Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, August 01, 1919, Page 14, Image 14

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
TelegTaph Building, Federal Square
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. OYSTER, Business Manager
OUS. M. STBINMETZ, Managing Editor
A. R. MICHENER, Circulation Manager
I Executive Board
Members of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
A Member American
rj Newspaper Pub-
ltshers' Associa
tion, the Audit
Bureau of Circu
lation and Penn
sylvania Associa
ated Dallies.
Eastern office
Story, Brooks &
Finley, Fifth
Avenue Building,
Western office',
Story. Brooks &
Finley, People's
Gas Building,
l Chicago, 111.
Entered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
* week; by mail, J3.00 a
year in advance.
The best prize that life offers is the
chance to icork hard at work worth j
doing.—Theodore Roosevelt.
ing before the commission in
vestigating the irregularities
of Lieutenant "Hardboiled" Smith on
the charge of ill-treating military
prisoners, lied out of the whole
cloth yesterday when he said that j
thousands of American soldiers
were deserting the battle line in |
France at the time the armistice
was signed and that wholesale ex
ecutions would have followed had
not the war ended when it did.
Grimstead will not get far with
such barefaced falsehoods. The
men who were in France know he
Is a liar from first hand knowledge
and Americans at home know it
from the fact that deserting com
rades in time of stress is not an
American, characteristic.
How did the Grimsteads and the
"Hardboiled" Smiths get into the
army anyway? An outraged Amer
ican public would like to know
something of their personal records,
who was responsible for their ap
pointments, promotions and assign
An officer who would malign his
comrades in arms to save his own
reputation is a yellow-back and
doubtless if there had been many
like this pair in the ranks the
wholesale desertions of which Grim
stead tells would have occurred.
But the records show that the A. E.
F. was made up largely of men of
another stripe. Their records at
Chatteau Thierry, St. Mihiel and the
Argonne prove that they stuck to
their jobs through frightful odds—
and won, while the little white
crosses scattered broadcast over a
hundred fields of France prove that
the only way the American soldier
knows how to run is forward and
that he dies, but never retreats.
Grimstead's testimony only black
ens his own name. The reputation
of the American soldier in France
is above reproach.
THE suspicion that there may be
some underground movement
to foment trouble between the
colored citizens of the country and
their white brothers is somewhat
Justified by recent outbreaks in
widely-separated sections. Down
south, state officials and others are
appealing to those colored men who
left the south during the war pei
lod—under the impression that they
would improve their condition north
of the Mason and Dixon line —to re
turn to their old homes, with the
assurance of better treatment and
appreciation of their usefulness.
It is hard to harmonize these ap
peals with recent stories of the
treatment of returning black sol
diers in Georgia. Two stories from
Blakely and Cordele in Georgia il
lustrate this point. Both appeared
recently in print in southern news
According to one dispatch, Private
William Little, a returned soldier,
was beaten to death by a mob near
Blakely. It is stated that fie was
"a prominent young man in this
vicinity and from one of the 'most
respectable families in the immedi
ate community." Details of' his
lynching are to the effect that re
turning from the service he was ac
cused of wearing his military uni
form "too long;" that upon arriving
at Blakely he was advised by a cer
tain white element to remove hi 3
army uniform and that several an
onymous communications were scut
to him with instructions to leave
town if he wanted "to sport around
In his khaki." According to the
narrative, Little was halted at the
railroad station when he first re
turned and told to strip himself of
his uniform before he walked down
the main thoroughfare of the city,
being threatened with arrest unless
he did so. Having no civilian
clothes he was permitted to go home
in his uniform. Later, whiie receiv
ing congratulations from friends, a
mob attacked him and he was
lynched in the uniform to which his
assailants seemed to seriously ob
The other story from Cordele
states that Bud Williamson, a travel
ing representative of a picture com
pany, was driven out of town by
white people who objected to the
selling of photographs showing Scr
| geants Johnson and Roberts, the fa
j mous heroes of the Fifteenth New
I York Regiment, engaged in hauu
| to-hand combat with Germans. Wil
liamson's pictures were destroyed
| when he arrived in a white settlo
j ment to which he had been called
|by a telephone messaee. He
j badly beaten and at the myzzle of
j a revolver was ordered to leave town
I These may be extreme cases, but
j they are illuminating and illustrate
j the indefensible attitude of a cer
j tain class of the white population
I in the south and elsewhere. For
tunately for the welfare of the
country, the law-abiding citizens of
the white and black races are united
in the determination to uphold
the rights of all classes of our citi
zenry and to suppress the unruly
element which seeks to arouse bitter
feeling and race prejudice wherevei
and whenever possible.
Mob law will never be sustained
in this country and it is high time
that the lynchings which have dis
graced America are prevented by
the strong arm of justice. The fail
ure to enforce law is an invitation
to anarchy and all the evils in its 1
0' F ALL the war taxes, real and
so-called, the Federal tax on
i ice cream about to be repealed
I is perhaps the most unpopular, as
|it is certainly the most unjust. Eat
i ice cream on the premises of the
place where purchased, unless served
with a meal, and a tax is required.
Eat a sandwich with it and there is
no tax. Therefore, the man or
woman who lunches on a plate of
ice cream, keeping in mind the dic
tates of the health authorities as
to light eating in warm weather, is
taxed because he is wise, whereas
the chap who overloads his stomach
and then adds ice cream gets off
free of tax.
Ice cream is a food and it is good
for the human system under almost
any circumstances, if made under
proper conditions from healthful
ingredients. There should be no tax
upon it. Rather people should be
encouraged to eat it. Ice cream is
the one luxury that almost every
poor family can afford. If we must
tax something why not the exclu
sive lobster, or the lordly lamb chop,
or something already out of reach
of the man whose purse is none too
J "Billy" Lynch has lived so long
I within a stone's throw of the Susque
hanna River that he realizes the need
of adequate bathing facilities. He j
lias started something in City Council
which will make him one of the most j
popular officials in the city, providing |
he comes through with a real plan |
for public baths. Perhaps he has i
in view the "Hardscrabble" district
and its inevitable improvement along j
permanent lines next year. Boating j
and bathing facilities could both eas
ily be provided under the terrace be
tween Herr and Calder streets with
out affecting in the slightest degree
the park treatment in that stretch of
river frontage.
AUDITOR general
SNVDE R'S announcement
that the State will be ready
in a month to advertise for bids for
the erection of the Memorial Bridge, !
the new office building and other !
Capitol park improvements is good ;
news. All Harrisburg is impatient j
to see this work started, but not
more so than General Snyder, who is
a man of action and has been deeply
interested in the park development
ever since he became acquainted
with the proposal as a member of
the State Senate.
The Auditor General believes there
is no need for any further post
ponement of the changing of street
lines and the resetting of the cop
ing and curbing surrounding the
park. Commissioner Lynch has said
repeatedly that the city is ready ;
to go ahead with its part, so
there would seem to be no further
reason why the work should not
proceed. Therfe has been consid
erable public inquiry as to why this
part of the program should not be
carried out at once, in order to re
lieve traffic congestion during the
building period, and there will be
much satisfaction in the prompt
commencement of the work.
HALIFAX is praying for fair
weather. Only rain can niar
the peace celebration of that
thrtving community. The people of
the upper end of Dauphin county
are showing that they-can be patri
otic in times of peace quite us
f6rVently us in war-. That is a
good sign. It is easy enough to
swing along with -the procession
when the whole country is march
ing; It is quite another to make
a show of patriotism months after
peace has come, and long after the
men of the community have re
turned to their ordinary pursuits.
But Pennsylvania people are not
forgetful of the sacrifices these men
have made, of their gallantry in
action and of the great victory they
helped win in France.
Pennsylvania's patriotism has
never been questioned. It is not
generally kno-wn. but the War De
partment's decision to place largo
military depots in this immediate
vicinity was based largely on tho
belief that they would be safe here,
and that if necessary Pennsylvania
people would arise to defend them.
That Is a tradition of which any
State might be proud. It is the kind
of love of country that such cele
brations as that at Halifax help
keep alive.
Ik j
By the Ex-Commlttccman
Records of the State government
show that sixty-one of the 175 bills
dealing with educational matters
presented to the Legislature of 1919
became laws. The number of such
bills introduced at the session of
the General Assembly was the
largest of the kind known in years,
but in spite of the number, 101
failed on final passage. The Gov
ernor vetoed thirteen.
The bills which became laws af
fect every one of the bar classes
into which the 2,500 school districts
of the Keystone State are divided,
while the bill increasing the salaries
of teachers affects about 45,000 in
structors in various grades. The
program of the State Board of Edu
cation was practically carried out
in the enactment of the teachers'
salary, physical education, consoli
dation of schools, elimination of
small one room schools, increase of
appropriations for normal school
work and for the establishment of
the school employes retirement fund,
according to men at the Capitol
who have studied the legislation.
Other school bills which have be
come laws and will affect many of
the almost 1,500,000 pupils in Penn
' sylvania provide for special classes
i for deficient children, necessary food
! and clothing supply for tubercular
children, payment of $f per day
to teachers attending teachers in
stitutes, payment of teachers when
schools are closed by epidemics,
expenses of county superintendents
and their assistant;,, safety first in
struction, granting of $lOO college
scholarships for four years'to worthy
graduates of elementary schools,
forbidding children of school age
from attending moving picture
theaters during certain hours unless
accompanied by parents or guard
ians 'for co-operation of cities and
towns with school districts in main- |
tenance of recreation centers and |
establishment of a bureau of re- I
habilitation for wounded service
men with the co-operation of the
Department of Public Instruction.
—The Pinchot conference appears
to be still a subject of editorial com
ment in newspapers of the State.
Here is a typical one from the
Philadelphia Inquirer: "Natural gas
has caused more than one explosion
in Pennsylvania, but none sadder
that the unfortunate affair in Har
risburg on Tuesday which resulted
in the bursting of the Pinchot
boom for United States Senator or
President or any other old thing.
To the uninitiated it may be said
that Mr. Gifford Pinchot is a gen
tleman who was once commended
by President Roosevelt for some
thing he did while in the forestry
service, and who has since lived
in the world with the belief that he
has a mission. This mission, we
gather from his statements, is to
reform politics, and especially the
politics of the Republican Party.
Envious ones intimate that his real
mission is to have himself appointed
or elected to some public office, and
it w r as assumed in some quarters
that his purpose in calling a meet
ing of former Progressives was
quietly and unostentatiously to in
augurate a Gifford Pinchot boom
for something or other."
—The general belief is that some
of the Pinchot men will en
deavor to get into county or city
nominations t'"'s fall in their home
communities and to stir up the con
troversies which are never hard to
—The appointment of the regis
trars is causing much comment in
Philadelphia. The examinations ,
are under way and the Philadelphia !
Press calls attention to the fact
that a man under indictment regis
tered as an eligible. i *
—Sheriff H. C. Ransley has open
ed the Vare tight against the Com
mittee of 100 by a diatribe against
the personnel of that body. He con
tends that some of the people nam
ed do not live in Philadelphia. It
has provoked some tart remarks ;
from newspapers.
—Major Fletcher Lutz, of Glen
Rock, York county, will enter the
lists as candidate for the Republican
nomination for county treasurer
against Captain Stuart Lafean.
Both are veterans of overseas ser
vice and the major has not yet been
mustered out.
—Dr. N. E. Newbury has been
named as the new director of health
of Scranton to succeed Dr. S. P.
Longstreet. whom Mayor Connell
asked to resign.
—District Attorney Frank P.
Slattery, of Luzerne county, well
known to many here, is going to
he opposed by Martin J. Mulhall,
of Wilkes-Barre, who tried conclu
sions with Ex District Attorney
Salsburg some years ago.
—John Ferguson who has been
district attorney of Susquehanna
county for two terms, has announced
that he would again seek re-election.
Ferguson's entry into the district
attorney race adds spirit to the
fight and F. A. Davies and Garritt
Gardner out after the nomination
too, the coming fall primaries prom
ise to be very interesting upon the
northern tier.
—things are interesting in Wilkes-
Barre now that the nonpartisan
municipal election is a thing of the
past. R. M. Keiser, says the Wilkes-
Barre Record, filed petitions to be
candidate for city treasurer on the
Republican, Democratic and Social
ist tickets.
—District Attorney James C.
Fui-Bt, of Center county, is out for
Republican renomination.
—Snyder county candidates for
associate judge include C. M. In
gram, John H. Lloyd, N. B. Stetler
and C. D. Bogar.
' —Many people in this city and
vicinity will be interested to know
that Col. Samuel D. Foster, former
chief engineer of the State Highway
Department and the holder of a
fine ar ny record, is a candidate for
Republican nomination for county
commissioner in Allegheny county.
Col. Foster is a son-in-law of Col.
Walter T. Bradley, owner of the
Swatara quarries who has a sum
mer home in this county.
—Speaking of the Colonel's an
nouncement the Pittsburgh Gazette-
Times says: "Capt. Samuel D.
Foster of McKeesport and Lieut.
Col. James P. Kerr will be running
mates in the September primaries
for the two Republican nominations
for county commissioner. They will
be supported by thousands of citi
zens who are opposed to the politi
cal domination of the county by
Max G. Leslie. The announcement
of Col. Kerr a few days ago and
the decision reached yesterday by
Capt. Foster to entpr the primaries
is the result of a widespread senti
ment in the county favorable to the
placing of public offices in the hands
of efficient and unfettered men."
' T H"S RZ*s^7T~l^rr\ A<2J£ OT\ f /'WEU.O JOE- GLAD "SOA f
\ /.. - 1 I H^E- S / <,KVLY VNQM'FUL ' SCOUT - HOLO VJE /( J> ~ / VQO PRAISES \
(g) feHr i tegs?k
Beyond the Purple Hills
[Senior Class Poem at the Unlver- !
sity of Kansas.]
Our world was bounded by the
purple hills,
We laughed and danced, and in our
careless way
We faced our petty problems, fan-j
cied ills.
And called it life —but it was only I
The world beyond we heeded not,
nor knew
Its earnestness, its pain, its bitter
For us, care fled before soft winds
that blew
Through perfumed lilacs on an April!
Then suddenly our painted world was,'
Shattered by the ruthless blow of j
And we, facing rea'ity, stood hushed,
At last knew 1 life and saw things |
as they are.
No more we lose ourselves n dreams
when blow
The April winds —we've felt the ]
blast that chills,
But stronger, keener for the fight we
To meet the world beyond the pur
ple hills.
Human Conservation
[From the Philadelphia Bulletin.] |
The State Bureau of Rahabilita- i
tion, the authorization of which was j
included in the last group of bills j
receiving the signature of Governor I
Sproul, has possibilities which may |
make it one of the most important j
of the State's charities. At that it '
is no more a charity than is the
[Workmen's Compensation fund, and
it might well be classed as a public
Its purpose is to have unneces
sarily industrial wastage of pro
ducing and earning power. The
necessity for it has been pointed by
the observation of the Compensa
tion Board, and war gave it an ef- j
fective boost in the Government's j
! successful work in rehabilitating its
maimed fighters.
A good workman who loses a |
hand, an arm, a foot, a leg, or an j
eye, or is crippled in the use of
either, is not economically to be
thrown into the discard and become
a dependent. A measure of his ef
ficiency is lost, but not all of it, and
there have been wonders worked in
the development of remnants. To
some extent the compensation sys
tem, with its increased liability for
industrial accident, has worked to
the disadvantage of the maimed
workman, the employer being
prejudiced by the belief that the
lack of full equipment of members
increases the risk of accident, and
at best the victim of misfortune has
become a pensioner in some auxiliary
berth, with the result that generally
he has lost his spirit as a produc
tive agent and has felt that he was
only a hanger-on. Yet there is
something he can do or that he can
learn to do, and the man can be
saved from the wreck.
Why Pay All War Bills?
[From Los Angeles Times.]
War taxes in time of peace are no
more necessary than is war bread.
It is for ourselves to decide how |
rapidly the war debt shall be paid, j
Would it not be well for the present |
Congress to reduce the income tax j
and other war taxes to something
near the rate in effect before the
war and let us work on that basis
for a couple of years? The acts
passed at the present session are .not
immutable. Why not start with a
burden as light as possible and in
crease i't as our industries get 'niore
firmly established. If the next gen
eration were to be freed Jrom .the j
hard necessity of daily labor it would
become decadent. That is the exper- |
ience of every country known to his- j
tory. A parsimonious father gen- ■
erally means a profligate son.
Birdless Prairies of Northwest
[From the Calgary Herald.]
Those of us who have lived in
the East among the feathered song
sters that make thoir summer homes
among the leafy bowers of forest
trees realize how few and far be
tween are the bird notes in the West.
One may travel the prairies for days
and meet with less than half a dozen
varieties. Especially in this part of
the country is it desirable that we
should conserve what we have left of
the feathered tribes and seek to In
duce others to visit us. A birdless
country is something difficult to pic
ture; it is not an impossibility should
we fail to respect the laws now pro
vided for the perpetuation of the
migratory and other species.
American Atrocities
[From Our Dumb Animals.]
WE hear so muah of Russian atro
cities and German atrocities
it may be well for us to think
a moment of our own atrocities
which, so far as we know, in many
cases outrank in brutality and hor
ror the murders of the reddest of
th§ red-handed butchers of any
other land. During the past 30 years
in the United States 3,224 people
have been murdered by lynching
mobs. Of this number all but a few
were colored citizens. Of the 61
women lynched 50 were colored. It
would have been quite sufficient evi
dence ot the barbarism of these
murderous mobs had their victims
simply been shot or hanged without
due process of law, but to torture
by cruelties too unspeakable for us
to describe, as has been done in
instance after. instance, is to sink
below the level of savagery. That
these things should be permitted in 1
"Twilight on the River" ]
The little green grasses nod and
sleep, i
The little cool shadows come and
The tiny fish swim safe and deep
And the trees bend still and low.
The water hardly a ripple makes
Yet the boat that's tied, with an
idle oar
Floats though at rest, and the move
ment wakes.
Washing wavelets along the shore.
Under the bridge where the cool
shade lies.
Darkening emerald depths are
Showing, true as the soul in eyes,
Granite bulk with the sky btween.
Over the wildwood bordered edge—
See! Oh, the red buds bursting
Yellow flowers and the briar hedge—
Under the arching, grayish blue.
I The shadows gather in dewy rest
! The grasses lower and lower dip,
[ The baby waves on the river's breast
Far away in their dreaming slip.
: The stillness greater and greater
The night draws near, but it tar
ries still
Over my heart and mind it throws
Joy, like the shadows on vale and
—Grace Imogen Gish.
Origin of American Indian
[From the Christian Science
Whence originally came the North
American Indian will perhaps always
remain an unanswered question; but
the latest possible explanation of
certain seeming resemblances be
tween the Navajoes an the Chinese
is a picturesque addition to existing
theories. As the tale goes, there is
a passage in ancient Chinese history
recording a revolt that was defeated
and the leaders taken captive.
Theye were prominent and popular
men, so much so that the summary
punishment of execution was deem
led inadvisable; the alternative was
j exile, and the revolutionists were
provided with ships and allowed to
put out on the unknown ocean for an
unknown destination. The question
arises whether they may not have
crossed the Pacific, landed on the
western coast of the unsuspected and
unnamed American continent, and
gradually worked inland, becoming
by degrees the nomad Indians whose
modern descendants are those very
Navajoes who look so much like
| Chinese.
! The idea is interesting, even if no
j morq conclusive than was Ignatius
J Donnelly's conviction that the ances
| tors of the Aztecs emigrated from
] the more or less mythical Island of
' Atlantis.
; Power of Advertising
[From Newspaperdom. ]
| The power of advertising is more
I thoroughly appreciated when we
i realize that over two million dollars
j will oe spent this year in giving
I publicity to "Wrigley" chewing gum
j —when we realize that this enor
j mous appropriation must bo gotten
| back through penny and nickel sales,
! and in such volume as to leave a
| substantial profit on the investment.
I The Wrigley people, so far as I
] know, are the greatest of all Ameri
; can advertisers, considering the re
tail price of a product advertised.
The Wrigley business is not meas
ured by millions of sales—but by
, billions.
this land and no remedy swiftly
forthcoming would be incredible
were it not true. We have always
maintained that a Government which
can compel its citizens white and
black to enlist under its flag and
defend it in peril owes to each of
these citizens the guarantee of
every right assured him under the
constitution. Where the State fails
the Government is under as sacred
an obligation to defend and protect
its humblest citizens from such out
rages as it is its representatives at
the courts of Europe.
Mr. Hughes has well said: "To the
black man, who in this crisis has
proved his bravery, his honor and
his loyalty to our institutions, we
certainly owe the performance of
this duty (of justice), and we should
let it be known from this time on
in recognition of that supreme serv
ice, that the black man shall have
the rights guaranted to him by the
Constitution of the United States."
Dry Food in Vacuum
[Philadelphia Public Ledger.]
Although the preservation of food
by drying is an old art, it was not
until recently that problem of food
dchj dration received any serious
scientific study. As a result of many
experiments, here and abroad, we
are now in possession of enough
facts to enable the development of
the food drying art into an industry
large proportions.
The task of evolving a process
and developing a product suitable
for use in the field was assigned to
Drs. K. G. Falk and E. M. Frankel
by the surgeon general of the army.
In this they were successful, and
there is now available for public
use a method by which foodstuffs
of any kind may be dehydrated and
reduced to a condition in which
they can be kept indefinitely without
the use of refrigeration or preserva
tives, the latter term including
smoke, salt, saltpeter and sulphur
Briefly, the process originated
at the Harriman Research Labora
tory, in New York City, and in
dustrially worked out at Columbia
University—is a vacuum method, in
which the foodstuffs, without any
previous preparation except ordi
j nary cleaning, are heated in an air
tight chamber, from which the air
and other gases or vapors are ex
hausted. Under these conditions
the water in the food product,
which ordinarily boils at 212 de
grees Fahrenheit, can, by proper
adjustment of the vacuum, be made
to boil at 100 degrees Fehrenheit.
Thus the foodstuff is never over
heated, and no coagulation of pro
tein materials or other changes in
duced by high heat are brought
about. As a result of the low tem
perature employed, the volatile aro
matic oils which give most vege
tables and fruits their characteristic
tastes, are retained. Drying in
vacuum takes place from within the
mass rather than from the surface,
so that the outside of the food is
not made tough and sometimes im
permeable to water, as is the case
with airdried products.
Care For Disabled Soldiers
Physical reconstruction work,
which amounts to salvaging human
material, has become a matter ot
greater importance now, than after
any other war. Formerly crippled
soldiers were sent out into the
world handicapped. They were
physically incapacitated to earn a
i good living and were forced, by cir
cumstances, to become an economic
burden to either their friends and
relatives, or to the community in
which they lived. Now, however,
systemaic efforts are being made
to reclaim this human material. It
is the purpose of the Army authori
ties to make every effort to re
construct those men who in the
wreck of the battle front became
disabled. Colonel J. B. Kemper, the
Army recruiting officer for this dis
trict, to-day authorized the follow
ing pertinent statement.
"Because of the importance of
physical reconstruction and the ne
| cessity of co-ordinating that work
j with other hospital activities, par
ticularly those of the medical and
i surgical service, the surgeon general
j has directed the appointment of
I chiefs of sections of physical recon
i struction at various Army hospitals,
j This officer will have chargo of all
hospital activities pertaining to phy
sical reconstruction of disabled sol
diers and will maintain liaison un
der the commanding officer with
the medical and surgical service.
AUGUST 1,1919. f
No Wonder Germany Quit
•> Number Thirty-eight
"We always thought we were a
great commercial nation and many
millions of our people tirmly be
lieved we could lick all Creation,"
said Colonel J. B. Kemper, of the
Army Recruiting Station, 325 Mar
ket street, Harrisburg. "But these
were a lot of things we found we
were not quite so great in as we
thought. Take for instance the
question of powder. You have all
seen the advertisements of the big
powder companies for years and
no one dreamed before 1914 that
with our supposedly great powdei
production we would be so woefully
unprepared in that line for a war.
Before we got into the war every
one had heard of the great fortunes
the powder people were making, of
the new powder plants and c.ties
being built, but when we got in and
began to really investigate we found
a sad condition of affairs. Now
powder is divided into two classes,
propellants and high explosives.
The propellants, smokeless powder,
are used in rifle cartridges and in
big guns behind the bullet or pro
jectile to send it off merrily on
its way, while the second class, high
explosives, are loaded into shells,
grenades, bombs, and so forth as
the explosive charge that scatters
the death dealing fragments far
and wide. The propellant powder
burns more slowly and with less
sudden creation of gas than the
high explosive. If high explosive j
were used as a propellant charge it
would blow the gun all to pieces.
. If smokeless powder is used as an
explosive charge in a shell it does
not give nearly as violent an ex
plosion as the H. E. (high explo
i sive), and is consequently not as
effective. When the war started
' we were producing about eighteen
million pounds of smokeless powder
a year. When the Foreign War
Missions got over here in May, 1917,
we soon found that we wouid need
| about a million pounds in the year
1919 if the war lasted that iong
and it then seemed that it would.
From 9,000 tons of smokeless pow
der to 500,000 tons is some little
jump for an annual production.
| Well! we got busy. We built a
ninety - million - dollar Government
plant down in Tennessee that was
producing 423,000 pounds a day
when the armistice was signed anil
was to reach one million pounds
per day within a couple of monlhs.
• Another plant was built in West
Virginia to have a capacity of 625,-
000 pounds per day but it was only
producing 109,000 when 'lie armis
tice was signed. .Those two new
Government plants would have pro
duced more than half of the 500.-
000 tons for 1319, and th.i rest
would have come from increased
commercial plants. The Tennessee
plant would produce in 18 days
what the whole country had made
in a year, before the war started.
The most famous H. E. is com
monly known as T. N. T. It became
particularly famous when a ship
load of it wrecked Halifax. When
the war started we were making
600,000 pounds a month and by
November, 1918, we were making
16,000,000 pounds a month, and
had just gotten fairly started. T. N.
T. is made by treating a chemical
called toluol which is a by-product
from coke ovens. Of course there
wasn't nearly enough toluol so all
sorts of devices were worked on to
produce it. A way was found to
strip it out of coal gas, so during
the latter part of 1918 the people
of thirteen of our largest cities
were unconsciously contributing to
the T. N. T. program by using gas
from which the toluol had been re
moved, thus reducing appreciably
the heating and lighting qualities of
the gas. A number of brand new
high explosives were developed dur
ing the war, to help out in the con
stantly growing cry for explosives.
But a curious thing about it all is
that due to the enormously in
creased production, In spite of in
creased wages and increase in the
cost of most materials, the price of
T. N. T. dropped from one dollar
a pound to 26% cents a pound;
smokeless powder for cannons drop
ped from 53 cents a pound to 41%,
and the powder for rifle cartridges
dropped from 80 cents a pound to
62 cents. Improved manufacturing
processes developed during the war
made this enormous saving to the
He Kept Us Out!
[Chester Times. ]
They say Lord Balfour got us in
the war. We knew who it was who
kept us out of war, but we didn't
know the Britisher got us in.
| Humting GKjat
It is interesting to note in these
days when legal measures are being
restored to in order to curb the ac
tivities of those who try to take
unfair advantages of the housewife
and the man who provides for a y
family table that forestalling has
beeu one of the offences which havo
given the fathers trouble in Har
risburg for a century. Early in the
history of the State the
were bothered by forestalling com
plaints and various statutes giving
local authorities power to deal with
it were enacted. In the borough
ordinance books of Harrisburg
which come down to us for a period
of from about 1812 to 1860 there
are ordinances aimed at the fore-A
staller, the wording of the mea
sures indicating that there was
considerable antipathy toward those
who engaged in the practice. Justf
before the Spanish war there werA
complaints without number about
the forestallers who greeted the
farmers when they came into the
city on Wednesday and Saturday
mornings and saved thein the
trouble of retailing their produce
by buying the whole wagon load
and carting it off to their own stalls
to sell, while the farmer with an
empty wagon and a well filled
pocket book visited friends in the
market and swapped farm talk and
the gossip of the country side. Aft
ordinance was enacted at that time ,
which established some stiff penal
ties, but the police found difficulty
in enforcing it, largely through the
failure of persons who had cried
loudest to make effort to get in
formation upon which to institute
legal proceedings.
While the world is discussing
proper punishment for the former
Emperor of Germany comes this
suggestion for the Peace Confer
ence from a young soldier now re
covering from wounds in a base
hospital in this country. He be
lieves in the doctrine of an eye for
an eye and a tooth for a tooth, but
otherwise is a normal, easy-going,
good-natured American doughbpy
who gave cheerfully one leg and ona
finger for his country's cause. This '
is his suggestion:
"The Kaiser is about to be tried •
by a world's tribunal. Why not let i
the jury be twelve amputation cases
from General Hospital number
three. No doubt, if it were put up
to them to name the punishment he
should receive, they would shout
with glee—'Give him an amputa
tion of both arms and legs and then
immediately after recovering from
the effects of ether, give him a good
stiff lecture cn Kultur.'"
U. S. G. H. 3.
• •
Among the effects of a Harrisburg •
officer which he has Just received
from overseas after months of wait,
ing was a bedding roll containing
many pieces of wearing apparel and
some interesting personal belong,
ings. Among other things was a
sealed letter addressed to the mother
of a corporal of this officer's com
pany, who had been killed in a
night-bombing raid, which letter
contained some trinkets that wer
taken from the body of the dead
soldier by the Harrisburg officer, but
had never been mailed owing to
regiment having been ordered lnti '
the fighting line about that time.
The belated letter and the keep.,
sakes of the corporal were
ately forwarded to his mother in
the western part of the State. On
of the purposes of the "American
Region" now being organized is t<i
aid soldiers in securing their rightg
and last effects through the var
ious departments of the army and
keeping in touch with each other.
• • *
Manifestly the farmers of Central
Pennsylvania are not suffering from
hard times or the high cost of liv.
ing. The other day a piano dealer
I ir. one of the towns not far from
Harrisburg drove up to a „
house in the hope of selling th
mistress a piano. As he approached
the broad front porch his hopeg
faded because an automobile dealef
was already on the ground and had
made a sale, the demonstration
machine having been sent around
to the barn as the piano-man hova
in sight. "I guess this is not my
day," said the piano agent, refer,
ring to the automobile deal. "Oh!
I dunno" said the farmer as a slight
drizzling rain began to fall. "Put
your piano on the porch and let
Mary see how she likes it." He did
so and Mary was so well pleased
that the piano was also purchased.
Central Pennsylvania farmers must
have all the comforts of home. r
• • *
Harry A. Boyer, county inspector
of weights and measures, while on'
an inspection tour in the upper end*
of the county found an unusual
platform scale at Killinger, north
of Millersburg. The scale in addi
tion to being provided with a beam
for weighing in 5-pound quantities
by using a sliding weight, had
measurements on this sliding weight
accurately from one pound to sev.
eral hundreds pounds. Mr. Boyer
tested the scale, and found it in
good working order. He said that
it was the first one of its kind ha
has ever seen.
* • •
Representative James A. Walker,
of Philadelphia, chairman of the
committee on banks and banking
in the last House and who holds
the record of introducing the most
bills, was here yesterday. Ho fig
ured out that most of the bills ho
presented had become laws and his
friends claim that he put more laws
on the books than any other mem
—Attorney General W. I. Schaffer
is fishing in the Arlirondacks.
—Banking Commissioner Fishe#
says it does not look as though h
would get much vacation this year.
—O. R. H. Thompson has been
named as chairman of the
ing county war history committed
—Judge G. A. Endlich, of thef'
Berks county courts, who is a candi.
date for renomination, is one of the
oldest Judges in service in the State.
—Col. F. W. Smith, formerly
connected with the post office de
partment at Philadelphia, is home
from France where he served as
assistant chief of staff of the 28th
—That Hnrrisburg will liave
one of the finest roads In the
State when the Dauphin-Clark's
Ferry highway is finished?
i —The road between Lancaster au*t
l Harrisburg has been In use over 165
i years.