?r . t r win- ti f-:i" r i
(unit a ru nil iu u un! t it 't'l'Ll).
AltKHTt?l.!HT tlilll l- -It' IV I. JIL ..' r
r-iup- '-n- w.-'k. . t- . a U ;i'.i-r inrti' n. : i t -ix
Bi nitht, " J 'l. iT v- Mr. H V.I h tr J"- !. 1 H rts -;i
.1.1. pi tr.-i 1 ;..t. I h .hi. M.-n haniH. .
fent ovt-r ii-t'i.iir!ti ! a r -hir'n. ll J'il. ruT fr. tuin-r
a- m:iy I rr -ii"ii. A (ir.ir- i 1 lin.-.- cr
Biiiiilli'Ht Ivjn. or 1i '! n--5t Urr. A iv rti"-i"iit- imf
4iii'rIuiu t.-i. l- ii- v. an I l.tr-- ' t. Ii-t ; limttt-i.
Communications i l oi t--i-:r- ( .'t-u.-ral mt'Tf-Jt
ftii'l i-.-i.iiii-.iiii -t I' thf mnt'-r' r.-:l tihiiu niM r. t-Ir-.
Th vn.iKm 'i'hl.. ii..VI'lt is l.wat-.l m Ui.-'Mti
rfthf Xtirrf '.r.Hi'7--.(.y wlii' h w- olifO lUxTt ItuforUut
i in .t nr.. ,-f Hi- l'liii t Uiln.
fcin iii of Job pkintins, uu h iK-x. . utej with
WJ'itful A Iv-riiwiii. nt to It; j -:J tor wbt'U hau-Jti-d
All i:ni.- m r i iuk-;ttio. i
Mdrdfll X lurui'ilu.
(The tiir nirt (Cbroniflf 1
e.tUl MUW V,i;tf.llHV.
HI 41 !..
Health" of Lewishl-ru. Tha last :
tear has been one of general health iu
this town and vicinity. Mr. Douacby, .
Feiton of the Iiewiburg Cemetery,
forts the fallowing iulermeuts during
year euding 1st iut.:
tbe Krum 1'Kjrt.ujU.
At of Nii.l un l.-r
'J" III l ti
tu ua upwards &
Those of CO and over were 01, Go, 71,
72, 7, 7S, aud b'J years old, respectively.
Estimating our Ujrough population at
3,000, this is a ratio of 1 death to every
100 of tbe population, or excluding
those under 20 aud over 00 ouly 1 to
600 of the ailutl population. Ouly 1 to IOU
. . , . ,
cf the entire population. In other years,
the ratio has been greater. This year, we
upposo an exact enumeration would show
much greater proportion of deaths in
ny of our neighboring towns not that
they are any of them less favorable to
health than our own, but accidental cir
cumstances some times affect one town or
seidbborhood moro disastrously than auo-,
., . , , , ,
ther. Considering the s.ie of our borough,
e know of none more healthy as a gen-
Advantages cf Shade Trees.
A correspondent cf the JCural .Vic
Yurher thinks the forest trees of our couu
try are sadly wasted, and calls upon Con
gress and the President to stop the system ,
of throwing new lunds into market to be
run over and only half cultivated, to the
great injury of true improvement, and in
curring great discomforts and unnecessary
Lardsbips. He thinks that u could be .
found fur all timbor for builJiug, fences, i
lie., or for ch ircoal, v. hic'a is au endless j
and imperishable Source of tvca.th and
A single row of ehado trees on tho
ides of the street, in a small village, will
make every fl.OOO cf real estate worth:
" . , j
f 1,100 in five years. A d
pies, borse chestnuts, elms,
dozen untrimmel evergreens, judiciously
arranged about a farm house, will add $5
per acre to tbe price of a hundred acre
farm. A very ordinary bouse may be
made very respectable by a neat yard,
well stocked with trees. Many cords of
fire wood may bo saved by a grove of ev
ergreens and other trees on the windward
fide of a bou?e. I ascertained by actual
experiment tbat a room shaded by a sin
gle row of maples was cooler by 17 do
grees in a hot day than another room sim
ilarly Bituatcd except tha maples. In
case of fires, green trees protect buildings
from flames raging near by and also afford
great shelter to the firemen.
It may be late in tbe season to trans
plant trees, though it is early enough for
evergreens, but it may not be too late to
protect trees already planted from cattle,
torses, &c, and without protection they
Lad better remain iu the forest or nursery.
Important as these considerations cer
tainly are, in referenco to shade and or- j leuden. Foot, Foster, Hale, Hamlin, Har
Gamental trees, there is the more signifi- j lan, King, Pugh, Kicc, Seward, Shields,
ant inquiry, what are to become of our j Simmons, Stuart, Trumbull, Wade, il-
forcstsi ihe failure ol springs ana j
streams, the terrible force of tho winds,
the unusual severity of the winters, and in
many p sees prospective barrenness, a.i in i
J ', , , i
consequenee of the loss of our forests,
hould induce efforts to stay the desola- j
If farmers could be persuaded that i
they could produce as much from fifty
aeres well tilled, as from a hundred mdit
fereutly managed, would they not be
willing to till the fifty and devote the bal
ance to trees ?
Barus also, and stables, orchards and
gardens, may be tempered against loth
the beats of summer and the blasts of
winter, by rows and groves of shade trees.
They beautify a roadside, and they afford
grateful shelter for cattle, stock, &c., in
every beid affording more benefits in
Various modes, than the losses from the
maut of room which they occupy, and
lis Soils they exhaust. Tbey give, also,
bouses for the birds, to mako melody and
l;it .flr.i.-: . T .l.
uu me lusecis rmu: iy eeiceiiug i -" " v- .... - . . ,
tr., those which are clear and bardy.and ' tie. of the State," and undoubtedly looks SMW f the perpctra tor. o he atrooiou.
ot throw up roots, should be chosen ; ! to the erection of a territory thus set off, deed-" A oic. Irom 1 h.ladelph.a (anon
one should be placed so near a fence or intotn independentState. The name pro- '"ous) pretended to make some uornblw-
m. e , ..
j w.nuiug aa id aeep 1 1 uauifi, ui u ,
P'event the sun from touching it during i
'-toe put of the day ; and air should al-1
"'js lute a chance to circulate around i
tree and builditiL-s.
ti) xsML tliu i
-ii-r ail La;,r-:iv.J.
i l'tavEttTE-. Taste. It has sometime.
been thought that tobacco chewers were,
the ODiv fttiimalt ho could stand that
I Eat we were last week pointed to
a EOat which touk con sidcrable "che wa"
! nf t.Wf. ultlmut nv vUiblfl rvi.linc
of ebame or of sickness It should be ad-
ded, however, for tbe credit of tbe "tribe,"
i that he is a vagrant town goat, and not a
I free, unvitiattd "mountain air" gentleman
of tbat species.
The Klylil Muna.fur Sun rj r (rrjrml.
We bavo been much pleased with tbe j
suggestion of the name of John S. Mann, j
Kdq.y a native of Chester nouty, fur some .
0f lotttr county, fur
; He has ulll'dtS hjril fljht OU tliB greut j
uuusuuus ui luiccnuu auu i. aiuuui. auu
has the requisite Icjral aud practical kuow-
leJiro of surveying to JU huu for the sta-
i are not surpassed by any gentleman pro
nosed : and we are sure bis iuflueuce. in i
ch an office, would be most happily ex- j
g0011 tlie 'e aoa Iur tue
aavauceuieui 01 uue pnue.ple..
Corrupting the Jury Eox.
The purity and iudepcudeuce cf tbe
Jury system, depend upon its being cxer-
; cised by tlin most respectable people of all
sects and parties, aud not upon the exclu
sion of persons of auy actual sect or party.
For some years past, tbe Locofoco l'ro-
Slavery party, in choosing Jurors for L. j
S. Distiict Courts, have selected almost or 1
quite exclusively, full blooded men of their
own party, or scaley men of tbe Opposi-
tion, nominally, who are just as bad.
... . ... ,, it-,'.,, , , ,
Northern Ohio, aided an alleged fugitive fireside, there entered the house a woman
elavc to escape from uulawful seizure, bas WcH cJaJ) 0f fuller form, and twelvo
revealed the fact that no lirpMlcan or yeiT3 older, but the picture of the long
other person of anti-slai-cry fvcliityt icat on ; hride of a week, aud she was accoui
the Jury which, under chargo of a l'ro- pmcd by a girl of near a dozen years.
Slavery Judge, urged by a Pro-Slavery j The sober man of forty was startled,
Prosecuting Attorney, demanded their CU( ajJked the strange visiter to be seated,
conviction to please the South ! j Then came her long and agonizing atory.
Tliia r.n1 r.nltt a fit I, I t m ( f n .1 if , II . -1 Ka flrwt ton
, , , ,. i , '
stated that the Madison J'atrwt, the lead-.
tH htt ll.iri-.h Krrinn Intfl f hplf PTIll llintl '
j lor congress, opeuiy jusiiues tuia ei,et;
sion in the followinj language : J
r . . i ..... c.- .1.:. ..
"-I UipvLlkmi ?ia no more rijlit upon
j i Jury, to try a case under the Jmjitice '
s'att laic, than has any notorvjs tnirj or
ouroiar to ate vpon iie tntu u inem-i .
'liar to in vpon ine irtui o.
of hit gany fur vinlatinj tlie laics ayainst
tuft and Lurjlary."
The excitiug and dignified employment
of chasing negroes, remanding them to
slavery, and pocketing the bribe which tbe ,
' f()r ,JjaJi
colored man to be a slave, are to be solely
enjiyed by the Democracy.
With the President, the U. S. Supreme
Court, and Cabinet, aud Congress on the ;
side of Slavery, it is not content, but now ,
comes down to District Courts, and to ;
T . ... , , . , .
Juries, all of whom must ba obsequious
., ', ,,: friends of, or co-workers with, Slavery un
s, with a half i , ., -
acr lue name ui xewecracy.
The Advocates of High Postage.
It may be interesting to the people ts
well as convenient for reference, to place
on record the names cf the Senators who
voted for the bill to increase the tax on
letters for tbe benefit of the South, and to :
place in the bands of the Administration
more money to be squandered on personal
favorites, and to advance tbe corrupt
schemes of Mr. Iluchanan. Here they
are from the Washington Globe:
Yeas Messrs. Uenjamin, Bright,
Drown, Chestnut, Cay, (Jlingtnan, Critten
den, Davis, Pitch, Pilzpatrick, Green,
Gwio, Hammond, Houston, Hunter, Iv
,, iiammouu, it, ustou, u.w.,
J.ilmaiiil nf 4 rlf unafia. .Irihnffnn nf i
Teunessee, Jones, Laue, Mason, Pearce,
, ... - ,
Polk, Ueid, Sebastian, Slidcll, Toombs,
Ward and Yulee i!t.
NAV8 Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Bigler,
Broderirk, Chandler, Clark, Cullamer,
Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Durkee, tun-
son, ana vv ngnt -o.
Every one of the affirmative was from
the South, except Bright and Fitcb, of
T ,. . e n yc t.. .ft,,
Indiana, G win of California, Jones of lo-
' ' , . , ,
w. nJ LDe lt 0rcSon- AnJ the Me
-J, except Li Maulcn, are jjanocraisiua
friends of tbe poor man, as tney can
themselves ! Every Republican voted Ao,
of course and with them, eight Northern
Democrats, who felt instructed by the
public opinion of their constituents, and
also one Senator from a nominal Slave
State, Bayard of Delaware. This record,
like that on tbe Homestead Bill, speaks
A for I'm .ilmissinn of the State of
California has passed both branches of
the Legislature, and gone to the Govern- wagon ana narncss, gau uu...u.B UUu.u.
or for his signature. The bill is entitled ioD of th. suspicion that he was murder
"An Act for granting the consent of the I d for bis money I The negroei were ar
Legislature to the foundation of a differ- rested, tho Bivcr was dragged, a reward of
tut Government for the Southern coun
nnu,i la, in ii i. it,. Ti.rritnrt nf
t - t - j
Colorado, and is intended to bo Slave-
i;.l,r f.!ili nf A hi., has sent lo ilm !
county treasurer at Huut.-viile, iJW
d.i Liu Ij i thief st tia gCU.'3aiC!Mi
Truth is Straneer than Fiction:"
j AVe have bceu riiuetcd to cupprcss..
I the names iu tbe follow ing curious histo- ,
: rv. wbu'h bas recently transpired, or rath -
it tbo list chapter of which recently ce
j currtd iu this country. A farmer's son,
' twelve years ago, married a neighboring
girl the daughter of a Tory respectable
family. They removed immediately to a
diataut place, where they had been living 1
but a few days, when, upon lin return
h:)ine ono evening, the wife of a week was
luis-iu-;. She did not return that niht,
duriusr which he felt, of couro, the ur
ted iu search of her. Ho could ouly learn
that bIio bad taken the atage (alone)
! ...1 :t. 1.1 ... tt.linn Bf-itmi It. line
, , ,
a . . ., . .
: lust a11 tr of, LtrM. ,e, wrote l. ,er
I former home, and published notices in the
newspapers, tut cuuia obiaiu no ciue 10 sea-sickuess, ana wneu ue nau recovereu,
her whereabouts. Ha grieved in loneli- ', and came upon deck, in aa iustaut bis
uess at her supposed criminal act, and, to ! powers of memory and perception were per
ctcape the scene where his week of uusul- ' fectly restored, lia found himself about
lied happiness had been followed by so ! 500 miles cast of the New found-land
great a grief, ho removed to this then , Hanks, in a vessel bound for Liverpool,
sparsely settled wilderness. He here set- j which was reached 27th of May, and in
tied upun a promising piece of land, aud August following he returned to New
iu its cultivation, ana me- cares OI me, ,
sought furgctfulucss of the psst. lie suc
ceeded measurably, has Siiled offices of
tru3t, and trrowa wealthy. After a few
years, bis homo requiring attention, he
mjffiejj J,ut his wifo lived only long
enough to bear hiin a son, aud witness tbe
fast year of the little one's existence,
feW weeks since, as the well to do
'. . c. ,, .
vears of their separation. She could tell
.L- . f .i
ulu,Ug e. T . ,
......... ..l.n Trttla mrl hACulo hr. lll :
icuauu, irntu iuv im.v t ,
uaugliter, was lirougni into tue wunu.
After that time, fitfully, and at periods
, , . i i . . . . I . l I
remote from each other, came back reason
. memory. She had wandered to a
t in of insanit j
- , . . ,
there she fell among some kind people
and was installed in an insane asylum.
After the birth uf the daughter, and ten
years more spent within Us walls, tnougms
of her youth, her home, and her husbaud,
CIM lack. Eho sovj recovered, then
visited her parents, learned where her
husband was, and flew to him. Be sure i
he clafped her in bis arms, and they wept
upon each others' nocks. Again going be
fore tbe altar, they were united, and she
now presides with careful dignity aud case
over bis household.
liut little is said about it in tho neigh
borhood, except expressions of wonder at
'Squire D.'s sudden and unexpected mar
riage, to one whom they suppose to be a
fair wUow wi!B v.Lom bo uaJ receDt,y
become acquainted. Madison Jl'w.) Aryus
r0s the st.u: tEin.Dnsn rmtowinj..
Another Slngalar Inuanre of a llurmlrss Lnnsrr.
We find in our Diary for 1833, tho fol
lowing particulars of a series of events
covering a less space of time than that
narrated above, but exhibiting in a like
manner tbe cars of Providence exercised
over an inoffensive insane person.
Joseph L. Frothingbam, a young man
of a wealthy family in Salem, Mass., bad
teco obliged to delist from studying, on
..... r .1 ...... . ...i
akivuui ui ueiiiiuu. tuius nuicu aeetueu i
to accompany confined mental efforts, and
bo commenced a mercantile clerkship in
New York. Not having bad any recur
rence of bis affliction for some years, and
anxious to acquire a more liboral education,
be entered the Oneida Institute, a manual
labor school,at Whitesborough, near Utica,
N.Y., where, by a judicious union of labor
and study, be hoped to bo secure and
prosperous. He took boarding in a pri
vate family, and was known to have re
ceived, in April, a check of $70 on tho
Branch Bank, which he had cashed. ..and,
tbat evening, was missing 1 Everything
in his room was in its usual state, and bis
absence very mysterious. Notices were
read in the pulpit next Sabbath, and every
means taken to obtain some knowledge of
him. At length, two colored men stated
under oath that they bad been hired, by a
tavern keeper, to throw something that
appeared like a dead body, into the Mo
hawk Kiver, below Miller's Bridge; and
igw of blood on their dress and on their
S100 was offered for the Ueau boay, ana
revelations. uui an iu vaiu
Some mouths after, tbe afflicted father
received a letter from bis supposed dead
sou.dated at Liverpool in England! Young
'rutuiui;u;,lu tated that he had pro-
y ovsi tu-Usi, as be L.i JcMittJ ia
lu.-lf "yu'ptou.. i lis iormr u.s-
! order, but tbat, after sterling homeward
I from the Bank with his 70, be knew no-
thing of bis proceedings until bo fouud
hiiustjlf in a walled town, which bo was
: told.uDOQ ina airy, was "ji-'Htnar i
neM again covered bit memory uutil he
recogtii jd tbat he was talkiug with a gen
tleman and lady, upon a ship out of ight
of land. In answer to hi queriea, he
learned tbat they fell iu with him on a
steamboat between Moutreul and Quebec;
that he informed tbeui he was going with
them to England, and accompanied thern
iu a boat to tbe ship ; that he va cour
teous, generally spent much timi in read
inx ; hud lost no money ; met with no ac
cident, except fretaiug two fingers, while
carrviuz a lady when
goiug Uown tue
'. : a .ml u !T..ri ll I. all tnVriA ?
. ' . ....
i . ,. . ,,.
ralLer ao od,J T I none '7tc. ?
: injanity : that he had just suffered from
lorlc. Jl uissuosequeui career, we never
01IIIU IS LOST.
Nolliinc in lout. Th 1rop of tl-w,
W in. It trriut'lfTi ou Hi. lff ir ttuwvr,
1.4 till rlhftl'.l to fill SUrW
III tuuiwerV !iunlr ph-iwer;
Pen lining- l.i Mntie within tl.it i-w
ILwl l.uiiti. tlif mil at tall 1J ;
Frrrtlall'-w ti Krklt; ID Uiir UuW
Ul touutuiua lr away.
JiintViitii? to lot. Tli tinieft
IW wild tiinUbr.iutit, ur tint.-. Mown,
tin l. ..uii.lhni; i.uilrj t.. iu- n.-. J?
h'-rriu 'li, wn an.1 itrtiwii;
Tin' 1mii;ii1:- t -omr li..ul..i.l H'.liif.
1 Iib tr'uiu i f M.ni rhri-li.1 fli.wrr.
Thniittli vi'Uv trom outward avu.-, Lclll4
'lyi oit-uinr'ii atu-r bour.
p.i with oar wor.U ; or h,r.h or kinj,
l lt.Ti.il, tli. T ai not ill f..r- t;
Tliy U-are ttirir inttum-i- ou tlitr luin-l,
I'a,-! t.U. 1 ut (..-n?b n-.f
.i wilh our il-J. 1 -r itoihI or ill
Tin-, Iia ttn-ir jrt.,-r Man unJiTetocnl t
Tli-u 1. 1 U5 um3 "iir th tl. r will
lo uuiks lui-in tifi: with good'.
Letter from Illinois.
TThe following, from J. J. CcNNISO-
' rx i f V.tn fnriiiirlv Krnfttnr frilut the
! n, V - , ... r
Ullain JUniata anu union u.svr.ets, .
!.... .a .ll ml.ra.l ni.DE of IlUr
ii.j...i.i. .... .u..o.. ,
readers: LeiciUncn Gazette.
I live in Carroll county, about one mile
from lirookville in Ogle county. I con
sider this one of the best farming coun-
trit,s in the United States, perhaps a little
too cold in winter, but here tho farmers
have little to do in winter but attend to
their stock. We sow nearly all our wheat
iu the spring. Some are now done, but a J
good many of cur farmers are in the
midst of their seeding. Last season we
had rather a short crop of wheat and
oats, but rood corn. We can have our
oats, but good corn.
ve can nave or
wheat in market in four months from tbe
time of sowing. There is ready market
for everything we have te sell, but money
is scarce, ana commands ironi ten to tuir-
ty per cent, interest, this high interest
is one thing that is injuring our western
countries. I have always noticed that
where interest is high, money is scarce.
I was sorry to sea that your Legislature
altered tbe usury laws in tbe session of
1353. I think tbey will find it to be the
interest of the State to repeal that law.
Our Legislature meets every other win
ter. The Constitution fixes their pay and
time of sitting at il per day for forty-two
days, and after that time SI per day.
Everything in the western country goes
with a rush ; men get rich in a hurry,
and very often break up as suddenly ; our
law. aro all made in a hurry, and conse
quently are very badly digested; one
half of the Members, wben they come
home, don't know what tbey have been
doing. I am told that the last session
they had as many as twenty transcribing
clerks, while two used to do all in Penn
sylvania. But from what I have said
you must nut conclude that our citizens
are ignorant, for, let some of your shrewd
dealing men come out here and they will
i soon bo convinced of the contrary. In
my immediate neighborhood, the popula
tion is pretty much made up of German
descent, from Pennsylvania.
In politics, we are strongly Republican.
I tbiuk perhaps we have the strongest
Congressional district in the United States.
Give us Seward as our candidate for tbe
next President, and Lincoln for Vice
President, and I will almost insure $11,
000 majority, but we will support any
good men. I see the Democracy of Penn
sylvania are in trouble. I think some of
the Opposition in Pennsylvania have a
better opinion of Douglas than the people
of bis own State. We have no confidence
in bis honesty as a politician. He still
wishes to stick to the Democratic party
and bo called a Democrat. He reminds
me of a passage of Scripture I have read
of a certain wouiau saying that she would
eat ber own bread, "only let uie be called
by thy name." Only give him the name
of Democrat, and that is all he wants.
Elect him President, and be will deceive
the people, as Jas. K. Polk and James
Buchanan have dune. I hope you will
be able to make a judicious selection iu
nominating a ticket for next fall. If you
do, yuu must succeed ; but there are some
lueu tryiug ti procure office iu Pennsyl-
taaia wkj 1 "kill v' aaj aij
Given with a "1'emocuatic" uixd;eon
ON "DKMuCKATIO" 11KAIIS.
Or, tlie 'Pack.eh" Orjun if Ilarritlunj
ntlchiuj into " I't nusjhaniti't t'ocoritt
,V" rtiiii hit "man tiiday, aUat
from thf (tlarrl'l nrgi Ifemwnllit PUto Sentinel
The Tariff Specific Duties.
At the commencement of th last ses
sion of Congress, a modification of the
Tariff, favorable to Peuusylvaoia iuterests,
seemed to be certain. Mr. IJuchanan re
commended a change from ad ra'uw to
tjxriic duties. Tha Buchanan press of
Pennsylvania generally supported it. Sen
ator Higler lent tho measure the aid of
bia powerful abilities. Great efforts urm-
17 ... 1.. 1.. . I, lttir it fnilMil
f' u """j " "
W e say great efforts teemed to be maue
but who that is in the .lightest degree
acquainted with the hypocrisy of the men
who teemed to make the effort, can believe
that they were realty made ? It would be
throwing great discredit upon Buchanan
and Bigler, to suppose such a thing.
Why of what value to Pennsylvania
would be her two "distinguished sons"
the one in the Presidential chair and tht
other in the U. S. Senate, and both illus
trious as statesman and tacticians if
their united influence was not sufficient to
carry through Congress a simple change
in tha tariff from ad valorem to specifie
duties ? It would be an insult to them,
aud a discredit to their constituents, to
believe that they tried to carry it and
we will uot insult tha one, or discredit tha
other, by believing any such absurdity.
The plain truth is, they did not want to
change tho Tariff at all. They were obli
ged to jiretrnd to favor it, in order to
hoodwink their northern friends, aud a
bare pretence was about all they made.
Would Jackson, or any other spirited
President, have retaiutd a Secretary of tha
Treasury who openly aud actively opposnd
a measure of ao much consequence recom
mended by him ?
What was William J. Duane'a fate?
Prompt removal. And yet Buchanan re-
: .:-..! nn.l i,l,t,'. hn.tititv La tha
...ue- -, --
aiauilp. .LluaUll it.
The Cabinet was not a unit and Bu
chanan, on that question, did not desire to
make it ono.
Cobb is a Southern man the South did
not favor a change and our X'irlhurn
I president, who tt-tinrs a re-nomination in
J3Q0 from the Charleston Convention,
WOuld not offend the South, by a removal
0 ujg Southern Secretary,
He preferred a chance for re-election in
1S00 to ''specific duties ;" and Piglor
j would gBU the State at any time, and half
hi aoul in if he bad a soul large enough
his soul in-it ne baa a soui large euougu
r.i l. luilved-for a seat in the new cahi-
it i, in tliit way we may account for tbe
fiure 0f Congress to modiiy tue lariu.
T . ..a. i
Ihe North has been sou, fcucn.nau m ; ter thaD tIi0se buried ou!y two inctes;
Bigler have been principal and agent, in j wLi!e thoM 00TertJ ,weiTe ;Dch.
the transaction. f det,p were a ,iule 0Tcr tw0 daVg behind.
In any case affecting the interest cf the . A thfy grcw no pereeptibi9 difference
South tho Leeompton question, for -1 WM noticed, until they commenced blos
stance, or any other ncjro question is Mmwg lnd siting, then the advantage of
there a solitary inhabitant of the country : li(J doep plarjtirjg exhibited itself; for
silly enough to believe that a rebellion, I thoae tla, WCfe h anJ ,cn inchc. de
Northern member oi me laumei wouiu
have been retained 1
It is very evident to ns, and we think it
will be to every one who will look at it
through clear glasses, that "adaptate inci
dental protection," (we believe we quote
right,) to the interests of Pennsylvania
will never be .ccured thruugh tbe effort,
of "Pennsylvania's favorite Son," or those
of her "Illustrious Senator," while they
have an axe in band to "bring to an edge"
on tbo Southern grindstone.
We of Pennsylvania have been bum
bugged by humbugs for many years. Wo
hall be wiser, probably, by and by and
"bought experience" is said to be lasting
and profitable. Let this reflection be our
Who Killed the Homestead Bill?
It is well to keep before tbe people the
men who killed the bill to give tbe poor
or landless men of this laud and other
Slate., Free Homes from the publio lands
of this nation. Tbey are as follows, the
Republican and Opposition Senator, iu
YEAR Messrs. Belt, Droderick, Cam
eron, Ecsttndcn, Foot, Foster, Gwin, Hale,
Hamlin, Harlan, Johnson of Tennessee,
Jones, Kinj, Pugh, Rice, Seward, Stu
art, Himmont, Trumbull, Watte, Wilson
Nats Messrs. Allen, Bates, Bayard,
Bieler, Bright, Brown, Chestnut, Clay,
Clingman, Davis,Pitch,Fitzpatrick,Gren, j
Hammond, Houston, Hunter, Iverson,
Johnson of Ark., Mallory, Mason, Pearce,
Polk, Reid, Sebastian, Slidell, Thompson
of N. J., Toombs, Ward, Wright, and i'u
It will be Men tbat every Republican in
the Senate, as every Republican bad in
the House with ono exception, voted for
the bill, and that every voto against it
was given by Democrats. This vote and
the oue on tho high postage bill, aud the
vote on the Agricultural Collego aud the !
St. Clair flats bills, will show the people j ,
who their enemies Weil as tiiaU UieuJs . i
It J. H- WUUU.
Our Father's jrnwi; ol.l, Juhii !
His ty-s are srowiiiz 'Inn,
AnJ years are on his shouMer laid,
A hi-avy wiht fur hno.
AnJ you and I are young, and hale,
Ami each a stalwart man.
And we must make his load as light
AnJ easy a we ran.
He u-eJ to take the brunt, J.,hn!
At cradle and ihe plow,
AnJ rarned our porriik-e by the sweat
Thai iricklrd down his brow j
Vet never heard we huu complain,
WhaleVr Ins toil miht be.
Nor wanted e'rr a welcome seat
I'pon his siilid Unee.
AnJ when our bny-Jtrenqib. came, John J
AnJ slur.ly srew eaeli limb.
He brnucht us tu the yellow field,
To share the tuil wilh him ;
Bui lie west furemoal in the swa'.h.
Tossing aside the grain.
Just like ilie plow lhal braves the soil.
Or ships that sheer the main.
Now. we must lead ihe van, John !
Through weather foul and lair,
AnJ lei tlie old man rea 1 and deze,
And tilt his cj.y chair ;
AuJ he'll not mind it, J.din, you know.
At eve M tell us o'er
Those brave old das of British times,
Our Urandslres aud the War.
I heard ynu spr :;lt of Ma'am, Juha I
Tis puspel what ym say.
That, caring fur the line of us.
Has turned her head so grey I
Yet, John, 1 do r member well
Whtn neighbors called her vain.
And when her bair was Inns and like
A gleaming .heal ol grain..
Her lips were cherry red, Jnhn,
Her cheeks were round anJ fair,
AnJ like a ripened peach they swelled
Against her wavy hairj
Her siep fell lislilly as ihe leaf
from oil the summer tree,
And all day busy at the wheel
She sang to you and me.
She had a buxom arm, John '.
Thai w ielded well the rod,
Whene'er with willul step our leet
The path forbidden irod ;
But tn the heaven tf her eye
We never loi'krd in vain,
AnJ evermore our yielding cry
brought down her tears like rain.
But lhat is Ions apone, Juhn !
And we are what we are.
And lutle heed we, day by day.
Her fading cheek and hair.
Aud when beneath her faithful breast
The tides no lunger stir,
Tu then, Jjhn, we ihe most shall feel
We had no friend like her !
Sure there ran be no harm, John!
Thus speaking softly o'er
The kU4 ntmn of those, ere long
Miall welcome us no more.
.Nay ! hide it not, for why shouldsl thou
An bi-nesi lear disown ?
Thy beau one day will lighter be
Keutemberiiig it has llown.
Yes, Father's cruwin? old. Juhn,
H.s eyes are gelling dim.
And Mother's treading sniiiy down
The dim descent with him.
But you and I are yunz. and bale,
And each a stalwart man,
And we mul make their paths as smooth
And level as we can.
S. R. Kllmit, ef Cleveland, writing to
, AmcrUan yarm,rl? Majatlne, says : j
! ., . :
p , . . c0lnmenceJ .owinz
J , -' .!: .
peas, and covennz tnetn at uincrcm
depths, varying from one inch to ono foot.
. f , . . . , ... . d ap.
, , . . , j la.
continued to grow, blossom, and set pods
long after those only two to four inches
commenced ripening and decaying. If
the .oil i. light and loamy, I will hereaf
ter plant my pea. eight to ton inches
deep ; if the soil is clayey, I would plant
six inches. I never earth up, bat leave
the ground as level as possible."
How ta Wash Sheep.
One of the correspondents of the WW
Grower, II. II. Robinson, Millersburg,
O , gives the following as bis mode sf
Washing Sheep : "Take a large size store
box and place it below a mill-dam or on a
rivulet where you can have a stream of
water running in it through a epout.
The way to mansge tbe sheep is this :
turn tha sheep on it. back, let one person
take hold of its fore leg. with hi. left
band, and hold tbe back of it. head with
the right, and another person bold the
hind legs, and in that manner dip the
sheep in the box of water a few times,
then let the sheep turn on it. fc.t in tbe
j box and press the wool until it becomes
clean. I liko this way of wsshing much
better than the old way of dragging sheep
into a stream and worrying them about
until the wool i. olean."
CARrt Playinu. "To dribble away
lifo,"says Sir Walter Scott,"in exchanging
bit. of painted pasteboard, round a green
table for tbe paltry concern of a few shil-
j;ngSj . be e,cnsd , fuly 0r so
pcrannuation. It is like riding on a hob
by horse, when your uttermost exertions
never carry you a foot forward; it is a kind
of a mental tread-mill, where you are per
petually cliuibingjbut never riso an inch."
A Cuuist-LikeSentims.nt. Kev. Dr.
Johns, au Episcopal clergyman in Balti-
more, said of excessive denominational-
ism: "Wherever this goes beyond love
for .ouls, something ia wrong. So fear-
fill ,m I nf thi. unit it that 1 have been ac-'
cu,,0Uied f,,r years iu p.s.injr a house of
wor-nq. or some iaan e ...tuiuauou .u.u
UiV owu. to lilt up Djy heart lit God in
I puyer lot thit uiiuuur -ud Lu people."
Apr ip iH to the rejent grant cf tha
applicaiion for a renewal of a piter.t of an
easy cha:r, inven'a 1 by a c'nizn f South,
Carolina, the New Orleans ltl!a gives tit
following story, as quite turisnt winter be
fore last :J
Judge Evms, the lata Senator frofl
South Carolina, was a very earnest, sin
cere, and venerable ell gentleman, whi
under an exceedingly gentle, milJ, and
clerical exterior, concealed iorsa very
decided points of character, among which)
was an intense State f ride, and a strong
bias in favor of the institution", and even
tbe weaknesses and defects of bis own na
tive State. To him, South Carolina was
tke beau ideal of everything grccd, admi
rable, and great. Her errors and defect!
were to him virtues and endowments.
And, though it was not in the nature of
the good old man to hite anybody or any
thing, he cherished a very decided rtpvj
nance to the institutions, ideas and cus
toms of New England. For any South
Carolinian to possess any of the qualities,
the accomplishments or tastes of any of
the people of that section, was, in the
view of the old Senator, a serious breach
of faith and duty to his honored and be
loved Palmetto State.
Now, it happened tbat Judge Evans
was applied to by a young South Caroli
nian, who bad invented some ingenious)
mechanical contrivance, which be desired
to have patented. The young applicant
introduced himself as the ton of an oil
friend and fellow parishioner of tbe J udgo,
and begged bis favor and aid in obtaining
his letters patent
The venerable Senator, raising bia spec
tacles, and fixing bis eyes in wonder and
amazement cu tbe ingenious youag Caro
linian, in bis mild but emphatic tone, in
terrogated hiin as follows :
"Yuu are the son of Col. II., of St.
ParLb, South Carolina, who was born ia
the said parish V
"I am, sir," jromptly responded lbs
'The grandson of Gen. IT., who served
under Gen. Suicptcr, in thej Revolutiona
ry War r
'Y,es, sir," was tbe prompt reply.
"Your mother was the daughter of 3fr.
Nancy , who set fire to her mansion
in the Revolution, to prevent the British
"Yes, sir," enthusiastically exclaimed
the representative of one cf Carolina's
"And you," continue! the patriotic old
Senator, "have been educated at ,
in , and instructed in tha princi
ples, duties aud knowledge of your por
tion, your birth and family 1"
''Yes, sir," modestly remarked tbe now
! IBJp.iieuk youiu.
"Then, sir," exclaimed the Judge, in a
tone of haughty firmness and indignation,
'loir t'lireoii to turn your back upon all
tbe traditional principles, ideas, and cus-
i toms of your State, upon the sentiments
and principles of your family, yonr ances
tors and your countrymen, and degrade
yourself to the level of a common wooden
nutmeg Yankee, ly inventinj a labor-M'
vinj machine f
The ingenious, but, alas! high-born
young Carolinian, was so affected by tba
forcible manner in which the Senator pre
sented the enormity of bis conduct, that
be abandoned bis application, and returned
to South Carolina, with a view of standing
for Congress in bis District at the next
We find floating in the papers, the fol
lowing statement of the comparative ma
terial powers of the Government of Europe
supposed to be possibly implicated ia tha
present war :
ci - c n e a
5 i.- :i x
I I I IS IS:
r-i -T -Ji C r-
.v o o a t cj
1 - 71 CI TO
c es -r o o
c: o o 3
o " o" " " r
. T ot
5 S r " jf 3
Cl 1-ri rr -
Ci i- ..i
ir " ;
r - T T
ws- a a
C I -j i
s" 2 7t T, 2 g 5 '2 Ti ?-
CI -T tl I-
w s C ri O r-
.2 B . at
I H i a-4 ia X. J. Ti i
"Austria" we take to. include all tbe
smaller German States, but not Holland,
; Belgium, ic. These with Denmark, N.r-
j way, Sweden, SwiiterUnd, and Portugal,
j it is thought will keep clear,
Great Biitian it will le seen is bound
together by the heaviest debt, and carries
.i ...... .1.;!. Tr nrnJi
', ... . " ' f 1; ,i,. shiDS f
"u ', . , '
j 0' ,u ,lie c,',,
1 &p i v.o J