Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, August 21, 1919, Page 7, Image 7

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Younger Officers Say They
Cannot Live on Wages;
Efficiency Threatened
By Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 21.—With the j
resignations of more than 300 per- i
manent officers of the regular navy j
submitted to the department and j
more arriving daily, acting Secretary
Roosevelt to-day began work on
proposed legislation to be submit
ted to Congress suggesting substan- j
tial pay increases for officers and
enlisted men of the navy and ma- j
rine corps. Present pay tables be
came effective in 1008 and have not
been revised upward since, although
civilian pay has increased substan
tially in almost every branch of (
Efficiency Threatened
High ranking officers who have j
given careful study to the situation i
believe the efficiency of the navy is J
seriously threatened. Most of the j
resignations have come from the I
younger officers in the lower grades, j
the men to whom the country looks ]
for the leadership of its sea forces
in the years to come. These officers. !
receiving from $1,700 to $3,000 aj
year, most of them Annapolis grad- i
'.tates capable of earning much j
higher salaries in civilian life, say j
they find it impossible to support •
their families on their pay. In this j
connection one rear admiral called
attention to the many classes of or- i
rlinary labor in civilian life who ;
earn larger salaries than do naval
officers who are responsible daily for
many lives and thousands of dollars !
worth of government property.
To Delay Action
For the present. Acting Secretary i
Roosevelt said to-day, no action will |
be taken on the resignations now on ]
file pending attempts to readjust the ]
pay tables. Already short nearly ;
2.000 officers on flic basis of the j
navy's peace time strength. Mr. !
Roosevelt said that unless thP sal- ]
ary devision is obtained the navy
faces the awkward choice of re- i
taining a large number of officers !
against their will, with subsequent
discontent and dissatisfaction, or ac- |
cepting the resignations. Annapo- j
lis graduates have been trained at a ;
government expense of more than !
$20,000 each, he said, and even i
though other candidates might be i
obtained in the future to take their !
places, it would take years to train
More Than in 30 Years
More resignations are now on file '
than had been received from the;
entire regular navy in the last thirty
years. Since IS9S the average has j
been seven a year. Among resig- ;
nations now awaiting action are ,
those of more than 75 officers of
the line. 191 doctors. 25 chaplains.:
a score of supply officers and nine j
naval constructors.
Mr. Roosevelt said a similar con- I
liition of low salaries applied to !
warrant officers, noncommissioned 1
jffieers and enlisted men and that j
only legislative action can solve the j
problem. He expects to submit rec- i
vmmendations to Congress next j
'■wmiM9 • esq*"# ewy.'va
rj3* j! K %> j, *p j/f
te: / Buy
&/ Big loaf : ®te
- * i ■/■& WKH anpn
-"** mac *e better bread possible
sHSt "n URING the P ast few y^ 8 ' piit thousands and
thousands of dollars into new equipment for con
/r verting the finest of materials into the best bread it is pos- *j|
s ible to make.
tfbs# But one thing held us back. The public was edu-
Wlj%& cated to buying bread in small loaves. It's a well known
J&aW fact that a small loaf is not as good as the larger loaf from
I"*" the same dough. (
The increasing demand for the big loaf has made
possible the wonderful quality you get in the big loaf of fHH
Try laying aside every prejudice of the
past regarding baker s bread. You'll find in it an enjoy- lpr|
ment you haven't known for years— jjjj&i
„ Th Buy the Big
Takes A.r\ Loaf for
| I
fi '3r 0 *¥" i *■s- & 1 la^Pa
%L'. \.v3mpm iw|ro Mw> ■■■■ wan
I ——- i
Widening of Walnut Street
May Be Undertaken
at Once
The Board of Grounds and Build
ings has ordered a survey of the Cap
! itol grounds for the purpose of find
; ing out the best location for a new
| electric light, heat and power plant.
| The old steam heat and electric plant
j will not answer the purposes of a
larger park and additional public
buildings. The Board also will look
I into the question of buying light and
i heat from the Harrisburg Light and
j Power Company, and will have a
I comparison of costs made. The sur
, vey will also include the lines of new
water mains and sewers in the en
larged park.
Will Save n Salary.
The Board has authorized Greiner
and Company, of Baltimore, the con
l.-ulilng experts on the Memorial
j bridge, to select a resident engineer
j on the building and it is likely that |
; \V. E. Perrine, already chosen as res- j
| ident engineer for the bridge will j
; also take over th- engineering duties i
;on the building. This will save the j
| State- considerable money by placing j
i supervision of the two undertakings]
in the hands of the Board's resident
i < ngineer.
May Widen Street
] Tt is very likely that steps will be
j taken immediately by the State fori
the widening of Walnut street, al
; though nothing definite has been de- •
! i tded upon. Members of the Board |
' I el that it will take but a short |
time to take down the trees along the I
| present curb line and increase the
street space by adding the present ]
width of the pavement. No immedi- ,
ate action will be taken on widening]
Third street until the State has fin- !
I ished the work which will close j
] Fourth street, and is ready to go i
| ahead with the terracing and itn- j
' provement of the Third street front]
]of the Capitol. It is felt that by mak- \
! ing the Walnut street improvement, j
■ traffic conditions during the construe- j
j tion in the Capitol Park zone will be]
' materially benefited and that this
! work is one of the first projects of
, the big improvements that should be
I undertaken. Final decision on the ]
improvements will likely be taken at
the September meeting of the board.
U. S. Will Not Recognize
Tinoco Constitution
By Associated Press,
i Washington, Aug. 21.—President
| Juan Bautista Quiros of Costa Rica,
' successor to Frederick Tinoco. has
been notified by the American Gov
i ernment that the validity of Tinoco
constitution or any government act
ing under that constitution would
i not he recognized by the United
Ex-President Gonzales has been
i informed by the State Department
j of this action. He has been in Wash
i ington since his overthrow by Tinoco
It was stated here to-day officially
'that American citizens had been im
] plicated in the Tinoco revolution.
] The State Department was said to
' have letters written hv American
j conspirators telling of their invest-i
nients with the Tinoco faction.
Winners of State Medals
{ Here are some of the winners in
■ the school children's contest for the
| best drawings in the anti-fly cam-
I paign, and the posters which they
] made. Yesterday afternoon in the
Senate caucus room Commissioner
]of Health Dr. Edward Martin.
. awarded medals to the prizewinners.
J About seventy-five boys and girls
! who participated, together with
I many of the parents, were present.
] Placed about the large room were
] scores of drawings showing the dan-
I ger of the fly as a disease carrier.
In the group above are: Top
Four Die When Train
Smashes Into Automobile
By Associated Press.
New York, Aug. 21. Mr. and
Mrs. E. O. Kemnierer, of East
! Greenbusli, and their nephew and
; niece, George and Dorothea Breese,
|of Schenectady, were killed last
! night when their automobile was
struck by an Albany bound Schen
! eetady car about midway between
| the two cities.
! The automobile. also Albany
: bound, attempted to cross the track
( in front of the car and was hit with
, tremendous force. Fire broke out
lin the wreckage. Mr. Keminerer
was foreman on the farm of Sheriff
< Puddington Sliarpe, of Renssaeler
: county.
Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 21. —The ex
! plosion at the Raritan arsenal on
J August 4. resulting in the death of
j seven persons, was caused by at:
i employe tampering with explosive
' material, according to the report of
| a special board of inquiry, made
public to-day by Secretary Baker.
| row, Mildred Manahan, on the left,
] and Mareaner Simms, daughter of
IA. J. Simms, 1919 North Second
{ street, on the right; bottom row,
j left to right, Ruth Cless, Ida Gross
[ and Mildred Bogar.
At the meeting yesterday after-
I noon Dr. F. E. Downes. city school
I superintendent, complimented the
) boys and girls for the splendid work
they had done, and Dr. J. George
Becht, of thq Department of Public
j Instruction, added his congratula
tions. The large posters will be in
| anti-fly campaigns.
Levy Is Made on Every Male,
Regardless of Property
Because of the inquiries being
made about the assessment of 45 j
cents as a county occupation, or j
"poll" tax as it is generally known, •
the county commissioners to-day j
explained that every male resident j
of the city and county, 21 years of •
age and over, according to law must j
pay this tax, whether or not he owns j
In the majority of cases the as- ;
sessor in the various wards assess j
each male resident SIOO. on which ,
each year a tax is due the county at
the mill rate fixed for that year by I
the county commissioners. For |
1919 the tax rate is four and one- |
half mills, and the occupation or j
"poll" tax is 45 cents.
Persons who do not own property, j
upon the payment of this tax, are j
entitled to vote. Property owners in |
addition to paying the usual tax on ;
the houses and ground they own, |
are assessed the "poll" tax also. In :
some instances assessors add from j
sl£o to S2OO for certain occupations
known to pay much higher salaries
than the majority of men earn at
According to the provisions of an
act passed by the Legislature at the
recent session, soldiers, sailors or
marines, may pay a tax of ten cents
to the tax collectors, if they have
not been assessed in the usual way,
and may use that tax receipt to
register in order to vote in Sep
ber and in November.
County Solicitor Philip S. Moyer
said to-day that he understood a
ruling would be given by the At
torney General explaining in full the
procedure under this act.
Registration days in Harrisburg
are August 28, September 2 and 13.
More Important to
Lower Prices Than Protect
Markets, Bland Says
By Associated Press.
Pnrl*. Wednesday, Aug. 20.—Con
gressman Oscar E. Bland, of Indiana,
a member of the war expenditures
investigating committee, which is
here examining records pertaining to
the liquidation of the affairs of the
American Army in France, said to
day that he felt it was more inport
ant to lower the cost of living for
the American public than to endeav
or to protect market prices and pre
vent the market from breaking.
He said the pressure brought to
bear by American dealers and man
ufacturers in an effort to prevent the
, return of war supplies from France
to America were objectionable to him
adding that "when Americans go bad
ly need shoes, it seems strange that
so many good shoes should be sold
cheaply to Belgium and other Euro
pean countries, American working
men, meanwhile, being forced to pay
higher prices in the United States."
He said the same was true as to
trucks and motor cars needed in
Calculations of Prince
on Floating Mines Correct
By Associated Press.
Paris, Wednesday, Aug. 20.—Cal
culations by the Prince of Monaco
on the direction in which floating
mines were drifting in the Atlantic
have been confirmed as accurate by
the director of the Meteorological
Service of the Azores in a letter
published here.
His map shows the mines have
spread to the north, south and
southwest of the Azores and are
floating toward the coasts of Eng
land, France and Spain. Navigating
directions given by the Prince or
Monaco were said to be the safest
now available for the Atlantic.
By Associated Press.
Now York, Aug. 21. —Supplies of
Army foodstuffs were placed on sale
here to-day at 58 public schools
throughout the city under the di
rection of the Department of Mar
kets. Figuring on a population of
6,500,000, officials estimated that
there will be available 15.44 pounds
of food for every resident.
New Haven, Aug. 21. The
Grand Aerie, Fraternal Order of
Eagles, at its session here to-day,
chose Syracuse, N. Y„ for next year's
Other prizewinners were Harriet
I Witman, Dorothy Myers, anil lia
ble Dettling. One of the large
drawings which won the prize
among the High school contestants
was that of a small baby crying be
cause of the dozens of flies crawling
over his face and over the bottle
of milk beside him. Others show
ed flies going from garbage cans to
dishes of food, from the sick room
to the dining table and similar
thoughts to show the danger of not
killing the pests.
Two Suits Brought
Against Traction Co.
Two damage suits were filed by the
National Biscuit Company against
the Harrisburg Railways Company,
the former asking $536 in one ac
tion and $787 in another.
In the statement filed in one case
it is claimed that July 18, 191S, at
Middletown, a long rail extending
beyond the end of a flat car, struck
a team owned by the biscuit com
pany, at Catherine and Main streets,
when the car rounded the corner,
killing the driver, E. W. Fry, and
damaging the wagon and horses. In
this suit $536 in damages are
The second accident occurred at
Highspire, in October, 1918, when it
is alleged a trolley car struck a
team owned by the biscuit company,
and a verdict of $787 is sought in
suit resulting from the collision.
Rio Janeiro, Brazil, Wednesday,
Aug. 21. —An explosion from an
undetermined cause occurred to-day
aboard the American steamer Mo
began, which was discharging its
cargo. The vessel and the cargo
were damaged $250,000.
The Mohegan's home port is New
London, Conn,
Note How the Essex
In Speed, Hill Climbing, Comfort and
Reliability It Has Won 10,000 Owners
Proves Endurance
The 10,000 Essex cars already in service have largest and more costly cars —never with cars
been so distributed that every community of its weight or price class,
now knows their distinctive performance.
„ r . , , , , , , Now that thousands of Essex cars have
Here for instance are people who have had , , . ~ ,
~ . • 'ru -ii 4. 11 been driven more miles than is usually rolled
wide motor car experience. They will tell . , . ,
... . ~ T / up in a season by the average automobile,
you how they esteem the Essex. Its economy J* realizing Essex endurance
of operation and the fact that practically no owners are realizmg ssex endurance
attention is required to keep it in prime That is why they tell you about the small
operation appeals to all. upkeep expense of the Essex. They tell you
about the way in which it retains its power
As For Its and wanted qualities even after the hardest
Performance service. In every endurance rim entered, the
If you haven t ridden m the Essex take the
first opportunity to do Such Is the Car You
Come to us and we will give you the same kind
of demonstration that has caused thousands bhould Have
to acknowledge Essex supremacy. Watch the . . deDendable service It is the
way in which Essex cars perform on the road. g . qll „ .
If it is at a street crossing when traffic is neW day Car ' the type to which aII moderate
~ . . , , priced cars must come, for in addition to
Mgnaled to go ahead observe how qu.ckly the operating cost, men now
Essex jumps to the lead. The only car that d^mand perf o rman Ce , luxur£ comfort and
beats it .s another Essex wrth a better dnver. enduranc( T The Essex is easy to drive. It
If you are on a narrow country road where turns in a short radius. It steers easily. It
an Essex signals its intention to pass another can be parked in spaces too small for the
car, you will see how easy with its accelera- average car. It has many qualities you will
tion it can jump to the lead. like.
And It Will Do That Ask yourself what car is so modern, what is
Whenever Called On
Essex performance is acknowledged by many particulars and no other car built ha 3 all
everyone. No one classes it with any but the the features of the Essex.
$1595 f. o. b. Detroit
Gomery-Schwartz Motor Car Co.
Salesrooms Harrisburg, Pa. Service Station
116 Market St. Phones Court and Cranberry Sts.
Tendency Toward Assumed
Control of Enterprise Is
Branded as Socialistic
Hy Associated Press.
Washington, Aug: 21.—An attack
on governmental tendency toward 1
assumed control of business enter-1
prises, with especial reference toj
proposed legislation for supervision
of tile packing industry, was made!
to-day by Senator Fernald, of Maine, i
speaking in the Senate. Stamping!
the Kenyon and Kendrick bills, ve
hicles of the packer regulation now
under discussion as examples of
"stifling, throttling legislation," he
declared his opposition to them said
they were extensions of the policy
which had fniled In the transporta
tion and communication industries
and predicted that the public would
suffer from higher costs and poorer i
service should they be enacted.
"I cannot be'/eve the Senate of
the United States fee's after the
experience we have had with Gov
ernment control of railroads, tele
graph and telephone lines that the
policy should be continued," he said, j
It would certainly lead to chaos and
commercial bankruptcy. In behalf
of the business men of the country,
those who have had as much to do
with making our country great as
any other class of citizen, I want to
protest here and now against this
is not a natural cravind. Man is mostly
herbivorous. Less meat and more cereals I
mean better health, higher efficiency, lender m
life. Shredded Whelt Biscuit is a real I
whole wheat food—contains more real,
digestible nutriment than meat or eggs and '
costs much less. The crisp and tasty good'
ness of the baked whole wheat is a joy
to the palate. Two or three of these Biscuits
with milk or cream, or sliced bananas,
peaches or other fruits, make a nourishing,
satisfying meal, at a cost of a few cents.
AUGUST 21, 1919.
proposed legislation, it is filled with
danger to our institutions and out'
system of government, it is social
istic, it is un-American and it should
be defeated."
Defending the packers, he said
their business had to he conducted
in large units in order to be eco
nomical. Their development of re
frigerator cars and ownership of!
stockyards, like their utilization of
I animal byproducts, constituted valu
able service, he declared.
He attacked the Federal Trade
Commission for "questionable tneth-1
ods in its investigation and report]
on the packers, and said that It had j
very largely lost sight of its func-1
tiotis to aid anil guide business.
"The Commission." he asserted,
j failed to get any evidence of com-j
j bination. It is only by unfair meth-i
j ods, by misinterpretations anil j
J misstatement of facts that it was i
(able to come to the conclusion that
there is a combination in restraint
of trade.
This report so far as T have been
able to investigate it. contains no i
evidence of monopoly. i ant re-1
liably informed that tiie Commission I
in some instances actually used such j
parts of telegrams taken from the:
files of the packers as appeared to
hear out its case, omitting items
from the same telegrams which nri
not useful evidence to the Commit
tee. Federal Trade Commission, in'
place of co-operating and being ofi
soma assistance has, and is now,
bragging, harrying and hackling!
American business interests.
Grocers Complaints Unjustified
If there is any unfair competition
or monoply or any practices in trad
ing that are not on the square, the
, Clayton anti-trust law and the Fed
i eral Trade Commission law give
i ample power to suppress such illegal
> operations."
Complaints of wholesale grocers
that tiie packers were entering theii
fie'd in the sale of perishable foods,
lip classed as unjustified, with the
remark that the complaint'might be
made against the grocers for hand
ling drugs, hardware and other goods
out of their line.
"It is unthinkable that Congress
should give the Government power
Jto say," he asserted, "what products
a concern may or may not handle,
as it would ho aide to do under pro-
I posed legislation. Instead of nt-
I tempting to make a big business
j litt'e, let us all pull together to make
! little business big. Remove the
J shackles some are attempting to
[ place on the business interests of the
! country. Give them a fair field,
j l.et each work out in his own way
ithe great industrial problems before
! us."
Charles A. Tress Is
Out of the Race
Charles A. Tress, who filed Jte-
I publican nomination papers for su
j pervlsor of the First city district,
I to-day withdrew them at the office
'of llio County Commissioners. He
j was the first candidate to withdraw
j nominating petitions. Because City
! Clerk R. Ross Seaman did not certify
Ito tiie County Commissioners that
| the office of supervisor was to be
! lilled, it is not believed that it will
| lie included 011 the ballots. George
[ \V. Kautz filed both Republican and
I Democratic papers for nomination
as supervisor in the Second district,
lly Associate;! Press.
Paris, Aug. 21.—Premier Clem
enceau returned to Paris to-day
from his vacation in Da Vendee.
The week's rest apparently had
been of groat benefit to the aged
statesman's health.