Newspaper Page Text
■ DR. DOWNED TALK
I TO EDUCATORS
Tells of Dangers in
Lack of Preparation
B of Teachers
H Philadelphia, Dec. 31. —Governor
■Bfcproul, in an address before the
Educational Association in an-
convention here yesterday, de-
IS Blared that school teachers should
HKiuve larger salaries and the schools
The report of the educational
8m council was read by Dr. S. F. Weber,
IP superintendent of Scranton schools.
It was unanimously adopted. It rec
[ omniended that a minimum school
f term of 36 weeks be fixed by law,
S that a State educational building be
I erected at Harrisburg and that teach
* ers be given other work allied with
(education during the summei
months instead of having two
month's vacation without pay.
Dr. Downcs Speaks
Dr. F. E. Downes, of Harrisburg,
In his address as president of the
* association, said the five points of
f danger which have developed in the
I teacher situation are insufficient
" preparation, inexperience, diminish
ing supply, lowering of ethical
! standards and inadequate remuner
Speaking of the preparation or
teachers Dr. Downes said:
i 1 "Exact statistics are unavailable,
hut one is probabfy safe in the gen
eral assertion that at the present
1 time there is a larger percentage ot
teachers in the public schools of the
country who by common consent
might be regarded as unprepared
J for their work than there has been
•luring any year for the past twenty
live years. From the office of the
secretary of the Xational Education
Association conies a report estimat- J
ing that ten per cent, of the teach
ers accepted in order to fill recent
vacancies are below standard.
"While rural schools have been
k the worst sufferers, the condition is J
general. In our own State, super- I
B intendents have admitted closing
■ their eyes in many instances to the |
■ academic and professional prepara- |
f tion of candidates and to examina- j
Hon results. They have been obliged |
to accept teachers frequently with ,
no normal or other special teacher j
training and even with little or no
high school education. f
"On superintendent facetiously j
remarked that his examinations re
cently had been oral and that he j
asked but three questions: 'Can you I
■ count?' "Can you read your con-I
r tract?' and, 'Can you sign your I
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WEDNESDAY EVENING, BbOUUSBtrRG (MM* TrnLBQItaUPH DECEMBER 31, inv.
name?' 'lf they can do this." salil
he, 'they pass and I send them to
the Cross Roods school or the school
on the Big Hill, or the school at
Jones' Bend.' He meant to convey
the serious information that he
found it Impossible to And teachers
—enough of them to supply his
needs—with even the minimum
requisite of preparation, and so had
to complete his corps with what he
I "High school teachers, generally
speaking, upon graduation, have not
been trained to be teachers. The
college course, as a rule, is not
chosen with a view to teaching.
Hundreds of college graduates en
r ter the profession each year without
■ an hour's credit in the subject of
. education. This is particularly true
!of graduates in technical courses
I and of technical schools. Either the
. subject of education is not offered
at all, or. if offered, is neglected
[ entirely by the student in making
his elective!?. The motive of the
[ average college professor in the
class room is the development of a
1 trained mind, not the production of
teachers. Method courses in the
■ principal high school subjects, such
■ as Latin, mathematics, history and
English, are rarely to be found.
■ The student generally comes out of
i college with considerable abstract
and concrete information and
knowledge, but without specific
training as to the most effective
ways and means of imparting it to
"The State of Pennsylvania grants
a provisional college certificate to
graduates who have completed two
hundred hours of work in pedagogy
or allied subjects—equivalent to an
hour a day for about one college
year. This is good, as far is it goes,
and no criticism is intended or tne
present law or its application. Hut
it remains a fact that one can study
pedagogy for over two thousand
hours and still know very little of
the practice of teaching.
"Experience sometimes makes the
best teacher, but not always. It
generally will make one at least a
better teacher than he would have
been without it, and the longer the
I experience, within reasonable limits,
the better the teaching. This is the
I theory upon which most salary
schedules are based, the only checks
' being applied in the exceptional
| cases where the rule does not work.
w if this commonly accepted rea-
I soning relative to experience is
I sound, then the average length of
I experience represented in a school
I svstem or a State, will measure
j fairly accurately the relative effici
ency from year to year in teaching.
' "Teachers of experience have been
| leaving the profession by the tliou
' sand and their places have been
j taken bv other thousands of the in
experienced. I do notreferto the nor
' null losses from year to year, which
| always have existed and which are
' fairly constant, but to the abnormal
I losses which have taken place dui -
I ing the past few years and are still
!to be reckoned with. We cannot
| subtract twenty or more experienced
i and efficient teachers from a school
! system, or even one for that n.ut
ter, and then add a like number ot'
\ inexperienced, and come out even in
< the operation; and. if inanv of the
! inexperienced arc also unprepared,
j the result is even worse.
"Yet this is a process which has
i been going on, and is now going on,
j all over the country. The war, of
I course, precipitated the situation,
directly or indirectly, but the war is
' now over and the condition has not
I perceptibly changed. This fact
i makes the situation even more seri
| ous. Unless we can succeed better
! in holding our teachers in service
i during the next few years, thereby
I raising the average of experience j
j and efficiency, we shall have to face i
I unfortunate consequences in the
I "One would think that with these
j lowering standards of the past few
years as to preparation and experi
! ence the supply of teachers would
'be increased; but such is not the
' case. At the opening of schools last
September the nation faced the
greatest shortage of teachers in Its
history. In Pennsylvania hundreds
of schools remained closed for sev
eral weeks, owing to the Inability of
superintendents to induce even medi
ocre teachers to take charge of them,
and the problem of filling vacancies
arising after the school opened has
been even mors troublesome.
"In another great stute the returns
from a questionaire disclosed the
following facts: cities and towns —
male teachers lost during the past
year, 34 per cent.; female teachers,
30 per cent.; rural —male teachers
lost, 33 per cent.; female teachers,
30 per cent. In reply to a question
as to whether they were losing their
better or poorer teachers, the su
perintendent replied that 78 per
cent, of their losses were from the
better teachers. They also reported
only 20 per cent, as many male ap
plicants and 33 per cent, as many
female applicants this year as last
"In Harrisburg. for example, the
superintendent had the task of se
lecting during the summer of 1918
fifty-eight new teachers, not includ
ing substitute teachers or those al
ready in service who were transfer
red to other positions within the
system. That is, these fifty-eight
teachers were new in the Harris
burg teaching corps. In the first
place, this number represents fifteen
per cent, of the entire body of teach
ers, for us an unusually high per
centage of new teachers. Again,
in spite of a full summer's efforts,
four of the number —Junior High
School teachers—were still unfound
when the schools opened in Sep
tember and the quota was not com
plete until several weeks later.
"The rules of the Board require
at least two years' successful ex
perience of all high school teach
ers and junior high school teachers
before employment, and yet, of
twenty-five such new teachers em
ployed, sixteen were without any ex
perience whatever, and still others
had only one year to their credit.
Of thirty-three new elementary
teachers, twenty were without previ
ous experience. As for the list of
substitutes, if u few married women,
former teachers, had not come to
our rescue, we probably would still
be without an adequate supply.
"One of the most regrettable facts
in connection with the teacher situ
ation is the existance of an increas
ing tendency toward conduct on the
part of teuchers which is unethical
—such as leaving the profession in
time of need in the schools, to fill
some position purely temporary in
character which for the time being
offers somewhat larger financial re
-1 turns; taking advantage of the
strained teacher situation by delay
ing the signing of contracts to await
the highest bidder; breaking con
tracts; resigning without due notice;
organizing in unethical ways and for
unethical purposes, it is not to be
assumed that all teachers are guilty
of these practices, or even a large
proportion of them. In fact, the
percentage is comparatively small.
The serious side of the matter 1s
that the tendency seems to be in
creasing rather than diminishing.
Possibly the absence of ethical
codes in the profession is responsible
in a measure for this condition. If
so. we should have such a code right
now in Pennsylvania.
We come now to the crisis due to
inadequate remuneration. After all,
adequate remuneration is the key to
the whole problem, for. when once
this is provided, the problems of in
sufficient preparation, of increasing
percentage of inexperience, of di
minishing supply, and even of ques
tionable ethics, will in a large
measure solve themselves. These
lesser problems exist because the
teaching profession as a whole is un
derpaid. It is not only paid less than
Trades, but, in contrast with them,
its remuneration has not increased
in proportion to increased costs of
"Teachers' salaries have been
gradually increased during the past
few years until gross salary incomes
now sound fairly pleasant to the ear.
But mere "sound" cannot count in
these times. It cannot feed or clothe
or travel. It cannot provide for pro
fessional improvement. In fact, the
important question is not the amount
of one's salary, but its worth. It is
the purchasing power of the dollar
that counts, and if the teachers' sal
ary has risen twenty-five per cent,
during the past few years, while the
purchasing power of the dollar has
decreased eighty to one hundred per
cent., the teacher is really far less
prosperous now than at the begin
"Wages in the trades have increas
ed to meet the high cost of living.
Wages of all classes of labor have
increased in like proportion. The
wages of teachers, on the other hand,
even thopgh substantially increased
in amount, have not increased to
meet the present economic emerg
Services to Be Held
in Churches of City
Special watchnight services will be
held to-night in a number of churches
throughout Harrisburg. A union ser
vice will be held in Grace M. E.
church, starting at 10.30 to-night.
These churches will join in these ser
First Baptist Church. Fourth Street
Church of God, Grace Methodist Epis
copal Church, Market Square Presby
terian, Messiah Lutheran, Pine Street
Presbyterian, Ridge Avenue Methodist
Episcopal. St. Stephen's Protestant
Episcopal, Salem Reformed, St. Paul's
Methodist Episcopal. Zion Lutheran.
The Federation of Churches extends
a cordial invitation of the congrega
tions of churches not observing watch
night to join in this union watch night
The Rev. Morris E. Swartz execu
tive secretary of the federation will
At Camp Curtin M. E. Church the
program will start at 10 p. m„ and
will include picture slides and lecture
—"The Six O'Clock Whistle," setting
forth the relation of Christianity to
industry. Following this will be con-,
ducted devotional services appropri
ate to the last hour of the old year.
The new revival song book will be
The Rev. Willioughby M. Parchment,
rector of Holy Cross P. E. Church,
Forster and Cowden streets announc
es that evening services will b# held
to-night at 11.30 and will be followed
with celebration of the Holy Com
munion at 12.13 a. m. A special ser
vice will be held at St. Paul's Baptist
"The Dying Year," will be the sub
ject of the sermon to be preached by
Hhe Rev. Stephen A. McNeill, at Wes
ley Union A. M. E. Church, Forster
Will Be Governor
of New Jersey a Week
Trenton, N. J., Dec 8(1.. —- Senator
Clarence E. Case, Republican, of
Somerset county, majority leader of
the Senate in 1919, who will become
president of the Senate at the con
vening of the Legislature on Janu
ary 13- wi " become governor of New
Jersey for one week to January 20,
when .Edward I. Edwards, of Hudson
county. Democrat Is inducted.
'BIG EVENTS FOR
,P. R. R. Y. M. C. A. Conimit
i tecs Promise Rusy Sea
son; Open House
Beginning to-morrow night a pro
longed season of activities at the
P. R. R. Y. M. C. A. will start. There
will be something special every night
except Sunday. While daily programs
will be announced, the general sec
retary Frank H. Gregory and his corps
of officials promise a number of sur
Open House will be the big feature
to-morrow. Visitors will be welcome
all day, but the big program starts
at 7.30 o'clock in the evening. The
committee on entertainment of which
H. R. Rupp is chairman lias 1 rranged
the following program:
Singing, "America;" prayer, Frank
11. Gregory, general secretary; piano
solo, Miss Madeline Ritter; popular
songs by Ed. Meek; moving pictures;
monologue, Miss Lillian Speakman;
moving pictures; tenor solo, Carlton
Dunmoyer; moving pictures.
Other Big Features
The Association lias been elabo
rately decorated for the big day. Col
ored lights hang throughout the au
ditorium and lobby and about the
walls are realistic snow scenes. In
addition to the übove program con
will be bowling games, billiard con
tests, shuffle board matches, and
Fancy diving and other swimming
stunts will be given l.y Kllinger,
Giant, F. Ford. Oolestock, Jamison
and others. The blowing matches will
be arrunged by Norman Ford, phys
Other events to follow will be
lobby nights. This will include s.iook
night, rooster lights, silence night and
other humorous programs. Prizes
i will be offered on these occasions. A
| complete program will be announced
1 later. There will also bo a series
j of recitaticns and entertainments.
Railroad "Y" Cagers to
Play Spring Grove Team
j Norman Ford, physical director of
j the P. R. R. Y. M. C. A. will take his
basketball team to Spring Grove on
Saturday night. This will be the first
of a series of out of town games for
the "Y" team. Manager Ford will
take with hini. Winn, Gottgh, Peter
son, Ellis, Smith. Ellinger.
Beginning Tuesday night and con
tinuing every Tuesday night until
completed , there will be a series of
pocket billiard contests, winners to
receive a prize. The preliminary
matches will include, Chaniler vs.
Giant; and Ellis vs. Reese; January
13, Rupley vs. Weimer, and Oipp vs.
Beane; January 20. J. Rupley vs.
Crownshield and P. Frank vs. J. Ileis
er; .January 27, Tuekey vs. Evter and
a pair to be selected later.
New Floor Is Not Ready
For Basketball Contests*
Owing to the installation of a new
floor in the Pennsylvania Railroad
athletic rooms at Seventh and Bcyd
streets, and the inability to secure
another floor, the game scheduled be
tween the strong Mount Union High
.School, of Mount Union, Pa., and the
P. R. R. Girls' basketball team of
this city, to be played January 2. has
been canceled. This gome will be
played January 9.
Pennsy Engineer Dies
as Result of Accident
H. M. Blair, 56 years old. of West
Fairview, who died at the Harris
burg Hospital yesterday morning as
the result of injuries sustained when
he fell from an engine cab *t the
Enola yards of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, is survived by a widow, a
son, William, and a daughter, Ituth,
all residing in West Fairview.
Blair had been employed as a shop
shifting engineman and has been with
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company
( for a period of 39 years.
Three Employes Lose Out
Through Rule Violations
During the week ending December
21, three employes of the Middle
division were dismissed from the
service, including one freight fire
man for continuous absence without
permission, an oiler for neglect to
perform his duties properly and a
laborer for Insubordination.
A freight fireman was suspended
for one week and deprived of pass
privilege for 1920 for securing a pass
under false pretense. A yard brake
man was given two weeks for a
Many employes were suspended or
reprimanded for infractions of the
rules For the offense of being ab
sent from duty without perrnission
65 employes were thus disciplined.
Railroad Clerks Busy on
Inventory For This Week
The railway companies are now
taking an inventory of all property.
This was ordered by the railway ad
ministration some weeks ago, and to
be readv by the end of the year.
When the order was issued, it was
anticipated that the roads would be
turned over to their owners on Jan
uary 1. Now that the time has been
fixed two months later, it Is not
known whether the inventory about
completed will stand or not.
Appeal to Trainmen to
Prevent Car Damage
A number of passenger cars had
to be shipped for repairs as the re
sult of the steam and water lines
freezing during the recent cold wave
that seriously affected the move
ment of both passenger and freight
traffic. J. C. Johnson, superintendent
of the Middle division, in a bulletin
calls attention to the trainmen to
observe the rules and regulations
to prevent the freezing and the dam
aging of equipment.
Reading Veterans Plan
For Their Annual Meeting
The Veteran Employes Associa
tion of the Reading Railway Com
pany will bold their annual meeting
and banquet at Scottish Rites Hall
Philadelphia, on Saturday evening!
January 24. Notices are now being
prepared and will be sent out within
a few days. It Is expected that at
least 1,200 will attend.
'use McNeil's Pain Exterminator— XA
| Kreisler Possessor of
I Perhaps no artist of '.he present age
; run claim the ilovo of the public as
j does Frits Ivrelslor. Certainly thero
jis no other artist having ichievod
such greatness in any chosen field,
who is as versatile as is Mr. ICreisltr.
Not only is lie a peerless violinist,
a great pianist, and an artist of 110
mean ability, having studied under
some of the greatest masters of the
world, but to Fritz Kreisler must be
given great credit for much of the
J enlarged repertoire of the violin.
Great interest has been manifested
in Mr. Kreisler's collection of violins,
since he is the possesor of three ex
One is a rather small Stradlvarius,
not large in tone, but of exquisite
quality, which hk uses often for re
citals in small halls. The second 'S a
I Gagliam, the work of one of the ear
! iiest and m-iai famous of the Italian
violin makers who flourished in Flor
ence in the first half of the seven
teenth century. The instrument, how
ever, that he uses the most is one
made by Josef Guarneri del Gcsu,
which was formerly the property of
the great Wllhelmy.
This Guarnerius is one of the fin
est instruments in existence and it
would be difficult to compute its val
ue in dollars and cents. The chances
are, however, that if it were put up
for auction at Christie's in London,
I it would bring fifteen to twenty tliou
j sand dollars. It is a largo instru
ment with the big mellow tone char
acteristic of its kind, and Kreisler uses
1 it almost entirely when he plays con-
I certos with orchestra. He has other
instruments, of course, but these are
I the most famous.
| Tickets are going fast for the con
j cert in this city, which takes jdace
|on Monday evening, January a in
Chestnut Street Auditorium. Reser
vations should be called for at Sig
ler's Mus'c House before the day of
the concert, thereby giving better ser
vice to patrons.
Report That House
Opposed Wilson For
Third Term Denied
Washington. Dec. 31. —The report
that Colonel Edward M. House would
oppose President Wilson or any one
selected by President. Wilson as a can
didate in the fight for the Democratic
Presidential nomination, met with the
conventional denial at the White
House yesterday, and the unofficial
statement that any stories dealing
with the reported rupture between the
President and his confidential adviser
Standing of the Crews
Philadelphia Division. The 109
crew to go lirst after 4 o'clock: 114,
130, 118, 127, 110, 132, 103. 125.
Engineers for 109. 114. 125.
Firemen for 132. 125.
Conductors for 130, 118, 132.
Flagmen for 114, 127, 132.
Brakemen for 130(2), US, 132, 103,
Engineers up: Smith. Graybill,
Ilouseal. Condren, Sliue, Grace, Gaeck
Firemen up: Smith, Deach, Ix)wer,
McKonkley, KorchofT, AVestfall, Mo
yer. Hoch." Falk. Kills, Famous, Kintz,
Conductors up: Boyle. Felker.
Braßertieii up: Zellirs, Singleton,
Klinepeter. Home, Hoffman, Kassmer,
Mace, Fritsoli, Coulter, Boughter, Ja
cobs, Cooper, Wourtz.
Middle Division. The 17 crew to
go first after 12.15 o'clock: 31, 19. 26,
"9 35 22, 21, 36, 20, 25, 24, 34, 28 16,
32 and 27.
Engineers wanted for 26, 29, 20,
34 and 28.
Firemen for 19.
Flagmen for 17, 29, 21, 2>.
Brakemen for 35, 22, 21, 20 and 28.
Engineers up: Titler, Corder, Mc-
Murtrie. Earley, Richards, Fisher,
Smith, Kreps, Rathefone, McAllicher,
Sweger, Gray, Crammer, E. R. Snyder,
Doper, Kistler, Kreiger, Moretz, Kauff
Firemen up: Reeser, Naylor, De
lancey, Holsinger, Berkheimer, Turn
bach, Rumberger, Rowe. Gingrich, G.
M Bowers, Strayer. Gutshall, Ulsh,
Gilbert, Fortenbaugh, Arndt, Wright,
Barton, Kauftman, Acker. Stover.
Brakemen pu: Clouser, Fenical. Dare
HofTman. C. M. llawk. Deckard. Mc-
Nalht, Deaner. Depugh, Sherer. Mc-
Faddcn, Forbes, Grass, Yingst, Eentz,
Reinecker. Cassatt, C. B. Hawk. An
ders, Hollenbach, Steininger, Zim
merman, Roddy. Roebuck, Mathias,
Shelley, Alter, Beers, Nicholas, Bupp.
Yard Board. —Engineers wanted for
10C, 4, 15C, 23C, 35C.
Firomen wanted for 1, 7C, 10C, 4,
15C, 26C, 29C.
Engineers up: Beatty, Kautz.
Firemen up: Roberts, Burns, Gard
ner, Rupley, Speese, Miller, Peters,
Bievcr. Dissinger, Young. Sellers,
Philadelphia Division. The 233
crew to go first after 3.45 a'clock:
212, 201, 240, 2-3, 223, 204, 231, 238
Engineers for 233, 201, 29.
Firemen for 01, 229.
Conductors for 33, 01, 19.
Flagmen for 33, 19.
Brakemen for 33, 12, 01, 04, 31, 38.
Brakemen up: Dorsett, Trostle, Bell,
Middle Division. —The 123 crew to
go first after 1.30 o'clock: 107, 116,
121, 127, 105, 126, 112, 102.
Engineers for 121.
Firemen for 107.
Brakemen for 123, 107, 121, 126, 102.
Yard Board. Engineers for 135.
147, Ist 104. 2nd 102.
Firemen for 3rd 106, 147, Ist 102,
2nd 102, 2nd 104, 145.
Engineers up: Ilerron, Bruaw, Kw
ing. Eutz. R. It. Fortenbaugh, Quig
ley, Flickenger, Shuey, Gelb, Curtis,
D. K. lltnkle, Holland. Sheafter, Capp.
Firemen up: Elchelberger, Camp
bell, Kipp, Handiboe, Garlin, Kolte,
Stefiree, lluber. Yeagly, Hall, Raker,
Copp, Haubaker, Albright, Sanders.
Middle Division. Engineers up:
J. H. Ditmer, U H. Ricedorf, A. J.
Wagner, H. B. Fleck, H. E Cook, G.
W. Eenig, J. Crimmel, W. C. Black,
11. M. Kulin, J. W. Smith. 11. F. Gron
lnger, A C. Allen, C. I>. Hollenbaugh,
7J. J Kelly, J. W. Burd, H. F. Stuart.
Engineers wanted for 25. 667.
Firemen up: C. E. Sheats, S. P.
Stauffer, R. Simmons, J. M. Stephens,
H. W. Fletcher, F. M. Forsythe, E. E.
David. H. Karstetter, A E. Keeder,
J. A. Kohr. H W. Snyder, H. C. Bend
er, W. K. HafTner, A. H. Kuntz.
Firemen up: 33, 669, 13
Philadelphia Division. Engineers
B H. Smith, H. Smeltzer, E. C. Snow
C. 13. Albright, J. C. Davis.
Engineers wanted for 20.
Firemen up: M. G'. ShafTncr, F. H.
Young, W. E. Aulthouse, A. I* Floyd!
B. W. Johnson, W. T. Grace, F L
Floyd. J M. White.
Firenfen wanted for P-3J, 62, 20,
\\ onifii to Sew Until Enough i
Garments Are Supplied
to the Needy
Announcement was made by Mrs. j
t • A. Alder: this morning that the .
regular sewing circles of borough I
women to make garments for needy j
children will be resumed on Wednes
day afternoon. The sewing will take >
place at the home of Mrs. Alden, |
Harrisburg and Pine streets.
There is a steady demand for
clothing, Associated Charities offi
cers say. Garments for children are
needed more than for older persons
at the preser/t time, llefore clothing
took a jump in price, enough cloth
ing was donated to the charities
yearly to take care of needy persons, j
Since residents have felt the steady |
r'se in the cost of living, it appears I
residents are using clothing as long |
as there is wear to it, consequently |
making it r.cessary to provide wear- ]
Commenting on the support Steel
ton residents gave to tlie Associated '
Charities on Christmas, Mrs. Alden I
this morning said: "I want to thank
the people of Steelton for their
whole-hearted support of our Christ- j
mas drive to spread cheer. Steclton |
has responded in this work as she
never has done before. We held
Christmas festivities for sixty-five
children ar.\l sent out eighteen bas
kets to those who, because they were
not so prosperous as they might j
have been, would not have had a
Christmas. Ail this was iargoly due
to the support residents gave the
Italians Will Welcome
Home Their Service Men
A fitting welcome-home celebra- j j
tion will be held In honor of sixty- J j
three men by residents of the bor- j !
ougli's Italian colony to-morrow. Of J j
the number from this colony in the '■ j
service three were killed in action.
The celebration will open to-morrow j J
morning with high mass conducted j j
by the Rev. Benjamin Sam a in St. .
Ann's Church at 9 o'clock. In the |
I afternoon and evening a reception
and dance will be held in the hall at >
Second and Washington strets. At-- j i
rangements for the celebration are
in charge of Routs Lanza, Sylvester i 1
Veteri and Frank Marsico.
I The three men of Italian birth. • j
who were lost by the borough in the I
fighting in France, were Earnest de |
Frank. Alimento Magnelli and Sam i
Leo. Leo entered the service from 1
Holiday Activities to
Be Few on New Year's
Few events are scheduled for the
observation of New Year's day. Clos- j j
ing of borough officers .many stores j
in the afternoon, observation of holi- j |
day hours at the Post Office and par- j j
tially close down of the steel plant !
will be practically the only indica- 1
tion of a holiday.
Announcement was made by steel i
plapt officials this morning that the |
frog and bridge shops and miscel- j !
laneous departments Including the j
13, 14 and 30-inch mills will be clos- ;
ed down. Some of the offices will
be closed but most of the more im- t
portant ones will remain open all s
day due to the fact that to-morrow
is the last day of the month and year
which is always one of the busi
est days of the year, an official said.
Joseph Sostar Breaks
Leg at Work in Plant
While at work in the bridge and
construction department of the lo- j
cal steel plant, Joseph .Sostar, South
Front street, a catcher for the
Bridge and Construction te; m in ine
Bethlehem Steel Company inter- I
department league, sustained a frac- !
ture of the left leg when a large I
piece of material was swung and !
pinned him against some other ma
terial. His leg was broken below
the knee. He was taken to the Har- j
risburg hospital where the fracture j
Washington Camp No. 102, P. O.
S. of A. elected the following officers I
at a meeting last night: President, I
Marlean Day; vice-president, Melvin !
Krout; master of forms, Robert P. J
Nebinger; recording secretary, J. W.
Brlcker; financial secretary, Alben i
Pierce; treasurer, John A. Parthe- j
more; conductor, John W. Finley;
inspector, Frederick E. Srpith, guard, I
Emery C. Myers; trustee, Milton A.,
Weisenford; representative to the F. !
B. A., J. W. Bricker; alternate L. !
Warren Dean Woolcott Harlacher, !
infunt son of Mr. and Mrs. Warren <
Harlacher, died last evening at the
home of his parents, 258 North j
Front street of complications. '
Funeral services will be held Thurs- j
day afternoon at 2 o'clock at his j
parents' home with the Rev. F.url
Bowman, pastor of St. John's 1.0- 1
theran Church officiating. Burial j
will be made in the Hlglispire Ceme
MARRIED IX STEELTOX
John Franklin Koppehhaver, of
Elizabethville and Miss) Mary' E. !
Shoop, of Millersburg, were married-!
at Grace United Evangelical parson- 1
age by the Rev. J. K. Hoffman. The i
couple is on a tour to Philadelphia
and other points.
A large number of children and i
a few grownups to-duy enjoyed skat-
Dives, Pomeroy & Stewart •
A Happy New YeaN
Storej Closed All Day Tomorrow
The iSJew Year may have its problems, just as every year mjt
have; but,J if we resolve, each of us, to give an honest day s w#*
every working day during the next twelve months, then no tfk /
will be fou nd too hard for any of us to carry through to a succds
ful ending. Then, indeed, a Happy New Year will have a
significatic n. i f \
- IM .v,.. <*, MM ■ J .' . Egjj M kl matMtmi/ u * I
ing oil the community pond on Cot-i
lage Hill. Because of the snow
there was no skating yesterday but i
the snow lias been cleaned from the j
Ice, providing the sport.
ENTERTAIN FOR PRESIDENT
Sirs. Jerry Yetter, retiring presi
dent of the Tgidies' Altar Guild of
St. James' Church, was guest of
honor Inst night when an affair was
given by the guild In lier honor.
Sirs. Yetter was presented with a
set of table linen.
TO INITIATE CLASS
At a special meeting this even
lug Steelton Council, Royal Arca
num, will Initiate a class of candi- I
dates Including several from Harris- l
burg. Refreshments will bo served |
at the close of the meeting.
49 Bottles Cold Tea
Bring Swindler $196
Chester, Ta., Dee. 31.—Forty
nine bottles of cold tea at four dol
lars each wore sold to a Chester
mttn who thought he was getting'
high-grade whisky yesterday, ac
cording to the police, who decline to
give the name of the victim, who is
helping them in their hunt for the
swindler, who Is said to have land
ed other victims here. They are
keeping quiet, however, not desiring
to advertise themselves as "easy
According to the story told the
police, an alleged representative of a
New York liquor firm with more
goods on hand than could be dis
posed of before January 16 visited
this city and agreed to sell fifty
quarts of whisky for 84 per quart.
The agent brought along a sample
of the goods, too.
MANY ARE DEFECTIVE
IXXKIOII, Dec. 31. —The chief med
ical officer of the board of education
reports that of 533,400 children out-
For Dances, Balls and All
Penn-Harris T *
To all parts of the city and surrounding territory. ;
It doesn't pay to run your own car in winter j ,
weather. Call a taxi. No work. No worry. We i
use only new and the finest limousines and tour- ■
ing cars. Phone —Penn-Harris Taxi Service. j
Office: Penn-Harris Hotel
and P. R. R. Station
Bell, 4810; Dial, 2250, Special rates for 1
weddings and funerals.
Watchmaker —Jeweler —Engraver [1
Permanent Positions for 2 men who can report J
at once. -"
Salary $45.00 Per Week j
Eleventh Ave. and Thirteenth St. M
ALTOONA, PA. j®
will help to make 1920 one of the Hap
piest years of your life.
Hershey Creamery Co. 1
Harrisburg, Pa. J
Bide of London medical!? examined 1
In 1918. 259,000 Or 48.5 per tent 1
wer found to bq defective. j
j Visitors to the Cemetery J
usually moat adore monuments of I
; simple dignity and good taste. Wa " <
are proud to say that very often
| memorials of our making are se
-1 looted by visitors as the finest of >
| all they have seen. Yet our work 1
I is not expensive. You will learn
i upon inquiry that you can procure
i a monument here for a surprie- t
| ingly small sum considering ciual- 1
i ity of stone and workmanship,
j" Cemetery I,ottering
I. B. Dickinson
I Granite. Vlnrlile, Tile nn<l Ilronse
505-13 -X. THIRTEENTH ST.,