Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, April 18, 1919, Page 18, Image 18

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Ttlcgnyk Bonding, Federal Sgaare
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. OYSTER, Butintf Manager
OUS. M. STEINMETZ, ilanaging Editor
A. R. MICHEN'ER, Circulation if onager
Execnttve Beard
Mambera of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
Ail rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
I Member American
Newspaper Pub-
Bureau of Circu
lation and Penn-
Assoc la-
Eastern o a
Avenue Bullying!
Story, Brooks A
l Chicago, 111! 1 me '
Entered at the Post Office In Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week: by mail. 13.00 a
year In advance.
FRIDAY, APREL 18, 1919
Watch and pray, that ye enfer not J
Info temptation: the spirit indeed Is
t cilling, but the flesh is teeak.—Matt.
2< :41.
THE State Highway Department
may feel gratified over the en
dorsement given its road pro
gram by the Rotary Club delegates
of Pennsylvania, Maryland, New
Jersey and the District of Columbia
in convention here last week.
The Rotarians, keenly interested
in public improvements of all kinds!
and quick to see the magnificent be
ginning made here by Governor j
Sproul and Commissioner Sadler, j
went strongly on record as favoring!
the Pennsylvania plan as designed<
to create a center of highways that
will extend to all the states of the
It is not the policy of these clubs,
acting as a unit, to take cognizance
of any merely local activities, but
the delegates in this instance felt
that what Pennsylvania is doing with
respect to highway development is
of vast inter-state importance, and
l'or that reason they went out of their
way to express approval and to point
out our system and method as ad
mirably designed to produce equally
good results elsewhere. Shortly Penn
sylvania will be as well known for
good roads as once the State was
condemned for its poor highways.
THAT was a neighborly thing the
Kiwanis Club did yesterday,
when it entertained the mem
bers of the Rotary Club at a joint
luncheon. Some, who have not un
derstood, may have imagined that
there was rivalry or clannish feeling
between the two organizations, but
such is not the fact. There is ample
room for both in Harrisburg. The
membership of the Rotary Club is
very limited, and that of the Kiwanis
Club only a little less so. Neither
treads on the heels of the other.
There arc more than enough up
standing, 3igorous, enthusiastic men
in the city to over-crowd both or
ganizations. Association begets ac
quaintance, and acquaintance begets
l riendship, and friendship begets
confidence, and so any function that
brings the men of the community to
gether on a friendly, common basis,
is good for the whole community.
DO TOU remember those old days
when the biggest adventure of
the spring season was that trip
from away up town, or from Allison
Hill, or wherever else you lived, to
see the big Easter egg in the window
of Dan Bacon's candy store on Mar
ket street?
Mr. Bacon was the original candy
Easter egg man in this locality. Not
only that, but he used a couple of
barrels of sugar and about a hun
dred pounds of chocolate every year
making up the biggest Easter egg
the town had ever seen. Every sea
son it used to be a matter of com
mon wonder among the boys of this
burg that Mr. Bacon had been able
to accomplish this fresh miracle of
the Easter season, and bets were
freely made among those who had
jackkntves and marbles they could
afford to risk, that the forthcoming
Easter would not see a new record
set up. But he did it. Always he
did it. Every year that egg got big
ger, until at last the whole window
was filled, and there was not an
inch left.
And then, just when boyish spec
ulation had about concluded that
the limit had been reached, why he
performed another miracle. He
bnllt a hollow egg as big as those
of other years and put a little win
dow In the point just high enough
for boyish eyes, and inside he cre
ated a veritable fairy-land, with rab
bits, and oblckens, and eggs, and
wonderfully colored rivers that
wound their way down to an Invisi-
ble sea through fields of spring-time
blossoms and tiny forests of nod
ding palms. Truly, it was worth
seeing, and we stood around for
hours, pushing and crowding in or
der to get another peek.
Those were the days when boys
and girls took most of their Easter
joys in looking. The gorgeous Easter
basket of to-day was just then com
ing Into vogue. But sometimes, midst
the lavish evidences of Easter that
mark the season in most households
where there are little folks, wo have
a sneaking desire to run away round
the corner and spend an hour in
rapturous contemplation of that
wonderful Easter egg that used to
be Dau Bacon's annual contribution
to the joys of the season in Harris
burg; God rest his soul.
DISPATCHES from Dallas, Texas,
tell of a resolution adopted by
400 farmers, "who have been
unanimously voting the Democratic
ticket all their lives," but who now
realize their folly and "express their
great dissatisfaction with the way
things are being run in Washington."
And those same 400 farmers have
joined in disfranchising the negroes,
who, If permitted to vote, would
have voted against this same Demo
i cratic administration which the
j white farmers now condemn.
The Dallas farmers should now
apologize to the disfranchised col
ored men and resolve that hereafter
they shall have a place at the bal-
I lot box.
N 1 OW that Colonel Martin, as the
head of the State Health De
partment, proposes to make
Harrisburg a spotless town as an ex
ample to the rest of the Common
wealth, it might be a good thing for
Mayor Keister and all who favor
adequate bathing facilities in the
Susquehanna basin to bring this mat
ter to public attention. Annually
we hear something of the need of
a bathing beach and bath houses,
but with the passing of the munici
pal budget the subject is dropped
for another twelve months. Harris
burg would be a much more comfort
able place in mid-summer with bath
ing facilities sufficient for our in
creasing population.
A WELL-KNOWN businessman
said recently: "Few of us
realize how hard a dollar has
to work to earn six cents in a year's
time. When we spend a nickel we
do not pause to consider that the
average dollar working 365 days of
the year and twenty-four hours of
each day has bard scratching to
earn that much, else we might think
twice about expending it recklessly.
All that is true. The average wage
on salary earner has never been
taught even the fundamentals of
finance. If he is naturally gifted
and thrifty he learns for himself,
and prospers. But many an other
wise well-equipped man has failed
because he did not understand the
possibilities of the nickel and the
Our public schools are seriously
at fault here. Teach the boy the in
side of business, the methods of
handling capital, the possibilities of
earning power and the difficulties of
making any given amount of money
earn even reasonably fair dividends,
and you will have made a better
citizen of him.
First, his knowledge would give
him a more or less accurate idea as
to how much he as an individual
would be entitled to out of the busi
ness and how much the business
could afford to pay. It would make
him more reasonable in his de
mands and more efficient in his
work, for he would then realize how
much earning capacity is governed
by individual effort.
When the school courses are re
vised let us hope our boys and girls
may be given opportunity to study
the dollar and its possibilities at
short range.
THE authorities of Brazil, with
more concern for the dignity
and respectability of their coun
try than actuates the government
officials at Washington, have pre
vented the landing at Rio Janeiro of
a representative of the Russian so
viet government.
On the same day the newspapers
of New York announced that a rep
resentative of Lenine and Trotzky
had opened offices in that city under
the name of "The Russian Soviet
Bureau in the United States."
That gentleman makes no attempt
to conceal his hopes of being named
Russian Ambassador to the United
States. In view of the rumored
stand of President Wilson for recog
nition of the Bolshevikl we cannot
blame their representative for his
AN ECHO of Senator McLean's
measure which resulted in the
convention between the United
States and Canada for the protection
cf migratory birds is heard in a bill
which hae been introduced in the
Legislative Assembly at Quebec to
set apart certain areas In the Pro
vince as bird sanctuaries.
The areas set aside are almost the
last resorts of certain vanishing spe
cies of wild birds. Under the terms
of the bill it is forbidden for any
person at any time in any way to
molest certain specified migratory
game birds, under severe penalties.
The services which Senator George
P. McLean, of Connecticut, has per
formed for humanity and feather
dom will be increasingly appreciat
ed as tbe years roll on.
By the Ex-Oommltteenuui
Announcement of the coming of
United States Senator, Boies Penrose
to Harrisburg Sunday night or Mon
day morning to take charge of the
Philadelphia charter revision bills
and to visit the Legislature during
Its sessions next week, furnished
Capitol Hill with a sensation on
the eve of closing the Capitol over
the Good Friday holiday and more
men will come back to Harrisburg
on the evening of Easter Sunday
than expected to do so. The Senator
will be warmly greeted by his friends
and his reception on Capitol Hill will
be decidedly different than the visits
he paid here during the session of
a few years ago.
In all probability, the Senator will
be invited to address the two Houses,
as he did in previous sessions when
he came to Harrisburg, although no
announcements to that effect have
been made. Ho is a former State
Rooms for the Senator were en
gaged at the Penn-Harris by W.
Harry Baker, secretary of the State
Senate, and it was said that the
Senator might remain here until late
Wednesday. The two Houses will
be In session again on Monday night
and the House will remain here un
til Wednesday afternoon.
Considerable uncertainty sur
rounds the return of Governor Will
iam C. Sproul to Harrisburg. It
was thought he would return here
Sunday, but that Is very doubtful.
■ —Men in politics are greatly In
terested in the Allentown announce
ment that Lehigh County Treasurer
Dewill R. Sell has been surcharged
SI,OOO, representing the greater part
of his renumeration for last year as
runner of the Emaus National Bank,
where he deposited the county funds
without interest. County Controller
Cyrus J. Dilcher filed in court his re
port of the investigation into the
charges made by the county com
missioners against the administra
tion of the treasurer's office by Sell.
It was alleged the pay received by
Sell as runner for the Emaus bank
was in lieu of interest on the coun
ty's funds and should have gone in
to the county treasury. It was re
vealed at the hearings that Sell drew
altogether during his three years
in office over $3,500 as bank runner,
but Controller Dilcher decided he
cannot be surcharged for vears prior
to 1918.
—lndications of a fight by large
property owners of Radnor town
ship, Delaware county, against the
proposed school loan, which goes be
fore the people of the Main Line
township at a special election on
April 26, cropped out at meetings.
■William Struthers Ellis, Bryn Mawr,
president of the Board of Commis
sioners of the township, appeared
to oppose the loan on the ground
that this is not a good time for the
school district to add $300,000 to its
indebtedness. Ho was seconded in
his opposition by Frederick R. Wal
lace, of Wayne, Fred F. Hallowell,
a member of the Board of Educa
tion, which wants the money for a
new high school and other improve
ments, urged Its support.
—The Philadelphia Public Ledger
says in an editorial: "The Legisla
ture should not commit the folly of
permitting German to be taught in
the public elementary schools. And
certainly the State Department of
Education should not allow "Penn
sylvania Dutch," which is now but
an attenuated ghost of what it was
thirty years ago, when it boasted a
number of newspapers long since
dead, to be heard again in the pub
lic schools. Then when the lower
schools are free of the German taint,
the question of teaching foreign lan
guages in the high and normal
schools should be made the subject
of a thorough investigation by com
petent experts."
—Senator Boies Penrose seems to
have struck a pretty popular idea
by his speech in Philadelphia and
the vigor with which Democratic
newspapers attack him personally,
is proof that they are disturbed.
The Senator is now being urged to
speak in other cities and is duo to
address the national textile manu
facturers in New York late this
—Thomas Raebum White and
other Republican charter men are
promising a campaign of statements
on the recent hearing on the charter
bills. Just so long as it is confined
to Phiiadelpia no one here will
worry much what either side says
about the other in that never end
ing controversy. Up State legisla
tors are more interested in how tho
crops are shaping up and whether
the cost of living is going down than
in who rules Philadelphia councils.
—Montgomery county has seven
candidates for county commissioner
on the Republican ticket.
—John Magee, a Pittsburgh con
stable, has been named by the State
Highway Department to prosecute
violations of the automobile license
law in regard to license plates, their
display and use.
—Sera lton newspapers are in
clined to say things about uncer
tainties in mine cave legislation.
Some hard coal region men do not
look for much definite action this
(On seeing a poet making a war
Poet, client of the Muses,
Life to you no good refuses.
In high peace your soul reposes
While you build your road of roses
In the miracle of Toll.
Poet, once I saw you hoeing.
While a song was In you growing:
And again I saw you burrow;
Down your field a long bright fur
'Twas Apollo at the Plow.
Come, all thinkers, do bread-labor
And relieve the work-worn neighbor.
This way runs the path of Duty,
This way fly the feet of Beauty,
This way lies our Paradise
—Ewin Markham in April Nautilus.
"Unto the Lord'
In proud humility a pious man went
through the field;
The ears of corn were bowing in the
wind, as if they kneeled:
He struck them on the head, and
modestly began to say,
"Unto the Lord, not unto me, such
honors should you pay."
—From the Persian, by W. R. Alger.
Poesy's Appeal
Never did poesy appear* so full of
Heaven to me as when I saw how it
pierced through pride and fear to tho
on peace.—Toronto Mall and Em
[From the Philadelphia Press.]
Already Attorney General Palmer
is finding that the rose of Cabinet;
office has its thorn. There has been
put up to hrfhi the question of prose-j
cuting the cotton planter of the i
South for a combination of which,
the avowed purpose is to curtail I
production and to raise prices. This!
question comes to him, too, at a \
time when he is being mentioned as!
a possible favorite of the Adminis
tration for the Presidential nomina-1
tion next year. Already there has |
been started talk of him in this con- !
nection, and the- member of the!
Democratic National Committee :
from Oklahoma has been telling thej
people of his section that Palmer,
is the man for 1920.
Mr. Palmer must, sincerely wish
that this bundle of trouble had been
left upon the doorstep of his prede
cessor. It is not a question that can
be dodged or evaded. The direct
charge against the cotton planters
has been made by responsible per
sons, headed by Governor Allen, of
Kansas, and they will keep active
watch on the case. The president
of the planters' association chal
lenged Mr. Allen to a joint debate
on the subject of the relative patriot
ism of the cotton grower and the
wheat grower, and the reply was
that the only debate is between the
planters and the Department of Jus
tice. The Middle West is greatly
stirred up on the matter, and it is
a section of tlie country that has a
way of holding to the trail.
The South, too. Is no respecter of
persons who stand in its way. It
[ even dared to denounce Mr. Barney
Barucli, the war-time favorite of the
White House, when he ventured to
have his War Industries Board fix a
price for cotton. Attorney General
Palmer stands between the Seylla of
the Middle West and the Charybidis
of the South, which is not a pleasant
position for a gentleman with politi
cal ambition. And at the Capitol
will be a Congress no longer domi
nated by the South, nor controlled
by his Presidential friend. There
will be no greater test of the ability
and diplomacy of the Sage of
[From the Pennsylvania Farmer.]
The Pennsylvania Senate last week
passed a bill providing for a com
mission to consider the revision of
the State constitution. It is expected
that the House will concur in the
bill and that a commission will be
appointed to report, with a possible
draft of a new constitution to the
next session of the Legislature. We
believe that there is general agree
ment that the State constitution
should be revised. The present con
stitution has been in force for forty
live years. Ta many respects the
Commonwealth has out-grown its
constitutional laws. This is reflected
in the fact that no amendments were
passed up until 1890, but since that
time there have been twenty-two
amendments affecting nineteen sec
tions. Certain sections have been
amended a number of times, and
others are yet proposed.
We believe, also, that there is gen
eral agreement that the best way to
draw a new constitution is by first
making a scientific study of the
constitutional needs, with considera
tion of all classes and all industries,
and submitting a definite proposition
for final consideration. At least, the
experience of other States points the
conclusion that the convention meth
od is not the best way.
The Victory in Michigan
LFrom Ohio State Journal]
Michigan had an election th;s
week tc determine public sentiment
on the "dry" amendment and ihe
majority given in favor of it wa.
twice what P was in 1916. This
doesn't show tbat the people aie
weakening on prohibition: and it
particularly doesn't show that the
soioiei boys ate displease! a; the
tvmpciance legislation enacted who'e
they were fighting overseas. They
fought German kultur and the
promfrent idea of kultur is an un
controlled liquor traffic. One can
hardly conceive that the cause of
humanity and civilization could bo
identified in the slightest with the
triumph of the Hun. The fortress of
Sobriety was what our boys won in
the lag war, if they won anything.
Consistent to the Last
The London Dally News says that
the choice Is between a world peace
and a French peace. The paper that
tip to the last moment urged that
Bnlain stay out of the waP and
profit by it is surely a good authority
oa peace.
Wilson Cannot Stamp Out
Autocracy By Practicing
A utocratic Methods at Paris
[From the Chicago News—lndependent.]
turn to Paris finds himself in
the awkard position that he in
vited by his course during his earlier
visit to the seat of the peace confer
ence. Then he made the mistake of
undertaking to commit the American
people to the sacrifice of long estab
lished national policies without con
sulting them or even undertaking to
explain his purposes. Having thus
arrogated to himself a prerogative
that could not bje safely accorded
by a self-governing people, even to
one who possesses the shining attrib
utes of infallible wisdom, the Presi
dent has met with determined oppo
sition from many members of the
national Senate, which body must
ratify any treaty before it can be
come binding upon the United States
Government. The Senators, who de
mand that the proposed covenant of
I the League of Nations be carefully
studied, debated and revised in the
light of wise policy, ask nothing
more thqn should be granted as a
matter of course. This is conceded
by leading statesmen of Europe and
leading newspapers of allied and
neutral countries.
Meanwhile the necessity for peace
in Europe to replace the ghastly
mockery masquerading as peace
under the existing armistice. Is
everywhere apparent. There must
I had what Wordsworth calls a
"couchant ear" in my youth, and my
story will wait, dear reader, while I
tell you of another harmony tbat I
learned to love in the wilderness.
There will corue sometimes in the
spring—say in May, or whenever the
snow-drops and sulphur butterflies
are tempted out by the first timorous
sunshine—there will come, 1 say, in
.that yearning and youth-renewing
season, a warm shower at noon. Our
tent shall be pitched oil tlie skirts of
a forest of young pines, and the ever
green foliage, if foliage it may be
called, shall be a daily refreshment
to our eye while watching, with the
west wind upon our cheeks, tho un
clothed branches of the elm. The
rain descends softly"and warm; but
with the sunset the clouds break
away, and it grows suddenly cold
enough to freeze. The next morning
I you shall come out with me to a
hillside looking upon tlie south, and
[lie down with your ear to the earth.
The pine tassels hold in every four
of their fine fingers a drop of rain
frozen like a pearl in a long ear
ring. sustained in their loose grasp
by the rigidity of the cold. The sun
grows warm at ten, and the slight
green fingers begin to relax and
yield, and by eleven they are all
dropping their icy pearls upon the
dead leaves with a murmur through
the forest like the swarming of the
bees of Hybla. There is not much
variety in its music, but it is a pleas
ant monotone to accompany thought.
Oh, how many of these harmonies
there are—how many that wh hear,
and how many that are "too con
stant to be heard P. Willis.
He Hobbles down the quiet street,
A youthful veteran
Whose heart is still attuned unto
The drum's wild rataplan.
Whose ears are deafened even yet
By battle's dread alarm.
Whose halting step depends upon
The crutch beneath his arm.
His Good right leg is gone—afar
In Flanders mud it lies.
But there's a smile upon his lips.
For still Old Glory flies.
And though a slow and painful gait
His mundane progress mars,
Behold! his spirit vaults the clouds
And strides among the stars.
Washington's sword and Franklin's
And Lincoln's pep shall be
Embossed forevermore upon
The shield of Liberty;
And lo the doughboy's battered
Through Time's eternal flight.
Will stand a signpost on the road
To Freedom's mountain height-
| —Minna Irving, in the New York
: Bun.
bo also as soon as it can be estab
lished, a sound and enduring League
of Nations. The London Times well
says on this subject:
"Let the broad outlines of the
League of Nations be embodied, by
all means in the preliminary treaty,
but let the detailed provisions of
tliis momentous and most compre
hensive of all international coven
ants be reserved for the full consid
eration so great a work demands."
In the face of this clear expression
of the needs of the situation, little
can be said in favor of President
Wilson's reported view that the pro
posed covenant of the League must
stand without change and must be
made a part of any peace treaty,
preliminary or otherwise, agreed
upon by the powers.
It is unfortunate that 'Mr. Wilson
made the mistake of undertaking to
put the people of the United States
into a League of Nations under an
agreement, the terms of which,
though satisfactory to himself, have
not been approved by the American
people or their duly chosen repre
sentatives. The world cannot stamp
out autocracy by blindly submitting
to autocratic methods. The Presi
dent's serene confidence in his own
rectitude and wisdom cannot justify
[his policy of undertaking to deny to
Americans the right to exercise their
own deliberate judgment respecting
'the proposed world covenant.
Tremendous importance is attach
ed in British business circles to the
announcement that Lloyd George,
Premier of Great Britain, proposes
to establish a new government de
partment of publicity to co-ordinate
and deal with official advertising
and propaganda work. This inten
tion sprang out of the phenomenal
success which attended the publicity
work of the various government de
partments during the war. conjoint
ly with the necessity that has arisen
since the dissemination of informa
tion relating to trade disputes that
have been agitating the country.
Mr. Lloyd George has ever shown
himself as a believer in publicity,
and from the moment he took office
as Munitions Minister in the crisis
of May, 1915, has assiduously en
couraged the light of publicity upon
all that made for the successful
peace. It was without doubt his en
listing the aid of the press in 1915
and 1916 that resulted in publicity
regarding igprious lack of shells and
guns, awakening the British nation
to a sense of its position and secured
both facilities for making shells and
guns and the workpeople In addition.
England Sees "African Golf"
A gambling scene of a unique
character for London was witnessed
the other day:
It took place In an opera space
near the Eagle Hut, and was wit
nessed by a large crowd.
The players were Canadian, New
Zealand, Australian and American
soldiers and American sailors. All
were excited and the betting on the
game, played with a couple of dice,
was fast and furious.
The game is called "scrap," and
one "shoots the scrap," or "shoots"
the dice. A Canadian soldier stand
ing by described it as the best and
swiftest gambling game in the
"Scrap" is somewhat akin to
banker, but the main idea is to
throw 7 or 11 with the dice the first
Every one "shot" with avidity.
American sailors knelt lick backers
at a cockfight, and money passed
quickly with every throw.
Men were betting against one an
other, and against third parties .and
eventualities. One gambler had fif
teen or sixteen treasury notes In his
hand at one time.—From the London
The Bard's Inability
The plum and peach and pear tree
blooms, that I jobserved last
Persuaded me that here at last was
what I'd own was one day
When If I had the weather made,
like Hicks or old Hoetetter,
And I had tried my level best, I
couldn't have done better.
••—Tennyson J. Daft.
Brimstone and Treacle
It stood on the kitchen cupboard,
a bowl of yellow pottery containing
a sticky mass of the same color and
strangely familiar. Could it be the
spring dose of her childhood? It was!
Sulphur and molasses! And the Mid-
Victorian woman had mixed it for
her grandchild. "You take it three
days running, a tablespoonful before
breakfast, and then omit it for three
days, then take it again, and so on
until you have repeated this three
times," the creator of the dose ex
plained. "No need to tell me. I was
brought up on It," the visitor said.
"Without it I should never have
been able to understand the feel
ing of the poor wretches of Dothe
boys Hall when Mrs. Squeers fed
them brimstone and treacle. Ours
was mixed in the same sort of bowl,
and mother always set it on the side
board, lest we forget."
And she shuddered as she spoke.
But even at that she knew that the
shudder was for effect. So strong
is the force of tradition that she
went home that very day and mixed
for herself the childhood dose, de
ciding that if there were any virtue
in the combination of spring and a
blood purifier she might as well
benefit by it. At all events it could
not hurt her.—From the New York
Philippine Independence
Congress, of course, possesses the
power to grant or reject the request
of the Filipino people for complete
independence, and there will be no
lack of argument on either side,
when the question shall come up
for discussion and deliberation at
some later date. The President's
reported approval of the Filipino re
e.uest is not surprising, save in its
formal expression. He has been in
favoi of the return of the islands,
whenever he has spoken on the mat
ter. The act would be in direct ae
co'd with his policy of self-d sterim
narion. And possibly he regards the
present as the most opportune mo
ment for such a step befor.j the
League of Nations, through its sig
natories, binds itself to maintain
existing political and territorial
[From the Philadelphia Bulletin]
Great Britain has over 50,000 boot
and shoe workers, all of whom are
now employed on full time.
Print cutters throughout the
country have been successful in get
ting their demand for an increase in
wages of SB-per week.
Great Britain has an industrial
league for the improvement of re
lations between the employers and
If Postmaster General Burleson
refuses to grant them their wage de
mands, 9000 telephone operators
and 3000 linemen in California,
Washington, Oregon and Nevada
will quit their jobs.
A great number of English firms
manufacturing munitions during the
war are now changing to lines of
industry by which they can retain
a large percentage of their female
The New York Typographical Un
ion held a "victory" celebration re
cently to commemorate the making
of New York a 100 per cent, news
paper city. They have a member
ship of over 8000.
Garment workers in Cincinnati,
Ohio have secured wage advances
amounting to from $2 to $4 a
A lockout of building craftsmen
inaugurated by the Builders' Asso
ciation of Dallas. Texas, has been
ended as a result of conferences
between the workers and employers.
Union plumbers In Augusta, Ga.,
have effected an agreement with
leading employers by which they
will receive substantial increases in
Railroad Signals
Black, white and
/j\ red are tlya colors
chosen by the Regu
lating and Railroad
Section, composed of
engineers engaged on
railroad work, and
men at the regu
\y lating stations in
France. The insignia
consists of a white
"R" on a black field, the field having
a red border. A slight familiarity
with railroad signals gives the clue
to the adoption of two of the colors.
Abetting (Eljat
Just exactly what It will mean to
the rapidly growing army of peo
ple In Harrlsburg who like a glass
of soda water, milk shakes or egg
drinks In one form or another when
tho new Federal tax goes Into ef
fect on May 1 can be Imagined. It
will mean one cent on each nickel
or dime drink. In other words the
six-cent "soft drink" will go op be
side tho six-cent car fare and other
tilings; which we have gotten ac
customed to because of the kaiser
There will be many sharp things sal*
but as the time for collecting tii*
tax will starts with the coming of
warmer weather, the sales will not
diminish; but the demand for cop
per cents will be moving onward.
Rut there is another side to the
new tax and its effects and it will
come from the people who sell such
commodities as soda water. They
will have to keep records of the tax.
One prominent business man, who
has three stores, said tho other even
ing that it will cost him a thousand
dollars to install the cash registering
appliances needed to collect the tax
and keep his own business going.
There arc others who will be af
fected in a lesser degree. The soda
tax is going to be about as unpopu
lar as the three-cent stamps and it
will probably end as quickly, be
cause there is a great big election
due next year.
• • •
One of the most difficult phases
of the housing problem confronting
this and other cities is the htgh cost
of building, which makes it almost
impossible to build desirable homes
and rent them at figures which the
poor people can afford to pay.
Everybody realizes how important
it is to rid the city of hovels and
tumble-down dwellings, but how lo
provide bettor places for tho un
skilled labor which uses them chiefly
as dwellings is difficult to determine.
It is in such places that disease
germs are bred by the million and
where tuberculosis finds most of its
victims. John Molitor, State housing
expert, speaking before the women
of the housing survey at the Civic
Club the other day, said that the
scourge of tuberculosis is great in
houses where bad living conditions
exist. "Evidence exists," he said,
"that germs of this disease live and
maintain their vitality for long
periods in bad housing conditions,
that darkness and dampness are con
ditions in which they continue to
thrive. Sunlight, bright daylight
and fresh air will end their exis
tence in a brief time. In dark, un
ventilated places the tuberculosis
germ may live for a long time.
• • •
"No means has as yet been devised
to provide proper housing for the
very poor," said one expert during
the recent visit of the Chamber of
Commerce trip to Torkship Village,
"but we are providing fine homes for
the skilled laborer and his family."
"Then." said a man in the Harris
burg party, "you have not solved the.
housing question, for it is the very
poor who need your help most."
Just the same the situation is
puzzling. Relief is needed, every
body knows that. But how to pro
cure it is a question that will re
quire the attention of the best minds
not only of this city, but of big,
broad men everywhere.
** * a
The Susquehanna river does not
seem to have lost any of its attrac
tions for ducks. The seasons for
I shooting them are changed, but the
I ducks seem as numerous as ever
; and as though they were aware of
tho limitations of the law, morn
"sassy" than in years gone by. when
we used to get up around 4:30 a. m.
and go out in a -round bottom boat
and wait for the flocks among the
grass patches at the upper end of
the city. One of the odd things
about the ducks is that they have
been coming to feed on patches not
far from where the sand and coa'
dredges work and are not bothered
by the moving craft to any extent.
The ducks, say the men about the
river, arc nice and fat and frisky.
• •
Now that the war is over, the
Harrisburg Public Library is com
ing back into its own not only in re
gard to its circulation, but. oddly
though, in its work among the chil
dren. Tho March report of tho in
stitution shows that for the fourth
time in the history of the Library,
I tho circulation went over 13,000,
tho exact figures for the month be
ing 13,206. In other words, about
one person in each eight in Harris
burg took out a book last month.
This is the best March record. In
regard to the work among tho cliil
t drcn, over 1,700 books were circu
! later! and the Library was crowded
at the story hours and other periods
set aside for the youngsters. There
! were almost 3,000 readers at Hie
' Library during tho month. The Li
-1 brary is also now acting as head
quarters on questions relative lo sol-
I diers and the war camp community
service. Special work of a practical
I work for Americanization is also be
ing handled by the Library.
• •
i Ex-Governor John Franklin Fort,
of New Jersey, was a visitor to Har
i r'sburg yesterday, being the guest of
, Highway Commissioner Lewis S.
[ Sadler. Governor Fort was im
mensely interested in tho Capitol
Park plans and Harrisburg's treat
-5 ment of its river front. Commission
j er Sadler explained to him the plana
f for the primary highway system and
! how under it every county in the
j State would be linked up and many
miles of lateral or secondary roads
constructed. Harrlsburg will become
. more of a center than ever under
. this plan. The brother of Mr. Sadler,
, the late General W. F. Sadler, Jr,,
! was adjutant general of New Jersey
. under the Fort administration.
i ——j
i .
—Major H. R. Hatfield, former
National Guard officer, who is home
' from France, will take part in the
■ reorganization of the Guard.
i E. T. Stotesbury has donated the
' use of the Philadelphia opera house
• for the Victory Loan meeting of the
Philadelphia teachers.
—Director George S. Webster, ol
! Philadelphia, has been elected a
. member of the American Academy
of Po'itical Science.
—Superintendent J. P. Garber has
opened a school for handicapped
children in Philadelphia.
| —That engines are
1 used in Western Pennsylvania
~ coal mines?
- —The Supreme Court used to sil
f in the Dauphin county courthouse
a when the State government was llrsl
i. moved here.