Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, January 01, 1919, Page 6, Image 6

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Curriculum Should Be Bet
tered by Additions and
"The high school curriculum
needs revision In its required courses
both by omission and addition," Dr.
Thomas C. Blaisdell, dean of the
Liberal Arts School, of Pennsylva
nia State College, declared at a meet
ing of the high school department
of the sixty-ninth annual session of
the Pennsylvania State Educational
Association this morning, in present
ing his report of tho committee on
"High School Program of Study."
Courses in personal hygiene and
sanitation, woefully neglected in the
present curriculum, are among the
additions most urgently needed to
the courses, Dean Bldlsdell told. Of
the approximately 100,000 high
school pupils in the state, but a
small 4,000 are pursuing courses in
biology and 6,500 in zoology in which
a little Instruction along these lines
is possible although not probable, ho
told, in quoting figures to illustrate
the ignorance of tho students con
cerning these matters.
The making of an efficient and
happy home, one of the most im
portant functions of human life,
would receive treatment in a curri
culum as outlined by Dean Blais
dell. This would come in the third
or fourth year of his course. "It
will shock some of you to think of
requiring high schols boys and girlß
to pursue such a. course," but added
that education has been defined as
guiding tho pupil from what he is
to what he should be.
"To-day men and women alike
come to marriage without knowledge
of its biology, its responsibilities, or
its duties. They are utterly untrain
ed To present such a course with
our untrained teachers would be
difficult. It would necessarily be
largely a reading course with class
discussions. Occasionar lectur.es and
studies by boys apart from gins
would be necessary."
Haphazard Work
Some time should be given by the
boys, Dean Blaisdell believes, to a
study of physical, mental and moral
characteristics needed in a 'ark"
number of the common professions
and vocations. "Scarcely a fresh
man enters college,' he affiims,
■ who ha. any guidance whatever
toward his life work He stumbles
Into a course and attempts to pre
pare for life with the cbance that
he is missing It far greater than ho
"Besides teaching the PP a t °
choose a life work wisely, the high
school should require him every day,
to perform some helpful service, i
he ufflrms. "Credit should be given,
he declares, for the performance of
out-of-school duties. _
The startling fact that only 18,
7 s' high school students are
ing civics is told by Dean Hlalßdell.
Tho plea has been made, "'
that it is unnecessary to teach the
subject there because it has[ been
taught in th® grammar schools, but
Comprehension of toe stu
hfgh d Ool h °Only e s60 aU high school
students are studying
which science rests a K A
•>f our educational P ro , ble ™®:,,
ei least a years study or
°l JKV XrS" Sr. I Key
pursue the subject, he affirms
P urBue xribute to Teachers
T > SPC n a t kl Crisis '"Dr r S Parks Cad
the chlldre future generations,
• < w k " 0 , p , , h u
BmU .""Si"" r."5 MS
>ng xt the conclusion of the evening
program promptly at '' S ° ° t £ lo t C *e
A xtv-a Martin G. Brumbaugh en
quired of every high school " tud ®" t :
every student is a thousand times
better than a football team that can
A verv other team in the state,
was the startling assumption of Dean
"summarizing, he said that addi
tional courses should be
in general science as applied to the
Lome in applied ethics. In sociology
and in vocational guidance, bringing
The total number of additional
courses needed to eight. In addition
to physical training and home work.
"If given a year each, these would
occupy one-half of the school pro
gram, and they deserve It.
"It would be better," he continued,
"to substitute these requirements for
all the at present required sciencjL
for required history other than Amer
ican and modern European history,
and for at least one year of ref l" lred
foreign languages and mathematics.
Aid For Soldier®
Speaking before the department of
city and borough superintendents,
Major W. H. Henderson, of the United
States Army, outlined some of the ar
rangements that are being made for
the re-education of disabled soldiers.
He told how they will be permitted to
select some desirable vocation and be
given training so that he may be
come self-supporting, rather than a
burden on the neighborhood. An
nouncements were made at this
meeting that Major Henderson will
speak before the general sessions this
evening, these being added as an ex
tra number to the program for this
That living expenses have In
creased ninety-nine per cent, from
1006 to 1917, Inclusive, whereas the
salaries of male teachers have ad
vanced only 35.6 per cent, and those
of women teachers only 29.4 per
cent., were some astounding figures
presented bjL Superintendent H. W
Dodd, of Allentown, speaking at the
same meeting on "Remuneration of
the Teacher." The average teach
er's salary during 1916-16 was only
167.17, which figure was exceeded by
MmmwfflfF' i
:#jiwpiy' - „ J
the average salary of practically ev
ery branch of unskilled labor. Hod
carriers draw on an average only
$7.17 per month less than the teach
ers. Superintendent Dodd said.
After conducting devotional exer
ciaes, Superintendent David A.. Har
raan, of Hazleton, commented on the
method of conducting devotional ex-_
erclses in some schools. Teachers in
many of the schools, he said, select
their Scripture selections without
much consideration. Often they are
quite incomprehensible to the pupil
and often decidedly inappropriate, he
said. That the section of the law
providing f.>. no comment in the
reading should be interpreted lit
erally, Superintendent Harman re
gards as differing from the inten
tion of the legislators. There is no
objection to helpful interpretation,
lie believes, but the objection is made
cording to sectarian doctrines.
As a token of appreciation of what
Dr. F. E. Downes, superintendent of
city schools, has done in behalf of
the association, the organization yes
terday afternoon adopted these reso
lutions ,a copy of which has been
forwarded to Dr. Downes:
"Whereas, Superintendent F. E.
Downes, of this city, who has la
bored assiduously to make this and
lYiany other previous conventions of
this association successful, is con
fined to his bed with an illness that
for many days seemed mortal;
"Resolved, That this association
extend its greeting and express its
hope for an early recovery; further,
"That this greeting be conveyed to
his residence with a floral token of
appreciation to brighten his sick
The tremendous strides taken dur
ing the past four years in promot
ing educutional reform were out
lined by Governor Martin G. Brum
baugh, in the opening address at the
first general session of the Pennsyl
vania State Educational Association
in the Technical High School Audi
torium yesterday afternoon.
"No welcome to the teachers is
necessary," Governor Brumbaugh
declared, affirming that they have
made the state what it is, that it is a
concrete expression of these teach
ers and that they are here by right
of eminent domain.
One of the greatest advancements
made in educational reform during
the past four years is the childWa
bor law, the Governor declared. The
establishment of continuation and
vocational schools have been re
forms such as have not been made
in the Pennsylvania system for many
years, he decfared.
The system of continuation schools,
one of the first of its kind in the
United States, is meeting with stead
ily increasing favor everywhere, and
manufacturers are characterizing It
as one of the most human educa
tional laws in existence, the Gover
nor said.
State Is Active
The raising of the minimum teach
er wages law, the law raising of j
superintendents and the law permit
ting the appointment of assistant!
superintendents, the wider appli- j
cation of mothers' pension laws, the |
enactment of the teachers' retire- j
ment act, all were mentioned as re- |
cent important contributions to the
Pennsylvania school system.
During the past four years, eight
normal schools have been purchas
ed, raising the total of such state
owned institutions to ten, with pros
pects of the ownership of the re
maining three soon passing into the
hands of the state. The establish
ment of a bureau of vocational edu
cation in the Department of Educa
tion wus mentioned as another im
portant contribution to Pennsylvania
education in recent years.
Pennsylvania was for the
part she has played during'the war
by the Governor in the closing part
of his speech. How Pennsylvania
game more than one-tenth of the
number of men to the whole armed
force and bore a greater share of
the casualties than any other state
was told in glowing words by the
Governor and his remarks were
greeted with round after round of
applause for those men who have
given the best in them to make the
world safe for democracy.
Robert A. Enders, president of
the Harrisburg school board, in the
illness of influenza of Dr. F. E.
Downes, city superintendent of
schools, also spoke a few words of
Praise For Dr. Downes
J. H. Sweeney, superintendent of
Elk county schools, made a short
response to the addresso of wel
come. He also expressed a few
words of what Dr. Downes has done
for the Pennsylvania State Educa
tional Association. President Wil
son, once the scholomaster of Prince
ton, Mr. Sweeney now characteriz
es as the schoolmaster of the world.
He also paid especial tributes to
General John J. Pershing and Gen
eral Foch as schoolmen who have
made enormous contributions in the
successful prosecution of the world
Dr. Edgar Fahs Smith, provost
of the University of Pennsylvania,
delivered the first regularly sched
uled address of the session on "The
Contribution of Chemistry to Hu
man Nature."
Well equipped with his breakers,
test tubes and crucibles, he demon
strated some of the powers of chem
istry. The powers of liquid air with
Its minus 194 degrees, Centrigrude,
received especial attention from Dr.
Smith who Illustrated its f re-zing
powers on quicksilver, eggs, rubber
balls and alcohol.
Chemistry, Dr. Smith declared, is
an agency that effects human na
ture probably more than any other.
The enormous contribution of chem
ical elements, especially nitrogen, to
the fertilization of the soil for farm
ers, and of the same nitrogen in
.manufacture of explosives, were
TIGHTWAD m! " : t*.
J . ~ ">£■—<fPpo.i.v.S
American Girl Plans
Flight Across Ocean
. . .
MMB H: * J
Miss Katherine Stinson, American
aviatrix. has announced that she
will attempt to fly from Europe to
America, according to a report from
Londoni Miss Stinson recently made
a flight over the city of London, be
ing the first pilot of her sex to ac
complish the feat. Miss Stinson, ac
cording to the report, will enter the
employ of the Red and will
make a flight into Germany in search
of unreported prison camps, where
it is believed there are many miss
ing American soldiers.
mentioned as other contributions.
It Is possible by ttye aid of the
chemirtU knowledge now possessed
to manufacture rare stones, for
merly of great value. Artificial dia
monds of high excellence. Dr. Smith
told, have been manufactured by
introducing graphite into molten
iron and then rapidly cooling it
under high pressure.
Changes World-Wide
Speaking on "Education and the
New World Order," Dr. William
Chandler Bagley, professor of edu
cation, at Columbia University, says
that an educational renaissance is
now appearing in America. Eng
land and Fra'nce have recently pass
ed laws radically changing their
educational laws, and the effects of
these are now being felt in this
country. While oux- great public,
school system has been operating'
more or less under a national pro
gram during the continuance of
the war, we must remember that it
is not a national system, Dr. Bag
ley warns, sounding the alarm that
we must have a national program
of education or without it we will
not be consistent with what we have
done during the war.
At the evening session. Dr. S. E.
Weber, of Scranton, president of the
state association spoke on "Some
Aspects of Americanism. "Not, by
any means," he declared, "the least
important result of the great war
is the clarity it has brought to our
definition of -Americanism. Before
America was put to the test in the
crucible of war, our notion of Amer
icanism was very similar to our no
tion of a large valise tilled with a
multiplicity of articles, unrelated,
unclassified, undetermined." All this
■has been changed, he declared.
Lack of the knowledge of the
English language was a serious han
dicap in securing the highest grade
of industrial efficiency during the
war, President Weber told. Should
not, he questioned, tho English lan
guage be the language of instruction
in all schools and be the chosen
medium of expression of the entire
But that is only an essential ve
neer. Mr. Weber asserted. Thingß
more fundamental must be uncover
ed. In addition to the education of
the youths in the school, the adillts
must be eoucationed In the Eng
lish language and all of the foreign
born must be taught of their duties
and responsibilities.
Hargest Begins Duties
as Warden of Jail
John J> Hargest. Sr., began his
HCfties to-day as warden of the
county prison. Mr. and Mrs. Irvin
E. Deppen, chief clerk and matron,
also came to the institution -this
morning to take charge. Mr. Hargest
was a member of the board of prison
inspectors until he was appointed
warden on Monday to succeed Wil
liam A. Mcllhenny.
George B. Welbley, Pittsburgh rep
resentative of the Supplee-Blddle
Hardware Company, died at the resi
dence of his father, A. L. Weibley,
1911 North Second street, after a
brief illness, i He is survived by his
father and three brothers, John W.,
of Pittsburgh; Charles E. and Harry
8. Welbley, of Harrlsburg. Funeral
services will be held Saturday. Burial
will be in the Paxtang Cemetery. The
Rev. A. M. Stamets, pastor of the
Augsburg Lutheran Church, will of
TKssamwn .Uuiu.
Steeltori News
Memorial Mass For
' Sergt. Clement Boland
A memorial mass for Sergeant
Clement Boland will be held In St.
James/ Church by the Rev. C. J.
Thompson Friday at 7.30 o'cock. Ser
geant Boland Is a brother of Mrs.
Mary Dunn, of North Second street,
with whom he was resident before
enlistment, lie was a member of
Company 11. Three Hundred Sixth
Infantry, composed largely of men
from Brooklyn. His regiment was
part of the Seventy-ninth division,
which took part in the lighting about
the Argonne region, in which actlbn
the regiment suffered many losses.
Sergeant Boland was among those
killed in this lighting, September 28.
He was 25 years of age, and sperit
the greater part of his life in Steei
ton. \
longnaker Takes Charge
of Borough Police Force
The new chief of police took charge
of the police force this morning, the
resignation of Victor Grove taking
effect to-day. Longnaker was named
as his successor by the police com
mittee of Council, 41ml the appoint
ment will be brought before Council
on Monday evening for confirmation.
Store Co. Ends Contract
With Steel Company
The Contract between the Steelton
Store Company and the local steel
Plant, which has been in force for
many years, ended this morning. The
store will no longer be known as the
"company store." Managers of the
store anticipate little change in the
patronage, and say that they will con
tinue to handle only the higher grade
merchandise. .
Newlin Booth, superintendent of the
steel foundry of the local steel plant,
was yesterday called to the bedside
of his father, in Chester. His father
died yesterday morning. *
Allen Walters and Miss Verna Ruby
were married Monday noon at the par
sonage of the First Reformed Church
by the Rev. Herbert A. Sawyer. Mr.
Walters is the son of Lewis Walters,
of Pine street, and is employed by the
Pennsylvania Railroad. The bride is
the daughter of Mryand Mrs. Harry T.
Ruby, of 1208 Market street, Harrls
A big blaze across the river, plainly
visible here, yesterday gave rise to
the rumor that the Government
buildings at Marsh Run were ablaze.
Inquiry showed that a large bonfire
had been made In the camp to de
stroy rubbish.
Mrs. Edith Elizabeth Baker, wife
of Milton Baker, of 4 8 South Second
street, died at her home late Mon
day night. She was 23 years of age,
and leaves a husband and one daugh
Funeral services will be held at
her late home to-morrow afternoon
at 2 o'clock, and burial will be made
In the Oberlin Cemetery.
Thomas Boland, of Robesonla. was
visiting his sister, Mrs. James Dunn,
North Second street, yesterday. Bo
land Is a brother of Sergeant Clem
ent Boland. of Steelton, who was
killed last September.
Clarence R. Bothinger, of South
Harrisburg street, will leave this
week for Camden, N. J., to take up
new work.
Lieutenant James H. Johnson, of
Camp Sheridan, was the guest of his
sister, Mrs. Clarence F. S'aylor, 305
Weir Retires as Minister
of British Air Forces
Vorer> WEIE..
Lord William Weir, Minister bf
the British Air Forces, has resigned
according to a report from London.
The report adds that the air force's
will cease to exist as a separate de
partment of the navy and army, but
In the future will be administered
by the War office. Lord Weir was
successful as Air Minister, and prov
ed himself one the greatest war
administrators. He was formerly
Dlrector-Gonoral of Aircraft. He Is
a brother of Lord Northcllffe.
Sim's U-Boat Fighters Display Versatility
Admiral Sims is the Pershing of ' 1 American Navy. Just as the Brit
ish fleet worked on daily without the issuance of communiques, the units of
the United States Navy on the other side did their huzardous bit In the sub
marine zone. There was no pritise, because praise would warn the Hun.
These boys are proudly displaying a birthday cake, which they made for
Admiral Sims. It was delivered and eaten.
W. M. Donaldson Retires
as Head of Paper Company
in Favor of His Son
An important business change is
noted in the legal advertising col
umns of the Telegraph this evening.
W. M. Donaldson, banker,, business
man and prominent in civic activities,
steps out as the head of the Donald
son Paper Company to-day and is
succeeded by his son, J. Allan Don
aldson, who has been identified with
the business for a number of years.
In 1883 Mr. Donaldson in associa
tion with R. A. Johnston organized
the Johnston Paper Company, which
was first established in the old
Shakespeare Hall, the site of the
Telegraph building. He had previ
ously been engaged in similar lines
at Philadelphia and had dealings with
Mr. Johnston in this city. Impressed
with the wonderful future of Har
risbui-g as a railroad center and dis
tributing point, he proposed the busi
ness partnei-ship which followed and
which continued until 1906 when Mr.
Johnston retired.
Meanwhile Mr. Donaldson had pur
chased the property at Second and
Locust streets where was formerly
located the girls' school, conducted
by Miss Woodward. This building
was subsequently enlarged by the ad
dition of a modern warehoudb with
all facilities of handling paper in
Under the direction of Mr. Donald
son the business was developed to
its present large proportions and
when his son started at the bottom
he was constantly in the mind of the
father as his probable successor in
the business. The change to-day is
the culmination of the years of test
ing and the young man takes the
helm with the good wishes of the
business community and a large cir
cle of friends. (
W. M. Donaldson, as the pioneer
in the paper business here, is widely
known in financial, business and Ma
sonic circles. He has given mufch
time to the development of the great
Masonic Home at Elizabethtown and
in all civic activities has been among
the leaders. He has desired for some
time to relinquish some of the bur
dens of business and felt that the
close-of the war and the opening
of a new era presented an auspicious
time for the change..
Municipal Ash Collection
Begins For First Time
Municipal ash collections began
to-day with teams and men work
ing in the districts just north and
south of Market street, yie Bureau
of Ash and Garbage Inspection an
nounced. Yesterday the agreement
with the Steos-Simonetti Company to
do the work ended, and the bureau
was directed to hire teams and men
and nontinue the work during the
present year.
Officials in charge said that at
present the teams and men are
, being furnished by the Stees-Simo
netti Company each day. It is
planned at present to have twenty
two teams employed under the di
rection of the city's assistant in
Co-operation of the housekeepers
is urged by the inspection bureau.
Collections will be made every ten
days now instead of bi-monthly. Ob
servance of the rule requiring recep
tacles holding not moro'than one and
one-half nor less than one-half
bushel will help the men in keep.ng
on schedule, it was said.
$215,507 FOR NEW YEAR
Funds in the city treasury Janu
ary 1 total $215,507.81, it was an
nounced to-da.v. During December
receipts totaled $41,385.97 and ex
penditures $78,989.71. The balance
December 1 was $253,111.55. The
annual report of City Treasurer C. E.
Weber will include receipts, expendi
tures and the balance of avai able
funds the year beginning Janu
ary -7, 1918 and ending January 6,
Ford Gives Employes
Wage Raise ; Minimum
Fixed at $6 Per Day
Detroit, Jan. I.—A new minimum
wage scale of six dollars a day, a
flat Increase of one dollar a day for
approximately 28,000 employes
throughout the country, was an
nounced to-day by the Ford Motor
Company. Employes of the Ford
tractor interests also are Included in
the increase. The new wage mini
mum becomes effective to-day.
Twenty-three thousand other em
ployes of the Ford interests already
receive $6 or more a day.
Prohibition Ratified by
Feb. 1, Friends Predict
Washington, Jan. 1. A survey
of the wet and dry situation
throughout the country Just com-i
pleted by the Methodist Board of
Temperance shows that there are
2,546 dry counties and 351 wet 1
counties. This is a dry gain for'
the year of 460 counties.
During the year tne drys won
state-wide victories in Ohio, Florida, i
Wyoming and Nevada, With a re-,
count pending in Minnesota. They,
were defeated in Misouri and Cal
ifornia but eected ratification, leg-l
Islatures in both states. There are 1
at present thirty-one dry states, not
including Texas, where a state- ;
wide prohibition law was held by
the state supreme court to be con-'
trary to the constitutional pro- 1
vision for local option. At present,
opening of saloons in that state is
being prevented by injunctions and ,
refusal of the comptroller to grant
Th eprobability is that the federal >
constitutional prohibition amend-}
rent will be ratified before February,
1, 1919.
Government Witness at
Han Propaganda Inquiry
Columns of newspnper space Jiave
been devoted recently to the Ip.sti-
I mony_ given by A. Bruce BleTaski,
I chief of the Bureau of Investigation,
f Department of Justice, before the Sen
ate committee Investigating the brew
r ery and /Clerman propaganda. This
i photograph was taken at Washington
he had begun his sensational
[ disclosure*
Peculiar Claim Is Awarded;
Common Law Wife Enti
tled to Law's Benefits
missioner Leech, of the Compensa
tion Board, in which he sustains the
findings of the referee in the case
of the appeal of the National Aniline I
and Chomlcal Company, of Marcus I
Hook, against the award of the ]
Board to Emma Whittle, of Phila
delphia, following tho death of!
George Whittle. The Board reviews
the case at length and holds thut, j
while medical testimony is at vari- j
ance, common sense dictates that'
since Whittle's slight cancerous af
fliction of the face gave him no trou- j
hie previous to the accident and that 1
it developed into a fatal illness imme- I
diately after injure to ids cheek, it |
is safe to infer that the accident'
was responsible fox death. As to
Whittle's "common law" wife, the
board rules that to all intents and 1
purposes she was his wife under the
law and is therefore entitled to tho
The following other findings were
announced: Case of Angeliki Frnn
gia, Chios, Greece, vs. Jones and
I>aughlin Steel Company, Pittsburgh,
findings of referee set aside anil
new hearing granted.
Case of Charles Witherow, Ber
The I
Business i
will buy his printing* now
and save money against
the constantly increasing. ,
cost of paper* f
•CT j
Some people will never learnl An 3
some learn in a short time I And still ;SJ
others are wise enough to take advan- fi
tage of their opportunities. i/
What is the use of turning one's <
back to war conditions. ... . / /
r " f
The war is on! Paper costs more
and more as the scarcity becomes more
The business man will need more
printed matter, stationery, circulars,
pamphlets, etc., as time goes on. But
the business man will take time by the
We are happy to *ay at this writing
that we have on hand a fairly liberal
stock of paper.
And with our extensive facilities for
printing we can share our economy in
production with you.
I '
Therefore order your printing ,
now. Call us on the phone and a n%£ui
will be at your elbow in a jiffy. ,: 1
9 " rri
The Telegraph
Printing Co. ,
Printing Binding Designing Photo
Engraving Die Stamping Plate Printing
winsdale, vs. Reed Collier Company* 1
Berwlnsdale, new hearing grantee-
Case of Angela Dlpalo, ItalJW'
against the P. & R. Railways Com-
Pany, new hearing granted.
All Offices Closed—All the statw'
offices were closed to-day in honori
of the New Year.
State Bank Call—State Banking
Commissioner Daniel F. Dafean to-;
day issued a call for a statement byj
all state banks, trust companies andl
saving institutions as of the close of .
business, December 31.
Kaufman's Clean Sweep
Sale Starts Friday
Announcement is made on anoth
er page of this paper of the be-t
ginning f the Clean Sweep Sate, a
semiannual event at the Kaufman'
Stores, beginning on Friday.
The stire will be closed all
to-morroy In order to enable theA
salesforcd to rearrange and remarljV
the merchandise preparatory to thV
opening df the event Friday mortm
ingr The broom, as In the pn*
will be a feature of the sale.
I particulars regarding the event ~.l
I |<e published In this paper to-ttwr
j row.
tiy Associated Press
j Chicago, Jan. 1. (U. S3. Bureau
lof Markets). Hoga Receipts,
I 29,000; market strong to Be higher,,
quality good; top, $lB.OO. Bulk of
sales, $17.75® 17.95. Butchers. $17.70®
! 18.00; light, $17.00® 17.90; packing.
I $16.95® 17.70; throwouts, $15.75@ 16.90;
j pigs, good to choice, $14.50® 16.60.
Cattle Receipts, 10,000; market
steady to strong. Beef rattlb, good,
i choice and prime, $16,004(19.75; come
i man and medium, $9.50®16.00; butcher.
' stock, cows and heifers, sB.'2B® 14.50;
canners and cutters, $7.35@8.25;
! stockers and feeders, good, choice and
fancy. $10.50® 13.75; inferior, common
nnd medium. $7.50®10.50; veal calves,
good and choice, $15.50®16.00.
Sheep Receipts, 11,000; market ac
tive, steady; h'ighcr In spots; lambs,
choice and prime. $16.10® 16.25; me
dium and good, $14.75@16.10; culls,
sll.oo® 13.25; ewes, choice and prime,
$10.25®10.75; medium and good, LS.Ti
'- (ff) 10.25; culls, $5.00@7.60.