Star and banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1847-1864, November 16, 1855, Image 1

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G,E71)1EBIIL111 IPORIP4IIOI I /1. It is rare that we meet with anything more
•• ... _ •
• ' . p•'•••* ' true to nature than the f9llowing little gem,
Poet secglitegulatlons. descriptive of frontier life:
Rate: of Pott4tlci;Postage on all letters of
one-half ounce jiglightly ur!der, 3 cents pre
paid, (except toTitUfarrila and Oregon, which 'ln the deep wild wood is a lonely man,
. . ,
ulO cents pre..pai4r • And •he swings his broad-axe like a slight
Postagepn "Tail isTAB AND Bstrtten"•••--with. rattan—
in the County, free. Within the State, 13cents His garb is uncouth, bnt,his step is proud,
per year. To , any part of the United States, And his *ice when ho speaketh is Arta and
26 cents. . loud ; .
Postage on all transient papers under 3 The forest recedes as h i s strong arm swings,
ounces in weight, 1. cent pre•ptud, or 2 cents And he letteth In light, like Smiling of kings.
unpaid. His but is of lok's, and his infant brood
Advertised letters to be charged with the Tumble forth to rejoice itr that solitude ;
edst of advertising... They chase the honeybee home to its store,
Tha Mat : Coßchesi wit h mail° to Balti- And the old trees gives up what it never bore . ;
more need Philadlphi
They hide in the brake, that' rush throug h .
ea, (and intervening
pints,) leave at 6 o ' clock, AA, tn . M., daily, ex- the stream;
cast Sunda ys . And flit to and fro Writhe things of . a dream.
To Ha rrisburg on Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday, at 5, ArM. The mo th eriipale like the sweet moonlight,
To Hagerstown, on Tuesday, Thillidah and But they say, fffifter youth no' rose was so
Saturday, nt 7„A. M. bright ;
To•Chamberdnirg, 5, A. M, daily. She moves in the cabin with a gentle grace,
" Enimittsburg, 3, P. M., II And the homeliest things have their regular
Mail to Bendersville, Middletown, Mumrantk • place;
burg, Centre Mills, Areridtstown, on Wednes- She'snuts as shg, works with a sighing smile,
day and Saturday, 7 A. M. And her far-off home riseth in vision the
To' Hunterstown, Tuesday, Thursday and while.
Saturday, 7 A. M.
To Now Chester, and Hampton, on Tuesday
of each week, 7 A. M.
°dicers or the Pelted States.
President : Franklin Piero:),
Eke President : Jt38140 D. Bright
Secretary of Slate : Wm. L. Marcy. -
Secretary of liiVrior : Robert McClelland.
Secretary.qr Treasury : James Outhriot
Secretary of War : Jefferson Davis.
Secretary of Nary: James C. Dobbin. ,
j'ast Master General : James Campbell.
_Attorney General: Caleb Cushing.
Chief Justice rur the U. States : B. Taney,
State Officers.
Governor : James Pollock.
Secretary of State : Andrew G. Curtin.
Dgmly .c.?rcretary : John lit:Sullivan.
Surregor General: J. Porter Brawley.
Auditor Genend : Eplirnitn Banks.
Trey:timer : Ell Slifer.
Judges: .1. S. Black,E. Lewis, W. B. Lowrie,
G. W. Woodward, J. C. Knox.
Deputy Superint.ndent of Common PChOOll
Henry C. Hickok.
Calmly Officers:
Congress: David F. Robison.
Senate : David Mellinger.
-Assembly : Isaac Robinson.
l'resideta Judge: Robert J. Fisher.
Associates : Suml R. Ru.sell, Jno. McGinly.
District Attorney: Jas. G. Reed.
Sheri f: Henry) Thomas.
Coroner : J. W. Hendrix.
Prothonotary : John Picking.
Register IP Recorder: Win. F. Walter.
Clerk 1).1 the Courts : .1. J. Baldwin.
County Trea.nrrer : J. 1.. Schick. ,
At‘tutty Surveyor : Geo. - f 3. Hewit.
.Impector of Weights and Measures : Franklin
( ardne r.
Jas. J. Wills, George layers,
Henry A. Picking; . Clerk—J, Aughinbaugh;
Counsel—David Wills.
Directors or the Poor : JOseph Baily, John
Horner, Garret Brinkerhoff ; Clerk—Rob't.
S. Paxton ; Treasurer--AlexanderCobean
StewnrklJohn Scott ; Physician—David
Awn/ors : Edmund F. Shorb, Abel T. Wright,
John Hauptman.
Nrrraiiiiie Appraiser: Jacob Aughiubaugh.
Coulay Surrintouient: David Wills.
Borough Officers.
Burgegs : John Culp.
Thom Cnunril : James A. Thompson, Hugh
Ilenwidaie, Samuel R. Russell, S. S. Me-
Creary, 1). Kendlehart, John Gilbert. R.
G. il'Creary, Clerk audiTreasurer.
Juglirea of the : George E. Bringman,
Joel B. Danner.
emulate : John L. Burns.
Places of Wornlllp
PreAbylerian : Bnit. and High street -4t pree
rnt without a Pastor.
Roman Crilludic : West High street. Pastor
—Rev. Mr. Do Necker.
Verman !Mirage,' : High and Strattonstreets
Pastor—lteo. Jacob Ziegler.
Methodist Eat :rival 'East Middle street.
Pastors—Revs. J. W. Dosh, Win. Ear nshaw
Associate Reformed: West High street. Pm
tor—Rev..Mr. Werner.
Lutheran : Christ Church, Chambersburg
street; Pastor--Rev. Dr. Krauth. St.
James, York. , and Stratton streets ; Pm.
tor—Rev. Reuben Hill.
1. 0. 0. F.—Gettys Lodge meets on Tuesday
evening of each week.
& of T.—Adams Division meets on Monday
evening of each week. •
Temperance Beneficial Association meets on
third Saturday evening of each month.
Gettysburg Beneficial Association meets first
Saturday evening of each month.
Young . Mon's Lyceum meets on Thursday
evening of each week.
York Springs Lodge meets on Thursday even
ing of each week.
Berlin Beneficial Association meets on the finit
Friday evening of each month.
Bank of Gettysburg.
.Presitlent : George Swope.
Cashier: Jahn 11. MaPheraon.
Clerk : John H. McClellan.
Directors : George Swope, D. Kendlehart,
Alexander D. iIiMCD, Win. Gardner, Henry
Wirt, Win. Douglaa, David Willa, George
Young, John A. Swope,Win. A. Stewart,
Joshua blotter, Joseph L. Shorb, John K.
Adam; County Mutual Fire Ineu.
rance Company.
.Presideni George Swope.
V. itesident : Samuel R. Russell.
Secretary : David A. Bnehler.
livasurer : David M'Cicary.
Ezeitake Committee : Rob 't M'Curdy,Andrew
• Reintzelman, Jacob Ring.
Managers: Geo. Swope, D. A. Buehler, R.
Cindy, J. King, A. Reintselman, S. R. Bus
se% D..4l'Creary, J. L. Noel, A. B. Kurtz,
S. Fahnostock, R. G. M'Croary, J. J. Kerr,
T. A. Marshall, IL Biehelberges, J. Aughin
bough, II Wills, FL A. Picking, D. M Con
aughy, • Jacob Griest, Wm. B. Wilson, Jo
seph I'ink.
wirThQ,Exectitirs Committee meet on the
• the first Tuesday in every month at the office
of the Secretary.
Tennyson, in his poem of "!Fatima," re
,siwp,rks the Boston Post, relates the strong
est ease of suction within our knowledge
at present. Speaking of a lover's kiss he
says, or rather she says :
%est night when some one spoke his name,
From myswift blood that wont and came,
-- A Thailand little shafts of Hume •
Were shivered in my narrow frame:
,0 loyal 0 fire I Once he drew,
With one long kiss my whoie soulikrutr9,k
K,liPs; v4rilight . drinketh dew"
"The Old.FolluiVl
"0. sharper than a serpent's tooth it is,
To have a thankless child."'
"I suppose I must go down and see the
uld folkn pretty soon, but it is a dull job,"
said a fashiouebty dressed young man to
me, on evening. "Tbe country is so
dull, ;after living in the city, that I dread
to go there ; there is nothing to look at,
and nowhere to go ; but mother is gettog
pretty , feeble, and I ought to go I"
I perceived that the "old folks" he so
disrespectfully spoke of, wore no other
than his own father and mother.
"I could get along with one day well
enough," ho said, "but the old folks an
never satisfied unless I stay a week, or
three or four dayt, and I get heart-sick of
it, it is so dull. I used to go and see
them once or twice a year, but now it is
between two and three years since I have
been there. I could go oftener, but it is
:too tedious ; and then they make so much
of Mg, and cry so when they see me, that
it makes me feel bad, because I do not 4 go
as much as I ought ; so sometimes I think
I will not go at all." •
How little had this careless son thought
of his aged parents, and yet how daily,
how' hourlylad those aged parents thoUght
of him, and how many fervent prayers
had ascended to God for him from that
quiet fireside. He knew not how many
evils those prayers had averted from his
ungrateful bead, of how many , blessings
they hapotired upon him.
But all sons are not thus ungratefnl.—
A young friend' of mine who has resi
ded sixteen years 'in the seine great me-.
tropulis, has never failed twice 'rr year to
visit his parents. and goes often, or when
ever it is possible fur him to leave his bu
siness. I accidentally saw a letter he had
addressed to a sister a short time since.
which shows that a young man can be
immersed in extensive business, and yet
find tittle to love and venerate his mother.
"I received a short note Irmo mother,"
he writes, after hearing that she was ill.
"I am fearful- she is not improving. If
she is any worse, or becomes dangerously
sick, I desire to know it. I dread the
thought that our, mother cannot be spared
to us. many years—at best—it may be but
a few mouths. I have thought of it very
much for a few weeks. Although she has
lived nearly her threescore and ten, and
nature has almost become exhausted, yet
how I should whim her; how we all should
mourn for her! What a mother she has
been to us ; what an 'example ; what a
ebristiati ; lam sure of it; I know that
she haa been my dearest object of love and
affection all the days of my life. How
'ever I may have strayed from her bright
examples and her teachings ' my mother
has always been before me, beckoning me
to walk iu the right way ; and if 1 have
not prayed myeelt, with the fervor and
devotion I should, I have always felt that
she was supplicating for me. How much
she cared for us ! What a sacred treas
ure, even to the ends of our lives, will be
the memory of our mother."
"I see her now, as she looked to me,
when elle stood at the bedside of one dy- .
ing brother, cheering him in his suffer
ings ;
and , I hear her say, "The same
clock told the hour of his birth, is
now telling the hour of his death I What
a scene was that I We know, dear sister,
that these things must be, and it is not in
a melancholy strain that I write, but ev
ery indication of the approaching end of
my mother, stirs within me all the tender
est impulses of my heart. Her. removal
will be to the brightest heaven, die when
she may. Old age is but the thresh bold
of death, and after a life spent as our
mother's has been, the portals of apother
world can have to dreary look."
How ennobling, how touching are this
young man's words. We cannot 'but re
spect him for his beautiful reverence and
love for his.mother. Years of life in New
York, subject to every snare and every
temptation. engaged' in a business, with
the heat and passion of youth upon him,
yet,the steady flame of deep lova for his
mother, burned undimmed in his heart.
Mothers, she was a 'mother worthy of
such aeon. She was a Christian Mother.
Wonidyou inspire similar love and rever
ence, be like her, an earnest and heartfelf
follower of the blessed Redeemer. •
And let evary heartless, neglectful son,
remember the thorns of agony his thought
lessness implants in the hearts of his pa
rents. Let him call to remembrance • the
helpless years of his childhood, and the
self-sacrificing love that fill their hearts,
and now return to them and to God the
love and gratitude which are justly due.--
-thwerican Messinger.
A Dandy in Broadwv, 'New , York,
wishing to be witty, accosted , a young
bell-man as follows :---"You take all sorts
of trumpery in your cart, don't nut"
`Yee, ump in, jump in."
The story of the man who had a nose
so large that he couldn't blow it "without
the-Ewe of put-powder, is said to be, a
The German Cook•—a liiving Ser
te on. .
"Do you want to bay some good books,
sirr' ask ed a colporteur of the captain
of a vessel . '
"No," answered the captain, "I'Vti no
time' to read ; my cook is so good a- man ,
that he does all the reading add praying
on the ship."
"Then you think there is such a thing
as piety ?" said the colporteur. •
"Certainly I . do," answered the cap
tain ; "no man can go a voyage with my
cook and not be convinced of that fact."
"With your leave .I should like to see
him, sir."
"Certainly,"•answered - the captain,, and
kindly leading the way to the galley, he,
told the steward , who the colporteur 'was,
and what had brought him aboard ; and
while the men stood round his basket of
books as he read over the titles, the Ger
man cook pointing to the basket, ex
alaimed • •
"Chesus Grim in dere,' and Chesus,
Grise up dere ;" and clasping his hands
on his breatt "Chem Owe in here
This simple burst of pions feang
touched the heart/Jr the' sailors., "The
captain bought a 'package of the books
and gave one to each of hib men, and
tifrning to the colportour, said :.
"That is our Christian."
The poor cook was a living sermon 'to
both captain and crew ; and the eaptaiti, 4
though professifig no religion bimetal, al ,
ways allowed his men fifteen minutes in
the morning and fifteen minutes in the
evening for the ir private devotions. ~ N o
man has a more orderly crew than mine,"
he says; lathey are always ready."
A Beautiful Smile.'
A few days since a lovely little child
of four summers was buried in this town.
On leaving the house of its parents, the
clergyman, Rev. Mr. Jay. plucked up by
the roots a beautiful little lorget-rne
not," and tyk with him to the
After the little embryo of humanity
had been depiiited in the grave, the
clergyman, holding up the plant in his
hand, said :
"I hold in my hand a beautifnl flow
er which I plucked. from. the . garden
we have just left. By taking it from
its parent home it has withered,. but 1
here plant it in the head of this grave
and it will soon revive and flourish.
"So with the little flower we have just
planted in the grave. It has !men pluck
ed from its native garden, and has wilted,
but it is transplanted into tho garden, of
inanortality, where it will revive and
flourish in immortality, glory and beauty."
—Ohio Farmer - • -
The Preaching Monkey
There, iv a curious animal, a native of
South America. vhinh iv called the preach
ing monkey. The appearance of the an
imal is at once grotesque and forbidding.
It has a dark. thick beard, three inches
long. hanging down from the chin. This
gives it the mock air of a Capuchin friar.
from which it has acquired the name of
the preaching monkey. They are gener
ally found in groups of twenty or. thirty,
except in their morning or evening meet
ings, when they assemble in vast multi
tud es. At these times, one of them, who
appears by common consent to be the
leader or president. mounts the highest
tree which is near, and the rest take their
places below. Having by Reign commit-
tied silence, the orator commences his
harrangue, consisting of various modulated
howls, something sharp and quick, then
again slow and deep, but always so loud ,
as to be heard several miles. The min
gled sounds at a distance are said to resem- 1
ble the 'rolling drums, and rumbling and
creaking of cart wheels ungreased. Now ;
and then the chief gives a signal with his
hands, when the whole company begin
the most frightful chorus imaginable, and
with another sign, silence is ;restored.—
The whole scene is described as the most
ludicrous and yet the most hideous, that
imagination can conceive.
in vegetable as in animal life ; a mother
crams her child exclusively with arrow
root—it becomes fat, it is true, but, alas
it is rickety, and gets its teeth very slowly
end with difficulty. Mamma is ignorant,
or never thinks that her offspring can
ma k e beee—or, what is the same thing,
phosphate of lime, the principal bulk of
bone—out of starch. It does its beat ; and
were it not for a little milk, and bread,
perhaps now and then a little meal and
soup, it would have no bones and teeth at
all. Farmers keep poultry ; and what is
true of fowls is true of cabbage, a turnip,
or,an ear of wheat. If we mix with the
food of fowls a sufficient quantity of egg
shells or chalk, which they eat greedily,
they will lay many more eggs than before.
A_ well-bred fowl is disposed to lay a vast
number of eggs, but cannot do so without
the materials for the shells, however nour
ishing in other respects het fond may be.
A fowl, with the best wilt in the world.
not finding any lime in the soil nor mor
tar, from walls, nor calcareous matter in
her food, is incapacitated from laying any
eggs at all. Let farmers lay such facts as
these, which are matters of common ob
servation, to heart, and transfer the an
alogy, as they may do, to the habits of
plants, which are truly alive. and answer
as closely to every injudicious treatment,
as their own horse.— Moine Farmer.
/No.—"Thou shalt not take the name of
the Lord thy God in vain ; for the Lord
will not hold him guiltless that takoth his
name in vain." Exodus, 20: 7.
"Swear not at all ; neither by heaven,
for it is God's throne ; nor by the earth,
for is his footstool; neither by •any other
oath ; but let your communication be,
yea, yea, nay, nay ; for whatsoever is m ere
than these cometh of evil." Matthew,
5 : 8447.
-- "Because of swearing the land mourn
ath." Jer. 23: 10.
A. wise man, thinks all that bleep, and
,a 1901 mays . all thstlse *inks.
A Lady at the Storming of Sebastopol.
A letter has been,reoeived by her friends
in this city, from -ige lady of commander
D'Aivicau, of the steamer Des Cartes, of
the allied fleet in the Black Sea. Captain
D'Arricau is the son•in•law of Mr. William
B. Le Coutenix, of this city, and both
himself and lady are known to many of our
city. This lady, who has her residence at
I Cotintentinsple, becoming uneasy about her
husband, determined to see him, * possible,
and, with this purpose wont to Sebastopol,
and was permitted to go on board the vessel
be commanded. As fate would have it, the
day she had chosen for the interview was
she notable one of the bombardment of So
tobtapol, and she was scarcely on board
when the orders were received to commence
the attack.
The situation was anything but agreea
ble to a lady, but there was no 'escaping,
and she was obliged to remain aid witness
the terrific scene from first to last. With
shot and shells, and danger on ir(ery hand,
the deafening roar of the cannon; the sky
Mirk with clouds of smoke, the airlreighted
with tho odor of battle, and the sA lashed to
unnatural fury by the storm of iron and
leaden rain, one may be supposed to have
funned a correct appreciation of the pecu
liar beauties of war. When the conflict
was titer the lady went ishorein company
with others, and, while surreying,the envi
rons of the partially conquered strong hold,
narrowly escaped a cannon ball that came
whizzing past her with anything but a mu
sical sound. Mrs. D'Arrigau was, perhaps,
the only lady who witnesdfid the. bombard
ment of Sebastopol frem shipboard. Our
•fashionably sensitive ladles would hardly
have encountered the deafer °Tap to visit
their husbands, or survived the fearful
shock of the battle.—But CO O% Nov. 1. -
Food in France.
It is stated that measures are in progress
all over France to provide su4 cheapen the
food for the poorer Owes. The Munici
pal Council of Orleans •hu voted 1160,-,
000 for the works of public utility, and for
the distribution of bread tickets. Iu the
department of Loire, the wealthy people
have formed a commission for the purchase
of rice wholesale in the seaports, and sel
ling at reduced rates to the poor. At Mai
dines a similar assooiation la importing ox
en end selling them at ood, ,Theinanufac
turers in different parts furnish their work
men with bread at s low fixed nits. •
A Aliser to some Porposi—The fortune
left. by the late Baron Nitrieh, of Vienna,
to his grandson, PrincesSitilttorski, amounts
to eighteen millions of lioritii,(,ooo.)
Thera were found in the cellar, 22 bags
each containing 1,000 ducats
1 :V arid
in different chests securities our, and
lost - forlf--miur *4rtetinkr
practice of hoarding gold is very common in
Austria, where the paper currency is greatly
Over Sensitive.—Samuel Weir, a highly
respectable citizen of Clinton county, Indi
ana' committed n
imble a few days since.
Ho had been drawn u a juror, bin owing
to his limited knowledge of the butguage,
he was set aside as incompetent. I4e seemed
to consider it as a reflection upon his hon
esty, and put an end to his life in ounse
Death from Cardesniess —On Wednes
day last, at Concord, Ky., Lewis Strickland
put his foot on the hammer of his gun,
while he blew into the Mink, in order to
see if it was loaded, when his foot slipped,
the gun was discharged, and the ball passed
through his head, killing him instantly.
An Army of Orate seekers.—The New
York Times wigs the number of candidates
for office in that city, at the late election.
wee a little overeight thousand, being equal
in numbers to the entire army with which
(ho. Scott made his descent into the valley
of Mexico, at the time of the war with that
Cheap Labor.—An instance of the cheap
ness of labor in the island of Tahiti, is given
in the fact, that when the stenmer Golden
Age touched there to coal, fifteen hundred
tons were put on board at an expense of
only 4s. 2d.—less than dollar.
A Long Wet Spelt—A correspondent at
New Castle, Ind, says they have had a
wet spell four months, without a week at
any one time dry weather, yet corn p is re
markably good.
Cost him Something.—ln Kentucky, at
the Flemington County Court, a wealthy
man, who courted a girl "jut for the fan,'
haa been ululated in $6,000 damages for
broach of promise,. '
Signs and Tokens.—The Indians regard
a thin husk of corn as an indication of a
mild whiter. This being true, the one just
approaching will be of the, gentle kind, as
the husks are said to be very thin. .
sar•Rum continue its pranks. A for
mer, associate judge of Onion minty, Ohio
while intoaioated, sat down on a railroad
track, near Urbana, recently, and, was kil
led by a freight train.
Overheariivg.—The Eddyville (Iowa)
Free Press states that a lady of that
under twenty-one'years of age, has been the
mother of seven Children:
ilarTwo steamers, were loston Lake
Michigan during the gala of yesterday week,
and all bands were drowned. The Teasels
were lost.
Lotto. Duans.—Speaking long
prayers, Elder Knapp soya :—.'W hen Pe
ter was endeavoring to walk on the water
to meet his master, and was about sink
ing, had his supplication been as long as
the introductio n to one of our modern
prayers, before ho would have got half
through ,he won Id have been fifty feet un
der water."
A lady advertises in the Glasgow Her
ald that she wants a gentleman for break
fasvand tea; The cannibal.
Gratitude is the musket the heartwhen
its cords ma swept by the ,bream of kind-'
/101111.• '
EDWARD Err ERETT'S SPEECH., ten or fifteen times as much as the Collier.
AT Tall NATIONAL sue, 11/iadi V ill r ; taking their produce at sixty
15..7),:ren; , :irawczessjmezetimerent.innem: million . s of dollars.
. Then, sir, this gold of ours not only
(R.. C. wiztop„ t ) ; exceeds the California in the annual yield
-Mr excellent briefed
____, ,of the diggings, but in several other re
who has just taken las amt , was te
E` .. "" i Pperli. It certainly requires labor. but
enough to remark that he was waitivig with i not nearly as lunch labor to get it out.-
impatience for me to E. , peak.. Far different i
~: Our digging may be depended on with far
was my feeling white he
watt a P eak `L t g: ;greater confidence for the average yield on
for I listened, not onus with pa
• tieace " ;given superficiee. A certain quantity of
with satisfaction and deli hr. ars I am were
1 moisture is no doubt necessary with us as
you all did. If he spoke all. the etaharra ‘ ek with them, 'but you are not required, as
went under which he eraser:out/Amor such j{
'you are in the placers of California to
an easeethl Y -aa eatbaremaerat a;hse ,h stand up to your middle in water all day ,
all, however aectroomed to pul.lie *man"' rocking a cradle filled with gravel and gold
ing. eannot but tool-how moth
He g l; ,_,, eater .... dust. The cradles we rock are filled with
111 : 1 ,.. t ,, b ; I f F , eal _t eram .,.. liatil aac i. h; . -e
...—. 7 something better. Another single
e,n--- only with
tags of our gold over the California gold is,
`"' occasion. and 14. '"" n''''''' '''' ---r1 - that after being pulverized and moistened.
follow the mart eloqueut gesolearan from
who 1 subjected to the action of moderate
r........ A hi1ade1 . .. 5 phi11 5. : ( MUMS' , 31e3helhe m , l ' ) ' 16 17:: I heat, it becomes a grateful and nutrious
_ i l k "w"w, ~.., `" . ,,,,,L, da. hav e
..... ,*_ tr ! f etta ,,,,,7";. ; _ te w" article of fond : whereas no man-not the
..” that `''''''`'`' l T'' "'"" '''''' t -. - '7 l. ' aalt ; long-eared King of Plirygia himself
only that gentleman, who deli g hted un ' all could masticate a thimble full of the Cal
ea meek but alas my meat eloquent bread
ifomia dust, cold or hot, to save him Isom
who Laskin takes' his seat. When two
such geodesists have pesowd over sire Then, sir, we get our Atlantic gold on
ifeatial'lttaaa with his wide
a „_ ; ,...7 l L itt X a good deal more favorable terms that we
reaper, other , w ith his - ,____'''`'"" - „ L I get the Zlalifornia. It is probable. nay it
=Ph% what fa febt_jew:..........._a pear f:= 'w e ' is certain; that for every million of dollars'
•Ea r el u d .......... (Cheara == .l t worth oldest that we receive from San
.- ' la— --- laanairr" stria' Francisco, we send out a full, million's
which Foe have beers so rood as to ion°. worth in produce, in manufactures, in tan
dem: my Mat to thieeempaay. it is Oak" ' ttlons= gemirelly, and in freight; hut the
that I hare milli * * na l atiad " lila " lal " gold which is raised from the diggings this
„. lta ,„, le , n l L e el s rP lit ,.... tti Lt he „ "...... lettiell ir tha lL a 1111Z 1 .2 side. yields, with good management, a
-1-- t la ',...„__,„ww` --, • w ho,
~...._; a-w vast increase on the outlay-some thirty
somein q uisitive _,.,...,,_=,. - _,, nem ,...,_ lllaste aw 7 . _; llll .' fold, some sixty, some an hundred. But
; 1 a1 ,., 1 t i ..„' 7... -- 0 .,,` - '72.".,' a r"... ".... ........... 1i " 1 ' 11 ""'.... j ...........'' beside' , all this, there are two discrimina
''---" te w - "'" "www """"',.,_„.ww.,__' tiog. circumstances of a most peculiar
piety anion his flock. be Wall s "lewwwwg character in which our gold differs from
to bieest of?' (ieellnee that of California. greatly to the advantage
- - inhle were aLa n)
teale r l " i laalead of " of ours. The first is this :
agricultural seelety"tal if I_,___t nose your On the Bacrainento and Fttathnr river's.
Provinces liat jin_. " l. di
. ..._ tl 'e___, al an"w•" , "" 11 : 1 1 throughout the placers, in all the wet iligg
hate laalthe we'l'ani,.. ref the '" alana _,. " it
lags and the dry diggings, and in all the de
not be aurprisiag ° in sons "" P a g el "' posits ofouriferous quartz. you: can getout
you should str i ke apes Nick altos
one solitary exhaustive crop from one lo
all " at l raell- Bet Ithea I lea tattalal cality ; and io getting that you spoi lit for
a ir, Y ear ...„,..„ etthil ,,,....._ ; „,„ attalala t_,," ealtute any use, - The soil is dug over, worked
-- " tt etti--- `"'"""w'n www - ww ww•www" over. washed over, ground over. sifted ov.
the life, the fire-tlho trisect!! goods of
en-in short, turned 'into an abomination
ardeotlre°,..._th " 4 _, eland" . aaaahata L__, ."- of desolation, which all the guano of the
"IlahlLid frost almost lee "
_,Plarit,' the Chincha island,' would not restore to ler,
country. „_. actors or a P eeta _.___, laea ,‘" l "7_,. sera _ vs e laity. You can never get (ruin it a second
-lama fro fwellfr the Pa"°° ; "wr 411 ,.."• - •'"1, - yield of gold, or a nything else, unless.
fashioned itike ” atellatallied to l a "' '''.•^ Probably. a crop of mullen ors tramonium.
r, ; ___ashk'net"_,„ l " 7B, - :,...._ 11 " 1 ,_"'", 1 °_,...
_hat li" the The Atlantic diggings. on the contrary,
,a'un"'"„w elaall ',... wi ll ' i rr_ l iw w' s __,l= gala- with good management, will yields fresh
"a_teire' Loma w "....„."""'"L ettalt r",7____ latelailm ,_ mop of gold every four years, and remain' ,
t ''_ . ,' mat - ''',."ww_____ w w"'' a l„'"" ~....,'''''wirn in the interval in conditionilor a success- 1
and admiring its mascots „ e'w""•' t hat ion of several good things of nearly equal '
he wondered at eeerythion be saw. and value.;
most of all, at tiafieg h i na ae ffl l l er en,,,_ Time other discriminating circumstances
.._hatteler____,;• sir " 4alth ,, wat ',M lle are of a still more astonishing nature.-
cam ' ta =2", ll; - '7"' The grains of the California gold are dead,
e.,.nna_,lw..„,heidael," l ., ...lama/ •....- - ,, -----_,r. i uir. mussel!. How they got ion the
laap"tmirk at b0m. , .. in' .-- . 767. our , W "'" gravel ; between what mountain millstones ,
ing to "et Yearaatil by the Wide of 'am' a whirled by elemental storm winds on the
specimen of palmate/au as myself. I bosom ofoceanic torrents, the auriferous
have much pleionot int malaria' g you that lodges were ground to powder ; by what
I bus witnessed, „ mil* the„hithett.,,_ satin - Titanic hands the coveted grains were
faction. the Proof wwwwow !J . ""°C la w" town broadcast in the placers, human
exhibition. that the alkoicantate of °I I science can hut faintly conjecture. We
country, with all the inteteme enenevle" only know that those grains have within
'with it. is in estate of aetive itopersenient.
~ them no principle of growth or reproduc-
In all things, sir. thane* I approves e l- Min, and that when that crop:was put in.
' helms elataareaelaill ‘ it is tact merely tar Chaos must have broken up the soil.-
itself. but as the basis of a safe progress. Hew different the grains of our Atlantic
I own. sir. there - ale game old dime- wilt gold, *own• by the prudent hands of
is nature and alt' sal society, that I like man, in the kindly alternation of seed
' for themselves. I all but wo r shi p
..._:___u the time and * harvesti - each curiously and mys
' grand old hills. , the old avers that roll ' seriously organized ; hard, homey, seem
heLaree,a theta ",.. L . the .., ihat odd trees, '.....adt g .Mg lileless on the outside but wrapping
with '"atte'n'"w" centuries , • teettleme __, up in the interior a seminal germ si living
an old h 'aea tead . all old le s!T l ail ig raaaw f principle. Drop a grain of California gold
the good men of olden dimes. I love old into the ground and there it will lie Uri
friends- g o°dald beaks " aad I "n.l als°. changed to the end of time, the clods on
lately dislike's glass of good WWI wine, for
which it falls not more cold and lifeless.
the stomach's sake, providing it is taken Drop r grain of our gold, of our blessed
fratit an ati lf illai 'V ail4 ag e • Bill these gold in the ground, and to 1 a mystery.-
tastes and sentiments are • all centiliter%
„. in a few days is softens, it swells, it shoots
with, nays in laYinkl"tr _ . the Y are "'''! upwards. it is a living thing. It is ye,.
vorable to a genial grow& lenfletensten low itself, but it sends up a delicate spire,
and improveinentonch as is rapidly taking Which comes peeping, emerald green,
r lace ta l lat r afflia
steers. of theeasala Y" - through the soil.; it expands to a vigor
n a wo rd ' aw• 1 h ave •,aeart bees, alialaa coos stalk, revels in the air and sunshine.
now, for both ilabillilY and famg raw; lea r n- it arrays itself mere glorious than Solo
ing frail* a rather antiquate.; but not Y et Mon in its broad, fluttering, leafy robes,
-wholly discredited authority, 'sea prose all whose sound sui the west wind whispers
things, and bald latualhattahlehia g atal:" through them, fall as pleasantly on the
I know. sir. that the modern rule M., ''try
, beebandmarr's ear as the rustle of his
ail things. and herd fat Ina analhi ; .
____,,,__ l 4lf." a enteetheart's garment. still towers aloft,
believe 1 shall adhere aa the old teaata g a spins its verdant skeins of vegetable floss.
little longer.
displays dancing tassels, surcharged with
But. sic, to erealekbefme practical, and Iknilising dvst, , and at last ripens into
you will probably think. More appropriate twe'er three magnificent batons like this
topies,l will show yew lam so many so (an ear of Indian coot), each of which is- I
new discoveries ientrieoltate.or sorbing studded with hundred of grains of gold,
else. So far from it. lam golog wears- every one possessing the same wonder-
Monica* to you a new Xancowely er ay tat properties as the parent grain, every
own. which* if l do not greatly ornate its one instinct 'with the same marvellous se
importance. is as navel* M. Ibrahimy and productive powers. There are seven bun
" auspicious of great ""11116 a " "ele" dred and twenty grains on the ear
. which
heated discovery of Dr. Franklin ; sot the I hold in my hand. And I now pay, sir.
identity of s the electric Bald and liellostiag of this tratiscentlantgold of ours. the yield
-I don't refer to that,, but los other fa- this year will be at least ten or fifteen
Owes discovery i that is the Winkle °f times that'of California ;
Paris the sus tines several" hears before But it will be urged, perhaps. sir, in he
neon ; that he heel* to shine as sons 89 hallo! the California gold, by some , mis
he rises ; sec that thesolar ray in a cheap- erly old fogs. who thinki them is no mu
er light for the inhabitants of base cities sic in the world equal to the ehinck a I
than the candles mad oils which they are hit guineas., that though but one crop of geld
in the habit of retesting bit. I say sit can be gathered from the same spot, yet
my discovery is somewhat of the same • once gathered it lasts to the end of time ;
kind ; and I really think hell as important, I while (he will melanin) our vegetable
I have been upon the track of it for sever- gohi Is produced only lobe consumed, and
al years - ever sine* the glitter of akw I when consumed is gone forever. But
metallic particles in the graveterashed out ; this, Hr. President, would be a most egre
of Capt. Suttees mill rare first led to the
; roue error both ways. It is , true, th e
discovery oldie gold &reins a/ California; , California gold will last forever unchang
which for some time past have been pour- jed, if its owner chooses, but while it sa
ing into the country fifty or sixty millions j lasts it is no use, no, not sn much as its
of dollars annually. j value in pig-iron, which makes the best
my di sco very. sir, isnothing a b o rt o r lof ballast ; whereas gold, while l it is Enid.
this, that we hare on need to go or send lis good for little or nothing. You
to California for gold. inasmuch as we ' can neither eat 'it, nor drink it, nor smoke
have gold diggings on this side of the cont.*. Ybu can neither wear it, nor burn it
tinent, much more productive, and, eon- las fuel. nor build a house with it ; it is re
sequently. much more valuable than theirs.
; ally useless till you exchange it for con-
Ido not, of courm; refer to the mines of 'sumable, perishable goods ; the more plea-
North Carolina or Georgia, which have *Ant it is the less its exchangeable. value.
beeu worked With some success for sews Far different the case with our Aden-
al years, but which. compared with Cali
fornia. are of no great moment. I refer
to a much broader telc of auriferous earth,
which runs wholly through the States on
-this side of the Rocky_ Mourtraiss. which
we have been wortimrsecosscionsely for
many jeers. without recogrusieg itstraes•
etudes% impoitattes; and which it is sets
* eelimated will yield the reveni year
;lc Gold; it does not perish when consum
ed, but by a nobler alchemy than than of
Paracelsus, is trastnitted in consumption
to a higher life. "Perish in consump
tion." did the old miser say? Thou
fool, that which thou lowest is not quick
ened except it die. The burning pen of
inspiration, raging heaven and earth for a
siatiltode to tourer to our poor minds
TWO DOLLARS PZit;AlintniL,.,t,,:lt
some net inadequate idea of the mighty,
doctrine of the Resurrection, cati'flilopo
symbol so expressive as bare ograin: ' ;r1:
may chance of wheat or somenther grin,",,'
To-slay a senseless plant, to-morro*Y i,
human—bone and muscle, vein and 'artery, ,
sinew and nerve; beating pulse odd heevi
ing lungs, toiling, sh e soinetimei Ovemoli
ing brain. Last June it sucked 'from the'
cold breast of the earth the watery flour"
istarnenf of its distending snpressele, sea'
it clothes the manly form with warmeord-;
ial flesh, quivers and thrills with flit-Gild
mystery of sense ,purveys and minicabs;
Ito the higher mystery of thought. Ileari
ed iii your granaries this week, the next
it will.. strike in the stall wart arm, and
glow in the blushing claeek, and flash iii
the beaming eye :—till we learn at last to
realize that the slender stalk which we
have seen bending in the conifleld, tinder
the yellow burden of harvest, 'is, indeed
tho "staff and life" which, since the.
world began. has supported the toiling and
struggling myriads of humanity, on t h e
mighty pilgrimage of being. ,
Yes, sir, to drop the allegory, and
speak without figure, it is this noble agrl,
culture, for the promotion of-which this
great company is assembled from so many
parts of the Union, which feed, the hu
man race, and all the humbler orders of
animated nature dependent on man.—
With the exceptiou of what is yelded by
the fisheries and the chase (a limited
though certainly not an insignificant,
source of supply ), Agriculture is the•stewi
and which spreads the daily labia of man.
kind. Twenty-seven millionsi
beings, by accurate competition woks?
this very morning in the United tatee 4 ,
all requiring their "daily bread," whether
they had the grace to pray for it or ticit,
and under Providence all looking to thn
agriculture of the country for that daily
bread, and . the food of the domestio ent
ails depending on them ; a demand .per
haps as great as their own. Mr...Presis
' dent, it is the• daily duty of , your termer*
to satisfy this gigantic appetite ; to fill the
mouths of those hungry millions—eof
there starving millions, I might say. ;for
it by any catastrophe, the supply were
cut off fur a few days, the life of the colt.'
try—human and brute—would be extinct.
flow nobly this great duty is performed
by the agriculture of this country, I need
not say at this board. The wheat crop 01.
the United States, the present year, is
variously estimated if from one hue.
aired and fitly to one hundred eiet
seventy-five millions of bushels ; :be oats
crop at four hundred millions of bushels ;
the Indian corn, our precious vegetable,
gold, at one thousand millions of bushels t
Of the otter cereal And of the legurnieoint
crops I have seen no estimate. ' Even the
humble article of Hay—this poor timothy.
herd's grass and red top, which not tie.
ing•to the dignity of the food of man;ser/
yes only for the sustenance of the mute
fanners of his toil—the hay crop of :the
United States is probably but Hide, Reny,
inferior in value to the:whole crop of Cot
ton, which the glowing imaginition of
Cite South sometimes regards as, the great
bond which binds the civilized nation* of
the earth together.
Alter some further remarks on the im
portance of the present exhibiticati, Mr.
Everett concluded by expressing his cordial
good wishes fur the prosperity el the Vet
ted States Agricultural ,Sneiety.
. .
THE ORDINANCE or 'B7.—"An lnqul
rer" wants to know just what is .411.,0 r ..
Idinanee of '87." of which he heave no
much in the journals.
The Ordinance of 'B7 was an art paitieil
' by die last Continental Congress under tiCe
old Confederation fur the
the "Territory north west
,of Ohip7 7 :-
that is, of all the territory then belonging
to the Confederation. In that Ordiniumee
the proviso t h at Slavery or involuntary
servitude. except for crime, shriold never
be allowed in the Territory, was the first
time enacted, though it had been dratted
by Thomas Jefferson Omer years before,.
Phu In
provibo saved whatir now Ohio,-
'liana, Illinois. Michigan and WisConslit
from the curse of slaveholdings-;=tmairetl
them in spite of a petition from all the au
thorities of lndiine Territory (iticlnding
what is now Illinois ) to be allowed to
legalize slaveholding for a' term'olyetni,
owing to die scarcity of labor.. This pe.
tition Congress, on the report of a coot
mitiee emnposed of two ' slavelmolders out
of three. unanimously refused to grant,
leaving them in get along as well u they_
could with Free. Labor slope. Suck was
“Popular Sovereignty" fifty ; years Igor—
time sovereignty of , the whole American peo
ple over what vitally concerns them aIJ,
and their posterity after them. -
Remaly Fon_ Boos.—Shortly attar 13
o'clock; on Saturday night, the atteniori at
officer Spear was attracted to a house in
Race Street, east or Sixteenthi tn coms.
quence of an unusual light sppearitips the
windows. The officer on opening Ibi
door found the room in a sheet of &int o
and instantly went work to extinguish 'the
fire, which he did with the greatest difft
culty. The house is occupied by en Irish
family, and being infested with rosahle,
the master of the premises bethought him.
self of a capital idea of exterminating the
varmints; accordingly be poured man
phene over the flour, tables and Alas.
and rominuni,ating a match. to the liquid,
was horrified to see the effect of hpi qx
penmen,. „This novel idea of :he Hiltons
'bin, it seems to us, would effectual], rid
the house of roaches, and at the ins time
rid the occupant of a borne, and the lani.
lord of a message.—Philcukiphia Sint.
A Greek maiden being asked what for
tune she would bring her husband, replied
in the following beautiful sod lona!, lay
gunge "I will bring what gold. pm
not purchase—a heart unspotted and vit..
tue without a stain—which is - if) Alas de
scended to inn from my parents. " • •
"I bate foga," said Jeremy I ;Us
""in a fog, one is apt to plump tisdell
...Nat what ars you leaning ow, lbw
empty cask far t•