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MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5
THE NEW OFFICIALS
DAUPHIN county Republicans
may well be proud of the offi
cials they elected to office last
November and who assume
their duties to-day.
While it is true that Judge Kunkel
was re-elected on a nonpartisan ticket,
the fact must not be lost to sight that
lie is a Republican, that Republicans
elected him to office ten years ago, and
that even without the new nonpartisan
judgeship law Republicans would have
elected him again last Fall. That he
had no opposition is not only compli
mentary to Judge Kunkel but it re
flects credit upon a party that chose
for its candidate a man who made
such a record during ten years of
public service that his re-election was
conceded even before he announced
himself as a candidate. Republicans
look upon Judge Kunkel as one of
themselves and are proud of him and
of his splendid achievements during
ns trying a period of court history as
over Dauphin county judge experi
Henry W. Gough, who will be the
rounty's first Controller, goes into
olflce with every prospect of accom
plishing as much in his new capacity
as he has during his long service as
City Controller. Both he and Harry
F. Holler, the new Prothonotary, made
such excellent records in office that not
even the most violently partisan oppo
sition the county has ever known could
find a single word to say against them.
Coroner Eckinger has likewise demon
strated his ability to make good, and
Edward Dapp, as Jury Commissioner,
represents a constituency that is look
ing to him to see to it that the im
portant duty of selecting juries is
The only virtue to be found in Janu
ary weather is that every day of it
brings May nearer.
THE SOCIAIJ CENTER
THAT the social center idea has
come to stay is indicated in a
report just compiled by Clarence
Arthur Perry, of the Russel
Sage Foundation, New York city.
Mr. Perry shows that In places where
the movement has already started tho
rate of growth is much higher than
the rate at which it spreads in new
localities. In other words, the actual
results of the social center are more
effective in getting public support than
the words of Its most enthusiastic
The work is getting on a more solid
basis. Seventy-one cities had, during
the winter of 1912-13, paid workers
for some form of social center activity,
as opposed to forty-four the previous
season, and the amount expended in
the maintenance of school centers has
grown from $139,535 in 1912 to
$324,575 in the past year. There are
1.927 paid workers reported. This,
with the volunteer workers, brings
the number of persons engaged in
social center direction considerably
above the 3,000 mark,
i That th» general social and recre
ational possibllilles of Ibe "wider-use
of-the-school-plant." movement are
making a. constantly greater appeal
may be seen from the fact that in
981 schoolliouses there were public'
entertainments and lectures, in 190 |
school buildings there were open •
meetings of adults lo discuss local
problems, athletics or folk dancing in
474 school?) and social dancing in 190.
A notable development of "wider
use" In 1912-13 was for election and
other civic purposes. Balloting dur- I
ing elections took place in 529 school |
houses, 259 buildings were used for
registering voters and political rallies '
lo the number of 481 took place in
Mr. Perry reports great difficulty in
obtaining exact statistics of social
center activities. Little uniformity of
agreement exists as to what constitutes
a social center. Even the name itself
Is not constant—the institution is vari
ously reported as "recreation center,"
"civic center," "social and recreation
center," "evening center," "community
center," etc. Sortie cities have social
center activities going on six nights a
week, while others open their school
buildings once or twice a month.
We should, however, look beyond
the mere figures in Judging social cen
ters. Centers of Individual growth and
refinement, of civlsm and social Inte
gration—that is what these places are,
and no system of numerals can ever
be devised that will convey an ade
quate notion of the vltalizingr influences
which radiate from them. ■
* is gratifying to note that the
HtfTrisburg School Board has adopted
plans for the new Hill building that
include a social center room. It is to
be hoped that it will be used and that
the movement will spread until every
school house in the city is equipped.
The School Board should think very
seriously of employing a social center
worker for every school building in
the city. The public would not com
plain of the necessary additional ex
No, dear reader, those loud noiseb
this morning were not caused by
"busting" New Year's resolutions, but
by some exceptionally heavy blasts in
the quarries below town.
AMKRICA AND ENGI<ANI»
]N the light or current discussion of
tariff and trust conditions in the
United States as compared with
those or England, it is interesting
to note that while the annual Income
of England, with only a fraction of
the population of the United States,
is one-fourth that of this country, the
benefits are not shared In Britain by
the working people as they are here.
Tn other words, the Income of England
p»r capita is much larger than that
of the United States, but the wage
earner docs not receive as much there
as he does here.
According to latest statistics, the
[United States has an annual income of
forty thousand million dollars; Eng
land has ten thousand millions. Three
hundred thousand of Britain's best
citizens emigrated to the colonies or
America in 1913 because of harsh
living conditions, and eight million
people In England existed under con
ditions represented by adult male earn
ings of less than $5 a week.
This condition extends even to the
farm classes, the of land tillers
in England and Wales earning ex
tremely low wages, less than 4,000 of
them earning more than $5 a week.
Altogether 30 per cent, of the popula
tion were underpaid and on the verge
of hunger. The army of dependents
increased during the year to one out
of every twenty of the population.
These figures make it plain that
English landlords and capitalists take
a far larger toll of the gross earnings
of the country than do those of
This, as we have said, is interesting
in view of what we have been lately
hearing concerning the alleged evils
of the protective tariff system and the
operations of the trusts in the United
If somebody can convince Huerta that
by retiring he will violate the constitu
tion he may iecide to get out.
THE PASSING ALMANAC
BUYS on the corners are selling
copies of the annual issue of an
, almanac that has found favor
for many years throughout Cen
tral Pennsylvania. Time was when it
had a place in every household and it
is said that profits from its sale netted
a fortune for its publisher. While
still widely read it is steadily falling
off in popularity.
Older men and women whose rcad
j ing habits were formed before the day
of the penny newspaper, the ten-cent
magazine and cheaply printed books,
find in the almanac enjoyment still.
They can remember the keen pleasure
every member of the family used to
find in its annual visit and the careful
manner In which it was preserved on
a hook by the kitchen mantel for
ready reference throughout the year.
It was a thrilling moment when this
new stock of literature, fresh from the
fascinating mysteries of the print shop,
enlivened the home. Great was the
competition as to who should have
the first reading of its crisp pages.
In many homes not so many years
ago the patent medicine almanac also
supplied some literary gaps. Its lugu
brious accounts of diseases and real
istic analyses of symptoms made nerv
ous people morbid. But in places
where newspapers and magazines were
comparatively scarce and libraries
were few, its paragraphs and anec
dotes seemed sparkling and newsy.
Many almanacs are still issued, but
they are more largely directories of
information. They do not find the
hungry appetite for reading as of old.
A torrent of newspaper and magazine
literature floods our homes. Anything
must be new, fresh, original, or very
brilliant, to attract much notice in the
wide sea of print.
Skirts are to bo longer this year, but
husbands with hamlsnme wives will lie
less keen in their appreciation when
they ■ learn that style will not permit
la.it year's garments lo be altered.
<>iir iilen of a real curiosity al thin
season is an undamaged Christmas toy.
U.MSINC. FKEIGHT ItATKS
REASONS why the railroads of the
country are asking to be per
mitted tci advance freight rates
may be eaeily seen in the reports
of 9fi per cent, of the railway lines of
the l ulled States for 191.1, The gross
earnings show an increase of $136.-
900,U00, or 4.4 per cent., over those of
the year before, but despite this the
net earnings of the same roads show
a decrease of $37,000,000, or 4.5 per
In other words, the high cost of pro
duction that is manifest in every other
line of business has made Itself felt
in the operations of the railroads.
Prices of commodities of all kinds
have risen, but railroad rates have not.
The railroads hold that they cannot
go on doing more business every year,
making extensions and providing bet
ter service with constantly decreasing
net earnings. They therefore ask to
be permitted to do what other busi
nesses do without asking increase
AX EVKXIXG THOUGHT
1 am unaware of anything that
has a right to he called an Impos
| sibillty.—Thomaa B. Huxley.
I gte "'" B H
| According to the records to-morrow
will be Just 100 years since the Hope
Fire Company came into being. The
company was formed in the midst of
the War of 1812 and after the infant
j borough had suffered a couple of fires,
i There were two companies before the
j Hope, the Union, which passed out
of existence long ago. and the Friend
ship, which was organized prior to
1803 and which is one of the best
known companies in the State. The
Hope was originally known as tile
Hope Hose and Engine Company and
?^, s , ' orrr, al!y organized on January 6,
1814. old residents say that it was
formed because it was thought there
should be more protection "up-town,"
as llarrisburg was commencing to
grow toward the upper end of old
Maclaysburg. which was North street,
and the State ('apitol was being built.
Just where the company held fortli
originally and who were its first of
ficers is not very clear. Perhaps these
records will appear during the ap
proaching celebration and they would
i T . v . elv Interesting contribution to
local history. Such prominene men as
John r. Bucher, Dr. E. ],. Orth, Henry I
Kuchler, Joseph Wallace and Joseph j
Antes wore members of the coinpan)
In earl.\ da>s and the rolls have borne i
the. names of men who have made!
Harrlsburg. The company lias aiwavsi
been influential In city affairs and!
se\ era I majors have been among its'
members. The Hope started Its ca
reer With a hose carriage and later
bought a Lyon engine from Philadel
phia, which cost about »1.000. It had
at various portions of its history hose
carriages of various styles, from the
•spider - or '•crab" to tlie chemical; en
gines of various capacity and a hook
and ladder truck. It has always paint
ed its apparatus white, a color which
lias been distinctive as the company
color throughout its long history.
Men connected with the proposed
ceremonious transfer of the battle
(lags from the State Museurg to the ro
tinula of the Capitol are going about
ascertaining the names of the color
bearers of the regiments represented
In a most systematic way. Adjutant
General Stewart, by reason of his con
nection with the Grand Army, is in
touch with all of the regimental or
ganizations and the survivors have
been asked to furnish information.
This has been verified as far as re
ceived from official records, so that
there could be no question. It is prob
able that men will come from dis
tant States to attend this notable cere
mony. It has attracted attention sec
ond only to the Gettysburg celebra
Commenting on the fact that so
many new and radical laws have gone
into effect in the last three months, a
State official said last night. I have
been surprised that there has not been
more friction. 1 have known times
when changes in laws always caused
a big ruction and men sometimes al
lowed themselves to be sued to show
that they did not propose to accept
changes quietly. Now, through the
newspapers giving such wide publicity
to the new acts. I have found that
the changes went through without
The storm of snow and sleet which
swept ox er the city Saturday and Sun-
The Business Sinw
Is Now Being Conducted At Our Store
Business is changing—growing swifter, bigger, more extensive, more precise, and more exacting.
And business methods are changing also; they must to keep up with the mark of progress.
V CarS ' ern ' c H c filing Equipment has theme and motive:—First, to demonstrate the efficiency , tention was called to a Globe-Wemicke dee • methoA
advanced far and last in efficiency and economy, and the economy and the permanence of Globe-Wernicke Filing that saved them time trouble or monev
many business men have been too busy to keep up with Equipment; second, to demonstrate its practical applica- Or maybe you have a puzzling officet> rem to solve,
SLl^ a r^ofX Ul V St , hat t?r arethousa " d f of / 3ffices tio V s V h ° rt t0 better . re9ults ; a solution to or are annoyed
all parts of the country that are overworked and over- puzzling office problems; as a time- trouble- and money- ratic filintr. A few moments spent at (y^Wfrernicke
S ol c, ° b °- 5 T r l oraU bu r s 2 andpr l" si< ? n " l men - * • , , B r""-ST p~
ernicke 1 iling Lquipment. Perhaps you think your office is run as efficiently and of your trouble. You will find it hebfulSll as in
ijHg] Standardize Your Office Now With. lijfi
riace a Unlfile beside
your desk for convent- | 1 • ■ ' • _ They I ■> the con
ently filing those let- n* /UlllVWYlAnr \»niew the filing
terf? and references that JB, 111 tllf I JI 1111 111 11 FT 111 cHLlnw the pro
nov. litter the desk but O A u-etieil he safe,
nre too useful or too The an jrlors can
valuable or too personal hp fltl h Globe
and drawers of sizes •* . Globe t Safe 1*
and styles to suit yovr ma»le 1 ali'ss, ma
exact needs Made In hogan; or olive
T.'i'tif'steei"n'terituT Globe-Wernicke I iling Lquipment is built on the "unit" principle. Once properly installed, it grows with treen '
your business , unit by unit. The "unit" idea permits the small office to apply to its affairs the same ..
kl bting devices as are so widely used by the corporations. Let us demonstrate this fact to you. fjpjj gHßgjj
(vfr-SS;® I! Eve T 7 of office has bcen P rOTid ed for in Glob<> - that the large* factory of its kind in the world stands behind its
||L-i Wernicke Filing Equipment. And every Clobe-Wernicke device for guaranty; that you can secure additional equipment at any time
p|ri |§S * n . r P ur P°®®» '» the most suitable of its kind. Globe-Wernicke steel from stock. Globe-Wernicke goods are standard, not made to order, yet r^^jf
j nnd wood ril ™S devices are so varied and so wonderfully efficient, your business needs can be suited as if the equipment were espe- IBa
t'l mmm P th . at 14 i 8 bccomin 3 the custom of modern Businesses to adopt Globe- cially made for you. The variety of our stock sizes and patterns ffij
I ferlOßil Wernicko dcvice9 throughout their offices. Experience has proved their permit you to select a design and finish that will harmonize with ]||ij
SloterWiroicke 1186 an aSSCt " not stanc^arc: '~ c y° ur office equipment! the rest of your office equipment which will give the office a desir- jVML
Filing Cabinet* Standardization simplifies. and koeps your systems uniform, which R ble atmosphere of prosperity and good management. It stimulates Sec^H'ookcaiU
They are the Standard means highest efficiency and greatest economy. Standardization means •nd helps your office force to better work. Call and investigate.
of the world. Thou- ®very Its
eands of modern offices j ___ to
HVi David W. Cotterel SHC
made in all steel and ?' with
105 North Second Street II 18 North Court Street
menta of any business the
~ large or small. SKJiS" Lmwa.
day was the cause of Bome score of
people In this city losing a lot of sleep.
The storm upset telegraphic and tele
phone communication In a number of
directions and the "trouble gangs"
were busy also continuously. Some
of the telephone lines were out of
business while others alongside of
them were not harmed.
The Harrisburg teachers' pension
plan, which has been in operation in
this city for some years, received very
favorable comment at the recent, meet
ing of the State Educational associa
tion in Pittsburgh. The Harrisburg
plan has been commended as one of
the most sensible and men from a
number of cities declared that It look
ed well. It will be seriously con
sidered by the special committee in
charge of pension legislation.
Hotel men say that they are now
ready for what they term the "sum
mer parade." This is the season of
the year when the commercial men
confe to town to sell their summer
goods and the air is full of snow and
the streets full of Ice while they talk
of straw hats, light suits and low
shoes. The holiday, season is always
a poor one for the hotels and they
take It easy. But now the rush of
summer men will begin.
Oh! That Little 3d St. Car
Honestly, it's very easy
I To eondemn most any service,
j But tne little Third Street car line
| Is no plaee for people nervous.
Now, for instance, t'other evening,
lilder snxious home to get,
Waited while conductor left the
Car and smoked a eigaret.
"Can't you go faster," asked a lady,
Of a motonnan one dav
"Yes, I could," was his rejoinder.
"But with this car I must stay.
"Don't you see we have a schedule,
And sonieimes we have to poke,
So we'll be on time arriving
In the Square"—and that's 110 joke.
But. dear rider, when your anger
To full ~>easure is acquired,
j Hold your peace, because this small car
Huns all night and may be tired.
OF THE CIVIL WAR
[From the Telegraph of Jan. 5. 1864.]
Forrest Tnkes Stock
Cincinnati, Jan. 4. There is no war
news here, other than I 1 orrest has
crossed the Tennessee river with one of
the largest supply trains of the war, in
cluding 1,800 head of cattle, and every
horse, mule and wagon he could find in
Leavenworth, Jan. 4. Advices from
tlie South say that a fight occured on
the 18th Ult.. near Fort Gibson, Chero
kee Nation, between 1.000 rebels under
Quantrell. and about 600 Federals, un
der Colonel Phillips, of the Indian Bri
gade. The fight lasted several hours,
and resulted in a complete defeat of the
rebels, who scattered in all directions,
leaving flftv killed and wounded on the
field. Our loss was small.
Some Style* Jiow at Sen
| From the Milwaukee Journal.]
Senator J. Ham Lewis, Illinois, is a
member of the eommision for safety at
sea. Now for lavendar silk life pre
BIG BE MADE
IN OFFICES TODAY
Thirty Common Pleas Judges Take
Office With Today Through
out the State
JOE O'BRIEN NbW MENTIONED
Scranton Man May Be Chosen to
Run Against Michael J.
Ryan For Honors
Thousands of public officials elected
at the November election took office
to-day throughout Pennsylvania. In
(he number were thirty judges of
common picas courts and in addition
Robert W. Irwiii, just appointed to till
a vacancy 011 the Washington county
bench; four judges of orphans courts,
nine municipal court judges In Phila
delphia and thirteen associate judges.
The two new Superior Court judges,
whose terms begin to-day, qualified
some days ago.
hi addition almost 1,000 county offi
cials begin terms to-day, over 400
being officers commissioned by the
tiovernor. The county controllers who
assume office to-day In counties hav
ing between 100,000 and 150,000 are
not required to be commissioned by
the. Governor, according to a state
ment Issued here.
Among those, who assume office are
about 2,000 justices of thp peace,
magistrates atul aldermen. In bor
oughs changes in council organizations
Lieutenant-Governor Reynolds has
issued Ills writ for the special election
of a senator in Cambria county to fill
the two years of the unex
pired term of Senator J.
Stlneman <'. Stineman, who died
Vacancy during the session. The
Election election will be held at
the usual time and it is
expected that ex-Senator
George M. Wertz will appear in the
arena. This is the only vacancy to be
tilled this year. Auditor General A.
W. Powell's successor will be elected
in regular order, as his term as a sen
ator would have ended this year.
Friends of Congressman A. Mitchell
Palmer are now giving out the hint
that Joseph O'Brien, former district
attorney of Lackawanna
county and a member of
the reorganization guillo- .100 O'Brien
tine committee, is likely Pushed to
to be a candidate for the Front
Lieutenant-Go ver no r .
O'Brien is an exceedingly
popular man and his boom is an effort
to head off Michael J. Ryan, whose
gubernatorial nomination ambition
bids fair to sweep the reorganization
bosses into the scrap pile. Some
people here believe that the mention
of O'Brien is a feeler and that if it
takes Palmer may decide to announce
that he will not be a candidate for
Governor, but would run instead for
Congress again, suggesting that
JANUARY 5, 1914.
Are you one of the men who smile T ie"^ - 1
word "bargains." We are only going to sa
includes world-famous Hart Shaffner & ; ;iety
Brand and Cloth Craft clothing at the fo duc
S3O Suits and Overcoats, s2o.<
$25 Suits and Overcoats, #I6.J
S2O Suits and Overcoats, $15.4
sls Suits and Overcoats, slo.<
LADIES' FURS AT GREAT RED I. )
H. Marks & 5
Fourth & Market S
O'Brien be taken up as the candidate
to oppose Ryan. For some time
friends of the 8c ran ton man have been
sounding sentiment In regard to him
against the Philadelphia!!.
j POLITICAL SIDELIGHTS |
—Congressman Palmer has been
pretty busy holding conferences in
Philadelphia about the outlook.
—That swinging of the ax by Blank
cnburg in Philadelphia is all right as
long as it hits Republicans, according
to the Market Square standard.
—Senator McNichol is coming back
from Florida to pick out some winners
in Philadelphia appointments.
—They now say that Dean Lewis
quit the Progressives because he was
out of sympathy with the people run
ning the show in this State.
—lt is said that Colonel Roosevelt
suggested that. Dean Lewis would be
a good man to run for Governor of
—The news from Fayette county is
not very reassuring either, according to
gossip about State machine headquar
ters in the Square.
—Pennsylvania progressives are not
so sure about that contest for Con
gress in every district In this State.
—Maine and Nebraska Republicans
and Progressives are getting together.
—Congressman Casey has picked
Hugh McKenna to be postmaster of
—A. H. Pidgeon, of Houtzdale, is
the new appraiser of Clearfield.
—Mayors Armstrong, Pittsburgh,
and Jermyn, Scranton, took office to
—C. J. Rhode, of Kutztown. is to be
Berks deputy revenue collector.
The Commercial Age
[From the Washington Post. I I
As a result of advertising. St. Ixjuis
churches report greatly increased at
tendance; however, the reports from
the contribution box frill show whether
it really pays.
AN INCO.NSI AY OR
LKrom the Sun.]
. ihe noteworth s In Mayor
JALitchel's speech ire was his
I desire for a muri ation. The
I Mayor said:
"1 would rathei government
of this city for th months in
conspicuous than -aided from
(lay to day in the >ugh prom
ises made as to M I done."
This reaction lellght and
the open mouth t ve that Mr.
Mltche] was in ei i he prom
ised this town a administra
tion. Few publi i stand the
tost of loquacity. t Roosevelt
Is the only man e comes to
in I iid a b an exai public man
who has helped 1 ty In spite
or his talkativen vere we to
attempt to put a \ President.
\v Ilson s chief personal
strengrth we she upon his
shrewd taciturn it ,ps it has
been a source of and disap
pointment to him sample has
not been emulate r quarters,
but that, as Kipl is another
Mayor Mitchel makes hli
plan or reticence ore seemlr*
Were his words aided fron
day to day in the * could nft
escape the false bein«r eg>-
tistlcal on the 01 id boastnl
on the other. A 1 silent nun
i From the ee.l
rhose national who rere
going: to ffive up ters ftfth
with will probably ce aboit it.
rv , Plent
[rrom the Kno urnal and
There are other renc bills
that will grive mc mon con
IN HARRISE iFTY
[From the Telegr: .n. . 1864.1
Rrlrtjte Company nHdeml
The Harrisburg many has
declared a dlvlden r *nt. out
of the profits of tl icmtlis.
Hope Company il Old
To-morrow evem lope Fire
Company will celeW Ttieth an
niversary of tlieiiß on. The
members of the i have a
grand banquet Capital
Hotel, and the even
ing will be hop. We
wish the "Hivers HB me.