Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, January 15, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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Founds* Ml
Published evening:, except Sunday by
Telegraph nnlldlng. Federal Square
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. oISiBK, Wti.nntaa At onager
GUS. M. STKINMETZ, ilanaging Editor
A. K. MICIIEN'EU. Circulation Manager
Executive Board
Member of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication or
all news dispatches credited to it of
not otherwise credited in this paper
and also the local news published
herein. . . , ,
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Member American
m Newspaper Pub-
Avenue Building!
—— Chfcago! VIL nß '
Entered at the Post Office In Harris
burg. Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week: by mail. 18.00
A year In advance.
Thoughts shut up, tcant air, and
spoil like bales unopened to the sun.
I '
PHILADELPHIA is arranging an
important program of public
work that has been deferred
during the war. Like all other
municipalities the metropolis is
arranging to make available all pub
lic funds set aside for undertakings
that will provide employment for
returning soldiers and all others
who may become idle through can
cellation of war contracts.
Harrisburg is no slacker in any
respect and we are proud to observe
a disposition among "the municipal
officials and heads of departments
to so shape their programs that
there will be no delay with the com
ing of Spring in going ahead with
the various enterprises that are
under consideration.
But the burden must not be left
entirely to municijJal corporations.
Every private concern and individ
ual should at this time consider well
how large the activities of the year
may be with respect to new work
and the enlargement of old enter
prises. No more patriotic or con
structive policy can be adopted than
that which has to do with the pro
fitable employment of our people in
every line of endeavor. A prosper
ous community depends upon a busy
Naturally, there will be some hesi
tation on account of the high level
of prices for material and the wage
scale, but in any readjustment we
must consider the new conditions
and proceed with due regard for the
higher levels which are inevitable
in the costs of manufacture and con
So far as possible it may be as
sumed the various heads of depart
ments in our municipal organiza
tions will outline the year's activi
ties at once so that orders for need
ed materials can be placed and thus
avoid delay with the opening of
spring. Four-liandiness will mean
greater activity later in the year.
Since President Wilson never asks
advice of his alleged counselors at
Washington when he was on this side
of the ocean, it is not probable that
he will waste much time considering
their views when they arrive on the
other side. The summoning of all
sorts of alleged 'experts "for advice
and consultation" in Paris is one of
the humorous incidents of the great
European tour.
MANY points of interest are
covered in Mayor Kelster'B
comprehensive message to
Council, but several stand out above
the othersyas of extreme importance
and deserving of immediate atten
tion on the part of his fellow com
missioners. One has to do with hous
ing and the other with the erection
of a joint city hall and courthouse.
. As to the need for such a housing
survey as the Mayor recommends,
there can be no argument. Hun
dreds of houses rented at high fig
ures in Harrlsburg are unfit for
human habitation. This was clearly
proved by the Telegraph's investiga
tion last summer. Children died as
a direct result of this criminal neg
lect on the part of landlords and
older people were made sick. There
has been no attempt whatsoever to
remedy conditions. This newspaper
has stood almost alone in Its tight
for better housing conditions. It
jselcomes Mayor Keister to the ranks
of those who believe that every mdb,
woman and child in the city is en
titled to plenty of fresh air and
sunshine and home surroundings
that are clean and healthful.
It must be evident to any thinking
person that good citizenship cannot
thrive in filth or in homes that might
be acceptable as pig-pens, but which
are unfit for human habitation. Add
to the conditions that exist here a
' great of houses, which
j carries with it inability of people
|to get away from undesirable
dwellings even when they have- the
money, and you have a state of af
fairs that is intolerable. Either, as
the Mayor suggests, we must compel
owners to make their houses livable
or the buildings must be closed.
There is just now in this country
much talk as to how we are to pre
vent the Bolsheviki from gaining a
foothold here. Bolshevikism is the
child of discontent, and discontent is
the result of unemployment, of op
pression and of bad living condi
tions generally. The tumble-down
home is a seed bed for discontent.
Oive a man a decent living and a
proper place in which to live and
Bolshevikism will be his last
What are we going to do to re
move this menace in Harrisburg?
As to th'e joint city hall and court
house—Council and the County
Commissioners have the whole city
back of them in that project. A new
and adequate building would cost
little more in the long run than the
scattered offices of city and county
do now and the city is in a mood to
make its own public offices corre
spond in dignity and appearance to
those of the state. The city and
county bonding capacity is such as
to permit of the expenditure without
thought of running too close to the
wind financially, and it Is to be hoped
that the Mayor's message will be the
final spur that will get the project
into rapid motion.
One after another the leading props
of the Wilson administration are re
moved by resignation or otherwise. It
begin, to look as though the absent
President will And his official home
deserted when he returns from his
European tour. Those who have been
"watchefully waiting" to be sum
moned to the other side are probably
growing impatient of delay and this
may account for some of the resigna
DOWN in Delaware Senator Long
has retired as president of
the Senate to give place to Sen
ator Short. Senator Long, it appears,
had the short term and Senator Short
is to have the long term. This, so far
as we can see, is the long and tho
short of it.
SENATOR Beidleman has earned
the everlasting gratitude of
three of the most worthy char
itable institutions of the city by dis
tributing among them $1,600, the
amount of salary due him as a mem
ber of the State Senate for the term
which will expire on his assuming
the office of Lieutenant-Governor
next Tuesday.
Under the law this compensation
had been regularly appropriated
and could not have been set aside
for any other than the personal use
of Senator Beidleman. lie felt, how
ever, that he would prefer to divert
this money to the Children's Indus
trial Home, the Nursery Home and
Sylvan Orphans' Home on the eve
of beginning his duties as .the sec
ond officer of the Commonwealth.
Senator Beidleman has always
manifested an interest in the three
institutions he has thus generously
remembered at a time when they
needed help most and there will be
general approval of his public-spir
ited philanthropy.
THERE is universal approval in
city and co.unty of the proposi
tion to lose no time in the
erection of a joint building which
will house the city and county offi
cials and provide adequately for the
conduct of the public business.
Of course, it is important to de
termine early the matter of location
and there is strong sentiment in
favor of a site on the proposed civic
center which is developing through
the co-operation of the city and the
State. It is believed that the sale of
the present site of the Court House
and jail would be good business and
a step forward in the improvement
of the city.
The County Commissioners are
giving full consideration to the sub
ject and while they have reached no
conclusion they are certain to take
some definite action in the near
A3 Lieutenant-Governor-c 1c c t
the present Senator from this
district may be expected next
Tuesday to say something worth
while regarding the pleasant rela
tions subsisting between city and
State. His long iservice on Capitol
Hill has given him unusual oppor
tunities for cemeting the good feel
ing which prevails between Harris
burg and the official life of the
Colhmonwealth and he is in position
to pledge the co-operation which
will continue in the making of a de
lightful scat of government not only
insofar as this may include the pub
lic grounds, but also as it may con
template the environment of the
Senator Beidleman is deeply in
terested with other State officials in
working out the comprehensive plan
of treatment for the Capitol Park
area and through him those who
represent the State in public posi
tion may be assured of the friendly
Interest of the city and its people
in all that pertains to the welfare
of the Commonwealth and those in
official life on Capitol Hill.
In the near future the Chamber
of Commerce will give a reception in
honor of the folate officials and mem
bers of the Senate and House and
the opportunity will thus be given
for further cementing the-pleasant
ties which bind together the Com
monwealth and this municipality.
"pottttc* Ik
By the Ex- Committeeman j
Publication of the table of the offi
cial vote of 1918 for congressional
honors In the Seventeenth, or "Shoe
string" district, as compiled by the
return judges at Lewistown, affords
an Interesting commentary on the
way the voters of the eight counties
of the district regarded the war by
Democratic National Chairman
1 ance C. McCormick, his newspapers
and his partisans and the horde of
federal officeholders against Con
gressman Ben Focht. In 1916 Con
gressman Focht in a campaign mark
ed by straight fighting on both sides
won over George A. Harris, the Ful
ton county cog of the Democratic
machine, by 1,255. In 1918 Congress
man Focht was assailed by McCor
mick with all the poison gas that
could be assembled and opposed by
Senator Scott S. Leiby, the personal
hand picked candidate of McCor
mick, to show the president that if
the national chairman could not
muster up a candidate for congress
in his "home" district he could elect
one in the district "across the Sus
quehanna. The result was that Focht
won by 5,414. This, too, in face of
the fact that Leiby in addition to
having the McCormick nomination
was also the candidate of the Pro
hibitlohists. In spite of the stren
uous efforts of McCormick and hts
crew Focht carried every county ex
cept Fulton and only lost that by
twenty votes. Foclit's total vote was
16,762 and Leiby's 11,348.
Another interesting fact in con
nection with McCormick's fight
against Focht Is that everyone of
the eight counties in the Seventeenth
elected a Republican legislator,
even Fulton choosing an out and out
Republican for the first time in
years and the Democratic seat •in
Juniata being lost. In the whole
Seventeenth district the only sur
viving Democratic legislator is Leiby,
who was elected by an accident in
—The Pittsburgh Gazette-Times is
very complimentary to Harry 8. Mc-
Devitt, the new private secretary, in
an article on the man who will be in
charge of the Governor's office. The
big Pittsburgh newspaper says:
"Harry 8. McDeVitt, of Philadelphia,
who will officially assume his duties
January 21 as secretary to Gov. Wil
liam C. Sprout, has gone through a
course oftratning in the last 14 years
which gives him unusual qualifica
tions for the position. As a news
paper reporter, state economy effi
ciency expert and lawyer, coupled
with a wide acquaintance through
out the state and topped off with the
fact that he is possessed of a quiet
courtesy which does not slop over,
Mr. McDevitt will be of invaluable
service to the Incoming executive."
—The progress of the strike of
Scranton municipal employees of
certain departments has been
watched with interest all over the
state and it is possible that such oc
currences may find reflection in bills
for compulsory municipal wage arbi
tration in the legislature. The ex
perience of Pittsburgh is remem
bered by quite a few people.
—The visit of Prof. Frederick
Rasmussen, the new secretary of
agriculture, is being watched with
interest by the Grangers and many
persons connected with farming und
politics. The new secretary, while a
Republican, is said to regard the
placing of the department upon an
efficient basis as of infinitely more
importance to the people of Penn
sylvania than anything else. The
changes that will be made in the
personnel of the department will be
made gradually, some of them prob
ably not for months as the new sec
retary will work out his plans and
not interfere with the operation of
the department for the sake of cut
ting down some tall "weeds."
—Considerable comment has been
evoked by the interest being shown
by Reading city officials in proposed
third class city legislation. Reading
had 96,071 population in 1910 and
it is generally believed that the next
census will show it well over 100 -
000 Jtr.d therefore in a class with
Scranton and Pittsburgh, Eriq.
Wilkes-Barre, Johnstown ana Har.-
burg, the third class cities which
have shown the largest growth, and
Bethlehem, the newest and most
energetic of the now cities, have not
been heard from regarding their
legislative plans.
—Says the Philadelphia North
America of to-day.
"That Governor Brumbaugh has
a little surprise in store for those
who are expecting to see him fired
from the 10.000-a-year post as his
torian recently handed out to him by
the war board, composed of the Gov
ernor. Lieutenant Governor.McClain,
Adjutant General Beary, State Treas
urer Kephart and Auditor General
Snyder, is the statement made by
some of the Governor's friends.
' "According to rumors from Harris
burg the Governor was made war
historian with the understanding that
he would not appoint any Judges dur
ing the remaining days of his term.
Soon after the announcement was
made concerning the war board's ac
tion. the Governor appointed former
Assemblyman Snyder Judge of West
moreland county, a little later nam
ing First Deputy Attorney General
Keller as judge of the Superior
Court, to succed Judge John W.
Kephart. elected a judge of the Su
preme Court. , , . ,
"Some of the Governor s friends
intimate that there are two reasons
why he will not be tired. The first
is that he never has accepted the
post and never intends to; that the
place was tendered to him without
solicitation. The second reason is
alleged to bo the fact that Governor
Brumbaugh has made plans that
would make It impossible for him to
be the war board's historian, even
if he wanted the job. It is understood
that the Governor intends entering
the national service in connection
with a work similar to that which
took him to Porto Rico at the close
of the Spanish-American war.
"Governor Brumbaugh reorgan
ized the schools of the island. Just
what the post the Governor has in
mind is not stated, but friends of
the Governor soy that he has all ar
rangements made for entering the
nationl service in connection with
an Important school commission that
will be engaged in reorganization
—Friends of A. Mitchell' Palmer,
Allen Property Custodian, at Stroucfs
burg yesterday, according: to dis
patches, were all smiles over the
news of the possible appointment of
Mr. Palmer to succeed Attorney Gen
eral Gregory. There is a difference
of opinion as to whether the Demo
cratic state leader would accept the
offer if tendered by President Wilson.
Mr. Palmer's paper, the Times-Dem
ocrat, said:
"Just how Mr. Palmer feels re-
SALUTES OFF-iCEft) CAM YOU BEAT 1T ? " S uT Rcmemocrs "A HA!
oorrior tin nkw_york tjubun* inc.
garding the Attorney Generalship is
not known locally. It is confidently
believed here, however, that hts am
bition now is to be relieved of his
connection with the government as
soon as he can consistently do do.
Certainly a $12,000 a year Cabinet
place would offer no special Incen
tives. His acceptance of the post
were it offered to him would be in
line with his past record of sacrific
ing self to the interests of the na
tion. In no single instance has this
spirit of seli'-sacrifice on his part
been so manifest as in his labors
throughout the war as Alien Prop
erty Custodian."
The Trooper's Lament
Dear old Bill, your bit is done!
Alas! You too must go!
Slany's the mile you've carried me
In battle's ebb and flow.
How gay you pranced, proud head
on high,
To music on parade;
How fleet you raced but yester eve
The foe's rear guard to raid.
You swam the river through the
Of lead from hidden guns.
By George! How bravely up the
You rushed the fleeing Huns.
Not once you flinched though
screaming shells
Burst on the very ground
O'er which, full speed, the flanking
You, charged with mighty bound.
Blighters! They've got you in the
Smmaghed 'flat, old chap, no
Ne'er again o'er dusty pike
You'll take me at a lope.
What's that? You'd like to 'say
Want me to lift your face?
With all my heart. Here! Look
this way!
You've earned a last embrace.
God knows I hate to leave you. Bill,
I hoped you'd see it through.
I'll mourn you when the bugles
Adieu, brave heart, adieu!
John B. Foster'.
Palestine Danger Point
(Herbert Adams Gibbons in the
Century Magazine)
When the British army entered
Damascus, v the French fleet sailed
into Beirut Harbor. If Asiatlq
Turkey, is to be apportioned to the
victors,*, whatever modus vb'endi
may be arranged foj the time being,
it is certain that Palestine must
fall eventually under the protector
ate of the power that controls Syria
or the power that controls Egypt.
Which power will get Palestine?
Doctor Weizmann has already
given the answer of the Internation
alist Zionist Commission in his
memorable speech at Jerusalem in
April. He stated categorically that
"Zionists do not believe in the in
ternationalization of Palestine or in
any form of dual or multiple poli
tical control over Palestine, whose
integrity must be protected by one
jußt and fairly responsible guar
dian." The "one Just and fairly
responsible guardian," in Doctor
Welzmann's opinion, was already
there: for, when speaking these
words, he turned to Gen. Sir Ed
mund Allenby.
The grand rabbi of France stated
a few months ago that there are
only, a hundred thousand Zionists in
the world outside of An\prica, that
, most of the Zionists in France are
of Russian or Rumanian origin, and
that Jews of French birth, if inter
ested at all in Zionism, were inter
ested only out of sympathy with
tnose who wanted to go to Palestine
Jo escape persecution. Zionism is
not a pious desideratum on our part.
What French Jews are interested in
Is liberty and equality in this coun
try for all religions." But as a
Frenchman and not as a Jew, the
grand rabbi and all other prominent
French Jews are exceedingly
anxious that Zionism be not used* to
deprive France of her traditional
past and her legitimate future place
in the Near East.
And French Jews fear that Zion
ism may thus revvive anti-Semitism
in France. French Catholics and
French imperialists are determined
that Palestine shall not be British.
French Socialists, sensing future
trouble, have repeatedly declared
for territorial and political disinter
estedness of both nations in Pales
Liebknecht an the War
"The Future Belongs to the People"—by. Karl Liebknec-ht (Speeches
Since the Beginning of the War). New York: The McMillan Co., $1.25
TREASON runs in the Llebk
necht family. During the Fran
co-Prussian war, in the year of
the birth of his son, Karl, the fath
er, Wilhelm Liebknecht, refused to
vote for Germany's war budget, and
was arrested for high treason. Thirty
live years later Karl voted for the
war budget, but attacked the war
policy. of his country so fiercely that
he was sentenced to thirty months'
penal servitude. Two of his speeches
are notable. One criticised Uermany's
system of education as perverted to
propaganda for militarism and cap
italism. The other condemned Ger
many's manner of starting and car
rying on the war as "monstrous,"
oven when tested by the standard of
war. No allied spokesman has been
more severe on these heads than this
member of the Reichstag and Prus
sian Assembly, who was more loyal
to his socialism than to liis country.
In truth, Liebknecht was a citizen
of the world rather than of Germany,
and stands for many truths demon
strated in the war and accepted by
every enemy of Germany. But his
loyalty to socilism is like that of
other Socialists—it is loyalty to his
personal conception of socialism.
Wherever Socialists gather there is
socialism, for hardly any two Social-
Getting Rack to Their Jobs
the Indianapolis News)
The vast and trying problems of
industrial reconstruction involved in
the transition from a war to a
peace basis have wrinkled the brows
of our foremost political and schol
astic authorities, but not the fair
forehead of Miss Elizabeth Marbury,
prominent New York business wom
an and war-relief worker. She had
heard something about the difflcul
,ties of getting several million men
back to their old jobs, the "dilution
of labor," the "economic wage"
versus the real wage, etc., but such
matters she parses over with a gay
wave of the hand. Talking to a
soldier audience recently she said:
"Somebody told me some of the boys
coming back were worrying about
the girls having their Jobs and won
dered what to do to get them back.
That's easy. Marry 'em, boys;
marry "em!"
There are, of course, some objec
tions to the scheme. Not a few
soldiers already have wives. Daws
and morality would prevent their
taking another, n 0 matter how de
sirable the Job in prospect. Here
and there, too, may be a woman
stubbornly* prefers a job to a hus
band. A more serious and discour
aging objection arises from the
probability that wholesale marry
ing off of working girls to soldiers
would lead into gainful employment
countless thousands of other women
who had not formerly worked.
Eventually the number of feminine
Job holders might become greater
than the supply of available hus
bands. But Miss Marbury's scheme
has merits. It will work if the right
soldier and the right Jobholder meet
in the right way.
About December 15 Uncle Sam
will open his first hotel in Wash
ington, D. C., for women employes
in war work, according to an an
nouncement by the United States
Housing Corporation. It is stated
that 1,800 woman will be accommo
Private insurance companies, prof
iting on the misfortunes of the
workers, will be prohlbted from
! selling liability insurance in Utah,
if a law demanded by the State Fed
eration of Dabor at its recent con
vention is adopted at the coming
session of the Legislature.
Every worker in Pennsylvania
loses an average of six dayß a year
because of sickness. At this rate the
lois to the shipyards would be 600,-
000 days annually, or times enough
to build 4,000 big ships. The loss to
the coal mines would be 2,142,000
working days, in which time 4,500,-
000 tons could be mined.
In Pennsylvania alone there is a
loss of 8,400.000 working days each
year and a wage loss of $16,500,000
due entirely to preventable illness of
workers. ,
ists agree for long. Thus, although
likely to be half as many sorts of
Liebknecht belonged to that group
of Socialists -who are justified in their
socialism by the result of the war, ho
invented the so-called Spartacus
brand of socialism mentioned in the
cables in the months following peace.
The Spartacans hold that the Bol
shevik! are the real friends of the
proletariat and enemies of militar-
I ism, and that Russia and Germany
[should join forces against Anglo-
Saxon capitalism. But the Spartacans
; speedily split, in the manner of So
. cialists. One Spartacan faction wish
ed to participate in the German elec
tions for the National Assembly, with
intent either to mold Its character or
to smash it. But just after New
Year's Rosa Luxembourg, second
only to Liebknecht in the position
above described of hostility to Ger
many's war policy, opposed Lieb
knecht regarding the assembling of
the new G/erman assembly, yet to be
held. Rosa declared that its meeting
must be prevented at all costs, and
her view prevailed over Llebkneclit's,
6 3 to 23. It is difficult to keep track
of the Socialist splits, and cannot
be done without understanding of
the Liebknecht doctrine, as set out in
his speeches.
N. Y. World Raps Kitchin
(From the Fourth Estate)
Chairman Kitchin of the House
ways and means committee, the
same Kitchin that fathered the sec
ond-class postal zone law amend
ment to the war revenue bill, is a
Democrat, but here is what tlie New
York World says editorially, of
Kitchin, under the head, "Into the
Ditch with Kitchin":
"There is nothing improbable in
the report that Chairman Kitchin
angrily threatens to hold up the new
tax bill indefinitely unless the Sen
ate agrees to the restoration of the
zone system for newspaper and
magazine postage. This exatious
and burdensome device was Imposed
upon press and people in the first
place by Mr. Kitchin not so much
for revenue as for revenge, am} the
further exhibition of intolerance
now promised is natural and logical.
"Postal rates upon intelligence
increasing rapidly with the distance
from offices of publication, thus dis
couraging if not destroying a na
tional press, are in keeping with the
parochial ideas of taxation which
have governed the House under Mr.
Kltchin'B leadership. In his personal,
political and sectional prejudices
too readily accepted by his associ
ates, he and the Democratic party
may find the reasons why the new
Congress is to be Republican in both
"Obstructing the enactment of the
new revenue bill to nurse a grudge
against a press which has been too
outspoken to please him will inflict
hardship upon every element of the
population. Mr. Kitchin's revenges,
therefore, are no longer specific, and
it is possible that in tills fact his
colleagues will find reason at last
to repudiate a leadership at once
bigoted and destructive.
"A defeated party can hardly af
ford to make the people regret that
they did not impose more drastic
punishment upon it. Democrats
may live down the memory of their
Kitchlns iri time, but they will not
shorten the period of disfavor by
following them into the last ditches
of obstinacy."
As a brilliant meteor, thou dld'st
flash across life's sky,
"In Happy Hunting Grounds," Oh
Chief! thy spirit now doth lie.
Daring gentle leader; sweet be thy
dreams amid its sward
Thou of the winsome smile, and
ever ready sword.
This w/ay—just once, upon life's
stage we play our part;
Some dwell amid scenes obscure,
thou dld'st choose the busy
Farewell! O beloved American,
knight errant of a noble race,
Aching hearts do mourn the
passing of thy kindly radiant
By Percy Vinton Rltter,
(btarrlsburg, Pa,
The Spinster Problem
English women and girls appear
repressed to an American, They
lack the ebullient and outspoken
frankness of the Yankee girl. But
once in a while one of them speaks
her feelings freely and such a one
was the little munitions worker at
Ipswich. Of her escort, an Ameri
can sailor, she asked:
"Do you think many of the Am
ericans and Canadians will stay over
He thought they would not and
said so.
"Wo English girls wish that they
would," she said and there was
something rather plaintive in the
way she spoke. "You sec, even be
fore the war, there were so many
more women than men in England
and-now there must bo threo women
to every man.
"We're just like other girls every
where: we want to marry and to
have homes of our own. So many
of us never will, though. And not
to marry menns that nearly all of
us will have to work for our living.
We've worked gladly these last four
years because we were doing It to
help In the war, but It will be hard
er when peace comes. We will have
to compete with the men then and
two-thirds of us will face tho unend
ing future of work In shops or offices
or factories.
"We thought perhaps some of
your men and come of the Canadians
would stay over here. We knew
the Australians would not; they
would not think of living anywhere
else than back here they came from.
And X guess it's the same way with
the Americans."
She spoke the tragedy of the Eng
lish girl, the brave hearted girl, who
for more than four years unfalter
ingly has worked, on the farms,
driven trucks ana motor busses,
made guns and shells and gasses,
acted as policewoman, hotel clerk
and call girl, nursed the sick and
wounded and even built canton
ments in France. It is a tragedy for
her, but she will bear it with the
same high courage she bore the
other countless sacrifices the war
has demanded of her.
Chevrons Show Service
(From the St. Paul Dispatch)
"You can't tell the playens with
out a score card," the familiar cry
at the baseball parks, might be ap
plied to soldiers returning from
France, according to army officers.
To aid the public in determining a
man's time in the war zone und the
number of times wounded, the fol
lowing explanation has been pre
War Service Chevron—A "V"
shaped bar of gold lace, worn on
lower left sleeve of all uniform
J-oats, except fatigue coats, by offi
cers, field clerks and enlisted men
who have served six months in the
war zone. This chevron is worn
point down. An additional chevron
is allowed for each six months'
Wound Chevron—Also a "V"
shaped bar of gold lace, worn point
down, on the right sleeve. Not
more than one wound chevron can
be worn if two or more wounds are
sustained at the same time.
Silver Chevron—For oificers, field
clerks and enlisted men who served
six months outside the theater of
operations, a silver chevron (worn
the same as the gold chevron) is
allowed. For each additional six
months another chevron is worn.
Scarlet Chevron—Soldiers honor
ably discharged wear a scarlet cliev
ron, point up, on the left sleeve
above the elbow. These are In addi
tion to the usual service stripes.
Service Stripes—Enlisted men
who served three years will wear
service stripes of the corps or de
partment of service. The stripes are
worn diagonally on both sleeves of
the dress coat below elbow.
Sky Blue Chevron—Service of
less than six months in theater of
war is indicated by a sky bide cloth
worn.as the gold wgr service chev
And Pennaf, Too ,
What a load will be lifted from
the country when national prohibi
tion becomes a fact! A load eco
nomic, moral and political. Boose
has disorganised industry, wrecked
lives, demoralized politics.
The states are tumbling over each
other to ratify the federal amend
ment. Missouri-must not he a lag
gard.—From the Kansas Clity Star.
Life's Question
IJfe is service; the only question
is, "Whom will we servo 7'V-Faber.,
lEimtutg (Elfat
A copy of an official advertisement
of the State of Pennsylvania for
trees for its Capitol Park dated
ninety years or so ago shows that
the proper method of laying out the
public grounds was receiving as
much attention then as It is to-day
when the Commonwealth is about
to create an unsurpassed park about
its official center. Although this city
became the capital of Pennsylvania
about 106 years ago, as a matter
took several years to clear
the knoll now known 4s Capitol Hill
of the brush and old trees which it
contained and to grade it. John Har
ris gave four acres to the state for
the use of the Capitol, just as he do
nated the lot for the courthouse
and prison, and tho state bought
ten acres from William Maclay. This
gave it possession of the whole knoll
from the line of North street to a
point something close to the line of
Walnut street. Some of the old resi
dents remember the wall which used
to separate the original park from
what was later the Apsenal plot and
tho tract belonging to the tirst ex
tension of Capitol Park. This latter
was a purchase of five lots made after
the Maclay transaction. Between 1812
and 1819 the cost of grading the
Capitol Hill and laying out the park,
building fences and otherwise "em
bellishlng' it as tho early appro
prlatlon acts style 4t, in their quaint
way, was over 630,000. By 1828 it
as f °und that the grounds looked
ragged and further appropriations
were made to level them and for
the purchase of trees.
It was apparently in pursuance of
authority and an appropriation
made about that time that the stato
began to buy trees to plant in tho
park and the Arsenal plot. Nowa
days, the superintendent of public
grounds and buildings asks for bids
and the contracts are let by tho
board, which is headed by the Gov
ernor. It is an interesting comen
tary upon the methods of govern
ment in those days to see the names
of the clerks of the two legislative
houses as the signers of the invita
tion for bids. The legislative branch
would seem to have been exercising
functions which are now consldor
f. as wholly the part of tho execu
tive. Nine decades ago being a mem
ber of the Legislature was rather
more Important than now because
the lawmakers had to travel by
coach and coming to Harrlsburg to
legislate was not a matter of two or
three days or a week, but six. Hence
the greater interest taken in the de
tails of government by the legisla
tors. Another interesting feature
about the advertisement is tho char
acter of the trees. Just exactly how
Warren H. Manning, the distinguish,
ed landscape architect, who has
been going over the trees in the park
to select those for removal and pre
scribing tho trees, for the improve
ment of the old park and tho ad
ornment of the new would regard
the selection as a matter of conjec
ture. We can Imagine Mr. Manning
thinking a bit at the suggestion of
cucumber trees for tho public
grounds and just how he would re
gard sugar maples for the front of
Dr. Thomas Lynch Montgomery's
classis white library building, can
be left unsaid. Probably the park
contains to-day sqme of the trees
bought in that far off times by the
two clerks of the Legislature, one
of whom was later to become Gov
ernor of the state and the ancestor
of the present Attorney General,
Francis Shunk Brown, and of a Har
risburg engineer who achieved in
ternational fame, the late William
V. Shunk.
• m •
In any event the two clerks gave
thought to the problem and secured
the best advice available. This is tho
way their advertisement reads:
The subscribers will receive
proposals until the Dth of No
vember, (1830), for delivering
at the State Capitol in Harrls
burg on or before the 15th day
of the same month tho follow
ing kinds of young, thrify and
growing trees, fit for transplant
ting, as follows: Twenty locust,
twenty American poplar or
tulip tree, twenty sycamore,
twenty-five elm, twenty sugar
maples, fifteen ash, fifteen as
pen, ten maple, ten spruce, ten
pine, ten cedar, fifteen varieties
ten hickory, fifteen cu
cumber trees.
Direct proposals either to
Clerk of the Senate.
Clerk of the House of
Just who got the contracts for
supplying the 215 trees for the first
Capitol Park and how they were
priced has not come down to us. It
Is probably tucked away in some
dusty minute_ book in the Capitol.
Anyway, it must have been the first
big contract for Capitol Park and
quite the largest business in trees
done in Harrlsburg in a long time.
The officials of that day were evi
dently determined to have as fine a
park for their time as we are to-day
and it was probably about that time
that the elms that fringed the old
"boardwalk" were planted.
* * *
In passing it Is interesting to note
that the Journal of the Legislature of
1825 contains a resolution author
izing the Secretary of the Common
wealth and State Treasurer of that
day to purchase, if not too expensive
the lots in Maclaysburg between
Nprth and South streets and between
the Capitol and the Susquehanna
river. This was intended to bo the
second extension of Capitol Park,
but owing to tho fact that some of
the owners wanted too much for
briar covered plots and meadow
lands and that some who had some
kind of factories along the run that
meandered down the tract were dis
inclined to sell the project liad to be
Just what this would
have meant to the State Capitol set
ting and what is now an Important
residential bit of Harrlsburg, can
be imagined. The price fixed by the
viewers and then considered scan
dalous was $24,400.
(From the Journal of the Ameri
can Medical Association)
Bhe was a four-flusher, particu
larly as to her abilities in various
"Do you golf?" he asked.
"Oh, I love golf," she answered.
"I play at least thlrty-slx holes
twice a week."
"And how about tennis?"
"I won the woman's championship)
In our state.' l
"And do you swim?"
"The best I ever did was a half
mile straight away," she replied.
Somewhat fatigued he changed to
lterature'. "And how do you like
Kipling?" he asked.
"I kippled an hour only yester
day," was her unblushing renh^