Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, March 10, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Telegraph Building, Federal Sqaare
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. It. OTSTER, Business Manager
GUS. M. STEINMETZ, Managing Editor
A. R. MICHENER, Circulation If onager
Executive Beard
Members of the Associated Presa— The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
A Member American
! fiS Si SBB tm Eastern office.
B| jM Story, Brooks &
j Avenue Building,
g' a s ' BuThfi'ng 8
' Chicago, 111.
Entered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter,
CUTTTa- . carrier, ten cents a
.S§£k week: by mail, $3.00 a
year in advance.
It is for chastening that yc endure;
God dcalcth Kith you as Kith sons;
for tchat son is there whom his
father chastcncth notf —HEB, 12:7.
MONDAY, MARCH 10, 101®
ARNOLD W. BRUNXER, architect
in charge of the Capitol Park
development, and J. E. Greiner,
designer of the proposed State street
memorial bridge, will address the
Chamber of Commeice at luncheon
to-morrow. They will explain at
length just what it ts proposed to do.
They will show the grades and new
street lines, the entrances to the
bridge on both sides and will paint
such a picture of the great under
takings as will leave nobody in doubt
as to details.
The speakers should have a large
audience. Much as has been written
concerning the park extension and
the viaduct, there is still no little
misunderstanding, or lack of under
standing, as to just what it is planned
to do. The two improvements are so
rlosely linked with the future de
elopment of the city that they
hould receive most careful study on
i lie part of Harrisburg people. Now
is the time to discuss faults or ob
'.ections, if any exist, in order that
ihey may be corrected before it is
too late. City .rights of way through
iho park ; and the new bridge ap
proaches . are subjects with which
:very resident of the city should be
amtliar. The Chamber of Commerce
eeognizes the importance of united
üblic sentiment behind the projects
nd the .opportunity to obtain first
and information should not be .
We recommend that the Peace Com
i li.-.-ion Committee investigating the
Kaiser's responsibility for the war
• •ad the Telegraph's serial, "The Pri
vate Life of the Kaiser."
that Raymond Robbins, Red
Cross commissioner to Rus
a, is in reality a Bolshevik delegate
nt here to try to induce President
. /ilson to recognize Lenine and
I'rotzky. .l f that is true, the sooner
Kobbins is sent back to Russia the
I ctter. How any red-blooded
American, after having seen as
much of Russia* as Robbins lias,
• ■ juld ask his government to have
■ nything to do with the damnable
• retclies i,n control there is cliffi
• .lit to ) understand. .
Surely, Robbins cannot be a mar
ried man. Surely, he cannot have
sister or a mother and still hold
mpathy for Bolshevism. One of
le tenets of the Lenine and Trotzky
octrine is that women shall all be
üblic property.' Any man, under
olshevik rule, may have any
oman he chooses, whether married
• single. The dirtiest, vilest wretch
iom the gutter is entitled to any
v oman or girl he desires, whether
he or her husbi nd or father or
rother objects or no, and, if any
•>t them do try to protect her, they
re to be thrown into jail or exe
If this is the kind of Red Cross
• •ommiasioner Robbins is, he has dis
graced a noble organization, and it
high time we shipped him back
.) Moscow.
happy suburbanites of a
is'ew Jersey town held a celebra.
~ tion the.other night because Con
ess failed to repeal the daylight
ring law. And well they might.
• •ngress failed to do a lot of things
t! should have done and did a lot of
• •ins;s It should not have done, but
ii heglect is not without its bless
>gs, for it Is pretty certain that if
* o agricultural bill had gone
f ' 'rough the anti-daylight rider
ould have gone along. So for an-
other year, at least, wo shall hrfve
our extra hour of light In the even
The objections to the new law
were conllned altogether to the
farming districts, and not all farmers
were opposed. The market gaidners
originated Jhe proposal to repeal the
statute and it is very much to be
suspected that they did so in the
hope of thus hampering the home
garden, to which they are opposed
as limiting their own profits. Per
haps by another year they will be
more reasonable. At all events towns
people will be on their guard and
will be prepared to fight to the bitter
end for the retention of the extra
hour of light in summer.
Camp Hill is going to plant trees In
honor of the soldiers of that progress
ive West Shore borough. It is credit
able to the patriotism and public
spirit of the people across the river
that they realize the importance of
tree planting and recognize in "trib
ute trees" proper memorials to their
IT IS very much to the credit of
Major William G. Murdock, the
executive draft officer for Penn
sylvania, that he declined the prof
fered appointment of a majority in
the judge advocate general's depart
ment of the; army in order to com
plete his work connected with the
operation of the selective service
system in this State. As a lawyer
and a man of military experience,
Major Murdock would naturally bo
expected to embrace the opportuni
ties presented by such a place in the
legal department of the army. Many
men would have promptly accepted
the tender and no one would have
thought any the less of them.
In the case of Major Murdock he
has recognized a Stale duty. Penn
sylvania furnished the second larg
est number of men to the army of
any State, myriads of them under
the draft. This is the time when
the records are being made up finally
and a mistake now may mean loss of
standing by a man who fought in the
war when it conies to look up what
the State has on the books in after
years. Major Murdock, who has
demonstrated his ability and his
familiarity with the draft repeated
ly, has the whole system at his fin
gers' ends and the State is fortunate
that he is going to give the benefit
of his experience and knowledge to
the proper compilation of the all im
portant records, and that he is ac
tuated by such a spirit o'f sacrifice
as to decline army appointment in
order to safeguard for the thous
ands of men who went into the army
the recognition which is their due.
IT MUST be admitted that there is
a great deal of force in the argu
ment advanced by
delphia and Allegheny counties that
the present tendency of the time is to
make roads more suited to motor
traffic and that some provision should
be made whereby "shoulder" or
"side" roads should be provided for
horses. The continuous use of im
proved roads by automobiles often
makes them so smooth that a horse
has 'rouble in ordinary weather j
keeping footing unless shod with
rubber, while during rains even ani
mals having the shoes which are in
general use in cities have difficulty
'in standing up. Just what happens
to the farmers' horses when they
start to market or when they use
an improved road for hauling need
not be gone into. It is apparent.
Highway Commissioner Sadler,
who early sensed the situation in
regard to horses and roads, has been
asking opinions of his numerous
callers on the subject, and it would
seem that it is a matter for more
or less local supervision. Some sec
tions are blessed with parallel roads
which enable horses to travel away
from the too smooth highways, while
other sections are not confronted
with the same problem as vicinities
of Philadelphia and other cities, for
What is needed is determination
upon a policy of local co-operation.
The State, it may be said, will do
its share and do it generously.
mined to concentrate the scat
tered State officials in Harris
burg and is having the cordial ap
proval of the public in this policy.
Too long State officials have found
it convenient for themselves to drift
outside Harrisburg for personal or
family reasons. The Governor is
now determined that the authorities
of the State shall be focused here,
and his spirited address before the
Harrisburg Chamber of Commerce,
in which he dwelt upon the necessity
for additional dwellings in this cily to
accommodate the returning officials,
was an evidence of his earnestness
in this matter.
Last week several divisions of the
more important departments were
ordered to Harrisburg from Phila
delphia, and as Boon as space is pro
vided for others they will return
here so that there may be an ef
ficient concentration of all the State
activities at the Capitol.
It is because of these conditions
that Governor Sproul and the Board
of Public Grounds and Buildings are
urging the erection of at least one
of the State office buildings during
the present Meanwhile it is
up to Harrisburg to co-operate in
every way so that there may be am
ple housing facilities for all who de
sire to live here. It is certain from
all indications that the demand for
houses will be Increasingly urgent
during the next few months.
"tyelZU €4- Ik
* jVtut^Ctraiua
By the Ex-Committeeman
Probably the most discussed sub
ject among men who follow the
trend of politics in Pennsylvania is
the confidence members of the Leg
islature are displaying in Governor!
William C. Sproul. To an extent
not known here in many years the
(general assembly is depending upon
| the Governor for guidance in enact
ments of legislation and it is expect
ed that the important bills which
have been so much discussed will
niuke their appearance at an early
day. The illness of the' Governor
following his sojourn at the confer
ence of the Governors where he rep
resented Pennsylvania in a way that
attracted much attention interfered
materially with the introduction of
the legislation planned by the State
Two causes are assigned for the
situation as it now exists among
the legislators. One is that the
members recognize the Governor as
the most experienced legislator in
the State by reason of his unusually
long service in the upper house. The
| other is fjiat his inaugural address
i is Considered one of the best pro
grams ever outlined bjf a new Gov
ernor. Then, too, it is recognized
that the Governor is a man of large
business interests and that he is
working on plans to put some of the
principles which made hint success
ful in large enterprises into effect
in the State government, which takes
—lt can be expected now, say ob
servers of things at the Capitol that
the administration legislation will
commence to come along rapidly and
a continuance of the support of the
Governor is predicted.
—Some people in Philadelphia are
getting around to the idea that when
the talking is all done and the fire
works shot off that a new Philadel
phia churter hill will he arranged
with the Governor bringing about an
adjustment of difficulties. The same
is believed likely in regard to second
class legislation, about which the
average up State legislator declines to
get qxcited.
—Odell Hauser says in the Phila
delphia Press that the Governor will
| name the next Mayor of Philadel
phia as a harmony move. The Phil
adelphia Inquirer says: "A sharp
drawing of the lines between the
friends and foes of charter revision
may be booked for at Harrisburg the
coming week and the canvass for
the selection of a successor to Mayor
Thomas R. Smith inaugurated by the
leaders of the Town Meeting Party,
will keep alive interest in the local
political situation. Senator Penrose's
home-coming from his strenuous
activities in Congress will be wel
comed by his Philadelphia lieuten
ants. who have been making time in
anticipation of an early conference
when a program of action will be
definitely determined upnn for the
preliminaries for the Mayoralty can.
—People familiar with the State
Capitol say that there is more truth
than poetry in the Philadelphia
Press Oirard observation that Attor
ney General William I. Schaffer said
at the Lafayette dinner that when
h<V**tteforl his office lie thought the
duties legalistic. Instead, he said,
he had found them largely gastrono
—The manner in which Democrats
from the president down are claim
ing the result of the bye congres
sional election in the Westmoreland
Rutler district is a victory for the
principle of the League of Nations
and the activity of Allentown news
papermen in contending that the re
sult was "largely due to the fore
sight and work of Lawrence H.
Rupp." the Allentown lawyer who is
one of the most interesting contrasts
of the hour in State politics.
—Kx-Senator John M. Jamison,
the Republican candidate who was
defeated and who ought to know
by he met an unexpected slaughter
says of the result: "The issues In
the special election on March 4 on
which the result turned were ex
clusively local. The President's lea
gue of nations plan and other Fed
eral government fiuestions were Ig
nored. "Labor propaganda, misrep*.
resenting my attitude to labor, ac
tivity of the liquor interests and the
exceedingly light Republican vote
polled were main factors in bringing
about my defeat. Neither in any
public utterance or in any of my
campaign literature did I make any
reference to the Peisldent's league
of nations."
—People here are looking for D. J.
Lewis, who has resigned as director
of telegraphs, to cr|ie into Pennsyl
vania on his announced movement to
standardize and adjust salaries
of telegraphs, to come into Pennsyl
interesting thing to watch what he
—Congressman W. W. Griest, of
Lancaster, is a new member of the
congressional committee on post of
—The Philadelphia Public Ledger,
which is assailing the school board
system in that city as "archaic" and
"unprogressive," is demanding that,
the bill to take policemen and fire
men out of politics and to forbid
political contributions be passed. The
Ledger which has large contracts
on its hands these days, says editori
ally about the latter proposition:
"These provisions are of the utmost
importance, for they strike at the
root of mis-government in Philadel
phia. They would aboltah the cor
ruption fund to which city employes
are now compelled to contribute,
they would prevent officials from
protecting violators of the prohibi
tions against participation in politics,
and they would make the commis
sion a real power for good instead
of the creature of an administra
tion bent upon evading and destroy
ing the whole principle on which the
civil service system is built. There
should be no attempt at Harrisburg
to emasculate these wholesome and
necessary provisions."
—The announcement of Wilton A.
Erdman of his candidacy for presi
dent judge of the Monroe-Pike dis
trict means a fight in the opinion of
politicians of both of the big parties.
Judge Erdman's appointment will
be the Incumbent, Judge Samuel E.
Shuli, a Democrat, who was appoint
ed by Dr. Martin Q. Rrumbaugh.
Judge Erdman, a Republican, is ono
of the leading members of the Mon
roe county bar. - His capacity for
service on the bench./ was demon
strated In 1903 when, by appoint
ment of Governor Stone, he was
selected to fill the unexpired term
caused by the death of the late
l Judge Craig. He is a "dry."
\ f • A
'/ /7 \ ATHLE^ C \
"After Horse Is Stolen''
[Samuel G. Blythe in the Saturday'
Evening Post]
The average American reads
columns'in the daily papers con-1
cerning revelations made before cer
tain congressional committees about
pro-Germanism before ant! duting
the war in his country. He is
amazed, disgusted and confused over
these revelations, because he can
not figure out why, if all these
things were going on during the war,
and before it, something wasn't done
then, for the government has not
all this information since:
the armistice was signed and had j
most of it while the hostilities were j
He cannot understand why, with I
all this proof available, these men!
who are being told about now were |
allowed to remain at liberty, or why,
since they were allowed to remain |
at liberty at the crucial time, theyj
are being exposed now, when it Is i
all over. What's the* use?
He doesn't get that phase of it, j
to be a monumental case of locking j
nor sense the logic of this retro
active crusade, for it seems to him
the barn door after the horse has
been stolen, unless indeed the horse
that was stolen wasn't worth much,
and the door locking is merely a
justification for inaction because
some people may have had an ex
aggerated idea of the value of the
Any way the average American
looks at it, it perplexes him, for
according to his mind the time to
expose such people is when they are
operating, not when they have quit.
It reminds him of a judicial process
that would send a man to jail and
not let that fact be known until after
his term was up and he was out and
free again. He can't get the defini
tive angle on it all, unless perhaps
it would have been politically or
otherwise injudicious to expose some
of those concerned except in this
after-the-war manner. He wonders
about that.
War Junk Cost Was High
[From the Philadelphia Inquirer.]
Eventually we shall have paid
out 35 billion dollars in this war.
not including Interest, pensions or I
other considerations. Of this amount'
about 10 billion will be due from
foreign nations, and we may or may
not get the money. It is perfectly
well known that a great portion of
our own expenditures was for mate
rials never used.
We had practically no artillery In
France when the armistice was I
signed and our airplane showing was
little better. We had enormous
stores in this country for shipment
which never were needed. If Uncle
Sam could sell at cost price the
goods on hand, including such raw
materials as wool and copper, he
would be in excellent financial con
dition. Unfortunately, this is im
Much of the war material can be
used only as junk It is supposed to
be a time for turning swords into
plowshares and spears into pruning
hooks, but the cost is great. That
is why there is some slowing down
in manufacturing. Tn probability
several thousand factories' work
was going on for a definite purpose
which wholly failed to be of ben
Uncle Sam is trying to sell his
junk, but most of it is of small com
mercial value. It must be turned
back into raw material with the
great loss jof expert labor used on
its original formation. Figures of
salvage arc not complete, but Uncle
Sam hopes to collect one billion dol
lars out of what cost him ten times
as much.
His Reward
The nervous Wreck had explained
at great length his symptoms. All
thar were described in the medical
books Ho had, and some besides.
"Do you understand me?" he fi
nally asked the doctor, when he had
ended his enumeration.
"1 do," replied the doctor, "and
I'll give you something for your
pains."—From the Detroit Free
Proposed State Sons
ERASMUS Wilson, the sage of
the Pittsburgh Gazette-Times
is enjoying the discussion of the
State song bills. He quotes the
latest aspirant for fame—and place
"Old Pennsylvania of mine,
I bow me at thy sacred shrine,
And there beneath God's vaulted
I swear a vow for home, sweet home.
"The Keystone State that binds the
With pride we look upon the scroll,
And read among the battle scars
The glory writ in golden stars. j
"Within the shade of Fort Duquesne
In peace the farmer sows his grain,
And bending harvests richly grow
Where Susquehanna's waters flow."
The composer then goes on with !
seven more verses, in which ho re
fers to the Indian war-cry, the
clanging anvil. Valley Forge, Gettys- j
burg, the Independence bell.
House Hill No. 218
This act formally proposes the j
adoption of the song quoted above (in j
part) as the official State song for
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
which is credited in the bill to "Dr.
Will George ISutler, director of
music of the Mansfield, Pa., State
Normal School."
The object in printing the above
sample ot the proposed official State
song is to give the citizens of the
Commonwealth and opportunity to
judge of its merits, and then to boost I
the passage of the bill, or not as
the spirit of patriotism may move
Tnere are some striking lines in
it, for instance those referring to
i the farmer sowing his grain "within
I the shade of Fort Duquesne" and to ,
the bending harvests in the Susque- <
i hanna River.
| However, poets and song writers
| are allowed considerable license, but
'in such cases they should be re
| quired to accompany their raanu
| scripts with diagrams, and the
' scenaria with moving picture films.
State Songs
Some ot the states have songs, yet
but few, if any, have been adopted
by Legislatures. whether becuuso
none of those offered have been good
enough, or through fear of offend
! ing the authors and friends of those
No doubt there are some, many
indeed, who will try to laugh Dr.
Butler's effort into the discard, for
there are always those who dislike
songs, and music, and poems which
their several authors, and their
friends, regard as classics and fit to
take the bun.
As a matter of course some of
those who sit in judgment on this
song wouldn't know a state song
from a hymn, and couldn't distin
guish between a stately air and a
ragtime roulade. For this reason
a State Legislature should not be
asked to pass on the merits of a
Stale song, or any other, for that
matter. Better leave it to a com
mission composed of the friends of
the several composers, and await
their unanimous verdict. Naturally
such a commission would have to be
empowered to perpetuate Itself in
State Mowers
Only a few years ago a number of
State Legis atures were almost dis
rupted while endeavoring to choose
State flowers. In this State members
from the mountainous parts con
tended for the trailing arbutus, while
those from tho low grounds stood
up for golden rod and others from
the back counties insisted on some
thing more easily discernible by the
naked eye, such as the hollyhock
and sunflower.
Timid folks objected to arbutus,
claiming that it flourishes ' best
where rattle snakes are most plenti
ful, while hayfever victims rose en
masse against the goldenrod, assert
ing that even the mention of the
name set them sneezing and water
ing at the eyes.
Only the wealthy and more aris
tocratic objected to the hollyhock
and sunflower and that mainly be
cause they are so common and so
County schoolboys who indulge in
"Injun tights" were for the poke
berry, while their gentle sisters de
murely favored the modest, yet
fascinating johnny^jump-up.
A Sad State Sung
Speaking of songs, here is orte by
an unknown poetizer that is pe
culiar, as you will see, and specially
well adapted for a band or crowd
of singers. Almost any of those
who sang along before the war can
give you the tune. Or, if you happen
to catch the spirit of the thing you
can make a tune to suit it, or rather
it will suggest or make the tune
My song is of a nice young man
His name is Peter Gray,
And the state where Peter Gray was
born ,
Is Penn-syl-va-ni-a.
Now Peter Gray did fall in love,
All with a nice young girl,
The name of her, I'm positive,
Was Lizzie Annie Querl.
When they were going to be wed
Her father he said no.
And brutally did send her off
Beyond the O-hi-o.
When Peter found his love was lost,
He knew not what to say,
j He'd half a mind to jump into
The Sus-que-han-ni-a.
A trading went he to the West,
For furs and other skins,
And there he was in crimson dressed
By the bloody In-ji-ins.
I When Lizzie Annie heard the news,
] She straightway went to bed,
And never did get out of it
| Until she dl-i-ed.
I Now ye fathers all a warning take.
Each one that's got a girl,
And think upon poor Peter Gray
And Lizzie Annie Querl.
Just Found It Out
j Manuel is a Mexican. He runs a
chili wagon on Main Street and up
I to a day or so ago had had a good
record. But on the fatal dav he
found himself before - a judge
charged with assault and battery.
"Why did you beat that man?"
asked the judge.
"He called me s<ynething, senor,"
answered Manuel politely.
"What did he call you?"
"El rhinoceros, senor judge."
"A rhinoceros! When was this?"
"Three years ago," responded
Manuel and the court nearly fell off
the bench.
"Ton mean that you hit a man
yesterday on account of something
he called you three years ago?" de
manded the Judge.
"Si, senor! Up until that ac
cursed yesterday 1 have not seen a
| rhinoceros. Only yesterday do r
! learn the colossal size of the insult."
| Los Angeles Times.
j Move Frontier to Save Paris
| Paris takes a practical view of a
I geographical question of world-wide
interest. It holds that it is too near
| the German frontier. This Is a fact
: which the Germans have been at
I great pains to make plain. Being
Jso near the German frontier, Paris
j thinks, it is likely to be menaced in
j,the future at it has been In the past,
j It seems clenr, then, that something
should be done. Paris cannot be
i moved from Its present site. Such
I being the case, tho only way to over
j come the difficulty, as Paris sees It,
1 is to set back the German frontier
Ito a safe distunce. In the Ijffht of
all the information at hand, this
I .seems like a reasonable solution of
j the problem.—From the Christian
[Science Monitor.
MARCH 10, 1919.
What if the Lapse of Ages
Were a Dream?
What if the lapse of ages were a
From which we waked, clutching the
primal bough.
Seeing familiar thunder-piercing
Vast dripping woods, and saurian
bedewed swamps.
That wearied the new heavens with
their noise,
Wild seas, that maddened, foaming,
ever gnawed
At fog-wrapped cliffs, and roaring
in defeat,
Ran to eye-wearying distance, with
out shore —
All things familiar; but our dull ape
Troubled with visions vague; the
hungry roar
Of the great cabred tiger far below
Seeming in our wild dream the
thund'rous sound
Of hurtling heated monsters, made of
And the God-scattered worlds that \
gem the sky
Seeming in vision dread the blinding
Of myriad windows in huge range
on rang e
Of mountain buildings, teeming o'er
with life
The wallowing pleiosaurus' gurgling 1
Changed in our dreams to ryhthmlc,
panting roar
Of black insensate steel amphibians.
Daring the ocean's dread horizon
And the high flap of pterodactyl
Making us whine with fear, for, in
our dream,
We saw vast lifeless birds, that roar
ing flew,
Commanded by weak puny likenesses
Of our ape-selves; we cringed with
terrors vague •
Of ungrasped thoughts we could not
understand —
What if the lapse of ages were a
—Stephen Moylan Bird in Contem
porary Verse.
The Child and the llomc
[From the Nashville Tenncsscan]
The problem of juvenile crime and
its increase of late has been the
subject of much comment and dis
cussion, but in our opinion Judge
Wells, in a recent speech delivered
before the Y. M. C. A. at Vander
bilt, put his finger on the chief
cause of this grave evil of our pres
ent life, when he said that in every
case that he had personally investi
gated the lack of a home or proper
home conditions was found as the
accompaniment of the juvenile de
linquency or criminal conduct. This,
however, does not suggest a simple
remedy or ready solution of the
trouble, as it brings us up against
the proposition that the lack of a
home is a startling feature of our
modern way of living. There is very
little home life to be found in any j
social class in this country now.
The old conception of a home for
the protective care of children, their
, training and discipline and a close
and constant association of the
family, has changed to something in
the shape of a place to change
clothes in, to eat occasional meals
and use as a lodging house and a
receiving station for mail. In fact,
the American home went out some
where between the coming in of the
automobile and the picture show.
Conceding fully tlio limitations of
parents and the lack of ideal con
ditions in the majority of homes,
still the decadence und virtual dis
appearance of the home iViark a
real loss whose importance may be
gauged in the consequent increase of
Juvenile crime and delinquency
noted with grave apprehension by
sociologists. The very fact of a
vigilant parental authority and con
stant association with discipline and
home habits carries with it a steady
| ing influence and moral respon
sibility, which helps to fix the child
in the paths of order and rectitude.
In the constant association of home
and family life the most irrespon
sible of parents are stimulated to
more care and vigilance and the
childern learn the discipline of life
easily and progressively.
The increase of juvenile delin
quency has been marked since the
war. and that may be accounted for
by the number of homes which have
been broken up by the father's ab
sence and the mother being forced
to leave the home to do her part
for the support of the family. With
out a home and the parent-authority
and responsibility our future citizens
make a bad start in life.
• [From the Anglo-Italian Review]
The broken soldier is an impor
tant organic factor in the national
life. A hundred thousand homes
have their mutilated heroes —sons,
fathers, husbands, brothers. There-
I fore the public is at last awaken
ing to the iniquity of the idea that
u money recompense is an inade
, quate solution of the great problem.
People are beginning to see that
when you give a man a pension and
tell him to be satisfied, and that
i you will increase it if he be not sat
isfied, vou are only trying to dodge
the devil in the dark. You are not
discharging our debt to the wound
ed soldier. He has given his health
for vo'u, and that is something for
which he cannot be reimbursed in
terms of money. The only royal road
towards discharging our debt to the
broken soldier is to try as far as pos
sible to give him back his integral
1 manhood, to teach him and train
' him so that he will become an in
' dependent human being, able to
' work and earn his living, standing
! side bv side, cheek by jowl, with the
, man who stayed at home, feeling
that though he has fought and suf
fered he can still work and live and
' not be simply an object of public
charity. When you have done that
for him, thbn you may give him his
, pension, not as a payment for the
blood he has shed, nor as a means
of sustenance in life, hut as some
" thing given over and above, a little
abiding token of the nation's grati
-1 tude to the man who has fought and
' suffered.
L <
I Canadian boot and shoe workers
are demanding an increase of ten
per cent, in their pay and a nine
hour workday.
Membership in British trade
i unions increased from 2,000,000 to
9 6,000,000 during the war.
Repair works absorb about 40 per
1 cent, of the labor and machinery in
t British shipyards.
s In many localities throughout the
l United States manfacturers are
. shutting down their plants to read
r Just wages.
t Since last September over 16,000
- girls employed in Chicago lndus
, trial plants have been instructed
r in social hygiene.
The employment of non-union la
t bor caused over 4,000 workers on
) the ship canal docks at Manchester,
England, to quit work.
fcbenmg Qlfrtt
The Pennsylvania State govern
ment which two years developed a
quartette to sing at meetings of th
Pennsylvania State Society and then
formed a Capitol Hill glee club ha*
organized an orchestra of forty-five
members among the officials and at
taches of the State departments and
bureaus. The orchestra came Into
being a short time ago and the large
room uSed by the State Capitol
Police has been allotted to the or
ganization for practice on Thursday
nights. it is located in the first
basement, and safe from interrup
tion, according to members of the
police force. The practice programs
have attracted much attention from
legislators who remain after ses
sions adjourn. Several of the
prominent State officials are honor
ary members of the association,
John S. Killing, Public Service Com
missioner, being the honorary presi
dent. Howard VV. Fry, of Lancaster,
chief clerk of the State Highway
Department, is the conductor; while
D. L. Dunkle, of the Public Grounds
and Buildings Department, is presi
dent, Harry Biles, Highway Depart
ment, vice president; Howard D.
Martin, Public Service Commission,
treasurer and these men on the
music committee: W. Albert Benner,
Labor and Industry Department;
William T. SehefCer, Highway De
partment; Claude R. Engle, Agri
cultural Department; V. B. Haus
knecht, Bureau of Chemistry, and
Lewis C. Ney, Highway Department.
The orchestra will probably give a
concert during the spring.
Inspections of the units of the
Reserve Militia which have been
under way for several weeks are
well advanced toward completion
and it is probable that the Militia
will go to camp again this year.
Reorganization of the National
Guard of Pennsylvania with the old
regiments and designations is not
to be taken up until after the
Twenty-eighth division returns and
information is received as to how
many of the officers and men desire
to enter the State service. The
present militia organizations will be
used as a ground work for the new
division in connection with the re
turning units.
One of the most striking illustra
tions of the changed conditions in
regard to construction of public
works brought about by the close of
the war has been furnished at the
Department of Public Grounds and
Buildings where bids will close to
morrow on a bridge. Six months
ago the State asked bids for the
same bridge as an emergency mea
sure and did not secure more than
one bid. Thus far requests for thirty
sets of specifications have been
made. Numerous inquiries have
been made for the plans and details
of State road construction on which
bids will be opened this month,
whereas on some of the contracts
advertised no bids were obtained
last fall. Brisk inquiry has also
marked the plans of the State Ar
mory Board for buildings at Phila
delphia, Tyrone and Heading.
• ♦
The State is not going to lack
for opportunity to buy stone for road
construction or maintenance this
year judging from the activity of
owners of stone quarries in opening
operations and in asking for infor
mation on quantities that may be
wanted by the State. Ordinarily
work is ncyt started in quarries so
early bHeßarch, but because of the
open *vinter and the probable de
mand many have been put into
operation and within sight of Har
risburg several are at work. Men in
various sections of the State are also
writing here for information as to
what the State will probably need.
"Grain and fruit prospects"
throughout Pennsylvania are de
clared in the official bulletin of the
State Department of Agriculture to
be "unusually encouraging" accord
ing to reports of March 1. The
land sown to grain is larger than
ever at this season and hundreds of
young fruit trees, notably in the
Cumberland and adjoining valleys
will continue bearing this year.
• • •
This is the season of high school
interest in the Legislature and the
number of students of both sexes
who have visited the legislative halls
lately shows that the average Ameri
can kid gets interested in govern
ment about as early as in baseball
and stamp collecting. And it is
illuminating as to the extent of in
struction in civil government to hear
the talk of some of the visitors.
They criticise the rulings with free
dom and some would doubtless like
to discuss them with those eminent
parliamentarians, W. Harry Baker
and James N. Moore.
—Mayor Arch Johnston, of Beth
lehem, is home from a trip to the
south for his health.
—J. D. A. Morrow, western Penn
sylvania coal expert who has been
in Washington, is visiting western
counties on tax matters.
—G. K. Mosser, well known here
has been chosen president of the
Livingston club, the big Allentown
—Congressman . George S. Gra
ham, of Philadelphia, has been
chosen a member of the House judi
ciary committee.
—Mayor Thomas B. Smith, of
Philadelphia, has been improving in
health the last few weeks.
—Miss Dorothy Guild, the new
director of the child welfare ac
tivities of the State Department of
Health, is a Philadelphia physician.
—W. C. Coffin, Pittsburgh manu
facturer just home from a western
tour, says he found a good feeling
prevailing in industries.
—Tlmt Harrisburg's volume of
mall matter has been showing a
steady increase for the last two
Harrisburg post offices have been
located on Second, Market and
Walnut streets.
Congress Should Reform Itself
Congress ought to reform itself,
but it generally happens that politi
cal rivalries prevent the action
which is needed. Congress may by
law establish the time of its meet
ings, and it ought to hurry them up,
but it is probable that any effort to
do so would meet with strong parti
san opposition. It has never be
fore happened that there was not
national legislative body in session
and at the same time no executive
in the country. The only branch
of our government which is now
functioning at home is the Judiciary
—Frota the Philadelphia Inquirer,'