Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, October 08, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Tdegn.k Building, Federal Square
President and Editor-in-Chief
3P!*R- OYSTER, Business Manager
OUS. M. STEINMETZ, Managing Editor
A. R. MICHENER, Circulation Manager
Executive Board
ICembers of the Associated Press— The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this
Paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
I Member American
Newspaper Pub-
Bur'eau of Circu
lation and Penn-
Eastern office.
Story, Brooks &
Avenue Building.
Western office!
I Chicago, ni! ld ' n *'
Entered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week; by mail. $3.00 a
year in advance.
Between the great things that ire
not do and the small things tec
will not do, the danger is that icc
shall do nothing. —Anoi.rii Mo NOD.
ON ANOTHER page of the Tele
graph this evening is printed
a picture suggestion of the sort
of bathing beach and pool which is
possible for Harrisburg under the
proposed loan which will he voted
on at the November election. Quito
properly City Council has invited
"Warren H. Manning, the famous
landscape expert, to come to Har
risburg and make a study of the
problem with a view to recommenda
tions that will guide Council should
the loan prevail.
For many years the matter of
bathing facilities in the Susquehanna
River has been discussed from every
angle and the increasing demand
from every quarter of the city for
suitable bath houses and bathing
beaches led Mayor Keister to intro
duce the ordinance providing for
the loan of $40,000 for this purpose.
All the members of the Council are
back of the proposition and back of
them are some thousands of men,
women and children who want to
make use of the Susquehanna Basin
and the islands which nature has
generously given the city.
If the proposed loan could be sub
mitted to the voters in mid-summer,
when we suffer most from the iieat
and when thousands turn to the river
for relief, it would be adopted by an
overwhelming vote. It is expected,
notwithstanding, that the popularity
of the loan will be demonstrated at
the November election.
All the civic bodies, led by the
Rotary Club, are supporting the
measure and the Greater Harrisburg
Navy, pledged to the development of
the.Susquehanr.a Basin for the bene
•ift of the people, is putting a lot
of ginger into the campaign, and
practically no opposition has been
developed nor is any expected.
City Commissioner Gross is con
vinced that the first an,d most im
portant step is to make use of the
natural river advantages through
the creation of proper beaches and
pools and suitable bath houses. He
has already obtained much data and
when Mr. Manning comes to the city
for his investigation next week, some
definite program will be announced
for the information of the people.
WHY worry because President
and Mrs. Wilson received a
few gifts from royalty or
others abroad? To he sure, the
Constitution expressly forbids the
chief executive of the United States
from accepting gifts from foreign
governments or rulers, but the pres
ent case is so far removed from the
dangers which the framers of the
Constitution evidently feared that
there would seem to be small harm
in ignoring any technical violation
When the President went abroad,
all Europe recognized its obligations
to America in ending the war, and
it was from full hearts that the peo
ple of countries and cities united in
the giving of tokens to the Presi
dent, and the same applies to rulers
and high officials. It was not so
much Mr. Wilson, but the whole
American people, that these presents
were intended to honor. He hap
pened to be the representative, the
authorized spokesman, that is all,
and it would be showing scant cour
tesy to order the gifts returned. The
whole incident has been exagger
ated at all events.
THE whole country is watching
the course of the "daylight
saving" ordinance in New
York. If New York aldermen pass
this measure, the cities of the whole
country can drop into line without
serious inconvenience, and they will
do so. Harrisburg is prepared,
whether New York acts favorably
or not, to have some form of "day
light saving" for itself next year
but the matter would be very much
simplified if the biggest and most
powerful city In the country would
take the initial Hep.
, But New York must not expect to
' get this beneficial legislation with
i out a light. The insidious interests
| that were instrumental in the defeat !
of the "daylight saving" bill in Con- j
gress will bring their influence to 1
bear on the New York aldermen, j
The public must make its position !
clear. It must let the aldermen
know that It is in enrnest and is go- '
ing to have the extra hour of day
light in one form or another.
Harrisburg and all other cities
are looking toward the metropolis. ,
If New York takes the step all other j
towns worth the name will follow I
and Congress will receive a whole- '
some lesson anent the folly of '
trilling with popular sentiment. |
STEEL workers may accept the i
testimony of Judge Gary with
doubt as that of a prejudiced
witness and the public will look
with suspicion on the radical views !
of Eoster, the strike manager, as
expressed before the Senute com- j
mittee at Washington, but both
sides must accept at face value the
statements of T. D. Davis, a roller in j
the United States Steel Corporation
plant at New Castle. Mr. Davis is j
not only a worker, but he proved '
his patriotism by throwing up a job •
that paid him $l7 a day at the out- i
set of the war to go to France as I
a Y. M. C. A. secretary and he did '
not return to the mills until afn_r !
the war was over, one can bank 1
on what a man of that type says. |
And here Is his view of the strike |
and the objects back of it:
We. of course, knew that a
• strike was mining, 101 there was
evidence ot it on atl sides. in
some respects tne evidence, lu
my mind, indicated a conspiracy.
I We would ask these men why
| they were going out. and they
would answer that they were go
ing cut in order to cripple the
mills—to para ysse them com
pletely. as some of them put it.
W'e asked, "Well, how do you ex
pect to accomplish this.'" and
the answer would generally lie
that they wanted a closed shop,
a shop from which the American
workmen would be excluded.
"Yctl Americans," they would
say, "will have to get new jobs
utter the unions get in." Some of
them boasted that after they won
the strike they would do away
with l osses and that committees
would tun tlie mills.
in other instances where men
did not want to quit work, and
wi re forced to strike, we asked
them w h.v they did not come back
to work. I recall that one of the
men who worked with me. a
Greek, told me that lie would re
turn. only he was afraid because
lie said that his wife had been
told that lie would lie killed if he
tried to go back to work.
Davis said that 99 per cent, of tlie
strikers are foreigners, who look
upon Americans with suspicion, and
his testimony is amplified by two
other American workmen.
Every bit of evidence that has
come to the surface regarding con
ditions in the Pittsburgh district 1s
that the strike was engineered by
aliens who are not striking for-any
purpose except the overthrow of tlie
American form of government. That
l eing the case, there could be no
doubt of the failure of the effort
from the beginning. The American
public always has taken the side
of the striKer when he was endeav
oring to improve working condi
tions or striving io got for himself
a living wage. But when foreigners
who are in this country simply to
work their own ends against our
own American Government strike to
bring about a revolution they will
tind public sympathy aroused against
them. We have no place in this
country for revolutionary aliens, if
they want to turn Bolshevik and
run amuck, let them go whence they
came. Americans have no patience
with them.
HARIiISBURG is a very proper
place for a Red Cross con
ference. Harrisburg chapter
has a reputation for doing things.
It originated the plan of commun- i
ity relief which now promises to be- ]
come 'a part of lted Cross work
throughout the nation. The service
extended to the sick and suffering
peoples of Europe has been brought
home to the folks of our own city
and countryside.
With the Red Cross charity did
not begin at home. It first went to
Europe, and then came back after
the armistice was signed to find a
place in the hearts of the good
women of the local chapter who have
begun to do for the sick and crip
pled of our own community what
the ministering angels of the organ
ization did in France and Belgium
during the war.
We in Harrisburg are proud of
the Red Cross and particularly of our
local chapter. Most of the war
agencies were content to rest on their
oars when hostilities ceased. They
had done a good work, they were
weary of effort and ready enough
to quit. Not so the Red Cross!
When war work begun to wane it
turned its attention to the needs of
the people in times of peace, and
already scores of families in this
vicinity have felt the stimulus and
encouragement of its loving and
helpful hand.
It is well for the Red Cross
I workers of the State to come to Har-
I risburg. Our women can give them
I many useful lessons.
Some Optimism
(American Legion Weekly)
Having u brick thrown at his head
during the recent Boston police
strike did not disturb Earnest E.
Smith, a Boston banker. To be sure,
tt smashed the big plate glass win
dow of his office, but that gave him
the opportunity to hang out the fol
lowing advertisements: "Business
as usual during alterations." "You
can break our window, but you can't
break the market on our list of
stocks." "Ammunition Factory! Buy
Medfleld Bricks at |11.30, F. O. B.
By the Ex-Oommlttccman
Decision of the Dauphin county
j court in the Wasson proceeding for .
) a mandamus to compel certification
| of the name of the Pittsburgh judge !
who ran sixth in the Allegheny I
county common pleas primary con- f
test as a candidate to be voted upon ,
l at the general election is being
eageily awaited in at least a dozen
judicial districts in Pennsylvan a. It
is the iirst test of the method of
computation of the vote to qualify
a candidute or cuhdidates as "sole
! nominees" provided in the act of
j 1319 which was an amendment of
j the act of 1913 apd if Wasson loses
it is expected that the case will go to
, Supreme Court.
I The decision will affect, in case
|t\ asson wins, judicial contests in
Philadelphia, Lackawanna, Luzerne.
Washington, Cambria and other
i counties as well as Pittsburgh, ac
cording to the views of State of
ficials. It may also affect some of,
the dozen elections for associate ,
judge. An early decision is ant ci- '
pated. i
I T!rj mi of 1919 was denounced
as an unconstitutional restriction of
the fin tchise of Pennsylvania vot
j crs, an infringement of rights of i
j candidates for office, a destroyer of!
uniformity of elections guaranteed j
by the Constitution and an abuse of
! legislative power by counsel for i
J tinge Wasson. The method laid |
down in the law was held to be tin- j
! fair and to operate to make a gen- I
eral election only a reaffirmation in
. most oi.sei; of a primary. John M. |
j Freeman and Charles Alvin Jones j
|of Fntsil.urgh, who appeared fori
j Judge Wasson, both emphasized the I
I contention that the act interfered i
I with uniformity of elections and !
i that the Legislature had exceeded
pen crs.
i Act on of the secretary, who had i
followed the strict letter of the law, t
alter consultation with the Attorney
i General's department was warmly i
defended by Attorney General Wil- |
l'ani 1. Sellaffor, who asserted that j
the Legislature had been entirely i
within its powers in providing a '
method to overcome some questions '
which had arisen and who pointed
out that the whole tendency of 11011- i
partisan laws, evidenced in both ju- i
dicinl, second and third class city;
codes, was to reduce candidates at i
a primary and give the majority |
candidate the benefit of sole noni- J
ination. Mr. Sehaffer remarked i
that it was the irony of fate that i
Judge W'asson should beeome In-|
volved in the operation of an act,
which he had helped to draft. The 1
Attorney General sail that Mr. t
Freeman's contentions had bean
largely pas oil upon in the tests of
the original act.
—Now that the Varcs have, in tlie 1
language of the Philadelphia Rec- j
ord, made a belated admission of
tlie triumph of Congressman J. 1
Hampton Moore for the mayoralty
nomination it is expected that def
inite harmony moves will be made. :
The Inquirer, a Moore supporter !
from the very start, says that tlie !
Republican city committee will he
called to ratify the nomination. j
while the Public Dodger intimates i
that Moore has made his own liar- |
mony. The evening newspapers are I
talking about Moore as alreudy!
elected and pointing out his quali
ties and the needs of the hour. >
The Evening Bulletin says; "Mr. !
Moore's election in November has!
become hardly more a matter ;
of confirmation or formality. In J
the meantime, as well as in the in- >
terval before the first of January, 1
let us all put every fnctionist. or
disturber, .under bonds to keep the :
peace, and get together on a big and j
wise program that will build up, and
not tear down, the life anil lh"
credit of this great municipality
during the next four years." The
Evening I.edger advances this view:
"Mr. Moore is a practical states
man. He knows how the political •
game in Philadelphia has been
p'ayed. He knows also liow to
eliminate its crooked features. After j
his inevitable election the publ'e j
will wnteh with heartened interest
the steps ahead forecast, taken '.o
end a degrading outrage."
—The Pittsburgh Dispatch is be
coming restless. It says; "An or-1
dinance was introduced in city
council yesterday providing for j
ninety-four new positions in the
department of pulilic works, the
salaries for which aggregate $159,-
920, plus the $lOO bonus allowed for
each city employe because of the j
high cost of living. These positions,
it is urged, are necessary on account j
of the great amount of work the ;
department will have to do in carry- |
ing out the improvements provided :
for in the $2 2,000,000 bond issue.
These positions are largely for as
sistant engineers, and an assistant
chief in the bureau of engineers at
54.000, and one in the bureau of sur
veys at $5,000. while the other as
sistant engineers are to receive sal
aries at $3,270. plus the H. C. E.
—Col. George Xox McCain grow?
delightfully reminiscent in the
Philadelphia Ledger. This is the!
way he handles a well known Demo- j
crat of Democrats: "Charles P
Donnelly, titular head of the unter- j
rifled Democracy of Philadelphia. '
real estate dealer and political phi-j
losopher. has lost a perceptible
amount of his partisan belligerency
of twenty-five years ago. He and j
the late Patrick Foley, of Pitts- j
burgh. divided militant honors then
nt Democratic State conventions. In
those days, when A. Mitchell Palmer j
was yet an undergraduate at J
! Swarttimore and dreams of Demo- j
| cratic empire had not begun to flit :
: through his sophomore brain: when t
Vance McCormick was an inchoate j
j politician, to whom Ren Meyers, of ;
Dauphin, was a sage to be revered, j
i James M. Guffey was the undisputed I
czar of the Jacksonian host. Wll- j
' liam H. Rnowden, William Uhler j
i Hensel. John Ancona, Victor Pio- >
I lette and Congressman Tom Mutch
' ler were State leaders of prowess I
I and renown. Charlie Donnelly wn I
! not always as dignified nnd suave n
Ihe is to-day. He is mellowing withl
the years. No Democratic State '
'convention was complete in thnt era,
i without a shindy. No make-believe,
i either.
Tt was a red-letter day in Rond'ng
when the embattled hosts of De
morracy let their combative in
stincts pet away with their eahl
.ludpment. In his earnestness to
protest apainst some unpopular rul-,
ing of the chair, Donnelly (nilrob
by accident, of couise) "pushed"
Pat Foley off. the stnge and he fell
through the bass drum in the or
—As lively a political buttle as
was ever fought in Susquehunna is
now in progress. It is a purely fac
tional tight between the Repub
licans, but as the Republican candi
dates practically captured the Demo
cratic ticket at the primaries, it has
resolved itself into a battle royal'.
.The two opposing factions are head
led by H. A. Penney, former Judge,
done and Vou've Packed Pants TyV — y 0
< Avx/AY Yovjß Bathing HANI'S CM TO YOU
- AMt y o a IMMC OWF TO -m£ - 0"-"-H- BoY?! "
LONG weary <3R\HD AfJI) vSHE hands You THE £R-R-R-RAND AND
and C. F. Wright, former State
Treasurer. The tight centers on the
offices of register and recorder, dis
trict attorney and county treasurer.
To further complicate matters, Dr.
Edward It. Gardner, a few weeks
ago purchased the "Independent
Republican," the county organ of
the Republican party since the
foundation of the party in J854. It
has always in the past stood loyally
by the party ticket. Dr. Gardner
has announced that it will support
men on the Democratic ticket.
—The Pittsburgh Chronicle-Tele
giuph says this, in which everyone
concurs: "There are no such things
its party lines when illness attacks
the President of the United States.
All the people are concerned, and
all earnestly hope for his speedy re
I learned to speak French like a
While wearing the "kack" over
Sapristi! it's rather elative
To think I'm that clever, I swear.
Tout de suite 1 learned beaucoup
Which pop out in speech, just like
And now I'm back home I just can't
The habit of calling a hat
A chapeau, though I strive for
I learned to speak French like a
It's not that I wish to "show off."
Forfcetful of facts legislative,
1 absently murmur: "I'm soifi"
When a feeling of thirst settles o'er
(Which happens ties sou vent just
And I ask "Qu'est-ce que e'est?" in
a quite thoughtless way,
Unintentional wholly, I vow
(Ah, oui. "showing off" simply bores
I learned to speak French like a
While off in that war-stricken land.
Fo original. I, and creative
The French, though, could not
Here at home I find folks far more
They comprise my French at a
For, while life was so trench-like. I
learned to speak French like
A native—of Kansas, not France:
Like a true son of Yankland,
—Lee Shippey.
Must Melt Bell in Tower j
[From St. Louis Post-Dispatch]
The 2-ton bell wljich hangs in |
the tower of the city hall has made
the tower unsafe, but the bell is so
large it would be dangerous to try {
' to take it down, so it is to be melted i
right where it is with acetylene.
blow torches, such as are commonly ;
1 seen in use by workmen repairing j
I ear tracks. |
Building Commissioner McKelvey
I pronounced the tower unsafe as
' long as the bell remains, because
the steel supports have become cor
! roded. Moreover, he said, an at
j tempt to lower the bell would be
| very dangerous, therefore the de
' cision to take it down a bucketful
| at a time.
The on'y time in recent years that
! the bell has been rung was the day
Jof the armistice celebration. It was
i rung when the building was con
| structed in 1904. The bell cost
I about $2,000. The expense of re-
I moving it will be about $1,500. It
I is six feet high and four feet in di
| ameter at the base.
Solution No. 6,200,^72
[From Life!
I The only trouble witli democracy
j is that it has developed into govern
] ment of the people, at the people,
over the people, under the people,
around the people, against the peo
ple, by the people, between the peo
ple, into the people, with the people,
without the people, for the people,
beyond the people, after the people,
before the people, in front of the
people, behind the people, outside
the people, inside the people. Why
not get back to the original Lin
colnian prepositions?
Desperate Case
[From the St. Louis Republic]
The other day a negro went Into
a drug store and said:
"Ah wants one ob dem dere plas
ters you dun stick on yoah back."
"I understand," said the clerk.
"You mean one of our porous plas
i ters."
"No, Bah * I don't want none of
yoah porua plasters. I wants de
i btes' one you got."
The Labor Shortage
[Mark Sullivan in Collier's Weekly.]
THE one element which alone
accounts for more han any
other in the chaos of the pres
ent relations between labor and
capital is the loss from the labor
supply of the world of the seven
million able-bodied laborers who
have been killed in the war, the
other seven million who have been
so seriously crippled that they are
no longer availuble as laborers, and
finally the very considerable number
of millions more*tvho are still in the
various armies of the world.
The millions who are in the arm
ies are in process of demobilization;
eventually they will come back into
industry and to that extent enlarge
the world's supply of available labor.
But the labor supply of the world
has been permanently reduced by no
less than 14 million men, the killed
and seriously wounded of the war.
And these 14 million were picked
men. They came from the very
heart of the world's labor supply,
the able-bodied men of military age.
America's total losses in the war,
both of dead and also of those so
seriously wounded as to be a total
loss for purposes of labor, did not
amount in all to a hundred thou
sand. But while the 14 million did
not to any appreciable degree come
out of America, their loss affected 1
the American labor situation quite
as seriously as if the men themselves
had come from America. •
We have a direct labor shortage of
our own, a shortage of about five
million. Prior to the war we were
accustomed to getting just about a
million immigrants a year from
Europe. This immigration from
Europe was a kind of steadily flow
ing spring from which we added
about a million each year to our
labor supply. More or less uncon
sciously business men counted on it.
Our whole industrial fabric was built
up on the assumption that the mil
lion would come each year.
Now for five years that spring has
been dry. Since the beginning of
! the war we have had only a negli
gible fraction of our normal Immi
gration from Europe. We have in
i America at this moment an accum-
I ulated deficit of about five million
!in our labor supply. And a short
! age in the supply of labor has 're
| suited precisely like a shortage in
i the supply of anything else —it sends
j prices up. In the language of busi
| ness men, the present time is, as
respects labor, a "sellers' market."
I By a "sellers' market" is meant a
: situation in which the supply is llm
| ited, and in which the demand is
I large and excited. A "sellers' mar
j ket" in labor is much more com
i plex and more worrying to the buyer
Of the Army Recruiting Station
The number of men serving In the |
armed forces of the nation during
the war was 4,800,000, of whom 4,-
000,000 served in the Army.
In the War with Germany the
United States raised twice as many
men as did the Northern States in
the Civil War, but only half as many
in proportion to the population.
The British sent more men to
France in their first year of war
than we did in our first year, but
it took England three years to reach
a strength of 2,000,000 men in
France, and the United States ac
complished it in one-half of that
Of every 100 men who served, 10
were National Guardsmen, 13 were
Regulars, and 77 were in the Na
tional Army (or would have been If
the services had not been consoli
Of the 64,000,000 males in the
population, 26,000,000 were regis
tered in the draft or were already
in servics.
In the physical examinations the
States of the Middle West made the
best showing. Country boys did
better than city boys; white bettet
than colored; and native-born better
than foreign-born.
In this war twice as many men
were recruited as in the Civil War
and at one-twentieth of the recruit
ing cost.
There were 200,000 Army officers.
Of every six officers, one had pre
vious military training with troops,
three were graduates of officers'
training camps, and two came direct
ly from civil life.
than a "sellers' market" in any com
modity that business men habitually
buy and sell.
A "sellers' market" iin a commodity
commonly expresses itself in terms
of money only; a "sellers' market"
in labor expresses itself both in
terms of more money and in conces
sions, which are the equivalent of
money—in shorter hours, the recog
nition of unions, the adoption of
profit-sharing systems, and a variety
of other concessions. A "sellers'
market" in a commodity is settled
by a bickering between two men
about price; but a "sellers' market"
in labor involves large groups of
men on both sides, and is accom
panied by strikes and other more
or less violent manifestations.
This shortage in the supply of
labor, and the opportunity which it
gives to labor to get large conces
sions from employers, is the most
important of all the causes that
compose the present tension. Many
ardent persons among the intel
lectual revolutionists say that the
law of supply and demand is super
seded nad that something new is
coming to take its place. The truth
is that the working of the law of
supply and demand was never so
conspicuous as right now. Only, be
cause it is running so strongly in
favor of labor, the intellectual rev
olutionists do not recognize their old
enemy in its novel role of benevo
This acute shortage of labor comes
at a time when there is a corre
spondingly acute demand for goods.
The gods could not have conspired
to create a situation more favorable
for labor. Goods are scarce because
of the void created during five years
of war; it is time of rising prices;
the incentive to do business is
strong; capital and business are
eager to keep going, and are willing
to make concessions which in nor
mal times they would not and could
not make. Labor is in the saddle.
I can imagine a historian of 50
year from now looking back and sur
veying from that future point of
view all that happened in America
during the five years following the
Great War, and ascribing it all to
this one cause, to the shortage of
labor due to the unprecedented
quantitv of man power killed oft
in the fighting. That would be a
rough and incomplete analysis, but
I can imagine a future historian,
under the necessity of brevity, put
ting it that way. There are some
additional causes for the social phe
nomena that beset our ears at every
turn, and leap at us from every
newspaper headline; but the disap
pearance of 14 million men from the
world's available labor supply is the
principal one.
Kills Engine, Glides 35 Miles
[From the Detroit News]
What is believed to be a world's
record for gliding with a dead mo
tor was accomplished at- Ithaca, N.
Y., by Pilot R. C. Marshall, flying a
Thomas-Morse 2-seated biplane.
Marshall flew to the head of Cayuga
Lake, a distance of thirty-five miles,
and having attained a height of
17,500 feet switched off his motor
and glided to Ithaca, at which point
he still had 5,000 feet altitude. If
his glide had been continued it is
estimated that an additional fifteen
miles could have been covered, mak
ing a total of fifty miles without the
use of his motor. The longest glide
record up to this time was of
Captain ltaynham, when he glided
from Brooklands (England) to
Hendon, a distance of twenty-two
The Trau Landing
[Prom the New York Tribune]
The circumstances of the Trau
landing have created acute interest
in Washington. Secretary Daniels
apparently was not advised of the
move, made by our naval forces un.
der orders of some sort from the
Peace Council or one of its agencies.
American marines seem to have
ejected an irregular Italian force
from this Dalmation village. No
bloodshed occurred and only formal
hostilities were engaged in against
nationals of an allied country. But
in principle the Trau landing would
differ in no respect from an attempt
by the armed forces of France,
Great Britain and the United States
to eject D'Annunzio's forces from
Things They Have Wrought
L.ook to yourselves, that we lose
[ not those things which we have
! wrought, but that wo receive full
i reward. —II John S.
OCTOBER 8, 1919.
Governor Sproul on Thrift
[Philadelphia Evening Bulletin!
In asking Americans to quit living
in a fool's paradise and get back to
habits of hard work and thrift, Gov
ernor Sproul has issued a trumpet
call which should be heeded. The
situation is dangerous for the
American people when they act as
if there had been no war and that
everything was to be better than
ever. People are spending money
for unnecessaries, are selling Lib
erty bonds to buy luxuries, and are
not saving at a time when it is nec
essary for them to conserve all of
their resources.
It is amazing that people cannot
see that the present condition of in
flation must come to an end. We
have spent as much in three years
a s in all our previous history put to
gether. We are in debt about
twenty-five billions of dollars, and
that sum must be paid before we
may consider ourselves in good
financial condition. Many persons
are acting as if it were the highest
economy to live on the interest of
their debts.
When other nations are suffering
there is no reason to suppose that
we can escape some of the burdens
of the world conflict which de
stroyed the accumulated property of
centuries. These must in large
measure be restored. We must do
our share in some way or other, but
in any <event we must pay our own
debts and practice fundamental
principles of economy. It is a good
time to get down "Poor Richard's
Almanac" and study its content.
Too many persons have a notion
that continuation of the present
condition is certain and that they
may spend their money foolishly
without danger.
War makes no nation richer. It
ought to make any nation thrifty,
and there should be constant sav
ings in days of plenty against the
inevitable decline. The man who
in this day follows the Governor's
advice and keeps his expenditures
below his income can face the fu
ture with safety. Others cannot.
Keep James Watt's Garret
[From the Glasgow Herald]
The problem of how to remove
and preserve Intact the garret in
which James Watt, the engineering
genius (who made the steam engine
a practical proposition), pursued
his mechanical studies, is now puz
zling the James Watt Centenary
Committee, which arranged elab
orate centenary celebrations at Bir
mingham last month.
It is proposed, if possible, to take
this garret from its position at the
top of Heathtield Hall, the old
manor house at Handworth, where
Watt spent his last years, and to re
erect it intact in the central me
morial buildings to be provided in
the heart of Birmingham.
The difficulties of removal, how
ever, are very great, and the house
of which it is a part is at present in
occupation. The garret is still in
exactly the same condition as when
Watt worked in it.
The piece of iron Watt was last
engaged in turning lies on the lathe.
The ashes of his last Are, where
Watt used to do his own cooking
because of his wife's objection to
•seeing her husband looking like a
blacksmith, are in the grate; the
last lump of coal is in the scuttle,
the Dutch oven is in its place over
the stove and the frying pan in
which he cooked his meals is hang
ing on its accustomed nail.
A dish on a shelf contains a with
ered bunch of grapes. On the floor
in a corner is a trunk containing
Gregory's school books. Gregory
was the youngest son of James
Watt, who, to his father's infinite
grief, died young and at the com
mencement of a most promising ca
A Double Strain
[Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph]
It was a stage rehearsal. The
principal lady came upon the stage
in walking, costume and started to
sing her great song.
"My dear!" cried the manager,
"you are surely not going to sing
with your veil on?"
"Of course, I am," she replied.
"I want to hurry off as soon as I
finish. I have to meet a friend."
"But singing with a veil on!" ex
postulated the manager. "Well,
well!" he added, in a resigned tone.
"I can't help it if you want to strain
your voice!"
Taking Things Easy
IFrom Punch, London.]
Despite the appeal of the prem
ier. people seem to be taking things
just as easily as ever. No fewei
I than 128 burglaries were commit
| ted iu London last week.
iEttftttttg ©ijai
Hurrlsburg's Nuturol Hluwry .
ciety, composed of some iiiut. -
lovers who have given study to .•
of tho beautiful us well as hlßtofK. i
spots in the vicinity 01 the SU..J
j Capital and probably found more >
interest the general public witli..i
sight of the State House dome tln..i
the public knows, hus u.-raniv.:
series 01 excursions 101 ,
that will doubtless be prouiictiw
valuable contributions lo local n.. •
tory. This society litis explored ma.. ,
pretty places in the county back . .
the city, along the Buxton and tl. i
Swatara and has gone over lo tlu
sylvan dells of Cumberland coun., .
Its latest schedule includes a ratlin, J
up the valley of Fishing Creek th.i
coming Saturday, this creek ben. ,
one of the prettiest of the small. ••
streams near Harrisburg. The nt.\.
Saturday, llound Top, that em.-
nence in the York hills that ovei •
looks Steelton and Marsh Hun urn./
reserve spot and can be seen lor
miles around, will be visite'd. The. J
| are probably more pepole born . t
1 sight of Hound Top who are ignu-
I rant of what can be seen from
I own crown than one imagines, ov. -
I ter's bridge, Hauphin and Eberiy .1
I Mills, which abound in places of
I interest are also on the list, while
the middle of November 15 will tie
spent on Blue Mountain. Heck's and
Linglestown will close the series.
The society is certainly to be con
: gratulated upon looking up ami
making known the places wortn
while from a natural beauty stand
| point.
"This is certainly a remarkable
I period for prices," said a friend
j from the country who was looking
I into the store windows along Market
I street yesterday afternoon. "Only
, a few years ago you could buy a
I whole tongue or a fine rooster for
i somewhat under a dollar. And now,
I Why the prices make you stop and
think. Just take the telephone for
instance. It is not so long ugo that
it was considered a luxury. Now it
is a necessity in the home of a rail
roader, on the farm and in the office
|of a lawyer. Telephone rates, in
j spite of all that is said to the con
trary, have been so reduced that the
average $lB a year farm rate means
that one egg a day pays for it. Could
anyone have conceived a few years
ago that the money from one egg
would keep a telephone at one's
S elbow with its large scope of service
o working day and night, keeping tab
- on prices for produce or the time
t of trains. Well, times are changing
e in the Susquehanna Valley."
The meeting of the Harrisburg
Chamber of Commerce the other
evening for election of officers at
tracted much attention from men
active in Capitol Hill affairs. It is
not generally known that the Har
risburg Chamber has been pretty
closely watched by the folks at the
Capitol. In a number of places
chambers have not been howling
successes and it was argued that if
in Harsisburg, with its diversified
interest and other things, one could
be made to not only get results, but
a strong community spirit it would
be a good example. This view point
of our affairs has been expressed
to me a dozen times and while it is
not complimentary, the fact that
Harrisburg met the test is rather
The farmers of Pennsylvania are
working too many acres and not
using their heads enough, accord
ing to some statements in the bul
letin of the State Department of
Agriculture. "The most of the farm
ers of Pennsylvania, and the same
is likely true of other states," says
the bulletin, "are working too many
acres and consequently are not doing
the work properly and thoroughly."
The point is made that too many are
content to get one hundred bushels
of corn from four acres than from
two by a change of methods. The
farmer, says the bulletin also, must
| keep in mind the quality of his crops
and "advertise in order that the
purchasing public may know where
to get the best." The bulletin also
asserts that the farmers must use
their brains as well as their muscles.
Some excellent wild duck shoot
ing is being reported from the Sus
quehanna river counties by men who
have been engaging in the sport.
The ducks have been coming up
from the southern states in large
flocks and many of them are fat and
frisky. All along the Susquehanna
from Sunbury to McCall's ferry good
sized flocks have been observed.
Activity at the coal mines in both
the hajd and soft coal regions Is
commencing to be reflected in the
Harrisburg and Rutherford yards.
There are huge trains coming in
filled with coal and the movement
of cars west and north to be loaded
js also gaining. Things look a good
bit like the fall of 1915 and 1916
around the yards. The U. S. A.
engines on the Reading are still in
service and if anything are hauling
longer trains.
•—John J. Patterson, Jr., district
attorney of Juniata county, was at
the Capitol on a business trip.
—Charles A. Jones, who appeared
In court in the Wasson case yester
day, is a native of Newport, Perry
—General E. C. Shannon was the
chief marshal of Lancaster county's
welcome home.
—Ex-Representative Fred L.
Geiser, of Easton, was among visi
tors to the Capitol. He was on
public service business.
—Charles K. Robinson, Pittsburgh
lawyer here this week, represents
the city in traction litigation be
fore the Public Service Commission.
Dr. E. B. Gleason, Philadelphia
councilman, will present ordinances
to punish people who let their auto
mobile smoke.
—J. E. Andrews, of Altoona, win
marshal the big Odd Fellows parad >
in Williamsport.
The Rev. Dr. Ma it! and Alexa—
der, prominent Pittsburgh clerc: -
man, has resumed h'.s duties after
a year in France.
That Harrisburg had almost
a regiment in the War of 1812?
—Cannon balls were cast at fur
naces in this vicinity in the Civil
The Pillars of the Earth
The Lord maketh poor, and muk
eth rich; he bringeth low, and lift
eth up. He raiseth up the poor from
the dust, and lifteth up the beggiqr
from the dunghill, to set them
among princes, and to make them
inherit the throne of glory: for t'iu
pillars of the enrth are the Lord ••
and he hath set the world upurt
them. —1 Samuel 11. 7 and 8.