Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, April 22, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Founded ISSI
Published evenings except Sunday by
Telegraph Building, federal Square
S '
President and Editor-in-Chief
j F. R. OYSTER, Business Manager
GUS. M. STEINMETZ, Managing Editor
t A. R. MICHENEK, Circulation Manager
Executive Board
Members of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
A Member American
Newspaper Pub-
Bureau of Cireu
lation and Penn
'• Dailies!
§S£ 3* Eastern office,
aw* m kAn tU Story. Brooks &
RSS 3 SQB W Finley, Fif th
{JSLTL6SB 0 Avenue Building,
Western office'.
Gas' Building,
-'■ Chicago, 111.
Entered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week; by mail. $3.00 a
year In advance.
To be happy is not the purpose of ]
, our being but to deserve happiness.—
DON'T begin anything you think!
you can't finish," is a bit of j
advice often given those about 1
r __ to embark on perilous undertakings, j
Had any one proffered it to us, as!
, Americans, when we went into this
war with Germany, we would have!
i- replied:
"Don't worry: we'll finish it, all |
And we would have meant it. We j
* would have fought anybody who
might have insinuated we did not.
So, indeed, we must finish it.
The Hun is beaten. The Kaiser
is dethroned. Germany is in the |
u dust. I
5 But the war is not over,
f; American soldiers "over there" 1
paid their war debt to "the last full
measure of their devotion."
But some of our war debts still '
remain to be paid. Uncle Sam
| doesn't ask us to give him the money,
i He says:
if "Here, Mr. American, I need some
money to pay war debts created to
save you from tlie sword and torch
of the Hun. I'm willing to pay you
j 4 ; ' t per cent, and return the money
in four years. Will you buy?"
, And what will you say to that?
Will we finish this war?
Sure, we will?
That means we must buy bonds.
Postmaster General Burleson may be j
; a popular official, but nobody lias dis- 1
t covered the fact.
endorsement of the Capitol Ex
tension plans, which he saw for
tlie first time at the Capitol yester
day, is in full accord with the Sena
tor's policy in respect to Harrisburg
as the seat of government. When
Philadelphia legislators would have
1 removed the Capitol to that city fol
lowing the fire in 1897, Mr. Penrose
came to the support of Harrisburg
and none did more to prevent the
\ proposed change than he. Again,
f when the Capitol Extension plan was
j in a critical stage before the Legis
i; lature, Senator renrose, here 011 a
visit somewhat similar to that of the
present, came out heartily in an
L interview in the Telegraph and that
' same evening in a public address at
L the Board of Trade, urging the Leg
j* islature to put the bill for the land
i purchase through and his was the
I voice which carried most weight in
' reaching that decision,
j On every occasion, when public
utterance has been useful, and in
numerably in private conferences
and conversations, the senior Penn
, ' sylvania Senator has not hesitated
to champion the interests of Harris
burg as the best location in the
State for the seat of government and
all of its activities, and for that
Harrisburg people are deeply grate
What Senator Penrose has done,
in this regard, has been of inestim
able advantages in the development
of the Capitol and its extensions, and
• so in the growth and prosperity of
the city itself. In the present in
stance there is no contest, no dis
sension: the administration and the
Legislature are alike favorable to
the development as outlined for Mr.
Penrose's edification yesterday, but
; it is gratifying, ineed, to note that
the Senator is pleased with the work
ing out of the plan which he did
so much to make possible.
In commending the judgment of
Governor Sproul in the selection of
such men as Colonel Martin for State
Health Commissioner and Lewis S.
Sadler for State Highway Commis
sioner, Senator Penrose put into
words a belief that everybody holds
who has any acquaintance with tlie
facts, and as Senator Pen re so said,
if by reason of any of the legislation
now under consideration there should
arise the necessity of filling vacan
| cies in Philadelphia municipal ser-
V ; !
| vice the duty could fall to no more
I tit man than the present chief exeeu-
I tlve. His whole course since in-
I auguration has been such as to win
1 the confidence of the public regard
| less of party and the constructive
J policies of his immediate subordi
i nates have won the approval of men
jin all walks of life, who feel that
j Pennsylvania now has an adminis
j tration that not only means to get
i a dollar's worth for every dollar
spent, but is investing in things worth
I while. The senior Senator comes to
I Harrisburg at a time when the Re
| publican party in Pennsylvania
j stands united as never before and
I when Republicans in office are do
' ing bigger things for the State
j than ever.
A LEADING magazine recently
published a photograph of
the 104 years old son of a for- j
! mer President of the United States.
I sitting on the veranda of the little J
j Florida houseboat he calls home,
lit was interesting because of the
! man's unusual age, and because of |
! the fact that a President's son could j
j live so long among us, known only
j to his immediate neighbors.
I On another page of the same issue
I was an even more entertaining pic
ture—that of a former "bad boy" of
| a New England manufacturing town,
| who through the softening pro- 1
' cesses of a boys' club had been in- j
jstructed in the ways of thrift and,
j who, although still below voting age,
j has built up for himself a profitable I
I and growing business in plant- do- |
velopment. If he keeps on as be
I has begun, he will be independent
1 before he is thirty.
What a country of contrasts and
1 opportunities! Here we have a
young man starting out in the world
supported by ample means and with
the prestige of a famous father, j
ending his days obscurely, never 1
having been able to so focus public J
attention on himself as to win that]
distinction which such a promising
beginning might have made so easy:
and, on the other hand, a lad of for
eign birth, born in poverty, reared in
the back streets, striking out for
himself and making his mark before
having attained his majority.
Truly there is not much in a name,
save what its possessor makes of it.
There is no aristocracy in America,
except that of brains and energy.
The millionaire of to-day may be
the pauper of to-morrow, and it is
just as true that the pauper of to
day may be the independently
wealthy man of to-morrow. What's 1
in a name? Better ask, what s in
a man?
DISCUSSING the Victory Liberty
Loan, a prominent publicist
observes —
The Victory Liberty Loan will
probablv be the last popular Na
tional loan in connection with
tlu- war. Its success is quite as
vital as was the victory of our
military forces in the field. >\ e
urge you to support it liberally.
The effect on the industries of
the country of an oversubscrip
tion of the loan would be most
stimulating in creating a pros
perity in which all would share.
This is a phase of the matter
which ought to be understood and
thoroughly'appreciated by the aver
age American citizen. This country
was responsible for ending the war
in th<j,'right way and it must finish
the job by supplying the necessary
funds to pay the bill. Any failure
through lack of public interest
would be seized upon by the leaders
of unrest and the incipient Bolshe
viks on this side of the water as an
evidence of public discontent and
dissatisfaction with the Government.
Two significant things have tran
spired within the week to reassure
the nervous element of our popula
tion regarding the "spread of the
Russian menace in this country.
Count Tolstoy declared in Harris
burg the other night that Bolshevism
could not find lodgment in this coun
try because of the wide diffusion of
knowledge regarding our system of
Government and the liberty which
is enjoyed by the masses of ouri
Almost in the same hour, a leader
of the Danish people declared that
the apostles of unrest would find 110
fruitful soil in his country because
of the widespread education of the
people. ■
In short, wherever people are
awake to their own welfare, they
are giving no encouragement to the
leaders of destruction here or else
where. Even the most careless of
our own people cannot help realiz
ing what has resulted in Russia as
I a consequence of the impossible
theories of the Soviet rulers.
Starvation and inconceivable suf
fering have followed the impossible
attempt at a new order of things
sinct the revolution in Russia, and
it will scarcely be contended that
any number of American people can
be induced to try the experiment on
this side of the ocean.
Just .in proportion as our own
people take their place in the Gov
ernment through the support of war
loans and the other activities will
they demonstrate to the mischief
makers abroad the difference be
tween liberty and license. Recently,
a soldier declared that "it* is a case
of all good Americans pulling to
gether and making this America for
Americans." This sentiment is grow
ing throughout the country. The
appeals of the late Colonel Roosevelt
are finding lodgment in the hearts
of the people and, though dead, he
yet speaketh.
Bolshevism must be crushed not
only in Europe, but wherever it
shows its ugly head. Gradually it is
being realized that intervention in
Russia through force of arms at this
time would be a serious blunder and
the people in that unhappy country,
through much tribulation and suffer
ing, must work out their own salva
tion The United States and other
countries, allied in suppressing the
German menace, will see to it that |
the innocent as well as the guilty in
Russia do not suffer for lack of food, |
and through supplying their need in
this respect it is believed will come
final adjustment in Russia and the
peace of the world.
But we in the United States must
see to it that Uncle Sam's request
for a loan sufficient to clean up the
remaining bills of the war is prompt
ly met, to the end that those who
provoke unrest and discontent may
have no encouragement in any ap
parent failure of the people to see
the thing through to the end.
"Poecttc* CK
By the Ei-l'ommittoeman
| 'i
[ Nothing since the announcement
of the candidacy of Joseph F. Guffey,
of Pittsburgh, for the Democratic
j nomination for Governor last year,
appears to. have given as much grat
i itication to the Democrats who arc
[opposed to the reorganization ma-
I chine control of their party, as the
Intimation from Washington that
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
may be a Presidential candidate in
order to "sew up" the Keystone
State delegation. This will afford an
opportunity for the partisans of
Judge Eugene C. Bonniwell, the
gubernatorial candidate who was
"bawled out" by Palmer here last
summer and defeated by such a tre
mendous majority at the general
election: the friends of Colonel
"Jim" Guffey, the old time leader,
and others who have been fighting
the Palnter-MeCormick machine, to
start out on the war path.
Every one remembers the influ
ence that the present Federal office
holders were able to swing at the
Baltimore convention in behalf of
Wilson, when things reached a criti
cal stage and the Democrats who
did not get Federal appointments,
especially recall the manner in
which Palmer, McCormick and
others collected when offices were
being handed around.
—The recent conference of the
machine Democratic leaders in Phil
adelphia was more or less of a
mournful affair, as it was shown
that while the Federal jobholders
were making themselves solid in of
fice, the Democrats of the State were
characteristically getting mad and!
that Palmer-McCormick machine!
stock was below par. Hence it was
decided to send out some mission
aries to galvanize the Democracy,
and to tell them how important it
will be to "sustain" the President.
—Now the manner in which the
President is to be "sustained" will
be to have Presidential delegates
elected in the interest of the attorney
general. There will be the usual
stuff about Palmer being "close to
the President." one of the "big fig
ures at Washington," and other
phrases which have supplanted the
old style term of the "favorite son."
It will also be noticeable with
avidity the Bonniwell Democrats will
receive the Palmer candidacy, if it
ever gets to the point of being used
as a means to have the Keystone
State delegation made a block. The
whirl of the grindstone as the anti-
Palmer men sharpen their knives
can already be heard in the valleys
of Pennsylvania and there will prob
ably be some citizens with long
memories who will recall how the
Palmer-McCormick people used to
sav that it was one of the worst of
the offences of the old Guffey regime
that it endeavored to tie up the
whole delegation by the unit rule
and other devices which are appar
ently just what the machinists have
in mind now.
—StiU more significant is the atti
tude of mind of the Democratic
bosses in trying to establish "favor
ite son" booms. It is taken to mean
that there will be an open field and
that the President far from being a
candidate for any third term, will
have trouble putting over any per
sonal choice.
There is also the engaging possl
bilitv that the Philadelphia Press
mention of McCormick mav be only
camouflage for McCormick.
Summed up, the developments
of last night in the Philadelphia
charter revision legislation, which
brought Senator Penrose to Harris-'
burg, are that the Senator succeeded
in winning a point in having the!
Woodward bills come out 011 second
reading in the Senate, but that Sen
ator Yare secured more delay by
announcing a hearing on the bills
for next Tuesday, when ex-Mayors
Smith and Weaver aie scheduled to
appear. The district attorney bills,
in which the senior Senator "i s also
interested, are having their hearing
to-day. The Senator will bo back in
Harrisburg again next week.
—That the Senator means to fight
was apparent to-day. He said so
again last night and to-day was busy
making alignments to insure the suc
cess of the bills, while the Vare ele
ment was just as ousy among mem
bers of the House in the hope of
getting votes against, the bills. The
Vare tactics in the House have been
an interesting study for weeks and
last night a fresh example was given
in the voting on "he third-class city
nonpartisan repeal bill
—Governor Sproul last night gave
the legislators fresh notice that sal
ary bills arc going to have a hard
time when he announced a veto of
one salary bill.
—The senior Senator also took the
highly important strategic position
of being unreservedly in favor of in
creases of teachers' salaries and ap
proved of the Scott bill to permit
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh to in
crease the tax levy limits to provide
the funds for the purpose.
—lncidentally, the Senator dealt
a blow at the bill generally supposed
to be a Vare scheme to provide for
an elective school board in the two
big cities. This bill 1s now consider
ed in the morgue.
—Senator Penrose's idea is that
the session will not end now until
June 1. He said so much time has
been lost that tlie session will run a
month or six weeks longer.
United States of World
The day shall come when we shall
realize not only the brotherhood of
individuals but the essential unity
of all mankind. All are brothers:
all children of the same Father.
The barriers which divide nations
are artificial. T believe the time is
at hand when these barriers will fall,,
like the walls of Jericho, before
Dove's trumpet summons, when the
banner of brotherhood and freedom
will float forever over a new federa
tion—the United States of the
World —TolstOV.
Coming Era of Literary Hotels
A sign oC the dry times coming
may be the new method hit upon by
a North Carolinian for naming his
hotel. The New York Sun is author
ity for the fact that a new niillion
dollar" hostelry in the South will be
called, by some illogic, "The O,
Henry." The portrait of the late Mr.
Porter, who used his pen-name, will
hang in the lounging room, and illus
trations from his works will decorate
the other rooms. One can imagine a
Manhattan traveler asking for "Bag
dad on the Subway" instead of a
lodging. The Sun rather welcomes
this deliverance from the use of the
names of kings and queens and
princes, etc., and takes a little men
tal excursion among the possibilities
of the innovation:
"May we not soon see the Hotel
Henry James, with winding mazy
corridors and obscure corners: the
Thomas Hardy, far from the mad
dening crowd and famous for its
Gloom Room: the Tennyson, with a
brook running through the lobby
and a marble Sir Galahad frowning
on Peacock Alley; the Stevenson,
with a young man serving cream
tarts in a pavilion on the links; the
Arnold Bennett, where the waiters
will talk a great deal but arrive late
with the food (no Pretty Ladies wel
come); the Theodore Dreiser, for
travelers of forty, the Defoe, with a
cave for patrons as well as goats;
the Poe. with mysterious prices; the
Mark Twain, with huckleberry fin
nan haddie; the Epgene Field, with
foods fresh from the Sabine Farm:
the Hergesheimer, where three black
pennies will be acceptable as a
tip. • • • •
"The idea adopted by this North
Carolina wise man should appeal to
publishers, who may be expected to
invest liberally in liostelries bearing
the names of their favorite writers.
Ay, the writers themselves may
plunge into the hotel business. 'Ppend
a week at the Harold Bell Wright
away from the Eves of the Wor'd."
"Come to the Robert W. Chambers
and wear a Cardigan Jacket. *• 'The
Paths of Glory lead to the Trvin Cobb.'
The advertising possibilities are in
We want to express our gratifi
cation and appreciation at the gra
cious compliment paid us by the
Harrisburg (Pa.) Telegraph, in re
printing part of an address deliver
ed by Harry B. Haverstick at a meet
ing of the Lancaster Florists' Club,
and published in The Exchange of
March 1. It says:
"Any compliment regarding floral
decoration from the New York Flor
ists' Exchange, the leading medium
of the florist industry in the United
States, is a compliment indeed. A
writer in this magazine, who has
recently been in Harrisburg with
his eyes open, makes a pleasant
reference to the famous window
boxes of "The Telegraph Building in
the following extract, and also de
scribes the beautiful lawns and
shrubbery at Hershey."
Incidentally, the fact that the
Telegraph came across this refer
ence to its good taste and commend
able activity along lines of commun
ity beautiflcation is an illustration of
Itlie fact that the reading of trade
[journals—of which The Exchange
[ likes to consider itself a worthy rep
[ resentative —is not always restricted
[ to members of a trade or business
| with narrowly circumscribed inter-
I ests. The significance of this should
! not he overlooked by prospective
I contributors or by potential adver
tisers either.
■ July 18, 1879, an elephant was
brought into court as a witness. The
action arose out of the visit of a lady
to the Alexandra Palace, where a
Nubian encampment was attracting
crowds of people.
She went there in a pony carriage
and after the conclusion of the per
formance a baby elephant came out,
with its keeper, and frightened the
pony. The pony bolted and the
plaintiff was thrown out and injured.
Counsel for the defense said the
elephant was willing to go into the
witness box to show its harmless dis
position: and, the judge consenting,
the animal walked in, with bells on
its head and theaded its way
through the mazes of the law as
though it had been used to courts
of justice all its life.
Counsel for defense having no
questions to ask in cross examina
tion, the animal withdrew, and, the
action being settled upon terms, the
judge remarked that the happy end
ing was highly proper, since the
elephant had come to offer its apolo
gies in person.—From Answers, Lon
[From the Youth's Companion.]
• r-piHE children of France, during
[ I the great war, have won the
hearts of many soldiers' Eng
> lish and American, privates and of
i ficers. But they have had no more
tcader friend than General Allenby,
. the conqueror of Jerusalem, who,
> before ho left France for the East,
I j was affectionately known in many
. French villages as "!e bon General."
5 One who served with him has re
| cently related the pretty story of
I; some of his many friendships with
. French and Belgian children. Now
, that the war is over, says the writer,
_ they are awaiting for him eagerly.
In the little villages of Northern
| France and Belgium, Marthe and
_ Sidonie, Aline, Irene (with her bad
| arm) and many others are waiting
• for him on the chance that he will
• ! come their way again one day—as he
1 promised.
! i .Their hearts have not forgotten
'! "Allenby, le bon General." It is
'! impossible to estimate how much
■ |they will kiss him! Irene (who can
" j read the papers) is a little wistful
i; about it, and, oh! so jealous! She
:| is afraid that, perhaps, during his
>j triumphant progress, her big friend
. j may have taken sonic little Arab
i|(or even Turkish) children under
; ! his wing—and the thought hurts.
: | An what a friend he was! Neither
, I Irene nor her mother will ever for
; get that dreadful day in September,
( ;1916, when the enemy rained death
.land destruction among the inhabi
itants of Saint-Pol.
r I Madame remembers that the gen
'jeral himself walked round the town,
• I comforting the wounded and super
i intending the arrangements for their
JI care. Irene only remembers the
J burning, stinging pain in her arm,
1 the finest face she had even seen,
' j and then nothing more until she
1 ! woke up in a comfortable bed in a
' j British military hospital, to find the
■ | kind faced matron smiling down on
her. That evening the general sent
To taste
Wild wine of mountain-spring,
, fresh, living, strong,
Running and rushing like a tri
umph song,
Round hearts new-braced:
To smell
A growing cowslip, some glad
morn of Spring,
And breathe the breath of every
fragrant thing
From every bell:
To touch
A sliding wavelet, supple, smooth
and thin, —
Just ere the pois'd and perfect
crests begin
To bend too much:
To hear
Amid' May twilight, by the mur
muring sea,
Some blackbird warbling from a
budded tree.
Tender and clear:
To see
Down young rose-petals how the
deepening light
Glides gradually, till, somewhere
out of sight,
What light must be! . . .
—Blanche Edith Baughan
In the Christian Science Monitor.
Songs of Civil War Days
Whatever may be the faults of our
generation, we are not guilty of a
certain form of mawkishnesg that
flourished during the Civil War. It
is expressed in many of the songs
that were popular sixty years ago.
"Mother Would Comfort Me:" "Kiss
Me, Mother, Ere I Die:" "Who AVill
Care for Mother Now;" "Dear
Mother, I've Come Home to Die;"
"Mother, Dear. Your Boy Is Wound
ed. •' and so on through a long list.
Mother love is too beautiful a thing
to be made ridiculous by arrant sen
timentality. The reader who peruses
such songs of an earlier generation
must agree with Artemus Ward, who
says of his contemporaries, "These
song writers air doin' the Mother
Bbiness rather too muchly."—From
the Youth's Companion.
Excess Profits
The ministers have drawn up a
bill on boxing wherein the admission
limit will be 50 cents per head. Can
you imagine headlines such as these:
"Quicksand, Ariz., Guarantees, Wil
lard and Dempsey $19.23 fof Big
; Bout?" —Chicago Tribune.
up his A. D. C. with some flowers.
Every day that week the general
called at the hospital and sat on her
bed (strictly against hospital regu
lations!) And every day he called
j at the little house in Saint Pol and
j reported Irene's progress to her
j anxious mother. After a bit Irene
| was cured and went home, proud,
j and very much in love!
j Then came the winter. Irene will
| never forget that winter and the
I visits of the general. Sometimes he
j would come alone on foot, lap on the
door and walk in for a homely chat;
■at other times he would ride past
I with his A. D. C. and flag bearer
and stop outside. And after that the
excitement of going to Paris, where
'the general was arranging for her
| instruction at a school where ehild
■ ren who are deprived, temporarily
J or otherwise, of the use of limb are
taught some useful trade.
I The blow fell suddenly. The gen
| eral was going to Egypt, and Irene
| could not hide her tears. A few
! months later Jerusalem was taken,
j and Irene was the proudest girl in
j France. Yet perhaps, if she had but
| understood it —as some day she will
j —th(> little girl had greater cause for
I pride on the first day of the battle
tof Arras, in 1917. For on that day
[General Sir Edmund Allenby, in the
j very middle and crisis of the conflict,
| walked out of his office, at a mom
ent when he knew that for at least
I half an hour he could get no more
useful Information as to the progress
of the battle, went into a local
patisserie and bought a bag of buns,
which he took around himself to
his little maimed girl friend. Then
he walked quitely back. In a few
i minutes his chief of staff brought
him the information he required, and
he calmly telephoned his orders for
the cavalry to advance.
As an example of calm, that in
cident —which is perfectly true—ls
hard to beat. And one day Irene
will know the real point about those
He looked like a country mer
chant. maybe a hardware dealer or
banker in a small way. The girl at
the Union Station lunchroom had left
his check on the table and returned
to the kitchen. The man fumbled
for change as he arose from the
table. He found a dime and laid
it beside his plate, took his hat and
overcoat from the rack and started
away, but stopped in no man's land.
He fumbled in his pocket again
and extracted a copper penny and
laid the 1-cent piece on the dime.
A satisfied expression on his face as
he sautered up to the cashier's desk
to settle his account.
Having received his change and
purchased a 7-cent cigar he paused
again at the door until he saw the
right girl pick up her 11-cent tip.
Shells in English Gardens
Talk of raids, the task of the sub
urban gardener is likely to provide
a little supplementary excitement
during the next few seasons. While
digging in his garden the other day
a resident of Manor Park unearthed
a loaded shell. During 1917 and the
first few months of last year an en
ormous quantity of ammunition was
fired by the barrage guns in the
London district. An uncertain pro
portion of this consisted of "duds,"
which, when they did no material
damage, were buried a few feet in
the earth. Tt is a crop which will
need careful harvesting.—From the
London Chronicle.
Ilij the. Side of the Road
"Let mo live in a house by the side
of the road,
Where the race of men go by—
The men who are good and the men
who are bad.
As good and as bad as T.
I would not sit in the scorner's seat.
Or hurl the cynic's ban—
Let me live in a house by the side
of the road
And be a friend to man."
"I see from my house by the side of
the road,
By the side of the highway of life.
The men who press on wit'.i the ar
dor of hope.
The men who are fair.t with the
But I turn not aw'ay from their
smiles nor their tears—
Both a part of the infinite plan—
Let me live in a house by the side
of the road
And be a friend to man."
The nutshell is Facts About
France, by E. Saillens, recently pub
lished by Stokes. It is a book unique
in plan and as full of interesting in
formation as a nut is full of meat.
Americans who have seen France
and wish to enlarge their knowledge
or refresh their memories, and those
who contemplate a pilgrimage to a
France of many changes, will find
in this compact, readable encyclo
pedia information covering every
phase of French life, customs and
people, past and present, ranging
front thoughtful discussions of
music, painting and sculpture to a
concise treatment of the Alsace-Lor
raine question; from agriculture and
industries to Joan of Arc, Napoleon
and the battles of the Great War.
Yashka, Maria Botclikareva's mov
ing and unique story of her early
personal life and her service for
Russia during the war, recently pub
lished by Stokes, has had an un
usual reception, meeting universal
recognition of its extraordinary
qualities both as a human document
and a record of genuine historical
importance. Those following the
investigations of the Overman Com
mittee into revolutionary propagan
da will be interested in the fact that
Botclikareva's story goes further and
deeper into the scouj-ge of Bolshe
vism than any wlf&ess appearing
before that committee. It is based
on inside experience not outside ob
servation. Maria Botchkareva saw
with her own eyes how Bolshevism
worked in the Russian army. Her
efforts to stem its flood before it
should sweep away Russia and inun
date the world are enormously sig
nificant. Though she did not meet
with immediate and visible success,
she stands, and will stand in future,
as a historical tigure, comparable
with the foremost heroes of world
A few months before his death,
Theodore Roosevelt invited Maria
Botchkareva to lucheon at Oyster
Bay, desirous, although he said he
"did not believe in women going to
war," of meeting the inspired peas
ant woman who had served Russia
so uniquely. At once these two
widely differing individuals recog
nized in each other a kindred spirit.
Roosevelt was so deeply impressed
with the inspiration and devotion as
a leader of her people that he sent
her $l,OOO from his Nobel Peace
Prize Fund to bo applied to the re
lief of thirty brave women of the
Battalion of Death whose*, destitute
condition Botchkareva movingly de
scribes in her thrilling life "story
Yashka (Stokes). Mo said of her
afterwards, "I never enjoyed an
afternoon more. She's a remarkable
Singing seems to go with soldier
ing, as the many recent books of
verso by our heroes testify. One of
the most spirited and delightful of
these volumes is Songs Of The Ser
vices, by Chief Yoeman Will Stokes
a veteran of the U. S. Army and
Navy, well loved as a man and a
singer by men of the Services who
for years have known and sung
many of the songs appearing in
this volume. Will Stokes has serv
ed in three wars and seems even
more alive to-day than ever before.
Me was on the eve of retiring after
thirty-two years' service when the
war broke out and caused him to
renew his energies in the navy. His
poems of the Great War have
splendid patriotic spirit and real
Irish humor.
Kmployerg in Great Britain who
are paying less than the minimum
wage have been warned that they
will be proceeded against by the gov
The average wages of laborers in
the factories of India during the past
year were generally somewhat lower
than the wages of workers not in
Organized cooks, waiters and wait
resses in Ml Paso. Texas, have secur
ed a new wage scale which makes no
distinction because of sex.
The Oklahoma state legislature has
amended the state compensation law
in a way that it will now compare
favorably with similar legislation in
other states.
The Massachusetts legislature has
passed a hill to prohibit night work
in bakeries despite the ruling by the
State Attorney General that such ac
tion is unconstitutional.
Cat building nd repairing and iron
and steel show the greatest increases
in pay rolls for the past year. In
the former the Increase amounted to
68.1 per cent., and in the latter, 33.8
per cent
©letting (Clfat
Senator Boies Penrose's remark
yesterday that the completion of tin
road building program in Pennsyl
vania, will attract national attention
has a special interest for llarrisburg,
because when the construction ol
primary roads is finished, the State
Capital will in reality bo the civic
center of the Commonwealth. In
the language of Governor WilK*m
O. Sproul upon a recent occasion:
"All roads in Pennsylvania will lead
to Harrisburg." This is literally true
now because the highways, primarj
as the main roads are known; sec
ondary as the county or lateral roads
are classed and tertiary as the Stale
officials call the "dirt" roads, ar
so linked that the traveller can sooti
get to a road which lends to the
official seat of the State. Kernels rad,
iate from llarrisburg like the spoken
of a wheel. Four of these roads are
main State highways or primary
highways. They are the Lancaster
pike or the road through Middletowu
and Steelton which enters at Cam
eron street; the Reading pike, ul
the 150-mile road to the Berks coun
ty catpital is known, which enters
at Derry street and Poorliouse lane;
the River road, which comes down
into Front street at the upper end
of the Fourteenth ward and con
nects with the Susquehanna and the
William Penn highways and many
others, and the Carlisle road, which
comes across the Susquehanna and
links with the road to Gettysburg,
down the Cumberland valley to the
Lincoln highway, and hitches up
with the roads to York and Marys
ville. The bulk of these roads are
improved now, hut when the rough
spots are smoothed out, there will
be fine riding right into llarrisburg
and when the Capitol park is fin
ished all highways will lead right
to the State House.
• * *
There will be a great chance for
the State to erect a distinctive build
ing f6r the courts of the Common
wealth in the event that it is de
cided to establish headquarters of
the supreme and superior courts in
Harrisburg. The Capitol park exten
sion contains ample space and a
j building devoted to the highest
! courts would he a notable addition
ito the State's official center and ho
something of general importance.
Very few States in the Union have
their courts housed in special build
ings and the courts would have the
dignity and importance that they
occupy, in a relative sense, at
• • •
In writing about the discussion of
'George Wharton Pepper as a candi
| date for the Presidency, and the
! nomination of Governor William O.
| Sproul and Senator Philander C.
| Knox, "Girard" of the Philadelphia
i Press says: "Both the Governor and
j Mr. Pepper have the edge on tho
Senator in years. Tho latter is just
a decade older than the average ago
of American Presidents when first
elected, which was about fifty-six.
And Sir. Popper is nearer the aver
age than is the Governor, who is tho
youngest of the trio, although both
are below that mark. Most of our
Presidents went to college and so
did Knox, Sproul and Pepper. Bc
| ginning with Washington, who wa'
early decorated by Yale with a LL.
! D., nearly all the Presidents were
entitled to add a goodly portion of'
the alphabet to their names—marks
of distinction awarded by colleges.
In th's particular Pepper, Sproul
and ICnox are deficient. All are
I Doctors of Law and other thing".
| Mr. Pepper was even a teacher of
More millions of dollars invested
in manufacturing, mining and vari
ous other enterprises were represent
ed at the conference held in the
Supreme Court chamber to-day on
the compensation act than seen hero
in a long time. The big railroads,
coal and steel and other companies
all had picked men here and the
aggregate of the money they repre
sented would seem almost like a
Liberty Loan.
—The Rev. James R. Cox, Pitts
burgh priest, is home from France
after service with a Western Penn
sylvania unit.
—General K. F. Glenn, who com
manded western Pennsylvanians at
Camp Sherman, says that Germans
are not dead yet and must be
—General W. W. Atterbury, in
charge of railroads in France, will
not return for a month, according to
what has been heard in Philadelphia.
—The Rev. Joseph Welch, chap
lain of the eatsern penitentiary, has
finished fifty years connection with
the Methodist Church.
—That Harrisburg Is still ship
ping materials for use in recon
struction of France?
—Brick used in construction of
the first Capitol were burned in
Punish This Guilty One
United States soldiers, $3O a
month, were employed to build
roads in Southern States. They work
ed alongside negro civilians who
were paid $5 and $0 a day. They
entered the Army to be soldiers.
Who did this? And why does not
the guilty one face charges in a
criminal court? The trail seems.to
lead straight to the door of Secre
tary Baker. There is no doubt of the
wrong done because Congress lias
ordered the soldier-laborers paid on
the basis of the wages given to
negro laborers who worked with x
them. It Is not sutfleient to pay the
soldiers the difference between $3O
a month and $5 or $6 a day and
then let the affair drop. Hasn't the
United States Army had about
enough odium heaped upon it by
Sunny Colorado
(From the Outlook.)
A hotel in a Colorado town bears
a huge sign on which are the words,
"Free Board on Days when the Sun
Doesn't Shine." This ofTer, it is sntd,
was first made in 1912, and since
that time only three days, December
4, 1913, December 18, 1914, and Feb
ruary 27, 1918, have passed on which
there was no sunshine and guests
could claim their privilege of free
meals. Can any other state show a
record of 2,554 sunny days In seven