Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, March 18, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Telegraph Building, Federal Square
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. OYSTER, Business Manager
GUS. M. STEIXMETZ, Managing Editor
A. R. MICHENER, Circulation Manager
Executive Board
Members of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All, rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
• Member American
Newspaper Pub-
Bureau of Circu
lation and Penn
Eastern office
Story, Brooks &
Finley, Fifth
. Gas Building,
■' Chicago, 111.
Entered at the Post Office In Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week: by mail, $3.00 a
year in advance.
Work is the fresh air of the soul
It etcars the heavy brain,
Quickens the pulses of the mind,
Warms thought to action, and the
And sluggish will sunk into ease
Of ineffective lethargies
It stirs to life again.
... ■ —Susan COOI.UIUE.
warning against making Sun- |
day a day for general work is ,
worthy of careful consideration at I
a time when serious efforts are be- I
ing made to break down the sanctity
fit' the Sabbath. Working people, the
Bishop says, should be the last to
consent to tHe lure ot' Sunday em
ployment, even at high wages. The
Bishop is right, and for this reason,
if for no other—that if the stores
and the theaters are allowed to be
open Sundays, clerks and others
must work seven days to keep them
running, delivery wagons will be op
orated and all the activities of
week-day life will follow. Instead
of making the seventh day a holi
day it will become a working day if
it is not observed as the Lord's Day,
as the Bishop suggests. We are
much more interested in procuring
greater leisure for working people
than we are in adding working days,
we must not allow ourselves j
to be fooled by advocates of the so- I
called "continental Sabbath."
THE death of Frank Dumont, the '
veteran minstrel, will wring a
sigh of regret from many an
'Old-timer who remembers the fa
mous black-face troudabor when he j
was in his prime. Dumont was.among i
the men who made burnt-cork en-j
tertainment popular on the Amer- |
ican stage. The American minstrel j
came into fame almost in a day, i
and Indications are not lacking that :
with the passing of those with whom I
this form of theatricals originated
it will pass from the boards for
Philadelphia, styling itself the
"home of minstrelsy," still main
tains a little theater that makes
some pretence of keeping alive the
art, but no big, outstanding stars of
the Dumont-Dockstader type are
being developed, and ■ the end of ,
the black-face show is not far in
the future.
As Scott sang to thet troubador3
of another day—"The way is dark,
the wind is cold, the minstrel is in
firm and old" —
And soon "bones" and "tarn bo"
and the "end men" will clog and sing
and applaud their own jokes for the j
last time and another form of popu- i
lar entertainment will have passed
Into history.
I of the leaders in the Ninth An
nual Automobile Show, says he
remembers when, as the owner of
the second automobile in Harrisburg,
he was able to go only as far as!
Fort Huiter in a half-day, and Mr.
McFarland is a young man. To-day
he would be impatient if the trip
took a half-hour. We have gone a
long way since then, and doubtless
the motor vehicle industry is just
getting under way, marvelous as the
mechanical creations now on exhi
bition at the show unquestionably
History has no record of an in
vention ttuit hds been brought to
such a degr.ee of perfection in so
short a time. It is little less than
wonderful that a novice, ignorant
of the first principles of mechanics,
unacquainted with the fundamentals
of the gas engine or the work
ings of the related parts, may be
put at the wheel of a fifty horse
power machine, and in a few lessons
so master it as to rfiake it do his
will undej almost any conditions.
Little wonder that the automobile
holds a cl.arin so universal that
people are willing to pay admission
Ito sec new types of cars exhibited
j for sale.
ACCORDING to the March num
ber of Industry, a magazine
j published in New York, the
; government itself is mainly respon
j sible for the conditions of unemploy
j tnent now prevalent in this country,
j This publication recently prepared
j and distributed a questionnaire to
the most important corporations and
manufacturing firms in twenty-six
States. This inquired as to the extent
and cause of unemployment. The
number of employes represented by
the inanfacturers answering this
questionnaire aggregated one mil
lion, which, according to the law of
! averages, should represent the con
sensus of the opinion of employers
throughout the United States. As to
the reasons given for unemployment,
the basic causes were shown to be
as follows:
(1) The abrupt stopping of war
(2) The failure of the Govern- '
merit to pay manufacturers their
just claims in connection with war
(31 The absolute lack of a fixed
policy, on the part of the Govern
ment resulting in (a) hesitation
and uncertainty, (b) instability of
raw materials, (c) high cost of
(11 Strikes for decreased hours
and increased pay.
(51 The consuming public buy
ing only according to the actual
immediate needs.
(6) Talk of price fixing and
Government interference.
i To these should be added one more
not mentioned by the manufacturers,
but which appears to be materially
handicapping business in the United
States, and that is the censorship of
cables. Recently a large firm of
agents and commission merchants
state that "while the war is prac
tically over and commerce is pre
paring for normal conditions, we find
that we are still very much handi
capped through the unsatisfactory
cable service," and (hey mention
specifically a large business in al
monds, with Spanish exporters,
which was lost because of the Burle- !
son grip on the cables. "The attitude :
of the present administration is en- 1
tireiy beyond our ability to compre
hend," declares the Merchants' Asso- '
eiation of New York. "They are most j
anxious to find employment for re- j
turning soldiers and to build up busi- !
ness, but, on the other hand, they are ,
putting all kinds of difficulties in the i
way of our transacting business by j
the censorship, which seems so un- i
necessary, especially to China and j
the -Far East."
As long ago as last September, Re
publican Senators and Congressmen,
foreseeing the troubles which would
arise should the termination of the
war find the United States unpre
pared for peace conditions, conferred
on the matter and the tangible re
sult of the conference was the re
' construction bill introduced by Sen
-1 ator Weeks, and enlarged and im
proved by Senator Cummins. This
measure contained a most conspre
hensive program l'or the determina
tion of economic problems, but all
attempts to get it up for considera
tion were frustrated by the Demo
crats, at the instance of Mr. Wilson,
who did not wish a Republican
measure considered because of the
credit which would go to that party
for having conceived and perfected
it. So March finds the government
embar'.ied on a policy of meddling,
interference, price-fixing and dodg
ing responsibilities, while the head
of the government pursues in Europe
the old vision of Alexander of Rus
sia and declines to call an extra
session of Congress to permit Re
publicans to unravel the sad tangle
in which the Wilson bureaucracy has
fettered business.
You can't talk idealism to a man
with a stomachache, and Wilson
will doubtless find, should he return
to this country within the next six
months, that his own particular
League of Nations makes small ap
peal to a country whose industrial
works are contorting themselves in
the gripes of governmental interfer
ence and Russified bureaucracy.
WHILE the national government
is running 'round in circles
begging somebody, for the
love of mercy, to provide work for
the unemployed. Governor Sproul
and State Highway Commissioner
Sadler are going right ahead making
jobs for thousands.
Yesterday they asked bids for
sixty-two more miles of State road.
This does not mean only that men
will be working within the next
six weeks on sixty-two miles of high
way. Road construction is not so
simple as all that.' It means that
road machinery must be bought,
cement purchased, concrete mixers,
roadrollers and traction engines pur
chased, quarries put in operation and
dozen other lines of business stimu
Public works in Pennsylvania will
be a god-send to our working folks
and businessmen the coming spring
and summer.
We would like to ask some of the
gentlemen of neighboring Common
wealths who have been wont to sneer
at the Keystone State if their own
States are doing anything nearly so
THE Telegraph rejoices to note
that bids have been asked for
twenty-one more miles of im
provement for the William Penn
highway east of this city. This great
trunk road is destined to become the
great east-to-west highway. Those
who originated the movement to
have the State improve the road all
the way from Pittsburgh to Phila
delphia arc in a fair way to see their
dream come true.
| By the Kx-Oommlttccman
The Legislature League got into
action last night in the House of
Representatives and in the language
of one of the rural members who
largely make up that organization,
"established itself as a factor in the
Legislature for the remainder of this
session. The League defeated the
bill to authorize the Auditor General
to name the clerks to assist registers
of wills to collect inheritance taxes.
The bill lacked fifteen votes of what
was needed to pass and 78 members
voted against it. The roll call was
ordered verified and some votes
I challenged .by Representative Allan
; D. Miller, of Sfisquehanna, secretary
j of the League.
Representative Hugh A. Dawson,
jof Scranton, Sponsor t'or the bill,
; said when asked by a Clearfield
member that the bill had been given
to him by the Attorney General. He
defended the measure vigorously
against an attack by Representative
Robert L. Wallace, of New Castle,
president of the League, who led the
The fate of thp bill attracted much
attention and detracted from the
failure of the Yare people to make
a fight on the Brady primary and
registration bills which went through
first reading ih* the House.
—Governor Sproul will not make
a change in the superintendcncy of
public printing and binding for a
week or more. Robert C. Miller,
of Adams, is prominently men
tioned for the glgce.
—Lewis S.'Sadler's appointment
as Highway Commissioner last night
was in accordance with the recently
approved act reorganizing the de
—The bill reorganizing the Dfe
partment of Agriculture attracted
much attention whenMntroditced as
no statement about salaries was
made in the outline handed out
last week. The salary of the sec
retary is raised from $5,000 to $B,OOO
it was discovered when the bill came
in: the deputy goes up from $4,000
to $5,000; chief of animal Industry,
(state veterinarian) will got $5,000.
whiej) wl.fl also be the salary ot ihe
director of plant industry, director
of market?, director of foods and
director of chemistry, while the
director of statistics will get $4,000.
The bill provides'that the bureaus
shall be located in the State Capitol
and is a very comprehensive mea
—The much discussed suffrage re
solution appeared last night and
speculation as to what will happen
is now being heard. The resolu
tion provides for a constitutional!
amendment which adds the femin
ine personal pronoun to the present'
constitution and was submitted by i
Mr. Ramsey. Delaware. The anti
suffrage people promptly lined up|
for battle. The amendment would!
have to pass the legislatures of 1919
and 1921 before going before the:
—The name of John C. Frazes, of
Philadelphia, is being heard of for
Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion, although such talk is a bit
—At request of the Philadelphia
charter revisionists Senator Edwin
Ft. Vare, chairman of the Senate
municipal committee, has fixed next
Tuesday, March 25, as the date for
the hearing.
—The Brady Bills will be a
special order next Tuesday in the
House when there will be a battle
rbyal. It is predicted that the pri
mary bill will be recast.
—Repeal of the non partisan
elective feature of the third class
city code of 1913 is proposed in a
bill introduced by Mr. Wilson the
AicKeesport member of the House.
It would restore the system of
electing officers along party lines
but the present scheme of organiza
tion is not disturbed. The bill
would allow present officers to serve
out their terms. It also provides that
city treasurers shall be elected by
the voters and not by council.
- —This bill was agreed upon by
third class legislators last Tuesday
and will be the subject of a hot
fighti The Legislative League is
said not to be for it.
—lt was very evident today among
the members of the Legislature that
there is a pronounced difference of
opinion in Philadelphia and Pitts
burgh in regard to the Sterling bill
to make the school boards in those
cities elective bodies. The people j
from Philadelphia who appeared
last week and urged the bill, which
would rip out the present boards,
today found some militant Pitts
burghers opposed to any change.
The Pittsburgh Gazette-Tim s which
has taken a prominent part in the
movement for better educational
things in Pittsburgh especially, says
the Sterling bill is an attempt to
"reshaekle" Pittsburgh.
—No doubt exists on Capitol Hill
that' Governor William C. Sproul can
get all the support he wants for
any legislation to enable the State
to find out why it Is proposed to
increase the price of anthracite.
The Governor did something which
interested every legislator immense
ly and men from the hard coal
region ' were outspoken in backing
him up.
. —Highway Cdmmissioner Sadler
is being congratulated all over the
State on his reappointment. It was
expected, but .many people seem to
think that he should be given pleas
ant words because of the record he
had already made.
—Developments in the congres
sional contest in Lackawanna show
that whole registration lists were
voted whether people were in town
or not.
Toronto aeroplane woodworkers
have secured 63 cents an hour.
Women street cleaners iq Mt. Ver
non, N. Y„ wear official uniforms.
Journeymen tailors and women
helpers at Ottawa, Can., ask increas
ed pay. • , ,
There are 200,000 women sewing
machine operators in this country,
I. W. W. printed matter will not
be permitted to enter Canada from
the United States.
For every 100 workers in the fac
tories in Sweden there are 23 wo
There are 53 carpenters' local un
ions in the province of Ontario,
§§§j • Wfi- I \m
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HABtT-AND use The f , Iff An ° 1 ThooiSht \f ff. '
Phone f I 'I, ,D THe )////,
m m i )! /.
"Al^A^KioTHen t*y -and amother DAY fff. /.
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Son! FOR JOM6THIN6 S MC '' f ThEY ARE MOVING ?,' I .//
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f'cZlTZr~~~] m cr'rrrand ml 4/
That District Election
[From the National Republican.]
There could be no better evidence
ol the desire of President Wilson
and his associates in Democratic
party leadership to put it over on
I the people than the pretense which
j has been made, in this country and
| abroad, that the election in the But-
I ler - -Westmoreland, Pennsylvania,
| Congressional district, possessed
| significance as evidence of sentiment
, in this country as to the Lord Cecil-
Wilson plan for a league of nations.
. President Wilson sent a wireless
J message of congratulation to the ,
I successful Democratic candidate, \
elected in a district normally Re-
I publican, with an expression of
I gratification that lie had been elect-'
i ed on the Lord Cecil-Wilson plan for ,
j a league of nations issue. A state- .
ment was given out for publication '
here and abroad that this was an
indication of the trend of public |
opinion on this issue. Democratic ;
National Chairman Cummings join- ;
ed in the chorus with a pronuncia- i
mento, and the Congressman-elect, i
Job.. H. Wilson, who very well knew i
that the causes of his election were j
other than the one claimed, added
his sanction to the theory that a
great hattle had taken place in his
district on the Cecil-Wilson league
of nations issue, and that the "cov
enant" had triumphed.
The National Republican has in
vestigated this alleged triumph for
the Cecil-Wilson plan, and finds that
the claim that this isspe cut any
figure in the result is an unadulter
ated fake.
Nor is the statement that the
Republicans nominated a coal oper
ator against whom his opponent, a
corporation lawyer, raised the issue
of employed against employer in
true Democratic demagogue fashion,
the real explanation,—though that
The Republican defeat was due,
as people of the district know, to
contention between the Republicans
of the two big counties which com
prise the district. In 1 903 there,was
a conference at Pittsburgh at which !
delegates from the Republican com- [
mittees of Westmoreland and Butler j
counties signed an agreement that '■
the Republicans of the two counties |
were to take turns in selecting the i
candidates for Congress. It was I
agreed that Westmoreland county I
was to name the candidate for two |
terms, and theh Butler was to come I
in for two terms, then Westmore- I
land was to have three terms. But- |
ler three terms and so on. The But - !
ler county Republicans claim they i
kept the agreement, but that when I
their turn came the Westmoreland •
Republicans, having a majority of !
the delegates, lefuscd to abide by it. j
and nominated a Westmoreland j
county man. Hie result was that:
in the election each county backed '
its own man undpr the sway of local |
prejudice, fanned by the cry of in-
Justice. The Republican candidate j
carried his county, while the Demo- |
cratic candidate carried his Repub
lican county by a sufficient majority
to wipe that lead out and 403 votes
in addition.
■Charles K. Herr, editor of the
Butler County Record writes: "The
proposed league of nations, as every
body in this district knows, was not
an issue in the campaign." The
question was mentioned only once,
and that obscurely in a newspaper
advertisement by the Democratic
candidate, the Republican candidate !
saying nothing on the subject. There j
were no speeches and the election ;
attracted little attention except j
•among those who were- angry or I
apathetic over the strife between !
the Republicans of the two counties, j
The fact that there was an election |
to be held seems not to have been !
reported either to the Republican j
national or congressional commit- 1
tees. The Republican majority In
the House is so large that there was
no national object in making a !
fight and the assumption was by !
those outside the district that no ,
campaign was necessary. Members !
of the House have no vote on the
peace treatv. and the idea that the ■
Lord Cecil-Wilson plun for a league 1
of nations was an issue did not oc- ;
cur to anybody before the election |
was held, and Was not mentioned by !
any political leader or newspaper, j
The theory that the result possesses,
significance, publicly proclaimed, is
clear evidence of a desire to deceive j
the people of this country and of j
Europe. It was only evidence that j
even a. covenant of countries would i
not preserve political pepce.
1 The Modern Version
A glass of sody underneath the'
A slug of fudge a Hollo book and '
Knitting beside me In the Wilder-j
. ness.
O Wilderness were proMbish enow.]
—From the Macon Telegraph.
I F. M. Fames to Sportsmen
| To the Editor of the Telegraph :
The Runners and sportsmen of
I Pennsylvania are soon to lie con
i fronted with conditions that will
require their immediate action.
While thousands of State sports
men were in military camps over
three hundred and eleven thousand
; paid resident hunters' license last
i fall, and which swelled the License
! Fund to over live hundred and fifty
thousand dollars, subject to the order
of the State Game Commission
under the terms of the Resident
Hunters' License Act, which act
was volunteered and passed by the
sportsmen of the State in 1913;
passed by them in good faith and
to better the game conditions of
the State, it being impossible to
obtain appropriations to the amount
required to do this. This fund is
now so large because of the in
ability of the Game Commission to
procure desirable game in the
United States or Canada under war
conditions, they are now turning
to game preserves, and already
have * established over sixty-one
thousand acres in game refuges on
State lands, around which gunners
will never be confronted with signs
"no trespass." There is a reported
scheme on loot to combine State De-
of Game, Fisheries,
Forestry and Water under one con
servation head, these departments
to become subservient bureaus. This
scheme is not new, as it has been
scouted before and dropped. Such
a proposition will quadruple costs
of these departments to the Com- 1
nioqwealth and kill their efficiency ]
through becoming subservient de
partments, and their efficiency in \
consequence has never been ques- '
tioned. A bill to the above
end is being quietly prepared with I
evident intention of being rushed
through the Legislature. Remarks
are freely passed by those connected!
with the preparation of this bill;
that "the Hunters' License Fundi
does not belong to hunters and their !
game interests." "That it belongs!
to the State same as automobile taxi
or any other tax." "That it will be;
used by those in power in any way.
they see tit." Such statements are i
absolutely false. The Hunters' Li
cense Fund does belong to the gun- j
ners and their game interests, and i
is pledged to this purpose only by
Act of Assembly April IT, 1913, sec-I
tlon 12.
The Good Faith of the Common- j
wealth of Pennsylvania is at Stake,
for years the Legislature refused
to consider Resident Hunters' Lic
ense, and not until gunners and
sportsmen volunteered, both in their!
own committee meeting, before the!
State Legislature and with the presi- !
dent and Directors of the Statej
Grange in 1911 in Harrisburg, they;
agreed with them that when Resi- j
dent Hunters' License passed the!
farmers should be allowed bounties,
for killing vermin according to law !
in amount to equal one-half the ;
license returns. Hunters' License!
was passed in 1913, and this prov-•
ision was embodied in the bill, which I
with general provisions was so
popular among State sportsmen that
over three hundred thousand of them
voluntarily paid their dollar for j
Hunters' License -within ten days'!
time. Nearly two hundred thou-l
sand dollars In bounties' was paid :
last year, and this amount will soon!
be. increased, and the gunners have:
fulfilled their obligations.
Now, Gunners and Sportsmen ofi
Pennsylvania, it is up to you to'
protect your License Fund, every [
dollar of which you have contributed. I
It Is up to you to continue paying!
the farmers the bounties agreed 1
upon. It is up to you to see that j
any who would tuke your fund for I
any other purpose than the purpose!
for which you gave it, in good faith, i
are quickly and severely dealt with!'
It is up to you to pass this word j
quickly to all your club members,!
to farmers, to your neighbors, to i
yours friends and to your local'
papers and a'l of you to direct your I
representatives in the Legislature to i
protect this fund and to down this l
Conservation Bill as soon as it ap-1
pears. Do this immediately or it!
may be too late. Write your State |
Senator at the Senate Chamber at'
Harrisburg. Write your State Be- j
presentative at the House of fte- i
presentatives at Harrisburg. Do I
this at once, for if this Conservation!
passes you will still have to pay a
hunter's license tax, but the money
you pay will be diverted to some !
• <
j conservation fad and game will be
completely neglected.
Very truly yours,
. Chairman Legislative t'omniittee,
I j The Pennsylvania State Sports
i men's Association.
j To the Editor of the Telegraph:
Dear Sir—ln your paper recently.
: I observed the advertisement of Miss
! Mary Sach's, culling attention to the
,] name of our leuding residential
'l I agree with the writer of the ad
vertisement, evidently a person who
I does not reside in our citv. What is
' the meaning of Front street? Does it
I mean the street fronting on a river,
,I a railroad or a canal? A stranger
I visiting our city and hearing Front
street mentioned cannot tell from
,j the name that it is our finest resi
dential street. If the street were
! named Riverside Boulevard, the per
j son would know at once that it was
1 , a street facing our beautiful. Susque-
I hanna.
The writer remembers a few years
[ ago the residents living along the
j river north of Division street, called
! that section Riverside Drive, and
■] they were so listed in the directories.
'As many know Front street, as
j Riverside drive, there would be no
i great confusion to rename the street
ij Riverside Boulevard. In fact a great
! many of our streets could be re
: named, adding much to the altrac
! tfveness of our city, and correspond
i ing to the great improvements about
! to be made to our Capitol grounds.
A boulevard should not lie called
I I a street, neither Should an alley tie
; called an avenue.
: I hope our city officials will, give
the suggested change of names duo
j consideration, f remain. 1
Yours truly.
] To the Editor of the Telegraph:
If my little poem is of interest to
I the readers of your paper, it is at
I your disposal.
] Saint Patrick was born at midnight
On March the eighth,.some say;
i While others say he saw the light
Quite early the next day.
And so arose a great dispute,
j But neither side could win,
I For both the sides were resolute,
I They taised an awful din.
I Then Pat O'Door stood on the floor
| And stilled the noisy throng,
j "Let's compromise," he did implore,
"We do a saint much wrong."
The eighth and ninth were added
To bridge the deep ravine;
] His natal day, observed by men,
'i Is gay March, Seventeen.
—A reuder of the Telegraph.
j A Simple Man's Simple Creed
By John D. Wells
| EFsher—he's our hired man—-
I Allows there ain't no better plan
] °f circumventin' woes an' cares,
i Than smilin when y' come down
j stairs;
j An' lives up to it, square an' blunt,
j Like general run of preachers won't!
I Klisher smiles an' fore you know
| The rest, of us is smilin', so
I Ketchin'-like it is! My law,
I It fits from him to me an' maw,
j An' then across to Uncle Dri
! Or Mairy Ellen ntebbe: why,
; I've seen it set the pup
J A-waggln' fore the sun was up!
i Then bimeby, us like, as not,
! Some man will pass that's mebbe got
j A mortgage that his crops can't
i But like enough the man will ketch
j Elisher's smile an' drop his frown
An' tote the smile away to town.
An' peddle it where, bein' wuss.
The people need it more than us!
The feller at the griss-miM gits
The spirit of the smile—it flits
Across an' through the blacksmith's
| door,
; An' breezes through the general
] store",
; Then out aguin, an' wreaths, dog-
I gone,
. Whatever fnce it fastens on!
I Because Elisher's smile is jis'
I As ketehin' as the pink-eye is!
i An' then the feller brings it buck
| At night along the baek-u'rds track,
i An' scatters it on either side
; The Country Road, both far an'
: Until, by'time when we get in
\ From work, the amile is back agin'
j Buik home agin!—an' seems t' bless
j Elisher for his cheerfulness.
I "Because you smiled," it seems to
I say.
I "The world has had a holiday!"
—Buftulo Evening News.
MARCH 18, 1919.
The Myitis of a Tenant
[Editorial from The Evening Bul
letin, Philadelphia, Saturday, March
I X, lit] 9.]
, A bill which lias been introduced
I at Harrisburg "concerning landlords
j and tenants and to afford relief to
I tenants where excessive rents are
I charged," offers the vehicle by
| which the problem of ttie dispos
j nessed or "boosted" tenant, which
I has been a continuing disturbance
in Philadelphia for the past six
' months and is just now becoming
1 aggravated, may be reached for in
| vestigation and discussion.
Reduced front its legal verbiage of
the statute, the measure provides, in
substance, that, where a landlord
1 shall seek to oust a tenant or by
• similar process shall attempt to ad
! vance the rent from the price agreed
i upon at the time hiring, and the
j tenant shall allege that the new
! demand is exorbitant, the latter
j shall have the right to appeal to the
j Court- of Common Pleas in the
! county, and that his petition set
ting up the claim that the rental
I asked is unfair or unreasonable shall
I act as a stay on the writ of dis-
I possession. Within thirty days the
j court shall grant a hearing and if
in its judgment the claim is well
founded, an issue shall be ordered
! to be tried before a jury, who may
determine what shall be a-fair rental
for the property.
Hundreds of families in Philadel
phia who lay no claim to familiarity
j or even understanding of all the
intricacies of the law of property
and, therefore, will not attempt to
argue the legal points involved, will
feel that the proposed law squares
with what is to their mind justice
and equity, and because it appears
to reach and remedy what in their
; recent experience has cut deeply as
, an act of injustice, its spirit and
purpose deserve to be recognized
even if in its present form it may
be open to objection.
The complaints of the tenant
householders in the city, which have
been recurrent since a sudden influx
of war-workers and their families
created an acute condition in the
housing supply of the city last year,
are not wisely to be ignored or
lightly treated. The actual shortage
in the housing supply which existed
for a time no longer exists on equal
degree. New construction under
Federal patronage has afforded
some relief, and still more has been
afforded by the scattering of the
temporary population. But in spite
of these changed circumstances
which shotdd have their effect in
the operation of the law of supply
and demand, rentals are even more
difficult to obtain in the city than
they were six months ago, and the
tenant, with no place to go, is at
Hit# mercy of his landlord, who
may require him to pay an arbitrary
advance in rent, or may ask him to
buy at an arbitrary price with no
alternative of rental. The terms in
either case may be grossly •unjust,
if the landlord be so minded, but
the tenant who must maintain a
roof over his head and those of his
family has no redress or recourse.
Such a s.tuation is by no means
imaginary, but is an accurate state
ment of the situation in which many
tenants have found themselves, and
to which they have been compelled
to accommodate their budgets, al
ready hard-pressed by general liv
ing prices.
Resultant murmuriugs and dis
content are not surprising, and if it
be true that the law of the Com
monwealth, js it stands to-day, pro
vides no recourse and relief for
them, it ought to he recognized as
the part of good and wise law-mak
ing to search out the facts of the
situation in detail and to devise an
adequate statute of relief. Specula
tion, to the extent of manipulating
corners and forcing artificial levels
of prices in the food markets and
the necessities of life, is generally
condemned, although law lias not
been found adequate to prevent it,
but none of these abuses is more
serious in its effect ;on the com
munity than the application of such
tactics in the market of homes.
Ninetieth Division
S National Army
of Texas and Okla
homa. Divisional j
headquarters ar
rived in France
June 23, 1918, Ac
tivities: Sazerais-
Haye - Puvenelle
sector, August 24-
October 10; St. Mi
hiel operation, September 12-15;
demonstration at beginning of Ar
gonne-Mcuse offensive September !
2t>; Argonne-Meusfl offensive, Octo
ber 19-Novemher It.
Prisoners captured: 32 officers,
1.84 4 enlisted men. duns captured: !
42 pieces of artillery, 230 machine
guns. Total advance on front line: i
28'j kilometers.
Insignia: Red monogram "TO"
standing for Texas-Oklahoma.
I p========= ==== —=r
lEbetttttg (Elfat'
Proposals that the people of this
Liberty Loan district name the car-
Ko ship which is to be launched
shortly recall the fact that names
belonging to this part of Pennsyl
vania have figured in the list of
Lnele Sam's war vessels in years
gone by just as Harrisburg and
.Susquehanna do now on the naval
lists. The lirst Susquehanna was
one of the ships on Perry's expedi
tion which open up the Mikado's
kingdom and unless memory is at
fault it was flagship part of that
memorable cruise. Another Sus
quehanna figured in the civil war.
There was also a Swatara in the
civil war list. A Dauphin was also
in that war. The merchant marine
has also hud a Dauphin and a Pax
ton. The Reading coal fleet con
tains Swatara. Lebanon, Paxtang,
Lykens, Wisconisco and other names
associated with this section of the
State. As yet no one has seen fit
lo tag a ship with Mabantongo
or Conodoguinet. The Williams
port people have decided on Ly
• *
Governor William C. Sproul is
not only taking his general manager
ship of the government of Pennsyl
vania seriously, but impressing peo
ple with the fact and folks who hav
come to Harrisburg any old time
with official papers have made dis
coveries. The Governor has adopted
tlie plan of the late Samuel W.
Peiinypuclter and goes over person
ally every application for a cliartei
and not only has the attorney gen
eral s office pass on contracts, but
brings Ids own experience in some
years gone by to have been approved
when the Governor was out of town.
A few days ago a man arrived from
a nearby State with a requisition and
when he tound the Governor gone
was inclined to growl. Suddenly he
looked at his paper and found thai
the Governor of the State of' New
Jersey had made requisition on the
Governor of New York and that be
was in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Another man who arrived at the
weekend spent some time and
money telephoning to a sheriff in an
effort to have him convince a pris-
I oner that lie should consent to leave
I the State without requisition pro
j ceedings. The prisoner concluded
, the weather was more pleasant in
j Pennsylvania than in a southern
I clime, especially as he was accused
jof a capital offence. However, he
I is going this week.
• * •
People connected with the Stat<
| government and officials of counties
I boroughs and townships interested
]in highway improvements to saj
j nothing of folks in the contracting
and supply trades are awaiting witfc
jtlie greatest interest the opening ol
- tlie first bids for the State's new
\ road program on Thursday. Then
j has been little bidding lately, in
j fact, very little since the close ol
t lie war and the return to something
j like normal conditions, to indicati
i how prices are going. The Pennsyl
| vania letting this week, which will
| call for over lifty miles, will be at
| indication and be watched not onlj
| in Pennsylvania, but in other St&Uu
j where road building is under waj
j and by bankers and builders in cities
outside of this State. Seldom has u
Pennsylvania letting been held w
such importance.
The cosmopolitan character of th<
State Board ot Pardon's list of ai*
| plicants has been growing rathij
; notable in the last year and a hallj
but it is doubtful whether ai.j
greater variety of names of foreiga
origin has appeared than that maij
for the meeting tomorrow. Starting
off with MeHinkoff there is Palen
ilrani, then Berggren, followed by
Zaverelia, Cappellane, Dorraan,
Vere, Hukinski and Soltysek, while
Gangrose, Mangini, Pettitti, Ueese.v
and Window-maker seek reheurings.
The cases held over include Slaz
zoka and Pensani. In recent years
the Board has been endeavoring tu
I get tlie applications listed under the
i names as given by the men to their
I attorneys, holding that these must
|be correct, although occasionallj
they are at variance with court
records. Such matters have always
to be straightened out as the Board
is careful to be sure that the ap
plicant and the person named on
the record are one and the same,
although they may hand around
various names at different times.
The list of offenses for this month's
session is small, embracing only u
dozen crimes. Often a score are
on the list.
• • ,
Some idea of the extent of the
oleomargerine business in Pennsyl
l vania is furnished by tlie fact thai
I there have been 4094 licenses issued,
! within a I'e\v hundreds of the whole
I figure issued during 1918. Of this
' number 4502 are retail, (IS whole
| sale, 0 restaurant, 2 hotel and 117
boarding house. The comparative
ly small number of hotel and res
taurant licenses this year is a sur-
I prise. Philadelphia has 731 license,
1 while Allegheny has a larger nuni
! her.
Just as an instance of the In.
' tercst taken in the Boy Scout move
! nient in Pittsburgh it may be said
i that the men chosen to attend the
I national meeting in New York in
clude Erasmus Wilson, the com
mentator of the Gazette-Times;
I Jolm M. Philips, State Game Com-
I missioner; Marcus Rauh, city coun
j cilman, and others.
I.eon Thomas, the new presi
dent of the Reading Iron company,
was for some time vice president oi
the company.
—Dr. P. K. Moylan, prominent
Philadelphia!!, is home from Flori
' —Ex-Judge Dininer Beeber thinks
that military training should be con
lined to setting up exercises.
J: B. Parson, the Port Royal edi
tor, who hus sold his plant, will
engage in business at Alillerstown.
—W. J. Richards, president of the
Reading Coal and iron company,
says that his company has enough
coal for 100 years.
—Col. W. D. Uhler, chief en
gineer of the Slate Highway depart
ment, is a member of the Federal
highway council.
; '
—Tliut Harrisburg has furnished
many men to the navy and marine
corps for the war? -
Dauphin county mills furnished
flour for the American army in the
war of 1812.
Toasting the Ladies
Gold* and Ruby Larkin enter
tained u number of girls at theii
home with a wtnnie roast and marsh'
mallow toast one evening this week
All went home with burnt tongue
and fingers.—From the CoatesvllU