Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, July 12, 1919, Image 1

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Japanese Huddle Korean Christians Into Churches, Them Down and Burn Their Bodk
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LXXXVIII— NO. 160 16 PAGES Dan i^t x . c r ep .\ B tM.t HARRISBURG, PA SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 12, 1919. °*K£2E522 HOME EDITION
Japanese Herd Koreans Into Churches, Shoot
Into Mass and Burn Houses of Worship;
Majority of Victims Men ; Women and Chil
dren Left to Starve to Death.
Exposed to Public Gaze; Children Beaten With
Whips; Flesh Seared With Hot Irons; Victims
Who Faint Revived and Made to Undergo
New Tortures.
By Associated Press
New York, July 12.—A report of alleged Japanese atrocities
in Korea was made public to-day at the headquarters of the Pres
byterian church in America. It is a result of investigations by
representatives in Korea of the Presbyterian church in the United
States, following the imprisonment of some of its missionaries
by the Japanese authorities. The information from Korea was
transmitted by such means that it escaped the Japanese censors.
Hundreds of Koreans who had professed Christianity are said
to have been driven by Japanese gendarmes at the point of bayo
nets into churches, there to be tired upon as they huddled, in
terror and later to perish in flames as the places of worship were
put to the torch. Most of these victims, it is narrated, were men.
Surviving women and children were left in destitution.
H. H. Underwood, a missionary
living in Seoul, was quoted in the
Tokio Advertiser of April 29, 1919,
according to report, regarding a
vist he made to Pal Tan, a market
town near Buwon. A fortnight be
fore, Japanese troops, he said he
was told, burned thirty-six of the
forty houses in the village of Cha
yammi, two miles from Pal Tan, be
cause the inhabitants were Chris
tians. Mr. Underwood said he was
told also that the victims had not
figured in any rioting or shouted for
Korean independence. Pal Tan, he
said he was informed, escaped both
fire and sword "because there are
no Christians there."
Preliminary police examinations
of Koreans suspected of complicity
in the revolutionary movement are
said in the reports of the investiga
tors to include "every human re
finement in brutality," men being
beaten to death and women sub
jected to nearly every possible form
of shapieful treatment.
Milder punishment, it is said, in
cluded ninety blows rained upon the
prisoner's body with a bamboo rod
and many boot kicks, at the end of
which the victim, if he survived,
was sent almost lifeless to a hos
Scars Body With Irons
One such victim, "a slender, tim
id, Christian youth," 19 years old,
employed by a shoemaker, was ar
rested with a wealthy Korean, both
charged with circulating the Inde
pendent News, a revolutionary pub
lication. The boy, it is said was
tortured and hovered between life
and death in a hospital for more
than a month before he was sent
to prison. For six hours he had
been "grilled" by Japanese gen
darmes, after which the inquisitors
applied "rings above the youth's
elbows until the upper body was
greatly distorted (the usual prepa
ration for beating), whereupon
blows and kicks were administered
until the victim fell, fainting, to the
floor." He was revived at inter
vals by cold water dashed upon his
naked body, and the punishment
The narrator of this alleged epi
sode, who says he afterwards vis
ited the victim at the hospital, de
clares he saw "one of the four
wounds, each five inches long, on
the youth's thigh, which had been
seared with a red-hot iron." A
wound in the abdomen, it is report
ed, appeared to have been made by
a bayonet. The victim's hands
were swollen almost twice their nat
ural size. The prisoner told his
benefactor that he pleaded with his
tormentors to kill him.
Humiliate Women
A signed statement by an Amer
ican resident of Korea, dated April
22, 1919, said that "the examination
of women who have been arrested
for their activity in the independ
ence movement is the most dis
graceful and humiliating possible.
Korean and Chinese women," he
[Continued on Page I.]
The Civic Club Fly Contest,
now under way, is open to all.
In addition to prize awards, five
cents a pint will be puid by the
Harrisburg and Vicinity. Shower*
and thunderstorms probably to
night and Sunday, Slightly
ML warmer ta-nlght with lowest
temperature about OO degrees.
Bastern Pennsylvania. Showers
and thunderstorms probably to
night and Sunday, Somewhat
warmer to-night. Moderate
south and southwest winds,
River. The Susquehanna river and
all Its branebrs will probnbly
remain nearly stationary eseept
heavy showers may cause local
rises In some at the streams of
the system. A stage of uhout H.fl
feet la Indicated for Harrlshurg
; huaday morning.
She Slar-flnfrepcnftcnL
Council Learns That Public
Opinion Endorses Project
to Develop Upper End
It is generally expected that the
City Council will accept the free
tender of the McKee-Graham estate
of fifteen or twenty acres of land
included in the Italian Park area.
Under the plan proposed at the
recent exchange of views between
the City Council and the Planning
Commission the present swampy dis
trict known as Italian Park would
be dredged and converted into an
attractive lake making it the chief
feature of a fine landscape treat
ment at the present terminus of
Third street at Division.
To extend Third street through the
swampy stretch would involve
enormous cost for filling and grading
and the members of Council believe
that it would be much more econo
mical to continue Third street along
the bluff to a point in Riverside
where the street would be continued
With the conversion of the
swampy section into a park and
lake it is figured that encourage
ment would be given for immediate
real estate and building develop
ment. Harrisburg is on the edge of
a great building boom and those vho
are familiar with the plan proposed
believe that the increase of this
residential district would soon re
turn to the city in taxes more than
the comparatively small cost of the
park treatment outlined. Also the
changing of the swamp into a lake
with attractive landscape surround
ings would eliminate one of the
worst mosquito breeding spots in
the whoie city and relieve the whole
northern section of Harrisburg of
an uncomfortable and persistent
summer menace.
A Long Step l-'oi-ward
Harrisburg is believed by all for
ward-looking persons to lie on the
threshold of unothcr long step in
its progress. It is necessary to pro
vide in advance for fresh-air resorts
for the people and especially in those
districts where the population is
likely to be largely increased. Many
cities are purchasing tracts of land
for parks fur ahead of their develop
ment and this opportunity which is
now presented to Harrisburg of se
curing free a considerable piece of
land available for park purposes can
hardly be turned down, it is urged,
without doing injustice to the on
coming generation.
City Council has been commend
ed for proceeding with discretion and
judgment in this matter, hut pub
lic sentiment is strongly in favor
of accepting the offer of the McKee-
Gruhuni estate and the hope is ex
pressed that nothing will occur to
cause a change of front on the part
of the representatives of the estate
before the city shall have taken ac
tion on the t'ity Planning Commis
sion's proposition.
Meet Monday
The City Planning Commission,
City Engineer M. li. I'owden, Com
missioner E. Z. Gross and Mayor
U. L. Keister will meet on Monday
morning at 10.30' o'clock, in the
City Council chamber to discuss the
proposed Italian Park development.
The members of Council who will
confer with the Planning t'opimls
sion were appointed to determine
the definite plans for Improvements
which are proposed, the probable
cost of the work, and the time which
will be allowed for the city to com
plete it.
The Italian park property, which
Is Just west of the site purchased by
the School Board for school district
use, is to be given to the city with
out cost, provided It is developed.
Building permits were issued to
day to P. 1,. Morrow, contractor for
Harry Hlroup, to erect a two and
one-half atory brick und stucco
house at the northwest corner of
Eighteenth und Rever streets, at a
cost of |4,600.
Another Daniel Come to Judgment
Report For June Show an In
crease of 1,569 Per Cent.
Over 4918
Harrisburg's building record for
June was the best of any city in
Pennsylvania Reporting an increase
in construction. As compared with
June. 1918 in this city the amount
of work started last month was 1569
per cent, greater than for the same
period a year ago. This was the
largest percentage gain in the en
tire State. East month 41 permits
were issued In Haurisburg for work
costing $480,850 as compared with
21 permits for $28,800 in June, 1918.
According to the American Con
tractor, compiling building figures
for last month, only 12 of 158 cities
in the country reported a loss in
building operations, and these de
creases were small. Three of the
12 cities were in Pennsylvania, Al
lentown, Erie and Wilkes-Barre.
The building review by the Amer
ican Contractor follows in part:
"Rapid increase in volume of
building operations during the first
six months of 1919 as indicated by
building permits issued in repre
sentative cities of the United States
is outstanding proof that the con,
struction industry is surging into
real action.
"The first of the year was quite
naturally lean. Building had been
almost completely paralyzed by war
time restrictions. In January 152
cities reported only $23,869,215 es
timated value of permits issued. This
was a decrease from the first month
of 1918, which from the same cities
showed a $27,291,218 estimated value
of permits issued.
The average value for permits is
sued in June, 1919, is $3,375. This
value compares very favorably with
average values of June permits for
previous years which are as follows:
June, 1918, $2,280, June, 1917, $2.-
900; June, 1916, $3,500; June 1915,
$2,600. The assumption gained from
this comparison is that repair work
and jobs of minor importance are
not in undue proportion. The aver
age value of permits issued in May
was only $2,600 and in January only
$1,700." v
Occasional Showers
Predicted For Week
By Associated Press.
Washington, July 12. Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday are:
North and Middle Atlantic States
—Mostly fair but with occasional
local showers and thunderstorms
and normal temperatures.
By Associated Press.
New York, July 12.—The actual
condition of clearing house banks
and trust companies for the week
shows that they hold $33,088,270
reserve In excess of legal require
ments. This Is an Increase of $26,-
664,570 from last week.
By Associated Press.
Paris, July 12. The Council
of Five to-day raised the block
ade against Germany.
The Council, after receiving the
report of the legal experts de
claring the official document no
tifying the Council of ratification
of the Treaty by Germany to be
in due form, decided to raise the
So far as the action of the
Council concerns France, the
measure will be effective only
after publication in the Journal
Officiel of a decree annulling the
preceding decrees regarding the
Alumni Plan to Make Asso
ciation a Power in Future
At a meeting of the executive
committee of the Harrisburg High
School Alumni Association at the
home of the president, A 1 K.
Thomas, 2107 Jonestown Road, last
evening, preliminary plans were laid
for what is hoped to be the greatest
reunion of the graduates of the local
High school the city has ever
During the coming week letters
will he sent to a hundred represent
ative members of all classes gradu
ated since the school was organized,
calling them to a booster meeting
which will lie held on Friday even
ing, July 25. Kfforts will be made
to have each class hold an Indi
vidual reunion, to be followed by a
great mass meeting when the fa
mous Central spirit will once more
manifest itself.
Tentative plans call for the re
spective class reunions and Central
mass meeting to be held at Hershey
Park during the month -of August.
At that time further plans for ac
tivities during the coming winter
months will be made. It is the plan
of the officers and executive com
mittee Ito develop the Alumni As
sociation Into more than a social or
ganization. Kfforts will be made to
Interest former Central students In
the various school problems now
confronting the community.
The place of meeting and pro
gram of speakers for the Friday
evening meeting will he announced
in the papers during the coming
week. Officers and members of the
executive committee which attended
the meeting last evening were: Presi
dent, Al K. Thomas; vice-president,
Lieutenant Governor K. K. Beidle
man; treasurer, United States Com
missioner John A. F. Hall; secre
tary. Harold E. Eckert; W. 8 Flshel,
William L. Kay. Miss Mary C. Orth,
Mrs. J. M. Ensmlnger, John B. Corl, j
Robert Crist and William Cleckner.
Chairman Hays Outlines Pro
gram; Saving of Vast Sum
Appreciated by Public
Philadelphia, July 12.—Progres
sive legislation that will curtail "the
high cost of government," curb ex
travagance in expenditures, create a
national budget, promote justice to
the business man and farmer and es
tablish "a forward-stepping as well
as a forward-looking program" for
capital und labor will be fathered
by the Republican party in Congress
and in the Nation.
Will H. Hays, chairman of the
Republican National Committee, an
nounced this definite plan for the
future yesterday, after he liad ar
rived here to confer with Senator
Penrose regarding the question of
a budget. This legislation, he said,
he hoped would be passed during
the present session of the Republican
Measures designated to slash ex
penditures to the point where the
present burden of taxation can be
lightened also will be the work of
this Congress, Mr. Hays asserted.
He said he had just finished a tour
of the West and that the sole topic
of conversation he met on every
hand was the jubilation expressed
because the Republicans were doing
a workmanlike job of cutting down
extravagances and bringing the
cost of government down somewhere
near the normal.
Country Interested In Budget Plan
"I have Just been talking with
Senator Penrose," said Mr. Hays,
"regarding this matter of a budget.
He is deeply interested in the mat
ter and so am I. In fact, I find that
the entire country is interested in
this plan to slash expenditures and
to establish a national budget as
much as in any single question or
issue that seems to have arisen.
"With all the extravagances, and
all the necessury and unusual ex
penses which we have hud and to
which we have been subjected, it is
now high time for a budget and all
other measures of economy in gov
ernmental uffuirs to be put into
"I huve just returned from the
West and the one thing that seemed
to give the people the most happi
ness was the saving of $1,500,000,000
which the Republican Congress has
made. The people ure tired of the
extravagances, and they want to call
a halt on the high cost of govern
ment. On the other hand, wher
ever I went, I heard this same Joy
lly AHsoriatrd I'rcna.
Utile Hock. Ark., July 12.—Lieu
tenant T. J. Lenihan, of San Fran
cisco, and Chaplain It. H. O'Dowd,
of Brooklyn, N. Y., assistant camp
morale officer at Camp Pike, were
instantly killed to-day when a plane
piloted by Lieutenant Lcnlhun wus 1
struck by unother machine from
Kberts Field. The second machine
also fell, but its occupants were not
injured. ,
Mayor to Take Up Open-Air j
Market Before Council
Next Week
Committee of Businessmen
May Agree to Endorse
Cheap Food Movement
Whether Harrisburg housewives
are to get a chance to buy bacon,
corned beef, canned tomatoes, peas
and corn at considerable reduction
under the retail markets probably
will be decided next week.
The meats and canned goods are
stored in the New Cumberland gov
ernment warehouses and the War
Department is trying to sell them to
municipalities and charitable insti
A movement is being gotten un
day way to have a committee of
businessmen underwrite the pur
chase of at least one carload of the
foodstuff. Mayor Daniel D. Keister
said to-day that he would take the
matter up before Council next Tues
day when it will be determined
whether the city commissioners will
endorse the project.
Open-Air Mnrkct
It was confessed to-day that the
plans have not gotten very far as
the city does not have authority to
advance funds for such purposes.
According to the present plans an
effort will be made to have ten busi
nessmen, or more, agree to under
write the purchase of a mixed car
load of the food. This would be
• brought to Market Square and sold
iat actual cost. As the entire trans-
I action would take but a few days,
the underwriters probably would not
be called upon at any time, to ad
vance funds as the government per
mits a sale for cash on ten days.
Men who advocate the purchase
of the food point out that it may
be had at considerably less than
wholesale rates as the War De
partment is anxious to dispose or the
18,04)0.000 potinds of meat and the
millions of cans of canned vegeta
12-Pound Tins
Much of the bacon is packed in
12-pound tins. No difficulty in dis
posing of this amount at a price
which might be 20 per cent, or more
under the market price is antici
pated if the open-air market were
held. All the goods are said to be
in prime condition as the govern
ment purchased only the best for use
i of the American armies.
Kxpoet Fairly Sale
I Men from all parts of town have
been making inquiries regarding the
part the city will play in this offer
I of the government, and the greatest
I interest is being displayed. Many
' feel that prompt action should be
! taken as in spite of the enormous
quantity of food in the warehouse
New Jersey and Delaware as well
as other States bordering on Penn
sylvania, have been asking about
the New Cumberland supply, as it. is
the center of quartermaster ware
houses in the east.
IJeutenant C. It. "Boyle, who is in
charge of the distribution of the sur
plus food, said that the large whole
sale houses of several States are
applying for information, and he
expects the food to begin rolling
away from the depot very shortly.
Hundred Girls Taking
Part in Big "Swim"
More than 100 city girls are par
ticipating in the War Camp Com
munity Service "swim" which is be
ing held this afternoon on the beach
at the Island with Miss Mary Black,
city Instructor, in charge. A general
invitation has been issued to all wo
men of the city, Steelton and other
nearby communities.
This is the first of a series of
"swims" that will be held through
out the summer under the auspices
of the War Camp Community Service.
Miss Helen Hawes is in charge of the
organization work.
City's Expenditures Are
Less Than the Receipts
Expenditures by city departments
during June totaled J69.547.19, ac
cording to the monthly report of
City Treasurer C. E. Weber. Re
ceipts were $84,857.05; balance, June
1. $469,562.31; balance, July 1, $484,-
A check for $9,632.98, the city's
share of liquor licenses for 1919,
which have been paid by dealers in
monthly instalments, was received
at the city treasurer's office, from
County Treasurer Mark Mumma.
By Associated Press.
I.oudoii, July 12.—Because of
adverse weather conditions In
Scotland. . tlic dirigible R-34,
which was off the coast of Ire-
I land to-day, has Ik-ch advised hy
the air ministry to land at Pill
: ham, Norfolk. The airship Is
I expected there before insm Sun
A hlg gale Is reported blow
ing over Scotland and the strong
wind. It is said, would make
dangerous the entram'e of the
H-UI into her shed at Fust For
' tune. There Is a dirigible shod
at I'idhain.
Ihilh'tio, Norfolk, Fugland,
July 12.—The weather was too
unfavorable to-day to permit
1 the dirigible 11-3.1 to go out to
■ meet meet the 11-31, as was
intended, and to escort the At
lantic flyer home.
By Associated Press.
CHARLESTON, W. Va.. July j
12.—Joint Shorn, of this city, |
Is under arrest to-day, charged i
with the murder of Kvan Wil- j
how in a saloon at I'oca, Put- 1
nam county, in 1887.
Shorn was arrested last night
on a warrant sworn out by the •
son of the dead man, who rec
ognized him after thirty-two j
Local Industries to Benefit'
When U. S. Places Big
Rail Orders
A major movement in the steel
market is well on its way and will
be in full swing during the autumn
or winter. This opinion, expressed
j to-day by Harrisburg iron and steel
I men, is in accord with the feeling of
i leading men of the industry through
! out Pennsylvania and tlie country
i at large.
Orders have been received by the
| several local establishments in grati
i fying quantities since the cessation
!of hostilities. The trade, naturally
is considerably less active than dur
ing the war and even before.
Ixxik for I4ig Orders
At the steelton plant of the Beth
lehem Steel Company, while the
plant is not operating at full capac
. itl by any means, probably greater
j activity is being felt than at the
I other establishments. Much is ex
j pected, too, at this establishment
| when some of the order of 500,000
j tons of rails will be placed by the
, Railroad Administration,
j The Bethlehem Steel Company is
j scheduled to produce a fair propor
i tion of this railroad steel, when the
j administration finally decides to
■ place the order, officials at the plant
J to-day reiterated the remark of
Charles \V. Schwab when he was in
the city several months ago, that
the Steelton plant may be expected
[Continued on Page 4.]
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X Washington.—Rep MondH" V
4 either 1 - or CD irman of the Agrlcultiu 1 C
mittee, would move to pas* the agricultural bill over the 'X
j President's veto. ▼
r 4 Jnmra J. drouth, und t'urranrr K. Klrhel, Knolai Charlra L. Wyaa. !j
' und Mlllc f. Ilrl.-krr, Dauphin i Hurvr> K. llii B |rr and Mary U, llrd- "T'
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r £ t krnn; I llflan C. 4>ood and barn It. Ilrkwrn, Wllllamaport. J
Wilson Believes Its Recall
Would Mean Economic
Loss to Nation
Measure Mapped Out by Com
petent Businessmen, Fa
miliar With Conditions
liy Associated Press.
Washington, July 12.—Piestdent
Wilson to-day vetoed the agricul
tural bill because ot its provision
repealing the daylight saving law.
The President vetoed also the
sundry civil bill.
The President explained that he
vetoed the sundry civil measure
"because of certain items of the
bill which seem to be likely to be of
the most serious consequence.'*'
Regarding the agricultural bill
'the President sent the following
communication to the House of Rep
i rcsentattves:
•T take the liberty of returning
H. R. 3157. "An act making appro-
I priations for the department of As
| riculture for the fiscal year ending
i June 30, 19 20.' without my signature.
"I rea'ize, of course, the gtave in
' convenience which may arise from
I the postponement of the legislation
lat this time, but feel obliged tc
; withhold my signature because of
I the clause which provides that 'at
j and after 2 o'clock a. m. on Sun
dnv. October 2. 1919, next. the. ac*
! entitled "An act to save daylight ant'
!to provide standard time for th'
! United States," approved March 19
| 1918, be, and the same hereby t:-
Would Moan T.oss
"I believe that the repeal of the
act referred to would be of very
great inconvenience to the country
and I think that I am justified IT
saying that it would constitute some
thing more than an inconvenience
It would involve a serious economb
loss. The act of March 19, 1918. 'tf
save daylight.' resulted not onl>
from a careful study of industrial
conditions by competent men fa
[Continued on Pago 4.]