Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, November 08, 1919, Page 7, Image 7

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Senate Approves Committee's
Action Concerning the
Foreign Powers
t Washington, Nov. B. —The first af-
Srmative step toward qualification of
the Peace Treaty was taken yester
day by the Senate after Administra
tion leaders, with the backing of
president Wilson, had reaffirmed
their intention of voting against rati
fication if the reservations drawn by
Jhe Senate majority are adopted.
The initial test of strength on the
reservation progTam of the Foreign
Relations Committee found the Re
publicans almost solidly united be
hind it, the group of mild reserva
tionists who helped kill the commit
tee's amendments and the irrecpu- 1
cilable group of Treaty foes stand
ing together for the first time since
V the long Treaty fight began.
By a vote of 48 to 40, the Senate
approved, after all efforts to amend
it had failed, the committee's pre
amble to the reservation group,' re-j
quiring that to make the Treaty ]
binding at least three of the fqur
great Powers must accept the Sen
ate qualifications.
When adjournment was reached
the first of the 14 reservations was!
under debate, the Republican lead-1
ers claiming they had sa|p majori-1
ties pledged for the entire group.
The mild reservationists, it was de
clared, had turned down a new!
Democratic offer of compromise
* while the irreconcilable wing was
' devising a plan to defeat the Treaty j
The plan to vote against the
Treaty and thus deadlock the rati-<
fication fight was decla'red to have
President Wilson's unqualified sup
port. Senator Hitchcock, of Ne
braska, the Democratic leader, saw j
or Tonsilitis, gargle
with warm salt
water, then apply—
.YOUR BODYGUARD" - 30* 601*7L2Q
Be Better Looking —Take
Olive Tablets
To have a clear, pink skin, bright
eyes, no pimples, a feeling of buoyancy
like childhood days, you must keep
your body free from poisonous wastes.
* Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets (a vege
table compound mixed with olive oil)
act on the liver and bowels like calomel
—yet have no dangerous after effect.
Take one nightly and note results.
They start the bile and overcome
constipation. That's why millions of
boxes are sold annually. 10c and 25c
Local Man Considers
the"Man-Hei!" Worth
Many Times Its Cost
Quickly Relieved of Asthma and j
Heavy Coughing Spells
After using the Man-Heil Auto
matic Inhaler or.4y four weeks, Mr.
Norman A. Fager, 1730 North Third j
St., tells of the wonderful relief ob- '
tained in the following letter, dated j
September 26:
"About four weeks ago I pur
chased one of your Man-Heil Xnhal- j
ers at the Gbrgas Drug Store, 16 ,
North Third St., and I wish to tell 1
you of the wonderful relief it has 1
afforded me. This year I have been
* able to work all during the hay fever
period, where in former years V was
obliged to remain at home. Have
been able to sleep well this year,
but other years have had Asthma
with the Hay Fever. Since using
your Inhaler and Remedy have had
no Asthma attack. Former years
was troubled with very heavy cough
ing spells, hut this year spells were
very slight and did not have to leave
bed at night as formerly. I would
ndt take a great deal of money for
my Inhaler if it could not be re- j
placed. Your remedy is wonderful
when used on gauze if not conven
ient to carry Inhaler."
Medicine that quickly soothes and
heals the inflammation is automat
ically administered to all parts of
the Lungs and Air Passages by giv
ing relief In thousands of cases aft
er all other remedies have failed.
Satisfaction guaranteed or money re
funded. On sale ut all three Gorgas
Drug Stores.
For free booklet, write Frederick
Heilniui? Co., Johnstown, Pa. •
We've a Promise
The Sanitary Family Washing Com
pany has a promise to make.*
And here it is:
If our Laundry Service has been good in
the past, it's going to be MUCH BETTER
from now on!
\\ ell, you see, we've been remodeling the
plant; installing new and more improved
laundry machinery and rearranging the old.
And now we can offer you a Rough-Dry
Laundry Service greatly superior to even
our former high-grade service.
Our deliveries from now on will be more
prompt —a feature to be appreciated.
* * *
Are you acquainted with the work we do?
If not, there's no better time than right now.
Each family wash is washed individually
—you know what that means! And lie
sides the sanitary reasons, no disfiguring
ink marks are placed on your work.
Get acquainted with our work which sets
a new standard in laundry service.
Sixteenth and Elm Streets
Bell Dial 3723
the President during the day for the
first time since Mr. Wiiscn returned
from ills speaking tour und went
over the entire situation. After
ward, Mr. Hitchcock said, the Execu
tive regarded the committee reser
vations ns "destructive" and the pre
amble as "very embarrassing."
Lochiel Mothers Hold
First Fall Meeting
The first meeting of the season
was held by tho Lochiel Mothers
last evening in Market Square
Church, where Mrs. George Edward
Hawes presided. Miss Maude Kinne
burgh, of the Presbyterian Missions
for Freedmen, of Pittsburgh, gave
a short talk. The Penny-prayer en
velopes kept during the summer
were returned.
Mrs. W. T. Scheffer is superin
tendent with the following assist
ants: Mrs. E. M. Stoner, Mrs. O.
I Warren Moltz, Mrs. James Baker,
Mrs. Andrew Redmond, Mrs. Rob
ert llgenfritz, Mrs. Annie Young,
Mrs. Harriet Houck, Mrs. Morris
Taylor, Mrs. Mary Newman, Miss
Alice Saunders, Mrs. William Myers,
Mrs. Sara Church, Mrs. Herman P.
Miller, Mrs. Horace Chayne, Mrs.
Jefferson Payne and Mrs. Kate
The mothers present last evening
were: Mrs. Anna Shaunnessey, Mrs.
Sara Koons, Mrs. Emma Eckreck,
Mrs. Ella Grove, Mrs. Anna Swartz,
Mrs. Edward Hogentogler, Mrs. Ida
Franklin. Mrs. Mary Reinhold, .Mrs.
Bertha Colestock, Mrs. Minnie Mil
ler, Mrs. Mary Stallman. Mrs. Ella
Emerlck. Mrs. Bertha Tolbert, Mrs.
Anna Haney, Mrs. Ella Wagner,
Mrs. Sara Jennings, Mrs. Emma
Lackey, Mrs. Catherine Sutcli, Mrs.
Margaret Bryant, Mrs. Mary Messer
smith, Mrs. Agnes Fox, Mrs. Lillie
Shopperl, Mrs. Clara Goudy, Mrs.
Sara Goudy, Mrs. Mary Fox, Mrs.
Alice Note, Mrs. Sara Fox, Mrs.
Mary Moore, Mrs. Martha Kirby.
Mrs. Bessie Banford, Mrs. Mary
Gebhart, Mrs. Minnie Beck, Mrs.
Phillips, Mrs. Catherine Rever, Mrs.
Mary Roberts, Mrs. Irene Romber
ger, Mrs. Mabel Goudy, Mrs. M. E.
Bray, Mrs. Anne Pohn, Mrs. Mary
Harris, Mrs. Emma McCann, Mrs.
Edith Meyers, Mrs. Lydia Ludlow,
Mrs. J. Zimmerman, Mis. Blaine
looker, Mrs. J. L. Baker, Mrs. Pearl
Baker, Mrs. Catherine Homer, Mrs.
Reneker, Mrs. Belle Charles.
Degrees Conferred by
Independent Americans
The degree team of Mt. Vernon
Council No. 333. Order of Independent
Americans, consisting of 20 members
conferred degrees.on a class of candi
dates under the supcrvison of Cap
tain of the Guard Garrow. Next
Uuesday evening the team will con
fer the degrees on a larger class sjt
Fackler's Hall. Tese initiations are
gaining much interest in the welfare
and activities of the order and are
a weekly event. The oriental degree
also will be conferred Tuesday on a
large class of candidates.
The council has entered into social
and fraternal The social activ
ities of the council include quoit tour
naments indoor sports and games.
The council plans to organize a glee
club under the direction of Charles
Hoover, of Steelton Council No. 162.
The first rehearsal will be Tuesday.
Friday evening the Middle District
Boosters Association meets at Mel
rose Council at Nineteenth and Derry
Any time Sunday and select one of
the $59 building lots. Each lot 20
feet wide and 125 feet deep. Take
car marked "L" and get oft at Ar
lington Ave., Colonial Park. If you
motor watch for our sign boards
three-fourths of a mile beyond Pro
gress on Jonestown road.
For Neuralgia, Sore Throat, Pain in
Templet, Stiff Joints, Rheumatism,
Lumbago and for all Inflammation and
O (Liquid Form)
Taken Internally. One-half teaspoonful In one
half flasa water for Cramps in Bowels. Colic.
Disintery. Gas on Stomach. Acute Indifestion.
Instant Kclief.
ALL DRUGGISTS.3S cents aad 70 centa
Lutherans Will Form Social
Centers in AH the
Large Cities
Chicago, Nov. B.—The establish
ment of a Lutheran social center in
every one of the larger cities 1b one
of the aims of the convention of the
Lutheran Brotherhood of America.
For this work a million Lutheran
men for peace-time service will be
The losses to the church, through
lack of such provision now is in
calculable, it is said.
Dr. A. B. Learner, of Des Moines,
lowa, secretary of the brotherhood,
pointed out that the brotherhood had
buildings in 13 camps, that it main
tained service organizations for 11
student army training corps and
that it spent more than a quarter of
a million dollars in taking the church
to the boys in the Army and Navy.
Dr. J. A. O. Stub, of Minneapolis,
pointed out that the brotherhood
was an emergency organization called
j into being by the emergency of the
war. At its first meeting in 1917 it
I had 30 members. To-day it has
more than 60,000.
Capt. J. Orbison, of
American Relief, Is
Gassed at Riga
London, Nov. B.—Capt. J. Orbison,
head of the American Relief Ad
ministration in Riga, was badly
gassed during a bombardment of
Riga with gas shells Thursday by
the forces of Col. Avaloff Bermondt,
says a dispatch to the Daily Mail
front Helsingfors.
Camp Hill Minister
Is Given Reception
The Camp Hill Church of God ten
dered a reception to the Rev. and Mrs.
A. P. Stover, at the parsonage last
evening. Daniel Bucher was master
of ceremonies.
Rev. S. E. Vance, pastor of the
Church of God of Wormleysburg, also
made an address. A number of selec
tions of music were rendered, Mrs.
John Bender presiding at the piano.
During the evening a number of
gifts were left at the parsonage as a
token of appreciation for services
rendered by the pastor and his wife.
Before leaving for their homes Mr.
Bucher presented the pastor in be
half of the offical board and the
church. $25 in gold, and Mrs. Stover
with the same amount.
Railroads Need Six Billion
New Capital in 3 Years
Chicago, Nov. B.—At least six bil
lion dollars of new capital must be
invested in railroad facilities 'within
the next three years if the roads are
to become able satisfactorily to han
dle the country's commerce, Samuel
O. Dunn, editor of the Railway Age,
estimated in an address. Any leg
islation involving the railways
should be designed with that con
sidered, he said.
At the close of sohool yesterday
nine sections had registered one
hundred per cent; in the Edison
Junior High School Red Cross drive.
! These sections, in the order in which
they registered one hundred per
cent., are: 98-9, 98-2, 98-5, 88-2,
BA-1, 78-9. 88-3, 7A-2 and 78-7. No
statistics were available for the oth
er thirty-one sections of the school,
but indications are that they are re
sponding liberally. The faculty has
, registered one hundred per cent. 1
I One member who had been in over
i seas service said: "I will always an
i swer to the call of the Red Cross
i for I know what it did for the boys
| overseas and how efficiently it met
I all calls thmat were made upon it."
A recent election in section BA-1
resulted in t£e election of the fol
lowing officers: President, Craig
Williams: vice-president, Beulah
Amspach; secretary,-Gladys Bolan;
assistant secretary, Grace Enterline;
treasurer, William Barnhart, assist
ant treasurer, Ralph Messersmith;
class captain for boys, Ralph Cle
land: lieutenant for boys, John Mc-
Kenie; class captain for girls, Elea
nor Wagner: lieutenant for girls,
Miriam Mac Donald; parliamentary
critic, Isabel Whitmeyer; assistant
parliamentary critic, Francis Russ:
watch your speech critic, Anna
Knupp: assistant watch your speech
critic, Marie Slough.
During auditorium exercises the
students practiced a few yells for the
game to-day. They were led by Karl
Barth and six other boys. Cheer
leaders will be elected next week.
During the auditorium exercises
yesterday "Better English Week"
came to a climax in the presentation
of two playlets, entitled "The Cor
rect Speech School", and "The Mys
terious Thirteen," composed and
staged by Miss Julia Ryan, with the
assistance of Miss Ella Ryan.
In the correct speech school, Mr.
Ileagy, of section 98-5, ployed the
part of Mr. English, who was mas
ter of the school. Eleven hoys who
had learned enough English to get
a job, but not to hold one applied
to Mr. English for instruction in
good English in order that they
might hereafter hold the job and
The boys who played the part of
the scholars in search of good
English were: Albert Millar, Fred
Webster. Leon Nieman, Russell
Free, Theodore Selig, Joseph Gimper,
George Snyder, Laurence Hess,
George Bennett, Karl Barth, Tru
man Thompson.
"Mysterious Thirteen" was a play
in which girls represented thirteen
"Bad English" mice charmed by a
fairy dancer. But the "Good En
glish" cat got them and laid them
all low and then brought them back
to life when she found that they
would speak good English. The en
tire. play was set to music. Mary
Collins, a ninth grade girl presided
at the piano. Eliza June Shupp was
the ".Fairy Dancer." The "Good
English" cat was Anna Mary Moog.
The rest of the cast were girls from
the seventh and eighth grades. Judg
ing from the fact that the students
admit that they never realized that
they were butchering English so
much, the enmpnign has been a suc
cess and "Should bear good fruit
throughout the school term.
Section 98-7 rendered a short lit
erary program after they had con
ducted the routing business of the
home room uctivity period yester
day. The program consisted of rec
itations bv Miss Genevieve Lingle
end M's* Leona Hoopes nnd chorus
singing bv the entire section. The
vV-o-niosMnnt. Miss Lingle. nreslded
General Offices: Frick Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.
New York Office: 170 Broadway.
Chicago Office: Fisher Building.
Works: Butler, Pa.; New Castle, Pa.; Hammond, Ind.
642 Munscy Building, Washington, D. C.
Hon. William J. Graham, M. C. October 31, 1919.
Chairman, Subcommittee No. 5, on Expenditures in War (Ordnance) Department,
House of Representatives, Washington, D. C.
Sir :
The Chicago Tribune of October 23, 1919, contains the following statements:
"Criminal prosecution of at least a dozen army officers and civilians will be asked by the congressional subcommittee
which last night completed its inquiry into the $27,000,000 munition contract scandal involving the Standard Steel Car Com
pany of Hammond.
"The announcement was made at the close of the final hearing in the assembly rooms.of the Illinois Trust and Savings
Banly by Congressman William J. Graham, chairman of the subcommittee.
**** * ****** * * * * *
"In making his statement Congressman Graham declared credit for the expose belonged to the Government account
ants, mainly L. H. Blakev, stationed at the car plant in Hammond, lnd.; the military intelligence department and the
" 'The subcommittee is satisfied that the Government is the victim of a gigantic fraud on this contract,' he said. 'We
shall make our report to that effect on Monday or Tuesday, and we shall see that it is read before the House."
"The report will ask that several —probably a dozen or more —army officers, members and aids of the Chicago district
claims board, and officials of the Standard Steel Car Company be prosecuted under the Federal criminal code for abetting a
'!raud against the Government in wartime.
"Perusal of the testimony heard and evidence submitted in private by the intelligence depa. tment shows that there was
a preconcerted scheme to put this graft across.
"MULCTED OF $13,000,000."
"It cost the Government in excess of $25,000,000. The gun carriages were supposed to cost $40,000 apiece. Only 200
were finished—sß,ooo,ooo worth. Allowing for the cost of preparation, the Government still is mulcted of between $13,0C0,G00
and $15,000,000, as I figure it."
An Associated Press dispatch appearing in the evening papers of October 23d and the morning papers of October 24th quotes the
same authority more briefly to the same effect.
'1 his communication assumes that you are correctly quoted. If we are in error in this respect, we shall be glad to be corrected and
to make such changes as the correction may require.
These statements were made after the testimony of several witnesses had been taken upon the subject, but before the examina
tion of the Acting President of the War Department Claims Board. No officer of this Company was called to testify.
\ our printed interview states that they "Remained out of town and out of reach of the summonses issued for them," but Mr.
\\ . G. Cory, Assistant to President, who hail been immediately in charge of the settlement of this claim, was present in Chicago on
October 22d. In the examination of witness, Frank Owen May, on that date, you state that, "Mr. Cory has just been in here and
spoken to me—Mr. Cory of the Standard Steel Car Company." Mr. Cory at that time offered to furnish you any records or informa
tion required.
Mr. Cory offered to testify and told you that Mr. P. G. Jenks, who had been in direct charge of the work under this contract and
had taken an active part in the preparation of the claim, was then on vacation but that he and any other officers of this Company
were available if you desired their testimony.
All the officers of the Government who were concerned in the settlement of the claim were available. Some of these were called,
but the Committees failed to call those representatives of the Government who were most closely connected with it and best knew all
its details.
Your subcommittee thus closed its ears absolutely to the testimony of witnesses who knew most about this settlement and opened
them wide to rumor and unsupported suspicion. The principal witnesses relied upon by your subcommittee were subordinate ac
countants and clerks, unfamiliar with the details "of the settlement, and a few of the superior officers of the department who super
vised the settlement, but whose knowledge did not extend intimately to the details upon which it was based.
No notice was given to the Standard Steel Car Company of the hearings either in Washington or Chicago. No opportunity was
given for them to cross-examine the adverse witnesses. This would have disclosed the lack of personal knowledge of the witnesses
who were examined, but who through your questioning were made to appear as manufacturing, engineering and artillery experts.
Their testimony is largely opinion and guess.
The hearing was thus ex parte and one-sided. Upon such hearing, so conducted, positive findings have been made, as stated in
the above newspaper quotations, that the Government is the victim of a gigantic fraud and that it was mulcted of between $13,-
000.000 and $15,000,000, and judgment has been rendered that at least a dozen army officers and civilians are guilty of crimes de
manding prosecution and punishment. \ 1
An investigation so conducted is a travesty upon justice. As a method of eliciting truth it is farcical. A judgment so concluded
and announced is iniquitous. The natural conclusion is that the object is political capital, rather than the discovery of truth and the
furtherance of justice.
With judgment already pronounced after such an inquiry, it would be absurd for the officers of this Company now to request that
they and the United States officers most familiar with the facts should be called to testify. They could not expect a fair considera
tion of their testimony. They could look forward to nothing but an effort to distort the most candid accounts of a perfectly straight
forward transaction, in an effort to sustain a judgment already hastily pronounced against them.
All these witnesses are still available to your subcommittee, if it desires to ascertain the truth. This Company will do every
thing possible to secure prompt attendance of its officers upon the issuance of subpoenas by your subcommittee, and to produce any
records which may be desired, besides the voluminous papers already in the possession of your subcommittee. But if such further
necessary inquiry is to be made, the adverse judgment already pronounced should be withdrawn with the same publicity as was givetf
the charge, and such procedure adopted by your subcommittee as will be designed to elicit the truth and not to sustain a prejudiced
judgment already pronounced.
Intelligent study of the facts relative to this contract and claim discloses the eminent' services of this Company to the Govern
ment, its absolute good faith, its entire devotion to the prosecution of the war, and its fairness in the negotiations for the settlement
recently concluded.
This was the largest ordnance artillery contract during the war. The work was once offered to this Company and refused because
of the great difficulties involved in transforming a car building plant into an arsenal. It was finally accepted on the representation of
the War Department that this Company's facilities and organization were better than were otherwise available and that the manu
facture of these gun carriages was essential to the successful prosecution of the war.
The difficulties involved are apparent when it is made known that the contract was for 964 of such gun carriages, and that the
French government during the entire period of the war had made only 125 of them. Each one involves nearly 15,000 different pieces.
They have the mechanical nicety of a watch.
The difficulties apparent before the contract was undertaken were tremendously multiplied later. The French plans had to be en
tirely revised for American practice and for quantity production. The work required the original invention by this Company of en
tirely novel machinery and its construction, as preliminary to production.
Revision and approval of plans by the War Department, in the crowded exigencies of the war were greatly delayed. The Govern
ment was unliable to furnish promptly the parts reserved for manufacture by it or by independent contractors. The Government ad
mitted these delays by written extensions of time.
Had these difficulties not occurred the gun carriages could have been produced practically within the time contemplated in the
contract. At the time of the armistice quantity production was well under way and, had the war continued until the spring of 1919,
as was expected, the full quantity of gun carriages contemplated by the contract would probably have been in use on the battlefield.
At the termination of the war the Company was left with an enormous quantity of costly war material on hand, useless for pur
poses of peace except as scrap. At the time of the settlement now complained of the Company had never received a cent of its guar
anteed profit. It had not been reimbursed for all of its expenditures, it had vast obligations to its subcontractors, a large share of
which had not yet been discharged by the Government. The entire peace business of this plant was disorganized by the changes
required under this contract. The plant was encumbered with war machinery which could not be (disposed of except with the approval
of the: Government.
Negotiations for settlement of the contract began as early as March, 1919, and dragged through complicated administrative proc
esses until September. The machinery of the* War Department, which had successfully settled minor contracts, operated with diffi
culty in the presence of the complications of so great a piece of business as this. The settlement demanded and received the most
careful consideration of the Chicago Claims Board, the Ordnance Bureau Claims Board and the War Department Claims Board. It
was only by the joint co-operation of these Boards that a final settlement could be reached. Repeated conferences were held at Chicago
and Washington with representatives of these Boards. The minutes of tiiesc conferences were carefully preserved and are available,
if not already in the hands of your subcommittee, showing the extreme care and the frank publicity of the action of the governmental
authorities. As a fruition of all such consideration, personal investigation was made on the ground by i epresentatives of these three
Boards and other branches of the War Department. The settlement was reached only after most careful conferences and consultation
between them. The officers of the Company rendered every possible aid. The records both of* the Government and the Company
were carefully scrutinized. *
The items of the claim involved not merely the details of accounting for expenditures, but the exercise of judgment and discre
tion in determining a proper compensation to the-Company for its losses of other business caused by undertaking this great enterprise,
for the value of the continued occupation of its works for an unexpectedly long period and for the sudden cessation of work due to the
termination of the order.
That the Company exercised its stewardship economically is shown by the fact that out of a total appropriation of $42,000,000 for
this work but $18,000,000 was expended by the Company. This reduction was in large part due to the originality of the methods
adopted by the Company in manufacture, improving both in time and quantity upon methods used by the French, British and Ameri
can Governments.
The Government has paid on this contract approximately $18,000,000. All payments have been approved by Government officers
and accountants present at the works. The interview quoted charges that the Government "Still is mulcted of between $13,000,000
and $15,000,000, as 1 figure it." Is it intended in sober truth to say that this Company spent oniy $3,000,000 to $5,000,000 on
account of this contract, and that all the balance was fraudulentl)' paid by collusion of Government officers? Or is this a striking
instance of sensational statement for political effect? Has the sentiment of justice wholly departed from legislative halls?
The principal witness relied upon by your subcommittee to sustain the charges is a subordinate accountant of the Government
office at Chicago. Intelligent cross-examination of this witness would have disclosed the fact that in July, 1919, he applied to the
Standard Steel Car Company for employment, that this application was then declined, that it was renewed on September 17th, at
the very time when this settlement was under consideration, and that the witness was then informed that it was not considered
ethical by the Company to take into its employ persons stationed by the Government at its works in such capacity as his. The inter
view with this accountant which appeared in the Chicago Tribune during the period between July and September could not have
been more complimentary to the Company had it been dictated by the officers of the Company, yet in a very few days after the
final rejection of his application for a position, his denunciation of the claim settlement was printed in the Chicago Tribune of October
1, 1919. It is this denunciation which was used as a basis for your subcommittee's investigation.
This Company's arduous labors on this and other war contracts were highly appreciated by the War Department and other
branches of the Government. This appreciation has been expressed in written commendations in the possession of the Company.
It is grossly unjust that the Company should now be held up to public scorn upon an incomplete hearing of irresponsible witnesses
making charges beyond their knowledge, without effort to secure the truth from officials of the Government and of the Company
thoroughly familiar with all the facts. , "
The apparent disposition of your subcommittee to set before the public statements, and to make accusations, not based on fact
or on the evidence and without the least opportunity for the accused to be heard, must be condemned in the strongest possible terms.
It is propaganda, nothing more, ind the continuation and spread of such propaganda must in time tear down the ideals and safe
guards of our American nation. The bolshevists can find no material better suited for their purposes than that which is thus
supplied. Respectfully,
(Signed) J. M. HANSEN, President.
NOVEMBER 8, 1919,