Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, January 14, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Telegraph PalWlag. Federal gqaere
President and Editor^inrOMef
P. R. OkS'iEK. #" Jlasaoer
GUS. M. STEINMETZ, Managing Editor
A. R. MICUENER, Circulation Manager
Executive Board
Member of the Associated Press— The
Associated Press Is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication of
all news dispatches c r e ? ,t ®J l i° '**
not otherwise credited in this Psger
and also the local news published
Albrights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Member American
E a e r n
Entered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
rtflWTfntft By carrier, ten esnts a
> week; by mall. IS.OO
a year In advanca.
Still stands thine ancient sacrifice,
A humble and a contrite heart.
BOLSHEVIKISM IS "autocracy's
twin brother," said Charles Ed
ward Russell warning Ameri
cans against the peril In this country.
Precisely; Bolshevism IS autocracy.
Russia has escaped merely from one
kind of autocracy. It is firmly in
the grip of another. Germany ap
pears on the verge of the same fate.
pzardom and Jvaiserlsm are only
forms of autocracy—the autocracy of
the monarch on the throne. Bolshev
ism is" the other extreme. Substitute
l.cnine for the Czar, a Trotzky for
the Kaiser and the only difference is
that while the Nicholas and Wilholm
in their lieydey did stand for law
and order of a kind and the progress
of the individual was not utterly im
possible under their government, the
Lcnines and the Trotzkys know no
law but their own wishes, no rights,
no- rporals, -no God. There ..Is no
chance under them for either the
rich or the poor. Progress is Im
possible. Stagnation, then paralysis,
then starvation are the certain ef
fects of Bolshevik rule.
Mr. Russell says he has no thought
that the Bolshevik Idea will ever
seize upon America to the extent of
overthrowing the government. He is
right. Whatever professional reform
ers may say. whatever demigogs may
proclaim, the fact Is that we In
America do have a very responsive
form of government. Whatever a
majority of the voters determine they
want they can get—if they only want
it enough. They may not get it over
night, but as sure as night follows
day they will get what they demand
If they insist. We don't need revolu
tions in this country to get what
wo desire in the way of govvern
ment, for the wise politician sails
prety close to public opinion and
trims his sails accordingly, and
statesmen of quality have never been
lacking when we have had especial
liced for them. ....
No, Bolshevism will not thrive in
America, but It may spring up here
to give us as much trouble us a
growth of thistles in a farmer's, gar
den, and the way to kill it is to lib-'
eralize our institutions to the extent
of our ability, to do our best to make
the "square deal" the golden .text In
business, and between man and man.
The employer muse do his best for
tlie employe, and llie employe must
have due consideration for the, em
ployer. By such means will wo In
crease the general prosperity of the
country and the contentment of our
people—and Bolshevism has nothing
In common with prosperity and con
President Wilson has lilt upon the
correct solution of the Bolshevik
peril In Europe—food. Millions of
people aro on the point of starvation.
They are desperate. They are hun
gary, their families are hungry, and
they are Idle with no immediate
prospect of employment. And they
are ignorant, densely ignorant.
"Gome over to our side and wo will
give you all the wealth and land
and food there Is in the world for
your very own," says the Bolshevik,
even as Satan promised Christ on
the mount, and the poor, soul-sick,
suffering souls, listen and are lost.
Food they need and food they must
have. Bolsheviklsm and a full stom
i.qh are sworn enemies.
WHEN one reads the graphic
and authenticated accounts of
the German atrocities in Bel
gium, one cannot help wondering
whether Germany should bo shown
apy consideration whatever in the
poaco settlement. In dealing with
barbarians the ordinary considera
tions of civilization do not apply.
'••Jy-oeitJent Wilson would do well
to ttiafce a careful study of the de
vastated regions of Belgium and
France before giving further thought
to our attitude toward the Hun aa
a proper member of the future In
ternational family.
Some one has suggested that the
character of the situation Is Illus
trated by a little Incident In the life
of the late Cardinal Newmai\. On
his return to London after his ap
pointment, Cardinal Manning called
upon him and he refused to receive
him, sending him a note in whloh
he said: "As I find In my heart, a
rooted personal distrust of you, it Is
useless to keep up the forms of
friendship." That is the new order's
reply to the old to-day. So it is with
respect to final trpatment of Ger
many. There Is no real confidence
in the good faith of the Hun and any
settlement at the peace table must
be on the basis of force rather than
of altruistic regard for Germany's
Day by day the Penn-llarrla Hotel
Is demonstrating its usefulness In this
'community. It is naturally the point
of concentration of every Important
activity and already many Important
public and private enterprises have
been discussed within its walls.
THE Rotary Club has undertaken
big Job In deciding to raise
110,000 to finance the Children' 8
Industrial Home and the Nursery
Home for the coming year. But the
club has not had one failure in its
long history and doubtless It will
"put over" this campaign In the two
weeks It has set apart for tho work.
The charity Is worthy and the need
Is great.
Think a moment, you father, you
mother! How would it be if one of
your own little ones lay at death's
door? How readily you would spend
your last cent to bring back the glow
of health to Its cheeks! All the world
would center around the cot where
your boy or girl tossed In the dele
rlum of fever. All your hopes and
fears would hang on the beats of
that fluttering pulse.
Multiply that picture one hundred
times and you have conditions at the
Industrial Home. The management
did what you have done. They spent
all their money and went Into debt.
And they can't stop. They must go
on. The same is true of the Nursery
Home. Both must have money or
their doors must be closed and their
babies sent to the pborhouse or else
, WH.I the people see that happen
for a matter of 110,000? Not If we
.know Harrisurg. Go to it, Rotar
ians, the city Is back of you. '
Governor-elect Sproul is going to
come i.. office with a clear vision
of the opportunities which will be his
in the most remarkable period In the
history of the world—the reconstruc
tion era. His various public utter
ances Indicate an Intelligent under
standing of the problems which con
front all those in public life and be
cause his vision is unobstructed by
fanciful theories he Is likely to find
his way much easier than would oth
erwise be the case.
THE League to Enforce Peace,
which was the formula devised
by Ex-President William H.
Taft and others, seems to be taken
over bodily and revamped for his
purposes by President Wilson. It is
far from a new discovery and the
wonder is that the discussion of the
plan has so largely omitted Mr. Taft
from consideration.
Cardinal Gibbons, Alton B. Park
er, Henry Van Dyke, J. It. Mott,
Samuel Gompers, Harry A. Wheeler
and many other hardheaded and
practical men have given their en
dorsement to the proposed league,
and It Is now proposed to have an
Important conference at New York
in the near future which will bo one
of a series of such conferences to
consider the obligations of victory
and the best method of bringing
about a lasting and satisfactory
It Is tho deliberate Judgment of
many thoughtful men that the for
mation of a League of Nations to
Enforce Peace should be secondary
to the actual consummation of a
peace settlement at Paris; that the
primary purpose of the peace con
ference is to determine the things
which must be done to assure per
manency of peace among the family
of nations, and that the question Of
the future policies affecting the vari
ous nations ought to be left to a lat
er period when the problems that
are now confronting the world can
be solved with greater assurance of
beneficial results.
At Independence Hall In June,
1915, the League to Enforce Peace
was formed with the declared pur
pose of using both economic and
military forces to preserve peace In
the world. 81nce that date the war
has been fought to a victorious con
clusion, and those nations which
have been leagued together must
now agree upon some plan that will
give assurance of permanent good
will to the end that wars may cease
and the development of the Various
nations proceed along sane and civil,
ized lines. Germany spent fifty
years in preparing for a great war
of world supremacy, and the na
tions which prevented the achieve
ment of her purpose can well afford
to spend a few months designing a
plan which will prevent another
cataclysm of the same character.
Under the leadership Of ex-Presl
dent Taft State organizations are be
ing formed for the purpose of dis
cussing the proposition of a League
to Enforce Peace, and through this
discussion is likely to come a more
intelligent understanding of what Is
meant by a proposition to combine
nations against another such out
break as that for which Germany
was responsible. International good
will is certain to follow a better ap
preciation of the obligations of the
nations one to the other.
T uuc*CK
Bjr the Ex-Oommlttccman
The manner in which Governor
elect William C. Sproul Is keeping
his own counsel regarding his in
augural address which will be de
livered here Just one week from
to-day has heightened Interest In
his plans and there is considerable
activity at Philadelphia and Wash
ington to find out what he is going
to recommend. One of the big fea
tures, it Is said by close friends of
the senator, will be the placing of
the business of the state government
upon a modern basin. It is under
stood that a number of the recom
mendations made after the study of
the methods by the Economy and
Efficiency Commission which were
"passed up" last session and the
session before, will be urged.
One of the significant things about
the new governor is the attention
given to him at Washington. Phila
delphia and Pittsburgh are natur
ally Interested in what he will rec
ommend and his policy, but at the
national capitol the new governor
is the big topic among men who fol
low political matters. The melan
choly showing made by the reorgan
ized Pemocracy and the rout of the
Palmer-McCormick group of bosse:
the last year together with their
repudiation of their party's nominee
is taken at Washington to mean the
end of the national chairman and
his coterlo politically and Sproul
with his quarter million majority is
regarded as the most interesting fig
ure in Pennsylvania. The peculiar
position held by the senator who
possesses the confidence of men of
every group among the Republicans
and the impressive size of his vote
are causing every move he maket
to be watched closely.
Pennsylvania Republicans will
have a more commanding position
in national nlTulrs the next few
years than In other years.
—While Governor-elect William
C. Sproul plans to spend a great deal
of his time here during the wftiter
In furtherance of his idea to change
business methods in the state gov
ernment it is probable that he will
not reside much in the Executive
Mansion. During the Inaugural
ceremonies he will be the guest of
Lewis S. Sadler, the new highway
commissioner, at his residence near
Carlisle and probably spend time
with other friends in the vicinity
Of Harrlsburg.
—Notwithstanding the fact that
the executive mansion was consid
erably changed as far as the inter
ior goes and refurnished at an ex
pense of over $17,000 three years
ago It Is Bald not to appeal -to the
new governor. The mansion has
never been regarded as a
place and enough has been spent
on alterations In the last twenty
five years to erect a modern home.
—Capitol Hill is looking for leg
islation which will abolish the State
Water Supply Commission, placing
much of its work under the Public
Service Commission, which must
pass upon all now corporations to
supply water, mergers and contracts
under the present law. The elabo
rate engineering studies and inves
tigations which have been in prog
ress for some time and which are
proposed will either be put under
tho commission or else in the pro
posed Department of Conservation
which is being much discussed as a
possibility. The Public Service Com
mission has been giving study to the
relation of the streams of the state
to water power of the future, a sub
ject upon which the Water Supply
Commission has assembled impor
tant data.
—Another chapter in the Phila
dephia Fifth ward political scandal
was written yesterday when Judge
Hause, in the West Chester court,
imposed sentence on the seven men
convicted of conspiracy. Terms of
from six months to two years were
Imposed, with lines .ranging from
S2OO to SI,OOO, Those sentences
were: Isaac Deutsch, South street
butcher and Vare leader of the ward,
two years in jail and SI,OOO fine;
Lieutenant David Bennett,, of the
Third and DaLancey Streets police
station, eighteen months and SBOO
fine; John Wlrtschafter, Michael
Murphy, Emanuel Uram and Louis
Feldman, patrolmen, .one year and
S4OO fine each; Clarence Hayden,
negro policeman, six months and
S2OO fine. As soon as sentence had
been imposed, William A. Gray,
counsel for the defendants, filed no
tice of appeal to tho Superior court.
Politicians in Philadelphia inclined
yesterday to the view that Governor
Brumbaugh would make- no appoint
ment of a municipal court judge in
Philadelphia, but would hand over
the tangle he has got into on the
matter to his successor. Governor
elect Sprout. It became rumored
about that Governor Brumbaugh had
decided to take this course and many
of the men close to the situation
were Inclined to believe it. It is
thought the contention has been nar
rowed down to Thomas F. McNichol
and John E. Walsh. Deputy Attor
ney General Joseph L. Run is re
garded only as a possibility in case
Governor Brumbaugh declines to
choose between the two other candi
dates and still wants to make the
Street Railway Problems
Since Boston on December 1 in
creased the fares on its elevated sys
tem from 5 to 8 cents, tho serUqe
has grown worse instead of better
There is more confusion; trains run
less frequently; cars are more over
crowded; the management is poorer
and the stations and cars are dirt
ier than ever. This ,s the verdict
of the travelling public.
It is predicted that tho fare short
ly will be Increased to 10 cents. A
"Zone" plat), now being considered,
provides for a 10-cent fare except
for short hauls.
It appears that the principal fac
tors in the present situation are poor
management under the original own
ership. failure of the state trustees
to cope with the rapidly changing
conditions, excessive costs of main
tenance due to the war, tho substan
tial increase in the wages of the
mha, and lack of "man power."
iS?T M "lT* A^ OV "
mro'eFfCcrl i'SSS SSfw I bE-.SV
Kansas Typically American
[From The Galley of Democracy, by
Meredith Nicholson, Charles
Scrlbner's Sons.]
There is hardly another American
state in which the social organiza
tion may be observed as readily as In
Kansas. For the reason that its
history and the later "social scene"
constitute so compact a picture I
find myself returning to it frequent
ly for illustrations and comparisons.
Horn amid tribulation, having in
deed been subjected to the ordeal of
fire, Kansas marks Puritanism's
farthest west; her people are still
proud to call their state "The Child
of Plymouth Rock." The New Bng
landers who settled the northeastern
part of the territory were augment
ed after the Civil War by men of
New England stock who had estab
lished themselves in Ohio, Illinois
and lowa when the .war began, and
having acquired soldiers' homestead
rights made use of them to pre
empt land in the younger common
wealth. The influx of veterans af
ter Appomattox sealed the right of
Kansas to be called a typical Amer
ican state. "Kansas sent practically
every able bodied man of military
age to the Civil War," says William
Allen White, "and when they came
back hundreds of thousands of other
soldiers came back with them and
took homesteads."
For thirty years after, Kansas at
tained statehood her New England
ers were a dominant factpr in her
development, and their influence is
still clearly perceptible. The state
may be considered almost as one
vast plantation, peopled, by Industri
ous, aspiring men and women.' Class
distinctions are little known; snob
bery, where it exists, hides Itself to
avoid ridicule; the state abounds In
the "comfortable well off" and the
"well to do"; every other family
boasts a motpr car.
The number of different varieties
of bamboo found in China is over
thirty. Mr. Frank N. Meyer, agri
cultural explorer for the United
States in China, made an extended
study of the bamboo for the purpose
of demonstrating its utility for in
troduction Into the United States.
The results of his studies can be ob
tained from the Department of Ag
A commercial man In France de
sires the representation of manu
facturers and exporters of dry goods
and haberdashery.
Before the war the peanut indus
try of China had reached its highest
point in its relation to foreign ex
port trade. The annual exports
then were about 70,000 tons of'shell
ed peanuts and about 50,000 tons of
oil. More than 40 per cent, of these
amounts went from the port of
Tsingtnu as Shantung bus developed,
into the largest peanut producing |
province of China.
Licorice root occupies ajjrominent
place in the materia medica of Chi- I
na, which according to foreign phy
siclans, is very rich. It has within '
recent years assumed a position of,
Importance in China's export trade,
as Indicated by the customs returns 1
for 1917, showing an exportation of ,
15,000 tons, mostly from Tientsin.
Lungkow, in Shantung, exported 1,-
000 tons.
The Idealistic Boundaries
Said Latitude to Dongitude:
"I tire of fixed relation.
Henceforth I mean to run myself
By self-determination."
Said Longitude to Latitude:
"I share your contemplation:
In future I shall take for guide
The ethnic aspiration."
Forthwith they changed themselves
In high anticipation,
And marvelled much to find the
Was lost in every station.
—McLandburgh Wilson.
Before the war England Imported
over 80 per cent, of the glass used
in that country, but since the Im
portations were stopped they have
been able to produce enough for
their own needs.
The United States industries use
practically 6,000.000 pounds of
bronze powder annually, and 35 per
cent, of the total consumption was
formerly Imported from Germany,
but is now made in America.
Probably the best-known war
emergency service 1B the United
States Employment Service, which
has 900 offices and over 4,400 em:
ployes. Two million and a half
worker* directed "to wftr In
dustrie* lnlO month*
Who Was "Mother Goose?"
ALL children love "Mother,
Goose." The fame of this |
woman has gone Into every
home where the English language
is spoken and read. Even before
an American child is able to read
the pleasing little Mother Goose
rhymes, he or she is familiar with
the pictures that illustrate them. Nor
is "Mother Goose" confined alone
to the English-speaking children, but
she has her prototype in almost
every nationality.
Most persons usually imagine that
Mother Goose is an imaginary per
son whose name has been attached
to the rhymes for children, but this
is not true. The maiden name of
the woman who started the "Mother
Goose cult" was Elizabeth Foster, a
New Englander, who was born in
1665. She married Isaace Goose In
1693, and a few years after became
a member of the Old South Church
In Boston, and died in that city in
1751, at the extreme age of nlnety
two years.
In the City Registrar's office in
Boston, may be found this entry of
the marriage of the originator of
the American "Mother Goose": —
Thomas Fleet
Elizabeth Goose.
Rev. Dr. Cotton Mather Presbyn.
July 8, 1716.
The original name of the Goose
family into .which Elizabeth married
tiie first time was Vertigoose, which
was later shortened into Goose.
Thomas Fleet, who became a second
husband was a printer, an English
man, who had emigrated to Boston
in 1713, nnd started a printing house
in Pudding Lane. All this is fact,
not legend.
In 1719, it is said, there appeared
from his printing press a book with
the following title: "Songs for the
Nursery, or Mother Goose's Melo-
(From the New York Times.)
Victor Berger and the other So
cialists who have been found guilty
of violating the espionage act were
"surprised" when the verdict was
announced. They had looked for a
hung Jury and hoped for acquittal.
Apparently Berger nnd his asso
ciates have entirely missed the re
markable change that has been ef
fected in American public opinion
since August 1, 1914. They haye i
failed to catch the meaning of the
reawakened sentiment of national
ity that Is evident to others. They
have stood still while the country
has been going forward. Wrapped
i in their theories, devoted excluslvo
\ly to their personal conceptions of
I political philosophy, they have fall
en far behind the country. Popular
opinion lias loft them in the rear,
i While they have been looking at
themselves as leaders, they have
' been blind to the development of a
i spirit antagonistic to their purposes
and opposed to their practices,
i which was scarcely discernible four
years ago.
Probably Berger belie\ed his suc
cess in the Congress campaign of
last fall was an unlimited indorse
ment of his course and a blank par
don for his transgressions. That it
was not undoubtedly came as a
blow in the face to him. His tears
were the tribute his astonishment
paid to a force he had not recog
The verdict in this caso accurate
ly expresses public sentiment. The
Socialism of Berger is not more tol
erable than the I. W. W. of Big Bill
Haywood In the atmosphere of loyal
Americanism that exists today.
Last of a Glorious Fleet
(From the *Bath Independent.)
The destruction by fire of the
Phippsburg ship Aryan takes the
last wooden ship built in America.
It has becomo customary to call
most anything that sails the seas a
ship. This is true of landsmen and
some of the sailors of modern times.
To an old .sea dog, however, a ship
means a craft ship rigged and noth
ing else. The Aryan was of this
class and had the distinction of be
ing thi last wooden ship built In
America, also of being built on the
bank of the Kennebec within a few
miles of the spot where was launch
ed the first vessel fashioned' by civ
ilized hands In the New World. Ths
Aryan was built by the late Charles
V. Mlnott. of Phippsburg, who in his
day was one of the best known ship
builders In the country. She was
launched in 1898 and her loss will
be mourned by many knew her
as being the last built of her type.—
.From the Bath Independent,
dies for Children." The specified
price was two coppers. A rude draw
ing of a goose with a very long neck
and wide-open mouth adorned the
title page. No copy of this original
publication is now known to exist.
It is said that about the year 1856,
a gentleman of Boston, a member of
the Massachusetts Historical So
ciety, while examining a file of old
newspapers in the library of the
American Antiquarian Society, at
Worchester, came across a dilapi
dated copy of the original edition of
"Mother Goose's Melod'es." Not
more than twelve or fifteen pages
were left.
As to how the writing of these
"Melodies" came about is related as
follows: On the birth of Fleet's son
and heir, old Mrs. Goose, in ecstacy
over the event, spent all her spare
time in the nursery or in wandering
about the house, singing the songs
and ditties which she had learned
In her younger days. Thomas Fleet,
being something of a humorist as
well as a shrewd businessman, con
ceived the Idea of punishing her—
for she had become the annoyance
not only of his household, but of all
the neighborhood by collecting
these songs, with such as he could
gather from other sources, into a
book which bore her name on the
But the name Mother Goose Is
known to have been in use In the
sense of folk tales at least one hun
dred years previous to this, when
Charles Perrault made his collec
tion of fairy tales, "Contes de ma
mere l'Oye." The oldest mytholo
gists traces Mother Goose to la
Reine Pedauque, the last word
translated being "goose-foot." At any
rate, Mother Goose is simply a popu
lar reminiscence of the old Norse
goddess, Frelda or Frigga.
And the Yanks Didn't Boast
(Dr. John Irvine in the Outlook.)
The American soldiers came and
we liked them. They were fine,
healthy looking, resolute men, with
the self-confidence of men who
know what they can do and are de
termined to do it. I do not mean
to suggest that there were not any
American soldiers who bragged
there probably were, although I
never met any—but I do mean to
suggest that the very great majority
of them were men of quiet demean
or who made few assertions, but
who asked a great many questions.
I am not sure that their inquisl
tlveness did not astonish us more
than their modesty. They were al
ways making inquiries—they even
carried note books in which they
jotted down our answers to their
questions—and they manifested a
desire to know all that there was to
know There was no attempt to
teach us how to do the job; there
was ,on the contrary, a great anx
iety to be taught
Rumors began to run about the
trenches of the way In which the.
Americans were testing this and
testing that, comparing our gas re
spirator with the French one, ac
cepting this idea from us and ihat
from the French, and perhaps an
other idea from the captured Boche.
And training! In no place in the
world are so many rumors born nnd
spread as in the trenches; and after
a while the stories of the way in
which the Americans trained be
came legendary In character. And
a most extraordinary chnnge In our
attitude towards them took plnco.
Imagining that they would bo full
of bousts, we had prepared to depre
cate them; finding that they were
modest and determined, wo actually
took to boasting in their behalf;
and our favorite expression was
"The Yanks'U put the wind up to
Jerry when they get at him!" With
swift unanimity we decided that the
Americans were taking the war seri
Not Beaten, but Finished
Hartford Cyrrant: The Germans
are submitting with more or less
grace to the Allied invasion of their
country, but they regard their army
aB still unbeaten and capable of a
more successful fight in the next
war. Battleß and campaigns are
not subject to decision by an umpire
under a fixed set of rules. Each side
may deny defeat, though it may de
cide to run away in order to fight
another day. It is true that the
German army was not surrounded
and compelled to surrender, nor was
it destroyed, but for four months it
was in retreat before the allies, suf
fering terribly In killed and wound
ed as It hurried back to Germany
and shouting for peace and for mer-
JANUARY 14, 1919.
(Waiting for Flpal Casualty Re
And If he comes not back!
O, pleading heart,
Reach up to touch the pitying
heart of God!
If we must always listen for his feet
And hear their eager, eager hurry
ing home.
Yet always find It Is the falling
If we must always hear, with fam
ished hearts.
His voice in happy greetings to his
Whom Life brought while he faced
Death overseas,
Yet always know it Is the mur
muring pines!
If we must watch with straining
eyes to see
Ills face light up with wonder at his
Yet always know 'tis but the sun
light there!
If we must always feel on aching Hps
Sweet lips that linger, welcoming his
first born.
Yet, yearning, know 'tis but the
passing wind!
If he must always sleep on that far
While hearts grown desolate un
sleeping lie.
And stars through all the night of
blackened years!—
If he comes not —
O, little children's God,
And Father of the Desolate,
Bind up
With bands of steel my woman s
Make strong
The grieving soul!
Make strong the hand!
No easing of the agony I plead.
My spirit still can stretch Its bleed
ing hands
Upon the cross of desert years—and
To see them crucified.
This, God. If I ......
May only live as strongly as he died!
If I may only fling my life,
As he flung death.
In one unbreaking line across the
May only guide my dead man's son
to march
With fearless feet beneath the lus
trous stars
That light the groping world to
May only guide his hand to hold
Unwavering, unsullied, that far
That gleams upon the flag for which
he died.
Not' easing pain, but strength, God,
strength, I plead,
With which to fill his son,
That hands of steel
May strongly hold the things he died
to save!
—Eleanor Cochran Reed.
[From the New York Tribune.]
While the aircraft manufacturers
were at dinner Tuesday evening, to
receive, among other things, the
congratulations of Secretary Baker
for their achievements In the war,
the wires were humming with news
that what Is believed to be a new
world record for airplane speed has
been made In a trip from Dayton to
Cleveland. In a new Glenn Martin
bombing 'plane, driven by two Lib
erty motors. Eric Springer, pilot, and
his mechanician covered a distance
of 215 miles In one hour and fifteen
minutes. That was an average of
172 miles an Tiour. The total weight
of gasolenfe, tools and baggage car
ried was 2,500 pounds. It was not
Intended As a speed test.
During the war there have been
many sensational announcements of
great speed attained. As a rule,
they were under conditions that for
bade accuiUcy of reporting and
comparison. It goes without saying
that air conditions, and especially a
prevailing gale, can make an enor
mous difference. There is little
doubt that flights have been made
at a greater speed than 172 miles
per hour, but they were pretty clear
ly combinations of wind power plus
machine power. We shall soon now
again have airplane contests under
controlled conditions, and we shall
then be able to judge how great
an advance in speed was made dur
ing the war. The prewar Interna
tional record was that made In 1913
by Provost at Rhetms In a Deper
dussln 'plane. That was about 200
kilometers, or almost exactly. 125
miles, per hour,
lEimttttg <2ltjat
When the two largo paintings e
ecuted by Miss Violet Oakley, tl
Philadelphia artist, and exhibited
that city last week are placed In tl
Senate chamber at the State Capit
this week, as Is the present pla
the mural decorations of the to
apartment will be finished exce
for some minor details. The Idea
to have the panels In place befo
the reconvening of the senators
January 20, the day before the 1
auguration. Miss Oakley will th<
proceed with the painting of t]
series for the Supreme Court Char
bcr, on whose preliminary Btudl
she has started. This will be llhi
trative of the development of It
from tradition and precedent to t
code. In all probability comm;
slons will be given Pennsylvania a
tists for the decoration of the nor
corridor of the State Capitol,
work which was to have been han
led by the late John W. Alexandt
The idea is to have it illustrate t
industnul advancement of Pennsy
vania. The south corridor illustr
tes the religious elements whlc
entered into the making of the Ke
stone State. There are also spac
in the hall of the House of Repr
sentatives which will bo tilled in tl
next few years, and in which it h
been suggested that works dlustr
tlve of the state In the Civil, Spa
Ish and German' wars be place
The panel In piacc represents Ste
ben drilling Pennsylvania mlllti
men at Valley Forge.
"While some peoplo may ba ae
ing their War Savings stamps at
discount when they get 'hard up'
looks to me as though folks in Ha
risburg are holding on," said
banker yesterday. "I have kno\
of only a few inquiries from poop
who wanted to know if Wdr Stam
were good collateral. The W
Stamps were pretty well brought
the attention of the people of tl
community and a good many fol
got into the liabit of buying reg
larly. They seem to be keeping
up. The foreign element, I ha
found, has realized the advantag
of the War Stamp about as quick
as they do anything else that the
is money in and they are amo
regular buyers."
• • •
Cold weather does not appear
diminish the number of peoplo \v
want to go to the top of the Capii
dome. Scarcely a day goes by wit
out some folks, men and worn*
. w , they can set to the lo
iest place in town. The Capi
measures over all. that is to the
<]sure on top of the lantei
tuff .t Not , many People km
that the summit of Oak Nob at t
city s reservoir Is 327 feet, not or
a higher point, but offering a mu
better point for viewing the count
round about than the dome of t
State House.
• * •
Prospects that the Legislature -n
authorize expansion of the Penns
vania Reserve Militia to serve as
basis for the formation of a' n
National Guard of Pennsylvan
has brought numerous offers to <
ganizo units, including some frc
men who have been In the Unit
States army in France. A numt
have also come from men who ha
been in home camps in charge
training of men. It is not antlcip:
ed that there will be much del
about the formation of the Infant
organizations or of additional c
airy but no plans will be made i
gardlng artillery until the natloi
government formulates Its pla
This Is such a highly speclalia
branch that it will depend up
what the War Department dectd
However, additional machine g
and sanitary detachments will
formed and likely a, signal corps w
bo created, while authority to foi
engineer regiments is to be ask
Eventually, the Pennsylvania Gua
will comprise at least a divish
units to be located In places wh<
they were established before t
war and historic names and dos
nations to be revived. It is <
plan to have the new guard Rttri
tive to men now In the Unit
States army, who will be muster
out In the next two years. One
the first moves will be to rearm t
militia which is now using old tii
Remington rifles. Negotiations ■
a service rifle of the type used
the army are under way.
• • *
The cold snap of the last few da
has had the effect of bringing n
merous crows into the outskirts
the city from the country. Owing
the lateness of the winter and t
mild weather the blackcoats did r
have much trouble getting alor
but the advent of real winter li
made the garbage piles and stat
yards attractive to them. A couj
of flocks of big fellows have be
holding forth near Wildwood Pa
and visiting up along the river rot
The Rotarians of Harrisburg a
making big preparations for t
eastern district conference whl
will be held In Harrlsburg in Api
The Penn-Harris for two whole dt
will be given over very largely
the gathering. The reprcsentath
of more than twenty clubs in Per
sylvania, Delaware, New Jers
Maryland and the District of C
lumbia will attend and they v,
bring their wives. The men vs
give most of their time to buslm
—outlining various civic enterprii
and lines of welfare work in whi
to engage for the next year and
preparations for the internatioi
convention in Salt Lake City m
June, to which District Goverr
Howard C. Fry is preparing to rui
special truin. One of the most
teresting developments of Rotary
that It has been taken up by Jap.
Italy, France and Spain, to i
nothing of South America and t
islands of the Pacific. As the hef
quarters of the organization Is C
cago and the body is very distinc
American in its democratic ldei
it is expected to play a large part
developing American aentlnv
abroad and in bringing the busin
and professional men to this coun
to attend Rotary gatherings and
acquainted with our ways and p
The district conference here s
be entertained by the Harrlsbi
clubs and there will be an auton
bile ride about the city for the vli
lng women, several luncheons t
other forms of entertainment I
a big closing dinner in the ev
* • •
"I look for a bury year in
building trades," said a well-kno
contractor yesterday. For the n
sixty days or more people who
sire to build will hold off for hig
prices. ' When these do not co
in any large measure, they will
contracts and go ahead. Then t
come one of the busiest summers
building trades have known.
Blessing Upon Posterity
For I will pour water upon 1
that is thirsty, floods upon
dry ground; I will pour my sp
upon, the seed, and my blessing u]
,thi*' offspring.—lsaiah gUv,