Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, December 11, 1918, Page 10, Image 10

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    10
HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH
A "NEWSPAPER FOR THE HOME
Founded 18S1
Published evenings except Sunday by
THE TGL%iIUPH PHINTINO CO.
.Telegraph Building, Federal Square
E. J. STACKPOLE
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. OYSTER, Business Manager
GUB hi. STEINMETZ. Managing Editor
tL R. MICHENER, Circulation Manager.
Executive Board
J. P. McCULLOUGH.
BOYD M. OGELSBY,
F. R. OYSTER,
GUS. M. STEINMETZ.
Member of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press Is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication or
all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited In this paper
and also the local ncMs published
herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Member American
lotion and^Penn-
flfil 43 fttj Eastern office,
ilofllllHtfSfl l 4°[ y ' Br< FM?th
" i Kgg§ IBS Avenuo Building.
Chicago,
Entered at tho Post Office in Hacrla
burg. Pa., as second class matter.
.srjHFwite. By carrier, ten cents a
week: by mall, IS.OO
a year In advance.
The hardest battle ever fought,
The greatest victories won,
"Were fought with never c comrade
near
And never a shot or gun.
—Anon.
WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 11, 1918
NEW GOVERNOR'S POLICY
SENATOR SPROUL, the Gover
nor-clect, is indicating in every
utterance a definite purpose to
give Pennsylvania a constructive ad
ministration front start to finish. His
long public service tits him for the
work ahead and the reconstruction
period furnishes an opportunity for
the exercise of the qualities of mind
and heart which have made the next
Governor an ideal public servant.
In a recent interview he has made
clear his purpose and determination
to demand intelligent service rather
than political skill as a prerequisite
for all who will have a part in mak
ing the Sproul administration worth
while. He is said to be seeking big
men for the big jobs which are to
he filled and the people of the State
will wish him well in these selec
tions.
Senator Sproul is particularly in
terested in public works, and, start
ins with the construction of a com
prehensive highway system with
which his name has been long asso
ciated, he proposes in every way to
promote the various important pro
jects which have ' been'considered
from time to time, but which were
laid aside during the period of the
war. It is certain that he will have
the support of all good citizens with
out regard to party in these endeav
ors and his familiarity with political
maneuvering will enable him to
avoid many of the errors which too
often hinder the constructive work
of many public olficials.
While the approaching session of
the Legislature will likely be short,
the Governor-elect will come into
olllce with definite plans as to what
he wants accomplished and there
is no doubt whatever that the over
whelming Republican majority in
the Senate and House will make it
possible for him to achieve what he
has set out to do and which will be
outlined clearly in his inaugural
message.
GOOD YEAR FOR AUTOS
WITH here and there a reduc
tion of prices to indicate
what will bo a general trend
in the automobile industry with the
return of peace, the indications are
that the coming year will be one of
great prosperity for the automobile
trade. To begin with, the manu
facturers were greatly restricted
the past twelve months by enforced
restrictions upon material and out
put and by the fact that most of
them were doing war work on a
largo scale. Also, there was an im
portant factor In the trade having
to do with personal sacrifice for the
winning of the war. Thousands of
persons put their money into Lib
erty Bonds last year and either
failed to replace their old cars with
new muchlnes or kept out of tho
rapidly-growing ranks of automo
bile owners for patriotic reasons.
These will be buyers next year, The
lid is off and men may once more
with clear conscience use their in
comes as they please. The outlook
Is, therefore, bright for the auto
mobile Industry,
GETTING FHOM UNDKH
THE resignation of Fuel Admin
istrator (Jartield ends the offl
cial career of a. wan who was
cleverly used by the Wilson admin
istration to make a pretense of rtoB ;
partisanship, Oarfleld was pointed
out as one Republican in the manr
asement of government affairs. The
fact is that QaFfleid was a supporter
of Wilson in. foetb Jplit gnd tpi6 and
did what be aeui4 to help the ad-
WEDNESDAY EVENING,
ministration in the Congressional
elections of 1918, even using the
powers of his office as Fuel Admin
istrator to that end. Let us looK at
the record.
On October 14 Fuel Administrator
Garfield issued a bulletin saying
that there would be a "readjust
ment" of wages In anthracite coal
fields. Knowing that this would
arouse tho Interest of coal con
sumers. Qarflold inserted this prom
ise! "Tho public Is clearly in mind
In connection with tho expense aris
ing from tho additional wages, and
Is going to be protected."
Details of the wage increase were
announced a few days before the
election. Not until after the elec
tion was the increase In coal prices
officially announced, and the prices
were to take effect as of November
1, four days before election.
Here was a plain case of decep
tion. If the promise that the public
was to be protected meant any
thing at all, it meant that the con
sumer would not pay more for coal.
In fact, Mr. Garfield expressly said:
"We are now engaged in working
out a plan by which the increase
will be In a large measure absorbed
In such fashion as not to put the
burden, on the consumer."
While the Fuel Administrator may
be able to say that he did not ab
solutely promise that coal prices
would not be increased, the people
of the country, who expect their
public servants to deal frankly with
them, were justified in that inter
pretation of the expressions "the
public is going to be protected," and
"not to put the burden on the con
sumer."
But practically all of the burden
was put on the consumer —after
election. Mr. Garfield will have
hard work posing as a Republican
in the future.
Daniel Webster said: "There is no
refuge from confession but suicide,
and suicide is confession." And the
Kaiser sees his finish—and what a
finish.
GERMAN STATE OF MIND
LEST we be deceived we must
heed the signs of the times as
• affecting the German attitude.
Manifestly the defeat of the foe is
being represented to the Germans as
a mere retirement of their fighting
forces for tactical reasons. There is
also a plain effort to arouse ill feel
ing among the Allies and to excite
suspicion. On this point Frank
Simon ds suys:
"Now, this is all false; but it I
is more than false, it is poison
ous; it leads straight to quarrels
with the French and the Brit
ish, and quarrels of our. own
making. It seems like an attempt
to discredit our allies in advance,
that American sentiment may be
roused against them in the event
that they decline to accept as
commands American suggestions
at the I'eace Congress. It is in
stinct with the idea that wc
Americans have the right to im
pose our ideas upon our allies
and that any difference of opin
ion is proof of lower morality
oil their part.
"Such a spirit is the beginning
of discord. It leads straight to
the destruction of that friendship
which the war has created be
tween America and the rest of
the civilized nations. It brings
us back to the position of 1914
and 1915, when we pretended to
be a superior people, "too proud
to light," and above the smoke
of the European struggle. It
abolishes all the lessons learned
slowly and bitterly in the past
two years and paid for by the
best blood of our youth. It Is
one thing to go to Versailles
as an equal, with plans to pro
pose and ideas to suggest; with
principles to advocate loyally,
but with a readiness to accept
the decisions of those who have
made greater sacrifices and have
far more accurate knowledge of
the bottom facts of the European
conditions. It Is quite a differ
ent thing to go with the purpose
of Imposing a set of principles
fourteen or four, upon our as
sociates by sheer force of power,
because wo are richer and
stronger than any other nation
In the world, using our great
power as a club to force France
and Britain to surrender their
rights to our theories. This is the
great danger, Increasing as the
clays go by."
Americans must continue to have
faith In her great Allies and to
spurn with contempt the Infernal
propaganda of the unspeakable
Hun.
"OWN YOUR HOME"
THE Harrisburg Real Estate
Board should have the sympathy
and support of the whole city
in the "Own Your Our Home" cam
paign it is about to inaugurate.
President Gipple made this slogan
the chief plank in his platform when
he was first elected a year ago, but
the prohibition placed on new
building by the War Industries Board
brought real estate development for
the time almost to a standstill. Now,
however, with the war over, a build
ing boom for Harrisburg is Just
around the corner, unless all signs
fail. The board's effort to put people
Into the way of owning their own
homes Is both timely and Important.
Hundreds of Harrisburg people of
all walks of life do own their homes.
Hundreds of others who might be
property owners are not, Here is
where the Real Estate Board's good
offices come in,
Many renters have the false notion
that to buy a, property a large
amount of money is necessary, Noth
ing oould be farther from the truth
Two or three 150 Liberty Bonds and
a good personal reputation might
easily be made the basis for a home
purchase, with the remainder car?
rled on note or mortgage, or both.
Nobody need dread a mortgage.
Nearly every businessman uses the
mortgage to extend his credit or give
him piore working papital. The
mortgage came into bad repute with
many folks In the old days when
the novel writer and the playwright
used to place the "papers" In the
hand of the bad man of the piece,
who was constantly flourishing them
and threatening to "foreclose." But
nobody forecloses on a mortgago
these days, because Ihero is always
somebody else ready to ronew it,
and glad of the opportunity. The
mortgage Is the good angel of tho
home buyer. It enables htm, first,
to get possession of a home ho can
call his own, and Is a constant In
centive to thrift and saving.
Homo-owning is good for the
community, too. Tho desire of the
Individual for land Is born with him.
I The more generally the land of a
city is divided—that is, tho more
home owners there are, the more
contented the people and the more
stable the Government and its insti
tutions. There is no place for tho
Bolshevik in the community where
the bulk of the people own their
homes. On the other hand, there Is
a deeper interest there in civic affairs
and a keener desire for good gov
ernment.
It is to be hoped that the Real
Estate Board will push its program
vigorously during the year about to
begin.
LOOKS LIKE A JUNKET
PRESIDENT WILSON certainly
does remember his friends. In
the language of the street,
"You've got to hand him that."
Take, for instance, the summoning
of his swivel chair war cabinet to
be ready to go to Paris. He didn't
want to have its members tagging
around after him on the peace ship,
and so left them at home, to follow,
possibly, on another vessel, a little
later. Mr. Baruch, perhaps, is need
ed to discuss the airplane and ord
nance failures. "Doc" Garfield may
be going to lecture to the French on
"hot air" or the advantage of fuel
less days. But what the others can
do in Paris for the Government's
benefit remains a dark mystery.
The whole thing sounds like what
Democrats back in good old Repub
lican days used to call a junket,
whereby a lot of little men about to
be dismissed from the public service
get a free trip to Europe and are
permitted to bask for a brief period
in reflected glory. As for President
Wilson needing them, that is all
bosh. He never accepted their ad
vice here; why should he want it
abroad ?
°¥*UtUllK
"ptn.nWtfa.nia.
| By the Ex-Coinmlttccman jj
That the citizens of Chester mean
to show the folks of Harrisburg that
Senator Sproul is popular in his
home town, is indicated by the an
nouncement of the Chester Times
that at least 500 of them will come
here to see him inaugurated. Says
the Times:
"Aside from the matter of wheth
er or not the club will have a special
train or extra cars attached to one
of the Harrisburg trains on the
morning of January 21, to carry
them to the Capital to attend the
inauguration of Governor-elect Wil
liam C. Sproul, practically all ar
rangements were completed last
night at a meeting of the commit
tee of the William C. Sproul Club,
of this city. Those present were: S.
E. Turner, chairman; Sheriff A. It.
Granger, J. R. 13agshaw, Edward C.
Dunn, Edward AlcCarey and James
M. Hamilton. Former Sheriff S.
Everett Sproul, who is a member of
the committee, was detained on
other business.
."The committee directed Sheriff
A. R. Granger, chairman of the
music committee, to engage the
military band that has been play
ing for the government at Hog Is
land. This organization of tifty pieces
will be at the head of the club, and
will make a line showing. The con
tract for the badges, pennants and
canes was given to a Philadelphia
concern, they being the lowest bid
ders.
"The committee last night had as
surance that this number would be
increased to at least 500, so that
those citizens who want to honor
their home citizen, Governor-elect
Sproul, should get busy and see that
their names are placed on the list
at once.
"The Harrisburg committee will
make a report to the club on Wed
nesday night at which time it is
hoped that all information as to the
train service and the headquarters
will be arranged. A number of the
committee is in Harrisburg to-day
securing headquarters for the Sproul
Club.
"The reports last night at the
meeting indicate that about 100
well-known citizens of this city and
county, friends of Senator Sproul,
will go to Harrisburg the night be
fore the day of the inauguration.
The arrangements for the train,
however, will be made so that those
going up for the duy will be in Har
risburg in ample time to witness the
entire inuugural ceremonies, und in
plenty of time to take part In the
parade.
"The dress on this occasion will
be black derby hats and black over
coats. There Will be no attempt on
the part of the committee to impose
any extra cost on those who desire
to attend the inauguration, so far
as uniforms are concerned.
"The Home Guard of this city will
act as escort for the Sproul Club on
the occasion and the members of the
Chester Rotary Club will be in line
with the club. Many of the best citi
zens of the city are arranging to
make the trip, so it will be necessary
for those going to make this fact
known to the committee as early as
p isstble, so that their comfort can
be looked after."
.—Men of prominence In the busi
ness and professional life of Phila
delphia gathered in force last night
in the Bellevue-Strntford for dis
cussion of the necessity for leglslu
tlon that will remedy the evils un
der which Philadelphia has long
suffered. "About 800 were in at
tendance, and that a revision of the
city's basic law Is urgently needed
was the consensus of opinion form
ed after addresses by several men
who are known as zealous advocates
of civic honesty und the conducting
of municipal affairs on p. business
basis," says the Philadelphia Rec
ord.
—Alleging that the registration
lists in several districts pf Scranton
wees padded by the addition pf up
wards of 176 names which were
Rarrisburo trfSSS# telegraph
AIN'T IT A GRAND AND GLORIOUS FEEUN'I ..... ...
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placed on the books after October
5, the final registration day, fifty
voters of Carbondale, headed by
Mayor John T. Loftus, In a petition
presented to court yesterday, asked
Judge H. M. Edwards, of that city,
to instruct the grund jury, which
convened yesterday morning, to in
vestigate the charges. Attorney J.
E. Brennan, Democratic chairman,
represented the petitioners. Rec
ords in the county commissioners'
office show that over 100 names of
Carbondale voters were added to the
registration books subsequent to the
last day, but in every case an affi
davit sworn to by the registrant and
giving valid reasons for their fail
ure to comply with the registration
law was tiled with their petitions.
This probably explains the action of
the petitioners in striking out the
part of the affidavits dealing with
this phase of the question.
Vindication, Not Revenge j
Dr. Henry Van Dyke, of Princeton, |
in a recent newspaper letter regard- i
ing the problems of peace said:
"The great war is ended. Ger
many, who forced it, has surrender
ed and laid down her arms, a con- |
quered criminal. The men who j
have won this glorious victory are
the soldiers and sailors of the allied
forces and America. • * * .
"Now we face the problem of j.re
great peace. The anaemic pacifists
did nothing to win it. They must
have no hand in its making. What
the world wants today is not an
archy, nor slavery, nor etnss war
fare, but peace with power. Right
must reign, and might must back it.
"But what to do with the crimi
nals—the German rulers and the
people who have supported them
in the wanton dstructlon of at least
10,000,000 human lives?
"Two words are in the air just
now: Vengeance and vindication.
"Vengeance is not for us. To
avenge is to punish a wrong done to
others. That belongs to God. Mil
ton said:
Avenge, O lxird, thy slaughtered
saints whose bones
Lie scattered on the Alpine moun
tains cold.
"To revenge is to punish a wrong
done to ourselves. That is unwor
thy of a Christian. Let us get ven
geance out of our mind.
"Vindication is what we have
fought for. Vindication is what we
must demand in the terms of peace.
Vindication means the upholding of
justice and the prevention of crime.
"On the German Kaiser, the
Crown Prince, Hindcnburg, Luden
dorff, and the rest of the Potsdam
gang, justice must be done accord
ing to international law. The repe
tition of their crime of 1914 must
be made impossible. What we want
is not vengeance but vindication.
"Have the Kaiser's gang really
repented? No sign of it yet.
"Have the German people really
repented? No sign o fit yet. They
must bring forth fruits meet for
repentance before they can be for
given. That means indemnity, not
punitive but reformatory—all that
they have smashed they must re
build.
"Peace founded on justice and
backed with power is what America
wanls. To uphold that end we
cour.t on the presence of President
Wilson at the Peace Conference."
Bij Way of Comparison
(N. A. Review's War Weekly.)
Byway of historical comparison
and example, it is interesting to re
call the personal composition of
former peace commissions of the
United States. That which made our
definitive treaty of peace with Great
Britain in 1783 consisted of John
Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John
Jay. That in 1815 was composed of
John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay,
and Albert Gallatin. The treaty at
the end of the Mexican War was
signed by Nicholas P. Trlst. That
of 1898 with Spain was made and
signed by William R. Day, Cush
man K. Davis, William P. Y rye,
George Gray, and Whltelaw Reld.
The Mextcun treaty may bo counted
out, as something of which nobody
la particularly proud and which
President Wilson would certainly
not wish to take as a preoedont. In
all the three other cases the treaty
milkers were among the most emi
nent men of the nation, they repre
sented both political parties, and
they were of course regularly con
firmed and commissioned by Con
gress op by the Senate, In the
case of the Spanish treaty, oars was
taken by the President tq give rep
resentation net only te both politi
cal parties. but glsq te both
branches of the Government con
cerned with diplomacy, Two, a
Cabinet Secretary and an ambassa
dor, were from the executive! three
others were from tho Senate, that
body being g paFt of the treaty-mak
ing power,
Gen. Wood's Human Side
THE spirit and understanding
which have characterized
General Leonard Wood's re
markable handling of the subject
of military training in America is
exemplified again in the letter with
which that officer accompanies or
ders of honorable discharges. We
quote this finely human letter as
something not only for the dis
charged soldier to remember with
honest pride, but for us all to keep
in mind:
"First. In the performance of
military duty to one's country in
the time of war it is not for the
citizen called to the colors to select
the kind of service to be done by
him. One who lias willingly and
loyally responded to the call to arms
and who has put his best efforts,
mental and physical, into the train
ing and performed all military du
ties required of him to the best of
his ability, standing ready always
to make the supreme sacrifice of life
itself, if need be, has done all that
a good citizen and soldier could do
to insure the successful prosecution
of the war.
"Second. Although I appreciate
how keenly you feel the disappoint
ment of your failure to secure duty
STOCKINGS
Well. I heard a funny chuckle, and
1 woke myself because
I was pretty neurly certain it was
Mr. Santa Cluus.
He was looking at the stockings that
were hanging on their hooks.
And his bag was full of presents,
and of toys and picture books.
Yet he never filled the stockings
that were dangling in a row,
But he took a lot of presents and
he piled them up below.
Then he waved to me and whispered |
with a twinkle in his eye,
"No, I didn't fill the stockings, and ;
I'm going to tell you why:
There's a better way to fill them, as
I know you'll agree;
There's a little girl in Belgium,
which is 'way across the sea,
And her name is Angelina; she has
heaps of flaxen hair,
But she hasn't any stockings, but
would like to own a pair,
For it's pretty cold in Belgium, and
a friend is hard to find;
So 1 think I'll take your stockings,
if you really do not mind."
Then I answered him politely (for
I'm fond of him because
He has brought me lots of presents)
"You can take them, Santa
Claus!
You are welcome to the stockings—
-1 have more that 1 can use,
And you'd better take the muffler
and my second pair of shoes."
So he thanked me and he took them,
and he bowed his head good
bye;
And he chirruped to his reindeer,
and they galloped through the
sky
While 1 watched them from the win
dow; and X saw them whisk
away
With a million puir of stockings
heaped and tumbled in the
sleigh!
So 1 guess there's lots of children,
that have done the same as me,
And have sent their Christmas
stockings to the land across
the sea.
For I don't think any stockings can
be hulf as good as those
That are keeping frost and chil
blains from the little Belgian
toes.
—Arthur Gulterman, In Life.
Government Management
(From the Philadelphia Press]
We have had some experience of
full Government management and
want no more of it least In time of
peace. The railroads now in the
control of the Government should
be given free license to work -out
their own destinies without meddle-
Bomc interference. Railroads, like
individuals, should have a check of
inevitable evil tendencies but within
the line of safety they should be
given us lurge a liberty us experience
has shown to be compatible with the
public good.
Chance For Neu> Sensation
[From the Dallas News]
At Camp Bowie is an Irish ser-
Seant who is quick tempered, One
ay when he was trying to drill a
squad of raw recruits he suddenly
became angry and exclaimety
"Halt! Just pome over here, all
of ye, and look at yourselves! U'
a fine line ye're keeping, isn't KT"
overseas in the actual battle area,
X know you rejoice, together with
all Americans, in the prospect of a
righteous and just peace imposed
upon the enemy and the termination
of the terrible conflict which has
involved the whole civilized world.
You have done your best. You have
cheerfully and loyally discharged
the clear duty of every citizen in
time of war and your work has been
a part of the great national effort
which has aided in securing a vic
torious peace.
"Third. You are discharged from
the army because your services are
no longer required in the present
emergency. You will return to your
place in civil life all the better for
for the training you have had and
I feel sure you will take with you a
better and higher appreciation of
citizenship, including the obliga
tion of every man to be trained, pre
pared and ready to render service
to the nation in war as well as in
peace."
"To the men who have gone
through the trial of battle we give
our thanks and udmiration. But,
we must also realize that the men
who did not "get across" were
ready and would also have given
themselves to the glory of the flag
and the success of the cause.
Germany Still Obsessed !
"Germany is crushed for the time ,
being as a military power; we have ;
defeated her nefarious schemes of'
world conquest," says John Bur-;
roughs, "but if we think we have
changed her spirit or made her hum- :
ble and repentant—any less self-1
seeking, or cruel, or unscrupulous,!
or treacherous, or ambitious—we de- j
ceive ourselves. Not one sign have
her people or her rulers yet given
that they regret their colossal i
crimes. There are nearly or quite i
seventy million people there yet with 1
vast resources of lund and money
and economic power intrenched in
manufactories, in mining, in trade,
in agriculture, and in all manner of
industries, cherishing their kultur,
invoking their tribal gods, and nurs
ing their wrath toward the nations
that defeated their schemes. It is
highly probable that on the surface
they are now deliberately working
up a state of apparent chaos and
disorganization, hoping by the dis
appearance of any responsible gov
ernment and by the setting up of a
number of small, independent states
to escape the payment of the huge
war indemnities which they know
are due and will be exacted.
"The world is waiting for some
sign of German contrition. Not one
authoritative voice has yet renounc
ed or repudiated their robber
schemes. At the beginning of the
war nearly a hundred of their lead
ing minds —physicians, divines, au
thors, college professors—signed a
paper endorsing the course of their
Emperor in bringing on the wars
Eater, in 1916, over thirteen hun
dred, comprising the leading men of
all classes, put their names to a pe
tition to their Chancellor setting
forth their demands upon their ene
mies for lands and money; declaring
that France must be utterly crushed
and impoverished; that Belgium
must be retained; the Channel ports
occupied; the African colonies great
ly enlarged, and so on. Let these
same men now come forth and sign
a petition-to the whole world beg
ging forgiveness and acknowledging
their sins. We want to be convinced
that they have met with a change of
heart."
A Woman of Red Cross Says
"Here's a toast one of our brave
officers left with us. It expresses
the attitude of 'Our Boys' to us and
their protection for us, perhaps bet
ter than any word of mine:
" 'To our women, who sent us
forth with courage in their hearts
und tears In their eyes; to our worn
: en at home who are sacrificing all
that wo may win: to our women over
here who give their own lives that
we may live—God bless them, and
damn the man that does not respect
them and the coward that does not
I protect them.'
" 'Our Boys' mean every word ex
pressed, und no woman was ever
more thoughtfully considered and
protected than wo of the American
Red Cross who serve 'Our Boys' at
the front,"
An Industrious Model
Take netiee of the busy bee,
All argument he ghirks|
His peaoe has but a single point,
But heavens, hew It werksl ,
DECEMBER 11, 19rf.
The New Business Creed
(From the New York Tribune)
Our dispatches from the national
gathering of businessmen at Atlan
tic City chronicled not merely a high
optimism as to the outlook for
America and for business, but, much
more, a new and larger spirit in
business affairs. Mr. Knappen de
scribed their resolutions as a kind
of creed for industrial relations. The
main points are that labor is a
partner in business, and not a vassal;
that the community is also a part
ner in industry, and that business
must looSc out for these while tak
ing care of itself. The resolutions
declare that grievances of employes
must be promptly uncovered and
remedied, and that industrial har
mony depends on representation in
industry, and find:
"That man renders the greatest
social service when he so co-operates
in the organization of industry as to
afford the largest number the great
est opportunity for self-develop
ment by every man of those bene
fits which his own work adds to the
wealth of civilization."'
It would be much to say that the
convention at Atlantic City marked
a new era in American business life,
but it is certainly true that it was
signalized by a broader and finer
vision of the function of the busi
nessman in the life of the nation.
American industrial development
has been infused with an intense in
dividualism. The old-time type of
the employer was an aristocratic
figure who would brook no interfer
ence in, his affairs. His attitude in
evitably bred a feeling of hostility i
on the part of the employes. Out I
of the necessity for defensive organ- I
ization grew the trade unions. With '
a corresponding development of em- !
ployers' associations the alternatives I
becume clear —either a flut deadlock,
ruinous strikes, violence and misery,
or co-operation and agreement.
The sentiment crystallized at At
lantic City is a big advance toward
mutual interest and helpfulness.
Diffused by 4,000 delegates return
ing to their homes and workshops
all over the United States, it will be
of the largest value in bridging over
a time of hesitation, uncertainty and
j many perplexities. Even our* ablest
businessmen find a mental wrench
in getting adjusted to a higher level
!of war prices. But those prices can
-1 not be abruptly slashed to pieces.
I Their descent must be gradual, if, in
| deed, as Mr. Vanderlip stated the
other evening, we have not entered
I permanently upon a higher level of
| both prices and wages. It is only
reactionaries who think we must go
back to pre-war conditions and lev
els. 1
We would like to see a great con
vention of labormen infused with
the same spirit of common weal and
common weulth as that which has
just closed at Atlantic City. A united
nation of 35,000,000 businessmen and
workers could achieve unparalleled
results.
Profitable Stale Insurance
(Philadelphia Inquirer.)
Some persons are not aware that
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
is In the insurance business. They
know that employers must pay
damages for injuries to employes,
and are compelled to take out insur
ance, but even some employers do
not realize the advantages of pa.
tronlzing the state's own corpora
tion. The annual report of the
j third year has Just been published
I and shows a highly satisfactory sit
j uation. •
As of June 30 there 23,760 pol
icies outstanding at a cost of more
I than $2.000,000, which is declared
to be more than 10 per cent, less
than private corporations would
have charged. The assets exceed
three and one-half millions and
there is a surplus of $900,000.
The showing is excellent. There
is an appeal for larger patronage of
this fund by employers, and as each
year shows an . increase this is likely
:to be heeded. At the same time it
i is certain that it is a better policy
to allow the competition of private
corporations for the business as it
reacts f&vorably on both.
The State Board was erected sim
ply to prevent undue charges by
private corporations. It is not a
normal function of government, but
has worked well. If there is really
such a great advantage as claimed
by the board in patronizing its fund
the marvel is that it is not univer
sally used. Doubtless there are
compensating factors on the other
side,
What Is wholly gatlsfaetory Is
that compensation insuranoe in this
state is remarkably cheap and ap
parently is growing cheaper all the
time In spite of the war, The state
board at least acts as a regulator
ef insurance cost, and perhaps that
la its most important function.
Emming (EJjat
Highway Commissioner J. Denny
O'Neil's observations upon the tre
mendous growth of motor truck traf
fic on state highways the last year
und the fact that movings of house
hold goods constituted a consider
able part of the traffic tnat came un
der his notice during this summer
und fall open a very interesting line
for any one who takes 'the trouble
to look at the character of present
hour road transportation. Big
changes have occurred right under f
our noses while we have had our
minds bent upon war work. There
is scarcely a day goes by but what
half a dozen "flittings" come into
Harrisburg, or go out, by truck.
They go up the Riverside Road,
over the Susquehanna bridges or out
the Reading Pike. Some of them
are of people planning to live here
or to get out, but the bulk of them
are of family goods which' are In
transit. This moving business is
one of the most striking features
of the motor-truck traffic, and it
seems to be proof that the tendency
to get away from the old Central
Pennsylvania idea of April 1 as
"moving day," noted some eight or
ten years ago in this column, has
been developing. Almost any time
that the weather is right is good
for 'flitting." And another item is
that quite a few of the things now
being handled by motor truck in
these movings are household goods
of a line type, the kind that no one
would send except by freight, or
possibly express, some years ago.
Now handsome mirrors, big clocks,
mahogany, art objects and the like
are to be seen being moved by mo
tor truck, a means of transporta
tion between towns at which their
owners would probably have stood
aghast before E. M. Bigelow rebuilt
the Riverside Road and an enlight
ened public sentiment in Harris
burg insisted upon paving Front
street to meet it and extending Dor
ry street pavement to Poorhouse
Lane. Some of the other oddities
of this interurban motor traffic il
lustrate the extent to which the
busy truck has displaced the rail
road car, especially since govern
ment control came along and
brought about conditions which
qeed not be referred to here. There
is one silk mill at Sunbury, for
example, which sends its truck
through here with shipments sev
eral times a week. Half a dozen
firms engaged in the scrap iron
business have waved farewell to
their old friend, the gondola car,
and now gather up their junk from
the country und back right into
their storage yards, 'doing away
with the collecting team and the
railroad car formerly needed to haul
several wagonloads from, say, Mil
lersburg to Lebanon. The gasoline
and oil trucks are about as close
to being pioneers in the game as
any and they have increased in a
way unmistakable to an observer
of traffic, while the fact that Lan
caster county "garden sass" comes
to Dauphin county in trucks and
that tons and tons of apples and
peaches were moved right through
Harrisburg from the orchards of
Cumberland, Franklin and Adams
counties is significant. Similarly,
large amounts of celery are brought
down the .Susquehanna river roads
and as for potatoes they have been
handled in such truck loads as
never seen before around here. The
regular truck lines that go to New
York and Philadelphia and other
places will be interesting to talk
about some other day because they
are growing to occupy a place of im
portance that railroad men are
commencing to study.
* *
It is a rather interesting thing to
recull that the last December which
was anything like the present, from
a weather standpoint, was live
years ago, and that in recent years
we have had a pretty lively snow
storm by December 10. Winter set
in early last year and was as se
vere in the early weeks as it was
in 1914. Last year, it will be re
called, the big snows started in be
fore the fifteenth of the month,
catching some of the deer hunters
in the mountains and causing much
suffering because there never was
any letup as far as cold and snow
were concerned until spring was
well on the way and few were really
prepared for the weather conditions.
From what railroad men say and
what railroad policemen say in cor
roboration of them, there is not
much stealing of coal considering
the large amounts that are hauled
through llarrisburg every day.
Fast year, owing to the severity of
the weather there was some annoy
ance because of the way cars were
raided occasionally, but this ycai
there has not been much doing
along that line. The strict polic
ing and dangers in the yards have
prevented much of the coal picking
that used to go on, while the gang*
that used to jump coal trains and
throw off coal have been fairly well
broken up within city limits.
WELL KNOWN PEOPLE
Tho Rev, Dr. Russell H. Con
well prominent Philadelphia cler
gyman, is the latest to come out
against the skipstops which, he says,
are a breach of contract.
The Rev. Dr. John Royal Har
ris head of the Dry Federation
which has its headquarters In Pitts
burgh, is making a tour of the
State to size up the amendment.
judge C. V. Henry, of Lebanon,
who has been ill, is improving.
—Archbishop Dougherty will be
given an elaborate New Year's re
ception In Philadelphia.
j. D. Caliery, who has Just re
tired as a receiver of the Pittsburgh
Rallwuys Co., has been in the busi
ness of transportation from old horse
car days in 1884.
Dr. J. W. Holland, curator ol
the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh,
has attracted considerable attention
by a series of talks on Jesus as a
man.
|~ DO YOU KNOW
—That llarrisburg lias the larg-
est river coal production of any
place In the country?
HISTORIC HARRISBURG 1
—ln 1825 the Legislature passed
a resolution to extend Capitol Park
to tho river, but the land was nof
attractlye enough and too costly.
ON PICKING WINNERS
(Prom the Hartford CoUr&nt)
What does Carranza think now ol
his friend the Kaiser? The Pres
ident of Mexico la doubtless a
shrewd old guy, or he would no! i
have been able to keep hta position
so long, but as a picker of winners
he la a failure.